Sports coaching: Improve your communication skills and become more confident | Serena Greenslade | Skillshare

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Sports coaching: Improve your communication skills and become more confident

teacher avatar Serena Greenslade, Elocution Teacher since 1994

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

24 Lessons (1h 32m)
    • 1. Sports coaching introduction

      5:08
    • 2. Talking to adults

      1:38
    • 3. Talking to parents

      10:32
    • 4. Teaching adult learners

      8:33
    • 5. Communicating with referees

      3:56
    • 6. Leisure

      5:17
    • 7. Talking to children

      5:14
    • 8. How to direct the sound

      1:54
    • 9. Open your mouth

      2:52
    • 10. Listen to athletes

      2:31
    • 11. Correcting sports people

      5:20
    • 12. Facial expression

      1:15
    • 13. Pace and Pausing

      3:48
    • 14. Identifying goals

      3:48
    • 15. Correcting

      1:40
    • 16. Don't embarrass people

      4:15
    • 17. When pupils lose

      3:04
    • 18. Give yourself plenty of time

      2:54
    • 19. Giving feedback

      3:02
    • 20. Emphasising words

      5:19
    • 21. Sound exciting

      3:11
    • 22. Look and aim your words

      1:12
    • 23. What you wear when coaching

      3:53
    • 24. Standing for speaking

      1:48
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About This Class

Usually when we have to teach people, pupilsĀ are sitting still, able to concentrate fully on what the teacher is saying. The teacher is also able to sit or stand still, eitherĀ sitting at a desk with all of their notes or standing at a whiteboard able to reinforce ideas with written words.Ā 

Sports coaches do not have these luxuries, you have to teach in a field or a sports hall with no chairs or whiteboards, to students who are moving around. These sports coaches need to have exceptional communication skills if they are to produce first class athletes.

Meet Your Teacher

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Serena Greenslade

Elocution Teacher since 1994

Teacher

Hello, I'm Serena.

I know how it feels to be anxious about speaking but I am now qualified to the highest level and am able to help you improve your speaking skills. If you think of a little old lady dressed in a Tweed suit talking rather 'posh' when you hear the words 'elocution teacher' think again! I live in jeans, laugh a lot and have a hint of a Dorset accent when not teaching but I am passionate about my work and am incredibly serious (with a smile)  when it comes to teaching my clients to sound confident.

