Singing: Music Theatre Vocal Skills | Eve Williams | Skillshare

Singing: Music Theatre Vocal Skills

Eve Williams, Music: Information and Inspiration

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42 Lessons (2h 26m)
    • 1. Introduction

      3:55
    • 2. Background: Music Hall and Operetta

      10:09
    • 3. Example Song for Women: Why Am I Always the Bridesmaid

      1:28
    • 4. Example Song for Men: Daisy Bell

      1:03
    • 5. Technique and Exercises: Breathing

      4:52
    • 6. Technique and Exercises: Speech

      2:16
    • 7. Technique and Exercises: Twang

      4:01
    • 8. Technique and Exercises: 'Opera' or Tilt

      4:33
    • 9. Now it's time to sing the song...

      1:28
    • 10. Background: Tin Pan Alley, the Birth of Jazz and the American Songbook

      4:53
    • 11. Example Song: Someone to Watch Over Me

      1:25
    • 12. Example Song: But Not for Me

      1:14
    • 13. Technique and Exercises: Sliding 5ths

      3:03
    • 14. Technique and Exercises: Sob

      4:25
    • 15. Technique and Exercises: Anchoring

      3:07
    • 16. Now let's sing Gershwin...

      3:12
    • 17. Background: Kern, Rogers, Hammerstein and co.

      3:47
    • 18. Example Song: Something Wonderful

      0:59
    • 19. Example Song: Some Enchanted Evening

      0:57
    • 20. Technique and Exercises: Range

      7:05
    • 21. Technique and Exercises: The Break in the Passagio

      6:34
    • 22. Technique and Exercises: Falsetto

      5:38
    • 23. Technique and Exercises: Lightening and Darkening Sound

      4:31
    • 24. Now let's sing something difficult...

      1:33
    • 25. Banckground: Andrew Llod Webber and Boubli 7 Schonberg

      9:26
    • 26. Example Song: On My Own

      1:03
    • 27. Example Song: Music of the Night

      1:18
    • 28. Technique and Exercises: Avoiding Constriction

      6:00
    • 29. Technique and Exercises: Dynamics

      2:20
    • 30. Technique and Exercises: Belting

      4:41
    • 31. Technique and Exercises: Identifying Vocal Qualities

      4:57
    • 32. Now let's sing the pieces...

      1:40
    • 33. Background: Music Theatre Gets Wicked and Disney Follows Suit

      3:11
    • 34. Example Song: How Far I'll Go

      0:45
    • 35. Example Song: One Song, Glory

      0:40
    • 36. Technique and Exercises: Posture

      1:41
    • 37. Technique and Exercises: Diction

      6:48
    • 38. This is your encore.....

      1:25
    • 39. Tips on Vocal Health

      4:48
    • 40. Music Theatre Auditions

      3:25
    • 41. Music Theatre Exams

      4:10
    • 42. Udemy music theatre useful links

      1:16
13 students are watching this class

About This Class

Do you want to be able to sing to the standard of a West End or Broadway star?

This is a course for you if you love musical theatre and also want a robust singing course that will stretch you beyond your current vocal capabilities. As well as being focused on music theatre, this course is a bootcamp for all vocalists.

We will look at the singing techniques needed to hit the high notes from the major epochs of musical theatre, including music hall and operetta, Tin Pan Alley and early jazz show tunes (Gershwin, Cole Porter, Irving Berlin etc), classic Broadway music theatre (Rogers and Hammerstein, Kern, Rogers and Hart etc), 70s & 80s music theatre (Andrew Lloyd Webber, Boublil and Schönberg etc) and contemporary music theatre (Schwartz, Menken etc).

In each section, there is a brief introduction to the era and its composers plus an explanation of how the singing techniques of each era developed. We then dive into practical, technical  exercises to help you master those techniques. We will look at vocal skills such as:

  • Expanding range

  • Mastering voice qualities to make the right sound for each show and character discussed

  • Dealing with the break in the passagio

  • Intercostal lateral breathing (required in music theatre exams)

  • Anchoring

  • Projection

  • Belting

  • Diction

The course will help you to ace musical theatre auditions and exams, help improve your vocal skills in a demanding and competitive field of singing and enhance your overall knowledge of music theatre in a way that will impress an examiner/audition panel. We will also have fun!

You can also send mp3s of your singing for feedback.

Please feel free to contact me with any questions. I look forward to working with you!

