Productivity 101: Key Concepts & Principles | David Suescun | Skillshare

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Productivity 101: Key Concepts & Principles

teacher avatar David Suescun, Mechatronics Eng, LifeHacker

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
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Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

13 Lessons (35m)
    • 1. How this class came to be

      2:33
    • 2. What Drives Adults to Learn

      4:45
    • 3. Preparation Setting Goals

      3:08
    • 4. Preparation Mise en Place

      2:09
    • 5. Mindful vs Stressed

      1:58
    • 6. The 80/20 Pareto Principle

      3:15
    • 7. Parkinson's Law

      1:58
    • 8. Pomodoro Technique and the Rule of 52/17

      2:02
    • 9. Becoming Lucky

      2:50
    • 10. Perfectionism

      2:28
    • 11. The Flow State

      2:47
    • 12. Willpower and Its Limits

      2:03
    • 13. Ego Depletion and Decision Paralysis

      3:24
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About This Class

In today’s workplace at least 89% of the people report wasting time at work. In reality this is much worse, as people waste time without even realizing it, getting to the end of their days feeling unaccomplished or frustrated by their work load. Have you ever felt like this?

In this class you’ll learn techniques that are truly actionable and related to your daily needs, instead of interesting ideas that are impossible to adopt in real life.

Increase your productivity by adopting life hacks in different aspects of your life.

Learn how to master “working smarter and not harder”

This class is designed to help you understand how you can work in a smarter way to accomplish your goals more effectively and with less hassle.

We will start by going through some key concepts that will prepare you on your journey towards super productivity.

Some of the concepts and principles you'll find in this class might seem counter-intuitive depending on your own experience and beliefs, so it is understandable and expected that you will question some of the ideas expressed here. The most important thing to keep in mind is that you should question these concepts with an open mind and an honest desire to make the most for your own well-being and success.

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

David Suescun

Mechatronics Eng, LifeHacker

Teacher

David Suescun dreams with a world where people don’t have to overstay at work, can manage their time to enjoy their family and friends and live fulfilling lives.

