Presenting With Power: How to Give Great Presentations | Karlo Krznarić | Skillshare

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Presenting With Power: How to Give Great Presentations

teacher avatar Karlo Krznarić, Public Speaking Coach

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

24 Lessons (50m)
    • 1. Preview

    • 2. Introduction

    • 3. Laying the Foundations

    • 4. Who Are You Talking To

    • 5. Establishing the Focal Point

    • 6. Defining the Function

    • 7. Shaping the Content

    • 8. All the World is a Rehearsal

    • 9. A Friend, Not a Foe

    • 10. Take It Slowly

    • 11. Show, Don't Tell

    • 12. Branding Your Slides

    • 13. Count on Something Going Wrong

    • 14. Being the Star of the Show

    • 15. Master of Attention

    • 16. Mind Your Glance

    • 17. Bring in the Flow

    • 18. Enthusiasm - Your Secret Weapon

    • 19. Microphone - a Two Edged Sword

    • 20. Types of Microphones

    • 21. Microphone Positions

    • 22. I Could Use an Extra Hand

    • 23. Friends in Backstage Places

    • 24. Summary

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About This Class

Since we often have to give presentations at work, at university or at conferences, presentation skills
can be a key asset that will help you advance your career and give you a sterling reputation in your
professional and personal circles. “Presenting With Power: How to Give Great Presentations” is
exactly about that – developing your presentation skills. No matter what your profession or the topic
that you’re speaking about is, this quick and easy course will give you the knowledge, the tools as
well as tips & tricks that you can easily apply right away to make your presentations professional and
captivating, all in a compact format of a little more than 45 minutes. Everything is demonstrated on
very vivid examples and delivered with our obligatory dose of good humor.

After this course you will be able to:
* Understand what a great presentation should be like
* Shape the content of your presentation to meet the needs of your audience
* Master the process of preparation in the most time-efficient way
* Create powerful slides that will work for you and not against you
* Avoid typical mistakes in presenting
* Use professional tricks when presenting with slides
* Control the audience’s attention
* Be prepared for every scenario
* Radiate your passion while still being professional
* Speak with a microphone in the proper way
* and much more

Remember, presentation skills are just that – skills. It doesn’t matter whether you’re good at it or
not, nor whether you love doing it or not. If you are willing to invest some time and energy into
developing those skills, you can give presentations that will impress, inspire and entertain your
audiences, while leaving a powerful, lasting impression. That is the guarantee by the Speech Making
If you are ready to do that, welcome aboard! Let’s get to work.

Meet Your Teacher

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Karlo Krznarić

Public Speaking Coach


Karlo is a coach with a colorful background ranging from linguistics and conference interpreting through acting and entertainment, all the way to childcare. In his workshops and individual training meant to improve people's public speaking, pitching and social skills, there is one golden rule: "Here we allow ourselves to make mistakes, so that we don't make them when it really matters - when it's showtime." This mindset is also reflected in Karlo's online courses: It's not about learning "the right way" but finding your own way and creating your own style that people will recognize you for.

Always striving to grow and help others grow, he is the co-founder of Speech Making Academy together with online entrepreneur Philip Hofmacher, the founder of Speech Fennel and the a... See full profile

