Poor to PRO Pronunciation - American Accent Basics and Tools (Course Intro) | Elliot Corona | Skillshare

Poor to PRO Pronunciation - American Accent Basics and Tools (Course Intro)

Elliot Corona, Learning should be fun

Poor to PRO Pronunciation - American Accent Basics and Tools (Course Intro)

Elliot Corona, Learning should be fun

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7 Lessons (1h 2m)
    • 1. 1. Intro & Overview

      5:15
    • 2. 2. Common Mistakes (Spelling vs. Pronunciation)

      6:47
    • 3. 3. Design a Study Plan

      2:45
    • 4. 4. Full Intro on Vowels, Syllables, and Stress

      8:27
    • 5. 5. General American English vs. British English

      4:20
    • 6. 6. Spelling vs. Sound, Advice, Quiz

      4:50
    • 7. 7. Lesson 1: / i / ɪ / ɛ / (full lesson)

      29:24
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About This Class

This course is a technical yet simple introduction on English Vowels, specifically American Vowels. By building your understanding of Linguistics, you will begin to see and hear why you might not sound like a native speaker. I also recommend using online assessment tools so that you can record your speech, identify mistakes, and measure your pronunciation skills.

The next course will focus on 9 of the most commonly misunderstood and misspoken sounds in English, the single vowels. This is a fun and focused Mini Course that uses a system of video lessons, extended practice through music, and the online assessment tools (software/app). You will follow a study plan, record your voice, get instant feedback, and measure your improvement.

How will you know if this course is right for you?

If you need to improve your English pronunciation quickly for IELTS, TOEFL, TOEIC, business communication, or simply because you love English, this could be the course for you. If your first language is Chinese, Japanese, or Korean, this course was designed for you!

What’s special about the course?

1. The lessons use side-view drawings and front-view videos to help you see, hear, and understand how the sounds are made

2. There is a color-coded system of symbols, in IPA (the International Phonetic Alphabet), to help you remember the different sounds that you will learn

3. This is the only course that gives you a complete understanding between Spelling and Pronunciation (Spelling vs. Sound) for American English Vowels

4. Advanced speech recognition software and an app are used to measure your speech, identify mistakes, and assist with developing clear and natural pronunciation

Thank you for taking this course. :)

-Elliot (Mr. E)

