Reflection and Gradation on Water: Seascape in Watercolor | Bianca Rayala | Skillshare

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Reflection and Gradation on Water: Seascape in Watercolor

teacher avatar Bianca Rayala, Watercolor Artist

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

7 Lessons (1h 11m)
    • 1. About The Class

    • 2. Preparing For The Class

    • 3. Pencil Sketch

    • 4. Painting The Water

    • 5. Painting The Reflection

    • 6. Painting The Boat

    • 7. Key Learnings and Class Project

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About This Class


Water has always been one of my favorite subjects to paint because of its mesmerizing characteristic.

In this new course, we will unfold the magic of painting water with watercolors. Learn how to convey water’s dynamics on paper, how to portray liveliness, volume and structure without creating muddy colors. Understand aerial perspective, tonal values and how to simplify complex subjects in painting your own watercolor work.

Through a step by step painting instruction, you will learn a simple and uncomplicated way of drawing boats, painting water, image of waves and mirror reflections using modern watercolor techniques.

If fear hinders you from painting your favorite seascape photographs and you want to have a whole new perspective on painting water, then this course is for you. Hone your skills and explore new facets of watercolor with me. Ill see you in class!

Meet Your Teacher

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Bianca Rayala

Watercolor Artist


Hi friends! I'm Bianca and I'm a watercolor artist. My purpose is to inspire people to discover and pursue their creative passion. See full profile

