Scrivener 3: Save Valuable Time by Automating Your Formatting with Styles | Elaine Giles | Skillshare

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Scrivener 3: Save Valuable Time by Automating Your Formatting with Styles

teacher avatar Elaine Giles, Always learning & loving it!

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

21 Lessons (1h 29m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. What is a Style?

    • 3. Editing v Compiling

    • 4. Scrivener 3 Styles

    • 5. Why Bother Using Styles?

    • 6. How Scrivener Implements a Style System

    • 7. Default Formatting

    • 8. Styled v Unstyled Text

    • 9. Style Types

    • 10. Applying Styles

    • 11. Creating New Styles

    • 12. The Magic of the Next Style

    • 13. Naming Styles

    • 14. Editing and Updating Styles

    • 15. Removing Styles

    • 16. Navigating By Style

    • 17. The Styles Panel

    • 18. Transferring Files

    • 19. BONUS: Touché

    • 20. Class Project

    • 21. Wrap Up

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About This Class

Whether you’re an experience user of a previous version of Scrivener, new to version 3 of Scrivener, or you just want to hone your writing skills, this class is for you.

In this class you’ll learn how to be more productive in Scrivener, making Scrivener work for you not feeling it's working against you. We’ll cover everything from learning what styles are and understanding how Scrivener implements them, to completely customizing styles for your specific requirements to make the time you spend in Scrivener not only more effective but a complete joy!

You'll finally be able to stop fighting the formatting and concentrate on your content.

Here's exactly what you get:

- A series of videos containing concise, straight to the point, instructions of how to make styles work for you in transforming how you work in the Scrivener editor

- Download of a Scrivener file containing all the styles created in this course

- Download of a style library for you to customize for your own work

- BONUS: Invitation to exclusive AMA sessions

As a class project, you’ll use my template to create your very own style library for your next project to make formatting your work faster than ever before.

While this course assumes no prior detailed knowledge of Scrivener a passing familiarity with the interface and function of the app would be beneficial.

Meet Your Teacher

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Elaine Giles

Always learning & loving it!


Hello, I'm Elaine and I'm a technology consultant based in Manchester, UK.

My passion is technology and I love to share that passion via live training sessions, video demos and written tutorials. I have a YouTube Channel with many training videos for a whole range of applications including Scrivener, Affinity Photo, Affinity Designer, Photoshop, Pixelmator, Acorn, Sketch and many more together with videos demonstrating the Microsoft Office applications, Word, Excel and PowerPoint. One of my passions is designing slides and many of those I have designed and presented can be seen on my SlideShare page.

I'm a Fellow of The Learning and Performance Institute, a global membership body for learning professionals, having been granted Fellowship in 2003. I have worked with a numbe... See full profile

