School & Education Vocabulary | English Language Pro | For Your English | Skillshare

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School & Education Vocabulary | English Language Pro

teacher avatar For Your English, English Made Easy

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

17 Lessons (51m)
    • 1. Elementary School 1 | Pre kindergarten

    • 2. Elementary School 2 | Kindergarten & grades

    • 3. Elementary School 3 | 1st - 5th grade

    • 4. Assignment: Describe an experience!

    • 5. Middle School Vocabulary

    • 6. High School 1 | Years 1-2, grades

    • 7. High School 2 | Years 3-4, graduation

    • 8. Assignment: High school experience

    • 9. College 1 | Your 'major' & 'minor'

    • 10. College 2 | Associates & bachelor's degrees

    • 11. Prof Schools | Med school, law school

    • 12. Graduate School | Master's degree

    • 13. Graduate School | PhD/Doctorate

    • 14. Assignment | College experience

    • 15. Education idioms 1

    • 16. Education idioms 2

    • 17. Assignment: Idioms homework!

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About This Class

Easily talk about school and education in English! 

  • No time wasting, only the best educational vocabulary, greetings and cultural knowledge

  • English language fluency for any academic situation (formal & informal)

  • Be comfortable in the English language

  • Understand American culture

  • And more...! 

Can't wait to see you in the course!

Meet Your Teacher

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For Your English

English Made Easy



I'm Kallan from For Your English 

and I'm here to help you get fluent in English!


Improve your English grammar, speaking and conversation, listening, pronunciation, vocabulary, business English, American slang, idioms, phrasal verbs +  any other English language skills you need!


Talk to you soon and message me with any English questions!


