Photoshop for Lunch™ - Pattern Making - Seamless Repeating Patterns | Helen Bradley | Skillshare

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Pattern Making - Seamless Repeating Patterns

Helen Bradley, Illustrator for Lunch™ & Photoshop for Lunch™

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Pattern Making - Seamless Repeating Patterns

Helen Bradley, Illustrator for Lunch™ & Photoshop for Lunch™

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6 Lessons (21m)
    • 1. Photoshop for Lunch™ - Pattern Making - Introduction

    • 2. Photoshop for Lunch™ - Pattern Making - Part 1

    • 3. Photoshop for Lunch™ - Pattern Making - Part 2

    • 4. Photoshop for Lunch™ - Pattern Making - Part 3

    • 5. Photoshop for Lunch™ - Pattern Making - Part 4

    • 6. Photoshop for Lunch™ - Pattern Making - Extra - Understand anti-aliasing

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About This Class

Photoshop for Lunch™ is a series of short video courses you can study in bite size pieces such as at lunchtime. In this course you'll learn to make seamless repeating patterns in Photoshop. You will also see how to fill a document and a shape with the pattern you have made and how to scale a pattern.


More in the Photoshop for Lunch™ series:

10 Photoshop Pattern Tips and Techniques - A Photoshop for Lunch™ Class

Circle Patterns - Step by step seamless repeat patterns - A Photoshop for Lunch™ class

Creative Layer Styles in Photoshop - A Photoshop for Lunch™ Class

Make Patterns from Sketches & Digital Art - A Photoshop for Lunch™ Class

Photoshop for Lunch™ - 10 Blend Tips in 10 minutes 

Photoshop for Lunch™ - 10 in 10 - 10 Brush Tips in 10 Minutes or Less

Photoshop for Lunch™ - 10 in 10 - Ten Top Photoshop Tips in 10 minutes (or less)

Photoshop for Lunch™ - 10 Selection tips in 10 minutes (or less)

Photoshop for Lunch™ - 3 Exotic Patterns - Shapes, Paths, Patterns

Photoshop for Lunch™ - 4 Most Important File Formats - Choose & Save As: jpg, png, pdf, psd

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Abstract Glowing Backgrounds

Photoshop for Lunch™ - B&W, Tints & Isolated Color Effects - Adjustment Layers, Masks & Opacity

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Bend Objects with Puppet Warp

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Clean & Color Scanned Line Art

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Color a Scanned Sketch - Blends, Brushes, Layer Styles

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Color a Sketch with a Texture - Masks, Dodge/Burn, Hue/Saturation 

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Complex Pattern Swatches

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Complex Selections Made Easy - Master Refine Edge & Select and Mask

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Create a Color Scheme Graphic

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Create a Custom Character Font

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Create a Mandala - Template, Rotation, Texture, Gradients, Pen, and Shapes

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Create a Reusable Wreath Design

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Create an Award Badge and Ribbon - Shapes, Warp, Rotate  

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Create Backgrounds for Projects - Halftones, Sunburst, Patterns

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Create Complex Half Drop Repeating Patterns

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Create HiTech HUD Rings - Repeat transform, Filters & Textures

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Create Mockups to Use and Sell - Blends, Smart Objects, Effects

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Create Organic Patterns - Pen, Offset Filter, Free Transform and More

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Create Plaid (Tartan) Repeat Patterns

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Create Text on a Path - Paths, Type, Pen tool

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Create the Droste Effect with Photoshop and an Online Tool 

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Critters with Character - Pen Free, One Color Designs

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Curly Bracket Frames - Shapes, Paths, Strokes

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Cutout & Frame Photos - Clipping Mask, Layer Mask, Rotation, Shapes

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Demystifying the Histogram - Understand & Correct images with it

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Double Exposure Effect - Masks, Blends, Styles

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Draw a Fantasy Map - Brushes, Patterns, Strokes & Masks

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Emboss and Deboss Text and Shapes

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Folded Photo Effect - Gradients, Guides, Stroke, Drop Shadow 

