Poker Basics Taught by a High Stakes Pro | CentsinPants | Skillshare

Poker Basics Taught by a High Stakes Pro

CentsinPants, Always grinding. Creating Poker Winners.

Poker Basics Taught by a High Stakes Pro

CentsinPants, Always grinding. Creating Poker Winners.

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9 Lessons (1h 51m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Category Rule

    • 3. Preflop Concepts

    • 4. Playing The Flop

    • 5. Playing The Turn In Position

    • 6. Playing The Turn Out Of Position

    • 7. Playing The River

    • 8. Spots Of Death

    • 9. Multiway Pots And Conclusion

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About This Class

Taught by a Professional Online Poker Player who has had success in stakes up to 400NLH and 5000PLO, this class will provide you with the fundamentals of playing optimally preflop and postflop in a 6-max cash game setting. This course is will teach you how to develop thought processes used by successful professionals instead of blindly memorizing how the professionals play. 

After embarking on my coaching career in the previous months, my students have shown decent success at low stakes. There were simple concepts that I felt like I was constantly repeating and therefore decided to compile it into a video. These are the same concepts and thought processes that occur in my mind while I am playing Poker. The video does not encompass everything but there will be a second part depending on the response. Cheers!



Meet Your Teacher

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Always grinding. Creating Poker Winners.


Hello, I am CentsinPants! For the past 6 years, I have been playing Online Poker professionally up to 400NL and 5000PLO stakes. Currently taking an interest in coaching students who are motivated to turn their Poker passion into a form of income, with more than 90% of my students have transformed into a winning player at least at 10-25NL online.