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1. Introduction: hello and welcome to this course, dedicated to working with stars in Scrivener three or to give it its full title. Scriven or three save valuable time by automating your formatting with styles. I'm Elaine, a longtime Scriven, a user and a trainer for even longer than that, which is scary, given Scriven A made its debut as a fledgling app in Beater way back in 2006 which handily was the year I bought my first mark. But onward scrivener styles. You could be forgiven for thinking that Scriven already had styles. But no, the initial versions of Scrivener only had the ability to format text in the editor with presets. It was Scriven, a three that added the long requested ability for four months thing using styles that automatically update when they're redefined. If you have the used Microsoft Word or a similar word processor, you may well already be familiar with just how powerful and flexible styles can be. If not, and you're learning about stars for the first time, then you're in for an extra treat on. Don't worry, I've got your back with plenty of explanation and even more demonstrations either way in this course what your learners. What styles actually are, including the specific quirks of Scrivens implementation of styles, so you'll learn what styles actually are in both theoretical and practical terms. How they compare with styles found in word processing. Alps. Why it's worth your while investing your valuable time in learning how to take advantage off them. How styles are implemented. You'll learn how to best leverage styles in your work. Everyone works in a different way on. Once you've mastered the concepts and principles of stars, you'll be able to make them work for you. Complete style must re. We're going to cover everything you need to know about styles, including applying styles, editing self creating completely custom styles, updating styles across entire scrivener files, removing styles, even navigating your work by styles. Just imagine being able to go from figure two figure image to image or table to table with a single mouse click or a tap of your track pad. How to transfer complete star libraries between scrivener files all the work you put into creating styles in one Scriven a file doesn't need to go to waste either, as entire style libraries can be transferred between documents. I'll show you just how easy it is to do that. In a dedicated lesson, the class project will be your chance to create your own style library. If that sounds daunting, fear not. I have included a copy of the Scriven, a file I use as a starting point for creating my own star libraries to get you started. I'm ill angels, and I hope you enjoy the course. Do join now and I look forward to meeting you on the inside. 2. What is a Style?: before we go any further. The first question to answer is What exactly is a style? While a stylist, simply a collection of four moting applied together in a single step? Think of a recipe. The only difference with a style is that the ingredients aren't eggs, flour and butter. There all the elements of formatting you're familiar with in Scripture elements that could be included within a style definition include all of these paragraph elements. Apply only in relation to paragraphs of text. While you've guested character elements apply only to individual characters on that could be multiple characters in a string of text or even just a single character within a word. So that style, well, it's just a collection of any number of the elements of formatting that you are doubtless familiar with, either from scrivener or any other text based application. How many of these elements you'll use in any single style will depend on your precise requirements. And it's a simple is that it certainly makes for mounting your work are much faster process . In the next lesson, we'll look at an important distinction to understand before we get started with stars in detail 3. Editing v Compiling: Scriven has a concept that gives its users the most amazing flexibility when it comes to getting all your hard work out of scrivener and into a format that can be delivered to your readers. That feature is called Compile. Compiling is the method scrivener users to export the content you've created to a specific format, and there's a whole range of those four months available. Editing, of course, is the process of creating that content in the first place inside scrivener. When it comes time to extract your content from scrivener using the compile feature, the compile settings can be configured to change the output. To look. However, you want completely independently of how it looks in the scrivener editor and to be consumed in a whole range of formats, including, but not limited to the range you see here. But that's for the final output for the long hours that you'll be spending inside scrivener staring at the screen, creating your content, you might as well look at something you like, or something that helps you get your job done. And if that means purple italic text on a yellow background, that's fine. What does that look like? for someone like me who's output is not for direct public consumption, not in a written form that very often anyway. Well, working on a podcast running order. It's likely the text in Scrivener will be highlighted to death, to keep me on track during recording or when I'm working on a training video running order . Likewise, it's likely to be festooned in a rainbow of highlighting again to keep me on track. The main take away here is that what you see in the editor doesn't necessarily need to impact the final output. Nothing you do in terms of formatting in the editor need impact. Your final output, a tall Scrivens compile feature, is the ultimate in export flexibility to give you complete control of the final look of your work. We won't be covering compile in this course, which is dedicated to muster of styles but a topic for another course 4. Scrivener 3 Styles: Now we know what a style is and all the elements it can contain. Let's have a look at our Scriven or three style system works by comparison to the old method used in previous versions of Scrivener. Now, if you've never used Scrivener before version three, it's still worth watching this lesson for the first look at applying styles, we will be going over this in more detail later in the course. But hey, you don't want to miss anything, do you? Now? In previous versions of Scrivener, there were former presets, former presets being starting points for formatting. Your text. You applied the preset and that was it. You could change the preset. You could redefine how it looked, but it didn't apply retrospectively. So as an example, you could have had a formatting preset that made the text read on. Redefined this to make it blue. But any changes you made to that preset were only applied to newly formatted text. All the previously formatted text stayed looking identical toe how it looked the moment you first formatted it. Let's see this in action. So this is Scriven a two, and this is the old way that it worked. I have the Scrivener tutorial foul open on that. We can see four headings. So at the top I will select the 1st 1 Not that you actually need to select it on. Then clicking the preset drop down I will show you the styles that are available Now I actually want to apply heading style, which is in here. So I'll apply the heading style on, then go through the other headings and do exactly the same because of the type of style it is. I can click at the end and go back and choose heading, and it's applied again once more. And I've got all four headings styled. Now, at this point, I decide they're not really standing out enough for quite like the font. Everything's fine. A probably thought that just not standing out. So what I'd like to do is make them red. So I'm going to select that fourth heading and go up to the color and just change it to read. Now. Nothing changed at that point. It didn't reformat the other headings, which you wouldn't expect it to at this stage, because I haven't actually redefined the preset yet. So if I go back and show you the heading, it's still looking exactly the same as it did before. What I need to do is redefine that and how I do that. I'm just going to select to make absolutely certain it knows what I want. And I'm going to go to four months, four months thing. Onda redefine preset from selection. And now I need to tell it which preset I would like to redefine. And it was this one here heading, so I will redefine it. I'm including everything, but we don't need to actually worry about this. All I'm actually doing is just redefining it just to show you one thing. Which is when I redefine it, nothing changes. It doesn't retrospectively go back and change these other headings on That was the problem . I can go back on, reapply the style on. I'll get exactly what I want. But how time consuming would this have bean throughout? Maybe 100,000 word manuscript. You'd be there a while, So that was what the problem Waas. And that's where scripting a three comes in. It added the magic off automatically updating styles. So let's have a look at that. This is exactly the same file opening, scripting a three. It does look slightly different because the working area is narrower by default. On That pushes the fourth header down out of you. But rest assured, it is the same file on there is before Header right. I am going to format the headings so first heading at the top. This time it's the style. Yeah, that the styles are slightly different, but I'm not going to be concerned about that. As long as I apply a style to it, we should see a difference. So here's a heading one style on down to the second heading. Repeat the process on just doing that for all four headings exactly as we did before. Inefficient to have scrivener. We are hoping for better things this time. So down to the last one on deploy it now. What I then did was take that 4th 1 ont change the color of the text to read. So repeating that process again. Nothing else has happened at the moment, but we haven't actually redefined the style yet, so let me do that to make sure it knows what I want up to four months down to style on then redefined style from selection on the style I want to change Is this heading one? So let it know that it pops up this dialog box details of which will look at in the future lesson. But suffice it for now. Just a click. OK? Yes. That's what I want to do now This is a new dialog box. Didn't see this indiscriminate to the heading One style will be updated throughout the project. It cannot be undone. Are you sure you want to do this? Yes, absolutely positive. That's what we want to do Now I get us a very quick flush, their oven updating dialog box. But as I scroll back up, you should see the magic. That's what's happened. All the text that was formatted with that heading one style that was previously black has automatically updated. Doesn't matter how big your scrivener filers. It will do that throughout your entire file. So your workflow now is Choose your style, apply it to your text, repeat as necessary and then, if required. If you change your mind if you just want a different color change. One instance of the text and redefine the style the magic bit. As soon as you make those changes, all the text previously formatted with that style will automatically update. So that's a very brief overview of house styles are implemented in scrivener three by comparison to what you may be used to inscribe in a to and more importantly, how the formatting count automatically update on ripple changes through your project. As I say, we will be covering the detail of this in a future lesson. But you've had your first brief look of how things work in scrivener three and how that is going to save you time. 5. Why Bother Using Styles?: So now we know what styles are on what they can do. The next question is, why would you use thumb? Sure, they might sound like a core feature, but there's dozens of features in virtually every app you see on. Don't they all sound very cool? Taking a look at just a few features of Scripture, they all sound amazingly helpful. And who's got time to muster all of them? It would be completely exhausting. And even if you do, is there any guarantee that it would be a worthwhile investment of your time? What makes this feature different? What makes this feature worthwhile, taking the time to master it well, styles allow for faster formatting, much faster formatting, and that means the you save time, which in turn means that you have more time available for writing or creating content. In addition to all that, styles provide for more consistent formatting. The formatting presets of previous versions were a starting point, but the lack of any way to up date the text formatted with them automatically was actually a major pain, and to some degree it made it worse to style your text than to leave it alone. why? Well, you could end up with many, many different former throughout your file. Maybe they were similar but different enough to be distracting while you were working. Another reason is it's easier to update your entire content, which means it's easier just to change your mind. Hopefully, now you can see how useful styles can be in helping you get your worked on his Gryffindor. You'll be excited to follow along with the rest of the course and use them in your future projects. 