Shoot video in manual mode / video settings? ISO, Shutter Speed & Aperture Explained! | Joey Bettenbroek | Skillshare

Shoot video in manual mode / video settings? ISO, Shutter Speed & Aperture Explained!

Joey Bettenbroek, Filmmaker & Video Editor

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6 Lessons (16m)
    • 1. Why should you learn these settings?

      1:13
    • 2. What is Shutter Speed?

      4:25
    • 3. What is Aperture?

      3:00
    • 4. What is ISO?

      1:49
    • 5. When and how to use these settings?

      3:43
    • 6. How to practice these settings?

      2:02

About This Class

Stop shooting video on your DSLR or mirrorless camera on automatic mode but START shooting video in manual mode and learn what your camera can do!

In this class I will learn you the THREE MOST IMPORTANT settings on your camera! ISO, Shutter Speed and Aperture. Maybe you heard people talk about it before, saying things like shooting in 1/50 shutter or f1.8. But what does it mean!

I will not only explain what all the settings mean but also which settings you should use in a specific situation. Because what is the benefit of knowledge if you don't know how to use it? Because of that I also have some exercises to make you better in choosing the right settings.

With the skills, you learned after watching this class you know how to shoot video in manual settings so you can get the most out of your camera and shoot better video with the right feel and look!

So I hope to see you inside!