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1. Preview: Hi. Have you ever listened to an extremely boring presentation? Or more importantly, have you ever given on extremely boring presentation? Not something you're proud of visit? Well, it doesn't matter. You can change the past. What you can do, however, is learn and develop this skill and make sure that your every presentation from now on is professional, captivating and exciting. So welcome to presenting with power how to give great presentations. My name is Carlo. I'm a public speaking coach, conference host, speaker and author. And in this course, we will work on your presentation skills. I will teach you how to write good content for your presentations, how to prepare well, how to avoid typical mistakes when using presentation software like Power Point. Then how to work with the microphone. And finally, how to present with power and give presentations that show your passion, your expertise and leave a lasting impression if you wish to join me on this journey. Welcome aboard. Let's get to work 2. Introduction: Hi. Have you ever listened to an extremely boring presentation? Or more importantly, have you ever given on extremely boring presentation? Not something you're proud of visit? Well, it doesn't matter. You can change the past. What you can do, however, is learn and develop this skill and make sure that your every presentation from now on is professional, captivating and exciting. So welcome to presenting with power how to give great presentations. My name is Carlo. I'm a public speaking coach, conference host, speaker and author. And in this course we will work on your presentation skills. I will teach you how to write good content for your presentations, how to prepare well, how to avoid typical mistakes when using presentation software like Power Point, then how to work with the microphone. And finally, how to present with power and give presentations that show your passion, your expertise and leave a lasting impression. If you wish to join me on this journey, welcome aboard. Let's get to work first. Let's define what the presentation is. Ah, presentation is a type of speech in which a topic is being systematically discussed. That is to say, presented a presentation is usually accompanied by slides, some kind of visual material that is supposed to illustrate the content and help the audience understand and follow the content easier. Sounds simple. And yet so many people have such a hard time delivering a good presentation. A good presentation is one that explains the topic well and at the same time creates interest and shows the speakers expertise and passion. This could be very important because we give presentations in many occasions at work place at university, at conferences and seminars, and giving a good presentation can have a tremendous impact both on your professional and your personal life. So if you're ready, I say we start and we will start in the next video with the first step off the process, and that is the preparation. 3. Laying the Foundations: even the biggest and the most beautiful house in the world is built first by laying foundations. The same goes for a presentation. When you watch a great presentation, know that the speaker didn't just show up that they and come up with the material in the spot. No, everyone has to prepare to be good at what they do, no matter their profession. Lawyers, teachers, athletes, salespeople, actors. Everyone has to prepare to deliver a good performance Behind every great presentation, There are hours and hours off researching, thinking, writing, creating and rehearsing. In this chapter, we will cover this process and I will teach you how to master it in the most time efficient way. 4. Who Are You Talking To: every presentation is made for an audience. So the first question that you have to answer when preparing any kind of a presentation is who is your audience? Let me tell you something, and I need you to remember it. Well, it doesn't matter who you are. What matters is who the audience is, what they need and how you can provide it to them. I know it may sound harsh, but that's the way this the audience doesn't really care about you unless they know you personally. But they care about themselves. They care about their own interests, their own needs. So what you need to do is at the half your presentation to suit their needs, to provide to them what they need and what they want, and then they will care about you. So the first question is, Who are the people in your audience? Are they kindergarten kids, students, business people or rocket scientists? And the second question, what do they need? What interests them and how can you get it to them? You wouldn't talk the same way if you were giving a presentation about the human body to a group of medicine students and two, a group of athletes because they are interested in different things. For instance, when talking to medicine students, they might be more interested in how the human body generally functions, what it is made off or how to cure diseases. On the other side, athletes might be more interested in how to use their bodies in the best way possible, how to prevent injuries and how to recover quickly. To sum it up, audience is what matters the most in a presentation. They're the people who we are giving the presentation for in the first place. So no audience, no presentation, defining and determining who the people in the audience is and what their interests are as a starting point for all the other steps in the process of preparation. 