Sports Writing 202 | How to write a compelling interview piece? | Nikki Parsons | Skillshare

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Sports Writing 202 | How to write a compelling interview piece?

teacher avatar Nikki Parsons, Digital Marketing Manager

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

19 Lessons (44m)
    • 1. Introduction to interview articles

    • 2. Interview purpose

    • 3. Interview perspectives

    • 4. Interview formats

    • 5. Your project - Part 1

    • 6. Finding someone to interview

    • 7. How to convince a potential interviewee?

    • 8. Your project - Part 2

    • 9. Candidate background research

    • 10. Preparing a list of questions

    • 11. What to bring to the interview?

    • 12. On interview day

    • 13. Your project - Part 3

    • 14. Final preparations

    • 15. Tips for interviewing

    • 16. After the interview

    • 17. Post-interview reflection

    • 18. Writing time

    • 19. Next steps

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About This Class

If you love sports and are looking to get paid for your passion, this course is for you!

Nikki is an Editor and Senior Sports Writer at La Liga News UK and freelance sports writer for It's Round & It's White. She'll teach you about how to get published for the first time as a sports writer.

In this class you'll learn:

  • The different perspectives and formats an interview can take
  • How to find someone to interview
    • How to reach out to targets
    • How to convince someone to be an interviewee
  • How to prepare for an interview
    • Candidate background research
    • Creating a list of questions
    • What to bring
  • Interviewing tips

All resources mentioned in the lecture can be found at the bottom of the project page.

This is the seventh course in the series on "How to become a sports writer".

The series is for people who are looking to get into sports writing, whether you are passionate about sports and want to get paid for your passion as a full-time career or as part of your freelance side hustle.

Before taking this course, you should have taken all the intro-level sports writing courses, as well as the other intermediate level course "Sports Writing 201 | Get published for the first time"

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Nikki Parsons

Digital Marketing Manager


A digital marketer living in Basel, learning about the latest trends in marketing and project management.

I learned on-the-go when launching my own mobile app startup in Barcelona, following that with a role in the healthcare industry working for GC Aesthetics as their Digital marketing manager and now I work at Bachem as the Director of Digital & Event Marketing.

I've come to love both the strategic and executional side of digital marketing, there are always opportunities to keep learning which gets me excited about the future possibilities!


What can you expect from this channel?

As I come from a startup/freelance background, I developed a habit of working to constantly upskill myself and my team, which is why in my ski... See full profile