6. How Scrivener Implements a Style System: Now we know just how great styles are and how much time they'll save you. Let's have a quick look at how scrivener implements them before deep diving the process in the rest of the course. As we know, styles replace the formatting presets of previous versions. They are implemented in the same place in the interface low in the former bar. Now there are three different views of the four month thing that you may see which you'll actually see depends on the width of the Scriven. A window on your Mac. The options are. First, you could see a full view of the formatting bar, where the styles will be shown in a drop down and you'll be able to see the name of the style. Second, there's a medium view of the format ball. In the medium view, the style drop down is shrunk down to just a pill crow or a backward facing P. But functionally, it's exactly the same. Thirdly, there's the minimal view of the format bar. The difference this time is as well as the styles dropped down, shrinking back to just a tiny little icon. The fonts have also shrunk back again functionally, they are identical. The names listed in the drop down are now these automatically updating styles rather than the formatting presets of previous versions. Scriven or three has made another improvement over previous versions on That's in terms of where styles actually stored in previous versions of Scriven, of the range of formatting presets were stored centrally within the scrivener application, which meant that all the presets you ever created were always available for use in every file you opened on, worked it. While that might seem like a great idea, I can assure you it wasn't it very quickly became a nightmare. Admonishment on time, lost hunting for the specific preset needed. Worse still was the fact that these presets were stored on each individual computer, so keeping them in sync was time consuming. Now contrast that with Scriven or three, where the styles are now specific to each file to demonstrate that I've got three files here, all with different styles. The 1st 1 is a blank file created from the defaults Griffin of settings. So over on the right hand side of the screen, you can see the styles that are available within this file, so there's attribution, block quote, caption center text and so forth. If we now look a different file So this essay file in the middle can see it has styles of the same name attribution Block quote, caption But they're very different in terms of design. On 1/3 example is a file of mine for the mud bites podcast. And you can see in this one there are a lot more styles again. Some of them have the same name attribution Block quote. But there's also a lot more styles. In fact, that's more stealthy. Then you can actually see at the bottom. I've got some hidden away down there. You you have to scroll to them, so point to take away from this is instead of all of those styles being available, toe all of the files you're working on all at the same time. Now they're sectioned off their segmented there are within an individual file, which means they're available for you to use when it makes sense to do so. So for me, when I'm working on the Mumbai's podcast, I want the mark bite styles. But I don't particularly need to see those stars at any other point, and that's the benefit of having the styles within each individual file on do not within the install of scrivener. Now that's a much better system. You don't have an ever increasing list of styles for all the files that you ever need to work on, overwhelming you within every foul that you work in. Now most of those stars wouldn't be relevant to the specific individual file you're working on at any one point now. Better still is the fact that all the styles travel with your file now, and that means you have all the right styles available to you, irrespective of where you choose to work on. That could be on your Mac, another Mac or even your iPad. It also means that you can have styles of the same name defined within separate files that look completely different. So it gives you a consistency of working but a completely inconsistent way of formatting it . So the consistency is in the name of the styles and maybe even the short cut keys used to apply them. But what's different is the actual look of the text, so we've learned a lot. We now know what a style is what all the benefits our house griffin or implement styles on where styles are stored. In the next lesson, let's move on and learn how to configure our default formatting. 7. Default Formatting: scrivener ships with default formatting in place, which may or may not be to your personal taste. But you don't have to configure a slew of styles to override thes defaults. You can actually reconfigure the defaults to match your specific requirements. Doing so means every time you start Scriven a project, your favorite personal four month thing is immediately available and in use for you. Let's see how to make that happen. All that evil former thing is set in scrivener preferences. Event into editing and make sure that you have clicked the formatting option. On first install, your default styles will look like this. How my preference is for a san Serif font Avenir with no first line in dense on the line spacing of 1.2. But before we set this the fastest way possible, let's just test the options in this dialog box because there's two ways to set your defaults. The first way is the manual way where you configure everything you want in this dialog box , which it certainly simple enough, but it's a little long winded. This preview isn't an image, it's actually interactive, So by clicking in it, I get all these tools along the top, becoming active. So my preference was for Avenir, so clicking on the font option on going to find Avenida I wanted 16 points and 16 isn't actually an option available, but I can click in the size textbooks aunt put in 16 pressing Enter will give me a 16 point front. I want my text alignment to be left, and that's already set on. I want a line spacing of 1.2, which I set with that option on the right, and that is my preference set. You'll notice there are other preferences available in here for notes and comments and footnotes, etcetera. But I'm going to concentrate on the former in the editor at the moment. If you do want to change the default for notes on comments and footnotes, you can do that in here, though no, I said, that's not the fastest way. So I'm going to show you what this button at the bottom does it, which is defaults when I click that it says a reset defaults. What is going to do is undo everything that I've just done and return me to the former, as it was before so I'll just click Yes to that. On the phones changed back the line space things changed by everything has changed about what it wills. The reason I've done that is to show you that there is a much faster way to do this. Which is there is a button for use the former in the current editor. Now, if I click that nothing changes. That's because coming out of the preferences, this current editor has a default former thing. But I have another file that's got my default formatting in it, making sure I've clicked within that document and going back into the preferences on, then clicking the button that use for money and current editor. Everything that set within that editor is pulled through to this dialog box, and that's a much faster way of doing it. Now, at this point, I've configured it in this dialog box, but I haven't actually set it up as a default yet. There's another button at the bottom. We've seen what defaults do, but we've now got set styles, defaults on within here, there's two options. You can either reset to the defaults, which I don't want to do, or I can set from the current project. What that will do is ensure that the styles that appear in the format stars menu for new projects where they don't include built in styles will be set from this current project. So I feel click that button on click. OK, that's about that I suggest you use to complete the class project on completed in record time so you can start that right now, collecting samples of your favorite formatting into a single file and use it later. When you start the class project. Now we've changed the default formatting. Next, we'll look at the huge difference between style text and on style. Text on. I don't just mean in terms of how it looks on that's in the next lesson. 8. Styled v Unstyled Text: before we start customizing what formatting scrivener has available, it would be a good idea to see how Scrivener works out of the box. Scrivener has a huge preference for on style text, which may seem strange given how powerful we know Scriven. A star system is. But there's a logic there the preferences related to how scrivener was created toe work. The content you create is formatted during the export process known as compiled in scrivener. The benefit of this is the ability to take a single source of content your manuscript or text it out, put it to a whole range of massively different formats, including paper box. Pdf See books and many, many more. Scriven or three differs from most word processes in that you're generally only want to apply styles to text that you want for moated differently. The usual example is headings, block quotes, attributions, etcetera. Now contrast this toe. How would processes work? There is usually a body style or a normal style. The equivalent of this in scrivener is the on styled option called No Style, ensuring only content that absolutely must be styled is styled on leaving the rest on Styled will give you more flexibility when you come to compile or reset your editor default formatting. What is defined in scrivener preferences editing formatting is what on styled means on the style. This what text looks like when you remove all the former thing, as we saw in the previous lesson. What this will actually look like depends on what you've got configured in your preferences . But the style of the text in the editor doesn't have to impact the output generated via the compile option. So let's have a look at that in this book, which is almost 30,000 words. There's very plain formatting, but it's my preferred formatting. It's that Avenir 16 it's a sensory font. You probably wouldn't want it printing like this for a book, but that's not actually a problem. I click in this text. You can see that it is actually styled with no style. It's the default that's coming from the preferences, which means that the compile feature can take over this and work magic when you come to export it. So let's go into the compile on. I'm choosing a paper back here. I'm making no changes to this. This is a built in Compile option just for paperback on All I Need to do is click the compile option here. Now it's going to pull that on my desktop, and there is an option tohave. It opened in an application when you finished Andi. I've selected Pdf Expert and Click Export, so let's have a look at what we've got in there. So just going past the initial pages and then looking at the actual