Rust Dyeing: Creative Techniques for Rust Dyeing on Fabrics and Papers | Linda Matthews | Skillshare

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Rust Dyeing: Creative Techniques for Rust Dyeing on Fabrics and Papers

teacher avatar Linda Matthews, Digital & Mixed Media Textile Artist

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

7 Lessons (47m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Quick Rust Technique

    • 3. Rust Dyeing Using a Rust Plate

    • 4. Rust Dyeing Using Metal Objects

    • 5. Faux Rust Dyeing Using Wonder Under

    • 6. Faux Rust Dyeing Using Rust Paste and Acrylic Paint

    • 7. Final Thoughts

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About This Class


In this online class, learn easy and creative techniques for rust printing and dyeing on fabric and paper!

Rust dyeing is a form of natural dyeing. During the process, the rust from metal objects is transferred to fabric and paper leaving unusual color, imprints and markings. The color and patterns on rust dyed fabrics and papers are permanent, so these fabrics and papers can be used in your crafting and sewing projects. Included also in this class are some fun faux rust techniques, as well as a super quick and easy way to rust small metal objects that can then be used during the rust dyeing process, and which can also be used as embellishments for your art and crafting projects.

You can find the supply list by accessing the "Projects & Resources" link on the menu above.

Learn how to use your rust dyed fabrics in this creative handmade journal class: Ancient Earth Journal Online Class

If you enjoyed this class, check out my other classes:

And make sure to visit my website for more free creative journaling tutorials and resources

Meet Your Teacher

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Linda Matthews

Digital & Mixed Media Textile Artist


I’m a full time digital and mixed media textile artist, designer and teacher and I love nothing more than sharing what I’ve learned as a way to encourage and inspire the creative spark in others. If you love to tell your story using images and words, visit me at

