Reading and Writing Hiragana | Yazuki Wolf | Skillshare

Reading and Writing Hiragana

Yazuki Wolf

Play Speed
  • 0.5x
  • 1x (Normal)
  • 1.25x
  • 1.5x
  • 2x
11 Lessons (2h 42m)
    • 1. BenkyouKai intro

    • 2. BenkyouKai01 AEIOU

    • 3. BenkyouKai02 KaGa

    • 4. BenkyouKai03 SaZa

    • 5. BenkyouKai04 TaChi

    • 6. BenkyouKai05 NaNi

    • 7. BenkyouKai06 HaHi

    • 8. BenkyouKai07 MaMi

    • 9. BenkyouKai08 YaYiYu

    • 10. BenkyouKai09 RaRi

    • 11. BenkyouKai10 WaWoNn


About This Class

The Japanese writing system is composed of a combination of 3 different forms of writing, namely Hiragana, Katakana, and Kanji. 

In this course we'll briefly describe the overall writing system before diving into a series of lessons designed to teach you how to read and write Hiragana, arguably the most useful of the three for starting Japanese learners. 

There are no prerequisites for this course.  


1. BenkyouKai intro: is ask you, Wolf. I am a game designer, game artist, living and working in Japan. I have lived here for over 13 years, and I speak the language to a fair degree of fluency. The places I've worked are 90% to 95% maybe even 99% Japanese. So we used Japanese every day. There's no English at the workplace, so I have been able to achieve a fair degree of fluency in the language. I am obviously not a native Japanese speaker. I was born in America, but I believe that having gone through the experience of learning the language myself gives me some insights which may be helpful for teaching others. For those reasons, In addition to the art courses, which I have already put up here, I decided I'd also like to make a course to teach Japanese. And I'm gonna be calling this course bank Yokai. I can't with that because Bank Yokai is the Japanese term for a study session or like a study group and being that I was a former and still am a student of Japanese, that image I have for the for this courses that were fellow students helping each other along the way as we learn the Japanese language. So in this course we're going to be starting off by learning Heater Ghana, which is one of three different writing systems that are used in Japanese. Now that may sound a little confusing. So before we go any further, I think we need to explain how is Japanese written? Let's go ahead and zoo in here a little bit if I were to write a Japanese sentence here now , if you look at this, they're gonna knows a few things right off the bat. Um, the main thing is that there's a couple things that you might recognize. You have a question mark here. You know, we have something over here which looks like a comma, even though it's written a little bit different. But basically this is still comma. You have this thing over here which looks like a period, except for that it's hollowed out in the middle. That actually does act very much like a period, a period. You have a lot of the same sort of like grammatical marks that were used to seeing in English. But one thing that you may not be used to is that it does not appear like there's any spaces like there's no spaces in this, you know, It just keeps going from here all the way over. It just keeps going straight over. So how is one to figure out where one word ends and another begins? And the way that that it happens? It has a lot to do with the way that these three different running systems interact. So I'm gonna make some space here, and we're going to examine this a little bit closer. So don't worry too much about memorizing the meaning of of these sentences. That's not really the or these words. That's not really the focus of today's lesson. More today is just gonna be based on, ah, how these different writing systems are interacting. So the first thing I'm going to do is I'm going to separate the three different right existence. So this area that I'm underlying red is what they call hit a Ghana, and that's what we're actually gonna be focusing on for this first course. All right, and next, I'm going to underline the card. Akala in blue narcotic Ana is used for non Japanese terms or things that are originating from outside of Japan. So you'll see here. I think it's pride. Just those 22 spots for Kathy Khanna. But this here look size a little too big. This here is who do food. And so that is the second part, my name who do Phu And then down here we have get that e not. And this just makes it go Love it further so altogether that is game designer. So you can hear right now in what I'm saying Game mood designed not its That's a non Japanese term in saying game designer and Wolf, My name is not Japanese, so that also is written in Coptic Ana So Kata Khanna is usually a little bit more straight and hard edged than then he gonna So you may notice here that you have over here with the heat a Ghana. You have like these very kind of fluid kind of loose strokes, whereas when you come over to the to the Coptic on over here, you have more strokes that are basically like straight lines. No, and don't write too much about like memorizing this right now. I just want to So you how these are used together. So now the last sort of writing system that's came mixed up in here is Condi and Kanji. So Condi are just the Chinese characters that are being used in the Japanese writing system . Now that you can see how these different writing systems are being intermingled here, hopefully you can You can begin to imagine how you can tell where one word ends and another begins so that without me having teach, taught you anything about how to read this yet you could probably already imagine that this here is one word and you'd be correct. That's Haji Muster, which which basically means it's it's good to meet you. Nice meeting you for the first time. And now here we have a compound of Condi, which is this is particularly for my name. This isn't like a very common thing, but this is night and moon, and you put that together to make Yassky and so this conjure compound here, along with the comic con next to it. Is this my first and last name? So we have you as a key do foot. So you ask yourself, That's me, Tony this is gets a little confusing, but this is certainly grammatical instrument, similar to like particles that we have in Ah, with on four after at by in little one were one word statements like that that helped connect things in a sentence and that you know where the subject object is and so on and so forth. Um and then here we have motion HMAS, which now here is a very important thing to note. The this part here is a kanji, but it's followed by heat a Ghana, and we'll go more into this when we actually start learning the grammar of Japanese. But this is very important because the Condi here tells us the meaning of the word, more or less. But then the heat I gotta after it tells us what type of tense it is, what form it's taking. So, you know, if you have in English because say eat eight had eaten. You know, there's many different forms of the verb eat right to eat eating and Japanese very similar , except for in Japanese. Um, the meaning is going to generally stay the same with that one, Condi. And the part that changes to tell you our is it Is it something you're doing now is something you're doing later? Is it something in the past that's going to come in the heat of Ghana after it? So in this case, it's this is most do, which means Teoh too se and then she Moss is making is a polite way of just saying to to say so. Basically, what this is saying is that, um, it's nice to meet you for the first time I am called Yassky Wolf, for my name is Yeah, Lucky Wolf. And that's just the polite form of saying that they're they're easier, less polite ways of saying it that I could probably teach you when you get into grammar. But for now, I'm just keeping in the polite form. And then down here we have two county together again and this is Ni home, and that is Japan. That means Japan, basically day, which is just another particle. And then we have a game designer which is in Canada, Khanna against and then Tolstedt. This is also another serve like particle And then once again, we have the conjure here for work, followed by, followed by the heat of Ghana, which is is putting it in a kind of present. Progressive, polite, um, tense. So altogether, this is the home debt game designer Tolstedt Stomach Damos. So I work in Japan as a game designer, but we're gonna go to much of the grammar of this may well in the future. But for now, don't worry too much about it. And then going on, we have the show these air to Condi again, together again, which is telling us watchers which actually means together knee is another particle. Um, the home goal And you know, is that this new home here is the same the home from appear. So that's just the Japanese, Condi for Japan and the goal after it here, just tell us that we're talking about the language. So any hung go Oh, Behnke Oh, she must think up and, uh, thank you the same conjure that we have up here for bank you. Okay? And that just means study. So thank yo Sheamus Anka is now This is again we have thank you. Which means study and she mustn or she Massu is the polite form Polite, tense of study of to study and she Mustang communes. Won't you study so together? It means Shoni HongkongBank Yashima sank off. Wouldn't want you like to study Japanese with me. So all together, so altogether. This is just saying how much step Hello. It's nice to meet you. Yeah, Secure of Tom Oshima's My Name is Yassky Wall for I am called Yogic. You'll be home that game desire Torched estimate Thomas I I work as a game designer in Japan Shoni Hunger Bank Yashima Zinka wants to study Japanese with me. So originally we looked at this and it just looks like a mess of, of like of letters. And so if you don't know the different sort of writing systems in Japanese, it's going to just look like a mess. It's gonna be hard to kind of discern where to start reading where where one word starts and where where one word ends, etcetera. But once you kind of train your up yourself to recognize and once you've learned the three different writing systems, suddenly things start to break up a lot easier and it begins to make a lot more sense the Anyways, I think that's enough for the introduction. Let's get right into learning. He gonna see you next time 2. BenkyouKai01 AEIOU: Hey, this Yassky wolf And welcome to Bank Yokai Episode one Now I do have an episode zero on my channel, which goes into serve like an overview of the Japanese language Japanese writing system and how this all works because it's not just, like, simple, as you would think if you're just coming from like, a Western language, like English or Spanish or what not there it kind of works in a very different way. So if you want to get served the ah, preamble to this and I kind of have that overview going and check out Episode zero. But for today, in Episode one, we're going to be learning he to Ghana and to some extent, Celtic Ana. I think we're gonna be focusing mainly on heating on up for for the most part. But I will keep counting Khanna on the screen just to kind of increase your awareness of that, even if it's just subconsciously for the time being, but not show he to Ghana and I go on born to this into the episode. Zero but nutshell Heater Ghana is e the kind of writing system for Japanese terms in Japanese. Why can't Khanna is the running system for non Japanese terms or terms that have been or originated from outside the Japanese language within the Japanese rice is and I know that sounds really confusing. So if you don't really understand I'm talking about then please check out Episode zero because it's it's a lot to go into right now. So anyways, um, you see here I have a little graph here and you'll notice that on the top of the graph, we have some continents like K S T and and so forth and then on the left side of the graph , we have, um, the vowels, it's the actually the letters A I, u e and O. But this is pronounced Ah e who A Oh, it's basically the same a Spanish, I think just the order in the way that presented in the alphabet is different, but the pronunciation is basically the same. So you have ah, e u ao and me. Just zoom in a little bit your noticed here that we have. There's no constant in this column, so an ah sound without any constant is just ah sound an e sound without any constants to e and so forth. And so on this graph, you'll see that on the left hand side you have the heat, a Ghana, and on the right hand side, you have the cat Turkana. Um, the hit a Ghana, you may notice, is generally more kala graphic. It's very smooth and has lots of like, curved lines that you couldn't imagine yourself writing with a brush. Whereas the right side is a little bit more modern. It's kind of like what you imagine what you could do with a pen or like with with a pencil . It's very it has a lot of very straight rigid lines, and so this is more or less approximation or a simplification rather of the heat A Ghana. And, um, if you see an episode zero, the, uh, he d Ghana is what is being used for Japanese terms, and that's actually why we're gonna focus on heated Ghana for this Siris, for for the most part right now, because I want to teach you some Japanese words along with the actual writing systems. So as I introduce Japanese words, we're going to using heated Gonna primarily. So that's what we're going to use. But for example, if you wanted to write your name, provide that you aren't. You don't provide that you don't have a Japanese name. Um, your name would be written in Coptic. Ana, there's gonna be a little difficult because in Japanese the lettering, it's not constants and vows. It's a combination of Constance and vows. So So there are cases where you're not going to be able to have a 1 to 1 relation. For example, if your name was stand, you wouldn't be able to write an s and then a tea because there is no s in Japanese, There's no T in Japanese, so the best you can do is you could take the s and then the new sound in Japanese, actually fairly soft. So a lot of times, when you when you don't want to stress the vow, you're going to use a you in Japanese. So let me get their layer here so that I could I give you this example. So we're taking We're gonna write the name Stan. So we're taking the S and the U to make Su. So that's the first thing that right, Sue, And then next we're gonna have tea and the A for tough. So you're not gonna have add there is no staff. So you know that no one English would say, Stan, But there's no ass sound in Japanese. So the closer you can do is you could do Ah, so you have star. So this is Suta. But generally I've saying, since the who is very site is very soft Japanese, it often flows into whatever's after it. So this would be pronounced is stopped. So it's basically the same. It's S t. But and then now the last part is a little bit tricky because we have the end sound. But I from what I told you already you could you could be may imagine that you might want to do the you sound here. But there's a kind of a special rule rule here because there's one with one case where you can have a constant without of al after it is n and you'll see here on this end, we have just it's just the end sound. So this here just is just the end sound No constant. So you can actually put that here and now you have stunned and actually this kind of that kind of sounds like, uh, like, stunned, like if you're playing RPG game or something like you stunned your opponent. So you may want to actually in the middle, like put like a So this is this is just like, um so this looks like a little hyphen, but actually that just along gates the sound. So instead of ah, stunned, it becomes Stan. So there's a little bit Ah, it is a little bit closer to what the actual what you're actually going for. So just sound out your name and try to figure out the closest approximation of what you can write with it with these characters and go ahead and give that a try. You can a screen cap this if you want for reference. Also, this is basically just ah, capture from ah, Wikipedia. So the Wikipedia go to Japanese. Look up, Wikipedia heater. Ghana can Turkana and you could get the same image there as well. All right, so that was just a quick thing about Chicano. But now we're gonna move into the heat to Ghana, and for this episode, we're going to be focusing on the first, um, the first column here. The u AO. So let me hide to the rest of that. There we go. And I'm gonna be a couple of examples of words that you can make with these. There's a quick side note. I can't Really I can't really teach you how to write this in this lesson. I'm just introducing you to these because to actually learn how to write this, you have to practice it and I'm not gonna have a lot of like, Okay, repeat after me. And let's try doing this together. Those types of like things that you would actually do in a class. This is just teaching you the writing. So I recommend that you do the practice on your own and then supplement your own practice with this lesson to kind of guide you through the process. These these ah, these videos, they're going to build off of themselves. So unlike a lot of the other videos on YouTube, which I do recommend checking out, especially if it's a native Japanese speaker, so you get the pronunciation down. But most videos I have noticed on YouTube they tend to be at an introductory level like perpetually because they want anyone who comes in the video any time to always be able to interact with whatever the lesson is for that week. Whereas I'm doing a very much A to Z type of approach where every video is gonna build off of itself some good. I'm hoping to guide you through the process of becoming a beginner to an intermediate to eventually an advanced Japanese speaker. So if that sounds interesting to you, then subscribe. And this tried tick make to go on this journey together, so just very quickly, focusing on just the heater Ghana, Let's hide the cut account. For