Practice Questions for Scrum Master Certification Assessments, with Answers & Explanations - Part 5 | Jimmy Mathew | Skillshare

Practice Questions for Scrum Master Certification Assessments, with Answers & Explanations - Part 5

Jimmy Mathew, Agile Consultant

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6 Lessons (32m) View My Notes
    • 1. Course Introduction

      0:58
    • 2. Practice Questions 161 to 170

      7:39
    • 3. Practice Questions 171 to 180

      7:46
    • 4. Practice Questions 181 to 190

      7:50
    • 5. Practice Questions 191 to 200

      7:13
    • 6. Outro Our Courses in SkillShare

      0:55

About This Class

*Updated as per the latest Scrum Guide, Nov 2020. We have updated the course content as per the changes made in the latest version of the scrum Guide(TM)

This course is prepared keeping Professional Scrum Master® I (PSM I®) certification assessment in mind and follows scrum as described in the The Scrum Guide.

This is the fifth one in the series.

  • This course has 40 questions for scrum master certification exams / assessments.

  • Prepared keeping Scrum. org Professional Scrum Master® I (PSM I®) certification assessment in mind

  • Questions and explanations are based on Scrum as defined in The Scrum Guide™.

  • Explanations are given for each question while reviewing the answers.

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*Professional Scrum™, Professional Scrum Master™, PSM, PSM I, PSM 1, etc. is the protected brand of Scrum org.

This course is neither endorsed by nor affiliated with Scrum org. This course uses content from the Scrum Guide. All the content related to Scrum Guide is taken from scrumguides org and is under the Attribution ShareAlike license of Creative Commons. Further information is accessible at http://creativecommons org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/legalcode and also described in summary form at http://creativecommons org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/. 

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This course has 4 videos of 10 questions each. Questions range from basic to expert level and explanations are given for all answers.

Knowledge of Scrum is desirable for taking this course. Practice tests are based on Scrum as defined in The Scrum Guide™.

This will make the student better prepared Scrum Master certification assessments and interviews for Scrum roles. Questions and explanations are based on Scrum as defined in The Scrum Guide™. This is helpful for any Professional appearing for Scrum Master Certifications and Interviews.