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1. Introduction: Hi, I'm Linda Matthews and in this class I'll be showing you creative techniques for rest printing and dyeing on fabric and paper. Ross Stein is a form of natural dying, whereby the rest for metal objects is transferred fabric and paper, leaving unusual color imprints and markings. I'll also be sharing a super quick and easy way to Russ small metal objects that can be used during the rest Stein process and which can also be used as embellishments for your art and crafting projects. As well as natural resting processes. Be sharing some fun techniques for forecasting using elements of mixed media. You can use your rest dyed fabrics and papers for crafting and not projects, and also creative sewing projects. I use the fabrics and papers that I made during this class in the construction of my handmade journal, the ancient earth journal. This is a rust theme data's journal with rusted pages. If you love to make handmade journals and books, you can find this class listed in the description below. I hope you enjoy this class and discover fresh and interesting ways to die using Rust. 2. Quick Rust Technique: Rusted wire washes and other small metal objects can be used in Rothstein to create rusted imprints on fabric and paper and are also perfect to use embellishments in handmade nature journals. Rested craft, fly can be used in all sorts of different ways to create shapes that can be imprinted or Harappan bind things together. General Purpose craft wire is made from some sort of cheap metal, so it will rust quite easily. This particular wire is 24 gauge. However, the process is the same for any gauge. To make rusted craft WIOA, place the wire in a container with enough white Cindy good cover it and let it soak for about half an hour. Vinegar acts as corrosive, which begins the resting process. After half an hour, remove the wire from the vinegar, set it aside and allowed to dry. You can stall the vinegar and reuse it. Use a small container to mix the resting solution. For resting small things like wire and washes and nails, you only need to prepare a small amount of solution. I use half a cup of hydrogen peroxide mixed with two tables, white vinegar and a teaspoon of salt. As a safety note, when you mix hydrogen peroxide and vinegar, it creates parasitic acid, which is highly corrosive and a skinner returned. So you may want to wear a safety mask and gloves to protect yourself from fumes as well as splashes and drips. Mix the solution until the salt dissolves, then add the while. You should begin to see the reaction as the wire begins to rust, almost immediately. After about five minutes, the metal should be rested enough. Carefully remove it from the solution and rinse it onto tap water than allow it to dry. Depending on the type of metal your wire is made from. These times may vary and it might take longer for the metal to rust. You can rest of the small items such as washes, pins, or nails using the same method as for craft. While. Some metal objects, however, have a coated surface which may prevent the item from rusting. So it might be necessary to first use some sandpaper to remove the coding. You don't have to be perfect about removing the coding. Simply saying the surface of the object to remove most of it so that the rest can begin to activate. Then place the items in a small container coupled with white vinegar and lead to soak for 30 minutes. You might be able to see the bubbles starting to form around these washes. This means that the vinegar has started the resting process. After 30 minutes, remove the items and allow them to dry. You can see the corrosion that has already started to appear on some of the washes. One stride, soak the items in the resting solution for about 15 to 20 minutes. I like to check at five-minute intervals to see how they look. And then when they appear to be rested enough, remove them, rinse them onto tap water and then allow them to dry. As soon as you put them into the solution, you can see them starting to rust. At five minutes. That beginning to rust quite well. At 10 minutes, they just about ready at 15 minutes. I'm happy with the way that they look. Rusted tin cans can be used for US dyeing fabric. A new cans can be quickly arrested using a similar process as for wire and washes. These are two large baked bean pins, and I'm going to get us started by sanding lightly and then spring the cans with a solution of half vinegar and half hydrogen peroxide. I like the race circular sections of the canes and I think they'll make a nice design on the fabric. Once the Kansas sanded, place them in a plastic container on spraying with the rusting solution, then leads them overnight to rust. You can check on them from time to time. And if they look like the drying out, just spray them again. I've left these cans overnight and they've trained nurse and rusty. So I'm going to give them a rinse to wash away the solution, then allow them to dry and they ready to use. You couldn't make a rest plate for many flat piece of metal. However, cookie trays are inexpensive and readily available. You can even pick them up at the dollar store. Just make sure to get the ones that do not have any special coating on the surface, such as a non-stick surface. The plane metal ones work the best. This is a cookie tray rest plate that aren't head for about ten years. And as you can see, it only gets better with age. You want to choose a tray size that's large enough for your purpose. This small cookie tray is 13 inches by nine inches, which is a good size for making prints and fabric and paper that are up to lead us eyes or A4 size. To prepare the tray first, wash it with some dish detergent to remove any surface grease or did I then like to lightly sand the surface to get it to start rusting quickly. You don't need to sand the surface. It just speeds up the process. Once the surface is