Reliability and Maintenance Engineering - FMEA | Jarrod Austin | Skillshare

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Reliability and Maintenance Engineering - FMEA

teacher avatar Jarrod Austin, Mechanical Engineer

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

7 Lessons (40m)
    • 1. FMEA Course Outline

    • 2. Introduction

    • 3. Deep Dive Complete

    • 4. Controls and Actions

    • 5. FMEA Working Example Original

    • 6. Working Example Controls

    • 7. FMEA Summary

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About This Class

This course explores the lean tool of Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) a universal method for assessing underlying risk of a plant, process or system. It is a fundamental tool for any engineer and we will demonstrate how it can be applied to improve the reliability of a plant or system. We explore the FMEA process in detail and identifying ways to accelerate the process through educated assumptions, whilst focusing on the value adding steps of delivering a more reliable plant.

All templates, examples and tools referenced in this class are available as resources in the class project.

Meet Your Teacher

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Jarrod Austin

Mechanical Engineer


I have experienced a variety of engineering and industrial environments since beginning my career as a Mechanical Engineer.

The skillsets and methodology developed in my military career as a Marine Engineer Officer in the Royal New Zealand Navy are different to those I have gained as Manufacturing Engineer the Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) industry. However one thing in common was both industries required a high level of performance from their plant and equipment and equally from their engineering teams. Both industries had elected to adopt lean principals to drive continuous improvement and although the application of the tools were slightly different the principals remained the same.

Having has some great learning experiences from online learning myself, I ... See full profile