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1. Introduction to interview articles: in this section, we're gonna walk through the process off, creating an interview article. We'll learn the different perspectives and formats interview article can take. Have find someone to interview how to prepare for conduct the interview and having write an article using it. By the end of this section, you'll have conducted your own interview. Don't worry. We're gonna take it step by step and you'll have a new published article ready for your future portfolio. Make sure to not slack off on your other homework. You need to keep up with your social media profiles and put in a little work for the small publication. We're slowly building you up so that you have all the knowledge and experience required to get paid for your work. So push yourself in this section. It might be out of your comfort zone to even talk to someone or reach out to people you don't know or conduct an interview. But it's a great learning experience 2. Interview purpose: there are many different ways to write and conduct an interview. The interview could be in person or promotes the interviewee could be the main focus of the peace. Or they could just be providing a little bit of background info on the writing. How you quote somebody it might be in transferred form or, my paraphrase things they say in this lesson. We're going to discuss how to determine a purpose for your interview and how that will affect what perspective and former your interview takes. First off, you need to determine a purpose for the interview. This understanding will guide you in who you select to interview, how you plan to use this information and how to conduct the interview. So what could be some reasons that a writer would want to interview someone? Examples of why a writer might want to conduct an interview could be if they're writing a biographical piece on a player or club to research a day in the life of a specific career within sports as background information for another article, for example, maybe there isn't enough information available in your research. Something's missing, so you have to go out and physically interview someone's and get this information to get a different perspective on something that's being discussed before, Or perhaps actually the club or the person has reached out to you because they want to get promoted. It's key to understand what you want so that you can prepare questions accordingly and go in with the correct mindset to the interview. There's no sense conducting what might be a very interesting interview, but just to realize that this really wasn't the correct person to talk to, they didn't have any information that helped you with the article you're trying to write. 3. Interview perspectives: what are the different perspectives and interview article could take? So now that we understand the purpose, our interview article, we can choose an appropriate perspective to get that purpose across. There are three different perspectives than an interview article can take, and if it's seeing the resource is actually linked in three articles, and they're all written from a different perspective. You should make sure to read through these three examples because I take you through the rest of lesson explaining more gullible these perspectives are you actually have some really concrete example how you could use them in an article. So the first perspective is literal. You might also hear this referenced as structured as well. It's the most typical Q and A format. Basically, the article lists the questions followed by a literal or only slightly rephrased answers off the interviewee. If you use a literal format, typically, the entire article will just be the Q and A, and you have to include some of these fluff questions from the beginning of the article to try and almost demonstrate to the reader a field for the interviewee as you won't be separating questions with your own narrative, benefits of the literal approach is that it's much quicker, right? You just have to make sure that your questions have a natural flow and that the interviewee provides full answers. You don't want to overwhelm the reader with a lot of questions have short on fulfilling answers. Another benefit is that the interviewee themselves often favour this approach as they're less likely to think that you change something, they said, and they feel that they have more control over the interview on the Final Content. The second type off interview perspective is a narrative article. Now. A narrative interview describes what the interviewee says in third person, so a narrative interview helps people tell their stories. Importantly, an interview does not have to be written as a narrative interview all the way through. But the majority of the interview has to be written in this style. The benefits are that you can condense with the interviewees, saying, in order to focus on the story and give the piece a better flow, you can provide the reader with more than just for the interview is saying, and you give them a better sense of the feeling off the interview now the last type off interview perspective, you could have a hybrid, also sometimes called semi structured. This combines narrative statements with direct quotes and does not mention the specific questions. So it allows the writer more flexibility to share words verbatim from the air you eat without the reader feeling that it is an interview per se. So sometimes it provides this fly on the wall type feel, as the reader, together with the writer, is just kind of observing. 