Photography - beginner to advanced | Valentin Stoyanov | Skillshare

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Photography - beginner to advanced

teacher avatar Valentin Stoyanov

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

8 Lessons (40m)
    • 1. Introduction video

      1:45
    • 2. The beginning

      3:46
    • 3. Composition

      4:34
    • 4. Type of camera

      3:12
    • 5. Light

      3:21
    • 6. Camera settings

      7:03
    • 7. Tools

      8:24
    • 8. Taking a photo

      8:00
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About This Class

Hello!

This is a class for photography, here we will start learning photography from the foundation and go all the way to the top floor. 

In the introduction video I will introduce myself and my friend who is about to learn photography. We use a simple funny scene to show bad skills and start with the course. 

In the first lesson we will look at some of the photos he has made previously and discuss them. The take away here is to find your current level and what you need to work on. 

The second part of the tutorial is about different cameras. I explain what is similar between mirrorless and phone cameras and give example where they have advantages. You need to understand how the camera works to know when and how to use it. 

We continue the lesson by talking about composition. You can expect a good explanation of how to use composition to your advantage. Good composition can improve the look of your photos drastically.

Next topic is light. Of course, without light there will be no photography. Good lighting can bring a photo to life, bad lighting can ruin a nice photo. You'll get example photos and explanation how to improve your photos with light. 

So far so good, but what about camera settings? Don't worry everything you need to know is in the camera setting tutorial. I'll cover ISO, shutter speed, aperture and more by the end of this tutorial manual mode will be your friend. 

In photography you can use a very wide range of tools. In this tutorial we talk about different tools that can be used with a mirrorless camera and a smartphone. As you expected I have you covered with examples and in depth explanation. 

Oh, here we are at the last steps!

Now we can take some photos and use the new knowledge to make them look their best. Here in the final  tutorial we look at the new photos and discuss them. They are way better that the previous photos my friend showed us.

Meet Your Teacher

Hello,

To introduce myself I need to take you back to my childhood. My sports career started when I was less than 6 years old. The first sport I started training was gymnastics, I competed for 13 years straight. In the last years of my career as a gymnast I started to have interest in other sports like : kick boxing, bodybuilding, weightlifting and powerlifting. 

Because I was hooked on sports and training myself, I decided to join the national sports academy and continue learning and improving. In my 5 years of learning I had the pleasure of trying almost every sport and also meet world champions and the best coaches in the world. 

