OBS Studio - The Really Really Simple Guide to Getting Started | Simon Ireson | Skillshare

OBS Studio - The Really Really Simple Guide to Getting Started

Simon Ireson, One Man, One Piano

OBS Studio - The Really Really Simple Guide to Getting Started

Simon Ireson, One Man, One Piano

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10 Lessons (2h 55m)
    • 1. Introduction

      2:19
    • 2. Installation and Overview

      11:01
    • 3. First Scene

      32:04
    • 4. Filters

      15:16
    • 5. Multiple Scenes

      27:34
    • 6. Groups and Nested Scenes

      17:05
    • 7. Overlays and Effects

      18:31
    • 8. Audio

      10:06
    • 9. Streaming and Recording

      28:22
    • 10. Plugins and Elgato Stream Deck

      12:42
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About This Class

OBS Studio is a fantastic piece of free software, constantly updated and maintained and used by thousands of streamers and creatives worldwide. If you are now considering dipping your toe into the world of streaming or screen-recording for tutorials then this is the course for you.

I start from the very beginning by adding an image to a scene. From there I work into more complex topics slowly and carefully, always in a chatty and relaxed way. No high-power, in your face snappy tutorials here. All is calm and very zen. At the end of the course you will have a great grasp of OBS Studio and be able to concentrate on expressing your creativity rather than worrying about the software.

This course covers:

  • A basic overview of OBS Studio
  • Adding Image, Video and Camera sources to scenes
  • Working with source filters
  • Creating a set of multiple scenes
  • Scene nesting
  • Audio / Video sync
  • Streaming and recording settings
  • Elgato Stream Deck

The only requirement for this course is either a PC or Mac with access to the internet. A webcam (internal is fine) would be ideal, as well as a Facebook account - used when testing live-streaming (don't worry, we don't go 'live' on the course).

Come along with me as we work through OBS Studio and demystify this amazing application and release our creativity on the world.

Meet Your Teacher

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Simon Ireson

One Man, One Piano

Teacher

Hello, I'm Simon. Pianist, Teacher, Streamer and IT Professional.

With over 35 years of playing and teaching behind me, as well as a career in software development, I am now enjoying the restful life in Orkney. With performance Diplomas from the Associated Board and the London College of Music, as well as a Masters Degree in Piano Performance, I continue to work hard at improving my playing.

Since moving to Orkney I have begun live-streaming my piano as well as teaching piano and software online. I still have a strong passion for encouraging personal and professional development in others as well as keeping current with the latest technology.

