Questions for Scrum Product Owners with Answers & Explanations Part: 2 | Jimmy Mathew | Skillshare

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Questions for Scrum Product Owners with Answers & Explanations Part: 2

teacher avatar Jimmy Mathew, Agile Consultant

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Lessons in This Class

3 Lessons (1h 8m)
    • 1. Course Introduction

      1:04
    • 2. Questions 101 to 150

      33:39
    • 3. Questions 151 to 200

      33:28
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About This Class

Questions for Scrum Product Owners with Answers & Explanations Part: 2

This series of classes has 500 questions with answers and explanations for Scrum Product Owners.

  • This course has 100 questions on agile & scrum.
  • Questions and explanations are based on Scrum as defined in The Scrum Guide™.
  • Explanations are given for each question while reviewing the answers.

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This course has 2 videos of 50 questions each. Questions range from basic to expert level and explanations are given for all answers.

This course prepares the student to answer questions on Scrum Product Owner Role.

This course follows scrum as described in the Scrum Guide.

This is based on latest version of Scrum Guide™. Clear explanations for all questions. So, this Serve as a learning exercise as well.

This is presented in a video format. You can even listen to this on the move. Each question is read out clearly, with answer options, correct answer and an explanation.

This course covers all major topics in scrum framework but the focus is on answering questions on Scrum product Owner role.

Basic knowledge of Scrum Framework and Product Owner Role required to take up this course. It is recommended to read The Scrum Guide before taking these tests. Scrum Guide is available at scrumguides.org

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Jimmy Mathew

Agile Consultant

Teacher

Around 15 years in IT, 7 years of Agile experience, playing various roles of Agile Coach, Scrum Master, Trainer, etc.

Publications  

Book: - Scrum Tales: Stories from a Scrum Master's Diary  

Book: - Agile Life: Understanding agile in a non-software context  

Certifications

 

.      ICP-ACC - ICP Agile Coaching   

·      CSP – Certified Scrum Professional  

·      CSM – Certified Scrum Master  

·      SAFe - Scaled Agile Framework-Agilist  

·      PSM1 – Professional Scrum Master  

... See full profile

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Reviews Archive

In October 2018, we updated our review system to improve the way we collect feedback. Below are the reviews written before that update.

