Shading 101: Learn the Fundamentals of Digital Art with Procreate | Dave Reed | Skillshare

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Shading 101: Learn the Fundamentals of Digital Art with Procreate

teacher avatar Dave Reed, Children's Book Illustrator

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

11 Lessons (1h 13m)
    • 1. Shading 101: Intro

    • 2. ClassProject

    • 3. Getting Started

    • 4. Shapes & Coloring

    • 5. Shading

    • 6. Light & Shadow

    • 7. Glow Lights!

    • 8. Atmosphere

    • 9. Smart Editing & Adjustments

    • 10. Finishing up

    • 11. Thank you!

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About This Class

Learning the fundamentals of drawing in the digital age has never been more important! This is a beginner course using Procreate to design simple shapes, learn shading, add shadows and highlights, and applying simple effects that will make your artwork cohesive, clean, and professional. Whether you're new to art in general or just new to procreate, this class will help build a strong foundation for your artwork moving forward! 

Meet Your Teacher

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Dave Reed

Children's Book Illustrator


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1. Shading 101: Intro: Hey guys, my name is Dave Reed and I'm excited about this class because I see a lot of digital artists who have actually had the opportunity because of the ease of digital art, iPads, things like that, to bypass a lot of the fundamentals of drawing in a lot of the fundamentals of art, simple shapes, simple shading, shading 11 is just going back to the basics. I just wanted to show you some of the fundamentals of things I learned way back when with pencil, paper, Charcoal, things like that. It's a lot easier and a lot cleaner with digital art. And I use Procreate, which I use for all my applications. So this class is going to focus mainly on Procreate. You'll see that you don't really need to know a lot to make a really dynamic, interesting image. This is like the, this is like the foundation. This is the foundation of everything that you're going to do moving forward. And whether you've been a professional artists for a long time traditionally and now getting in a digital, whether you're getting into digital and also getting into art for the first time. There's something here for everyone. So without further ado, let's get to the next video project. I'll just talk you through what's expected out of this class. And it's not going to be very difficult because this is more of a practice class. This will build your skills up. It'll be fun and nothing to worry about. It's not going to be too complicated. So let's get to the next video, the class project. 2. ClassProject: All right, So I'd like to keep it really simple for this class project. Now you can do more. You can do as much as you want. You can make it as complicated and as extensive as you want. But all I ask for is a really smooth, crisp sphere. Just something really rendered and really nice and really beautiful looking and smooth. So just use these techniques, techniques for a nice sphere. And that will make me very, very, very happy. Rendering and shading is not as easy as it looks. It will take time for you to practice and get the shading right. But lights darks shading and being able to do that transition, really, really helpful in all of your artwork. Unless you do really flat artwork. You know, you won't really have to do a lot of the shading and rendering, but the shapes are important, making your shapes smooth and using the tools in Procreate to make your shapes nice and clean and professional looking. So all they asked for is a sphere rendered beautifully. Maybe add some lights around it wherever you want to do. This class project is all about you. It's all about learning. So there's no right and no wrongs. And I'm really looking forward to what you guys create. All right, let's get onto the next video. The getting started. I almost said Class Project again, getting started. 3. Getting Started: So the first thing you want to tackle with Procreate as your canvas, so you can hit this little plus here. And for this tutorial, I'm just gonna go with screen size. It's a pretty good size as a great size to practice on. And that's the size canvas I'll be using for this tutorial. One thing that I recommend and I always do when I'm starting a new piece of artwork is I changed the color of the background to a different color, maybe a slight gray or a slight beige color. So you hit the little layer option here, tap Background Color, and then you can make it a little grayer. I usually like to go warm, but that's just a personal preference for me, so I usually just make it a little bit a little warm. The reason I do this is it actually makes it easier on the eyes, easier on the iPads battery because white is obviously the brightest screen. But also, if I ever want to draw with white, you can actually see it. Whereas if you just have a white screen, you're not gonna be able to see your drawing. You're not going to see your light. So although I do have my own custom brushes, I'm going to try to stick to just stock brushes so you don't have to download my brushes if you don't want to. So I will go with studio pen. And I'll just use a reddish color to start out with. 4. Shapes & Coloring: So one of the first things you should practice, regardless if you're an experienced jar or if you're just getting used to procreate, getting used to drawing in general is just start with the basics. So we're going to start with a circle. Now there's lots of ways that you can draw a circle, but the easiest way is to just draw your circle like this and then hold. And it will actually snap to an ellipse. If you need to change it to a circle, you can go up here to Edit Shape. And you can change that to a circle. If you want to make a more precise circle. You can go to the little ribbon here. You can go to ellipse. And then you can just draw your circle at a finger to the screen to keep it locked in at a circle. And