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: Hello, my name's Simon and you're in the right place. Don't worry. I know there's a piano here and it doesn't look like this is a course on OBS Studio, but I guarantee this is the right place. The reason I'm in this position is because I live stream piano mostly weekly. And this is my set-up for live streaming. And so I thought this is a fine place to do. A brief introduction to the OBS Studio. So in my live stream, I have this environment where I can set up. This isn't really though, the real environment. So if I press this button here, then this is actually where I'm sitting. So I'm sitting next to my piano. And here there's a wall with a green screen on it. Because it's green screen I can set up to be replaced by anything I like, for example, a spinning galaxy. So now I have spinning galaxy behind, but usually I have various different backgrounds representing whatever is playing at the time. So then I can go to here. And I also have up here, up in the top there, there's an overhead camera, which you can see. And so now people can look at my hands while I play piano. I also use this setup for teaching, so I have an additional cameras. Well, I can point at music and I can zoom in on here and show the piano full screen, all sorts of things that you can do with OBS Studio. In addition, I can add things on top. For example, while I'm live streaming, my wife kindly looks after the chat. And so I have a little avatar of her that shows the chat and occasionally someone's birthday. So I can press a button and show a Happy Birthday. Effect at the same time. All these things are quite simple to do in OBS Studio. And the idea of this course is to just get you started and we go right from the start, from installing it to laying out and doing some very basic things in OBS. But by the end of the course, you should be able to do something very similar to this. I'm going to hold your hand along the way and we're going to take our time, work our way through it. And if you've got no knowledge whatsoever, then this is perfect for you because we're going to go right from the start. so you can do something very similar to this all on your own. So come along with me and let's get started in OBS. 2. Installation and Overview: Here we are then our first lesson on getting started with OBS Studio. I primarily use OBS Studio for streaming live piano on Facebook Live. But I have also used it for YouTube, for Twitch, and all sorts of different things. I've also used it to record various different screen sharing events, as well as some training videos that I've done before. However, for now we're just going to use it very basically and then work our way up to something likely you saw in the introduction. So the first thing we're going to need is OBS Studio itself. So what I'm going do is open a web browser. In this case, I've opened Chrome, it doesn't make any difference. And we're going need to navigate to OBS Project.com. Now the marvellous thing about OBS, One of the marvellous things is that it's completely free. It doesn't cost you anything. You don't need a login, you don't need to create an account. You can just have it for free. And there is a fantastic community available. And you can go to the forums up here to see all sorts of help and useful tips and tricks and some downloads and some plug-ins which we'll come on to right towards the end of the course. And this really is a super helpful place to get any information. You could possibly need. Hundreds of thousands of people use OBS across the Internet. And it doesn't take long to find a YouTube video to help. I've never suffered in any way of finding help on using OBS Studio itself. However, hopefully this course will be a nice little tutorial to get you from nothing through to set up and running. And then from there you can take it as far as you like. So very simply, choose the operating system that you wish to install OBS on. A lot of you will be windows. I happen to be on a Mac at the moment, so I would click the Mac option here and it will download OBS Studio to my computer. And from there I can run it and install it. I'm not going to go through the install process now, I'm going to assume that you can go through the process of installing it. It's very, very simple. If you are on Mac, you can just click this.dmg and then run the installation. And if you're on a PC, you just click the EXE file, that comes down. Run through the installation. It's completely safe. There's no problem with this software in any way whatsoever. It's completely open source and I could just click on the download and run it. I've already installed it. And we'll pick up from there once you've got it installed. Ok, so now we're going to assume you've now got it installed and it's available to you. I've made it very simple for myself by putting on the dock here in on the Mac. But however you've got it installed. Click the icon or double-click the icon and let's get OBS opened. And now we can do the rest of our work inside the software. So when you first open up OBS, You should be presented with something very similar to this. There's very little difference between the Mac version and the Windows version. Certainly the differences will not matter as far as this course is concerned. So here we have a very large black screen. And this canvas up here represents what you're going to finally broadcast or record. So everything that happens in this screen here is what your viewer sees. And for now we'll just assume that your viewer is either someone on a live stream or someone viewing your video after it's been recorded. OBS Studio doesn't care. It just outputs to either a file or out to a stream, out to the internet. It doesn't care. All that matters is that this little video or this little window here represents your output video. So we've got a few panels that are all around the screen. So this is our output and this is what your viewer is actually going to see live. Then we've got down here, I've got scenes. And we're going to go through each of these, these two boxes quite heavily during the course of this tutorial. But scenes are essentially exactly what they say. So if you're imagining watching a television program, then there'll be one scene in this particular room, and then you move to a different room and there'll be another scene in that room. Well, this is exactly the same. You set up all the things in the scene, how you want it to be viewed, what you want with so many cameras or so many audio sources however you want it all set up, you have it all to setup in here. And then if you want a completely different look or different layout, then you move to a different scene. We'll discuss scenes a bit more as we get there. We've then got sources. And in here this is everything, there are pictures, there are videos, this is webcams, microphones, anything that you could possibly want. Effects, Overlays, all sorts of different things that you can do to build up a scene. So you get a set of sources which are then used within a scene. From there, we've got an audio mixer, and we can have all sorts of audio inputs. For example, you might add a video as a source. And that video itself might well have some audio behind it, might have some music, or it might have a backing soundtrack. Either way, you then end up with a mixer and you can slide these up and down to see how loud your output will be for that particular source. We then have a set of transitions which we'll come on to. That's how we move from one scene to another. And then we've got some buttons here too, which are fairly clear. You start streaming, start recording. Studio mode we will come on to much later. And we've got some settings and then we can close OBS. There's a whole collection of menus at the top here as well. Some of which we'll need, but mostly will operate just within this screen. Talking about this screen, this is the default layout, but I personally like to change this a little bit. So if I click these two little boxes here on the scenes, I click that and scenes will detach. And now I can drag this around anywhere on the screen and leave it where I want. And what I like to do is just gently move over here to the side and a box appears, and then it will appear in the scenes here. I'm going to do the same thing with the audio mixer. I'll click the little boxes. And then drag this up next to here until I get this lovely little box to appear somewhere here where they go. And now we've got my scenes. I've got my audio mixer in a sort of vertical view. And then we've got some sources down here and the layout is better. For me. This is how I work. Again, I can drag things around and move things about if I so desire. But the important thing is that I like to have my scenes up here so I can clearly see which scene I'm in. I can quickly see my audio levels and then I can see my output. These are the three things that matter. Really don't care about the sources. Once you've set up a particular scene, then the sources are kind of fixed. And although you can turn something on and turn off, we don't really need that as much when we're actually live. So now I've done a quick whistle-stop tour, but we're going to go into all these panels in more detail as we progress through the course. The only thing I want to cover extra in this particular video is I'm just going to go to Settings. Now the settings can be a little bit scary because there's an awful lot of boxes to choose from. And there's most of the boxes we won't even use because the defaults are the ones they come set up with are absolutely fine. As far as I'm concerned one thing I do want to do though, is go to video. And I want to have a look at these two resolutions here. Now, the top one is currently set in 1080p, so 1920 by 1080. And that is how many pixels are on your canvas, which is your screen that you're going to be broadcasting. Now there are two settings here, and it's quite important that we know what these two settings are. The first one is how we're going to lay things out. And really, I tend to leave this unless you've got a particular reason, I would leave that 1080p or you can go up or down however you want it to be, but that's how you're going to lay things out. So for example, if you have recording and you've got an HD video camera, then it will come in at 1080p. And it's nice to just lay out without having to move it around. The output though may change. For example, if you're streaming to Facebook Live on a personal account, the Facebook only accepts 720p as the largest. So i would then set this to 720p. And what OBS will do is it will take in everything and lay everything out at 1080p. And then just as it's about to streaming out from the computer, it will downscale it to 720p and it will do it for you. You don't need to do any work yourself, so you don't need to change your base canvas to then scale it accordingly. You can let OBS do that for you. And by setting this to the higher resolution all the while, it then means that you don't have to do keep changing it for whoever you stream out to. If you then were to stream to YouTube or Twitch, you would then perhaps say that you want to go back up to 1080p. I missed a bit, 1080p and then that'll work straight away. You can only change the settings while you are not streaming. As soon as you click that start streaming button, it becomes locked because obviously OBS is then trying to do the work for you. Anyway. I don't want to confuse things. I just want to set this or show you these two settings. You can obviously leave it as alone as far as, as much as you like. But I just mentioned it here because something like Facebook Live, which will have a look at later, does require that it's set to 720p for a personal account. Audio has a very similar thing in that you might want to choose a different sampling rate. Should you so desire change it to 48 hertz, kilohertz, sorry. But for now, I'm going to leave this set on 44.1 and click okay. Okay, that's a brief overview of OBS. I recommend you just have a little go at dragging your boxes around, moving around, clicking the little buttons, and then moving them around to seeing what, how you like it laid out. You won't really know what works best for you at the moment because you haven't got any scenes and you haven't started working with it. But this is the layout that I find is the smoothest for me. Okay, in the next video, we'll look at creating our first scene. 3. First Scene: So here we are in our first scene at the moment. Our viewer can't see anything. This screen is entirely black and that's what they're going to be seeing. So what I want to do is add something to that scene and we're going to use the simplest thing I can possibly imagine, which is a simple image. So I'm going to go down to the bottom of sources where I've got sources down here, wherever you've got that laid out on your screen. But I've got the sources box here. There's little plus button to add a new source. So click plus. And then I'm going to get this lovely list of all possible things that I can add to this scene and I can add to anything and I can add as many of these as I want to make the scene as complicated as I like. But for now, we're just going to image and we're going to add image and we need to give it a name and I'm going to give it a name, Blue, which will become obvious in a moment and press return. And then I'm going to select my image. And here's the one I've called the background blue and click open. And eventually there I should get my image. Now, there's an important checkbox underneath this image, which is unload image when not showing. If we imagine later on that you've got lots and lots of scenes, all with lots and lots of images or webcams or other cameras, microphones, videos, all sorts of complicated things, then OBS has to take up system resources in order to render those and look after them and present them to your viewer. Now, if you've got lots and lots of different scenes, you might flick between different scenes. And for a while there might be a source like this image on a scene that you are not currently showing. So what you can do is you can take this box and then what will happen is when OBS goes away from this scene, it will unload that image from memory so that it doesn't take up system resources. This might seem like a really sensible thing to do for everything, but what I would advise is leaving this unchecked, unless you find that the system is really starting to sort of creak at the edges, if you like, and really suffer. The reason being is that when you switch to a scene which has lots of sources with this checkbox checked, it has to go and load them then and there. And then and for a small image, that might happen imperceptibly. If you've got a webcam that you're not showing and then you want to suddenly show, for example, then that will take a split second for OBS to go and spin up that webcam and start receiving images from it again, in which case you'll find that your viewer will get a momentary black screen while OBS is loading it up. So I would say is leave this unchecked for your sources, unless you really are a heavy user and you start to find that OBS is really struggling and we can discuss that later when it comes to streaming and recording. But for now, this is all I need for an image source. I can click OK, and I've now got my image and here it is. So now have a source which I've called Blue and it's here on the screen. And if I click this, then highlights it with a red border and I can literally grab it and drag it around wherever I like on the screen and I can just move anywhere and leave it where it is. I can also turn it off by clicking the eye button and it'll