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Elliot Corona

Learning should be fun

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Transcripts

1. 1. Intro & Overview: Hi, everyone. Let's take your English pronunciation toe a higher level of clarity and confidence. How about learning the differences between spelling and pronunciation? I've got a very special course for you, So stay with me and you'll find out a hanger, both weak. Get Craven. You're exactly what? In this course, we will focus on the sounds that are the most difficult and have the most information about where you are from. It's all about the sound and flow of vowels. So who should take this course? High school or college students preparing for big exams, working, living in an English speaking country or planning to, or just communicating with English speakers. Maybe you want better pronunciation because of your partner. So how will you learn English pronunciation from this course by combining visual verbal, physical and aural learning styles. If you are strong in two of these, you can be successful in this course. My name is Elliot, and my students call me Mr E. I'm from California USA, and I graduated from UC Berkeley with a degree in linguistics, which is the scientific study of language and its structure. I have over 10 years teaching experience and I can speak five languages. I also love to travel, culture and all kinds of music. Here's a course map of the activities. You should have at least a basic level of English. To begin this course, you will start by learning some concepts and vocabulary in linguistics. This will help you understand more about the science of pronunciation so that you can use other learning tools online. What to improve your pronunciation skills? You will focus your time on three activities. One. Watch and listen to the video lessons with PDF handouts to do the extended practice and review both within and outside of the videos. Three. Use the self assessment tools with recorded quizzes, tests, an app for android or IOS phones and special voice recognition software for Windows PC's. This is how you will know if you are improving your pronunciation skills. I'll say more about the assessment tools. Later you will learn General American English. Let's talk about spelling versus sound. This is what causes a lot of problems. Have a look at the letter A. It can be pronounced as and uh uh oh uh, the letter O is similar and can be pronounced as a uh oh, uh, who these air? Not all the sounds, but it gives you an idea of what's coming. How about starting with the sound and comparing it with spelling? The ah sound has a few spellings with silent letters, and the awe sound is similar with many possible spellings. I use the International Phonetic Alphabet or I P. A with the color coded system of symbols to help you here and remember the different sounds that you will learn. The goal of this course is to speak clear English vowels. 22 of them. We will go over them in three sections. Single vowels such as, Ah who Valles plus glides or two vowels, such as How and Vales With the R Sound. After this course, you should be able to hear these exact sounds. Be able to speak them clearly and use your pronunciation skills whenever you want. So how does that sound? Not too hard, not too easy, right? There's a lot of work to do, so let's keep going. This is pronunciation of English vowels, American accent training with me, Mr E. Welcome to the course 2. 2. Common Mistakes (Spelling vs. Pronunciation): let's talk more about common problems and strategic solutions so that you can get ah, higher score on your isles or total speaking tests. The secret to sounding more like a native English speaker is all in the sound and flow of vowels. Do you remember what the best way to start improving your pronunciation is by focusing on the sound and flow of vowels? I know this isn't easy, so let's have a look at some of the most common problems, misunderstandings or misconceptions that people have when learning English vowels. Misconception Number one starts by thinking that the vows in your own language are the same as English. The five most common valves in the world are ah, a e o. Who with the spelling on the left and the Phanatic symbol of the sound on the right. Only two of these sounds are exactly the same in English e and do so what is the most common vowel sound in English? The symbol is an upside down and backwards letter e called Schwab. The sound is a simple, uh uh without pushing or stressing it just a. There are many possible spellings, including a E i O u In other words, you should be mindful that the vowels from your L one or first language are probably not the same as English fouls. Misconception. Number two is between what we call long valves and short vows. So what are they? Long valves are when the spelling or the name of the letter, such as a E i. O. U is the same as the pronunciation of the vowel sound? Look at the I P. A symbols used here like a in Cape E in we I and file Oh, and go and you in use. These are the five long vowels in English. In contrast, Short Fells are when the pronunciation or sound of the vow is not the same as the valves. Name in spelling, such as Al in Cap a in wet, a infill awe in Gone and in us. This is a simple way to talk about valves, however. Using these terms, short vowels and long valves is unclear because it doesn't help you understand. The differences in Val sounds short and long is about length or duration, but there is no distinction of vowel length in English. That means that if you say a bell for a longer time like cat versus cat. There is no difference in meaning Onley in style or emphasis. We will build an understanding of pronunciation that focuses on sound, not spelling, for developing your pronunciation skills. Most of the video