Speak German like a Native | Ingo Depner | Skillshare
Play Speed
  • 0.5x
  • 1x (Normal)
  • 1.25x
  • 1.5x
  • 2x
13 Lessons (50m) View My Notes
    • 1. Introduction

      0:44
    • 2. This Trick Will Make Your German Sound More Native

      3:02
    • 3. Why German Sometimes May Sound Rude

      5:15
    • 4. Commonly Misused English Words in German

      5:52
    • 5. There are 3 German Words for 'when'

      5:34
    • 6. Many German Students Don't Know This Rule

      4:21
    • 7. How to Learn German Noun Gender - Part 1

      4:45
    • 8. How to Learn German Noun Gender - Part 2

      5:02
    • 9. The Difference Between 'aber' and 'sondern'

      3:20
    • 10. I Hear These 2 Mistakes Every Day

      5:01
    • 11. This Important German Verb Doesn't Exist in English - Part 1

      3:02
    • 12. This Important German Verb Doesn't Exist in English - Part 2

      3:15
    • 13. Congratulations

      0:29

About This Class

"Speak German like a Native" is designed to help you identify, understand and avoid the most common mistakes German learners make. You will learn important aspects of German grammar and get a better understanding of how German works. The grammar explanations are user friendly and presented in relatively small chunks. In addition, the course features tips and tricks that will help you sound like a native speaker. It is the perfect complement to self-study, traditional classroom lessons or online courses.

"All that is promised is met and then some...Ingo is a natural teacher. One can take his courses with confidence of learning and improving their German. An exceptional instructor." John Glassman

 