5. Establishing the Focal Point: every presentation has a topic. The subject matter that you talk about now. In some situations, you may be given a topic. For instance, at university and in some other situations, you can choose your own topics. For instance, at a conference now any top, it can be quite extensive. There can be a lot to say about a certain topic, but your time is limited and you can tell everything that there is. This is why you have to clearly define your topic and establish what we call Ah, focal point. Every subject matter has a lot of different aspects to it, and establishing a focal point means choosing one aspect and putting your attention and your focus onto that one. For instance, if you're giving a presentation about social media, there are a lot of different aspects to that topic. For instance, the history of social media on overview of most popular platforms, the advantages and the dangers of social media, the future of social media. You could talk about social media for five hours. This is why you need to narrow down your topic and establish a focal point which one off this aspect will be your focus. This will help both you and the audience because it will allow you to go more deeply into that one aspect. It will make your research easier and will make the whole thing more meaningful and more interesting. If your audience are, for instance, entrepreneurs, you could give a presentation the potential of social media for small businesses. This will attract this certain type of people. It will create curiosity, bring them or value, and it will also set clear expectations about what your presentation will be like. 6. Defining the Function: very similar to defining the topic is defining the function of a presentation. You see, every presentation should serve a certain function. Otherwise, it's meaningless. Defining the function of your presentation is like setting a goal off what you want to achieve with your performance. If you want to inform your audience about something, in that case, you're giving an informative speech, and that is the function off your presentation. For instance, it could be the dangers and the advantages of social media. Is it supposed to be a demonstrative speech? That doesn't mean that you're going to lead the revolution, but that you're going to demonstrate a skill to your audience. For instance, how to use social media to foster your business If you want to persuade the audience than you're giving a persuasive speech, Maybe you created your own social media platform, and now you want to persuade people to join it. Do you want to motivate the audience in any way? Then you're giving a motivational speech. Maybe you want to motivate people to not not to waste so much time on social media and be more productive. Finally, if you just want to entertain the audience make him have a good time and make them laugh. Then you're giving on entertaining speech. For instance, you could be telling funny stories that happen to you on Facebook or Instagram. So whatever the topic, always be sure to set a clear goal to define the function of your presentation, because then you can focus on providing your audience with the best, most useful content that they need, and that's what ultimately matters the most. 7. Shaping the Content: Once you've determined what you will talk about, you need to write the content of your speech. That is what it is exactly that you will say. Writing content for presentation is different from writing a story because you don't start at the beginning and write your way to the end. Instead, we will take a more strategic approach based on who your audience is, what the focal point and what the function of your presentation is put down on paper. Most important points that you want to make. What are the most important messages that you want to send to your audience? Preferably. Do not take more than three most important points because it can be difficult for the audience to concentrate on more than three big points. Let's say you're giving a product presentation. Your pitching, your new time management app now identify what are the three most important aspect off this app. Why is it useful? Why is it good for the audience, for instance, It saves money. It saves time, and it can make you more productive after you identify these three points and you can write them on three different pieces of paper, right, everything that is relevant for each of them. How does it save your time? How does it save you money? How does this app help you? Be more productive. Explain each point. If you are giving a presentation History, for instance, about the ancient civilization of Egypt again ride the three most important aspects of this topic. For example, the history of Egypt, the culture of Egypt and the art of Egypt. Then right, all relevant keywords and bullet points about each of these aspect. And this will be the outline of your presentation. What you then need to do is create a catchy introduction and a powerful ending. And then in the next step, the rehearsal, you will string all these pieces together and there you have it, the content of your presentation. 8. All the World is a Rehearsal: you may have written your presentation, but don't think that we're done. There's a bit more work to do now. You have to learn and rehearse your presentation and let me tell you right away, rehearsing is boring. It's steadiest, frustrating. Personally, I almost hate it. But if you want to make a great presentation, if you really want to leave a powerful impression, then you have to rehearse. Rehearsing is what separates the average speakers from the extraordinary ones. So if you want to do this right, there is no way around Rehearsing. Rehearsing means that you stand up and you do your presentation in front of No. One, as if you were actually giving it in front of an audience. Rehearsal will not only improve your presentation, but it will also help you alleviate nervousness because you will be feeling ready and you will know what you're doing. You won't have to improvise. The process, however, goes in three steps. In the first step, you do your speech or your presentation with notes, so you're basically reading your notes. But read them out as if you were speaking as if you were speaking freely. You can also use your use your hand to gesture to get the feel for the speech. In the second phase, you want to reduce your usage of knows you can still use them, but not all the time, not reading from them, but just glancing at them here