I wanted to record everything and started taking photos and videos, soon after I got into videography and photograp... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Introduction video : Hey, what are you trying to do? And you're trying to take a picture of me. Are you sure you can do it? Let me see your drive. Yeah. This is a nice location, so don't mess it up. They're not great. Ready to see what you there. So these are the pictures, right? Yes. Well, they don't look too good. But actually they look up or because you've cut my legs off on each and every single one of the corals. What was I supposed to do? What you're supposed to frame it inside of the picture? I was supposed to be inside. Look at the location. Everything is perfect. I don't know. Why did you mess it up? Lesson out of this for you. I'll teach you how to take better pictures. We have some free time. Okay. All right. I'll provide value for you and let me say a couple of words and then we'll jump right into it. Hello everyone. I'm happy to see you here. My name is Valentin and today I want to talk to you about photography. I started working as a photographer about three years, go on freelance projects. And I had been learning all sorts of interesting things. I've had wonderful experiences with taking photos in this class. I hope to teach you a lot about how to create beautiful photos. We're going to talk about cameras, composition, likes more. Let's begin the journey with my friends in the next video. 2. The beginning: All right, let's begin by looking at some of your photos. We will review them one by one and I'll give you my opinion. Here in your first photo, look how your subjects stand in an awkward position. They are supposed to be the center of attention right here and you can see them? Yes, I can, but it doesn't look like they're the center of attention and they're looking in the direction where there isn't any space. Why did you leave so much space on the right side? Have you heard of the rule of thirds? No. Okay. Here, your camera hazard, you have two vertical and horizontal lines on your frame. Your followers will look better instantly after your line, your subject from the guidelines, look at the horizon. You can easily align your horizon on the top or bottom horizontal line and match your subject with either the left or right line. By using the guidelines, you can control what the viewer is going to look at when you have your subject at line like so. Make sure to leave space in front of them. It looks more natural to show more of the direction they're looking at. You're right, it does look better this way. So every follow is different, but for the most part, the rule of thirds helps a lot with composition. For example, if I want to make a vertical portrait of a single-subject, I used the upper horizontal line to show their eyes like so. This is careful if you use the row, It's a lot faster to frame my picture. And the photo stone upgrades. Let's look at the second picture. When you're taking a photo, make sure to adjust your exposure so the subject looks perfect. In this photo, you can see the sky perfectly with your subject looks dark. That's not an issue in disguise, your main focus, but if you want the viewer to look at that subject and not the sky, make sure to balance your exposure accordingly. I didn't think much about it, but I like how it changes the mood of the photo. I'll show you how to expose correctly with your phone or camera later. Let's continue with the photo you for now. This is the third one. The exposure looks good and it doesn't look tilted. Yes. But if you look closely, your focus is on the wall behind the subject. You'd have to make sure that the focus is spot on. If your main subject is out-of-focus, this will trash your photo even if everything else is good. It's not so much about settings as this is about paying attention to your screen or viewfinder. Most of the cameras today use out-of-pocket. Just so happens that the camera misunderstands what you're trying to do and decides that the wall is your subjects. I see your point out fermentation are right now is show me the last one here. Well, it's obvious that there is something wrong with this picture that tries to capture the jump at the top about it turn out blurrier time. Of course it is because it's too dark. Why does that matter? Shutter speed, that's why your camera works by capturing light on the sensor. But since it's too dark, it needs more time to gather enough light to produce the feasible photo. That's why it looks blurry. When your camera is an automotive, it decides what the settings will be for the photo. We have a couple of settings that can lighten up here. 40, one of them is shutter speed. Shutter speed is the time where the sensor will record the light. Here in this photo, it's almost dark. Solar shutter speed is low and the slower speed means more time together life. I'm not too sure how to use this exclamation to my advice is, don't worry for now, I'll explain everything in more detail. The GAL4 now was to understand where you need improvement. It does clear now my composition, the exposure, focus, and bad shutter speed, that is almost everything though. Let's sit down and go over the details. We'll start by the type of camera you're using and continue with an explanation how to use manual mode and look at the different techniques to improve your photos. Alright, let's go. 3. Composition: This topic is more complex than the previous. So ask if something isn't clear. Okay, How start from the preview. Most of the devices have a 16 by nine screens for k or ultra HD means that the frame has 38, 40 pixels with my 2165, that's a 16 by 9 ratio. Full HD as 1920 by 1080 pixels. Again, a 16 by 9 aspect. And try that, I'll give you a simple explanation. Our ICDs way, we have a wider field of view horizontally then vertically. When the image is wider, it feels more natural. You've been to a cinema, right? You've noticed the black lines when you watch a movie on TV? Yes. Is this related to composition? Of course, because