you can drag and you have a perfect circle. This also works with rectangles. Unfortunately, at least with both my iPad, I can't snap to get it to be a perfect square. I don't know. Maybe that's just because my iPad is old. Hard to tell. If you need to draw a triangle. You can however, take your brush, hold and it will snap to a triangle. Same goes for a square. You can use your finger to make it a perfect square. And same goes for our circle. So the next thing you can do is you can color drop it by dragging your color up here. You can always change the color and drag that to any color you'd like. Now if you see this ring here, the reason why that happens is because there's something called color dropped threshold will have to go back to when we first tried to fill the shape. So the reason why we had that color drop issue is because when we first dragged it in, there's a slight edge. It's hard to see now, but it's definitely there. And you can see when we added the other colors. So the way to mitigate that is to drag and then change your color drop threshold to a higher number. Up here. If you drag your pen or your pencil down here, then you can start to see that separation. But if you hold it, you see the separation and then you drag it up. So this will take care of that space. So that's the color drop threshold. If you want to go back to a previous color that you used like so let's say I want to fill this with a blue. We can drag the blue over. But if I wanted if I want to fill it with the last color I used, I can hold my Apple Pencil on this color and it will cycle through the last color used. So now I can go back to this color. I can hold, I can go back to that color. If you want to select a color that you're using, let's say you use a green here. And then you change your color here, but you want to go back to your green. You can just hold your finger on the screen. And this will color pick, and this will color pick any color that your finger is on. Another thing you might need to do when you have your shape is change the size of it. So we have free form here. So this allows you to just change as you'd like. But be careful when you're using free form. You don't want to make your image really small. X out of the selection tool. Go back and then resize it back up. Because once you've sized down and try to size back up, the quality, as you can see, is really bad. If you do, if you do notice something like this, the best option is just to undo somebody, use two fingers and tap back. And then we'll get two. And we'll get to where we originally were. That was the cat making noise behind me. So just a few more options with the transform tool. So the transform tool transforms the shape of what it is, the selection tool. This, Let's say you wanted to make an ellipse inside of this. You could do that with the ellipse option and use, let's say we wanted to color it a different color. The Selection tool. So as a rectangle, the transform tool, That's the tool that we'll use to transform the shape. So we have free form, which we just used before, so you can make it just change how however you need. I always make a habit. If I'm not going to use the shape, I just immediately hit undo and go back to the original shape. Uniform, changes it uniformly. Then you have distort. So this if you want to change a care perspective or things like that, but you do have to be careful because it will wind up making your image is blurry. In some. For some applications, it's not really going to work well. Especially this, this is, this is actually quite small. So if I wanted to do this correctly, I should have made my circle really big and then use the distort and then made it really small. So one of the reasons why this is really blurry is because although I have a quite a large canvas, I'm using this, I'm using it very small. So let me just show you the difference. So I'm going to do the same thing. I'm going to use my paint brush. I'm just gonna make a big circle. I'm going to hold it. And now I'm going to drag my color into that circle. Make sure I don't see any of those spaces. Okay, so now we have our sphere. I'm gonna go to Distort loops. So now I have distorted it about the same way I did earlier. And you can see there's much less it's a lot cleaner than it was when it was really small. So even when you have a big canvas, your best option is to draw as big as possible and then shrink things. So one of the other tools I use a lot is the selection tool and ellipse. I use this in a lot of my animals and a lot of my cute fruit drawings and things like that. So I make sure I'm on. I have this layer here. If I want to make a new layer above, then I just hit the little plus sign. So there's a few options that I have. If I want to make eyes for this character. I'm going to start on the new layer and I'm going to use my ellipse. So let's say I just want to make two circles for eyes. Okay, so I just dragged in actually let me change the color of that so you can see it easier. So I'll make it a sort of cream color. So now we have the circle that I can use for an eye. I'll reposition it. And if you're gonna make two eyes, then you can duplicate. And then you can drag it over so that way they're at least the same size eyes. So in the next video, I'm going to go over shading, so we're going to shade our blue circle. Shading is very important and it can take a little getting used to, a little bit of getting used to on Procreate. But it doesn't need to be difficult at all. And I'll show you some tricks to make sure that you're shading is nice and smooth all around. 