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Transcripts

1. Course Introduction: Welcome to the course practice questions for Scrum Master Certification Assessments Part five. This course has 40 questions for Scrum Master certifications assessments. Questions range from basic to expert level, and explanations are given while reviewing the answers. This is the fifth course in the series. Knowledge of Scrum is desirable for taking this course. Practice tests are based on Scrum as defined in the Scrum guide. This will make the students better prepared for Scrum Masters certifications and interviews for Scrum roles. Questions and explanations based on Scrum is defined in the Scrum guide. This is helpful for any professional appearing for Scrum Master certifications or interviews. 2. Practice Questions 161 to 170: Question 161, all the Product Backlog Items done in a canceled Sprint will be discarded. True or False. Correct answer is false. The done items will be reviewed and if they are usable, potentially shippable, The Product Owner accepts it. The rest of the items will be re-estimated and put back in Product Backlog. Question 162. Only the product owner has the authority to cancel the sprint, True or False? Correct answer is true. This is a very rare case. I sprint would be cancelled when the sprint goal becomes obsolete. Others can influence this decision that the authority remains with the product owner. Question 163, the organization has decided to change its business priorities. This will stop funding for the project. The CEO has called up the Scrum master and asked him to stop their work on the project. What should the immediate action? Option one, inform the developers to stop the work. Option two, in form the product owner and follow his or her decision. Option three, disperse the team. Option for requests the CEO for more time. Correct answer is option to inform the product owner and follow his or her decision. This may lead to the cancelling of the sprint, but the formal decision should come from the product owner. This is a very rare case. A sprint would be cancelled when the sprint goal becomes obsolete. Others can influence this decision, but the authority remains with the product owner. Question 164. What are the questions that Scrum masters should ask during daily scrum? Option one, what did you do yesterday to meet the Sprint goal? What will you do today? Do you see any impediment option to Scrum masters should enquire and collect the remaining work for each member. Option three, Scrum masters should explain the plan for next 24 hours. Option for Scrum Master is not a participant in daily scrum, but should make sure that the developers conduct the daily Scrum. Correct answer is option for Scrum Master is not a participant in daily scrum, but should make sure that the developers conduct the daily scrum. Daily Scrum is an event for the developers. They self-organize and create a plan for next 24 hours. Question, 1651, week into the sprint, the developers found the current solution frame work which they have created earlier in the project needs to be updated to support one of the features that is being developed. What best should they do? Option one. The Scrum Master will facilitate the solution option to put the feature on hold. Option three, analyzed the impact and make required changes. Option for remove the feature. Correct answer is option three. Analyzed the impact and make required changes. Developers are responsible for all the work required towards the Sprint Goal. Question. 166, what can be a good practice in handling performance requirements in Scrum? Option one as part of design sprint. Option two, as part of refactoring activities. Option three, a dedicated performance tester in the team. Option four, added to the definition of done for all increments. Correct answer is option four. Add it to the definition of done for all increments. I'll increments need to satisfy this requirement. So one of the best practices we'll be adding it to the definition of done for all items. Question 167, definition of done includes released to production. True or false. Correct answer is false. Definition of done for a user story is a set of pre-established conditions for confirming the same as done. It makes sure that increment is shippable. When to release it to the production is a decision from product owner. Question 168. The aim of the sprint is to create, done, usable, and potentially releasable product increment. Which statements below describe the purpose of definition of done? Select two. Option one, it helps developers while selecting backlog items for the sprint. Option two, it helps in evaluating the developer performance. Option three, it defines when an increment can be considered as ready for release. That is shippable. Option four, it gives timelines for completion of the selected items. Correct answer is options 13. Definition of done is a set of pre-established conditions for confirming the same as done. It makes sure that increment is shippable. Question 169. The organization has a definition of done that should be followed by all product teams as it is true or false. Correct answer is false. If the definition of done for an increment is part of the conventions, standards, or guidelines of the development organization. I'll Scrum teams must follow it as a minimum and add project's specific conditions. Two, at question 170, which among below is a decision not owned by the developers. Option one, decide number of items included in the sprint. Option two, decide as a self-organizing team, how will they convert the selected items to a done shippable increment of product. Option three, decide when should the increment be released to production. Option for? Decide which will be the best testing approach for the sprint. Correct answer is option three. Decide when should the increment the released to production. Developers have the responsibility of creating a done shippable increment. When to release it to the production is a decision with product owner. 3. Practice Questions 171 to 180: And 171, when will the sole owner for a selected a backlog item assigned? Option one. At Sprint Planning. Option two, it is a pull system. When a developer's team members start working on it, he or she becomes the sole owner of that item. Option three, never. Option for assignment will be decided during the refinement and ownership start when sprint begins. Correct answer is option three. Never. Individual members will take up work in their area of interest or expertise. But the accountability remains with the team. It is the team who commits and delivers. Question 172. The developers are facing an issue with a new web service interface which needs their collective effort. Who should coordinate the resolution? Option one, the Scrum master, as he or she is, the facilitator option to the product owner as the requirement owner. Option three, the architect, as it is technical issue, option for the developers themselves. The correct answer is option for the developers themselves. Developers are self-organizing. This is not an external impediment for the Scrum Master to coordinate. Question 173. A defect is detected in an increment from less Sprint. The developers will be providing the fix, but who will be accountable to make sure that the fix is provided? Option one, developer's option to Scrum Master, option three, Product Manager, option four, release manager. Correct answer is option one. Developers. Developers own all aspects of the work that they are doing. They are responsible for the fix. They are self-organizing and team is committed for the goals. Question. 