Pocketing Peru, Travel Tribe Culture Series | Kelsey Betzelberger | Skillshare

Pocketing Peru, Travel Tribe Culture Series

Kelsey Betzelberger, Opera singer / Teacher / Traveler

Pocketing Peru, Travel Tribe Culture Series

Kelsey Betzelberger, Opera singer / Teacher / Traveler

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13 Lessons (44m)
    • 1. Travel Tribe Peru Welcome

    • 2. Peru Introduction

    • 3. Fun Facts of Peru

    • 4. Peru Geography The Andes & The Amazon

    • 5. History of Peru, The Inca Empire, Cusco & Smallpox

    • 6. Peruvian People & Animals

    • 7. Peru's Capital Lima

    • 8. Fruit & Peruvian Food

    • 9. Machu Picchu Introduction

    • 10. Machu Picchu History & Fun Facts

    • 11. Construction Machu Picchu

    • 12. Travel Tips Peru

    • 13. Peru Travel Tribe Conclusion

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About This Class

Welcome to the Travel Tribe Culture Series course on Peru!

In this dynamic, fast-paced course, we will explore the history, language, food, culture, traditions, celebrations, geography, animals and famous sites of Peru. The course then dives into the construction, history and fun facts about one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World, Machu Picchu.

Students explore local traditions and fun facts that shape this country into the exciting and dynamic place that it is today. Students discover the major cities, learn how to fit in like a local, and check out what to explore in each city (Lima & Cusco), and how to make the most of Peru if you're only in town for a few days.

Whether you are planning for a post-Covid vacation, wanting a virtual adventure, or planning your next long-term-digital-nomad destination, this course is for you!

Some of the fun-fact topics we will explore:

  • What influence did the Inca Empire have on Peru?

  • What is the Peruvian national dish (Cuy), and would you try it?

  • Which Peruvian fruits would you want to eat? (And how much is too much of a dragon fruit, as a tourist?)

  • Why are alpacas so important to the people of Peru?

  • Where does the name Peru come from?

  • What are the main languages of Peru?

  • What is the boiling river? Is it really that hot?

About The Author

My name is Kelsey Betzelberger, and I have been teaching for over 10 years. I was trained as an opera singer at Northwestern University in Chicago, and visited 45 countries around the world while performing at opera houses in Italy, Germany, England, Argentina, France, Croatia and the Netherlands. I also teach German, French, and music, and I have lived in seven different countries with my husband and our three well-traveled, geriatric cats.