When I was about ten, my school had a parents evening where the parents go along and chat to the teachers to find out how their children are getting on.  During the course of the conversation with my mum, my teacher told her that I seemed happy enough but... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Sports coaching introduction: all winners have one thing in common and that is confidence. They have confidence in their ability to compete, confidence in their ability to win and confidence in their ability to communicate. Now, as a coach, you have to communicate with parents with other adults with adult learners, with managers, with tournament directors with referees, perhaps with schools with local sports clubs and leisure centres. There is a lot of communicating to do. You may be absolutely brilliant. A tennis, cricket, soccer, football Um, badminton, you name it. Any sports you care to think off. You may be brilliant. You may have bean the best in your area. You may have been a national champion. That doesn't necessarily mean that you can communicate all that brilliant knowledge that you have to your pupils. And if you want to be a successful coach, that is what you need to be able to do. I mean, you may have come across coaches that you know weren't perhaps is good at playing as you were. They weren't as good at competing, but they seem to be good coaches. They seem to be forever busy. Parents seem to like them Children like them and you're wondering why I know more than they do. I did more than they have done is communication. Can you get all that knowledge across easily? Sports people, coaches. I like entertainers, and you may wake up in the morning and feel awful. You may have a terrible cold. You may have hurt your back. You may have a pain in your leg, but you've got lessons booked in all day, so you have to go to work. You have to go, and you have to look enthusiastic and happy and pleased to see everybody. It's not always easy, but you have to keep going on your mood and your feelings are conveyed with your voice. Your voice has to hide any discomfort, any annoyance that you have. Okay, so usual voice to your advantage. This course will cover how to make what you want to explain. Sound interesting and exciting. Andi. To be easily understood on as part of that process, we will cover some basics off. Just clear speaking now, like any sport if you pick up bad habits right at the beginning. If you sort of tried to teach yourself to play tennis or cricket or basketball or baseball , and you've picked up some bad habits. Gulf is another one. They can take years to get rid of. You need a good teacher, and you need to keep practicing, practicing, practicing to get rid of those bad habits. If you have bad habits in your speech, it will take a little bit of effort to get rid of those. But it can be done, and it is so much worth the trouble. Andi, As in the sport, you you want people to practice it, and they have to actually get out there and do it. You can't really improve your swimming. If you're not in a swimming pool, you can't really improve your golf. If you're not trying to hit a golf ball or tennis without hitting a tennis ball, you may be able to do a little bit, but you can't do much on the same was speaking. It needs to be done out loud. There's no point just listening to me or just reading my notes. You need to do it. You need to speak out loud and imagine that you are speaking to your pupils posture. Maybe another thing As a sports person, you are not used to standing still. You are not to use to having to present yourself as as a teacher. You know, you are continually ready to move. As a sports person, you're ready to die for the ball. You're ready to swim. You already. You're ready to move. Ready for that next next action? Not quite the same in your teaching. However, We don't want you to become dull and boring, so we will try to cover in this course everything from voice enthusiasm. Giving directions would teach you how to communicate with Children with older people, perhaps people that are quite a bit older than you with more life experience than you. And if you are inexperienced, you may find that a bit daunting, trying to tell somebody twice your age what to do. They will cover that will cover clothing. As a coach, you wear don t shirt shorts. You may have to give a presentation to a school or try to get funding from somebody, and you have to dress a bit smarter that can throw you right out, and it can actually affect your voice quite badly. So we will cover all this in this course and make you hopefully a much better, much more in demand sports coach 2. Talking to adults: all sports coaches at some point have to talk to adults. You may only teach Children, but you have to talk to their parents. You may have adult learners. You may have to talk to managers of sports centres schools, or you may have to converse with competition officials, referees, umpires. So a large part of your day will involve talking toe adults if you are on inexperience. Newly qualified coach, you may find this a bit daunting because some of these adults will not always on purpose. But they may make you feel a little bit us, though they know more than you do. And do you really know what you're talking about? You may have loads of experience, but you may look young. My daughter qualified as a tennis coach on when she didn't have makeup on or when she just had a tennis gear on. It was playing. She looked about 12. She was actually about 18 or 19 which I know is no great age. But she was older than the people she was teaching, even if she didn't look it so. Trying to create some kind of authority in those situations is difficult, and you have to stand your ground and know what you're talking about. I will cover all of these different adults in separate shortish lectures because they all require slightly different approach. 3. Talking to parents: most newly qualified coaches have to teach Children on some more experience. Brilliant coaches teach Children because they just have this wonderful knack of being able to explain things. Simply andan away that Children can really get to grips with. Teaching Children can be very, very rewarding. You are teaching them at the beginning of their career. You are teaching them the basics. And as we all know, if the basics are wrong, if they pick up bad habits right at the beginning, it can take years and years to get rid of those bad habits. So teaching Children is really, really important. I am not a sports coach, but I have taught people to speak clearly since 1994. So there's many, many, many years. Andi, I have taught Children, so I have had to encounter parents, and I think parents fall into four groups. The first group of parents are the ones that know everything they know everything that you should be doing on. They don't hesitate to tell you all the time. The second group of parents are those that don't know, but they think they should. So they are continually asking you why where when And why not? They will not let you get home with your job. They don't seem to think that you are capable. They want to question everything you say everything you do. Then we have group number three. We have the parents who dropped the Children off, disappear. Andi then reappear to pick the Children up at some time. That suits. Then it could be a long time. What? After the lesson has finished once they finished their shopping or they've bean to the hairdressers, they finished their cup of tea with their friend. They seem to think that you are a baby sitting service, a child minding person. These parents are, um oh, the worst parents ever. I think you you cannot abandon the child. If you are lucky, you will be coaching in on environment where you are still there. Perhaps you are. I'll go back to tennis. You are at a tennis club. Perhaps you work at that tennis club and you're going to be there for the rest of the day. That is not too bad. Still annoying. If however you like, I will sometimes, um, teaching in a school on the lesson finished at half past three, and I had to be somewhere else at four o'clock and then the parents don't arrive. What do you do? You can't leave the child, The teachers at the school. It'll gone home. I mean, there were occasions when the cleaners had to look after the Children for me. You know, if you teach in your own home, which I've done as well, you've got other things to do. You don't. You're not a child minding service, so you have to make it clear to these parents that the lesson finishes at a certain time and the child has to be picked up at that time. Try not to get angry with the child. It's not their fault, and they are probably just as annoyed or embarrassed as you are. So you must make it clear to the parents that the child has to be picked up on that. The child cannot be looked after once the lesson has finished. If you are very lucky, you will get parents who dropped the Children off on time. They pick them up on time. They pay without you having to give onto them. They turn up for tournaments for competitions they have the right gear all the time. These parents are far and few between, Um, but look after these parents. They really do make your job so much easier if you would rather that parents don't stay and watch. Make this clear right at the very beginning while they are booking their first lesson because once you allow it is very hard to stop the habit. And if one parent sees another parents saying they want to stay before you know it, you may have a whole group of parents standing there watching you. Even if they're not watching you, they may be chatting between themselves. Onda on that is just distracting for everybody. So if you don't want parents there, say so. If it's a private lesson, sometimes it's not quite so bad. Just one child in one parent. But if you want them to stay back out of the way, say to them, You know, if you don't mind, please, because I don't want your child distracted by you looking at you all the time. Do you mind just sitting and waiting, perhaps over there in the corner? You can still watch from there, but you won't be interfering with the class. Don't be frightened to say it. It's your class. You're in charge. Don't be frightened of upsetting a parent and losing that child you have to have confidence on your classes will sort themselves