Transcripts

1. Introduction: always gas way, way, step every day. Thoughtless things he'll do. Are you pretending he's beside me? I walked with him to morning. Uh, see the line with this kind seek. It calls me and no one does. How far it goes If the wind in my sail on the sea stays behind me one. Dan, uh, it's like there's just no telling how far Hello? And thank you very much for signing up to this course on singing music theatre vocals on this course. We're going to have some really grid fun. And also learn some vocal technique that you can use a music theatre, but that you can also use and other genre of music. My name is if Williams and I'm a signed singer. I've also been being a singing teacher since 2000 and five on many, many of my students have done very well in Music theatre Exact music theatre vocal Iwas basically my first love I went away on studied it in Scotland, Northern Irish, by the way, and it really is a passion of mine on something, but I hope is a passion of yours. So what are we going to do in this course. Well, the course is divided into sections on We're going to Look at the major eras of Music Theatre High Music Theatre developed over the years. So we're going to look at Music Hall in operetta. We're going to look at Tin Pan Alley on. That's composers such as Cool Porter and George Gershwin. We're gonna look at Classic Music Theatre brought my music theater, and that's composers such as Drew Care on Rodgers and Hammerstein. We're going to look at seventies and eighties music hater, so that is under load. Weber, Boublil and Schimberg I. We're going to look at contemporary music Theatre music that is quite recent, and each section what we're gonna do is we're gonna learn a little bit of background, which one for form the vocal style. Then we're going to listen to a song for the ladies in the song for The Man from that period, we're going to learn vocal techniques that we need to perform those songs on. Then at the end of the section, we're going to sing them, so I hope you really go to enjoy that. There are some very, very challenging pieces in this course. I haven't made it easy for you. You are going to work hard Then at the end, of course, we're going to look at things like vocal health. We're going to look at audition tips on tips on doing music theatre exams on I've put together some resources on useful organisations people that you can go Teoh if you're interested after the course and finding more abi to Music Theatre on Maybe you're aiming for a professional music theater career. Maybe you're just aiming to Dio were fun. But either way I hope you're really gonna enjoy the course. Let's get started. 2. Background: Music Hall and Operetta: ways operetta were really the precursors off the modern musical on. I know that you signed up to this course to learn practical music, theater singing skills, but we are going Teoh give a little bit of historical background not like an academic lecture, but a bit of background so that we can explain the kind of signs that were used in this period. On through the course, we'll see how those developed into the modern music theater that we know today night. If you're auditioning for a music theatre course in college, or if you're doing Music Theatre exams, you will have to sing some early music theater. And that's likely to mean music hall and operetta. So musical. What do we mean when we say musical? This was a British popular entertainment from 18 50 to 1960 so right away from the Victorian edge through to the swinging sixties, when rock and pop became popular night, it was a popular entertainment, not particularly high. Bryant was something that was very accessible to most people. It was a variety entertainment, so there weren't just singers, there were comedians and various kind of acts. It was a bit like what Americans would call voluble, but it was not Pearl ask. It was a bit cheeky and risque, but it didn't become actual porn, if you know what I mean. It started and pubs, but that was replaced by actual bespoke. Musicals on famous musicals include Counter Very Musical in Lambeth in London on Wilton's Music Hall. Entire Hamlets. No, these are both in London. On what significant with a bite that, with regards to the vocal stars you got to learn, is that that kind of twangy Saif London accent informed the signed that people were making so famous. Musical stars included Marie Lloyd, Dan Leno. Little Touch on George Laybourne on All the Songwriters of the Day wanted to write for Music Hall stars on favorite songs. Your Bind of Her, Some of these boiled beef and carrots It's a long way to Tipperary about your you'll know that on Daisy Bell as a dizzy, dizzy Give me your answer. Do so we're going Teoh, listen to a couple of clips off musical performers, and one is a lyrical, vaster Tilly, and she was a male impersonator on that was very much with the vibe of musical. That's not a slightly cheeky, slightly voluble field on We're Going toe. Listen to a little clip off Dizzy Bella's Well, boys with He's What calling No. Okay way. She loved me, I'm you way, way operetta, not It differs from Music Hall in Lot. It was like opera, but shorter and lighter, but it was still considered a quite hi bry form of entertainment. If you think of Gilbert and Sullivan, probably the most famous operetta writers, you know that that is hi Bry entertainment on very, very musically complex. So it was often satirical and content attempts to be comedy stories and operetta. If you think of Pirates of Penzance by Gilbert and Sullivan or Orpheus in the Underworld by often back, which contains the can can, The story that it's best on the Greek story is clearly a tragedy. But they operetta is actually quite funny. It contend periods of dialogue. So it wasn't through sung like an opera is, and that informed the music theater that we know today, which in the eighties you had three son shows, seventies and eighties, but which does tend to contend dialogue as well, a singing. So it was a precursor to the motor musical. It was sung by trend opera singers, So the style is very much that operatic style, as you'll find out, because we're going to listen in a few moments to clip off poor wandering one from Pirates of Penzance. It grew out of the French a pair a comic in the mid 19th century. Famous composers we've met before include often back on Gilbert and Sullivan. So let's listen to a little clip off some Gilbert, Theo, Theo, - way Theo, but local skills that we're going to need to be able to attempt songs from this era of music fitter. The first thing that we're going to look out in this section is breathing intercostal lateral breathing, which is all the music theatre celeb Cilla by and several exam boards. And that's kind of breathing where you breathe into your ribcage and it's a silent form of inhalation. You get no going on, we're going to look. It's speech quality singing because a lot of the musical songs have have really come from a sort of storytelling slant, so speech quality voice is quite important. We're all scored. A look at that 20 sign that comes from the London accent on This will help with projection because, remember, and those musicals and and those opera highs is there were no microphones you had to be able to project right to the back of the audience. We're going to practice that operatic signed, which, in some methods of teaching voices called tilt. So, um, we'll spend a little bit of time looking at making that lovely, resonant signed. So what we're going to do now is go into the technical exercises that we need to be able to sing the pieces on. Then we're gonna do a bit of singing. So the guys are going to be singing Dizzy Bell on Girls you're going to be singing. Why am I always the bridesmaid on I'm Going Teoh show you how to find the songs on YouTube account, actually post the YouTube videos in the course for copyright reasons. And I'm going to include a little document which will include a link to the versions of the songs that I'd like you to listen to night. I can't include sheet music to the songs for reasons of copyright, but I can include court sheets. So if you're a pianist or a guitarist. You can accompany yourself, but if you're not of your purely a singer, that's all right. I will supply links to you tube videos that you can use as backing. 3. Example Song for Women: Why Am I Always the Bridesmaid: so the samba I'd like the ladies to perform in this section is called Why am I always the bride's mitt on? You could see I've typed into Google Search here on the first video that comes up is the Lily Morris version on. That's the version that I would like you to listen to. Lily Morris was a very well known music hall performer. So while you're listening to this performance, I want you to listen. Might for certain things. What kind of vocal qualities is she using? High. Would you describe the sign? Is it operatic as its speech e. Is there an element of twang in it? Is it a mixture off all those things? Not I have attached a pdf document to this video, which has a link to this Lily Morris recording on YouTube that I'd like you to listen to. It also has the cords of the song, So if you're a pianist or a guitarist and you'd like to play the song, that's line. If you're not, don't worry about it too much. There will be a backing track literally that you can use to sing this song, So if you want to head to you, Gyp. I'm really sorry. I can't post it here. But you know, I Ron my course passed a media lawyer who advised that I can only really use clips or linked to YouTube. So sorry about that, but it's not too hard to find. 4. Example Song for Men: Daisy Bell: So for the guys in this section, the song that I'd like you to listen to is good old dizzy Bella song that you're quite likely to already know quite well. Aunt, I'd like you to go into YouTube. Just search for Dizzy Bell. Andi play the first song that comes up on the list. The Daisy Bell sung by Gerald Adams on again I want you to listen to the vocal style that he's using and ask yourself some questions about it. Is this close to operas? It operatic. Is it close to speech? Style doesn't have twine. What is it that's really going on here? And once again, I have included a link to this song in a pdf document attached to this video on the cords and kids. You want to play it? But of course, you don't have to. On towards the end of this section, there will be a karaoke track to help you sing this song. 5. Technique and Exercises: Breathing: So the first thing that we need to look out before we start singing pieces is something that's fundamental to all types of singing on that is breathing by all the love to college music theatre exacts and I teach and many other soda by the brave in for music theatre is a type of breathing cold intercostal lateral Breivik. And you're also basically means between the Reds natural breathing on twining Phil. So we don't want a short shallow right up here because it sounds ghastly and it won't sustained side. You want a nice, wide full breath and right here So you probably noticed, Have a spark, a scarf and my house. What I want you to Dio is gonna starve yourself. Untie it. Not trying to wrist no up under your arm hits but somewhere in between nice and comfortably We're gonna breathe into the scarf made by course. So that's how that really that is the scarf insight. Really? That me this scarf Is that really what I try to board doing is raising the shoulders. You see, life are raised my shoulders, my voice is pinched. We don't want that. We want to keep in my ex wife's basically right here. So actually, just raise your shoulders your shoulders Strache stretch. Keep the shoulders nice and relaxed. Do it. And it something you might want to do is tasked and see how good your lung capacity s. So if you breathe in a man gently let the air hiss like this You can pause this video trying not just time yourself. How long it takes to get to the end of your breath Averages about 15 seconds if you're getting 20 or more your lung capacity is really pretty good Like provide good breathing Good support sign will go flat. So this is really something very important to master. I'm going to sing something in this started breathing I want you to count how many times I breathe to sing this song Breath in what we do with drunk and say way Do with drunken Say what we do with drunk in the morning So you make content I only breathed in at the start that some just once So I'm gonna get you to try and do the same thing if you count If you need to breathe, please do the point of the exercise is not to turn purple and he over. So let's do got together and I'll give you a bait. Deep breath in. Did you get that? Really It if you date If you didn't just keep practicing it every day and it will come. So actually, what we want to be able to do is keep slowing it down because the slower does more challenging. It's going to bay. So if you do this within that natural on you started by 1 10 ppm quite fast, you in to get done. Russia may be over the period of a couple of weeks. My medic Cam. So it was like, Wait. So I actually met once and for many, something big here because some of you out there are probably already quite professional singers. So that's the kind of breathing that we're going to be using all this course and the pieces we would like to say You're going to need to be able to use that breathing to execute the phrasing well so that you can sing, for example, why I always write may never bashing right rather than singing. Why waste brides may never right or Daisy Daisy Give me your answer. Do all my friends Daisy Daisy, give me your answer. Do which is OK, but it's just know exactly so breathing. Other. It's so simple and simple. Conditional. It's something that people tend to let slip as they keep saying over the years. So even have you bean singing a lot recently? It's good to keep going over this video. I'm getting the breathing, just rights. 6. Technique and Exercises: Speech: talk about high. There's an element of speech quality in music whole singing because it's come from a sort of conversational street style. So what I want you to do is kind Teoh 10 on start singing at five. So basically it's gonna sign like this. 1234567 it. So if you want to pause the video and do that, that will give you a sign that's very close to your own speaking style. So I repeat that exercise 1234567 It Okay, Once you've done that, let's sing Happy birthday in a style very close to your own speaking voice. So just sign like this It was like you're saying it to someone. Happy birthday to you Happy birthday to you Happy bad day Happy birthday. Happy birthday to you helps you use your own accent So I have a little girl that okay night . The wonderful thing about this style of singing is that it gives us a really pure clear sign. It's quite often used in folk. It won't I ever take you into the higher reaches off your range. This is what would happen if you try not So let me just get my campaign. We started middle C would be Dio was tightened and it just stopped in order to get into the higher reaches off the voice, we have to use what's called Tilt to get up to the higher part of the voice. We have to make a more operatic signed almost so we would need to do this todo so it's a beautiful sign speech quality, but it's only useful in a certain part of the voice, which is why we need to learn the operatic style as well in this section. 