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1. Elementary School 1 | Pre kindergarten: school and education. Because everyone in the world has experienced some amount of education, it's a super popular topic for discussion. I'm an American, so I'm going to focus on the American education system and culture from the very beginning until the very end, which is pretty much from pre K all the way to getting a PhD when I can. I will do my best to explain how things are different in the UK As we do this, you're going to get a ton of vocabulary, cultural knowledge and context to talk about your studies when you were a kid, a teenager adult and your goals for the future so you can participate in any conversation on the topic and know what other people are discussing after focusing on the school system and vocabulary will end with my favorite education related idioms. I really recommend you watch all these education videos because I'm going to introduce a lot of vocabulary, and there will be plenty of homework exercises along the way, meaning as we continue to the end. But if you really want to jump ahead meaning go straight to the lecture, your most interested in elementary school from pre K to grade five. Firstly, if you are a student anywhere from pre K to Grade five, we can say you are an elementary school student in elementary school or an elementary schooler. Ah, less common term for elementary school is primary school, so we can also say you are a primary school student in elementary school. You only have one teacher for the whole year and share the same classroom with the same students. This changes once you start middle school. Let's start with pre K, also called nursery school and preschool in the US, I believe in the United Kingdom. This is reception in the United States. Most people use the term pre K, so that's what I'll use. Pre K is short for pre kindergarten. Kindergarten is the first real year of school for a child. Kindergarten is called Year one. In the UK we can say you are in pre K in nursery school or in preschool. We can also say you are a pre K student, a nursery school student or a preschooler. Generally, you are in pre K from the ages of three until five. For the United Kingdom, reception is most often from the ages of four until five and the year before that is called nursery school. The main goal of pre K is to teach Children how to behave in a real classroom. You might be introduced to some real subjects, like math, but the primary focus is on learning about good and bad behavior in school customs. Finally, pre K is not required is optional for students to attend. 2. Elementary School 2 | Kindergarten & grades: kindergarten After completing pre K. There is one year of kindergarten, most often from ages 5 to 6. We can say you are in kindergarten or a kindergartener. Notice that the T in kindergarten is pronounced with a D sound kindergarten, so it sounds like garden but is not spelt the same. That's because this word comes straight from German. Most states in the United States require students to attend kindergarten, but not all kindergarten or year. One, if you're in the UK, is still pretty similar to pre K. But with a little more focus on riel Elementary school topics like math, language, reading signs, social studies and art. In the United States, we say math. In the United Kingdom, they say maths with an S at the end. This is because they are abbreviations for mathematics. So an American student will say, I study math, and a British student will say I study maths as well. Social studies is a required class that focuses on society, geography, history, culture and government. There is another class of students start to take later in their education called civics. Civics focuses specifically on the government how it functions and what it means to be a citizen. It's fairly common for teachers and parents to agree to hold their Children back for another year of kindergarten in education. To be held back means to not progress, to not move on to the next level of education. Usually, it's because you are not academically prepared for the next great, but sometimes especially for kindergarten. It might be because the child is so small compared to other classmates or not yet adopted the appropriate behavior for a real classroom. As you get older, if you are held back, it simply means you failed too many classes and do not meet the requirements to continue to the next grade, which is very embarrassing when you're older. To fail, a grade has the exact same meaning to fail. A class means that you did not pass a specific class and will have to repeat it, or we can say retake it. So failed too many classes in one year, and you are held back or have to repeat a great meeting. You failed the great in the US we have a grading system for the classes you take that correspond to a percentage from 0 to 100% and F is the worst grade you can get and means failed. That's anything from 59% and below. A D is next and usually means you barely passed. That's from 60% to 69% but some teachers require a seat to pass the Class A C means fair or average and is from 70 to 79%. Next is a B, which means good. A B is from 80 to 89%. Finally, the best grade you can get is an A, which means excellent and a is from 90 to 100% weaken. Say, to get a blank great or to receive up Blake grade. When I say blank, I mean like a, B, C, D or F get is much more common. If we're describing a percentage while so use the verb git plus a percent to get a percent . What did you get on the test? I got an A or I got a 95%. How do you think you'll do on the test? I need to get at least a C to pass this class or I need to get at least a 70% to pass this class. It's most common to talk about the grade you receive, and we usually talk about the percent to be more specific for these grades, you can also get a minus or plus a B plus means you are very close to getting an A or more specifically in a minus. Ah, B minus means you are closer to getting a see more specifically a C plus. Did you get all A's this semester? Almost. I got three A's and a B plus, starting in elementary school and continuing until you finish high school. You also get a report card. You get at least one report card per semester, and it gives a list of your classes and the grade you got. There are two semesters in the school year. Each semester is made up of 2/4 so there are 4/4 in a year for the same time period. You also have parent teacher conferences. These are meetings your parents and your teachers have where they discuss your grades in classroom behaviour. Most often, the student will also attend these meetings. It's an opportunity for parents to talk to their child's teachers and see how they are performing for Children. These conferences are often torture. Finally, field trips also start to happen in kindergarten and will continue until you finish your education. Ah, field trip is when you visit a place outside of your school in order to learn more about a specific topic. So, for example, a student might take a field trip to a bank to learn more about money and finance. You might also go on a field trip to a university when you were in high school to learn more about college. The expressions. We use art to go on a field trip and to take a field trip, especially when you're younger. You need to get a permission slip signed by your parents. The permission slip gives the school permission to take the student to a place outside of the school. Mom, I need you to sign this permission slip. What's it for? It's for a field trip to the zoo to learn about animals. Oh, sure, I'll sign that. Do you have a pen or pencil? 