Photoshop for Lunch™ - From Ho Hum to WOW - Everyday Photo-editing Made Easy

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Get Your File Size Right Every Time - Size Images for Web & Print 

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Glitter Text, Shapes and Scrapbook Papers

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Grab Bag of Fun Text Effects - Fonts, Clipping Masks, Actions & More

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Grid Collage for Social Media - Clipping masks, Shapes & Layer Styles

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Hi-tech Mosaic Effect - Brushes, Patterns & Pixelization 

Photoshop for Lunch™ - In the Footsteps of Warhol - Create Awesome Animal Images

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Intro to Photoshop Actions

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Isometric Cube Patterns - Shapes, Repeat patterns, Smart Objects

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Layered Paper Collage Effect - Layers, Layer Styles, Gradients,

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Layers and Layer Masks 101 for photographs and photographers

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Make & Sell a Shapes Collection

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Make & Sell Photoshop Brushes - Brushes, Templates, Preset

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Make & Sell Scrapbook Designs - Formats, Files, Marketing Materials

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Make & Use Photo Brushes - Brushes, Masks, Watercolors

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Make a Photo Collage for Social Media - Masks, Selections & Patterns

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Make and Sell Geometric Overlays for Social Media - Shape, Transform, Fills

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Make Custom Shapes - Combine, Exclude, Intersect & Subtract

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Making Kaleidoscopes - Rotation, Reflection & Smart Objects

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Metaball Patterns - Structured and Organic

Photoshop for Lunch™ - More Patterns - Diagonal Stripes, Chevrons, Plaid, Colorful Polkadots 

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Overlapping and Random Circles Patterns

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Paint a Photo in Photoshop - Art History, Color, Texture

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Pattern Bombing Effect - Patterns, Selections, Mask, Warp, Vanishing Point

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Pattern Making - Seamless Repeating Patterns

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Patterns as Photo Overlays for Social Media 

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Photo Texture Collage - Gradient Map, Blending & Textures

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Photoshop Inking Techniques

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Preparing images for Social Media, Blogs and eBooks

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Recolor Objects without Making Selections - Master Color Change Tools

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Recolor Pattern Techniques

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Remove Unwanted Objects & Tourists from Photos

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Reusable Video Glitch Effect - Use Channels, Shear, Displacement Map & Noise

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Seamlessly Blend Two Images - Masks, Content Aware Fill

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Set up Colors, Tints and Shades for Working Smarter in Photoshop

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Sketches & Brushes to Whimsical Patterns

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Snapshot to Art - 3 Photo Effects - Faux Orton, Gradient Map, Tritone

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Surreal Collage Effect - Paths, Cloning, Warp, Blend 

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Text Over Image Effects - Type, Glyphs & Layers

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Turn a Photo into a Pattern - Selection, Filter, Pattern Swatch

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Upside Down Image Effect - Masks, Selections, Flip Images

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Using Illustrator Objects in Photoshop - Files, Smart Objects, Shapes

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Using the Scripted Patterns Tool in Photoshop

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Valentine's Day Inspired Hearts

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Vintage Image Cutout Effect - Selections, Drop Shadows, Transparency

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Whimsical Rotated Patterns 

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Whimsical Scrapbook Paper Designs using Displacement Maps

Photoshop for Lunch™ - Whimsical Textures for Drawings

Photoshop Type Basics - Tips Tricks and Techniques - a Photoshop for Lunch™ class

Using Textures in Photoshop - A Photoshop for Lunch™ class


Meet Your Teacher

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Helen Bradley

Illustrator for Lunch™ & Photoshop for Lunch™

Top Teacher

Helen teaches the popular Illustrator for Lunch™, Photoshop for Lunch™, Procreate for Lunch™ and ACR & Lightroom for Lunch™ series of courses. Each course is just the right length to take over a lunch break and is packed with useful and fun techniques. The projects are designed to reinforce what is taught so they too can be easily completed over a lunch hour or two.

