Productivity Pointers for Copyeditors, Researchers, and Writers | Jeremy Rehwaldt | Skillshare

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Productivity Pointers for Copyeditors, Researchers, and Writers

teacher avatar Jeremy Rehwaldt, 25 years editing, writing, and teaching

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

8 Lessons (40m)
    • 1. Introduction to the Course

    • 2. Maintaining Focus

    • 3. Tracking Time

    • 4. Saving Time with Typing Expansion and Window Management

    • 5. Backing Up Your Files

    • 6. Using Online Style Guides

    • 7. Using Online Research Tools

    • 8. Course Recap

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About This Class

This course provides tips and tricks for improving your productivity, for working more efficiently and effectively. It is designed for people who work with words and information—whether that involves researching and writing or emphasizes editing what’s already been written. 

The course explores tools to increase your focus, ways to track your time more effectively, typing expansion software options to save you time when typing the same things repeatedly, backup strategies, online style guides and dictionaries, and online research tools. By the end of the course, you'll have new resources to implement in your own work and ideas that you can put into action immediately.

Meet Your Teacher

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Jeremy Rehwaldt

25 years editing, writing, and teaching


Hello! My name is Jeremy Rehwaldt. By drawing on my twenty-five years of experience as a copyeditor and nearly twenty years as a college professor, I can help you achieve your goals, whether that's to improve your effectiveness as an editor, increase your productivity, or build your freelance business. 

Over the years I've made lots of mistakes, tried lots of tools, and developed a workflow that's effective for me. I'm looking forward to sharing some of what I've learned, and I encourage you to ask questions, make comments, and engage in the learning process—I'm here to support you along the way. 