go away. And I'm returned back to a black screen again and then I can click the eye again and it'll come back. And the last most important thing is this little padlock icon. If I click that the border goes away and now I can't accidentally or on purpose move this around. I can get my selection box, but I can't move this around. It's really useful. As soon as you're happy with where your source, a visual source is on the screen, I highly recommend then clicking the padlock because it's surprising if you just accidentally move your mouse over here and you're aiming for something else and you click and there's nothing worse than accidentally dragging your entire background down here or somewhere where you then need to go and get it again. So use the padlock and it will lock it wherever it is. So then we've got all sorts of ways we can move this around, we can move it around with our mouse or if it's highlighted and collected, I can move my cursor keys. I'm pressing left cursor, I'm holding down left cursor and it's moving it slowly. Really handy to be able to move in short amounts. Yeah. So we can do that or I can then grab this little box. If you're familiar with any software then you're probably familiar with the idea of bounding boxes and I can just move this little box all the way around like this and I can keep on stretching it and moving around. I'm gradually making it smaller so that I can eventually go like this and eventually get it small enough that it will just fit inside my screen like that. And now I've got a box there. This is quite a large resolution image, which is why it took up quite a lot of space on screen. But if it's a smaller image, it would just come in at whatever the the resolution. Of that image is and you can drag it around, OBS doesn't care, you can put it where you like, leave it where it is, half off the screen, half on the screen. Doesn't care. It'll just send out to your viewer whatever is in this canvas size, in this black box here. There are a few shortcuts. If I click on my blue source here and right click OK. And then go to transform and then down the bottom of transform because we're transforming its size or shape. I can say fit to screen and it's now made the red box fit the screen. If I then move the red box around again and put it down here so I can then do the same thing right. Click transform and I can center to screen. And if I do that it will take whatever the size is at the moment and then put it in the middle of the screen. I can then move around randomly again. Right. Click once again transform and I can center vertically so it will center it this way and no prizes for guessing. If I then go transform and center horizontally it will center it horizontally and that's marvelous. And now I can move around. Do I like you will however notice if I go transform so right click transform and fit to screen then it's the red box. It's bounding box if you like has is now fitted to the screen but or no. Fit the screen I should say to use the language correctly, but the image is of a different aspect ratio. So it is left this black box on the other side. So what we need to do is if I go right click again, transform an edit, transform, I now get the box where I can change everything with numbers instead of dragging things around and we'll notice that the bounding box type, so the right outside box is scaled to inner bounds. This means that it will fit the image entirely within the box. So it will always make sure the image is entirely shown. But inside the box, what I want do is scale to out of bounds and now it's filling the red box with whatever the making sure the image fills the red box no matter what hangs over the edge. If I scale this down again, you can see that the red box, however I show this is always going to fill with the image. So there'll be nothing left of inside the red box, but the image itself will be scaled accordingly. So this is sort of what we want it to be when we want to fill it for a background image like this. Now, there is a little quirk of OBS if I go back to here and right click transform and fit to screen again. Unfortunately what OBS does is it then goes and clears out the transform option. So I have to go to edit transform again and scale to outer bounds. There's a few little quirks of OBS that you get used to and that's one of them. Do remember the OBS entirely free and it's open source and it's written by the community, so it's created by community members. So the fact that you're getting it entirely for free is a marvelous thing. And the odd little quirk here and there are far outweighed by the fact that it's a marvellous piece of software that does what it's after. Well, so we've now happy with this. I could click the like button and that will lock that in place. What I'm then going to do is I'm going to get another image and I'll grab this and I'll go image again. So I've got a plus sign image and this one I'm going to call purple and I'm going to go OK, like this. And I'm going to go to the same place and I'm going to get my purple image and click, OK, open, I think. OK, note to say this image is a much lower resolution than the one before. So it has come in at whatever resolution it was. And again, I can do exactly the same things as we did before. I can drag this around and I can enlarge it and shrink it to all the things that I could do before with the previous image. But one thing that's very important and the reason I grabbed this image in is that this image has been created on top of the image before. So I've got purple on top of blue. And this is very important, the layout of your sort of the order of your images. If you've used anything like Photoshop before or any sort of paint product where you're using layers, you'll know that the top layer is the one that you see first, then the next layer than the next layer, then the next layer, and they lay on top of each other. So this works exactly the same way. So at the moment, purple is on top of blue. So we see purple. However, at the bottom here, there are some up and down arrows and if I've got purple highlighted, I click down. It will go behind blue. You can still see. It's laid out, but your viewer can't see the purple image because the blue one is in the way and likewise I could do the same thing. I can put it back up and it will now be in front of blue. So your viewer will see the purple image. We can make it more obvious. But if I unlock blue and shrink it slightly less and then I can see that my purple image is in front of the blue image, if I take my purple image, move it down, it will go behind the blue image. And then I blue images in front of purple. You get the idea. I'm labouring the point really. There are some shortcuts. So if there were multiple images here or multiple sources, this works exactly the same for videos for webcams, which you will see later on. If I right. Click blue and go to order, I can move to bottom. And what this will do is it will take that wherever it is in the stack and it will move right to the bottom of the sources. At the moment there are only two, so it's just going to swap it over backwards and forwards. If you imagine there was a whole stack of images here, this will send it right to the bottom. I can do the same thing. I can then go order and move to top. So hopefully this is a brief introduction to images as sources and we can see all the important parts of a source, certainly a visual source, and know this, all these things that we're doing with these images, we can do exactly the same thing with videos, with webcams, which will show shortly or anything, and it's always going to work in the same way. So now let's try a similar thing, but let's try it with a webcam. OK, so this is where we left it last time. Now let's add in a webcam. I can only apologise that you then have to look at my face Cam. Hopefully that doesn't put you off the rest of the course. What I'm going to do first, though, is I'm going to clear up this scene because we don't need these images at the moment. So what I'm going to do is I'm going to go to Blue and I'm going to right click and I'm going to go remove. Alternatively, I can click the minus button here on the same thing, or I can press the backspace button on my keyboard. Are you sure you wish to remove blue? Yes. And I'll then go purple and I'll say, are you sure you wish to move purple? Yes. On one minor note, when it comes to multiple scenes, I'll talk about this later. But if I once I've added a source, that source is then available to add to multiple scenes. So sometimes you might find that if you add an image to the scene, when you then go to add it to a next scene, it's already there. But we'll come across that as time goes on. So we got that scene again. This time we're going to click our plus button and I'm going to go. There's nothing here that says webcam or camera, but there is a video capture device. And so that's what we're going to do. We're going to go video capture device and I'm going to name it webcam. And I'm going to click into and then he I'm going to pick my webcam. And at the moment, there's I have very few to choose from than the one I'm going to choose is the FaceTime HD camera. And there I am. Isn't that exciting? So sorry. This is me. Hello. I'll wave at the webcam. Hello, my name's Simon. So here's the webcam. Not at all disconcerting. I can change the resolution at this point and it should pick up whatever the default is for whichever webcam you like. For now, I'm happy to use this. You shouldn't need to use buffering unless you've got a quite a complicated set up and you're trying to drag information from a long distance, essentially. But we're just going to hit OK, and there's my webcam. At that point, I can now treat this exactly the same as I did the images. I can move it around, I can drag it around. Doesn't really care. You can notice that I'm sitting in front of a green screen which hasn't been ironed very well, and there's bits of the green screen missing off the corner here. That doesn't matter. We'll deal with that when it comes to filters later on. But for now, this is my webcam and I can treat this exactly the same as I would anything else. I can make myself small and a lot of streaming setups have this down the bottom here, but I can do exactly the same as before I can. Right click go to transform and I can fit the screen and it will fit the screen and it will fit quite nicely because it's the same aspect ratio as the canvas, 1080p. But I could also move the box around like before. And at the moment it's fitting to the interior extents and I can go right click, transform, edit transform and I can scale to outer bands and then we can use the box as we did before. But for now, let's go back to transform and fit to screen and then I'm going to shrink it down over here like this, like we did before, and then put it there like a little little camera. So that's a video. And I can have as many video sources as I have webcams. So in the example I showed in the introduction, I also have an overhead camera for the piano so people can see my keys and so they can see me, if that's what they want to look at while I'm playing the piano as well as the keys on top. So simple as that. That's then a video source. And you can treat it exactly the same way. I can turn it off, I can turn it back on again, but I can lock it and then I can't fiddle with it at all. And that's how it's going to be laid out. Simple as that. Nice and easy. Yeah. So that's a nice, easy webcam. So now let's move on to audio. OK, now let's have a little talk about audio sources. All the time that I've been demonstrating in OBS so far, you'll have noticed there's been a little mixer going up and down here showing that we've got a Mic Auxillary audio source happening magically. Now, there's the audio mixer is a is a kind of a collection of both audio sources that you have chosen, as well as the built in audio sources that are set in settings. So I've left this sitting here because this is how OBS automatically sets up. But what I'm just going to briefly do is go into settings because this can be a bit confusing. So this is broadcasting to your listener. So or your your viewer, they're currently seeing a black screen, but they will be hearing anything that's. Visible in this audio mixer, so I'm going to go to settings and in settings under audio, there's some built in devices and you can see that built-In microphone on my MacBook is already selected. I tend to find this a little bit awkward because I like to choose my scenes and show or select my audio per scene. So I might have a scene where I can if I've got something that happens, I need to momentarily sort of hide myself from the stream. I've got a scene which says, be right back. And I don't want any audio sources on that scene because I don't want people to be able to hear what I'm saying, don't want any mics being live. So I tend to do is turn all of these off. So I'm going to set this to disabled and then click, OK? And now there is no audio being broadcast whatsoever. There's nothing in the audio mixer. And this means that I can then select my audio on a scene by scene basis. These settings tend to be used for the global, if you like. So if you make this mic live with my built-In microphone like this, then imagine thinking of that as a live mic for the whole time that you're streaming or recording, you have less control. What I'm going to do is I'm going to disable that as a default and I've got nothing now. So we've got no vision and nothing in your ears either. So then we're going to go down to sources and I'm going to click my ad button again, same place. And we're going to go with audio input capture. And I'm going to select that. I'm going to call this laptop Mic and hit return. And then I get the same selection of things that I've got attached to the laptop. And I'm going to select the built-In microphone again and click. Okay, so all I've really done is exactly the same thing that was there before. But now this is unique or currently occupied on this same. So that means I have a bit more control over what's happening with this audio source. Now, it has exactly the same things as before. It's a bit weird because it has a you can see it or not see it, which doesn't. So it takes a minute for your mind to get used to the idea of you're hiding or showing an audio source, but it works in the same way. So if the if it can't if you can't see it, then your your your viewer won't hear it either because it's gone from the audio mixer. So you're kind of turning that source off, if you like, really. But then I can see it again and then they can hear it if that makes any sense. These faders if you like, this fader shows on the meter how loud that sources and I can do all the things you possibly imagine. If you imagine a mixer, I can slide it down and then this level is down here generally for audio levels. You want to try and pitch most things so that they're sort of around here, around the ten mark, just very occasionally peeking in the red. Only very occasionally. People who are watching your stream or listening to the recording can always turn their volume up themselves on their device rather than having a distorted sound if it goes too much into the red. Digital distortion is not a very nice sound. So to be avoided, if at all possible, you can also mute an audio source by clicking the the little symbol there and then mute it. Very similar to turning it off, but it doesn't mean it's still there and you can mute it on and off and later will see that there'll be keyboard shortcuts that you can create to turn particular sources on and off or mute them on, mute them. And so that's where it becomes more useful. It's kind of a live