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1. FMEA Course Outline: fairly mode. In effect. Analysis. This training package has been developed for anyone that wants a better understanding of how to applied failure mode in effect analysis or if you me. Yet this is a cornerstone tool used by those involved in reliability engineering manufacturing industries and is now utilized by most industries that are disrupting Elaine culture. This training packages are daily suited for those involved in the engineering discipline or exposed to a lean manufacturing environment, equipment designers or party Sinus and this training package. We will cover the following and understanding of the FMI, a process from populating failure modes three to assisting them and putting corrective actions in place. We will also step through examples of how to demonstrate the process from start to finish, who provide helpful hints to help simplify the process and help you take your theory and apply it practically. I also provide you with templates and tools that you can use totality of specific needs. By the end of this training modules, you should feel empowered to undertake your own. If you me a study and start delivering results 2. Introduction: fairly amounted. In effect, analysis is great tool and getting a thorough understanding of the reliable Italy off a machine functional process. It's application can extend beyond just the analysis of equipment from an engineering perspective and could be applied to a process or function as well. The purpose and outcome of any if mea study should basically understand off any risk or shortfalls in the current equip mental process. I should also rank these risks so they could be prioritised and were possible. Actions can be put in place to medicate these risks. The desired result as a machine with lace inherent risk then before we process was initiated, have seen if mea used to avila rate the design of a machine and also as a tool by maintenance team to develop a maintenance package or review a maintenance philosophy of a plant or equipment. From a maintenance perspective, the FBI told, can be applied a lot quicker than if you were to do a complete design review and for the purpose of demonstrating in the process and the use of these tools, this training package will follow and adopt the maintenance perspective approach to any for me. I study and neither application The prices is a curative and give Europe agent until you're comfortable. You've gone to the required level of detail and actually have been put in place to eliminate will control the risks. 3. Deep Dive Complete: and decision. We will look at the FBI processes the whole briefly discussing fairly modes, risk assessments, actions and controls. I also had to chase the templates that we're gonna use and fear the modules to explore a working example. These templates are available for you to access and utilise his part of this training package. A comprehensive infamy. A study cannot be done in r slash in and establishing a project team is critical to the success of any. If you merely study whilst engineering knowledge and understanding is a necessary skill set , it's based approach with multi discipline team. Not only can a team with a broader knowledge base bring the advantage of building greater ownership of the machine or process, they may also be able to provide valuable imports specifically when excess assessing the severity consequence of a risk. We're practical if it should be made to physically observe the machine functional process at work often referred to his Kimba for those familiar with lean terminology. If it this is not practical when maybe a good idea to capture video footage or photos. Additional reference materials that could also be a prove useful could bay examples and records of previous failures of breakdowns, however, left the integrity of the off the daughter is contentious, so questionable, and it may be best to exclude it. Standard operating procedures, user manuals and engineering manuals handed heaven land as well. Keep in mind that might pay to understand we're this skills or the leanings could be rolled out. So if there are similar equipment or processes on site, that may benefit for many of the financial studies. Be handy tonight. Once you have a team in place and have begun to collecting the information, you could begin the FMI a process. There are three key activities to if you meet a understanding the current state evaluating the risks and putting actions in place to have reduce these risks, gaining a clear understanding of the current plant or processes a crucial state. Remember, this needs to be on the current state rather than the desired or intended design state. If the plant is aged and well integrated or pricey, step is being circumnavigated. And be sure to reflect this when documenting the process, steps where applicable, if it should be made to expand and dive into the details of sub components and assemblies, however, don't go beyond maintainable components. For example, whilst the resistant may go on Elektronik card or board, we tend to replace the port itself. So there is little benefit to understand the failure. Modes of each component on the electronic poured when evaluating the risks I aim, is to build a complete picture. We do this by capturing the probability of the failure curing consequence of the failure and also their ability to detect the failure. Is prison ranking H a score out of team As a result of evaluation, we get what's known as a risk priority number. This is used to rank each of our failure modes. It's a recon Prioritize a if it's on the improvement face, making improvements to reduce or remove elements of risk to the plant or process of what we would call the value. Adding steps of a few me A. Without doing this, there is little point actually understanding your