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Transcripts

1. Course Introduction: Hello, welcome to this course. Questions for Scrum product owners with answers and explanations. This series of classes has 500 questions with answers and explanations for Scrum product owners. This is second class of this series. This is presented in a video format. You can even listen to this on the move. Each question is read out clearly with answer options, correct answer, and an explanation. This course prepares the student to answer questions on Scrum product owner role. This course follows Scrum as described in the Scrum guide. This course covers all made to topics in Scrum framework, but the focus is on answering questions on Scrum product owner role. Basic knowledge of Scrum framework and product owner role required to take up this course. It is recommended to read the scrum guide before taking these tests. Scrum Guide is available at Scrum guides.org. 2. Questions 101 to 150: Question 1, 0, 1. True or false. Stake holders can participate in product backlog refinement sessions? Correct answer is true. Backlog refinement is an ongoing activity, not a prescribed event. The Scrum Guide does not explicitly restrict the participants. The product owner can invite stakeholders as required. Question 1, 0, 2, scrum is a choose the best answer. Options are Option one, iterative and incremental product development process. Option to adaptive software development methodology. Option three, lightweight framework for developing adaptive solutions for complex problems. Option for collection of proven methods for software development. Correct answer is option three, lightweight framework for developing adaptive solutions for complex problems. Scrum is not a definite process. It is a framework where we can employ various processes, techniques and methods. Question 1, 0, 3, what is the best way to arrange a group of people into multiple Scrum teams. Options are Option one, based on experience and skills, making sure there's an equal distribution of both option to based on the Technical layer that they were working in before the scrum master is selected the teams. Option 3, based on the product requirement and rules of Scrum, the group divides itself into Teams. Option for based on components that they have experienced in, the product owner defines the teams. Direct answer is option three. The group divides itself into teams. They are self-managing. The group members organized themselves into Teams. Question 1, 0, 4, true or false. For a new product development, the scrum team dedicates the first sprint only for preparing the product backlog. Correct answer is false. The expected outcome from any sprint is a done increment, a value. Product backlog refinement is an ongoing activity and Scrum doesn't define a sprint dedicated only for that. Question 10, five, true or false. The product backlog exists as long as a product exists, correct answer is true. The product's backlog is an emergent ordered list of what is needed to improve the product. It exists as long as the product exists. Question 1, 0, 6. What is meant by saying the sprint goal gives some flexibility for the developers. Choose the best answer. Options are Option 1. Developers can change the sprint goal is Moore's learned. Option to. The sprint goal provides reasons for not meeting the definition of done. Option three, developers can negotiate the scope of the Sprint Backlog without affecting the sprint goal. Option for the Sprint Goal is not mandatory. Developers can decide if they needed. Correct answer is option three. Developers can negotiate the scope of the sprint backlog. The sprint goal is a commitment by the developers. It provides flexibility in terms of the exact worked needed to achieve it. If the work turns out to be different from what they expected, they collaborate with the product owner to negotiate the scope of the sprint backlog within the sprint without affecting the Sprint Goal. Question 1, 0, 7. A Sprint Goal. Choose all that apply. Options are Option 1 is created during the sprint review. Option two describes the work required to complete the selected backlog items. Option three is part of the Sprint Backlog. Option for brings in some flexibility within the sprint. Correct answer is options 34. It is part of the sprint backlog and brings in some flexibility within the sprint. The sprint goal is the single objective for the sprint. During the sprint planning, the whole Scrum team then collaborates to define a sprint goal. Sprint goal is part of the Sprint Backlog. It provides some flexibility. If required, developers can collaborate with the product owner to negotiate the scope of the sprint backlog within the sprint without affecting the sprint goal. Question 1, 0, 8. What is meant by saying the Scrum Team is self-managing? Options are Option 1. The scrum team internally select a manager for the sprint option to the scrum team, decide how to do the work assigned to them by the Scrum Master. Option three, scrum master, who was part of the Scrum team, manages the team. Option for the scrum team internally decides who does, what, when, and how. Correct answers option for the scrum team internally decide. Scrum teams are self-managing, meaning they internally decide who does, what, when and how. Question 10, 9, true or false? The product owner represents stakeholders, developers, Meat stake holders only at the sprint review. Correct answer is false. Not necessarily. Stake holders may be invited to other occasions as well. For example, they can be invited to the backlog refinement activity. Question 110. In Scrum, who is responsible for stakeholder collaboration? Options are Option 1, the developers. Option two, scrum team. Option 3, the product owner option for the scrum master. Correct answer is option 2. The scrum team. The scrum team is responsible for all product related activities, stakeholder collaboration, verification, maintenance, operation, experimentation, research and development, and anything else that might be required. Scrum defines three specific accountabilities within the Scrum team, but the entire Scrum team is responsible for the outcome. Question 1 11. Developers are having trouble understanding a functional requirement to members have conflicting ideas on the expected value. Who can help with this? Options are Option 1, the product owner. Option to the scrum team is self-managing. Developers decide what is the best option. Option 3, the Scrum Master option for the technical architect? Correct answer is option one. The product owner developers must get the requirement clarified from the product owner. Question 1, 12th, the sprint backlog is updated throughout the sprint as more is learned. When will these updates take place? Options are Option 1, during the daily scrum, option to during the backlog refinement. Option three, once the updates are approved by the product owner. Option for anytime during the sprint? Correct answers option for anytime during the sprint. The sprint backlog is a planned by and for the developers. When a new work further decomposition or a change is identified, the sprint backlog is updated as soon as possible. Question 113. What is true about sizing or estimating the product backlog items? Choose the best two answers. Options are Option 1. The developers are responsible for the sizing option to the entire scrum team collaborate and decide on the estimates. Option three, the product owner may influence the developers incising. Option for size must be finalized using the Planning Poker method. Correct answers, options 13, the developers are responsible, but the product owner can influence the developers who will be doing the work are responsible for the sizing. The product owner may influence the developers by helping them understand and select trade-offs. Scrum doesn't prescribe a single method for sizing. It is a decision for the developers. Question 114, true or false. Revenue can be among the measures in determining a product's value? Correct answer is true. Revenue can be a measure, but it is not the only measure. Question 115. When multiple teams are working on the same product, who