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1. Introduction: Hi, guys. So welcome to my crushing six makes online poker costs. The things they you be learning here will be mostly related to hydro pick blinds. Six makes cash games mostly online. But of course, most off the skills that you will be letting here can be translated into 50 babies or even 150 babies. Deep state cash games. All right, So before we start on the course officially, I'll just give us into introduction about myself. Eso I mainly play pot limit Omaha these days because I'm just better at that game. Um and discourages are bigger, but for no limit Hold'em I play up to 400 now I have good experience using Pierce over pt four and focus now we So these tree instruments our instruments that I mostly used and with regards to like which Schultz, which solver is actually the best? I think Pierce always like the easier the easiest one to use, uh, and form Baha. I play up to five k and ah well, mostly I don't really play five k much now because the biggest are pretty high in the Rex is still pretty good, but there is a lot of time. A lot of money to be made. Bring Omaha in this current environment on for Omaha. I mostly used monkeys over. Is my primaries over because pierce over just our social no limit Hold'em spots. Right. So these Ah, my results for some pio games that last year and for these costs specifically, Um, but this is like me going going to play, like, 200 now for, like, one week. And these and these hand samples that I have obtained now be using them for hen history views in this course. All right, so these this causes, actually for players who well, are trying to start out basically for players who are trying to beat low sticks online. So if you are a high stakes player and you have a strategy that works meaning you have positive win rate, then maybe discourse is not for you. Um, in addition, I think this cause is for players who are more open minded, meaning players who ah have, you know, are willing to deviate from the own strategy. And the only thing they're the things that they have been believing in. They have not been able to generate them a positive win rate. And it's important to have an open mind because I I few like, Ah, maybe copying a strategy that has worked for a person like me playing professionally playing professionally might be better for you. So if you are a law to be, it sticks online player, Um, this cost will probably be very beneficial for you in moving up to maybe, like, 50 or 100. And now and even for life game players, I think there is no worry that, you know, this course might not be applicable for you because, um, from what I know and from what most people have been saying, online games are have always bean tougher than life. Gibbs in life games, maybe 200 l game in a life setting might be the equivalent off 25 game online. So in this cause, um, I will split the costs into two following categories. One will be about pre flop and one will be about post felt. So I think playing pre flop well is really important because everybody well, not everybody by most players in high stakes environments are play perfectly pre flop. They only deviate from their pre flop strategy. If, um, they have really good reads. So if not like, it's important to for us to be able to memorize or understand what the basic Rangers are. This includes ranges for tree reading for reading and ranges for playing multi way. And of course, the last and most important thing is to make adjustments. If we may be faced a very strong regular or a player who is slightly weaker. So you have. These are important things for pre flop. As for post flop, I'll be talking a bit about the category rule in an accession, and there is some stuff I would like to talk about for the difference between playing in position and our position. Bet sizing is important thing as well, and I think what more students are curious about is, well, how do I play the flop turn and river? So it's really hard to talk. You know, a lot about these things in a shot one or two, our costs. So I will just be giving a basic rundown off what you can expect to learn or what you can expect to, you know, are off. Like what thought processes you have when you are evaluating your hand on every street and the last thing I want to talk about. It's like spots of death, which means spots that ah, very well in some sort of sense, very transparent meaning villain only makes this place has it or if he doesn't have it, and these are spots where, you know, hopefully it should be careful and in reverse because these spots are so obvious we should expect these spots as well, Right? So the last thing I would like to say for my introduction is that you know, most players are running around trying to memorise using solvers. Or maybe you using what the coaches or what other players are saying online about like, Oh, how should I play this part? You know, when I face Queen on this board, you know, it's see betting the right move, eyes checked, raising the right move. And I think that's actually a really bad way to play poker, because that that's not how you should go around learning how to play the game. Because thes spots, they happen maybe a few times in many thousands of hands. And if you want to be a better player, you should develop the top process. That will help. Got you true. All possible scenarios in poker. And even if you do end up climbing because, well, you know, you're you're really good at memorizing spots. It might not really. The success might not be replicated when you move up higher, because once you move above 50 NL, these players are thinking players. And, um, if you if you are in certain spots where you know you haven't seen before or like, nobody has ever thought you had to navigate the truly spots before, then you might. And I mean the tricky scenario where you might end up losing a lot of E. V. Um, because, you know, you're just not experience and you don't know how to come out with a surety on the spot. So, yeah, that's all for my introduction. And I'll see you guys mix for the next video 2. Category Rule: hi guys. So the second video will be a really shot one where I just talked a bit about some terminology and a simple theory. If you guys haven't been exposed to it before, which is the category room. Um, I think it waas a rule that waas meat rather famous by upstream poker coach Doc Pope. Um, so if you guys don't know him, he's really good at playing hits up online. So it's a really good way to categorise your hands. You know, every time you receive a hand in the specific scenario, you know where, what in what category that's my handful under and understanding these categories might actually help our decisions. So every hand can be broken down into four categories. The 1st 1 being are strong hands, so we'll just call them, see one. So with regard to our Opens range, our hand tends to be the best hand are meaning. Let's say, trips on a boat where there is no straight and no flash president, so these hands are really strong. Sometimes you can just be top pair top kicker on the dry board as well. So if you were in the under the gun spot and you are facing a call from the Big Blind. The Big Blind doesn't have much strong hands in its range because he didn't re raise pre flop. And therefore, if let's say you have a asking on a history five board is King tends to be a C one hand, right? So the second group will be your marginal hands where Let's say you for a second pair with a weak kicker, So let's see if you have it. Nine. On a king in nine boat. I'm sorry, it nine on a King ITRI boy where you have a path, gates. But you know, it's not really a good time to start inflating the part because even if you do have the best end, um, this hand might not be the best hand by the river, but C s o simply put like that's what it means. Um, so this includes, like bottom pair and its highest well, and these are all hands that we are afraid to face a track race, meaning If we bet and all opponent raises us, we are not really happy, because if we use the King entry example, most of the time when we face a raise, we either face a big bluff that has some equity, Um, or, you know, just a strong king or even a set. So, yeah, these hands don't do well against a track race, and they don't do well in big pots as well. So the category is our drawers, where we have, like, fresh, raw, straight draws, even open got, gotta draws. So these are all considered as a century. Hands occasionally see tree hands. Uh, yes, hi. Hands as well. So meaning if we have the ace high flush troll, it's a sea tree hand. But at the same time, it might also be a marginal handed. Where we checked down, we have some sort of showdown value. So there is some, you know, cross category we forgot today and the fourth hand, the fourth type of end the C four hands will be our air hands where we really just don't have anything. And if we want to be in the part, we have to make a big bluff. Just just a bluff. Um, and most of the time, um, players tend to overplay their C four hands meeting, you know, because in poker. We only have two carts and we don't hit all the time. And most of the time we end up with a hand, let's in the sea for category. And if we always bluff for him in the sea, in the sea for category, then we might be over bluffing. So that's something for new players to think about. Where, you know, don't just bluff because you don't have anything. Um, that's not how the game is supposed to be played, because you just over bluffing. All right, so that's all for this video and in, we will now move on to more pre flop concepts. 3. Preflop Concepts: All right, so in this video, we will be covering some simple pre flop concepts. Well, actually, not so simple, but yeah, we'll be talking about pre flop a lot. Um, so the first thing I will be talking about is raising for us in where we are the pre for Reza. So I think there is not much to talk about this because if you are season or experience poker player, this should come really easy to you, where it's always tighter to raise. It's always better to raise tighter in elite positions. Meeting if there are five people behind you, Joyce raised tighter. And if there's if you are on the button and there are only blinds behind you, then raising looser is standard. And the second important thing that I actually want to talk about is most players the you know to go online and the search for you know what is the most optimal pre flop raise pre flop. Oh, you know, what hand should I raised with? Um and I think it's not applicable to everyone. So even if someone provides you a game theory optimal raising our child, you shouldn't just blindly follow because even though it's given very optimal. What it also means is that you have to play up the money post flop for the chart to be effective. So hence, like little pocket pairs and like, ah, unsuited pieces, thes hands, um, played by pros will gain them max value but played by lowest ex players or players who do not have that much. Ah, post op skills. Um, it might not be as beneficial for you guys, right? So what? So if you look at the stool charts, you can get what I mean. Where game theory recommends us to raise with a bunch off thieves hands on the left hand side. So if we raise, let's say in a 11 slash two game may be raised to $5 under the gun in a six max setting we should be raising with pocket fives are 20% of the time, right and pocket forced 12% of the time. So that's how you read the chart. Um, and we should also will be raising King Faisal router 35% of the time. But if you think about the, um, you know how how well can you play King Fi suitor under the gun. If you face a call by the button or by the cut off. Because, you know, I guarantee you that most of the time you won't pay or you won't flop cholesterol. So what do you do? Um, if you are not a season poker player with a lot off post from experience, then it's really easy to navigate yourself out of the spots way you just don't play these hands post for. So if you look on the right side, this is the range that I would recommend low stakes players to play. I think, um, I wouldn't play any looser than this, But playing even tighter is better. So ahead, like Eastern Office, actually pretty close meaning. Even if you don't play the hand, it's not is gonna be fine, meaning if you do play the hand well, you're gonna earn a few extra big blinds every few 100 hands. But if you play a stand off really poorly, you always get stacked because, you know, hitting it is, and you just couldn't get rid of the hand. Uh, in scenarios where you know that you are behind dumpling istan office. Really not that attractive, and you're just better off not playing it. Even hands like pocket forced market trees and pocket uses. You can see like actually, we've just removed them out of the range because most of the time you just flop nothing, and you only flopped a set, maybe 8 to 10% of time. And even sometimes when you do proper set, it's not really a terrific scenario where if you flop a set with Pocket Force on like a 456 boy and you face a lot of action, um, you know, you are certain the villain either has straight or a bigger set because you have bottom set . So, um, when you are unsure how to play the spots, well, then just avoiding them totally. You might be better because you end up with arranged a stronger with a range with more aces more. It's queens and HX because every time you trim your range slightly, the proportion that these hands were makeup of your range will be higher, and you can be certain that, like you will flop more top