Paint like the masters - Picasso | Doris Charest | Skillshare

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

8 Lessons (36m)
    • 1. Picasso promo

    • 2. Picasso The drawing

    • 3. The first layer

    • 4. Blocking in and more

    • 5. The black line

    • 6. Adding light colours

    • 7. Varnishing

    • 8. Conclusion

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About This Class

Picasso was one of the world's greatest artists.  His work brought abstraction to our times.  Here is a very simplified lesson on how to paint in his abstract style -an abstracted portrait.  Fun and easy best describes this lesson.  Each section tells you a little bit about the life of Picasso and how he came to become such a celebrated artist.  This Picasso-like portrait in vibrant colours will bring you a few nights of painting enjoyment. 

Meet Your Teacher

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Doris Charest

Contemporary Fine Art Specialist and Instructor


Doris Charest - Biography


BED University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB

BFA University of Calgary, Calgary, AB

MED University of Alberta, AB

Mixed media is Doris' favorite favorite form of painting . She loves exploring with textures, shapes, and a more contemporary look. Nature and the world around her inspires Doris. Her love of texture won her the Allessandra Bisselli Award and a First Place in a Still Life show with the Federation of Canadian Artists in Vancouver. Look for Doris Charest's work in the American Magazine: Sommerset Studio (Summer, 2007) and British Magazine: Leisure Painter. Both feature a three pages of Doris' artwork. She won the Sylvie Brabant award in 2011 for her work in the art community. In 2013 she won First Place for he... See full profile