out. If that's what you want, then that's what you must do. There is no point thinking, Oh, I want to teach badminton or I love swimming's I'm going to teach swimming on, then dread it every day. Okay? Because you know you've got Mrs So and so she's going to be sitting there watching you, criticizing you. So if you don't want parents say so you have to listen to the parents, although they could be annoying. Please listen to them. If they are asking questions, try not to turn away. Um, and you get you know, it might be at the end of the lesson, which is very annoying. I must admit I would always rather parents after me something at the beginning, so you have time to explain it. There's nothing more irritating than finishing the lesson, knowing that you have another lesson to get to or another group waiting and then all of a sudden apparent asks you a question when you haven't really got the time to answer it. So you could also make that very clear. If anybody has any queries, please ask at the beginning, not at the end. So if they do ask you something at the end, don't try. Try not to turn away and start clearing up. You may know that you can clear up and listen at the same time, but they won't know that they will think you are not taking any notice of them. If you really can't listen to them and have the time toe, answer them. Ask them to phone you or text you at a later time when you know you will have the time to speak to them. When you are listening to parents, listen actively make it seem as though you are listening. So they know. Nod, shake your head, Shrug Um se Oh yes, No When they are asking so that they know you are listening to them, they obviously think whatever it is they are saying to you is important. So you must think it important as well. You'll also find that you can't answer the question properly If you haven't listened to the question properly, so there's no point in 1/2 listening because you're only going to have to do it all again. Listen carefully on answer carefully, and then hopefully that's the problem dealt with and they will go off home happy. Also, try not to use too much jargon when talking to parents. They don't always know. Um, all the technical terms for every move, every swim, every I don't know Well, in every sport, I mean that there's so many sports I'm trying to cover here. But the same rules apply, you know, in tennis, because that's to say my daughter is a tennis players. What I know about slice topspin. Parents don't necessarily know what you're talking about, you know, dancing, which some people may not think it's a sport. But you know, heels, toes, tons. Parents don't always know. So try to keep things simple, but don't make them feel stupid. Please, parents can be annoying, but parents could be brilliant as well. Andi, some off my best friends are parents from Children. I talkto 15 20 years ago. Um, it's always the bad parents that stick in your mind, but good parents, I'll say they can make your life so much easier. Parents want to be kept informed. As I said, you know, if if the child wants to enter competitions and you don't enter them, then that parent will find a different coach. Somebody who will. They are paying good money for your services. And although you are in charge, a new are the experts you are the professional on. Some parents can be excruciatingly in irritating. They are paying your wages, so you do have to be polite to them. And if they want their child to become professional, if they want their child to enter tournaments, if you can, then give those Children the opportunity. If you really think they aren't up to if they really seem to nervous, lack experience that explain, explain to the parents why you don't think it's a good idea. If they still disagree, well, either take a chance on do what they say or lets them find another coach who will agree with them. As I say, you don't need too much stress in your life, so become the best coach. You can deal with parents as best you can be polite, try to do what they want for their child, but they are not always right. 4. Teaching adult learners: I thought, learners as they is gone by, more and more adults have more leisure time to take part in sport. It may be that they have retired early or they work from home. And so they're ours are more flexible now. A lot of adult learners start off a sport because they want to keep fit or they want companionship. These adults, maybe a lot older than you are Andi. They may have years and years off life experience. Remember that these adults may not have Bean told what to do for a very long time. They may not have been in the position where they are the learner. They are beginning something they may have. For the last 15 20 years, they may have been the expert in their field, and they've bean the one telling other people what to do. So treats then, first of all, with respect. This this is quite a hard thing, perhaps to come to terms for it sometimes. But we all have to. They may not be doing your sport because they love your sport. Perhaps they're learning badminton or tennis or golf. Perhaps they're taking up swimming lessons. They may not be that knowledgeable about it. It may just be that your classes fit their leisure time. Perhaps they have Monday mornings free, and they're looking for something to do. Um, so they would just look through and find that badminton is available Monday mornings or perhaps Thursday afternoons. Gulf is available, so don't take it personally if at the start they don't seem to be too knowledgeable about the sport, they probably want to get fit. They want something to think about. They need a new challenge on They just want companionship. They want to meet other people. You should find that the number of adults you are teaching increases. Um, a 60 year old today is a lot more active, um, than a 60 year old waas 30 or 40 years ago. They no longer think of age as a barrier to doing things. So the likelihood is you will be teaching more and more adults. Now they may think at 60 that they are young and fit, unable to do most things. As I sit here teaching this, I am 61. So yes, I don't think of myself is old and unable to do things, but I suppose the truth of the matter is, I can't run as fast as I perhaps once could. I may not be able to bend over and get up quite as quickly as I could, so these adults may not be as agile as they think they are, and they may not be as agile as you would like them to be. Don't criticize them too much. They are doing their best, perhaps encourage them with exercises they can do between lessons to get a little bit more agile. So although they may be keen, their minds maybe king, their bodies may not be quite as fit as they would like. So take that into account when you are teaching. Don't criticize too much. Have fun with them. Joke with them. But remember, you are the coach. Also, remember that Adams are more likely to answer back when you have a group of Children. If you're teaching 56 year olds, they're not likely to disagree with you. The parents may disagree with you, but the Children won't. When you're teaching adults, they may ask you why. Why do you want me to do that? What's the point? Can you explain Why do I need to put my arm there? My hand there. Why do I need to strengthen those muscles? So have the answers. Adults can be more critical. Um, in a way, what I'm going to say. It's sort of contradicts. I contradict myself here in a way. But I'm just trying to get to different groups of adults that I've taught, and you will get adults who they they want an hour's lesson. If they're paying for an hour, they want a hour of instruction. If you're having a bad day on your teaching, six year old is quite easy to get them to run around for 10 15 minutes. While you perhaps try to, I don't know, get yourself in gear. Adults are different cuttlefish If their pay for an hour's lessons, they want an hour's instruction, so you can't get them running around for 15 minutes while you drink a cup of tea. Having said that, I've also taught adults who actually want companionship and they want to converse with you . They want to tell you what has happened in their life during the last week. You know, they may have helped DI to the charity shop, and they want to tell you all the stories they want to tell you about their argument with the next door. Davor. So chat with them, by all means. Try, if you can, to get some coaching in. I've been in that situation, and sometimes you look at the your watch and you think cranky. They've been here for 40 minutes. We haven't started yet, but they've had a good time. So try to get a little bit of instruction in, tried to teach them one new thing. So when they go away, they think that was interesting. I didn't know that I cannot hit a ball I don't know faster, stronger than I could before. But they may, in a way just want conversation and to feel part of them part of a different community. If you are teaching adults who are parents off Children, you may find there are times when they are passed late arriving or they have to dash away, if not dead on time, perhaps even a few minutes early. You know, the Children may get ill. They have meetings at school. Obviously, their family and their Children have to take priority, so bear that in mind as well. Don't be too critical if they always seem to be running late. It could be that perhaps the child was upset it being left in school, being left at the child minders. So remember, people have lives apart from as your pupil. I don't. Learners also may be sort of partly self taught. They may have terribly bad habits, perhaps if they're learning tennis. They've bean to the local tennis courts in the park and played with friends and picked up terrible habits. You know, the same with gulf. They may have just played rounds of golf with friends on Don't really know how to hold a golf club, so you may have a lot of bad habits to try on unpick. Try to do it in a nice, friendly way on. Just explain that. Perhaps if they tried it this way, they would improve their game a bit. Okay, so expect bad habits. Andi, expect them to say to you what I've been doing it like this for years and it's never heard would just say yes, but just try it like this. You may find it's even better if the technique is all wrong, but the roots results don't seem to be too bad. You may find that it is just simpler to leave it as it is, perhaps suggest that they try your way the correct technical way. But if they don't seem to be able to get it and they are quite happy, then just leave it and go into the next thing. Remember, these adults are not likely to become professional players. They're there for fun, exercise, a new challenge and a bit of companionship. 