is responsible for making sure the increments are integrated and working fine. Options are Option 1, the Chief Product Owner, option to the Scrum teams. Option 3, the Scrum of Scrums lead option for the integration manager. Correct answer is option 2. The Scrum teams, it is the responsibility of the Scrum teams to make sure the integrated increment is done and usable. Question 1, 16. What are the benefits of having a formal definition of done? Choose the best two answers. Options are. Option one, it creates transparency about the expected the state of the increment when it is done. Option two, it helps developers when selecting items for the sprint. Option 3, it helps predict the expected velocity for completing the product backlog. Option for it describes a future state of the product. Correct answers, options 1 and 2, it creates transparency about the increment and helps while selecting items for the sprint. The definition of done is a formal description of the state of the increment when it meets the quality measures required for the product, it creates transparency on what it's done. The product goal describes a future state of the product. Predictions are made based on past performance there based on what is known. Question 117, the scrum master is accountable for. Options are Option 1, helping establish empirical product planning for a complex environment. Option to holding each other accountable as professionals. Option 3, instilling quality by adhering to a definition of done. Option for creating any aspect of a usable increment each sprint? Correct answer is option one. Helping establish empirical product planning for a complex environment. The Scrum Master helps the product owner established empirical product planning for a complex environment. Developers are accountable for the other three items. Question 118. Various practices exist to forecasts Progress like burndowns, burn ups, or cumulative flows. What does a release burndown chart visualize? Options are Option one, remaining effort in the sprint backlog against days of the sprint option to how the product grows across different releases. Option three, remaining size in the product backlog at the end of each sprint. Option for none of these, correct answer is option three, remaining size and the product backlog at the end of each sprint. A release burndown chart plots remaining identified size in the product backlog against the sprints. It helps predict how long it will take if all factors, the product backlog, scrum team, and the environment remain unchanged. Question 119, WHO defines the Sprint Goal? Options are Option 1, the developers option to the scrum team. Option 3, the Scrum Master option for the product owner. Option five, the development team. Correct answer is option 2, the scrum team. The whole Scrum team collaborates to define a sprint goal that communicates why the sprint is valuable to stake holders. Question 120, who can give inputs to the product owner on backlog items? Options are Option 1, customers and users. Option two, scrum team and customers. Option 3, anyone option for any stakeholders? Correct answer is option 3. Anyone can give inputs. The product owner decides whom to listen to and what is required for the product. Question 120, one. Who can do the work for creating a detailing the product backlog items. Choose the best two options. Options are Option 1, the Scrum Master option to the developers. Option 3, the product owner option for people delegated by the product owner. Option five, the business analyst. Correct answers, options 34, the product owner and people delegated by them. The product owner remains responsible for creating product backlog items. The product owner may do the above work or may delegate the responsibility to others. Question 122, inspection enables adaptation. When should we adapt if we find a deviation during an inspection? Options are Option 1. During the next sprint. Option to add the required changes to the product backlog and prioritize option 3 as soon as possible. Option for as decided by the product owner. Correct answer is option three, as soon as possible. If we find a deviation and adjustment must be made as soon as possible to minimize further deviation. Question 123. A few days into the sprint, there's an unexpected change that reduces the availability of the developers. The developers want to adjust the sprint scope accordingly. Who must be a part of this discussion? Options are Option one, stake holders and developers. Option to all participants of Sprint Planning. Option three, product owner and developers. Option for the Scrum Master and developers. Correct answer is option three. Product owner and developers. Developers can negotiate the scope of work without affecting the sprint goal. They decide what is best to do. A question 124, true or false. Each team working on the same product will have different definitions of done appropriate for the components they are working on. Correct answer is false. If there are multiple Scrum teams working together on a product, they must meet, really define and comply with the same definition of done. Question 125. What is meant by saying an event is time-boxed? Options are option one. It defines the minimum amount of time that the event must take. Option to. It defines the average amount of time that the event takes. Option 3. It defines the average time that the event has taken during previous sprints. Option for it defines the maximum amount of time that the event can take. Correct answer is option for the maximum amount of time that the event can take. Timeboxing defines the maximum amount of time that the event and take. This brings in more focus and predictability. Question 126. Or false, the sprint review was considered a gate to releasing value to the stake holders. Correct answer is false. The increment is presented at the sprint review. However, an increment may be delivered to stake holders before the end of the sprint. Question 127, select the true statements about the Sprint Retrospective. Choose two statements. Options are Option 1. The improvements that will make the biggest impact may be added to the sprint backlog for the next sprint. Option 2. The purpose of the Sprint Retrospective is to inspect the outcome of the sprint and determined future adaptations. Option three, it is time-boxed to a maximum of four hours for a one-month Sprint. Option for it is the last event in the sprint. Correct answers, options one and for retrospective is the last event in the sprint and the biggest impact improvements may be added to the Sprint Backlog. The purpose of the Sprint Retrospective is to plan ways to increase quality and effectiveness. That is time-boxed to a maximum of three hours for a one-month Sprint. Question 128. How does the scrum master helped the scrum team during the sprint? Choose two statements. Options are Option one, tracking the Sprint Burndown and alerting the team. Option two, removing impediments to the team's progress. Option 3, facilitating inspection and adaptation events in a productive manner. Option for all of these are scrum master actions. Correct answer is option 2 and 3, removing impediments and facilitating inspection and adaptation events. The Scrum Master facilitates scrum events and contributes by causing the removal of impediments. Developers track progress in the sprint backlog. Question 129, what is a characteristic of a self-managing team? Choose the best answer. Options are. Option one. The team is small enough to remain nimble and large enough to complete significant work. Option 2, there are no sub-teams or hierarchies. Option three, members have all the skills necessary to create value. Each sprint option for they decide as a team how to accomplish their work. Correct answer is option for a self-managing team, decide how to accomplish their work. They decide internally who does, what, when and how. Question 130. To adopt Scrum, the organization has decided to change the existing roles names to the roles defined in the Scrum guide and go for monthly releases. They claim this is all that is required. What will be the result? Options are Option 1. The result is