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1. Picasso promo: Hi. Welcome to the art history moment. Painting like Picasso. A Quick lesson in Using Techniques by famous Artists by Doris Shoy. That's me. I have a bachelor's degree in fine arts and a master's degree in education, and I have taught all kinds of levels of art. And I love teaching art, and I'm sharing this love of art with you. I particulary early love painting. So this is what I'm sharing today. Keep in mind that all the techniques I show you are just the basics. Techniques used by these famous artists were very complex. And I'm showing you just a very basic technique for you to get the general of idea of Hiss style and his way of working. So what we'll do is we'll start with a brief history of Picasso, and I give you an overview of his artwork in between each video. His real name was Pablo Ruiz Picasso, for example, and he did a lot of different things. Not only was he a painter, he was, ah, sculptor of printmaker ah ceramicist a stage designer or writer. Ah, poet of playwright. But you'll find all that out in the next section. We're going to start with a drawing and the shape of a basic hand that we will. Well, I must. We'll tell you. We'll tear it up and then we'll make a drawing in the style of Picasso using the pieces. See how I'm drawing this out. I don't think it does any harm to show you right now, so we'll have a lot of fun drawing this out on the canvas and then later on adding color. Picasso was the most influential artist of the first half of the 20th century, and he is really important. You can see how he's abstracted faces here. He had a blue period. He had a Cubist period, which is what he's mostly known for. He had a classical period, and then he kept on going. He actually got caught up in Surrealism at the end. But his most famous painting is called Guernica, and you'll love this. See how he did different faces? Once we have the drawing on the canvas, we start adding color on Lee your favorite colors, and you keep adding layers and mawr and more colors, and then slowly you add patterns and design. Now you can see the original painting that started this process. You love this. It's fun and it never has to be the same. You're painting will not look like my painting either. So join me with this art history moment painting like the castle. A quick lesson in techniques used by famous artists. This will be a great fun and I hope to see you there. See you soon. 2. Picasso The drawing: hi and welcome to the art history moment. Painting like P Castle. Ah, quick lesson and using techniques by famous artists. My name is Doris Shy, and I have a master's degree in education as well as an art degree, and I love teaching art, and I'm here to teach you all about my love for art. Keep in mind that this presentation is very simplified. I'm only showing you the very basics of this technique, but then again, we'll have so much fun doing it that you'll want to do more. Picasso's beginnings. Picasso was born in Spain, but he spent most of his life in France. His actual name, Waas. Pablo Louise E. P. Castle. But he became known as Pablo Picasso. He was a painter, sculptor, a printmaker, a ceramicist, a stage designer, a poet playwright. He just loved it all. He was a very prolific man, and he just loved creating and just making things. So this is the very first step. We're going to learn how to draw the painting out, so let's watch the video and see how it's done. Here's the painting we're going to create, or at least something like it. So What I like to do is to trace the actual size of the painting I'm going to do. And then I put it aside. And the next thing I'm going to do is draw a face because the painting we're going to do is an actual faith, and those are their proportions. So we draw a generic face, two eyes, a nose and the mouth. There's the nose, a little bit of a curve, a basic traditional mouth. We don't want any detail with this, just the very basics. The next thing you're going to do is you're going to add some ears and just keep it simple . I don't think I'll even add hair. Hair makes it more complicated. We want to keep this style simple. So you're going to just take the basic shape off the hand like that and tear it up just like you're seeing right there. Big blank spaces. You leave him out. So then you take the pieces and your rearranged um so you can place them on the actual little square there where you could put it beside and you play with it until you're really happy with what you have. So I might put part of a lip right there. I think I'm going to just put it on the side and then dry it after so I put it different shapes. So what Picasso did is he would take the face and then trying to draw it from different sides. So it's very hard to kind of figure out how to do that. So I found this is a really easy way to do it. So now I have the basic shapes and I just draw them in and I'm going to turn it into a design. So now here's a curve and a little bit of a nose and another part of the eye, so Picasso would have this joined it. The eyes like that simply because what he wanted was to show different versions of the eyes . So the I when it's looking forward, the I when it's looking 3/4 and not just the I, but the whole faith. And this way it's kind of what I found an easy way for everyone to succeed at doing this. So we're going to just draw in the basic shapes and then later on, after we've drawn it onto the actual canvas. We add patterns and designs and make it really look interesting. Picasso was influenced by African art, and a lot of the colors and shapes he chose were influenced by that African art he saw. African art is a exciting way to do things, a way to make things more simple. So here's the drawing. When I want you to do now is make a drawing and then we'll see you in the next session. Remember to keep it simple and we'll see you in the next section. 