5. Shading: Now when it comes to shading, There's a few ways that you can shade efficiently. But to practice this, I'm actually going to go back to just having a blue circles so you can just tap Undo. Or if you need to, you can erase your layers and then just make a new circle. But I'm just going to tap undo until I get back to my regular blue sphere. One thing that's really important to know about shading, the type of brush you use is going to make a really big difference. For this one, I'm going to find a soft airbrush. So let's go to our brush. And we'll go to airbrush. Where is it here? And there's a lot of different air brushes. For this one, I'm just gonna choose soft brush. So now that we have our soft brush and we have our sphere, we want to go to this layer. And there's a few different ways that we can color it in. So let me delete this layer real quick and we'll start fresh with just our sphere layer. So one way to do it is you can make a layer above by hitting the little plus tapping on the layer and then go into clipping mask. So what that does is it causes your clipping mask layer, which is layer 2. I'll just rename it to clipping mask. So basically, your clipping mask layer is going to have a little tiny arrow here. So whatever is on this layer, then that is what is going to be colored on. So right now we have a background which doesn't count. So imagine if the background wasn't there, the clipping mask. I'm going to take our color up here. And let's say we wanna go with a light purple. So I'll go with like a light purple color. And actually we'll go with a dark color. We'll go with we'll go with a darker we'll go with black. Actually, I don't know what let me let me see what color let me see what looks best. I'm so indecisive. Oh, I actually really like the purple. The purple looks kind of nice. And we'll just do a darker blue. I think the darker blue works better for what I want to teach at the moment. Yes, So I'm just gonna do a darker blue. Okay. So let me back up. I might, I might just leave this end because this is actually how my brain works. It's really crazy. But now we're gonna go back into slow tutorial voice. Okay, so now that we have our soft brush, I'm going to choose the color that we're using by color picking. Then I'm going to go into our color options here. I'm going to make it darker, so I'm gonna bring it down and over. So it's more saturated. So since we're making a shadow on this sphere, this, the darkness is going to be a similar color to what we have. So that's why I'm using a darker blue. So we have our soft brush or owner clipping mask above the sphere. Okay, So the brush is fairly big. So that's what the brush looks like. I'm going to lower the opacity to maybe about we'll do 50 percent for now. So the capacity is about 50 percent. And I'm just going to slowly, very softly start airbrushing on the outside of the circle. Because since our brushes like this, we want to go really light. We want this outer layer to do the shading for us. I'll make the brush a little bigger. And then we'll just slowly, very lightly slip color on the outside of the sphere. I'm not pressing very hard at all. Even when I do go over it just as a test, even when I do go over it and you can see that I'm not pressing very hard. That's about this train, so you can you can probably barely see it. But that's how hard I'm pressing. If host pressing just regular, it would look like that. So you want to just continue to shade in. You can make it a little bit bigger. And now that I'm coloring directly on the sphere, I'm going really lightly. He want to get the color by doing a lot of layers and layers and layers of, of soft shading. And you want to slowly go around the other side because you really want everything to be even. So now we have a decent shade. And for here, for the darkest area, I'm actually just going to make it a little darker. Make my brush a little smaller. And now I'm just gonna kinda just stick to that side and really go, go around the outside and just make that edge darker. And there's no need to rush it. Just slowly make it so you really don't see the color change. So it's really smooth. Okay, I think that looks pretty good. We'll do a little more in the middle. So here, as you can see, I'll make another layer above. And I'll go back to my inking, my studio pen. So what you see here is the light is coming from this direction. And that's why it's lighter here and the shadow is here. So this is just a regular smooth gradient. If you find yourself in a place where you want this part to be lighter or you kinda messed up. You can go to the clipping mask and you can use eraser. You can use the same brush on an eraser and you can sort of erase away your shading. So most of the things you do, there's multiple ways of doing things. And if I was if I was just to use a regular strength, that's what the airbrush or ratio would look like. But you put the same thing. You just want to go very softly, very smoothly. And just kinda even at all. So a different way to do a clipping mass because I never really use clipping masks. And I'm not sure why that is, but this is the way that I prefer to do it. So let's pretend that Let's take this mask off of clipping mask. And as you can see, all of the shading. Let's bring the background back, all the shading comes back. If I turn the clipping mass back on, then it, then it constrains to the original sphere. So most of the things you do on Procreate, there's multiple ways of doing things. So if I was going to, if I was going to shade my sphere that way, I can use the clipping mask like I just showed you. But I usually do it a little bit of a, a different way that just works better for the kind of art that I do. So I'm going to tap on the sphere layer. So I tap on that layer, I hit Select. So now the sphere is selected and you'll see a bunch of little lines on all of the area that's not selected. And you can see once you do that, it actually engages the selection tool. So now we have our shapes selected. You don't have to color or do anything on your shape layer. You can just make a new layer. So we'll call this shading. So you can make a new layer and your selection is still selected. So it's essentially the same thing as a clipping mask. If I wanted to use my brush, it will just color what's selected. So I'm gonna do the same thing. I'll do the color picker. And I will go to a darker blue airbrush. And it's pretty much the same exact thing. So you can choose whichever way is easier for you. I just like having the flexibility, the flexibility of just having this color on its own