Transcripts

1. Why should you learn these settings?: Hi, guys. Welcome to this online course where I teach you how to shoot video on your DSLR or meaningless camera, but with old manual settings. First of all, why shooting photos in automatic settings? I always think it's kind off okay, because it's just one shut. But shooting video and automatic settings can give it like a sort off amateur look. And this is because if you can control any settings on your camera while you're filming, the settings can change also. Well, you're filming, and that looks just kind off cheap. And also, sometimes you want to give it the look you have in your head, like with a more blurred background or something. And I will talk about that in this course. Look, for example, to this to shuts, you see the difference. I will talk about the three most important settings on your camera. I ISO shutter speed and the EPA chair what Duthie settings mean and especially, how do you use these settings? Because that's a question I get all the time. So in the next episode, I will just start with the first setting shutter speed. So I hope to see that by 2. What is Shutter Speed?: welcome to this episode by the first off the three settings, and that IHS should a speed shutter speed. It's a setting that is often displayed as one sh lesh in 2 50 or one sh less 50. And that's because, should speed is how long the light hits the sends. Or so, for example, one sh Lesh 200 means every two hundreds off a second. There is light hitting the sensor and then, of course, also influence our how bright your pictures because 1/5 off a second is, of course, longer than a two thousands off a second. But besides how bright your picture will look, there is a much more important consequence. And that is how smooth your picture will look like. I told you before, the lower the number, the brighter your picture. But you also get like a very soft and un processed picture because there is not super much information processed in a second, because it does not capture information every two hundreds off a second. But it captures information every 10th off a second, for example. But the best way to show you this is just to show you this. Okay, here is me walking are running across the screen. You see me do that with different shutter speeds. But also, if we pause it, you see that it is a super soft picture and that softness is called motion blur. And now you see me walking or running across this across the screen with their friends, kind off shutter speeds, and then you see that it gets better and better when the shutter speed is higher and the last clip is me with 1 10 thousands off a second. And even going higher than 3200 to picture is too dark. That means that it process a lot off information in that one second, but it also means that the picture gets very dark. So I have to fix that in another way. And if I pause this video, you see it's a super crispy, sharp image on. Do you think that's a good thing? Right? But not really. Both of these extreme examples, like a very slow one or very fast one, is not something you want to use. The 1st 1 is just not usable enough, and the last one with a very fast shutter speed is not realistic enough because if we are looking with our human eyes at, for example, a car driving by, we also always see some motion blur. So for that there is a rule called the 180 degree shudder rule. And the rule is that if we want to have exactly the right amount off motion blur the most realistic amount of motion blur that we should pick a shutter speed that is double the frame rate were shooting it. So this video, this camera I'm shooting with right now is filming in 30 FPs. So 30 frames per second. That means my shirt speed at this moment is 1/60. So one less 60 over moving my hands, you see exactly the right amount of motion blur. No, too much, but also not too crispy. And I'm moving my hands a lot. So that's nice. And of course, you can use a very hire, a very slow, sure speed if you want to have that kind off video so very slow one you can use if you have , like a dreamy super dreaming shut, you want to take over very high. Well, most of the times are used when there is a very bossed sequence. So racing cars or fight or something, But most of the time for the most realistic amount of motion blur, you should double the FPs. You're shooting him. I hope you learned a lot about shutter speed. I hope you learn something new. And you know now what should speed is and what kind of shutter speed you should pick. And then in the next episode, I will talk about a picture. What is that picture and what does it do with your picture? 3. What is Aperture?: welcome to the next episode about Apertura. Epicure is something most of the time displayed as a F number, so F 3.7 and where shutter speed controls how long the light is hitting the sensor aperture controls How much light is hitting the sensor. It controls how much by making the hole in the lens where the camera is looking to bigger or smaller in some lands, you could even see that. And that is something that looks like this. This is a super wide aperture like F 22 then when the when the whole gets bigger, you get something like F 1.7 in this case. So together with the show to speed, this also controls the brightness off your picture. The Hyatt F number showed like a F 22 for example, the darker your picture. So a very low aperture F 1.7 I called earlier is a very bright picture, but also here. There's something much more important happening when you're changing your eh picture. And that is that you're also changing your shadow depth off field, which is a super fancy name for a blurred background. The more light that's coming into your camera, the more you camera can focus on one thing, so the background is more blurred than when you're using a higher temperature so higher F number, then the background is less blurred. I would say Look at these examples the 1st 1 the last one that's super important. And that's something you can control when you're shooting in automatic settings. The obituaries, by the way, almost always their mind on which lens you're using. This lands is a F bomb 0.7 lengths, and that means that the lowest temperature is F 1.7. But this soon lands is a 3.5 to 5.6 aperture. And that means that when the lenses completely assumed out, the lowest temperature can go is 3.5. When the lenses completely zoomed in, the lowest temperature it can go is 5.6, and, of course in between. Also, the F numbers can go in between as the lowest number. What temperature you shoot uses just about what kind of style what kind of picture, what kind of video you want to create, if you want. Like a more cinematic photography, like a video you shoot with a very low aperture, because then the background is more blurred, but it's also harder toe. Keep the focus right on the subject. If you want more and focus more off landscape videography or something, you should wear a very high aperture. And I hope to learn a lot more about depature in this episode because in the next episode I will talk about the third and lost setting, and that is I is Oh, so I hope to see you there. 4. What is ISO?: welcome to this next episode where we talk about I am so I A So what? Iss Aya's Oh, I So is the name of an organization International organization for standardization. Okay, you should forget that right now, because that's not important. What important is is that I eso is the setting off how sensitive the sensors is for light for Lodi, so the less sensitive the center is for light. So the darker your picture, a high Aiso number very sensitive for light. So a brighter picture and the eyes always a setting. That does not change a lot more than just how bright your picture will look. But the biggest thing to remember where Aiso is, the higher the eyes of the brighter your picture, but also the more noise your picture will have. So most of the times you want to keep your eyes Oh, as low as possible. Look at this example, the higher the IRS old goes when a zoom in on this video, you see the more noise defeat AEA will have. And yes, one camera is better than the other in low light situations. But most of the time it's never good. Eddie to pick a high Aiso number because it only got downsides and no benefits. Other than that, it's like a straightforward selling. For once, it's out sensitive your sends or is too light. So ah, high Aiso number A brighter picture, but also more noise in your video, and that's something you don't want. But that's Aiso. These weather three settings. But how do you use those settings? I will explain it in the next upset of to score, so I hope this you there. 5. When and how to use these settings?: So we talked about the three most important settings when shooting video showed us be aperture and ISO. A little recap show the speed is descending for how long there is light exposed through the sensor. A faster shutter speed means a darker picture, but also less motion blur. A slower shutter speed means a brighter picture and mawr motion blur Epicurious, setting off how much like there is exposed to the sensor. Low F number means a low Apertura means a brighter picture and the more blurred backgrounds . Ah, hi epicure. High F number means a darker picture, and but more off the background is focus. Aiso is how sensitive the center is too light so high. I zone number means just a brighter picture. But remember also more noise in your video, which is something you probably don't want. OK, but now the real question. How were we? Data mined our settings. I personally always start with the shutter speed and with the 180 degree Shelagh rule. And that means when I'm shooting in, for example, 60 FPs my shells B is going to be 120. Ease off a second or as close as possible to deaths. The next step. It's the EPA trip. How much shadow depth off field do a bunt? Let's say I want a super cinematic picture with a super blurred background, but not too much. So I will not put it on 1.7 because then it's hard to keep focused but a little bit higher , Let's say 2.5, and then there's only one lost setting left, and that's the I is. Oh, so if my picture is too bright or too dark at this point, I can adjust that with the ISO. There are probably two things happening now. The 1st 1 is that you're maybe outside, and the picture is way too bright at this point, even with the Aiso at the lowest. At that point, you can crank up the aperture, which means that more off the background gets a focused or you can crank up the shutter speed with means that you get less motion blur. Those are in camera only two options, but you can also buy a D filter. So if you're super happy with these two settings, you can screw on and the filter on your lense and those are just some glasses for your camera. And, of course, with sunglasses for your camera. The picture gets darker, but there's also another possibility, and that's if you're not outside. But you're inside. It is possible that your picture is too dark or you have to crank up your eyes. Oh, all the way, let's say above 16 hundreds on Bennett gets super noisy so you don't want that you can lower your shutter speed because then the footage gets old job be. So maybe you can lower your eh picture, which gives you a more blurred background but also a brighter picture. But if you're a pitcher, is already Aziz Lois possible? Then there's only one thing you can dio and that is used more light. And that's how you choose the right settings for your camera to shoot video Emmanuel settings. In the next episode, I will tell you more about how to breakfast these settings. So after she there 6. How to practice these settings?: We talked about all the settings we talked about how to choose the right settings, and that's basically all I can tell you. It's just breakfast sing and understanding everything. I told you so, of course, have something for you to practice the things I told you. What you do is pick up your camera, put in the most random settings you can think off. Then you go outside. You point your camera to something, and from that point you try to big the right settings as fast as possible. Another thing you could do is focus on the subject and hit the lowest epic trip possible. Then you start recording and you crank up the epic trip like step by step. But you still want to keep the same brightness as in the beginning. So then you have to play with your show speed. Or maybe after a couple of stops off, eh? Picture maybe Aiso a bit higher, and then you have to play with the other settings to keep the brightness the same. But at the same time, you see, the background gets more focused than it was in the beginning, so that's also something you can do to practice the meaning off the settings. And then I hope you learned a lot off valuable things in this course. If you did, please leave me a positive rating on the reef. You would really like to read that. And of course, you can check out shoot that video on YouTube, where you have much more educational content about filmmaking from me. So I hope I'm see you there. Or maybe in another field making course, I wish you all the best. And remember wherever, however, no excuses and just shoot that PDO by.