5. Communicating with referees: umpires, referees, much officials, program sellers, receptionists trying to treat all of these people with respect. If you speak to allow these people with respect on our polite to them, then you're players. The Children you teach their parents. Your adults will do the same. They will take their lead from you. You are the expert. You are professional. So you know how to treat these people. They will follow you. Don't try to pull rank over a receptionist or you know somebody who's on the entries desk of a tournament. It's not her fault or his fault. If the matches are running late, it's not their fault. If competitors don't turn up, they are doing their best. It's not an easy job, so be polite and courteous. Toe everybody. You may not always agree with every decision that a referee or umpire makes. Try not to get angry on excited. If you need to ask why, then ask respectfully and listen to the answer. And then, if you don't agree, perhaps explain why, but do it in a professional way. There is nothing to be gained from shouting at officials. Remember that a lot of these officials are volunteers if they weren't there. Doing this for free. Thes tournaments and matches and competitions couldn't take place. They have other jobs. They have other things they could be doing. But they have chosen to give up their free time to, in effect, help you with your career. Help you earn more money, so be polite to them. Teach your athletes to accept bad decisions. It happens. It happens in all walks of life. They have to get on with next point. They have to get on with scoring the next goal or trying to hit the ball for the next run. Try to encourage them to forget it. Go on, look forward, not back. Don't so you have to be the same. If you continually criticise umpires and referees in front of parents, you will give the impression that not only do you not respect these people, but that you are always moaning. Okay, and that is not a good attitude. Tohave. People want to associate with happy, successful, energetic people, and if you sound as though you are always moaning about officials always moaning about matches running late, always moaning about it's too hot, it's too west is too cold. Always moaning about. You know, the competitors. People won't want to be around you. They will go and find another coach. If you moan about umpires and referees to parents, they may start to wonder. Do you moan about then to other people? So don't moan by anybody. Okay, on the best way. As I'm sure you know, to get your own back on bad decisions on grumpy referees. We've got out of bed. The wrong side that morning is for your athlete toe win. Okay, so smile, work hard. Get your athletes into that same frame of mind. Smile, work hard and win, if possible. 6. Leisure: manager's leisure centre officials, school officials as well as talking to parents, Children and adult learners. I'm sure that you will have to talk to schools. Leisure centres You may want alone. Human may need to talk to bank managers Now Gone are the days when these managers were ex players who perhaps wanted to move into a difference. Fear of sport perhaps less active way off earning a living. So sports centres, leisure centres, sports complexes are very rarely run by sports people. They are run by managers. They are run by people have degrees in business studies or economics, so they may not necessarily understand the practical difficulties that you go through. If you have ideas that you want to put to these managers, then put it in simple business terms rather than in a sporting term. They want their sports center to be successful, to be profitable. They need people, so if you can convince them that they will get more people through the doors, then that's the way to go again. Going back to the previous lecture. Try not to complain too much to the manager if they see you as a person that with every time they bump into you, you moan about something. Then they won't won't speak to you. They won't want Teoh. Listen to your ideas and they may even start to think about getting somebody else to replace you. So again, be friendly. Be happy. Be successful, be energetic. Home obviously complained, if you have a real reason for complaint. But just don't moan in general about things about the you know, the facilities that it probably isn't up to them. They are just managers. They don't own place. Ah, lot of coaches like the idea of teaching in schools on for some people you know, may brilliant. They may love it. Do it for year after year after year. It can be difficult, though. You have to answer to the school. You have to fit in with their timetable. You have to fit in with their ideas. Um, you you have to represent the school almost will. Your activity helped the school's image. Will it encourage parents to want to send their Children to the school if they have you teaching, whatever it may be Cricket, baseball, hookey, tennis, golf. Um, you know, badminton different, obviously different parts of the world have different sports that a popular you may be the best coach in the country. But unless you can convince the school that you will be of some benefit to the school, they won't want to know. They have so many other things to organize so many other things that take up their time that unless you are going to benefit them somehow and not be a lot of trouble, they won't want to know. But if you're going to teach in a school, you need to show that you are efficient, that you need very little help from them, that you will benefit the school on the Children. Um, if you are working in a leisure centre again, you need to show that to you. You are energetic. You can get more people in that you will have long list. You can have people waiting so that the leisure centre are going to make money from you. If you are trying to get funding, perhaps then you may have to talk to bank managers. The main thing here, really is that you need a change in mindset. When you are coaching, you may be wearing shorts, T shirt tracksuit bottoms. You may walk around in trainers. You are used to that, that that's your your way of life. If you have to go see a bank manager, you may have to dress in a suit. So you are wearing clothes that you're not necessarily comfortable in. Okay, the collar, maybe a bit tight, the buttons in your jacket a bit restricting. Um, so if you do find yourself in that situation, put on your suit or your more formal clothes. Andi, practice. Just talking. Practice what you want to say. Andi, practice with those clothes on. We will cover this in a later lecture in more detail. But be aware of the fact that you may find it easy to chatter about your sport. When you're got your track suit on, you may find it's actually a little less easy if you just put a suit on 7. Talking to children: teaching Children. How do you get them to listen to you? How do you get them to do what you want them to do? How do you come across with some authority without frightening them without upsetting them without sounding too aggressive? Now, first of all, whether you teach in a school or in a leisure centre, or if they come to you for private lessons or if they come to you in a group session, you will have to accept that some of those Children may not actually want to be there. It could be that if you're teaching in a school where the law just says they have to be there. If there is more of a private situation than it could be that the parents think it's a brilliant idea that their little boy learns to play golf, he may absolutely to test the thought of it. So not every child you teach is going to want to learn, Andi. Um, and that's a program, really, isn't it? If this is the case, um, again is easy to say, Perhaps not so easy to do. Try not to take it out on the child particularly. It's not their fault that they are there, and it's not really their fault that they don't enjoy sport. Um, it can be horrible for the person trying to teach, But can I say that as a child who hated sport? Um, it is 10 times worse for the child. I absolutely detested it. I'm I didn't I couldn't run fast. I couldn't catch a ball. I couldn't kick a ball. Um, and I felt terrible. There were people in my class who could run fast. They could do everything if we had to do, Ah, cross country run. I would just be so far behind everybody else. It was embarrassing if they had to pick a netball team. Hm. I was always a person that was left right at the end, and it was obvious nobody wanted me in their team. Andi, I was so happy. If there were too many Children in, some Children couldn't be in the team and just had to spend the whole hours sitting there watching. I mean, that was heaven for me. I didn't want to make life difficult for the teachers. I just was no good at sport. If you're no good at maths, or English or history. You sit in the class and you may hate the lesson, but you look the same as everybody else. You'll sat there with your books and you're trying to do it. Your writing and you're reading and you're doing your best if its own and on his take athletics and you're being forced to run 100 meters on. Everybody else is doing it, you know fairly quickly, and you just cannot run that. It's obvious everybody can see that you're hopeless. Um, I really have to say it ruined my school life. There may be some Children there that are overweight. They or they may be really thin on. They are totally embarrassed by their bodies on the fact that they have to put shorts on in a T shirt or the fact that they have have a shower just ruins there life. So have a bit of sympathy for people who I really just don't like it. Okay, again, it is not necessary, their fault, and they don't really want to make your life hell. So, you know, try to sympathize with them and perhaps give them things to do. That won't make them feel quite so bad. Don't embarrass them. Don't make them do 10 press ups in front of the group because they came last in the race. Please, I would also say, Please try to remember child's name if possible. Home. It's, you know it is important to a child. You may teach hundreds and hundreds of Children, but if you can try and get a system of remembering their name, it does help again. For some reason, my name was always difficult for people to remember my name. Serena. And it's knots abandon nowadays because of Serena Williams tennis player. But when I was a child, they weren't any famous Serena's. I've been called Salima Selena. My name's always been spelled wrong, so just try to get it right. Okay. It is quite important. Children will also want you to be assertive, not angry with them. Not so strict, but they need boundaries. Tell them this is what I want you to do. This is what we are going to do. Explain in a nice, friendly way. But don't try to be their best friend. You are the coach. That doesn't mean you can't joke with them. You can't have a bit of fun, but you are in charge and they will look to you for instruction. In the next few lectures, I will split up into small sections how you can communicate with Children to make it easier for them to understand. 