lessons will cover three vowel sounds. You'll practice each sound in words and sentences and then practiced by mixing these sounds together. In the final part of these lessons, you'll learn special words with these sounds and practice everything from the lesson with a summary in context. There will also be a review lesson for each of the three sections. In less than zero. There will be an overview of the course with a full introduction on valves, more on spelling versus sound. And remember, this is something extra special about this course. Three pre quizzes to record your speaking from the beginning and achieving the course goal in 2 to 5 weeks. It's Ah, Shang Hall. When was the S and good morning? I hope you're excited about improving your pronunciation, and you printed the PdF handouts for this lesson. This is our official starting point. Yeah, rewards who? Yeah, you guys, you know that nothing's perfect. And sometimes you want everything to be perfect. Sometimes all you gotta do it's jumping feet first. Headfirst doesn't matter. Oh, my God. Like this. Without a tripod, you just do it. And if you really want to do things right, it takes practice but the right kind of practice. So for those of you that would like to learn how to swim better, for example, you can close your hand, right cup your hand just a little bit. And then when you reach you don't just go a small one light as you go all the way. Right, Full extension so you can get as much water as you can and pull through. And as you're kicking, you want to keep your picks underwater as much as possible so that you can push yourself forward without wasting energy. In the end, you're going nowhere with this. You guys ready for more? It's gonna take practice. This is pronunciation of English vowels. American accent training with me, Mr. E. Welcome to the course 3. 3. Design a Study Plan: Hey, guys, I hope you like what you see so far. I hope this course really looks like it could be something that will help you. And I thought I'd make this video just to cover a couple of things that maybe weren't mentioned already. One, I really wanted to be clear that, you know, this course is not perfect, but I really done the best with what I have. Like you can see here like Ah, that's probably not perfect, Right? Last point that I wanted to make was about the ah study plan. Because in order for you to really take advantage of what I have in this course for you, you really should have, ah, more complete understanding of what a study plan should be. It's not just watching the videos. And as I mentioned in the very first intro video, it's a combination of three things, right? You will watch the videos. This will give you some knowledge, some background and some practice. And then I've cut the videos into more compact versions of the lessons so that you can focus on doing on Lee the focused practice and review that you need from each lesson so there are two versions of each less, and there's a full length version. And then there's a compact version, which only has what you need for focused practice and review from that lesson. And, of course, I do suggest that you do practice out there in the real world as much as possible. But I do have some practice tips and ideas for you, for you to focus your practice and how you do the review. And the third thing other than the videos doing the practice is using the assessment tools that I have recommended for you. I just want to make it clear that my courses designed to help you here and speak American English vowels clearly. And through this course, I'm very confident that you will improve your pronunciation skills. And if you're not a learner, if you're actually an English teacher who also might want to improve English pronunciation will. Additional benefits would be that you will learn how to spell things phonetically using I p . A. The international phonetic alphabet, which is a system of symbols that represent or show that sound so everyone will learn something from linguistics, and ultimately it's also so that you can use other learning tools and learning material on the line because there's so much out there. There are a lot of things, but not everybody might understand how to use them or how to read phonetic spelling and how to ah, how to take advantage of some of the free things that are out there. 4. 4. Full Intro on Vowels, Syllables, and Stress: Saul. Sean Call When was the s and good morning? I hope you're excited about improving your pronunciation and you printed the PdF handouts for this lesson. This is our official starting point, So sit back and relax, because this is a very long lesson with a lot of information. This is less than zero will go through a full intro on Vales, and you'll record three pre quizzes as well. Lesson 12 and three will cover the single Valle's. The image on the right is like a side view of the mouth that shows you a general idea of where these sounds are produced in the mouth. It's an approximate position of the tongue, followed by a review lesson and a quiz with practice activities. Lesson four and five will cover the Vallis plus glides or two vowels. A glide means there is movement from one bow to another. Lesson six and seven will cover valves with the R Sound. This is a special feature of American or North American English. Another review lesson with more quizzes and practice activities. Ah, final or comprehensive review of all the lessons, then some final tests. A bonus lesson on syllables and stress for challenging words. Ah, preview of the next course on continents and finally, ah, video with some more tips, references and thank you. What is a vowel? In contrast, what is a continent? You should know the vowels in spelling, including W and why, when they're in the middle or end of a word. And here are the continents in spelling. But