Meet Your Teacher

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Kelsey Betzelberger

Opera singer / Teacher / Traveler


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1. Travel Tribe Peru Welcome: Welcome to this Travel Tribe History and Culture course, pocketing Peru. The Travel Tribe culture series on the history and culture of Peru. We had to Lima, Cusco, the Andes Mountains, Macchu, Picchu, and more. I'm Kelsey buffalo burger. And I've traveled to 45 countries while singing opera all around the world. In this dynamic, fast-paced course, we will explore the history, culture, food traditions, animals and weirdest and most intriguing things of this spectacular country. Make sure to reference your Travel Tribe culture series travel planner to help you organize your thoughts and the coloring pages for your enjoyment. Discover all this and more in the best travel tribe History and Culture course. Make sure to bring your travel journal as the saying goes. Traveling makes you speechless and then makes you a storyteller. We're going to her place, I'll place viral way. We're going to have fun, dance and play, or getting on a plane, maybe eating food or z. Let's see France, Let's see Spain, Let's see it. Let's see Greece, Morocco, let's say come up be, let's see, let's see Russia travel, trip. Let's go. Let's see France, Let's see Spain. Let's see it on the slide. Let's see Greece, Colombia. Yeah, Let's see China and let's see Russia. Let's go. Let's get started. 2. Peru Introduction: Mainly known for the Amazon rainforest and Macchu Picchu. Peru is a country in South America rich in archaeological sites, including Sacred Valley, the Inca trail, and previous capital of Cusco. Your travel the world worksheet is available for your reference at all times during the course. A blank sheet is also provided for optional self-study. The Travel Tribe travel planner is used throughout the course as a way to note the food, clothing, major cities and their attractions, and fun facts or pro tips that should be kept in mind when exploring. There are also some coloring pages provided for your enjoyment. The coloring pages and travel planner can be shared with the class at the end of the course. Let's get started. 3. Fun Facts of Peru: Peru is a country located on the South American continent. The capital is ulema, and the national language is Spanish. The earliest inhabitants arrived in Peru around 15 thousand years ago. One of the most important Peruvian cultures was the Inca, who lived in Peru around 600 years ago. Their capital, Cusco, is still a major city today. Cusco is one of the most beautiful cities in the world, located in the Andes Mountains. At one time, it was the capital of the Incan empire. And it still remains a bustling city with fruit stands, cobblestone pathways and beautiful churches. Cusco is located at 11 thousand feet above sea level. Sex, a woman, a citadel built in the year 1100, is located at one of the highest points in Cusco. The 12 angled stone is another highlight of Cusco, carved with 12 angles to fit perfectly with the stones around it. The stone is currently part of a long of the palace of the Archbishop of Cusco. And not even a piece of paper can fit between the stones. Which is amazing because when they built this, they can have the machinery that we do today. Popular items from this area are paintings, jewelry, and fruit. The Inca also built Machu Picchu, a famous and mysterious ancient city in the Andes. They thrived for centuries before being conquered by the Spanish in 1532. In the next section, we will dive in more to Machu Picchu. Currently, the population has over 31 million people and the currency is the Nuevo. So they drive on the right side of the road. On peruse Pacific Coast is lema, the current capital city with a well-preserved Old Town and important collections of pre-Columbian art. Llamas and alpacas, Rome, the high mountains, as locals Don wide brimmed hats and heavy ponchos. Peru is one of the most diverse countries on the planet, with everything from rainforests and chocolate to two cans and some BJ, attracting visitors from around the world. 4. Peru Geography The Andes & The Amazon: The third largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina. Peru is comprised of a wide variety of terrain, mountains, beaches, deserts, and forests. Most people live on the coast of the Pacific Ocean, where Lima is found. The coastal desert makes up only 1 tenth of Peru, but more than a half of all Peruvians lay off on this 1555 mile or 2500 kilometer stretch. Peru is essentially a tropical country, with its northern tip almost touching the equator. As the second highest mountain range in the world. The peaks of the Andes Mountains are so tall and foreboding that the ancient Inca people thought that they weren't gods. The Andes Mountains are over 7 thousand kilometers or 4300 miles long. And of an average height of about 13 thousand feet or 4 thousand meters. Peruse