PMP ITTO -3 : Tools and Techniques Dictionary - PMBOK® V6 | Leithy Mohamed Leithy | Skillshare

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PMP ITTO -3 : Tools and Techniques Dictionary - PMBOK® V6

teacher avatar Leithy Mohamed Leithy, Founder of 6P-Consulting, Programs Manager, PMO Ma

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

28 Lessons (1h 39m)
    • 1. Introduction

      2:53
    • 2. Common Group - Tool Set

      3:04
    • 3. Common Group - Expert Judgement

      2:35
    • 4. Common Group - Data Analysis Outlines

      4:58
    • 5. Common Group - Data Analysis Details-1

      4:28
    • 6. Common Group - Data Analysis Details-2

      4:16
    • 7. Common Group - Meetings

      2:52
    • 8. Common Group - Interpersonal and Team Skills Outlines

      4:07
    • 9. Common Group - Interpersonal and Team Skills Details-1

      4:45
    • 10. Common Group - Interpersonal and Team Skills Details-2

      2:20
    • 11. Common Group - Decision Making Outlines

      3:31
    • 12. Common Group - Decision Making Outlines Details-1

      2:29
    • 13. Common Group - Decision Making Outlines Details-2

      3:23
    • 14. Common Group - PMIS

      2:08
    • 15. Common Group - Data Representation Outlines

      4:04
    • 16. Common Group - Data Representation Details-1

      2:52
    • 17. Common Group - Data Representation Details-2

      2:58
    • 18. Appeared Thrice Group - Inspection and Lead/Lag

      3:34
    • 19. Appeared Thrice Group - Estimating - Audit - Com Tech

      4:16
    • 20. Appeared Thrice Group - Communication Skills

      3:33
    • 21. Appeared Twice Group - Decomposition - 3 Points

      3:24
    • 22. Appeared Twice Group - CPM and more

      2:30
    • 23. Appeared Twice Group - Problem Solving and more

      3:00
    • 24. Appeared Once Group - Part1

      4:38
    • 25. Appeared Once Group - Part2

      4:49
    • 26. Appeared Once Group - Part3

      4:52
    • 27. Appeared Once Group - Part4

      3:50
    • 28. Summary

      3:17
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About This Class

This class is one of the three classes in the series "Master the ITTO and Pass your PMP® Exam" of classes that helps you as a PMP candidate to capture all details regarding the ITTO for the 49 project management processes as described in the PMBOK sixth edition and makes you ready to correctly answer the questions related to the ITTO in the PMP Exam.

This is the third class in the series, it creates references for all the tools and techniques used in the 49 project management processes and includes brief description for each tool.   It explains how each tool is repeated across all the 49 processes using simple charts that help you to remember the tool recurrences easily. 

Meet Your Teacher

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Leithy Mohamed Leithy

Founder of 6P-Consulting, Programs Manager, PMO Ma

Teacher

Leithy Mohamed Leithy is a certified Portfolio Management Professional (PfMP), Program Management Professional (PgMP), and Project Management Professional (PMP). He also has the certification of Project Management Office (PMOC), ITIL, COBIT, and CSSGB.

Leithy is an engineer graduated from Ain Shams University in Egypt in 1989. Later, he upgraded his educational level and got his master (MBA) in IT Management from Leicester University in the UK.

Leithy has extensive experience in portfolio management, program management, project management and PMO. He practiced the implementation of project management office, program management office, and portfolio management office for the different models: Supportive, Directive and Controlling.