prepared, it's ready to be treated. Use a spray bottle to spray the surface with either straight vinegar or a mixture of half a cup of vinegar and half a cup of hydrogen peroxide. You may want to do this spring process in a ventilated area. Once you've sprayed the surface generously sprinkle on some salt. There's no need to be stingy with the salt. The more you heap on, the more rusty it will turn out on this tray of sand and sprayed it with a solution of half vinegar and half hydrogen peroxide and added some salt. After only half an hour. You can see that the rusting process has already begun. The addition of hydrogen peroxide certainly speeds up the process considerably. The trends appear to be drying out, simply spray with some more liquid. This is the trial operating hours and you can see that the rusting process is well underway. On this tray of sprayed straight vinegar. Rusting trays using just vinegar and salt takes quite a few days. This is after three full days and you can see that there is some rust. But I'd like a little more, so I'm going to leave it for a few more days. Make sure to keep the surface wet. So if it looks like it's drying out, just spray it again. You could also put the tray in a plastic bag to keep it from drying out too quickly. And you can also speed up the rusting process by leaving the tray outside in the sun or somewhere warm. This is after five days and it looks like it's not some rusty. So I'm going to rinse it and wash away the salt. After the trays cleaned. I concede that there are some areas where it hasn't rusted quite as much as other areas. To rust the tray even more, you could reapply the vinegar and salt and let it sit for a few more days. 3. Rust Dyeing Using a Rust Plate: Rest plate can be used to make quick and easy run sprints on fabric and paper. Using a rest plate is probably my favorite method of Ross Stein, because each piece of fabric and paper will turn out different in color and texture. To make a roast print on paper, spring the surface of the tray with water and place a sheet of paper or card still call it. Then spread the top of the paper with some water and let it sit until the Ross transfers from the tray to the surface of the paper. This process doesn't take very long at all to 15 minutes. And you can see that the paper has a lovely rest Stein, as most of the surface. You could leave it to sit longer to allow the color to deepen. But I quite like the way that it looks. So I'm going to flip it over and do the other side. When lifting the paper, pick it up from one corner and peel it from the tray. Be careful because the paper is fragile and it's easy to tear it at this point. After 15 minutes, the other side has a nice light rested pattern also. So I'm going to remove it from the tray and let the paper dry. If you wanted to deeper rust color just so into the paper in the trial little longer. One of the best things about a rest tray is that the more you use it, the rest you're at gets. So I'm happy with this try and as I use it over time, it will rust even more, which will give me different types of rust prints as it ages. Every time you use the restaurant and make a print, you'll get a different pattern on the paper. And the longer you leave the paper on the tray, the darker the color will be. Mike rusted fabric using arrests tray, spring the tray liberally with vinegar. Decision, the Fabrikam, the try, then spring the fabric with vinegar until it's soaked through. You can rust pretty much any type of fabric. This fabric is cotton. Once the fabric is soaked through, flatten it to remove any air bubbles. If you don't present the bubbles, then the rest weren't transferred to those sections of the fabric. Once the fabric is flattened, rep the triune plastic wrap or inside a large plastic bag and allow it to cure. You can leave it for a few hours or even overnight. Longer you leave it, the deeper the color will be. I've left this overnight, so it's been curing for 18 hours now. And it looks like it has a very deep color pattern on the fabric is the result of picking up the rest pattern on the middle tray. It's a tray edges and rusts small. This pattern will change. To neutralize the rusting process on fabric, mix two tablespoons of baking soda with one gallon or approximately four liters of warm water and rinse the fabric. If you don't neutralize it, the resting process will continue over time and the fabric eventually we'll walk through. As you can see, there isn't much loss of color. After you've rinsed the fabric, allowed to dry and then are an IT S with paper prints. Every time you use the try, you will get a different pattern on the fabric. And the longer you leave it to cure, the deeper the color will be. When sewing fabric, It's always a good idea to use a range of shades, light, medium, and dark colors. Using different shades will make your stitched work look much more interesting. You can restore all sorts of fabrics and follow-up is using this method, including cheese cloth and hand embroidery thread to create uneven rustic texture on the fabric. You can scrunch it up. So when we sections of the fabric of touching the trie, once the fabric is arrange, spray it with some vinegar, then place some plastic wrap on top, will slip the triune TO plastic bag and seal it with a twist tie. I've left this try overnight and you can see that there is a strong, let's color the pieces. When I checked the tray before I went to bed, I added in a few pieces of lice as well. There is a lovely uneven color and all the pieces which I really like. Once you're ready to hold the resting process, rinse the fabric and fibers to wash away the excess dye, then leap to dry. You can see that the rust on this tray is starting to flake. When this happens, you can either continue to use it as it is. We'll simply scrub it clean and it will continue to rest with the next step, location of water or vinegar. You can easily create uneven rust