4. Interview formats: one of the possible formats and interview could take. So now that we have our purpose and our perspective down, it's pretty easy to just decide. What format does this interview need to bees that we can achieve our goals? Well, an interview could be conducted face to face through a phone call through video conferencing like Sky for Google hangouts or even by email. If you're interviewing someone for a feature piece, then face to face interviews are definitely your number one preference. And that's because you want to see their expressions, and you want to get a feeling for the interviewee now for face to face interviews. Depending on how well you know the participant, you might want to have an initial phone call that's off the record, and that's just that you can prepare your questions for the face to face interview better because you get some of your initial questions answered. But also your interview. We kind of feels a lot less pressure because it's off the record so you could really get your questions answered and create a report. And on the reverse side, face to face interview might also need a follow up phone call for any unanswered questions that you're thinking about when you're actually riding or outlined in your article after the interview. Sometimes people have a distressed all interviews because they think that we're gonna take what they say out of context or show them in a bad light. So anything we can do to create a report with us and the Interview week is really gonna help us get a better sense of who they are. And then we're gonna be able to transmit better writing to our readers who they are. Phone interviews or videoconferencing interviews are also great. It's pretty easy to strike up our report with someone over the phone or over Skype hangouts . It's easier for you because it's no commute times you save their. It's also easier to schedule the interview because asking someone for a 20 minute phone call is gonna be an easier sell. That asking someone to travel somewhere, preparing or in depth for face to face interview. And finally, you feel much more easy asking any full of questions or giving them a quick second cold or second Skype because you have already connected once. Email interviews are definitely an option but I would say that they're the least recommended off all the formats your interview might take. If you're just planning Teoh, email someone's and questions and have the email you back there, type foreign answers. Just be aware that it might take more time than you think, because they might not type in a natural way their interviewees there no writers like you would mean, and also it might just not sound natural, so it might not make sense. And it might not be natural if you getting an email typed response, paraphrasing someone's words when they're face to face or phone interview is one thing. But if you change what someone has typed in an email interview, answer. They really feel like you are putting words in their mouth, even though you're just doing it so that the peace makes more sense or flows more naturally . That's not to say that you can't change what they've written. It's just that you really wanna be careful that you communicate. What changed, why you have changed it. Another reason that email interviews aren't always the best is that people were. They think almost too much about that, says they try and have the PR correct version off answers. So even though you emailed one specific expert for their opinion and they know the answer to the question, they might send it around to their team because imagine, you send them kind of a legal question on. And they just want to make sure that this is gonna be a published interview that they really give the perfect answer. They might send it to their legal team to review the legal team, right in an answer. There on, then, this person just gonna forwards back to you. Alternatively, they might give you an answer, but they might send its to a copywriter on their team beforehand to change things around. So you have to just be really careful with evil interviews because you asked one specific person for for their advice, their feedback, and you could actually be getting the feedback. Other people you can't be sure. In my view, the only real racing toe ask for an email interview is if you have a very specific concrete question that you want to ask an expert, and usually I only do it. If it's for background research of another school, it's not going to be really quoted in the article, but it's so I can get some understanding and that I can take that understanding. Ask other questions from other people. So if you think that there's gonna be any type of question from the answer this and back to you imagine, they send you an answer. And now you have a follow up question that you want to ask them. Well, if there's any possibility for questions, you need to just straight away ask for a phone or a Skype or face to face interview. So really, you're only asking them one corporate question that you know the answer to will then open other doors on. If there's anything back and forth that you're gonna want, you just need to have another type of format for your interview. 5. Your project - Part 1: it's time to reflect on what you want to get out of an interview article. Now that we're into more advanced articles, I'll leave the topic completely up to you to decide. But do choose the topic. Did you just start thinking about who you want to interview? So you want to take something that's interesting to you and your readers, something that you want to let or bats And remember third point of choosing a topic. It was finding something you've had enough information on. Of course, interviews can help us with this because if you could interview someone who knows that information, then you can access it. You'll still need to do your initial research because you need some background information to be able to conduct a good interview. Going in completely blanked an interview will mean that you're unprepared and that we would take away as much relevant information. Researching also means that you will be aware of what was previously written so that you can spotlight this information in a different way, or you can identify quickly what information is new and fresh. You could take a different perspective on something, or you could even go deeper on a specific subject. Paul's video Now brainstorm Relevant topic With the purpose in mind for your interview. What perspective do you need? Are you gonna be transcribing the interview verbatim in your piece? Or maybe you're just using it for some background research and incorporating a couple of quotes from your interviewee into your final piece. Paul's the video now and think about whether you need a literal narrative or hybrid perspective. Now the final question format is relatively easy, considering we've already to find your interview purpose in your interview perspective. So what format is your interview going to take? Bolivia? Face defense, phone, Skype or email interview. 