7. Technique and Exercises: Twang: to talk about something that is absolutely fundamental. Music Theatre on That is the twine you'll hear in the musical science. Here's why am I always the bridesmaid coming from a slightly London accent? But it's in several other forms of music data. If you think of a big, classic American music theater number. No, no. But I, um, a little bit off kind of Schimberg Boublil that Labour's Rapolas on Shay was not quite belt yet, but it is very 20. So why is twice so important on highest assigned about? Well, you'll notice if I have a little bit of twine to my voice. If I make it more nasal, more 20 it's suddenly annul. Awful lot lighter. It carries further, and that's because your larynx has a muscle in it called your aren ethical tick sphincter muscle. When you make that twining side, you tighten that muscle, which turns your lacks one long shape into two concentric choose, so that makes a sign much more robust If you think of an opera singer in the Royal Albert Hall with a 103 pay symphony orchestra behind them In the days where mike rooms hadn't been invented or nine days that considered bad form in classical music. Hi. Do you, Mick? Enough signed to fill the space on the twine is the answer. So we're going to start practicing twine on. The first thing I want you to do is this. I want you to make the schoolyard bully chance on Yeah. Yeah. Okay. I know you feel crazy doing that, but please do that after May. Yeah, yeah, yeah. I try it somewhere high on your range. A place that's comfortable for you. Don't necessarily just following my voice and saying, Theo, let's try it. We're going. Look, your no, let's add some notes to do a little five note scale with the twine, so I'm just gonna turn right. Get it? Okay, So, 2nd 5 note scale from A from middle C way. So if you have a keyboard or a keyboard up on your phone, If you could take yourself through your ranch singing like this, the higher it gets, the harder it's gonna get. Because when we get a little bit high, this is gonna happen. Uh, yeah. Theo, top note is gonna be too quiet. Maybe because you're a little bit shy Or maybe because that's just muscle memory and what your voice is used to doing up there. So really, let the top note twice. I've gone across the break in the massage, which is between E and F for most people, where your voice kind of shifts care and to make sure that the sign is light and the lower part of the voice as it is in the higher. So if you want to practice that five scale, yeah, yeah, that would be great just to cover for you in, but I don't make that time to anyone that might take if that's to it. But this is actually a really important exercise for projection on for the kind of signs that we want to make the quality of side. So it might be a good idea to keep going back to this video. I keep practicing the twine 8. Technique and Exercises: 'Opera' or Tilt: this video, we're going to look at making the operatic signed. You could probably tell from listening to the videos that went before we operate at Ressa Waas, sung by opera singers, a musical have that slightly operatic turned to it on in modern music theater. We still have a recipe off that operatic signed, you know, some modern shows that are still playing. Phantom of the Opera obviously requires that big operatic signed on. Everybody needs to be able to make the operatic signed, as we talked about in this speech Poldi section toe access, the higher part of your voice. You need that tilt Teoh the lawyer larynx to travel the whole way up. What you're technically doing when you make that sign is tilting the thyroid cartilage at the front of your legs. So if you know, really to turn back the signs of the high park, so we need to told it dying two tickets to the peace. We could do that, but everybody needs to learn to make this site like to be an actual opera singer is seven years of training You would trans long to be an opera singer as she went to the doctor. So you're not gonna be an opera singer after one video, But we will have a good crack at mastering the sites. The first thing I want you to do is make it inside through your nose. Can you sing for me? E? And if you hold your nose that silencio Okay. Gay big car J gay mother ghosts on Does is closes the port between your nose in your mind. Forces assigned to you my gay. And you probably noticed that this has a component of twine which is making a big side in the scenario going to do that, but dropped the larynx afterwards. So if you could say for me E yeah, I just let my jaw really drop us. Well, my marriage tried against India. Uh, okay, a few murders. Theo, try somewhere high. E o just opened my mind. That latter Let's try a look. Ah, lots of space in their thyroid Cartilage is tilted. Larynx is low. Scientists resident my and some methods of teaching saying that are used by music theater singers. This is called low larynx. Singer can also be called temps. I remember once I was sitting at a bus stop in Bath in England, where I used to live. There was a girl beside with both store, but she's talking like this like like she was swallowing. Her lyrics is very, very low, and I thought, You are classical soprano even though you have a low pitch speaking voice and that is the conversation progress with our friend. I discovered that she was, in fact studying musical performance that you balls a classical soprano when people are some possible music. They've sung in the style for a longer reviews on our exes do lower. They start to slightly speak like this. So unless you really, really want to be an opera singer classical singer, you know there is a point where you've gone too far down the road. You can't really saying anything else. That's not what we're talking about here. We're talking about a classical resident side that's used within Music Theatre rather than singing grand opera hair. So the concepts that we've described in this video, this is what's called a complex vocal quality. It might take a while to master, so you might need to do this exercise a few times over so you might want to go back and do that. The other exercise again until you got behind about. When you're happy that you're getting the residents that goes with the style, we're gonna do another happy birthday. So if you could sing for May as if you were sitting to the Kuwait but they to you Happy birthday to you happy but a just a day to you maybe record yourself on your phone Doing that to hear that the sign is really ringing Lightyear. Well, that's executed. Properly unused in the right material. This really is a very, very beautiful signed. 9. Now it's time to sing the song...: tonight. Let's actually sing the songs on. That's gonna be great fun. The song that the ladies were sending the y that I am I always the bridesmaid. As you can see, I searched for a karaoke, a track of it on YouTube. What comes up is the A B r S M associated board of the Royal Schools of Music Piano accompaniment. No, it doesn't happen to have any words with it, but the words air in the PDF document that was attached to the first video off this song. So that's the ladies saw Ni. Let's look for the gents. That's dizzy Bell. Well, so this brings up quite a few tracks and you can choose which one you would like to use, you know, that way you can maybe move between different case. Find what suits you best. This is obviously a much more well known song than the Why am I always the bridesmaid? So there's more videos on it while you're singing through the songs. If anything crops up, that's a bit difficulty bit challenging. If you have any problems, or if there's just something that you want to know, feel free to send me a message. And also I would love to hear you singing these songs. So if you want to set me through an MP three clip, that would be lovely tape. 10. Background: Tin Pan Alley, the Birth of Jazz and the American Songbook: way with the news every day. Thanks, Phase of Music Theatre that we're going to look at Tin Pan Alley and I've written here the American syllabic, and that includes composers such as Gershwin, Cole Porter, Irving Berlin, Jerome Cares music that we all know and love not from the period where it was written necessarily, but from the covers of that music performed by people like Frank Sinatra and Bing Crosby on later by people like Michael Boo Blay Ni. I've written the American songbook here on. It's an interesting phenomenon in Music Theatre that there tends to be Panja Lem swings across the Atlantic, so Music Hole was very much a British phenomenon. Then we get to Tin Pan Alley. All the action is happening in New York. That's where the big songwriters are best at but period in history. So we're gonna have a little bit of election night at why Tin Pan Alley was so important in the development Off Music Theater. £10 Ali was an area of New York where songwriters went to sell their wares. On it was where the major music publishers were best lie, and those days people didn't buy recordings of music. It wasn't like these days where you can go onto YouTube. It was shaped music that waas salable, So The Tin Pan and £10 Ali refers to the way the sole rights has adopted the signs of their pianos to give them a sort of resonant, harsh, slightly harsh sunde. So publishers at this point in history were starting to specialize in popular songs, not just hymns on classical music. And they employed people called song pluggers to play the songs in order to sell them. You know the way that you might go into music shop these days and have someone playing piano or guitar to demonstrate. George Gershwin happened to be a song plugger at one point. Initially, these songs were mostly melodramatic balance. But later jazz and blues were added nights and very famous names came out of Tin Pan Alley . As we've mentioned before. George and Ira Gershwin, Oscar Hammerstein, The Seconds, Richard Rodgers, Room Karen on Cole Porter and Irving Berlin. I'm sorry that I didn't include Irving Berlin there, so big stars were given songs for free to advertise them. Initially, the music that Tin Pan Alley produced was quite easy because it was for amateurs. They wanted as many people as possible to buy the sheet music, but over time it became more sophisticated, vocally at rests on the twine of the American accent. So and if you think of, say, Gershwin's I'll build a stairway to Paradise, I'll build a stairway to paradise with a new step every day. The twine of the American accent on the slight nears ality really impacts the signed of music theater. How are you weigh sitting around in sadness on You could be learning the steps off blood mess. You'll be happy when you can do task. Seeks speaking today, by the way, the quickest way he's heels think that'll soothe. I built this way to power our eyes were you step every day. I'm going to get any sign I'm on my way Wait vocal skills that will need to sing this material. We're going to be able to perform blue notes, hopefully by the end of this section. Because of the jazz and blues influence on this period of music theater, we're also going to look at a vocal quality cult sob which darkens Saand, and we're going to need to use the twine, so I hope you're excited to get going there. Some particular great music in this section 11. Example Song: Someone to Watch Over Me: so the song that the ladies are going to sing in this section is someone to watch over May , which is a beautiful, beautiful song. Um, there's a lot of versions of it that come up if you type into YouTube the version that I would like you to listen to and again this will be attached as a PdF to the section is the crazy for view versions. So it's somebody re financial, and that really is on all like music theatre performance. Where is the first thing that comes up? Is Ella Fitzgerald's version, which is absolutely gorgeous, But that is pure jazz when we want to think of it just for the purposes of this course, a bit more like a show Ching. So I want you to listen, too. Ruthie Angel's performance on Be thinking about watch she's doing with her voice is a little bit of twine there. It's slightly nasal. She's affecting a slight, slight American accent, which helps with the trying to just listen I, for all those things as you listen to the song and again. Unfortunately, I can't give you the sheet music, but I have attached a court shape if you want to play it, you don't have to. There will, of course, be a karaoke version view to sing along to at the end of this section. 12. Example Song: But Not for Me: So gentlemen in this section aren't going to get you to compete with an all time great and that you will be singing. But not for me in the style of Frank Sinatra. But just so you can see look at some of the people who have covered this song. Judy Garland there, um, Elvis Costello, Chet Baker Rauch during Billie Holiday. Ella Fitzgerald Mail on Feeble Um, John, you know, a lot of really great singers have done this chewed, but we are going to go with the Frank Sinatra version on. I will, of course, post a link as a PDS attached this video. So this really takes us into the realms of swing on crooning. So I want you to listen really carefully to his voice and think about what he's doing slightly. Here's a we've got that coat over the slight saw, which gives this kind of travel. Oh, so I want you to listen very carefully to the vocal style of this video on that we're going to do some technical exercises that are going to help you to sing in that style 13. Technique and Exercises: Sliding 5ths: so because, as we've heard in the first section, there's an element of jazz and blues in this style of saying this or blue note. The sliding note, which is also a component of creating. It's something important to learn so that instead of singing, they're writing songs of the but not for me. You know, we could send their writing songs of love, but not for me. Speed that up a bit there, writing songs of love, but not for me. So help us to be able to make those little slides, which, of course, have to stay in pitch. We're going to do a little exercise. I'm not sliding fifth. So I got my piano here. Here's middle C. I'd like to slide from Sadie Jane, so we're just saying Fifth, but we're not going. So we should hear every note on the way up and on the way. So hopefully you can pause this video. I do this exercise using your own piano, or you can sing with May. It gets harder. The next couple of notes were going across the massage in the voice so the top note needs to not be choked. You must drop your jaw unleaded. So if you want to go through your own French doing that, that might take a little time. Depending on you're a particular ranch, you got quite a wide range. It takes quite a long time to go through it and then try having little elements to this off off this to the songs that you're saying So, ladies, if you want to try something like, um um a little last word, Gentlemen, we've already little, but not for May their writing songs of love. But not for me to see if you can practice putting this into the song that you're going to be singing in this section. 