die texture on other types of fabrics such as Velvet and silk, the smallest slice and ribbons. To spray the tray with vinegar, scrunch the fabrics, place them on the tray, and then spray them with vinegar and two lists soak through. For thicker fabrics. You could even dip them into a bowl of vinegar to saturate them before placing them on the tray. Once positioned on the tray, coupled with plastic and allow them to cure. You can leave them for several hours or overnight for deep Buchla. Every now and then, rearrange the fabrics and spritz them with some old vinegar so that the rest gets distributed unevenly. Unless these tourist for two days and they look pretty rusty now. So I'm going to give them a rinse and let them dry. Apart from the lice, which was synthetic, fabrics are mostly different types of silk. And after they were washed and dried, some of them took the rest better than others. However, even the fabrics that didn't turn out quite as well can still be cut up into small pieces and used for fabric collages. I tried this again with leftover piece of cotton fabric. I didn't scrunch it up as much as the other pieces, and I really liked the way it turned out. These are all the fabrics, threads and lice that I dyed using the tray. And each one is different in visual texture and color. Every time you rust die with a try, you'll get a different result. 4. Rust Dyeing Using Metal Objects: As well as using a tray, you can run STI, fabrics and fibers in various other different ways. Rest of tin cans are ideal for dyeing fabric. I particularly wanted to long middle piece so that I didn't have to scrunch up the fabric. So I'm just going to position the cans fundaments together and then wrap the fabric around them. You could scrunch the fabric if you wanted or folded over on itself. But I wanted the stripe effect from the race circular sections on the cans to transfer to the fabric without any scratches or folds. I'm using cotton fabric and I'm also including some hand embroidery thread. I'm simply wrapping the fabric around the tins. And then I'm going to wrap some rusty craft wire around the fabric to keep it in position. Once the fabric is securely wrapped, put it inside a plastic container or in a plastic bag, spraying with vinegar and leave it to kill. The longer you leave it, the darker the color will be. I've launched this to cure overnight. I could leave it longer, but I'd like to see how it turned out. I really like the way the pattern turned out. And I particularly like that it's kind of random. After I rinsed the fabric, I noticed however, that the embroidery thread didn't really have much color left on it. So I'm going to lay it out on a tray and do it separately next time I do some trade-offs. Instead of white fabric, you can also have Russ Di other colors as well. And blue in particular is a perfect color to contrast against a rust color. Blue or complimentary colors on the color wheel. So they worked together perfectly. But blue is also a patina light color. So patina on roster naturally complimentary. I'm going to wrap this piece of blue fabric around the tin can and bind it with frosted wire and then leave it overnight. Hello. I've actually let this thrust for two days and it's looking nice and rusty at this point. So I'm going to and rapid or more shut. The pattern on the fabric is sort of shrubbery like because the fabric was slightly scrunched when I landed on and are really like how it turned out. I particularly like that the rusted parts provide a very strong contrast against the blue background. You can create interesting rusted shapes on fabric by placing middle objects on top of the fabric and then leaving them for one or two days. Place the fabric on a flat surface and spray well with vinegar. You can also dip the fabric and vinegar to soak it. I don't have much in the way of metal objects. So I'm going to try this out with some metal washes. Once the objects are positioned rapid and plastic and leave it for a day or two. After two days, the fabric looks quite rusty, so I'm going to rinse it and see what it looks like. The washer shapes are quite distinct, but the slope might trust on the background. So I'm going to try this again using a rest tremor. I left this fabric to die of a knowledge and that scorn very rusty. And I really like the dark background. The washer shapes are not as distinct as on the other page. But overall, I really like this piece of fabric. And even the younger side has an interesting pattern. 5. Faux Rust Dyeing Using Wonder Under: If you need a quick and easy way to make Rus prince, you can use painted wonder and diffusible webbing. This process doesn't take very long to complete and works for both paper and fabric. Wonder under is fine feasible webbing that is attached to a paper backing. And you need the paper backing for this technique to work properly. So on the types of feasible webbing that don't have a paper backing won't work. It also won't work with thicker types of feasible webbing, such as hate and bond or steam is same as the paint won't be able to penetrate through the thick feasible pot. You'll need a range of paints in rust colours. So Doc Brown's recruits and deep yellows paints will need to be watered down considerably. So you could use watercolor paints or acrylic paints. I like to use golden fluid acrylics for this technique because they have a strong pigment and a little goes a long way. I like to use about four to six different colors. When blended, they create a more realistic rust look. I'm going to fuse the wonder wander to a letter size piece of card stock and a letter size piece of fabric. So I've cut the one to round to the same size. Paint the wonder under with water to get it good and wet. Then start painting water down colors randomly over the surface. The water will take a minute or two before it starts bleeding through to the backing paper. Once this happens, you'll see it start to