As a Mechatronics Engineer, Oil & Gas Professional, Author, Musician, Developer and Entrepreneur, he has created digital products (Software for Texas Instruments calculators, Windows Software and Android & iOS Apps) with over 200 thousand joint downloads, recorded over 80 songs, written a book on productivity and founded an App development company. With 8 years experience in Oil & Gas working in field operations, management, marketing and quality assurance in 5 different countries. As a self-learning junkie, he has successfully completed more than 50 online courses on a wide range of topics, including completing an... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. How this class came to be: before, beginning with the key concepts and principles for being super productive that mature with you. My experience. Over my 1st 2 months after joining the workforce, I was hired by somebody the biggest oil and got service company in the world Working Sudan . Africa, for me was a great deal. To my knowledge. I was the first engineer heart from my university and these in elite company known for challenging training programs and excellent work results. So the stakes were high. Even before signing the contract, the company flew me over to the other side of the world Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and accommodated me on another 60 Newhart's from all over the world to give us our first week of train. After making things official, I traveled to Sudan for two months for a hands on experience. During this time, I was working every day from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. On starting the training material until tree , and it was very exhausted. After the two months, my energy levels were very low. I never took any time to rest because the base was remote. In the middle of the jungle on the working scale was from Sunday to Sunday. So no one to go and no days off. My knowledge. Retention was very low as well. By overworking myself, I became very ineffective. I was making a lot of time to learn small details. I didn't really have an impact or place in the big picture. After really passing the test to be admitted into the tree month training school, I had the opportunity to spend one week in Cairo, Egypt, while getting my visa to go to the training center in Canada. During this week, I decided to study again, but this time using my university of practices. So we breaks and make time to relax and enjoy the experience. Country to stress and study nonstop like it had tried before. I choose to focus on the most important things on this strategy. Paid off had to retake the exam on arrival to the training center, and I scored 10 points higher than my initials court. We go through the techniques used later in this section. Some of the concepts and principles you refining this section might seem country intuitive , depending on your own experiences, embodies so it is understandable and expected that you will question some of these ideas. But the most important thing to keep in mind is that you shoot question these concepts with an open mind, and owners decided to make the most out of your own well being and success. So let's start competing. The first key concept that we should talk about if we want to learn how to become super productive is the motivation to do so. So what makes you want to keep learning even if after you graduated from school, what drives adult student? 2. What Drives Adults to Learn: there's a general means understanding that adults can learn as well or as fast as younger people. This misconception profit comes from the fact that adults have different motivations for learning, and the methods that work for Children and teenagers probably are not respected as effective. Four adults. The concept off adult learning, also known as and Refugee, was partnered by Michael Knows between the fifties and seventies. He identified six other learning principles, which may apply a little three Children but are much tour Announce this principle state that adults are internally motivated and self directed. They bring life Experiences, and knowledge is to the learning. Experiences are goal oriented, relevancy oriented are practical and like to be respected. You might be asking yourself, How will I benefit from knowing these principles? And that's an excellent question. But understanding them and applying them, you'll be able to stay engage with the course. You would also understand that the contents aimed towards ago nothing here is rendered. So let's go through the principles. One by one, adults are internally motivated and self directed. Being journey, motivated and self directed means that adults do things that they think are important for them, not what all they're saying is important. So how can you use this in your paper whenever decided to acquire a new piece of not a teen , any form trying to run a mental picture off? How you might use that knowledge? This is much easier said that done. Many of us are so self sufficient that we treat ourselves into believing that we know all there is to know about something, or at least enough to this means near information. Before we have even taken a look at it. In these cases, I find it very useful to refrain. That challenge to overconfidence is a great opportunity to find more about others perspectives in this subject, so I can make my own ideas stronger. This means questioning those perspectives and using my own ideas and knowledge to the fifth , which may or may not result in reevaluating my beliefs or organizing them better. I also bring life experiences and knowledge is to their learning experience. As we gruel there, we also grow wiser, more experience. We used this knowledge and these experiences to relate to the things that we're about to. You can use this principle by trying to feed the new knowledge into your experiences. What would you have? You don't differently. How could you have benefited from that knowledge back then, when you have those experiences, this will also align with the first principle and we hope, get internally motivated to I don't Are gold or Yancey when we were growing up are learning . Topics tend to be grouped, so we learn in a subject oriented manner. As we start entering, adulthood will become more problem oriented, so we want to turn things that will help us solve the specific problems. That's probably one of the reasons you're here. You've identified a problem or opportunity for improvement, and you actively want to gain knowledge on how to tackle it. Adults are relevance. Urine Adults are most interested in learning miners that immediately relevant to their lives. But don't be too quick to discard things that might appear. We live into your current situation or