pairs with stronger drawers or even street draws redraws and for us, trolls frustrates with pears and all. That kind of combo draws kind of stuff, and these hands are just easier to play for everybody, you know? Right? So the second thing that I want to talk about is my own personal strategy. And it's something that I think I advise all my students in low sticks to try out where we shouldn't be co calling it all. So what I mean is that if under the gun raise is on and we are on the button or in the car off in middle position, we should not be just calling. And we should always be tree betting only, um and the reason is actually really simple. Where because we are in position when we treat bet. And you know, it's tough for villain to play against a tree bet, and we end being out of position. And, you know, cold calling is really bad. Well, I mean, cold calling is is okay in like low stakes because most of the time your players are not really aggressive. Diddle squeezes, often with, um, marginal hands. They don't aggressive for the tree. Better off for better. So cold calling can be fine, but in higher stakes if you end up cold calling a lot your face or love scenarios where you just face a lot of tree bets pre flop and you're really stuck because you know it's really transparent that when you call, you don't really have a strong range. And, um, you know, what do you do then? And you know, most people can argue back saying that, Well, if I don't have a strong range and I'll just include some aces and he's king into my calling range, right, which is a very argument, Um, but I asked the question back where You know how, how good are you at being able to spit your reaction to treat different rangers, where you have a calling range, a tree betting range and affording rich. And then in your calling range, you have to separate your calling range between hence that you are trapping with hens that you are not. So you know, these things can be pretty advance, and there is no need for, you know, a beginner or even amidst ex players, meat stick players to be thinking about stuff like that. It's just easier if you have one strategy where you just treat bed. And when you face a four bed, it's really straightforward. Um, and if you don't face a four bed and you face a call, then that's great because, um, you are the aggressor and you are in position. And these two things are, you know, one off the best things that you can have going postal, right? So most of the time we will be tree betting only our premium hands or and include some balance sense. Meaning. Hence, like 89 Sudha at 17 suitor or, like 9 10 suited Jack 10 suited. So these hands are not premium hands, but they're in there because, you know, they protect our range really well. Where if a boat comes 10 89 we do have to have some set some two pairs and some streets eso that you know, all ranges not really transparent and just heavily weighted against Ace King, a screen and aces and all that, because villain can put a lot of aggression on us. So, yeah, um, if your hand is in Souder than it's definitely out off the tree betting range and the only answer that hands like a check off and King Queen off. And these hands are not always tree bets. They are what we call like Mick strategy, where we only do them from time to time. Because if we treat bet all combinations off, off suit. King Queen We are actually tree betting too much because, after all, when we treat bet with King Queen were not Actually, it's not like value tree betting. If we actually betting against under the gun, we just using our position and the fact that we are the pre flop aggressor, um, to take down the part. So in general, when you are in position, we are aiming to tree bet three times in position. So if villain raises to $5 will be raising him to $15. And if there are additional colors, meaning if someone raised $5 in someone called with another $5 there will be raising three times off the $5 to $15 then we top up another $5 to make it 20 and the same rule applies for our position. It's just that we will be tree betting four times instead. So tree burning $20 if we face a raise of $5 and always do remember that if you are tree betting, it always be tighter than villains raising range. If not, it really doesn't make sense for you to be tree betting. So if you look here, um, what we have here ISS to sinners off like Tree Benning Ridge. So if you look at but industry betting range against MP, it's really linear, meaning it's from the pop left to down to the bottom right where we have a mix off some pocket pairs. We have a mix off like 65 suitor Queen Jack suited. So it's by Sudha is for Sudan. So these hands, um, they give us bought coverage where we have the chance to, you know, do well on every single kind of bored like I mentioned previously, and at the same time, we have all really strong hands, like Aces, Ace King screen and all that kind of stuff. And then, if you look on the right side, you can see tree building frequency tones, down from 12.1% to 10.9%. If you look below the percentages. This is because in the small blind we are out of position and we have to be more selective with a range. Because even though we are the aggressor, being out of position in no limit Hold'em is something that is really disadvantages. So yeah. Um but I do think no, there are hands like, um, you know, 98 suitor and 87 suited that. You know, more students have been taught to be like, OK, you know, when I get it seven to it, it's a must play, meaning the handed suit. We have 100 big blind game. It's always a play because, you know, people online always do. So, um, and I challenged this because, you know, 87 Sudha is not a hand that is supposed to win you money. It's a hand that's supposed to protect your range. In fact, in no limit hold'em, the hens that make you money are purely Caesars and basically top left off your range. And the only way these hands can continue to make money is if we include hands like 10. I suited nine suited 87 suited because we need to put a range like I said So without the protection, Issa's will on money still, but they were. Unless so when we include hence, like 90 student, we make sure our our premium hands on optimum amounts of money but including it Too much of them were caused. Our prima hands lose out a lot because we dilute our strong range meaning in our range off like 10% of hands. We dilute the amount of pieces and East King in there. Right? So basically, that's it for, like, basic tree betting. So I think the next question a lot of people us is What if I don't have a silver? You know how I might devise, um, optimal strategy to treat Bet. Well, then, these are treat things to think about where if you have so the first thing is where if you have an offshoot hand, is it a strike off? Is king queen off? And if it is in most of the time, you're just better off dumping the hand because, you know, getting Jack 10 off on a button against a kind of race might be very tempting. Ah, but it's just a really bad hand play because, you know, like I said, we should have to separate rangers calling entry bedding cause it's really complex and a lot of places speed money playing like that. And so yeah, if your hands off suit, then it's a no. But every suitor then continue thinking about well, is it the top left of my range? Meaning You know, how high is it? Like on the top left where, like, you know, it's It's King, King, Queen Sudha, King Jack, Student Kington suited all these kind of hands. So when it comes to tree betting, Kington Studio Queen King Jack suited all these hands are just, you know, they are always a play. They are always in our tree betting range. You can't. So if we don't call with us and attributing the unfolding them, it's just just way too crazy. So the last thing we need to think about is balance Where, where, Like I said, if we have 90 suit and we do have to include some of them, but not all because, um, you know, I need Super 70 Street I can see on, let's say, the left friend site off the child like 70 suit. It is there 20% of the time, so it's not always the do you have to play exactly 20% of the time? You don't really have to. But what I would recommend is say, like, before you start your session. Maybe think about, um, you know, give it some, Give it a randomizer. Where if you have clubs for the date and just picked that combo, Um and if you don't, then every other 70 through that combo just stumped the hand. So it's really simple. You don't really have to memorize the percentages exactly, But maybe just think about how many combos can play. You can operate one Kombarov for two combos are four or five compose. So if you have checked nicer and it's like 67% then I would say play to combos because plane tree combos is above GTOs recommendation and the golden rule is tighter. It's always better because in low stakes, you know, you just and I mean really built spots where if you don't have good poor stop skills, then it can be really tricky. All right, so the next thing that I would talk about this for bedding and I won't really spend too much time talking about four bedding because I think for bedding is something where you know you don't really make a lot of money for betting per se in low six because it's really , you know, standard. Like if you have a says, you know it's always a four bed. If you have it's cake. Souder, Kings, Queens, all these kind of stuff. You know, if you're not calling trip, then you're just for bedding most of the time. And when people scoff hens that you see a priest and, um, very seldom. Well, maybe in highest X Games, really seldom where you see someone go out off line shoving a six to do it, you know. Five bet shopping E six iss six. Sort of like it just makes no sense. So a few guidelines about four wedding where Just think about your value in gloves, where you know, if you have aces and kings and kings in a range, they are your value hands, and you should be including some gloves in there. And, you know, uh, these blobs can take on any form where they can be like it's by suited where you know it's my suitor has really got blockers, two aces and it has decent equity because even if you do get caught by student is better than its nine suited because making ah street, it's possible flush. Troy. Still there? Of course. So, yeah. Um and then, you know, the rest scenario that you do in a post up, you know about coverage still matters. So that's why you see in game theory in the silver, um, jacket. So the attendant through the some occasional pocket nines market, it's they are included in there. But what I would like to see about forbidding is that, you know, if you think about the stack, the pot ratio after getting caught when you forbid bought coverage is less important than you think it is. Because what really matters on the floor is who has the pair like who has the over pair and who has a flush draw with two over cards. Like all these things are more important than balance because, you know, there's only 11.51 point five bet left. Yeah, So what's more important is, you know, thinking about blockers and thinking about, you know, heads that we are not comfortable calling tree bets. Maybe so, if Let's say we have a hand like intensity that we are not calling she bets like we're not comfortable calling because we feel like, Oh, maybe we want to play a little tighter then maybe Kington Sudha It might be a better hand to just for bed instead off a hand that's recommended here, which is King 19. So maybe in this case, keen eye so that you can just fold. And then I just treat just for bed kingpins who didn't stay and that trimmed down your tree betting range. Yeah. So these are all guidelines for players to think about the develop a top process about forbidding. All right, so So I'll just share with you guys. So in the 20,000 hand, Simple. Um, these are some hands that have decided before bed. Um, I'll just give you guys like to examples off like cases where I for bit. So you can see in this case where we have butter open min raise when the small blind tree bets nmpf extract. We don't just call call because cold calling. It's not really part of our range. Like I said, we don't we just don't call call pre flop and the only play they're going to plays that are acceptable here. Ah, you know, either forbidding are just holding. And, um, if you have a player in the small blind that's really active constantly tree betting a lot because he understands that the button open White opens wide, then a check here is really easy for bed. And then it's really easy because we just take down the part most of the time because call for bedding. It's such a strong move. Um, and the second example is where you know we have a hand like this Fight suited, you know where it's the same thing where the small buying razors are. Three bets beef up, and we have a good opportunity to just shared out Go and for bed. You know, we take down the part most of the time with $50. So with $50 we are stealing 25 so you can think about it. It's like, you know, just mean raising and taking on the blinds. And even in the event that we don't steal the money per se, uh, we have a really strong range and, you know, we can just play really straightforward where we don't have to brush off our stack. Um, and just think about, you know, other things that will be talking about in our post videos. Yeah. So, um, that's all for this video, and I'll see you guys in the next one. 4. Playing The Flop: hi, guys. So in this chapter, we will be focusing on the floor mostly when we are the aggressor in a single race part. And we will be talking