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1. About The Class: Hello everyone. I am Bianca Ayala. I'm a watercolor artist and educator from the Philippines. I love what their colors and I'm so passionate about sharing my love for arts through teaching. Water has always been one of my favorites objects to beam because of it's mesmerizing characteristics. In this new cores, we will unfold the magic of painting water with watercolors. Learning how to convey waters dynamics and paper, how to portray liveliness, volume, and structure without creating muddy color's. Understand aerial perspective, tonal values, and how to simplify complex objects in painting your own watercolor work through a step-by-step painting instruction, you will learn a simple and uncomplicated way of drawing boats. Painting water image of weaves in mirror reflections using modern watercolor techniques. So we fear hinders you from painting your favorite seascape for the reps and you want to have a whole new perspective on painting water. Then this course is for you. Hone your skills and explore new facets of watercolor with me. I'll see you in class. 2. Preparing For The Class: Hello friends. Thank you for joining me in this watercolor journey through the C. Did they will be studying how to depict water, its color and movement. We will study how to draw both in its reflection. And we will learn how to turn a simple plot to create div and atmospheric water color work using a very limited color palette. Let me share with you some important theories that you need to understand when painting water. Because I want you to be able to paint on your own and not just copy how I painted. In painting water, you must remember three things. First is shaped, second, third is color. Most of the time we are to focus on the color, but this is actually the least important among the three. If we think of it, painting with even one color can look beautiful. If there is depth and volume. We don't have volume. If we don't observe proper tonal values in our work yet, correct tonal values won't support a deformed shape of the object in our painting. So in its shape and thorns always go together. Let's look at our reference photo. As we can observe. What there in the distance is lighter, then gradually becomes darker closer to us. We paint the water withdrawn from light, moderate, and dart. Second, there are no large waves in the background or in the water. And the distance. We only Bain small horizontal waves in the middle ground. And the bigger waves are painted on the foreground. This big waves are not horizontal anymore, but could be irregular in shape. These waves become even bigger closer to us. And the waves are also getting darker in Bono value, then the water. Therefore, when painting water, we change not only the tonal value of water, but also the tonal value in shape of leaves. Now I'd like to share the materials that I will be using for the lesson. For us, I will use Bao Hong watercolor paper. This is 100% cotton and 300 GSM. This is eight by 11 inch in size and advice you to use hot and paper, especially when drawing cityscapes, since we will be using lots of water in placing layers. The brushes I have here are renaissance natural Damo brush for painting, the water fragment, flat brush for wetting the paper. Synthetic brush for painting details in a fine brush. Just in case I need to remove someone wanted blues on my work. I will use my main logic other pilot, the colors that I mostly use for this project. Or yellow ocher, burnt sienna, Indian red, neutral tint. Am at this genuine horizon blue, lavender, beans green, indigo, olive green, lunar blue, cobalt blue, and the white. Prepare also pencil eraser, two cups of water in some tissue paper. Copy of the reference photo, pencil, sketch, and final painting are all provided in the resource section of the project and resources tab below this video. I encourage you to keep a copy of the reference beside the well-being thing. So let's go to the next lesson for the pencil sketch. 3. Pencil Sketch: This is our photo reference for painting. The boat being the focal point will be positioned in the upper half of the paper. Then it's reflection will be occupying the lower third of the paper. To get the correct perspective of the boat, I simply use my pencil to get the angle from my reference and then transfer it to my paper. This two points will serve as my guide. As I decide on the size of my boat. I draw an infinity symbol as my guide and start drawing the back part of the boat. I draw the ball and still observing the angles that they see on the reference photo. Looks complicated. But to simplify the process, just focus on big shapes when sketching. Each week your sketch to make sure that the shapes are incorrect. Perspective. Next, let's copy it on your working paper. Shapes and you don't necessarily need to draw. Those in some lines here in the picture. I will not include the word post in the foreground. So we have a complete view of the board. If they're not clearing the reference is okay though. Our shapes. So the picture would still look good. I tried doing the math with the free hand, but they decided to just use a ruler to make it more straight. Now, let's draw the reflection. Reflection is almost the same size of the object being reflected. We don't need to draw the reflection, but rather just the main outline to serve as our guide when reflection is basically a mirror view of the object. I do some loose and very light strokes to draw the outline of the reflection. Reflection is of the same size of the boat. And if the angle of their reflections are also correct. I will add some details like reels and also the folded. Hi. Now I'll be finalizing my sketch. Undecided. Our final sketch. 4. Painting The Water: In this lesson, I will show you a simple and not so complicated way to being this will be in the water portion by portion degree, the smooth gradient from light to dark going from the background to the foreground. And then when the fragment is still moist, we will paint the waves in one go and let the layer to dry completely before painting the boat and reflection. At this moment, I'm partially erasing my sketch the light than the strokes. Once the lead has been wet with water, they become permanent and in erasable. I suggest that you keep a copy of the reference photo beside the while painting. So you will learn how to observe tonal values. The folder evidence can be downloaded from the resource section found in the project and resources tab. Let's start using a flat brush. I will pre-web the upper part of my paper, avoiding the mass, the sale, and the boat. I wet it with water because I want to paint a soft atmospheric background. I tilt the paper by placing a day but the back. And this will help the paint to flow down naturally. I get the watery mix of Horizon doing Amadeus genuine. Remember that when you work with wet on wet, the paint will get lighter as it dries since the water on your paper will delete the mix that you applied. Now with the general stroke, I paint the background with a very watery mix. Gradually add a little bit more of Horizon Blue to have a soft gradient. Naturally flows down since my paper is still damp. Carefully, making sure as much as possible. Now using a synthetic brush, I created a slightly thicker makes using the same two colors to paint the horizontal strokes that will portray the waves from the distance. Again, the waves in the middle ground or almost straight and very thin. The waves gradually gets bigger and more irregular in shape. As we approach the foreground. Now I go back to my natural hair round brush to continue painting the water fragment. Here, my mix is more saturated