not Scrum. Option to the organization won't get the benefits of Scrum. Option three, Scrum is not just titles and terminology. Option for all answers are correct. Correct answer is option for all answers are correct. Scrum is a lightweight framework that helps people, teams, and organizations generate value through adaptive solutions for complex problems. Scrum is not just titles and terminology. Each element of the framework serves a specific purpose that is essential to the overall value and results realized with Scrum. Question 131. During the sprint planning, the product owner wants more items to be included in the sprint. These are beyond the developers capacity. What should the developers do? Select the best choice? Options are Option 1. Developers select items based on their capacity and add remaining items as stretch goals. Option to through discussion with the product owner, the developer select items based on their capacity. Option 3, include all items in the sprint backlog and start working based on their priority. Option for extend the duration of the sprint to complete all proposed items? Correct answer is option 2. Through discussion with the product owner, the developers select items. The whole Scrum team collaborates to define a sprint goal that communicates why the sprint is valuable to stakeholders. Based on this and through discussion with the product owner, the developer select items. Developers know best their capacity and what can be achieved. Question 132, what happens if an item doesn't meet the definition of done by the end of the sprint. Choose the best answer. Options are option one. It is not included as part of the increment. Option two, it can be released if approved in the sprint review. Option three, it can be included in the increment if the functionality is working fine. Option form. It is at the discretion of developers. Correct answer is option 1. It is not included as part of the increment. If a product backlog item does not meet the definition of done, it cannot be released or even presented at the sprint review. Instead, it returns to the product backlog for future consideration. Question 133, Scrum requires a scrum master to foster an environment where choose the best answer. Options are Option 1, a product owner orders that complete set of requirements into your product's backlog before the development starts. Option to the scrum master dress the plan for creating an increment of value during a sprint. Option 3, the scrum team and its stakeholders inspect the results and adjust for the next sprint. Option for all answers are correct. Correct answer is option 3. The scrum team and a stake holders inspect the results and adjust for the next sprint. The product backlog is an emerging artifact. Scrum requires a scrum master to foster an environment where one, a product owner orders to work for a complex problem into a product backlog. To the scrum team turns a selection of the work into an increment of value during a sprint 3, the scrum team and stakeholders inspect the results and adjust for the next sprint. For repeat. Question 134. Identify Scrum values from the list below. Choose three options are Option one, commitment, option to focus. Option 3, honesty, option for respect. Option five, passion. Correct answer is options 1, 2, and 4. Commitment, focus and respect. Successful use of Scrum depends on people becoming more proficient in living the five values of commitment, focus, openness, respect, and courage. Question 135, what does the cone of uncertainty show? Choose the best option. Options are. Option one, representation of remaining effort over time. Option to product burn up overtime. Option 3, the amount of product knowledge over time. Option for release burndown over time. Correct answer is option three. The amount of product knowledge over time. The cone of uncertainty describes the evolution of the amount of uncertainty during a project. At the beginning of a project, comparatively little is known about the product. And so estimates are subject to a large amount of uncertainty. As more research and development is done, more information is learned about the product. And uncertainty then tends to decrease. Question 136. What is product backlog refinement? Options are Option 1, an ongoing activity of breaking down and further defining product backlog items into smaller, more precise items. Option two, the formal time-boxed event for product backlog management. Option 3, and activity conducted only during sprint planning for her finding backlog items for the current sprint option for an activity conducted only during sprint review for refining backlog items for the next sprint. Correct answer is option one. And ongoing activity of breaking down and further defining product backlog items into smaller, more precise items. Product backlog refinement is an ongoing activity. It is not a formal time-boxed event. Question 137. Which of these is an activity for the product owner during an active sprint? Options are option one. Option one, coach the team and self-management option to update the sprint backlog. Option 3, answer questions from developers. Option for chair the daily Scrum meeting. Correct answer is option three. Answer questions from developers. The product owner is accountable for creating and clearly communicating product backlog items. Question 138, how does artifact transparency effect inspection? Choose the best answer. Options are. Option 1. No impact as inspection is done by experts who can overcome this limitation. Option to no impact as inspection is not limited only to the Artifacts. Option 3, no impact as inspectors verify all documents line by line. Option for inspection without transparency is misleading and wasteful. Correct answer is option for inspection without transparency is misleading and wasteful. Artifacts with low transparency can lead to decisions that diminished value and increase risk. Transparency enables inspection. Question 139, the Scrum Master has come to know about unexpected holidays that will severely affect the capacity of the team during the next sprint. From the list below, what is an appropriate action from the Scrum Master? Options are Option 1. Use the next sprint for activities like training and backlog refinement. Option to postpone the start date for the next sprint. Option 3, cancel the next sprint and continue once the problems are settled. Option for continue with the sprints. Facilitate discussion in the Scrum team to decide what is best to do. Correct answer is option for continue with the sprints. Facilitate discussion and the scrum team to decide what is best to do. The Scrum Team is self-organizing. As a team, they resolve the issues that come their way. The Scrum Master serves a team in several ways, including causing the removal of impediments to the scrum team's progress. Question 140, sprint ends when the timebox expires. What can be an exception? Options are Option 1. When work remains that it is possible to create the expected increment in a few more days. Option to no exception. A sprint ends when the timebox expires. Option three, the product owner wants to add more items to the sprint option for when the sprint results are rejected by the stakeholders? Correct answer is option 2. There are no exceptions. A sprint ends when the time boxes over. Question 141. In addition to the functional requirements, every increment must satisfy certain performance requirements. From the below, what is the best option for tracking those? Options are Option 1. Add it to the definition of ready. Option to add a technical task in the sprint backlog. Option three, add it to the Definition of Done. Option for add it to the Sprint Goal. Correct answer is option three. Add it to the definition of done. Every increment must satisfy the non-functional requirements. One of the best practices can be adding them to the definition of done. Every increment must satisfy the definition of done. Question 142, true or false. The Sprint Goal is an artifact in Scrum. Correct answer is false. The Sprint Goal is not an artifact it but part of an artifact. The sprint goal, the product backlog items selected for the