Transcripts

1. Introduction: Hello and welcome back in this section, I'll show you what makes German special. You will learn important aspect of German grammar, and you will get a better understanding of how German works. I've tried to make the grammar explanations as user friendly as possible and to present them in relatively small chunks. As I mentioned before, Please feel free to watch the video several times until you feel familiar with all the content. Don't forget that even when you understand what you hear and see, it will take some practice before you can actively produce the content. So I encourage you to keep doing the exercises in order to test your knowledge and develop your skills further. And now let's dive right into the first lesson. 2. This Trick Will Make Your German Sound More Native: in this lesson, I'll show you a little trick that will help you sound more like a native German speaker. Whenever the situation allows Use I waas in rather than I went to. It's not a mistake to say I went to, but it's a translation from English and German native speakers would prefer the simpler I waas in. Let's have a look at an example. Yesterday we went to an Italian restaurant. If you translate this sentence word for word, you'll get guest on Zin via In in Italy Knishes Restaurant Garden, which is okay, sounds of a bit complex to me. No grammar mistakes here, but I would say it like this via Von Guest on in Einem It'll ammunition restaurant and this means we were yesterday in an Italian restaurant. You will also notice that I placed the guest on yesterday after the verb in the middle of the sentence rather than at the beginning, as you do in English again. It wouldn't be wrong to start the sentence with guest on, but it kind of puts a stressed on that particular word and sticking to the take comma word order that you know from one off the previous lessons in the course is usually the preferred way off. Wording. This here is another example. This morning I went to the supermarket. The word for word translation is D's and Margon been Eat some supermarket Keegan now, as opposed to the previous word for word translation. This one is wrong. I'll explain why in a moment the correct translation is each va Heitor Margon him super marked I was today morning in the supermarket. Sounds funny in English, but that's how we say it in German. The mistake I just mentioned is the following this morning does not translate to Diese Margon, but Heitor Margon Today morning this afternoon is height in Nam attack today afternoon and tonight Is Heitor happened today evening? You don't say white enough today night because in German, the definition off evening is anything between seven PM and midnight and night is from midnight to the morning. All right, that's the little trick I wanted to show you. It's just a small modification in the choice of words, but I think it's a simpler wording and it makes a big difference 3. Why German Sometimes May Sound Rude: The Germans are probably one of the most stereotype nationalities in the world. And while it is good to challenge those stereotypes, it's also interesting to see where they might come from. In this lesson, I'd like to talk about some reasons why Germans might come across as rude. And they will also show you how to correctly use the verbs have to and need to in German. First of all, German communication is very direct. Let's take the following example. Excuse me. Do you know what time it is? Now, if you ask a German this question, I can really imagine some people who would answer Yes, I do. And keep walking in German. I'd probably ask and trotted along the speed is this. Excuse me. What time is it? So I don't ask if they know what time it is, but I asked for that specific piece of information. Another example at the supermarket. You don't find the bread and you ask, Excuse me, Do you have bread? And again a grumpy shop assistant might answer Yes, we do, and continue with what they were doing. A direct, more efficient way of asking would be and Jodie Boom voice this broad. Excuse me, where is the bread? And then the shop assistant will point you to the right direction. There is no doubt that the English language is less direct in those situations and therefore perceived as more polite than German. This is also part of the principal. Straight to the point, please. In general, you can say Germans don't like to waste time, and especially when it comes to communication in English, the following sentence is pretty normal. Excuse me, I'm wondering if you could tell me where the nearest subway station is in German. I would approach a person and simply say, and Charlie Gong voiced in next Cuban. Excuse me, where is the closest subway? Straight to the point, and that's perfectly fine. Now it's important to know that Germans usually say what they mean, and if they don't mean it, they won't say or ask it. For example, how are you? You must come visit me, take care, have a nice day. The's Airil when you strip them down ways of saying hello or goodbye in English. When an English speaker greet someone with how are you? They don't actually want to know how that person is. Nor do they expect an answer. They're just saying hello. The Germans, on the other hand, tend to leave out sentences like thes as they seem a waste of time at the supermarket. Check out, for example, you probably won't hear shooting and talk. No, have a nice day, but rather feed, as in good bye Now, this would come across his route to an English speaker, but it's not. These kinds of sentences just aren't very common in the German language because the Germans don't believe they add anything to a conversation. All right, another reason why German can sound route to English speakers is the use off the verb Merson must the English verbs have to and need to both translates to the German Musson. You do not say have been sue or allowance. Ooh, that's a word for word translation that does not work in this case at the local authority office, you might hear this sentence is the motion diseases formula house fern. You