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1. Introduction to the Course: This course provides tips n tricks for improving your productivity, for working more efficiently and effectively is designed for people who work with words and information, whether that involves researching and writing or editing what's already been. I've worked as a copy editor for more than 20 years and for nearly that long as a college professor engaged in research and writing projects. In all that work, I made a lot of mistakes, wasted a lifetime, tried a lot of tools and developed a workflow that works for me. And I'd like to pass along to you some of what I flirt. This course is eight videos and all this first video introduces you due to the course, lets you know what you're in for. The next video jumps right into some tips and tricks, looking at tools you can use to increase your focus. The third video looks at ways to track your time more effectively. I then turn to typing expansion software options to save you time when typing the same things repeatedly in the following video. The fifth video. It emphasizes the need to back up your work and offers a few backup strategies and then turn to the available online style guides dictionaries, followed by a video about a variety of online research tools, the course that includes with a short recap video. I've designed the videos to be somewhat independent, so feel free to jump from lesson a lesson choosing the topics that applies to your situation. I encourage you to ask questions. Add comments so that the course of meets your specific needs. Throughout the course, I describe particular products and services. In each case, I described the extent to which I've used the product or service most the time. I have a lot of experience with a terrarium, but I might mention other similar items you could try. I don't have any association with any of them, and any links I provide are just to make things easier for you. They're not affiliate links. This course includes a brief project developing typing expansion snippets or developing a focus system. I encourage you to participate early and often submitting your ideas, questions and work in progress, because we've used that project area as a dialogue about what we've learned so that we can all learn from each other. There's more information about the project on the project tab and in the video is related to the project options. Thanks for joining me. I look forward to working with you in the coming days. 2. Maintaining Focus: one of the most difficult parts of editing is staying focused. Editing requires careful attention and concentration, and maintaining that over long stretches can be difficult. I found two strategies that have proven helpful over the long term. Using them in tandem. I could work for hours at a time on a project. The first is a strategy you might already be familiar with, called the Pomodoro technique, named after the Italian word for tomato, I think because kitchen timers in Italy are shaped like tomatoes, the technique developed by Francesco Chorrillo in the 19 eighties, involves alternating blocks of focus, time and break time. I definitely working blocks of 30 minutes of work, so I think the official Pomodoro technique blocks 25 minutes, then five minutes a break than 30 minutes of work than five minutes a break. After four work brake sets or about two hours, I take a longer break. The idea behind the technique is that the brain can only focus for a certain amount of time , so it's important to take regular breaks. I find that the rhythm works well for me to keep me from getting distracted. You could certainly use this technique with Jews. A kitchen timer works fine. There are a number of software packages that provide helpful timers and other additional features. To maintain this rhythm, I use one call vitamin Are. It tracks your overall progress during the day. It can also integrate with various task management. APS. I like a couple of things about in particular. It has a small menu bar timer, so I can see how long I have to go in a particular segment, and it can also provide various visual and auditory cues throughout the cycle. It's available for Mac and IOS. Let me show you a few of its features, and you can see what I could do for you. After you've launched Vitamin Are, it will appear as a menu bar icon and are inside a circle. If you click on the icon, you're have the opportunity to define the objective for this time slice. So let's say this is happy ending Project part one you. Then we'll have the opportunity to eliminate distractions by blocking particular APS. If you'd like to do so, you will be able to choose the length of your time slice. It provides a default amount, but then you can also change it, and then the time slice begins. As the time slice runs, you will see that there is running timer in the menu bar so you can see how many minutes are remaining on your time slice once the time size has been completed and we will just complete it manually, it will then provide you the opportunity to rate how well the time slice went. You'll have the opportunity to leave some bread crumbs. That is, information about how the project is progressing. You click here the open now in later board. So there are a number of scratch pads here where you can enter information either about progress in the project or if you want. You can simply add information here that you want to think about later as your proceeding. So there are hot keys to open these various scratch pads that you can use as you're in the midst of a project. You will then have the opportunity to prime your brain for the next time slice to make sure that you maintain for progress. After this, you can log a time slice. It will then show you ongoing progress on the project over the last seven days and how many minutes you worked each day on the project. You may then choose the length of your time break. It has a default that you can change that two different length, and then we'll begin the time break. Let's look briefly at the vitamin, our preferences. We'll see here that there are a number of screens that you can skip if you choose, so you can skip the screen for limiting distractions or prime ing or breadcrumbs. You can also change the default