6. Finding someone to interview: after selecting your interview Purpose, perspective format. The next step is to create a list all potential interview targets on begin outreach. So who the interview? Well, if I want to write a piece on the specific club, it's no surprise that I'll try and talk to someone at that club for a tactical analysis. I could try and reach up some of the club coaching stuff or for an in depth feature on a player. You don't actually have to speak to that specific player. You could try a different tactic on hold to some of their teammates. Try and get some insight into their personality. The perspective and format come into play here because if you need a face to face interview for a literal perspective article, you know it's gonna take time. So you'll have to take that into account when thinking of potential interview candidates. It's doubtful that the head coach of Barcelona is going to sit down with you for an hour. For tactical analysis, talk, at least when you're just starting out. So we have our expectations of what we need. We have to find someone who could best match those requirements. Sometimes I create a loose outline of what a potential article could look like. Just with the section headers. To test my article flow, you can create a proper outline because depending on the information you generate from an interview, you might want to go in a completely different direction. But at least I have a clear idea from my initial plan. Think of the ideal role of an interview. Candidates won knowledge and experience. Do they need? Where are they located? Try to do some sleuthing online visit linked in company. Page off a card company and see who works there. Use Google and Twitter to find interesting profiles. Someone in the marketing department is usually the most open to an interview. But look at the positions of the staff on lengthen and check the most relevant one to get the information you need. Once again, you need to make a list of targets. Now this process is almost again to call to the one we use in the last section to find small publishers. So you have to do a bit of research on, then prioritized the list of interviewees into those who might be best suited. Once you have a list of potential interview candidates. How do you reach out to them? The worry. If you have no connections that players or clubs right now, because it takes time and patience to grow your network, you are on track. Well, you can ask your existing network if anyone has any connections with the time profile you're looking for. That might help you get your foot in the door. And often I'm much more interested in a specific type of profile rather than a specific person or player themselves. So I just post on Twitter and I say I'm looking for this type of person. For this reason, does anyone have any suggestion that my connections DME and, alternatively, just straight up send direct messages by Twitter, lengthen or even email? Teoh People that are in your list of potential energy targets or two connections that you know are connected to this candidate 7. How to convince a potential interviewee?: how convince someone to do an interview. Usually people are happy to talk about their profession and share their knowledge. Think about the accident. Interview is quite flattering. If you respectfully ask a realistic candidate, given your experience in sports writing and you demonstrate that your professional and you're knowledgeable about the type of interview you once conduct, most people will make time or go out of their way to recommend you someone else. If they're unavailable, I usually reach out explaining how I found their compact, what topic I'm writing on occasionally, including some sample areas of questioning their on how I feel that their input is going to be useful, relevant that help you with your outreach. I've included a pre made templates in The Resource Is Off This life. It's important to make sure that the person you're going to interview understands your expectations. Generally, if you spend 20 minutes interviewing someone, you don't use any of that content well, they will feel ignored. They might be less inclined to be interviewed in the future. At the worst thing might actually feel upset. So if you have gone with a different direction with your article, just follow up with your interviewee on. Let them know why you did that, where their input has come into your article because they are the inspiration of why you wrote a completely different type of article or the influenced it in some other way. You didn't need to include their quote. You actually were inspired to research other information. So it just comes full circle into how interviews are not just for creating article content there also for growing your network. So make sure to communicate with your network so that you can make a strong contact. Ultimately, if you have a clear purpose for wanting to interview someone you understand your articles needs, then you know what type of time commitment your interview he needs to make. And you make it easy for them to say yes or no to your request. And if they do say no, please respect that. Don't follow up trying to convince them you want to make sure that you see professional, and you could always follow up in the future about a different type of article request. As long as you've kept respectful professional, so don't get too pushy and ruin your chance for a future connection. This industry is all about networking. Conducting interviews actually has a huge potential benefit because done properly, you can expand your circle and create a new working relationship. Now it's your turn to start reaching out to potential interview targets. 