He has practical experience in deli... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: we reviewed the Inputs and Outputs Dictionary in the last section. Now this is a time to review the Tools and Techniques Dictionary. When starting the tools and techniques for the entire program management processes and in markets a list off processes which are using H told we will have the Tools and Techniques Dictionary. In this section, we will go over some details off these tools and techniques, including their specifications and their recurrences in the different project. Management processes in this section will go over the Tools and Techniques Dictionary of the Project Management processes in four groups. The common group, the A Beard tries Group the Abuse Twice Group on the A beard. Once a group, the common group includes almost repeated lest off tools and techniques, which have at least 10 recurrences. This group includes eight items. The Abilities Rise Group has tools and techniques repeated for three times, which are it told the Antonini's. The Abuse Twice Group has tools and techniques repeated for two times, which are eight tools and techniques. The abused, once the group has tools and techniques, only appeared for one time, which are 39 tools and techniques. These template will be used to graphically show the recurrences off the tools and techniques artifacts. Our crosses. A 49 project management processes. It is similar to the term ability was for the inputs and outputs a dictionary. All the 49 processes are displayed on the group, as were the process groups and the knowledge areas. H E Process has a number on the left, most part which represents the technology area. This is a chapter number off this knowledge area and the PM booked six addition. It's technology area has one rectangle to collect all the related processes together. It's a process group has one color and gathers all related processes together. In the same column, HR has a title, which is the name of the process, tools and techniques for which is the processes are market. In this chart, each process has two circles, one on the left and another on the right. The left circle will be converted into turquoise color. On the right circle will be turned into sandy brown color to indicate that the tools and techniques in the temple, a title, are used in this process. They're quiz color on sandy brown color are the same colors used in the process, tools and techniques throughout this course. For example, this is a template for the data analysis, tools and techniques. It is a title. Here are the recurrences off, the data analysis told the and techniques in the project management processes. 2. Common Group - Tool Set: starting with a common tools and techniques, a group, which is a group of tools and techniques that are frequently used in the project management processes. Each of them will appear at least 10 times across the different processes. This group has a following eight items, which are ordered from the most repeated toe, the lowest repeated the expert judgment, the data analysis, the meetings, the interpersonal and the team skills, the decision making they did the governing, the Project Management Information System and the data representation. The common group of tools and techniques that has eight items, includes five tool sets. A tool set is a collection off tools and techniques that are used by the project management processes for doing similar functions based on the project management processes and the regular activities executed buys a process. The process will need some elements off the tool set that may be different from one Bruces toe another. For example, the elements off the data analysis tools and techniques used in the controllers core process are the variance analysis on the trend analysis. But the elements off the data analysis tools and techniques used in the developed A schedule process are the what if scenario analysis and the simulation. So, as you can see, we have data analysis, tools and techniques used in two processes, but the elements used in the first process are different from the elements used in the second process. The 5 to 10 states are the data analysis, the interpersonal and tea with skills. The data representation. The data doesn't ring on the decision making. The data analysis techniques are used to organize, assess and evaluate data and information. This it has 27 elements. The interpersonal and team skills are used to effectively lead and interact with the team members and other stakeholders. The city has 17 elements. The decree presentation is used to show graphic representation or other methods used to convey data and information. This it has 15 elements. The data gathering easy goes toe collected data and information from a variety of resources . The state has nine elements, and the decision making is used to select a course of action from different alternatives. This it has three elements. We will describe each item in the common group and review its recurrences, including the five tool sets. Please remember that this notation will be used with the tools and techniques in the course to represent a tool set, so it will appear when we categorize the tool and technique as a tool set. 3. Common Group - Expert Judgement: starting with the expert judgment. The expert judgment is defined as judgment provided based upon expertise in an application area knowledge area discipline, industry etcetera as appropriate force activity being performance. So this type of expertise will be different from one process toe another. These don't activities required by this process. It is used to assess the inputs required to develop a project artifact or execute measure activity off a process. Such judgment and expertise are applied toe or related technical and management to details . Expertise is provided by any group or individual with a specialized knowledge or training related to the subject being assessed, including consultants, stakeholders, which includes the customers and sponsors, professional and technical associations, industry groups, subject matter experts and the project Management Office. The expertise may be related to the organizational strategy, the benefits management, the technical knowledge of the industry and focus area off the project, the duration on budget estimations and the risk identification. The recurrences off the expert judgment are shown in the chart. You cannot is that the expert judgment a beard 35 times as part off the tools and techniques off the project management processes. It is a most repeated tool. We can sit the following rules although they're not covering older recurrences off the expertise, a gym and the expert judgment appears in old processes off the Initiation Process Group on the closing process Groom, the expert judgment appears in all the processes off the Blending Brushes group, except to processes the sequence activities process on the developers scheduled process. The expert judgment appears in all the processes off the integration Coast on the procurement management knowledge areas. The expert judgment appears in older processes off the communication risk and stakeholders management knowledge areas except one process in each knowledge area, which are the manager communication process, the monitor risks process and the monetary stakeholder engagement process. 4. Common Group - Data Analysis Outlines: The second tool in the common group is a data analysis. The data analysis is used to organize, assess and evaluate data and information. The data analysis includes any of the following 27 tools, depending on the process needs and the output created by this process. The alternative analysis that cost benefit analysis, the Internet value analysis, the root cause analysis, the trend analysis, the variance analysis, the document analysis, the regression analysis, the reserve analysis, the what if scenario analysis, the simulation, the decision tree analysis, the cost of quality, the influence diagrams, that sensitivity analysis, the alteration breakdown, chart the process and this is the performance reviews. The assumptions and constraint analysis. This what analysis the risk idiot. A quality assessment. There is a probability and impact assessment, the assessment off other risk parameters, the technical performance analysis, the make or buy analysis, the proposal evaluation and the stakeholder analysis. The data analysis techniques are used based on the process therapists and its activities. 200 the in boots on to produce the outputs. For instance, the data analysis techniques used in the controllers core process are the variance analysis on the trend analysis, which are suitable for the control of school process as following the variance analysis, compares a baseline to the actual results and determines if the variances within the special amount or if corrective or preventive action should be taken That, during the analysis, examines the project performance over time to determine if the performance is improving or deteriorating. The data analysis techniques used in the developed A schedule process are the what if scenario analysis on the simulation, which are suitable for the developer schedule process as following the what if scenario analysis performance escaped your network analysis. Using the schedule to compute the different scenarios, such as delaying a major component delivery, extending specific engineering durations or introducing external factors. The simulation calculates a possible schedule outcomes based on the risks and other sources off uncertainty for the total project using the common simulation techniques. The MONTECARLO analysis, another important understanding it the following the make or buy analysis as one off the data analysis techniques will be expected to appear in the plan procurement management process and is not expected in the identify stakeholders process. The stakeholder analysis as one off the data analysis techniques will be expected to appear in the identify Stakeholder process or monitor stakeholder engagement process, but it is not expected to appear in the plan. Procurement management process. The document analysis as one off the data analysis techniques will be expected to appear in many processes, like the collector Requirement process to review and assess injury. 11 2 Documented information in the identify risks process as risks. Maybe I didn't fight from a structure review off project documents and in the identify stakeholders process to assist the available project. Documentation and lessons learned from previous projects. Toe Identify stakeholders. So the message here, if you understand the elements off the data analysis tools and from the other side, you understand the process, purpose and activities. You will be able to estimate that this data analysis element may be expected in this process or not, because it is hard to keep in mind that this data analysis element will appear in this process and will not appear in that process. The recurrences off the data analysis are shown in this chart where you can notice that the data analysis appears 33 times as part off the tools and techniques off the project management processes. We can say the following rules. Although they're not covering all the recurrences. The data analysis appears in old processes over the closing process group, which is only one process. The data analysis appears in old processes off the monitoring and Controlling Process group except the Validate score process. The data analysis appears in old processes off the coast quality and procurement management's knowledge areas. 