14. Technique and Exercises: Sob : not a lot of these £10 Ali songs that recovering in this section, although they were written much earlier, were really made famous by Big Sung by the critters singers like Frank Sinatra, Bing Crosby and that is a very certain kind of signed It's got, but it's like solved to it. So I'm going to sing a line with itself, and then I have solving sign so that you can hear the difference. They're writing songs of love, but not for May speech quality themselves. They're writing songs of but for me, the scientist darker and it's more resonant, so we're going to learn how to make that solving site. But what happens when you make a solving signs you lowered your larynx? You actually saw him like you're choking up a bit. On the larynx is what's called a sympathetic organ. So if you lowered your larynx while you're singing, other people who are listening to will find that they feel sad, too, that they feel they're a lark snoring on that, they slightly want to cry. So it's in a way, singers using a bit of, well, emotional manipulation in our performance. So what I would like you to start off doing is to say it was if you're really sad, I'm sad. Okay? I want you to see Happy Birthday. Get as if it is the starkest was tragic birthday you've ever attended. Happy birthday to you happy But they to you happy by day Happy birthday. I'll be bad They to you. So you compose video. I'm try doing that. Not really a famous example. Off the Saab is Nina Simone and feeling good you But it's flying high, you know. You know what's clever by that is that the song is feeling good And yet by using the sob, she's making it slightly melancholic, melancholic on that waas the genius off noticeable. So if you walked to some point just out of interest go and listen to her singing Feeling good Are you troops who uses it in the first verse on that comes off in the second So you can really work like what effect she was aiming for in the first compounded verse That's understood. Think dio no in this section, ladies saying someone to watch over may death when singing But not for May. This solving style is really going to work well in the showroom music. So for the ladies, it will sign a little bit like somebody I want to see how the bay someone to watch over me Get that dark inside for the gentlemen And you're so I'd like you to put an end to the open A passage of the song Not the rest of the day but the first verse. They're writing songs, but not for me. Happy stuff, but not for me with really the way Gray than any Russian play. No, There was a period in history where Saab was a commonly used vocal style. It's nightfall in a little light of fashion. I wouldn't recommend singing a whole song and saw. But if you use it in the right passages of the music, it gives you that beautiful, dark signed. It gives you that melancholy fail, and it really does something for the dynamic and emotion of the song. 15. Technique and Exercises: Anchoring: So we already looked after wine, which is a very core component. All projection because when I am trying to my voice, suddenly my voices letter. But the mistake that people make about singing is thinking about your voice is the whole of your instrument. Actually, the whole of your body is your instrument, so we're going to look at another way. I'm bring song to making it a little bit, lot or safely, which completely take stress off the voice. And it's something that use quite long music. This is called Are My Great, so I'm gonna demonstrate something here. 1234567 It see my voice felt lighter when I pulled back my arms like that. I didn't do anything in my voice to calls that to happen. That was because I years lying lots, which are core muscles, the back of your shoulder glance. So you want to think of sliding your shoulder blades. Don't turn your back when you do this exercise, so if you want to do it with May, let's do it together. 1234 567 it No, let's have some music to that. So you can hear the difference, not makes more. Sing it. They're writing songs of love, but not for me. That's what I great. They're writing songs of the but not for me to hear the difference. So this is something that you can really use practically in your singing. There is another method of our great that's called that It's more common in classical saying than in music Theatre wrong. But it is another way off increasing sun. What we're gonna day is pretend there is a peach of your chin. You're holding that peach with your chance, trying to stop it from really light. So 1234567 it. Let's try to get 1234 567 it That's what happens. I have a medical condition that's called Fusion my neck, so you might not be able to see me doing that very clearly if you watch. But it was a YouTube carried accountable. For example, she uses his neck. I'm quite a lot if you think of the armed with a good example. Be alien page saying, Don't cry for me, Argentina. Don't cry for me, Argentina or you, Shirley Bassey, the goal Vanga, and it looks like it's part of the performance. But what it's actually doing is engaging. So when you're singing sly, initialed lives, Donny, back towards your breast, which will give your goods, saying pollster, it will open up this space that will keep your shoulder star. That's going to be really grit for the sign that you're making. 16. Now let's sing Gershwin...: So now comes the fun part, actually singing the songs, neither. Something I'd like to say about the backing tracks that you're going to find on YouTube these songs, because this is a music theatre form of singing. Even though it was later taken over by jazz singers and cleaners, it has an element of what's called restless it Eve. So a little spoken introduction to the song itself. So before we get into the first verse know quite a lot off these YouTube videos may not include that rusticity, so if they don't that's fair enough. You can choose to use one that doesn't have the rest of the teeth. But if you can find one that does well and good because it just gives a fuller performance rests. A TV is normally sung in speech style. So, for example, there end of the restive cities, too. But not for me. Coz don't want to hear from many cheerful Polly Annas who tell you fate supplies and made It's all the nanas, and then you make it mawr singing as you go into the verse there, writing songs of the but not for me, not another interesting thing to note. A bite Songs from this period is their retinas in what's called a B A form. In other words, verse, verse, bridge, verse. They don't tend to have that verse chorus structure that we're very used to on. They tend to come in with that structure out of bite 32 bars. So there's some tight musical rules about writing in this style just for your interest. So as you can see, I've done a search here for someone to watch over May. I don't really mind which video that you use. It's all about finding one that's in a good key for you on the same with but not from a Let's see what videos come up. Someone to watch over me is obviously quite a popular songs. You'll find plenty of options for it. No, but not for me. Carry. Okay, Yeah, again, You got plenty off options, my girl. Crazy, that is. They show that the song is originally from plenty of options. So once again, if while you're singing through these pieces, you encounter any problems, any difficulties, you're not sure hard to tackle a particular passage of the song or you're not sure where the technique that we've used, um, that we've learned for performing these pieces comes in. Please feel free to send me a message. I love to get chatting to my students on here on Also, feel free to sent me a video or an MP three of your singing the song because I would love to hear you. 17. Background: Kern, Rogers, Hammerstein and co.: you not always say what you music theatre on. That's Music Theatre brought my music Fader. So again we're sticking in America between a bite the 19 forties in the 19 seventies. So that's going to take us into the realms off Rodgers and Hammerstein. Ah, lot of the songs that you probably know from. Maybe he's the kind of movies that played Christmas After Christmas and most of our childhoods, a sophisticated theatrical experience in this era. The music was performed by professional singers, and it included very difficult intervals on it required the singers to have a very wide range, So we're going to look at things like range and the technical exercises for this section. No, it covered quite complex themes. South Pacific clicked themes of racism. You think of the song you have to be carefully taught. Carousel looked a domestic violence, although it looked at an added in a way which may make a modern audience slightly uncomfortable. The Nazi occupation of Austria was covered in the signs of music. You know this is not the light comedy off the Tin Pan Alley era or the light comedy off operetta on musical. This is covering serious themes. So some off the Tin Pan Alley composers are still active in this period. Rodgers and Hammerstein's room care. Then you got people like Bernstein Red composer Ni If you think of Bernstein's West Side story, the lyrics have been written by Stephen Sondheim himself became a grip Broadway composer. So as we mentioned before, the music from these musicals became world famous because off movies on We've all saying The sign of music, there's the King and I. South Pacific Carousel, Oklahoma. Many musicals of this period ended up on the silver screen, and that meant that you didn't just have to be able to afford to go to the theater or to live in a city which had these shows running that this music became accessible to a much, much wider audience. Lithe with son of music with songs, they have sung 4000 with sound of music. My heart wants to sing. Ever so is that the vocal skills will need to attempt the SMEs at as mentioned before. We're gonna need to work on renge because you need quite a broad range to take on this material. We're going to look at bridging the gap in the Passat Geo the little bit where your voice changes gear, which signs slightly different at the top than it does at the bottom. We're going to work on making the sign and the lower part of your voice on the higher part of your voice consistent. And that's what I main abi bridging the brick and the massage. We're also going to look a darkening and lightening signed, so I hope you're ready to have some fun because there's some beautiful pieces in this section. 18. Example Song: Something Wonderful : Okay, so the lady song for this section of the course is going to be something wonderful. And if you look up something wonderful on YouTube, you'll find a whole lot of really cool people singing it. It lay us longer. Signet. Carly Simon actually did a beautiful version of it, but the version that I'd like you to listen to is the one from the 1956 films. So it's the 1st 1 that comes up if you type in something wonderful, King and I. The reason that I chose in this particular version is that I want you to have a version of it that is that slightly operatic, classic music Theatre side. So if you want to go and listen to this song once again, I've attached linked it in a pdf attached to this video on the cords. If you want to be able, Teoh play along 19. Example Song: Some Enchanted Evening: so, guys, the piece that I would like you to sing in this section of the course is some enchanted evening on Like The Lady Song and this part of the course. This is difficult music. This is going to be a bit challenging, so on off. A lot of people have recorded versions of this song. As you can see, there's Perry Coma done there, Frank Sinatra. But I'd actually like you to listen to the version from the movie off South Pacific, which is the first version that comes up under the search. It's not slightly more operatic. Classic Music Theatre signed. So I'm going to put a link to the song and the PdF attached to this video on the cords and kids you'd like to play it, but as ever, you don't have to play up. There will be, uh, backing track included At the end of the section 20. Technique and Exercises: Range: we're going to do some exercises not are gonna help with your ridge because the pieces that were singing in this section require quite broad. Rich, not. I'm sure you've all seen shows like the X factor in the UK American Idol on with people audition. They warm up by, Do you? A lot of mad exercises, like our bad years. They? Uh huh. Pointless. You were not prepared to run a marathon by running a marathon in order to warm up any muscle and to make it more flexible, you just need to stretch gently on. Hi. We do this with the voice is using the following exercise, which is called the siren. So first of all, I want you to safer. May sing. So just say that after may sing. No, I take the ass off to start tape ing my make, but it kind of having benefits to end the right place. When you hold your nose, Sergeant disappears. Okay, so now I just take your voice through its full range of movement. Don't push it too hard on top or at the bottom. Just let it go through a comfortable range of movement. Let's do that again, almost to the figure of it, Theo. Oh, so you can see why it's called the Sarah. Not any notes that you can hum through your nose like that, You could say so I know, I know, actually, make that my not so hard to get, but it is possible to date. So if I've got a student on their having a little bit of fear arrived, break with sergeant, right? You know where they tell me they can't hit gear in a. But I know when they siren that I've heard him say Call return. It's that I know that that's something psychological rather than physical. This is a terribly important exercise, not just for your range, but it kind of lets you know how health