most of the screens are 1609, they are not wide enough for the common aspect of cinema, which is 2.35 to one. And that's why you have black lines. Interesting. Okay, let's go back to photography. Your camera or mostly have a 16 by 9 ratio screen. Yeah, but I still care breaklines was that most smartphones usually use a four by three aspect for photos. Instead of taking a picture, That's 3840 by 2160, it's 39, 68 by 29, 76, so you get more pixels. This camera also shoots for K video for the photocells 6000 by 4000, and their aspect is T by two. That's why you have black bars. Okay? You can decide to take a picture horizontally or vertically. Either way, you can use the rule of thirds. If you want to capture something tall, like a tower, a tree, or a person, you want them to be the center of attention is better to make a vertical picture. If you want to make a group photo landscape, maybe a car, it would be better to make a horizontal picture. Aha, soil, capture more information with my camera and follow us the sensor exactly where you upload your pictures. Mostly Instagram. Okay? So for Instagram, the best ratio is four. By using this ratio, you use the maximum size allowed and cover most of the screen of your viewer. The maximum number of pixels for width is 1080 and the maximum for height is 1350. That's a four by five ratio. Keep that in mind when you take in pictures for Instagram. I can't quite imagine it. You don't have to imagine it. The usual ratio for pictures is four by three. That is slightly toward and full by five, just leave some extra space when you take the vertical picture and cropped, you can use Photoshop or Lightroom or free apps from the store cropping, this is just using the rule of thirds and aspect ratio to your advantage. And there is more, how am I going to remember everything? That's a very good question. Practice what you learn and when you see the whole course come back again after sometime to remember the things you forgot. What curves is this a joke? Okay, come down in focus. The next tip on composition is very interesting before you take a look around you to see if you find something like a leading line, like what? Like a road, some black line on the building, maybe some drawing, anything that can boost your viewers attention towards the subject. Look at this. What do you think about this very nice photo? The bridges leading towards me. Yes, exactly. You want to see where the bridge goes and it instantly makes you look at the subject. Lines can help guide your viewer where you want it to look. It's very powerful while we're on the subject of lines, you can also use a vertical or horizontal or diagonal line right through the middle of the frame. Interesting, it may recall the territory is measured and balanced. Framing term used within the picture itself to grab even more tension. You can use a door to frame your subject TO effect. Yes, you can use a window or some other shape to add the border in your frame. I like it, but I kept a look at similar photos to get some ideas. Yes. You said balanced, I'll bring up color, you know, the yin-yang circle, right? Yes, on one side is black and there's a little white circle and the other side is opposite. I guess. It's just what you're thinking. And it's not only for color, it also applies for life. Look at this photo. I'm using a dark background behind the lighter part of my face and a lighter background behind the darker side of my face. This creates a balanced and also contrast. It looks dramatic. Yes, and I want to talk more about lightened contrast. How about you see this tutorial first and then we'll continue later. 4. Type of camera: Okay, Let's begin from the bottom. The main options are to use a DSLR or mirrorless camera or a smartphone. I know that much. I'm using my smartphone for most of my pictures because I always carry with me. It's very convenient. Yes, it does have advantages over the DSLR and mirrorless cameras, but it also has floss. The smartphone and mirrorless cameras are very similar to each other. In manual mode, you can access the same settings like ISO, certain speed, manual focus and have control over the end result. What are the strengths and weaknesses of the? Because I'll start with a mirrorless camera. One of the most important benefit of using this device is that it has a bigger sensor. The three most common sensors are micro four-thirds, APIC, and full-frame. Instead of going into too much detail about the exact size of the sensors, I'll give you a quick example. The APS-C sensor is bared in micro four-thirds and smaller than full-frame, so it's in the middle. If we compare this to a flagship smartphones, the APS-C sensor is four to six times bigger. If you compare it to full-frame, the smartphone sensor is 9 to 12 times smaller. It's not the only advantage. The lens that professional cameras use are usually higher-quality. They're interchangeable lens system allows the cameras use different focal lengths and give it more flexibility. So these two things, the biggest sensor and the better lenses, make the most of the difference, right? Exactly. Let's talk about smartphones as the name states. They're smart and the software and hardware of a smartphone gives it the ability to analyze and optimize the final image. For example, let's use high dynamic range. Most of the smartphones will have better HDR performance because they merge images with different exposures and combine them to create a better picture. If you want to, It's possible where a mirrorless, but you need to do the extra work. Also, most of the smartphones have a bigger and brighter screen and the mirrorless camera. So you can have a better preview of your forum. As mentioned before, they're very easy to carry and use. This makes me think which one is sexually better. There is no right answer. Every situation is different. Smartphones also have camera apps, editing apps. If you want to become a photographer, getting a mirrorless camera and working with it is the better option. But you can go very far using only your phone. I get it. It all depends on what my needs are. Yes. If I'm taking photos of my car, for example, but I only have a 50 millimeter equivalent lens. It will be impossible to take a picture of the interior from the back seat. This is 200 millimeters, a 100 millimeters, 50 millimeters, and 16 millimeters. I see. So if you're using calculus, you need to have different lenses and the smartphone has arity built-in? Yes. If I had to take a photo like this, I would just use my smart phone because you don't have the ability to make this photo with a 50 millimeter lens. If you're taking just by another lens, they're usually very expensive to buy. So it's cheaper and easier to just use your phone. I see what you mean. I hope you understand everything so far, at least enough to pick a device for your photos. Let's turn the page and go to the topic of composition. 