3. The first layer: more about Pablo P Council. He was one of the most influential artists in the first half of the 20th century. He was renowned for having created so many styles and in so many mediums. He was a very prolific artist. He saw himself as a painter, yet he had sculpture and printmaking that he's well known for. He's tried all kinds of mediums. He was a prolific drawer as well. Picasso insisted that his radical shifts trailed. His career was a matter of following one idea. So what he did is he with pick the medium that suited the idea and that made him really work in a lot of different mediums. His first period as an adult is called his Blue Period. Picasso moved Trump, Paris, France, to open his own studio during this period. Nearly all paintings during that period from 1901 to 1904 are really about his sadness over the loss of his friend. He painted scenes of poverty, isolation, anguish, all in shades of blue and green. Picasso's most famous painting from the blue period is called The Old Guitarist. As you can see on the left, if you had to highlight what was important from this period. It would be the sad, gone people that he picked from the circus and from the Harken subjects that he liked to paint during that period, all in tones of blue and green that we have are drawing and we're going to see what the next step is. So we've abstracted our face and now we're going to transfer it to the canvas. So you just take a pencil and you start copying the drawing that you did. It doesn't have to be exactly the way it waas, but something very similar. You have arranged a composition right now and the composition is sound and that you like it . So all you have to do is transfer something fairly similar and just draw up. See how I'm just using a pencil and drawing things in. Now I've speeded up the video because it's really boring watching people draw, and you have already seen the drawing and you know what it looks like. So we're just going to dry it in just like that and make sure the shapes Aaron similar spots than before. Now, remember, you can still tweak this drawing if they're apart. You like more than you just change it when I want you to do is draw the drawing and then we're going to block in one color. The first color is red, so we block in several shapes that are not touching each other in Rand, and we block that in. So again, it's speeded up so that it's not so boring for you. So I'm picking the edges off the shapes. I'm adding mostly around the colt corners and really bold areas, and you'll notice that I'm not copying exactly what's there. Sometimes I'll see a better way to put things in, and this is something I want you to feel free to do. If the composition isn't right and you think that adding a certain something extra there would make it look better, do it. Don't stick to the old model just because it's there. Now I've changed the color a wee bit. I've added some yellow into it, and I'm adding yellow right there. It's really a yellow joker, and I've mixed the yellow occur in one spot with red, and you get this beautiful, um, reddish orange. And now this is just the yellow You can barely see the canvas cause it's quite large and I decided to zoom in so that you get a closer look at the drawing itself. But really, this step is super easy. What you're doing is just blocking in basic shapes and letting them dry. It works way better if you take several nights to create this project and do a layer every time. So you do a little bit and then you let it dry, do a little bit more and you let it dry here. I'm just tweaking what I have. Sometimes when you put paint on a canvas, it leaves little white spots cause it doesn't cover quite well. So I'm just going back and covering those spots. So this is your task now. Transfer the drawing and put in two basic colors so we'll see you in the next section. 4. Blocking in and more: now for more about the castle. Picasso had what we call a blue period where he had blues and greens and almost every painting he did. So he moved to France to Paris to open his own studio, and that was a big change for him, and it affected him in many ways. So from 1901 to 19 so far, the color that he used in just about everything with blues and greens and subdued colors. Some people have theories about this. They think it's because of the death of Hiss friend. Some others think it's because he was so poor and he was isolated away from his family. He was lonely, and he shows it in his paintings. So whatever the theory, Waas, he created a whole Siri's that was just blues and greens on Very beautiful. This is still a fairly realistic period for him, and a typical painting of this period is called The Old Guitarist, which is on the left on the screen. He just completed that in 1903 and it's one of his best known paintings. But enough about Picasso. Let's try for our own painting now we've had ah basic color put in, and we're going to add more colors. Let's watch the video. So here is the basic painting, and we're just going to add more colors. Remember, you're still blocking in so blocking in this when you put the underlying color in without adding any detail you're blocking in a main color that you're going to add to later on, try to put it on fairly evenly and choose any color you like. You don't have to follow my colors if you want to paint blue like Picasso did do a whole painting in different kinds of blues. I was feeling like having red and yellow in this painting, so that's what I did. It's actually better if you used your own favorite colors with my students. I always found that if they use colors that they loved, everything turned out so much better. And here I am having trouble deciding where what I'm going to put where I had a plan in my hand, and somehow or other plans change. And now I'm deciding on the fly, as they say, deciding on the goal. If you want to plan your painting out from a busy in the beginning, Go for it. It doesn't matter. And then if you want to change it along, you're allowed to do that, too. I'm just going to add a new color here. Another of my favorite colors is like a blue green, and there's different names for that. I just love that color, and I'm just getting it ready. So here ago, I'm going to add this color that I just love, and I'm not being that careful. I'm blocking in at the moment. I'm creating a basic color that I'm going to add to later on. So if you're adding colors, remember, you want Adam in more than one spot. If you're adding a any color that ISS, you want to add them in any, uh, least three spots. 