risks, and once actions have been completed, it pays to undertake a quick assessment of the risk priority number and see if the desired reduction off this number is being achieved through these actions. If you, me A is an a turreted process, and you can repeat the steps, as you say for until you have achieved the desired results. Failure modes tend to be an area that quickly becomes subjective and difficult to understand, undertaking one of these studies. And they're often discussions about root causes and failure modes and which is which simply put the failure modes of protections of a root cause rather than the outcome of an investigation after a failure. And these tapes that focuses hell not necessarily wire process of function could fail. Having a quick look at a simple ball bearing, you can see that we have a sees bearing with a failure mode of insufficient lubrication. Now there are several possible causes that could contribute or results in insufficient lubrication, providing you have captured all the starter. He should be able to accurately ascertain the potential risks and impacts this has on your system. Assisting the risk has done by scoring each element severity, probability and detection out of thine, with teen indicating a high risk to Clayton, all the information together we use what's called a risk priority number. This is simply the product of all three schools together and has a maximum number of but fails. All of the F Amir prices can be deducted from a simple toll. Let's have a look. You'll notice that the few me it'll is being correction. Excel. So what we're basically looking at as a table that will help facilitate a discussion. As we populate the failure modes for the process of plant and equipment on the top right hand corner, you'll notice that we have some instructions just to help talk for how we're gonna use the table itself. First of all, we list the Percy steps when we break them down into sub equipments and equipment and columns. BNC We didn't get into the discussion of the failure modes over causes and columns. Danny feel free to jump between these two columns, providing we capture the data we discussed. It doesn't actually matter where it falls. We then look at the whole picture here and start to school severity, probably in the detection. These will be he's ranked out of thine, and you could use the scoring matrix in the attached tab of the toll to help you facilitate discussion off. What the severity or the occurrence in detection may look like scrolling down. You'll notice that I've given for the detailed definitions and examples to help Trump put everything into context. It doesn't really matter what you school providing. You're consistent in your approach, so I have a quick look at the team plant. We've now got some numbers here for our severity, probably in detection. The risk priority number is the product of these three numbers here, noting that were in school 12 teen and each The highest he can score is 1000 and the lowest is one with the risk priority number Gmail generated. For all their value modes, we go about ranking them. This will help us focus our efforts when it comes to putting controls and actions in place . Having completed this module now, you should have a clear understanding of the FBI process from start to finish. We've talked briefly about fairly boats and how they work. We've explored the risk assessment criteria and you've had a walk for the template itself, and our next mojo will talk for the actions and controls how to go about putting some value to the FBI process 4. Controls and Actions: you will recall in our early decisions that the desired outcome of anything Mary studies to produce residual risk of plant system, plant or process. You could argue that without doing the state, the whole process is pointless. To do this will have to implement controls of actions. And in the session we will talk about the maintenance philosophy, the hierarchy of controls and how to go about prioritizing more controls, our actions you choose to implement. From a practical perspective, H failure mode will have its own tailored solution to accommodate for the process or function where the component sets how either when redesign is not feasible or realistic. There are a few ways we can approach how we manage the risks to reliably. From a maintenance perspective, we could look at monitoring the system training data, which may help to approve our ability to take the problem. We may need to increase the frequency of AR minus inspections equally. We may want to look at reducing the frequency we intrusively interact with. A machine of component has maintenance a juice failures more common than you think. Sometimes it can be a disconnect between those who operate the equipment and those who maintain it. We're practical exploit opportunities to see the plant in operation. It pays to continuously question the benefit of any maintenance and look for opportunities to ensure that its a sufficient as possible. It can sometimes be easy to jump to solutions, especially for those with a strong problem solving mindset. It is, however, important that they intend inaction has reviewed amongst its alternatives. We're practical. We may want to eliminate the failure bite from a plant ill system. So naturally this forms the top off the pyramid of controls. At the bottom. We have the option to accept the risk by no means a preferred approach, but equally one that we sometimes find ourselves waiting. Facing between the two extremes, we have substitution, isolation, engineering and administrative controls. Where possible, we should always aim for the highest level of control. Obviously, redesign is not always feasible to their costs and complexity involved. You may find yourself concerning solutions further down. The Hajric of Controls has discussed previously selecting variables such as ease of implementation, cost and plotting. Your solutions on the metrics shown will help you find quick wins and prioritized any actions. For example, If we're take four solutions, let's call them a B See on day there were considering implementing and plot them on The Matrix is shown in solutions. 