3. Elementary School 3 | 1st - 5th grade: first great after kindergarten, students enter first grade, and it is mandatory for everyone, meaning required starting in first grade. Every year you enter a new great, and this continues for the rest of your education. When I say you enter a new grade, I'm saying that you begin a new grade, a new level of academic learning. In first grade, you are eight first greater, or we can say you're in the first grade the next year. Not much changes, and this is second grid. You are in second grade, or we can say you are a second. Greater first and second grade are for students aged 6 to 8 years old. In the UK, first grade is called a year to, and second grade is called Year three. After second grade, you enter third grade, so you are now 1/3 grader or in third grade in between the ages of eight and nine in the U . K. This means you are in year for third grade is important because this is when you start to really study science. Fourth and fifth grade Force and fifth grade are the last years of elementary school, so you are in fourth grade or 1/4 grader as well in fifth grade or 1/5 grader. What you studied doesn't change very much in these grades, but the social aspects are starting to change. If you're in fourth or fifth grade, you're between the ages of nine and 11. In these grades, students look obviously older than the younger elementary school students and are close to experiencing puberty. Puberty is when you reach sexual maturity and are biologically able to sexually reproduce meeting, have sex in spoken English, we most often say to hit puberty to hit puberty means to start to experience those bodily changes that indicate you are becoming an adult. Physically. 13 is when you are technically a teenager, and before that you are a preteen. Another word for teenager is adolescent, but that's a more formal word. What's more common is teenager or just teen. So you're a teenager from 13 until 19 4. Assignment: Describe an experience!: homework. Elementary school is something that most of us finished a long time ago. So it's a great opportunity for you to tell me about your past. Tell me what kind of student you were. Where you a good student or a bad student? What were your favorite subjects? Me. I was a pretty bad student. I hated school. But now I love it in this section. I'm telling you everything about school in the United States. I would also love to know more about school in your country. So please tell me how things are similar and how they're different. I can't wait to learn more about where you're from and about you specifically. 5. Middle School Vocabulary: middle school. Middle School is great 67 and eight for most students in the U. S. From ages 11 to 14 and is less commonly called Junior High. We can say someone is a six grader, seventh grader or eighth grader. Additionally, we can say they are in the sixth grade, in the seventh grade or in the eighth grade. In the UK this is years seven. Tonight Middle school is still part of your primary school education. And to generally describe yourself as a student who attends a middle school, we can say you are a middle schooler. In middle school, students can start to choose some of their own classes. These air, called electives and elective, is a class that a student chooses to take or not take, meaning it is elective or their choice as well. Middle school is when periods are introduced. Some schools have up to 10 periods in a school day that last for about 45 minutes to 90 minutes. Each period is a different class or activity, for example, one period for history class, one period for gym class, one for lunch and another period for English class. The list of all your classes or periods is your schedule or your class schedule. When describing your schedule, we use Ordell numbers like 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th and 10th to refer to each period. Organizing your schedule with periods will continue until you graduate from high school. Did you get your schedule yet? I have first period gym. What about you? Dang, I have six period gym with the other teacher. I have third period study hall. Do you? I do awesome. So we have the same study Hall Study Hall is a period where students do their homework and study with the supervision of a teacher in middle school. The required classes Everyone must take our English history, science, math and physical education. Physical education, also called P E for short, is gym class, the most popular elective classes students can choose from in middle school. Our band and orchestra, which means playing a musical instrument chorus, which means singing in a group called a choir art, which means painting and drawing home economics, which is learning about things around the house like cooking and parenting drama, which means acting and performing, and computer science, which teaches kids how to use computers and other tech stuff. Another class students start to take in school, and it's sometimes taught in home. Economics is sex ed short Fort Sex Education. You might take your first sex ed class near the end of elementary school and will probably take your last one. The first year of high school sex education should teach Children about sexual activity, relationships, reproduction, birth control and their sexual anatomy to better understand parts of their bodies like the vagina and Penis. Finally, because students are hitting puberty and starting to date and have romantic relationships, it's also the time that schools will host special events like dances at a school dance. There will be music and possibly some food. That's really it. It's an opportunity for students to begin dating in a controlled environment. If you invite someone to go to a dance with you, that person is your date. The dances are usually chaperoned, meaning supervised by teachers and the parents of students. To make sure nothing crazy happens. The person who chaperones is called a chaperone. We also call these dances, mixers and socials. At most schools, there are a few dances each year, and the biggest dance is prom that is specifically designed for the last year you are in high school. Problem is often the first time people have sex and experiment with alcohol. It is culturally very important in the United States. 