5. Common Group - Data Analysis Details-1: now let us review its toll in the data analysis tool set, starting with the alternatives analysis. The alternatives analysis is used to select as a corrective actions or a combination off corrective and preventive actions to implement when a deviation or cares alternatives analysis is used in the integration scope, scheduled Coast quality resource risk and stakeholder management knowledge areas. The cost benefit analysis is a financial analysis tool used to estimate the strengths and weaknesses off alternatives in order to determine the best alternative in terms off benefits provided. The cost benefit analysis is used in the integration, quality, resource and risk management knowledge areas. The air in IT value analysis compares the performance management baseline to the actually schedule and cost performance. The Internet value analysis is used in the integration scheduled coast and procurement management knowledge areas. The road cause analysis is an analytical technique used to determine the basic underlining reason that causes a variance, defect or risk it may be used to identify your root cause is over problems and solving them . The root cause analysis is used in the integration, quality risk and stakeholder management knowledge areas. The train. The analysis is used to forecast future performance based on bust results. It can be used to recommended preventive actions if necessary. The trend analysis is used in the integration scope, scheduled cost resource and procurement management technology areas. The variance analysis reviews the differences or variants between blend and actual performance. The variance analysis is used in the integration scope, schedule and cost management technology areas. The document analysis consists of reviewing and assisting any real events documented information. The document analysis is used in the integration scope, quality risk and stakeholder management knowledge areas. The regression analysis analyzes the inter relationships between different project variables that contributed to the project outcomes to improve performance on future projects. The regression analysis is used in the Integration Management Knowledge Area. The reserve analysis is used to determine the amount off contingency and management reserve needed for the project. Contingency reserves are established for the schedule duration budget, estimated cost or funds for a project. The reserve analysis is used in the Schedule Coast and risk management knowledge areas. The what if scenario analysis in the process of evaluating scenarios in order to protect their effect, positive or negative on project objectives. This is an analysis off the question. What if the situation presented by Scenario X happens? What if scenario analysis is used in the schedule management's knowledge area? The simulation model is a combined effects off individual project risks on does our sources off uncertainty to evaluate their potential impact on achieving project objectives. The most common simulation technique is Montecarlo analysis. Simulation is used in the schedule and risk management knowledge areas. The decision trees are used to support selection off the best off several alternative courses. Off Action Decision three Analysis is used in the Risk Management Knowledge Area. The coast of quality includes old costs incurred over the life off the product by investment in preventing non conformance to requirements, appraising the product or service for conformance to their requirements and failing to meet requirements which lead to rework. Thus, we can see that the coast of quality contains the prevention cost, the brazen coast and the failure cost. The coast of quality is used in the coast and quality management knowledge areas 6. Common Group - Data Analysis Details-2: the influence diagrams are graphical is to decision making under uncertainty. The influence diagram is then evaluated using a simulation techniques such as montecarlo analysis. The influence diagrams are used in the risk management knowledge area. The sensitivity analysis help is to determine which individual project risks or other sources off uncertainty have the most potential impact on project outcomes that will need to diagram is an example. The sensitivity analysis is used in the Risk Management knowledge area. The alteration breakdown chart tracks is a worker that remains to be completed in the alteration backlog. The alteration breakdown chart is used in this kid, your management knowledge area. The bruises analysis identifies opportunities for process improvement. The process analysis is used in the Quality Management Knowledge Area. The performance reviews measure compare and analyze is scheduled performance against is a schedule baseline, such as actually start and finish dates, person to complete and remaining duration for work in progress. The performance reviews are used in the scheduled quality resource and procurement management knowledge areas. The Assumption and Constraint analysis explores the validity off assumptions and constraints to determine which pose a risk to the project. The assumptions and constraint analysis is used in the risk and stakeholder management technology it is. That's what analysis examines a project from each off. The strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. Perspectives. That's what analysts is used in the Risk management knowledge area. There is good data quality Assessment evaluates is the degree to which the data about individual project risks is accurate and reliable as a basis for qualitative risk analysis . The risk a data quality assessment is used in the risk management technology area. There is a probability assessment considers the likelihood that a specific risk willow care . The risk impact assessments considers a potential effect on one or more project objectives . There is a probability and impact assessment are used in the Risk Management knowledge area assessment off other risk parameters. In addition to the probability and impact the project, he may consider other characteristics of risk, such as urgency, proximity, dormancy, manageability, controllability, predictability, connectivity, strategic impact and propane equity. The assessment off other risk parameters are used in the Risk Management knowledge area. The technical performance analysis compares technical accomplishments during project execution toe the schedule off technical achievement. The technical performance analysis is used in the risk management knowledge area. The make or buy analysis is used to determine with their work or deliverables can best be accomplished by the project team or should be purchased from outside sources. The make or buy analysis is used in the Procurement Management Knowledge Area. The proposal evaluation insures that proposals are complete and respond in full to the documents procurement statement, off work sources, selection criteria and any other documents that went out in the big package. The proposal evaluation is used in the Procurement Management Eulogy area. The stakeholder analysis results in a list of the stakeholders and the relevant information , such as their positions in the organization, rolls, stakes, expectations, attitudes and their interest. The stakeholder analysis is used in the risk and stakeholder management knowledge areas. 7. Common Group - Meetings: after reviewing the expert judgment and the data analysis. The search of the item took cover in the Common Tools and Techniques Group is the meetings . The meetings are used to discuss and address certain project management subjects. They can take the form of facilitation workshops, small group guided discussions and virtual groups using electron ICS or social media technologies to share ideas and analyze data for effective meetings. Three. They're meeting agenda and objectives. Invite required people only control your timing and record the meeting minutes. Attendees may include the project manager, the team leaders, subject matter experts and the stakeholders required for the subject. Under discussion, meetings may be conducted for information exchange, bring starling option evaluation and decision making. Meetings appeared in the process tools and techniques, but from one process to another. The following three factors are different. First, the meeting attendees the project manager sponsor subject matter expert etcetera. Second, the missiles or way to hold a meeting 1 to 1 meeting the sanitation workshops, small group guided discussions, Virtual group and so on. And third is a types off the meeting. The type of the meeting, maybe kickoff technical business. Sprint or iteration planning scram Daily stand ups steering group, problem solving Progress Up Dead retrospective, which is lessons learned, user groups review meetings and so on. The recurrences off the meetings are shown in this chart. You can see that the meetings appear 28 times as part off the tools and techniques off the project management processes. We can say the following rules, although they're not covering older recurrences. The meetings appear in all the processes related to the development off the project Management of land on the subsidiary plans. The meetings appear in all the processes off the communication and the stakeholder management knowledge areas. The meetings appear in all the processes off the integration and quality management knowledge areas except one process in each which are the manager project, knowledge of process and the manager quality process. The meetings appear in all the processes off the In Sheeting Process Group and the Closing Process Group 8. Common Group - Interpersonal and Team Skills Outlines: the force item to cover in the common tools and techniques. A group is the interpersonal and team skills. The interpersonal and team skills are used to effectively lead and interact with the team members and the other stakeholders. Interpersonal and team skills include in off the following 17 tools and techniques, depending on the process needs and the outputs created by this process. The conflict management, the facilitation, the meeting management, the active listening, the leadership, the decision making, the negotiation, the influencing, the motivation, the networking, the political our this, the nominal group technique, the observation and conversation, the emotional intelligence, the communication styles assessment, the cultural awareness. I'm the team building. The interpersonal and team skills are used based on the process. Purpose and its activities toe hundreds the m but in order to produce out boats, for instance, the interpersonal and team skills techniques used in the developed project. The charter process are the conflict management, the facilitation and the meeting management which are suitable for developing project. A charter process as following the conflict Management helps brings a stakeholder in tow. Alignment on the objectives, success criteria, high level requirements, Brazil description, summary milestones and other elements off the charter. The facilitation guides a group event toe, a successful decision solution or a conclusion. The meeting management includes preparing the agenda, ensuring that a representative for each key stakeholder group is invited and preparing and sending the full of minutes and actions. The interpersonal and team skills techniques used in the developed in Brazil are the conflict management, the influencing the motivation, then appreciation. I'm the team building which are suitable for the developed in process as following the conflict management, resolve esteem, conflicts in a timely manner and in a constructive way. The influencing gathers relative and critical information to address important issues and reaches agreement while maintaining mutual trust. The motivation provides a reason for the team members toe act and participate as blend. The negotiation reaches consensus on project needs. The team building enhances a team social relations on build a collaborative and cooperative working environment. Another important understanding is as falling the motivation as one off the interpersonal and team skills techniques is expected to appear in the developed in process and will not be expected in the collector requirement to process, nor the monitor communications and process the observations and conversations as one off the interpersonal and team skills techniques is expected to appear in the collector requirements process the monitor communications a process and the manages stakeholder engagement process. But it is not expected in the developed in process. The conflict management, as one off the interpersonal and team skills techniques, is expected to appear in many processes, like the developed project Charter Process toe help bring stakeholders into alignment on the objectives, success, criteria and other elements off the charter. Also in the developed in process, to resolve conflicts in a timely manner and in a constructive way and in the manage communications, a process to obtain greater productivity and positive working relationships. 