and your voice is at any given point. If you have a call for a cold, are sometimes lurking. Coming on, there might be little bricks and cracks in your voice. Worse, what flatness developing. You can tell through this exercise. Your voice signs a little bit, a little bit raspy that maybe you're dehydrated, and you can also tell from this exercise if you've lost Ridge, which could be a sign of all kinds of things. Acid reflux is something that can cause that to happen. But that's something we'll talk about and they local health section so really fundamental exercise I've had. Some students have added an opt in to the ringe and just over a month through doing that every day, not making any promises. But if you do it two or three times a day, while any muscle that you stretch regularly is going to become more flexible, let's look at one other exercise. If you don't touch to have a keyboard or piano, you can easily download a keyboard up all Jeff. Oh, because it is going to be necessary to find notes to do this. So starting a middle saying I want to hear it's to Cattle Little five note scale. Let's just do that to the twine. So let's go. Yeah, yeah, yeah, okay. And then we'll go up the O at SAT drug. Now you notice when we hit the high note way, come back dying again. So we're not leaving our voice at its very highest point when we come to the end of during this exercise, which is not the bass Fred so your voice is like a bit of elastic. You can't in your pajamas. You can't say I'm going to go to stretch one part of it today. So you can't, for example, just work between here in hearing every given day. Go to stretch it, you must stretch it. Also, if you're going to take it up, you must also take it. Died when I This is where there has to be a note of caution. We all have this knowledge that if you're singing along with something in the car, it's slightly too high. Do you happen to push your voice for a note, but slightly too high? You might hurt it, but actually you can injure your voice worse through pushing it too low. So when your voice starts to get a little bit raspy when the sign becomes no, it's clear at that point you really want to stop. We can go up quite big jobs and we're gonna come. Dina Tones and Sammy turns in little steps. We're going to sing, sing, sing, sing, sing, sing, sing, sing, sing, sing, sing, sing, sing, sing, seeing, saying 66 things things you notice again. We're not leaving the voice on the were coming back up again. So I want you to do that with in a ranch that is comfortable. Don't take your voice anywhere that is uncomfortable. Not you're not going, Teoh. Dramatically increase your ranch and only a couple of days and you're not going to increase your ridge. And last year, quite dedicated to actually doing the exercises. But if you play this video repeatedly, if you do those exercises every day, you will notice a difference in your voice. Okay? Way. I love you. Never. Maybe you. 21. Technique and Exercises: The Break in the Passagio: we're going to talk about something quite important ni and singing, and that is the brick in the pus a geo. So I explain to you what's meant by that term in most people's voices, between sort of a high and high end, there is a little point where your voice changes, signed where it will actually go into full satellite on side or else into really all product, all of its own accord. When you get to that point, this is because when you get to that point in your voice and that sort of speech quality, as we demonstrated earlier, it will hit a sort of ceiling on unique to tilt your voice for it to be able to travel up further, and it makes a difference signed when you do that. So if you were to sing a scale and quite an operatic side, say, uh, works, it's a consistent side. But if I was to try that speech quality as we talked about earlier, Ah, see how just tightens and disappears, we have to make back tilt so and it basically means that there's a different song in the higher part of the voice in the lower and in some older methods of teaching singing that can be referred to us. Have voice in the high part chest voice in the lower part just with the methods, and I use either use that particular terminology. But that might being phrases that you have heard before. So it is high. Do we make the signed consistent Because we have to make that tilt in order to hit the higher notes? No, if the whole off the song, If you're singing something wonderful, no way. Say what you would have to say. What's creating the consistency is that you're using the operatic style, which just happens to work in. But those parts of the voice so this is hardly ready can get a little bit of consistency. Speech quality. We can't carry it to the upper part of voice, but the operatic signed we can on also the twine we can't, so we're going to practice some scales night in the 20 signed on. I want the top part of the voice to sign the same asked the lower part, which means that you're going to have to not be afraid of those notes when they get higher right. So we're just gonna dio No, you'll notice. I went up to topsy there when I got really high. Yes, my boy started designed a little more operatic because that just can't be helped. But I still tried to meant in somewhat off a 20 tone. So it please don't work your voice through my ranch. Work it through your own ranch where it's comfortable. But if you want to say this year 20 side, you must cross the sort of space between an F. So I'm asking that you take it up toe asked Sharp. So if you wanna pose this video on, have a little go up doing that. If you go a keyboard or a keyboard up started Middle C. If you don't happen to have a keyboard out, well, you it's easy to download white, but you could follow the exercise. I've just done Sing it with me and just stop. If it starts to get uncomfortable for you, keep all going if it's really comfortable for you. So this is something. But a lot of people come to singing lessons for to bridge this gap and massage so we don't like I'm trying. Signed and I want to do the same exercise. Been in quite a non operatic signed. So first of all, I want to use the exercise we used earlier to make the operatic sides of in in the Guia Okay, coming way much, much easier. Thin the last exercise because that's the kind of tilted position that that your larynx wants to bay in the top part of your voice. So again, if you want to go back and do that exercise, making sure that you go up to at least have sharp further if you want to go on. But you don't have to so have a little a little go up that. So again, this is something being able to make that consistent side throughout your voice. That's something that won't happen in a day. You have to be quite dedicated to doing the exercises, which I'm sure you are, because that's the reason that you've signed up for a course like this at once. What? Once we get this going on, we've done this exercise a few times. We're really gonna have some thumb with the pieces in this section because they are absolutely gorgeous. If you practice this exercise. When you come to saying something wonderful or someone chanted, aiding the whole off, the song is gonna really ring. It's gonna be gorgeous on. I'd love to hear some MP threes off you sitting it. 22. Technique and Exercises: Falsetto: No, we're going to practice a voice quality that is really essential in singing, especially a music theater, and that is falsetto night. I think I better start by explaining what I mean by falsetto. Falsetto is not man singing really high man have to be able to use a falsetto voice sometimes in order to access the really high part of the voice. But that's not what full settlements. Basically, when you sing or you speak, your vocal folds come together like this, and I'm gonna show you a little diagram of the inside the voice, which will be a little bit more scientific than my doing this. So ask your broker. Fools come together when you speak or say above your book for fools are a pair of flaps culture. False poker falls on when you sing in a falsetto style. Your tropical fools don't completely come together, so some air is escaping. But the false focal falls to hence falsetto. So fell Saturday. The absolute most famous I'll settle performance that I could pick off off the top of my head is Marilyn Monroe singing Happy Birthday to JFK. So what that involves is some voice coming ICT, but also somewhere. So it sounds like this Happy birthday to you. Happy birthday, Teoh. Happy Birthday, Mr President. Happy birthday to you. It is not whispering. It is not. Whispering is actually really not good for your voice. So if you're ever called Palm to whisper, it's better to use a better fall saddle, which means including some voice. So if we stick that into seal, what Paul said allies us today is to hit high notes in the soft dynamics instead. Theo on Higher up. It's really bored, Theo. Something says. It's just not appropriate. Teoh whack the living daylights out of the top Note of the phrase. You always go defend him when he's wrong. See heart center allies. Uto add a little bit of tenderness to the dynamic. Um, so it's a really essential thing to learn. It's also can be quite an emotional Assad. This is a man who thinks with his heart, his heart is not always why course on awful off air is escaping, so it's a high, intense today way of singing, so I'd like you to practice first of all the happy birthday if you want to sing it with part voice, part air coming out. So thank either Marlin, Monroe's Jacquet or your singing like you're trying not to wake up a baby. So Happy birthday to you Happy birthday, Happy birthday to you. So Paul said that everyone have a little girl with that. Okay, let's do the light. Well, said Lied exercise thing? No, it's obviously a lot harder as it gets higher, but what you want to think of is part voice part there that's really the core of falsetto. 23. Technique and Exercises: Lightening and Darkening Sound: Now we're going to talk by lightening and darkening signed. So that's a little bit different than dynamics, which is have lied and soft. It's abide the sort of tone of sign that we make. No, an opera. There is this word Chiaro Squirrel light dark on the perfect operatic voice, such as Maria Callas is a grit. Example is a balance of light on dark, but we can't purposely lighten or darken side. Go more Chiara or more school. OK, so a light sawn off. Pure clear rights on is gonna be created when we sing in speech. Kolding, remember that was the happy birthday beside that was close to your speaking voice. Happy birthday to you Happy birthday to you Happy birthday, Happy Birthday Bey by they to you. And that's not just that it lacks residence. It's no, a bright operatic signed, but we just haven't done anything there to darken the sign. We've left the larynx pretty much as is then. If you want to darken the signed, there are a couple of different things that you can take. We looked earlier on a sob and that will dark inside. Happy birthday to you Happy birthday to you Another thing that we can do to dark inside simply to pull back your tongue. So I will demonstrate that. So I'm just gonna say one long note on halfway through, I'm gonna pull back times you tell when I make my time forward. When I made it back, I'll do that again. Uh, that's a method that Katherine Jenkins seems to use a lot too dark and silent to give that that sort of trickle ish mezzo salon and that she has If you want to practice that with May , I will with my arm at the point where I want you to pull back tongue. So I just want you think you're going forward. So that is a way off lightening and darkening side. If you have a fairly dark voice, it's actually more difficult to lighten side because obviously adding salt or peeling back , the tongue will dark inside. So if you turn to have a sort of Amy Winehouse out dark voices year full, don't get me wrong. So and that tends to be your natural Signed just a practice. The speech quality Happy birthday. Quite look, um, in order to lightness on or you considerably do the exercise that we did before with content that when you start to count just speaking and then sing at five. So well, 2345678 See how that's a really light Right side. 12345678 Okay, so then we're gonna continue from there on at nine. We're gonna add the salt. So 123456789 10 11 12. Okay. 123456789 10 11 12. Okay, this time at nine. We're gonna pull time back instead about the sob. So 123456789 10 11 12. So if you want to have a little girl at these exercises, the easiest thing to do probably is Teoh. Go back over this video on deposit in the places that you need Teoh on. Continue with the exercises Night. I've obviously picked some notes that are suitable to my Mets of surprise. Arrange in doing this exercise, you don't have to use exactly the newts that I've been using in this video. Put it into a ranch that's comfortable for you. Because we're what we're working on in this section is lightening and darkening. Signed 24. Now let's sing something difficult...: now, both these songs that were singing in this section are quite difficult. So if you encounter any difficulties and singing this song, if there's anything you'd like to ask any problems with it or you would like to send an MP three recording off yourself, singing it, feel free to get in touch, knife the ladies or something wonderful, there aren't a huge number of backing tracks to this. It's not. I think it's one of Rodgers and Hammerstein's most beautiful pieces, but it's not up there with, say, It'll vice as one of the more famous pieces. So the backing track that I personally would go for would be the second one's on the Blue one. That seems to be the orchestral backing from the movie Sonae. Let's look up some enchanted evening so guys, you might have a bit more of a choice because this is a bit more of a classic Rodgers and Hammerstein tune. So again, if you want to go through the tracks, find one that's in a key that suits you. If you play on the key. That this isn't doesn't really suit you, you can transpose the cords that I attached to the original video of the song on as ever. I'm really interested to hear how it goes 25. Banckground: Andrew Llod Webber and Boubli 7 Schonberg: my pretending he's beside me now We're gonna look at Music Theatre from the 19 seventies and 19 eighties on. There are some massive figures in Music Theatre in that particular time period, and I'm pretty sure you can guess. Well, it's written in front of you who were talking about. So I think we're gonna have some real fun on this section off the course because a lot of this music is still very popular today, Period gave us composer described by The New York Times as the most commercially successful composer in history, and