need to fill in this form, or, as we actually say, you must fill in this form. To some people, this sounds very direct and bossy, but that's not the intention. Let's have a closer look at the congregation off the verb mussen, and I'll be using example sentences to provide some context. The most minor house of God. Mahan. I have to do my homework. Do most here. Links up Biggane. You have to turn left here. Here. Most annoyed Vash Machina Kalfin. He has to buy a new washing machine. Vehemence not mention fan. We have to drive to Munich. Um most in fame on but inked sane. You guys absolutely have to see the film Z Mohsen nets the house again. They have to go home now. Okay, So I hope in this lesson I've shown how the differences between English and German languages can lead people to believe that Germans are ruled and cold and why this is often not the case. It's just a different way of communicating. Thanks for watching. And I'll see you in the next lesson. 4. Commonly Misused English Words in German: Hello and welcome back. This is going to be a very interesting lesson. It kind of reminds me off the lesson we had unfolds friends earlier in this course. However, this time I won't be talking about words that exist in both languages and have a different meaning. But I'll show you how German took words from English and gave them a whole new meaning. Let's start with a very famous one. Thus handy the carpet guest on a noise handing a coughed. Now, if you translate this sentence and keep the English word handy, you will get Yesterday I bought a new handy, but the real meaning is cell phone or mobile phone. Yesterday I bought a new cell phone. It might be handy and yes, operated with a pair off hands, but of course, in English, you cannot use this word when you talk about a cell phone. Okay, here's the next one. Thus public viewing the screws. The public viewing event ist in flange foot. Some Germans think well, this is English, so I can say the biggest public viewing event is in Frankfurt. But an English speaker will probably understand something totally different because in German public viewing means public screening or public broadcast. It's when hundreds or thousands of people come together in a public place in orderto watch , a soccer match or another sports event screened onto a big screen. It happens a lot during the football World Cup, by the way, all right, the next one is their partner, Look z Vallon in partner. Look off their party. They went in, partner, look to the party. Can you guess what this means? It's dressing the same as your significant other matching clothes lookalike or dress like twins. So in our example, they went to the party dressed like twins. Their partner. Look, the next English word that got a different meaning in German is thus mobbing. Moving on our butts. Platts, named in George Land to one, might be tempted to translate this as mobbing at the workplace is increasing in Germany. But that doesn't really work. The correct translation off mobbing is bullying in this context workplace bullying. So the headline reads, Workplace bullying is increasing in Germany, and we'll move straight onto the next one. Dear Bheema, Blouin and Bima for minor Pleasant at Sione, I need a Beemer for my presentation, and I've actually heard German saying that when they were talking English now they don't need a nice BMW car for their presentation. But a projector each blow and in Bheema means I need a projector. The device that is used to display videos or images onto a screen. The next one is also interesting. They're smoking Zoli and in smoking order on an unsolved bargain. Should I wear a smoking or a suit? What do you think? Well, this is probably a throwback to when men would retire to smoke cigars after a fancy dinner . And the correct translation for smoking is tuxedo. So when you're invited to a formal event and you're debating whether to wear a tuxedo or a suit in Germany would use the word smoking for tuxedo. All right, next de Wellness. The Snow Oy Awareness Hotel. A definite inventor. The new Wellness Hotel opens in winter. This is a widely used term in German, and as you can see, it became a noun de Venise, and the meaning is spa. Some say that German simply created a combination off the words well being and fitness Well , ness. Now, while wellness is a word used in the English speaking world. There are a lot of terms that are used instead, when talking about what we call wellness in German in English, you would probably say, depending on the context, health resort or well being spot, etcetera. And last but not least, there, old timer Heitor, begin to the yearly here or time off Azam Long Today begins the annual old timer gathering . I especially like this one. It is not an event where many senior citizens come together, but when a German says Old timer, he refers to a vintage car or a classic car. So in my example sentence, I'm saying that today begins the annual vintage car gathering. All right, those were some English words that's get a whole new meaning in German. You will probably also have to use these words in some situations, although it might sound silly to you. But now you are well prepared 5. There are 3 German Words for 'when': I mentioned before that German is a very accurate language. Sometimes it uses different words for situations in which English would use the same word. The use off. When is such a situation in German? There are three words for the English when then Von and IEDs and I actually hear a lot of mistakes when students try to form sentences with when in German. So let's clear up the confusion and make the difference is easy to understand. We'll start with fun. Van is used in questions and indirect questions, and it can be replaced with at what time. So if you're asking a question with when you have to use van, let's check out an example. A direct question starts with Van Van comes to enough storage land. When do you come to Germany? One definite debunk. When does the bank open? And in both cases you can replace when with at what time, All