6. High School 1 | Years 1-2, grades: high school. After you graduate from middle school, you are now in high school. You are a high schooler. High school is your secondary education. High school is for greats 9 to 12 ages 14 to 18 in the U. K. That is years 10 to 13. In high school, you still have grades that you enter, but we don't say you are 1/9 grader or anything like that. We stop saying we are a something greater in middle school in high school. We can say that we are in a grade in ninth grade in 10th grade, in 11th grade in 12th grade. That's not so common, though. What's most common is to say you are a freshman for ninth grade. You are a sophomore for 10th grade. You are a junior for 11th grade, and you are a senior for 12th grade Again. Don't say you are something greater. When you enter high school, it will sound ridiculous and makes no sense. Your freshman and sophomore years freshmen and sophomores mostly take the required classes in high school and just a couple electives. But in high school there are many more electives to choose from every type of math, business, physical education, performing arts, science, foreign languages, social studies, visual arts, vocational education and advanced placement classes. Advanced placement classes, most often called AP classes, are classes for smarter students, sometimes college level. You might also see these called gifted classes. For gifted students here, gifted just means smarter. Thes glasses can be the same topic as regular classes, just requiring more work. Or they can be classes that the school otherwise doesn't offer. Sometimes students go to a local university or attend a university online in order to attend the AP classes. If the high school doesn't have a qualified teacher, AP classes usually have a test at the end that if you pass, will be counted as college credits credits. In high school and college, you start to receive credits for the classes you take, and you need a certain number of credits related to different subjects in order to graduate in high school. It's pretty basic. One credit for a one year class and half a credit for 1/2 year class in college. The amount of credit you get for a class depends on how many hours of class you have to attend each week. A class where you only meet once a week for one hour will not give you as many credits as a class where you meet Monday to Friday for one hour every day in college and in high school , you are required to obtain a certain amount of credits related to different subjects taught at school. You automatically receive credits for passing a class, which most often means getting at least the degrade. Starting in high school and continuing to university your overall grade. The average is called your GP. A understanding your GP A GP A stands for grade point average, basically meaning the average of the grades you receive for every class you take. It's used in high school and in college. To calculate your overall performance in school, you still receive letter and percentage grades for your individual classes. Your GP A is mostly used to combine and compare all the classes. You took it during a semester or year to see what your average grade is. Your G P A. Is basically creating an image off What type of student you are in grading you as a student . Anything under a 0.7 G P. A. Is absolutely terrible. That is an F. You cannot graduate with this. G p a a. 0.7 g p a. Up to a 1.3 g p a. Is a d. This means you barely passed, and it's still quite bad. A 1.7 g p a. Up to a 2.3 g p. A. Is a C A c means fair or average. Not bad, but also not that good. A 2.7 g p a. Up to a 3.3 g p. A. Is a B. It's good you are above average. Ah, 3.7 g p a. Up to a 4.0, GPA isn't a You are an excellent student. A 4.0 is the highest grade you can get, though maybe with some extra credit, it can technically be higher when talking about homework. Extra credit are optional homework exercises that will give you extra great points. So doing these are the only way you can get above a four point. Oh, and not every teacher offers them. If you want to goto a very selective renowned university, you need at least a 3.0 G P. A or higher. If you want to go to a more typical, less famous or prestigious university, you will likely be accepted with a 2.0 G P a or higher. 7. High School 2 | Years 3-4, graduation: junior and senior years. As a junior or senior, you are close to graduating from high school because you should be close to graduating. You have a lot more electives to choose from and take fewer required classes. However, if you are behind on credits or not doing to well, you might be going to school in the summer. This is called summer School. Actually, a lot of students go to summer school to get ahead as well. Anyways, if you plan on going to a traditional four year college for an undergraduate degree, you will start the college application process your junior year. The most important thing to do is take the A, C T or S a T entrance exam. These are the two most popular college entrance exams in the U. S. They are part of your application to a university to see if you are good enough candidate for a school. The two exams are super similar and where you want to go to school in the U. S. Will decide which exam you take when you apply to a university, The most important things are your A, C, T or S, a T entrance exam score your G P A and your extracurricular activities. Also called extra curricular extracurriculars are the activities you did outside of school during your free time. That will make you a better candidate. Some schools are easy to get accepted into. Other schools are very difficult. And for the difficult ones, you want to be able to show a lot of extracurriculars, like joining clubs at school, volunteering and participating in sports grants, scholarships and loans. College in the U. S. Is more expensive than anyplace else in the world. An average public four year university, the cheapest place to get a bachelor's degree, will cost about $10,000 a year. However, if you live in one state and want to study at a university in a different state, like going from New York to California, it's about $25,000 a year. If you are studying as a foreign student, you'll pay close to the 25,000. Everything I just mentioned was for public schools. Private schools are much more expensive because they're supposed to be nicer. This is the Harvard's, Princeton's and Colombia's off the world. These schools, on average, costs $35,000 a year but go as high as 70,000. Because of these costs, students will apply for grants, scholarships and loans if you receive a grant or scholarship. This is money that is given to you for free. You do not need to pay this money back. Usually you receive a grant or scholarship for a very high G p A. For something related to an extracurricular activity or because you come from a poorer family that cannot help pay for your college. If you are applying to a university, you want to research. What grants, scholarships and loans are available to you alone can be from the government if you are from the United States. But if not, it's probably a private loan from a bank or company alone means that you must repay. Give the money back sometime in the future. Most often, you begin repaying the loan after you graduate from college. The price of attending college in the United States is a very big issue right now, especially as it becomes more and more expensive every year. And student debt is a very serious issue. As a consequence of the expensive price of attending college, many students are unable to pay their student loans. Remember, with the word debt, the B is silent debt. We'll talk more about university in a little while. But for now let's talk about the end of high school graduation. Graduation. Graduating High school is one of the most important parts of a young person's life. Some communities in the U. S. Also put a lot of importance in graduating eighth grade, going from middle school to high school. But that is not as universal as the high school graduation. High school graduation is largely about becoming independent, leaving home and beginning life on your own. At university, you aren't 21 yet you can't legally drink, but most people now view you as a mature adult. The high school graduation uses all the same vocabulary as other graduations earlier and later. If you continue your education, most people call the ceremony where you receive your high school diploma, the graduation ceremony. But it's technically called the commencement for graduation. You by your cap and gown toe wear when you walk up and get your degree and take a photo. The cap is what you wear on your head and the gown is that fancy dress you wear around your body? The student with the best grades, the highest G P. A. Is the valedictorian, and they give a special speech called the Valedictorian Speech or Valedictorian address. All of this is the same. When you graduate from college. You're now done with high school. It can start your post secondary education. 