content pages, this is very different. If I zoom in so we can see the width of that, you can see the font that I prefer to edit in has had no impact on the output on. I could output this in 345 more different ways, with a different of format each time. How Scrivener does that is by using settings in the compile options at the point that you come to export your work. So the principle to understand here is that styles are the exception in scrivener and not the rule. There's no need to style every piece of your work. In fact, to do so would actually hinder the compile option within Scrivener 9. Style Types: as we work through the proceeding lesson, you might have noticed various symbols in different places in the Scrivener interface. As we've looked at styles, what do they mean? They indicate the different types of stars available in scrivener paragraph styles relate to how the text within an entire paragraph is for muttered paragraph stars indicated with a pill crow symbol or a backward facing P. If you recall the slide comparing style elements within paragraph formatting and character formatting This type of star controls the paragraph elements. Now you can see all the styles in your currently focus Scriven Afar By opening the Styles panel, I'm using short cookie of control and s there moving down into my documents. I'm just going to select a few paragraphs. He s so we'll take the 1st 3 and I'm going to apply a block quote style on one simple click and it supplied. Now if you haven't selected a paragraph so I'd selected all three there and the star was applied to all three. If I just click into a paragraph there so nothing selected, I go back and click block quote. It will apply to the entire paragraph. Now what happens if the on style text has some elements of character formatting applied to it. So again, moving down, I'll select the words Scrooge on What I'm doing is going through it and putting some manual for munching on it. So bold italic lights up some metallic in there on underline, and you could even put some strike through on their like that this time, and you can either click within the paragraph or you can select it. But I want to apply that block quote again to this paragraph. We can see from that that when it paragraph styles applied to text, it changes the format of the selected paragraph. But it doesn't change any of the character level. Attributes such as bold italic underline on strike throw character stars all about letter variants again referring back to the side, comparing style elements within paragraph formatting and character formatting. This type of style controls the character elements. Character styles are indicated with an underlined a character to see that inaction or moved on to another paragraph, select some of the text, and this time I'm going to apply a code, spanned the style and when applied to selected text the text will have all the aspects of its formatting changed to match the character style. But what about existing character former elements? If we go back and we look at that other paragraph, we know applying a paragraph style leaves the character style elements unchanged. But what if I were to select the whole of that aunt? Apply a code span style to it, which is a character style. You can see this time completely different behavior. It's taken away the bold italic underline and strike through and replaced it with the character style from the code SparkNotes style. Another thing to be aware off is when you apply a character style without first making a selection. The style will change how the text is typed from that point forward, so moving to where I have no format looking the code span style. Nothing initially changes, but I as I start typing, I'm typing with the code span style applied to the text. Now there's 1/3 kind of style, and that's a blend of both paragraph styles on character styles, paragraph in character stars indicated with both symbols combined. This is done by including character styles within the definition of a paragraph style. We'll see how this is actually done in a later lesson, but we can apply an example of it right now. When applied, this type of star will apply both paragraph formatting Andi character formatting to show you the difference. I'm going to go back to the top of that document and select the book title. First they want to do is apply a standard paragraphs style of block quote. We know that's a standard paragraphs stylus. It's only got the pill crow symbol. There is no character symbol next to it. Another thing to notice is the font isn't changed. It's still a Times fund, so just undoing that this time I'm going to apply a hybrid paragraph character style, the green heading that I've got here. Now the symbol next to that one has the pill crow and the underlying A. So it's a hybrid style. A notice. Now that everything has changed, the color has changed, the front face has changed and the text is centered as well. Some of that is coming from the paragraph formatting elements, and some is coming from the character formatting elements. So the fact it's centered is a paragraph level attribute on the fact it's green on with a certain font face is a character level attribute. With that, you're ready to start applying and customizing the built in styles or creating custom styles on. That's what will cover in the rest of this course. 10. Applying Styles: So far, we've seen a single way to apply pre existing stars to your content, but there's a whole range of options when it comes to applying styles. I'm not joking when I say that, either Scriven have provides six ways to apply styles with a bone of Seventh Way. If you choose to create a custom shortcuts, don't worry about memorizing them all. Just use the one that works for you, which might well change depending on what you're doing. Or maybe just your mood. Let's start with applying styles from the menu, so I have a range of styles available within this file. I'm going to work through applying them in various different ways. So the 1st 1 is the menu, which is a format down to style. And then you have the available styles in the menu. So applying heading one to that one. Now if I just go back up there and just show you that in the available styles list, you have all the available styles listed, not just the original styles that Scriven a shipped with, but all your custom styles will be listed in here too. The scrivener interface changes to make applying all the available styles, a consistent experience. You'll also notice that you have style monitoring options available from that menu, too. But more on those options. In a later lesson, selecting the second block of text here on the second way to apply styles is to use the former bar. Now the former bar is displayed above the editors just below the main toolbar. If it isn't showing, you can ensure that it does show right by going to the menu. Onda choosing text editing on instead of it saying Hide former bar it should say show format bar And it will do that if I go back to it. View text editing. Now it's a show former bar because it it is no longer available. Clicking the show option turns its display back on, and from that you have the startles listed on Apply the second Stahler. Okay, moving on. If you remember from a previous lesson, which was how scrivener implements a style system, there are three different views of the former bar on which you'll actually see depends on the width of Scriven, a window on your Mac. The alternatives are, ah, full view of the former bar the medium view and a minimal view on the only thing that changes is the view of the button. The functionality stays exactly the same, so all you need to do is select the required style from the drop down list to apply it to the text in the editor. The third option is the right click menu, so making a selection hitting the right mouse button on there is a style option there again , all your style, the listed on its A heading three that we want on this one. The fourth option displays similar to the right click menu, but it shows the star list immediately to do that. There is a short cut key off command shift under Why? So it's exactly the same menu is you would see on a right click. What makes this a little bit faster is that you don't need to see the other options on the right click. That short cut takes you straight through to the stars list Andan here I'm going to apply heading for If you change your mind and decide not to apply a style, just press escape to close the pop over the fifth option is my second favorite way of working with styles, and it's to display the Styles panel, which is the floating panel that you can place anywhere on your screen and leave visible. This was a method that we saw in the previous lesson. If that panel isn't already open, Onda obviously in here it is, So I'm going to quickly close it. If it's not showing if you go up to format on down to style, you have an option to show the Styles panel the short cut key for that is control and s. And that's the option I use a long time on from here. I'm applying that heading five style Now. If you're the lucky owner of a touch bar equipped MacBook Pro, then the sex option for applying styles is to use the touch bar. Now that will be difficult for me to demonstrate, but for a fantastic touch bar emulation app called touche. If you're interested in trying to show yourself there's plenty of benefits of doing so beyond curiosity, then keep watching Is there is an entire bonus lesson, all about touche later in the course, but for now I've downloaded it, installed it on. I'm ready to demonstrate the way the touch bar can be used to apply styles. When you run the to share application, it displays a representation of the touch bar on your map screen. Now how you apply styles from this is to click on the no style option, and if you have a track pad, you can tap on that instead and then click or tap under drag. Ondas. You move across, you get a list of all the styles, and there is my heading six that I want applied. Having done that, I then click the cross to escape about option. I'm keeping it very brief here about touche, the only looking at applying styles, which is simple. As I say, This is not part of scrivener, but it is a free application that you can download, install and use with scrivener if you choose to. The final way of applying a style is to use a keyboard shortcut. Now each style can have a keyboard shortcut allocated to it. The style will be applied when that short cut is invoked. I happen to know that the heading seven style has a keyboard shortcut off command option on Day seven, which applies the style. Now you can check the keyboard shortcuts apply to any style by right clicking on the style and selecting the change keyboard shortcut option. The one with the tick next to it is the Warner that is active. Now you may find when you look a style, there's no ticket. All that means it doesn't have a keyboard shortcut. It will also tell you which of those short cuts are in use. So there you have it seven ways to apply your styles within Scrivener. As I said at the beginning of this lesson, don't worry about memorizing them all. Just use the one that works for you. 11. Creating New Styles: given Scrivener already provides a range of default styles. You might be wondering if you can create your own. Well, yes, you can. But why? Why would you want to? Well, if we ignore the obvious because you can answer, there are as many reasons to create custom stars as there are writers. It all comes down to whether creating a star will help you in any way. I've already mentioned some benefits, but let's just remind ourselves styles can save time. They can save time when you and are initially format in your work. They also provide consistency. That's as you continue to edit your work and then because you can update styles, it enables you to make changes in seconds that would otherwise take hours or even days. Now, styles also enable you to give meaning to your mark up. We'll cover this in much more detail in the upcoming lesson dedicated to naming your styles . But suffice it for now to say the giving your style's names that describe your content such hours, a style called question. Heading with a name like that, you'll have no problem recalling