layer. So if I need to move it, if I make another, if I need to move it, move layers or something like that, it's just going to be the shading on this layer. So nothing is going to affect it. Doesn't matter where I move it. It's always going to be the shading on this layer. So that's why I do my shading that way. You can choose any way that's best for you. They're both pretty much the same. I just like to have my shading on its own dedicated layer. Now I would say that shading spheres and circles is a great way to just build up your fundamentals. Just work on getting him, getting them smooth, using airbrush, get them smooth. That'll teach you a how to work with lighting. Had to make one light source on the top. This will this will be more than normal color. The shadows on the bottom, it'll work, it'll help you work on your gradient. And just use your brush pressure to make sure that you're getting everything nice and smooth. You'll also get a good understanding of using bigger and smaller brushes. It's going to be hard to shade if my brushes small. So that's why I use a big brush with the brushes small. It's going to be a lot harder to shade in something like this. Also, if the brush is very strong like that, that's why you take away the brush opacity. That way. It's just not so heavy. So in the next video, we'll add some lighting and maybe we'll add a background. And I'll show you how the surrounding colors will affect your shading and your values on your sphere. 6. Light & Shadow : So lighting, of course, can be very complicated. I'll try to keep it very simple. That way. You don't get kind of lost with how complicated it can be. But I'll just show you a few tricks that you can use when you make anything that has shading or any characters that will just make certain things pop. So the first tip would be to change your background. Just set your, set your environment. So I'm gonna change my background to let's see which color wheel up pick. So I'll sort of choose this lilac color. And I'll just use this as my, as my setting. So now the sphere has some sort of setting. So as we discussed before, the light is coming from here, which means that this part is going to be a lot lighter than this side where the shadow is. Which also means that the shadow of this whole thing is going to be around this area. Because the light is coming here. This appears blocking the light. The severe the spheres blocking the lights are, this is going to be the shadow. Down here. You can do your shading on different layers. Like for example, if I wanted to if I wanted to change the color of our shading layer, the fact that I have it on a different layer. I can always go to hue saturation. So I go to the magic wand here, you saturation layer. And I can always change, change the color. And this could actually work because if I change it to the color to match the background, that actually makes a nice bounce. So it's almost like the background is actually bouncing onto our color here. So that's one way to really make something look really nice as to add colors from the background and from the surrounding environment onto your object. But it's already getting a little complex, so I'm just going to leave it there regular dark blue that we had before. I'm going to merge this down. So now on my layer above, I'm going to take sort of like an oranges, but I'm gonna go real light with it. I could do white, but I don't really like doing white. I like to be a little, a little warm or little cool with all of my colors. So I have a pretty light color. I'm going to Alpha lock. So what Alpha Lock does, it's sort of similar to what we did before with the clipping mask or with the selecting and putting it on a different layer. When you alpha lock, you can only draw on the object, but you're actually drawing directly on the object. So now you can't really make any changes if you wanted to because it's it's flat. And the more that you progress and the more that you practice, do everything on different layers. You don't have to do everything flat. But just for the purposes of this tutorial, I'm going to do all the shading and everything right on this layer or the y's wind up with like 15 different layers. And it'll start getting a little more complicated. So we have one new layer. I'm gonna take my light color here. I'm going to use an airbrush, a same airbrush. And I'll just go ahead and raise this up. Raise the opacity up to about 75. So now I'm just going to essentially, essentially to set it right word. I'm just going to shade in up here. Whoops. Make clear that for that I'm going to do it on the actual layer. So I don't need to make a new layer. But as you can see, I'm always used to make doing everything on a new layer. Because I like to make a lot of changes as I, as I go forward. So if you want for this tutorial, you can actually, you can make it on a different layer. So I'm just being really light with it. Extremely light. And I'm just sort of building up the stroke by stroke, just sort of building up the light on that side. If you're too heavy handed, you'll do that. It's not going to look good. So you just want to do that, but you want to do it really lightly over and over again. And you can even bring some down onto the middle. And it does take some time. It's not easy, so you just want to keep going over until you have a nice light light source on that side. So now I'm gonna bring the brush all the way up. And I'll even go a little bit lighter here, almost to wait. And I'll just, I'm just going to tag the very edge. I'm going to make the lightest part there. So this is a great exercise to practice to just kinda get your get your strokes and everything smooth. If you do find that you're having an issue and let's say you wind up with something like this. Another trick you can do is you can go to smudge, which is the little finger. You can go to the same brush, whatever brush you are using. So we'll go back to airbrush and it will keep it at 50 percent. For now. Let's see how that works. So now among the smudge, so I can just slowly sort of like smudge. I make my brush