357 I like odd numbers. Psychologically, they found that people really do respond better to odd numbers. And so whenever I add a color in, I use like an odd number of times, and it seems to balance the painting out really well. So now I need my third spot. I'm going to add a whole basic shape. They're gonna change up my original drawing some of these shapes for me are just way too large, and it's not that interesting to have large, large species that are plain and ordinary. So I want to add it, add something different in there and break up the space. Part of abstraction is adding colors that you would prefer, and other parts is changing the design because it the painting is not about what you see. It's about creating an emotion, so you're creating an effect there. So I'm using a lot of warm colors and to create that high key emotion. So that's while they say's psychologically red is emotion, and that's a really warm emotion. Oranges the same orange is the color of sociability. Yellow is the color of excitement, so I want to create that kind of effect. Now I'm going to add a bit of pink, and as you see, I've speeded up the process again and adding, Keep adding different colors. You can add whatever colors you want, as I said before, So when you're choosing your colors, I've chosen a high key color with lots of warm colors. I'm going to have a dominance of warm colors, but also you want to balance it out with maybe 25 30% of cool colors. This pink is a warm color, but the light purple I used there is actually a cooler color, so you want to balance that out. Now. I've just about got everything blocked in. I'm just going to add a little purple there, and that's see, there's no more white space, and the blocking in things will change. Now I can start adding layers of color and adding designs. I felt I'm sort of starting now, adding little lines here and there and different shapes, and it makes it more interesting. Pretty soon I'm going to have to stop because the paint will be to Web, and you wanna be careful. When you put too much wet on wet paint, it tends to blend together, and then it makes a muddy color. So try not to do that. So here's a few little dots. If I put dots in one area, I want to do it in other areas as well. So I've added dots at the top, and I have some into other areas. So have three spots with thoughts now for a little blue line, and I'm adding that line and I'm going to turn it into stripes. No, this looks like I paint really, really fast, but I speeded up the camera. So when you're painting, you don't need to go this fast, Take your time, do a good job. And I'm just adding lines because I added them in one spot. Now I want Adam in a different spot. Remember, you can choose where you put your spots and it's up to you. Make sure you cover all that white area. This point is where you start to slow down like this is how I really work. When I'm painting, I worked really slow. If by chance you don't like what you just did. If the paint underneath is dry, you can just take a damp cloth and wipe it off and then start again. Just keep that in mind if the paint on your nieces wet, just let it dry and then paint on top of it. That's the beauty of acrylic. Now, what I'd like you to do is do this part now and then. We'll see you in the next section. Theo 5. The black line: now just a little more about Picasso. His next period was his Cuba's period. So in 1907 or thereabouts, he painted Leda Moselle Davignon, five nude women that were abstracted and geometric in their features. No, not only where they nude, and that was a shocking part, but it's the way he abstracted them. He tried to break apart the finger and show it from different directions on the same canvass. Nobody had done this before, so if you look very carefully, you can see the front face of a one of the ladies and the side face, all in one area. So he combined the two views into one. This was extremely controversial, and it caused a great stir. People rebelled against it. Line people lined up to see it as well. All kinds of things happened with this painting, and it really created a Stir Picassos period after the Cuba's period waas, his classical period and I was 1918 or thereabouts to 1927 he went back to realism. Now World War One was a major effect there, and he changed back to realistic work, and he grew serious and somber and sad again. except not so blue. He has tones of pinks and peach colors along with the blues, but mostly the the warm colors. Now let's go back to our own painting. We're going to add some more detail now. One thing that happened is my camera, then record a whole section that I painted. So there's extra lines here that weren't there before. So the yellow stripes or knew the black lines are new, and all these things didn't get recorded. I missed the whole step for you so instead and I couldn't really start again. So I've decided to just show you what I've done and then keep on going. Remember that there are several stages to this painting. You paint a section for a little while and then the paint gets too wet and blends in together too much. So then you change it on. Let it so then you let it dry. Just do one more part and let it dry and then do another part like this. Now, the important part of this section is the black lines. The black lines allow the flow through the painting, so my I will go from one end of the painting to the next, and it guides are I threw because of the high contrast off the black. It's an automatic guide through the painting. Some of the lines I don't like, because they don't flow very well. So I'm adjusting them now and sometimes to what happens with acrylic is it doesn't quite cover with the first coat and little white spots or little spots of the color underneath. Start showing. So you have to add a second coat. And that's what I'm doing to the black. The black being really cover that well. The reason that happens is because the texture of the canvas doesn't quite absorb all the paint. Those bumps get covered, but not quite completely sometimes. So don't be afraid to add more than one coat. I call that tweaking the parts that need help. Don't be afraid to do that. Just keep adding whenever you need it. If you start worrying about how the paint edges are little rough, you can add a very small amount off water to your paint. This is very dangerous. If you add too much water. What happens is the binder in the paint, Uh, doesn't buying the paint to the canvas very well. If too much water equals. If I happen to brush up against your painting, the paint will actually come off. So don't add too much water. Water is your enemy with acrylic quite often if you're still having trouble. There's a medium called acrylic flow medium, and you can add that to your paint. And it really helps to actually