Public Speaking Mastery : How To Turn Your Shyness To Boldness And Present Better | Lekan Ahmed | Skillshare

Public Speaking Mastery : How To Turn Your Shyness To Boldness And Present Better

Lekan Ahmed, Speaker / Author / Coach

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18 Lessons (29m)
    • 1. Public Speaking Mastery

      2:01
    • 2. Benefits of Public Speaking

      2:32
    • 3. The Foundations To Effective Speaking

      4:59
    • 4. Types Of Speeches Part 1

      5:44
    • 5. Types of speeches Part 2

      9:32
    • 6. How To Develop A Speech 3

      4:16
    • 7. How To Develop Your Speech Part 4

      9:45
    • 8. How To Organize Your Speech Part 1

      10:43
    • 9. How To Organize Your Speech Part 2

      3:25
    • 10. How To Develop A Speech 2

      5:43
    • 11. How To Persuade With Power And Confidence 1

      6:09
    • 12. How To Persuade With Power And Confidence

      8:19
    • 13. How To Use Voice Inflection Part 1

      5:13
    • 14. How To Use Voice Inflection Part 2

      3:49
    • 15. How To Use Voice Inflection

      9:09
    • 16. How To Get Comfortable With Visual Aid Part 1

      10:00
    • 17. How To Get Comfortable With Visual Aid Part 2

      6:02
    • 18. How To Research Your Topic

      4:46

About This Class

In this course, you will learn the following:

  • foundation for effective communication
  • speech development and organization
  • get to the point
  • how to say it
  • your body¬†speaks
  • vocal variety
  • how to research your topic
  • how to get comfortable with visual aids
  • how to persuade with power