about how to deal with that when we are in position and when we are out of position. So the first thing that I want to say is that simple is better. Um, and most poker players, the asked whether it's, you know, whether it's better to have two different bet sizes, um, or Mawr or some players just prefer one bet, size, and basically the question is, do you really need both bet sizes? And like if I increase the amount of bet size is ah, the variation of that size is Do I really get ah, higher E V. And so today I'm just gonna touch a bit about that. So personally, my strategy when I am in position and the aggressor, I would bet 33 parts all the time, regardless off whether this is a true bet part or if this is a single race part. So I do this eso actually, the point off the strategy is to bet a small size s so it doesn't matter whether it's 33% 40% or even 25% the size doesn't really matter. But, uh, you have to adjust a strategy based on the sites that you choose. So, like I was saying, if you do have to ranges meeting two sizes like 33% part and 66% point, um, what is the point of that? Um, and which strategy is actually ah, harder strategy for your opponent to counter. So let me give you example. Where, Let's say, if you bet 66% on the 10 deuce tree board, um, most opponents were just fold. If they have a hand like 89 occasionally they might check race aggressively if they have the back professor all but, um, against a 33% pot. Bet they actually have to call because off the back down, straight draw and the backdoor flush draw. If let's say they have ah handling 89 on 10 to reduce, we have, let's say, a suit that would give them the better cholesterol. So this is really tough for more most low stick players because they find that it's really tough, calling it nine student out of position and against a 33% part bad they have to. But when you bet 66% into the point, all opponent has a really straightforward time where, you know, just continue if they have it on and they don't continue if they don't have anything, So basically, if they have a C forehead or they just fought But when you bet 33% some C four hands Ah, call and they make huge mistakes by just voting goes So, um, that's the general theory. Ah, but to give you guys a clear example, this is pure solvers. So I ran a simulation appears over where we bet 33% part with 100% frequency on King lying for rainbow when we are on the button against the big blind and assuming the big brain always checks to us. O E. V is 7.2389 estate that here if we were to bet 100% off the time with a 33% pot size Oh, so we bet $4 when the starting part is about $11 over here. But if let's say we were to adopt a different strategy where we bet 33% part in 66% part as well. So two different sizes here O E. V is 7.364 So meeting are off the $11 in the part. We are entitled to 7.36 off that. And so it's a small difference in E V, and you can tell that more bet. Sizing in this case would actually increase your E V. But the first thing to realize is that if I were to pull up piers over, you can see how you know Thies to bet sizes. It's really hard to differentiate. You know when to bet these hands. And let's say if we look at the 66% range, we are supposed to be betting Queen nine suited 37% of the time. And then we are supposed to be betting that the tree percent with Queen nine suited 40% of the time, and then we are supposed to be checking another 22% of the time. Ah, and this is really hard to execute because, you know, it's really tough to even remember the strategy for one hand perfectly. And if you want to do this for every single hand across many different boards, it's just gonna be really ridiculously tough. And so the main question is, you know, for a 0.2355% difference in E V, is it really worth it? So which strategy is actually easier? Should we just met the 3% part 100% of the time and just, you know, go forward from there. Oh, sure, we have two different size ings. So definitely because off my style and the way I've been playing, I would say, you know, on the flop, just choose one size, make it really straightforward. You know, if you wanna bet part or even more important as your one side strategy. Yeah, that's fine. But do realise, like, which is how did play against a small size or a big size? So, yeah, um, that's all I have to say for be in position. So I think what's tricky is when we face the Czech Greece because when we bet small ah, we do face more check raises than usual. Um, and then we have to ask yourself a few things where you know, how are we adapting the Czech greats? So if it's a rag, he realizes that you know we are playing this size and he understands the strategy behind the bet size, and therefore we have to be, you know, more loose. We have to continue with more hands, more marginal. Hence, when we face a check raise so on. King 94 if we have pocket, it's any fees to check grease. Uh, we might have to continue. Even though it's a C. It's a low C to hand Ah, low marginal hen. But against a fish where the fish doesn't really raise with much bluffs, he mostly has, you know, King X a set. Then we don't really have to continue as white. So yeah, in general, when we bet a small size and we face a check raise, then we have to continue. A good example is, let's say, a screen Sudha with the back of cholesterol into off the scenarios Where if let's say we had a screen over here every bet 66% of the park, we are actually voting bloc countries. But if we bet 33% of the part and we face the check raise with a backdoor flush draw. We are mostly calling about 80% of the time and then occasionally 20% time. We just forward. Why? Because the backdoor flush draw matters more where the part is smaller and our steak size or larger because off the stepped apart ratio. But if you start with a 66% bad and you face a raise, the part, it's a really, really big and it's queen suited. Doesn't matter as much the back, the faster runners a matter as much. The back street drug doesn't matter as much. What matters is who s top pair, who you know who can make more trips on the river and who can. You don't have more two pairs. Eso Yeah, that's really the difference. So you do think about you know your strategy when you are facing a check grease as well. So let's talk a bit about the art of when you are out of position and aggressor. So normally for me, I choose to different sightings, and they are really simple to remember, as you know, because we are opposition. So, um, when we do face a small board. There is no need to bet large when we have a better range when we other aggressive. So betting small on dry boards like Deuce, Deuce fall. It's really standard where you know there unruly much draws. It's all about who has more pocket pairs, who has the bigger pocket past and who has more over cuts. And that's us because we are the aggressive but one big on wet boards. We tend to bet bigger because we are out of position. And if we want to build the part as the aggressor, we don't want to give our villain the chance to, you know, see free cuts a Tucci Price. And, you know, if we bet Small on the flop and he has, he might have the opportunity to check. Check back the turn if we do check to him on the turn. And it can be costly because we are giving to three carts for a really cheap price. When we bet small and wet boards and um on wet boards, the runner, the run outs can like change really differently really fast. So on Queen 10 78 or nine comes, you know, A says it's not really worth as much because what matters is who has more straits and who has more to pass. But think about just useful if you have aces, not really. Many turned carts are gonna change that, Um, a four or reduce is not going to change anything because adduce are for shit and be in Morse off. Our opponents range because nobody's calling a hand like use tree suited on the button s Oh , yeah, Having a to side strategy is my default charity. And then when you are our position and you decide to bet, do think about whether checking is better, because checking it should be, ah, a decision for the person who is our position. So in this scenario, we have three different options about small bet, big or check. But betting small or betting big depends on the board already. So it's just between betting one size and checking again. So compared to when we were in position. Now we have the extra option of checking and think about whether the board is better for you, because it's 998 Better for the under the gun player or the button. Clear because you know you have more aces. Us. You have more kings. Um, but if you face a call under the on the button when you raise under the gun, it's really obvious that he has more. Nine X because, yes, more hands like 98 9 10 Even more, you know, pocket eight pocket nine. So these these hands are somewhat in your range as well. But you kind of have, like, less nine tens and night 98 suited as him because his hands are not 100% open under the gun . If you think about the pre flop GTO strategy, the sense of just balance ends. They are in there because they protect your range and not because the beginning strong hands there. We are excited to play when we receive them under the gun, but if you think about a boat like 89 it's better for the under the gun player compared to the big blind or even the button, because we have more is is we have more his king. We have more pocket eight pocket nines, all these kind of stuff. So when you when you see a boy before you think about there are two things that you should be thinking about. Where, where there should bet small about big? Or should I just not bet at all? Because you know, this board is really unfavorable for me and Yasha in law stakes. When people check raise you on 998 they tend to have it, or they just have a hen object in. It's really face up. Um, but you know, if you play in higher stakes and you're betting all the time at the under the gun, position the button on the big Blank and just check. Raise you 100% of the time and you will find that it's really hard to play when you have to call triple barrels with really marginal hands. Like kings. When there are a lot of run outs that can be really bad for you, because our 76 10 a j a queen old these cards can be really bad. Run out and you gotta ask yourself, Do you really want to inflate the part right now and then fall under turning the river? Then probably not. So do think about that. All right, so that's all for this chapter, and we will move on to talk about the turned. The next chapter 5. Playing The Turn In Position : Hi, guys. So for this chapter, we will be talking about playing the turn. But because playing the turn is slightly more complex, we will be breaking down, breaking it down into playing the turn as the present out of position and the percent imposition. All right, So playing in position, we can split our hands into four categories, like we said before. So for how strong hand we are, mostly betting, but because of balance purposes, we can be betting them all the time. So if we do have top pair and you know, we can always just be betting top pay all the time and not checking back compare because once we check, we leave ourselves really exportable toe a port in, uh s so that they can determine that. You know, we don't have top pair on the river, So yeah, I do consider checking some off the bank, maybe at 25 to 30% frequency. And then the second question that you should ask yourself is what blockers to you hold when you hold top pair? Um, because if let's say you had, you know, queens, like the example on the screen where you hold the Queen of Hearts and the board has two hearts. Then we aren't really worried about a flash row. And we are getting value out off a hand that is, you know, that consists mostly of straight draws such a 6768 78 or head like nine X, and then we lose to the occasional five X. Um, but because of that, because of how you know, a flush draw is eliminated, you know, slightly it eliminated from opponents range because we have the heart blocker. Um, we don't have to go big because we are just trying to get value from mostly got shots and Nynex. But if we didn't hold the heart there, we should think about you know, whether we should increase our sizing because, um, we get more value from hands that you know, might have flushed Rose in them. I mean, because some are villains range will have more fleischer us. So it makes more sense to go bigger and charge more for thes draws and then moving on to marginal hints. So I'll see two heads. We are mostly checking them back because it's really simple, because getting raises not really comfortable. Where if let's say we had 10 9 on 9535 Getting raised doesn't seem so fun because you know our hand is a bluff catcher. After all, it's not the nuts is not a hand that we are comfortable just shoving it in over the race. So if you think about that, then developing a game plan before making a move on the turn is really important. Because if you know they're getting check races and funding, you know, just think about whether you should be betting in the first place. And that's of course not to say that you shouldn't be betting any. You shouldn't be checking all your nine Xs because if the river was nine, we still won nine X to be part off our range to represent, you know, the nuts. So yeah, definitely nine access to be there. But thinking about which night X to bet, um is really important. So if you have a head like 96 where you kind of blocked a strict draw block 67 the frequency, you know or the number of gloves opponents can have really reduces a lot. So therefore