8. Your project - Part 2: Now it's your turn to create a list of potential interview candidates and begin outreach to help you. I've provided another Excel template where you can fill in your possible targets and organize your outreach. Remember to research a list of contacts and then prioritize them into the best, most realistic candidates for you. Just a reminder that in the last lesson we had a pre made template that you can use for interview outreach. Check. The resource is off the previous lesson. If you didn't already download the pdf because with some personalization on your part, you can use these to either contact your network or the candidate themselves to schedule an interview. Be patient because although it's flattering to be asked to do an interview, it's not normally the top priority on people schedules. So it might take some time to you get a response, some back and forth to nail down a date and time to prepare beforehand. These types of articles are written overnight, and you shouldn't attempt to. Otherwise you're gonna do yourself and your interviewee at a service for face to face interviews. There's often the question off where to conduct the interview, usually I provide the candidate with a couple of options that they can choose where they feel most comfortable, and that's usually either their workspace, my office or a centrally located coffee shop. After we finish reaching out to our network to get an appointment for the interview, we'll discuss in the next lecture how to prepare for that interview. So what to take on House to create a list of questions? 9. Candidate background research: awesome things were really coming together for this piece. An interview candidate accepted, and it's time to prepare for the interview. So if it's a face to face interview what we need to bring, then if it's on Skype, how should we prepare then, no matter what the format of the interview, how can we create a list off engaging questions for the candidate? In this lesson, we're going to answer these questions so that you feel comfortable conducting the interview . Obviously, you've already completed some basic research on your candidate. That's why you selected them as a potential interview target. But now that it's confirmed who you will be interviewing, you can do a more in depth research on their background and experience, and this will influence the types of questions that they're able to answer. So do some things. Take a look at their linked in profile, see if their company website makes any mention of them. Also just research online and see if they've done any previous interviews. Or if there's any article out there that's mentions them in any way, obviously don't obsessively research them, but have a good overview of their career on Save This information so that you can quickly review it. In the moments before the interview, you'll feel more comfortable on have a better idea of where to take the conversation. 10. Preparing a list of questions: to create the list of questions once again refocus on the purpose off the interview. What's the key information you need to get? Think about what you need and brainstorm question ideas, Joining down any question you can trying to think off To get this information, consider the perspective that you'll be giving to your interview. If it's going to be literal approach, then the audience will read the question to ask, so make sure that they're well worded. Andi engaging. You can't just rely on the answers to your interview gives to keep the reader and detained , avoid typical interview questions and ask intriguing questions. For example, instead of how did you achieve your success in tennis? Ask. They call you the next Federer. What three qualities do you think you share with Swiss tennis player? And try to mix up the content of the questions, including some to provide fax some for insight and others to evoke emotion, organized the questions on your final note pad into sections and then within each section, prioritized the list of questions. This will ensure that you acquire all the key information when you're doing the interview, and also hopefully, save yourself a bit of time because you're kind of organizing it in the way that you want to do your piece in the end of the day. It also gives you some flexibility because you could jump around between different topics, different sections as needed when you're in the interview and make sure that you have more questions than you think you're gonna be able to ask on this is just because if you do need to delve deeper into a specific topic, then you have plenty of kind of extra questions that you didn't think you're gonna have to ask but have content there and ready to go. So you maximize every minute off the interview. There's no set number off questions for an interview, as answers can vary wildly, depending on the topic, you're discussing the interviewee and even yourself. But as a general rule of thumb, what I like to prepare is one question for every three minutes of interview time. So for a 30 minute interview, I would prepare around 10 15 questions. Now you might not ask all of these questions, or you might veer totally off track, but it's good to have some content ready to go, and you might also ask all of these questions in the a lot of time, but I think that's very unlikely. There's often conflicting advice as to whether you should provide the interviewee your questions beforehand or not. Providing questions can make the interviewee more comfortable and more willing to accept your interview invitation. But it can also make responses sound prepared and means the interview doesn't flow as well as it could. Personally, I prefer to provide the interviewee with a sample of questions once I know I will ask. But not my entire list is just so that they can get a glimpse of the way I planned to ask questions that they feel comfortable, and I can still get natural responses for the rest of my questions. Of course, if they do ask for an entire list, I can provide it. But during the interview, I will also ask other questions that arise from the conversation itself, so I don't force myself to stick to the script and interview needs to be a living, fluid conversation 11. What to bring to the interview?: What do you need to bring for a face to face interview? You need to take a note pad, two pence to encase one stops working midway through and optionally to audio recorders. One of these could be just a phone as a backup. I prefer to use a notepad when I'm doing on interview, And that's purely because typing into the computer is quite distracting for the interviewee , and I find that even though I'm taking longer, even if you know shorthand, which I don't to be writing in a note pad, I find that it's a lot less distracting for interviews. But you shouldn't and don't need to rely solely on written or typed notes during your interview. You need to get on audio recorder. Uh, if you're just starting out, you can use your phone if you have a good voice recording software in stolen it. But I would recommend if you're really gonna consider this as a future career pops, you invested a pretty