and there to know where you're going. And then you want to gradually use them less and less so that in the third phase you can almost deliver the whole presentation without looking at the notes whatsoever. However, there are two things that you have to be careful about. The 1st 1 is, don't learn the exact wording by heart. This could be disastrous. If you learn your presentations sentence by sentence, word by word and then you go out onto the stage, you're in front of the people and you can think of this one exact word that you used you will be completely lost. Instead. Remember ideas and points that you want to make and give yourself the freedom to explain them in the words that come to you at the moment. So when rehearsing, if you can't remember how the sentence exactly went formulated in another way, formulated in the words that come to you. Secondly, use a stopwatch. You can simply use the stopwatch function on your phone. Measure the time that you need to perform your presentation. You will probably be given the time limit there at this conference or at the university or workplace or wherever you're giving a presentation. There is probably a certain time limit, and you don't want to be too short or too long, because this is a sign of bad organizational skills and also a sign of disrespect so measured the time that you need. And then, if your presentation is too short, make it longer. It's too long. Make it shorter. It's better that you invest some more time into adjusting the length of the presentation in the preparation. Then come there and embarrass yourself. Ultimately, it all comes down to one word. Repetition. The more you repeat your presentation, the better it will be, the better you will perform. And I know that you may not feel like doing it, and I don't feel like doing it either. But trust me. Invest your time and energy plan in advance. Don't leave things to the last moment, and it will be worth your while 9. A Friend, Not a Foe: presentation software is the name for programs like Power Point or Present. These are the tools with a tremendous potential. Depending on how you use them, they can either make your presentation a big triumph or a complete fiasco. In this chapter, we will learn how to use presentation software effectively so that it works for you and not against you. 10. Take It Slowly: Even if you don't put too much text on the slides, they can still steal away your attention. If you show all the content of a slide at once, this is a problem because the audience gets curious and then they start reading in advance . So first of all, you lose the attention. And second of all, it's a spoiler because then the audience knows what's coming, and you can surprise them to avoid this simply when creating the presentation, make sure that the bullet points appear when you click the button so that you can elicit them when you need them. One thing that you should be careful about are the animations. Don't put too many animations because sometimes this can also steal away the attention and seem a little unprofessional. 11. Show, Don't Tell: If you're not supposed to put a lot of text onto the slides, the question is, what should you put? The answer is quite simple. Pictures, photos, illustrations, charts. Any kind of visual material can be very helpful because people are visual in order to really comprehend what you are explaining them. They need to see it and don't only hear it. The more visual your content is, the better they will understand it and remember it. Now pictures can serve a wide variety of functions, the 1st 1 as a conjectural one. Pictures can put things into the into a context that means whatever topic you're talking about, you can put images associated with it to make it more tangible to provide a visual background to what you are talking about. Let's take an example. You're giving a presentation about healthy effects off humor so you can put pictures of people laughing and joking. Do I give a background to this whole thing? Just be careful not to make a typical beginner's mistake. Sometimes people get nervous, they don't know what to say, and then they say things like today we will talk about humor, and here we can see people laughing. These pictures served on Lee. As a background. You don't have to refer to them. You don't have to explain them and say Here we see this in that they are just a background and you should not refer to them. The second function is the demonstration all function. For instance, you're giving a presentation about different species of dogs. Here. It is very natural that you put photos of different dogs and you can even put the names of the species under them. And here it is desirable that you actively refer to these photos, for instance, saying on the second photo, we can see this type of dog. You can recognize it by these certain characteristics, and here it is also very handy to have a laser pointer on your clicker so you can point to the pictures the last two functions that we will cover our surprise and humor, and you can often combine these two to achieve maximum effect. Let's take an example. Let's say that you're giving a presentation about the famous composer Richard Wagner. You could show a photo and say here was see Wagner with the woman of his life and then pull up another photo, say, And here we see Wagner with the second woman off his life. Seeing this is much more effective than just saying he had two wives. So these are only some functions that you can achieve using photos and pictures in your presentation. But let your imagination run free, use them creatively and see what you can achieve with them and how it can serve your presentation. And remember the mawr visual. Your material is, the better your audience will understand it and remember it. 12. Branding Your Slides: If you're only a student giving presentations at the university, this may not be that important to you, but if you represent the company or if you have a company of your own, it might be important that you brand your slides. What I mean by that is