Transcripts

1. Public Speaking Mastery: Hello, My name is Laken Ahmed. I am the crater off public speaking Mastery the ultimate guide to turning your shyness to boldness and present better for the past nine years have devoted my time toe understanding and learning what it takes to be an effective speaking as someone whom English is a second language. I knew that the only way I can succeed east of able to communicate with confident. So I joined a speaking organization where I developed my speaking skills and start I have won Numerous speech contest awards have also been conferred with the R word over distinguished Toastmasters by Toastmasters International. There what is given to those who have developed and excel as an excellent communicator. So by the end of this course, you would have learned the falling the foundations to effective communication speech development One organization types off speech is out to get to the point out to save the right way how to use your body to communicate how to use voice inflection out to research a topic out to get comfortable with video eighths and how to persuade. With power confident, I approached this course in a way that would help you, regardless of your level in public speaking, whether you're a business person, entrepreneur or a college student, whether you're a beginner, intermediate or advanced, you will learn a new skill or teeth there would help you to what's becoming an effective speak. So I encourage you to sign up for this course now thing. 2. Benefits of Public Speaking: welcome. And this lesson. We are going to talk about the benefits off. Public speaking. There are many benefits that someone can derive from master in public speaking skills. This benefits range firm general to specific, depending on individual goals. For example, one of the primary reasons for me to devote my time to learn in public speaking is that at a very tender age, I realized that I have an affinity to spoken words. And as I grow older, I found public speaking as actually skew that is relevant in today's society. Warren Buffet It was once acts about his opinion on public speaking and what they said even for the emphasize. What I think everyone should develop public speaking abilities, his words where my business changed when I improved my communication. Now let us look at some specific benefits that one can derive from learning how to speak better. This benefits are improved. Communication skills improve social connection. Improved articulation. Foster correct growth Overcome. Fear makes you a leader. It is a confidence booster. Improve critical thinking. Increased comprehension increased. Listening our villages improve your vocabulary. Position you as a role model. Increased courage. Increase your ability to control thoughts increase empathy, increase of perceived value in the marketplace, increased control. It provides you with management opportunity at your workplace. Increase your political career. For example, President Barack Obama used probably speaking other, too, to pursue its political opportunities. You would see that in this lease there are a lot of opportunities that, but probably speaking, can provide you. If you take the time in developing your skews as a public speaker in the next video, we are going to dive into what I call the speech development tools. Thanks for watching. 3. The Foundations To Effective Speaking: Welcome back this video on this video lesson, you are going to lend the foundation to effective public speaking. When you think about public speaking, what is the first thing that comes to your mind? I would have Z um, that many people think of public speaking it as a common speaking ability, which of course is right in some sense, but only deep on the standing. Public speaking is beyond common speaking, but rather public speaking is on at that require extensive starting if one's go is to become an excellent speaker. Often I have observed how people show less importance to mastery of public speaking skills . But I realized in that public speaking is the most important skill anyone must learn in order to succeed in life. I want you to think about one thing, which is, if you can communicate confident, how will your world change? How will your business taint? How will people perceive you? And trust me, the ward will bow to your ideas. For example, if you look at the most successful leaders in the world, whether in politics, business, religion or activism, you would notice one common traits. The master's in public speaking if you have an idea but do not have the skill to present the idea in a way that will Krieger audience or prospects or investors interest and believe in in your year, then the idea is dead. I watched shocked on a TV show that focus on entrepreneurship every week, and one thing I have learned is that no matter how brilliant an idea is, if you like the ability to communicate that idea, the idea is as useless as you communication. Even investors on shark tank sometimes do tell the entrepreneurs that they should have hired someone to present the ideas for them. You can see that effective communication is very, very vital. Toe one success. Now let us look at some of the foundations to effective public speaking. This least comprises off some pointers that you should think about as you plan your speech . They are objective off your communication. What do you intend to tear to the end? Result off your communication? What do you intend to achieve at the end of your communication? Three. Clarity. Say it right In this case, you have to choose your words carefully. Full become size. Wow! Focus on the positive side of your speech. Six. Be flexible in communication. Remember, it's never a one way right. We're willing to be receptive to all those opinions, and I use seven Less is small on better eight. If necessary, Avoid control Bosio discussions, for example. Qualities. Religion, ethnicity, gender. Thinks like that should be avoided. You can nine. Understand body reaction that is body language. 10. Listen more do less off talking. 11 Topic Selection. 12. Audience analysis. Threatened Preparation. 40 content creation. 15 men Town Stamina 16. Ethics These ads some off the pointers that are fundamental to being an effective speaker. In the last video lesson, we would dive into the benefits off mastering public speaking. Thanks for watching. 4. Types Of Speeches Part 1: welcome. When this lesson we will talk about types, off speeches, speeches are off different types and the type of speech you choose to deliver the pent on the type off location. In this video, we will concentrate on three of the most popular types off speeches. One speaking to inform to speaking to persuade three speaking to entertain. Now let's look at each of these types off speeches one speaking to inform, according to Merriam Webster, which defined the word information as facts provided or learned about something off someone . So when we think about speaking to inform, what we are doing is that we are either providing new information or thoughts about something or someone. If you look at most off the speeches that are presented this speech for field this peaches fulfilled this requirement because most people speak to provide new information that we are not aware off now. Information speech can be categorized into four extinct areas. One definition speech to description speech three. Process speech for expose ITRI speech. Now let's dive in deeper into each of these categories. One definition speech. We are going to use it. Don't make trade me at an example do you know what don't trade me? Is most people don't. So let me find the definition off. You don't make Fred meal, and I would give it G. The atomic treadmill, also known as hedonic adaptation, is the observed tendency off humans to quickly return to a relatively stable level of happiness despite major positive or negative event or live 10 years. Still not sure of what I'm talking about here has some elaborations. Psychologist explain that the atomic treadmill fury provides an explanation that when a person makes more money, expectations on desires rise, which of course, result in no prominent game in happiness. Average psychologist suggests that when you achieved ago, it takes approximately six months for you to be excited about what you have achieved before looking for something else to bring you another excitement. Persons who experience atomic adaptation many times do it on an unconscious state because, as humans, we are driven by needs Andi want. Now. If you were paying attention, you would notice that what had just said about the Edo Nick Treadmill is an example off extended definitions, one that provides details on more 1,000,000 full than a dictionary definition that is what in definition speech is all about decorations. Speech allows you to elaborate on a concept or idea that helped the audience to have a full comprehension off what you are saying all what you try to explain to them. Desperation can still help you audience to understand your idea, but most likely they might forget. But when you use a standard definition is guaranteed that your audience will remember what you have shared with an example of the purpose statement for this kind off speech would be to define for my audience that term. DOn't make treadmill. Let's look at the NASCAR Guerry Off informative speech, which is description speech. A description speech points a vivid picture off a person, place, object or event just like any other speech description. Speech should have a central idea and not just at least off facts. Observations. Let's look at an example of a description speech. If your objective is to describe an object or a place, it is possible that you might want to adopt the specific Parton off structuring. Here is an example off this pressure Parton that I use in creating the outline describing the country of Nigeria. You would be able to download these outline in your calls. Resource is 5. Types of speeches Part 2: welcome. In this video, we are going to look at the nest gallery off the information speech process speech. The word process means a series of actions or steps taken in order to achieve a particular end. So in a process speech, a speaker is concerned with providing