Oil Painting For Beginners | Filip Gherghisan & Ramona Toader | Skillshare

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

11 Lessons (1h 22m)
    • 1. Introduction

      0:56
    • 2. 1. Materials

      4:48
    • 3. 2. Color theory 1

      4:04
    • 4. 3. Color theory 2

      10:12
    • 5. 4. Oil painting techniques

      6:38
    • 6. 5. Value exercise 1

      7:10
    • 7. 6. Value exercise 2

      8:23
    • 8. 7. Oil painting techniques

      9:59
    • 9. 8. Alla prima 1

      8:02
    • 10. 9. Alla prima 2

      9:22
    • 11. 10. Alla prima 3

      12:26
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About This Class

Learn the way to oil paint! 

This is a course that consists of lessons regarding oil painting. In this videos, you will learn the basic materials used in oil painting, how to mix colors, theoretical and practical facts in the color theory, and other elements to help you start your oil painting journey. All of this will can be used in future oil paintings. 

Enjoy and good luck! 

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: Hello and welcome to our course. This is a course that consists of lessons regarding oil painting. Our course addresses to beginners, but is also useful for the ones who already know how to paint. For discovering new techniques and working methods. We will talk about the basic materials you need for starting the process of oil painting. But the color theory and other elements to help you start your oil painting journey. By the end of this course, you will know Methods of mixing the colors, theoretical elements and practical ones about the color theory and oil painting techniques. Hope you have fun with us learning about oil painting. 2. 1. Materials: Hello. Welcome to our course. We start by presenting the materials we need for oil painting. It is not necessary to buy exactly the materials. You see the video, but you have to respect some of the basic principles. When it comes to oil painting, the first item you need are the brushes. As you can see, we have brushes in different sizes. Here. You can see hoc hairbrushes there naturally, Steve, and they allow you to hold onto more paint and apply it evenly. You can also use synthetic brushes that can be soft or Steve. The soft ones work well with watercolor, while the stiff ones work well with oils. It is enough to have three or four brushes in different sizes, and you can add others while painting because you will feel and see what you need. We will also need painting knives that can be used in the pellets knife technique that we will talk about in our legs lessons. But mostly we will use them for blending the colors that are hard to blend on. Lee with the brush because off the density off the oils for beginners, we recommend painting on this type off cardboard canvas. Here we have some colors that we mostly use, but you can also have other colors and shades. If you want to add other oils in time, we will need white, some earth does and black. We will also need the primary colors in two shades warm and cold. The only one in just one shade is the green, even if the colors we mostly used are water soluble. The ones that are not water soluble are used with two types off mediums. The 1st 1 is the Turpin team that is technically a solvent, and it's helps speeding up the drying time off the painting or the eco oil medium that is non toxic. And the second type of medium is the one that slows down the drying time of the painting for a great layer painting called refined linseed oil. The mediums that speed up the drying time are usually used for the beginning off a painting process and the ones slowing down the drying time I used in the more complex oil painting techniques, for example, the fat over lean technique that we will talk about in our next videos. We will also need two or three jars for mixing the serpentine with the oil, we use a 50 50 mixing percent off turban, dean and linseed oil. There are also other mediums like imposter medium, for example, that extends paint without altering the consistency. It is used to get a look like the one in Vanga Oaks paintings for mixing the colors. You will need a palette or a piece of glass that is very practical because it is very easy to clean the colors from it. For this, you can also use plastic one time use plates. The last item you need are the paper towels for a clean working experience. 3. 2. Color theory 1: we start our basic color theory lesson with the color wheel. We recommend you to make your own color wheel so that you have it as a model for future painting. We will use the red, yellow and blue color wheel that helps you understand the relationship between primary colors and the other shades. The color wheel is designed by positioning primary colors equidistant from one another. Then we create bridges between them using secondary and tertiary colors. Besides white and black that are non colors blue, red and yellow cannot be obtained through mixing other colors, and so they are called primary colors. - When we mix primary colors, we obtain a variety of other colors named secondary colors of the secondary. Colors are orange, green and purple. When we mix red and yellow, we get orange, and when we makes red and blue, we make purple. When we mix blue and yellow, we make green. This is a theoretical idea, but the problem when painting with really pigments is that when you mix off type of red with another type of blue, for example, you'll get a brown. Another reach violet or purple paint is manufactured with chemical, mineral and organic pigments, so as a result, you can have many different pure yellow, red or blue off course. By mixing them, you will get different shades off secondary colors. In our next lessons, we will show you how to obtain different shades off violet and not brown. And finally, we have the third sherry colors that are the result off one primary color mixed with one of its nearest secondary colors. It is not that important to know the theoretical facts about colors, but it is very important to get used to mixing them so that you won't be surprised when you practice painting and also to be able to reproduce any color you see. So as we said before for the color wheel, we use the primary colors yellow, red and blue, the secondary colors that are a mixture off the above mentioned and the fair share Carl's achieved by mixing a primary color with a secondary one 4. 