174. Developers are building an interactive user interface. They need to test its behavior in hand-held devices. Who is responsible for this activity? Option one, UI expert, option two, Performance Tester. Option three, developers, option for user experience expert. Correct answer is option three. Developers. Developers are cross-functional with all required skills. They will be doing all the work required for converting the selected items to a done increment. Question. 175. In empiricism, decisions are made based on option one, what is predicted? Option two, assumptions. Option three. Risk and complexity. Option for what is observed. Correct answer is option for what is known. Empiricism asserts that knowledge comes from experience and making decisions based on what is observed. Question 176. As per Scrum guidelines, the Product Backlog Items must be estimated using Story Points and work items in sprint backlog must be estimated in ideal days. True or False. Correct answer is false. Scrum does not prescribe any specific technique. The scrum team can decide what best work for them. Question 177, the Product Backlog is an ordered list of everything that is known to be needed in the product. It is the single source of requirements for any changes to be made to the product. The product owner is responsible for the product backlog, including its content, availability and ordering. Who is responsible for estimating Product Backlog Items? Option one, scrum master, option to product owner. Option three, developers, option for Scrum Team. Correct answer is option three. Developers. The developers are responsible for all estimates. The product owner may influence the developers by helping it understand and select tradeoffs. But the people who will perform the work make the final estimate. Question, 178. Why should the product owner be a participant in daily scrum? Option one, he represents the stake holders in daily scrum. Option two, master is not mandatory participant, product owner facilitate the event. Option three, he or she is not a participant in daily scrub option for to collect the status towards achieving the Sprint goal? Correct answer is option three. He or she is not a participant in daily Scrum. This is an event for developers. Scrum Master and Product Owner, if they are part of developers, should participate in daily Scrum. Scrum masters should make sure that the event occurs as prescribed in the Scrum. Question 179. Who all are the participants in Sprint Retrospectives? Select all that apply. Option one, scrum master, option to product owner. Option three, stakeholders, option for developers. Correct answer is options 124. The sprint retrospective is an opportunity for the scrum team to inspect itself and create a plan for improvements to be enacted during the next sprint. The Scrum Team consists of Scrum Master, Product Owner, and developers. Question 180, when should we start the next sprint option, one, immediately after the previous sprint option to when the requirements are ready. And product owner gave the go-ahead option three, developers decide with the product owner based on the status of the product backlog option for first day of the calendar month if it is not a holiday, correct answer is option one immediately after the previous sprint and newsprint starts immediately after the previous sprint ends. 4. Practice Questions 181 to 190: Question 181, it is a good practice to use the gap between two sprints for Backlog Refinement activities. This will avoid working on next sprint during current one. And make sure there are enough backlog items in the ready state. True or False. Correct answer is false. A newsprint starts immediately after the previous sprint ends. There is no gap between sprints. Question 182, is it a good idea to conduct sprint review for a current sprint during next sprint, True or False? Correct answer is false. Sprint review must be conducted before next sprint planning decision during the sprint review may make changes in the product backlog and influence next planning. Question, 183. What is true about formal events in Scrum? Option one, developers decide what are the formal events required for them. Option to. Formal events enabled transparency, and gives opportunities for Inspection and Adaptation. Option three, timebox for all formal events can vary based on Sprint Length. Option for all statements are true, correct answer is option two. Formal events enable transparency and gives opportunities for Inspection and Adaptation. Formal events enabled transparency and gives opportunities for Inspection and Adaptation. Question 184, formal events reduce the need for any other meetings in Scrum, True or False? Correct answer is true. Formal events reduce the need for any other meetings in Scrum, but scrum team may need other meetings. Scrum events doesn't eliminate all other meetings. Question 185, which is the prescribed event used only four, packaged software development, option one, sprint planning option to daily scrum. Option three, all events are mandatory for all kinds of project. Option for Sprint Review. Option five, Sprint Retrospective. Correct answer is option three. I'll events are mandatory for all kind of project. Each event serves a specific purpose and essential in the success of Scrum. We should not avoid any events. I'll events are mandatory for all kind of project. Question 186, What should we do if we are not able to finish sprint scope? Select all that apply in this scenario. Option one done items will be accepted and others will be moved to next sprint. Option to items that are not done or not usable as it is, will be re-estimated and move back to the Product Backlog. Option three, all items will be moved to next sprint. Option for the done items will be reviewed. And if they are usable and potentially shippable, The Product Owner accepts it. Correct answer is options two. And for the Product owner will take a call if the work done is valuable for the product. If yes, it is accepted and remaining stories will be re-estimated and move back to the Product Backlog. This event will be considered during review and retrospective as an inspect and adapt opportunity. Teams should maintain high levels of transparency. The moment they understand the goal is not achievable, they should discuss the same with the product owner. Probably they can renegotiate the scope. Question 187, the increment must be released to the production