problems. Remember what we said before. You can visualize and project yourself facing new problems in the future and those getting the internal motivation to learn something here in the present so you can solve problems when they come. That was a practical we were about. There is something we want to be pragmatic. We need to know in advance what is in it for us. If this question is not quickly answered, you can always look it up or even ask. Depends on how you like to hear if you are thinking about their something from a non fiction book. For example, try looking at the conclusions. You might even decide to completely avoid the book. It is a skill based curse as to see some of it previous Assyrians achievements. The review section is usually helpful as well at all. Learners like to be respected as adults. We value yourself concept, and it's very easy to dismiss new information if we believe our knowledge and experience are not being respected by whomever is provided. In your information, you can benefit from this principle by internalizing this. No one benefits more than you from learning something here. So if someone strolls to communicate something respectfully or gracefully, try to focus on the message and future out there for it is coming. Nothing. You know the basics off. Keeping you motivated while you're in will go through the concepts off singles 3. Preparation Setting Goals: the first step towards for activity is learning how to set goals. More often than not, we set our expectations too high, and we end up being discouraged even before we start working. People feel them. Sometimes we're to Beijing the way with these private schools giving us Idol, who knows? Clear that action, what to do next, when it comes to how to choose your goals. Don't just focus on the day to day stuff. Make sure that you're setting goals in the longer on 12. Everything else you become a building steps stone towards that and one way of saving powerful coals in both, those cases can be achieved using the main idea in the book The One Thing by Gay Killer and J. Pepsi. They argue that there is one thing that you can do that if Dunn will make all the things easier or unnecessary. So once you have a good idea articles, you want to see it for yourself or your subordinates, we can use this need technique for setting goals entered this mark objective. There are several variations of these acronym on the one I like the most. Is this one specific, measurable, achievable relevant time out. When you're sitting at your goals, be as specific as you can. One way of putting it is that you go shoot. Answer the five questions. What? Why, who were which? Measurable. Tried to make the definition of success, something that you can measure or quantify. This will help you identify when you have reached to go achievable. Make sure you are aiming for something that you can achieve. This doesn't mean aim low. It just means that you should respect your own limits and boundaries relevant. There's no point becoming very effective in doing something that won't have an impact on the big picture. You go should be set in the right direction so that they really time bounded. Time has two functions in this system, depending on the length required from political. But in general, you should define time bound checkpoints to review your progress in completely go, and you should define the deadline for when do you expect or need the complete ical? You need to answer the question. Okay, let's move the smart pieces together. An example. Let's have a look at a typical New Year's resolutions list. So for 2019 I want to lose weight and bring more water. Now these schools are too big. There's nothing there that would give me going because it's an end of this world. Lose weight until when is appeared. Drink more. Why having an extra half a glass of water a day? If we apply this March technique, we could come up with something like Lose £10 of fat by the end of the year. £7 of total weight by me year. Drink one gallon of water per day. One year before night, one year before noon, one needed before for and wanted it before seven. Now that we know how to set smart goals, we move to the next logical step. Getting ready for execution. 4. Preparation Mise en Place: missile. Plus is a French expression commonly used in the culinary world. It means putting please. If you've ever seen a cooking program, you might have noticed that all the ingredients are placed in the cooking table before chief starts cooking. These preparation helps the chief to be more efficient. Once you said after goes, then you want to work in preparing the things that you will need to complete. We take the New Year's resolution example. I now know that I need to prepare. I need to get myself mission at the gene, with or without position on this. Well, I know my current 5% which multiplied by my weight, will give me my weight. Coming from effect, which have plenty reduced by £10 I was need to find out, get detailed scale that measures my body 5% so I can keep an eye on and follow my process. I would also need to find a way to measure my wife intake. So an easy thing to do is to buy a one liter bottle. So I think you said they keep traveling. I also need to set alarms throughout the day, so I know where my cheap pants sooner? Or do I have some ideas on how to start working on my cools? But I can see myself achieving them if I break them down into small, separate my stones on getting out the tools required for the job. The MSM plaice will be used in several parts of these courts, even if we don't call it by name, Looking back to my own case, setting learning goals and doing a proper museum. Plast, by choosing the critic, commented on the story was how I set myself in the right direction to correct my path. And so once we, we've established where we need to get on and we have a perforated at least physically, we also need some mental preparation. There's no used to be ready for a picnic with older tools and the food ready if somebody you feel like you don't want to go to the big after all. So when you take some of the state of mind we need to get into, that's what we'll reviewing our next 5. Mindful vs Stressed: The quote from Albert Einstein is there to highlight the importance off leading now, which is also the mantra behind mindfulness, a mental state of the words quiet mind leaving, fooling the here and now. This allows us to increase our happiness and creativity, Abraham quote. Makes a good point on how to defeat an enemy by getting closer to it. In our case, stress has been portrayed as an evil force over the last decades, but in truth is a stress take that kept us alive for thousands of years so we can take advantage off the seemingly negative element by