the steps off stages by which something can be done. All made a process speech can be divided into two times. In the first type off process speech, the speaker shows the audiences how to perform a process so that they can actually use the skills later. For example, if you demonstrate the process involved in bacon bread toe your audience, that is a process pate that helps your audience to use that skill to bake their own bread. An example of a purpose statement for these kind off speech will be to demonstrate to my audience the process involved in baking bread. In the second type off process speech, it speaker provides information on how something is done. Oh, how something works In this case, your goal is to explain to your audience the process involved so that they can understand theoretically, but not necessarily showing them a step by step guide so that they can perform it themselves. For example, let's say that you outlined the process involved in generating Elektra 60 in generated electricity. Your goal here is that you are showing your audience this process to satisfy your audience curiosity and not necessarily accent them to go create their own electricity. An example of a proper statement for this kind off speech would be to explain to my audience the process involved in generating electricity. Let's look at the final category off information speech, which is expository speech, the what expository meant intended to explain or describe something. So when you think about expository speech, the speakers objective is to explain or describe a concept to the audience. For example, if you are acts to conduct a research on a topic that you are not familiar with, and then all really deliver that research in order to get authorities in order to get authority off. That subject as positive speech may include other switch types like descriptive or process speeches. For example, if you decide to speak on how the electoral body walks in choosing the president off the United States, you would be explaining a process the major difference between expository speech on other types of speeches is that you are required to conduct in depth research, relying on books articles on interviews rather than just relying on your own personal experience alone. Now, this doesn't mean that your spirit is not valid. Rather, it just shows that expository speech requires extensive, detailed research. One example of a proper statement for these kind off speech would be to report to my ordering to report to my audience the causes and impact off the growing deadly diseases. An outline is also required in other to have a good structure expository speech. Now let's look at the nest type of speeches, which is speaking to but sweet. If you have ever listened to a sale speech or motivational speech, you would have to feel persuaded to take action. On a particular thing. Persuasion means influence in changing or reinforcing what people think, believe or do almost every day of your life. You face one form off persuasive situation or another radio from convincing your smiles to believe in you or but sweating your balls to raise your salary. So in this type of what's receive speech, we are going to examine the different types off persuasive speeches. But sources speeches can be categorized into two distinct types, but so it's his speech to influence thinking and but source. If speak to motivate action, let's dive deeper into each off these possessive speech types want. But stresses speak to influence thinking. The one major goal that you want to achieve in this type of persuasion is to convince the audience to adopt your position on a particular subject. An example of a purpose statement for these kind off persuasive speech will be to convince my audience that the founder off Amazon will hold the position off the richest man in the world for a long time. But sweats if speed to motivate action just like the persuasive speak toe influence thinking assertive, sweet, to motivate action, focused on winning people to adopt your way off reasoning and also to make a decision, as you know. But Sweden people to make a decision or take action is very difficult, but that is what persuasion to motivate Action tries to do an example of a purpose statement for persuasive action for persuasive speech to motivate action would be toe persuade my audience to treat trans gender people with respect and dignity. The nest type off speeches is speaking to entertain. Speaking to entertain is when a speaker delivers a speech that entertained the audience. Now, often people have axed that those entertaining speech means making people laugh. Do I have to be a comedian? Well, before I answer that question, let's look at the definition off. Entertain the what entertains means, providing someone with amusement and enjoyment from the definition. There is no mention off being a comedian or making people laugh as on entertaining speaker . You can amuse your audience with stories, illustrations or anecdotes, and when you think about it, almost all speeches has entertaining tendency in them. So when you think about speaking to entertain, don't worry yourself about being a comedian or relying on inappropriate jokes just because you want your audience to laugh, rather focus on the substance in your speech and how you can amuse your audience with your speech. An example of a purpose statement for speaking to entertain will be how I became a super Hugh. Now I hope you have learned a lot in this session off the calls. I look forward to seeing you in the next video 6. How To Develop A Speech 3: There are three distinct ways you can bring your speech introduction to life, and they are as follows. One is power story, too. Power question three Power statistics These three types of speech opening would bring your speech introduction to life on Make your audience want to listen to you. Now let us dive in even deeper on each of those three introductory types. Power story. I have always believed that stories are what makes all human ever in the visual has one story or another. And when you begin your speed with a story that is relevant to the topic of discourse or your story is there to provide a visual reason for the audience about your point off discos , your audience would be interested about listening to the rest of your speech. I have started many wards speakers, and it's I had to find any one of them who doesn't use story in these are speeches, so I want you to think off story as a tool that amplified your speech. Now, off course, you don't just tell any story for story telling safe, but you tell story that is relevant and important to your speech and that will make sense to you. Audience. Remember, you are telling the story for a reason which is to connect with your audience and gain their interest. Now, often I have heard people say, Well, I don't have a story to tell. These excuse is given by many people. It's not just a lie, but a super lie. Because how can you tell me that you don't have a story to tell you? See, I want you to remember these that everything whether leaving all dead, has the story. Every day humans create story weather by themselves, all by those who they know now acts yourself. How many events have you witnessed today? I'm going to give you a few minutes to just think about that. How many events also, Trey Shins have you encountered today? Now, have you Della berated on that? Because by just thinking of the question, I just asked you Now you would realize that you are surrounded by stories every single minute of your life. Now let us look at some basic pointers we should consider when choosing or developing a story to tell to our audience. One. What is the purpose? Obvious story. Are you telling this story to inspire audience. Are you telling this story to inform your audience? Are you telling the story to entertain your audience? Or are you telling the story to motivate your audience? To what experience have you hade or have that might be relevant to your speech? Three. What story? Where you told by others that is relevant to your speech? You see, when you put these questions in front of you as you begin to think about the kind of story you want to tell you audience, it wouldn't take that long before you would find a good story from your live experiences. 7. How To Develop Your Speech Part 4: power question Quartz Joon's challenges always. And when we Della bravely use question as an introduction to our speed, it either challenges the audience viewpoint or supported. Often I use questions in my speech, mostly other beginning in between my speech and towards the end of my speech. Using questions helps me to measure whether the order it is falling. What I'm saying, Oh, whether they're not when question is used at the beginning, all day speech, it helps me in particular, to create a poor off whether the audience is in support off what I'm talking about or whether they're in against it. So remember when you use question, you're trying to a major, whether the audience understand or do not, or whether they agree with your topic, or whether the disagree with you talking or whether they agree with the fact are not well, they agree with the opinions or not, you see, so you can tell that questions are very, very vital when you use them at the right time. When you use them, other beginning of your speech, it helps you to major the interest off the audience. Now, here are some few examples of how Joe AKs a question toe. Get audience engagement. One with a show of hands. How many of you knew that President Barack Obama's father was from pinion off course? If you knew that, you gonna raise your end. And if not, you want to with a show of hands, Would you agree with me that the world is gettin law dangerous? Now marks on that question to either get an agreement from the audience or not. Another example is with a short man. Would you like to share your fault on our topic today? Now, when I asked that question, I'm accident the audience opinion even before I said anything regarding my topic for with a show of a hand. Would you disagree with me that Walker's union that are fighting for wages inquiries is inappropriate of this time? Just think of what you want your audience or what you want your question to me