5. Light: Hello again. Understanding light is key to getting good images. You can use light to bring attention to create a certain mood and to shake your subject. I'll show you example pictures of what I'm talking about because it's easier to understand it this way. Let's begin by using light to bring attention. When you look at this photo, you probably look at this candy first. It would be obvious because I'm putting it on a line by using the rule of thirds and also putting additional light on it. This makes it stand out from the rest. If you wonder how this trick will work on other subjects, here is an example. This is the same for looking at the one on the right that the subject is separated from the dark background. We have created contrast between our background and our subject. The left, looking somewhat flat compared to the right picture. And not saying that one is right and the other is not. We are talking about a certain technique to draw tension. Boat follows are just fine, but it depends on what you intend to show your viewer contrast. Next, you look at the subject and separated from other distractions. But if you want to tell a story with the photo and show a place or atmosphere, you have to make sure that there are other attention drawing details if you want to show what someone is doing and what is happening around them, use the light to guide the viewer sold a few Watson party. This technique helps you learn something about the subject and makes it easier to connect the template. Knowing this tried to create a more interesting picture on the subject. If I want to tell you that it's very hot, I would make a great picture in direct sunlight during midday and isometric view the environment, if I want to go for a carefree vibe, make a darker sunset picture. The usual time that we are done working and we go out with friends or just for a walk. This will help you to relate to the atmosphere, color, temperature, and light can go a long way to make a better picture. You can do is you want. There aren't any rules that say this is right and that's not. This is just a simple example to show you how the light can impact your photos. So you should think about it next time you want to take Follow-up. Next is shaping light. I'll use the previous method to show you the difference. We have two photons. The subject is the same, the light and the selling side of the same. The only difference is how light falls on the subject. You can appreciate the depth and details of the shadows. When you see the contrast and shadows, you get more information about the shape of your subject. If it's something in front of you, when you walk around it and look from different perspectives, you understand the ship. But when it's a 2D image, like a photograph, you need some extra detail to get a better understanding of the shape. The best way to use this technique for aligning a subject would be to light your subject from one side to create depth and other backlight to create more contrast. Finding certain lighting setup is known as hard as you think. You can lose a son or a window for a backlight and use a weaker reflection for a main light to your subject. If this isn't possible, make your subjects stand against the light and slowly rotates to the left and right until the final look you want. If you should put the light coming from one side, you risk getting too much shadows in over-exaggerated details. So use the first method, if you can or rotate until you find the sweet spot and take a couple of photos just in case. All right. This should be enough to help you get the idea of how to use violet. Our next topic is settings. 6. Camera settings : Welcome. As I said earlier, the mirrorless cameras and smart phones have very similar options regarding settings. Most of the smart phones today have a promote, but people hardly use it. Let me show you the settings and explain what they mean. First is the ISO setting. The ISO helps you brighten up darker images, but it also introduces noise. The lower your ISO is, the sharper and barrier images get. As you bring the ISO higher, the image will have more grain and the quality will decrease. Think of it as sensors sensitivity, the higher ISO means that the sensor, we work harder to gather information, though, not all the information with the correct So we get more noise. If you're wondering why your night photos usually have worse quality than daylight furrows is because your phone decides to use higher ISO to make the image brighter. Let me tell you about the two other major savings because the three of them are connected. Next setting is shutter speed. This controls the amount of time that your sensor is going to record light for the image, you will see something like 1 over 120 or 130 when it's dark and 1 over 240 or more where it's brighter. So one over 100 means that the sensor is going to record for 1 100th of a second. Remember this, high ISO makes your pictures brighter and lower shutter speed makes your picture brighter. Lower ISO makes your image darker and better quality. And high shutter speed makes the image darker because the sensor is recording light for less time, but you will get less motion blur. The