that is this guy under Lloyd Webber. So I talked a little bit earlier on About High. There are swings across the Atlantic with Music Theatre on in this period, where firmly back in England's were in the West and rather than Broadway on Andrew Lloyd Webber. I was born in England in 1940 the son of composer and music lecture William Lloyd Weber, and he's also the brother of Julian Lloyd Webber, the well known cellist Lloyd Webber's music. Part of its popularity was that he fused a huge base of musical knowledge. He had a knowledge of classical music of music Theatre on, also of rock and Pop. So if you think of the scores to Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat or Starlight Express, he's passed stationing on off a lot of different styles of music from country to Calypso because he knows the form so well on In Phantom of the Opera, he showed his knowledge of various various eras off opera as well. So he is a composer rather than a lyricist, so he writes music and not work words. He's written with many different lyricists, including Tim Rice, with whom he wrote Evader, and Jesus Christ superstar Charles Heart, whom he worked with unfounded. The opera on Richard Stilgoe, who added additional lyrics to cats amongst the poems written by T. S. Eliot, amongst others. No, we talked about that about high. Rodgers and Hammerstein's music has come to us today via the medium of film on. Those musicals were made into films which prolong their popularity. In the time that Andrew Lloyd Webber was first starting to have hits, the film musical was really falling out of favor at that point. Other what has been resurrected in recent years? You know, Les Miz was obviously hugely successful Chicago. There was the 2004 film off front of the Opera. Whilst it wasn't the commercial success that might have been hoped, you know, it was still right there. So Andrew Lloyd Webber, as a new composer in the same, really leveraged the part off the concept album off recorded music. So both of Evita and Jesus Christ Superstar were first released his albums and then went on to become stayed shows. Let's look at Andrea Lloyd Webber's musical I put in the 19 seventies. Netease, starting with Jesus Christ Superstar, as we just discussed that began life as a concept album in 1970. It was released on Broadway in 1971 on on the West End of 1972 and it was very rock inspired. It is, in essence, a rock opera, the music, and it is very, very difficult, especially for the two male leads. In 1972 we had a Stage West and performance off Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat, which was actually originally written to be performed and skills. And then in 1976 we have aviator so that Texas, musically into the realms off sort of 20th century music and classical terms. It was a very successful show. It had originally been a concept album with Julie Covington, but they stayed. Show launched the career off Lynn Pitch, and it was released in 1976. So it ran for about 10 years. Very successful show. But that was nothing compared to the next show, Cats, which at one point waas the most successful show of the longest running show Sorry in both Broadway on West and history. So it was released in 1981 and Ran on the West and for 21 years on Broadway for 18 years. In 1984 we have Starlight Express, so that is where all the cast are on roller skates. And remember the 19 eighties really is the decade off the kind of gimmick in Music Theatre ? So Starlight Express with this roller skates, and then the next year was most successful. Show had a bit of ah, gimmick Toot That's Phantom of the Opera, with its falling chandelier. The Score. A Phantom of the Opera written for Amri, Lloyd Webber's Dan wife, Sarah Brightman, written for her vocal range, The rule of Christine. And it's actually still running. NY, having been released in 1986 on the West End on Andrew Lloyd Webber fetish the 19 eighties by releasing Aspect of Love, was really made a superstar off Michael Ball, although he had also done well in the role of Marius in Les Miz Rub. 10 Years, Another decade is hardest in E. This never ending run of him from mean public doesn't mind the fact that's Christie Show has been Chill hacked 10 years more. I dreamed I was a little on Schoenberg, and that's allowable dribbling on Claude Michel Schimberg. And you might have heard of a little show of theirs called Les Miserables, first performed in Paris and 1980 at the Palais de Sport. Then it was taken up by legendary West and producer Cameron Mackintosh, who helped the Royal Shakespeare Company to stage it in October 1985. It was met with some quite hostile reviews. One newspaper renamed the Gloves. It was thought to be a little bit depressing, but having opened in 1985 it's still running NY And of course, we hade the maybe version. A few years ago, huge hips running even longer than Phantom of the Opera. So again, just matching camera Macintoshes involvement in Les Miserables. So so, the most famous show and arguably the most successful running longer than Phantom of the Opera by Boublil and Schimberg, of course, Les Miserables. And what was important about Lehman's Rob when it was first performed was that it didn't have a chorus at Hot on ensemble. So, in other words, everybody in the plate, no matter how small your part was, had an actual character, and that was grind breaking at the time. It also made use off really clever staging and have the rotating stage. And that was a big thing in the place, you know, to have a gimmick in the staging off the play, of course, in their play, Miss Saigon have a helicopter on stage also did very well for them. The eighties really waas the era of the really big production. He also think of the falling chandelier in Phantom of the Opera night. Both Andrew Lloyd Webber on Boublil and Schimberg had their flops as well as their hits during this period for under Lord Webber, he had by James. That didn't do that well, Martin guerre by Boublil and Schoenberg didn't do that well, but, you know, overall, enormously successful composers whose work is still influencing us today at also, they brought some very famous singers to the forefront you met mentioned Alien Page and Sarah Brightman earlier. Arm um, last a longer who we're going to hear from in the next video did very well out of Miss Saigon became an international star. Andan Les Miserables and Michael Ball and several other other of the cast went old, very high profile careers. Let's look at the vocal skills will need to sing the material and this section off the course. We're going to need to learn about retraction, and that is avoided. Construction construction is a tightening off the voice when you saying which stops notes from ringing out and if it's prolonged or if it's particularly severe, can lead to damage the voice it can lead to na Jal's, amongst other things. So you'll need this skill in any area of singing. Well, look at that. In this section, we're also going to look at belting, which is the one vocal quality we haven't yet covered. We're going to look a dynamic control and we're going to look out being able to discern different vocal qualities. So we will have covered by the end of this section speech, twine, falsetto, opera, belting and sob. We're going to see if you can discern those qualities in a singer's performance. So I hope you get air excited to get started with this, a section of the course on Let's Get Going. 26. Example Song: On My Own: civilly reason this section. We have a really truly beautiful song, All my own from Les Miserables. No, there's many versions of this on YouTube, and I'd really like you to listen to layer so longer as ever, there will be a link to let us longer singing this track attached to this video because she really was one of the big figures of those 19 eighties musicals. She was one of the star singers off the time, so it's really worth listening to her. She goes a bite the vocal. So while you're listening to this song, I'd like you to be thinking about what kind of voice quality she's using on high that portrays the character. What does the sign of our voice tell you about the character that she's playing? So if you want to go ahead and listen to the truck, not be grit 27. Example Song: Music of the Night: Okay, guys, not I have bean slightly mean to you in this section on chosen a song That is really, really difficult. But that's because of my faith that you can do it on if you have some problems, whether feel free to get in contact with me and we can discuss what might make it a little bit easier. But hopefully some of the technique we're gonna look at this section should help night. The track is the music of the nights, which I'm sure you guessed I would rather you didn't listen for the purposes of this part of the course to the movie version from 2004 because that's a little bit rockier than the vocal that we're aiming for in this particular section of the course. Michael Crawford's the second video Die. It would be great if you wanted to get a lesson, too, because he really waas um a Titanic figure in Music Theatre off the eighties. You know, he was much applauded for his performance as a phantom. So if you want to listen to his book of the dynamic City uses, I think about what that does for the character he's playing Hide. The character comes across in this song 28. Technique and Exercises: Avoiding Constriction: This is a very, very important thing to master in Singing on That is avoiding constriction and singing with retraction off the false vocal Fels. Our construction on retraction construction is when the voice titans on quite often, especially with women that will happen between high e N F. When we come to the brick in the Passat you the voice just tightens and the notes get sort of stuck, sometimes for physical reasons on sometimes, because the singer is nervous and that means that the notes don't resigned. They don't ring ICT if this continues over a prolonged period of time or if the construction is very severe, it can result in vocal problems such as Nagy ALS, which are little hard bumps like blisters that develop on the vocal folds and stop the vocal folds from coming together properly. So you would end up speaking like this. No, some people sing with constriction for years and have no problems. That very gravelly signed that made by singers like Rod Stewart, Tina Turner that is constriction, that it hasn't harmed their voices. Bonneau also sings with constriction. But for most of us, it's something that we really want to avoid. And if construction is used, for example, to make that kind of Dreiling signed that Tina Turner's famous for it should be a choice, not on automatic default position. Off the vice retraction is exactly the opposite. That's when the false vocal fools are pulled back so that the voices open. There's a big space within the voice and that allies signed to be clear and ringing. Listen to some examples of constriction on retraction, and for this I'm going to play you two different singers singing the same song. And that song is thinking me from Phantom of the Opera, which is actually a really difficult piece with some very difficult intervals in it. Now, just to be clear, I'm not saying that one of these singers is a great singer on the other. One isn't a good singer. All I'm saying is that one is showing examples of construction on one is not so. The sign is ringing. Item it more so. First of all, we're going to listen to Emmie Ross, um, in the movie version singing Think of May on I want you especially to listen to the lines when we've said goodbye on Listen to the good and good bye. It goes backwards a little bit. It's tightened, but at that point in the song she's meant decide, like she's quite nervous and not doing her best. But then listen to what happens when she sings. Take your heart back and be free. So listen to the word heart. It's slightly tight. You can hear it moving backwards. The note doesn't ring ICT, so let's listen to think of me formally when we've said way. Remember me once, You know, while please oh, miss me and you'll find that once again you Long night. Let's listen to declare mur version. If you listen to the same two lines, we much before when we've said goodbye, take your heart back and be free. The notes are ringing on a little bit more because retraction as being employed there, So this signed is more consistent. - So we've talked a little bit about what construction is on. What retraction is. So let's Ni learn high to get a nice retracted open space and the larynx, so when you want to loosen a muscle, you tighten it first, So if you want to go ahead, rece shoulders on drugs. Raise your shoulders. There is a way that we can do that within the voice, and it is to do this. I'm using my hands to demonstrate what we're doing inside the voice, and that is to close the stairs on open it and where it falls over. But I want you to fail the open space inside your voice. The feeling of it being loose tighten loose. This exercise is called the Darth Vader. Consider sounds a little bit like better in the mask, so feel that open space that is called the inner smile. I didn't call it that, Incidentally, that's just what it's known us. So when you have that loose space is your voice just want you to sing at funerals, see high sign rings right when everything is nice and least when there's a nice open space within the voice it is. The difference is it just demonstrated in the videos with Emmie Ross, Um, and then the video with Sierra. I guess it's the difference between I think you may formally, when we said, Way said, I harmed up there. But you know what a maintenance the close space are the open space. We need the open space for sign to ring and to avoid any kind of damage to the voice 29. Technique and Exercises: Dynamics: going to talk a little bit night about control of dynamic on their several different ways of controlling dynamic voice quality is one way of controlling dynamic on breath control is another factor dynamic. So you think that twine sign that 20 voice quality? That's a big dynamic. That's Mets afford a or you right up to 40 0 ask what? Lord, if I saw that falsetto, uh, obviously going to pay a little bit quicker, we need unlawful lot more air for a quiet dynamic for a lie dynamic. So if you could just sing for May, Uh, just mezzo forte. Uh, no. I want you to sing it really light. I'm not double using twice, so yeah, I want to hear it. Uh, I don't managed to it completely and change the first time because I didn't take enough off breath into my ribcage. You're going to need a lot of air to control that dynamic. So, uh, let's move up. Yeah. So if you want to do that little exercise first the twine and then the full Sadow lied unquiet through your ranch. What's practicing? Breathing. So you'll need more breath to do it and acquired a dynamic suit. While you're saying it larger, singing it quietly, I want you just to even plagiarized, feel what's going on in your body on high much air it's taking to make those different signs. 