9. Common Group - Interpersonal and Team Skills Details-1: this chart shows the recurrences off the interpersonal and team skills. Where you cannot is that the interpersonal and team skills appear 20 times as part off the tools and techniques off the project management processes. We can say the following rules, although they're not covering all the recurrences. The interpersonal and team skills appear in older processes off the Communication Management Technology area. The interpersonal and team skills appear in all the processes off. The Resource Management Knowledge Area accepted the two processes in the Blinding Process Group, which are the bland resource management process on the estimate activity. Resource is process. The interpersonal and team skills appear in all the processes off the risk management knowledge area, except is a planned risk management process on the monitor risks process. The interpersonal and team skills appeared in all the processes off the executing process group that are part off the resource communication, risk procurement and the stick hold that managements knowledge areas. The interpersonal and team skills is one off the tool sets that was declared in the start off this section. Now let us review each tool in the interpersonal and team skills tool set, starting with a conflict management. The conflict management is inevitable in projects. The project manager plays very important role to manage the team conflicts. Conflicts may have been due to scarce resources schedule priorities, difference in culture and personal working style rolls definition communication planning team ground rules on the group Norms help a lot to decrease the conflicts. Successful conflict management resulting in greater productivity and positive working relationships. There are five general techniques for resolving conflicts, withdrawal or avoid smooth or accommodate compromise or reconcile force or direct and collaborate or problems off the last approach. Collaborate or problem solve can lead toe a win win situation. The conflict management is used in the integration, resource communication and stakeholder management knowledge areas. The facilitation is the ability to effectively light a group event toe, a successful decision, solution or conclusion. The facilitation is used in the integration scope and risk management knowledge areas. The meeting management is taking steps to ensure meeting satisfy their intended objectives effectively and efficiently. Meeting management is used in the integration and communication management knowledge areas . The active listening involves acknowledgement clarifying and confirming understanding on removing barriers that adversely affect comprehension. Active listening is used in the integration, communication and stakeholder management knowledge areas. Leadership is a knowledge, skills and behaviours needed toe guide motivate on director team and to help an organization achieve its business goals. Leadership is used in the integration resource and stakeholder management knowledge areas. In this context, decision making involves ability to negotiate and influence the organization on the Project Management team decision. Making us part off the interpersonal and team skills is used in the resource management knowledge area. Remember, the decision making is mentioned here as part off the interpersonal and team skills, but it is also used as one off the tool sets in the common tools and techniques that include the following set off tolls, voting, autocratic decision making, multi criteria, decision making and prioritization or ranking. This will be discussed later in the coming lectures. The negotiation is a discussion aimed at reaching an agreement. Negotiation is used in resource procurement and stakeholder management's knowledge areas. The ability to influence the stakeholders on a timely basis is critical to project success . Same ability is also required to influence team members with little authority given to the project manager. Influencing is used in the resource and risk management knowledge areas. Motivation is providing a reason for someone to act. Motivation is used in the resource management knowledge area. 10. Common Group - Interpersonal and Team Skills Details-2: networking is interacting with others to exchange information on develop contacts. Networking is used the integration, communication and stick holder management's knowledge areas. The political awareness help is a project manager toe blank communications based on the project environment as well as organizations. Political environment, the political ours is used in the integration, communication and stakeholder management technology areas. The nominal group technique is a technique that enhances brainstorming with the voting process used to rank the most useful ideas for further brainstorming or for Barrett ization . The nominal group technique is used in the School of Management Technology Area. The observation or conversation provides a direct way for viewing individuals in their environment and how they perform their jobs or tasks and carry out processes. The observation or conversation is used in the scored communication and stakeholder management knowledge areas. The emotional intelligence is the ability to identify, assess and manage their personal emotions of oneself and the other people as well as a collective emotions off groups off people. The emotional intelligence is used in the resource management knowledge area. The communication styles assessment is a technique used to assess communication styles and identifies. The referred the communication Mehsud format on the content for bland communication activities. The communication styles assessment is used in the communication Management Technology area . The cultural awareness is an understanding off the differences between individuals, groups and organizations and adopting the projects communication strategy in the context off these differences, the cultural awareness is used in the communication and stakeholder management knowledge areas. The team building is conducting activities and enhances the team social relations and build a collaborative and cooperative working environment. The team building is used in the resource management knowledge area. 11. Common Group - Decision Making Outlines: the fifth sytem toe cover in the common tools and techniques, a group is a decision making decision making techniques are used to select a course of action from different alternatives. Decision making may include any of the following four tools and techniques, depending on the process needs and the outputs created by this process. Voting, autocratic decision making, multi criteria, decision analysis on brutalization and ranking decision making may appear in the process, tools and techniques in one of the following forms. First as that'll set, was one or more off the previous mentioned four tools like in the perform integrated, a change of control process and the planned quality management to process second decision making may also appear as part off the interpersonal and team skills, and this has only happened one time in the manager's team process. The decision making is used based on the process purpose and its activities toe handle the in boots in order to reduce the process out boats. For instance, the decision making techniques used in the collector requirements process are the voting the autocratic decision making on the multi criteria decision analysis which are suitable for the collector requirements process as follows the vote in generates, classifies and broader ties is product requirements. The autocratic decision making allows. One individual takes responsibility for making the decision for the group, and this is sometimes needed when collecting requirements. The multi criteria decision analysis provides a systematic analytical approach for establishing criteria when collecting requirements. The decision making techniques used in the planet. Stakeholder engagement process. Our very civilisation and ranking, which are suitable for the planet stakeholder engagement process as follows for it is Asian and ranking prioritize and rank the stakeholders and the stakeholder requirements to positions. The stakeholders with the most interest on the heist influence at the top of the list. Another important understanding autocratically decision making as one off the decision making techniques is expected to appear in the perform. Integrated a change of control process or collect requirement to process. But it is not expected in the blandest stakeholder engagement to process prioritization and ranking as part off the decision making techniques are expected to appear in the planet stakeholder engagement process and are not expected in the perform integrated change control process. Voting as part off the decision making techniques is expected to appear in many processes like the validated score process to reach a conclusion when the validation is performed by the project team on the other, Stakeholders in the estimate costs process to engage it team members to improve estimate, accuracy and commitment to the emerging estimates and in the monitor stakeholder engagement process to select is the best response for a variance in the stakeholder engagement. 12. Common Group - Decision Making Outlines Details-1: this chart shows the recurrences off the decision making. Where you cannot is that the decision making appears 13 times as part off the tools and techniques off the project management processes. We can say the following rules, although they're not covering all the recurrences. The decision making appears in all the processes off the quality management technology area , except is a control quality process. The decision making appears in all the processes off the monitoring and Controlling Process group that are part off the integration and stakeholders management technology areas. Remember that the decision making appears also as part off the interpersonal and team skills for one time only in the managed team process. Let us review each tool in the decision making, tool said. Starting with the voting, the voting is a collective decision making technique and an assessment process having multiple alternatives. Who is unexpected outcome in the form off future actions. Voting techniques include unanimity, majority and blue morality. Voting is used in the integration scope scheduled coast time to stakeholder management knowledge areas. The autocratic decision making means that one individual takes responsibility for making the decision for the group. The autocratic decision making is used in the integration and scored management technology areas. Somali Secretary A Decision analysis is a technique that uses a decision metrics to provide a systematic analytical approach for establishing criteria such as risk levels, uncertainty and valuation to evaluate and rank many ideas. The multi criteria decision analysis is used in the integration scope, quality resource risk and stakeholder management knowledge areas. The privatisation and ranking technique prioritizes the stick holder requirements and drank the stakeholders themselves. Stakeholders was the most interest and the highest influence are often prioritized at the top off the list, but I organization and ranking technique is used in the Stakeholder Management Knowledge Area. 13. Common Group - Decision Making Outlines Details-2: the six item took cover in the common tools and techniques. A group is a data gathering. The data gathering techniques are used to collected eight and information from a variety off sources. The data gathering techniques include any of the following nine tools and techniques, depending on the process. Needs on doubt but created by the process grayness, storming focus groups, interviews, checklists, questionnaires and surveys. Benchmarking chick seeds. Statistical sampling on the market research The data gathering techniques are used based on the process, purpose and its activities. 