it's not really a good idea to bet any. You know Nynex were I've looked like that. So a nine, if any. 867 Those are not really good. But if let's say we had a hand liking nine thes hands can comfortably bet and, you know, call it race. Maybe because you know King nine is still a strong. It's still a strong nine extra for good. Good after all, so some aggressive opponents can be check raising nine x in this spot. Maybe it's a balance play or as a play to get value all of you. So calling your strongest nine are betting your strongest nine x and and calling a raises just standard. So, yeah, I do think about these lines, and that's what draws they always tend to be better as a bet in terms off E. V. So if we just troll balance out of the window and let's not think about game theory, then we should always bet out drawers. But we still have to have to. We still have to include flushes in all Reince win. We reached a river when we checked back the tone, so we still do have to check back some flash straws. Yeah, so think about what flush Rose are, You know, the best one check backs. Because if let's say, um, I had a king, you know, or 10 it with a Fleiss troll. You know, if let's say I checked his king and I hit an ace or king on the river, the part isn't big because I checked back. And now, maybe instead of making a flush, I make top pair. So top pair can still be very available and still can be in that showdown while 10. It might not be as available when you do an eight or a 10 on the river. So all these things kind of matter, although the matter in small amounts. But it's definitely worth thinking about. And the last thing the last category is your air hands where you know, if you are in position and the aggressor, you are mostly barreling based on whether to turn card is really favorable for you. So on a king, a tree board where you know villain can be floating in the big blind against like, let's say you were in under the gun on you were the pre flop raiser. And if you bet, you know, with the 100% frequency strategy that I mentioned before, um, villain can be floating with, ah, white variety of hands like 9 10 567 All these hands are really reasonable, you know, Check holes. So when the queen comes on the turn, Al Borden has a really tough time continuing facing a bet and a lot of players. You know, when they see a favorable card for them on the turn, they just Okay, you know what? It's a good card. So I'm just going to start by betting, sending 5% part or, you know, if I really want to put Mexico, Russia and I can bet 100% part, but do think about that when the weather doing that. It's really smart because you are betting big and really often because every time I turn card comes, that is good for you. You are betting and you are betting big, and that is really very. It's really easy to play against Um, and it's just really bad. It's just suicide, basically, So our villain can just easily call down with liking ANC's and bluff catch really white with a hand like in X because he knows that whenever a good turn card comes, you're just gonna end up triple barreling or double barrelling. And the strength off an eight x 10 is really strong when you know your point. And it's gonna just Barrow any car that's good for him. Yeah, So that's all I got to say about playing in position. So now we just get some hand examples, some handing Sambo's death plate previously, and yeah, maybe I'll just give some comments about them. So the first hand, the only look at is this one soul we treat bet pre flop with King Queen Sudha, which is really standard physical. So hold the Fort. Sergi, like I mentioned in our flop chapter, will just be one part, regardless off what the flop is. If we are the imposition player and we are the aggressor, so we face a call, which is great. So let's talk about this turn, because this is what the chapter is about. Um, so if you think about this this time, it really doesn't change the board right? Because that use the officer dues doesn't change anything about the boy. If Dylan had a hand like this Jack or is nine or 9 10 You know, if if he is computed about calling the flop, then he is going to be confident calling the turn. So we know that he's just gonna be continuing the turn if he has a head like that. And if you think about you know villains range when he pews pre flop, he will have a lot off, you know, spit kind of hands so he might have a hand like, let's say, a speed with 10 diamonds, you know, and some fishes dupe you with really random. Like Officer, it's accents like issue off the space. It's Queen Off, which has two over cards and the cesspit still asking off with the ace of spades. So all these hands still exists in this French, so overall it's, you know, it's a really good see one hand that we have, and it's also, you know, it's a hand that's really vulnerable to a potential speed. So we are better off just, you know, betting here, protecting our hands, so called and getting value from all villain because we know he's not gonna fall on such a tone. So we do that. And then on the river it's like a easy jam because we have a C one hand and bitter ends up calling. So I'm not gonna go into too much detail about that. And so I just be morally, mainly focusing on, like to tone play. All right, so here's a simple one way we treat bread pre flop with Ace 10 and villain calls with Ace Queen. So standard. Like I said, play which is gonna bet one toe he calls and under turn, we don't have a spirit. So if let's say we had a hand like ex King with the king of Spades, then you know I wouldn't mind checking because we do block some off hiss spayed draws, and we don't really want to get shoved on with his king. You know, most of the time villain might have a big combo drawer like Queen Jack of spades, and villain might have some pocket eight pocket tens in like even a sten. So with a hand like is king of the king of spades, I might elect to slow down, but with this hand, specifically without holding any blockers through the street draw and without putting any spirit. And I can comfortably better under slightly larger side knowing that villain is gonna call regardless. Um, yeah, and on the river, Yeah. Being in position, it's just an easy Jim. Get a call from a screen. So pretty standard. Nothing much to be said. Yep. So the next hand is also a hand that is King, Queen student. So we raised on the button that we face a call. So here, like I said, proof up again, We're just gonna bet 33% and we face a race. So here I think a lot of players might, you know, be tempted to just shove it in because we have, um, a really good spade draw, and we have top pair as well, so we'll do fine against any hand. But I do want to remind everyone that you know, if we do shove or we do end up getting our stack in most of the time, it's going to be, you know, advocates set or even to pay. And King Queen, even with the speed draw, isn't really like running too hard against those hands against a hand like 56 we asked like near here, I think. But against said, we are really behind. So here we should be tempted to, you know, that villain continue bluffing. But on a turn when he checks to us, I think, Ah, lot of players misplayed the spot where you know they you know, they just immediately think, Oh, okay, because you know the another. Fleischer comes on board. I should be really tempted to bed. But do you think about how you know how you feel? If Villain decides to check, raise on the tone? Because this tone is a car that is good for 1,000,000,000 dreams, from often in Alan's as the pre flop aggressive. So he has most rates. He has more two pairs and all those kind of stuff. So when we do make a big bet here to remember that although we have the flash row, it's a C to hand after all. And getting check raised again or getting raised again and shoved on isn't a really fancy spot for us. So this is the important take away from this hand. But yeah, on the on the river, we do manage to get a bet from him as well, which is also a positive thing. Also a positive thing that we get when we do decide to check back return. And we just decided to call it off if the king queen of spades and you take down and easy part there. All right, so view onto dinning sent here. So with the ace for, um, yeah, we decide to see Ben again, as usual. And on the turn, Um, I decided to check, So my reason was really simple because we have, although a CT hand, we also have a seat to hand where you know we have is high, we have a flush draw. So why not take you know, this opportunity to include some flash draws in our check range because our hand is really strong because you can still make a straight on the river if our hand is in the best right now. And even if it was the best, there is the reason to be inflating apart when the board is already paid where a full house would just be stronger than a straight flush draw arm in a flush by the river. So when we do check back, you know We're forehead like this on a blank river like this. We can still, you know, take it down against, like, a hand. Exactly. The heads, like 897 A. You know, all these hands like Queen Jack, you know, spades, all these hands that decided to float. Ah, just check. Raise on the flop. Yeah. So it's a really good spot to just include this hand into your check like range. And in the event that villain decides to bet, you can see I decided call off because, you know, after all, we do have, you know, a C to have a c? Well, I kind of see to handle OSI to hand in orange. Yeah. It's not really a hero call. Like a call like this, I would say, is pretty much, uh, quite okay. Not snap, I would say. But if you think about the big planes calling range, she can really have a lot off every hands. Like, really any four x even king for Queen for Souter. 978 And, you know, thesis hands, just a lot of combos of them, and yeah, I'm calling here can be just really good, So Yeah, so that's all for this chapter, and in the next chapter I'll be talking about playing the turn out of position. 6. Playing The Turn Out Of Position: all right. So for this chapter, we will be talking about playing the turn when we are aggressive, but we are out of position. So for how see one hands, everything is the same where, you know, betting is really a good idea in general. But the only thing that we need to think about is run outs, because when we are out of position ah, we want to only inflict the part when we really have the best of the best hands. And when we don't, it's really worrying when the board can develop into something really scary and we can control the size of the part. When we are our position, so do thing about run outs. So if we have a asking on King ITRI rainbow, it's a hand that you can possibly go for. Three shoots off value because most turns and rivers one complete much straits. So let's say if I were to think about a straight that would complete on the river for key, entry will be taking a tree 9 10 king it reject 10 heads like these. But if you think about King at Night Rainbow, there are a lot of terms that can devalue asking. So a 76 10 Jack Queen these old these hands that all these tones that potentially increase the possibility of your pool and having to pay set or, you know, just a straight draw or a combo a pair plastic combo draw. Um, so these are all situations where we have to be starting cautious and after self, whether you know whether checking would be a better option compared to betting, even though we know we have the best hand at the moment and as far marginal hands, we are still mostly checking bank. So the theory remains to say where you know, we don't really have a strong hand. We don't want to play the part. It's just that, you know, I think I don't have to repeat what I said the previous lesson where, you know, how do we balance if let's say a turn comes and you know it competes like tree of a kind of monster compare. And if we are the pre flop aggressor and we don't bet the turn any, I mean and we do bet the turn. Um, you know, most of the time where we bet the turn. We don't really have second pair. This is a mistake that most people make, where, when they have it x, they just automatically check. And it's really it's really easy for appointing to make everywhere. You know what? They know that we don't have an X in orange. So in some sort of sense, we do have to continue betting index. So do think about you know which which x Our best bet. So I would give you example where that's a queen eight. If it was cut off Ah, versus, like big blind queen it clean. It might be a good bet because Queen, eight blocks King Queen that the big blind might flit. Call King Queen off from time to time. So yeah, blocking some off opponents possible King X strong King Extends might be a good idea, right? So as while draws, you know, betting draws definitely find because the TV off draws is, he said. But do think about, you know, low drawers. Where if let's say you know the board wants that, say it's 10 7 with a diamond draw and we have 45 of diamonds, you know, making a pair doesn't really matter on the river and all we have is a low flush row. No. Should we, you know, inflate the part on the turn? Even if we do hit the river, how often are we shoving and getting caught by something worse? And, you know, if we do better and get shoved on, is it a hand that we can comfortably call off? Compared to, let's say, Queen Jack with, um, diamonds? Because with Queen Jack of diamonds on Eastern seven, villain might be shoving something worse. Like is 89 of diamonds. You know, although he doesn't most of the time, situations like that can really happen. So obviously you, Queen Jack of diamonds is a better hand to be bet calling compared to 56 of diamonds. Where better calling is just a complete mistake. And, you know, if we were to play if I six of diamonds, are we better off? Just check calling. You know, if if it is against a big bet, just sped off this voting. And you know, even if we do hit the flush on the river, do remember that we are in a position, so most of the time we won't have great odds because we are getting somewhere or 20%. 