a little bigger. And this one is try to blend that area. May put my smudge brush up to 100. Yeah, that's a little bit better. So you just want to smudge out that area. But it does get a little tricky. So you have to be careful because you really want everything to be smooth. So if that's the case, what I would rather you do is just undo undo to until before you had that mark and then just continue to go over continue to go over it because your best friend when you're shading is a big big strokes, nothing small. Okay, that looks pretty good. So one of the other things that I love to do is bring in, bringing this purple sort of like what we did before. So I'm staying on this layer. I'm going to color select this purple. I'm going to use the same soft air brush. And I'm going to, I'm going to go along this shaded side. Because what I'm gonna do is it's going to look like light is bouncing off of this purple. And if it starts to look too light, you can even go a little richer with it. You can make the color a little more saturated. Sometimes you have to do things like that just so it reads as purple. Because when you're coloring on top of other colors, there's a lot of strange things that, that can happen. There's a lot of reactions, There's a lot of color differences, there's a lot of things our eyes sort of perceive, and that's all part of it. So you just have to sort of, you know, sometimes you have to just do some things to make to get the look you're going for. So the darker purple looks nice. I'm going to make my brush a little bit bigger just so I can sort of blended altogether really lightly. Like that. That looks really nice. So now I'm going to, I'm going to add a lighter. I'm going to go really light with it, almost lighter than the actual purple. And let's see how that looks. I'm making my brush smaller because I really want it to be on the edge. And it looks really nice. And whatever color your background is, you can add more of the color around. You can sort of, I'm just going to color pick this and I'll use that air brush again. And I have my brush really big. And you can sort of just throw a little bit of it around the whole thing. If, you know, if the whole area is purple and purple is going to be bouncing, bouncing off. So it doesn't, it doesn't, it won't hurt to throw a little bit of really light purple around in other places. So what this is, it kind of makes, it kind of makes the atmosphere cohesive with the sphere. Okay, so the next thing I'm gonna do is I'm just gonna give this a little bit of a shadow. So what I'm gonna do is I'm going to select, I'm going to tap on this layer and I'm going to hit Duplicate, Duplicate. I'll actually have to have to swipe on it. So swipe on the layer and then you hit Duplicate. I'm going to go on the bottom one. And then I'm gonna go to my transform tool up here. So now we have this bounding box. I'm gonna go to free form. And then I'm gonna make this smaller. So all we did was really just, we're just shrinking this. What we just did to make it smaller. I'm going to make it even smaller. So since the light is coming here, this sphere is going to be blocking this light. So I think that's a decent, that's a decent shadow. And before I do that, I'm just gonna make everything smaller. So I'm just going to have right swipe on both of these layers and I'm just gonna make everything smaller. Oops, let me go to uniform. Okay, that's a little bit easier. So now everything is smaller. I'm gonna go back to my bottom layer here. And I'm just going to go like this. Of course you don't have to do this if you want to make it easier on yourself, you can just make a new layer below. You can kinda take the color by color picking. And you could just use your airbrush. Make the color a little darker. So this is one way to do it. You know, something like that. I like to do it more precise. That's why I made the transform and made this. And now I can just go to my adjustment tool, gaussian Blur layer. And I can, whoops, I forgot to take it off alpha lock. You can't use the Guassian blur if you, if you're using Alpha Lock. So now that it's off alpha lock, I'll go back to adjustments. And Blair layer. I'm just kinda blur that. And you can still adjust the shape and things like that. Now I'm just using my eraser and I'm just sort of erasing away this end because it's going to be darker the closer it is, and then it'll just get lighter. So something like that. So light is hitting. There's no light here except for the bounce, and then you have the shadow here. One thing I really love to do is actually match the shadow to the surrounding color. So I'm going to use my Hue Saturation and I'm going to do it on the little shadow layer. So hue saturation layer. And I'm going to adjust the color. And this you can just play around with until, until it looks right. And I have a little trick. You can duplicate that. If it's not dark enough and then you can merge them down. If you need, if you need to get something a little darker, or you can just make a darker manually doing the same thing we just did with hue saturation. And you can make it can make it darker. And then you can use in your eraser and just sort of sculpt it until it's how you like it. 7. Glow Lights!: So now I'm going to show you a little trick that I love to do and a lot of my artwork, and it looks complicated, but it's very, very, very simple. So we're just going to make a little something glow, which you'll be able to use for anything that you want to make low. So the first thing that we'll do is we'll go to white because we're going to use a white color first. We'll add a new layer on top of our sphere. And we'll just go with our original brush, the studio pen. Okay? So if you're gonna make something glow, the first thing you want to add is the white, because if something is glowing, then it's being, then light is being emitted from the lightest point. So we're just going to use white. So I like to make these little butterfly type characters. Oops. Sort of like that. Almost looks like a heart. But if you want, you can just do a circle. You can