now, we have, uh, e who? Yeah, and oh, so go ahead and try to practice that on your own time. Do a screen cap if you like. And, uh, once you're ready to move on, we'll go ahead and start doing some words. All right, so that's opened up the examples of some of the words that you can make with ease. So, first off, let me hide that as well. All right. I'm going to be putting the, um I'm going to be putting the conjure here as well. Just that you get used to seeing it. You don't worry if you don't worry about learning it right now, I just I just I'm a strong believer in being immersed in the language, and that's how that's the very much the approach that I took when I was learning Japanese and so get used to just having things you don't know, but having it kind of just being absorbed subconsciously that in the future when we go into that, then it will click a lot faster. I think if you already have that sort of in the back of your head So this is a counter here for away and you could see that ring out here with the heat of Ghana who and so that's who it and that means up next. There's no country for this, So I'm leaving that blank here. But this is E So you hav e and then e again. So when you put these next to each other, just just makes the the pronunciation longer. So it comes E and that means good. And this comes up a lot in Japanese. So, like, um, Hawaii, Tinky doesn't mess up like the weather. Today is good, you know, It comes up a lot. E de Scott, Is it all right if I do this like so and so the more we discard its Ah, very, very common. Uh, no. You see the same E. But then we put it at the end. So got E yet and this auction is very kind of word. This means No. So, um, is all right if I do this called me up to the Malita Scott yet? No, it's not. All right, so now this is very similar, but we dropped one of the ease. So now we get around, get rid of one of the ease and we got Yeah, very So it's not e. Yeah, it's Yeah. And this is house once again. I'm not a native Japanese speaker. I lived in Japan for 12 13 years or so, so I definitely get get by. And I work in a company with, um 90 95% Japanese co workers. So I use Japanese every day, but I would recommend that you gets your pronunciation guides from native speakers, if possible, right? And moving down, we have Oh, oh, So ah, plus o makes out and that is blue. All right, And now I'm kind of pushing it here. But, I mean, it's hard when we only have vowel sounds, but here we have. Oh, and then, oh, once again, that this just dresses the salads, it becomes all that's just exclamation. You'll hear that? Ah, lot in Japan actually reading manga or something that's going to come up a lot. It's just like exclamation of kind of surprise or or like, um, Glee, I guess I know you're just read manga and get it. Gonna get idea of, like when people use that time expression. But you'll hear a lot in Japan. Um, and now it seems like I made a mistake here, but we'll correct that. So here it says, Ah e So this is I and that this is a very common conjure. You probably people with tattoos of this. This means it's not exclamation. I'm sorry. That was That was a mistake there. That means love actually change my, uh, my brush for a second. So that makes it a little bit more readable. Yep. So I is love and you'll hear that a lot. Now, my I'm sorry. You'll see that a lot in Japan you don't actually hear people say that word very often, and that may be a cultural thing. We'll talk about later, but you actually not. People know a lot. People say I love you and they don't It's not like in America where so I love ice cream. People wouldn't say ice cream ice. I I did. You know that it's it's Ah, it's a much deeper word and it has a lot, a lot stronger meaning here. So it's this kind of reserved and how we would use that word here but that spread of the video and then moving on now we have. So this is the county. There for that is a painting or drawing, and a lot of people on my on my channel are expiring. Manga, con, others, other artists. So this is a very important work to have, and it just means painting or a drawing. I want to say picture, But then, if you say picture, you could and couldn't give you the image of a photograph and photograph is, in other words, I don't don't want to get that confused, so let's just remember that is for painting if you wanna be a manga artist and you can go to school here. They will come up a lot in terms of explain your your picture of what you work on. Oh, and other things like that. So that was fairly quick. Go ahead and do a screen capture that if you want to review these words in the future, and we're going to move on in the next episode to the K column, where we learn cocky Kuok and Co. All right, hopefully that was used useful to you. If you like the Siri's and you want to hear more, go ahead and subscribe until next time. Live boldly and be creative. You're sick. 3. BenkyouKai02 KaGa: is your city, wolf, and welcome to bank your. Okay, So in our last video, we went over E A and O. And in this video, we're gonna be moving along over to the K column, Where will be studying cocky, kooky and CO. For the time being, we're gonna be focusing on the heat, gun us and go ahead and cover up the counter kind of for now. And let's go over those one at a time. K plus ah becomes cup, and then K plus key becomes keep, and then K plus you becomes coop. Now, hold on. Was like, I probably explain this kind of holographic feel of this key. So when you're writing key, um, during the kind of cartographic way that's written as you stroke this way and then you come around and you stroke down there, then you come down this way and it moves up. But you kind of, um, pull your brush back here and then pushed down again at the bottom. So a lot of times you'll see key written something like this, But ah, don't be confused. It is the same. It is the same as this. It's just that the, uh, this area here is often very inspiring. With a brush, it often becomes very light, and sometimes it is even, like, just completely lifted off the page. And so that's why you get this sort of like, slightly different representation of it. It's something you get used to, but you just keep that in mind that it's not always gonna look exactly the same, right? And then we have care and cold, right? That's the biggest there. Go ahead and practice that on your own time. You could do a screen capture that if you'd like. And once you're ready to move on, we're going to learn some words right here we have our next word list, and once again, I'm going to have the Condi written on the side. Don't worry about two. Memorizing that right now, I just wanted to kind of be in your subconscious that these are the conjure representations of these words. So, first off, we have, uh, car lock up, and this means red, just like the color of this brush. Then we have key. And once again, now you can see what I was talking about with the with the kind of different ways to write key. We have this key over here which which is fully connected. And then you have this key up here which has this empty space right there as the stroke is kind of lost and key by itself. This is probably very easy conscience. Remember if you did it. I remember that one. This means tree. You see very much how that kind of looks like a tree. But we'll have a Condi Siris in the future. So it's not focused too much on that right now. Right? Next, we have coo coo key and remember that these just combined So it becomes kooky. Just makes it The new sound is just ah, elongated. So kooky. All right, so kooky means air. There have e care you get, Which means Lake. We have a key, which means train. And that's pronounced Becky. And now this comes up a lot in Japan because, especially if you live in Tokyo, everywhere you go, you're using trains. So, Becky is where you're gonna hear ah lot and so much flow that even people that live here that come from English speaking countries when they're even when they're speaking English that often you say ec e instead of station Just because it's so much easier to just be like , Hey, I'll meet you at ah, Shinjuku back year. I'll meet you at the ec E Instead of saying I'll meet you at the station or the Shinjuku Station, it just becomes soak so, like common that a lot of times people say things like, I'm in front of the ec e like me by the EC e. Yep, so good. Once remember, then we have Boca. OCA means Hill. You hear this a lot when you're when you're looking at the names of stations, actually, like um, or names of places, even like she's do Oka are. There's a whole lot more that can't really think of right now. But you'll see that a lot in names of places and stations because in the anything of the olden times, probably when places were named did have things like the the top of the hill or the hill of the something rather and then in Japanese, that turns into something Okah Rocca, she's oh, car or what? Not So next we have e got E. Okay, so right, this is a point that I have to. I have to explain now. All right. So you know this year that there's something different about this. Do you see what is So I've taught you. We went through E last week and this week we just did car. Right? But what's this extra thing up here? Right, So there are some words or some letters that you can change by just adding thes types of like symbols. So in the K column, you also you also have G sounds. So let me try to explain that. So over here this is the K column, but is actually kind of K and the G column, because by itself this is cocky coup Keiko. But if we add with Colin Japanese a 10 10 which is just these two lines in the upper right hand corner like this, it turns into a G sound. So now we got got G goo, get and go, Right, so it's pretty simple. Just remember, if you if you don't know anything about linguistics, the difference between this is it's basically the same sound is just ah voiced and unveil voiced. So what we say voiced, it means that dumb. I believe it's like it's here. Car Get okay if you'd like. Touch your your throat when you say car got car. Like if you say car, there isn't a lot of vibration in your throat where if you say God, you're gonna kind of feel that vibrate a little bit more. Little bit stronger is the same root sound, but it's too. There is a difference in the way that you voice it. Other examples would be F NV, so f is not voiced. V is voiced. So that's why when you have an English, you have things like wolf. And when you make that plural it becomes wolves. It voices it, you know, it voices the F so the F turns into a V that the same thing here. The F can turn into a V by adding a 10 10. Um, see another example. Kagy five. Another example, B. S and a Z Z is just basically a voiced s. So that's also in English. I think there's examples of that. I can't think of anything right right now, but I'm sure there are where it turns into like a Z sound when you when you plural, plural eyes it. So in Japanese with the K, you can voice that and turn it into a G with s You can voice that in turn into a Z with the tea. If you voice that it turns into a D and ah, think that's all of them. Yeah, that should be it. Um, wait, where's my czar? No eight year old. There's H yes, our h. If you voice that, that turns into a B. So haba And there's one other kind of thing which will probably it probably over this again when we get to the actual H column. But h it has the 10 10. So let me just right. It's gonna be a little bit off topic, OK, we'll wait until we actually into the age column. But just let it be known for right now that H can be an h A B, or there's also a way to turn into a p sound. So that's why um originally when I showed you this graph, these are not exactly all the possible sounds. There are other examples here, Regan added. Jeez, the D B P. It's just that in the way that I thought about it when they made the Japanese language I'm assuming is that these are the the actual sounds and it's just a matter if you're voicing it or not voicing it, which changes the way you make this sound. Whereas an English we have to think of it as different letters here. It's not really a different letter is the same letter, just with a different way of pronouncing it. Hopefully, that makes sense. If you have any questions going to put in the comments and or go ahead and join from one my live streams and asked me directly and I could go into more detail. Um, okay, where were we? So let's cover that up again and bring up our camera list. So coming back here, but now we hav e got E because you have the 10 times that turns the car into a goss out. So you guy the guy, which means unexpected. I literally here if you have the conn. James gets the Condi later, but I think it helps a lot remembering words. This guy here is outside. And this this e here is like, uh, like, thought or like our will or like ideas. I guess I was like night and I had an idea outside of what you were thinking. It becomes unexpected. Is that guy all right? And then, uh, moving down below that now we hav e coop, which means go, Kiku. This comes up a lot. Although it is, it is conjugated. And if you're not familiar with that means it just means that the it's a verb and the verb changes form depend on how you use it. So in this case, Kiku means go. But then we go down here to E. Cole. It means, let's go. And just so you know, this is Ah, not this is not the polite form of the word. That's the very the very root form that you would use. Maybe if you were with a close render Something is the short form. I guess you would say, whereas if you were want to be polite, you have to make it a little bit longer by, like, changing some things which will go into in the future. Future lessons. But anyways, good to remember those. And we have ah goo i e. Guy, which means condition. You'll hear this in a lot of situations like it could be. Ah, if someone's sick or like not Well, you might say like gooey waddle. Like how? How are you feeling? How is your condition? Um, moving down below? We have co kuqa e so call K, which means regret. Like I regret doing that thing that one day or something, like something he had to call the watch of the cold cash they must net like I kind of regret doing that one thing that one day. And if you don't understand the Japanese sentences I'm using, don't worry about it. Um, I believe in immersing yourself into the language as much as possible, even if that means that you don't understand everything that's going on because even if you're not understanding everything you're putting that stuff you don't understand into your self conscious, and it's gonna make it click better in the future. We'll talk about more that more that in the future. But for now, let's just keep going. So then we have ah, Kiku Kiku, which means to ask, and that's another verb that congregate depend on how you use it. Um, now we have go once again remember that we have the 10 10 in the corner there, which makes the co sound turn into a G its voice. Knaus, That's goal. So I have gold key. Okay, so that's go. OK, which is a misunderstanding. Um, go caution because I don't misunderstand me. All right, so that is the sort of crash course for this week next week. What do we have next? After? I think it s so it should be the s column. So next week we'll be going through saw she sue, say, And so until next time, live boldly and be creative. You're a secret. 