8. Assignment: High school experience: homework time. But wait before we continue to higher education, let's review high school. Did you start high school yet in high school right now, or did you finish high school in the past? I really want to know about your experience in high school or what you know about high school and how it's different or similar to what we just talked about. Personally, I did not like high school at O. Do you notice a pattern? Yeah. I was not a good student until university because I love to video games too much. What about you? What kind of student were you? Did you enjoy high school? Do you have stuff like high school dances or prom? Tell me all about that super cool stuff. 9. College 1 | Your 'major' & 'minor': post secondary education. Postsecondary education means all education that comes after high school. This is also called higher education. For most people, that means either a two year associate or four year bachelor's degree, which can be followed by even higher degrees, like a master's or PhD. When talking about post secondary education. College and university are both very commonly used, the majority of the time they are used the exact same way. College Campus, University campus. The campus is the area where all parts of the school are located. University soccer team, college soccer team University Dorm college dorm A dorm short four dormitory is housing and apartments provided by a university for students. Toe live in one example of when toe on Lee use college is when we are describing a part of the school, often with its own building related to a specific area of study. For example, the College of Nursing, the College of Business, the College of Medicine, we say the College of Blank and then the specific part of the school. For any degree. We most often use the verb a kit Teoh, get an associates degree, get a bachelors, get a masters, get a doctorate or a PhD. Ah, more formal expression, if you are in the process of doing this, is to work towards a degree. Your major When you finish getting your degree, you now say that you have a degree in blank or major and blank when I say blank, that is where you say what you majored in meaning what your main subject of study waas We major in a topic that means we focused primarily on that topic. If you are still studying, you can say I am majoring in blank or I am a blink major. Ah, popular question. People will ask you when studying is What's your major? They're asking, What's the main thing you're studying in school, like politics, art, history, literature, music or any subject? What did you major in in school? I majored in political science. What about you? My first major was economics, but I hated it, so I changed my major to history. In the United States, You can change Your major is often as you want. One important note for English learners whose first language also comes from Latin. Your major is what your studies focus on your career is what you do for work so your major will largely decide the type of work you will do later said another way, your major will largely decide the type of career you will enter. Your major is only talking about what you study. Your career is only talking about the type of work you do for money. I majored in business because I thought it would easily allow me to find a high salary career. My career is not it all related to what I majored in your minor. Your major is your main topic of study in the U. S. Most universities also require you to have a minor. A minor is a secondary, less important topic that should complement your major or show a secondary professional interest. Your major and minor don't always have to be related, though it is helpful and recommended so that you have a higher chance of finding a job after you graduate by having multiple relevant sets of knowledge. And associates or bachelors are both your undergraduate education. If you are getting an undergraduate degree, you can say you are an undergrad or an undergraduate. Undergrad is much more common in spoken English 10. College 2 | Associates & bachelor's degrees: an associate degree, an associate degree most often takes two years to receive your first year. You are a first year student, your second a second year student. Typically, you go to a vocational school or technical institute for an associate degree. Technical institutes are most often called tech schools and spoken English. Some popular associate degree programs are for nursing computer science and generally many jobs that require you to work with your hands. If you're studying for an associate degree, you can say I'm getting an associate in blank in spoken English. Many people also say associates, I'm getting an associate degree in nursing. What about you? I already got my associates. It's in electrical engineering. Tech schools usually allow you to easily transfer the credits you earned to a four year college. And because tech schools are also much cheaper, some students will go to a tech school for two years and then transfer to a four year school to get up. Bachelor's degree. Bachelor's degree, A bachelor's degree is the most popular and well known postsecondary degree that people study. For most commonly, it is achieved after four years of study. Your first year you are a freshman second year, a sophomore, third year, a junior, and your fourth year a senior. A very informal expression for both high school and college students who spend an extra year in school, is Super senior. If someone is a super senior, they spent five years instead of the typical four. This is much more common for high school, where spending 1/5 year in high school is quite embarrassing and a super senior is an insulting term. In college. Many students study more than four years to get their bachelor's and super senior is not an insult. If you're still studying for your bachelor's, you can say I'm getting a bachelor's in blank and then the subject. Once you finish your degree, you can say I have a bachelor's in blank or I got or obtained, Ah, bachelors in blank and then the major you studied. Most people don't care about your minor, and you'll probably only be asked about it while you are still in school. When someone asks