sprint and the plan for delivering them are together referred to as the sprint backlog. Question 143. The product owner is not behaving in the true spirit of the Scrum. They usually skip the scrum events and behave more like a project manager. Choose an appropriate action within the Scrum framework. Options are Option 1. If the product backlog is complete and clear, the product owner can skip the events. Option to create a business analyst role to represent the product owner during the Scrum events. Option 3. The Scrum Master helps the product owner understand the Scrum and their accountabilities. Option for developers are self-organizing and decide who can act as a proxy product owner? Correct answer is option 3. The Scrum Master helps the product owner understand the Scrum and their accountabilities. The scrum master is responsible for establishing Scrum as defined in the Scrum guide. They do this by helping everyone understand Scrum theory and practice within both the Scrum team and the organization as a whole. Question 144, which of these is most suitable when multiple teams are involved? Options are Option 1. Each team has all the skills to create increments for the features they develop. Option to. Each team concentrates on the technical layers assigned to them like interface, database, middle tier. Option three. Each team focuses on different aspects of development like design, coding, testing. Correct answer is option one. Each team has all the skills to create increments for the features they develop. Though not explicitly stated, a feature team fit Scrum better than a component team. Instead of concentrating on specific layers, Scrum teams are preferred to have all skills across layers to enable them to complete the items they have taken. Question 145. When do the scrum team interact with stake holders? Options are Option 1, anytime whenever it is valuable. Option to only during the sprint review. Option three, during the sprint Review and Sprint Planning. Option for never, the product owner represents the stake holders. Correct answer is option 1. Anytime, whenever it is valuable. Stakeholder interactions are not limited to the sprint review. However, make sure these interactions are productive and follow the rules of Scrum. Question 146, true or false. One of the topics for the sprint retrospective is the definition of done. Correct answer is true. The purpose of the Sprint Retrospective is to plan ways to increase quality and effectiveness. So the definition of done is one of the topics for the Sprint Retrospective. Question 147, which Artifacts contains an evolving plan for the sprint options are Option one, sprint plan, option to sprint backlog. Option 3, Sprint Goal, option for Sprint Burndown Chart. Correct answer is option to sprint backlog. The sprint goal, the product backlog items selected for the sprint and the plan for delivering them are together referred to as the sprint backlog. Question 148. What best describes the Scrum Master? Options are Option one, value maximizer, option to a true leader. Option 3, project manager, option for administrator. Correct answer is option two, a true leader, Scrum Masters, or true leaders who served the Scrum Team and the larger organization? Question 149, two new members joined the scrum team, bringing the team size to nine. How will it increase the time boxes for formal events? Options are Option one, change time boxes for the sprint Review and Sprint Retrospective. Option to no change. Option three, increase time boxes for all events. Option for reduced the sprint length as capacity increases. Correct answer is option two. No change. Timeboxing is specify the maximum recommended duration for the events. They don't vary based on the team size. Question 150, true or false. The sprint duration can be changed during the sprint as more is learned. Correct answer is false. Sprints are fixed length events of one month or less. To create consistency, the sprint duration remains fixed and the sprint ends when the timebox expires. 3. Questions 151 to 200: Question 151. The product owner wants to add additional product backlog items through the sprint backlog. What should the product owner do? Options are Option 1, cancel the sprint and start fresh with a sprint planning meeting. Option to it isn't possible. Wait for the next sprint planning. Option 3. Add items to the sprint backlog, but disgust with the developers about removing a few items for balance. Option for disgust with the developers, they can consider new items if they believe it can be accommodated. Correct answer is option for disgust with the developers. The scope of work in the sprint can be negotiated between the product owner and the developers without affecting the Sprint Goal. Question 152, true or false. A well-defined a Sprint Goal is a precondition to starting the sprint planning. Correct answer is false. The sprint goal is created during the sprint planning event and then add it to the sprint backlog. Question 153, true or false. The Scrum Framework provides formats and techniques for capturing requirements in the Product Backlog. Correct answer is false. Scrum is a lightweight framework. Various processes, techniques, and methods can be employed within the framework of question 150 for the purpose of the Daily Scrum is to inspect progress toward the sprint goal. Which artifact is more likely to get updated during the daily scrum? Options are Option one, product goal, option to Sprint Goal. Option three, product backlog. Option for Sprint Backlog. Correct answer is option for Sprint Backlog. The purpose of the Daily Scrum is to inspect progress toward the sprint goal and adopted the sprint backlog is necessary adjusting the upcoming plan to work. Question 155, Scrum is founded on empiricism and Lean Thinking. Select the best two statements on empiricism. Options are, Option one reduces waste and focuses on the essentials. Option to knowledge comes from experience. Option 3 makes decisions based on what is observed. Option for, creates a detailed plan and matches to the plan. Correct answer is options 23. Empiricism asserts that knowledge comes from experience and making decisions based on what is observed. Scrum is founded on empiricism and lean thinking. Question 156, True or false. When the sprint gets canceled, all work done in the sprint will be discarded and the scrum team will regroup for a fresh sprint planning. Correct answer is false. When the sprint gets canceled, all done items will be reviewed. If it makes sense, they will be candidates for a release. If not, they will be moved to the product backlog. Question 157. The scrum master is using the Daily Scrum as an opportunity to collect progress reports. The Scrum Master questions each developer and collects data. What is going wrong here? Options are Option 1, this is not a meeting for status reporting. The Scrum Master should participate as a peer team member. Option two, it is a collective ownership. Questions should be addressed to the entire scrum team. Option 3, the Scrum Master should ask questions only if that have developers failed to answer three questions. Option for the scrum master is not a participant. And as an event for developers and they decide the structure for this meeting. Correct answer is option for the scrum master is not a participant. The Daily Scrum is an event for developers to inspect progress towards the sprint goal. The Scrum Master can listen but cannot participate. The Scrum Master ensures that this event happens and that participants understand its purpose. Question 15, 8, True or false. The product goal is in the product backlog. Correct answer is true. The product goal describes a future state of the product. The product goal is in the product backlog. The rest of the product backlog emerges to define what will fulfill the product goal. Question 159, true or false? This should not be any meetings other than the formal events defined in Scrum. Correct answer is false. Formal events reduced the need for other meetings, but don't eliminate all other meetings. Question 160. In the middle of the sprint, the product owner identifies two new features required for the