4. BenkyouKai03 SaZa: is. Yes, you wolf. In our last episode, we went through the CAA column of the Japanese heated Ghana going through cocky coup Keiko . And before that, we went through E a O this week, we're going to be moving on down the graph into the S column where we will be going over. I saw she Sue say and so and you'll see here once again, we have the heat again on the left and the Coptic Ana on the right. But for this Siris, for the time being, we're going to be focusing on the heater Ghana. So I'm going to go ahead and cover up that cut costs. That doesn't distract us for the time being. So this is very quickly go over each of these. So once again, we're going to a Oh, but adding an S to it. So we have now. This is another example. I was telling you this with the key as well, is that now you'll see here that stroke is filled in all the way like this. But a lot of times you'll see it where it's actually kind of like empty because of the way that this trial is it would be done with the brush and brush. You go this way and that goes down. And then it came. It was up. You're pulling the brush off the page and just making it very, very light. And you're pushing down again the bottom. And so a lot of times you'll see where this this area right here we're actually disappear completely. So just be aware that that's another form of the same. The same word are the same letter, Rather, So you could see either one of these types of ways that it could be written and are moving to she. And so this is where things start to change. The pattern starts to change from what we've been doing so far, because thus far we just been adding the constant to all to the EU a Oh, sounds, where is this time? If you were to just follow the same pattern as we saw sea. But there is no see sound in Japanese as just something You have to remember their certain sounds that we're not native to the Japanese language, so they kind of morph a little bit. So with with the S, it goes, saw and then becomes sheet, you know, just, like make the English up of female she right? And she is that she right there and then now we have sue there. We have said and so and ah, I actually kind of forget what with the actual order that you're supposed to do these strokes in with says, Was it this way, or was it this way? I don't think it really matters. I mean, I mean, if the purists will tell you that you have to learn the actual stroke, where and what not? But if you could just write it in a way that's that's legible. I think it won't be a huge issue. But if you want, find out more, go ahead and, like, look up guys or just type into like Google Um um, cocky June is the way be raining Japanese, cocky June. Or maybe you could just play a stroke order for ah, for Haiti. Gonna, And it will give you the 123 years or one out of how that how that goes. All right, so we have saw she Sue says so. And last week we talked about voiced versus unveil voiced uh, letters. And And we explained that in how k can actually become a G if you add these two little marks in the upper right hand corner. So cause if you add these marks here that becomes got g goo gai and go in the same thing here with the S sound if we so this is s. But if we add if so, this is the S. But if we voice the s sound, it turns into a Z or zed depending on where you're listening to this from, so we have saw. But if we add the 10 10 it becomes a czar. And now this one's a little interesting because she doesn't turn into it doesn't turn into Z even though if you were typing on a computer keyboard, you couldn't type is a thing. You could type Z, what is the I and it will come up, but the final station is actually more like a J. So it becomes G and all this another thing kind of like talk about a little bit because it is a J. But you're not going to say you're not going to say, gee, you're going to say G. So it's like a It's a j imagining pronouncing a J and s h type of way. I mean, literally what you're doing, you're taking s age and you are voicing it. So she turns into G. Hopefully that makes some sense. But you will go into more details about that in the future after you've learned how to write. I guess so that we have sued, turned into Zoot and say it turns into Zet and so turns into Zo so pretty straightforward. You want screen cap that go ahead and do that now and practice that somewhere on your own time. And once you're ready, we're going to go ahead and start going through some vocabulary and start from the top once again, I have the condi on the left hand side. Don't worry if you don't remember all that right now, I just want to have that in your kyrie peripheral vision to enter into your subconscious to remember that these are kind of the relations between these things. Um, so we have car saw with that together casa, which means umbrella because we like to say in Japan mi casa es su casa. So if you're in need of umbrella, Go ahead and use my umbrella. I guess that's what you could say. I don't know that people actually do say that, but it's the way that I something I remember when I first came here. Like so in Spanish. Casa is his house in Japanese Casa is umbrella house umbrella more. That's the same thing. Trust me on a rainy day when you need an umbrella Mi casa es su casa makes a lot of sense. So anyways, next we have ah saw a soft which means morning. So obviously that's where this kind of help a lot. Um, I can't think example per se right now of using in a sentence, but ah yeah, You hear that a lot. Um, next we have while you say things like Assad Golhan, which is Ah, breakfast is gone, means rice, but also means like meal. So Uhse Johan, awesome meal means Asagoe honeycombs breath, breakfast that moving on. We have also but we add up e at the end. And this is where the Condi becomes kind of interesting because you can see here on the left hand side that we have the the Conjure here with the E sound, with the key to Ghana next to it. And that's because the heater Ghana is actually conjugating are changing the meaning or the way that Thea, that the actual condoms being being used. I go into more detail about how these relations work in Episode zero, where I break down the actual way that the language is written. So if you're not clear about that, go in and check out that episode to hear her more. But ah, so this condo here is Theo, Condi for shallow. And then when you put the E next to it turns into the adjective. So we have a sigh, which means shallow. Next we have ah, Kesse. And once again here we have an interesting going thing going on here in the country where we have also up here, right, that's for morning. And then here we have also again. It shows up here again, but it's preceded with the kanji for now. So it's the most director the most current morning, which should be this morning, and that becomes Kesse and you'll hear that quite often, jump as well. Like, um, did you did you hand in the the assignment, you'd say, Like I handed it over this morning. That Kasowitz osteo like I handed it. I handed it over this morning or I turned it in. This morning. Teoh Castle takes you to stop cast salutations. She must up. Okay, well, we'll talk about the actual sentences in the future, but we'll get to that when we get to it. First day after the hunter. Right. So next we have SEC r e sekai, which is the world You're here this off. So also very, very often But moving on, we also have, ah, cash she keep, which is cash key. And that's the scenery. So if you go on vacation or go up a mountain, you'll be like E Caskey does Ned like it's a very it's a very nice ah view are very nice scenery. It looks really great, you know, for the top of the mountain, looking down on the town or what not now we have a cast suit, which is to erase. And so that's Ah, yes, it and it just means that race you you may hear if you're any death notes fan. You also might know sake, Joe, But Ah, um and I guess I could actually include Psycho Joe into this because it is a sauce sound. But yes, there's there's a couple different ways to say Erase, But you race. I guess Castle Car has the feeling of, like scratching off while sake Joe is more like formal, like deleting. I guess it's kind culture to delete. You'll see it a lot in computers when you delete a file or something, right? So we have G Shiki Geschke. Once again, we have the 10 10. They're turning the callous sound into a G sound and G skis just means a ceremony. So any type of ceremony become becomes a G ski. Then we have ah e suit. The suit means chair. This comes up quite often. This comes up quite often as well. Um, they have o soup means to push. You'll see this on doors when you're walking in Japan, Ill. If you're on the side that's supposed to push, you'll say, Oh, suit. It may be in Condi like this. It might be good. Remember that. Don't, uh, don't pull When it says push, you look kind of kind of dorky. Then we have ah se hace It's very hot in Japan right now, so I am definitely ah experiencing this at the moment. Um, I'll say, Doc, who, like you are sweat. I said, that lock you got to the King Boyden? Yeah, it's it's kind disgusting. And if you're full, if you're covered in sweat, so try to avoid that, especially on the trains in Japan. I mean, this is one thing that makes me, like, really be very careful to always take a shower and be well groomed, because when you're on a train and you in your like Little East so packed that your body is touching like three or four different people at the same time, cause that's how packed you are in like a sardine. I mean, if you don't believe me, look up pictures of like rush hour trains on in Tokyo, and you don't want the people around you to be really sweaty or smelly. It's just makes your your 20 minute ride or a 45 minute ride, depending on how long it is before your next transfer. Very uncomfortable. So yep, hygiene is important if you're living in Tokyo. Um, sorry. The side G E d ky. Jica end up in Japanese with this Condi here just means next in this one means sky So the next time So sorry. This conjure right here means an action. This country here means time. So next time next time, geek I So I we're not focusing on conjure right now, but I just want you to remember that these relations, because once you know, Condi, it's gonna be a lot easier to remember these words because, like, if you look over here is just a geek, I like what All those sounds word What does all that sound? What do all those sounds mean? Does that really How does that get you to next time? But if you look at the conjure and you have next and time there you go, it means next time it's just so much things click a lot easier once you actually start connecting it to the Condi. Next we have Kazu, which means number. So, Kazu, once again, the 10. 10 there is turning that sue sound into a Z. So it becomes zoo causes. And thats had a lot of ways that could be used like, um, cause I got Thomas Katsina. So if you're playing a video game and there's a lot of enemies like you say, like cosy Gojko discussion, you're not like there's a lot of enemies, so it's really hard, you know? So there's a large large number. So long time. I just want to say a lot of you might use Kazu or cause I got sick and I caught on the go CBC. There weren't a lot of people at the meeting, so I felt I felt I felt lonely, like there's not a lot of people, so it couldn't be in terms of actual the amount of people or things or whatever are there. Or it could be literally I saying, like, pick the right number like that could literally be talking about a number. So, um, that's, uh, go more into that in the future. So that is pretty much all. And there's a lot of words there. Go ahead and a screen cap that if you want to kind of practice those on your own time. So the next video we're going to be talking about top chief Zoo 10 and two. So until next time, live boldness and be creative 5. BenkyouKai04 TaChi: Hey, it is your lucky wolf. And welcome back to the bank. You're okay. In our last video, we went over, saw she Sue, say, And so in this video, we're going to be moving along down our our graph here to the talk column. And here you'll see that we have Thaci potato, and in the left hand side is that he got on the right hand side. Is that cop Turkana? But we're going to focusing on the heat I got for now. So go ahead and cover up the Turkana for the time being. Also, I think we might be running out of room. So I'm just going to take the tall column by itself and isolate that over here in the corner so we could focus. Okay, so there go. We have talked cheat suit and toe. Let's go ahead and just go over each of those once again. Remember, that is the ah sound the e sound you sound and the, uh, a sound and the o sound. Right. So from the top, we have tough and all the way this rain a lot of times is it's I'm going to have a stroke like this and then it's coming around like this to get to the bottom stroke. So you'll often see where it almost you almost see, like a trail leading off from the top line to the bottom line. Like so Or you may see it where there were, It's it's more, more linear, I guess, where it's very much like this. Just be aware that there are kind, different ways that that might look. But and journalist gonna have this this sort of Ah, this sort of consistency to it. I believe that supposed to be more like this, I think that that's elected without right. So you have taw she once again she same thing. Sometimes it might kind of trial off around here, and you might like lose some of the connection in the upper corner. But just be aware that's a different stylistic way of drawing it. And also I want to go over that. So this is another exception to a rule where you're not just taking tot, not just using the T sound and adding adding, ah, are adding any because t and A is toss, so that's OK, but T and I would be t and there is no t sound in Japanese. The T sound turns into TCI very much like the S plus anti turns into she. So in this case as well, we have, like, the ch type of sound we have, Chief. Next there's another. Another exception. There is no to sound in Japanese, so a t and A you actually changes the t toe almost a tete. It's It's like a t s. You sound so This is Sue. And if you have trouble pronouncing this, just ah, think of cats, right? And then try to say cat suit and then does get rid of the c c a. Su So like I heard people all times like I haven't having debates about if you have the words like like tsunami, right? And people be like, Oh, how do you pronounce tsunami? Is it to NAMI? Or is it tsunami? Well, the truth is, it's neither. It's not soon, Tsunami. Sorry. Let me write this out. Su NAMI is not pronounced as tsunami is not pronounced as to NAMI. This is not telling you to choose t Oren s. It's it's Do you have to actually pronounce both of them So it's suit Tsunami. And once again just think of cats and then get rid of the C A. All right, so that was Ah, Sue. And the next we have Teoh, it's just going this way than stroking down. I don't have the cleanest writing, but it's passable. And until so you're stroking down from the top Stroke that and then stroke that way. Toe All right. And Ah, now, another thing here is that once again we have the ah 10 10 transformations. So a T wins voice turns into a D. I mean, just try it yourself. You will see that t de your your mouth is making the same is making the same shape for both . But the way that you're voicing it is changing, and that's what changes the actual sound. So that's why these are related. So when you add a 10 10 if it becomes so, we have taught at a 10 10 that's dot and then she at a 10 10 and now that's Ah G. Yeah, I don't think you really see that very often, but just you know, yeah, that that that is a possibility. Uhm soo, at a 10 10 and you get zoo Now, this was a little bit a little bit weird. It's just imagine ts you. And now it turns into something like a d z. You almost zoo or like a d s. You, I mean, a simple way. Think of is it? It's basically just see you. It basically sound the same as a Z you. So it's almost it's almost into indistinct indistinguishable from ah from this one. So this is Ah, there is a difference. It's just very, very slight. So with this one, the left is a DZ U R D s you type of sound or that this one on the right is a Z you. So you have zoo and zoo zoo. It's very similar and you probably get away with penalty on the same. But just so you're aware, Um, that's sort of how that goes. And next we have to at the 10 10 and come death. This is very common and almost on a lot of sentences because since the end with is can be yes, So that's death suit and you'll hear that the who is very, very is very soft. So if you want pronounces like. But if you if you don't pronounce that, you probably tell a difference. Like here, Here I am pronouncing it. And here I'm not pronouncing it deaths this death. This is very I'm not. I'm not Japanese, So let's listen to a native speaker to get like a more accurate breakdown. But it is very is very small. You may hear like, if you like, if you're like watching old Ah, video that's taking, like old school Kyoto or something where you have, like, the micro or like the the, um like the gay sure went out, they might say, like they might really announced eight that you sound like death, but in general it's gonna be very soft. And then, yeah, toe with a 10 time becomes dull. Right? So that is thebe basics there. If you want a screenshot that in practice little about yourself, go ahead and do so. And when you're ready, we're going to go into our vocabulary. All right, so here is our vocabulary for this week starting from the top, we have Takhar e takai. This can mean high or expensive, so if you're very tall, they might say stakeout talk I like your your said. Your posture is tall. Are you basically just means you're tall, but they don't say about acai. They say they got the guy, right? And then if you if you're saying like, uh, like a building is very tall, then you might say, like some of bitter. Well, Mr Takagi, not like it's a very a very tall building. Our, um I got, like, the building the mountainous tall, like anything like that, or high right. But then you cannot say it also means expensive. And this is probably you're probably hear it mawr being referred to as expensive and did your daily life in, like, Tokyo or Japan because you'll see prices for things and you'll be like a hospital so that the car don't like that's a little expensive. I don't think I really want that, you know? And then, um, next we have cheap car E, which means that close so sky means close. Um, you like a person, like stands a little too close to you, like you're a little too close and that that's got route. Actually, don't want to stay that way, but I think good examples like, um like, Oh, like maybe, Ah, where do you live? Like, Oh, since you consumed that. You're carrying that. Like you're very close. Like Mexico. Uh, don't Don't have to keep that. Like, where did you come from today? Or like, you know, what kind of keep the singer could cut a key like I came from Shinjuku. And you'd be like that. Maybe maybe you're just in, like, maybe you're in, like, Shibuya or something like, Oh, Jakaya, Like you're very That was very close. You hear that? Hear that? Quite often. School. This is another very, very common thing. As you're like, making plans in Japan so means arrive. So, um, if you're, like, coming to meet someone and maybe you're running late and you have to send them a male to tell them what you're like, you're like eight man's late. You'll be like, Ah, Togo phone school. Go from grade school like I'll arrive in about in about five minutes. Um, it it's a good old school like so I might ask you a question. When when do you think you're going to arrive like it's a good old school tamal? Andi, that would be ah school like arrived. What time are you arriving at the at the designated place that we're meeting. Um, once again that these things are the root forms, the short firms. So this is definitely what something you can use with friends. But if you're in a formal setting, you're gonna have to go an extra step to make them polite will go into that into the future . Okay, Next we have koot suit. So could suit. These are your shoes to hike the Mamata high tonight. It could cite Don't come into the room with your with your shoes on. That's the thing. You have to know if you walk into houses with your shoes on. You don't do that in Japan. You always take your shoes off the door, could suit, and then we have e kita