about it, they'll say something like, What's your minor or what are you Mina ring in? If someone does care about it after you graduate like if you have a job interview shortly after they'll ask, What did you minor in or what was your minor? In the past, most people would stop studying after getting a bachelor's degree. But today master's degrees are becoming almost essential to find well paying work. 11. Prof Schools | Med school, law school: professional schools before talking about a masters. We need to talk about professional schools. If you want to become a doctor, a lawyer or study theology, you don't get a master's degree. You get a professional degree and go to a specialized school for that area of study. You still need a bachelor's degree first, but you go to a professional school instead of a grad school to continue your education. Ah, law student goes to law school for an average of three years. The main thing taught at a law school is law and primarily how to become a lawyer. After graduating, you receive your J D degree, meaning juris doctor in the United States. You must then take the bar exam to earn your license and be allowed to practice law. Meaning, be a real lawyer When studying at a law school. We can say you are a law school student law student that you study law or are studying to become a lawyer to describe your past studies. You studied law or went tow law school. What do you do for fun? I don't really do anything for fun since I entered law school. Oh cools, you're studying to become a lawyer. Yeah, I didn't realize being a law student would be so difficult. Though a medical student goes to medical school for an average of four years, the main thing taught at a medical school is medicine and largely how to become a doctor. After you finish medical school, you acquire the title M D, meaning Doctor of Medicine and can now work as a doctor when studying at medical school. We can say you're in medical school or in med school to describe yourself. We have a few options like medical school, student medical, student, med student, studying medicine and studying to become a doctor. If you did this in the past, you can say I studied medicine or I studied at a medical school house. Med school, you know, Not bad. My professors are great, and I really enjoy studying medicine. Ah, theology student goes to seminary for an average of four years. A seminary focuses mostly on allowing students to find careers related to their faith in God. And in the US that mostly means becoming a priest. If you study theology, you are a theology student. We don't say go to a school. Instead, you go to seminary. Some universities have a special school for theology. When the theology school is part of a larger university, it is typically called a divinity school. What do you plan on doing after you get your bachelor's? I've already enrolled in a seminary. I plan on becoming a priest. For students that attend medical school, law school and a seminary, this is often the most education they will need. Basically, they are the highest levels of education for those areas of study and related careers. It's not essential to get a master's or PhD. There are higher degrees and specializations that can be acquired, but they are different than most other ones that we will now discuss. 12. Graduate School | Master's degree: master's degree. You now know that a doctor, lawyer or religious person like a priest don't get masters degrees. But everyone else does. Some popular subjects are business, engineering, education, English, architecture, music and, really, anything else you can study. Most often, we say to get a masters in blank. The blank is where you put the subject. You are studying a master's in political science, a masters in music. A master's in communication for business. You can say Get a master's in business, but it's more common to say Get an M B A meeting a master of business administration as well. Many professional schools exist for business, so you can also say to go to business school. But business school is usually the same length as a regular master's program, which is two years. It generally takes two years to complete a master's program. If it's your first year, you are a first year grad student, second year, second year grad student. When you are studying for your master's, you are a graduate student more commonly called a grad student or a master's student in the US It's much more common to say you are a grad student grad student generally means that you are studying anything higher than a bachelor's but is commonly understood to mean master student in the US There is another term post grad or postgraduate student, which is also very general and describes any type of study done after getting your bachelor's degree in the U. S. It's not used much, and when it is, is usually a very general term to describe any type of study done after finishing your undergraduate degree. So if you're trying to get a postgraduate degree, that could mean from a professional school we discussed earlier Ah, masters, a PhD and other types of degrees. A general way to describe where you go to school is I'm a grad student at Blink, and the blank is where you put the university you are studying at. Grad schools are often connected Toe, a main university that offers will undergraduate degrees like a bachelor's master's degrees that we're talking about now and doctoral degrees to get your P H. D. To give a quick and general response. If someone asks what you do for a study, you can also is just say I'm in grad school again, grad student and grad school are also more general terms for anything above undergraduate study but most commonly understood, especially in the US, to mean masters level. Often times graduate programs at a school will have a special name, so you can also say so likely to cause confusion with people who don't know what it means that you study in a specific program. Like at Harvard, they have a master's program to study the Middle East. When I say the Middle East, I mean that region in the world that primarily speaks Arabic and is a majority Muslim. Anyways, there Middle East program is called the AM program. If you are in this program, you can say I'm in the A M program. Most people outside of your school won't know what that means. So you probably just want to say I'm getting a master's in Middle Eastern studies at Harvard, so it's much better to say I'm getting a master's in blank at Blank university. If you don't want to mention your specific subject of study, you can also say I'm in a master's program at Blank University to pay for your masters, you can look for scholarships and grants that we discussed before. In depending on how qualified you are, the school might pay you for your research and teaching assistants. However, the average cost of a master's degree varies greatly from 30,000 to $120,000. An MBA is typically the most expensive, but it really depends on the school. You want to attend your master's thesis when you are a grad student. The main differences are that your classes require you to do more work. You assist with tasks related to your department. Your department is everything related to the subject. You study, like hosting events and helping professors, and you might teach some of the introductory level