product. What could be the next action? Options are Option 1. Add it to the product backlog with available details. Option to present it in the next Daily Scrum. Option 3, negotiate with the developers to adjust the scope of the work for the sprint option for do nothing. Wait for all details. Correct answer is option 1. Add it to the product backlog. Items can be added to the product backlog where they will get further refined based on their priority and readiness, they may be considered for upcoming sprint planning. Question 161 is the product owner and mandatory participant in the sprint retrospective. Options are. Option one. No, the product owner should not participate. It is an event for developers in the Scrum Team option to yes, it is an event for the scrum team. Option 3. It is only mandatory if the product owners actively working on items in the sprint backlog as a developer, option for the product owner is an optional participant in the Sprint Retrospective. Correct answer is option 2. Yes. It is an event for the scrum team. The sprint retrospective is an event for the scrum team to plan ways to increase quality and effectiveness. The product owner is part of the Scrum Team and therefore must attend the retrospective question 162, true or false. The scrum team delivers value to the customer in an iterative and incremental manner. And this can be measured only by the revenue created by the product. Correct answer is false. Revenue can be one of the measures, but key performance areas differ based on the nature of the product. Question 163, when do we update the product backlog. Options are Option 1 only during backlog refinement sessions. Option to anytime by the product owner or is delegated by them. Option 3, only during the sprint review. Option for whenever the stakeholders communicate a new requirement. Correct answer is option 2. Anytime the product backlog is a live document, it can be updated at any time. The product owner is accountable for this, but can delegate parts of the work to others. However, the product owner remains accountable. Question 164, what are the preconditions for sprint planning to begin? Choose the best two answers. Options are Option 1, a fully formed product backlog. Option to a clear and frozen Sprint Goal. Option three, clear product goal option for high priority items in the product backlog ready for discussion? Correct answer is options 34, a clear product goal and high priority items in the product backlog ready for discussion? The Scrum Guide says, sprint planning initiates the sprint by laying out the work to be performed for the sprint. This results in plan is created by the collaborative work of the entire scrum team. The product owner ensures that attendees are prepared to discuss the most important product backlog items and how they map to the product goal. The sprint goal must be finalized prior to the end of Sprint Planning. Question 165. The product owner is accountable for maximizing the value of the product resulting from the work of the Scrum Team. Which statement best represents the interactions between the product owner and developers? Choose the best answer. Options are. Option 1. They worked together all the time so that the product owner can manage the developers actions toward creating value. Option 2, they interact often so that the developers get proper direction and understand what is valuable for the end-users. Option three, the limit interactions to the sprint planning and sprint review to avoid the developers getting distracted while creating value. Option for the product owner focuses on the requirements and developers focus on the work. The product backlog, sprint planning and review are the only points where both collaborate. Correct answer is option 2. They interact, often. Developers and the product owner interact as often as required. This makes sure the Scrum Team is progressing in the right direction and creating the right product. It helps developers keep customer value in mind while building the product. Question 166, what can be a valid reason for the product owner to postpone the start of the next sprint. Choose the best answer. Options are Option 1. There were unexpected holidays in the current sprint. Option to the work plan for the sprint is not completed. Option 3, some high priority user stories must be included in the current sprint option for no valid reason. A new sprint starts immediately after the conclusion of the previous sprint. Correct answer is option four. There is no valid reason. A new sprint starts immediately after the conclusion of previous sprint. There is no valid reason to postpone a newsprint. Question. 167. Sprints enable predictability by ensuring inspection and adaptation of progress toward a product goal at least every calendar month. Which of these is a product owner activity that enables this inspection? Choose the best answer. Options are Option 1, inspecting the progress towards the sprint goal during the daily Scrum. Option to inspecting the sprint backlog to check if the technical tasks are aligned toward creating value. Option 3, creating a fully formed a sprint backlog which improves transparency and makes inspection effective option for inviting stakeholders to the sprint review to get their feedback and discuss the current state of the product? Correct answer is option for inviting stakeholders to the sprint review. Product owners maintain transparency in the product backlog and discuss its current state. During the sprint review, the Product Owner invites the stake holders and gets their feedback. During the event, the scrum team and stakeholders review what was accomplished in the sprint and what has changed in their environment. Question 1, 6, 8. What happens if a product backlog item does not meet the definition of done by the end of the sprint. Choose the best answer. Options are Option one, presented during the sprint review and Mark as done if stakeholders approve it, option to move it back to the Product Backlog. Option 3, move into the next sprint backlog as a spillover option for Market done if the functionality works as expected? Correct answer is option to move it back to the Product Backlog. The Scrum Guide says the definition of done is a formal description of the state of the increment when it meets the quality measures required for the product. If your product backlog item does not meet the definition of done, it cannot be released or even presented at the sprint review. Instead, it returns to the product backlog for future consideration. Question 169. What is meant by saying Scrum teams are cross-functional? Choose the best answer. Options are Option one. Scrum team members are capable of working on multiple product backlog items at the same time. Option to developers consists of experts in coding, testing and business analysis. Option three, Scrum team members have all the skills necessary to create value. Each sprint option for members are full-stack developers. Correct answer is option three. Scrum team members have all the skills necessary to create value each sprint. The intention of every sprint is to create a tested, usable increment. The scrum team have all the skills required to convert selected backlog items to an increment, meaning the members have all the skills necessary to create value each sprint. Question 17, what is part of the sprint backlog? Choose the best answer. Options are Option one, selected product backlog items and scheduled release dates. Option to technical tasks and the assigned developer. Option 3, sprint goal, the product backlog items selected for the sprint and the plan for delivering the increment. Option for effort estimates for selected ions and the schedule for delivering the increment? Correct answer is option three, Sprint Goal product backlog items selected for the sprint and the plan for delivering the increment. The sprint backlog is a planned by the developers. It says why we are building the increment, that is the Sprint Goal. What we are building. That is product backlog items selected for the sprint and a plan for delivering the increment. Question 171. What are the questions addressed during sprint planning? Choose