length of your time slice and your time break and determine what happens after you've completed an objective. You can also adjust the various notifications for when a time slice starts, when is in progress, when it will elapse, and so on. What I particularly like, in addition to the timer running in the menu bar, is that as the time slice is in progress, it is possible to play a sound every five minutes to remind you that the time slices and progress it will speak. If you like, you can tell you how many minutes are left, and then again, it plays a sound as the time slice collapses, and you can adjust all of these things to meet your own preferences. I tend to have the ticking clock every five minutes during my time slice and then a brief sound at the end. I find that if it speaks to me, that distracts me from my work again. There are many options for keeping track of chunks of work time alternating with break time . This is simply one of many options. Some are free, some are paid. And, of course, you can use a kitchen timer or a timer on your phone. All of those options will promote a focused working rhythm. The second resource I use is called Focus at will. It's a paid music subscription service that's designed to increase concentration of flow. Their website explains it this way. Well, each piece of music phase sequence by focus, it will has a specific role in influencing how your brain habituate, enhancing our focus on reducing distractions, characteristics such as musical key intensity arrangements, speed, emotional values, recording style and much more determined what has played where in with equal. So honestly, I'm not sure about any of that. I don't know much about music theory, but I have found that the music helps me concentrate. There are a number of channels available, including ambient music, Alfa Chill, baroque drums, classical and so on, And the musical energy level of each of the channels can be adjusted low, medium and high. That way you can find something that works for you. Certainly, for me, only a couple of the channels are good, but that's enough, right that I can use those two channels and they really help my focus, particularly if I'm at a coffee shop or somewhere else where other people are talking. That is starting to distract me. Both the work blocks, the Commodore technique and the musical blocks are designed to generate a particular focus and rhythm. And so both both of the systems argued that if you're interrupted in the middle of the block, it's best to just start over as your concentration is probably broken and in the focus that will program musical sort of. If you said it for, say, 30 minutes, the music you'll get at the beginning of that 30 minutes draws you into a focus ST and then keeps you there and then drives you back out. So if you stop if you try to start in the middle of phase, it won't work as well. Using these two strategies together has allowed me to work effectively for a longer period each day and to work Maurin fishing Plea during the blocks of time When I'm working, I hope that they prove useful for you as well. Thanks for watching. 3. Tracking Time: an important aspect of freelance work is tracking time spent. Such tracking is important for building, and it's also important for improving your editing efficiency. There are a number of possible systems for keeping track of what you're doing each day. There are automatic digital systems, manual visual systems and analog tools. Provide a brief instance of each type to give you to give you some ideas. Timing The timing app for Mac is one option that contracted time automatically had a great level of detail. You just started up and then automatically tracks which documents Web pages and so on You've been working on. It has an advantage over some other similar applications. Because all the data is held locally, no one else has access to it time. It makes it very easy organized time blocks and assigned them particular projects using drag it drop. You can also add title blocks manually to activities that aren't on your computer. All all provides comprehensive. Look at how you use your time, which is he and you believe for a couple of purposes, both for building purposes, but also for helping you see where and when you are most. At least productive timing is priced at three levels. 47 year 100 depending on how much you tell you need. That includes the A plus one year of updates and sing service. Timing is also available as part of set up, and if you haven't heard of set up, it's a software subscription service for 99 a month or a 99 a month. If you paid annually. It includes up to date versions of more than 100 APS across a range of topics of interests , including task management, writing, creative pursuits, utilities and much more, as you can see here. Okay, so let's take a quick look at what information typing provides. Here. You'll see the main overview page for timing. You can select the date that you would like to view the results for. Then you can see here the total time that's that have been timed, which hours during the day you were most active when you are most productive in terms of using applications that you've assigned to the category of productive, which applications you've used, and for how long and which projects and tasks those have been assigned to, you can also look at this chart, which shows over the course of the day which projects and tasks you've been engaged in on the review page, you can see more specifically the websites, applications and specific files that you've been using. You can also move applications from one project to another. So, for instance, we see here that in our attendants have been unassigned. Most of that is with screen flow, so I can take that, and I can assign that to the category of graphics and that will then change the overall overview at the top. It provides a timeline of what I've been doing during each moment in which files have been used. So you can see here that at 5:50 p.m. I was using the application on the outline er and working on the scripts for this course and you can look at throughout the whole course of the day. It can also provide specific details about what you're working on. So, for instance, right here 55 minutes have been assigned to graphics all of