classes related to your field of study. But the biggest difference is that you can Onley graduate after completing your masters pieces. Thesis is just a fancy word for essay, and thesis is sometimes used to meet dissertation. But your dissertation is the essay you have to write in order to get your P H. D. And we'll discuss that in a little bit. The thesis is much simpler, and it's basically research you compile, put together to prove that you are knowledgeable about what you studied for two years in your graduate program. Sometimes high level undergraduate classes at the end of your bachelor's also require a thesis, and that will be about 40 to 60 pages. Your master's thesis will be about 60 to 100 pages long. With your master's thesis, it's common to prepare for a thesis defense after it's written. Basically, all you really do during the defense is answer some questions about the subject you studied to make sure you really understood the topic and explain Maura about what you wrote. Once you have successfully defended your thesis, you aren't done with grad school and will attend graduation. The graduation vocabulary is all the same from the high school lecture. After grad school, you might decide to attend a PhD program. 13. Graduate School | PhD/Doctorate: PhD programs, a PhD literally stands for doctor of Philosophy, although most PhD's are actually not related to philosophy at all. When you complete your PhD, you are technically a doctor, but we really only call people who completed med school and practice medicine doctors. Besides PhD, we can also say doctorate. So to get your PhD or to get your doctor, though PhD, is much more common as well. We can use PhD as an adjective or use doctoral as an adjective. Again, Doctoral is a popular word for people familiar with postgraduate education, but the majority of people in the world are not. So use PhD because it's more commonly understood outside of academia. When we say academia, it is everything and everyone related to higher education and university research. So when studying for your PhD, you are a PhD student or a doctoral student. You are doing PhD research or doing doctoral research to describe yourself. You can say you're getting your PhD in blank and then the subject you are researching and we say we are in a PhD program at Blank University. A PhD program can take you 3 to 4 years to complete and might have different funding compared to previous degrees with disgust. For example, a graduate student typically pays the majority of their tuition tuition being all the fees to attend a school. But it's slightly more common for doctoral students to have their research funded, paid for by the university. So your tuition is sometimes paid for, and you might be given some money for your living expenses, like food and rent so typically a very small amount. And if you get none of this funding, the average price of a doctoral program is quite high at about $36,000. Your dissertation. So a thesis is what you right at the end of your master's program. Your dissertation is what you right at the end of your doctoral studies and is much longer , comprehensive and should be groundbreaking, meaning introducing completely new ideas and concepts. Ah Ph. D. Dissertation can be 2 to 3 times as long as a master's thesis. A master's thesis just shows that you understand at a very high level what you studied. A dissertation takes tons and tons of research. You have been gathering in orderto look forward and create new ideas and ways of thinking. There is also a dissertation defense, just like a thesis defense. However, because of the rigorous level of study and research, a dissertation defense is typically more thorough and intensive. If you successfully defend your dissertation. Congrats, doctor. If not, you'll get him next time. The expression Get them next time just means better luck in your next attempt. You might pursue different degrees in styles of education after obtaining a PhD, but they are all very specific, depending on what field of study or work you are in. And what type of research catches your interest gets your interest. 14. Assignment | College experience: homework. Thanks to the previous lectures. You basically have a PhD in understanding the American education system. Did you go to college? Do you plan on getting any degrees in the future? I'm super interested to hear your story and learn more about your country. I think the United States is different than a lot of countries because we can always change what we study and whenever we want. What about where you're from anyways? I can't wait to see your response. 15. Education idioms 1: school idioms. We have made it to school in education. Idioms. Here are my favorites, so let's not waste any time. Here we go. Click Click is a small group of people who spend time together. They hang out and have shared similar interests and might have a similar physical appearance, especially related to the clothes they wear. Clicks are most common in middle school and high school in the US Some common clicks are Goths, people in school that are characterizes wearing all black clothes and makeup. Jack's those that are seen as being very athletic but not very smart. Preps are supposed to be much wealthier and were more expensive. Clothes geeks are super smart and dorky. Think of big glasses and reading lots of books and the popular crowd or popular kids. This is the click for the students, thought to be most popular and most liked in the school. Those are some of the most popular clicks, and the idea is that people in a certain click will spend most time with other people in there. Click because of shared interests, and there are often fights or disagreements between different cliques. You probably noticed already that click is spelt cli Q u E. Because it's coming straight from French. When we talk about social groups at school, it's always spelled this way. If we're using any other form of click, it spelt cli ck. I didn't like high school because you have to belong to a clique or no one will talk to you . Yeah, and I started in one click and then somehow ended up in a different click. When that happens, you lose friends from the other. Click no click up there. Move your mouse and click the second option. Click it. It's funny how the office seems to be divided into different cliques. The sales department has their own click accounting is a click. And then there's the HR click copycat. Were you ever in a class and noticed someone trying to copy, duplicate or imitate what you did, especially if taking a test, maybe someone trying to cheat from your test, trying to steal your answers. That person is a copycat. A copycat is someone who copies another person's behavior, dress or ideas. So a copycat tries to take your behavior and claim it as their own steals away. You dress and say it was their style from the beginning, or take your ideas until everyone they were originally. There's so a copycat takes things that you did and claims that they did them or created them if it's just an exam, However, if someone is trying to steal your test answers, that's a different type of copycat. They're just cheating if you like someone else's behavior, dress or style. But give credit to them. Tell people where you got the idea from. You are not