200 the imports in order to produce the outputs. For instance, the data gathering techniques used the Indo manager quality process are checklists which are suitable for the manager quality process as follows. The checklists verified that a set off required steps has been performance or to check if a list of requirements has been satisfied. The data gathering techniques used in the developed project management of land process are brainstorming checklists, focus groups and interviews which are suitable for the developed project management of land process as follows. The brainstorming covers ideas and solutions about the project approach. The checklists guide the project manager to develop their plan or help it to verify that required information are included in the project management. To blend the focus groups bring together stakeholders to discuss the project management approach and the integration off the different components. The interviews helped to obtain specific information from stakeholders to develop the project management of Lang or any component to plan another important understanding. The market research, as one off the data gathering techniques, is expected to appear in the plan procurement management process and is not expected in the control quality process. The statistical assembling as one off the data gathering techniques, is expected to appear in the control quality process and is not expected in the plan. Procurement Management to Process Interviews as one off the data gathering techniques is expected to appear in many processes. Life in the developed projected charter process to obtain information on high liver requirements, assumptions or constraints, approval criteria and other information from stakeholders in bland quality management process to identify project on the product quality needs and expectations implicit and explicit, formal and informal. By interviewing experience IT project participants, stakeholders and subject matter experts and in the identify risk process toe, identify individual project risks and sources off overall project risk by interviewing experience in project participants, stakeholders and subject matter experts 14. Common Group - PMIS: The Sevens item in the Common Tools and Techniques Group is a project management information system, which is abbreviated as BM Myers. The Project Management Information system provides access to information technology software tools such as a scheduling software, tools, work authorization systems, configuration management systems, information collection and distribution systems, as well as interfaces to other online automated systems such as Corber technology based Repositories Project management software, such as a scheduling software tool, includes Microsoft Projects and Prima Vera Microsoft. IBM is an enterprise project management software that manages multiple projects and include functions to manage issues. Risks on more features. Many other tools as enterprise project management software are also available, like See a Ppm and sub R B M. The Project Management Information System, maybe an in house developed tools for maybe manual tools. The main purpose off the stool is to manage the project information in an effective and efficient way, so you should select whatever more suitable for the environment and the culture on the organization. The recurrences off the project management information system are shown in this chart. You can notice that the project management information system appears 12 time as part off the tools and techniques off the project management processes. We can say the following rules although they're not covering all the occurrences. The B m I s appears an older processes off the Communication Management Knowledge Area except the blind communication management process. The PM Iess appears and all processes off the monitoring and controlling process group that are part off the schedule cost, resource and communication management knowledge areas. 15. Common Group - Data Representation Outlines: the It's under last item. In the common tools and techniques, Grobe is the data representation. The digital representation is used to show graphic representations or other methods used to convey data and information. The detail representation includes the following 14 tools and techniques. They will be utilized in the process based on the process needs and out. Toby created by this process. Affinity diagrams, mind mapping, furloughed shards, logical data model matrix like grams cause and effect diagrams. He's two grams scattered their Grimes control charts, hierarchical charts, probability and them backed metrics. Responsibility, Assignment to metrics, fixed oriented formats. Stakeholders may being or representation and stakeholder engagement assessment to metrics. The data representation is used based on the process. Purvis and its activities 200 The in boots in order to produce the outputs, for instance, the data representation techniques used in the plan Resource management to process are the hierarchically charts, the responsibility assignment to metrics and the text oriented formats which are suitable for the blind resource management process. As follows. The hierarchical charts show positions and relationships in a graphical top down for met. Like the work of breakdown structure, the responsibility assignment metrics illustrates the connections between work packages or activities on the project. Team members in a tabular form, the text oriented formats documented a team member responsibilities that require detailed descriptions. The data representation techniques used in the performer Qualitative risk analysis process are the probability, and then back to metrics and the hierarchical charts, which are suitable for the performer. Qualitative risk analysis process as follows. The probability and them back to metrics specifies combinations off probability and impact that allow individual project risks. Toby Divided into priority groups the hierarchical charts graphically represent risks where they have been categorized using more than two parameters. Probably chart is a good example to your three or four dimensions, which are X Axis Y X is the bubble size on the bubble color another important understanding in the following the stakeholder mapping and representation. As part off the data presentation techniques are expected to appear in the identify stakeholders a process and are not expected in the manager quality process nor the control quality process. The scatter diagrams as part off the data representation techniques are expected to appear in the manager quality process or the control quality process, but they are not expected in the identify stakeholders a process the mind mapping as one off the data representation techniques is expected to appear in many processes, like in the collector Requirements process. Toe considered it ideas created through individual brainstorming sessions into a single man in the blood quality management of process toe help. The interrupted gathering off project quality requirements, constraints, dependencies on relationships and in the planet, stakeholder engagement to process to visually organize information about stakeholders on their relationship to each other and to the organization. 16. Common Group - Data Representation Details-1: the recurrences off the data representation are shown in this chart. Where you cannot is that the auditory presentation appears thin time as part off the tools and techniques off the project management processes. We can say the following rules. Although they're not covering all the occurrences. The data representation appears in all the processes off the Quality Management knowledge area. The data representation appear in all the processes off the stakeholder management technology area, except is a manages stakeholder engagement to process. Let us review each tool in the digital representation, Tool said. Starting with the affinity diagrams. The affinity there Grains allow large number off ideas. Toby classified into groups for review and analysis. The affinity there grams are used in the scope and quality management knowledge areas. The mind may have been consolidated ideas created through individual brainstorming sessions into a single map to reflect a commonality and differences in understanding and to generate new ideas. Mind mapping is used in the scope, quality and stakeholder management knowledge areas. The flow charts are also referred toe as process maps because they displayed the sequence off the steps and branching possibilities that exists for a process which transforms one or more and boots into one or more outputs. Flow charts are used in the Quality Management technology area. The Logical data model is a visual representation, often organizations idea, described in business language and independent of any specific technology. Logical data model is used in the Quality Management knowledge area. Matrix diagrams help you find the strength of relationships among different factors, causes and objectives that exist between the rows and columns that form of the metrics. Matrix diagrams are used in the quality management's knowledge area cause and effect it diagrams are also known as fishbone diagrams. While you are diagrams or issue cower there grams. This type of diagram breaks down the causes over the problem statement identified into discrete branches, helping to identify them in or root cause off the problem. Cause and effect Diagrams are used in the Quality Management Knowledge area. His two grams show a graphical representation off numerical data. His two grams are used in the Quality Management Knowledge area. A scatter diagram is a graph that shows the relationship between two variables scattered. Their grams are used in the Quality Management Knowledge Area 17. Common Group - Data Representation Details-2: control charts are used to determine whether or not a process is stable or has riddick doble performance. How about on blower specification limits are based on the requirements, and reflect is a maximum and the minimum values allowed. Control charts are used in the controlled Management Knowledge area, the traditional organizational chart. The structure can be used to show positions and relationships in a graphical top down format, which is used in work breakdown structures, organizational breakdown structure and resource breakdown structure. The hierarchical charts are used in the resource and risk management knowledge areas. A probability and impact metrics is a great for mapping the probability off each risk occurrence and its impact on project objectives. If the Resco cares, these metrics specifies combinations off probability and impact that allow individual project risks. Toby divided into priority groups Probability and M backed metrics is used in the Risk Management Knowledge area. The Responsibility Assignment Metrics, which is abbreviated as our A M, shows a project resources assigned to each worker package. It is usedto illustrate the connections between work packages or activities on the Project team members. The responsibility assigned