1,000,000,000 day would be a preferred option. Equally, if we wanted to consider Hey Andy and compare them, we could plot cost purses. These have been of ease to get a better idea. Assuming they're both had the same reward or benefit, It's important to validate any actions or controls and put these controls in place to ensure you have achieved the desired result. One thing to be mindful is how you introduced your actions and whether or not they interact with any other state. So parses is you want to be conscious that it did not have any adverse effects house way. It's also important to since check direction and sure they delivered the desired risk reduction. To do this, we simply review our new plant or process with the corrective action in place, as we did with the original Failure motor system. We review the failure modes again and then listens the severity likelihood and he's a detection to give us our first priority number, which is hopefully list them when we originally started the process. So in summary, we've had a look at reducing the risk free maintenance, the hierarchy of control, a decision matrix toll which will help us decide and choose actions. And finally reminder about kind through the effectiveness check coming up makes we're gonna work on through the working example and Daito and we'll see all the tools in play. 5. FMEA Working Example Original: and this module will be working through an example where I'll put to use the process of a for me a and drew upon the tolls that I have introduced in previous models to make things simple of drawn up a schematic of, ah, a process that we were going to step through and short. We're mixing some ingredients and seeing them further down the manufacturing line. You could say that we have three K Percy steps outlined in the bottom. We pump ingredients to a mixing tank. We mix these ingredients. No, you pumped the Mex product further down the production line. You'll notice that there are valves, pumps and filters through the A femia prices. We're gonna try and group a fairly mode studied so that we can avoid duplication and basically copy and paste. Oh, if it's later on, let's have a look at how we pump the ingredients to the mixing tank. Here we can see four components. We've got tanks, filters, valves in a pump, looking at the components that make up the ball there of assembly by design. We should evaluate each individual component, however, to keep things practical, noting that there is nothing particularly unique about a ball valve for its application and our process. We can simplify things of correcting opponents into full K areas. We've got a body and structure, some moving parts, seals, we seals and we're parts. And then, of course, the fasting is that hold everything it together. By applying some logic, we know that moving parts and any seals or were parts are going to be areas of interest is these are, by design desired to wear and fail before things like her housings and fascinate? Should we should be able to diverse dismiss any need for failure mode assessments of the fast names of valve bodies? If we were the designers off this valve, then going to this level of detail may be evaluating Excite, however, as previously mentioned on focusing on this system purely from a perspective of maintenance . So let's see what this looks like. A knife in me, a tool. I didn't allude to it in previous slides, but we probably need to have a quick discussion about the tanks and pop work from a navy me a perspective. They could rupture or leak and likely to cause loss of product or contamination from a severity side of things is gonna be pretty catastrophic but equally unlikely to happen. And if it were to happen, you're likely to know about it from a maintenance perspective. There's not a lot of maintenance. It goes on as faras tanks of Publico, so I don't want to spend too much time talking about it. So I'm just gonna heart that. And we can focus our discussion on the ball valve itself rather than talk for each row on this Excel spreadsheet and go through the subassemblies, the failure modes that effect on the process and then justify the screen. I thought I'd just cool out some key points. And this example, I think the ball valves of interest, you'll note that has three failure modes felt open, fell to close, felt a fully open or close. The 1st 2 are fairly self explanatory and have a catastrophic effect on the process. Luckily, we're gonna have to stop it if we weren't able to open a valve or close of help. That score to add attained full probability in the three had a team for detection. Now the 3rd 1 is an interesting point. Yes, actually, we were sat to call that things like slow to transfer and inefficiency These how, I guess these are pretty cursors. Toe wall could lead to a catastrophic failure. So whilst on their own, they're not a particular, potentially severe fix, and they're probably harder to detect. We probably want to focus on more some of our effort and this rather than worrying about about that wide open, because if we can trace this, this is least likely to happen. And it's reflected in our score of 90 for a risk probably number versus 54. Moving further down the example you noticed we sacking into what I would call sacrificial components. So these have been deliberately designed by the engineer to be the weak point. With were points of, ah, machine or component. And that's where we're now talking about valve seals and seats. Obviously, a were on the seal or seat will produce a loss of product. You get inefficiencies and things will be