cheap audio recorder and use your phone is the backup because if you use your phone and it's the soul device, I've had problems in the past. When using a phone that it's not recorded it well, and it's been really difficult to understand what people were saying. You're likely to miss telling voice tones or body language if you're so busy scribbling everything down that you're not really listening. And not only that, but you're not engaging your target either. You're busy jotting down the information you think you need today right now, before you've begun really fleshing out their profile. If you're really listening to your subject as he or she speaks, you might really be surprised at the questions that popped into your mind as you go along. In addition to those that you've already prepared now for a phone or Skype interview, I usually do just take notes straight up on the computer as opposed to the notebook. It's for a phone call a lot easier because you're not trying to interpret their body language because they can physically see them for a Skype call. You do need to still be watching them, but you could be doing both things on the screen. Just be taking notes on one side and be looking at them on the other. So trying to still make eye contact with the with the camera, which is a bit awkward, but I do just take notes on the computer. In this case, you'll need to have prepared your phone or computer and make sure they're fully charged and that you have good phone and good Internet signal. If you need to go to a quiet coffee shop or co working that day just to ensure that you've got good signal instead of trusting unreliable home WiFi, make sure to do it. A bad signal can ruin an interview on you might not get a second chance. You can also download a voice recording software or just record the cool on Skype. Just make sure to clearly ask the candidates permission to do this when you're in a face to face. Interview should also ask, But considering they're going to see you with the audio recorder, it's a little bit more obvious. Whereas on the other hand, on a phone call, they might not be intuitively thinking that you're going to record the coal. Make sure to use headphones with a microphone. That way the connection will be clear and you have your arms free for note taking. When you're not speaking. Also just make sure to mute yourself. It's considerably better for the candidate who's not gonna have to listen to the sounds of you furiously typing away. If you ever had a call with someone, when you hear them typing in the background, you know that it feels that they're no 100% in this conversation with you. And sometimes you might even stop talking until you hear the other side. Stop typing because you feel maybe you're talking too fast and you cannot lose your train of thought because you're so focused on the sounds of their typing that you can't really focus on what you're saying. 12. On interview day: the day before the interview. You should send a reminder message to the interviewee again, Be respectful of their time, and something could have come up in the schedule, and they genuinely might need to reschedule. It's better for you if they cancel the day before rather than no showing, because if they know, show you've maybe spent an additional 30 minutes before the interview reviewing the questions mentally preparing. And maybe you even had to commute to the interview location. But if you don't get a cancellation from the interviewee, then it's all systems go. You are ready ready to start preparations for your own interview. It's time to start working on your list of questions, which will do in the next activity. 13. Your project - Part 3: it's your turn to brainstorm a list of questions. First, complete the background research into your candidate. This will help to trigger interesting questions that you could pose to the interviewee. This should take around 15 20 minutes just to get an idea off their experience and career. Take some brief bullet point notes off this background information so that you can quickly refresh it in the moments before the interview. Next, open a new document and take another 5 to 10 minutes to brainstorm down any possible questions you can think off. Please don't filter yourself here just right as many as you can. Think off. Finally, with your research on brainstormed questions in front of you, try to organize the best, most relevant questions into possible sections and priorities. 14. Final preparations: It's finally the big day you're pumped up and ready to conduct the first interview of your sports writing career. But what should you wear then? How should you prepare yourself in these final moments? And how should you conduct yourself in? The interview in this lesson will discuss these final details on the day of the interview. You should make sure to dress appropriately. Usually, I recommend a business casual look for sports writers. We are an informal profession, but a professional appearance, perhaps clean shaven or with some light makeup, is recommended. This could really impact the first impression at Amanpour you develop with the interviewee . Make sure to go with ample time. If you're late, you're cutting into your own question time. You also need time to mentally prepare for the interview so that your purpose and your questions are top of mind. Now for fun and Skype interviews. I usually review this information in the 20 minutes before the interview is scheduled to take place. While I'm double checking my Internet on my phone connection, are both working correctly for face to face interviews. If we're conducting it in my office or in a coffee shop, that I arrive 30 minutes early to review questions and to ensure I have enough time. I guess they arrive early. We have this image that people are often late to meetings, but if they come early and you're not prepared, you'll have to start right away. You can't say Give me 10 minutes. I forgot what we need to talk about for face to face interviews. If we're doing them at their office, then I aim to be there at least 15 minutes in advance, just in case the location is difficult to find. There's a commute involved. I typically spend that time preparing and reviewing my notes, something else that I do also like to do it. Sometimes I go a lot more in advance and I find a coffee shop near by and used the time in the coffee shop to