what is the difference between the who in two and the role in what on the video? And think about it for a minute. It's all about airflow. The air flow is smooth and uninterrupted for Valle's, but for constants, the airflow has interference or turbulence. Vowel articulation is one of the concepts that we will really focus on. I mentioned the valve space before, but the skills you need are in Val articulation or speech production. Articulation is about producing clear speech. Listen and watch the side view image of the mouth. E A. Ah, who The exact positions of the tongue for each valve refer to the place of articulation, this specific place or space between bells in the mouth forms of al space. Maybe the valves in your language are more simple or maybe they are more complex, but for sure they are different than English vowels. Linguists use terms for heights like High Mid Blow and for back nous such as front, central and back to describe the place of articulation. For example, the E is, ah, high front about, and the awe is a blow back bell e ah e ah e ah, hi, front low back. Although it's the entire tongue that needs to be shaped the right way in the mouth, you can think of the place of articulation of for Valls as a part of the tongue that needs to be in a specific place, and the terms for height and back nous describe this place. Roundness or rounding of the lips is a feature or way of shaping the lips to produce the high and mid back bells in English, such as All Oh, uh, you are probably familiar with tense veles such as ah e o where your mouth muscles have toe reach and hold the correct sound. The lips should also feel a little tight. Ah e o. Notice how the tense valves are all on the outer edge of the valve space. In contrast, the mouth and lips for lax vowels. A A Ah ah uh uh, Are more relaxed and the tongue doesn't have to travel far to hit the right sound. The difference in the tongues position between these valves is very small, so you have to pay extra close attention to the details. But don't worry. You'll understand this better with the lessons. Stress. This is an extremely important feature for the correct sound and flow of English fouls. Allow me to explain, let's start with syllables. A syllable is one connected. A unit of sound. For example. The word syllable has three syllables. Each syllable is like a beat within a word. Here are basic examples of one syllable words one Val words like, uh, Val continent combos like on and to CVC or continent. Val Continent such as Put and the word strengths are all one syllable words. As you may know, every English word must have a vow, and in most cases, every syllable has a bowel as well. Stress has a strong relationship with syllables in English. Word stress is the loudness or volume of sounds and syllables within words and sentences. For example, the word city has two syllables and one syllable is stressed. The first syllable, as in city, not city Electric has three syllables, and the second syllable is stressed. Electricity has five syllables and two of them are stressed. The primary stress is on tress, with secondary stress on lech electricity. Being able to combine the right stress and sound on the right syllable is how you will sound more natural like a native speaker. Part of the reason why you are taking this course is because syllables are difficult to determine in English, and English has variable stress, which means any syllable within a word can be stressed. And in many cases, if you stress the wrong syllable, you can change the meaning of the word. In Chinese, there are four tones my, my ma ma, plus the no tone, but in English, there is stress. 5. 5. General American English vs. British English: What is General American English? Unlike Chinese, Putin, quad or German Dutch, that have standardized pronunciation patterns or ways of speaking, General, American English has no perfect standard. Instead, we consider it as speaking without an accent or regional dialect. What's the difference between an accent and a dialect? And is it good or bad toe? Have an accent when you speak well, Having an accent isn't bad, because sometimes you want people to know where you are from. On the other hand, if you have an accent, you might be considered an outsider and create a cultural distance with your audience. Having a strong accent can definitely be difficult for some people to understand. A dialect is similar to an accent in that it is a different way of speaking. However, a dialect is considered more like a subgroup. Within a larger group that has a shared or common culture, you can see the map of regional US dialects. Western and Southern are two major dialects, but in reality the words accent and dialect are often used interchangeably. Here's some information you should be interested in. American Bells versus British Valle's. Firstly, for American bells, linguists talk about single bells as being either tense or relax and all the single valves arm or less the same length. So the difference between the E and the A is mostly a question about changing the quality of the sound and the tenseness of the mouth and lips. However, in British English, they actually have longer vowels. You can see two dots or a colon to the right of some British Valle's. This means the vow is pronounced for a longer time, and that means that long vowels are actually longer in length. Ban short bells. This explains some of the misconceptions behind long valves and short balls. For example, in American English, we say call in the UK they say coal. So the vow is actually longer. American tense valves are generally referred to as long bells and lacks. Valves are generally considered short vowels, but talking about long balls and short bells will not help your pronunciation. Remember, there is no difference in meaning. If you say about for a longer or shorter time, you should focus on the difference in sound, not length. Secondly, vows with the R sound are considered Roddick valves or are colored in American and Canadian English. That means that the R is always strong and clear. An upside down letter R is used in I p a. To represent the sound. Ah, it's not the normal or right side up are because it's not the most common are in the world . The trilled R or like in Spanish, is the most common. However, in British English, the R is only pronounced strongly when it is at the beginning of a word or syllable. If there's a vow before the are, the valve is either lengthened, such as call for car or the R is replaced with a Schwab like here. For here, the difference between erotic and non Roddick valves is a major distinction between English accents. 