slated. Transfer the severity again quite low, but probably a lot more likely given the fact that these air rubber components versus your stainless components of the valve and detection wise, assuming it presents itself externally would be fairly easy. But chances are you probably gonna have this failed to seal and likeable pass inside the pipe work so I might be quite difficult to take with a wrist priority number of 120. The FBI process is telling us that this is where we need to focus some of our attention on , rather than going and having a look at the parties or housing of the valve ties in quite nicely with where we see a lot of the engineers and maintenance teams focusing their time, you'll probably find that they actually spend their time replacing valves, seals and seats rather than going around with housing the valves and sorting those out and leaving the seals and seats intact. So if we can find ways toe, improve the detection of were of a seal, reduce the probability of a were ING or severity and impact on our system, then we can drop down this responding number of 120. So this have a look at other components and prices steps, and now system may be known to the pump and motor you another set that coupled together in the right hand side picture of the slide. But what I've done is I've actually broken that down, and us will never look at the motor itself. The reason for this is that motives will feature elsewhere in our process and not necessarily attached to a pump. The care in this case. I'm referring to agitated motor in the mixing Percy's so the body of work we're doing here could be replicated later on to help speed up the process in a similar fashion to our study of the bull. Well, having a look at the components of the motor, you know. So we have a body and structure, including the state of bearing housing and terminal connections. There are several moving parts, the writers and calling friends. We also have some were parts, a pair of bearings and, of course, the associative that is tying everything together. Now's a good time to mention that you can probably find some answers on Google specifically from supplies off parts or components and machinery. They may have already done some reliability studies for you and generated or populated a list of failure modes. One such website, Tup tup tup dot lifetime dash, reliably dot com, have listed over 500 failure modes for a centrifugal pump motor assembly. I have attached this document as a reference, and this module for you to have a read through it quickly demonstrates how fast and if you mean I purses come balloon into something that's almost uncontrollable and, no doubt a handy tool for those in the business of designing motors. However, in our case, we need to keep things simple. As I said earlier, there's a lot of information now on the Internet that we can help speed up the process of any Femia shine hairs, 500 failure modes off of centrifugal pump and motor assembly put together. But from the team that dubbed Upped up dot lifetime desh reliably dot com. It's fairly comprehensive and rather intimidating and demonstrates very accurately how quickly things can spar. Oh, when you get into the details of me a. Don't be afraid to reference it. And don't be afraid to do urine Googling major supplies of components such as Barings, for example, East Cave provide a lot of fairly modes in the veda. Help assist when it comes to tryingto list how their components Martin A to B maintained and how they can fail. So what does this look like? An alto? We didn't quite land with 500 failure modes for our motor. However, we do have a few things that we should probably have a quick look at. We've got some fairly imagine too difficult to take specifically on the internal components of all matter. The wind ings where we could have over 18 or damaged insulation and they've scar recorded up to some schools around the 160 marks. We go down further towards our dynamic opponents. You'll notice the bearings rear its head specifically and sufficient lubrication. Why wearing now oil's grace and electricity and mix well so we may not find ourselves actually doing a love with bearings other than ensuring that they are sealed and a lifetime lubricated rather than having one that we pump Greece into cause we don't want to get that Grayson anyway. Nearly electricity. Looking at the sub assembly in components of a pump and housing, United said. We have impel er's the body and structure of the pump housing and we got some ceiling were parts and of course, the fast means everything captured on there on the left inside a pump will usually have what's known as a mechanical seal. This provides the seal between the static housing and the road heading shaft, and it looks like the image shown on the right far away from me. I will consider the mechanical seal is a single component, largely because in general practice, if this was to fail or you to replace this during routine maintenance, you would replace the entire mechanical seal rather than the individual components. We're making up a mechanical seal from a mixture of old and new components. This is where we start to see another practical approach to a few me A. I only drooled down to maintainable components, capturing the components and subassemblies of our pump on our tool. You'll notice again that was trying to find to take some fire, a failure creeping up. Now schools. This is largely due to areas such as the bearings and impel is we were seeing erosion. Corrosion, misalignment. Now the erosion and we're and along with some of the corrosion is lucky. Teoh result in a loss of efficiency. So if we're tracking efficiency, then maybe our detection for a failure might reduce high school here because we might be out of pick up things of this similares as you wouldn't continuous monitoring, maintenance, a postal philosophy, but a big