8. How to direct the sound: right when you're talking to Children, Andi, especially young Children. Make sure that you are directing the sound at them. You want the worst, Come out of your mouth and go to the person. Okay? I'm talking to you now in directly in a way. But my my voice, my words going to there. Okay, if the child is young, I know I'm sitting down, so this is a slightly awkward thing to do. But if they're young and they are perhaps this high right, think their mouths is about here. So if I'm talking to them, look at them. My words need to go there. My words don't need to go over their head. Okay. Sound news to go where it needs to be heard the same as you know, most sports. Let me think a lot of sports involve a ball. Andi, think of your words as a ball. You need to throw that ball where you want it to go. If you're playing golf in, he's gonna hold. So you direct it towards the hole. If you're playing tennis, you gotta get over the net. If you're playing a basketball or netball, it's got to go in the goal. So you throw the ball where you want it to go, so throw your words where you need them to go. So if the Children are young on their tiny, get down to their level. If you have more than a few words to say, actually bend down, crouch down so that you are still level with them if you are looking down and that's better than not looking done. If you're looking down, your words are going down and they go down into the ground. They won't go to the child. Okay, they would go down. So if you need to crouch down, get level with the Children. 9. Open your mouth: If you want the sound to get out of your mouth, then you have to open your mouth. It sounds simple, but a lot of people don't do it. If you want to kick a ball, you have to move your leg. If you want to throw a ball, you have to move your arm. If you want to catch a ball, you have to move your arm and your body. If you want to speak, you have to move your math. Ah, lot of people on. For some reason, this seems to apply to young males about the age of 20 to 30. They seem to want to speak without opening their mouth. It's always they are training to become ventriloquists. The sound needs to get out. Let me show you what I mean. Try saying the sentence. Throw the ball high in the sky without opening your mouth. Okay, try now, but you just get a humming. Now Try doing it with your mind. Only open a little bit. Throw the ball high in the sky. It's is there, but nobody who's more than two or three feet away from you would hear it. Now try within my open. Throw the ball high in the sky. Kate knows eyes open mouth. I try it now. Your voice will now carry a lot of sports coaches teach outdoors. So you have the weather conditions to contend with on your voice. Needs to get out of your mouth in order to direct it to where you want it to go. All right, It's just common sense. As we get older, we tend to open our mouth less because we think we look stupid. Um, this obviously isn't the case because most people wouldn't even notice They're too busy listening to what you are saying to stand there and look at your mouth on the only time they would be likely to look at your mouth as if they can't hear you. And they'll wonder why we need to exercise these muscles, right? As a sports coach, you are so used to telling people to exercise, you know you need strong muscles. You need to be able to move your arms, your legs, your body. Obviously, depending on whatever sport it is, different parts of your body become important, but they need to be exercise so they can work more efficiently. the mouth is no different. Okay, These muscles, these organs of speech, your tongue, your lips, they need to be able to move. They need to be able tow work so that you can speak clearly confidently with expression and be heard. 10. Listen to athletes: remember to listen to the Children. Strange as this may seem, a lot of Children will be frightened to speak to you. They don't want you to think that they don't understand what it is you are asking them to do. They may think that you will be annoyed with them or that you are in a rush. All that They are the only person that doesn't understand on. They don't want to look or feel stupid. Once they have plucked up courage to speak to you. Please listen to them. Try not to interrupt them. Children do sometimes go about things a long winded way because they don't know how to put into words what it is they want to ask. So listen, try not to interrupt. If you know you have a habit of interrupting, then every time you go to open your mouth, just say yes, I see so that they can just continue whatever it is they're trying to say to you, Don't try to rush them. Let them take their time. If you need to explain something again to them, then try perhaps to use simpler terms or shorter sentences and just double check as you go that they are understanding. If you ask them a question, then please wait for the answer and listen to the answer. You know, it's a bit like if somebody says to you or how are you feeling today and then just as you go to open your mouth, they walk away or they start talking to somebody else. And you think, Why did you ask me if you didn't want to know the answer? If you ask the child a question, then wait for the answer on. Listen to the answer. Listen in an active way, that means don't turn your back and start clearing up or looking around. Look at them, not your head. I'm just agree. Smile occasion so that they know you are listening to them. That will give them the confidence to say whatever it is that is troubling them. As I say. Listen to the question. Answer clearly. If you ask a question, listen to the answers, okay? And then there will be no lack off good communication and no misunderstandings 11. Correcting sports people: correcting Children. When you want to correct Children, start off by explaining what it is you are going to be talking about. So when you need to take a penalty, you need to all right, then explain where they went wrong. All. Perhaps the reason you've dropped the battle is because, okay, Children need to know what it is you are going to talk about. You may know, but don't just jump in and assume the child does. It could be the adults could pick it up more quickly. Children, they need to be told, because then the child is that immediately on the right wavelength, they know exactly what it is you are going to be talking about. If you can see from the child's face that they clearly don't understand your explanation, then stop on. Start again. Perhaps slow down. Um, perhaps use different terminology. It's may seem to be a very simple thing to you. Remember, you have been playing your sport for years on certain things just become second nature. The child may never have come across this concept before in their lives on DSO. They need time to understand. They need time to be able to do it. They need time for it to become a habit. So a lot of these basic skills can't be rushed. They may be basic, but that doesn't mean that they are easy for a beginner. Talk to the child when they're doing well. If you are going to correct them when they are wrong, then praise them when they do it right. Okay. Don't be the sort of coach. We only speak to them if you are telling them they've done something wrong, Children need praise on if you praise them and say that was really good And they know that they can do that again because it was good. And that way they will develop good habits. So praise is so vital. They need to be told they are good and then you won't feel so bad and they won't take it too personally when you correct them for doing something wrong. Sometimes a child will know that what they are doing isn't right. But they won't know why it isn't right. Okay, You know, they may hit a ball and and they know that every time they hit the ball like that, it goes into the net, and it don't need a very good coach to be able to coax out of them. Why they? Why they are doing it on, and if they know is wrong and they know it keeps going wrong. Why do they keep doing it? Why do you keep repeating the same mistake? And it could just be that they know is wrong, but they don't know how to correct it. So that's when your job is a coach is vital. You need to coax it out of them. You need to gently pissed, say to them, Well, what do you think you're doing wrong? Why do you keep doing that same thing? And it's is not working and they may say, Well, I know it's wrong. I just can't get it right I don't know. Why can't I get it right? And it, probably because they're not quite got the right idea in their head. They're not quite sure what it is they are supposed to be doing to get it right. So go back to the basics, go back to the beginning and practice over and over again and praised them every time they get it a little bit better praised them. Correct one thing at a time. They may do 10 things wrong. Don't try to correct all 10 at once. Don't even try to correct three things at once. Pick him one and correct that and practice it until it's correct. And then perhaps go onto the next thing or go back to something they're good at after you've corrected that. So they feel good about themselves. Try to be nice, praised them. Otherwise, they may not come back. If they take