25% want to draw out to a flush on the river, assuming that are outside clean. Um, and most of the time we will be priced out if let's say villain bets something more than half part. So hitting the draw doesn't really matter if we aren't gonna extract more value out of him . If he's always checking on every single river that completes the flush. So, um, with that say, do think about, you know, Is this a possibility? Is this a possible scenario where we can dunk the river if we do hit the flush? And if we don't dunk or if we can't get any extra value, let's just for more hand because that's just more superior option. Even though affording a flush draw might seem silly to some people at the beginning, I can assure you like it's definitely a winning play in the long run. All right, so compared to play imposition with air, playing our position with, you know, thing out of position with a head. Sorry. Ah, it's really simple because, you know, we shouldn't be barreling too much with a when we are, we are position because most of the time, um, you know, we do not have How how do we phrase this where we don't have the presence, the presence So we don't threaten our put in with Let's see a river show off when we are our position compared to when we are in position. So playing out of position is just slightly different because if we bet and call, you know, we asked our position on the river and really tricky spot when we have air because, you know, how do we select which hands are better shelves and the chance I just give up. So with some see tree hands meaning out drawers and our week draws are strong, fresh right in all that, we already have a bunch of hands that we'll end up as C four hands on the river because they make the transition from C tree to see four and among those hands, we can easily choose hands. There are bluffs are to be bluffs, triple bear above plus basically on the river, so there's no need to like go overboard and start choosing like C four hands and start black bluffing them on, turned in general theory of it doesn't really matter. I would just say like we first see, Forehand, you should be looking to give up unless you have a really good read on. Important that. You know, he's really week in this part or that something that you can be exploiting right here. All right. So, um, I'll just give two quick hand examples of for this chapter and then we'll just call it. We call it video. Um, all right, so that two hands that I want to talk about so this being the 1st 1 So when we have kings over here, we raised the small blind tree X, which is pretty standard. We get a call, Let's hand, it's really standard for call. We see back here small. There's no need to go big because the board is pretty dry. And like I said in the flop chatter when we are the aggressor and we are in a position we should utilize to bet, size is one small size and one big size in the big size should only be useful boards that are really wet. And this is not one of those cases. So if we want to bet we should go with a small size checking kings can be a viable option for sure, because we brought villains continuing range, but with some, you know, small drawers out there like 5767 I think bending small, it's still fine. Villain should be calling some s i zero even. So better get Stephanie. Okay, on the tone. Um, here's the thing that is interesting where this tone is obviously better for you know what the caller compared to the aggressor. So how often are we checking here? And how often are we better here? And the answer is that if we don't have kings and we don't have 87 or set specifically, we don't really have you know, we we aren't really betting very often. So, you know, as as evolved as a form of balance. I think we have to be checking back some kings. Um and you know what? Better King to check bank when you have the king King of Hearts. So we block more self is backed off last rose. You know, hence that we are really afraid off. If he had a flaw, he if he had a hand, like, you know, King nine of Hearts on the flop. Um, then, yeah, this style will provide him with a lot off additional equity. And we can be betting. I mean, we can be OK checking if we block the possibility from actually occurring. So here I decided to go with the check, and villain decides to bet, and, you know, we can make a play for check raising, but I think, you know, check calling with the King of Hearts is you know, it's fine. It's slightly better, in my opinion. Yeah, but I think raising because, you know, the ball is slightly more dynamic now. And he brings in more draws. Yeah, I can be convinced that I think me raising it slightly better about it really depends on your personal strategy. So here, you know, when villain decides to bet the river, I think there's no need to raise because, you know, although this chapter isn't supposed to be about the river, but I'll just talk about it slightly. Where, raising here. We only get a hand that spirit a call meaning like five x 9 10 Yeah, that's basically it. So uh, if we aren't getting, you know, more value from most of his hands. Like sets. Yes, sets do make sense. But, you know, if you look at its tone sizing, I think that's it would be good in it. So you are not many sets in its range, in my opinion, So I think just calling here is pretty standard. All right, so let's go for one more. Uh, okay. All right. So here we raised with Ace King, which is really centered on we observe that are villainess for, like, calling here on the button. So it's a really good time to point out that if you see a villain having a calling range entry betting range, then you can make to levels off off observations. The first being if he calls he's calling range is definitely weaker. And we can you know, when we hit a C one hand, we can be more confident off. RC one hens and some of our C two hands can be bumped up and to see one hands where you know, if we had I had, like, we drink on a Queen 56 board, we can be more confident that our queen is best because he's mostly mostly calling queens that queen 10. But he's tree betting queens like Ace Queen and King Queen. So these things matter. And the second thing is like, you know, when he tree bets, we need to give him more respect because his range for tree burning it's like tighter compared to all Arrange where you know, we are tree betting our whole ridge proof up to simplify our strategy. So, yeah, I do take nor off these things. So here I think see betting, you know, it's fine if let's see. I didn't have the ace of diamonds, um, as the people aggressor. Then maybe I would be checking because I don't want to be inflating the part against a hand like, let's say, East tell the is the diamonds because it can be really tricky. But with the ace of diamonds, I'm betting this Fine. I'm here on the turn. I think you know my initial plan. Waas Just check race and you know, like I said, you know, the king is a really good card for our range, but we can't just be betting every single time a King, Queen Jack 10 comes. So we definitely have to include some checked bags and obviously, like, you know, with the ace of diamonds in matters or not, because we block a lot off hiss diamond drawers, he ends up having hands like it. Nine, you know, a lot off 8 10 extract. Screen these hands. You know it's Queen. Yeah. Show they're called bets by hand. Like 89 We are hoping that, you know, he might catch up with nine. He might turn the hand like I intended or bluff. So I felt like it was a good time to check and allow him to bluff on the river. I decided to stick with my strategy where, you know, if he had an ace extent, he would be betting to get some Veriato me. If he had a hand that has a draw, I felt like he will be bluffing. So at at this point, my intention waas to either Rees his bet. If he's bet, was really small. I just call off a really big bet and, you know, he decided making half part. And at this point of time, I really felt like, you know, he had a hand like a seven is Queen or Jack that just wanted to get some value. And, you know, it's a good opportunity to just raise because, you know, we have talked to Pair and the weed action when? Where it was a check. But I bet check back. Yeah, it was just a good time to get some value on the river. And we do get a call with 67 So that's all for this lesson. And I'll see you guys in expressing to talk more about how to play the turn. I mean the river, Sorry. 7. Playing The River: So for this chapter, I'll be talking about playing the river. Um, and there are tree concepts, archery, key considerations that I would like to talk about because I think de Spectres are one of the most important factors when we think about our river decisions. So when we think about value betting, we have to think about, you know how much are hand it's worth. So you're so let's start by, you know, looking at the most left off the slight where you know, if you look back at our range, if we bet the flop and the turn, you know it's our hand, a tree street hand. So let me give you example. If, let's say on a 10 10 it 67 board, right? If we had aces, if we bet one street under floor, we bet another street on the turn because maybe there was a flush draw and wanted to get some value, and the river completed a really obvious street like 10 10 76 completed, you know, straight with a 99 You know, even some sets become for houses and, you know, just just a lot of bunch of stuff that that's beating us. And you know, it's all ahead. Um, wolf a tree, True barrel. And, uh, you know, diet is possibly not. But beyond that, what you should ask yourself is, you know how how many possible, you know, set streets and flushes. Can I have that you know, are considered You want hence, on the river if there are a ton of them. So in this case, if you know you had pocket eights market seven sixes, blah, blah, blah. All these hands before houses. We have some check nines. We have some 10 8 All these hands are pretty good, so there's no need to, you know, stoop down to bedding aces as a form off cheap tree barrow value bet. So do ask yourself how much it's my hand work. It sounds really simple. Ah, but it's more off. Actually, you're looking arrange because if you had a scissors in a tree for bed point, then aces is, you know, in your range is really the only premium hand at the best. See one hand you can have on 10 10 876 because you don't have it's and sevens and sixes in your for bedding. range. You don't have checked. 1904 Betting ridge. So it becomes a really clear tree barrel value bet against arranged that, you know, has mitt pocket pairs like jacks, queens and kings. Some, you know, some of the occasional. It's 5 67 that has brought impaired. So, yeah, um, then he says, becomes a true bear a bit. All right, so the next thing is speaking bluffs. Um, So it if you look at the example, let's say 76 on a 10 5 90 years. Um, is it a good bluff? And my answer is, yes, because we are low on our range. Um, sure, we do, But we do have diamonds, which is really bad when we are bluffing off last row board. But if you think you know about our head, um, we don't block any high diamonds meeting with them block queen of diamonds, Freedom blocking jack of diamonds. We don't walking Queen of diamonds. We don't check it of diamonds. So all these hands, you know, um, hands that are going to fall to a tree barrel and we don't block. We don't even block my head like you know, King five of diamonds. You know, we chest bottom pair our like, fourth pair, but it's not gonna call off a tree barrel bit just because he s a pair. So if you know, if we do think about that, then 76 of diamonds makes you know really good bet on the river. Um, any think about and, you know, if you think about, um, hands that you can possibly have there are also diamonds. So let's say Queen Jack of diamonds or King, Queen of diamonds. You know it. Can we not showdown sometime? So Queen Jack of diamonds can win 76 of diamonds if our port and have the 76 of diamonds so in reverse, when we have Queen Jack of diamonds, we are better off checking because we still do in some time and diamond drawers. But 76 Ken, you know, most probably won't win any any 76 really can't win any diamonds or seven highest. Really? Yes, Lois, it gets so yeah, I do think about you know how this comes into play when we are picking but on the river. Because if you are a player that you know is bluffing every single diamond draw. I'm bluffing every straight draw. You know, that's just too much. And occasionally from time to time, you know, you make some excuse to bluff some off your C four hands. You end up with a ton of bluffs on the river and you don't really have enough, You handsome balance it. But see, so it's something to think about. All right, So the last thing that I want to talk about is what, its top pair, or basically, any hand wolf to your border? Because if your opponent has king, Exxon kicks King 678 tree. Um, King X is actually just a bluff catcher, you know, because when you do face a triple barrel, it's always, you know, two pair I said, Uh, street in this scenario. So you know, some some people, you