matrix is used in the resource management knowledge area team member responsibilities that require detailed descriptions can be specified in text oriented for meds. The Dick Story ended formats are used in the resource management knowledge area. Now, for instance, if you understand the text oriented format is mainly used for the team member responsibilities, you will know that it will appear only in resource management knowledge area. So if you find in one of your exam questions that fixed oriented formats is coming, for instance, for a process from the Quality Management Knowledge Area, he will know that this is wrong option. You can easily disqualify this option. Stakeholder mapping or representation is a method of categorizing his stakeholders using various methods like the power interest great on the Stakeholder Cube. Categorizing stakeholders assists the team in building relationships with the identified project stakeholders stakeholders may be in Your representation is used in the Stakeholder Management Technology area. The Stakeholder Engagement Assessment Metrics supports comparison between the current engagement level off the stakeholders on the desired engagement levels required for successful project delivery. The stakeholder engagement assessment matrix is used in the communication and stakeholder management knowledge areas 18. Appeared Thrice Group - Inspection and Lead/Lag: after going through the eight tools Off the Common Group, which was the first group of the Tools and Techniques Dictionary, we will start to review the second group off the Tools and Techniques Dictionary, which is a beard. Destroys group that contains tools and techniques, appeared three times in the project management processes. The Abilities Rise Group has eight items which are the inspection the leads and legs, the analogous estimating the barometric, estimating the bottom of estimating the audits, the communication technology, Onda communication skills. Please know that the analogous estimating the barometric, estimating on the bottom of estimating are appearing in the same three project management processes, so they will be presented together in the coming lectures. Let us review these tools and their recurrences. The first element in the A beard destroys group is the inspection and inspection is examination off our CA product to determine if it confirms to so documented the standards. The results of inspections generally include measurements and may be included at any level , which means that inspection can be applied on the results off a single activity or the final broader. It may also be used to verify defect. Three bears in some organisations, inspections may be called reviews the reviews. So that's what works. Whose in some other organizations these terms are different. This chart shows the recurrences off the inspection. Where you cannot is that the inspection appears three times as part off the tools and techniques off the project management processes. We can set the following rules. The inspection appears in old processes off the monitoring and Controlling Process group that are part off the Scope and Procurement Management Knowledge area. Please know that inspection only appears in the three processes that include examination, which are validated scope, process control, ISCO process and controlled procurements process. The second element in the Abilities rights group is the leads and legs leads and leg adjustment is applied during network analysis to find ways to bring the project activities that are behind in tow. Alignment to is a blend. If you're very decision, is activity on your successor? Is activity be elite? Is amount of time a successor activity be can be advancing with respite toe. A predecessor activity like Lisa chart a leg in the amount of time a successor activity. We will be delayed with respect to a predecessor activity like this. A chart. This chart shows the recurrences off the leads and legs where you cannot. Is that the elite and leg severe. Three time as part off the tools and techniques off the project management processes. These three appearances are all in the schedule management's knowledge area, as shown in this chart. As you can see, the three recurrences are in the sequence. Activities process the developer schedule process under control scheduled process. 19. Appeared Thrice Group - Estimating - Audit - Com Tech: the third. The fourth and fifth elements in the beer Destroys group are the analogous estimating the barometric, estimating on the bottom of estimating the three tools and techniques are used for estimating the duration or cost, often activity or a project that it needs. Details are different from one to another as follows. The analogous estimating is a technique overestimating the adoration or Khost often activity or a project using historical data from a similar activity or project. The barometric estimating is an estimating technique in which an algorithm is used to calculate cost or duration based on historical data and project parameters. The bottom of estimating it a mission off estimating project duration or cost By aggregating the estimates off the lower level components off the work breakdown structures . This chart shows their currencies off the analogous, estimating the barometric, estimating on the bottom of estimating where you cannot is that the analogous, estimating, barometric, estimating and bottom of estimating abuse three times as part off the tools and techniques of the project management processes. They're all in three processes off the blending process group that have estimates in the process name as shown in this chart, these processes are the estimate activity, durations process, the estimate costs process and the estimate activity resource is process. The six element in the Abused Strikes Group is audits that it is a structured, independent process used to determine if project activities comply with organizational and the project policies, processes and procedures. A quality audit is usually conducted by a team external to the project, such as organizations internal audit department, PMO, over by an editor external to the organization. And it has the following three times the first party, the second Party and the search party. The First Party, which is an internal audit where the auditor on the oddity are from the same organization. The second party where the customer is auditing his supplier. And a soda party, which is external audit like an ISA audit or a financial audit. Another famous example off the search party. If the customer will bring an external company toe, added his supplier, the audits appeared three times as part off the tools and techniques off the project management processes as shown in the chart in the manager quality process, the monitor risks process under control procurement process, the servants element in the a Beer Destroys group is a communication technology. The communication technology includes specific tools, systems, computer programs, etcetera used to transfer information among the project stakeholders. The missiles used to transfer information among the project stakeholders may very significantly common message. Use for information exchange and collaboration include conversations, meetings, written documents that a business, social media and Web sites. Factors that guide sales off technology are urgency off the need for information, availability and reliability, off technology, ease of use, project environment and sensitivity and confidentiality. Off the information. The communication technology appear three times as part off the tools and techniques off the project management processes, as shown in this chart two times in the communication Knowledge area, which are the blend communications management to process on the manager, communications, the process and one time in the resource management's knowledge area, which is a developed in process. 20. Appeared Thrice Group - Communication Skills: the IDs and the last element in the Obure Destroys group is a communication skills. The communication skills are used to transfer information between project team and stakeholders. The communication skills are one off the tool sets, like the five tool sets mentioned in the common group. That's why we have the stool, said symbol here. Communication skills have set off tools that may include any of the following four tools, depending on the process needs on the outputs created by this process. The communication competence, the feedback some nonverbal on the presentations, the communication skills are used based on the process. Purpose and its activities toe handle the import in order to produce outputs. For instance, the communication skills techniques used the Indo manage communication process are the communication competence. The feedback is a non verbal and the presentations which are suitable for the manager communications process as follows. Communication competence helps the Project team to transfer clear message and create effective relationships with the stakeholders. Feedback supports interactive communication between the project team and the stakeholders. Nonverbal helps the project team to express themselves and transfer meanings and presentations, helping deliver in clear and effective presentations off project information toe the relatives stakeholders. The communication skills technique used in the manage stakeholder engagement process is the feed bag, which is suitable for the Manugistics. Hold their engagement process toe assist in understanding stakeholder reaction to various project management activities and key decisions. The communication skills appear three time as part off the tools and techniques off the project management processes, as shown in this chart two times in the Stakeholder Management Knowledge Area, which are the manages to hold that engagement to process and the monitor stakeholder engagement to process and one time in the Communication Management Knowledge Area, which is a manager communications of process. Now let us review each tool in the Communication Skills tool set, starting with the communication competence. The communication competence is a combination off Taylor to communication skills that considers factors such as hilarity off purpose in key messages, effective relationships and information sharing and leadership behaviours. Communication competence is used in communication management. Knowledge area feedback is information about reactions to communication, a deliverable or a situation. Feedback is used in communication and stakeholder management knowledge areas. Examples off nonverbal communication include appropriate body language to transmit meaning through gestures, tone of voice and facial expressions. Nonverbal is used in communication management. Knowledge Area Presentation is a formal delivery off information on door documentation. The presentations are used in communication and stakeholder management technology areas. 