part in the tournament, it might be a A national level or local, one of just really local, perhaps just in your own club. If they win, let them enjoy that win. Okay, tell them how well they played. Tell them that was brilliant. They worked really hard, and they deserve it. That may have mean things they did that could be improved. That is not the time to tell them. There are high. They've enjoyed it. They want to come back and they want to win again. In the next lesson, you can perhaps discuss it. Make notes. If you've got a little notebook, just make a few notes while it's fresh in your mind. And then, in the next lesson, just go over a few things where perhaps they could have improved it even more. Sport needs to be fun. Okay, I know it can be hard work and there's a lot of practice involved, but it needs to be fun. And if they've won, let them enjoy it. Don't criticize. Straight away. Don't say what was brilliant, but Okay, if you had done this, you could have one in two sets. Run three. But if you had done this, you could have one by 10 goals instead of two. Okay, let them enjoy the win. 12. Facial expression: facial expression is vital. Children don't always have the vocabulary that adults have. They don't always fully understand what it is you're saying. Okay? They don't know if you're joking. If you're being sarcastic, if you're angry, um so use your face if you are happy. Look happy if you want them to take you seriously. Look serious. Children judge a lot from how we look and how we act. They may not understand some of the words you use. This is another reason why you should look at the child when you speak to them. If you look happy, they know straight away you're going to be saying something nice. If you look a little bit stunned than they're prepared for, whatever may come out of your mouth. So practice using your face so you should face smile. Okay. Smile when you talk. Hi. No high. Okay, try practice. Just say hello and look happy to see somebody good. Remember, use your face. Children don't understand every word that you say 13. Pace and Pausing: make an effort not to speak too quickly. Okay, Children particularly need time to take in what you have said so that their brain has a chance to, um, digest it to decipher it. To understand it they are not has quickly picking up nuances in your voice. So they're not very good at guessing, so they need time. This doesn't mean make your speech slow on disjointed. It doesn't mean make the gap between each word longer. If anything, it means making the words longer. Just a sigh Did then words not words I didn't say Make the words longer make the words longer. Okay, um, this helps them take it all in Andi. It also helps you put expression into your voice on that Makes what you say. Easier to understand. You also need to pause after each thought. So don't rush. If you are trying to explain a particular technique, stop after each individual. Part of that technique, if that makes sense, is difficult to cover every type of sport. But, you know, if you want them to do a certain thing in order to to run faster, say, um you know, don't try and put all the detail in one go without stopping. Do one bit. Stop. Give them a chance to take that and then go into the next bit. So for every new thought, every new idea pools on check by looking at them. Are they understanding you? Have they got a puzzled look on their face? If they have either good, slower or start again, or ask them what it is they don't understand and don't make them feel stupid. So slow. Um, explanations need to be slow. Not boring, not disjointed. Just slow down. Get thoughts clear in your head so that you can clearly and slowly put them over to the Children. You need to pause because people need time to think about what you have said. Workout. Do understand that or not, Um, that the penny drop. Oh, I see what he means In sport. People pause a lot. They pause when they win a point. Um, you know, they cheer. They Oh, thank God for that. They go back to wherever it is. They have to go to start the next part of the match or the game. If you score a goal, the game stops momentarily. One people cheer. People congratulate each other. People get their breath back, and then they go back and they start again. The same is speech. Stop pause. Take a breath. Think what you're going to say next. Think if what you said made sense. Look at people. Did they understand you? And then you go on to the next bit. Okay, so pausing is important. Pause after important thoughts, ideas, um, so that people have a chance to take it in, work it out, and then they can act on it. 14. Identifying goals: goals. Why are the Children you teach there? As we've already said, Some of them may not want to be there. OK, there there because they've been told they have to be there. Onda as a coach, is your job to try and make their time with you. Enjoyable. They may end up really enjoying it. I'm wanting to be there. But if they really don't, don't force them to do things they really don't want to do or that they feel uncomfortable doing. Um, don't embarrass them, okay? You may have other Children there who want to be world number one. Don't dismiss. It is out of hand. Thes world number ones come from somewhere, and they all had to start at some time, so encourage them, let them compete, let them train really hard, perhaps give them a bit extra. Um, a few extra exercises to do. Also don't automatically think that because somebody's 12 and not six or 14 and not three that they're too old. Okay, It's not always the case. Some people do have natural talent. Some people are prepared to work really, really hard, and they will get there, so don't automatically say to somebody all Well, you're too old. That's not necessarily the case. In fact, you know, in a lot of sports nowadays, the world number ones are much older than they used to be. So there is time. Okay? People can pick up things really quickly if they start at the age of 12 or 13. But they start with really good coaching. They have no bad habits to get rid off. They're prepared to work hard. Um, their bodies haven't bean worked too hard previously, Which that could be an advantage, sometimes starting later in life. It means your career can go on longer because your body hasn't been misused. So don't dismiss out of hand. You may have people there who were there because they want to become a tennis coach. A football coach. I want to manage the English football team. If he home, who would want to do that? They may want to become connected with sport in another way to find out what it is they want to do. They may just be there for fun. They just want exercise that just enjoy the fresh air. They just enjoy getting a son town. OK, find out what it is. Remember what it is. Change your lessons for those people to suit on. And don't think just because somebody said when they started at the age of 10 that they don't want to become a professional player, that they may not change their mind Check again in a few months time when they clean playing for a bit longer. Ask. Well, what would you like out of this? They may suddenly think. Well, yes. I'm actually quite good at this. I wouldn't mind working a bit harder. Or you may find somebody wanted to be world number one and suddenly discovers that the discipline, the hard work, the diet, the early starts aren't for them and they don't want to anymore. So perhaps stop pushing them quite so much. Let them enjoy it more. So keep on top of it. What do the Children want? And I suppose, in a way, what do the parents want? Try to work with the parents. Try to work with the child. That way you will get the best out of each other. 15. Correcting: in the lectures. Talking about teaching Children, I covered very briefly how to correct Children. We're not going to cover it in a bit more detail because obviously it doesn't just apply to Children, applies to adults as well. Athletes can only improve their performance if their coach correct their faults, Um, and teaches them how to do these things correctly is no point, um, athlete from any sport practicing hour after hour after hour but practicing the wrong thing . All they are doing, Aziz, you well know, is learning how to do it badly. It doesn't matter how good a coach you are. Nobody is going to understand you all of the time. I doubt if you'd ever have an athlete that will immediately be able to correct everything you say the first time you mention it. So you are going to have to explain, probably over and over again. You are going to have to demonstrate many times how the correct technique it should be used in practiced. You need to keep these explanations a simple as possible. There's no point just criticizing somebody and saying, Well, that's not good enough. Do it better without explaining to them how to do it better. So in the next few lectures we will cover different aspect off correcting people 16. Don't embarrass people: I would say the main thing to remember when you are correcting on athlete is don't embarrass them if it is anything more than just a simple correction trying to do it when no one else can. Here try not to criticize a player in front of all the other players. So unless it's just something quite straightforward, take the time to take them to one side and explain. Try not to get personal by taking them to one side and doing it privately. They are more likely to listen to you. They are more likely to take in what you have, said Andi. Have a conversation with you. They may ask why they won't immediately be on the defensive, So take them to one side. If it's anything more than just a simple correction on, give them a chance to talk to you and you to talk to them. Try not to get personal. This is especially true if you want to criticise their lack of concentration there, timekeeping that overall attitude. Do it in private. They may have very, very good reasons for behaving like they do. Perhaps they are always late because the buses at the wrong time, or they have parents or responsible adults for them that are always running late, and there's nothing the child can do about it. So try not to get too angry until you know the reasons. If you are correcting them in front of other people and they seem not to care, just have a quick look around and see. Is there anybody listening? Can the parents here can other athletes here