that you make sure that your slides are aligned with your corporate identity. So, for instance, you can see that I put the speechmaking academies logo in the corner of every slide and of the slides. Colors are in line with the logos colors. Another thing that I highly recommend you to do is to put your name, your website or contact information on your presentation. You can put this on every slide in the corner or on the first and the last line. You can think of this as if you gave out your business cards to every person in the audience. And if they ever want work with you, if they ever wanna contact you for any reason, they can easily do so you never know what good it might bring 13. Count on Something Going Wrong: in public speaking like in any kind of performances. There are many things that can go wrong. However, the number one contender, the most likely thing to go wrong is technology. The presentation made a load correctly. The images might disappear. The Internet might be out. Video might not play. The clicker may not work literally. All kinds of things can stop working for no apparent reason, and you may think that it is not your job to take care of this. It's a technicians job, but you are the one suffering the consequences of it. It is you who's presentation will be ruined because of it. So it is indeed your job to be prepared and do everything in your power to make sure that nothing goes wrong. And if it goes that you adapt to it and make it right. First of all, create your presentation in advance and send it to the organizer so that they can check if everything works properly. Don't leave these things to the last moment because you might regret it. Second of all, make backup. Put your presentation on a flash drive, send it to yourself by email, put it on an external drive. Whatever way, just make sure that you have backup off your presentation. Thirdly, if your presentation relies heavily on photos or any kind of pictures, make sure to have them with you as simple image files on a flash drive or external drive. This will be crucial in case the presentation doesn't load right and the images disappear. Then you will still be able to deliver your presentation with the help off these files. Number four. If you have a clicker of your own, take it with you in case the clicker provided doesn't work. Number five arrived early. Arrives sometime earlier than you actually have to talk to the organizer and talk to the technician. Check if everything works properly and in case it doesn't make adjustments. Finally, number six. If possible, be ready to deliver your presentation. Without the slides, you can learn everything by heart, or you can create notes on which you can write the same text that is on the slides, and then you can deliver it with the help of these notes. In this case, even if everything goes wrong and even if you can have your presentation, you will still be able to deliver the presentation to your audience like true professionals do 14. Being the Star of the Show: many people do a relatively good job when generally speaking in front of an audience. But when they have to present with slides, they get completely lost. It often happens that the Power Point presentation gets more attention than the speaker, and that's not what it should be like. Those air only lifeless slides and you are a living person. You are the performer. You should be the star of the show, not power point or president or whatever software you're using in this chapter, we will learn how to achieve that. You will learn how to win and keep the audience's attention, how to steer the attention from yourself to the slides and back to yourself and, of course, much more. 15. Master of Attention: when giving a speech without any supporting material. Naturally, all the attention is on you. However, when working with the presentation software, the attention is split between you and the slides. This is why you need to be able to control the audience's attention. You need to be able to shift the attention from the slides to yourself when you want to have the attention and then back to the slides when you want the audience to look at the presentation. Here's how it goes, the audiences by default. Looking at you, however, they're typically three triggers that shift the attention from the speaker onto the slides . The 1st 1 is when something new appears on the screen. A new bullet point, a new image and the audience automatically looks at what just appeared there. I guess that this is what happened right now. A new bullet point appeared there, and your gaze turned to the slide. The second trigger is when you look at the screen yourself. You are the captain of this cruise, and when you turn your attention onto the screen, it probably means that you're referring to it or something important is going on. People just automatically. Also look at the screen when you do. The third thing is if you fail to make enough contact with the audience or if the audience is generally board in desperation, people try to at least find something interesting in the presentation, so they start reading it in order to avoid this, make sure that you make enough eye contact with the audience that you get some kind of interaction going. Ask them questions and generally to make your presentation as captivating and original as possible. You can use these three methods to turn the attention from yourself to the slides. However, sometimes you will also have to do to reversed. You will have to win back the attention to yourself and steer it from the slides back to yourself. To do this, you can simply do something with more emphasis, or you can do something in a different way, speaking a different way than all the way up to that moment, for instance, you can make a bigger or wider gesture. You can make a step forward to win more attention. You can play with your voice. You can add more volume like start speaking a little louder or start speaking more quietly . You can start speaking a little faster or star speaking somewhat slower. You see, people