what you intended to use it for. So how do you do it well, follow along carefully. As after this lesson, you'll be able to use all the techniques to start your own style library for the class project. And don't forget to share your styles in the class project section of the course. The easiest way to create a style is to format a piece of existing texted. You want the style to look, Then you have two options. You can select format style from the menu. Andi New star from selection As an alternative to that in the Styles panel, there is a plus button at the bottom. Both of these methods will display the style definition dialog box. This is where the fun really starts and you're glad you followed along with all the previous lessons you did follow along with all the previous lessons, didn't you? Of course you did right. Those previous lessons were important as it was. There you learn about the different types of styles that Scriven a supports on the elements that each can contain. This is where that knowledge becomes important. So the first thing to do is give the Styler name does the name matter while it must be unique within the current file, and I would say it's wise if it makes sense to you. Best practices for naming your stars will be covered in the next lesson. I would give this one a name of heading one, and then the next option is a short cut key. There are nine pre configured shortcut keys available, although not list in the dialog box. That is a secret 10th shortcut allocated to know style, which means you could remove stars using a short cut key, but more on that later. Now there's not too many shortcut keys available in here, so I would keep them for your most frequently use styles. I won't set one on here, but that's how you do it. So moving on to look at the next option, which is to choose the type of style and you have three main options you can choose to save the character attributes the paragraph attributes or save all the former thing. Saving the character of tributes will create a character style saving The paragraph. Attributes will create a paragraph style. Saving all the formatting will create one of those hybrid styles that includes both elements off paragraph styles on character attributes, so I'm going to leave it set to that. You can then choose whether you include the font family and the font size as well or not. The next option is a highlight box. You can actually draw a highlight box around the text, and if you choose that option, you can then set a color for that highlight box, which isn't really needed for our style. So I'll move on. The next style option allows stars to be applied in chains. That means after this style that you're creating is applied new pressure return the style you specifies. The next style is automatically applied. The best way to explain what the next style option actually does is an example on. We'll do that in a later lesson, but right now that's all we need to do to create a new style so I can click. OK, and that's a Your first style is created. Not too difficult, is it? All you need to do now is repeat the process for all the styles you need to create. So going back to our sample text, let's do it again. This time, I'll create a different type of Styler. So going back and getting a new style, this one is going to be a character style. So I'm going to give it a name that makes sense. It's actually read, but I need it to mean something so I could put in here important. This time I want to create a character style, so I'm choosing just the character attributes. You'll notice that although I can still opt to include the font, family and font size, the next style option has disappeared. So I can't make a selection in there anymore. And that's fine and okay, and now I have a character style showing in the lower half of that Stars panel. Under the knowledge from this lesson, you can now get on with a class project. Think about the stars that you would find most useful in your work. Look back at your previous files, think about upcoming projects and make a list of the styles that you could create to help you work faster. And, of course, don't forget to share your ideas in the class discussion section of the course or your actual file in the Class Project section of the course 12. The Magic of the Next Style: in this lesson will result into a concept mentioned in the last lesson on that concept was the next style. The next style option allows styles to be applied in chains. That means after this style that you're currently using is applied and you press return, the style that you specify as the next style is automatically applied. The best way to explain what the next style option does is an example. And that's what I've got here, his example of some tax that could do with being formatted. There's no delineation of information. It all merges together, and it makes it very difficult to read. When four muttered is much more readable. It's easier to focus on the information on the clarity of the four. Mounting adds to the readability of the information, the first, most obvious differences, the color one color for the questions and another for the answers. Inventing the answer also draws attention to it. The spacing after the answer separates each question and answer into its own visual block as well. So let's have a look how to create that. So in this file, I already have some tax formatted in exactly the way that I needed to be formatted. But there are no F a Q styles at the moment, so the first step is to create a new style for the F A Q. Question. It's only going to use the Stars panel, and in there I want to call it F A Q. Question. I don't need a short cut. Do you want all the formatting? Now? You may think I'm going to go down to next, I'll and choose the next style I can, but I can't actually choose it, because the next style, the F A Q answer doesn't exist yet. But that's not a problem. We can come back and fix that. So okay, to create that style on that's added it to my paragraph styles. Repeat the process. So thank you. Answer. Create a new style. This time I had the four side to copy it so I can pay thought in Now, this time I can select the next style because when I finished typing my answer, I want toe automatically. Be ready to add the next question. So I choose F a Q question from the drop down there on. Okay, on that. Nearly done what an only to do is to go back to F. A Q question on this time. Redefine it from the selection, but I'm not actually changing the look of it. All I'm going to do is in the next style drop down. I'm going to choose the answer style on, okay, and that's the whole thing. Y it up. So I'm going back to able and scribbling on in here. I'll start to type some questions and answers, obviously nothing happening at this point, because I haven't actually told it what start to use for that initial line if I put in there. But that's a question, and then presenter, it automatically applies that f a Q answer. Repeating that pressing enter again on putting in question to and then answer to you can carry on like that for as long as you need. That next style concept is extremely powerful when it comes to four months in your work in Scrivener. What stars could you linked together in this way? I have to think about it and share your ideas for creating links styles in the class discussion 13. Naming Styles: this lesson would be only seconds long if I were to just show you how to name or rename a style. And we've already seen how to name styles when we created custom styles a few lessons back . This lesson goes beyond that and covers the best practices for naming styles. We already know. Style names need to be unique within your file. In addition to that, a name that makes sense to you is a great starting point. You want to be able to find the right style as fast as possible. When you're in the midst of your creative flow, the last thing you want to do is let your implementation of styles actually slow you down. First of all, styles are grouped by type paragraph styles on character styles. They are listed alphabetically within those two groups. Now, looking at this, you can see the highlighting styles are grouped by ensuring that they all start with the word highlighting. That made sense for me, but your needs maybe different, and that's fine. Scrivener is infinitely flexible, and you should do what makes sense for you under circumstances. The best styles of those whose names describe their function rather than their format. In other words, semantically named styles. In practical terms, that means naming styles in terms of what they mean rather than what they look like In this file. We have a style name off reddit text that makes sense when you create it. But what about six months later? Andi, It's actually a heading used for a new stave. It will be better to call it what it is stave on. While that's much better, there's still no indication that it's a heading. Will you remember? It's a heading if you're anything like may? Probably not. So how about heading Stave? That will mean it sorts alphabetically together with the other headings, and it describes precisely what it is. If you change the color from red to purple, you don't have to update the style name either. So if you have files like this and you like to update the style names, it's very simple. Redefine into their on this time we're going to call this one heading so it sorts properly , and then what? It is so semantically correct, logically described on okay, and it's a simple as that if you're wondering about not being able to see the full name. You can change the width of that styles panel, and then you can see the full name. So think about what styles, your need and how best to organize them, How best to name them and then you'll be able to create your style library. And that, of course, is the task for the class project. 14. Editing and Updating Styles: when you start working with a start you've created. If you find you prefer them to look different or have different names, you'll be glad to learn that all the stars you've created can be edited. When it comes to editing the style definition, there are a few limitations to be aware off. You can't convert paragraph styles to character styles, and conversely, you can't convert character styles to paragraph styles. What you can change is a styles name it short cut the formatting font family font size on the highlighting box. Those elements can be changed in both paragraphs styles on character styles. In addition to that, and only in relation to paragraph styles. You can also change the next style and decide whether to keep only the paragraph formatting or all the four month thing. So let's see that in action. There's two styles in here. First of all, there is the heading style on, then the introductory paragraphs here are formative, with style called intro paragraphs on what I'm Going to do. There is select one of thes paragraphs that shows me what style is applied to it, rather than go in and make changes in the definition. What I'm going to do is redefine what I would like this text to look like. So I actually want this text to be blue. So clicking on the drop down and choosing blue, then right click on the style name and choose to redefine paragraph style from selection. All of those options in there can be changed. I don't actually need to change anything in that. I've made my changes prior to opening this dialogue box. So click OK now give me a warning telling me that the intro paragraphs style will be updated throughout the project. On that, that action can't be undone. Well, that's exactly what I want. You can choose not to show this message again if you prefer, but I'm just gonna click OK now, that quick flush of that dialogue box on the fact that everything updated. That's the update process. So this changing of a style falls into two steps. There's the editing step that you do on this, the updating step that Scriven it us, and it's the updating process that happens after the star has bean edited. That's when the changes will be rippled through the entire Scriven a file, and it's that simple to edit your styles and have thumb update across your entire Scriven, a project 15. Removing Styles: It is, of course, possible to completely remove any trace of styles