because nobody likes to be made a fool off on . If you are criticizing somebody on other people can hear, then that player may just decide to give a don't care attitude. You know, it makes them look less stupid. So if you think your athlete is acting a bit, you know, well, I don't really care about this. I don't care what you say. Just check, See what's going on around. You also remember that everybody has an off day. You is a coach of an off day. I have off days, and your players may have off days. They may feel ill. They may have a bad foot Bad back. Maybe something stupid. Perhaps they've, you know, thinking back to my daughter had her ears pierced on, um, actually manage while she was serving in tennis, managed to hit her hearing right into her ear. It was embedded in her ear. She was in terrible pain. Didn't like to tell anybody because she thought it was a bit of a stupid thing. And they'd say it was her own fault for having arrears. Pierce. So she carried on playing in terrible pain, and it wasn't until the match had finished on. She came over to me and said that her ear really hurt and we looked at it and it was bad enough to need to go to a doctor. So you never know. Okay, Check. Ask. A lot of players make excuses. They say they feel ill. They got a bad leg when they haven't. But there are also players that don't want to make excuses on feel as though they are making excuses when they really have a genuine reason for being below par. So check before you open your mouth and start criticizing and moaning and shouting. Just check what the problem is. There are, of course, bound to be times when you perhaps have to be a bit unkind about their performance But you don't have to say it in an unkind way. Okay. Try to be nice about it. You don't have to get nasty. Imagine how you would have felt if somebody had criticized you in front of everybody else. So speak clearly, kindly explains simply and listen. 17. When pupils lose: if your players or your team Ah, losing. Trying to stay positive if your player looks up hat to you or your team looks to you don't look like you've given up, because how can you expect them to keep fighting for the wind? If it looks like the coach has just thought, Well, it's a bad day. They're not trying very hard. There's no way they're going to win this. So look positive smile. Encourage as much as you are allowed to within the room's different sports have different rules as the high much A coach can encourage drawing a match or a game. So if you are allowed, then encourage them. Yes, go for it, I said. Please don't look like you've given up. Don't look like your panicking. If the athletes see that their coaches panicking, how can you expect them to stay calm? I think clearly think through what it is they need to do in order to win in order to turn things around so usual. Facing facial expression again is very, very important. Once the match is over, if they have lost, then they still need encouragement. Now is not the time to criticize and pull them apart. Now is the time to try and stay positive, trying to think of one positive thing in their performance, so that gives them something to build on the post mortem. The criticisms can Cometa later date in the next lesson, perhaps the next day or the next week. But at that precise moment, try to be encouraging. You may not feel like being encouraging. You may think they've just wasted a completely brilliant opportunity. But now is not really the time to tell them. If you coach a team rather than an individual, don't pick on one person in that team to criticize and blame them. For the teams lost, that really is not very fair. Even if there's a hint of truth in it, please don't do it. You need the team to work together on Do they all have to encourage each other with the writs of win or loss. So don't pick out individual players. Also, if, um, a team or an individual win a match, they weren't expected to win. They will be so excited. So over the moon they would. They would just be thrilled to bits, so don't expect them to take any notice of anything you say. Okay, They will be just too happy. Um, if you have anything constructive to say, it may have to wait until the next day. 18. Give yourself plenty of time: make sure that you have plenty of time to explain and to make sure that your athlete has plenty of time to listen. If you want them to listen, don't wait until they are packing up just about to go home. They may have parents waiting. They may have public transport to catch. If it's an adult, they may have family waiting for them. They may have to go and pick up Children on their way home, so don't always assume that people can just hang on a few minutes after the lesson. Also, don't say it will only take a couple of minutes if it's likely that it could take longer. People are busy. It doesn't mean that they not putting their sport first or that they're not thinking that it is important. But you know, they may have other people relying on them, so don't say going to take a few minutes if it's going to take longer, be prepared for them to ask questions which may take longer. Be prepared toe have to explain more than once on be prepared toe have to demonstrate. So don't wait until you've packed all the sports equipment away, and then find that you need a racket or a bat or a ball. Just think how you feel when you know you've packed up on. Do you are ready to go off? I don't know. Probably a long day. And you're going home or you have another lesson to get to and somebody asks you a question . I want to talk to you. You don't have time, so it works both ways. If you really, really can't find the time on, the athlete has to go for whatever reason, they just can't hang around. Then make sure that you arranged to talk about it at the beginning of the next lesson. Andi, don't forget to do it. Okay, um, if if you say you will speak to them about it, whether it's something you want to talk about or whether it's something they've asked you and you say right, we'll definitely do that next time I see you, Then do it. Okay. There's nothing worse than a coach or any person come to that that breaks a promise. So do it. If you don't think you'll remember, write it down in your diary or if you use your phone for a diary. You know, for appointments, right? It there. Don't forget. Always give yourself plenty of time to explain things. Rushed explanations can lead to miss understandings. Andi, This means that your athlete could end up more confused than ever. 19. Giving feedback: always try to be positive, no matter how badly they have played. Trying to find it least one thing they must have done right. Try not to let any of your athletes, whether they be Children or adults, go home feeling really down and depressed. You want them to come back the next week, full of energy and full of enthusiasm. You want them to recommend you to their friends. You want them to say I have a really brilliant time when I go for my swimming lesson or my golf lesson? All my, When I play basketball at the local A center, be positive wherever possible. Even if you are having a bad day, Perhaps your car wouldn't start or you've got a cold and you feel dreadful. Don't take it out on them. Okay, Uh, sports coaches are like entertainers on. Do you have to keep going on? The show must go on praise. People always find something that they've done well and tell them people are always quick to complain. Doesn't matter whether it's a coach or a teacher, you know, in a shop in a restaurant. If we've board something, we're always eager to complain that was rubbish. The service was terrible, The food was horrible. I had to wait ages in that shop. But if we're going to be quick to criticize, we should also be quick to praise. The food was wonderful. I got served so quickly and they were so polite. The same with your athletes. You're going to criticise them. Please praised them as well. And don't just say well done tried to make it a bit more personal. That was a brilliant goal. You scored with your left foot or God. That top spin lob was brilliant, trying to make a little bit more enthusiasm into it. Use your voice. Okay, It will make such a difference to the athlete, whether again, whether their child on adult try to always give people feedback before they leave something that they can work on. They may not be able to practice tennis in their back garden, but they may be able to practice throwing a ball up in the air. They may be able to practice just strengthening their arms. So a football oh, may not obviously have a garden big enough for a football pitch, but they probably have got room to put a few polls in the ground in practice, dribbling a football around them. So always give feedback something they can do to improve something that will help with, um, or just positive feedback about something. They have done well so that they know they can carry on doing that and then go away. Say, don't just let them walk out with no word at all, so they won't know where they've done good, Bad, whether it was a waste of time than turning up or not. Okay, give feedback. 