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1. Photoshop for Lunch™ - Pattern Making - Introduction: Hello, I'm Helen Bradley and welcome to this very first episode of Photoshop for Lunch. Now, I'm also the author of The Illustrator for Lunch video tutorials but now, I'm starting up a companion pace which is Photoshop for Lunch. These are short video tutorials that you can consume over a lunch hour or two, and they'll teach you various things about Photoshop. Then this first one, we're going to look at creating repeating patterns in Photoshop and using them to fill all sorts of shapes. 2. Photoshop for Lunch™ - Pattern Making - Part 1: To create our pattern, I'm just going to choose "File" and then "New" and I'm going to create a document of a known size. I'm choosing a 100 pixels wide by 100 pixels high. I'm in RGB color mode and it's going to be transparent and I'll just click "Okay". I'm going to just zoom in here using the zoom tool so I can make my shape a lot bigger so I can see it clearly. Now this process that we're going to do, you can do in practically any version of Photoshop. This has been able to be done for years. I'm going to select a different color. I'm going over to my swatches here. If you don't have your swatches appearing here, you can just go to "Window" and then choose "Swatches". I'm just going to choose a color for my star, because we're going to draw a star. I'm thinking a nice yellow color is a good option. I'm going to click here on the rectangle tool and I want the polygon tool because that's going to let me draw out my star. So I'll click on that. Up here, I need to select pixels from this drop down list. Now in earlier versions of Photoshop, you might have three icons there from which you will select the Pixels option. Now, here, I get to choose how many sides, and I already have typed five in so I'm just going to retype that. We're going to have a five-sided star, or five-pointed star, and then I'm going to click on this gear icon and I get to choose Star because I want it to be a star. I can choose how far the sides are indented by and I've just typed 60 percent. I can leave the radius blank and just draw it out myself. I'm just going to click away from this. Now I've got my foreground color selected. I'm just going to drag to create my star. I'm going to straighten it up a little bit and because it's way off the workspace here, I'm just going to hold the space bar to move it into position. Now, we're going to make sure it's dead center in just a minute. Right now, all I'm looking at is trying to make it look upright. When I'm ready, I'll just let go the left mouse button. Let's go to the layers palette and see what we've got. We've got one transparent layer with a star in the middle of it, and now we're ready to create our pattern, but just make sure everything's centered first. Now I've got smart guides turned on. You can see here that I'm snapping to my guides and I have Snap turned on. When I move this directly into the middle of the document, I should have smart guides that are going to tell me that it's nicely centered. Now the horizontal ones don't seem to be working for me. If I want to align this to the very center of the document, here is how I'll do it. To make sure that this is a line centrally on the canvas, I'm going to select everything, so I'll choose, Select, All. Now you'll see that the center options become available. I'm just going to click on vertical and horizontal align center, just to make sure it's perfectly aligned in the center of the document. We're ready now to go ahead and to create our pattern, and we'll do this by re-choosing, Select, All, because I want to make sure that everything is selected here. Then Edit, Define Pattern. I'm going to call this star, and then just click "Okay". We've now got a star pattern. It's a yellow star on a transparent background. Now the importance of putting this on a transparent background is going to be apparent when we go and create our star pattern. Because we've included transparency, we'll be able to add whatever background color we want at the time. So it's making our pattern a whole lot more flexible than if, for example, it was a yellow star on a white background. Let's move forward and let's see how we would create a document and fill it with our pattern. 