at the end of every hardening sprint. True or False? Correct answer is false. Increment must be done and tested in every aspect. It must be done and shippable. When to ship, it will be a decision from the product owner. There is nothing called hardening sprint. Question 188. By the end of sprint planning meeting, the developers were not able to decompose the work required for all the selected backlog items, although they have a clear understanding of the same, what should be done next? Option one, increase the time box option to start the work towards the Sprint goal. Option three, remove those items from the sprint backlog. Option for conduct another planning meeting. Correct answer is option to start the work towards the Sprint goal. Sprint Planning is a time boxed event. Sprint backlog need not be completed at the end of planning meeting. Work plan for the first days of the sprint by the developers is decomposed by the end of this meeting. And at any time during the Sprint, the sprint backlog can be updated. Question 189, and adjustment must be made as soon as possible to minimize further deviation. What does this refer to? Option one, focus, option to transparency. Option three, adaptation, option for courage. Correct answer is option three. Adaptation. Scrum is founded on empirical process control theory or empiricism. Three pillars uphold every implementation of empirical process control are Transparency, Inspection, and Adaptation. If an inspection reveals an issue and need a corrective action, the action must be taken as soon as possible to minimize further issues. Question 190. How can the management help Scrum Team? Option one, provide the release plan option to monitor the developers progress and alert them. Option three, review the sprint backlog and suggest changes. Option for support the scrum team on their way to excel as a Self-Organizing, self-managed team? Correct answer is option for support the scrum team on their way to excel as a self-organizing, self-managed team. There is no role defined for management within the scrum team, but their role is very important outside the Scrum Team. Management, support, guidance, and vision are very important in the success of Scrum. 5. Practice Questions 191 to 200: Question 191. Developers are using a burndown chart to track the remaining identified work in the Sprint. At some point that shows an upward spike. What can be an excepted reason? Option one, developers added a new task option to Scrum Master has re-estimated a task. Option three. Product owner has added a new story in the sprint backlog option for any of these, correct answer is option one. Developers added a new task. Sprint backlog is owned and maintained by the developers. At any point of time, the developers can add new tasks to the sprint backlog or re-estimate the items as more is known. So the total remaining effort may increase at times. Question 192, which of the following is not mandated by the scrum? Option one, sprint backlog option to velocity chart, option three, product backlog option for none of these are mandated. Correct answer is option two. Velocity chart. Scrum doesn't mandate any specific tools. The scrum team can decide the tools that work best for them. Question 193, a sprint burndown chart shows the amount of work that the team should complete every day. True or False? Correct answer is false. Sprints burndown chart shows the remaining identified effort in the sprint against the days in the sprint. Work can be added or removed at any time during the sprint. So it is based on what is known as of now. Question 194. The product owner has the final say on the order of items in the Product Backlog. What can be an exception? Option? One, developer's requesting for a change in the order. Option two, products sponsor requesting for a change in the order. Option three, Scrum Master requesting for a change in the order, option for no exceptions. Correct answer is option four. Now exceptions, the product owner owns the Product Backlog and it's order. Everyone should respect his or her decisions regarding this. The product owner may be influenced by others, but has the final say. Question. 195. Developers follow certain ground rules for performing and updating work within the Sprint. Who is responsible for maintaining these rules? Option one, Scrum master. Option two, product owner, option three, developers, option for Scrum Team. Correct answer is option three, developers, developers on the work within the Scrum and decides how to perform it. They own all aspects of this work. Question. 196, the sprint backlog consists of the Sprint goal Product Backlog Items selected for the sprint, plus a plan for delivering the Product Increment and realizing the Sprint goal. Who will be creating this plan? Option one, scrum master option to product owner. Option three, developers option for Scrum Team. Correct answer is option three, developers, developers on the work within the Scrum and they own, create, and maintains the sprint backlog. Question 197. During the sprint, the Scrum Master got an idea about an interesting feature which can be part of the product. What best should he or she do? Option one, create a plan for developing it. Agile, welcome changes for customers competitive advantage. Option to ignore. It is not his job. Option three, bring it to the notice of Product Owner option for develop it if there is capacity left in the sprint, correct answer is option three. Bring it to the notice of product owner. Product owner is responsible for the content and value. The product owner owns the Product Backlog and it's order. His or her decisions will be influenced by the inputs received from all stakeholders. Question 198. All product backlog items must be in the form of user stories, tour or false? Correct answer is false. Scrum does not prescribe any specific format. Question 199. What is the best way to prioritized Product Backlog? Option one, the developers self-organized and come up with the best order option to Product Owner decides the order with best of his or her knowledge and most appropriate for the business. Option three, based on the risk and complexity option for based on the dependencies. Correct answer is option two. Product Owner decides the order with best of his or her knowledge and most appropriate for the business. The product owner owns the Product Backlog and it's order, risk, business value and complexity can be among the factors that influence question 200. The Product Owner is responsible to make sure that the developers select enough number of items based on their capacity. True or false? Correct answer is false. Product Owner defines the priorities and expectations, but it is the developers who decide the number of items that they can take up. It is based on their capacity. Other roles can negotiate an influence this decisions. But the final decision on the capacity is with the developers. 6. Outro Our Courses in SkillShare: We would like to provide an overview of our course is on the the the the the the, the opinions.