21. Appeared Twice Group - Decomposition - 3 Points: the search of the group in the told The and Techniques Dictionary is a beauty twice group, which has tools and techniques repeated two times in the project management processes. This group has eight elements which are the decomposition. The three point estimating the critical bath miss. Would the resource optimization the skid, your compression, the problem solving the virtual teams earned the communication methods. We will get through each element off this group and review its recurrences, starting with the decomposition. The decomposition is a technique used for dividing and subdividing the project scope and project deliverables into smaller, more manageable Bart's. The level of decomposition is often guided by the degree off control needed to effectively manages a project. The decomposition appears to times as part off the tools and techniques off the project management processes that's shown in this chart in the create work breakdown structure process and the different activities bruises. The second element in the A beard twice group is a three point. Estimating the three point estimating is the technique used to estimate cost or duration by applying an average or weighted average off optimistic, pessimistic and most likely, estimates when there is uncertainty with the individual activity, estimates the security off single balling estimates may be improved by considering estimation, uncertainty and risk. Little review These two techniques off three point. Estimating First is a triangle distribution. Second, the beater distribution in the triangle distribution, which is called three average distribution. The calculation is as following the expected equals to the some off, the optimistic, the most likely and the pessimistic. Then divide the total by city. Like this equation. Remember that T is expected. T O is optimistic. Tm The most likely T B is a pessimistic Elizabeta distribution, which was derived from the traditional birthday technique and sometimes called four weighted average. The calculations as following the expected equals. The sum off the optimistic four times, most likely ends. A pessimistic divides us some by six. Like this equation, remember that T is expected. Teoh is optimistic. TM is a most likely T B is a pessimistic. The three point estimating appears to times as part off the tools and techniques of the project management processes in the two processes, with estimate keyword in the schedule and cost management knowledge areas which are the estimate activity, durations process and the estimate coasts process 22. Appeared Twice Group - CPM and more: let's hear the force and fits the elements off the abuse. Twice Group are the critical bus missile that is also optimization on the schedule compression. These three tools and techniques are combined together here in our discussion because they appear to times in the same two processes. The political bus missile is a misread usedto identifies a minimum duration to complete the project on the allowed flexibility in the other activities around the critical bus. Activities on the critical bus do not have any flexibility, but activities outside the critical bus may start the later or earlier then planned or finish later or earlier, then blend. That is also optimization is used to adjust the start and finish dates off activities toe adjust, blend resources, use Toby equal toe or less, then resource availability. The resource optimization techniques include resource leveling on resource is moving that is, source a living either technique in which start and indeed dates are adjusted. These don't resource constraints with the goal off balancing demand for resources with the available supply. The resources moving is a technique that a justice's activities over schedule model. Such is that the requirements for resource on project does not exceed certain redefining resource limits. Excuse your compression techniques are used to shorten or accelerates a schedule duration without reducing the project scope in order to meet the schedule constraints in both dates or other schedule objectives. Schedule compression techniques include crashing and foster trading. Crashing is a technique used to short in the schedule duration for the least incremental cost By adding resources, faster drinking is a technique in which activities or face is normally done in sequence. Our performance in barrel for at least a portion off their duration. The critical bus miss owed resource optimization on schedule compression appear to times as BART off the tools and techniques off the project management processes. As shown in this chart, these two times are in the schedule management knowledge area in the two processes after each other, which are the developer schedule process on the control of schedule bruises 23. Appeared Twice Group - Problem Solving and more: the six element off the abuse twice Group is a problem. Solving the problem solving entails finding solutions for issues or challenges. It may include gathering additional information, critical thinking, creative quantitative on door logical approaches. The problems may arise as a result off the quality control process, perform quality audits and can be associated with a process or a deliverable. The problem solving appears to times as part off the tools and techniques off the project management processes, as shown in this chart in the manage quality process and in the control early sources of process. The Sevens element off the abuse twice Group is a virtual teams. Virtual teams are groups of people who is assured the goal, who fulfilled their roles with little or no time spent meeting face to face e mails. Would you conferencing Social media? We based meeting on videoconferencing have made virtual teams feasible. Virtual teams have become really because of the technologies that we have today in communication. The demand for virtual teams increases over time toe allow acquiring resources around the world, service a multinational organizations and help is a globalization. The virtual teams appear to times as part off the tools and techniques off the project management processes. As shown in this chart, virtual teams appear two times in the resource management technology area in two processes after each other, which are the acquired resource of process on the developed in process, the IDs and the last element off the A beard Twice group is a communication methods. The communication methods are used to share project information with different stakeholders , which include interactive communication such as meeting phone, video conferencing and messaging. Push communication like letters, memos, reports, e mails, faxes, voicemails, blog's and press releases. Full communication like Internet sides, e learning lessons learned databases acknowledge repositories. The communication methods appear to times as part off the tools and techniques off the project management processes. As shown in this chart, these two times are in the Communication Management Knowledge Area in two consecutive processes, which are the blend communications management process and the manager communications, a process 24. Appeared Once Group - Part1: the fourth under last group in the Tools and Techniques dictionary is a beard. Once a group, this group contains elements that appeared one time in the project management processes. This group has 41 tools and techniques, so make it simple and connected a beard. Once a group toe their project management processes, I will mention the process and then all that always used by this process from the a beard. Once a group, then I will briefly describe its story. The processes are injured as bare their knowledge areas, starting with the integration management's knowledge area, we have two processes that contains told the and techniques from the A beard. Once a group, the manager projects knowledge of process, and the perform integrated the change control process. The Manager Project Technology process has two tools from the A beard ones. The group, which are the knowledge management and the information management. The knowledge, management tools and techniques connected people so they can work together to create new knowledge, share, tasted knowledge and integrate the knowledge off diverse team members. This will help with a project team to do their work in a better way and understand how their work may affect is the different birds off the project. The information management tools and techniques are used to create and to connected people to information. They are effective for sharing symbol on ambiguous, codified, explicit knowledge. The perform integrated. The change control process has one element from the A beard. Once a group, which is a change of control tools. The change of control tools include manual or automated tools that may be used to facilitate configuration on the change of management. Coming to the School Management knowledge area, we have two processes that are referring toa tools and techniques from the A beard. Once a group, these two processes are the collector requirements process, and the defining is cobras is the collector requirements Process has two tools from the A beard. Once a group, which are the context diagram and the brutal types. The context diagram. Visually, defectors Abreu, doctor scope by showing a business system and have other people on the other systems interact with it. It uses Fox's circles and others like the block diagram to represent is the entities on the relationships. The prototype is a missile off, obtaining a really feedback on requirements by providing a working model off the expected product before actually building it. The defining scope process has one element for the a beard. Once a group, which is a product analysis, the brutal analysis is used to define products and services. It includes asking questions about a product or service on forming answer To describes the use characteristics and other relevant aspects of what is going to be delivered in the Schedule Management Knowledge area. We have three processes that are using tools and techniques from the A beard. Once a group, the define activities process the sequence activities process on the developer schedule process. The defined activities process has one element from the A Beard ones, a group which is a rolling wave. Planning The rolling with Blanding is an iterated planning technique in which is a work will be accomplished in the near term is blend in detail. While work further in the future is blend at a higher level, it is a form off progressive elaboration. The sequence Activities process has two tools from the A beard, once a group which are the president's diagramming Mehsud, and the dependency, determination and integration the president's diagramming miss owed which is abbreviated as BDM, is a schedule model technique in which activities are represented by notes and are graphically link it by one or more logical relationships. To show the sequence in which is activities are Toby performance in the dependency, determination and integration, the dependency between the project activities may be mandatory or discretionary dependency , maybe also internal within the same project or external to the project. 