head. His here are Oh, impeller being misaligned and, of course, help pairing with insufficient lubrication. The sparing, unlike the motor bearing, is only interacting with their product. So you could assume that we may not, um, treated with the same caution like we did when we had great in electricity. Potentially, Maxine said. We might want to have a look at some of the gracing points or something like that, and it for appearing to you. The filters and spray balls, Our aesthetic components of her process and our approach to their failure modes will focus on the functional purpose of the component rather than diagnosing individual parts at assembly level. Fortunately, in our system, you'll notice we have a pair of filters, which delivers a level of redundancy to our plant for the FBI. Persist, we will ignore this fact for now, until it comes to the analysis, face and treat the filter filter housing as a singular component, so the static components off the filter and spray pool present five failure modes, the filter housing could rupture a lake. The filter cartridge owns three of these failure modes. They could fail to seal, could be partially blocked with build of a sediment or could be completely blocked. Then, obviously, the consequence of the filter failing to do its job would result in the spray ball potentially becoming blocked. Here we see a nice large number now risk priority number, And that's because the filter cartridges completely blocked. Interesting. That probably result because we failed to act when we had a partially block or pressure drop when reduced flow when the culture cartridge began to build up in sediment. So the game was signed to say things very possible. If we can pick up on pre care sizzle indicators, off potential catastrophic paint becomes quite handy. So that's it for the failure made of picked analysis for a fierce process, step off getting the ingredients from the ingredient tank and pumping them through to the mixing thing. Let's have a look at the mixing of ingredients persisted. The second person step only has a few components. We've got a motor driving an agitator, spending in a mixing tank. We've really done the FBI process for martyr. So we'll copay and pass this information across straight away, leaving us just the agitated to review. You'll notice that the agitators components again look fairly similar. Where we were gonna mechanical seal on Beerens. We did the if community study for this on our impeller pump assembly so we can copy this across again. By now, things are starting to speed up because of the effects we put in earlier. And now A for me, I study. However, it's important to keep in mind that although the failure modes may be the same, their effect will impact on our plan till system could vary. And this could rizzo in a different score on the severity scale. So we will still need to school each failure mode for the impact on where it sits in the current process. I wouldn't spend too much time talking through the if you mean the study for our mixing vice, largely because we've already spoken to it beforehand. I've got a moto with the same scores for severity, probably in detection, we think got out coupling. Oh, mechanical seal was again a copy and paste and finally down the bottom. You'll see that we've actually got the impeller agitator with the shafts and blades, we would get misalignment and excessive vibration. So no surprises here Got our high schools of protein for the bearings and sufficient lubrication or now mechanical seal. And then again, a similar one on our motor. In the final step of the prices, you will notice we do not have any new components or equipment that we have not already applied the if you me too. We should do it quick check to ensure that the conditions are environment in which these components that the pumps, valves, motors operate out different to those when they're previously assist. Possible examples could be include that the fact that the mixed product is off a different consistency. Well, we might have a slightly different designed pump valve for the purpose of this example. However, we will assume that there are no changes to the conditions of a fairly murders in the fix and these have all been populated. So what does this look like? So here we have all 79 failure modes for oral entire plant and system where we did a view me I study we have a larger manager application justified because we had a lot of common components in each processed it how stand out as a block to filter cartridge with the higher score of 432. But if word of rank these and I'll call him on the right hand side and then sort her heart's rankers the block cartridge, as expected. And then we start getting into some common numbers here. So we have a lot that scored turned Turrentine, and they all tend to be insufficient lubricated bearings or misaligned impeller on the pump two times. So we want to focus our efforts on the filters bearings, an alarm in between some of these components and an exhibition will go about talking through how to address some of these risks putting the correct actions in place. So now you would have talked through the all seeing the process steps at play. We would have export on our working example about going from components and sub components , touched briefly on the failure modes and how to duplicate things. And you should have a good understanding of how to use the template up next waiting and and look at how we can put the controls and actions in place to address some of the risk 6. Working Example Controls: because we're dealing with a hypothetical example in a demonstration of the safety immunity tool. I don't want to get bogged down in the specifics and try and solve each hypothetical failure mode. But I do want to try and demonstrate the thought process that goes into developing the ideas of for actions and controls. Having