3. Photoshop for Lunch™ - Pattern Making - Part 2: Having created my pattern swatch, I no longer need this document. For now I'm just going to get rid of this and we'll create a new one later on to create a different pattern. We're going to create a document that we're going to fill with the patterns, so we want it to be quite large. For example, if you were designing scrapbook paper, you might want this to be 3600 pixels by 3600 pixels, printing at a resolution of 300 pixels per inch. Again, RGB color. I'm going to set the background contents. Well, let's set it to white so that we'll have yellow stars on a white background. I'll click "Okay". In our last palette, you can see that we have a background here now with a white fill. I'm going to add a new layer because whenever I put my patterns in on a new layer, I get a little bit more flexibility by separating the stars, for example, from the white background. There are a couple of options in particular that we could use to fill this document without pattern. I'm going to show you the one that is perhaps most used first of all, and tell you why I don't think it's your best choice. I'll choose Edit and then Fill. Here from the contents drop-down list, I'm going to select pattern. Then we'll go to the custom patterns and we're going to select the very last pattern because your pattern is always going to be the very last one here. I'm clicking on it. I'm just going to click "Okay". Now, one of the reasons why I don't particularly like this pattern fill option is that we get the pattern filled at a 100 percent, but we really don't get a lot of options for re-scaling the pattern once it's in there. I don't think this is the world's best choice. Let's get rid of this and let's have a look and say the way that I think is a better option. I'll choose Layer, New Fill layer, Pattern. Now there are a couple of reasons for this. I'm just going to click "Okay" at this point. One of them is that this pattern fill option always default to the last pattern that you created. Instead of having to go looking for your pattern, this is always going to default to the pattern that you just made. The other thing is you've got a scale here. This pattern is looking really small to me right now. I'm going to increase it to 250 percent. You can see now that it's a much larger pattern fill. That's why I like this option for filling the document with a pattern. Of course we've got a fill layer and if at any time we needed to rasterize this, we can just right-click on the layer and choose Rasterize Layer, and then it will be converted to just a regular layer which has always little yellow stars on it. Now the reason why I suggested you separate the pattern from the fill lane, is that you could fill this layer with a different color. Let's go and get a dark blue. Well, that's probably a little bit dark. Let's go for this color and let's go back to our layers palette. I'm selecting the background layer. I'm just going to click on this to unlock it. I'm going to fill it with my blue color. You can do that in a number of ways. One way is just to dump it in there with the Paint Bucket tool. I'm going to get the Paint Bucket tool and dump my blue color in there. By separating the pattern from its background, you can see that we have ultimate flexibility in recoloring the background. But of course we can also recolor the pattern. I'm going to select the pattern layer this time. I'm going to choose Layer, New Adjustment Layer, Hue Saturation. Again, I'll click "Okay". Now this option in the most recent versions of Photoshop, you can actually clip this. What I can do is clip this adjustment so that it only affects the layer below, and that's the yellow layer. The blue is not going to change, but the yellow is. I'll show you in a minute how you can do this on earlier versions of Photoshop. Right now what you want to concentrate on is just the yellow color and finding an alternative color for it. I'll click "Colorize". Now I can drag on the hue slider to change the color. If I increase the saturation, you'll see the color coming through. Let's just travel it around and you can see that we can change that yellow star to be a different color star. Let's make it a pale blue. I can increase my saturation and I can also adjust my lightness here. When I'm done, I'm just going to close this panel. Let's go back to the layers pallet. We've got the dark blue color here, we've got our yellow stars, and we've got a clipped hue saturation adjustment layer that right now is only affecting this layer here. Now, if you're working on earlier versions of Photoshop, you may not have that clipping tool. I'm just going to unclip this and show you how you clip it. If this is what you get from applying the hue saturation adjustment to this image, and you like this color, but you don't want to affect the navy blue. You'll select the hue saturation adjustment layer, and then you'll choose Layer, Create Clipping Mask and what that does is it just clips this adjustment so it only affects the layer immediately below. You can also do this with the keyboard. If I hold the Control and Alt keys, that's Command option on the Mac and hover over the junction between these two layers, you'll say I get that little indicator. If I click here, I can turn this clipping mask on and off. That's worked in a lot of versions of Photoshop so it's going to work in your version very easily. There's our first pattern, it's a very simple pattern and we've learned how to re-color it. We're going on next to create a multi-color pattern, and one that has a little bit more interesting a design. 