as with screen flow, and within that there's a certain number of minutes assigned to each of these various files . You can see the time. It provides a high level of detail, which could be quite useful if you're trying to assess what times of day your most effective and how you can be more productive. Another option that does something similar is rescue time. Rescue time Light is free and provides the key tools for tracking time, while rescue time tracks anywhere else when browsing. It doesn't report which documents you've been working on. I find that's a problem, as it makes it less useful as a tool for tracking specific projects, which is one of the primary reasons that I used. The paid version of Rescue Time is $9 a month, or $72 per year and offers a few additional features. So while tools like timing and rescue time that I met the tractor time useful particularly if you want to sort of assess your overall productivity, there are other tools that contract work on specific projects effectively. I use office time, which is available cross by farms, Windows, Mac and IOS. It's relatively pricey, it's $47 but that provides an important way to track time for projects and importantly, if you forget to stop a session, which I often do. Office time has a way of learning the program monitors. Whether you're using your computer will prompt you regarding whether you'd like to keep the idle time, discard it or move it to another project. Let's take a quick look at its features. When you open office time, you'll see this window. You can then create a new project if you like. We call this test project to you can assign to a category so either category you've already set up or a new category. Let's call this publisher a and let's say that you charge publisher a $40 an hour. Then when you're ready to begin work, you simply start the timer. You can type what you're gonna be working on. Reviewing initial files, let's say. And then it will time. How long the session is both here and in the menu bar, where there's an icon that shows that the timer's running and how many minutes have elapsed . When you're completing that session, you just hit stop. You can also add expenses or invoices. If you would like in a sign those two categories as well, then when you've completed the project, you can produced a report. You can focus on specific dates. It can show you how much time has been assigned to each project. In this case, I've only been working on one project. It can show all of the sessions associated with that project or that date range all the invoices or all the expenses, so you can again see in great detail what you've been working on. I find office. I'd be very useful and have used it for a number of years to manage all my invoices and payments. There are a number of other alternatives that provide some similar futures while doing the research for this course, I ran across Otago, which is a free cross platform alternative, but I haven't tried it myself. Asked with many aspects of editing, tracking time can be done either digitally or the old fashioned way. A pen and paper and I use a combination of strategies in my own. While I use office time to track all of my billable hours and attract my overall anything to efficiency. I use David Say's emergent task planner sheets to plan my days. The sheets, which are available as a PDF on David Saves website and is printed sheets on Amazon. Provide space your daily schedule. Space for tasks to be leader that day is fees for notes. Next each task. There are bubbles that correspond to 15 minute intervals, so you contract your time that way as well. I don't actually use that feature since I'm using office time, but you have been using the sheets in general as a way to play in my days for a number of years. I find them really effective. Each day. I transferred my calendar events in most important tasks to the sheet, and then I used that she to guide my daily activities, adding notes along the way that forces me to review the day's events as I write them down each day, it gives me spaced at comments or keep track of new tasks they're coming in. Whether you choose paper or digital formats, there are many options for tracking your time. I hope this video has provided you a few choices as you reflect on what will work best for you. Thanks for watching 4. Saving Time with Typing Expansion and Window Management: tracking time and focusing during the time you were working are both important. There are also tools that can help you work more productively during that time. I want to mention two types of tools that I use every day and I think will increase your efficiency as well. The first is snippet expansion. The other is window management. So snippet or typing expansion tools allow you to type shortcuts that that automatically expand into larger pieces of text. So, for instance, when I want to type my home email address, I just type a series of letters. In my case, I've set it up. H male as that's not an actual word, so I won't accidentally type it as soon as I type that it will expand into my email address . I had snippets for all kinds of things that I type all the time. My name, the current date stamp, email, signatures and sentences I used frequently and emails. Such snippets can also be used in editing as type codes or common queries. There are more advanced applications that allow you to fill in fields and have a number of other more advanced features. I'm currently using one called typing later for Mac, which works well and quickly. Another common one is text expander Bite Smile software, which is also available for IOS. For Windows, I've tried one called Phrase Express, which has the advantage of sinking with a text expander snippet library if you use both Windows and Mac machines. A simple version of snippet expansion is built into the Mac operating system and into IOS, and therefore you might, is what start there. If you have not tried one of these before, let me show you how it works. Toe, activate the built in snippet expansion, open system preferences, select keyboard, then select text. Here you will see of right of shortcuts and then the snippets that the shortcuts expand into. I have set this one up for in name, as that is not a word I would otherwise type. And when I type