a look at the civilian on fairly modes that we populated Trainer failure mode. Study An example. The filter cartridge being completely blocked, scored a risk priority number of 432 and was the highest perceived risk for our system implant. This will be the failure mode that I'm going to talk to her briefly to get a better idea of what our options are available. A populated a quick table where are listed on hierarchies of control, from elimination through to accepting the risk. I then tried to come up with ideas specific to the example of the filter being blocked of where we could apply these controls. No, I did this without any thought to the current constraints. You basically want to try and be has blue sky in your solutions as possible. Finally, you want to bring things back down into reality, and this is where we did a bit of a phase ability assessment. Don't be afraid to use the decision. Metrics. Toll. If you having trouble trying to come up, put things into perspective, they have a better understanding off the partisan cones for insulation. Looking at the sex solutions that we populated for are blocked filter. We can start going through the process of elimination. Sorry at the top. Removing the filter doesn't seem feasible because we decided that the filter was a required step in our prices. The concept of adding extra senses specifically pressure monitoring equipment on the infinity, out fatal of the filter banks was deemed too expensive and then putting an engineering control were placed the filter broader. Each production run Nani was that trying to human era, but also was insufficient. Oh, ineffective, you somehow filter cartridge were basically throwing money down the drain. Finally, the idea of having a manual check of the pressure gags that was made us susceptible to human era if the operator was busy forgot all mistimed the point when they looked at the pressure gauge, so that basically left us with two solutions. We either substituted three red redundancy. We were. We already knew we had an extra filter in place, and the other option was to accept the risk. And what I've prized in this sisario is actually a blend of these two solutions of substitute and accept the risk. So what does this prepares a look like? First of all, will exploit the fact that we have two filters and run them as one on duty and one on standby. When the duty filter cartridges blocked, we'll simply swap over to the standby filter. This will allow us to replace the block cartridge without interrupting production. So what does this look like on Alcon? Effectiveness Check. Well, assuming that there's still some inconvenience when the duty filter begins to block or becomes completely blocked, have scored a three out of thine for severity. We're now running things to failure. We're expecting them to be blocked. And so going 14 Extremely likely. As far as a currents. Guys finally on the detection again. Assuming that Ah, we're gonna have a monitor interruption where we might end up with a bit of process delay. I've gone for a to add a teen that gives us a score of 60 as fires the risk priority number , guys, if you're cool. The original school was 432. So we got some justification here to say that we have helped reduce the risk priority number. And the next tips for what we would go through was actually look at the 2nd 3rd and fourth highest breast priority numbers, noting that the 4 32 no longer exists that we would ever look always scoring 216 and go through the same process. So 30 this module. We should have had a quick understanding of how we go about reviewing controls, how we evaluate the options that we used to put in place, and then again, how we want to validate the solution. And then some of the science that we've been employing here is actually correct. Coming up next, we have a quick recap of everything from start to finish and close up US module of If you municipalities. For those involved on reliable the A maintenance 7. FMEA Summary: This is a quick recap of everything that we will entering their transitions on the Femia. We're gonna dive into for process overview and then briefly discuss again the tools and templates that provided two years part of this training package. So you should have a very comprehensive understanding of the if mia parses and feel empowered to be able to undertake one yourself. We briefly discussed about understanding your plant and equipment and then being able to break these down to sub assemblies or sub processes. We talked about how we went around and came up with a risk assessment criteria. Two. Popular what's known as a press priority number, which allows us to compare each failure modem against others and get a real feel for which is the sole parts of a process. We then had looked at the controls and actions and introduced something called the Hierarchy of Control, along with the decision matrix, which made things easier for us to be able to choose between actions if we're hit had conflicting ideas or we're quite sure which way to go about things. Finally, we had a look at the FBI tool itself on the Excel spreadsheet and the Net. A look at how we're going to put in place controls and actions from a practical component. Throughout this course, I've discussed and reference to low tolls and templates that I've grouped together as documents that you can download at the end of this lecture. Hopefully, with these tools in place, you should feel empowered to be out on. Take your only familiar study and please feel free to customize these and tailor them to suit your own plant will purposes you need. Finally, I want to say a big thank you. When I was first introduced to the FBI, told, I found a very intimidating and hopefully, with this training package, you should feel what more empowered and have a clear understanding of the power of the tool itself. Best of luck. Thanks once again.