6. 6. Spelling vs. Sound, Advice, Quiz: This is one of my favorite topics. Have a look at the symbols for these sounds. E a a a Ah. Uh huh. Uh, the spelling for these sounds should look familiar, but there are many more possible spellings. Now, let's compare the spelling of the vows. I e. A o you with their possible sounds. This is going to get crazy in the end and noticed the yellow Schwab. I think you can start to see how useful yet totally confusing spelling is for pronunciation . Here are some simple tips that you might know from spelling toe. Help your pronunciation. One. Keep in mind that half or more than half of English words have silent letters like the silent or Magic E. Since English borrows so many words from other languages, almost every letter has a word where the letter is not pronounced to vows that come before the magic key are usually full or considered long vowels. In contrast, when you see a double constant like T T or P P and n, the vows before double continents are reduced or minimized toe lax vowels. Three in professional or formal English pronunciation lacks Valles cannot be pronounced at the end of words, in other words, lacks valves. Need a continent to close. The syllable there in Schwab is the only exception. Still, with me, all of this should slowly become more clear. My advice for success begins with understanding your own l one valves and how your valves might get in the way or interfere with English fells. There is a word document for this lesson. Lesson zero with links so that you can hopefully find your language and compare the Phanatic symbols and sounds with your L one and English. By the way, you will notice some of the differences between the Phanatic symbols of American English and British English. I'll say good morning in different languages at the beginning of each lesson because the morning is the best time to study the videos. You should make it part of your morning routine. Just listening to the audio is enough, but watching the videos with the handouts is better for practice. Like I said, choose one song, print the lyrics, then listen and sing it 100 times. Trust me, you will thank me later. If you do this, continue practicing by yourself. Practice with a friend or teacher and, if possible, find an American English speaker online or in person to practice with you. You can't cheat, practice or review. You have toe, make a plan and do the work yourself. Now take out your phone, a tablet or a sound recorder and get ready to read some words out loud. If you have a good microphone or a headset with a mike, go ahead and use it. Recording your voice is very important to evaluate your improvement from this course. So are you ready? You can pause the video if you don't have the printed handouts. Press record. Then say the date, such as the Fourth of July pre Quiz one and begin reading. Don't study the words or prepare for this. Just read straight away. Okay, there was a lot of information. Lesson one is where you will speak more. So don't forget to print the handouts and record the pre quizzes before you start. In summary, we covered the course Overview, an introduction on the vowels, syllables and stress. What is General American English? American Valves versus British Veles Mawr on spelling versus sound advice for success, the three pre quizzes and lastly, you can achieve the course goal of speaking clear English vowels in 2 to 5 weeks 7. 7. Lesson 1: / i / ɪ / ɛ / (full lesson): Putin, Morgan Bone, JIA and Ohio cause I'm us. Welcome to lesson one. You should have printed the handouts and recorded the three pre quizzes before we begin. So let's get started. E a a se These sounds with me e e a a again e a a Let's do a little warm up. Please repeat after me e a ah e a ah e a e a a e ah e e ah ah e ah ah e All right, let's start with the e e is a tense high front fell, so you should feel a small pool on your lips and put the front of your tongue really close to the roof of your mouth just behind your teeth. E. The symbol is a lower case letter. I Here are the possible spellings or the e sound, which can be spoken or articulated in all three positions within words in the beginning, middle and end of boards such as eat, sleep and happy. Repeat after E. If this is your first time, listen to the words first, then repeat after me. If this is your second time or more, try to say these words at the same time as me. I'll say each word slowly. For example each now you eats you he'll okay, Listen first, then say each word one at a time. After me Here we go. Eats you again. Each beats you. He needs rial heat. He needs rial. Heat me. See weekly easy me see weekly Easy now I'll say 3 to 4 words at medium speed. Listen first then say all three or four words together. For example each eats eel. Now you Here we go. Each eats eel. He needs riel. Heat me See weekly Easy. Okay, How about commonly mispronounced words slowly and one by one. Here we go. Keys, even machine Baloney! He's even machine baloney Region people These zebra