this makes more sense to me. Rather than hiding an audio source like this muting, it makes a lot more sense when I'm thinking about audio. That's just me. But that's an audio source. I can have multiple audio sources so I can do the same thing as I did with the visual. I can go and I can go input capture and I'm going to call this a zoom h5. I can type correctly. There's H5 and I can then go for my selections and I've got via a USB connection, I've got a Zoom H5 connected. I can click. Okay. And now I've got my H5 in exactly the same way and you can see that the levels are slightly different. So this would be a good example of where I could try and match the two levels to make sure that the the two sources were coming out reasonably comfortably for my listener so that they're all going to match. As you can see, the H5 is actually a bit low really for broadcast because it needs to be up somewhere up here to be more comfortable so people don't have to. Turn the volume up too much, but apart from that, this works in exactly the same way as the the things you've seen. You can see in this video in the canvas side, the only difference is the order doesn't matter so much or at all. There's no priority given to the fact that the H5 is on top of the laptop. Makir I could move it up and down, but it doesn't make any difference to how the sound is going to be transmitted to your listener that they're going to go in exactly the same way. OK, so that's audio. Now let's try a video source. OK, let's add a video source, and they work in exactly the same way as any other source that we've had so far, the only slight difference is that we can loop video sources and also they come with their own audio. So let's let's let's give it a go. So we go past down on sources again. And you'll notice there's nothing that says video. There's video capture device. But for four videos, we need a media source. So we'll select media source. And I'm going to call this traffic for a reason which will become obvious in a second. And here we've got a few more options. The Mac options and the Windows options are ever so slightly different. But essentially the they're the same idea. We're going to pick from a local file and I'm going to go browse and I'm going to select my traffic stock footage that I've got here and click open. Now, depending on how OBS is feeling at the time, you may or may not get a preview here of the video. Don't worry. It's got it. It's just you you just have to trust that it's there. Next is we've got a few options that we can choose from. The first is a fairly obvious one, which is loop. So if I click Loop, then when it gets to the end of the video, it's literally going to start it without dropping a frame right back to the start again. So you can imagine if there's a background video where you've got like a sort of some sort of textured background that's moving. Then when it gets to the end, you don't want that to just stop. You want that to start again. And hopefully that's been a nice loop, which all goes seamlessly in the background. And your your viewer will be unaware that there's anything happened. However, if you've got a you might want to run, particularly say you've created an advert that you want to run, then you don't want that to run once and then not play again. So then you'd leave loop unchecked. For now, I'm going to leave loop running because I want the video to keep running over and over again while we're talking about it. The next thing is restart playback when source becomes active. So this means that when I select this source, either I use the little eye to show it or I switch to a scene with this source in it. If this is ticked, it will go to the start of the video as soon as you show it and then run from there and then it might loop as well. But if I'm say, halfway through the video and then I switch to a different scene or I turn this source off, then come back to this scene or turn the source back on again, then the video will start right back where you at the start of the video. If I ontake this, then wherever you leave the video, it will then keep running essentially from that point and then show nothing when playback ends is important. Otherwise you'll get the last frame of the video going all the while. And then here we have our close file when inactive checkbox again, which we had when we had images. Same thing. If you take this, then it will take slightly longer to load and get started. So I would leave this unchecked. For now. There's a speed option. If you want to run the the media source or the video quicker or slower than you require on windows and on some, depending on your system, really, there may well be use hardware acceleration when when available. I would check that every single time because if you've got a GPU that can handle it, then so be it. That would be great. And then I can think, OK, and then magically my video has now appeared. It was there all the time. This slightly jerky motion is actually the video itself, not my particular laptop. And this then works in exactly the same way as a video as a as an image. So I can right. Click and I can go transform and I can go to screen and it will fit that video to screen. It's just some stock footage of some traffic somewhere in England by the looks of things. But I can work in exactly the same way as before. It might be a slight delay as I move things around because it's now OBS is having to move a video around rather than an image. If I can do exactly what I did before, I can scale it. I can move it around, I can move it up and down. I can have an image in front of it. I can have another video. But one important thing about videos is that they have an audio component. So when I added the video, it automatically added in a new audio item called Traffic, which is the name of the video that I called it. And I can do exactly the same thing as I did previously and I can try and line them up. So the audio, it doesn't go over the top of my speaking. If I was broadcasting this traffic, I'd want this traffic to be underneath the my speaking voice. So my speaking voice was here and the traffic is underneath the good. News is that you don't hear this later on in the course, we'll talk briefly about how we can monitor what the sounds are from the video and also from your audio sources. But by default, you don't hear anything that your listener is hearing. It all gets sent out via these these audio mixers. So here we can see the video has got this noise again. You can just mute that, if you like. And then the video doesn't make any noise for your viewer whatsoever. But other than that video works in exactly the same way as any other source. And you can deal with it in exactly the same way. You can stack up behind an image or you can have it wherever you like. It works in exactly the same way. It's just another source. Simple as that. And lastly, will have a look at screen sharing. OK, so I've cleared the decks, so we're back to our completely fresh first scene, as it's called, and now we're just going to add a screen sharing sauce. So this works. No prizes, no exactly the same way as all the other sources. I'm just going to go plus. But we do have a couple of options. The simplest is to just capture your display, which will we will actually do. But I just wanted to show this other one as well. If I go window capture and for now I'm just going to call it window capture, then it'll bring up a dialogue. And now listed everywhere in here is absolutely everything, all the applications I have running. So, for example, OBS is running so I can capture just a specific window and grab that as a source, but I'm not going to do that that thing and get rid of this again. So we'll get rid of the source with nothing in it. And then this time I'm going to take a display capture. So this is the more common option, which is then to take the display capture. And I'm going to call it my laptop screen and I'll click. Okay. And it's automatically picked this display. I do have to display. I've got another display plugged in, but for now, we're just going to keep it on this one display number zero and zero, going to show the cursor just because I'm going to leave it on. And there we go. We've got another source, which I can treat in exactly the same way as anything else so I can go right. Click and transform and to screen and then I can lock it. And so now I've got my weird is like a weird circus mirror because I'm essentially capturing everything that's on this screen all at the same time. And that gives us a lovely source and it will literally broadcast that because it's inside the canvas and it will broadcast that old record that we could then say, let's go and get a video capture device and you're going to unfortunately see my face again. So we'll call this Simon Cam and we will grab the FaceTime camera again. Here I am again. Hello. And will pop that in the corner as if we were doing some training video. Let's pop back there. And at the moment, that's great. So we've got the screen and I'll lock my camera in place, the camera. But here in the audio mixer, there's absolutely nothing. So nobody can hear anything. So we'll add another source, which will be an input capture and we'll call this the Zoom H5 again, go OK. And we'll select the H5 and we'll go OK. I'll check my levels. I'll lock it in place. Just because I feel like it again doesn't really make any difference because I can't drag it around screen. And this is therefore a really nice little scene, which is just for recording, you know, desktop tutorials. So I could click my start recording button once I've got that all set up and now I could minimise OBS and I can carry on doing everything else I wanted to do. Da da da da da da da da. And then when I finished recording my screen, I can bring back jobs and stop recording and then edit my video later on. So this is a nice little scene which will help us set everything up. And so now we've covered all the possible sources that you're going to use on a general basis. There are a few other sources that you can pick in here, one of which we will talk about later, which is actually bringing in a scene itself. There's also text so I can create some text and put it on screen and move around. But as far as we're concerned now, that's covered all the sources that we want to cover for now. Next, we'll have a little talk about filters. 4. Filters: Okay, let's talk about filters. Filters are used in all sorts of places. But by far the most common use of a filter is for keying out a green screen. So you'll see a lot of live streamers with a face cam and apparently hovering in midair. So green screen is kind of a common, common word. It can actually be any color, is just a particular Green has been chosen over the years because that's the color that people tended to wear less. So you didn't get invisible torso is when people wore a green t-shirt. But in order to see filters, we're going to need a source. So I've got a clean seen here again. So I'm sorry for you, but you're gonna see the face cam again. But it's the simplest way to show. So I'm going to add my video capture device again. And I gotta call it Simon cam again. And I'm going to pick my FaceTime HD camera, accept the defaults, and away we go. And here we are looking at me again, Hello again. I'm going to just make it nice and easy. Go to transform, fit to screen. And I'm just going to lock it in case I extend you click it. Now we've got a number of problems that we need to resolve here. One of which is the fact that I'm very clearly sat in front of a green screen. It's just a cheap piece of chroma Green, which I purchased on Amazon. And it doesn't quite fit the corners. You can see the corner there in the corner there, but doesn't really matter because this is the bit that I care about. Don't care about, you certainly don't care about, but this is the bit where I mean, so if I wanted to add a video, that's great. But if I have a video, let's, just for the sake of this, let's add another source. Let's add an image. And let's add our purple image again. And let's get this purple image and go, Okay, and go Okay. Well what I'm gonna do is I'm going to fit that to screen. And it doesn't quite fit because of the problems we talked about, force or right-click transform, edit transform, scaled our bones so it fills the whole image. I'm gonna close that and actually are just care about the purple bits. So what I'm gonna do is I'm just going to scale this off-screen like this until it's just purple light that. Then I'm going to lock that. And as we can see, this is now in front of my face cam. So I'm gonna click on the purple. I'm going to move that down and then my Face Camp snow in front of it. And that's great. So now we'll click on Simon cam. And here I am in front of the verbal. You can't see any of the purple because the green-screen is in the way what we'd like to do is replace this green with transparency so that we can see that purple for it. And that's exactly what filters are four. So let's go to Simon cam. I'm gonna right-click again and at the bottom here is filters. So I shall click filters. And that brings up this screen. Now we can apply all sorts of filters, some from audio, and then some effects down the bottom here. And the effect is what we want. We're going to click a plus and we're gonna go up here to Chrome Mickey. There's lots of other adjustments. Will, will talk about a couple of them in a moment. But for now we're just gonna do the nice quick one which is chrome Mickey. Click grow Mickey. I can change its name if I like, but it seems to cover it pretty well. And I'll click OK and straight away, it'll load up the defaults. And you can see that actually everywhere where the green screen walls has been instantly replaced. It's not perfect because I've got kinda little fairy green ran my, the edge. But most of the problems of green-screen about how you light it. So if you've got a nice evenly lit green screen and you're a long way away from it, then actually, it should be fairly easy to separate you. But there are a few options here that we can work with to try and tidy up as much as we can within the boundaries of OBS. Obs is exceptionally good at live Keen, which is what it's doing right now. So it's doing this live, I'm live and it's literally cutting me out live. Here's the key color type. Green is expecting a particular color of green, which most of the chroma key backgrounds that you can purchase are all have roughly the same color. I actually have two green screens and there's this one, which is this particular color here. I'm just gonna go over to here. And again, you can turn the filters on and off. So if attend to filter off, this is the color of green screen that I actually have in the room behind the piano that I showed you in the introduction, there is actually a slightly different color, different manufactured green screen, and they are two different color greens, but OBS is so good at working out what's going on, does actually you can't actually tell where the joint is at all. And that's down to some of these settings down here. So I'll just turn the filter back out again. And so here we go. We've got a cup. I can then choose and move these sliders around so it has a good go. This is the defaults I felt go this way. Then it's choosing how similar to the green number it's got stored in there or not? This is not at all similar, so it's literally got rid of the whole video. So normally we go somewhere in the 400 mark and then just slide it back and forth. And you can see on the live view over here that it's slightly purple. But also if you look at this here, if I, as I move away, you can see the real, real-world popping backwards and forwards