on. Then go ahead and acts the audience during this world help you to major the interest off your audience and you speak. Even before you began to really die deeper into what you have come to share with them Now, the last is power statistics. Now statistics can be a very powerful speech. Introductory to when use well. Statistics are fucked and would doesn't like fact. Well, except you're not a number person. You see surreptitious, create a solid picture of what you are speaking off. Of course, dependent on war. Your audience are too much. The distance can also bore your audience aceptar when you are speaking to a bunch of engineers, so statistics are powerful ways to inscribe in your audience mind in numbers why something is important or while they have to change, or whether you'll go is good are not whatever you're trying to cheer. Whatever purpose you have statistics can help you to present that in a number of ways, for your audience to be able to see it better. Also, when you provide statistics, always ensure that you give details off how or would develop the statistics. Now let's look at some examples off how statistics can be used. One. One in five American man would be Diagne eyes with false straight cancer before their 40th all 50th birthday. Another example is one in three African American I jailed every year. Another example would be 4% of Americans are unemployed, according Toe, the label department union. Now, when you develop your introduction, once you have decided on which type of introduction you are enjoying or you're about to employ, then you have to put it in a structure sentence or birth paragraph. For example, if you're using the statistics as your opening, you don't say the statistics. Then keep quiet. You must have a follow up sentence that tell the audience why the statistics is important to your speech and to that. Now let's look at a specific example on how you can apply this to your speech. You can begin by saying, according to you, May Shin, where you got the statistic from. Then you continue. Do you know that one in five Americans will be diagnosed with prostrate cancer before their 50th birthday? That is why it is important that you go see a doctor to get checked. You can see I made the I mentioned the suffix IC. Then I mation why it is important to them. Another example would be, according to your name, the unit where you got it surfaces from. Then you continue one in three African American jailed every year these shows the reason why unemployment rate is IRA in the African American community, because those men can't get a job once they're out of jail. You can see I mention this statistic, and I give why it is relevant to my topic. So you use your story question off statistic as a way to injured is the main purpose of your speak to your audience. Another pointer is Develop your body. A speech is not a speak without a body, because the body of your speech is whether details off your speech lies. The body of your speech would contain every argument that will help you to make your case the audience. Whether you want to convince you audience or you want your audience to agree with you, everything that you think will make your audience believe in what you're seeing, everything that you want your audience to new would be argued within the body of your speech. The desire decision you want must be included in your body. See the body of your speech as the sole of your speech now the final part off speed development. As we said earlier, his conclusion. Everything that has a beginning most also have an end. Your spaceman closure is what tile introduction with the body of your speech. Insolent speakers see the A conclusion as the last argument that they have to make to win their order and over. Imagine, if you are on a tourney and you at the court defending a kind who has jobs being charged with modern. And it is time to make a closing argument that were being the last statement that might either help your client to get freed. All that might either Father, help your client to get trashed with the mother case. How will you end your argument? Remember, this last argument would be what might three audience? How will you end your argument? Are you going to be moody or are you going to give it all you have got? That is exactly how every speech conclusion should end. Your conclusion is the summer or the summation off all that you have said 8. How To Organize Your Speech Part 1: speech organization. Welcome back this lesson. You're going to learn out to organize your speech and the previous lesson you learned out to develop a speech, which is similar to speech organization Speech organization allows you to outline the content of your speech the way you want it. Now there's no wrong or right way to do that. But there are some better ways that a speech should be a raced toe. Help your audience understand and remember your speech. Have you ever listened to a speaker and in your mind? You said, What is he talking about? Is all of other place? The reason you felt that way was because the speaker did not carefully organize his speech on on organized speech can reduce the impact off the message and clarity off your speech. I remember when I just began speaking. I don't follow any four month at all. I just begin and stock and talk and talk. Even I knew that my speech waas on organized because I could tell from the restaurant from the audience. The floor was not there. And now the end of my speech, I could tell from the looks from the audience because the audience were confused at the end of my speech. So speech organization is very bare, a vital to speech delivery success. Now let us look at some few ways in which we can organize our speech, but fresh. What are the advantages off a good, well organized speech? One easier to understand when your speeches were organized. It helps the audience or your audience to understand your topic on the point that you have shared what that to it is easier to remember. The goal of every speaker, I believe, is for the audience to remember what you have taught them. And one way to achieve that is through well organized to speech. Three. It flows back to a good, well organized speech, helps you on the audience. I understand you speak better and help you. The speaker floor batch on your comprehension is evil much better. So it increased credibility for the speaker now. Not sure if you know this, that people make judgment through the five centers what the seat year feel, touch and smell. But when it comes to speaking, they make their decision based on what they see on here, all it and when your audience see that you are very, very organized that immediately increase your perceived value and your credibility increases Also. Five. It is enjoyable. We all know how it feels when you have a very good organized, which all you listened to a very organized story. It is very enjoyable, just like speeches to good work. Organized speeches are enjoy but to listen to because it allows the audience to recreate your main message and tell it the way you did. Now let us look at some ways, toe. Organize your speech. First thing we're gonna look at is selected a topic now in the previous video. I'm a Shinde, the important off topics elation. You can replay that video to get a better understanding off what you need to know before you select a topic for your speech. Remember that your speech topic is the reason people are there to listen. T Sometimes new speakers do have challenges finding a toppy to speak on now. One of the things I see at my speaking club is that most people don't give speeches because they cannot find a topic. I would tell you that choosing a topic might look very difficult but it is the most interesting stops that you will get to really like once you figure out how to select a topic. Remember, you cannot just select any topic because he want to speak. Your topic must be relevant to what the content is Now. What other things to consider when selecting the topics? One. It's important that you take your time to carefully truth a topic by doing research on what interests you to. You can find a topic in magazines, newspapers or online blogged articles. There would instigate your ideas on the topic or the content you plan to speak on. Three. You can develop a topic from your expertise or possibly spear inches so you can develop a topic from everyday scenarios or events that you see all that you go through every day. Now developing an outline applies are a great way to organize your speech. An outline gives you a sense of direction. Now imagine driving drunk on known destination without a road map. It's possible that you have idea about the area you are going, but with a GPS with the road map, your Johnny small easier. An outline would do that just for you. You would know exactly where you are going and how you're going to get there. Now. Here are some ways your speeches can be organized. One chronological Spartan. Have you ever listen to a speaker, or have you ever listened to a story that doesn't have a timeline? Now the speaking might not specifically mation date or time in the story, but you will notice the sequence of event in the story. A speech organized in a chronological way would help you to create a timeline off your speech. That means the event would be in a timeline for months, that the audience can tell that this is what happened in the past. This is what is out. Me Now to space Show Parton. This type of speech organization is meant to follow a specific direction. For example, cooking a meal. These were walk you through what you need to deal first and then follow with the nest thing and so on and so forth. That means a step by step guide to cooking a meal. Three course l. Have you ever heard about cause and effect? When his speech is organized this way, the speaker will usually fresh discourse, the effect off a situation and then the course. For example, it's speech about overweight that describes the effect of being overweight and then the cause of being overweight. Full comparative partner. This type of speech organization uses the partner off. Compare and contrast. Most times, speakers used the style toe emphasize why one thing is better than the other but provided its advantages. And these