20. Emphasising words: The main criticism of anybody that does any speaking is that they speak too quickly. People need to slow down. And there are two aspects to this. There is slowing down your speech on. Then there is pausing you could do one without the other or you could do both. If I say to people, just slow down the thing that most people do when they actually stopped to think about and it registers in their mind. What I'm actually saying is they make the spaces between the words longer. So this speech becomes disjointed. Um, me, like me, just saying, um, they make the spaces between the what? Longer So my works of the same length, but the gaps in between a bigger and it's very hard to listen to. And it's actually very difficult to speak like that because you have to stop all the time. And then you think, What did I just say on an easier way to actually slow your speech down? So that saying a couple of sentences how you would normally say it and then saying them again exactly the same word for word, the same words, but making it take longer is to make the world's longer So don't say longer make make the words longer. Make the words longer. Okay, the word long Make it sound long, right? Words, not words. So that's the easy way to slow your speech down because then you're not thinking about what did I just say? You haven't got those gaps that make your speech disjointed on sound unnatural? Okay, so make the words longer practice. Let's think of a sentence. Let me see. Pausing also helps us to emphasize important words. Okay, we'll put that up. Pausing also helps us toe emphasize important words. So pausing also helps us to emphasize important words. You try it slowly that that might have felt to to you as though it was very, very slow. It wouldn't have sounded slow to anybody. Okay, so long Words, long vowel sounds and pausing is important, as we just said, because we can emphasize important words. So we need to pause, pause after every thought. If you were reading, you should pause when you get to full stops to commerce to question marks. The exclamation marks pause when I'm talking like this, I can't see the punctuation in my head but I know to stop when I've got to the end of an idea or a thought. So you have to do the same. When you are explaining to somebody how to do something, stop when you get to the end of the first technical piece and then you go on again on the same when you're giving a speech or a presentation stop when you get to the end of a sentence. The end of the first thought. You need to give the listener time to think that's what it is. So pools now you can pause before an important word, and that makes the audience anticipate what you're going to say next. So it stands out. Or you could pause after you've said something, so you give the audience time to think. Oh yes, Or if it's funny, they may laugh. Give them time and then carry on. You could pause before and after the same word, and that would really make it stand out as something really important. Now I can't tell you what the important words are. If you are talking about your own sport, then you should know instantly what's important and what isn't important okay if you write it down. If you write a speech down, then you can go through and pick out the important bits. Those are the bits people need to hear. Another very good use of the poors is if you can feel your audience is beginning toe to lose concentration, that beginning to wander a bit. Just stop. Um, it'll wake them all up. Okay? You shouldn't hopefully need to do that. But we all have off days and we all have bad audiences. 21. Sound exciting: pace on D pitch if you want what you are saying to sound exciting, then just raise the pitch of your voice a little bit. Okay? When we're talking about something, we automatically do it. It was a fantastic goal. Okay? It doesn't sound very exciting to make it exciting without thinking he was. It was a fantastic goal. The pitch of my voice went up on Fantastic. If it had gone down, it was a fantastic goal. Just sounds wrong. That being quite honest, right? It was a fantastic goal. He ran really fast. She played a brilliant game. So your voice goes up and you're making that word stand out. So that's how you put excitement into your speech. You need toe hold to the pitch of your voice. The higher the pitch more excited. You would sound the lower the pitch, the more serious you come across. Ideally, in any speech, any presentation, we will have a variety of both of them. Some will be high, some will be low. We also need to older the pace at which we speak. In the previous lectures, we were talking about not speaking too quickly and about slowing it down by making the words longer. We do need variety, though Sometimes things need to be quicker. You're Suddenly he ran around would not sound very exciting if I said suddenly he ran around. So you need to mix them up on when you do to say something more quickly. Remember to slow back down again for two reasons. One. It makes these the fast bit. Stand out, Andi. It brings you back down to a pace where people can hear you. They can catch a couple of words, said quickly, but they're not going to build to listen to the whole speech of the whole presentation if you go too fast. Okay, so if you're talking about and particularly in sport, somebody being quick, somebody bean energetic, somebody being brilliant, then speed up a bit. But slow back down for the next bit. Just bear in mind as well that if you are speaking outside and I know a lot of sports coaches do, or in a large sports hall, your speech needs to be slower. Those words need time to travel from your mouth to wherever they're going on. If you're outside, it could be a long way and if you're outside, you have the wind and the weather conditions to contend with. It can throw your words in a different direction. If you're in a large sports hall, the words have to get to the back of the hall and they may echo as well. So you need to slow down and give each word time to get where it is going. Okay, that doesn't mean you lose any expression. It just means take your time. 22. Look and aim your words: Ah, very quick lecture. Look and direct the sound where you want it to go apart from looking old. And it would look odd. It would be really bad for all sorts of reasons if I was to sit here. Andi, try to speak to you. But I did this. I would be looking down. So my words are going down into the floor or down into any notes in may I may have. I'm not looking at you. So you don't even know really whether I'm talking to you or not. Andi, if we're in a live situation, I wouldn't have a clue whether you'd walked away or not. Or you'd fallen asleep. So look at people. Don't stare out to them. Don't fry from the life out of them. Please. But just glance, look over their shoulders. Perhaps if there is somebody in front of you, just, you know, don't stare, Please. But do look, do check. They are listening. Check. They are still there. Make sure you the sound coming out of your mouth reaches them and doesn't go down to the floor. So look and direct the sound 23. What you wear when coaching: As a sports coach, you must spend most of your time dressed in sports clothes, track suits, T shirts, shorts, trainers. You wear clothes that are easy to move around in, and that makes sense. If you have to give a presentation, you may find yourself having to wear smarter clothes. Not necessarily a suit, but perhaps a shirt on and trousers that are a slightly mawr formal than tracksuit bottoms . Uh, so you may find all of a sudden that when you stand up to speak, you feel self conscious, you may feel a little uncomfortable. Your shirt may feel a bit more restrictive in a T shirt. You may have to wear a tie. So while standing there, and you may feel already a bit self conscious because you have to stand there anyway, you suddenly think, Ah, this feels uncomfortable. Um, so make sure that your tie isn't too tight. Your vocal cords need room to be able to move. Make sure your shirt isn't too tight. Your lungs need to be able to expand so you can breathe. Make sure you're your trousers. Your waist isn't too tight. You can you need for to breathe, built to move even though you're speaking and you want to look smart So I would say practice, practice with the clothes on that you will wear when you are giving your talk on this doesn't just apply to two men with their suits and ties. Ladies, you may have to suddenly were very high heels. You may have hearings on the actual speaking. You suddenly realize they jangle a bit. You may have your hair down. You may, when you are coaching, always have it tied up and you don't really care too much about what it looks like. You may have down first and just standing there giving this talk and you suddenly think this is okay. My feet ache. Myhill's too high. I can't really stand still. So practice at least once in the clothes you are going to wear, make sure that you can stand in the high heels. Make sure that you can breathe with your tie really tight him. So practice in your clothes. You will be surprised what a difference it makes if you are used to always wearing casual clothes that you can move around in easily practice standing up and then sitting down and standing up again. Does your skirt get court? Does it crease? You actually stand up easily from a sitting position with those high heels on men. This applies to you as well. Does your jacket get creased at the bottom? Does it? Did you want to do it up? Do you want to leave undone? See what looks best hand, how you feel out of coaches. Find it easy to talk to a group of people if they're on a tennis court and sports hall on a football pitch or a golf course, because they're comfortable that it's just them. Put those same people that same coach with that same group of people, into a more formal situation and make more wear their best clothes and it suddenly becomes a lot more awkward. So think about what you are going to wear. Make sure it's comfortable. Make sure you feel good as one is look good. Don't wait until you stand up to start and think to yourself while earth did. I wear this 24. Standing for speaking: posture. When we are speaking two athletes, we owe natural. We got our sports gear on. We have trainers, T shirts, whatever on you're not thinking about. Doesn't matter if you use your hands. It doesn't matter if you bend over. You're a sports person. You're used to moving. That's what you do. However, if you have to give a more formal speech, you need to stand still. Andi, I have to say that over my years of teaching, I have found that sports coaches and sports people do find it difficult to do. Okay, try not to sway side to side. Try not to sway backwards and forwards trilogy her hands too much. That doesn't mean stand like a soldier on parade because that's stupid. That just doesn't look unnatural. But try to stand still, try to stand with his shoulders back but down. Try not to fiddle. What I used to find is if I am standing up in my hands by my side quite often. My hands came level with the bottom of my top, and I would fiddle to try not to, um, so you don't have to be. You're not on parade. You don't want to be so tense that the muscles in the back of your legs are tense and then the the muscles in the back of his shoulder and neck, and it makes it hard to breathe and hard to speak. So be relaxed. Don't lock your knees. But at the same time, just be aware of the fact that most sports people, when they stand up to speak sway from side to sign. Okay, just watch yourself in a mirror before you do any speech on, just have a look and see.