that my full name will be expanded or om w, which will expand on my way, you can add additional shortcuts by clicking the plus sign here entering the shortcut, and then what you would like it to expand to. If you'd like to remove one, you can remove it the same way by pressing minus to see how these snippets work. Let's open a text that it file. Okay, so I will type O. M. W. Then why hips face it switches it into on my way. Similarly, in name but space, it changes it to my name. Unfortunately, this snippet expansion system built into the Mac OS does not work in Microsoft Word, which makes it significantly less useful. The other programs, such as Type in Nature and Text expander, will expand inward, which makes them again more useful than the built in system. Nevertheless, the built in system will give you an idea for how these shortcuts work, and eventually you may want to upgrade to one of the paint systems, which provide much more versatility. The second kind of tool that I find useful helps manage the location of windows on your display. There are really a large number of options, as well as some limited features built into the Windows and Mac operating systems. I tried several, and the one I'm using right now is called Mosaic, which allows easy set up of shortcuts based on the current window locations. Breeze is another one, as his movement both of quite similar to Mosaic. I use mosaic in conjunction with the spaces feature built into Mac operating system, which allows you to have multiple virtual desktops operating the same time. You can then switch from one to another with a keystroke. I find this really, really important. Handy feature Decks, pot and Better Desktop Tool provide similar functionality for Windows, that is, they allow you to switch between multiple virtual desktops, each with its own set of windows and abs. I tried deck spot, and I thought it worked well. I haven't tried better desktop tool. So let me show you how I use this or window management in combination with spaces to organize my workspace. I find that using spaces in conjunction with a window manager allows me to compartmentalize various aspects of my Indian brook flow and reduces distraction. Let me show you how I have a set up. Typically, let's switch the word I would. I have two word files open at a time. I have this file that I'm editing, and I have that set to a particular window. Location here in the center have enlarged it so that I can see clearly and then I usually have a style sheet open at the same time and the style sheet I keep here, and I usually keep that in the background behind the file with that I'm editing. So I edit the file in front, and then I hit command till day, which switches between the open windows of a player application, and I moved the style sheet. When I'm done, adding materials the style sheet, I switch back to the file that I'm editing. And again I switch between those windows using command till they. So I have those set up in space one. So the spaces feature of Mac OS allows you to have several desk stops open simultaneously, and you can switch between the desktops using a simple keystroke. So I have these files that I'm editing on Desktop one. Then, if I switched to desktop to, I have a browser open, and I typically have two tabs on the browser, one for the Chicago Manual style in one for the Miriam Webster Dictionary, and I switched between the tabs using control till they then I can switch back to what I'm editing. Switch back to the browser windows and so on using a simple key command to set up those key commands. You will go to system preferences, keyboard shortcuts and then Mission control here in the left hand column, and you will see here that you can turn on the Mission Control store cuts to move between the spaces sequentially or to switch immediately from one desktop to another. So I had have been set for control 12 and three. You can have as many spaces as you want for as few as you want in order to access the spaces to see how many you have and what's on each one. You can use the Mission Control shortcut. Let me show you how to set that up. We'll go back to the main system preferences. Did you go to a track pad and you're here to more gestures? You will see here that access mission control. You can do so by swiping up with three fingers when I swipe up with three fingers. You can see the various windows open on this desktop, and you can see the various desktops that are available added. To remove a desktop, simply click the X, add a desktop quick the plus, So here you can see the word file and system preferences open. Here. You can see the browser window. Simply click on one of windows to go back to where you are. So in this way you can set up a number of specific window locations, and you can say a number of specific desktops. In that way, you can quickly move between the various resource is you're using as you edit. While it's unlikely that you'll want to set up things in exactly the same way, I hope this video gave you some ideas about how you might organize your own work. Thanks for watching. 5. Backing Up Your Files: it's very important to back up your files. Probably you've heard this over and over again. But it's true if you back up your files regularly, you never need to worry about losing your work. There are several different approaches to back up. First, if you don't use Dropbox or some other similar cloud based file service like box dot com, I highly recommend doing so. Let me briefly describe how Dropbox works. Others work in this generally similar way. I've used both Dropbox and Box for years without any trouble. So when you install dropouts, you get a folder named Dropbox that works exactly like any other folder on your computer. You can place whatever files you like, innit, Those files are uploaded to the cloud and also remain on your computer. Then, if you install dropouts, another computer, those same files will sink down to that computer, so they're also available locally on that computer. If you use more than one impure, perhaps the desktop at home in a laptop for working at a coffee shop, you never have to worry about transferring files back and forth automatically available everywhere. Dropbox also has a selective sync setting, so you can decide which folders