befriended. So it's not my full versus stressed. It is my fullness, the estrous. The perfect state of mind is imbalance of both states. These can be rephrased as relax, ation and focused. Being focused is great, but focus is self limiting. Only by alternating focused and relaxed states can we fully unleash our potential for learning on creativity and interconnect a wider spectrum off neural networks. For me. During my two months training, this trist state had terrible results, and I wasn't getting anywhere near what I needed to be. Only would they recognize the importance of allowing my mind and boy to have moments to relax in a hasty, low interest based with laser focused moments was able to succeed in learning the proper material. Some of the time management principles and techniques that we review are fueled by this concept. The next section, for example, with emphasize on the importance of recognizing the most impactful things to focus on, make sure to check the additional resources on learning how to land from Barbara. Okay, she explains, how focused and relaxed states are useful. 6. The 80/20 Pareto Principle: the Pareto principle states that 80% of the outputs come from 20% of the inputs. This principle is something you're probably familiar with. It has been around for almost 100 years, and another way of stating it is to say that 20% of the work deals 80% of the results. It comes from the Freedom, Pareto and Italian economies who notice that 80% of eateries wealth I was in the hands off 20% of the population. In a different context, it might be expressed us 80% of the company profits come from 20% of its customers. 80% of the company's complaints come from 20% of its customers. 80% of the company's sales come from 20% of its products, or 80% of the company. Sales are made by 20% off its self stuff. I learned about the part of this Eurasian in college but wasn't too interested in it until I read the four hour workweek by team fares. And so it from a new respect. Since I'm alerting enthusiast, I've tried this principle in different areas and found that thes overall distribution holds true for some in language learning. If you want to go out at an analytical manner, you can decide to learn the most common words. To achieve these, you can research the word frequencies for the most freakin 10,000 works. I did this for English, Spanish and French, and as it turns out, there is 1000 to 2000 words that account for 80% of the frequencies. Also by this concept. By taking 50% of a full French course, and I managed to communicate effectively with French detonated during my first year in West Africa, I wouldn't go us for us to say that 50% of the course gave me 70% of fluency, but it was damn close to it. In quality issues. Over my last assignment, I was managing maintenance events. To do so, we were constantly applying would cause analysis or at sea eight dual the failures. You didn't come as a surprise that 80% of failures were coming from 20% of the root causes . What's really important here is not the mathematical accuracy of the principle, but the concept off being able to achieve the highest impact with minimal effort and Once you internalize thes, you can choose your task by analyzing the impact on prioritizing them from highest to lowest. That's exactly how I chose which material to study During my waking care. I had to pick the documents that had the big picture concepts had enough legal for me to learn the ways of my industry, but not so complicated as to get lost in formulas I would never use. This election meant browsing through 15 gigabytes worth of documents in 2007. Fortunately, the company was very methodical in how they named documents, so it became very easy to understand and which ones to focus on to achieve the greatest results. Now imagine that you're able to feed the 20% most impactful off your actions into a shorter period of time and make it work. The concept in the form in section will help you understand how you can achieve it, And it is also how I managed to get through the documents and Cara 7. Parkinson's Law: Parkinson's low. One of my favorites states that a task we use the time that you have allocated for it and not it is kettle time, but the time truly allocated for it. Example. Let's say you have to write a long A say that it's doing one month. These would be the s kettle time being organized. You could distribute its completion over the course of four weeks, perhaps doing research the first week than structuring the idea on the second week, writing the first draft on the third on doing the final touches on the fourth. But in reality, if you're an average student like I was reported, find yourself pulling an all nighter one day before the deadline. These would be the allocated time if you then ace the essay with flying colors you're mistaking. Conclusion would be. I work well on the pressure, but there are two reasons why this is mistaken. First, high stress is pretty bad for a productive nous. As we saw in mindful, there's distressed. The best state is somewhere in the middle Second, if you have allocated more than one night to write in the sea, you could have produced a March very result, and you would have probably learned a lot more. Getting a plus doesn't necessarily mean that you're learning properly. Okay, so you might be wondering why parking since Lois resident to becoming super productive By understanding yourself, you can allocate your time more efficiently and achieve the same results in the endless time. For example, if you decide to check emails for half an hour instead of to your probably procrastinate list and finish it, ask accordingly. We'll take my own example. I had one week to study and master what I couldn't do in two months before that, because I had no more time than that. It became the exact amount of time I needed to cover the material and improve my score in the knowledge test. You can make the most out of Parkinson slow if you structured the way you allocate time in the next section, we review the most popular ways of doing just that 8. Pomodoro Technique and the Rule of 52/17: Francesco Cirillo developed the promoter or technique in the late 19 eighties, and it consists in creating working intervals of 25 minutes and then taking a five minute break, after which a new 25 minute Pomodoro would start. Normally, it is recommended to take a longer 15 minute break after a four poor majority. The rule of 50 to 17 is very similar to the Pomodoro technique, but it has a 52 minute working in Jewel, followed by a 17 minute break. These 1 may sound to arbitrary, but it actually comes from an observation of the top 10% most productive users of a time tracking app. Cool desk time. Both these concepts are valuable because