difference between the two is that high or low ushers feed doesn't introduce noise to the image. The quality stays the same. When you load the shutter speed to brighten up your image, you risk getting motion blur in your picture. And the answer is to increase the ISO as much as you need to check the correct shutter speed. Find the balance between the quality of the image from the ISO and the blur from the shutter speed. The third important setting is aperture. It represents how much light your lens less room to the sensor. Let me show you an example. This is what f 16 looks like because of the little opening that lets less light and make the image darker. Now I'm opening the aperture to supinate. As you can see, now it's wide open and it lets more light through. It's not only about light, there is a significant difference between the f 16 and F2 0.8 focus range. When the lens is wide open, you will see that you get a narrow sharp focus. Like here, the subject is in focus, but the background is blurry because it's out of focus. If you want to have everything in focus, we have to use our high aperture. Smart phones usually have a fixed aperture. There is an aperture mode, but you can see for yourself how good that works. You can check the specs of your smartphone camera. The way Peter two we are talking about has three different cameras. The main camera is 40 mega pixels at 1.6, and the telephoto is eight megapixels, four, and there is no ultra-wide, which is 20 megapixels, F22. So how does this help? Well, you can change it like I do with my lens aperture mode, but it's not as good because it's digital. Your phone will adjust aperture depending on the circumstances. But in some cases you'll get a better result if you control it. It's common to use the term fast aperture. This means that the lens is wide open and slow aperture means that it's closed. Let's say you want to make a photo of your car. I like to use color for a lens for car pictures because the compression makes them look better. But for this example, I want to take during night. So even though the telephoto lens will give you a better look, I would tend to picture using the main camera with lower aperture. And the column is going to use less ISO and higher shutter speed and the quality will be better. There is a way we can cheat, and I'll show you how you can put the camera on a tripod or just stabilize it, lower the ISO to a minimum and increase the shutter speed to 50, ten seconds depends on how much light you have used the timer, so you don't touch the camera when it's taking the photo. And let's see. And here we are. This is a bright clean image at night using a smartphone, you can use a telephoto with this technique. But if your subject is moving, you will be better off using the fast temperature of your main camera. To have the best quality, you need to use the lowest ISO possible. And think about what object you will be shooting to decide shutter speed and aperture. Let's use an example for the next setting in your smartphone. Like the last comparison, we have two identical pictures with a different setting. One of them has a blue tents and the other one has a yellow one. This is called white balance, and here's what you should know about it. The white balance is measured in Kelvins. Here you can choose between two thousand and eight hundred and seven thousand and dirty device. You see three pictures of the same subject with low or cold temperature, which looks bluish, correct? Temperature or perfect white balance and high or warm temperature, your focus, our white balance. But you need to understand that because depending on your circumstances, you may need to adjust it and sometimes your smartphone, we'll mess it up. So it has to manually fix it, or maybe just use it to your advantage to capture something you think looks better. It's not always necessary to use it manually. Just use it when the picture looks weird or you want to add a warm or cold tone. For the most part, auto white balance will work fine. But if it doesn't, you know what to do. Here are two examples of using the color temperature to your advantage to make the photos look better. And here's a helpful tip. Use a balanced or warm temperature, heat during the day, in cold temperature during night, photographers like to use the golden hour during sunrise or sunset to build the yellow and orange colors in the image during night or darker situations close better to use a coder setting for most of that. Last but definitely not least, you can control your focus like the white balance, for the most part, it's going to stay on R0 because it's quick. And you can change it with a quick tap on your screen. But if you have something moving or maybe something transparent, like water droplets, you should use manual focus instead, waiting for the phone, find it by chance. In other instances, having control over this same will allow you to pinpoint the exact place you want to have in-focus. Don't worry to test new things out. Be creative. That's what photography is about. You can also see this in the side. It's times for exposure value. And it uses a combination of shutter speed and f-stop. I preferred to set everything manually. And to be honest, I don't touch it as often. Next topic is about using two. I'll be waiting for you in the next one. 7. Tools: People have been trying to improve smartphone images in many ways, so they catch up to mirrorless or DSLR cameras. Previously, we talked about the two biggest differences between smartphones and mirrorless cameras. One is larger sensor and the other one is the lens. Here is an example of such a lens. It can simply slide over the phone camera and act as a big camera lens. But does it really work? I have a set actually, this is a telephoto lens. It's a two times zoom. This one is a wide-angle lens, and this one is a macro lens, so it acts like a microscope. This is a fisheye lens, but I don't really use this one though. And we will leave these two later to put them on, you simply grab lines. You want to use screws here