sink to which computers, which could be handy if you have a small SSD on your laptop and don't want to sink your entire Dropbox folder. You can also access the files in your dropbox of the A browser interface. If, for instance, you want to access a file on someone else while you're on someone else's computer, files are retained for 30 days after you delete them, which could be handy if you make an error and delete important files. I use Dropbox every single day. Is one of the first things that installing a new computer and all of my files, actually in my Dropbox folder it makes sinking between devices. Seamless is available free with two gigabytes of storage space, with some ways to earn additional free space. When terabyte of space is available from 99 a month or $99 a year, the professional level is $20 a month, and that includes two terabytes of space and some extra features. I used the $99 option and keep all of my files there to make it easy to access them everywhere. But Dropbox is not a complete backup solution. I suggest using an actual backup service such as Back Blaze or something like that back place, which is when I use backs up your computer to the black Placer's. While the initial backup is rather slow, was the first ones done is a pretty straightforward process. It just backs of incremental changes, if that's if your computer's hard drive and any attached hard rights as well. And it requires connecting to the Internet at least once every 30 days. Back place has a monthly fee based on the number of computers you're backing up about $5 per month for computer. I believe that an online backup option is an important part of a comprehensive backup plan . Another important part is a clone hard drive there to Mac applications that do this very well. Carbon copy cloner and super duper. Usually the hard drive they create is bookable, so you can use the backups to transfer your files to another computer as well. To create a clone, simply follow these steps again by opening carbon copy funner than selecting a source. Typically, the startup file Macintosh HD. Then select a destination file an external drive that you've plugged in. Once you've done that, you can decide whether you want a clone, all files or selected files. If you select all files, it should create a bookable clone click phone and then wait. I use this process about every week to create a backup clone. Once you create a clone, additional clones are made by simply comparing the tude drives and only creating copies of files that have changed in some way, which saves a lot of time. 1/3 backup option is to use Apple's built in time machine in Windows. Built in backup service, they provide an easy and automatic way to keep your file safe. They're built into the operating system, so they're worth using, and they don't cost you anything. Let me show you how the time machine option for Mac works begin by opening system preferences. Then select time machine, then turn times in on if it's not on already. When you do so, you'll be given a list of drives that you can use as the time machine Dr. Select the one you want Click use disc and then every hour every day. Well, I Matthew created backup as long as that drive is connected to your computer. It's a simple process, and all it requires is an external drive of some sort. And then it happens, more or less automatically. I keep several backups. I have Dropbox. I make a clone hard drive each week. I use Time Machine each week, and I also have a service like back plays. And in more than 15 years of editing, I've never lost a file. I hope that these ideas provide you a way to buttress your current backup strategy. May you left never lose a file, either. Thanks for watching. 6. Using Online Style Guides: There are many different style guys employed by editors working in different fields. Three major style guides in the humanities are the modern Language Association or emulate Hanbo. The American Psychological Association publication Manual. The Chicago in Chicago manual style. The AP style is not available online and easy to access way. There was online site called A P A style Central, but is available only through institutional subscription. It includes something called Academic Writer that has Resource is about a P A style, and so if you're affiliated with an institution with a subscription, you might be a look there. The M L, a website at style dot Emily dot org's Has a Lot of Resource is in the M. L. A Style Handbook is available as an e book as well. The Chicago Manual style is available from online subscription. I highly highly recommend subscribing to the online version. If you frequently use Chicago style, the online version can be quickly searched, and it provides access to the Chicago manual forums where the press provides answers to questions that might not be included in the manual itself. I have used the print version, a CD rahm version and now the online subscription, and I can say the online subscription is the best of the three. The only disadvantage is Aaron ongoing cost of $39 per year and the need for an Internet connection to access his contents. But I've been using it for years and find it very helpful. The AP or Associated Press stylebook is available as a PdF Interactive you book or through an online subscription for $26 a year. There's a variety of different style guide she might think from. There are also a number of online dictionaries. I use Merriam Webster's 11th Collegiate Dictionary for most of my editing that dictionaries available free and Miriam hyphen Webster dot com. The only disadvantage of the free version is that there's often a splash page that appears after a search and before the stilling spelling and definition are provided. Dictionaries also available as scan alone software, and I think the information in the application in the website of the same. The APP is available free for IOS in the Mac Windows versions, which which require payment, could be downloaded from the website. I've used both of Web based version and a standalone app. I prefer the standalone app as quick and doesn't have a splash page, and it doesn't require Internet access, but both of them working well. The American Heritage Dictionary is also available online, and it has an IOS version two. I helped this video provided you with some additional options for accessing style guides. Dictionaries. Thanks for watching. 