advantages, for example, after I fall, is better than some songs galaxy or vice versa. In this case, you would have to persuade your audience while one is better than the other five. Topical parking This type of speech organization split a topic in tow one or many sub related topics. For example, a speech about photography could address other sub related topics, like lighting certainty and editing. You can see that all of the above sub topics are very important on are related to do photography. Six. Problem solution As the name sound, it's speaker could arrange this topic by fresh providing the problem that need to be solved , and then this course the solution, that the problem and this is the solution that would help solve the problem 9. How To Organize Your Speech Part 2: Some motivational speakers use this approach to motivate their audience. Another thing to consider. Aziz. We think about speech organization as developing your opening. As we said in the previous video, the introduction off his speech is vital to a good speech in life rights to speak organization. You can see that speak development in speech organization. Have some common characteristics. You can develop an opening by the side and what you want your audience to feel or do. Another thing to consider as we think about developing a good speech organization is creating your speech body. Remember that without the speech body, they snow speech. Your speech body contains the point on ideas that you intend to share with your audience. You can plan your body using corn, a logical method. Special method course all methought comparative method, Topical Matha and Problem Solution Method. The last thing I want you to consider if you think about your speech organization is speech . Conclusion. A speech without an end. It's not complete. The conclusion of your speech is the final argument you make to convince or persuade your audience to agree with you. You should conclude with a summary of your speech ideas in the body of your speech and Charlyne your audience to take an actual on what you have taught that also don't forget that ended with quotations, Anecdotes or question can be very powerful, especially if you are persuading or motivating your audience. Another vital aspect off speech organization is your transitions. Now I do remember in I school that I learned some transition words like in addition, more so, moreover, how ever their full conceded instead, for instance, nest. Then as a result, for example, etcetera. These are man toe help transition you from one point to another when writing and Isis. Likewise, when you are speaking, your transition words will help your audience toe. Follow the ideas in your speech in order to help them remember. So as you write your speech, remember to apply at what we have shared with you in this lesson. See you in the less lesson 10. How To Develop A Speech 2: So what should you look for before writing that fresh sentence during your speed development? Now consider these few questions. One. Who are my audience? You have to know we audience are before you write their first sentence, too. What do they want? You know, riding from your own perspective, you're riding from the audience perspective. What do they want? Water. Your audience wants. Three. What do I want to communicate to them? What are you trying to communicate your audience for? Do they have crying knowledge off the subject or topic? You're about to communicate with them. Fine. What is your purpose? You have to understand your purpose. Six. What action do you want the audience to take at the end of your speech? Seven. What is the gender off your audience while those people coming out the female are they male or mix? Eight. What is their profession? What did they do? Nine. What is their race or ethnicity? 10. What is their level off education? 11. What is the best way to introduce your topic? Is it true? Story illustrations, Anecdotes off the ticks, ticks on of the above questions would give you a foundation of what you need to consider when choosing the kind of content for your speech. I know that my sound a lot, but very vital. Do you sick says of the speaking. Now let us go even further and suggest ways or step by step guy, too. Sweet development process. One. Choose a topic to develop on outline. Three. Choose your introduction style for Develop your introduction. Five. Develop your body. Six. What would be a conclusion you have? Teoh develop. A current quick conclusion is summation off what you have said. Now let us take each of these points and explain even deeper. One. Choosing a topic When you think about using a topic for your speech, it can be a very difficult tax for some of you. Finding topic to speak about might be like finding a spouse. Not sure which one is easier, but on a serious note. Deciding on what to speak about or want to speak on can be very challenging because you need to consider many variables or, alternatively, your choice of topic can be based on your expertise and experience. For example, I speak on personal development, so any topic I chose to speak on most four on the Human Personal Development Congress. I cannot speak on how to raise dogs. That's not for me. Now, for some of you, raising dogs might be your area of expertise and therefore you're more qualified to speak on the topic off that another thing you want to think about is developing an outline bearer . Vital as I mentioned earlier, that in order for you to have restructured speech, you must develop on outline. Now, once you have decided on what topic to speak about, then it is necessary that you carefully design and outline on outline would create a structured road map for your speech is like you going, Teoh a state, another state. When you preach your Google map, it tells you where you have to go, how you have together and that is what an outline would do for you would make your speech more congrats. More structured with an outline, anyone should be able to see the picture off which you in 10. Oh, I've created on paper again. I know creating it out my mind look as a time waster, but that is absolutely not true. Art lines gives you a clear picture off what your speech should look like on the road map. To get there another vital point you have to consider as you think, hope developing new space is choose in your introduction sound. Now what is the first thing you want your audience to hear or feel when you open your mouth the first time? Very vital. Do you want them to feel special? Do you want them to empathize with you? Do you want them to jump into a discussion with you? Do you want them to feel sad or do you want them to few? Happy whatever emotion you want your audience to feel, What the time in the kind of introduction you begin your speech with. 11. How To Persuade With Power And Confidence 1: Now, if you have followed the above advice, you won't have challenges in fulfilling this requirement here. Additional chiefs, which are very important in changing your audience viewpoint. One. Use logic. In order to convince your audience, you must apply logic that is evidence based proof, that is, You should call it research data that are different from your personal experience and presented to support while the audience should believe you to use emotion, emotion can be a very effective way off changing your audience viewpoint even when logic fails. In fact, some people will only agree with you if you can prove to them by using emotion to convince them. Psychologically, people tend to react to emotions and, if you can strategically elicit the emotion off what your intention create in your audience ? Definitely your audience is small likely to make that change. For example, if the idea you're sharing with your audience is something that would help your audience become a peon life, new stories that would help your audience feel happy as you present your ideas. Emotions range from happiness, fear, sadness, guilt, love the Penhall. What you're trying to cheer with the time of the kind of emotion you and they sit in the audience. Another thing to consider is organized in your speech, and we have talked a lot about speech organization you see to be successful, other persuasive speaker. You need to pay attention to your speech organization. So let's look at some specific ways to organize your processing speech. One problem and solution. In this type of persuasive speech, you would begin by stating the problems that would result from taking an action on then present. The solution that would also result from not taking an action has spent toe the audience, how the solution will impact them and how they can contribute towards the objective To proposition. To prove in this type of speech organization, you would begin your presentation by fresh propose in your statement and then follow with proves that support what you are just proposed. For example, if you want other people to support a proposal regarding its up subject, you would begin by saying vote or support proposal A. That means the name off the proposal that provides and states the benefits off that purported to the audience and not just the benefit alone provide additional reasons why you think they should support your argument? What you have done here is that you are actually audience or less nous for immediate support. Another thing to consider is comparative advantage In this type of speech organization, you are comparing the advantages and this advantage off the topic of Soviet magic. Your begin your statement with the problem on, then identify the possible solution. Another type of possessive speech organization is motivated. Sequent their specific ways a speak it should structure easier our speech to successfully motivate the audience. Now let's look at some steps that you can adapt to structure your speech. One attention Grabbing the audience attention at the beginning of your speech would create an instant interest from your audience by carefully cropped in your opening through Power Story Power Statistics on Power question, which we have talked about in the previous videos. That would help you to great that attention that you want your audience to give you. As you begin to speak to need, you need to understand and stick the problem and how it