e. And you're going to see this This kind of conjugation where you have a tie that means that you want to do just do something. So if you remember a couple lessons ago, we talked about the coup means ah means to go and you'll see the same Condi here, right? But when you when it changes, when it congregates to mean I mean, wants to go. It turns into iki Ty Ty, I want to go and we're definitely go into that more in the future as well. And then we have expectations. So keep Ty Ty Now, this is not related to the to the Thai from above here, where it means to want. And you can tell that because if you look over here at the Condi side with EQ with, um with go, we have the conjure for go here and then we have the rest is in heat a Ghana, And that's telling her that this is a conjugation of the of the the meaning of this comedy where this side it's just to country. So this is not being conjugated. So this tie does not mean once it just means expectation. And that stuff it's all gonna click a little bit more once we actually get into the country side of things. But we'll get there when we get there. Next we have ah, take on me. So Teoh got me. So take out me means a letter, right? Um pretty straightforward. Next we have the easy Daisy is important. Um, literally over here is just like a big thing. An important thing is Daisy, Um, keeping in mind again that we're getting that those 10 tens here. So we got the the T sound turns into a d dot and then the she sound Shh, shh. Sound from the She gets the 10 time it turns into the J but it's kind of like a smooth j So that died digestion, Daisy, you know. All right, so next we have, ah, death suit. And once again, this is super super common in Japanese. Like, you see that all the time. Like, uh um, Anything like is the basic, very basic grammar A wa a, uh, be That's it. So a is B So any anything you want to say is be just used that that grammar form a wall, be destitute. And so, lexie, um, let's see if exactly example, um, we had to take I earlier, right? So you could say Ah, um, could see like Connell could sue up. So these shoes on one, this one corner could see what Takeda's. So these shoes are expensive. Condo could see what Qaida's. So that's very, very common. And don't worry, we're gonna go into the grammar assumes you just pound through all these writing systems. All right, so now we have Ah, next we have. So who's Oh, does Oh, you hear this? A lot in Japan, like please or go ahead, Dozo. Yoshi crew, like, is like, Please treat me kindly from now on or you'll hear this a lot. If you're just like in your urine line and someone wants you to go ahead of them will be like those. All like sucking you don't. So you go ahead of me, um, a lot. Or if maybe, if. If you're in a situation where no one knows, like who should act first like someone, let's say Dozo. And that's the thing. You know they're They're kind of like relinquishing their themselves so that you can move like if you're on an elevator and get offer. Just you hear all the time. It's very, very common. Next, we have Zoo Coop Suzuka, and you'll see this a lot. If you watch anime or just Japanese US TV shows in general at the end of the show, you'll see in the lower lower right hand corner will say, like Susan, who may that be like 10 10 10 like period marks there. That just means to be continued, right? And so you'll see that very often. Next, we have top stock car. Nothing. If you're reading manga, you'll see this a lot topic I is to fight toward to battle, very common. A little hard to say lastly, so subtle. And that means outside. So anyways, I think that is all for now. Hopefully that was useful to you until next time, live boldly and be creative. 6. BenkyouKai05 NaNi: Hey, this dusky Wolfe. Welcome to another episode of Thank you. Okay. Today we're going to be continuing our study of Hida Ghana and the last time we went through the Todd G to Teoh toe. Repeat that one more time. Just okay, Just a quick review. Todd G two day and toe of the T column of the Heat Agata. So this week, we're gonna push that over one and cover the non knee new Met and know of via End column. And once again, we have the Turkana on the right side and the heated gonna on the left. We're going to be focusing primarily on the hitter Ghana in these thank you guys in these study sessions. But keep in mind that if you would like to review the Nani Nooni no, on the Turkana side on your own, you are free to do that. We may go over the kind of the end of this of the Siri's after he finished all the heat of Ghana, but I think we're gonna be a lot more brief about the kind of side because I feel like once you got the heat a Ghana, it's not too hard to add the cutter con on top of that. All right, So start for the top. We have not, which is written one to three. And then four. They didn't look the best. So like that. So 1234 and that is are not all right, then for me, we're just start from the left going down. And now this. Keeping in mind the roots of how this would work as a brushstroke. The brook struggle. Kiw, stop here. But it kind of lift up here and then moving in upper direction. You then moved to your second stroke, which is the the stroke from left to right here and now from here as a brush, you would imagine that you would kind of loop around this side and come around this way, and that would lead you to your final stroke. Right? Right here. So something like something like that and you see, right here. Are you kind of see how this is is pointing up toward here. So you imagine that if this was a brush the general the general way that your hand will be moving and B going top to bottom, and then you're moving up this way and then moving around this way. I'm just lifting up at the at at these different intervals toe, leave these marks. So next we have new and this once again when you start top to bottom with this stroke and then you move up to the the right hand side and what's going top to bottom and looping around like so So 12 So I really two strokes. It's just has a very long kind of curvy stroke at the end and you'll see this this kind of similar to ah, if you remember, if we did that a while back, like essentially, I think if you just add like a stroke here it almost It's almost Ah, because you have 123 I'm sorry, but you don't have. You don't have the little squarely at the end. So it's 123 like that. So it's kind of similar to off. All right, next we have next. Now we have topped the bomb. You have your first stroke one and the second stroke. You kind of go here and then down. Chikezie So you haven't sort like a Z kind of, um, stroke here that continues on. So it goes here and then down. And then it goes around like so. So that is actually all one stroke. This is only to the whole the whole thing, like two strokes one and then to hopefully you can follow that really well. So that a stroke one. And the stroke too. Is this whole thing right here? OK, next we have new and this is all just one stroked, pretty self explanatory to start from sort of the middle area, go down and around like so And now, once again, if you study in Japan, they're very they're stressor of the order in which you write things. If I was personally, though, I wouldn't stress too much about it as long as you could make it look Ledgett Herbal. So, for example, not supposed to be written. 1234 You probably should practice it that way. But, I mean, if you were to actually go like, like 1234 I don't think it's going to destroy your life. I mean, you can still get by like that, but it's just kind of generally better to know the way that it was originally written, so you know, the way the kind of brush strokes would connect to each other. But yeah. Anyways, let's move on and look at some examples of words that you can create in Japanese using these and also all the other heated gonna we've covered so far in these bank yoke eyes. Okay, so first off, we have no ni none e And you probably heard this A lot of your if you listen to, like, animate if you watch anime and stuff And here's the conjurer They're just too can't put in the back of your mind. Don't worry about having to memorize it right now, but this just means what So you might have examples and animate would be like, uh um, you hear things like nanny cold air call. They want money. But keep in mind that Nani is not something you hear as often because, um, usually it will be connected. Teoh um, you'll be connected to like another part which turns it turns the knee into just sound, so it might probably like non discard. Like I heard that none disguised like what? What is it? And so the need turns into just and that's just it is this. But that's gonna be a future lesson. So we'll learn. Um, we'll learn Ah, the moon in a future lesson. But for now, just remember, nanny is the kind of root of the word. What? And just remember that there are different forms. It may take different forms and same thing As we go down here. We have not zey keep in mind wants the any of the 10 10 here which turned the SAS sound into a Z. So it becomes not as a and now as a means why. And once again, this is off one form of the word y and it also comes in many other forms. Also, the other one was not non day is another one you hear a lot, but that once again is using the that we haven't covered in our lessons yet. So I'm gonna skip that for right now. So next. Ah, not Zik car. And this business related to Naza It's just a very useful kind of ah word Teoh that you'll see fairly often the cot, the end, ka and Japanese generally works like a question mark. So non Discua you know the cot, The end to makes it into into Ah! Ah, question Mark. Um, I think of a simple example for that, um, for example, you might say something like I caught it. Well, uh, forgive my, like my mushy writing because I'm not really used to depend that the pen and Photoshopped as much as a clip studio, but called a watch 10 this. So if you said cold a while called a watch Penn this that means this is a pen. But if you were just add that caught the end and bear with me for those that are a little more advanced. I know this is like super basic, but I know that I'm starting at the beginning and will advance as we go along. So if you put the car at the end coda pen Esca the car turns into questions. So the 1st 1 called about penned is is this is a pen could upend Esca turns into. Is this a pen? You know, like in English? We switch the word order in Japanese. The word order doesn't change so much. But to turn into question is just ah, whether you're adding car or There's some other ways you can also turn to question, but we'll get to that in the future. And eso nausea caused during the why into a question. And when you when you do that, you should use in the middle of a sentence and it turns into, like for some reason, like there is a reason why. But we do not. We got the reason why is still in question. So like, um, you marital Toki Kara NASA can e hung sco Koski to stop. Um, so you might to Turkey Qatar when I from from what from the day I was born. Now Zika like for some reason, I don't know why, but there's a reason why it's in question. Um, home gots to go Koski dust. I really like to Japan, So I don't For some reason, I really like Japan since I was since I was born, and that's a little too early. Maybe I should say most of Nike or Al Qaeda, like since I was very young, you know, But you get the idea and moving on somewhere is very simple words. Yeah, that's the Condi. And then over here we have e new in it. So e knew is a dog. So dogs eating. And you probably already have heard this before. Next Cold. It's a very popular word. Nickel, which means cat. And so you'll hear those fairly often e new nickel. I think mostly Neko here, like Nicole, seems to be very popular, like, Yeah, Like Nicole Pond cheat, which is a neko punch. It's like it's some kind of weird action. You see, people do on the Internet sometimes, and we continue on and no, Drew, this is more of like, a practical word. Media. Goethe were letter by letter, so I have no a route. So Notre, Uh oh, crap. I forgot. We haven't covered the rules yet, so I really can't use no true in this. Ah, I made a mistake. I was attempting toe only use actual letters that we've covered in the lessons before. But Drew, we haven't actually covered. So, um, I'm sorry for this one word. Just give me a pass. Well, I'll try to make sure that there are only words letters that we've covered lessons in the future. This is But this is gonna be a future that's working. Cover cover. Rue for now, Just remember that this is well, just keep it just trying. Memorize the no more than the rule. I guess so. Notre means ride. It's the verb to ride something. You hear it a lot Living in Tokyo are in Japan. General, if you're writing the train so dense, shiny Notre, um, it means to ride a train. And now let's go through some examples of sentences that I just prepared here we have for no money, Cordillera. None E. So this is something you might hear a lot in, Ah, casual Japanese. So keep in mind that this is not particularly polite. It's more of a casual way of speaking and enjoy. It's hard to maybe a little bit hard to understand right off the bat, but the roots of words they're completely raw and a numb unmodified. And what that ends up meaning is that they aren't polite, because to make things polite, you have to modify and add different like congregations and stuff. So Nani is not polite. It's it's like it's a very casual way to speak, and you'll hear it mostly from from Children or people that are friends in non um, an informal certain circumstances. So just keep that in mind that you don't want to use this with people you don't know. Well, um, the more polite form is called a watch. So called a what? Non desk Ott. And keep in mind we haven't covered all of these all of these things for the sentences. But just a understand what you can't understand. And, um, anything you don't understand what is put in the back of your head until until later. And so here this is this is the country for what? Again, But in this case, where it's not get being said, it is not being pronounced as nanny is being pronounced as none. And we'll cover not in the future once we get to the in sound. But I'm calling what none does. Scott, that is the That is the polite way of saying What is this? And Kodmani is the informal, um, just the route using the roots of the words without any formalization, we'll get more into that once we actually start covering grammar and future next. We have not as a and once again as a means. Why so nosy. And this is this is Contra here. But this is bank eo, which means ah, to study, not a bank. Yoshiaki Kanai. No. And don't worry, we'll cover this stuff in future lessons. I'm just giving you examples of sentences you might hear. Um, not a bank. Yoshiaki Kanai know is why do I have to study? And once again, this is informal. It's something that maybe a kid might ask their parents or something. So it's not a formal situation, and so, like, the more more formalization But my former ah, more formal way of saying it might be something like we have written down below. We haven't non dead bank Yoshinaka Conine discussed so that you can nine desk adjusted. That makes it more formal. But, um, any rate this is one case of using Naz it next to give you example of using of cat and dog e new and Neko and we're gonna use nausea again. Will say Nicole told you, Knew what now? As it knockout got lottery. And once again, this is an informal sentence, but we're saying nickel cats and he knew dogs. While that's a particle, Wigginton the future now as a why Nakagawa Audrey means not um, not get along like they don't get along. So why don't why don't cats and dogs get along basically all right, Last example. As we have Notre Notre means to ride. So Den Shani, Notre Toki No Mana, No key. Oh, skater Becky dot So attention, the Notre Toki No manner OK altogether Becky dot space is what this is saying is that you should you should pay attention to the manners for when you ride a train. So because in Japan you'll find that the there are unwritten rules. And like I said, you call manners about how you're supposed to behave in stations and on trains and stuff. And this is this very kind of polished system where if one person just doesn't know what they're doing, it kind of like clogs things up. So it's a good thing to kind of learn the proper manners, for it's not just being about it's not just so much about being polite. I think it's more about being efficient because if you've been been to Tokyo are seen pictures, you probably know that there's a lot of people using the trains and, um, if everyone's not kind of moving in the same sort of way. It be very easy for, like things to get clogged up for people, not to not being able to get onto onto their train and just like bumping into each other. So there's a lot of, like, kind of manners in terms of not, I mean, it is about being polite. But for me, I found is less about being polite. And what about just being able to make sure that everything is is run smooth, run smoothly and you'll find that a lot in Tokyo in Japan, just like the way that there's all these kind of unwritten, they aren't like they aren't like laws or whatnot there just kind of like these unwritten rules of, I guess you call manners that everyone follows and that allows society to function very smoothly. So and it seems like every time you get into a situation where something's not more of this movie, you could generally find someone who's not Japanese or just maybe it's a tourist or something that that's kind of like throwing things off. So if you were to visit Japan, it might be a good idea to look into some of those manners, and I might do some videos in the future, but I can't break into them as well. Go ahead and practice some of these words on your own. If you don't understand the question, all the all the sentences, don't worry, we will get into grammar