the best answer. Options are Option 1, how the last sprint went with regard to an individual's interactions, processes, tools, option to what was accomplished in the sprint and what has changed in their environment. Option 3, what progress has been made towards the sprint goal and adapt the sprint backlog is necessary. Adjusting the upcoming planned work. Option for y. Is the sprint valuable? What can be done with the sprint? How will the chosen work get done? Correct answer is option for Sprint Planning addresses three questions. One, why is the sprint valuable to what can be done the sprint? Three, how will the chosen work get done? Other answer options or topics for other events? Question 172 from the list below, select two actions applicable to the developers of the Scrum Team. Choose the best two answers. Options are. Option 1, discuss the current state of the product backlog with the stake holders. Option to order product backlog items. Option three, inspect progress towards that Sprint Goal. Option for turn selected product backlog items into increments of value. Correct answer is options 34 turns selected product backlog items into increments and the track the progress. Developers do all the work required to convert the selected backlog items to a done usable increment. They decide how to accomplish the work within the sprint and track their progress towards achieving the Sprint Goal. Question 173, three Scrum teams are working on the same product. Choose the best answer. Options are Option one, have one product backlog and followed different definition of done option to have one product backlog and follow the same Definition of Done. Option three, have three product backlogs and follow the same Definition of Done option for a three product backlogs and followed different definitions of done. Correct answer is option 2, one product backlog and the same definition of done. All teams working on the same product share a single product backlog. They must mutually define and comply with the same definition of done. Question 174, true or false, a sprint cannot be cancelled before the timebox expires. Correct answer is false. In an unusual situation where the Sprint Goal becomes obsolete, the sprint can be canceled, but only the product owner has the authority to do so. Question 175, select two activities for which the product owners are countable in Scrum. Choose the best two answers. Options are Option 1, keeping the product backlog transparent, visible, and clear. Option to maintaining traceability from the product backlog to the corresponding code and test cases. Option three, presenting the current state of the product backlog to the stake holders. Option for presenting team member performance to people managers. Correct answers. Options 13, keeping the product backlog transparent, visible, and clear, and presenting the current state of the product backlog to the stake holders. The product owner is accountable for keeping the product backlog transparent. The product owner represents the stakeholders needs and the product backlog and can explain the current state of the product backlog to them. Question 176, true or false. Dependency issues between development and testing tools will affect the product own decisions about the order of product backlog items. Correct answer is false. This is not a factor in deciding the order of product backlog items, but technical issues will influence the selection of backlog items for the sprint. Question 177, each Scrum Artifacts contains a commitment. What is the commitment related to the product backlog? Choose the best answer. Options are Option one, product goal, option to Sprint Goal. Option 3, expectable increment. Option for Definition of Done. Option five, products backlog. Correct answer is option one, product goal. Artifacts contains a commitment to ensure it provides information that enhances transparency and focus against which progress can be measured. For the product backlog, it is the product goal. The product goal describes a future state of the product, providing a target for the scrum team to plan against. Question 178. Which statement is true about the definition of done? Choose the best answer. Options are Option one. Definition of done lists the technical tasks required to convert the selected product backlog item to a usable increment. Option to Definition of Done creates a shared understanding of the work required as part of increment. Option three, definition of done defines the state of a product backlog item when it is ready for implementation. Option for Definition of Done provides the list of test cases for confirming the functionality. Correct answer is option 2. The definition of done helps create a shared understanding of what work was completed as part of the increment. It creates transparency. Question 179. Choose the correct statement. Options are Option 1. People who create the requirements are responsible for the sizing option to people who do the work are responsible for the sizing option. Three senior members and the scrum team are responsible for the sizing. Options for sizing is done by experts using predefined formulas existing in the organization. Correct answer is option two. People who do the work are responsible for the sizing. Developers who do the work are responsible for doing the estimate. They decide which method best suits the need. Their decisions make it influenced by the inputs received from other roles. Question 180, true or false. All formal events in Scrum must be conducted as prescribed by the Scrum framework. Avoiding any of these events will result in loss opportunities to inspect and adapt. Correct answer is true. All events in Scrum are formal opportunities to inspect and adapt. These are specifically designed to enable the transparency required. Failure to operate any events as prescribed reduces chances to inspect and adapt. Question 180, one, true or false. When multiple teams are working on the same product, there must be different product owners for each Scrum team. Correct answer is false. This is not true. If there are multiple teams working on the same product, there will be a single product backlog owned by the product owner. Question 182, when multiple Scrum teams are working on the same product, choose the correct statement. Options are Option one, the product owner assigns work for each Scrum team. Option to the scrum team with the highest number of developers will select the items first. Option three, separate product backlogs will be created for each team. Option for the product owner makes sure the product backlog items are clear and transparent. Developers will select the items that they work on. Correct answer is option for developers will select the items that they work on. Developers select the work for themselves. They know best what they can do and how to achieve it. Question 183, a developer and forms the product owner about a technical issue with the platform. What should be the best action? Options are? Option one, ask the developer to discuss it with the team. Option to keep the effective backlog items on hold until the issue is resolved. Option 3, at a product backlog item to resolve the issue. Option for asked developer to add this as a sprint backlog item? Correct answer is option one. Asks for the developer to discuss it with the team. Two important aspects are relevant here. Transparency and self-organizing team members must keep the issues transparent and as a team, they will decide the best way to move forward. Question 180, for the benefits of the daily scrum, include, choose the best two answers. Options are, Option 1 improves communication. Option to impediments are identified and handled more effectively. Option 3 improves accuracy of time reports. Option for direct feedback from customers. Correct answer is options 1 and 2 improves communication and handle impediments. Prescribed events increase transparency and create opportunities to inspect and adapt daily scrums. Improved communication, help resolve impediments and promote quick decision-making. This reduces the need for other meetings. Question 185, one of the key stake holders, it has