wrinkle. You wanted to wrinkle because it's the wrinkles that create the natural appearance that Rust has. Eventually the paper will start to fold over on itself. So I'm simply hold down the edges with my paint bottles. Hi. Once you're happy with the way the colors look and allow the wonder under to dry. To draw it quickly, you can put it outside in the sun, leave it under an overhead fan, will use a heat gun. If using a heat gun, be careful not to let it get too hot. Otherwise you risk melting the surface. Once the wonder under it's dry, you can see all the lovely texture that was caused during the painting. And it doesn't affect global clock. A rusty surface. You can apply the wonder on down to either paper or fabric using a hot dry I'm you want to put some parchment paper or Teflon aligning sheet underneath the substrates so you don't get any glue on your ironing surface. You can also put a sheet of parchment on top to protect your ion. Make sure the wonder under is completely fused to the surface on it section by section and hope beyond for a few seconds over each section. Now the wonder under cool, then carefully remove the paper backing. It should peel off fairly easily, but take it slowly and peel it back gently. Start at one corner and work your way down and across. If you find a section where the wonder under XO glued on properly, simply gone over it with the hotline and allow it to cool, then it should peel off easily. Once the backing paper is removed, you can see just how much it looks like a rest print. One thing you may notice however, is that the surface is Techie to touch. Wonder under is intended to be used to fuse two surfaces together. So naturally with the top section exposed, it's going to feel slightly techie. You can reduce the amount of trickiness by covering the top with a piece of parchment paper or Teflon owning sheet. And our name it so that the top sheet sticks to the surface. Then remove the top sheet phenomena it again several more times. And each time you do this, it reduces the amount of stickiness. If you noticed patches where the wonder and it didn't stick properly, you can simply paint over them to disguise song. To finish the shape, you can cut away the edges. Hello. 6. Faux Rust Dyeing Using Rust Paste and Acrylic Paint: This phone resting technique is fun and easy and is perfect for applying arrest effect to small items. Or use this technique to make embellishments for my handmade nature journals. Rest, affect paste can sometimes be found in craft stores. It is more readily available online from retailers such as Amazon. This product is a set of three thick texture pastes, each a different car, when blended and combined, that created a fairly realistic effect. I'm sampling the pace on some washes. However, you can apply this pace to just about anything you can think of that would look interesting with a bit of rust. To use the Paste first apply the dark brown color generously. This color has a heavy texture. Well, the small washes, I'm using a small paintbrush. But for larger objects, you could use a larger paintbrush. Once the base color has been painted on at Highlights by blending the brown and the red colors to create a realistic rust color, then allow the paint to dry. You can speed up the drawing process using a heat gun. Once dry, you can keep on adding layers of texture in the darker colors. And then on the Ayatollah is you can start adding small specks of the gold color. The more texture you add, the thicker the rest effect will be. Once you're happy with the way that things look, link them overnight to dry it. Similarly, although the conventional rest paste is convenient, you can also easily make similar effects using acrylic craft paint. I'm using craft paint because it's quite thick. And I'm using colors raw, umber, burnt sienna, and yellow ocher. To add texture. You could add fine sand, which you can usually find in the craft store, or some other fine sand like particles. I have some ultra thick embossing powder, which has very fine powder grains. So I'm going to use this. I'm adding the embossing powder to the dark brown color only and using the other two colors as highlights similar to the commercial rest paste. I'm going to apply the rest effect to this middle frame. I'm going to give it a light sanding first to rough up the surface a bit to ensure that the acrylic and he is properly. I'm first going to apply the base code. Using a small paintbrush and then let it dry before I add any more layers of paint. Once the first coat of paint has dried, which shouldn't take very long at all. Go over it again, this time blending the dark brown with some red and gold highlights. Building layers of color by blending all three colors until you're happy with the way it looks. You can apply this process 20 type of small metal object. I often use these types of Fame middle as embellishments on my head, my journal pages. You can also apply this process to any type of surface such as cardboard or chip board. You can use a dye cutting machine to cut out all sorts of different shapes. Or if you don't have a dry cutting machine, you can cut out shapes by hand using a Stanley notch. 7. Final Thoughts: Thank you for watching and I hope you discover just have fun and easy. Rothstein can be using these simple techniques. You can use Ross dyed fabrics and papers in your crafting or sewing projects. And small rusted metal objects are ideal to use this embellishments in your mix media projects. I like to use my rested fabrics and papers and small metal objects in my handmade journals and books. If you love to make your own journals, do check out my ancient general class where a share ideas for using rest dyed fabrics and metal objects to embellish the pages. Well as techniques for making roster journal pages using paints and mix media techniques. I look forward to seeing your own Ross start samples. So be sure to upload a photo or two.