Mike, you go there and I can go that far until I start to go into some sort of horrific goes to version of myself. And you can slide back and forth until you can see the difference. So there was as bad as smooth as it's gonna get. And then talking about smoothness, we can go here and this will then decide whether OBS is trying to smooth out the end result. And we can go too far. And again, I'll go away. And again, it's just a matter of playing with these options until it looks realistic enough. And you see the little edge, I've got really crispy edge and then they'll go and it will be the ferry. So then I can slide this slide, oh, I can move this up and down. Or another nice thing that I like doing OBS has anytime you've got a button, you've got a a number here. I can click inside it and then I can press the up and down. If I hold down the up, it will move the numbers for me slowly. And that's a really nice way to move these boxes derived. So I've got a slightly transparent GQ, so I'll leave it back on where it started. The last one is the key color spill reduction, which is a long way of saying how much of a color are you going to use? So if I get this, I can get rid of this and it won't spill any color anywhere and it would be really easy for OBS to separate it. Or I can go right back to the start here. This is really only effective if you've got. So for example, on my piano, my piano is gloss, so it reflects some of the green from the green screen, which is right behind it. So this is really useful for helping to try and separate that as much as possible. My recommendation is just go with the defaults as much as you can and then play with each one of these to gradually improve your result until you're happy with what you've got. But by far the easiest way or the best starting position is to light your green screen, is to set yourself up in his nicer environment as possible. Which this is not. I've got a Windows straight in front of me. It's all getting some nice natural taking advantage of the fact that got overcast sky and, or getting some nice natural light bio shouldn't really be close enough to this green screen to touch it. But at the same time, the further it goes back, the bigger the green screen would have to be. So let's say that we're pretty happy with this tourney, odd again and close. And now I've got a lovely green screen cut out version of me, so my head is detached. The only problem is that the green screen doesn't quite go up to this corner. It would be nice to be able to do something about that. So one of the things that we haven't looked at, if I go back to right-click and transform and edit transform, there's a couple of settings that we haven't tried changing before, which is the cropping. So what I can do is I can crop the left and I'm going to use the up cursor key to the left. And you can't see it so well because it goes on. What I'm gonna do is I'm just momentarily because it's difficult to see. I'll go back to filters, right-click filters and just turn the chroma key off for a moment. And that's close and then it'll be easier to see what we're doing. So then we go transform, edit transform, back down here. And now when I do the left, you'll see the greens, green gradually be reduced like this. And it'll drag me in and I'm just gradually trimming off the bit that I don't care about. And then I'll go to the right. Same thing. I'll trim off the bit at the right. I don't care about until I'm left with a good amount of green screen all surrounding me. And that's marvelous. So then when I go back to filters, right-clicked filters, turn the green screen back on again and close. I've now managed to detach myself from anything at all, and I'm now just a disembodied head, which I can put anywhere I like. So now the lovely thing about that is that then I can move my head down to here like this. And that's more like what you're expecting to see. Lock it in place. When you look at any streaming, you can see that I'm now detached from the real world. And all is, well, all right, so that's the chroma key. There are a few other filters available. I'm just gonna unlock myself and bring myself back up again so that we can see what's going on. Again. I apologize. You've got look at me. I don't have a nice handy, handy other head to use. Let's go right-click and go filters. And we can have a look at a few of the other filters. We can add, so there's growing McKee. Let's add color correction. And I'll just allow it to be called color correction. And I'll color question is all of the standard video color correction things you could possibly imagine? I can change the gamma. I can change the contrast, I can change the brightness. You doesn't really need me to explain what this is. I'll get back to defaults. One of the useful things though is there is nothing in the actual, if I wanted to have a slightly faded image, like a ghostly image of myself like this. The only way to do that is to add a color correction filter, which sounds a bit odd because you're adding a filter to then filter yourself out. If you do, I mean, by that, That's the easiest way I found to then change the opacity and fade yourself in and out in a similar way to how the sources are stacked on top of each other. So the filters are stacked on top of each other. So the chroma key is going to happen first, then the color correction will happen after that. They kinda the other way up to how it works elsewhere. But again, experimentation is by far the best way to do this. And again, I can get rid of the color correction if I don't like. And then there's alternative to chroma key, which is called Lou murky, which I'll just add. And I'll turn off Cray Mickey, and we'll do LU MCI instead. Luma works in black and white essentially. So if you've got a black and white image or black and white video that you're using. And you want to let the black be transparent or let the White be transparent, then you can use this in the same way that you just did with the Chrome Mickey. I have used it on occasion where I've got a black and white effect that I'm using and I just want to make the black transparent. Then you can use lq to do that because private-key wouldn't do it. So let's get rid of that crime here back in. The only other effect I want to show is apply lot. An LUT stands for look-up table. And what that does is it takes a file that has been created that allows for a lot of color correction and sort of color grading to happen. And give it a bit like selecting aims to very similar to a selecting an Instagram filter or a filter in a photo app. Easiest way is to show you. I'm just going to browse. And I'll just go to the lots there on here. I've downloaded a lot of free ones, which I'll show you in a second. But let's just pick, I don't know, let's just pick one and click. Okay. And you'll see what it's done is it's done this particular sort of Arabian kind of feel to it, but it's all dusky and you can decide how much of a filter you want to apply on this one. Or I can pick a different one. Let's go and pick a different one. That's pick that one, for example. And we go, and we've got a slightly more moody, darkened effect. And it's a really good way of getting kinda of a movie effect to your camera or whatever your sources really quickly. There are good IOL selection of them. This one here, if we go to this rocket stock, have got a 35 free lunch that you can download. There's also just a quick Google will give you these 29 free lots for video. And you simply download them, put them somewhere. And then, you know, BS, you select them as a file. And it will apply straight away as a filter. And it's a really nice way. They don't have to be quite as brutal as this. And again, if you, even if you'd like that filter, you can just adjust the amount. So instead of this is the sort of this natural me if you'd like. And then I can just apply as much of it is. I want to make it sort of slightly, ever so slightly moody. And now I've got a disembodied, slightly Moody head. I can put down here like that and lock it in place. And then I can carry on with everything else that I want to do. So that's a brief view on filters, will have a little talk about audio filters when it comes to audio mixing. But that's our video filters and how we can set the most important one being chroma key for face comes like this to allow us to detach ourselves from the background. One final little thing on, on the chroma key. If I just go back to Chrome MCI, you don't have to use green. You can use blue, you can use magenta or you can use custom. And if you use custom, you can then go and actually physically select the color you want to use instead of the chroma key. So if you had a red background for whatever reason, you can then key out the red background if you so desire. It really doesn't matter, it doesn't care. It's just doing whatever color is selected. So that's that. Now on, we'll move onto the next thing which is having more than once. 5. Multiple Scenes: Alright, then let's see if we can do something which is slightly more interesting than one scene at a time. And let's see if we can have a couple of scenes or perhaps even very live on the edge, we're going to set it up as if we're gonna have a stream where we're demonstrating something on our computer. So it'll be nice to have a face cam to look at the person in your training. And then a scene with the face cam and the screen itself. And then perhaps a seem to have the start of the stream. If it was a live stream, it's always nice to have sort of a starting screen where you can make sure everything's working. Make sure the stream is all working correctly. And you can do that in the comfort without having the camera looking straight at you at the time. So let's use this scene, the blank one we've got here. And we'll sort the face cam out first and we're gonna do that exactly the same way before. Again, warning, you are going to see my face. I apologize. So we're going to have a video capture device source. And I'm going to call that phase gap. And then I will select the camera for the laptop. And there we are. And here we are. This is me, all set up and ready to go. Let's drag this to the full size of the screen. Again, I could do that with their right-click and a transform and discrete. And there we go. And that seemed reasonable at the moment. So we'll just lock it so we don't accidentally drag around. But this face cam again, it's got the green screen behind it so it doesn't look as good as it can. So we're going to right-click on the face cam and we're going to go to filters. And we're going to add an effect filter and the query Mickey, this and I'll let it could be called gimmicky. And there we go. And it's done a reasonable job of getting rid of it and getting rid of the grain. But however down here I can see. So you can sometimes see it better on the sort of preview here or sometimes on the really sometimes have to move the window around to see what's going on. But I want to really try and get rid of some of this darkness here. So I can see it's slightly green over here. So what we'll do is we'll just play around with the slides until it goes away. And that seems to have just edge dot off nicely. I'll just kinda have a little play with the smoothness as well. Again, the less if I take this smoothness right away, it's actually nearer the original footage, but then are my cheeks have got a slight green tinge to them where the reflection from the green screen, it's coming back. So it's always a bit of a, a bit of a pole again, the key color spill. You can see there's a little bit green hinting in then and this will be, if I go this way, it will take away all the color, completely desaturated, but we want somewhere where we're happy with it really. And I just tend to move this out of the way so I can see what it looks like, both on the preview which tends it gray, and then in the real world, if you like, right here. So I'm reasonably happy with that. Now I could then play if I go to the filters again, add, I can add a color correction, call it calibration. And then I can say, oh, I might want to change the contrast a little bit. Dark. Yeah, that's a better contrast, isn't it? Slightly more Moody, if you like, I can fiddle around with the camera as well, which tends to be a big stream. And the brightness, that's not too bad. And if saturates not getting rich and it up a little bit, there we go. And that's is that an improvement for me? He knows that I can move this out of the way, like in turn off and on the collaboration. And I think that is a slight improvement. But while I might try, I'll leave that there because I do like that more than not. And I'll turn it off for a moment. And then I'm going to add a lookup table, or a lot as people call it. And as I showed this before, I'm going to go there and then I'm going to go find the file. And in this case, I'm going to use this one down here that I've got these all free. I haven't paid for any of these rule entirely free. And we get an island that looks quite severe. If I pull it back slightly to somewhere, it was I still have a little think. While I'm doing this, let's go to say somewhere there. Let's see again, we can turn it off and turn it on. Turn it off as a bit moody. So let's do that. Let's try that with the color correction, color correction. And the lot. That's not too bad. Anyway, you can play with this for, for as long as you like to get something that's perhaps a little bit, little bit saturated. Let's take some of that a little bit. Again. Sometimes I think it's nice to be a little bit more extreme if you're going to then minimize the camera and have it smaller because then I'll have a bigger effect. But there we go. So we gradually build these filters up. We've said that we're going to have the crime McKee, if again, if I go back to the original ten all off, this is what we started with. Then we got rid of the green screen. Then I color correct it. And then I've added a lot to make it slightly more moody. One thing I want to mention, which I didn't mention before, is anytime you browse for a file. So in this case I've gone for the LUT or when we do images which we'll do in a moment, or videos or anything else. Obs does not bring this file into OBS. It doesn't bring it into your abs project. It stays where it is on the hard drive or whatever device you're using. If I then behind the scenes when it moved this file or in the case of an image, if I moved it from the folder where walls, OBS is not going to be able to find it anymore. And so it will just vanish from inside your IBS. So what I recommend you do is you create a folder somewhere where all your OBS things are going to be, all your resources are going to be, and leave them there. Once they're in there, have a folder for video, have a folder for images, have a folder for whatever you want. And leave them in there and don't move that folder. If you move that folder, OBS is gonna use this path here to try and find this file. If that path is gone, then there's nothing IBS can do and it just literally can't find the file with a lot. It's not such a problem because it will just be left with that. But with something like an image or a video, for example. If that's suddenly vanished, then you discovered. So let's say that we're happy with this. That's fine. We've got a couple of problems though. One black background is a bit severe. So that's Bachman, but also to still be a reality here. Because the world, the green screen doesn't quite reach the whole thing is miles away from me there, so we can lose that. So we'll do the same as what we did before. I'm going to right-click here, go to transform an edit transform. And I'm going to let the left, Gary, and you can see it's getting