are hardwired to pay attention to notice changes in their environment. So if you speak in one way all upto one moment and then chain something, their attention will be right there back with you. Additionally, what you can do is when preparing the presentation, you can insert white or black slides into the presentation so that you click a black or white slide appears. Basically, the slides disappear and all attention is back there on you. So play with his methods. These triggers districts, and it will make your presentation feel like a journey, and you will be the captain of it. 16. Mind Your Glance: having slides is great because you don't have to learn everything by heart. Instead, you can take a look at the bullet points on the slides and this conserve as your guide. However, do not ever read off the slides because this is very annoying and it kills the whole idea of a presentation. Don't ever do it. Looking too much at the slides can be fatal because you lose the eye contact with the audience, and also it can lead to you turning back to the audience, which is a presentation killer. Never turn your back to the audience. If you have to turn, don't turn for more than 45 degrees between the screen and the audience if you really have to. In a certain situation, you can also turn to the profile. But don't let this happen more than a few times a tool that can help you with this. Our notes. Instead of looking at the screen, you can simply take a look at the notes and look back at the audience. Just make sure that you don't look at the notes the whole time because then we're back to the problem. But I'm sure you'll do just fine 17. Bring in the Flow: Sometimes people relied too much on their slides. They organized the entire presentation around. What happens often is they say everything that is under current slide. Then they change it. They look at it and then start speaking again. It makes the presentation feel cut up, and it kills the flow off the presentation. It's not disastrous. It is okay, But why go for an okay presentation? If you can go for a great presentation, what you need to do is introduce some transitions. What I mean by that are not the flashy animations that happened when you change the slides , but things you say when changing slides or when changing topics. Let's take an example. Let's say you're giving a presentation about solar energy on the first light. You have to definition of solar energy, and on the 2nd 1 you list the advantages of it. Most people would do. The following solar energy is the heat and light from the sun, harnessed by solar collectors advantages of solar energy. Solar energy has a wide array of advantages, such as enhancing sustainability, reducing global warming and keeping the prices of fossil fuels lower. Does that sound and look familiar? how about we do it a little differently? Let's add a good transition to this. Solar energy is the heat and light from the sun harnessed by solar collectors. You might ask yourself, however, why use solar energy in the first place? Well, it's because the solar energy has a wide array off advantages such as enhancing sustainability, reducing global warming and keeping the prices of fossil fuels lower. Wasn't this much better? What we did was instead off speaking and then making a break to look at the slide and click and then continue to speak. We just spoke the whole time, and I click the button while speaking, so it all had continues flow to it, and this is not a big deal. It doesn't take a lot. You can simply invest some more time into preparation and rehearsal toe work on these transitions, and they will bring AH flow to your presentation, which is one of the most important aspect of presenting with power 18. Enthusiasm - Your Secret Weapon: the goal of a presentation is not only to inform and present a topic people can read about this online or in a book. No, the added value. And the reason why seeing a great presentation is so enjoyable is because of the human factor in it. As a great speaker, you have to be able not only to inform, but also to inspire to show the audience why your topic is so important and so exciting. You have to be able to show your passion and sparked this passion in your audience. The best and the most effective means of doing so is by enthusiasm. Enthusiasm is an emotion. It's a feeling of intense joy and excitement, and it manifests itself in everything you do in your movements, in your gestures and your facial expressions in the way your voice sounds. Also in the rush of energy, however, to speak with enthusiasm, it is not enough just to use words like excited, incredible amazing note. You have to incite this feeling in yourself, and then you will radiate it automatically. The best way to achieve this state is by visualizing visualize immediately before the presentation and you're in the presentation. Let's say you're giving a presentation about a big hobby of yours, for instance, mountain climbing. Imagine. Visualize it what it feels like being there and what it looks like being there on the mountain, climbing, having took overcome obstacles to climb herself up and finally reached that beautiful mountaintop. And seeing that wonderful view remind yourself of what it is that excites you so much and why it is that you are so passionate about this topic. To sum it up, no matter what the topic, always look for some kind of beauty in it or something exciting about it and show this to the world. Show your audience your passion, and this will lead to a breathtaking performance. This will leave them thinking, wow, weather presentation. 19. Microphone - a Two Edged Sword: If you are invited to give a talk, a keynote speech or a presentation at the bigger event, it will probably have to work with the microphone. This is very cool for some people, but it is also source of anxiety for some other people. The microphone is your connection to the audience. It brings your voice to the people. However, it is also an inconvenience because you have to be careful how you hold it, how you behave with it. And if you mess something up, people won't be able to hear you at all. But that is why we are here, to learn how to do it so that you can wheel that microphone to your advantage. 