4. Photoshop for Lunch™ - Pattern Making - Part 3: For our next pattern, we're going back to create another small document, File, New. We're going to make this a 100 pixels by 100 pixels. What's important here is not the size so much as knowing how big it is, because we're going to use these dimensions in a minute to create our pattern. Again, I'm going to choose transparent backgrounds so that gives me more flexibility with my pattern, and I'll click "Okay". Again, very small documents, I'm going to zoom into it. This time let's create a heart pattern, I'm going to the custom shapes option here, so I'm going to choose the custom shape tool. Up here on the Shapes menu, I can go and select a heart shape. So this heart is built into Photoshop and so too is this one. If you don't see all these shapes, you can just click here on the fly-out menu and there's an option to select all, so you can click "All" and then just open the shapes and that will open them. Or you can just go and select a particular type of shape and open those. If you choose to open shapes, you'll find that they're just added to the end, and so any custom shapes that you might have created might be overwritten in the process. I'm going to choose this heart here. I want to fill it, I'm going to choose pixels again, but this time I want to use a heart color, so I want a nice pink. I'm just going to hold the Shift key as I drag out a heart. Hold the Space-bar just to move it into position. Again, I'm probably going to have trouble finding the middle. No, this time I'm able to find the middle. I'm just using smart guides holding the spice far down as I draw it to position it in the very middle, let go the left mouse button and let go of the Space bar and the Shift key. If I didn't get that directly centered, I would just choose, "Select, All". Then with the Move tool here, you'll find that the center keys are available here and you can just use them to adjust the centering of this object. Now we've got a heart shape. What we want to do this time is to create a slightly more sophisticated shape. So I'm going to duplicate this layer, I'll drag it and drop it on the new layer icon. I've got two copies of the heart. This one I'm going to break up and throw into the corners here, and that's going to create this more sophisticated pattern. With this layer selected, I'll choose Filter, Other, Offset. So that's an important thing to remember, Filter, Other and then Offset. This is where we need to know the values that we set for the size of this document because we're going to offset this by half of the width and height. The width was 100, so we're selecting 50 for our horizontal and the height was 100 so we'll type 50 for the vertical, that's just half of the width and height. This is exactly what we're looking for. So the preview is showing us that everything's working fine and I'll click, "Okay". This is my pattern piece, but while we're here, let's just make an additional change to this. I'm going to make this pink heart a different color pink. I'll just go ahead and select it, by control-clicking on the heart in this layer, you can say that it's selected. I'm going to go and find a different pink for it, a much paler pink. With this selected, I'll press Alt Backspace option Delete on the Mac because it's the foreground color, Alt Backspace option Delete will fill our selection with the current foreground color. Now we're ready to create our patterns watch again and we'll choose, "Select, All". That's important because we want to select everything, not just the middle heart. Then go to Edit, Define pattern. We're going to call this, hearts, and click "Okay". Now let's go and use it. We'll choose "File" and then "New" and create a much larger document to use it with. Let's assume that we have, for example, creating scrapbook paper and 3,600 by 3,600 pixels at 300 pixels per inch is perfect, transparent background, and click "Okay". We'll fill this with our heart pattern; Layer, New Fill Layer, Pattern, I'll click "Okay". You can see that the heart pattern is the one used, it's the most recent pattern, it's always the one that's applied using this pattern fill, which is why I like this option so much better than the other. I want to scale this up, so I'm going to size it up to 200 percent, and click "Okay". Now we don't have a background in here yet, so I'm just going to control click on the New Layer icon, command click on the Mac, and that just adds a new layer immediately below the existing layer. Because white is my background, color Control Backspace command Delete on the Mac will fill this layer with the current background color, which of course is white. There is a more sophisticated pattern. This is an offset pattern and it's been created using this pattern piece where we've got something in the center and we've thrown the second version of the object out of the corners here, broken it up, and thrown it out to the corners so that we end up with this way more sophisticated pattern. 