studies have shown that we tend to lose focus and drop productivity if we sustain longer periods of continuous work. So it is important to take regular breaks on, hopefully, do some physical activity, like walking to increase oxygen concentration by supplying more blood to the brain as well as their hands, our energy levels and work better. I mentioned this to because they're the most popular in the productivity world, but you can experiment to find which work rest time relation works better for you personally. I like 45 minutes of concentration before taking a 15 minute break back in the day when I was a smoker, I was taking breaks to get my dose of nicotine without knowing these breaks. Secrets Insight were helping me achieve better results at work. Just keep in mind that the working interval should be free of distractions. So not checking email, social media and Schatz casual conversations would come workers and weapon out. We'll talk more about these when we get to the time management section. For now, with this goes a bit further about the right state of mind to be successful in your goals and specifically on how to become a lucky person and so that you know, he has a lot to do with your state of mind. 9. Becoming Lucky: a lot of people see look as chance, something random that occurs with no apparent cost. I'm of a different persuasion. For me and many others, having good luck is something that can be learned. This capacity of learning how to be lucky is backed by research by Richard Wiseman Ah, professor of the Public Understanding of Psychology at the University of Hurt for Sharp in the United Kingdom. I quote for you the punchline from an article he wrote about these. My research revealed that lucky people generate good fortune via four basic principles. Their skill at creating and noticing chance opportunities make lucky decisions by listening to their intuition. Create self fulfilling prophecies via positive expectations. Adopt resilient attitude that transforms bad luck into good. In other words, step out of your comfort zone. Be open minded so you can recognize opportunities or create them. Listen to your gut. Stay tuned with your intuition and factor that into your decision making process. Think positively Falsity of positivity. This will allow you the confidence to jump at an opportunity. Also, it will make you more agreeable, which will increase social opportunities. Be persistent once you have locked into your objective. Stay strong hearted, and when you reach that is a result. Off course. This is not the type of lock that will make you win. The lottery is a kind of look that will get you better jobs, better deals, better partners, etcetera, coming back to my first work experience. So some of my peers considered me lucky for being able to spend one week in Egypt to get my Canadian visa to go to the training school. But it didn't have an open chance. It wasn't an easy process. I had to do it all by myself in Cairo. It was the first time in the country and it was the beginning of Ramadan, so definitely stepping out of my comfort zone at the Canadian Embassy. Things got a bit complicated because I really had a two day window to get my visa, which normally takes two weeks to get. But I didn't give up on a state positive until the end on after being rejected two times. By the end of the day, I finally got my Canadian visa stamped in my passport so I could say my actions make me lucky. The keep in mind that nobody. How much good comes your way? You won't be able to become lucky if you're demanding too much from yourself and others. We'll talk a bit about that in the next section, when we covert perfection isn't on how damaging it could be. 10. Perfectionism: remember the prayer rule. Trying to reach 100% of anything is very inefficient on and realistic. Not only that, perfectionism is a great source of frustration. Trying to achieve perfection is the easiest way to waste your time on a compression. Nothing. Our goal here is to become super productive. This means we need to overcome our inner drive for perfection and striped work towards that 80% that will reap the biggest benefits with a fraction of the effort. Usually, perfectionists are very critical about themselves. It doesn't matter how hard they try. It's never enough. Ask yourself if you can relate with any of these statements. People keep telling you that you have a good body, but you believe is just something they say to make you feel better, because you believe that you're not slim or raped or normally off that you brush your teeth several times. Interval. They usually give up early on tasks. Do you think you won't be able to complete with an immaculate result? Do you spend a lot of time on task that older seems to finish a lot quicker? Do you consider that if something isn't perfect than is just mediocre. If you do relate to some or all, I strongly suggest checking out the additional references. It's important to mention here that we have the ability to modify our own behaviors. This doesn't necessarily mean that we are changing who we are or our values or even personality traits. They are very likely to stick with us for the rest of our lives is all about getting around the things that don't add value or make us happy. This is what I had to do a week prior to my training school when I had to put some of the learning material aside so I could focus on the most important topics. At the beginning, I was anxious because I thought that master and everything was the only way. But after letting go of that irrational need, I realized that good enough was good enough for me. If you can work with the idea that something good enough is all unique, then you will get into a very healthy and dynamic state of mind. But you will still need to push yourself out of your comfort zone If you want to become super productive. The next section will show you why I'm not only that jeweler in how it ultimately makes you happier as well 11. The Flow State: during the Happiness research Psychologist may have checks and me how you found that people are happy when they experience flow state paraphrasing historic talk, we could describe the psychological flow as a following. You're completely immersed in an activity absolutely concentrated and focused on it. You experience ecstasy by entering an alternative reality. You have clarity. You know what needs to be done and you do it getting immediate feedback on your results. You know the activity is achievable, and then you have the required skills to carry it out. You forget yourself. You feel like you're part of something bigger. You are completely focused on the present moment and lose track of time. Whatever the task is, it is so rewarding that it becomes worthy of