30. Technique and Exercises: Belting: in this video, we're gonna cover the topic, all bouncing. So I want to make sure that you've really mastered the art of attraction before you think it bouncing. But where you say you don't have any time isn't your voice that there's a nice loose space nor belting is no, just why I want to say piece of music twice and they're about to demonstrate the difference . Okay, so this is twice No, I know I I much, much, that is. I string vocalization, but down safely, there's no reason it should hurt your voice. If you try to make the song in the past on, your voice has being horse or sore in any way. That is likely because you have a juice, right, for this is a completely safe so if you use the right form, But if you do experience any panic, divorce, any tightness, don't do seek qualified Brooklyn structure to show you how to do this. So where Nick about inside, we tells the cry Quite cartilage, which is at the back of the lax make operatic son way, took the thyroid cartilage just at the front of the larynx, so it is basically the opposite to the Bronx on also, your force will not go for through. It'll wrench in this side. There's a limited amount of space for it to move. It will normally not go too high in that. So just gonna demonstrate definite street. All right about here. They're both quite extreme songs. Divorce may? No. Where we say most as it is that we won't have a intercostal after. Bring that but for mouthing We take a short, sharp breath up here because too much air will simply be pushing up against the boat before which is very tightly together. And they start to stick. I will stop you from making that based on. So this is the only voice quality in which we could take the short sharp. So just remember that what we want to do is take a breath in and say Yea, so just save may. Yea. Okay. Yeah. Okay. So no less house actually late backwards because that might help your crackers Cardinals going bonkers. Yea. Okay, let's add some more. Yeah, No, it doesn't work in, not pitch for you. Take it to a place in your voice. Where does work? You don't have to say exactly the same notice may. But this is the essence about that. They don't want you to practice going. Yea, yea yeah, yeah, Hey, so remember short shot breath. Yea, And if you feel any tightness, any hoarseness, don't keep doing that's feel free to ask me a question or to go and see a local vocal instructor who might be able to help you to do this safely. But practice with that for with good posture with right breathing with retraction and clear toe. This is a totally safe was called views on a very effect you anything I would say my belt. There's certain singers you can think of the whole Christina Aguilera melty stuff. Well, you if you felt too much, if you about for an entire song, it's been like the musical equivalent, all typing in capitals. I'm only it's will feel you are shutting out. Save it for the places it's really made it I will have enormous effect 31. Technique and Exercises: Identifying Vocal Qualities: in this section. We're going to recap the voice qualities that you've learned on this course and see if you can identify them in a piece of music. So we've learned several of vocal qualities. We've learned the speech quality. Remember that was the happy birthday you signed. That sounded very like your speaking voice. We've learned between Yang in Yeah, Very important vocal quality. We've learned sob. Too dark inside, mixing sadder. We had a set of in order to create a lighter signed on a quiet dynamic on there, too complex vocal qualities as they're known that we've covered one of those is the opera the tilt signed on the other was the belt that we covered in this section. Now let's see if we can identify these in a piece of music. So we're going to listen to Claire AmerGen. And this time it's clamor singing. I don't know how to love him from Jesus Christ Superstar. I don't know how to what todo toe have been really the past few days when I've seen my seems like, Yeah, I don't know how to iss I don't see why moves me. He's he's just so ways he's just one more Should I bring him down? Should I scream and shout, Shoot! I speak up my feeling What's it? Don't you think it's rather who's always no every show? He scares me So I've been lost before I could just couldn't go on my hot back away I want to know he scares me I wanted so an interesting thing that you might want to do this week is as you listen to music. You just listening to music in the car in your bedroom. See if you can identify the vocal qualities that the singers that you're listening to you are using. 32. Now let's sing the pieces...: so hopefully, by this point in the course, you feel confident enough to take on some challenging material. So, ladies, for you, that's all my own. There's a lot of backing tracks to this on YouTube. It's all about finding one that you're comfortable with that sits you on. As ever, please feel free to get in contact with any questions or comments or anything you want to know about the technique involved in singing this song. The challenge of this song is the projection on sometimes you've got to improvise a little bit and change the melody slightly, especially in the lines. All my life, I've only been pretending different singers do something slightly different. Without Section on, I'd be really interested in hearing your interpretation. Nor let's look at the guy song now. This is a really difficult song with a lot of Ranjan it. If you don't fail that at this point you can hit the higher notes off the song. You don't have to just feel free to cut those right, But if you want to take the mom, that would be amazing. As ever. Any questions about the technique involved in singing this song please feel free to get in contact, and I'd love to hear your version of it. So if you want to send any sign files to May, I would really love to hear them. 33. Background: Music Theatre Gets Wicked and Disney Follows Suit: this time you see, it calls me on. No one knows how far it go. So where are we know with Music Theatre on What are the current trends? We're going to talk about what happened after the whole Andrew Lloyd Webber era on High Modern Music Theatre. Today's Music Theatre has grown since then. We're gonna start by looking about at rabbits on about some other shows that have been big in recent years. So where is Music Theatre these days? Something that Music Theatre is doing. A lot in this period is fusing a sign that we would associate with chart music with Music Theatre. So the current top ticket, Hamilton, which was nominated for umpteen Olivier Awards this year, users and R and B style on. We had years of the so called jukebox shows Mamma Mia, We will rock You. That brought rock and pop music to the West End of Broadway stage. That all really began with rent And yes, we hard rock operas before that, the likes of Jesus Christ superstar, but the sign and rent was in places much closer to chart music than heart gone before. Rent, of course, had some very adult themes. It was groundbreaking in its day. It began life as a workshop in 1993. On it talked a lot about beards and about sexuality. So it continued on and that Grit Music Theatre tradition off dealing with serious things. So Stephen Schwartz, who had written quite a lot of successful shows back in the past. Godspell and Hard, a massive hit with Wicked on a wicked big him, a sort of landmark show for this era. Still running today. It's still relied on the big production values that we saw in the Lloyd Webber era in the eighties. But in a last kind of flashy way, Disney is doing a lot of the moment to spread a music Theatre Side of Contemporary Music Theatre signed. If you think of the scores to frozen onto Marana, they do owe a lot to a kind of Broadway signed on. The movies are bringing that to a mass audience. Then there are shows like Once, which is that kind of singer songwriter signed, much more paired done so the big, flashy production still does well, but there are other shows that do well with I don't it's all a bite the music. So we've come to the home stretch of the course on there. Just two songs left to be covered. The ladies are going to sing high far I'll go from marijuana on the guys are going to sing one song Glory From Rent. So what we're gonna look at in this section is addiction. Getting the words like clearly it's all about the words. It's all about characterization. I we're gonna have a little look at posture, so I hope you're excited to sing these paces on. Let's get going. 34. Example Song: How Far I'll Go: so, ladies in this section, we're going to do an absolutely beautiful song on. That's how far I'll go from marijuana. I don't think they're doing Let it go. But I reckon some of you are probably a little bit sick of. That's all my life, and this is a gorgeous song. So I just want you to listen to the version from the Disney movie, which is the first version that comes up in a search for high, far all go. And of course, I'm going to include a link to the video on the court sheet as a PdF attached to this video . 35. Example Song: One Song, Glory: Okay, guys. A really beautiful song to end the course for you. And that is one song. Glory from the musical Wrecked. I don't want to listen to the movie version. I'd rather listen to this stage version. So we're going to listen to the second video, John. Yeah, as ever, I will include a link to this video on the court, shaped as a PdF attached to this video. 36. Technique and Exercises: Posture: no, like a great postural exercise for singing. Singing is all about core muscles Trans versus of Dominus, which is a regular muscles rinder metal. It's not the rectus of dominance that you would use to second your stuff like to James. Too tight. It's a supporting muscle on the last, so this exercise is going to catch those muscles, and it's really going to be a nice exercise. Gonna feel give back nicely increases right up. So I want you to stand against the door, or a wall, which is with your fate, may be applying for the wall, your knees slightly bent. Support your back. So you're has rested a little. We're going 10. There's a cell, a tip behind your head and is being hailed off the wall so that your chin comes onto your chest and your shoulders come off. Then you're harass. Exline, your upper spine very, very slowly, right through to your little slide. You guys lose. You want to go? Just take a deep breath into the ribcage. Stick your tail, though. Back on the wall, the stock your vertebrae slowly, one by one, back opposable, taking care not to hit your head. When you get to talk that stand up straight. She that is a nice exercise 37. Technique and Exercises: Diction: no sticking course would be complete without talking a bite addiction. So to start with, I would like you to think about which of these sentences is easier to read, and we're going to have one sentence that has only the vials on one sentence that has only the continent's. So here we have the vials. How easy is it to read that sentence? Not very. On here we have the continent's on the sentences. Of course, the cat sat on the mat. So as you can tell by this little exercise, it's much easier to make sense of the word when the constants are clear, especially in English. Ni Italian is the language of opera because Italian expresses emotion through the bottle signed and it's easier to mix signed when singing on a vile signed think of words like a more right. Where is in English? We have words like love, anger, shock, and quite often when you listen to a track and you can't quite make out what the words are , are people ST Louis. I could never make out the words of that song. It's because the consulates aren't clear, so we're going to work a little bit on continents. Nine. If we use an M continent, we're moving the month forward. Actually, just say that moving them life forward and you'll fail your mouth go forward. If you look in a mirror when dog mess, you'll see it go forward. So I would like you to just rate this little phrase that's on the screen in front of you. Money making Monday morning makes a merry mirthful mind to just do that slowly. Money making Monday morning makes a merry, mirthful mind now lets out a rhythm. 1234 Monday Making Monday morning mix a merry mirthful mind. Money making Monday morning mix a merry mirthful mind. Money making Monday morning makes a merry mirthful nine. That's a good thing to practice every day and as a tongue twister. See how fast you can get it without tripping up knife. The L signed will move the mic backwards on. The danger of that is that the voice might go backwards whether it the sign could go a little bit back to try and rate this sand insight light with ICT leading your voice go backwards. Lovely lotus lilies lie along the lilting linden Lea does not feel a bit sore. Doesn't feel like you're being forced into fake smile. Lovely lotus lilies lie along the lilting linden lea. Lovely lotus lilies lie along the lilting linden lea. Lovely lotus lilies lie along the lilting linden lea, avoiding Sibyl. It's civil Ince's that kind of nasal s seaside and also signs awful when you've got a choir on. All the assets are are all over the place and not together. We want to keep on air signed, contained. So seven swans go swiftly sailing to the sunset in the West, seven swans go swiftly sailing to the sunset in the west. Seven swans go swiftly. Ceiling to the sunset. In the west, seven swans go swiftly sailing to the sunset in the west. Seven swells go swiftly sailing to the sunset in the west. We can't, of course, odd notes to these exercises and turn them into this money making. Monday morning makes a merry mirthful mind. Money making. Monday morning makes Mary my Mary mirthful mind. Money making Monday morning makes a merry, mirthful mind. You want to practice that then lovely lotus lilies lie along the looting. Linden Lea, Lovely lotus lilies, Lyndon Lee. Lovely lotus lilies lie along the lilting linden Lea. Servants want school swiftly sailing to the sunset in the west. Seven swords go swiftly soiling Teoh west through the West seven's Wants goes with please sailing to the sunset in the West. Okay, so can have a little go at that over the course of this week. That's a good one to practice. Another important element in addiction is the death on. That's the I signed. So when Second, it's important to know when to change the A to the A. So I've left the two songs here that force us