do a star. You can do any shape. It doesn't really matter what the shape is. So we have our little, my little shape here that we're going to make low. So the next thing you wanna do is just duplicate that layer. So we're just going to swipe right? And duplicate. So now we have two of the same layers. So now you want to figure out what color you want to make, whatever your shape is glow. So I want to use like a nice gold sort of orangey color. I think that's pretty good. So I'm going to drag this color to the shape that's on the bottom. So as long as I'm there on my layer, I know that I can drag my color and it's going to color the bottom one. It still looks white because of the top one, but it's there. Okay, so we have our two, we have our white layer, we have our orange layer. So the next thing that we'll do is we're going to tap on the orange layer. We're going to tap on the adjustment tool here. We're gonna go to Gaussian Blur and layer. So all Gaussian blur does is it just blurs. So it just gives you a nice even blur. And you just want to touch the screen and drag to the right. And this is a 100 percent, but you can't really see it down to 0, you can't really see it. So just bring it up. So there's a nice soft glow. Not too much. So that's a good that's a good size for the first one. So next, I'm just going to duplicate that. So now we have two blurs here. So that will make that blow a little more rich boat I'm gonna do is I'm gonna go back to adjustments and I'm going to Gaussian blur it a little bit more. Just so it's nice and soft and it's sort of dissipates off. So now we have two layers here of the players. And then we have our white on top. So it doesn't really look like much now. But what really makes something look like? It's glowing. The light actually hitting off other objects. So we have our sphere here. So this is the perfect object to make this light bouncing, bouncing off, whoops, bouncing off of our sphere. So I'm going to tap on our sphere layer. I'm going to hit Select. And then I'm gonna go back to the layers, make a new layer. And then I'm going to, I'm gonna go a little richer with our orange color because it's further away from the white. So the further away from the white, it can be a little bit more rich. So we have our richer color. We're on our layer above our sphere. And we're going to go back to our airbrush, soft airbrush. So now I'm going to make this a little bit bigger. And one little trick that I like to do is to change this layer to an Add Layer. So he just tap on the little n and then just go to add. And you can experiment with that, see kind of what it does. It sort of makes this nice sort of halo effect that I really love. It's better than just using white. So remember I'm using the orange and I'm using an add layer. So it's really good. Is this nice, bright, and then it sort of fades off with the different colors. So that's what I like to use, better than white. And just to show you, this is what it looks like on a normal layer. So this is just white on a normal layer. And we'll use will go back to our orange and we'll make it an Add Layer. So it just gives a little more flavor, which I personally prefer. Okay, So we have our layer selected, we're on our Add Layer. We have orange, we're using the airbrush. Make my airbrush fairly big. And you can lower your opacity if you need to. I'm going to leave mine up high because I have a very soft hand. That sounds weird. But tsunami is slowly going to go in circles and just sort of make the faintest hint of orange on our sphere. I'm going in circles because I don't want it to be a real pattern. So I'm just slowly going in circles and then concentrating it in areas where the light is going to be more concentrated. So right here, I'm kind of giving it a little more love. And I'm just sort of making sure to go down here just so it's nice and even. Okay. So that looks pretty good. So now what I'm gonna do is I'm going to go back to the color. I'm going to make it lighter. I'm going to make the brush a little smaller. And I'm really going to highlight the closest part to our light source. So I just want to kind of moon this really softly. I just want to throw, I just want to put a lighter touch where that light sources. So now it's really going to look like it's glowing because you need an object to have the light bouncing off something. That's what really makes it. That's what really makes it pop. And another really cool effect that you can do. Once, once you're happy with your shape. You can merge all of these layers. You can merge them. And what I like to do is I'd just like to squeeze those three layers. And then you'll have emerged. And something that's really fun that you can just duplicate it. I'm going to bring it down to the bottom. And now I'm going to just move it over. I'll sort of just twist it and sort of just, you know, just sort of Shane's changed the general shape of it. Make it smaller. So now that I have it's smaller and it's somewhere else, I'm going to use my Guassian blur and we make sure that it's not Alpha locked. So once you use your Guassian blur or something like that, it'll make it look like it's in the distance. So it's really an easy way to kind of show depth. Because this is, because once you use the Gaussian blur, It's going to look like it's, it's in the distance. 