a copycat. A copycat pretends that it was all their idea. A Mark. Stop trying to cheat off my test. You're such a copy cat. Is she really telling everyone that it was her idea? That's not true, and I have proof she's, ah, lying copycat. As an artist, you need to be careful that you don't get labeled a copycat. You need to have your own style and credit other artists styles that you borrow from cram. Imagine that you have one month to study for a test. The 1st 2 weeks you don't study at all because often we procrastinate meeting. We don't do things when we should. The third week and most of the fourth you barely study. Finally, the last couple days before the test, you start studying 24 7 all day and all night in order to pass it. To study like this to study intensely for a short amount of time is too cramped, we say, to cram for something to cram for a test, to cram for a presentation, to cram for whatever you are not studying or preparing for earlier in my example. Before, if you studied regularly for the entire month, that would not have been cramming. Cramming is only studying for a short period of time, right before a test or presentation. Cramming isn't good because we often forget all the information that we crowned into our head. We also say to cram things into places for knowledge. It could be our head meeting. We force it in there, but it's probably not a good fit. So not enough space. So when you cram knowledge, it's also not good. Popular in parts of Asia are special schools designed to help students with important exams like end of year exams in high school and college entry exams. In English. We call these schools cram schools. They are designed to help students with specific goals, like doing really well on an exam to get into a good university. My parents are worried that my grades aren't good enough for Harvard, so they want me to go to a cram school to do better on the S A. T in the U. S. Your finals are the final exams, the last exams you take each year and test your knowledge on everything you studied that year. We can also say final exams as well. It's to take an exam. We also say to sit an exam, but that's less common. And in the US to pass an exam means to succeed at an exam. To get the score, you need it. It's the opposite of to fail an exam. I wish I started studying earlier. Now we have to stay up all night and cram for my finals tomorrow. I really hope I have enough time to review everything sucks to be you. I'm going to bed because I studied a little bit every day this month and don't have to cram good luck cramming in everything we studied this year in your overnight study session. 16. Education idioms 2: crank out a paper. No matter what you study or what your major is, there is a very high chance that you will have to write at least a couple papers and high school or college, often with a paper. We don't do it gradually like we should, and instead we try to do it all at once. This is to crank out a paper, meaning to try to write a paper or essay as quickly as possible. We also use crank out, generally to mean doing something as quick as possible in a lot of other situations. To most often we will just say, Crank it out. The it is for whatever we want to do quickly. Whatever we want to crank out, Do you need to clean, try to crank it out and get it done as quick as possible. The it there was for the task of cleaning Do have a lot of tasks to do at work. Don't be lazy. Just try to crank it out as fast as possible so you can relax a little bit when you finish their the It referred to your tasks and your work, waiting for you to be finished listen up, team. We have to finish this proposal by the end of the day. If we focus and work together, I think we can crank it out in under an hour. Let's get started. Did you start writing your paper yet? No, but it's not long, and I have the sources I want to use, so I'll just crank it out in the morning before school, we only needed three citations, so it shouldn't take long in writing. Your sources are the documents and references toe. Other research that validate the arguments you're making source is the noun, but the verb for this is to site someone, and in your paper you put citations either at the bottom of the page with your sources or at the end, in your bibliography. Drop out. Not everyone finishes school if you start high school, but don't graduate or start college. But don't graduate. This is called Dropping out. To drop out of school means to stop attending and not graduate. Most often, it's because you were performing badly and decide to give up or, for some other reason, are required to drop out. But not always. Bill Gates is a famous example of someone who dropped out of college in order to start his own business. Microsoft to flunk out, is similar, but it puts more emphasis on your poor performance. Bill Gates definitely did not flunk out because he's incredibly smart. He chose to drop out, so to drop out is usually understood. To be a choice. To flunk out is more understood to be a result of a very poor academic performance. A bad student, the noun for someone who drops out of college, is a college dropout. It's also the name of a famous CD by rapper Kanye West, who is also it drop out as well. We can say to drop a class, drop out of a class, flunk a class or flunk out of a specific class. So before we were using them to mean that you stop attending school entirely, you never graduate, but we also use them with specific classes you take. It's very common for students to drop a class. It means you decide you don't like a class or find it too difficult and taken easier class , and sometimes you might be taking too many classes and realize you need to drop one in order to maintain a high G P A. This is super common. Almost every student drops a class at some point. For example, if I think I will enjoy calculus but find the math too difficult, I will drop it and find a math class at a better level for me. Or maybe I take a film in cinema class because I think it will be super interesting. But it's the most boring class I have ever taken. So I drop it and look for a more more entertaining class. However, to flunk a class or two flunk out of a class means that you failed it. You did terrible. You got an F. If you flunk a class, usually you can take it again to pass it. You can also flunked an exam, meaning you do not pass the exam. So we say to flunk or flunk out of a class and to flunk an exam. How did cramming for the test work for you? Did you pass it? No, the opposite. I flunked the test. If I still can, I think I'm going to drop out of the class because it's just too much work for me. I really hope you don't drop out of school because it's very difficult nowadays to find a good job without a diploma. I didn't see you in class today. Where were you? Oh, I had to drop out of it because it interfered with the track team schedule. 17. Assignment: Idioms homework!: it's homework time. You know the trill, meaning you know what to do. It's time to right some sentences using these idioms and send them to me so I can see your super awesome examples. I can't wait to see them. And of course, if you want some practice speaking, I really recommend you record yourself or practice with a free language partner on one of the apse I mentioned before.