region people These zebra receive relief algae premium Receive relief algae premium. I'll read each line at medium speed. Listen then repeat keys even machine baloney Region people These zebra receive relief Algae premium! Nice job. How maney ease! Do you hear? If this is your first time, just listen to the sentences carefully and try to catch the number of ease in each sentence . You can use the pdf handouts toe underline or highlight the letters of the words with the e sound. If this is your second time or more, try to say the sentences with me. Here we go. She eats at least 20 healthy meals a week. She eats at least 20 healthy meals a week. All wild sheep need green fields and trees to feed themselves. All wild sheep need green fields and trees to feed themselves. The people in this city help keep their beach nice and clean. The people in this city help keep their beach nice and clean. Now, at normal speed, she eats at least 20 healthy meals a week. She eats at least 20 healthy meals a week. All wild sheep need green fields and trees to feed themselves. All wild sheep need green fields and trees to feed themselves. The people in this city helped keep their beach nice and clean. The people in this city help keep their beach nice and clean. Did you hear all the ease? 76 and five. Let's move on to the next sound. E E is a lax. High front fell, so you should not feel small. Poll on your lips. Your lips and mouth should feel relaxed. The front of your tongue is close to the roof of their mouth, but a little lower than e e Ah e a. The Phanatic symbol is a capital letter. I Here are the possible spellings for the A sound. The A is found in two positions within words in the beginning and the middle, such as if and with repeat after a. Remember to listen first, then repeat after me. If this is your second time or more, try to say these words at the same time as me. Let's go. It is in inches. It is in inches. Fish which big river fish? Which big river Give kiss Since this give kiss. Since this now will say all Thor words at medium speed, listen first. Then I'll say the words together. It is in inches Fish which big river give kiss since this commonly mispronounced words one by one first. Here we go. Did picture busy counterfeit Did picture busy counterfeit women Been build guitar. Women been build guitar, Many physical, pretty business. Many physical, pretty business. Now each line at medium speed. Listen, then repeat did picture busy counterfeit women been billed guitar, many physical pretty business. How many is do you hear? Listen to the sentence carefully and try to catch the number of is in each sentence. Use the handouts to mark the letters of the words with the A sound. If this is your second time or more, try to say these sentences with me. Here we go. Nick lived in Little River until his sister turned six. Nick lived in Little River until his sister turned six. Teach this child to fish and let the feast of a lifetime again teach this child to fish and let the feast of a lifetime begin. It has been a profitable return on investment since 2016. It has been a profitable return on investment since 2016. Now at normal speed, Nick lived in Little River until his sister turned to six. Nick lived in Little River until his sister turned six. Teach this child to fish and let the feast of the lifetime begin. Teach this child to fish and let the feast of a lifetime begin. It has been a profitable return on investment since 2016. It has been a profitable return on investment since 2016. Did you hear all that is nine, three and six. Let's keep going. Spending E versus A. Both are high front Valle's e ah, left side first. This time say the words with me at the same time two times each. Here we go. Eat it, Eat it, ese is he's is being been being been seat sit seat sit sheen Kim Jean Kin Right side now. Ah e ah e ah a Here we go. Will wheel will wheel 10 Teen, 10. Teen Hail, peel, hail Peel, fit feet, fit feet Did deed did deed Special note. What's the first sound in the word English? It's not a full or tense e English or a lacks a English. The standard or formal ing inwards with I N G is something in between E and it. It's like having the police of articulation for E. But with relaxed mouth muscles for the i N. G. In slang or informal English, people drop the G and say in such as doing, watching or cooking. But remember, this is considered slang or informal. Let's move to the last sound of the lesson. A ah is a lax mid front of l. So you should open your mouth a little bit more. Pay attention to the sound and the Phanatic symbol, which is a rounded or cursive capital. Letter e. The lax air is not the same as the tents A, which is written an i p. A. As a normal lower case letter e. Listen to them side by side. Ah, they're similar. But notice the differences in tenseness and height. Here are the possible spellings for the A. The air can be found in two positions. Within words were the initial and word medial, such as ever and self Repeat after a listen first, then repeat after me, as mentioned for your second time or more. Try to say these words at the same time as I do otherwise. Listen first, Ben Speak. Let's go. End any entrance, end any entrance, get well when slept. Get well when slept. Set next level left set. Next level left. Now we'll see each line at medium speed. Listen first, then say the words together. End any entrance, get well when slept set next level left commonly mispronounced words one by one. Okay, here we go, many friends said. Again, many friends said again. Jeopardy says dead. Heffer Jeopardy says Dead Heffer. Yes. Pen message, then? Yes, pen message, then Now each line at medium speed. Listen, then repeat, many friends said. Again. Jeopardy says Dead Heffer. Yes, pen message, Then how many is do you hear? Listen to the sentences and the number