5. Photoshop for Lunch™ - Pattern Making - Part 4: Before we finish up this episode of Photoshop for Lunch, let's answer the question of what happens if we want our heart-shaped pattern to be inside, for example, a heart instead of just filling an entire document. Well, I'm going to merge all of these layers together so I just have a single layer in the document. I can right click here and choose Merge Down. So now we have a single layer with the pattern in it that we want to use to fill our heart. So I'm going to create a new layer here. I'm going to select my heart. So I'm making sure I'm going to custom shapes and I'm selecting my heart shape here. So I'm clicking on this and I'm ready to draw. I've got pixel selected here. If you're using an earlier version of Photoshop, you'll have to select perhaps an icon here and it doesn't matter what color you're using for your heart, it can be anything. So I'm just going to drag out my heart shape and I'm just going to move it into the center here by holding down the space bar so I can move the shape while I'm still drawing it. Then I'll let go the left mouse button. So now I have a heart on top of my pattern. These layers are now the wrong way around. So I'm going to move my heart below my pattern. I'm just going to drag and drop it there. We're going to use that same clipping layer process that we use to clip the hue saturation adjustment. But this time we're going to clip the pattern to the shape of the heart below. So we already know that we can choose layer, create clipping mask. When we do we're clipping the pattern here to the shape of the object immediately below it, which is our heart pattern. To finish off, let's just place a color fill layer below everything so we can see it a little more clearly. Control or Command click on the New Layer icon to move the New Layer immediately below all the other layers. Then we'll go and choose a very pale pink color. This is going to be our fill color. Now with this last selected, I'm just going to click the Move tool. So I have access to this Command Alt backspace, Option delete to fill this layer with the pale pink color. If we wanted something a little bit extra to finish off, we could add a drop shadow to this heart to separate it from its background. I'll click the fx icon, click "Drop shadow", and I'll just drag out a very shallow drop shadow around my shape. I'm going to decrease the opacity so it's very subtle and click "Okay". So there you have a heart shape filled with a heart-shaped pattern created in Photoshop. Your project for this class will be to create a shape and to fill it with a pattern of your own making. I hope you've enjoyed this very first episode of Photoshop for Lunch. If you enjoyed this class, please give it a thumbs up so that other people will know that it's a class worth taking and feel free to include some comments as I always like to hear what you think of the classes, and look out for more Photoshop for Lunch classes here at If you're an Illustrator user too, then look out for the Illustrator for Lunch series of classes. 6. Photoshop for Lunch™ - Pattern Making - Extra - Understand anti-aliasing: This is a short additional video for the Photoshop for Lunch, Pattern Making video, and I just want to go over briefly the concept of anti-aliasing. I have a document here that has a field layer in it, and I'm going to add a new layer. I have a pink color selected. I'm going to select the Custom Shapes tool here, and I'm going to create this heart-shape that I used in the video, and I have it set to pixels. I'm going to turn anti-aliasing off this first time. I'm just going to drag out my heart shape. Then I'm going to go and do exactly the same thing, but this time I'm going to change color. I'll turn anti-alias on wherein pixel mode, again, I'm just going to drag to create my heart. Now, let's go back to the heart that I created when anti-aliasing was turned off. I'm going to zoom in really close to the edge of this heart, and you can see that it's very pixelated. You can see very clearly the edges of the heart and they're all the same shade of pink. Well, let's turn this layer off, and let's have a look at the edge in the heart that I created when I had anti-aliasing turned on. If we zoom in here, you'll see that the edge of this heart has multiple colors in it. There's the turquoise color, but then there's some intermediate colors that all trend towards white. Well they look like they trend towards white, but they don't actually do that. If I turn off the white background you'd just say that they're semi-transparent pixels, and they would allow this shape to blend into a white background, but it would easily also blend in with a black background. I've just turned my foreground color into black. I'm going to click on this Layer, and Alt Backspace Option Delete to fill this layer, and you can see this feathering on the edge of the heart that allows it to transition into any background. When you're drawing shapes in Photoshop, most of the time you'll want this even edge. When a choice can be made between using anti-alias and not, you would generally choose to use anti-alias, so that you get this softer edge effect with that transition at the edge, which avoids a very pixelated edge in your image.