in a bit creamy. I want to show a more obvious transition intone. That is why I'm working wet on dry. Carefully paint around the boat and the buoy. Since we are painting on the dry ice sheet, we need the word very fast to avoid hard edges on the water fragment. I also use my flat brush to soften the edges on the outline of their reflection. And gradually add indigo mix to have a dark foreground. And a soften the edge with a clean brush. I didn't mean the reflection with blue, since we will use a different set of colors to paint the reflection. Remember that the foreground should be very dark tone to have a sense of depth in your seascape. I just soften the edges using a clean, damp brush and also blend the color slightly to have a smooth gradient. Now I'm mixing a very rich dark color to paint the waves. If my foreground is this dark, my wave should have a darker and thicker consistency. I mix indigo, lunar blue, and amateurs genuine to paint the waves with one stroke. I added to make it even darker as I notice that it's still lacked the waves with gentle and irregular strokes, making sure that the paper is still noise process, my brush should also have not much water. Now I notice a bloom here on this side, so I use my fan brush to blend and get rid of the blues. Since my water fragment is still moist, I can darken some more the waves in the background. However, if you notice that your paper is dry already, and as you make the stroke, you already create hard edges. You need to stop. We don't want hard edges on the waves. What you can do is let it dry completely first, then generally pretty wet your paper with clean water and then begin painting the waves. Once the paper becomes moist. I have this layer dry completely. Then on the next video. 5. Painting The Reflection: At this stage, my paper is thoroughly dry already. It is important to work with right paper to avoid clutter bleeds between both in water. I think my natural hair brush and mix the corners. Lavender, neutral, thin and a bit of yellow ocher and Horizon Blue. And the mic should be like an opaque bluish gray color. The portray the off-white boat. I'll add a bit of cobalt blue for a more bluish tone. Starting from the bowl, I beam this thick mix of color. I make sure to carefully define the main shape of the boat. Skip painting Defender then continued painting. But this time with a very light mix. We want to build them. That's why we don't fill it in with one single. While it is still wet, I drop some yellow ocher and blended with my gray mix. This will give extra texture of the book. I also darken the base with neutral tint color. Next I mix a mix of Horizon, genuine, even darker and more defined. I'm dropping some beans on the surface of the boat, the create more interesting texture. Next, let's leave the lightened shadow. Using my gray mix, I carefully paint the sides facing me. Again, avoid being boards which are like that. The windows with the same green mix. This way for now, the reflections. Using the leftover and dark, we'll add some olive green, indigo and horizon. This dark greenish mix. I load my brush so well and start painting a small part that does the holler. Now I realize that we have a dark gray color on the base of the boat, so we need the reflection using a different color. I will create a deep indigo mixed up being the reflection next to the base of the boat. Then I will transition it to the deep green color that I made earlier. Notice how my mix is if it is so saturated and almost opaque. This dark blue fragment is still moist. I connect the green color to avoid hard just using the tip of my brush. Strokes to the edges of the reflection. I refer to the general dominant shapes that they see on my reference. When painting the reflection, we don't need to actually copy each. I am gently softening the edge between the base of the mode to remove those white gaps in between. Next I create the mixed with lavender and the horizon, build the reflection at the back part of the boat. I wanted to darken this using a dry brush. I do a quick outline, depth to enhance the appearance of the boat into separate clearly from its reflection. I just add yellow ocher and some hints of reflection. Since I plan to add also a dark. And the upper part of the board later on, I will be darkening the edges of their reflection with a dark blue. Next step is painting that a flexion of the mass. Make sure that they are aligned as you paint the reflection. The same principle should be done in painting the reflection of this sales and riggers. As I paint the reflections, I dance my brush to create soft, wavy strokes. It always looks better if we bend them in one stroke and not layer another stroke on top of it. The consistency of water. So it will pop up and be visible and know what their fragments. Don't forget. Also the reflection of the ropes. We are almost done with this project. I'll see you in the next video to enhance the boat and finalized. 6. Painting The Boat: In this lesson, we will be completing the details of the board. Started with the folded mix, cobalt blue in color almost similar to the reference reflected light with the light blue color you see. This genuine and horizon and then connect them to the dark dots. Will make it they mentioned. Let's start with the yellow ocher then blended. Dark branch. Left me with neutral. Often the reflected shadow. The size of the deck, with a lighter tone to create the mentioned, again, we focus on painting shapes, not the specific part of the objects. So we don't get overwhelmed on one facing this guy to make them bright. This part of the scene. Okay, and make it more dimensional. I paint some dots off dark color to serve as suggestive. Just use this adjusted strokes to give the viewers the overall shape. Like this. Do windows and other elements that get off the boat. Don't go overboard. You will be surprised how spots of color can create a nice difference in the over everything. Okay. Dr. Dawna portion of the shape. Okay. In the succeeding steps, I will just add some highlights and a nice red stripe here. And don't forget the defender and the gray color. Using some dots here and there. Next, let's paint the Indian red to build connection between this one. Let's paint dry stroke, and we use the same mixture. As our last step. I will add some finishing touches using my opaque white paint. I usually put highlights on ropes, some dots on the boat and reflections. This is our final painting. Let's summarize what we learned on the next video. 7. Key Learnings and Class Project: We've come to the end of the horse and they hope you had fun and learning from the experience with me that summarize the important things that we must remember in painting water. First, always remember that the thorn and shape are very important elements. These two are the key to achieving depth era perspective. And they mentioned when painting water and weaves. Second, the reflection is almost of the same size of the object being reflected. The holder of that reflection is affected by the color of the object being reflected, this guy and the water. Third, to simplify, complex subjects, focus on painting big shapes at some spots of colors that can help build the overall look of the object without painting every detail and board that you see in the reference. For a class project. I want you to be the same thing that I did. If you carefully follow my steps and the explanations that they shared, I'm sure that you can do it well. I want this ear works in how my glasses help you. So it would be great if you will upload your painting in the project section and leave a class review to have 16 more watercolor classes here on Skillshare. And I hope to see you again there.