20. Types of Microphones: When it comes to technical specifics, there are a lot of different types of microphones, but for you as a speaker, there is one most important classifications. And that is number one hand held microphones, the ones that you hold in your hand, attachable microphones, the ones that you don't hold but that are attached to you and number three mounted microphones. The first type, hand held microphones, just like this one, are very common. They're also very convenient because you hold him in your hand and you could move around the stage and take them with you, especially if it's a wireless microphone. This one has cable, though. However, this is not a problem whatsoever. You can also move around with the cable. You just have to make sure that you pull the cable when you want to move. You can also hold it like this. So did the cable is not stretched. Stretch cable can lead to damaging the microphone and also mind that you don't trip over the cable. However, even if you do, it's not the end of the world. Trust me what you just have to be careful with when working with a hand held microphone is that you hold it in the proper position and that you hold it steady so that people can hear you. Well, the second type attachable microphones are Laval ear microphones and headsets. These microphones are mounted on you, so you don't have to worry about them. You don't have to hold them. You just speak. This is very convenient because you have your hands free, especially if you need to hold your notes or clicker in them. But if you don't have anything else in your hands, this means that you have to know what to do with your hands the whole time. The third type are the microphones mounted on a speaker's disk. This means that you have to stand behind the speakers us to use the microphone. It means that you will be covered, for instance, up to here, depending on how tall the desk is and that you can move around the stage. This is why I don't recommend using this type of microphones. If you're provided with the mounted microphone, you can ask the organizer if they also have Ah, handheld or an attachable microphone that you can use so that you have more freedom. You may also be given the microphone stand. A microphone stand is very convenient because it lets you put away the microphone. For instance, if you wish to have your hands free, you can place it onto the microphone stand and then later you can take it and move around the stage with the microphone when you wish. This is the classifications, depending on whether you hold a microphone or not, it's the most important classifications for a speaker. And knowing in advance what kind of a microphone you will have on the stage is very useful for your preparation. 21. Microphone Positions: when speaking with the microphone. It is very important that you hold it properly because otherwise people won't be able to hear. The first step is making sure that you hold it firmly so that you don't drop it. Simply hold a microphone with your full hand and not on Lee with the fingers. Hold a microphone by the handle, not here. And also, though you might be a hip hop fan, don't hold it like this. Simply hold it with your full hand by the handle. Now it will go through the three best positions for holding the microphone to achieve maximum efficiency. But before we get to that, there is one universal rule, a general principle that you should always adhere to when working with the microphone. And that is, hold a hand with the microphone steady. Here's the thing. We all gesture with our hands when speaking. However, the problem is when we also gesture with the microphone hand. Every time when you move the microphone away from yourself, people can hear you. Now it sounds something like this. Good evening. Late. Thank you. This you hear tonight I would like about me. So remember, you can do anything you want with your free hand by the hand with the microphone has to stay steady. Don't point to anything with it. Don't gesture with it. Don't wave your friends in the audience with it. The microphone hand has to stay steady now. The three best microphone positions are number one. Hold a microphone in a horizontal, slightly diagonal position in the height of your mouth, with a distance of about 3 to 4 fingers between them. Seen from the front, it looks something like this. The position number two is similar, but you hold the microphone in a vertical position slightly in front and under your chin. Also about 3 to 4 fingers between them. This position maybe even better, because your face is not covered. So this is the position that I actually recommend the most. The position number three can be very helpful if you have difficulties keeping the microphone hand steady. What you can do is simply lean the microphone against your chin so that it stays fixed and to make sure that you don't move it away from yourself. It may feel somewhat weird, but trust me, it is perfectly normal, and even some professionals do it. So there you have it. How to hold the microphone so that your message is hurt. 22. I Could Use an Extra Hand: you might find yourself holding different things on the stage at the same time. For instance, your notes and the microphone or your microphone and the clicker, or all three of them at the same time. This can be a little inconvenient. Juggling gold, three of them in your hands can be difficult. The biggest problem is when you have a microphone and notes, you can try holding the microphone steady while flipping the notes. Or you can stop speaking, flip the notes and then continue speaking, which can be a little annoying for the audience if it happens all the time. What you should do in these situations is look for alternatives. For instance, you can place your notes on the speakers desk or use a mounted microphone. You can also ask the organizer's if they have a headset that you could use. If you're using a marker or a clicker, you can put it into your pocket when you need a free hand. The main thing is that you know in advance what you will be using and what you will be holding on the stage if you need a specific piece of equipment. Lengthy organizer know in advance so that they can prepare it. When you do this, you won't have to come there and then improvise on the spot, but you will be 100% ready. 