3. Color theory 2: for lightening or darkening a color or for changing the intensity of the colors. We use white, black and gray, so we have things off a color that means mixing the color with white shades of a color. That means mixing the color with black and tones of a color, meaning, mixing the color with gray. - In the things we can see a lightning off the color in the shades, we see a darkening off the basic color and in the tones we see changing off saturation off the color. Stan. - Okay . - Oh , - as you can see for the tones, we have to obtain a gray color. We obtained that by mixing white with a little bit of black. There are two main characteristics off a color value, and saturation value means how light or dark color is. And that's what we changed in tins and shades. In the Tones column, we changed the saturation off the color. That means how intense the color is also for darkening a color or to abstain a shadow off the we can use the opposite color on the color wheel called complimentary color. As you can see in the video on the face of the Cube. We will use green, red and orange as pure colors. On the upper face of the cube, we used tins off the colors. That means mixing them with wide for darkening off the mentioned colors. We use their complementary colors, as we've said before. This is a very common technique used for darkening the colors because the colors remained vibrant compared to the ones mixed with black. So by mixing complementary colors, we create all sorts off grace. You can variety mix to make warm, cool or colored grace, depending on your necessity. Here, you can see the way we obtain a lie, either and darker shade off a pure color by mixing with wide and with its complementary color. Now we will makes all three primary colors together to create a variety off dark colors. Depending on the proportion of the primary colors, you can get your own browns and blacks in different versions. That is all for now. See you in our next lessons. Thanks for watching by 5. 4. Oil painting techniques: Now we want to show you the effect of mediums on oils. We've talked about these mediums in our first lesson. As you remember, we have the mediums that thin the paint and the medium that deacons it. To get the general idea, we propose a comparison between the color as we take it from the tube. And then we will mix it with the two types of mediums we've talked about. In the case of the need paint taken directly from the tube, you will see that it is not that fluid. And for getting an uniform look, you have to insist on the brush. We recommend neat fed paint from the tube. If you're a beginner, because this type of band is easy to sculpt with, even though most brush marks will remain visible. Now we add 13 to get. You can get the water cover like consistency using the turpentine or the eco-friendly medium. And the paint will spread easily and quickly. With this type of paint, you can roughly sketch the subject and make sketch lines. Some artists prefer to start their painting with a sketch using very lean or lean paint. That means made by adding turpentine to the color. Then they add Fed paint or very fat paint over it to get the actual painting. In the case of the lean paint, the mix will dry quickly because the turpentine evaporates. Adding a medium with the high oil content will make the mix fatter, even though it may look thinner. In the case of the linseed oil medium, when you add it to the color, you increase fluidity without losing intensity of the color. The fat and very fat pain should be kept for the final stages of painting. For adding details in the last steps. Now we will talk about to recap. Fed paint means the one weeks with a medium with a high oil content. And lead paint means the one mix with turpentine or other solvent fed paid takes longer to dry the lean paint. And it is also more flexible while lead paint dries more quickly. That is why it is recommended to apply fat pained overline. Therefore, you should prevent your work from discovering or cracking. We will add horizontal layers of paint to give you an idea about how you should use this layers in the actual painting. The layers that will drive faster will be the first supply on the painting surface. In our example, we have a first layer that is very lean, then a second layer that is fat, and then another one that is very fat. The rule is to build up each layer using progressively fatal pained, either by reducing the amount of turpentine or by adding an oil based medium. If you don't follow the rule above. If you use set paint as a first layer on the painting surface and then add a lean layer. The last one will dry quicker and this will cause cracking of the color. Remember to never do that. The slow drying of the fat layer will cause changing instructor. That means cracking of the above layer. 6. 