will affect your audience. Three. Satisfaction. Provide your solution to the problem on Explain how the solution provided would resolve the need Full visualization. Make the audience see what the future looks like if the solution isn't adopted or the consequences in the solution is rejected. Five. Action. Ask for the vote off support again at for the world or support. Capitalize on the momentum. You have Butte with your audience and asked them to support the proposal or whatever action you want them to take immediately. We have come to the end off this course. I hope that this cause has provided you with what you need to develop as a speaker, how to develop a speech from beginning to the end and the general true's. You need to have to improve your communication effectively. I remember to give this course five star rating and you're welcome to provide any feedback and acts Any questions that you need ancestry and I would respond to every question. Thank you. 12. How To Persuade With Power And Confidence: out to persuade with power and confidence. Have you ever been sold to how you have sold something to another person? Persuasion is the act off, persuading others to do something or to believe in something. Whenever we engage in the act off, convincing others, that means we're practicing persuasion. Anyone will speak persuasively has a great ability to influence others. Most leaders have an effective, persuasive skill, and they use this skill to motivate and inspire others to believe in the ideas and goals. Every persuasive speech focused on three main Aspect one but Swiss, if speaking, to inspire others to the stress of speaking, to convince others three but streets of speaking to motivate others to take action as a speaker. Your goal is to lend out of persuading the audience to believe in whatever ideas you're presented on by able to convince a motivate them in taken immediate action. Now, in order to be successful as a persuasive speaker, there are some certain qualities your audience must perceive that you have, because without these characteristics, it might be very difficult to pursue it them. So consider yourself to improve in these four qualities. One your knowledge, knowledge is very critical to the audience. Other persuasive speaker, the all the inches acts in themselves was this speaker. What has he done? What knowledge does he have? What experiences does he have? What qualifications does he have? You don't have to have a avid degree or decade of experience for audience to know that you're qualified as long as you have done your research and you have combined everything you know about the subject matter, and I've prepared well enough to present your ideas in a manner that would help the audience to better understand what you have shared with. If you do this, the audience will definitely believe that you have the right knowledge, and as a result, there will, like trust and respect you, too. Your reputation. How does the audience see you? You must make sure that you deliberately including your introduction specifics, words that demonstrate your accomplishment and past performances. Doing this would build your reputation, especially if you're not one known as a speaker. Oh, and that area in which you are about to speak on three your sincerity. It is very difficult to change others to believe you or convince them to take an action. So you must make sure you tell the audience why you think they should believe you. Why you think that the ideas you have shared with them would benefit them because sometimes audiences a usually suspicious off anyone who is trying to convince them to take an action . Four. Your delivery. Always remember that even though it's very vital toe, have knowledge off the subject matter. However, if you throw to deliver that knowledge effectively, then the impact you hope to make might be ineffective. You must have confident and present with power. Don't be timid because, with your timidity, that would make your audience to likely believe you. Another thing to consider as you plan to present your ideas in a persuasive way East represent from the audience perspective to speak successfully out of the speaker at the persuasive speaker you most look on plan your speech from the audience perspective. Think of your audience. What do they want? What do they know about the subject matter? How can you make it Claire? Tow them that you have the interest in mind. These are some of the questions you should ask yourself before approaching your audience with your ideas. Now let's look at some specific things that your audience may think one agreeable. Your audience may agree with your ideas or insight about what you have come to share with them. In this case, a persuasive speaker just needs to reinforce what the audience already know about and agree with them to all style. Is the audience all star to your ideas or to you? Either way, it's your job to make the case to your audience. Why they should reconsider their position and help them understand the merit of how the ideas you have shared with them would help them in their own lives or whatever you plan on achievement. Three. Uninformed. It's possible that your audience does not have any prior knowledge of the subject matter, and as a result, they need to be informed. In this case, your job as a possessive speaker is to help them realize the important off the subject, and you do that by educating them full are pathetic. Most audience were four in tow. This car Guerry Audiences don't care about the subject they do not like, or the subject that did not affect them. A persuasive speaker must convene such audience that the topic a subject is very important to them and help them realize how this subject is important to them. Give specific examples to help them to see that five missed Every audience will include more than one off the above criteria. So you must always including your persuasive presentation, the advantages on these advantages off your ideas to your audience and none of them to consider issues. Planet speaking persuasively is developing a proof, as we stated earlier, that it is very difficult to change people's mind because most times people already have a position on the subject you are discussing with them. Therefore, it is very, very important toe help your audience beauty a new interest by providing evidence there were either reinforce what they already know or change their viewpoint toe what you wanted to be 13. How To Use Voice Inflection Part 1: and this lesson, we are going to talk about how to use voice inflection in public speaking. Your voice is very important because it's the connection between you and your audience. Your voice is all the audience will hear your message, so if you go is to communicate effectively. Therefore, knowing how to use your voice will and earned the quality of your speech. All speakers should see their voice as the primary medium in which the message can be heard , and as a result, the voice must be well developed and prevented from any injury that may affect it. Now you may acts there. How do you develop a quality speaking voice? A good speaking voice should have the following ingredients. A good voice must be present to the hears of its listeners. A good voice must be flexible. A good voice must sound natural. A good voice must project struggling. A good voice must be Claire. A good voice must be trustful. A good voice. Most demonstrate expressiveness. If you can communicate with your audience with a Claire, an audible voice, you will attract your audience interest to your message. Most time new speakers find it hot to be expressive with their voice. The maintain a moon, a tonic speaking Parchin. Now many of these new speakers do it without knowing the implication off what they have done. Have you ever listened to re speaker? Would maintained the same boy stone throughout ace or representation? If yes, Did you like the speaker? The ability off a speaker to change its voice to either emphasize a point or two show transition or toe initiate a situation can had excitement to the speaker's speech presentation now that we know the important of voice inflection. The question then is. How do you develop or use voice inflection properly in order to develop a quality voice, a speaker most learning how to breathe well before and during a speech presentation. Breathing exercise can help a speaker reduced nervousness, thereby increasing relaxation, which would allow the speaker to speak in a small way. For some reason, some speakers could not speak the way they would have spoken to the a friend during a presentation when they speak with their friends. The fall of the rules, the pause, the group to gain strength, the show excitement through their voice when they speak about something they are excited about. They lower their voice to emphasize an important point, however, with the same speaker found he or her itself speaking to a large group, the speaker freezes. The speaker becomes morna tonic and forget to breath well in order to speak better. Also, your pasture is important to improve in your speaking voice as you know that the where you stand can tell the audience a lot about you. It can show the audience if you are confident or not. Likewise, your voice, the way you stand, can affect the quality off the sound from your voice. For example, if you stand with fuel, head down and try to speak at the same time. The quality of the sound coming from your mouth would be less Claire because your lungs and vocal courts are blocked and as a result, the floor is reduced. So the intention, er, on how you stand. Ensure that your pasture is strict. Head straight knees, slightly increased and shorter slightly tours your back here as some characteristics of a good voice 14. How To Use Voice Inflection Part 2: here as some car serous ticks off a good voice. When I first began speaking, I would speak loudly as possible, as I could without any consideration, off the sides off the crowd space on the spontaneity on their property. Nous you see being able to control and moderate the volume of which you speak shows that you are a professional speaker. If you shout too much, that can distract your audience from your message. If you speak too loudly, the audience