mountains are also home to many types of grasses and plants, which provide food for animals like the alpaca, llamas, snakes, reptiles, big cats, and colorful birds live in the rain forests. And fish. Penguins and see birds live in and near the ocean. The Poor Dad, I'm Monday plant grows for 100 years before blooming. That's a long time to be waiting for a flower. Even though the Andes are a stunning natural wonder. The immense difficulties of travel posed by this dazzling mountain range, including the 17 thousand foot high Rainbow Mountain, have a long impeded national unity because people just have such a hard time getting to each other. The Andes Mountains were created by the South American plate overriding the Nazca plate. The lower parts of the Andes Mountains merge with the tropical forested areas of the Amazon basin, which forms the region of Amazonian. This area occupies more than three-fifths of Peru. The Amazon. The Amazon is the world's largest rain forest and more than 60 percent of Peruvian territory. Is covered by this dense jungle. The area has 700 types of firms and more than 7300 species of flowering plants. There are around 1800 species of birds that live in the Amazon, as compared to 575 species of birds in all of North America, as well as many other plants and animals that don't live anywhere else on earth. The Amazon also has the four mile long Shen, a team ph guy. The only boiling river in the world. Births geothermal energy sheets. This water to almost boiling. It goes from roughly 80 degrees Fahrenheit or 27 degrees Celsius, to 200 degrees Fahrenheit, or 94 degrees Celsius at its hottest. Small mammals, reptiles and amphibians regularly fallen and our boiled in an instant. According to local traditions, the boiling river is a place of substantial spiritual power. The shin ATP Scott is a natural feature, non volcanic, geothermal and hot enough to cook any living creature in a matter of seconds, including humans. So watch your step. This genetic deme few Scott is a tributary of the Amazon River. Not far away are the Rivera annulus, the Amazon River people. The unity better annulus, or the indigenous tribes that live by the banks of the Amazon River. You can see by their attire that the weather and the climate of the Amazon is something that few people around the world have experienced for a long period of time. It's not only hot, muggy and rating, but there is also always something crawling on you. Mosquitoes are everywhere. The rearranges are notoriously adaptable and resilient. As they live in an area subject to remarkable environmental changes. Their lives revolved around the Amazon River. They wash their clothes in it, they bathe in it. They use water for cooking and fish in it for minutes. And since there are no roads that even INGOs use the river to get everywhere they need to go. The Amazon is so large and so dense that there will always be something to learn from this amazing part of our planet. Some scientists speculate that there may even be unknown indigenous tribes that have never seen the outside world. 5. History of Peru, The Inca Empire, Cusco & Smallpox: Peru is a very old country. The earliest residents arrived about 15000 years ago. Societies emerged on the West Coast more than 5000 years ago and began to spread inland. The peoples of Peru where mostly isolated from one another because of the Andes Mountains. Peruvian territory was home to several ancient cultures, including the Chavan, the image J, and the Nazca. The note they Chico civilization, the oldest community in the Americas, settled here and around 3500 BCE. This was one of the six cradles of civilization, or people who chose to settle in one area and give up their hunter and gatherers nomadic ways. Along with Egypt, Mesopotamia or present-day Iraq and Iran, the Indus Valley, or present-day Pakistan and Afghanistan, and China, Mexico, and Peru. These early developments were followed by ancient cultures that developed mostly around the coastal and mountain regions throughout Peru. The main civilization being the Inca. The Inca Empire. The Inca Empire has one of the longest histories of civilization in the world. And we can trace its heritage back 6 thousand years. In the 15th century. The Inca form the largest empire in the Pre-Columbian Americas, controlling all of Northern Ecuador, Central Chile, from their capital of Cusco. Cusco, as we talked about, is still a major city today. The Inca also built much impeach you, a famous and mysterious ancient city on top of the Andes Mountains, close to their capital of Cusco. The incus arrived here for centuries. In fact, the Incan empire with larger than imperial Rome at its peak, it included nearly 25 thousand miles of roads and relied on a network of runners to spread news and keep the kingdom connected. What an after-school job, or do you think? This Spanish eventually took over in 1532. They brought their European culture, the Spanish language, many viruses and the Roman Catholic religion to this area. They also brought smallpox and the indigenous population got very sick. Many died due to the many diseases introduced by the Spanish. 