right. And here are some indirect questions. If I snitched van, enough starch land come. I don't know when he comes to Germany, there had next exact Vandy Bank definite. He didn't say when the bank opens, you see that indirect questions are actually statements that usually start with a short introduction and then when I don't know when he didn't say when, etcetera. And again. You can replace when with At what time? Okay, next is else else is used for single events or periods of time. In the past, we have our own today. Do share arts to anger often host. I was in the shower when you're cold and the fun fact is that in German we actually say I was under the shower, not in the shower. If you are on today to share, it's too angular. Often hast Air East anguish laughing. I'd stuff him angry, Fung and heart. He fell asleep when the firm started, and here are some examples for periods in the past. I'll, Etc. And Kendra voters e at Stern Virgin. When she was a child, she wanted to become a doctor. I It's very invention. Give Aunt Harbin, Harbin very yet Istvan. And there and then I open for Palast. When we lived in Munich, we spent every weekend in the Alps. That's a long sentence, so I'll repeat it. I had severe in mention, give Aunt Harbin having via years vote on Endor in. Then open fire brought You see that all the examples here happened in the past, and that's why you use IEDs for when, Okay and finally, then then is used for events in the present and the future, as well as for repeated events in the past. Let's start with present and future events. Venezolana Harbor Essay Einen sandwich. When I'm hungry, I eat a sandwich. This is a statement, and I use the present. And so it has to be. Then roof me on. Tend to ask him all up for work. Best call me when you're back from vacation. This will happen in the future once the person is back from their vacation. So again we use then now repeated events in the past usually start with always when or every time when, and that's how they can be identified. M of envy. A in London van had a scared ignorant. Always. When we were in London, it was raining. This is not a one time event in the past. That's what required the use off IEDs. But it's something that happened several times, and that's why we say ven, you need a smile, vanity angle often harbor var visits every time on accord You The line was busy, and here again, the trigger for ven is every time. This is something that happens repeatedly, all right, I'm aware of the fact that all these different users can be confusing, so I'll try to summarize in the clearest way possible. You use IEDs when you talk about an event in the past. Then when you talk about an event in the present or the future and von when you ask a question, if you learn these three rules and apply them when you speak German, it will definitely make a big difference, and you will avoid making one of the most common mistakes. 6. Many German Students Don't Know This Rule: in this lesson, I'd like to talk about the difference between Sue Houser and Houser. The reason so many students get them wrong is that they're very similar and that they both use words that usually express the idea off, heading in a direction and going toe a destination. So and now do you want to go to another city or to one of your friends in English? Use to t O in German, However, there are a least half a dozen ways to say to Let's check out the most important ones before we talk more in detail about two Hauser and now houses. First of all, now you use it for cities, countries and continents. It's the most common one. The father in a 1,000,000,000. I'm going to Berlin e file. Enough flank life. I'm going to France. So these are examples for a city and the country. The next one is in in German. There aren't many countries that have an article, but when they do have one like Switzerland dish rides, the United States, the West are or turkey deter chi. And you'd like to say that you're going there, you need to use in and the article in the accuse, it'd form Big Father in dish fights. I'm going to Switzerland. The father indeed. Westar. I'm going to the United States, All right, The 3rd 1 I'd like to show you is a tool. You use it with people, each father. So, Martina, I'm going to see Matina literally, we say I goto Matina. It followed. So mine IMF lined. I'm going to my friend's place. And again, the word for word translation is I go to my friend. So we just saw that NA and so our propositions that are used to convey the idea off movement toward a specific destination. That's why it's not surprising that the dramatic phrases now house there and two houses cause confusion. Both are exceptions to the rule. Let's start with now houses now. How's it means moving in a direction toward home, as in G in the house, I'm going home. The exception here is that we use now, although it's not a city, country or continent. But the idea off movement exists. ZR bided, zips and work on Dunford. See the house. She works until 5 p.m. And then she goes home. Their common knee for were not housing. We never get home before 1 a.m. or as we say in German, we never come home before 1 a.m. And now I'll show you some examples with two houses to house the means at home. The exception here is that we used to. Although no movement is involved, you are already at home. It's been two houses I'm at home. Do cons tighter are banned common. He's been up after two houses. You can come tonight. I'll be at home from 8 p.m. Ever need to Hauser? That's the Naqba under to get cleaner tat. He was not at home when the neighbour rang at the door. As you can see, a dramatic expressions don't always follow the rules, and breaking them down into their individual parts often doesn't help one's understanding. I recommend learning them as fixed expressions in a meaningful context, and that's the best way to avoid confusion. 