rid of. It is just scrolling. I, I'm just pressing the up cursor key. I can use the arrows instead. I can do with this one and click the arrows instead. Or you can literally type a number in here. But all I'm doing is just holding me up just to see where it's gone. And now that corner is completely gone. And I'm happy that it's left behind. If you want to see what that's done to reality again, go back to filters and turn off your grade M60. Yeah. And you'll see that this is what the cameras were actually picking up and this is what we've done to it. We've made a nice square image now so I can put it back home and close that. It may have moved things right. Will undo the padlock and it may have made things right. And so I can just slide this around again and see if I like where am I think I'm fairly central. I can move around, but that looks pretty good. So let's leave that roughly where it is and lock them in place. Again, the black background, not terrific. Let's add a background image. So I'm gonna go add, I'm gonna go to an image on then gonna call this face cam background BG with a prize for it. And currently you're gonna get these up my downloads folder. I will go with the purple background because I'm wearing a blue shirt, so blue wouldn't be in good idea. There's the pebble background. Again, I'm going to right-click on here and I'm going to go transform along and I go to screen. And that'll fit entirely to screen. I then going to go right-click. And I'm gonna go transform, edit transform. And I'm going to scale to autobiography so it fills the entire box and close. And unfortunately or fortunately, depending on your opinion, you can't see me anymore. So what I'll do is I'll clicked on by a scam and I'm going to move it down to make it so it's behind the camera. And then we go, do I like that? Well, not completely. I don't think, for instance, that perspective doesn't look right to have the floor. Looks like I'm sitting quite low down on the floor. So all I'm gonna do is I'm just going to drag the corner. This entity is all purple. And then perhaps move it around and then lock it in place. Now we have a face cam and that's it. And I'll go face cam with the background and it seems quite reasonable. The only problem is that nobody can hear me because there's nothing in the audio mixer. So what I'm gonna do is I'm going to add another source and we're gonna add input capture, audio input capture. And I'm going to call that my Zoom H5. Again. Go OK. And we'll pick up the H5. And then we go again. And now I've got h5, I lock it just for habit really didn't actually do anything, but I tend to lock it so I know that I've dealt with it and I check my level. And really my z, right? Phi should be have the volume change, but I could fiddle with that. But for now, we're not going to worry too much about that. There we go. I've gotta face Gam and I'm recording. I've got some, some audio, so that's great. So now I want a very similar scene. But I would like to have the desktop as well that I'm recording stuff for my. Now I can create a new scene by clicking plus and add a new scene. And I have to start again. And let us do that. So let's go add new scene. We'll call this second scene. We go gotten nothing. But what I can do if I go, plus I can go video capture device. And now I've got two options. So I can create a new one, which will require me to pick a different camera. Or I can add an existing face cam and click OK. And the good news about this is that this face cam is a unique source. So we'll lower in two different scenes. This face cam still has, if I go right-click and filters, it's still got the filters on it. And everything's, everything's good to go on the filters. But you will notice that because we're in a new scene, we've lost the transform. So these corners have come out again. And we have to redo all I have to go right-click transform, edit transform, and I have to move the left back in again. And then move the write-back. India. Do the same transforms the ID before. There are ways round that if I go back to my first scene, is my first scene, I can actually go on face cam, right-click transform, copy transform, and then go back to the second scene, gotta face cam, right-click and Paste transform. And that will copy everything and put it in exactly the same places it was before. So that's one shortcut and that's one way to get the same result in multiple scenes. But there is an easier way. I'm going to go to the second scene and I'm going to right-click and remove it. You can click the minus button down here as well. Get rid of the second scene. Instead, I'm gonna duplicate, so I'm going to right-click this first scene and duplicate the whole thing. So we're going to take duplicate. It's gonna ask me for a name. We'll call it second scene again. Since I'm mentioning names, you can't have anything in OBS named the same twice so that you can't have seen. Therefore, I couldn't have a new source called seconds seem everything has to be uniquely named. So that's why I had FaceTime BG. I couldn't call the image face cam again because the image has to be a separate named everything else. So now I've got two scenes, absolutely the same, nothing different about them. So now though, I can play the B the second scene and they ultimately come through unlocked. I'm happy with the H5. I can leave that tick there. I want I can then do is take my face cam and make it smaller. So I'm gonna make it down, put it down here to make it smaller because I want to leave space for the desktop and the background. I don't need, so I'm gonna right-click and remove. Am I sure? Yes, I am. Yeah, I've removed it from here. If I go back to the first theme, it's still here. If I were to then delete it from here, it's then gone for good. The whole, the whole background images gone. So here we are on the second scene. I'm not happy where my fans gametes. And then I'm going to add a new source. Then I gotta add a display capture. I'm just gonna leave it cooled display capture. And it's picked up the correct monitor straight away. Okay. Okay. Is zoomed in because you can see it's off to the side. So we'll do right-click transform, right-click transform. I'll get there in a minute. Trunk form, fit to screen. That's good. I got a lock that position because I like it. And then I'm only thing is it's in front of my camera. So I'm gonna move it down and down again. And now I've got display capture, as well as a phase gap. And I've still got the audio from the H5 that I had before. So this is good. I now have two scenes and I can literally click from that seem to that seam and then click back again. So we have our two scenes, and we've got first seen in the second scene, and that's absolutely fine and we can work with this. There's no problem with that. That's everything's everything's good to go. It's recording and all is well. But I do think it's nice to have a starting screen. So I'm gonna do is I'm going to add a brand new blank scene and call this starting seeing why not? This has got nothing in it, no microphone, no face cam, nothing. And I'm going to add a media source. Because I'm gonna put a little video on here and we're gonna call this stream starting. And I'm going to select the video. And I've got my FaceTime stream sorting video here. I'm going to loop it, so it just runs forever. And click OK. And here's a little video. I'm gonna go right-click transform, right-click transform, fit to screen and lock it. And there's a little video, looks a bit odd like this, because when I stream my piano, I have the title of the theme of the week down here. And so we've got streams dotting and that's their flickering. I thought this would be a good opportunity to add another little tiny bit of information to the stream because that's a bit boring for people to watch. So one thing we can do is add some text. So what I'm gonna do is I'm going to add a little text here. And I'm just going to call it stream starting ticker. And we'll put some text on here. I'm going to put something like Simon will be long in a moment. Gets your self lovely. Cup of tea. Dot-dot-dot. And I'll put a few spaces here afterwards, which will become obvious in a moment. Yeah, and so that's good. That looks a little bit large. We can scale it outside of this. And, but what I would recommend is actually scaling it. Doing at least getting the form at least close to what you want it to be in here. That's still a little bit large because then it will always be nicely scaled. And if you scale it with the form, then it uses the font to adjust the scaling. And this quit task will, the text, sorry, will always be nice and crisp. But I can't do is once I've clicked OK, I can then scale it from here, like you would expect as well, but at least then alone, at least then you've got it close to how you'd like it to be. What I'm gonna do is I'm going to then take this and transform and transform screen like that. And that looks pretty good to me. I'll just move this down to the bottom. And that's great. Looks fine. It doesn't it? It's nice and static. Looks good. But one thing we can do is if I go here and go to filters, I can add an effect filter called scroll. And when I add scroll others let it be called scroll. I can then choose how fast I want it to be. Lying, go backwards or forwards. And I can let that go like that. And we'll just say that that seems good. And it's going to unlock it. And there we go. That's where it's going a little bit fast because it little bit Mental. There's just that somewhere there's a sweet spot where it's going fast enough that you can sort of see it. And we go. And that's why I put the spaces in. The spaces at the end, give you a little bit of extra thing I think is a fantastic little effect. I know it's super simple, but you can have all sorts of picks up your fonts. And there's all sorts of things you can do with the scrolling. That scroll wheel actually work if you want something completely ridiculous. Obs doesn't care. So if I go back to face first scene, go up to my face cam. I could add a filter and I can add scroll to this if he wanted. And so therefore, I can do that if I really wanted to. Why you do this? I don't know. But you can see we then picked we've lost our, the advantage of It's gone there. But you can do all sorts of bizarre does, and OBS will happily do this. It doesn't care for now, I think that's ridiculous. So we'll get rid of that. But I just think that a little ticker is a really nice little way to prevent, provide information. All while with, with very little effort. The scene order that we have at the top here. So I've got my first scene, I've got my second scene and starting scene makes no difference to OBS. It doesn't care. There's no way that it's arranged. But I do like to think that, you know, starting singing. I might like to have that at the top. Then once you've selected this, you can then use your cursor keys to go up and down and flip through the scene's no bomb at all. One little thing we can look at is if I go view, there is a multi-view. So I can click multi-view windowed, the full-screen one there as well. And then we've got all the little scenes and you can see what's going on on the scenes. Before you click them, I click another scene and you can see, and then I can take another scene and back. And you can use this to click between your scenes. This is similar in a way to something called Studio mode, which I'll mention later on. But I think these are more case, the 0s are more useful if you have almost a two person operation. So you've got someone working OBS while you're doing the streaming or vice versa. That tends to be a more useful. So now let's talk a little bit about seem transitions. As you've seen at the moment, as I click on a different scene like this one here, you see a cross fades and it goes from here and it cost fades back and cross fades to this one and cross fades back to LA. So let's go to this one. And that's controlled by this option here, which is fade. And if only two options in here really fade or cut. If I clicked cut, then it'll just go boom, straight through. Boom, no choice. So Fade is definitely you better option. Fade and fade. For the standard operation, we can change how long that takes. I can type one hundred, ten hundred in here, and that will then take a second. So slow fade and slow fade back. I have to say that 300 for a fade seems like a reasonable move across. And that's great. Now. That's fine. That's absolutely fine. And to be honest, most of the time, I use crossfade because there's no reason not to. However, there's something called stinger transitions, which are definitely worth talking about. Because if you've seen any streams online, you will have seen people using stinger transitions. And there's quite an industry in standard transitions. You can go and purchase all sorts of really complicated ones. And they are amazing. I have created my own for a couple of things. I've got one where a grand pianos lives across and then slides back. So you can sort of do that why you really want it all that you need for stinger transition is a video which has got some transparency in it. And at some point, this entire scene, the entire canvas is entirely occluded by the video. So I have created a very simple one for the purpose of this course. I created it in Final Cut. It doesn't really matter as long as the output video has some transparency and at some point everything is covered up. So what we're gonna do is we're going to add a new transition. And I'm going to add a stinger. Yeah, there's a few other ones you can play with as well. Swipe will move it across, you get it's just have a little play with them and see how you feel they work. In this case, we're going to talk about custom transitions such as stinger. I'm gonna say I'm gonna call it stinger. And then we need a video file. And again, this has to stay where it is. I'll call it stinger one for a lack of inventiveness. And that's now going to essentially when you change scene, it will play this video. And then at some point it will transition the scene. At the moment, it's going to transition it right at the start. But I have designed this video to be three seconds long. And I know that halfway through that video, everything is covered up. So I'm gonna say at 1.5 seconds or 1500 milliseconds, I'm going to transition. I've gotta say that everything's covered up. So now when I go to the second scene, it will do this. And then it'll do that. I can do the reverse. So you'll go there and then it'll come back up. So this may not be anything like what you'd like it to be for your scenes. But you can see that it does add a certain something to the transition. So I don't know why I'm posing while the transitions happening. Let's just look at it at the same time. So I can flip this back and I can say fade. So this is how we'd normally have it. So you'll go 5e to the, and that's quite elegant. Nothing wrong with that. And that's probably better in some ways for this particular layer. Or I can say stinger. And I can say, let's do that one to get from there to there. Yeah. So it's entirely up to you how you use these. There are all sorts of staying as available. And there are some free ones. Just have to have a quick search on the internet to find for easting is. But really, they're quite simple to create yourself as long as you have the appropriate software to do it. So all you need is a video with some transparency. Because if you look at this one as it comes in, at this point where those panels are not, the video has to be transparent to allow me to show through. And then I can go back and disappear. And then 1.5 seconds in, it's going to transition between the two scenes. If you search the