6. Peruvian People & Animals: The people of Peru are a mix of many different cultures, including Indians, Spaniards, Asians, and descendants of African slaves. Until recently, most people lived in the countryside. But now more than 70 percent of people live in the cities. Most Peruvians follow the Catholic religion as introduced by the Spanish. And the main spoken language is Spanish. All know a significant number of Peruvians speak catch-up and other indigenous languages. A mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide variety of art, cuisine, literature, and music. The name Peru itself is derived from a catch-up Indian word, meaning land of abundance. A reference to the wealth produced by the rich and highly organized Inca civilization. The most common clothing in Peru is a wide brimmed hat and an alpaca wool poncho. It takes between 500 and 600 man hours and six months to spin, die. And we've a traditional Peruvian poncho. Adults generally receive one poncho throughout their life as a present when they are young, and it is expected to last a lifetime. Nearly every weaving technique known today was invented by the Peruvians and all of them before 3000 BCE. Alpacas and llamas were the main reasons why humans could live in the Andes due to their strength, their meat, and they're soft for. Perhaps the most recognized of Peruvian animals are the llama, alpaca, pack animals known for their soft, waterproof and fire resistant for, as well as their high-quality meat. Known as one of the most beautiful and resilient mammals of this area. Alpacas are indigenous to the Peruvian Andes and can live for up to around 20 years. They are similar to often confused with the llama. However, alpacas are notably smaller than llamas and somewhat more mild mannered, although don't be fooled, they are known to spit when they are annoyed. Alpacas also do not live in the wild. They are only owned by farmers who breed them for their soft fur and later their meat. They are often tied to a long rope in front yards, allowing them to graze naturally, but making sure that they don't wander off. Llamas and alpacas were the Incas most important domestic animal, providing food, clothing, and acting as beasts of burden. They were also often sacrificed in large numbers to the gods. There is one of the major attractions for tourists coming to Peru. Other mammals you might spot as you walk through the highlands are the andean fox, also known as the cold pale, as well as the spectacle bear. The tiny pygmy marmoset sets are known as pocket monkeys, little lions, dwarf monkeys. 7. Peru's Capital Lima: There was a mass migration to the cities during the 20th century, especially after the end of World War II. With a population of about 9 million people. Lima is the fifth largest city in South America, located in the desert between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains. The city has a gorgeous view of the Pacific and is known as the gray city due to all of the fog that rolls in off and water. A third of peruse population lives in this vibrant capital city. Lima was called the Sea you that the law cereus, or the city of kings. And was founded by a Spaniard conquistador named Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535. Or needs colonial architecture contrasts with modern high-rise buildings in Lima. Lima is most important architectural jewel. The church and Convent of San Francisco, built in 1674, is a part of the historic center of ulema, a unesco World Heritage site. Aside from the church and monastery, it also contains an ancient library and catacombs. Another important institution and peruse capital is sudden Marcos University, which was founded in Lima in 1550 one. And it is believed to be the oldest university in the Americas. 8. Fruit & Peruvian Food: Peru has hundreds of different types of fruit, including avocados, mangoes, guava does, and lives. Fruit is part of the street food culture. And you can often by something delicious and fresh on the street for just a peso or to some other delicious and colorful fruits in Peru are the sour sop, the Krakow mitochondria, or passion fruit, and the dragon fruit. Sour sop, a popular ingredient in tropical drinks and smoothies. They go on to have Anna or sour cell has been used as an alternative treatment for cancer and other health ailments. Its flavor is complex, sort of a mix of pineapple, strawberry, and citrus. Also known as the sweet passion fruit. This tasty AND, and fruit is similar to the more famous cousin, the mitochondria, or the regular passion fruit. But the outside is large and orange with a sweeter and less acidic flavor. It also kind of looks like an alien. Krakow is best known for its bidder, dark beads wrapped in Delicious pulp, but tastes sort of similar to an apple with a pineapple