7. How to Learn German Noun Gender - Part 1: in this lesson, I'd like to talk about a question that has driven many German learners crazy. Is it there? D or Dust? English is a language without grammatical gender, so the definite article is always the In German. However, we have three grammatical genders masculine, feminine and neuter, and it's important to remember the gender of renowned because it determines the article you're going to use. So let's start with a quick look at the definite articles in German. The masculine definite article is here, for example, Damon. The men off all denounce in the German language. 43% are masculine. The feminine definite article is D, as in deflower the woman off. All denounce and German, 38% are feminine, and the neuter definite article is thus, for example, thus skinned the child 19% off. All German towns are neuter, so you can see if in doubt about the gender of a noun. The best guess is there because percentage wise, there are more masculine than feminine or neuter announce. But off course it's better to know than to guess. And that's why I'll show you some useful tips on how to remember the grammatical gender off German downs. The 1st 1 is learn. Announce with their genders. Treat the article off a noun as, apart off the word. Don't just learn Hoond dog. But dear haunt the dog like that. You can memorize them together, making it easier to remember. And it's even better to learn a whole sentence, a habit I didn't brown and haunt. I have a brown dog. Our brain doesn't really like disconnected pieces of information. A meaningful context makes it much easier to remember, and there are additional benefits in this sentence. For example, you also learn and practice the accuse it of form off the indefinite Article Island. Now, in addition, you learn a sentence that is relevant to you, and you know that it's correct. So in a conversation, if you'd like to say that you have a brown dog, you can use this sentence with confidence because you know it's correct, and this will make her German more fluent. Okay, the second tip is use a color code system as visual help. I always say that when you learn a new word, it's best to use as many senses. It's possible. Don't just read the word but also pronounce it right it and hear it. The more senses you use, the better your brain will retain the information. And if you use a color code system, it will make it even easier for your brain to memorize the gender. Now, how do we do that? When you learn a new word, write it down with a blue pen. If it's masculine like chairman, the men use a red pen for feminine ounce like deflower the woman and a yellow pen for neutral sounds like Suskind, the child this color association helps later on, to recall the gender by just trying to remember what colored the word was written in. I recently came across a website called genus li dot com. It tells you the grammatical gender off a German noun as you type it in a text box on their home page. This is how it looks like. You see that it colors masculine ounce in blue feminine mounds in red and neutral rounds in yellow. The benefit is that it saves your time because it doesn't interrupt your cognitive flow. You don't have to look up words you're not sure about the gender, the website tells you immediately after writing the word. And as we just learned, the color visualisation helps you learn and memorize the German gender classification more easily. Check it out. It's a really helpful tool, and by the way, an interesting variation off this technique is having colored sheets of paper where each color stands for a particular gender so you could have blue paper. And when you learn a new masculine noun, you write it their red paper for feminine and yellow, for Mutar now owns. All right, this has been part one off the lesson. How to learn German now on gender. I'll see you guys again in part two. 8. How to Learn German Noun Gender - Part 2: Hello and welcome back. This is part two off the lesson. How to learn German non gender. My next tip is use a pneumonic memory technique. I'm a big fan off this kind of techniques, and it really works when it comes to memorizing things. A couple of years ago, I read a book about no Monix and the goal off one off the exercises was to remember all 50 American states in their alphabetical order. I was skeptical, but went ahead and two hours later I was indeed able to recite all 50 states from Alabama to Wyoming from memory. Now, how does this work? The three main principles are association, imagination and location. What you do is you use your mind to create links and associations that will help you remember information. German has three noun genders. So you can choose, for example, a male person and associate masculine objects with this person, a female person and associate feminine objects with this person and a neutral place to be associated with neuter objects. Now you create a story. I chose my father to be the male person, my mother to be the female person and my house to be the neutral place. Let's start. My father gave me Tim Hunt in Then Park. My father goes with the dog to the park as its on time bomb onto seat on NZ Mitt Fission. He sits under a tree and sees a lake with fish. You can see that all denounce in this story are masculine and their associate it with my father. When you imagine and visualize this story, your brain will make the connection. And later on remember the correct noun gender more easily. Okay, let's create another story. My name Mota Gate In the shot my mother goes to the city Z hot on a bloomer in the island hand. I want an Natasha in the Underland. She has a flower in one hand and a bag in the other. All the noun zehr feminine And again imagine the situation with colors and motions. The more interesting strange or funny. It is easier you will remember it and our last story will take place in my house in house and feel like India. In the house there are many Children, isn't in an M cross and Sema midfield and fan Stan want s and eyes they are in a big room with many windows and eat ice cream. So this is a story that is associated with my neutral place and features only knew turnarounds. That's how the technique works. It activates your vision and imagination, and it puts