25. Appeared Once Group - Part2: the developer schedule process has totals from the A beard. Once a group which are they're scared, your network analysis and the adjoining release Blending the scale Your network analysis is the primary technique used to generate leads. A Project schedule model it is an integrative process set is employed until a viable skater model is developed. The Azure release planning provides a high level summary timeline off the release schedule . Pleased on the product roadmap on the product vision off the brew. That's evolution. It will define the releases for the project, then the alterations for each release on then the bland details for each iteration in the coast of management's knowledge area, we have two processes which are the determined budget process and the controlling costs. This process, the determined budget process, has four tools from the a beard. Once the group, which are the coast aggregation, the Historical Information review, the funding limit reconciliation on the financing using cost aggregation technique. The cost estimates are aggregated by orca packages in accordance with the work of breakdown structure, then aggregated for the higher components level off the WPS and ultimately for the entire project. Using historical information review we have assistance to develop barometric estimates over analogous estimates. The expenditure off funds should be reconciled with in funding limits under commitments off funds for the project. The variance between the funding limits and the blend expenditures will sometimes necessitates a rescheduling off work to level out there it off expenditures. This is accomplished by blazing AMBOS Did it constraints for work into the project Schedule Financing entails acquiring funds for the project Long term project sometimes safe external sources off funds. In this case, the funding entity may have certain requirements that are required to be met the control costs. This process has one element from the A Beard Ones Group, which is toe complete performance index there to Complete Performance Index, which is abbreviated as TCB. I is a measure off the coast performance that's required to be achieved with the remaining resources. In order to meet a specific management to go, it is expressed the other issue off the coast of finches outstanding work to the remaining budget in the Quality Management Knowledge area. We have three processes which are the bland quality management to process the manager quality process and the control quality of roses The planned quality management process has one element from the A beard. Once a group which is a test and inspection blending the testes and inspections are industry dependent on can include alpha and beat artists in the software projects. S strength Tests in construction projects. Inspection in manufacturing feel this on the nondestructive tests In engineering, the manager quality process has totals from the A Beard Ones group, which are the design for X on the quality improvement missiles. The design for X is a set off technical guidelines that may be applied during the design of a product for the optimization off. A specific aspect of the design, for instance, designed for interoperability means designed the product to ensure interoperability with related products from other suppliers. Quality improvement Cano care based on findings and recommendations from quality control processes. The findings off the quality audits are problem solving in the manager quality process. Quality improvement tools are used to analyze and evaluate opportunities for improvement, like Blend Do Check Act, which is abbreviated as B. D. C. A and six Sigma. The control quality process has one element from the A beard. Once a group which is a testing or product evaluations. Testing is organized and constructed investigation conducted to provide objective information about the quality off the product or service under test in accordance with the project requirements. 26. Appeared Once Group - Part3: in the resource management's knowledge area. We have three processes which are the blind resource management, the acquired resources and the developed team. The blind resource management process has one element from the A beard. Once a group, which is organizational theory, Organization of theory provides information regarding the way in which people teams and organization that units behave. It is crucial to identify the organization's structure and culture as both will em back to the project. The acquire resources process has one element from the A beard. Once group, which is a reassignment when project resources are selected in advance, they're considered reassigns. Project resources, maybe team members, equipments, facilities, etcetera. The developed in process has four tools from the A beard. Once a group which are the co location. The recognition and rewards, the training on the individual and Team assessments Co location involves placing many or all off most active project team members in the same physical location. Toe enhances their ability to perform as a team. Recognition and rewards are part off the team development during the resource management to blend development, the initial rewarding plan is developed as well. The words will be effective if they satisfy a need that is valued by that. Individual training includes all activities designed to enhance the competences off the project team members During the resource management blend development. The team training schedule is defined. Training may have different forms. Classrooms online on the job training from another team member, mentoring and coaching individual and team assessment help the project manager and team leaders to assist E members. Preferences, Aspirations, house a process and organize information, how they make decisions and how they interact with people. Regarding the Communications Management Knowledge area, we have two processes which are the planned communications management process and the manager communications the process. The bland communications management process has two tools from the A beard, once a group which are the communication requirements. Analysis on the communication models. The communication requirements Analysis produces a type and format off information needed for the project stakeholders. With an analysis off the value of that information, the communication models can be symbol like basic sender. Receiver on can be interactive when having a feedback. It can also be complex model when it incorporates the human elements off the senders or receivers. The manager communications process has one element from the A beard. Once a group, which is a project reporting the project reporting is collecting and distributing project information, which include ad hoc reports, project presentations, blog's and other types off communication about the project. For the Risk Management Knowledge area, we have four processes which are the identify risks. Process the performer qualitative risk analysis process. The performer quantitative Risk Analysis process and the blend Risk Responses process. The identify risk process has one element from the A beard. Once a group which is a prominent lists. A prompted list is a predetermined list of risk categories that might give rise to individual project risks and that could also act as sources off overall project risk. The performer Qualitative Risk analysis process has one element from the A beard. Once a group, which is a risk categorization risks can be categorized by sources off rescues. Ingress could break down structure by the area of project affected using work breakdown structure or by any as are useful category. The performer Quantitative risk analysis process has one element from the A Beard Ones group, which is a representation off uncertainty. The range of possible values off uncertain variable, like the duration or cost can be presented as a probability. Distribution probability distribution includes triangular normal look normal Peter uniforms on discrete distributions. 27. Appeared Once Group - Part4: the blend. Risk Responses Process has four tools from the A Beard Ones Group, which are the strategies for threats. The Strategies for Opportunities. The contingent responses strategies on the strategies for overall Bridget risk strategies for threats are escalate. Avoid transfer here. Meeting it except the strategies for opportunities are is great exploited share enhance except contingency plan or rollback plan is one type of risk responses that is going to be executed. This done a specific redefined trigger like missing an important milestone. Strategies for overall project risks are. Avoid exploited France fear or share, mitigate or enhance and accept. In the Procurement management technology area, we have three processes which are the blood procurement management process. The conductor procurements process on the controlled procurement process. The blank procurement management process has one element from the appeared once a group, which is a source selection analysis. While evaluating the similar proposals, the buyer seeks to ensure that the selected proposal offer the best equality for the service required. The source selection criteria may include least cost qualifications only quality based or highest technical proposal, score quality and coast based sole source and fix it budget. The conductor procurement process has two tools from the A Beard Ones group, which are the advertising and the bidder conferences. Advertising is communication with users or potential user SCO for product service or result . Most government jurisdictions required the public advertising or online posting off bending government contracts. Bidder conferences are also called contractor conferences, vendor conferences on three big conferences. Whether conference is a meeting called by Zubair before the proposal submitted to give all potential sellers equal opportunity to ask questions and ensure clear understanding off the required procurements. The control procurement process has one element from the A beard, once a group which is a claims administration. The contested the changes or claims on the potential constructive changes are those changes where the buyer and seller didn't reach an agreement on how to treat them. When the parties cannot solve the claims, they become disputes and will be handled as Spears. Alternative dispute resolution, which is abbreviated as a T are defined in the contract and the finally, the stakeholder management technology area has only one process, which is a manages stakeholder engagement process. The manages to hold their engagement to process has one element from the A beard once a group, which is a ground rules. Ground rules are two sides expected behaviour for project team members as well as other stakeholders. In order to establish clear expectations regarding acceptable behavior, they work as clear guidance that helps to decrease misunderstanding and increase productivity. Examples include code of conduct, communication, working to wizard over meeting protocol. 28. Summary: in this section, we went through the tools and techniques dictionary off the project management processes were recovered. The following four groups the common group the Abused destroys Grube. The abuse twice. Grube and a beard, once a group, the common group of tools and techniques include eight items. The Expert judgement, which is repeated 35 times. The data analysis, which is repeated 33 times. The meetings, which are repeated 28 times. The interpersonal and the team skills, which are abated 20 times. The decision making, which is repeated 13 times. The data gathering, which is repeated 13 times. The Project Management Information System, which is repeated 12 times on the data representation, which is repeated 10 times. Five elements out of these eight elements on the common group of tools and techniques are tool sets, which means they have elements that are different from one process to another. These zones approaches, Burbage is and it's activities. These five tool sets are the data analysis, the interpersonal and team skills, the decision making the data gathering and the data representation. The Abused Destroys Group, which includes the following eight elements Zain inspection, the leads and legs, the analogous, estimating the barometer, estimating the bottom of estimating the audits, the communication technology and the communication skills. The communication skills is a tool set that contains some elements which are different from one process toe another. These on the process, their business and activities. The communication skills are one off the tool sets, like the five tool sets mentioned in the Common group. The Abuse Twice Group, which has the following eight elements. The decomposition. The three point estimating the critical bus misheard, the resource optimization, the schedule compression, the problem solving the virtual teams on the communication methods and the abused ones, a group that has 41 items. We went through the knowledge areas and then the processes which are calling these 41 items off the A beard ones the group. In this section, we went through charts that provided you with the impression on how the tools and techniques are repeated across the project management processes. This impression, or some of the simple rules will help you in the BMB exam. To select is the right option over eliminates the wrong options. Furthermore, your understanding off the process, purpose and activities from one side and the tools and techniques from the other side will help you a lot. To select the right answer off the BMB questions around the tools and techniques.