texture. It sees the cocoa beans are used to make cocoa solids, cocoa butter, and chocolate. The seeds are protected in a massive pod and the fleshy white pulp has a pleasant, sweet and kind of sour flavor. Passion fruit. Or the mitochondria is an edible, egg shaped and the fleshy fruit. The skin is a yellowish of violet or orange. The passion fruit got its name because it is one of the many species of the passion flower. The many, many black seeds are covered by an orange jelly, which is juicy and bitter, sweet, and sort of tastes like pineapple. Locals recommend that you do not chew the seeds but just swallow them. Otherwise, you might be too busy chewing to enjoy the flavor. Commonly known as dragon fruit in English. This alien looking fruit is sweet and produced by a type of night blooming cactus. It comes in several different colors and has a texture which is often compared to the kiwi fruit. Due to his ample number of seeds. Tour guides recommend that visitors only eat 1 third of a dragon fruit per week, as they are also used in aiding constipation. Peru is a colorful land of textiles, ancient ruins, and fluffy alpacas is also home to an interesting national dish. Roasted guinea pig or Cooley. It is served hole with head and feet intact. Traditional Peruvian cuisine as a lot of regional variation. In the mountains, most meals consist of potatoes and other mountain tubers, such as OCHA and grains like keyword and protein, like ulama, Guinea pig, chicken, and fish. In coastal areas, traditional cooking is called Cookie yo-yo style, with heaps of rice, UCA, tomatoes, onions, spicy peppers, and fresh seafood. A typical Peruvian dinner might include meat, rice and a potato, vegetable and keyless soup. So VJ, raw fish marinated and lemon or a lime juice is popular throughout Peru. Heroes are a favorite Peruvian snack, often sold on busy streets. The most popular food and Peru, though, without a doubt, is the potato. The potato has been growing in the high Andes mountains of Peru for over 10 thousand years, where there are now between 3000. And for the housing variety is of native potatoes grown. These potatoes are brilliant and color and range from dark purple, bright yellow. They come in all shapes and sizes, each with a rich and distinct flavor. Peruvians like to say. So, mass poodle Ohno gala, which means I am more Peruvian. Then the potato. It is believed that the Inca indians first grew potatoes in Peru. They were the main food source during the Inca Empire, providing them with their chief source of energy. The Incas loved potatoes so much that they even buried their dead with them. They use potatoes for medicinal purposes as well, such as placing a raw potato slice on broken bones to promote healing. They carried them around in purses and in pockets to prevent rheumatism or in their mouth to help a toothpick or on their skin when treating frostbite or a sunburn. Each year, on May 30th, perused celebrates VNS you and they laptop or national potato day. It is a day to celebrate the potatoes of different colors, different shapes, tastes, and textures. Throughout the country, you will find many fares and festivals celebrating the potato by offering a variety of food and drink. 9. Machu Picchu Introduction: High in the Andes mountains above the oral Bomba River Valley. Since an ancient and abandon and can sit it out named Macchu Picchu, our fifth wonder of the world. On the top of a mountain at nearly 8 thousand feet. This city in the clouds is the most popular tourist destination on the entire continent of South America. 10. Machu Picchu History & Fun Facts: Built in the 15th century. Macchu Picchu is renowned for its sophisticated dry stone walls and fuse huge blocks without the use of mortar. Macchu, Picchu is exact former US remains a mystery. But this mountain top city was built by Incan Emperor pod shock who tech Machu Picchu was used housing for the Inca and leet after the Spanish conquest of 1532. Once abandoned by the Inca, the city remained unknown until it was rediscovered by an explorer. In 1911. Macchu Picchu was designated a unesco World Heritage site in 1983. And it attracts over 0.5 million visitors per year, more than 2500 every day. The city in the clouds is accessible by train and then bus, then by sturdy walking shoes. The view is from our fifth of our seven wonders of the world are vast and impressive. But some younger people simply want to see the llamas and alpacas that live there. Generally. Historians agree that Macchu Picchu was used as housing for the Inca nobility after the Spanish invaded in 1532. It was away from the main roads, had extensive fertile lands for growing crops. And it was strategically on top of a mountain, making sure that residents could spot invaders from miles away. Still. We don't know for certain why Macchu Picchu was built, nor why it wasn't destroyed by the Spanish. 