8. Atmosphere: So there's also a few things you can do to sort of enhance and otherwise boring background. One thing that I really like to do because I don't like to spend a lot of time on backgrounds. I have and I do at times, but usually I'd just like a more simplified backgrounds. So since I have this purple here, what I'm gonna do is make a new layer. But I'm going to make sure that it's on the bottom. So I'm going to relabel this PGE2 because it's really going to be like another background. So for this one, instead of using the transform tool, oops, I mean they Selection Tool. Instead of using the selection tool and ellipse, I'm going to use rectangle. And now I'm just going to make a big rectangle. And probably to about here is a decent sort of horizon line. It doesn't have to be horizon. It could be the end of a table or something like that. But so that's a good size for my square. I'm going to color pick the purple if it'll let me. So I've colored purple and now I'm just gonna go a little darker. I'm actually going to make it a little more pink just for kicks. So now I'm going to fill that. And I'm going to deselect our R-square. So now we have this square here. And what I'm gonna do now is just hit my adjustments, hit Guassian blur layer. And I'm just going to blur that. So that's a pretty heavy blur. And if I wanted to make it if I wanted to raise it up, I get it like that and raise it. But kind of like where it was. Another really cool way to sort of experiment. Since we have this on a different layer, you can always go to hue saturation and adjustments. And you can sort of toy around with the color as well. Now since you have your sphere, you can also experiment with using different, using different brushes and different sort of all these, these kind of weird fancy brushes. It's a good idea to experiment once you have shapes like this, because when you're just experimenting on regular shapes, it'll give you a bit of, a better idea of the effects that the pressures will give you. So now we have this sphere. So I'm just going to select and make a new layer. Or I can just make a clipping mask. Since I guess I'm doing clipping masks now. So I made a new layer above. It's a clipping mask. I see the little arrow pointing to my sphere. So now I'm just gonna go to the, I'll use the same sort of lighter orange because it's overall, it's pretty dark. So I want to use a lighter color so that whatever brush or whatever texture I use will really show. I like a lot of these vintage ones. So let's try honey eater. So I have the brush pretty big. And now I'm just going to softly go over it with this brush. So it sort of gives it a sort of interesting sort of polka dot effect. Um, I'm just sort of helps if I unplug it. I don't know. I don't know what that's all about. So that was honey eater. Let's try let's try something else. So we have spray paints. If you do something like spray paints, what I like to do is experiment with different layer layer modes. Because there might be a layer mode that will give you an effect you're looking for. C, multiply it gives it a more natural effect that almost looks like an egg or something. But you can just scroll through an experiment. Sometimes it'll, sometimes you'll get something really nice. Things sketching. So we'll try one of these soft pastels. And that just gives it a nice, a nice textured texture it looks so there's a lot of experimenting that you can do with your, with your sphere. Hello, said should fear. I don't know what that would be. So there is one more lighting effect that I do in a lot of my work. And I'll try to make it really quick. If I want to. If I want to add a really hard light source here. What I'll do is I'm gonna take this off clipping mask and I'm just going to use it as a regular layer above my sphere. And let's say I want to make the color a nice maybe, or maybe a deep purplish color or pinkish color. So I'm just going to use light pin. Light pen is in luminance. And it's one of my favorite brushes. Make it a little bigger. And almost like our glow, it just has white in the middle and then it sort of has a fuzzy outer glow. So I'm going to, I'm going to turn my canvas so that it's easier for me to get an angle where I want the glow. So if the light is coming here and I'm going to start out really light, darker. And then go really light again. And I'm going to hold it there at the end so that it straightens out. So what I did there was I just made the arc and even though I was going slow, I held it at the end. And then you can maneuver around here your shape. So now that I've made that shape there, I'm going to select the sphere. And I'm going to go on this layer again. I'm going to make this really light. And now I'm just going to rest my air brush. Now I'm just going to airbrush in a little more light here. And sometimes you might have to go back to light brush, luminance, light brush. Sometimes you might have to go back and just make it a little lighter. You don't think it's bright enough. But this was something that you'll just have to experiment with. Here we go. So we made that nice and bright here. And if it gets a little wonky, you can just take your airbrush as an eraser. And you can just softly just kind of airbrush it away until it's nice and smooth again. So now that we have this really hard light source, I'm going to make a layer underneath the sphere. And I'm gonna go a little richer with the, with the pink. And I'm going to go back to the air brush. And I'm just going to just use a soft layer underneath. I'll go a little lighter with it. Make sure. Sometimes I sometimes I go so light that I can't even see that I'm making a mark. So this was just sort of gives an, gives the effect that there's light hitting this surface. And then another thing you can do is you can, you can actually make the light source in the environment sort of reflect where that light might be coming from. And this isn't, this isn't a fun place to use your noise brush. Which I'm actually not sure where the noise brushes. Touch ups. So I guess a 10 touch ups. And it's just nice to just give it a little bit of noise. And you can take your light pen again. Luminance light pen. And you can add little pops as though like dust and other things are sort of in the light path. So that's sort of gives the effect that the light is coming down from here. And there's little specks of dust and things in the light. 