to this clamp and put it over the camera you're using. Put your finger on lens. So you see which lends the phone is using in clammed lands on top. You can use it for the front-facing camera, and that's very convenient. Just be sure to keep those your phone and the other lens clean so you get maximum quality. Let's begin by comparing the telephoto wide-angle lens to the standard lens. Now that they're next to each other, you see the difference. There is a lot more of the landscape in the right photo. That's the point. Why don't you use the wide-angle lens on your phone? You curve. That is the reason that smartphones have cameras. But don't forget the Jermaine camera as 40 megapixels and also a low aperture as F1 0.6. If this was a low light seen, the difference will be significant. In my case, I don't have a wide-angle altogether. So for me, this is a massive upgrade from the standard camera. You have to consider everything if you want to get the best possible result. Next is the telephoto lens. Here is a comparison between the two. There is a difference in the background. Actually, it doesn't impact the image. Peter Cipro here has a five times optical zoom. If you use the 2 times zoom lens on top of your telephoto, it can boost the zoom even more. You could use this for some unique photos. Let's continue with the next. Here is the fisheye. Let me just slide it on the camera and look at the result. It looks like an unwrapped video, in my opinion, your site. If that's your taste, feel free to use it. Now let me show you my favorite lens and the macro. This little lens can focus on subjects that are very close and the result is impressive. I can make a picture of Niobe with very impressive dBm. It doesn't look like a phone picture because in the very narrow focus and close distance to the subject is real bouquets. This lens is like microscope, is very specific. You can't use it for everything, but for some photos, it's the best tool. There aren't any smart phones I know of that have such a lens built in. So this is very special to have. Let me talk a little about interchangeable camera lenses before I mentioned the last two pieces. Now let's talk about mirrorless camera lenses. Will use this camera. For example. This is the Panasonic Lumix S5, and it uses the Laker L MT system. Like I said, for Linux, you need to have an L mountain lions. For a canon, you need an EMF or the new RF month for Sony, you Dima, and so on. You need to choose a lens that has your camera map. There are adapters that lets you use different lenses. For example, you can use an EF mount lens on a Sony email on camera. There are a lot of options to adapt a certain lens to your camera, but I would avoid it because some of the lenses lose autofocus, some of them lose sharpness. And I prefer to go with made of lenses. So how to choose the right lens and camera for you? Well, first, make a decision based upon what you want to shoot. For example, I like shoot a lot of videos with my camera. This camera supports 4k 60 FPS video with 10-bit car. If you don't understand what I'm talking about, it basically means that it makes very high-quality video. It's light enough to use it on a gimbal and easy to operate. For me, background separation and low-light capabilities are necessary, and it also like sharpness. And this is why I use this lens. Let me give you about it. This is a 24 to 70 Sigma lens with f 2.8 aperture. We talked about full-frame sensors in APAC before. Now, here is the time to mention that there is a difference between full-frame lenses and APAC lenses outright to tell you using a simple. So here we go. For example, if you're using an APS-C sensor and a full-frame lens, you have to multiply the numerator by 1.5. So if you use a 30 millimeter lens is like 45 millimetres from your cameras. This is because the APS-C sensor is smaller than the full frame. That's it. Nothing complicated about it. There are lenses that have one specific focal length and we call them prime lenses. For example, if this is a 30 millimeter full-frame lens, it will stay only a 30 millimeters on a full-frame sensor and only 45 on an APS-C sensor. You can change the focus, can aperture. The good thing is that it has less, less than variable lenses. Typically, it has a faster aperture and better sharpness. I can recommend a prime or very aligns. It depends on what you want to do. I guess you'd be better off having everything in one lens. But like I said, you have to decide every lens has its strengths and weaknesses if you want the best sharpness, fast temperature primes over that. If you are looking to use a variety of focal lengths of violence would be better. Now there's a perfect time to mention the last two pieces of the smartphone lens set. These are filters. The dark one is called an ND filter, and it darkens your image. This filter has a variable darkness. So it's a variable. The other one which looks like normal glass, is called a CPR filter. You have the option to use both these filters on professional camera for photography, the ND filter is used mostly for pictures with slow shutter speeds and for helping the camera to deal with very bright situations. These photos were made using an ND filter. You have truly seen some of them. The CPL can reduce reflected light when you first saw it, I was confused. So let me show you a demonstration. How good the filter on the phone camera and watch what happens when I rotate the filter. It helps you control how much reflections you have. An allows you to take a picture in a unique way. Let's move on to the next topic. By now, you should know to understand which lens to use. You'll learn new things on your own as you practice and get better as photography cures. The next two, which can be used for both smartphones and mirrorless cameras. This is a reflected, you can use it to reflect the light, to warm light, to diffuse light, or to block light. Like I showed you with the previous tools are used to embarrassing for us. You can move the reflection of the sun, light your face. The first picture