5. Value exercise 1: Now we will make an exercise regarding value. First of all, we have to determine what its value. Value it art is how light or dark affects an object on a scale of white to black. It is considered to be one of the most important features for having success in painting. Even more important than whew, that is the selection of color. We make this exercise to better view the value scale and how to use it in showing the light or dark over an object. The best way to improve your understanding of value is to draw or to paint without color adjusting black and white. It's like having a black and white photos or paintings. If you can master the balance between light and dark, you will, must have value. And the most of the hardware is done with your paintings. We used neat paint directly from the tube to have a very obvious value scale. For our exercise, we use four colors on the value scale, and we apply them on the object to create the illusion of three-dimensional form by suggesting the effect of light over the object. In our example, we imagined the light source in the left side. That is why we use the placement of the colors, as you see. Now, we blend them to get the value of the object is a technique that allows you to create the subtle changes of color, which is great if you want to shade or objects realistic forms. A soft brush is the traditional tool for a delicate blending. But you can also use a knife or even your fingers in mixing colors into each other. As you can see, we are blending graduated tons from light to dark. 7. 6. Value exercise 2: To go further with our value exercises, we propose a next fainting. Please feel free to watch the steps and then do it yourself. We use the same value scale principles and also the blending technique. Usa drawing from the PDF attached and enjoy the process. In the colors we painted with. We added a little bit of oil based medium because ours are not so fluid in there need state. Depending on what oil colors you use, you can just let them in dire need state, and not add oil. There are many different manufacturers, so the oil veins will have different consistency. Blending technique, but also from the value. The technique we use in this exercise is called alla prima, Italian for at first and then. It is a very popular method of working in which a painting is completed in one go. It involves working into one wet painting and leaving it to dry when it's finished. That means that we apply a single layer of paint and the painting is ready from our first attempt. Okay. 8. 7. Oil painting techniques: You can also use palette knives to apply oil paint. This way, you will create direct marks and textures. The pellet nice, have different shapes and forms so you can use them in different ways. You should use the flat of the blade to apply lots of colors. And if you want to create textures or scrap into paint, you should use the edge of the blade. You can spread the paint in long sweeps or have an expressive application by scraping the edge of the blade along the surface to create a variety of shapes and patterns. If you hold a knife like a pencil, you will have greater control and you can do find applications with a small, narrow palette knife. Now we propose a more difficult exercise and we invite you to experiment it. We will paint in alla prima technique. We will paint to tomatoes seen from above. We start with preparing the basic color palette that we will use in the painting. We will use neat colors taken directly from the tube with no medium. We start with preparing the green background color. Looking at reference photo, we see that the green has a yellow shading it. So after adding wide in the green color, we also add the yellow. It is very important to train yourself to see shades of colors. So you can do this by analyzing paintings or everything around you. And even better by playing with colors and painting with them. As you see, we mix the colors with the palette knife. It's a good idea to spend a little more time mixing your colors in advance. Because the less you need to just color while painting, the fresher your painting will look. Now we add a little bit of yellow in the red color to get the shape that we will use for the tomatoes. We also add a little bit of white and we tried to get closer to the shape that we see in the photo. We've prepared different shades of red and yellow mix for the different parts of the tomato. For the shadow of the tomato, we use the background color as it's complimentary color. And also, as you remember, we've learned in our theory, colored shadows by mixing a color we just complimentary one. 9. 8. Alla prima 1: Now we start painting the background with the color we mixed in the beginning of the video. Next step, we painted red. We gradually filling the tomatoes with the lighter shade, the shadows with our first mix. Two. Okay. We have done before. 10. 9. Alla prima 2: Yeah. This talks of the tomato will be painted with the shadow mixed with green into stock scholar. 11. 10. Alla prima 3: Now it's time to add the shadows on the tomato. For that, we use the first red mics we've done in the beginning. And we also add a little bit of green in it as it is a complementary color to red. Remember the exercises we've done with the cubes in the color theory lesson. There, we added the shadows by mixing a color with its complementary one. Follow the reference photo and fill in the spaces with shadows. And it independently. Mm-hm. Right. The light lines, red, orange mix we used for the tomatoes. You can gradually add y to the mix so that you get the exact value you need for the light lights. Now we define the darkest shadow parts with applying the shadow color of the tomato mixed with more grief. Right? Okay. To get soft and smooth transitions, we use a blending technique we have learned before. Different zones so that we get closer to the end of the painting. Yep. Thank you for watching with oil.