from your text. Remember, Scrivener is very fond of on style text as it makes the compile feature extremely flexible . So we're going to look at removing stars manually by selecting a specific piece of text and then choosing one of the seven methods we use to apply styles with an extra eight thrown in for good measure. Now, be aware both the actual styles on the four moting elements applied can be removed. So let's start with the first method, which is to use the menu bar. So making a selection of the text that I want to remove this style from up to the format menu down to style and then choose the option off No style moving on to the second method up to the former bar in the styles drop down. The first option is no style. Selecting that removes the style third option. This is to use the right click menu, so right clicking select style and then select no style moving on to the fourth method, and this was the pop over method to show the pop over. There was a short cut key off command shift on why it's exactly the same as the right click , but without having to go through an extra layer of menu on within. Their no style is at the top, moving on to the fifth way of removing a style that's to use the styles panel. Now. This has one difference. Instead of applying a no style style, there is actually a remove style button at the bottom. Clicking that removes the style. The six way is to use the touch bar or to shape selecting the text. You want to remove the style from down to the styles button. Click on that and then drag all the way across to the right. On the very first option is no style on click on their clicking the cross to close it as we covered in the creating stars lesson. There are nine reserved shortcut keys for styles. There's also 1/10 short cut, and that is command option and zero on that removes formatting and applies the no style or default formatting. So command option zero on that takes it away off there Now, I said, a bonus eighth option. The eight option, which is very configurable and great for removing four moting from multiple scribblings at once is a command called text to default formatting. Now, to show you this one, I'm going to need some content formatted with styles. And I have two copies here after the scripting that we've been working on. So just to show you this, I'm going to select both of them. So I'm holding the command key down and selecting both of them. I go to scribblings, move you here. You can see it. They are identical, but I have actually got both of them selected. You then go up to documents on down to convert and text to default four moting, which displays a dialog box. Now the configuration dollar box gives you two main options with four preserve options. So your 1st 2 main options to convert only the front or you can remove all the styles. Now I'm going to remove all the styles here. But you also have these options to preserve the font size, the alignment, the taps, and in dense on the line, spacing so completely up to you what you do with it. It's very configurable. So I'm going to click OK on what that has actually done is remove all the styles. It might not look like it house, but what is left if I click on one of these options is it's now formatted with no style. As I select this, if we check at the top, it's all formatted with no star. What has been left behind is the character styles, so manual formatting. If you want this to be truly the default formatting, the best way to proceed from this point is to use commander in a which will select everything I know it's turned green. I don't think it should turn green, but a never mind. I could have possibly found a bug, but all I'm doing is selecting all the text so I can hit this remove style option at the bottom. And this time it really has removed absolutely everything. Now, which method should you use? As I've said, whichever suits you, it's completely up to you. They all achieve the same results. There are some extra considerations to be aware off, though when it comes to removing styles, you need to click twice if you want to remove both paragraph on character styles. which you've just had a sneak peek off. But if we go into another scribbling here, which has lots of four moting applied to it. If I wanted to remove from this, let me select the whole lot. So, like that, what I've got applied to this is a block quote style. But I also have manual formatting in terms of bold italic, underline and strike through. So moving down to the stars panel on clicking remove. If I click once it removes the paragraph style click again, it removes everything else. So be aware. Sometimes you're going to need to go through this process twice now. I also need to mention what happens if you delete a style from Scrivener because it might not be what you would expect now. Here, I mean, deleting the actual style from the list of available styles rather than removing a style from some style text. Now, deleting a style returns the taxed to know style, but it doesn't actually change the look of the text, so it works if what you want is to remove the actual style definition from scrivener, but it doesn't work. If what you wanted to achieve was to return the text styled with the style toe having the same look as the default format. Let's have a look at that. So I have here two styles. I think you question, I fake you answer. What I'm going to do is find them in the list Over here on the right on. I'm going to delete the paragraph style. It will warn May it will say it will be deleted and it will be removed from the text throughout the project. But I'm sure, so I'm going to click, OK, and it's now removing it. It has removed it. We look across to here, it's gone, but you can see that the text is still full muttered exactly as it waas. We do the same again without dial under. Okay, It's gone from the list on the right hand side, but it's still formatted the same way. But if I click in it, you can see they're both now formatted as no style. What that tells you is that the format that that text has applied to it is now a manual format, which means that you couldn't automatically update the look of it Vira style because it has no style applied to it any longer. Now a quick warning styled text is easier to find when wishing to apply a different style to it. So the warning is when you remove a style, it makes it difficult to apply another style toe that specific block of text because there's no easy way to select all the text that had previously got a style applied to it. If you remove that style, it can be done, but it becomes a manual job. The style is a hawk by which you can navigate and reformer both in terms of editing the style definition on by selecting the style elements. So there are plenty of ways to get back to default formatting, which means that you contest style in your work. With the full confidence, you'll be able to control exactly how much formatting you keep 16. Navigating By Style: In addition to all the benefits of style, such a saving time and consistency, there's another benefit, and that's the ability to navigate from one instance of a specific style to the next or previous instance off it. Another navigation is done via the next on previous buttons in the Styles panel. In this valve it I've got open. I've added some illustrations to it. So as I scroll down, you can see I've got illustration one. Keep going. I got to, and there's actually eight illustrations in there. Each of the illustrations has a caption underneath it with a number, and I might find it very useful to navigate from instance, to instance, off the illustration rather than doing the scrolling that I'm doing this money scripts quite small by comparison to a full novel. But there's still 30,000 words in it, so she navigates. All you need to do is to place your insertion point within one instance of the style. If you're unsure how that's formatted, put your insertion point in it and check in the Styles panel, and in this case, it's caption illustration. Then it's a simple matter of using the forward and back buttons to go up or down. So that's 456 And as I say, there is eight. So taking that back up again and I can get back right to the top illustration. Number one. Now, once you're at the first instance of style all the last instance of the style if you keep going. So in this case, going backwards. So I've gone from 3 to 2 to one. If I click that again, it takes me to the very last instance of it, which is number eight. So it rotates through all the instances. So let's see that again, this time with a different style. So this time with a block quote style. With this, it's actually quite difficult toe Ascertain where the block quote style is applied because it's the same color, but it is indented and the farm is slightly smaller. So that is one instance of the block quote. It illustrates just how useful this feature is, because to try and find it another way would be very slow. So moving forwards on it's taking me through all the block quotes that I've got that not I say when you get to the end it will take you back to the top. And it isn't just these caption styles that could be navigated in this way. You can navigate by oval styles on that, paradoxically, includes the no style formatting. I use the navigation feature a lot when I'm working on course materials, which include both instructions on background information. The feature allows me to navigate from demonstration to demonstration, skipping the background information positioned between each demonstration. How could you benefit from navigating between instances of styles in your work? I'd love to hear what opportunities this feature can open up for you. So do share that in the class discussion area of the course, and I'll see you in the next lesson. 17. The Styles Panel: Styles panel is an extremely powerful central way to manage and work with styles. So let's look at every option it house to assist you in doing just that. Some of these features we've seen in dedicated lessons. So this is going to just be a brief recap. Top of the dialogue box lists. The paragraph styles on the lower half lists the character styles. Then the first option in the control center at the bottom edge of the Stars panel is the out button. This is how you start the process of adding a new style to the currently open scrivener file and was in detail the subject of one of our previous lessons. The next option is available from the cock, and it's the select a range option. Now it makes a selection in the editor of the text based on the location of the insertion point. It's actually far easier to show it than it is to explain it. So going back to the editor on finding some text. So I'm going to choose this malu text going back to the car and choosing a select style range. A selection is made based on the contiguous area formatted by that style. If you have multiple scribbling showed, the selection is constrained within the current scribbling. That is a very useful feature for selecting the correct area to apply a new style to, as it ensures, you don't inadvertently miss part of the text. Tell me to just de select that before we go on to look at the next option, which is the select all style option. Now this select all instances of a style within your Scriven a file. Once elected, you can choose to apply a different style, removed the style or apply some manual formatting because my assertion point is in a paragraph that's formatted with history style. I choose to select all styles, and she moved down just to show you that every paragraph that is for muttered with history style is selected now. Once it selected, I could change the style if I wanted. So making sure it is still selected go over to my stars panel and shoes background, and that has updated that style. It's changed it from history to background every instance that was selected, so that's one reason that you may want to use it, and I can just click on history to change that back again. Another thing you could do is choose to remove the style completely, so I'm going to click remove style. But what I'm not going to do is click away. I'm not going to de select that. That's the problem. If I remove a style from that text, I can't at this point because it's still selected. Apply a style back to it. But if