and one in the future. I'm just kind of giving you the immersion experience getting right into how these words and how these visa lettering czar used in actual Japanese so that in the future you will not be intimidated and be able to just jump into any situation and handle what's going on. Families. That's all for this episode until next time. Study hard on, live boldly and be creative done it. 7. BenkyouKai06 HaHi: Hey, this Yassky wolf! And welcome to another episode of Bank Yokai, where we will continue studying hit Ghana. In our last episode, we went over the Na Ni new net and no, um Khanna of the End column. So this week we're going to go ahead and push that over a little bit and that we're going to be entering the H Sounded column which will cover ha he who Hey home. And in addition to just that, H sounds were also going to be covering the B and P sounds and cover how that happens in a second. But as always, we're focusing on the heater Ghana, which is the left hand side of this graphic here, and the Atacama is on the right. Feel free to review. Come to Connor on your own. But we're gonna be focusing primarily on the heat A gonna for now. So let's go over the writing for some of these. So first off we have the hot sound, which is written first stroke from top to bottom, and now you're moving up. And now you imagine that this stroke is going to be attaching to this stroke here. So that's one and then two and then three goes from the top to the bottom and loops around the bottom like like so. And just so you know how the brushwork is flowing here, it's going from top to the bottom here. That's gonna be moving up and attaching to this stroke here. And this kind moves up here and down around this way. So obviously you wouldn't write it like this, But just keep in mind this is the way that the flow of how your hand should be moving while you're writing um, Japanese was originally written with brushes. So a lot of this is is very much like brush strokes, you know, stroking down, coming up around, coming around like so next we have he and this is all just one stroke, like so he so hot he And now we have who and this is an interesting sound because the who sound sometimes it actually starts to sound almost like an F. So you may be aware of, um, Mount Fuji, right? It's ah very, very famous mountain in Japan. But Fuji, as we know it being spelled F u J. I is actually spelled with this Who with this with this H, um, call him. So it is Fuji Mount Fuji. The proper pronunciation is probably somewhere in between a h and F like Think of just a really airy h sound. So step saying who? Say, Like, who? Who? Huji. But anyways, to write it now this one's a little wild the way that all these like things connect. But you're going one start from the top. And now this is kind of flowing down into the next stroke which loops around like so. And then you move to the left side with this and in this loops around over to the right side, which is like this. So in terms of how all the strokes are flowing into each other, you kind of think of it. That's it's one, and then you're looping and flowing to two and then come around this way three. And then around this way for and now that looks extremely messy. So I'm just telling you, that's the way that the your hand is moving. That's not how you actually write it. You're lifting up from the from the paper, so one around, too, and then three and then over before. I'm sorry. Yeah. Four. Yeah. So that is who? Not the easiest thing to write, but, um, at all. It doesn't look like anything else you probably should get. Should be fine. Hey, this is the easy one. And you see over here the camp Turkana and heat to Ghana. They both look look basically the same. But all it is is just going from the left to the right up and then down and ah, la times. You'll see this was like people, like, make make faces with things like this. So, yeah, that we have hope Home. It's basically the same as ha, which we had up, up, up on the top here. But instead of instead of one dash, we have two dashes. They go around like, so. Hope so. There we go. I hate once again I have a little I feel embarrassed showing you this. My handwriting is kind of messy, but you get the point. Some of you right along. Let's look at some examples. So first off here on the top, we have Ha Na Hannah. You'll probably hear this fairly. For the regularly. It just means flower and an example of a sentence with that, we have Cole. No Hama. What kid? A disconnect. And I think I probably should cover this at this point. It's Don't worry too much about it, because it's kind of touching on grammar. But you may notice that this here is the, um ha that we just we just learned. So this is the heart sound. But if you listen closely when I read this, I didn't say Cano Hannah How? I said corn Ohana. What key Data? SNET. So this is served thing that happened during the because the major reformation where they decided so like a entomological thing. But ah, words that begin with ah ha sound start to slowly change into awas sound in a lot of cases gets kind of confusing, but this, for some reason, they decided that they were going to allow some special pronunciations for for these sort of grammatical particles, we'll probably talk more about that in ah, in when we get to grammar. But just just just suffice it to say that this is a special case where when you're when you see this as a particle and not a word, it is pronounced as wa with a W and not as hot as a h. So at all talk more about the future. And if you have questions from the comments, maybe through who are more advanced can explain. But here we have Conahan Nowacki day this net. So the saying this flower is quite pretty, isn't it? You know, um very simple sentence. So next up, moving right along, we have he is up. And what's gonna have the 10 10 there You all remember that turns us into a Z sound We've got cover that again in this in this lesson with ages, but he's a means your knee. So, um, might say like, my knee hurts He's got tied on the other or something like that. But I got the perfect example sentence for you here it is one of my favorite sentences in Japanese. See if you can if you if you can feel where I'm coming from. But it says Lucas e wa Oh my no Yona book Ensure that No, Deng are his on me. Yeah, Dana So so basically what this is saying is used to be an adventurer. Then I took an arrow in the knee so you may know where that's from, is one my favorite games of all time. So I had to put that in there and just the very quick breakdown Mukasey That just means before a long time ago because she because she undertook all day like once upon a time long , long ago. So Mukasey and we have the while particle while oh my I know you own up Oakenshawe. So Oh, my Oh, my is a very rude way of saying, you know, it's a rude way of saying you, but it's kind of like a rough adventurer type of way of speaking. So don't say this if you're in Tokyo, like applying for a job, but yeah. Oh my No, you'll not like like you Bhokin Sha Hortensia is adventure. So I used to be data that's the past tense of is So it was So I was an adventure a long time ago. Like you, No, duh got so no was just kind of connecting to this and dog odds. It's This is really complex, complex of grammar we'll get to in the future, but basically just say this means, But, um, he's up there is our our word that we're that we're practicing for the day and the viewer in ah, he to be written. He is that he's on the in my knee. Yeah, that's Ah, um arrow. Oh, particle. Look, does she mopped it So I received an arrow to the knee. Very nice sentence. Although it's use is admittedly limited. So moving on to our next word now we're going to be using who So we have foot tone and it once again you see here that in English this is written with the with the F food Tom, but in Japanese were using the letter from the Conner from the H column. So the in this case with the H u Once again, it gets very close to an f sound. So it's fruit on. And, um, this is very common in Japan. If you if you're using photons. An example sentence here that I set up for us is who tone No Hoshi kata Or was she at the site? So please teach me how to hang up my foot on. So, um, this is thing that that you're kind of unique to Japan, I guess I don't think you would ever hang up your bed in America, But in Japan, if it's a nice sunny day, you'll often take your foot down and hang it over like your veranda or whatever it. If you have, like a urine apartment building or something, you'll see in Japanese apartments, you often see like food. Tom's hang from the from the outside of apartment buildings, and that's because one they feel like the sun hitting the food down, that it helps to disinfect, disinfect it and clean clean things up a bit. And also, you might like, hit it with a stick or something so that, like dust and stuff would fall off. And it's just a sort of food tone maintenance that you do from time to time. And if you don't know how to do it, you might want to know how. Know how. So you safe? You don't know who she cut the ocean? Chris, I please teach me how to hang up my foot on. And since we just talked about Hoshi kata or the way to hang something up, we are next. Word is whole suit that's using the whole Kana and host suit is another thing comes up Quite often it means to hang up, but specifically to hang up to dry. Although admittedly in my last example with the food tone, it's not really drying, but it's it's usually use with things like food tones or like laundry. Or it is that specific action of not just hang something up for the sake of hang it up, it's it's hanging up for, like, some sort of purpose, generally to clean it or to dry it out in some in some way. And another whole sound is hope she I mean another word using the whole sounds is hope. She and once again she with the after it. It's not like like, for example, I stayed Tagalog, and in Tagalog he would, uh, kind of up. You'd break up each. Sounds like you have things like my up actually write this Be like Ma Lease. I think that was a word into two. Got Look, it's been a while since I studied, but each one of these A's kind of like make their own sound. Japan doesn't work like that in Japan. When you when you stack words of the same sound, it just elongates the sound. So this wouldn't be Hoshi E. It's just Hoshi that you just you just elongate the e sound. And Hoshi is what you would say to mean. I want, uh, by the way, I didn't I forgot I didn't actually write this down, but if you took away one of these and just said Hoshi, that's ah, that's a star. So a nice star in the sky like Hoshi ga Key date is now The stars are beautiful, aren't they? You know who she But then if you put the extra e sound that it becomes want and specifically, this is if you want something or you want someone to do something you wouldn't use this to say that you that you want to do something because if you want to do something, use a different form. It's that the Thai form we talked about that in while the episode like Kiki Tie, I want to go because it's conjugating a verb. So Islam is not a verb, though that you're that you're doing, you can you can use Hoshi. So our example that we have here is ah e foot on Got Hoshi. I want a nice bed. A nice food on e food. Tonga. Hoshi, remember, he was one of the words in the past means good. So a good food on a good foot down Gaza particle. We get to that in the future and Hoshi you want. So I want a good a good food on. So now we have the 10 tens and I mentioned that we're gonna be using the B sounds and peace sounds here. So remember that in this side in this H column, we also can represent the B sounds by adding a 10 10 and the 10 tensions, these two, these two dashes in the upper right hand corner. So we have far. But we also have Bob. We have he. But we also have B. We have food, but we also have boo. We have hair, but we also have bear. We have ho but also have Bo, right? And now this is a special case with this column. Is that not only do we have a 10 10 but we also have a modern modern means circle and the modern gives you ah p sound. So we have ha and bar. But we also have Pa. It's just that This is a circle in the same place that you would put the 10 10 and once against circle on Japanese called Modern. So he we also have p who we also have poop. We also have a pet and whole We also have a pope. So back to our examples the house sound with the 10 10 turns of the body. So we get but show Barschel which means place. So for an example sentence, we might say something like naca naca e basho meets get Donna Not gonna e bashing meets get that? Not so We found a very nice place. It could be if you have from my apartment or it could be like you just found, like a nice, secluded like area in the in in like a park or something that could be anything. It's a place that you and Naka Naka is like. It's ah, I don't really know how to say not gonna in English. It's pretty good, pretty good. So I'm not gonna be pretty good place and moving along Next we have Zara boot tone And so here we have the saw with the 10 10 turning into a saw sound we have the food with the 10 10 chewing into boost sound. And this is something very interesting that you're going to see a lot in Japanese. When you combine two different words, it kind of changes the way that pronounced. So we had our word food tone earlier, So we had food tone right here earlier, right? And if you take foot down and combine it so you can see here, this kanji here is actually the country for foot tall, same county that we had up here, right? So when you combine that with another Condi and this is altering into one word butts, combining two different counties of the first conjure here is to sit so working, buying, sitting with the foot on. So it is a food tone that you sit on, which, like if you look on Google, it says in English, is called Japanese Cushion. I don't know if that's the best way to say it, but just consider it. It's the little like pillow thing that you would actually sit. That's a pillow that you sit on to sit on. The floor is as a button. It's, ah, a food tone that you sit on. Basically, that's how the comedy is is put together. And the thing is that originally it was food. But when the food is combined with another another con G, it becomes voiced. So that's why we now get is Abu Tom. It's a voice, is it? And you'll you'll notice this a lot with a lot of different combined words and Japanese that the things that weren't voiced become voice. I mean, it's very similar English when you have things like, uh, wolf turning into wolves. It's just something that happens generally in linguistics that a non voiced can change into a voiced sound. It depending on the congregations, but so we have a rabbit on. I don't think I have an example of a sentence for that, but I don't like, um Zabadani Soiree mascot. Do you want to sit on a cushion? You say Yes. Yes, of course I do. But anyways, neck moving on, um, I didn't see it. I couldn't think of a law examples for the P sounds. As in heating Ghana, I could think about lot that Aaron Carter Kana and what that's kind of leading me to believe is that probably that probably weren't a lot of peace sounds and original Japanese . I'm guessing if anyone's an expert, pleased putting the comments to let me know. But I'm guessing that this moderate sound this is the only place you really see a moderate is with the P. There's no there's no other kind of that use this. So I'm guessing maybe this was to kind of help people pronounce non Japanese words. And because a lot of the things that I saw that were had a piece sound in it, they were generally almost 100% words that were not really from Japan or words that were like sound words like to explain the sounds of like what you call them on, um, on a PS and things like that. So I didn't find a whole lot of words using P sounds, but here's one that I could think of. It was a pie, which just means full so you might. It's you hear this a lot when you're eating out in Japan like my stomach is full. Knock, knock a guy eat pie. I made a little bit longer of a sentence here so that you can see the whole thing. And we're saying Meow, meow, Nakagawa e pi Ducat or ice. Not a mud up Tabata, top bed and top editor. So more Nakagawa pie docket or ice? No, I'm on top of it. So I my stomach is full. But if it is ice cream, if there's ice cream, I'll still eat it. So this comes up a lot in Japan. Like they say desert is Betsy Barta. Betsy Bottom means Ah, separate stomach. So you have a separate stuff Stomach for dessert, you know? So you might hear stuff like that from time to time. All right. Also a pie. You could also use it. Not just for your stomach, but like if you have a bag or something. No. Kabangu occupied us. My bag is full price it It will not nine more high tonight. It's too full. Nothing else is gonna fit inside, You know, stuff like that. So fairly. A common common word. So anyways, that is all for this episode. Until next time. Study hard, live boldly and be creative because you will make me doing that. He's on your 8. BenkyouKai07 MaMi: hes ask you, wolf. Then welcome to another episode of Bank Yokai, where we will continue to study Hida Ghana today or rather, last time we went through the H column of heat, I got up. And so today we're going to move that over a bit and go over the M A column, which includes MA me Move man and Mo once again the right hand side, the couple kind of left hand side. Is he gonna We're focusing on heating up If you like psychotic on your own, go ahead and screenshot this and do that. So, uh, moving along, Let's go ahead and see how we write Thes So from the top, we have ma, which is one to three. And in terms of the flow of how your brushes moving or your pendant pander, pencil or not, is one is going this way. You're kind of loop coming back and looping around to do, too. And then from here, we're gonna come up your release, release