might feel uncomfortable because it becomes less enjoyable. Remember your audience. Is there, Toby informed and entertained. And if you're not thinking about that as you speak, thereby ensuring that you're speaking boredom is appropriate to the size off the audience in space. Bitch, what do you look for in music? I would assume that what you look for in the music is to read them when you speak, you go used to make your speech sound like music, and one of the ways to achieving that is by concentrating on the pitch of your voice. There is how high or low the sound of your voice is very a speech sound. To show the different scenarios, Ball excitement in your speech. When you are able to speak in rhythm, your listeners will want to continue to listen to you rate. Do you speak fast or very fast? When you speak too fast, it can indicate that you are very Nevers, and when you speak to slowly, you can lose the excitement off the speech and your audience would have difficulty in falling. You. So what should you do? Be mindful of how fast or slow you speak. You want to speak fast enough so that your audience would remain interested in your speech . And also you want to speak slowly to allow your audience toe digest what you had just said . It be noted that the appropriate words a speaker should alter in minutes should be between 1 25 to 16 the words. So I just just speaking rate with the consideration off these figures and one way to do that Easter Record yourself as you speak. Oh, during your practice. So to see how many minutes how many word that you have spoken, Cornet, every audience wants a quality of voice. When you speak, your voice should convey confidence. Friendliness. Natural nous is is it enjoyable, unpleasant 30. Here's record yourself when you speak to evaluate the quality of your voice. Does your voice sound too strong or does your voice sound very soothing? Either way, continue to walk on improving the quality of your voice. I would see you in the next lesson. 15. How To Use Voice Inflection: and this lesson, we are going to talk about how to use voice inflection in public speaking. Your voice is very important because it's the connection between you and your audience. Your voice is how the audience will hear your message, so if you go is to communicate effectively. Therefore, knowing how to use your voice will and earned the quality of your speech. All speakers should see their voice as the primary medium in which the message can be heard , and as a result, the voice must be well developed and prevented from any injury that may affect it. Now you may acts there. How do you develop a quality speaking voice? A good speaking voice should have the following ingredients. A good voice must be present to the hears of its listeners. A good voice must be flexible. A good voice must sound natural. A good voice must project struggling. A good voice must be Claire. A good voice must be trustful. A good voice. Most demonstrate expressiveness. If you can communicate with your audience with a clear an audible voice, you will attract your audience interest to your message much time. Most time new speakers find it hot to be expressive with your voice. The maintain a moon, atomic speaking Parchin. Now many of these new speakers do it without knowing the implication off what they have done. Have you ever listened to re speaker? Would maintained the same boy stone throughout ace or representation? If yes, Did you like the speaker? The ability off a speaker to change its voice to either emphasize a point or two show transition or toe initiate a situation can had excitement to the speaker's speech presentation now that we know the important of voice inflection. The question then is. How do you develop or use voice inflection properly? In order to develop a quality voice, a speaker must learn how to breathe well before and during a speech presentation. Breathing exercise can help a speaker reduced nervousness, thereby increasing relaxation, which would allow the speaker to speak in a smooth way. For some reason, some speakers could not speak the way they would have spoken to the a friend during a presentation when they speak with their friends. The fall of the rules, the pause, the grieve to gain strength, the show excitement through their voice when they speak about something they are excited about. They lower their voice to emphasize an important point, however, with the same speaker found he or her itself speaking to a large group, the speaker freezes that speaker becomes morna tonic and forget to breath well in order to speak. Bet also, your pasture is important to improve in your speaking voice as you know that the where you stand can tell the audience a lot about you. It can show the audience if you are confident or not. Likewise, your voice, the way you stand, can affect the quality off the sound from your voice. For example, if you stand with fuel, head down and try to speak at the same time. The quality of the sound coming from your mouth would be less Claire because your lungs and vocal courts are blocked and as a result, the air floor is recused. So the intention, er, on how you stand. Ensure that your pasture is strict. Head straight knees slightly increased and shorter slightly tours your back here as some characteristics of a good voice volume. When I first began speaking, I would speak loudly as possible as I could, without any consideration off the size of the crowd space on the spontaneity on their appropriateness. You see being able to control and moderate the voyage off which you speak shows that you are a professional speaker. If you shout too much, that can distract your audience from your message. If you speak too loudly, the audience might feel uncomfortable because it becomes less enjoyable. Remember your audience. Is there, Toby informed and entertained. And if you're not thinking about that as you speak, thereby ensuring that you're speaking boredom is appropriate to the size off the audience in space. Bitch, what do you look for in music? I would assume that what you look for in the music is the reading. When you speak, you go used to make your speech sound like music, and one of the ways to achieve in that is by concentrating on the pitch of your voice. That is how high or low the sound of your voice is. Very a speech sound to show the different scenarios or excitement in your speech. When you are able to speak in rhythm, your listeners will want to continue to listen to you rate. Do you speak fast? Very fast. When you speak too fast, it can indicate that you are very Nevers, and when you speak to slowly, you can lose the excitement off the speech and your audience would have difficulty in falling you. So what should you do? Be mindful of how fast or slow you speak. You want to speak fast enough so that your audience would remain interested in your speech . And also you want to speak slowly to allow your audience toe digest what you had just said . It be noted that the appropriate words a speaker should alter in minutes should be between 1 25 toe 1 60 words. So I just just speaking rate with the consideration off these figures and one way to do that Easter Record yourself as you speak. Oh, during your practice. So to see how many minutes how many word that you have spoken quality, every audience wants a quality of voice. When you speak, your voice should convey confidence, friendliness. Natural nous is Is it enjoyable? Unpleasant? 30. Here's record yourself when you speak to evaluate the quality of your voice, does your voice sound too strong, or does your voice sound very soothing? either way, continue to work on improving the quality over your voice. I would see you in the next lesson, okay? 16. How To Get Comfortable With Visual Aid Part 1: in this lesson, we're going to talk about how to get comfortable with visual aid. You have had the same that a picture is war. 1000 words. Visual aids are a great way to help your audience help a Claire of picture or clearer idea of what you are presented because people remember when they hear and see what you are speaking about. Now I'm going to give you a few benefits why every speaker should enable to include your aid to easily representations one. It increased understanding when a speaker uses visual aid during a presentation. The audience on the standing off the subject matter is better because people like to see what you're saying, especially if you are speaking on an abstract subject or concept to it increases retention . Visual aids can improve the audience retention about what you have shared with them because it is easier to remember a picture than just words a lot. Three. It saves time the your age. Reduce the amount of time a speaking needs to spend in explaining a topic or an idea, because sometimes the picture itself e self explanatory. Four. It increases attentiveness. Visual aids. Help the audience toe pay more attention to the speaker. We all like pictures because they provide more in depth details than ordinary words. Five. It reduces nervousness. Now the speaker, we all know that public speaking can be nerve racking and visual aids are used to help the speaker redus. That anxiety, because the peach represented, would have helped the speaker explain what the speaker it's about to say to the audience Increase and excitement. Visual aid will increase both the speaker on the audience excitement. Now, the next question is, how should a speaker select the right appropriate video age that would fit well with the objective off this speakers subject or ideas you can use individual aids that you want. However, think about these questions before selecting your visual aids. What type of information are you presenting to the audience? How big is your audience? What equipment do you plan to use? All will be provided to you by those who have invited you all that you have a plan to use to help you present the video aid that you may have selected. What is the land of your presentation? What is the length off your presentation? What is your budget for the visual aids. Once you have conceded these questions, then it becomes easier in determining the type of visual aids that would best serve your purpose. There are different types of visual aids that a speaker might use to an end, the