requested a developer from the Scrum team to work with them for two days on identifying requirements. What should be a proper response? Choose the best answer. Options are Option one, redirect him to the product owner. Option to raise a complaint to the Customer Manager. Option 3 rejects the request AT is not his responsibility. Option for Help him if it doesn't impact the Sprint Goal? Correct answer is option one. Redirect him to the product owner. No one else can force the developers to work on a different set of tasks. The product owner is accountable for requirements. However, the product owner can delegate some of the product backlog tasks. Question 186. What is not true about the product goal? Options are Option 1. The product goal is in the product backlog. Option to developers are accountable for developing the product bill. Option 3, the product goal describes a future state of the product. Option for the product goal is long-term objective for the scrum team? Correct answer is option two. Developers are accountable for developing the product goal is the wrong statement. The product owner is also accountable for developing an explicitly communicating the product goal. Question 187. In terms of product owner accountability, which is not part of effective product backlog management. Options are Option 1, developing an explicitly communicating the product built option to creating and clearly communicating product backlog items. Option 3, ensuring that the product backlog is transparency, visible, and understood. Option for ordering product backlog items to different sprint backlogs? Correct answer is option for ordering product backlog items to different sprint backlogs is not part of product backlog management. Selecting product backlog items for the sprint backlog is done by developers during sprint planning. Question 188, for which scrum event is the product owner, not a mandatory participant? Options are Option one, sprint planning, option to sprint review. Option 3, Sprint Retrospective option for daily scrum. Option five, product owner is required in all events. Correct answer is option for Daily Scrum. The Daily Scrum is an event for the developers if the product owner, scrum master is actively working on items in the sprint backlog. They participate as developers. Question 189, true or false. Scrum Masters represents stakeholder needs in the backlog to maximize the value of the product. Correct answer is false. This is the product owners action. Question 19, true or false. The Scrum Master serves the product owner and facilitating stakeholder collaboration as requested or needed? Correct answer is true. The product owner is primarily responsible for collaborating with stakeholders to represent their needs. However, the scrum master may serve the product owner by facilitating stakeholder collaboration as requested or needed. Question 19, 21. Which of these items can tell us why the sprint is valuable to stake holders? Choose the most precise answer. Options are Option one, selected backlog items for the sprint. Option to the Sprint Goal. Option 3, the product goal option for product vision. Correct answer is the sprint goal. The sprint goal is finalized before the end of Sprint Planning. The product owner proposes how the product should grow and the whole Scrum team then collaborates to define a sprint goal that communicates why the sprint is valuable to stake holders. Question 192, true or false. To make the product owner role effective, Scrum restricts the maximum number of teams working on the same product to five. Correct answer is false. There are no such restrictions formally stated in the Scrum guide. There must be one product owner per product. The product owners may delegate some of the product backlog management activities, but the accountability remains with them. Question 193, true or false. Scrum team productivity and velocity keep increasing the sprint after sprint. This is a positive sign of success in Scrum. Correct answer is false. We should concentrate on outcome not outputs. The expected outcome is value created for the customer. The sustainable velocity may be useful, but does not define success. Question 19, for which statement is true about the product backlog? Choose the best answer. Options are Option 1. The product backlog contains a list of requirements that the scrum team has committed to deliver. Option two, the product backlog must have items ready for at least the next two sprints. Option three, stakeholders who suggested backlog items are responsible for sizing them. Option for attributes of product backlog items often vary with the domain of work. Correct answer is option four. Attributes often vary with the domain of work. Product backlog items have attributes such as description, order, and size. Question 195, which is not a topic for the sprint retrospective. Options are Option 1, Definition of Done, option to performance of the tools used by the Scrum team. Option three, sprint goal for the next sprint. Option for team relations. Correct answer is option three, sprint goal for the next sprint. The sprint retrospective inspects how the last sprint went with regard to individuals, interactions, processes, tools, and their definition of done. Question 196, one of the actions performed by the stakeholders during the sprint review is choose the best answer. Options are. Option 1. Review developers performance during the sprint. Option to review how Scrum is implemented by the team. Option three, review what was accomplished in the sprint. Option for review progress toward the Sprint Goal. Correct answer is option 3. Review what was accomplished in the sprint. During the sprint review, the scrum team and stakeholders inspect the outcome of the sprint and determine feature adaptations. Question 197, shoe or false. A sprint can be canceled if it is clear that the sprint goal cannot be achieved by the end of the sprint. Correct answer is false. This is not a valid reason for canceling a sprint. The product owner can cancel the sprint if the Sprint Goal becomes obsolete. Question 19, eight, what are the considerations while deciding the sprint duration? Options are Option one, short enough to keep the risk under control. Option to one month or less. Option three, long enough to create a useful increment option for short enough to keep the Sprint Goal valid. Option five, all of these points are valid. Correct answer is option five. All of these points are valid. Sprints are fixed like the events of one month or less to create consistency. If sprints are too long, the spring dolomite become invalid, complexity may rise and risk may increase. Question 19. 19, when should the product owner handover the product backlog items for the next sprint to the developers. Choose the best answer. Options are Option one. Before the sprint planning. Option to before the end of the product backlog refinement meeting, option 3 during the sprint review after confirming them with the stake holders, option for anytime during the sprint. Option five, there is no such handover? Correct answer is option five. There is no such handover. There is no such handover. The product owner insures attendees are prepared to discuss the most important product backlog items during sprint planning, the scrum team then collaborates to define a sprint goal. Through discussion with the product owner, the developers select items from the product backlog to include in the current sprint. Question 200. A software tool for automating test cases is not working as expected. What are the appropriate actions in the scenario? Choose the best two answers. Options are option one, postpone testing to the next sprint. Option to developers decide what is best to do. Option 3, discuss the issue during the next retrospective. Option for change. The definition of done. Correct answer is option 2 and 3. Developers decide what is best to do and it is a topic for the next retrospective. The Scrum Team is self-managing. Developers decide how to turn product backlog items into increments of value. This issue can be discussed anytime, but make sure that the discussion happens at least at the next retrospective.