things into context, which is tremendously helpful. You have the people do stuff and put things in the house, and then you watch that in your head like a movie. The possibilities are endless. Now I'd like to encourage you to create your own association scenarios, because every mind is different and your own associations are much better as they reflect. The way in which your mind works at first might be difficult, but with a little practice, you will soon become very familiar with this technique and start having fun creating and developing these stories. All right. The next tip is identified the noun gender by word endings. I won't go into too much detail about this method. Basically, how it works is you look at the word ending off a noun, the so called Suffolk's and, for example, if it ends with Ling, there is a good chance that it's masculine. If it ends with long. It's probably feminine and so on. The problem is that there are many exceptions, and I find it easier to just learn the article together with a noun or use the association technique I mentioned before. But it does work for some, and that's why I wanted to include it here. I've added a document with more information about this method to the resource is section. So if you're interested, please feel free to have a look. And those were my tips on how to learn German down gender to summarize. Here they are again learn downs with their genders. Use a color code system as a visual, help use a pneumonic memory technique and identify the noun gender by word endings. Thanks for watching, and I see you in the next lesson. 9. The Difference Between 'aber' and 'sondern': hand. Welcome to another video in the course. How to avoid common mistakes. Today I'd like to talk about the difference between the German words Arba and Zahn done both mean but in English. But there is an important difference. Arba is used after Positive clause, and Zanoyan is only used after a negative close. What does that mean? Let's have a look at some examples to make it clearer. Image. Did George Lannan Abba had kind of site. He would like to learn German, but he doesn't have time. Image to dodge Landon Arba, Erhard Kind Inside you see that the first part of the sentence before the comma is positive . There are no negation particles such as nicked or kind. And that's why you use Abba Z ist moody Abbas economy, Each laughing. She's tired, but she cannot sleep. Z ist mood a arbors e con niche. Laughing again. We don't have an indication particles in the first part of the sentence, so we use Arba, the village tennis spilling arbor have a kind and Schlager. I want to play tennis, but I don't have a record excavated tennis spilling arbor. Have a Kainan Schlager and here is Well, we say Arba because the first part is positive. OK, and now let's check out some examples with Zahn Done. Zevulun nicked in Berlin. Zonda an invention. They do not live in Berlin, but in Munich Z Bonin Next in Belene Zonda an invention. You see that there is the negation particle neat in the first part of the sentence. And that's why I used Zanoyan instead. Off Alba Veteran can next Coffee is on anti. We don't drink coffee but tea. And here again we have finished. That triggers the use off Zanjan. Fifth, Lincoln. Next coffee is on anti. You have a kind of cut, sir. Zonda nine and haunt. I don't have a cat but a dog. In this example, I used the feminine negation particle kind, and that's why we have to say zone done. You have a kind of cuts a Zonda nine and hunt to summarize when the first part of the sentence includes a negation particle such as Nique or kind kinda. Kainan, etcetera, and the second part of the sentence contradicts the first part. Then we use zone done. In all other cases, it's Arba. Arbour can be translated as the usual, but And London as but rather. Okay, that's the difference between Zonda and Alba. Thanks for watching. And I see you in the next lesson. 10. I Hear These 2 Mistakes Every Day: today I'd like to talk about two mistakes that I hear every day. I'll explain why they happen and how you can avoid them. Let's jump right in. The 1st 1 is the English word, our versus the German Award. You're these are fools friends because they sound familiar but have a different meaning. When I asked the question. Villainy has two. Guest on Dodge Finland. How long did you study German yesterday? Villani Hoste to guest on George Galland. I often get the answer. I'm sure because the student wants to say one hour now. The problem is that I'm war doesn't mean one hour, but one o'clock survive Were is two o'clock, right were three o'clock and so on. The correct way of saying one hour is I am there stoned. Here are some more examples with the word standard or in the plural, Stunned in. They're fluke from Berlin nomination. Dawat, finished on the flight from Berlin to Munich. Takes one hour. They're fluke from Berlin. Mention Dawat finished on. That's concert. Had foot Svay stoned in anger funding. The concert, started two hours ago. Does concert hot foots vice stoned in anger, funding it most. It drive stoned and Barton. I had to wait for three hours. It's mostly drive stoned and Barton I finished. Andahazi take me Norton. An hour has 60 minutes. I finished on their hats. A sickening Norton. I'm Tark had fiance fancy stunned in a day. Has 24 hours and talk had fans Man City Staunton. Okay, so far about the difference between the stone under and you're when you want to say our in German you use stoned and not sure The second mistake I'd like to talk about involves the word time, which means side in German. Let's have a look at some sentences that include this word. It hobbit kind outside. I don't have time. The Hobbit kind of site. Volen kind inside first. Brendan. We don't want to waste time Volen Kind inside first venden. So far, so good. Now what happens if I want to say last time I saw him was a year ago? Well, according to what we just saw, it would make sense to say Let's decide Harbor in for enemy our cuisine last time. Let's the tight but unfortunately that's wrong. In German, there is