the brush and start from the top in your three like that. And so once again, that's not how you want to write this. Just telling you how the brush is moving your connecting this stroke to this stroke and then coming around from the top like so next we have me. This is basically just two strokes. So one and then to pretty simple, I'll be a little awkward to write when you're not used to it. So me and then move. Um, this is three strokes. You have your dash here, then you come from the top down and around, looping and then kind of come around the other side. It's another one. It's kind of weird to get used to. He looked this way. That is move around that way. Okay. And then last that you have a little stroke here and in terms of the brush, the way the brushes moving this is kind of coming around and making the last stroke there. So he met. This part here is kind of being released. Anyways, that's moved that we have made two strokes. Do do I feel like we didn't tweeted a new the last time New was like this The same things that you don't have the little curly at the end. So, um 12 right, and then we have mo, and it's just 12 and this is the same as the ma. It's like this is kind leading into the next, the bottom stroke like this. You see this kind stroke a lot where it's so I left to right And that kind of looping around, then going, um, making other stroke underneath it like we had. Ah, um ho. We had a whole which does that. And then we have, um Ma which is basically just hold without Thea without the line on the left hand side. And then we have ah, things like ni needed the same thing. Right? Um Na once again, same thing, and now, But also you have ah co which is basically same thing again. And then here we have more, which has this and then it Ah which has this with another stroke coming down from the top like so So that's a very common sort of like stroke that you see coming a lot of these Wahida Ghana. So let me just write that little need a little more neatly the still not the greatest, but I don't have the best high in writing in the world. So anyways, we have ma me move mayor and mo. So let's look at some examples of these. So first example we have ma hole. Who? Ma Whole. My whole is magic. And if you read manga, you're going to see the You're gonna see this Condi a lot. If you see demons with things in the magic roll, it might be called Ma Gene, which is a person from the from the magic world, I guess Home. So, ma ho, you see that quite a lot If you read comics An example sentence I have here very Rangel for very much A very RPG theme this week Co honey Cokie got host Carrabba My hold Sky told party Kunda whole guy CEO I think it might need a Oh here. But here is party Okun Behold i e o So what I'm saying here is ah Kahanek Okeke If you want area of effect attacks and Hoshi that's that's want in the Hoshi um adding caramel which makes it into if so So if you want area of attack a o e damage my whole sky which is ah person that uses magic sky is ah scowl means to use some ahold sky is a person that uses magic or a magic user Magic user told party Oh coun the whole CEO. So if you want a attacks, you should party with a magic user. Very simple, as useful. If you're playing RPGs next up we have me Z chi chi, which means short and once again, a very fitting example we have here Dole Wah Fu gua who God seoi kettle said, I mean, dwarfs are strong but short. So that is Ah, if you're playing RPGs um, the short, rugged dwarf, he doesn't let his shortness hold him back. He is a strong, capable warrior. So maybe I should have said second, Kuykendall seoi actually have probably been a better way of saying it. Instead of emphasizing his shortness, I should emphasize his strength. Dwarf Cast a comedy Kuykendall Seoi dwarf Got second Educate Kettle. See what? Just changing the word order there. Anyway, it's moving on. We have move sheet Moussi, which is a bug. And so our example sentence for this is mushi or Tabata Kowtow. Mosca, have you ever eaten a bug? I have, um not because it was actually prepared properly. It was just like me being a kid and just saying, Oh, this thing looks like it could eat it, but I don't know. I think I did actually have a prepared bug. I had I had a larva or something at once. It was like it was like a honey larvae. I was actually really good. I know, But anyway, moving on next we have met Eero. Mayoral. Mayoral is amaze. And so, um example sentences. Ah, Tokyo Akila Mayor Romi Tied kiosk in NATO My goni notario kind with off page Seo. My go need not are you. So, um, this is I took this example from a comic that I either have already published or will publish in a study Virtual Study Abroad episode where they were talking about different stations in Japan and how he was kind of talking about an RPG terms that, like this I think it was Shinjuku station. I think he said that Cindy Crustacean is like is like a May is like a labyrinth. And if you go in there as a beginner, you might you might never see the light of day again. You know that he was going very RPG talk. So we're the same sort of theme I just said Tokyo iki wa marrow meat I so took your keyword mayoral me ties just saying like so Tokyo station is like a maze. Um, that's just kind of connecting two sentences. So killed skin NATO killed skater. It means to carry your ky Or to be careful, to understand carrier keys. A key is like your energy your your your attention. So, like you making sure that you're putting on your attention So being attentive without being so If you're not careful, be careful. Um, my grown another and my goal is just like you lost you might become lost. So be careful that you don't become lost. And lastly, very simple. Mogi Mogi just means letter or character, not letter as in like a written letter to like that you send to a friend or something. It's just literally like this. This is emoji, you know. And this year that's another emoji. You know, it's just letters or characters. So Khanna they're all letters. So example Sentence Mogi or Tain Aini Keita Chris, I, Tina is it could mean polite. It means polite. But in this case it means like carefully or with effort. I guess is to cleanly please write clean, you know, But allegedly Mo Geo Taney Taney County is like So Mom was a fairly quick looking to have a 10 tens or moderates to deal with this time. So that's gonna be all for now. Until next time, keep studying, live boldly and be creative. 9. BenkyouKai08 YaYiYu: is your city wolf in Welcome to another bank, Yokai, where we will continue with our Siris of Hida gonna study sessions In the last episode we went over ma me move Met and Mo And this time we're going to be moving right along. We just have about, I think, just like three mawr columns to go through and then we can move away from the heater gonna lessons. But here we are with our next column. And so here we have. Yeah, you and yo. And you could probably notice here that we don't have anything in this column and this column. And just for a brief kind of breakdown of that, I took a linguistics fast in Japan. So this is not something that's usually taught in Japanese lessons, but for people that are curious, um, the reason why we have Yeah, you and yo, but we don't have. So what? We have a yay! There's no, there's no yay! And there's no Yeah, you There's no Yeah, um, no, I'm not quite sure. I'm not quite sure why there isn't a Yeah, there. Maybe there was before it disappeared. But the main reason why there is no year is because the Japanese Yeah, it's not actually pronounced like the English. Yeah, um, it's very this is I'll get into this. Maybe I'll do like a linguistics breakdown lesson at the end of the heat. Got a thing just to kind of help with your pronunciation. But I know this this just knowing that's helped me a lot because we represent these things in Roman characters, but they aren't actually the same as our Roman characters. So when you're saying yeah, in Japanese, you're not actually making a y sound. You're making the e sound and then you're adding Ah, a next to it. So the Japanese yeah, is actually e um is actually e Ah. So yeah, yeah. So you're not making a Yeah, you're making a Yeah. And so the reason why you don't have a year is because, um, the Japanese Yeah, isn't the English Jasso English? English? Why weaken Seyi? But in Japanese is actually just a nice sound with another ice on lex to it. Some Japanese, it's just e e. They can't say. Well, they don't say yay. They say it would be e. And that's why I'm actually found that I was teaching English in Japan that most English learners from Japan have, Ah, real hard time hearing the difference between words like year and year. I I went over with a lot of my student and they said that sound the exact same to them, um, there a lot. And some of them are really concerned because they couldn't they couldn't figure out the difference. And usually what I'll end up telling them is like, Don't worry too much about it because you're not going to hear someone saying like, um what year were you born like? That's not gonna happen. So just by context, they're gonna know what what they're saying. They're going to know that they're saying year, if they're asking about when they're born, they're gonna say they know they'll be able to know that it's year when they're talking about their body parts. You know, it's very clear from context which one is intended. But that just explained a lot to me of why the kind of backgrounds differently the way they pronounce this This Why so things like year and ear, But anyways, another case of this is with the W. Japanese W. Actually isn't the same as R W of the Japanese. W is actually just a you sound. So when you have something like, uh, like, wah dub you a watch and Japanese is actually just, um just who and, Ah, because, um, I think we actually might get to the w to the W's later. So I'll save that for another lesson. Now, down here, I couldn't directly see, like, linguistically how this Yeah, it could actually work. Yeah, yeah, but I don't. I think maybe it just fell out of favor over time. So you just have these three, these three to worry about in the UAE column. So, uh, let's just see about how to write these. Signing that for the top with the heat of Ghana. Yeah, it's Ah, you start with the stroke that goes from the left to the right. Like so not the cleanest is to remember time like that. Maybe. OK, And the next is this stroke here, which then it curves around. It comes up to the stroke that was down here. Um, now So, in terms of the way, that's your brushes is moving its one and then coming up in around and then you got to wear them down this way and something like that. Um, honestly, I cheat with this a lot because it just feels really awkward to me to go like to go like this. I mean, I guess it I guess it works. Yes, a 123 I guess that work. But I've actually written this like this. Allow the time, which is not the right the right order, but saying as long as people see it and they understand what you're writing. Um, but, yes, the correct the proper order is one, two, and then three. Anyway, that was the Yeah, right. That a little cleaner. 123 Okay. Yeah. And we have No, we have not. We skip this one. And now for you, just two strokes is pretty simple. One just move up around one like that, kind of it, like a fish, and then just strike through the middle. So there you go. You next up, we have Yo, there's another person to watch these two strokes from the top. Just go down and around like so and then across There you go. You You all right? I'm not I don't have the cleaners writing, but anyway, so that was our Yeah, you and your Let's go ahead and look at some examples of using these. So first off we have Yeah, just Yeah, very simple. Which means arrow. I cry. Could have put bow and arrow in here, actually. So Bo is you. Me? So you, me and then Yaz arrows you meet and let me tell you would be a guess. Bow and arrow. I guess so you means a bow and yasa arrow. And you knew it was coming Here it is the example Sentence Once again, I had to do This is one more time. Please forgive me because you uh oh, my No, your not bow kensho data. No data. He's on me. Yeah, Look at the she mocked up. He's a ni. Yeah, because she marked dinner. So once again, I used to be an adventure like you, But then I took an arrow to the knee. Very useful sentence. Although it's yes, it's a very good sentence, although not particularly useful unless you, uh, suffered energy injury to your knee at some point in your life who knows so forgiveness. I just had to put that in there. Big skyrim fan here. So there you go. Moving on to a little bit more practical example. Hit. Yeah. Hey, uh, which means room? So for example sentence. Hey, I know Qatar's Okay. What shoe? Ikeda? Right after Rio. So I clean my room about once a week. So Hayono Qatar's okay Cut his gaze to clean things up. Shoe ik I shoe is Ah is ah week it guys once good. I it's about yeah, Rio doing it. So I clean my room about once. Ah, week. Um I don't know if that's true or not. Do I May areas so moving on you may You met and you probably heard this before. It just means to dream. Um pretty popular tattoo if you see this Condi around. Um So, for example, sent us to this. You may Okay. Neider Tommy cure. Sorry. Very productive Dorio coup. Why? He'd sealed up. So you may Okun, either time. Unique Doku Wahid sealed up. So to bring about your dreams to make your dreams come true. You may okay night or time Any, um do Roku, which is effort? What is a particle hits Yoda? It still is necessary. So it is necessary to work our to put great effort into, um, fulfilling your dreams. And this is very true. I've lived. I've had many dreams in life and many of which that have come true or that I have made come true. And I think that's the key point to this, that I'll have you lock. Maybe your dreams might just come true beyond your control, but for the most part, you have to make them come true. So if you want to work toward a dream than work toward it, don't just expect things to fall into place. It's good. It's good to have your head in the cloud heads in the Clouds II. I don't like how people kind of say that. That's just a bad image. I think it's good to have you had in the cloud as long as you then think about the actions and the effort that you want to take in your in your life to bring about those dreams and ambitions. All right, so moving right along, we have yo move, you move, which means to read. So you Omu, um, let's give example sentence for you and Now, this is Kathy Khanna. But, um, hopefully you've been staying this lovely on your own. Will go over over cutting down at some point, maybe very briefly fun Tozzi Fantozzi Show set Sue Or And this is the other Another particle that I was I was going to mention I think I ended up not mention it, but remember how how hot it actually winds up article on grammar. It's pronounced as a w a supposed to an h. Um, this is another example that where this is actually going to be a dub, this is actually wo w o w o which actually was proudest duo, but whoa but in in cases of being uses a particle, it's it's just pronounces Oh, damn, my relation going All this grammar lessons in here getting have ourselves anyways, so fantasy fantasy shows that So, um you know, got Ski de Scott. So we're asking ski disguise like, um, do you like And you know, there's a lot of a lot of these Japanese senses that it's almost in reverse order of English, so we're starting from the back. It's like, Do you like reading fantasy novels? Do you like reading Fassi novels Me If you do, you might want to reach some game of Thrones or something. Lower the rings. You know, it's good stuff. So movin on, moving right along. So here we basically covered the Yeah, you and yo. But there's something special here that I've been kind of avoiding talking to it to specifically about, but it is does come up a lot, and you should be aware of it is you may notice here that we have Ah, very small yo, right there. And here we have, like a very small you. And here we have a very small yeah, And the thing about that is that when that happens, you're not going to pronounce it as Boschee. Yo, It's the very small because it's smaller. It's telling you that this has to combine with this sound. So the yo is combined with shit are not sure that sound like Chinese. She so it is producing with she sound and it becomes this all becomes one sound. It comes show. So essentially you have she and then yo. But because the, um, the euro is small, it's telling you to get rid of this. I and just get rid of that and load these together so that you get show show and same thing down here, these two together, they make shoe. And here, these two together, it makes you guess it shot. Right. So you lose the Yeah, loses the I sound that goes away just because you're just using the of it and the, um, the s h I use the eye sound there. Um, and it is not only with with S h it could be other things. Like with, like, character and Japanese is actually Ah, it's actually Kia Kiara. And once again, this is in ah, cupcake article. Because character is not a Japanese word, but that step saying card Akhtar that sake. Yeah, yeah, character. Um, A ways so And I may have mentioned this in the we're talking about Sue. I don't remember who may not have, but you know, is that here we have Sue. Then here we have another two, but this sewage smaller actually think I did this in the virtual study abroad lesson and not the formal formal study session. But, um so the small to is telling you that you want to emphasize the proceeding sound so as opposed to these ones that are there. Couto. It's combined with the sound before it. This small to is telling you to emphasize the next soundbite emphasized. I mean, it's, I think it's called a global glut glow. Toral, stop! I believe that's the linguistics term. But basically it's saying that, um and one way to represent it is that let's see, here this is