of, as in each sentence, use the handouts to mark the letters with these sounds. If this is your second time or more, try to say these sentences with me. Here we go again and again, Edson said. The sentence Many times, again and again, Edson said, the sentence many times. Let's get the men together and then help them with spelling. Let's get the men together and then help them with spelling. Next, send the sweaty headed Children to the restroom. Next, send the sweaty headed Children to the restroom, now at normal speed again and again, Edson said. The sentence many times, again and again, Edson said. The sentence many times. Let's get the men together and then help them with spelling. Let's get the men together and then help them with spelling. Next, send the sweaty headed Children to the restroom. Next, send the sweaty headed Children to the restroom. Did you hear all that is 68 and five. Let's keep going. Now we're getting into the details that really start to make a difference. A versus a Both are lax. Front valves e ah e ah e a left side. First try to say the words with me two times each. Here we go. Pin 10 pin 10 will well will well hid head hid head Sit set, Sit Set tin 10 10 10 Bright side now Ah, a ah a a Let's go when win When when Ben Ben Ben Ben Fell, Phil Fell Phil NEC, Nick NEC Nick Gel Chill, Jill Jill All right, guys, that was great. Ever wonder how to do speech recognition? This is a Spectra Graham analysis of the sounds covered in this lesson E e a a on the vertical. Or why axis? There's frequency in hertz on the horizontal for X axis bears, time in milliseconds, or basically, the real time it takes to say each sound for normal length or duration. Notice that the tense he is a little bit longer than the lacks A and A, but the difference in length doesn't really matter. F one, F two and F three refer to the formance, which are resonant frequencies or bands of concentrated sound energy. At those frequencies, Each speech sound has its own pattern or signature. For vowels. Notice the level of the 34 months, as well as the distance between the formance. If your tongue or lips are not accurate enough, been a machine will definitely have trouble understanding you. Hama phones. These are words that sound the same, but they're different words, so they are spelled differently and have distinct meanings. I'll read the examples that are in bold jeans, least piece seen, sees been, build missed prints, cell since guest and lead Hetero Nim's. These are words that have the same spelling, but they are different words with different sounds. Sometimes the meaning of the words are similar, like the difference between a noun and a verb for the same word, such as decrease the noun and decrease the verb. Sometimes the meanings are totally different, such as liquid tears versus tears in a shirt. Listen to these sentences one time and focus on the bold and underlined words. The team leader lead the way with led lamps made of lead. My tears became clear with every tear in my new sweater. She read these books yesterday. She really likes to read. The defense needs a decrease in size and weight. It makes sense to decrease our digital footprint in defense of personal security and privacy. Finally, the summary in context for E. E and A. You noticed the yellow Schwab right? It's coming up next in lesson to listen to these pieces or chunks within sentences and then repeat after me. Here we go. The team leader lead the way with led lamps made of lead, now double chunks. The team leader led the way with led lamps made of lead the whole sentence. Now say it with me. The team leader led the way with led lamps made of lead. Next sentence, chunk by chunk, My tears became clear with every tear in my new sweater. Double chunks. Now my tears became clear with every tear in my new sweater, the whole sentence with me. My tears became clear with every tear in my new sweater. Next one in chunks. She read these books yesterday. You she really likes to read multi chunks. Now she read these books yesterday. She really likes to read the whole thing with me. She read these books yesterday. She really likes to read Second, the last sentence. Let's chunk it. The defense needs a decrease in size and weight. The whole sentence with me. Now the defense needs a decrease in size and weight. Last sentence, guys, Let's go. It makes sense to decrease our digital footprint in defense of personal security and privacy. Multi chunks. Now it makes sense to decrease our digital footprint in defense of personal security and privacy. The entire sentence with me. Now it makes sense to decrease our digital footprint in defense of personal security and privacy. Perfect. Let me read all of them at normal speed for you. The team leader led the way with led lamps made of lead. My tears became clear with every tear in my new sweater. She read these books yesterday. She really likes to read. The defense needs a decrease in size and weight. It makes sense to decrease our digital footprint in defense of personal security and privacy. Great job, guys. I hope you were listening carefully and speaking loudly with more practice. I'm sure you'll be able to master these sounds if you thought this lesson was too easy. Well, this is actually the easiest lesson I have for you so get ready for more and feel free to re watch this lesson. One fun thing you can do for practice is say the following Shout out to reggae singer Barrington Levy Try to say Dele Daily Deadly Dele Daily deadly Billy Dilly dilly dilly dilly daily feely dilly, dilly, dilly, dilly, dally, dilly, dilly, dilly dilly the little little little little little little little All right, Have fun with that, guys. You could mix it up there, Lee dilly, dilly, dilly, dilly, dilly, dilly, dally, dilly, dilly, dilly dally as you like. All right, Have a nice day, everyone.