internet for stinger transitions, free OBS, stinger transitions, you're going to find some. And then there are some beautifully elegant ones for all sorts of themes that you can then pay for. They're not super expensive. But just make sure if you do go looking for stinger transitions, there are a couple of flavors of OBS. So this is OBS Studio. And there's also stream labs, OBS also free, which is built on top of OBS and has some other features which I won't go into in this course. But it has some other features which are more streamlined for Twitch streaming, game streaming, and having donation boxes come up in all sorts of widgets. That's beyond the scope of this course. The idea of this course is to get you started in plain vanilla OBS. And already you can see we've got a face cam, We've got a screen-sharing, We've got a microphone. We've gotta starting screen. We've got a few effects that we can do. And the, the sting is dead simple to use. I have provided this stinger file for your use in the course materials. So by all means, use it. It's a bit clunky, but it does do a more effective job than a simple, simple fade if that's what you're after. So that's great. So that's multiple scenes. We can have as many things as you like. It doesn't really OBS doesn't really care. The only thing that I would keep an eye on down here is depends on the scene. I mean, if I go to this scene, yeah, then down the bottom here, you can see the CPU usage changed as the transition happened. And now we're at 11% for this particular scene. So it's not such a hard thing to do. It actually works with cameras quite quickly in quite nicely. If I then go up to a video, then on this particular computer, it finds that video is slightly harder to work than the face cam, so it's running at 19%. This particular book that I'm running this on doesn't have the greatest graphics card in the world. It's not the newest machine. So the better your machine, the lower this number is going to be. And if it's got a much more hardware accelerated graphics card, then the life gets better and better and better. But you do need to keep a little eye on CPU, but we'll talk about that a little bit more when we actually talk about running a stream or running a recording in a later video. So that's great. So that's multiple scenes. They can be as complicated as you like, but try and separate your stream into different scenes is much better to have a new scene than it is to have little things that you can turn on and off individually to make sort of a complicated scene is so easy to take. If I wanted a minor change to a scene, then it's so much easier to really duplicate the scene and have a new change. But we'll look at a slight tweak on this, this theory in the next video where we talk about grouping objects as well as nested scenes, which is very useful. So we'll talk about that in the next video. 6. Groups and Nested Scenes: Okay, here we are again. I've reduced the scenes back down to where we started. So I've just got the face cam. Sorry about that again. And we've got the sound from my Zoom H5 part from that, we've got very little to work on. I've still got the filters that we set up previously as I've got the chroma key, the calibration, and the lot on there just so it's all in a reasonable position to start. Well, I'd like to talk to you about this time and show you is grouping objects as well as nested scenes, which I think is something really, really useful. So what we're gonna do is we, I've cleared up my scenes. We're gonna go through the same process we did before. I'm going to duplicate this scene. So I've got my face cam seem I'm gonna duplicate it and call this Screenshare. And we go. If I can type and he got exactly the same thing, nothing different. But all I'm gonna do is I'm gonna get rid of the background because we don't need that anymore. I'm going to lock this. I'm gonna take my face cam and I'm going to scale it slightly. It's going to move it down to here for a moment. And I'll do for fine. And then we'll add in display capture. Call it display capture. And this we've done before, happily get this screen. I've got a little bit quicker, but that's because you know what we're doing now. Fit to screen, right-click fit to screen, lock them in place because that seems good and then move it to the bottom. So here we have where we were roughly before. I've got me, I can move around in different size, but it's quite nice sometimes to perhaps put a little a frame or something around the face cam or any sort of, if you've got something inserted on the screen, sometimes it's nice. Face kind of works. Okay, if I get rid of this red box, then it's okay because it looks like I've just living on the screen. But let's add in a frame anyway because it's something useful to do. So I'm going to go add, so I'm going to add an image. And this image is going to be my frame. And I'm just gonna say okay to that. And I'm gonna pick up an image. Again. I'm just going to say again, if you pick up an image, then it needs to be in the same place, all the walls. So downloads as a useless place to put these. But for, for this course, I'm going to clear these out later anyway. So I'm going to say gold frame. And I'm gonna go OK. And I've now got this weird gold frame, gets a bit difficult to see what's going on here. So I'm just gonna get rid of the display capture so I can see what's going on. And all I'm going to lie in this frame up roughly over me. Wouldn't go out there. This I'm just going to shrink it down ever so slightly. Lets say to there, put it here. And then I'm gonna get myself. Where's my face cam here it is. And I'm gonna move myself so I'm in the frame and almost scale myself down slightly. So I fit in the frame. Nicest, just so I sit there on that. Good yet lovely. And then I can lock that in, plays lock that in place and bring back the display capture. And that's great. Now the problem is I'm in the wrong place. I'd like to be down, down here a bit more. What I can do is I can take the frame, move that down to its next to the face cam. And you'll notice is on top of the face cam. If I move the other way around, if I go down and then you can see that I'm slightly indented and I'd have to really carefully lie in the phase came up. But I'm quite happy that the frame can be over top of that. So I'm just going to go over top of that. That's why what I can do is I can click on one, hold down shift and click the other. So I've selected both these and then right-click and group. If you've done any sort of painting package that has Photoshop, you'll be so used to grouping liars and objects. But if we're new to it, it's something we're just gonna group these together so that we can move them together. And we're just going to call this framed phase gap. And then you get this little arrow side. I'm, I can fold up and I've now got framed phase current. If I click on that, I can then move me and the frame at the same time. And I can scale both things at once. Like a pot myself over there and lock that. And that's great. So now I've got a disembodied head. Again, if I unlock that, I can move over to here. And it doesn't look so silly with having my cutoff at the cut-off at the torso because it's got little frame on it. That's great. So I can now move that around. And we can then go to a completely new scene. So let me go right-click on the scene duplicate. And I'm going to call this outside for reasons that will become obvious in a moment. And now I've got exactly the same scene. Everything's exactly the same as taking the group over and everything. We've got our audio and we got to display capture. I'm gonna get rid of the display capture, remove. And I'm going to add in, in this case, a new video capture device because I've got another web cam plugged in, is not a very good quality webcam, but is another webcam going add that I'm going to call that the camera. And it's gonna go looking for that. And I'm going to call it USB camera. And there it is. In all its glory. It's not a terrific camera, but that's, if I look that way, that's what I can see out my window up here in the Orkney Islands, beautiful Orkney Islands. I'm gonna take this camera on. We're gonna do the transform, right-click transform, edit transform. And we're gonna get rid of the left because there's nothing there, because it's a different aspect ratio to what we'd expect. So I'm just holding down the GOP cursor key to get rid of that. And then I'm gonna do the same thing. Hold on the up cursor key to get rid of that. And we go and then close that. And then I can scale this by grabbing that side all the way to the side of here and move that up to say here, lock that in place and then move that to the bottom so it's underneath my face cam. So now I have another scene and I go if I wanted, I could move this over to this side because I want to talk about things in a different way. I've got the frame and me all in one go. So and I, when I flip between the scenes, I've got my two scenes, but my frame and my face cam are all in one go. Now this sort of works well and I like it, it's great because it means that I can move two things at once or three things at once. But there is actually a even nicer feature in OBS, which is a nested seem. So what I'm gonna do is I'm going to tweak this a little bit more. What I'm gonna do is I'm going to grab this. And I'm going to zoom this up so it's a little bit bigger. So let's go for say there. And then we'll right-click this. And I'm going to say transform. Transform where our center to screen like that, just so I know that it's centered in the screen, that's great. And then lock that in place. And then there's a neighbor coming past in the car. And they're gonna take other camera. And I'm going to tweak this a little bit. So first we will undo the lock and I'm just gonna move that so that it's on the right hand side there and move that. So it's on the left-hand side there like that. And then let's move it down a little bit and we'll actually tweak this in the transforms will go edit transform. What I'm gonna do is I'm going to tweak the top. Obs works in a slightly weird way. That is what moves the top to the bottom and the bottom to the top. So we'll do that like that. And we'll move this down to is on the top like that. And then we'll bring back that window. Move the bottom of you have to sort of play with it to get used to how OBS moves things around. Close, that that looks pretty good. I'll lock that in place. So now what I've got is I've got a frame with the face cam in front of it with me all keyed in nicely. And this is all lovely and I'd like to use this somewhere else. So what I'm gonna do is I'm going to create a brand new scene. And I'm going to create literally just a brand new seem. So we're gonna go ahead and I'm going to call this funky video. And there's absolutely nothing in here. And then going to add a media source. So I'm going to write it, add a background video for this. And I'm gonna call this funky background video. And I'm gonna go browsing. Now my, I've got this fantastic disco background, which is going to be Looped. Look at that. Isn't that fantastic? Val there will full screen it. And that's going to run, they're fine. Now I want to bring in my face cam as before, but this time instead of copying anything else I'm gonna go add and I'm going to add a scene. So I'm going to nest the scene that I just created inside this scene and undergo scene. And I'm going to select outside. And it brings in the whole scene into here. And I can then do everything with that scene that you could imagine. I could do with a face cam before. So I'm gonna move this here. I'm going to right-click that transform, and I'm going to center horizontally at the bottom of the screen there and then lock that. But here's an important thing that I think is well worth mentioning is that when we did the grouping before, we were dragging around the individual items. This time we're going to drag out absolutely everything that's included in this outside, which includes the frame, the other camera, my camera and the audio mixer items. So this h5 is coming along as well. So if I go to Funky video, I've got the funky background video and just outside. But if you notice, the H5 audio has come along with it. So everything I do inside outside, which was unfortunately named for everything I do in that scene will be reflected. Wherever I put it, but I get the audio for free. That's the thing that I like about nested scenes, is that I can make all sorts of changes to this, including adding all sorts of audio or my microphones and anything else I've got put into here cameras, different cameras. There's the two cameras in here, a one microphone. All it becomes is then for all other scenes, I've just got one line to add in. The other lovely thing that we haven't talked about before is you can actually add filters. If I go right-click on this scene, I can add a filter to the whole scene. So on top of this, I could do, a king, could do anything else. But I'm just gonna go Color Correction. I'm just gonna let it cool color correction and I'm just going to completely desaturated so it's black and white. And I might make it slightly more Moody's. I'm just going to increase the gamma slightly and they increase the contrast to make it slightly more extreme. Just for the sake of it. Yeah, so I've now changed that seemed which means when I go back to Funky video, that whole scene picks up on everything I've changed. So one thing we can then do is we can go back to screen share. This is the old fashioned way of having here. I can then get rid of my Zoom H5. I can remove that. Yes, please. And then I can get rid of everything inside the face. Can't remove that. So all I'm left with is the display capture. And then I can go add, add a scene at the outside. And now I've got everything including the microphone and all the lovely scaled and video and add that back in there. And I get that for free. So now I've got a lovely, consistent face cam that I can use everywhere in the scene, Sagar funky video scene, which I can go up to there. And I've got my Screenshare seen all with everything I need from the outside scene that I've got here. And it is always going to be the same. So if I make a change to the outside, it will then change everything elsewhere. And this is the lovely thing about that. And then I can go one step further. I can go back and add my stinger back in if I say desired. So then when I go back to Funky video, it'll have the stinger and is always a consistent, consistent delivery. So nested seems, might seem complicated, but there are actually a fantastic way to do grouping. And you get the audio for free. That's the thing that I want to keep. I keep saying that, but it doesn't mean that if you've got some sort of complicated arrangement of, so for my pianos dreams, I've got some complicated audio. I've also got a couple of views that I want, but I want to change the background, all the walls and the only thing I want to change the background. So the lovely thing is I can say everything up in this particular scene and then just create new scenes with different backgrounds. But if I have anything to adjust with the audio levels or anything to adjust with the camera positioning or moving things around. I can do that on this one scene. And then every single other scene, we'll take advantage of the changes that I make. So nested scenes are absolutely brilliant. They really are fantastic. And do remember that you can add filters to the scene at the senior level. So I can add that silly scroll. For example. So if I add scroll, scroll and add a ridiculous. Up and left. But that that's affecting that scene. If I then go to funny video, then that's going to