So this was shoe. So we had the shoe here and then we have, um this is part Sioux. So we have part Sioux and this small Sudhir the cheat sites Ooh, that's what it's called Cheapside Super Chiefs. I mean, small. She cites two is telling you that this next sound, you're gonna emphasize that we're going to make a global global stop. So basically, the way you could represent this is just write it again. So this is a P sounds at another P. So instead of being instead of it being Xu seven being shoe patsy shiatsu instead of being that you're saying, she pots it, shoe pops. So that's they call that a global stop where I just kind of like it's caught in there. So you almost is almost like having two of the same sounds like shoop and pots that she pops. She's pots and you'll get you'll get the hang of that. But these are just kind of special rules that happened when you have these smaller lettering. So going over these real quick way did Bosch Bosch before. So you should know this. This means place. So Basho. And then now we have the new one here is that we just went over Shoot Patsy, Patsy, and this means to part. Or until it could, it could be departure, and both these basically can be. But these basically could be somewhat interchangeable. But so, actually here it's all con Gees, so technically, this would be a noun. But when you add a a suit drew at the end of it, it turns into a vow that's going to complex. But anyways, so she pops the example Sentence, um, buses while non Jeannie, she puts it, she mascot. So here you see what I was saying. She posted by itself. It's not really a verb, but if you But if it's accompanied with Suitor, which turns into Shamas than that turns it into a vow. Uh, we'll get a lesson. We'll get into grammar later, but bustle on on June issue parts of she Muska. So what time will the bus be leaving? What time of the bus beat the parting? Very useful sentence to have if your need to take a bus somewhere like Kyoto or what not and related to that, we move down here. Just another example. To get the Shah sound we have Sasha and what's going to have this cheese side sue here? So it's basically ah, so it's like, uh, shut Shut up. Just hush are you're saying how shocked, how shut cross Shashi must. And you hear this a lot riding the trains in Tokyo or Japan in general because whenever the trains about Teoh, because whenever the train's about to depart, you'll hear something like along the announcement, saying like Dench, most to boot, probably needed to have a walk in there. But anyways, Densham what most of who Hash Oshima's. The train will be leaving shortly. Mostly moved shortly in a short while, very soon. So anyways, that is all for this lesson. Until next time keep studying, it will be and be creative 10. BenkyouKai09 RaRi: Hey, it is your secure wolf. And welcome to another episode of Banke. Okay? And we're going to be continuing with our study sessions learning he to Ghana in the last episode we went over the Yeah, you yo of the why column. So this time way are going to be moving on over. I think we just have two more looks like and then in the end, I guess. But so here we have lardy Rude A andro. So once again, La Brea do that, bro. And as always, the right side is the counter Kana which you can review on your own. But in our study session here, we're gonna be focusing mostly on the left side's Kita gonna re grow. So let's go ahead and see how we write thes. And before we do that, I probably should explain the way that I'm pronouncing these because when you see these written with Roman characters, I guess you call it Ramadi. You'll see it right as our and these were generally seen and is represented as ours. You may know, like are we gotto right? Very common phrase just means thank you. Most people have heard of that before. But the thing about this is the r sound of Japanese is not the same as the R sound in English. It's somewhat in between the between our and maybe a D or an l. I guess it made between our Elmore more so D. But, um, I heard in my linguistics class that one instance in English where you get a very similar sounds to the to the Japanese is if you say something like, uh, letter ladder. Is this like the D sound here when you put when you say ladder? If the American accent ladder the at the at the sound that you make here is very similar to the Japanese are apparently it's kind of hard to explain that was very specific in a linguistics clap course. But to explain a little bit, let's just say that, um, you would not pronounce this as our re Gatto. You wouldn't make a Japanese or ready. You would just say Ari got so and so It's almost like an L. So if I were pronouncing the l, I say Ali Gatto, that's so It's almost like a help, but not quite so audio. And so it's been a long time since I started this. But if you have your mouth here when you make it our sounds like a robbery ray row, you'll notice that your tongue is kind of held back. So be raw or reroute Ray robot in. If you make a l like lolly lay low, you feel that your tongue is kind of touching the end of your of your front tooth so loudly , Lula. Hello. Or maybe, like the big around this area. Maybe lay low once again. I'm not I'm not a linguist. I took a language class, a linguist dicks class. But I'm not a linguist. So if there's experts, please let me know in the comments. So the Japanese are It feels like it feels like my tongue is going more up here. Like like I was making an l sound. I'm not completely sure exactly how to explain it if there are experts in linguistics or anything that go ahead and Philip those in the comments. But this just suffice to say, for now that the Japanese are is somewhat between in English are and an l sound, um, almost could be like a very soft A D like when you have words like ladder. And I think the more that you're around the language, you'll start picking it up. But I may go into that in the future. If I do like a linguistic analysis of Japanese or something because of my English class helped me a lot with pronunciation, things that they never taught me and my just standard Japanese courses. So sorry with beginning, we have raw. Sorry, said the English law is so started getting We have a law which order of writing as one and then two So one, it's kind of flowing into the next part like that. That's the kind of flow of your brush strokes, but you're going to be lifting off the page. So it's like that, making me a little maybe a little longer, a lot and then leave. Now you see this Lee here it is completely attached. You won't always see attached like that, but this is the way that your brush stroke would go. You're going down and then up in around. But you want a lift, you can lift off the page in the middle. So you're getting something probably more along along these lines that maybe there's like a little connection there something around like that so loudly and then drew. It's just like almost like writing number three that is having a loop at the end. Prices move down a little bit more like like that. Not that's just one stroke altogether. All together in 11 go knotty root and then grow. It's, ah, unsightly. That is also fairly similar to, um, I think we did before it was net, except first of having the squiggly at the end. The squiggly pigtail you go, the you swing it around the other way. So it's one and then to And so if you can see this, the first stroke is just going down in the second stroke. You're actually kind of going down and up and around like that, and you combine the both of them to get that. So that's that. And then we have a role, and roll is just one stroke. Basically, the same is true, except for without Thea Little, uh, swing around at the bottom. All right, so that's how you write it. Now let's look at some examples of how you might use the's in words and sentences All right and start. But through the top we have Coop that I e Could I and could I means dark. So, for example, and just means dark and be dark outside. It could be maybe your minder screen on your computers dark. So let's go with the monitor screen and say Possible Coleman, which is actually word for for computer and Japanese because it's short for personal computer power. Sonata carbon puta becomes parcel corn pass a con con no monitor. Monetize monitor, of course. Possible. No monitor Got no Zika could I cut out? So because my for some reason my computer modern is dark I made a mistake here is actually supposed to say much, as experts say, Sorrow, sorrow, my bad. So sorrow, Sorrow, I thought. I see no cowl cannot. So Posicor Particle normal Togar Jessica Caracara Soros watashi no Carlo Canna. My computer screen is getting is dark for some reasons, so I think it's about time for me. I'm thinking is about time, maybe for me to buy a new one. So story is used long Japanese just mean like, it's about time. Or maybe it's, you know, thinking, Yeah, but I just think about time. It's kind of hard to explain. I don't think we have the equivalent in English, but Tashi watashi no Okal cannot like a Tashi is new. Cow is by and colonized like, sort of like your thinking about it. Like maybe i'll buy a new one. And next up, we have all the in order it means to get off in terms of, like, getting off of a train or a bus. Or, um um but I think even like a car. So, like an English would say get out of the car but Japanese that you still use Old leader. So you see this a lot within your transit experiences. So first example, we may say, um, they may ask a question 90 ec e the old either. No. And this is informal once again Nani ec e. So Nani remember, that is what you may recognize that that Ah, that Condi. But we should remember the word Nani. So 90 ec e g also was another one of our words. So you probably should remember that as well. Not Niki Debt would either know what it means to get off what station are you getting off at? You might say something like, uh, signal Echoed Loddo. Look, I'm getting off at the next the next station, or um Oh, and, uh, this is actually very is also quite useful. If you're on, the training is too crowded, and you have to get off. And, like, there's people in your way and you can't You just can't get to the exit. You don't want to put you through because that's informal. You want to say the formal version of it? We should be already Maas. So be, um, what a mass mass like I got. I'm getting off just to the people. No, please give make way. You also might want to excuse yourself and say something nice and anonymous. They only last, like, just to let them know that. Excuse me. I'm getting off the train for these, uh, make some room because you may know that the trains and Tokyo in particular can be extremely crowded, packed, like sardines. Just look it up on the Internet. Trust me, it's an experience so moving on, we have top better. Better, Which means a heat wave used to the number of senses before, but I'm just I'm just so excited that we finally learned the Conifer room because this is, um this is actually a common ending. Two verbs. So a lot of times when you see this at the end of a word, it's probably it probably means that it's a verb and you may notice, Like to get off a train od drew. That's Ah, that's ah verb top Andrew. That's a verb. And we're gonna go over a bunch of the much other like roux verbs as we as we continue. But at any rate, let's think of the example for tabulator. Um top better Toki Ni got city tabular Noga ski so I'll say it a little slower. Um Tom better Toki Ni got city top editor. No got skied up. So, um Tom Butters to eat And Tokyo is when it means win or time basically the time when eating . So when I eat Got City is a fairly useful phrase for people like me that like to eat ah lot and have like a big hefty meal got City is like it's like, all out like a hefty like very um it's kind of hard to give it its equivalent. But But usually if you If you want to eat something that's heavy and beefy and like very filling, you would say Got you got sooty rate. Got city top Better? Uh, no. Got Skeeto. And so this is saying that I like when when I eat top Toki Ni, I like so skidata I like to eat Ah, lot or I like to eat until I'm full. Basically, he's the kind of nuance behind it and so related to eating. We have their e Zo coal lays local, which is our refrigerator. So at his example Atala she raise or call Oh, cut the kittle Top of hormonal gone I Petacchi raise local Cut the kettle tabular model. Can I? I bought a new result, Kel. I bought a new refrigerator, but I don't have anything to eat. So, um, not the best trade off. Probably want to get the food first, But actually, I guess you want to raise the refrigerator. Firstly, it's when they put in, but in a rage. Just a simple example. Um uh, we got ta better once again and we also have ah, read the Zocalo. Sorry for the little dash there, Basil called. All right, moving right along. Cuke Roll Cooper Law, who so could all kugel is struggle or like hardship, and it's usually matched with, um, studio. So I'm skipping ahead a little bit. But you see, at the bottom we have, ah, Subaru, and this just means to do, and often you would pair that with with a noun. So kudo by itself. You see, it's just to con Jeez, this is a noun. And in Japanese in general, when things are just Condi, it's it's a noun. In order to turn it into ah verb, you need tohave. It needs to be caught. It needs to be possible to congregate it and to be able to congregate it. You need to have something added to the ends. That's why, um, up above, we have the You have the kanji for eat, but it's but it has, um, has he gone after it? You have the conn Giefer, I guess, to drop or to get off and then have the Condi after it. And that's because I'm sorry. The the heat gone after it, and that's because the cons is telling us the meeting. But we need the heat again in order to conjugating are to morph the verbs into its different forms and Japanese, and we'll get more into that in the in the grammar section. But just suffice to say that struggle by itself is just is a noun. But you could add Suitor to turn it into the verb to struggle. So it was Kudo Kudo by itself means there is a struggle. But Kudo pseudo would be to struggle and you'll see that very often in Japanese. So, for example, we have Kudo got at that Corso. I didn't say what Subaru she So Quiroga at the Coastal Jeans Iwatsu Bashi. And that's just a saying that says Who would see work. I start with this struggle. So because in life, so Jean say, is life. Um, there is Kuro. So because in life there is struggle life is Subaru, she or wonderful or or the fact that there is struggle in life is what makes life even more wonderful. It's a little bit hard to make a direct translation with with this, with words like cool, so I'm not exactly sure how to translate that directly. But yes, the is that it's the bitterness of life that makes thes the good times taste that much sweeter. I guess it's a fairly good approach to have to life. I don't know if 100% true all the time. I'm sure there's cases where you kind of until tilt this gallery of too much struggle and no longer life is no longer wonderful. But I imagine that Ah, life without any struggle would not be a very matured life. I you suppose so? Let's ah, move on. We have Kia Group, which is cuter, and that means to cut. And that could be all types of things. You can cut paper you can cut. Um, you can even, like, even like kind of abstract concepts, you might say, like like to cut off one sort of thought and to move on to something else like that. There's a lot of weight caters using a lot, and also for people have you If you read Ah, if you read manga, especially manga, that has, like samurai or people that use swords. So let's give you ah kind of on the nose example Here, here we have you may know who this guy is. He is somewhat famous among people who are interested in Japan and Japanese, but or a more my Noto Caroni Siku Toshio Only more minor Tony Crew Toshio So that let's say Let's have it that I will go to your plate. I will go to where you are as well. I'm going to go where you are, right? Um oh, my Oh, kitty Knee as now this isn't you may be able to recognize that this is the same con Gee, that we just that we just saw for Keeter. But instead of saying Andrew, it's the and we'll get into grammar in the future to explain why why that changes. But for now, let's just say that what he's saying is I will go. I'm gonna go to where you are, and I'm gonna go there to kill you basically. But instead kill. He's saying Keedy, which means basically to cut you down and the nuances that he's cutting him down with with a sword or with a knife or or whatever it is. But you'll see a lot times in manga and like, especially in these sort of like, um, samurai ninja type of A settings that people instead of saying I'm going to kill you, they'll say I'm going to cut you basically. But they're saying with the intent that is to kill the person you know in a way, more or less. So Look out for that. If you're reading some, if you start reading manga and Japanese. But now for a slightly more grounded example, you may ask someone. Yes, I o Keeter Toki No Cuts it. Yes. Yet that could Is I so Yes, I o Keeter Toki No cold. So she had to cut a site. So, um, she had a Chris I this this is very common scenes. Please teach me and, uh Keeter Toki. So, Keeter Toki, no call to the method for when you cut. Yes, I vegetables. So please teach me how to cut vegetables. More of this. Slightly more useful than the not Osasco example, but not quite as fun. Anyway, so moving on, we have meter, meter, and they're just some more verbs to show you how verbs often end in room. There's actually two types of maybe three types of verbs. Forget I'll get to that in the grammar. But one of them is a is a root roof form where the verbs that end in room So we have meter , which just means C or two C and an example of that kind of kind of romantic Hoshi O meter Noga ski this. I like to look at the stars. I