7. Using Online Research Tools: There are five Web search tools that I use every day when I'm editing Google, Wikipedia, World Cat, Amazon and Google Books. I often went to double check the spelling of the name, find publication information for a book or do other light fact checking. I have set up shortcuts for each of these sites in order to make the searching process more efficient. I use Alfred, which is a launcher app, but several others, such as Launch Bar and Quicksilver for Mac, will do the same thing. To create the shortcut, you'll need to figure out what the Earl of a generic search is. In the case of World Cat, for instance, the generic search you are l looks like this where the highlighted portion is a search term . To figure out what the generic search you are, A would be simply go to the website you'd like to use in this case World Cat Inter attest phrase of some sort. Then when you get the results, look at the URL and figure out where that phrase is located. Remove that phrase it instead. Add curly brackets along with phrase query and insert that into Alfred, as indicated later, Once you've figured out the generic search, you are l you'll have to enter it into Alfred or whatever your preferred launcher is, and then you can use it whenever you like. So it's just a one time process. Here's how to insert it into Alfred. So first I'll activate Alfred here and then open the preferences, and I can show you how this works. So if you go here to World Cat here, you will enter the generic Earl for any particular search query. So in this case, QUERIAN brackets indicates what it is that you be searching for. Once I've set up those generic you, RL's and Alfred only need to press the hockey for Alfred Type the shortcut for the search, and then the search term I'm using that will immediately open a page in my browser with the results of that particular search. Here's an example. Let's imagine that I've run across the name W E. B. Du Bois in a manuscript I'm editing. I might not be entirely sure whether his last name should be set as one word or two words. I start with Google by opening. Alfred G. Is the short cut. I have set for Google. Then I would type in the boys and see what comes up. Ah, there you go. You can see here that is set as two words. If I didn't trust the results, I might look on World Cat. As I know, two Boys is an author. To do that again, activate Alfred typing the shortcut that I've set up for World Cat, and it will then go to the search page for two boys. And again I will see here that has set as two words. If I try that same search as one word, I would see that I wouldn't be getting any results from W. E. B. Du Bois and would have to try again for simple information like the sculling message, your person, Google and Wikipedia work well. World Cat is very useful for finding publication information for a book. As you can see, her make the publisher location and year typically as wells and the additions and depending on the book, significantly more information in the details section. Amazon is also useful for finding complication information for a book, so let's try an Amazon search for two boys. Now Amazon only provides the publisher and the date, but not the city on his page for a book. So what? Just big book here, you'll see if we scroll down. It has the publisher and the year as well some additional information, but does not include the city. However, if you go to up here to the look inside, and not all books have this feature, but many do. You can then click on the copyright page, which often has the publication city in this case, right. Oakland, California, University of California Press. Google Books is primarily useful for check. Importations occasionally run across the quotation that seems to have a grammatical error. I could certainly query that and have the author Jack the original. Often I take the first step by checking online, then marking those changes. Inserting a query, for instance, Let's imagine I ran across this quotation. Okay, so here we've got a petition. According to Dave Lewis, following the boy's death have misspelled boys. There were cables from around the world. The cables from Miles a Deng and Zhou Enlai was lengthy and less formulate than most of the others. OK, so it was lengthy seems to be a graph where? I'm not sure if that's in the original work. That was mistyped saw. Just take some other section of the quotation. Let's just take that part. It will search schoolbooks for that quotation, putting typically quotation marks around it and see what I come up with. Okay. I have found the quotation here. The cables from Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai were appropriately lengthy and less formulaic. Okay, so I've got two problems here were appropriately lengthy and less formulaic. And then I could insert a query here, Right? Asking the author whether or not that change is appropriate or not. I hope that this video has provided you with some new tools for increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of your online research while editing. Thanks for watching. 8. Course Recap: thanks for participating in the course I trust. The videos have provided you with some new ideas for increasing your productivity. Whether that's by maintaining focus more effectively, discovering new online resources or creating more efficient work flows using typing expansion software participate in the course community is an important step will that will make the course even more worthwhile. As you may remember, the project for this course is to develop typing expansion snippets or to think about components of a system for focusing more effectively. The point of the project is really for us to share ideas and learn from and with each other . It's sort of a space for dialogue and conversation. I encourage you to post your ideas and questions about typing, expansion and ways to maintain focus, even if you haven't finalized projects itself. I'm looking forward to seeing what you've come up with and learning from, and with you in that process, Thanks again, just paid in the course. I'll before to see you again in another course soon