know, playing those steaks. They don't realize that Oking X is a bluff catcher. And if I face a triple barrel with Ace King, it's a step call and it's not really, really, really isn't. But the thing is, you have to be the player to realize that, you know, if our opponent things that is king. Assess snap call do I want to tone down on my blouse? And I think the answer is yes, because, um, a lot off my bluff, that work profitable against a good thinking player. It's not gonna be profitable against calling station because calling station system fall. So, yeah, I do think about you know what your villain has. And if it is really transparent that you know, he has been calling two Streets on aboard liking 678 It's really rare that, you know, he might hold to it off a river shelf. If he is a sticky person, so do think about that. All right, so right now I it's really simple, this chapter. So it's really hard to talk about. You know how to play the reverse? Well, because, you know, there are five cars on the river and the more cards appeared. More combinations recreations, and they are. So it's really a complex thing to talk about. By the same time, the action ends on the river, so it's a street where we can kind off. How do you put it? Well, it's really simple, right where if we call or read on off the shelf and we get calling. It's just the game just instead again, tree and there, by the same time, millions of combinations and permutations. So it's really hard to say how you would end up in every scenario, But it's worth thinking about you know how to pick gloves and how very bad. Well, because the rivers when the pot is the biggest, and it will affect all Regnery drastically. All right, so, um, to end it to end the chapter just, you know, standard Lee just go through some off the hands. So the first hand that I'll be going true is this one where we have a screen and we make a raise and we face a tree Bad. And, you know, here I think calling or even forbidding. Actually, I think forbidding small standard forbidding it's a bluff. But the less bacall find, um, and facing the bet this large on, um on the floor are we aren't really happy. So if we had, you know, a screen without the east of hearts, we might be able to find afford against a very tight opponent. But you have the heart to make a call. The check of hearts is a really good card for us. Nothing much say they're about villain decides to check back, which I think for his hand is really standard. No need to inflate the part against, you know, a hand that would only be stacking off with better meaning Jack, Queen, King, Jack, Jack's and Queens and all that kind of stuff. So his hand is technically a blockage. At this point, that's what I'm saying. And on this river, um, it's really about sizing. Like I said, What you know, how much can we get out for opponent and what is our hand actually worth? So here to me? Because off the turn, shake our head is a C one because of how the action went by the same time, because of how the action, when, how much is open and willing to call if I had like his king, because if he checked the turn with hand that his king, he saying he understands the value of his king, it's see to head and on the river. How much can we get? You know, from a C to head And to me the answer is not much, but it's definitely worth a bet with our hands. So I decided to bet one took part. And if you think about, you know, betting bigger if we do better, bigger we are only going to get charged on with, like Queens Jacks, Queen Jack Green. And you know, the times that he calls? Not really often he might be able he might find a four with his king if we bet. Like, that's a $70 in 99 even a hand like aces might be able to find for if, like, he wants a thinking player. Because how often cannot be bluffing on this board? Um, you know what? I really turned ahead. I pocket it's into a bluff. Not exactly. So anything really hits this board. And like the skin is King is really, like the not bluff catcher. And giving him this price really forces him in a tough spot where he knows he has to call. Uh, yeah. So here we get the coal, and it's a good result. Awesome. All right, so that's moved to Nixon. So he Oh, yes. Oops. So here we have Queen Nine of Hearts and raised in the small blind, and we do decide to bury half part. I think in retrospect, I would sick to my all sergi off just betting either small size or big size. And in this spot, I think betting small sizes really standard because it's hard for villain to continue with anything else that even the king object. And, you know, there's no need to go big, but nonetheless it calls. And the space is really interesting. So I say this because on the flop, you know, we don't hold any back doors and a villain has backdoors. He would be incentivised call so without back doors and with, you know, I could got shot straight. And with all range being so strong as the preform aggressor, us being having more Isa's getting shacks and stuff, I think this was actually point in time where I felt like Okay, maybe this is the time where I can set myself up for Triple barrel buff. So I decided to go bigger slightly by going the tone and we get a call. Um, and at this point, you know, I think it's worth mentioning. You know, what is the value off are put in 10 because if our opponent is a thinking player. Ah, he knows that. You know, we are really bluffing much on this spot in this spot. So if you think about possible blobs, like, what exactly can we have? We return pocket rising a blur six into success in the bluff. Uh, we turned tense into a bluff. You know, most players don't play it like that, and we don't hold a backdoor Fletcher. Oh, um, n villain possibly holds the backdoor flush draw, meaning that speeds. He could have diamonds. He could have cubs backed off Flashers on the flaps on the flop. And, you know, we don't hold any of those when we hope Queen nine of Hearts. Exactly. We do block, you know, Queen 10 which is street. So that's the best part. And, you know, we have Queen High. Um, literally, you know any hand? It's better in this point than Queen nine and open. And it's put into a tough spot because, um, if he knows if he thinks that we aren't bluffing, even a handler East five in issues is kind off a bluff catcher because we have ah lot offsets in our range. That makes four houses. We have a check we have is King of Kings. You objects all these kind of stuff. So, yeah. Um, in general, I think it's good bluff. And I think it was really hard for villain to call it off. Even if he did have a weak ace, he would really have to think about it. But you know what I am capable about. Bluffing. So, yeah. In the end, he decided for and play by us. So Yep. For the last hand, we have 78 of speeds. We make a raise and we face a tree bet and calling Here is the face. Then do it to balance our range off, like, you know, calling other hands that contain green and all those kind of stuff. Yeah, we just need to hit the board sometimes when it's low. So, yeah, we face a seabed. And I think, you know, affording is out of the option calling in standard and undertone against a bit. We pick up a double gut, a double gut shot with a nine and a five at the same time. We don't hold any club. We don't have any diamonds, so it's really just, you know, a good spot to be bluff catching in general and on the river. It's really simple because, um, you know, we have to ask ourselves how often you know I'll be calling. And you know, if our hand is best because we don't block clubs, we don't block time. And so he could easily have, like asking a diamonds ace, queen of diamonds. It's cleaner clubs, All these combos, even Queen Jack. All these hands are very tempted to be bluffing. Ah, and you know, hence there are value betting are aces, tens pocket. It's pocket sixes. I don't think he has much pocket for them pocket trees. And if we wear all these combos out, I think you know, we can easily see uh, like he has a lot of plus in his range. And, you know, we decided Call it off because we just have some. We really just have the best blockers. Ah, we brought seventh illustrate. Brought it to the set. And we don't have any clubs and diamonds. And once villain shows us this hand, there is something ready to take note, which is, you know, if he is, you know, betting flop in turn with this hand. Um, you know, that just shows how wide it is because he is probably going to do this with, you know, a bunch of Ace Kings, and he might be slightly out of line in his mind. He might be thinking the same thing where you know, if I don't have clubs and I don't have diamonds. Villain most probably is on a draw as well. But if you think about it like, um, if you wouldn't bet like you would bet the flop in the third reflect Club is kings as well diamonds these kings as well. And if you are being with this, it's really just out off line slightly. So, yeah, make the easy call here. We're not really easy, but slightly easy call, and we do end up winning the park. So that's all for this chapter. And in the next chapter, I will be moving on to spots off death where I really identify spot. You know that villainous, really strong, and we should play with more caution 8. Spots Of Death: All right, so in this chapter, we will be talking about spots of death which basically means sports that you should just be navigating with caution more often, because thes sports are spots that you know really happen often. But at the same time, villain is really never bluffing. And he's really just playing his hand face up. Basically, that's what I mean. So, um, example of such sports, the 1st 1 would be facing a check raise on Dr Boards. I think most players have experience with this. So, um, on a history seven Remo board, if you are the aggressive under the gun, Um, and the big blind check reasons you when you see that, you know that, you know? Ah, the unwrapping a lot. Um, most of the time they have set. I'm not saying that they definitely have a set, but do us herself, you know, in the sticks that you are paying, how capable is villain, You know how capable they say, How capable is he in making bluffs at the stakes? Um, e c going to be racing ahead like it. Nine. Suit with the backdrop Metro. Um, is he going to be checked raising for five very often, probably not. So even with a head like his king calling a check raise the standard. But if we do face more aggression or a check on the tone, regardless, we shouldn't be too happy about putting more money. The part And maybe we should think about, you know, the best way to see a cheap showdown because villains hand it's really transparent. Where he either has, you know, Ah, street drug bluff, our backdoor bluff. If not, he has a set, and it's it should be really very straightforward to never get, Um, so based on what I just said, then you should ask yourself the next question, which is, you know, should I exclude a large person that a large portion off these blasts bluffs? Like I said, like 89 studio. If I shoot it, you know you have these bluffs. Ah are excluded. Excluded from villains ranged and, you know we can look to for some hands, like it's my student. I know that we do have some pair, and it's the topics of pairs, but against a range where you know he's bluffing with equity. And if he is in He has a really strong value hand that dominates us. Then we might be able to, you know, find a type four and the second spot that I want to talk about this large over bets. Well, if let's say on the river if the part was $10 Villa makes a $20 bet, you know, and you know, I'm not saying that people aren't bluffing in this spot, But when villains shoes to over Ben and even at low sticks, they do, um, ask yourself, You know, how often does he make this sizing with a bluff competent to and on the option of just betting 1.5 times off the point? Why choose two times to put white? Why not 1.21 point one? Why not just bet part so he might just slightly over bet if it was a bluff and really go big. If it wasn't so do look out, you know, for sizing towns like if you are playing with our player that you see on a daily basis, do take note off, excising tells, um, and the last one would be facing a big, bright tree bet. So I'm not sure. You know, I think this concept might not be familiar with most off you guys that the big blind is actually supposed to be tree betting really aggressively against the button. And, you know, on the right side of the slide, you can see how you know these hands are all tree bets on. And if you see there is like something seven Souder, Kings, Excluder King, Faisal Jack six shooter. These hands are really in some sort of sense standard in game theory sins to be tree bets. But why? I wouldn't recommend them. Being true bets for you guys is because you know they are tough to play post flop. And even to this day, I you know, I struggle. I definitely do struggle playing in like 10 7 Sudha it post flop. Because most of the time when you do hit a pair, it's not really a sin, a scenario where you're just like piling in money because you have top pair. After all, your kid goes seven. Um, and even if you don't, you know you have to be really selective for blows, because if you look at this range, there are a lot of air air hands inside, and you can just be profit off them. So it's really complex on, and it's fine if your tree betting range isn't like that. But the important thing to take note from this is, you know, if you haven't seen an important playing like this, it just means that you know, he's treat getting tighter. And, you know, whatever you see online about all this is