like to. I like stargazing. I like what? Looking at the stars, right? I've actually got down into this lately because there's a planetarium not too far for me and it's Ah, and I go there from time to time with my wife is very nice learning about Thea Universe. If you are interested in the universe, watch some Neil DeGrasse Neil DeGrasse Tyson videos. He'll definitely spark your interest. He's a very well, well spoken a astrophysicist, but at any rate, that's ah topic for another day. So last example, we have Subaru and I touched on this a little bit earlier. But Subaru is it just means to do, and it congregates all like in lots of different forms to be used in very similar ways. So you'll see this a lot, a lot, a lot in Japanese. That, or at least one of its one of its forms. So just a quick example for now you might You might hear someone say, does suitor. So that's just using studio by itself. What are you going to do, though? No means how I guess. But when you say does that it was like, How will you do it? Or what are you going to do? Is is more or less what it means does suitor. And, um and that's when Subaru is by itself. But you also see several out being combined with something that was originally announce Over here we have these two county here to suck Asia, which is by itself because it means deletion. But you don't really ever hear it like that. Here it using that way usually it's gonna be coupled with suitors. So sake Joe Subaru means to delete. So we say may walk. Ooh may do all soccer. Josi Drew, I delete what's may Welcome out in English again. Ah, spam a year ago. So Melaku just means troublesome like cause trouble and mail is like so like it Troublesome male spammy of Milwaukee Male Hope soccer. Joseph Drew, I just delete it. Delete, Delete my spam. All right, so, um, that's pretty much all for now, let me know if you have any other questions. And until next time, keep studying. Live boldly and be creative. You could 11. BenkyouKai10 WaWoNn: Hey, this is the other key wolf, and welcome to another episode of Bank Yokai and this sex going to be the last episode in our series of study sessions. Talking about hitting Ghana will probably go on to either talk briefly about Kata Cano or maybe go into some of the kind linguistic tricks I learned for pronunciation. Or maybe just jump right into grammar. I don't know, let me know what you guys think. But for now, let's just get the last of the heated Ghana taking care of. So the last time we went over Lobby Rudy and Row. So this time we're moving over to the last column. Actually last maybe you could say two columns. First off, we'll start with the W column. So now there's actually a couple here that really are not used. You never see a lot of these. They're kind of like they were in ancient Japanese but aren't really being used any more. So, for example, here we have and as always, this the right side is cut Turkana. So if you would like to study that on your own, go ahead and screenshot this and you could look over that. But we're focusing primarily now on the the heat. I got up inside the left side of this and actually go ahead and just why, then do this for my other videos. But I could just make this a little bit smaller. It's there. Rights are focusing primarily on the heat. Agata of this. So first we have Wow! And then and first thing you'll notice is that there is nothing in the U sound, and this goes back to what I was talking about with With wise, the Japanese W also is not the same as the English W's So, for example, here with wa w A. I mean, you could pronounce this the same as an English W but the real roots of the language and how prime most Japanese air speaking, they aren't actually saying what they're saying. Do within our So it's you plus are so it's who are watch. So I know if you could hear the difference is kind of subtle, but wa into what? What what? It is probably a big deal if you just pronounce it as well. But just so you know that kind of linguistic roots, the W is really just a new sound. It's a plus. Whatever that next thing is, so you have you are would be what? Who e is we and so we that can exist linguistically. But the truth is that we really don't use this in Japan anymore. I think this is kind of like out of production as you as it were. I don't know, it's just not something that's being used, and I'm down here at the new now. The reason why this never existed is because this is essentially a who, plus another do like you can't. It's not the same as that English saying Woo, It's not like who would be who. So there's there's no difference here than just a regular do. So there's no reason for this to exist, so that never, ever existed. At least far as I know, if there's some some handles like Japanese history, maybe there was a point where there was something. Go ahead, let me know in the comments. But as far as I know this this part never This never existed here and once again here. This is another kind of obscure Connor that we really don't use in modern Japanese. It's probably out of out of production, no longer being used but linguistically is possible. Who plus a Asher same thing as like as as with wide before linguistically possible, but just not in use. At last we have you and oh, Mix. Whoa, you Oh, so that's whoa. And now the thing about this is now, correct me if I am wrong, But I don't think there's any word in modern Japanese that uses this. Um, I, uh, could be wrong. I just can't think of anything off the top of my head. And the only case, right? See it being used is actually not even pronounced with a duct with it with this, with this, you are sound. It's actually roll sound. The only place I know where it's used is, um, as a particle, all right. And before we move on to writing there, the last one that I just want to add to this list to see here at the very top we have. So I'm just going to add this at the bottom we have, and this is the just the end sound. If there's no vowel sound attached to it, and I think It's the Onley letter or comma in Japanese that actually doesn't have any valve sound. It's just the constant, and it usually every ends. It has to come usual. Come at the end of a word, I think there's obscure cases where you can make argument for coming at the beginning, but they're once again it's sort of like the the above Whoa is that they aren't things that are used in standard modern Japanese. So let's go ahead and write these from the top. We have watashi and this is we've done this type of stroke a lot like we had Ah, Ray, we had. Now, this time we're just It's kind of like never without without the without the like, uh, Piccoli stroke at the end. So what? Um, right, a little bit cleaner. So stroke one and then stroke to what? Right. And then, um, we could skip these three because they aren't being used that we have 00 Is one, two and three. So once again, just to write a little bit cleaner one to yeah to and then three. And once again, I don't have the cleanest writing, but you get the general stroke order. The last one is just one stroke altogether goes down and then it can cause up. It's sort of like a English H, but kind of just stripped, stretched sideways and kind of looked more, more like a telegraphic. Anyways, that is now for examples of these actually being used in words. This is a very, um, basic word that has taken us a long time to finally get to. But we have first off on our list. What she what does she which means I and I'll go ahead and hit Hit two of these at once? Watashi no. Which means my And as you see here is the same Condi on this side. It's just that one has the no and the other one doesn't. So, um, no, it's basically like you could think of it as apostrophe s. It's a it's ah, possessive. So it's when you put that next to something, it means that it's like it's turning into possessive. So I turned into my and you you would turn to yours like no would be your card I know would be his. You know, it's ah, it's it's Codey's. He could I know is his up as you are not to know would be yours. It's just adding it's just making a possessive. And it also shows relationships between two between vowels and what not, but we'll get toe grammar in the future. So for examples of how that can be used, we see, uh, well, topsy mole Nickie Titus. And you may remember this it was one of our earlier lessons. But we have Nikki tie, which means I want to, which means want to go and then watashi mo mo means also So I also want to go anymore. Hepatitis. You're just saying I want If you just saying I want to go, you probably wouldn't. I wouldn't even add the watashi to it because I I may have mentioned this before, but Japanese that generally drop anything that can be dropped and can just be inferred. So if you just think I want to go into secret itis. But if you say there's a whole bunch of people that are going somewhere and they and you want to stress that you also want to go with how she more more means also so without you, Mike Titus, like I want to go to And, uh, then firm for a possessive form. Cordelia with us, You know, it's Shiban Skinner. Munger. This so called. Another thing. I've used a lot of examples. You may have picked up array, but Cody means this Courtois. What else do you know? What else you know? My ichiban Stina Ichiban is number one, number one ski or the number one Like the thing I liked the most. Ichiban esquina. Mom, God s manga manga. So this is my favorite manga. This is my most loved. My most liked manga, the Munger. I like the most so called professional, even skin among a This was a Simitis. I recommend it. And, uh, and if we get to and when we get to grammar will go into, like Codey So day today and with the difference between all those are. But for now, we'll be on to our next example. So, as I said with Oh, I looked into this a little bit more and I could see that there's people talking about examples of, ah, of way that this could have been used in words before. So, like, here we have things like, uh um Whoa. Told May and make that a little bit bigger, so you can see. Okay, that's big enough. Well, too big, too big. Go back, Back, I say. All right. There. So you do have some examples here of things like whoa. Told May or, um Well, toko or won't. But the thing is, and if you've stayed any Japanese and learned somewheres, you probably are realizing this already. But this is not how these words are said nowadays or how they're even written like this is This is Ah, this would be ona Whoa has been changed, toe. So in modern Japanese, you're not going to see them like this. It's going to be Oh, no, it's gonna be ultra call. It's gonna be all Tomei. It's not gonna be well, Tomei Bono are mortal cold not gonna cower that in modern standard Japanese. So I'm not gonna give you any of those examples. So just suffice it to say that there is sort of a historical context in which words were made with the Khanna for Whoa But as far as I can tell him that you guys could correct me if I'm wrong, I don't see it really being used in modern Japanese to any to any real extent. So the only example that I have here, which actually is extremely important example something that you really need to know it. It's just that it's focusing more on grammar than actual than actually being a word. It's the oh, as an object marker, you know, is that I ice pronounced. This is oh, not as woe is similar to I mentioned a couple of videos back that the the subject marker the subject marker or particle, What is written Azha. But it's pronounced wa and in the same case, the object marker. Um oh is written with the kanji for whoa but is pronounced Oh, and that's just something was decided during the major registered restoration to kind of like mark this as a particle and not as a as a word. Um, so example of how that is used. This pretty simple example very simple grammar, which will probably go into in the future. But we have ah, Niko wa suck on that whole top It hurt. So Nicole, you may remember, is ah is cat. So the cat is marked by this wall here. This is the UAW and that wa is telling us that nickel is the subject because that is a biz wise, a subject marker, because that is a subject marker. And then we have sock ana. And then here we have the oh, that we're talking about here and oh is an object marker. So that's telling us that the soccer now that was before it is the object and then top bedroom is the verb. So in Japanese week Oh, subject object verb, which is different in English, which English goes subject verb object. So, in English, we would say the, um, the cat eight for eats eats Ah, fish cat each Cats eat fish that really change like that. Cats eat fish, but in Japanese, it's the orders kind of switch. So the object comes here. The verb comes at the end subjects more or less the same. So we have cats, Nicola. So cats in the wall is telling us that that that is the subject stock inaudible. So cats is the subject, and ah, fish is the object. It's the thing that's being acted upon. And then, um, Tom better is eat and that's the action is taking place so cats eat fish, and we'll get more into that when we get into our grammar lessons. But it's very simple. It's just Ah, um, these were the two particles that you'll see very often and just keep in mind that the this is marking a subject while, uh oh is marking an object. And that's how you kind of know how to understand what's going on in this sentence. So next up we go to are examples, and here we have none that. And so you may remember this when I was teaching you before, like with Nanny. How, um, what can be said as nanny? But a lot of times when a lot of times actually turns into non, especially when when there's something else proceeding it. So in this case with why we have we have the same is the same country for 90 but with dead it becomes none debt, and this is the same meaning as as nausea that we learned before. It's just I think it just says a little bit if different nuance that you'll learn as you as you hear the language being spoken a lot. And so, for example, of this we have non deadly home got ski Desker. Why do you like Japan? Sony Wholeness Japan ski is like desk A caused the question. So, um why so yet? So basically it's why, um Do you like Japan? None. Any home dusky that's got And ah, that's something you'll probably ask very often. So kind of get a answer for that. Ready for when you are asked. And since we just talked about any home as being Japan, I guess our next example is Ni Whole home. And that's the Condi over there. You'll see that quite a bit. But the home just means Japan and we have are there at the end. So example sentence the Khomeini could or no up without, you know, you made us stop. So, um, start from here like cougar? No, la Cooter. It means come. So coming to ni home coming to Japan Um Waas my dream. So coming to Japan was my dream with us? No, you made this stop and you may was one of our words before we tell she is that is the word up above. So you should remember all those and eso going on to the last part I just want since we talked about any hone, um, we have a couple more examples here. You can see here in the country that we're still using the same knee home as the as the same Condi here, which means Japan and this country here is person and ah, this Condi down here is, for, like, words or like language. So you'll see that if you have any home plus person, it becomes Japanese meaning specifically the people of Japan right on the home. Plus the language is Japanese as the language So in in English we use the same were Japanese But in Japanese these are these are different And another Another example you might say the whole knoll like Japanese rice. You wouldn't say you would say the home. No, um call me right So it's Japanese. This is That's the possessive from before, right? Where with with eye turns into my and u turns into your Now we have any home? No, that means Japanese possessive form of Japan. So an example Final example Just toe Go Teoh, There's just off with we have This is another the language congee again here. But we have This is the this for, like your European or in England. So we have a goal decade or decada the whole region, you know. Commonality got sick and I know debt. The Hong go or Moto Thank you. Stayed this so ago Decatur Li Hongjun Automatic a second. I know that hunger or motive bank your status so I don't have many Japanese friends. So say here we have super nice Super Night means there's not many Tom About 100 No tomodachi. So here have any homogeneous Japanese and Tomodachi means friend So I don't have a lot of Japanese friends. Um a goal got Decatur. So ego is English and Decatur means can So I don't have a lot of Japanese friends who can speak English. Um and therefore bank yo is a study Styx means I want to So I want to study Moto means more . I want to study mawr knee hung Goal I want toe study more Japanese. So I want to learn more Japanese Got to cater to be particularly notable chicken soup Can I know there the hunger Moto Moto bank Yo status. I want to study more and more Japanese tonight I want to become better at speaking Japanese . Um, yeah, so that's I hopefully all of our goals, and hopefully we will learn together to get better and better. This was the last episode of the hit Ghana. Siri's Let me know what you want to go on to next. I think that was a lot of stuff in terms of grammar that I could break into. You see that I have trouble not going into the grammar even when I'm trying to teach you how to Ghana but yes, the grammar and also served the linguistics of how to pronounce certain certain words because things are pronounced a little slightly differently. I may do just one video talking about linguistics, of speech patterns in Japanese, and, yeah, let me know what you think. Do you want to? Where do you want me to go with this? And if you have any questions or comments, school had leave them below until next time, keep studying, live boldly and be creative