to do this summer time music of the night. So I began Scimitar and then slightly made aims to listen to that again. So I a music of the night. Similarly, help me make the music of the I Night. Sarah Brightman does this thing where she modified vise and I saw it on all the time. I don't like vile modification personally because it changes the actual word. It's not the word as we say it, so we don't really want to modify vials to change the signed. We want to sing them as is, but with plenty of signed by. Some people are on our person, and some people are an e person. Just one ride of those song signs will suit you better with an E. Your mouth is wide and pull back with an R. You're Joel as lured. So just try a little exercise to see whether you're on our or any person. Ah, it's not easier than E record those into your phone and just say which one signs stronger or if they both saw into the sand in your particular case. So if you want to practice that and also practice just taking the little phrases that I just saw him there summertime music of the night and really think about where it is that you're changing the vile sign from ah to a 38. This is your encore.....: So, ladies, Plenty of options on YouTube for Carrie. Okay to the song, it's all about choosing one that suits you that you don't feel it cheesy. That's it again, K for you. And I really hope that you enjoy singing this song because it's beautiful on. I hope that you've had something singing all the songs of the bagel. This course as ever. If you've got any questions about the song about the technique involved in singing it or any comments, please feel free to get in contact with me. I'd really love to hear from you. And if you want to send me an MP three off you singing this song, that would also be wonderful. Okay, guys, here are the list of Kariuki tracks on YouTube for one song. Glory. It's all about finding one that six year that you think isn't cheesy that didn't get key for you on was ever. If you want to send a recording of you singing this, talk to may I be more than happy to hear it. I think it's a really beautiful song to finish the course on. I hope you enjoy Second it. I hope you enjoyed singing all the trucks in the course at as ever. If there's any questions about the technique of this song and think about it, that's difficult. Please do feel free to get in contact with me. 39. Tips on Vocal Health: so music theater singers sing demanding material, they use a lot of energy, and it's really important to look after your voice and pay attention to your local health. So here's just a few tips on looking after your voice to get the best performance possible . Advocate. Your voice is healthiest possible for us along as possible. Not a single most important thing that you could do to look after your voice is to drink water. The recommended Teoh leaders a day on when I was doing my singing teachers course, they told us that for every cup of coffee that you drink, you need to drink four glasses of water to make up for it. So it's not just about hydrating yourself. It's avoiding things that dehydrate you, such as caffeine. So that is really essential. I think today another great thing you could do for your voice if it's a little bit dry around the address of your baby being on the flight of its first thing in the morning. If you haven't had much sleep, got cold coming on is just to breathe in steam. No, all the soil, because that might actually be an irritant to the voice that might dry out a book for fools . Too much decongestants also aren't great for the voice because your vocal folds come together when you speak, you're saying are covered in a mucus membrane called the mucosa. If you you take too many decongestants that could dry up to that membrane on the side will be great, so breathing instinct passes the moisture Strip over your vocal folds on plumps the backup because when you drink a glass of water, it takes time to fill Gironde all the different parts of your body but need it, whereas with statement, just go straight over your vocal folds. You could buy a little local steamer quite an expensive expensively at your local pharmacy . Michael 7 £99 in the UK on it covers your nose and life so that none of the steam escapes . But to be almost a bowl in the title of your hat is probably fine. No matching coughs, colds, sniffles. We can sing through flam, but we can never sing through Penn. If anything is in Flint Raster voice, it's not worth the risk off doing at some damage. After all, if you sprained your ankle, you wouldn't go. I run a marathon on it. So pretty much to see him for your voice. No, sorry, but I am reminding myself of a few points, or I'll forget them. Another thing to watch, like for if you've got a big performance, is what you ate can affect your voice. Some people know everybody, but quite a lot of people have a reaction to dairy that caused them to produce more mucus or flare. So if you've got a big gig to sing at, going light on, having a cheeseburger on a think shake probably isn't the best idea. It's best, actually, to hold off on all heavy food, but especially dairy before performance. But I am not saying that singers shouldn't eight dairy. It's absolutely essential part of anybody's diet. We need our calcium, so let's not be silly about it. Another food group that can affect your was anything really spicy. If you notice you've lost the top of your range slightly, that can be dying toe acid reflux. That's actually quite common, and singers, especially those that follow old fashioned breathing techniques. I remember the day when they used to say singing from your diaphragm but didn't explain that. You don't actually have control of your life, Rob and some people misinterpret that as second your middle. What happens to achieve that? You squeeze the contents, come back up So many a singers career was ended by squeezing in their stomach muscles and stomach acid actually coming up burning their vocal folds. That can be a serious injury to the voice, so we want to avoid abdominal tension at all costs. And if you notice you've lost, top the ranch. If you have a strange metal taste in your mind that could be acid reflux on, that's worth checking with a doctor. So the only other little bit of information I'm going to give you on health tonight is do the siren every day exercise. It's a great monitor off the health of your voice. If you hear any cracks and bumps on the way up or dime, then you know that your voice is maybe a little bit dehydrated. Or maybe you're getting a cold. You'll be able to tell whether your voice rubs to its whole range of movement. It's a very easy thing to do. You could do with Shar you could do it the car just a couple of times a day to keep your voice that in helping on, if you have any questions, the whole topic of local health, anything you're having a problem with, feel free to message May. 40. Music Theatre Auditions: Ni AUDITION TIPS None of us can go through a singing career without ever having to go to an audition unless you're just doing it for fun. Which is, of course, perfectly good reasons, did it? But no matter how hard brilliant you are, you're not going to pass on audition if you don't make the brief. If you're not what the panel are looking for because quite often, not getting an audition is not a reflection on your ability. They just had something very specific that they were looking for. And you are debts who do read the brief and try to be prepared. This is, in essence, a job interview show high. It is that you can fulfill well, they're looking for so that they're looking for a light coloratura voice. Don't go in singing in a really dark signed on belting all over the place to start out with follow water is that you know the panel are expecting. I don't also because it is a job interview. Behave professionally, be there on time dress in a way that will get you noticed but isn't really over the top. You've also got to be comfortable and have appropriate footwear so that you can move rind. That's pretty essential. It's good if you know something about the show you're auditioning for. I know that sounds really, really simple, but it is pretty much essential to have some idea off the character on the show when you go to an audition and it's very easy to find shows thes days on YouTube not totally legal In some cases, I didn't say that you can get DV days quite Love shows very, very cheaply on eBay. You, Nell off information about shows on characters on Wikipedia. So really, it's quite easy to do the research before you get there. So another important thing an audition is yes, you want to betray a character, and you're trying to get a certain role. But be yourself. Show the audition panel that you would be a great person to work with. Thought your friendly that your professional that your thoughtful that you do research really show Kiss your own personality. You've got maybe only a few minutes to do this, but just try to come across as yourself trying to be. I know it's really hard, but try to pay a little bit relaxed auditions can be completely terrifying. But if you go in just willing to be yourself and give it your best shot, I know that if you don't get it well, to be almost something else, Amazing could come up in the future. So it's not the absolute end of the road, you know, don't put too much pressure on yourself, and that's it. Not faring. Rejection is very important in the audition process, and I think we can all think off famous actors and actresses who didn't get a certain rule but went on to do really well. I'm not thinking Music Theatre here, but they example that comes into my head at the moment is Lisa Kodro got fired from the rule of Ross and fresher, but then went on to be really famous friends. And it could be that something that's just right for you is just round the corner. So if you've got any questions, abide audition preparation or the process of auditions. Be afraid to send me a message 41. Music Theatre Exams: tonight I'm going to talk a little bit about Music Theatre exams on in the UK I teach London College Music Theatre exams on the thing about music theatre exams, as opposed to classical voice exams or rock and pop. Is there not just a bite singing? You have to be able to project a character. Now you're a lie to do that through movement on through costume, trying to keep the costume simple so that but in order to project a character, you've really got to know that character and you've really got to know the show. So we talked in the audition section about high. It's quite easy to access shows these days. The high. There's a lot of information about shows on the legs off Wikipedia. So really the white on doing your research, remember the A Song and Music Theatre is basically a monologue. Sometimes there may be suggested that another character is on stage and that your singing to someone so you want to be able to portray that well and if that's the case, rather just staring at the Examiner. But if you know the character that is going to inform the vocal on the kind of locals use. So you're halfway there, so everything that you do a music theatre exam must make sense. The costumes that you wear can't just be plucked out of thin air. The problems that use can't just be there for show. It's got to have a handsome effect on your performance. So ask about any materials you're bringing with you that you plan to use S this enhancing my performance is it? Convey the character because conveying character is all aboard. No, When you're choosing repertoire for your particular great of music theater, it will give you some tips. For example, it certainly is. You'll have to sing a piece before 1920 apiece before 1950 a piece after 1950 so you will have certain constraints. But it's really great to go with songs that aren't I like to do with songs in art, the sort of showstopper off the show. This home everyone knows it's nice to show your knowledge by going for something a little bit more obscure. Account, of course, have one very well known song, and it's also very good to choose what's known as I want songs. I won't song in Music Theatre tells you about the character and situation of the characters singing on. Also Water is that they want so all my own that we've sung in this course that's grip. I want song. It tells us that for happening. What she wants is Marius. That's what she wants in life. So a lot of shows have similarly got on. I Want So I'm Doing Summertime from Porgy and Bess with a student The moment that is, in essence, an I Want song because even though the character is ostensibly singing to the baby, there's really an element and about her own lack of freedom. She can't, you know, spread her wings and take to the sky the way the child cancer I want. Songs are grit. Dramatic pieces again dress very comfortably for the exam. Yes, would be using costume. Maybe in places you've got to be able to move a bite, you've got to pay comfortable. I think the way to approach exam is to think of it as a performance to have very small audience one examiner at lower grades and then if you get up to diploma level, there may be two examiners but it is in essence performance to very small audience. Don't be scared of the Examiner. The examiner is not willing you ill They're not wanted to turn you don, they want you to perform If there any decent way of unexamined they want you to perform to the best of your ability. So deep breath, Remember, the intercostal after breathing helps us with nurse on Go over it. So if you have any questions of like music theatre exams, if you are interested in taking a music that examined that something you've maybe never done, be afraid to send me a PM 42. Udemy music theatre useful links: Ni. We've come to the end of the course, and I hope that you find it useful un enjoyable as an introduction to Music Theatre on the kind of vocal techniques that are used. A music theatre If you're interested in pursuing this topic, I have attached a pdf to this video with some useful links of places that you can go to find like more. I've included exam boards that provide exams across the world in musical theater on some really well known, respected international courses. A musical theater at postgraduate level at the Royal Academy Off Music in London, on also a course in New York as well. Just in case you're interested have also included links to sites that deal with vocal technique and singing on a site that deals with careers guidance in the arts. So I'm hoping that that's going to be useful to you. Thank you so much for joining me on this course. I hope you've enjoyed the journey of the course, and if you have any questions or comments you'd like to get in touch, really do feel free to send me a message