have the paint flow and cover really well. I keep tweaking these black lines, making sure that their guiding my eye through the painting really well. Look carefully. It flows from left to right and flows down flows back, laugh flows, right, So my eye looks at every single part of the painting. When you're adding this to your painting, adding the black lines, I mean, make sure that that's what happens that your eyes guided all the way through the painting. So this is it for now. I want you to do this step and then go to the next section. See how the black guides in the first painting that I did just like that guides your eye through the painting. So that's your goal with this time is, have your paint your black line guide your eye through the painting, so you in the next section 6. Adding light colours: Picassos. Next period was his Cuba's period. This is where he began taking the figure and other objects and showing them in the same picture but different angles. It actually started in 1907 with with his lead a Moselle Davino, five nude women that were abstracted and distorted and sharp geometric features the front, for example, at the same time as showing the side off that woman. So the's where objects are broken apart, objects being the figures in this case and then reassembled to show different viewpoints. What we did in ours is we broke the figure apart, but we didn't show different angles. So this went on from 1905 to 1925 give or take a few years. So what he did is he took figures or forms and turned them into geometric like shapes. They weren't completely geometric, but they were sharp angled. He distorted the figures. His period right after that is the neoclassical period where he went back to realism one more time, began painting figures with heavy builds, almost like sculptures of Grecian women that was his favorite subject for quite a few years . Almost 10. Give or take a few years again. So here you can see that the mother and child figure is very popular. The child is very blocked like, as is the mother and the the figures air very strong looking. But they're starting to be more abstracted to look at the hands. How they are not delicate there. Bolder, big, their big shapes. So the figure is still large shapes. This time it's not broken down, so now we'll continue with our painting. So here we are. We have our fifth part, and we've added lots of different layers. Ah, stripes, black lines. And now we're going to add a few more details. Like I said before, I really like stripes, so I'm often adding them, so we'll add them again. I want them to be fairly solid, and we keep adding them and adding them, and one more, and sometimes your brush will, holding off paint that you can do it in one stroke. But quite often not now. I've speeded up the camera again so that it goes a little faster so you're not bored to death. Remember that when you add one color in one spot, you really want it added again in other spots, and I've chosen three spots. I really like, um, odd numbers. You don't have to make the same shape with this. With that color, you can change it up. So here I've added a few dots to the I. Now I'm going to add the shape right here, and I'm just going to make sure that the paint covers really well. Now, I'll probably see this more than once, but if the paint this cover in the first brushstroke, don't be shy. Go back and put it in again. 7. Varnishing: Welcome back. Now we need to varnish are painting. What we need is some acrylic semi gloss gel. Now, if you have some, this is the time to use it. If you don't have any, you can just get some acrylic semigloss jealous, just semi gloss acrylic with no color in it. It's very transparent. Um, it's a wonderful varnish, and varnishing is very easy. So what you need for this step is the acrylic semi gloss gel, a brush, a container and a little bit of water. So get those things organized and then follow me in the video. Here's our painting. Now, when you think you're happy with your painting and you want to stop, it's a good idea to varnish your painting. What I do is I take acrylic gel. Semi gloss is my favorite, but if you like gloss, go ahead and do that. Gloss paint enhances the colors, and Matt paint dulls the colors, but there's no sheen, so it's very easy to look at in bright light. Semigloss is somewhere in between. So what I do is I mix water and gel together, so I take the gel and I mix it. 1/4 water, 3/4 gel and I stir really well and all I do is brush it on just like you see here. I start with brushing in one direction and then I change and go into a different direction . Now, normally I let it dry and then I apply the second coat. Now it looks like I just kept on going, but actually let it dry in between videos. So the general protects your painting so that if by accident you spill coffee or spaghetti sauce on it, it's protected. You can just wash off that spaghetti sauce and they won't be none. The wiser you're painting is protected. Now, Once I've done the painting in two directions, I let it dry and I go for 1/3 direction. The reason I go in all these directions is because when you apply the gel or the water down gel, what happens is sometimes you miss some spots and it doesn't quite go into the grooves of the canvas. When you do three layers like this, you're saved. Your chances of covering absolutely everything is perfect, and usually you get a very nice clean coat with no brushstroke showing. So this is all you have to do. It's not very complicated. So do this step now and I'll see you in the next section Conclusion, Theo. 8. Conclusion: Welcome back. Now, as a conclusion, you can see that creating an abstract work like Picasso is fun and easy. Picasso was one of the most influential artists in the 19 hundreds, and his influence continues today. He led us to a new way of looking at the world abstraction. Now, this is something that is was totally new and no one had ever done this before. So now we're comfortable with abstraction. He was the 1st 1 to show us how now look for by next course, creativity for women. Now, in this course, all the information is taken from the Internet. The Picasso images air all taken from the Internet. All the ideas air my own and the painting design is my own. I'm also going to create another course on Emily Carr after the creativity one. So I have lots in the works and I hope you follow me for the next one. We'll see you soon. Bye. For now,