prepare review. Actually, like this approach better because I'm not stressed for time worrying about where is the location of gonna get there on time? Will I be able to review my notes? Because I'm calmly in the coffee shop minutes and I feel like I also I arrived to the interview I comma 15. Tips for interviewing: so before the recording, there's nothing else to prepare your here in the interview room. You're ready to go. The only thing you need to know are some tips for house who conduct the interview. So when the candidate arrives, don't jump right into questioning. Introduce yourself and take a couple of minutes for a little small talk. When you sense it's time to get down to business, just remind the candidate of the reason why you've reached out to the what you're hoping toe learn and how you will use their input. You've already told them either by phone or email this information before, but by repeating it, you re affirmed the candidate. Show that your intentions are clear and consistent. Finally, just before you begin questioning, get out! Order your recorder. Explain why this is needed and asked the interviewees permission to record the conversation . Try to match your interviewees energy levels and use a similar body language to make them feel comfortable. Practice active listening. Your focus should be on what the other person is saying. Not on your next question. Wait an extra few seconds after you think the interviewee is finished. Speaking before asking new questions, and you might be amazed what comes out in this extra space on be prepared to drop your original question entirely on pursued more interesting topics if they come up a good strategy to check your correctly Understanding interview is, to paraphrase back something that they said Now, you can also play Devil's Advocate with Interviewees point to understand their reasoning. Also, make sure to keep an eye on the time so that you can ensure you ask the questions with the most priority before the conversation come still close. 16. After the interview: Once the recording is finished doing, just jump out of your seat and run to the door. Ask the interviewee if it would be all right for you to email or call them with any follow up questions. The's they emerge once you get down to the act of writing. Also, you'll likely need a high quality photo for the article asked if they already have a higher S photo that they can email to you, they probably will and set expectations for the interviewee as when you expect to be finished with the article. They may expect to see an article published tomorrow, so provide them with a general time line finally offered to send them a copy off the finished article once it's published. Sometimes people ask to see the article before it's published, and this is up to you or your editor if it's for publication. I usually let my interviewees refute the article before it's published. If they request this, but if they request any changes, you know it's up to you How much you want to incorporate. Most importantly, tried Teoh, solidify this connection. Maybe now you could connect with your interviewee on Lincoln. Maybe you can follow me full of back on Twitter or just ask for the business card. Grow your network 17. Post-interview reflection: Congratulations on completing the interview. This entire section has been building up to this moment on. I'm sure you could think of things you wish you'd done differently. Now just spend a moment to reflect a little on how it went. What would you have prepared differently? And did you go over on time? How was your time keeping? Was there a good report with your interviewee? And if you think it went amazing, that's great. But take a moment to reflect on this experience. What made it successful or not so successful reflect on these three questions, but also take the time to jump down anything else that you made a note off so that the next time we're doing interviews, you can improve and hopefully the next time after that, when? The next time after that. 18. Writing time: I think the hard work is done. Not so fast. It's time to start writing our article. If you're writing from a literal perspective, this should be fairly simple. It's a case of writing a couple of short, engaging paragraphs for an introduction on, then deciding which questions you want to use. Remember, you are allowed to paraphrase what your interviewee has said during the interview, as long as you keep it true to their understanding on, it's an accurate restatement of what they said. So choose a question order that has a flow and allows the interviewees character and personality to shine through. It doesn't necessarily have to be in the original order. The most likely it will be. If you're riding from a narrative or hybrid perspective, the writing process can be considerably longer. And that's just because, given the information from the interview, you may want to put a different angle on your story. Or you may want to completely investigate something else on change the story completely. Either way, I would suggest getting started by creating an outline. Just look at all the information you have on begins to organize it into a logical order. You might notice that you're lacking strength in certain sections and have to conduct some additional research or contact the interviewee with a follow up question. Just take it one step at a time and take a break. After you create the outline, step back and ensure it makes sense and has a logical flow. Want to have all the content you think is necessary? Take a stab at writing the first draft. If you have a thorough outline, this should be a simple case of connecting the dots, and after you write your first draft, take a good break before coming back to edit it. 19. Next steps: Wow. I can't believe how much you progress with your writing. Interview pieces are not easy to do. They require research, reaching out to people you don't know preparing and then conducting the interview. And then there's the writing. Now that you know all the types of writing that you're gonna need in this field, we're gonna talk business again. So I hope you haven't been slacking off on updating your social media on writing a couple of articles for the small publication in the next section. We're gonna use this experience to create your portfolio so that then we can begin reaching out for paid writing gigs.