understanding off his or representation. Some of these these your aid computer based visual aids, computer based visual aids are great, too, for generating visual aids. Many presentence rely on the use of a computer to develop their visual. It's because off easy accessibility with computers you can generate animations, pictures, charts, grabs, etcetera. The computer provides you with endless opportunity to share your message, distinctively with the audience. Another type is flip judge. Flip chats are very good for training a small group many organization uses flick chat in the boardroom or meetings are the visual aids chewed to help their colleagues or trainers have a video understanding off what they are presented? You can prepare flip chart pages are head off your presentation and had to it as you beauty a point. Another type is white boards whiteboard similar to flip chats. They're also useful in presenting to a smart girl and our common in meeting rooms. The major difference is that, unlike flip chat where you can tear off the Peggy's want is used. White boards need the Thora cleaning in order to reuse. Another type is over Ed. Transparency is these are also good and creating visual aids for a small group. They are easily produced on a computer or screen. Many meeting venues have these equipment already placed there. Another type is props, I would say props out the most easiest to create to support your presentation. Your prop can be a book, all a two etcetera physical object that would help the audience understanding off representation. Wanting to remember when using props is that you may need toe cover that crop on till their proper time that you intend to introduce the prop to the audience because if you do not, the audience would focus on the prop instead off focus in a new now went to apply visual aids. Remember that visual aids are meant to an end your presentation and should not replace your presentation, because when you allow the your aides to replace your presentation, the audience becomes less interested in your material and can also affect your credibility as a speaker. Only rely on visual aids to show emphasis or reinforce some of your ideas. Or make a point that you think the audience needs to grabs. Every visual aid should do the following one reinforce major points to and and audience understanding. Three. Redus the amount off time spent on reduce the amount of time spent on explaining a point. Now, how do you design or creative visual aids? Pierce objections here. Pressed. Make your visual aid visible on colorful, regardless where you are When presenting, everyone should be able to see vividly your visual age. No audience restrain their eyes to see or visual aids. Second, 1.1 Visual. Your goal is toe. Have one main point on a pitch. Don't try to least all your point on the same page because that would confuse and overwhelm your audience. Fed. Reduce the test. Use no more than six lies off test and no more than six words. Paul I Visual put in these in mind. Helped you keep your tests big enough for your audience to see it better full. Keep your bur it simple. The goal of your video AIDS is to make your audience quickly grabs what you are speaking about and not father confused, that so use fewer graphics or at work when designing your visual aids, make them simple. 17. How To Get Comfortable With Visual Aid Part 2: be careful with callers. Carlos are gray age When designing your visual aids, However, too much collar combinations can or inappropriate color combination can affect your visual aids. So limit your colors to two or free, and make sure that the combination will enhance your audience. Visibility. Very, very bite. Another thing to consider is be consistent with your visual AIDS. Design, including collars and front must be consistent. Another thing to consider is used visual AIDS. The righties do not use just one type of the your aid. Combinations of different types of visual aids would keep your audience attention and interest. Another thing to consider is Pro Freed. Your BDO AIDS. Make sure that the spillage and designs are well thought off before presenting. Eight. Tow the audience. Now let's share some display tapes. One. Before you say, What about the point you intend to use your be your age on first, display the video AIDS process for a few seconds. Allow your audience to take some few seconds to die just what you have shown them on. Then speak on the point that the speech ER has displayed to look at your audience. I can't very important as you use your visual. Eight. It's very easy to lose interest of your audience by focusing on the video age. Rather, keep eye contact with the audience as you display the visual aids. Three. Keep the AIDS on the screen or pay until you finished this cause on the point. Don't just show your audience the visual aid, then live on. Rather, keep the visual aid on the screen or page. As he explained, The point on to you are down on Don't leave the video. Eight displayed Why you have already moved to the next point You can create a pick off. Black transparency is between video age, especially if you are using an overhead projector. Four. Don't stand in front off the visual aid. I see a lot of speaking dual these unconsciously they standing from off their visuals now the mindful not to block the audience from Seen the video age. Use a pointed toe point toe, the screen or your left hand as appointed. If you're displaying an object, make sure that the audience see it by the Splain to the left side Oh, to the right side of your body and asked the audience if they all could or can see what you have displayed. Five. Avoid writing while you speak. A lot of speakers do this. Don't ride at the same time that you're speaking to the audience, because you would be speaking to the flip chart or to the board and not to the audience course when you finish writing, then facing the audience and continue to speak. Six. Make sure you display the correct visual aid. Now no one is perfect. It's possible to wrongfully display video aid off another point, so be sure to go through your video age to ensure that they are in sequence before presenting it to the audience. Seven. Make sure all visual aids are ready. Do a project off everything you need for your visual aids. Before you begin your presentation, put your your AIDS where they will be easily accessible for your use, especially if you're using an object. Or if you don't have anyone to help you, you should have it where you can easily reach to them. Eight. Practice Remember to practice your be your age before presented into the audience. Police don't wing it. Practice what A. You must have a Plan B for your visual aid now, especially when you are using a technology as a means of displaying your visual age. Make sure you have a backup plan because off technological delicious and we all know that. And I've experienced that in Mount presentations. You do not want that to impede you from presenting you much of it to the audience. Have a printed copy available for you and any additional equipment that needs replace during your presentation. I hope this lesson provided you with a detailed explanation off what you need to consider when planning your be your age and how to present it effectively see you in the nest lesson . 19. How To Research Your Topic: in this lesson, we are going to talk about out to research your speech topic. Every speech requires content and gathering the right information. Camber very challenging for a speaker off course, the type of information or materials. Niedere also depends on the audience you are representing too. If you are speaking to very educated individuals with a specialized knowledge, definitely you would need to do more research in that specific area compared to when you are speaking to the audience without specialized knowledge. Now, research materials off different times. Some of the materials you can reset on to support your speech are statistics, testimonies, facts, examples, stories, anecdotes and visual aids. Once you have decided on the type of research materials you need, the nest child is determining how to conduct the research process. Beginning your research. The first question you should ask yourself is, What do you know about the topic? You are all intend to speak on any experience. Ideas that you have about the subject matter should be reading down. Once that has been a subleased. The next thing is to act yourself. What else do I need to know about the subject and where can I find that information get comfortable with the Web. In today's environment, almost every information you need. He's on the Web now. It doesn't mean that all the information found on Google is accurate. But Google, as the largest data on any subject the researchers job is to be able to future what's important on accurate from the billions of information. They're all the search agents like Yahoo being government website, etcetera. You confined tons of information on Web. We gather in this subject matter the library. The library should be your most reliable source of information on your subject, because most of what Google has remained the number one place that people visit to search for any information because library content library informations can be verifiable, unlike on the Web, where the credibility of some of the author off the information collated cannot be verified . So a good library would offer you the best materials for the subject you're speaking on. You can also get Elektronik materials that might be relevant to your topic. Just like the Web. The novels of information available in the library can be overwhelming, so it will be a good idea to seek the help of the Liberian to help guide you in section the right information for your topic during this would save you valuable time and make you work faster and easier. Here are a few things to keep in mind as you do your research. Be open minded to new information. Use variety off sources. Record all your information and sources use different type off supporting materials. Example. Facts, statistics, stories, anecdotes Make it simple. In the next lesson, we are going to go deeper on all the things that would help you to develop your speaking ability is so I would see you.