the right way to defend against three bets. Do think about that again, because a title tree bet range that Dylan has means that we should be defending tighter and , you know, regardless, are GTO defend. So whatever you see online that people claim to be a game theory optimal defend, it's always give very optimal meaning. You will always end up a winner. Um, but the thing is, can we do better than that? You know, can we call tighter and exploit the play, in fact, that villainous also tree betting really tight? And if we can, then we should and you know, because he is tree reading very tight. It also shows that he's calling range is you know, it's not gonna be the same, and we can further exploit that as well. So it's just killing two birds with one stone, basically. All right, So before I I and you know, and this chapter, um I want to say, like, you know, you know, if this moves look really strong to you and they certainly do in, like, most low stakes environment, then we should take advantage of the fact that, you know, we should include this moves into our arsenal as well. Because if they look strong against the regular thinking player that we see at the sticks that we play it, then we are incentivized to, you know, make the same place as well. So when we are bluffing, you know, we want to scale it up. Maybe because thes hands, these moves look so strong that Dylan might just tighten his range so tight that, like, he's only calling off the nuts. And, you know, if we observe that villain is unable to call off anything other than the nuts when we are pulling, you know, to export strategy, then we should continue doing this. I feel until you know, villain realizes what we're doing, and then we can choose to come to exploit. So all that sounds really complex. Um, but, you know, the basis off this cause is to develop to develop, you know, thinking, strategy, a strategy that is done by you. Um, and, you know, if you put some thought process into thinking about the strategy of basic one meeting like , you know, when you start playing, you're just gonna go in there and you don't know anything about anyone. And it is going to play a simple strategy. Then you know, these are all additional weapons you can bring to the fight Where, um you know, if open and showing science off weakness in some spots, or like, you know, we can bully them in some spots that we should to increase our winter it. But if you aren't attorney ah, winning player than focus on your basic strategy before thinking about making exploited this, please. So that's all for this chapter, and we'll move on to talking about multi way parts before ending the course 9. Multiway Pots And Conclusion: So in our final video, we'll be talking about playing multi way. And, um, the first thing I would like to say is that, you know, playing monkey way is really profitable because a lot of players struggle playing, Um, they they just struggle playing multi way because, um, it's something that is really hard to understand. Their more variables of a lot of range is in play. And, you know, it's really hard to say what the best way to play is. But I can tell you that, um, you know, playing them well will definitely increase your win rate by a lot of these spots don't happen really often in higher stick games because most people are tree breading pre flop, and you don't really end up in Matthew s scenarios much. But they do happen from time to time. And my general guideline is, you know, be straightforward when you're playing multi way. Um, when you are betting, you know when you're calling, do have you know, either see one hands all the best see tree hands only got hands like gun shots. You know when you are the last to act. Yeah, sure. They may be slightly available. Um, because you are in position and you can change the gut show. But, you know, if you have a drawer, there is not, you know, not really quality draw. Then these hands, you might just consider dumping because if you face a lot of action, but it's a little flat stroll, high chance There is someone in the multi way part that has, ah, higher flash running you. And on top of that, you know, if you have a flush lower faster without a pair, um, you know, making a pair or later streets can be really tricky. And so therefore, just, you know, keep it simple and really played the best see tree hands that you have in your range. And don't overplay your flash roads in your street drugs because calling off big bets are a show way to lose as much money as possible. On the contrary, if you have a strong see one hand trips pair with a good kicker with a run out, then these hands our hands that you know you should be looking to put the pot. And don't be shy when it comes to bet sizing because with more players in the part. You should be incentivized to bet bigger because you know you're open and has better arts to draw out of you on you. If, like, there are three people in the pot. So what's the best way you know? Or the best thing I can say about it is you know, just think less mistakes by not over very hence, like top pair. Don't you know, rush to bet. Top pair. Let's see. Electric 10 on jacket tree. Um, just because you know, you have a jack you need to start thinking like Okay, you know, on the turn, if I do face a call on the floor, you know what? What turns out good for me attend might not be great. A jack discreet. But honestly, when you face a call in the multi report, most of them have flight check as well. And, um, you know, Doc Icka could be really way above yours. Ah, And you know these spots, you know, will cost you a lot of money in the long run. And even if you had the best hand and the turn came seven Our queen Is it really hard? Is it really easy to play in. The spots are not exactly so. Do realize that Reynolds can be terrible and, you know, maybe checking back are just slowing down with top pair. Um, you know, taking free cards and just showing down your head might actually be the best way to play any full face on action. You know, like bets and raises and stuffed and dumping the head instead of navigating truth. Such tricky spot might just be better. All right, So I actually only have one. An example that I think really summarizes Just off playing Milky Way Ah, which is this hand where I open, you know, in MP and a face or call on the button by a shots, a shot Stay on a call in the big Blaine. And the flop is Sector Queen, where you know, my hand screen. But it's really not best because, um no, I I have a Jack, but chances are King jackets throughout their queen jackets out there and check this out there. And thesis and combinations are combos that ah threatened by the the button very often. If you think about Jack's al jackets, really the words, because how often is the button, you know, flat calling Jack nine student at stakes, like 200 now. So we don't have a good check. We should really aim to, you know, slow down. Um, and even against a big speed drawer, like he's king of spades. Well, he doesn't have a skin because he didn't He didn't treat back. But let's see it against ahead, like 19 speeds. Um, it's not really doing too hot, per se. Um, so you don't like exactly dominating, so we can be fined, like slowing down or, you know, just bank small in this case, which I choose to do. Um, I think in general, looking back, I think bangs betting small could be better because we do get value out of hands that have slight equity, like qualifies. So in some sort of sense, our hand is in the best. We don't want to inflict the pilots a bearing $12 narrowing the real issue like Premium Jack's by at the same time, we can just be giving free equity away to a handling pocket fires that has two outs. Two drawn us. The chances are small, but there's still no reason given free card and open. It makes the mistake of raising with Ace Queen. Because, you know, if this was a single race, part Ace Queen might be a descent descend raise because he could Look, you know, he could look at a scenario and say that Well, um, you know, when he is betting small when we are betting small, we don't really have a jet in our range that often. And it's queen tends to be the best end, and you can get value from a lot of hands, like tens, pocket tens, King, queen, queen 10 all these kind of stuff and yeah, but if this was a single race part Ace Queen would definitely be a C one hand. But at this point, you know, it's queen is a low C one head and not a high c one hand. And if you think about run out there, unm much run out that are good for East Queen. You know, any 89 and 10 and king and Ace, um, they're not the best. I would say so. Here. Like, I don't like his race, but in our spot, we are just calling. Um and you know if we had a stronger hand like Jack, which is a full house or a check we could consider been re raising back opponent. But in this case, like I said, you know, Al Jack is the weakest. So we just call him, and hopefully he would continue bluffing. And, you know, I mean, at that point, I didn't really know what his hand was, so I thought he was bluffing, but yeah, on the turn and call. I mean, I would like to see call, actually, but I think ah, jamming for his last, like, $50. I think it's fine. It's sub optimal. I would say I would prefer to see myself calling, um, but he shot. I mean, we shelf and he calls it off and we end up taking down the part. And you know this head. It wouldn't play out this way if he didn't overvalue Ace Queen, which is really the essential just off, like playing multi reports where not overly in your hand, it's just the most critical thing. So, yeah, that's all I have to say about all the reports. Every other scenario, multi way. It's really unique, and it's really about developing the right top process. You know, thinking about your blockers, thinking about where your hand is in every category. So, you know, now that we have come to, you know, the end off, um, this whole ah poker series, I would say, like, you know, look back and think about what I've said. Um, I don't think about the hands specifically, but the thought processes that I have been hopping on, um, and even though you know, some hands was specifically chosen to illustrate some points in, let's say, the turn chapter. But I did, you know, make an effort to talk about the flop or the reverse scenarios out the spots and these can , you know, it's it's really helpful if you think about the overall game plan. What are you trying to do with this hand, brothers? The sense, then in oil category of hands, what is your range like? What is the opponents range like, um, you know what kind of a put what What kind of opponent are you facing? Are you facing a strong rag? Are you facing a fish? You know? Are you facing someone whose aggressive are you facing? Someone who's you know, a thinking player. Um, all of these things matter, and, you know, it all comes with experience, But it was a company of good foundations, and this is really one of those ways where you can build them. Where when you play poker, you think about, um you know, you think of all these top processes because if you can, you know, come up with a good reason. Uh, when you make a certain decision, then you should really think back whether your decision was the right one and whether you're playing the game, right? So to end off, I would I want to talk a bit about game theory on why, You know, even though I have experience working with solvers, I don't really bring Kim very much into what I teach. Um, and that's because many students are many poker players at law sticks. They already struggle playing, you know, just understanding the fundamentals of poker, understanding 10 categories and all that. And, you know, most of them argue back and say, you know that they know that they should be playing expected if poker and that is what they are doing. But the thing is, um, you know, are you a winning, exploitative player? If you are not, then you know you are the player who is being exploited, you know? And what's easier? Is it easier to focus on, um, you know, some guidelines, like guidelines that I gave drop the course that were derived from game theory solvers. Or, you know, is it easier to buy a game theory solver and their memorizing errors? Or is it you know, better to just sit down and come up with your own sense off, exploited a Fokker, and I would think, like, you know, take a shot and listen to how the pros appling. Um, listen to what? You know what they're thinking. Um, and, you know, don't think too much about about exploitation. Think about the top, process off every single hand and then think about overall strategy, and this will help you hunker low stakes. And then as you move up, then you know you need to think more about game theory strategies and, you know, if they aren't working, can exploit it if charges work better. But as off now, focus on the fundamentals and you have a reason. Whenever you make a decision, and that's the most important thing I think is for every possibly out there. All right, so now they have come to the end. Of course, if you guys have any questions, you can feel free to email me. Ah, just send me a message on Instagram. Um, and if you guys ever, you know, require any private coaching with regards to, you know, reviewing the hands on talking about your personal, you know, polka style, or you know, whether you're doing something right where you're doing something wrong, feel free to drop me an email as well, and we can discuss photo. But if not, like, you know, thanks for, you know, thanks for two hours off the time. And I wish you all the best in whatever sticks that you play in