11. Construction Machu Picchu: A dramatic scene at the meeting point between the Andes Mountains and the Amazon River basin. The historic sanctuary of Macchu Picchu is among the greatest artistic, architectural, and land use achievements anywhere in the world. And with its tall walls and expansive terraces and organized rows for crops, it makes for an incredible sight. The city is surrounded on three sides by cliffs that dramatically dropped around 1400 feet into the Obama river. There are nearly a 140 buildings, including baths, houses, temples, sanctuaries, and at least a 100 different flights of stone steps. Most of the buildings of Machu Picchu are built with stone that tightly fit together without the use of mortar. This construction style helps the buildings to stay standing during earthquakes or large storms popular during the rainy seasons of Peru. The Inca didn't use wheels or animals to help with transport. So most of the hard work was done by hand. In other words, by people. It would have taken a hundreds of laborers using ropes and levelers to move these large stones. Once finished, it is estimated that around a thousand people lived there. Likely the Inca nobility, priests and their sermons. Macchu Picchu literally translates to old peak or old mountain in catch-up, the Incan language. 12. Travel Tips Peru: Peru is a fascinating and breathtaking place, but it's always good to keep a few things in mind. The altitude. Peru is high. Cusco city is at 11,154 feet or 3400 meters above sea level. Give yourself at least 12 hours for acclimation before heading out for any strenuous exploring. Coca leaves. Peruvians have used coca leaves to counteract altitude sickness for centuries, perhaps millennia. Locals chew the leaves or make a tea from it do to the ample amount of caffeine inside. Don't try it too close to bedtime. And be careful not to bring coca leaf tea bags or just the leaves themselves back to places such as the US. Because coca leaves grow on the same plant that cocaine is made from, it's illegal in many countries. The T and leaves themselves though, are harmless and can be consumed by both adults and children. Go to the doctor. Speaking of the altitude, think about heading to the doctor before your trip and inquiring about altitude medication, especially for places like Cusco and Macchu, Picchu. Another consideration is antimalarial medication and yellow fever or typhoid shots. If you plan to visit the Amazon regions, just like heading to other exotic places, consult your government websites for any up-to-date information and vaccine requirements. Macchu Picchu is awesome, but the weather is extremely unpredictable. As you'll have thunderstorms and bright sunshine all in one afternoon. Pro tip. Umbrellas aren't allowed inside or on top of the mountain in order to protect the ruins. So be sure to bring a plastic partner with you to protect yourself from the rain. Don't drink the water. Don't drink anything with ice. Brush your teeth with bottled water, and don't open your mouth in the shower. The water is not potable from the tap. According to Peruvian law, you have to always carry your passport in case of random document checks in towns, hotels, or at the train station, it is also advisable to make photocopies of your passport and store them in different bags. Went out and about. You won't see a multitude of ATMs. Peru is known around the world for its detail handmade goods like woven alpaca sweaters, blankets, and socks. But make sure you have enough cash on hand. Most people in Peru speak Spanish and English is not widely understood. So make sure to brush up on your travelers Spanish, speak slowly and clearly. The patient smile and have fun. 13. Peru Travel Tribe Conclusion: An incredible amount of nature, food and color. For r2 is one of the most interesting and diverse countries in the world. Join locals tasting fermented fruity drinks, children in heading for a fee, but kind of feisty alpacas and tourists climbing to the very top of Macchu, Picchu and Sacred Valley. Peru has something for everyone. What would you like to do and what would you like to eat in Peru? How do you feel about maybe trying the Peruvian national dish? Would you try Guinea pig? If you are a potato van, What's your favorite kind? What would be your favorite way to paint these Peruvian staples? Feel free to jot down in your travel journal, your thoughts. Now that you have filled out your travel planner, feel free to share with the class. You're welcome to also post your coloring pages. Thank you for travel with the travel for future research. Some of my favorite travel books are a year in Provence by Peter male under the Tuscan Sun, by Francis, made wild by cheryl strayed, CouchSurfing in Iran by Steven or a cat who went to Paris by Peter gathers. For future traveling adventures, search, traveled, drive in the search bar. The next course in your travel journey is the history and culture of France and an exploration of Germany. I had day and I look forward to seeing you at your next Travel Tribe adventure.