I'd removed the style and clicked away, it would be a manual job then of going back and finding each instance that needed to be formatted with that style. So remember, doing that makes it very difficult to reapply it because it becomes just plain on style. Text select Similar four months thing is very similar in function to select by style, but there's no need for the text to actually have a style applied to it. What I mean by that is manual formatting is sufficient for the text to be included in the selection, so I'm going to move down. So I've got a paragraph of text isn't formatted. I've got this no style paragraph here on. I'm going to highlight certain parts of it so I'm going to highlight our whole sentence there with my highlights style. So that's a character style, and I'll do another one there. But now, on radio to the top of that, I'm going to select a little bit of text, and I'm going to just apply our highlight to that on one more for good luck there Now to look out. There's no difference at all between those for malted words, because the character style just applies our highlight. That's it. If I click in an area that's been formatted with a character style and I go back to the cog on, I choose, select similar formatting it select both instances that have been formatted with the character style. However, despite the fact that these two elements at the top of that paragraph look identical, they're not selected because they're not actually considered to be the same format now. Conversely, if I click in one of those areas when I go back to the cog and to select similar formatting , only those 1st 2 are selected, which have the manual highlight applied to them. Now the next options are going back in clicking in my paragraph there, the next option is redefined paragraph style from selection. Now we saw this in action in the lesson about editing and updating styles. It's this feature that allows styles to be modified by editing the sternal definition. And then the changes ripple through your Scriven a file very briefly, just to reiterate that what I need to do is redefine my style, redefined what I want that text to look like. So let's say I want to sort of pinky orange color applying to that. Then I go down to the cog redefined paragraph star from selection. That is literally all I need to do that. The only change I want to make it warns, May that it will update this throughout the entire project. That's exactly what I want. It has a little think about it, and then that is exactly what it has done. Now remember the main limitation here. You can't convert paragraph styles to character styles, and you can't convert character styles to paragraph styles. Other than that, it's simply a matter of formatting. A sample of the text in your scrivener editor on selecting this redefined paragraph star from selection option on the next option available from Dr Cog is delete the paragraph style. Now we cover deleting paragraph styles in much more detail in the previous lesson on removing styles. If you recall, it's all about removing the star definition from the list of styles rather than removing the actual former thing from the start text. Once the style definition has been deleted, the text will be styled as no style but will retain the previous look as manual formatting . These two options a related to paragraph styles while the next to relate to character styles. Now, before I explain what these options do, I need to form out some text here. So I've got something to work with. So I'm just going to select that first sentence there on applying character style to it. So I use the highlight option that we've got that now, like the same option relating to paragraph styles. We saw this in action in the lesson about editing and updating styles. It's this feature that allows character styles to be modified by editing the style definition on the changes, then ripple through your scrivener file. There is a reason why there are two options which, on first view, appear very similar redefined paragraph star from selection on redefine character Cell from selection, since the text in Scrivener can have both a paragraph style under character style at the same time, having two options means you can extract just the paragraph elements or just the character elements to create a style from without having toe have multiple blocks of text containing only paragraph formatting elements or only the character for marching elements. So at the moment that has a yellow highlighter on it. If I go and change that, so needs work will make that a sort of pinky red color on down to the cork and redefine character style from selection. Are you sure? Yes, absolutely. I'm positive, and that makes those changes. So the text of colored with That pink highlighter is pink, and so is my character style. The next option is to delete a character style. Again, we covered deleting character cells in more detail in the previous lesson, but in simple terms, the option removes the character style definition. But it leaves the text formatted as it was when it was styled with a style no, but tones the coke. And there's one more option in there, which is import style. Suffice it to say the import styles option is used to transfer your styles between files and is a huge time saver. We're going to see that in detail in the next lesson. But for the sake of completeness, I'm just going to briefly mention the two final options covered in the last two lessons. The first of these is a navigating by style, which will what these buttons at the bottom right hand corner of that stars panel or four on the last option is the remove styles, a button, which we've just seen in action that removes all the formatting from the selected text. So that was a brief but comprehensive tour off all the functions available in the style panel dialog box. The next lesson will show you how to transfer styles between Scriven a files 18. Transferring Files: it's easy to spend a long time creating styles to customize your script in our experience, and having done so, you'll likely soon off the need to transfer them to another file. As I've mentioned, I have a completely separate scrivener file. It's got no content in it. Other than my preferred styles, I decided to create this. So I knew which Scriven a file had the very latest version of my styles. And I consider this file to be the definitive source of my style's. So how do we create this on transfer styles to it? A question a lot of people have is. Can you export styles from Scripture? All the thing is, you don't really need to export styles as they can be imported directly from another Scriven a file, and they're of no use unless they're hosted within a Scriven a file. If you recall from a previous lesson, styles travel with files. Each file has its own discreet collection of styles embedded within it. So you pull styles from another Scriven a file into the current file rather than push them away from the current file. And that's exactly how I created my own style. library, the temple of which is available for download. In this course, I mind my existing files for styles I wanted to reuse in future projects on and created a library off them. Why? Well, let's not forget all those benefits of using styles within your files to save time to create consistency of four moting between your files. To give meaning to the way your content is full muttered and navigating by stars is a quick way to locate related information. Let's build our own star library right now. I have three files open here. I'm going to go through them and show you what we've actually got, and then we'll start working magic with them. So the first file I've called the receiving file. This is the far we're going to pull the styles into. I have two other files. The 1st 1 is headings. The only styles that are available within this headings Scriven a file are the heading paragraph styles. The lust file I have opened just behind the Styles panel is the highlight styles. On a click on there, you can see it's got no paragraph styles, but it does have character styles in the form of all my highlighting styles. Now I want to close those files. You don't need the files that you're importing from to be open. So with the receiving file open, this is the file that you're going to import your styles into down to the cog on imports styles. The alternative to that is available from the menu, which is a format styles imports styles in the dialogue box you choose. The father contains the stars you want to import, so I'm going to start with heading styles. I need to move the stars panel out of the way on, then click Import. And it is a simple is that all the styles have imported, which are always heading. Styles appear where they're expected in the paragraph styles on. They can be used from there. So just selecting that contents on giving it a heading three. That was so simple. Let's do it again. This time I'm going down to the cock import styles Aunt. Instead of choosing the heading stars, I'll choose the highlight styles, import those and they're now appear in the character styles section. So this time, if I was just choose the name of that I could put my highlights on it. Now that is simple enough, but it's much more likely the you'll encounter a dialog box seeking your input as you work through your files. This happens when you attempt to import styles with the same name as existing styles in the project you're importing into. Let's have a look at that. So have another file open here. This is the final. I'm going to import more styles into to going through the same procedure again with imports styles. This time I get this message. There's a lot of information that dialogue box. So what does they mean? Well, what is giving you is information. First of all, to say, there are styles with the following names, but different four month thing that already exist in this file that you're trying to import styles into. Because of that, it gives you four different options. The first option is keep existing styles. If you choose this option, the styles with the same names won't be imported, but all the other styles will be imported. The second option is replace existing styles. With this option, the styles with the same names will replace the existing styles on the text will be reformatted too much the look off the imported styles. The third option is tow ARD imported styles. This will add styles to the project without replacing the existing styles. All the imported styles will have a number in brackets after their name on the existing formatted text. It won't be reformatted too much the imported styles. The fourth option is council or as I like to call it the Yikes. Get me out of here option. It gives you the chance to cancel the operation. Obviously, if you want to import your styles, you can cancel the operation. What is giving you the opportunity to do is to go and deal with the clashing styles manually and then come back and try the process again after you've made changes. The option I'm going to go for here is the second option. Replace existing styles. What we want to see here is that the text within the destination file this file that we're looking at updates to match the newly imported styles. I'll give you a clue as to what we're looking for. The styles that I'm importing make the text right. So I'm going to select, replace existing styles. It brings the men and then it starts updating and it has updated things Here it's updated the preface, the contents andare introductory paragraph. So that definitely worked. It overrode the styles we had already. That was because the names were the same. But it also updated the formatting of text in the editor that had that style applied to it . I'm going to go back and repeat that process. This time I'm choosing the last file that I'm working within this lesson and again I get this dialog box. This time I'm going to choose Option three, which is add the imported styles. All the stars are added, but no changes are made to the existing text. Asil. The imported styles have different names, so let's have a look at that. I've imported a star called center text, and it's put award after it. Code Block has a one after it. Title has a one after it. Code span and emphasis all have ones after them. You can see from the preview that they are different styles. So, for instance, our title would have bean green if he had her over written the red style, but it hasn't. It's just added it to the file without reformatting the text. Now importing styles and the methods used to transfer them between files is something well worth mastering to give yourself the maximum flexibility when it comes to working with styles. 