9. Smart Editing & Adjustments: So a good habit to get into is to do things on different layers. So if, for example, I really like that this sort of matches my purple background or floor at least. So the fact that I made these on their own separate layers is good because I can choose that layer. I can go to my adjustment tool, hue saturation layer. And then I can I can adjust it. C, that looks a little more natural to me, but I also did this on its own layer. So now I need to adjust that as well. So I'll go to Layer Hue, go to Adjustments, Hue Saturation and layer. Same thing we did before. Make it a little brighter. And all sort of just find a color that looks like it works. So I think that looks pretty nice. So now we have a much better light source to me, it looks a lot more natural. So if you want to save your artwork, Let's say you just want the sphere loops. If you just want the sphere, you can just get rid of the background. And now you would save it. You'd press the little wrench, hit Share and save as a PNG. So when you save it as a PNG, it's not going to save any of the background, it's just going to save your sphere. So if you're doing a logo for someone, if you're doing something that's gonna go on a t-shirt, you definitely want to go to the wrench and share as a PNG. And then you can save it to your, you can save it to your iPad or you can narrow drop it wherever you want. But as long as it's a PNG, then you'll be fine. So I'm just going to save this. And just to note, if you open your gallery, it might show a white background. But it's still actually transparent. It's just in the gallery. It does show a background. There is a few issues. If you try to send it through email or if you try to send it through certain applications, sometimes it will flatten it. I'm not sure which one. So if you have trouble with that, it's probably not on the Procreate side of it. It might just be a transfer issue or something like that. But normally if you save it to your iPad, then for me it usually always saves as a transparent PNG. Here we go. So another thing I like to do if I'm doing it for a client or from doing client work, then I do like to save it as a Procreate file. That way I have all my layers. So if something happens or if the file gets lost, at least I can go in. I still have the ability to make changes, things like that. I still have the file as a whole. Procreate files are quite large, so just be aware of that. If you find that you do need to make certain changes or a certain certain cuts you can use. And I know that sounds weird certain cuts. But a good way to sort of make sure that things are crisp and clear is try to use your selection tool. Try to use these shapes as much as possible. So if you need to make a curve in the bottom of your sphere, whoops. Make sure you're on an ellipse. And now you can three finger swipe. And you can cut if you wanted to. And now you have this nice smooth curve. If you want to have more control over it. What I would recommend is making a new layer. Make your sphere, color it in. You can use any color, but I'll just use a different color than we have on the canvas. So now you have this shape. And if you wanted to, you can, you can go to your transform tool. You can free form. You can sort of change this around to get it exactly how you need it. Let's say we want to do some sort of far out shape here. So we place that there. Now I'm going to select it. I'm going to go to my sphere, three-finger swipe down and cut. So now once I hide that, so now I have this. All of a sudden it's a, it's a completely new shape. 10. Finishing up: All right, so I think I'll end it there. That's a lot of information. And the main thing, the most important thing is just to practice and experiment. Maybe try this, making a square, making an oval, and then graduate onto different, different shapes. And just keep experimenting. You can use different shapes as glows, practice different lighting effects. You can make these at all. You can make this a heart and you can put them all around and you can make little shiny spots. You can make this into a Smiley face. There's lots of places you can, you can go with the basics. So I'm gonna do a few other basics videos. Drawing, maybe some character drawing, maybe humans, maybe some more animals, things like that. So for now, if you, if you want to export, just go to your wrench. And I'm going to save this as a JPEG. And I'm going to send it to my computer. But if you save image, it'll save to your iPad. I'm going to send it over to my laptop for this video. And then you're good to go. And one last tip. One thing that I do is if I was going to do more to this, um, since I like the way that it is now, what I would do is go to my gallery and I will duplicate it. So that way, if I decide, I'm not sure about the colors, if I want to change the background color, something like that. So then I can make all these changes that I might want to make. And I don't have to be worried if I'm going to lose everything because it's just an, a new layer. So that's just my last tip is something that I often do all the time. As you can see, I have doubles of things because there's nothing that's worse when you make changes or if the application closes on you and then you lose your work. So definitely duplicate, definitely save your work often and just keep experimenting. So I hope that was useful and see you guys in the next one. 11. Thank you!: All right guys. Thank you so much. I hope you had fun during class. I really had fun making it. This is something that I do and all of my work now, even animal drawings, cartoon drawings, all comes down to shapes and lights and darks, and shading and rendering. These are the hallmarks of a good artwork. So I hope that you got something out of the class. I hope you continue to practice, practice your shading, practice your shapes, and just have fun with it. Just be really, really creative with the simplest things first. Because then it will blossom into more complicated, are more complicated drawings and everything will just get better from here on. So you follow me on Instagram and drug free, Dave, you can follow me on YouTube for even more short-form and long-form tutorials. And you can join my private Facebook group, procreate tutorials and guidance, where it's everything Procreate everything tutorials. And if you're from there, then good to see you. I'm glad you made it over to the class. I hope you had fun. So as always, keep drawing and I'll see you guys in the next one. So forth.