an additional word for time and it is my thus my. It's used when you refer to an occurrence as in first time. Next time, last time, etcetera. So the correct way of saying last time I saw him was a year ago is Let's the smile hub in for enemy, argues een. And here are some more examples. Next, a smile. Call for your iPhone. Next time I'll buy an iPhone. Next, a smile. Call for an iPhone, my ears to smile in Berlin. Even so, off Correct. My first time in Berlin, I'm so excited. Mine s too small in 1,000,000,000 Benzo off. Correct. Okay, let's summarize when you want to say our the correct word in German is stunned. Who is only used in oclock as in two o'clock, or when you refer to a real clock like the clock at the wall. When expressing time is a quantity or period of time. For example, how much time do you have or time flies by so fast? Used site. When expressing time is an occurrence, or how often something happens, use my all right. Those were two very common mistakes German learners make, but now you know where they come from and how to avoid them. I'll see you back here in the next lesson. 11. This Important German Verb Doesn't Exist in English - Part 1: in this lesson, I'll be talking about two German verbs that are very common and widely used. Vision and Ken both translate to the English verb to know, but they're used in different situations. And, as in English, there is only one verb for both situations. It happens a lot that students use vision instead off cannon and vice versa. So in order to avoid misunderstandings, it's necessary to know the difference between these two German verbs. And we'll start with vision. You use vision when you start a sentence with. I know that etcetera such as I know that one plus one is two. You also use vision when you have the knowledge about something, as in, I know how to drive a car or I know when he'll be back from work. The's sentences are usually followed by a subordinate clause. Let's check out some examples to get a better understanding. Devise Vander Filin begins. I know when the film starts, you have the knowledge about something and you see that there is this question word, Von when after I know that is a clear sign that you have to use vision and not cannon, devise Vander film begins Vice Tool V Man. And in Corcoran backed. Do you know how to bake a cake? This is a question. And you ask if someone has a specific knowledge. You can also see that I use the question word V. How? That is an indicator for listen. Vice toe women and in colon backed nine each. Vice nikto airborne? No, I don't know where he lives. The question word in this case is vole. Where? Nine. If I sneaked Boy Avant, he advised, Does Columbus America inject hot? I know that Columbus discovered America. This is an example for a sentence that starts with I know that etcetera sentences like the's always use. Visit Devise. Thus Columbus, America and Tech tat has to give boast. That's a hint. Belly in Vernon. Did you know that I live in Berlin this time? It's a question, but it's the same principle. I know that it's Edra equals visit has to give boast that stick in belly in volume. Okay, this was part one off the lesson. I'll see you again in Part two, where we will have a closer look at the verb cannon 12. This Important German Verb Doesn't Exist in English - Part 2: Hello and welcome back. Let's move on to the second German verb. That means to know Canon. You use Kenan when you'd like to express that you're familiar with someone. For example, I know your brother. And also, when you're familiar with something, as in I know the bakery on Main Street. These are usually simple sentences. They can be as short as yeah, I know him. Let's have a look at some examples with Kenan. You can add in Oyo flying in from Peter. I know Peter's new girlfriend. Or, as we literally say, I know the new girlfriend off Peter. In this example, you express that you're familiar with a person. Can it deny a flying, then from Peter Ken's to the help start from Dodge Land? Do you know the capital of Germany? And you could replace, Do you know with are you familiar with? And that's an indicator for Canon. Can study help that fund or Egelund Yeah, I can Izzy. Yes, I know it. In Germany, we say I know her because capital is a feminine noun, a short and sweet sentence assigned for canon sentences with visit are usually much more complex. Yeah, can Izzy, can it? An under sheets vision cannon on treason. I know the difference between cannon and listen. Basically, when you say I know something you use cannon you can add an under sheets. Mission cannon on treason Can't get us passport Furthers villain. Do you guys know the password for the WiFi? And here again, I'm asking, Do you know something? And that's why I used Cannon Can't get us passport for this villain. Okay, so let's summarize you use vision when you say something like I know how to cook pasta. You also use vision when the right question words in the sentence, for example, I know where the keys are. Another typical scenario for vision is I know that, as in, I know that an hour has 60 minutes, so that's a vision. And now some rules for the verb cannon. It is used in sentences like I know someone or I know something, such as. I know the difference between this and that, and finally, for your convenience and to refresh your memory. Here are the congregations off the two verbs. I know that it might be confusing, but you'll get a feeling for it and the longer you practice and speak German easier, it gets and you won't have to think too much because it just sounds right. So that's it for today. Thanks for watching. 13. Congratulations: Congratulations on finishing the course. Perfect Your German. I am confident that by now you're able to identify, understand and avoid some of the most common mistakes German learners make. As always, If you have any questions or comments, please don't hesitate to get in touch with me. I wish you all the best on your ongoing language learning journey and would be happy to welcome you to one of my other courses. Alfredo's in.