19. BONUS: Touché: If you have a touch bar on your Mac, fantastic, you'll have another way of interacting with scrivener, as we saw in the applying styles. Listen, but what if you don't have a touch bar on your Mac? Well, the good news is you don't have to feel left out of the Apple Tory's party, courtesy of a free out from red sort of software. Touche installs on your Mac and displays a virtual touch bar on your screen. And this is much more than just a image. It's a completely functional, interactive virtual version of the physical touch bar that you can interact with using your mouse or track part, and you can use it to control Scriven up. It was originally built for developers to test the code, but it's perfect for using in conjunction with Scriven up. Let me show you some of the best tips for using these two fantastic applications together in terms of basic functionality. Touche shows controls for both Scrivener and Mike O. S. When Scrivener is the active application, and that's what we're seeing on the screen right now. The functionality, available in Touche is determined by the APP developer, and that's Keith from literature. Lottie Andi. It's contact sensitive so the available functions change depending on what you're doing. As the focus changes in scrivener, so does the range of options available on the Touche Touch Bar. Well, look at four specific areas of scrivener and how touche works with those areas. So first there's the editor. When the editor is active as it is right now, the options available. Start on the left hand side with the view option. Clicking on My view option drills you down a level on the options in there. Are you to tackle the binder on enough? So that's the kind of on and off. It also allows you to access collections, and you'll see what's happening as I activate one of thes options. It takes me back to the top level, and I have to click the option again to drill down. They're turning the collections off, going back in. You can also choose to have a jewel view. So there's the horizontal Jewell view on the vertical Jewell view, which is the one that's active, and that's why the bottom is a slightly lighter car. The third option allows you to return to a single pain view. One single editor on the last option on there. Parents. Hubble's on and off the info panel on the right hand side, so I'll turn that back on now. That was only the first button in that The second option in there is styles. Now it's saying no style at the moment because the text that I have selected or the text that I am the insertion point is inside isn't styled yet. But if I did want to style that, say that paragraph, it's a simple is going down to the touche touch bar clicking on no style on what I have listed in here, all the styles that are available and to navigate them. I'm clicking on drugging to the left and drugging to the right, and that lets me move between the available styles. So if I wanted to apply a block quote style, all I need to do is to click the option. This time it doesn't take me back up a level, so I have to hit that cross button to go back to the top, right, selecting some more text. You have manual formatting options in here as well, so clicking on that and you can apply. It highlights. So there's a yellow highlight on that text again. You have to click the cross to go back up a level, and then it's on to bullet points. So getting to the beginning of a line there, I'm clicking the options there, and you've got a full range of options when it comes to bullets on Numbering on Click the Cross to go but up a level. The last option in that group allows you to open this scribbling as a quick reference panel . So having done that, I will just close that quick reference panel down. Now. There's one more option on that, which is this plus option here. What that will do is let you out a new scribbling. You can choose from a blank scribbling. You can choose a folder on. If you have any templates defined, you can choose one off those as well, so back up to the top if you've changed your mind. Now, the other options that are on the right hand side of this menu are all to do with the Mac OS operating system on you can click up Arrow to extend those options. So now, despite the fact that Scrivener is the active window, all the options that are available offer Mac OS and clicking across to return all the options available in Touche and the Touch Bar change when the binder is active. Now we still have the view option on that has all the same options available, closing that we also have the ability to view the collections. But now we've got other options as well. The 1st 1 of these is to apply a label so clicking on that you have all the labels that you have available where so green and that will apply it. In addition to that, you have the option to set up a status, so we'll say that that is a first draft. The last option in that group is to change the icon. When you do that, it gives you a list of recent icons on the left there and then moving across to the right. There are all the icons that were available, so I'm clicking and dragging. Or you could use your touch bar on tap on drug, and it shows you all of the options that are available so change the icon there to that warning again, you have an option to add so clicking on that and you have exactly the same options available. It's just that this time your binder is active. It's also in the binder. The third location is the outline. This time you have a few different options available. This is probably a good time to mention that having half of the Scrivener interface actually hidden behind touche probably isn't the best idea I have ever had. So I'm moving down on. I'm pulling that up so we can actually see all of the options that are available within Scrivener as a well, too shy now some of the options that we've got on here we've got the view option, as we've seen in all of the other views. But now we have options that are only relevant when you are in an outline view. So this option here is to auto open the selection in another editor or a copy holder. Usually I have that turned on. I don't at the moment, but clicking that will enable it. Now the option in the status bar has turned blue to tell me that that is enabled. If I have something selected, then I have the same options for status on the label. I can choose to hide the Synopsys or show the Synopsys and I can choose to add new content as well. In exactly the same way is in the other views. The last area to look out is the synopsis. So making that to the active interface element and again you have the views option, and again it drills you down to exactly the same options we've seen three times before. The 2nd 1 I can't get working. It's a smiley face. I have no idea what it does. It doesn't work on my machine. If you have a go with it and it works on yours. Do let me know in the class discussion, I'd be fascinated. The third option allows you to add an image to your index card, so clicking on that it will actually flip around the index card and it invites you to drop an image here. And that's exactly what you can do and then flip back to the front of the card. I find it quite strange that you also have in between the Scrivener elements on the left hand side on the Mac OS elements on the right hand side, some options in the middle and what they are is auto suggested spellings, typing suggestions per IOS as available on your iPhone or your iPad. I would never use that. But your mileage may vary now, by far the best tip when it comes to touche. Working with Scrivener is that touche works just as well in Scriven, a composed mode that's the no do you can use to focus on writing without the destruction off all of the scrivener interface elements. And you can get to that in two ways. The first way is to go up to the View menu on in there, down to enter composition mode. The other way to do that is with short cut, K off command option on F. Now I actually think that that looks much more integrated than the built in Scrivener Styles panel. It shows up at the bottom of the screen and were to show having a dark interface. It completely marches the composition view within scrivener. You can in here move your mouse down to the bottom of the screen, and it will bring up some scrivener elements. Now I'm recording this on a much smaller screen than I usually use on my 27 inch iMac. So on my 27 Ingi mark, I don't lose any of the standard scrivener interface, the touche interface. It's neatly in between the scrivener built in options. Now, the other way of doing this the built in way of doing this would be to bring up the styles panel, and to do that, there is a short cut key off control s and there is the Stars panel now. It doesn't match. It doesn't match at all. And that's why I think there's a great benefit to using to shake with scrivener. So touche is an optional extra application that you may find useful to mimic the functionality of the physical touch bar that you'll find on the top of the range MacBook Pro Laptops. It's available free from Red sweater software. On that is red Dutch sweater dot com slash touche. 20. Class Project: it's your turn now. Your challenge. Create a star library in less than 10 minutes. Now you've watched all the lessons. The next step couldn't be easier. Just download the template. Then all you need to do is follow along with the tips in the rest of this class project. Lesson on. Build your own style. Library your needs, Griffin. Er, of course, but if you don't have it yet, or you haven't upgraded to Scriven a three yet, you can still play along by downloading the fully functional 30 day trial from the teacher and Lati. Open the file you've downloaded, and this is what you'll see. I've created a top level folder for each type of style grouping that I use within the main draft folder. For me, it made sense to do this by the type of work, So I do video training, writing on other stuff. Those are the folders I've created within each of those top level folders. There's a collection of Scriven ings, one for each type of style, so headings highlights text, and it's in those scribblings that you'll see the actual styles. All I do is style. Each sample of Texas I prefer and then create a new style based on that four month thing. When it comes to using those styles in specific files, I used the import styles method that we covered in a previous lesson to transfer the styles to the required Scriven of files. I'd love to see what you come up with, and I'm sure your fellow students would, too. So do please share your styles with class in the project gallery. The easiest way to do that would be if you to take a screenshot of your styles panel are not loaded to the class project section of the course. Not sure how to do that on a Mac. It's really simple. There is a dedicated short cut key. All you need to do is to press command shift, and four. Your cursor will change to a different icon. Move it over to the Styles panel, press the space bar and then click. Once. That should place a screen shot off your stars panel on your desktop, and all you need to do is upload that file. I can't wait to see what you come up with 21. Wrap Up: Well, we're at the end of this class dedicated to all things styles. In Scriven a three. We've covered all the options that Scrivener provides for you to work with styles. And I hope that you feel confident in creating your own style on working with them. I would love to hear your feedback. And if you've enjoyed the course, I'd be really grateful if you could find the time to review it. I look forward to seeing your styles and hopefully meeting you again in a future course. Talking of which what elements of scrivener would you like help with? What topics would you like to see covered in future courses? Do let me know in the meanwhile, enjoy your writing and I'll see you next time.