will be without the reflector, so we can compare your pictures to this one. This will be our control picture. Now, let's compare it to the white and golden reflecting. As you see, you can have a different color depending on the reflection. We talked about it earlier. This is using light to bring. It's not only that, we also add contrast because from my point of view, everything is in the shape that the subject stands out. The black reflector is most effective in other situations because the black can absorb light. When you put the reflector near your subject, it's going to darken that part. It can also create a thick shade to avoid hard shadows with diffusion can also be used to make the light softer. I'm on the topic of tools. It's not something necessarily, but they can be very useful in some situations. That's why I'm showing you what, in how you can use in your photography. It's quite a lot of decane. Let me just show you one more very important to an hour and the two discussion suppress, trebled. It's one of the most used tools in photography. Like I said, it's very common to use a tribal. Earlier, I talked about shutter speed and how to make low-light furrows. Stabilizing your phone or mirrorless camera can have a big impact on the sharpness and quality of their follow. It makes taking furrows much easier and also helps if you'd like to take pictures of yourself. Okay, let's end the topic about tools and jump right into the next one, which is taking a follow-up. 8. Taking a photo: We'll move. In this movie. You can use, Let's move to the left. Okay, so today's little experiments. I wanted my friends to take a picture of me with its condenser, not so great as we expected. So to learn some new tricks, he has some knowledge and he made five photos. And I've have high expectations that these five photos are going to be way better than the photos before. And what do you think? Well, it was shorter than I thought. But now I'm really excited to see what we have to write as they said. Okay, let's check out the new photos. All right. So let's see the new photos just a second. And thus the first one. Oh, yeah. I'll talk to you guys in more detail later. But for now, I want to say, Nice job to you. Congratulations on your photos. They love good, definitely way better than before. You've learned a lot of new things today, and I hope and continue to take more photos and get better at photography announcer. Someday, you might buy a DSLR and you, my start taking more professional forums. I hope that happens. Well, thank you very much for that. You tell me how to make those fossils. And now I'm going to develop my skills. Wonderful. Range up. Alright, see you guys later. Hey guys. Hello again. So I have the five photos, Whitney. And right now we're going to review them one by one, just like we did in the first tutorial. Let's look where they're different and how they're different. Okay. Let's begin the review with the car follows. This is the first photo. You can see that the car is the wheels turn a little bit to the right, which is a good way to show the remix. I have to add that the car is also at a very good angle. We can see the front and the headlights. And you can also sit inside. The camera is at the level of the headlights, which makes the car looks more aggressive. The sharpness is very impressive, especially for a smartphone. As for the composition, you can see that the car is spilling the frame on the bottom line to the top line overall, my opinion is that this is a very nice photo and it will stand out and a good way. Okay, Let's turn to the second photo. This is a photo of the algeria. It Let's begin with the door panel on the left side of the frame. This is not by coincidence. You can see that it's out of focus. The idea behind it is to add depth to the photos. We can clearly see the dashboard and steering your exercise. It's a nice creative follow. The dash is on the right vertical line of the terms. So you would naturally look at it first. Now we can continue with the portraits. This is the first one. It's a simple photo. The subject is standing in the middle of the frame. But if we overlay the rule of thirds, you see it. My eyes are on the top horizontal line and the two vertical lines match my left and right sides. Here the background is green and not distracting. So the subject draws the attention. Also, there is a lot of distance, me and the trees behind, which is a good way to add depth to the photo. In this photo, the main light comes from the golden reflector you saw earlier, and the sun is my backlight. There are natural shadows and then, Nice job. Now this picture is more graded. I don't think we can categorize it as a portrait, but still the photo looks good. We have a leading line towards me from the concrete blocks. If you look at the row of terms, your senior time On the right vertical line and the top horizontal line where they cross, there is a lot of space in the direction that I'm looking at. The pose looks natural and interesting. Like I said, I think it's a nice further. And now for the last 40, this is my favorite. And the five, and there are a lot of details talk about, Let's start with the world thirds. You can see that the building perfectly aligned to the right vertical line in the graph. Pause on the lower horizontal line in the left vertical line where they crossed. As for color composition, the sky is blue and the reflected glass Berlin also looks blue. So the red car has nice contrast and draws attention. The street has somewhat of a depth effect because you can see where it goes. My pulse is also different. You don't usually sit on the road, so it's something that can interest you or separated from the rest of the photos. These pictures are on a different level from what we saw before. And the bottom review is over. I'm very pleased with the result. I hope you like the five boroughs as much as I did. And I hope you learn as much as my friend dead. It was a pleasure teaching you. But now shorter. You have to go out and test your new skills. Good luck.