doing for its own sake. We can reach this state of flow when the activity is highly challenging. On this kills require at above average. Pushing ourselves to the state enhances our productivity as we accomplished things that we wouldn't otherwise be able to do. It helps us improve our skills and feel accomplished. Entering a flow state overlaps with stepping out of the comfort zone. If you keep doing something that doesn't represent a challenge or causes some discomfort, then you be doomed. Toe a boring on uneventful life. And if you do challenge yourself, you, you'll be able to also conquer one of the factors that we hope you become lucky. One of the first times I remember getting into a flow state was back in college. We had a coding group assignment to make our minds troopers game in C plus and from scratch . For some reason, I don't recall we didn't do it on. We only had from six PM until 6 a.m. to do it. We were trained. A group one gave up immediately after realizing the odds were stacked up against us. But the other and I decided to at least try will be gone by doing the welcome screen. And once we got a good looking one, we started adding functionality line by line, time for you by and before we realized it was 5 a.m. and the game was 100% functional. After this first experience, I was able to go into flow state very often for different projects, but mostly writing and coding. This particular experience also illustrates parking some slow to start putting all of the concepts and principles off super productivity mentioned so far into practice, you will probably need some willpower in the next section will cover some important points about how to harness it. 12. Willpower and Its Limits: willpower is defined by the Merriam Webster Dictionary as the ability to control yourself strong determination that allows you to do something difficult. In the past, it used to be said that you either had willpower or you didn't. Today we know that willpower can be nourished and replenished much like a muscle. But as such, it can also be fatigued and exhausted. So why is it important? What? We use willpower throughout the day to resist temptations of second things that give instant pressure but are probably not aligned with our long term goals. It is because of these that will power plays a very important role in how we make decisions by over using it. We expose ourselves to taking under cerebral tradeoffs when we're low on it. These persons of making bad decisions when we have the period will power. It's called Eagle Depletion, and we'll cover that in the next section. To increase our willpower. We can do a couple of things, first of all, replacing it of willpower by creating habits. When you act by habit, you no longer need to take eagle depleting decisions. Second, outside your willpower to others, let other people take decisions that are that are in critical for you. Third, if you need to focus on your willpower, let go of some of its other uses. An example would be allowing yourself to it treats on a bench day after dieting for a week for be organized, these organization destroys willpower, Keep your workplace and tasked, organized and last tackle. One thing at a time. Trying to juggle multiple things results in faster ego depletion. Some of the techniques were discussing the sections about managing habits. Times and energy will help you foster willpower as well. But it is important that we discuss a bit. Forget about ego depletion before moving on to the next section, as this knowledge will help you understand the importance of creating habits. 13. Ego Depletion and Decision Paralysis: we briefly mentioned ego depletion before. Once we have you stop our willpower, we reduce our capacity to control ourselves. The big problem with ego depletion is that this gets in the way over good judgment. Some studies suggest that we might become less ethical as we experiencing depression. So if making decisions causes eagle depletion on Eagle depletion causes us to make wrong decisions, then reducing the amount of decisions we have to take probably allows us to save our willpower for when it matters the most. You may have noticed that highly productive people tend to stick to rituals in many aspects of their lives. Steve Jobs always dresses the same way. Team fairies always eats the same weight. I cited these examples because these air dailies troubles for many of us what to wear and what to eat. When we face too many alternatives, we suffer decision policies, a k a. Analysis, paralysis, meaning we have difficulties with making one decision. These policies happens partly due to our aversion to loss, which is one well known human characteristic. These aversion leads us to over thing the decision process and overrate the outcome of a decision to avoid loss. For example, deciding whether to have beef or chicken burrito because you don't want to miss out on the tastiest meal can negatively out to our legal depression while not creating a lot of value in our lives or while buying a home appliance we don't particular care for. We might spend unnecessary time and energy comparing specs or even comparing prices of different stores. Or because we don't want to spend too much money or because you want to make sure that you get the most feature loaded one just in case you might need it at an unusual time in the random future. But how can we avoid these? Some of the things you can practice to reduce these effects are decide before having to make the decision. He could, for example, decide to go for the Mexican version off whatever food you're having. So Mexican picks a Mexican crept Mexican burger or ask another one of whatever dish or drink. Your companion is having fancier restaurants. You could decide to go for the chaps recommendation in clothing. You could organize your weekly wardrobe or selected the night before, avoid the decision completely. You could choose to use only one style of clothing. Eat the same food continuously. Same breakfast, same snacks and lunch. Same dinners. If you're driving, you could take the route that wastes or a senior GPS up keeps you. It's a trap. It takes a solo and complex mind to be single mindedly determined on those we've reached the end off this section, we learned important concepts and principles that will help us stay motivated while learning new things with also learn how to set goals and prepare ourselves for success not only by sitting nap environments but also our state of mind. Now we are armed with the fundamental principles that will aid us in our quest for super productivity impact. With all this valuable baggage will move forward to learn how to create habits which will allow us to implement all of this and all that we have left to learn