23. Friends in Backstage Places: a microphone is a piece of technology. And just like with any other technological aspect of your presentation, you have to be extra careful and make sure that nothing goes wrong with it. This is why it is very important that you arrive to the venue, the place where you are giving your presentation sometime earlier than you actually have to talk to the organizer and talk to the technician to see to it that everything works well. Ask the technician if you can try out the microphone and then try out different positions. See which position of the microphone suits you the best. How loud you have to speak and also how close you have toe. Hold them microphone to your mouth for the optimal volume. Also asked a technician to show you how the microphone works, how to turn it off and how to turn it on. If you can adjust the volume on the microphone and so on. Also see how big the space is, whether you can move on the stage and so on. Some technicians can even adjust frequencies and other qualities of sound to match your voice to make it sound even better if you have any kind of promo materials by your company , like paper, blocks or pens. Always give some to the technician as well. Whenever possible, make friends with the conditions there good people to know. 24. Summary: Congratulations, my friend. You are now one course richer. You have completed the course presenting with power how to give great presentations. I hope that it was useful for you. And I hope that you will apply what you learn here. Acquiring and developing a skill is not only about watching a video, of course. It is also about applying everything we covered here in each of your future presentations. That is the only way you could make progress if you like the course. I would really appreciate it if you wrote a positive review about it. If you have any questions, you can feel free to contact me. And also, if there's anything that you didn't like in the course, you could simply let me know. And I will do my best to improve it in the next course. Thank you. Now let's summarize what we covered in this horse. First we discussed preparing a presentation. We said that the most important thing to define is who your audience is, what interests them and what their needs are. This will help you define the topic and the function of your presentation. When writing the content for your presentation, identify the most important points or aspect of your topic and built around them and a catchy introduction and a powerful ending. And there you have it, the content of your speech. Now don't think that you are done when you write the content of it and when you create the slides, because then you have to rehearse. Rehearse your presentation all until you can do it without notes. And trust me, this will be worth your while. Then we talked about working with the presentation software. The first and the holy rule of creating a visual presentation with president or power Point is, do not put too much text. Furthermore, do not show all the content of a slide at once because this will steal away your attention and spoil the effect. Use images to demonstrate and illustrate the content of your presentation. The more visual your presentation is, the better the audience will understand it and remember it. But I know why you are using each image and use it accordingly. Brand your slides, aligned them with your visual identity and finally count on something going wrong. Be ready for things going wrong and, if possible, be ready to deliver your presentation even without the slides. Then we talked about presenting with power. Sometimes you will have to be able to control your audiences attention and shift their attention from yourself. Toe the slides and from the slides back to yourself, use the methods we covered to achieve that. Don't turn your back to the audience. And also don't look too much at the slides to avoid looking at the slides. You can have your notes with you, but also make sure not to look too much at the notes. Keep the contact with the audience alive. Bring in the flow. Work on good transitions between the slides or when changing topics. This will make your presentation feel like a continuous journey and not all cut up. Whatever the topic you're talking about, always look for something exciting, something remarkable, something funny or some kind of beauty about it. Always show the audience your passion and your enthusiasm, because the goal of a great presentation is never on Lee to inform, but also to inspire. In the last chapter we covered working with the microphone. There are many different types of microphones, but for a speaker it comes down to hand held microphones, attachable microphones and mounted microphones. When speaking with the microphone, Always hold a microphone. Steady. Don't move toe hand in which you're holding it. And don't move the microphone away from yourself. Hold a microphone in one of the tree positions that we covered in the course, and be sure to arrive early at the venue to talk to the technician and do on audio check. And that was it for the final words. Please take this with you. Public speaking can be difficult. It's not easy, but it is a skill, and as a skill it can be learned and developed. If you are willing to invest your time and energy into it, you can become great at it. And you will be happy and proud of yourself for doing that. If we the speechmaking academy, can help you with that, we're here for you. In the name of my partner Philippe, off maca and my own name. Thank you, and we wish you all the best in everything you do. Goodbye,