have that scene change. If I then go to screen share, that's going to have that same change. And they're always gonna have, I'm gonna get rid of that because it is ridiculous. But the point is that I can change anything on this scene and it will be reflected in all my other scenes where it's got attached. It's a feature that has so much power because you can build up a quite a complicated scene and then use that in all your other scenes. Remember this is a live view, this camera, if I stick my hand in front of a camera, that's my live cameras. So I've got two cameras as well as an effect. And you, It's all running. Well, I should say that you can see it's slightly stuttering. That's because I'm also recording this screen as well on my computer. So that's why the CPU is getting a bit hammered. Because it's now running a video cameras and all sorts things. So there's, you know, your your experience may vary depending on the power of your computer. One last thing, I'll just go back to here so it's not working so hard. One last thing is that then we have seen collection at the top here. And this moment is called first collection. And in your all these scenes and everything You've got set up, you can actually create whole new sets of those if you wanted to. If I go New, I can call this another collection. And you get reset back to start the start of ABS with nothing in it at all. And I can then go back to my collection and go back to my first collection. And it will remember everything that it had. And so you can have whole set. So for example, I teach the piano. So I have a set of scenes which I have for teaching the piano, which has a completely different setup with completely different audio setup and view setup for working with my students on zoom. But then when I wanted to stream live, I don't want to have any of that sale, but want to have it completely different. So I have a whole set of scenes which are then set up for streaming live. So seeing collections very good. Also, the other thing you can do is export your seeing collection, which I highly recommend you do, which saves the settings to a file. So should terrible things happen, you can then just go seen collection, import your scene collection and it will bring back all your settings, as they were before, highly recommended for backing things up. So we've, we've gone to the effort of creating all these lovely scenes. Should the worst happen to your computer and be nice to have a backup copy of those settings. Again, it only has the settings. So this frame that we've got here, if I go to framed rate phase gamma, and the frame, that file still needs to exist in this location if you want to find it. If OBS needs to find, if not, then that frame will just not appear. Anyway. I hope that's helpful for multiple scenes and for grouping and for your nested seems, again, this one is not been affected. So this one's going back to how we were before. But the nested scene is a fantastic thing and should be used as much as possible. It's kind of your one place where you can set everything up and then use that in multiple scenes from the great, from there on. We'll next, we'll talk about a few effect and overlays. In the next video. I'll see you then. 7. Overlays and Effects: Okay, then here we are again. And this time we're going to talk a little bit about effects or overlays. Really, all this boils down to, is there either a picture, an image, or a video that's going to be put on top of or behind something to provide visual effect, if you like, while you're doing your streaming or recording. So I'll just quick, quick tour of the setup I have here. This one's called just face count. I'm going to skip to the bottom here where you can see Maine face cam. So if I go to there, this is what the face cam is actually setup on. We did something very similar to this in a previous video. So I've just put a background, the actual camera, and then the frame on top of that group that together for now just for ease in this particular scene. And then I've put the sound on there as well. So there's 85 on the face cam itself. I've got the chroma key to get rid of the, the background. You can see that it doesn't quite match, but I've trimmed it from that side and I've applied the lookup table just to make it slightly, if I just take it somewhere, there we go. It's just a little subtle effect, but it just stops my pasty skin from looking quite so pasty. And I've taken the color correction off for the moment because it's a different day to the other days I've been recording and the light is different from the window or the source of light I've got. So this is my main face cam, which I'm going to use elsewhere. So this is the scene that's going to hold the sound and the camera and all be together for anytime I want this image used somewhere in a scene. So what I've done is I've capitalize the scene name. And I've also created a completely empty scene with some dashes in it. This does absolutely nothing other than make it really obvious in my scenes list. The ones underneath the dashes I should leave alone because they are the ones which are going to be masters, if you like. I've then gone in faith just face cam. I've just lifted that scene. But all I've done is I've zoomed in slightly. So I just lose the gold border. So it's the same scene of just zoomed in. But I get the sound for free because that's all built into that scene. There's one then gold outside camera. I don't live on Mars. I've just, on the side camera. I've just applied a color correction. Give it that weird purpley effect. Just for fun really has just because they were just for the sake of something to look at. I'll put that there. And then the Screenshare is the Screenshare of this desktop. So it's just to give you an idea of what three scenes might look like. I can click on these seemed individually, but as long as I've got, if I've clicked on one and I've got it highlighted, then I can press my down Gurski and it'll go to the next one and then I compress my down Cassie, here again, it will go to the next one. There are keyboard bindings that you can use for scenes as well. So what an anything else really in OBS? So what will do is if I go to Settings. And when settings loads up, and if we go to hotkeys and hear what OBS is very good at, there are some standard ones which are to start streaming, stop recording or stop, stop recording, start and stop streaming. All the ones that billion. But down here, what we have is every time you create something, it creates an entry in the Settings screen. So we've got just face cam, it says switched to seam. And in here I can put any keyboard shortcut that isn't used by either Windows or Mac for something else. So I can switch scene. And the nice, easy thing to do is if you've got a keyboard with the keypad on it, I can say just face cam. I'm going to call a new kind of type number one on the keypad. And then outside camera, I'm going to type number two on the keyboard, and then Screenshare. I'm going to type number three on the keypad. That's all I've done. Just tapped it, clicked in the box and then tap the number, and then click OK. And now if I type, if I press number two, then it'll go on camera. If I press number three, you'll get Screenshare. And if I press number one, it'll go back to the face cam. And that's then makes things so much easier for moving between scenes. However, I will say that that's all within OBS And you can link that to all sorts of things in old it on all to get a keyPress. There's all sorts of devices that will do that. And I'm sure there are some apps that have been used as well to do it from a mobile device. However, the, one of the later videos, possibly the last video in the course, will cover the Delgado stream deck, which is a piece of equipment I've purchased, which makes changing scenes and turning things on and off. So much easier, but that does require a purchase. So I've added it to the end of the course because I wanted the course to be everything you can do for free, really. So, like I say, in those keyboard shortcuts, if you like, Settings and then hotkeys, you can have them for anything. So you can show and hide. So for example, in Maine face cam whereas main phase gamma here and in there, I can show and hide the face-to-face games all do that on number five. And then five again. And it should, I think about it and it's just so if I go in here and go 5555555555, it's turning the faith framed face cam group on and off with the number five. That will then of course, because this scene is using that scene, if I press F5, it'll still hide. What it's doing is it's hiding the framed face cam here. But because this uses that seem, then that face cam will go. The nice thing is that I could use that, for example, here, if I wanted to momentarily hide the face cam in my screen, check as I was pointing to something down here. And then I can put the face cam back again once I'm done with that. So the settings for the keyboard shortcuts or the hotkeys, as they call it, is brilliant. It really is very, very good indeed. So I highly recommend you use that as a great way to switch between scenes. Talking about switching between scenes. We've used the transition before. So if I change this from fade to Stinger that we chose before, and then I change scene. Then it will use that stinger transition, the I created. And that will use that every single time. I switch between scenes. But there is an option if I change this back to fade. So now if I switch scenes, I just get the fade. There is an option. If I right-click the scene, I can go to transition override. And I can say this one. When you change to this seam, please run this transition. So now this one, if I change from just face cam to outside camera. So here's outside camera, I get the fade because that's the general one. But if I switch back to just face cam, then that will use the transition that's been overridden on the same. So again, I click away, it's fade. If I click back on just face cam, there we go. We'll get the actual seem transition we've asked for. It's it's, it's an option. That's the thing I find a little bit tricky about it is that it's only when you transition to the scene, not when you transition away from the scene again. But it's still a kind of, in this instance, it does sort of make sense. So you're going from talking to people and then you're gonna go, here's some, here's some screen sharing information. Here's the outside camera. And now we'll just sum up the end of today by going back into the office and have a little conversation to camera with with this sort of transition, nice transition back to the scene. Personally, I choose a transition and I use it across all my changes. But It's the option is there and I wanted to show it to you to get rid of it. You go back to transition override eat is going down. So right-click on the scene, go back to none, and now everything will fade because that's what we've got cell. So that's Transition override. Now let's have a little talk about overlays and effects. And as I said, really, they're just images or videos that you put on top of your image, whatever year you're sharing. So let's go with this. Let's put an overlay over top of me. So let's go for image. And I'm going to call this, we find that because it's going to be pretty obvious why in a moment. Okay, and I've got a PNG here, nice transparent PNG scale to the right sides. And now I have a viewfinder over top of everything I've got before. And quite quickly you can see that these overlays can add quite a lot of fun and sometimes additional detail. If you've watched Twitch streamers or YouTube dreamers, they often have latest donation and all sorts of other things on an overlay. So the overlay itself will be an image or a video which is running awesome year running some animation. And then on top of that, they've got some plug-ins which then look and listen for donations or listen for new subscribers. That's one thing. That's slightly beyond the, the plugins are slightly beyond the scope of this course. This is all about getting started and getting some nice effects. So viewfinder, I contend turn on or off if I so desire. If I press the right button, if I turn it on and off, then the viewfinder will come and go. So that's images. We can do exactly the same thing. Let's turn him off. Will do exactly the same thing, but with an image, with a, with a video that wasn't image. And so I'm gonna go to media source. And I'm going to add an avatar. And I'm gonna go and get this, which is Mish jackpot, and I'll loop it for now. And here you can see a video which is transparent. Now, there are different types of video. In order to have a transparent video, it does need to have an alpha channel. So there are, you can get overlays and get videos and transitions and all sorts of things from the internet. I've created this one myself. I used Final Cut to create a transparent video and put these images in and slid them around. It's actually surprisingly easy to do. You just need to have a little bit, little bit research to work out how things go. And you consume, produce something like this chapel on your iron. It doesn't take a great deal of effort to do. There's plenty of free tools to allow you to do. But the idea behind this is simply that when I'm screaming piano, I'm not always looking at chapter, but my wife kinda looks after the chat and keep things going. And so I pop this up occasionally so that she can see or get some credit and encourage people to talk to her. The one thing we do though, I'm going to just go back into the properties by double-clicking, you can either double-click your source or right-click properties. You'll take it to the same place. I wasn't gonna do is get rid of the loop and then click. Okay. So now when it shows, it will show, we'll play the video, which is essentially what it is. And then the video will go away and she won't come back again. This is important because for this particular video, for the effect to look nice, it wants do, she wants to appear? So I'll just click that and click it again. She wants to appear that it will chat messages need to fly up pastor, little chat message to disappear and then she fades away again. And that's it. We don't see her anymore. So for this instance, what we need to do is in order to show that again, I need to have hidden it and then show it again. So if I was put on a key binding, I'd need to press the key twice. And so that's something you have to keep an eye on. There is a way around that with the stream deck that I mentioned earlier. Because the stream deck, you can have a time two buttons. So you press the button and it hit it once, and then it delays and waits for the length of time for the video to go by. And then it will, it will hide the source again. I'll show that later in the stream that video. But again, I will say, obviously you need to purchase a stream deck for that to work. So that we don't just have to have images, avatars of my wife. We can also have all sorts of other things. So just for fun, I'm going to call this tornado. And we'll grab this in effects. I think I've got a tornado somewhere. I have will okay, that. And this one is just a tornado that will come. And if I transform and fit the screen, then it will come an upscale screen and wear the same thing is not looped. So I've not set it to loop. So then I'll press the button again and it will spin in. And occupied the screen and spin out again. Yeah. Obs just does this for you. You don't eat as long as you've got the file. It doesn't care. It will just do the work for you. You don't have to do anything. Let's try the other one and the last one, let's say a wind turbine. These are, I realized these are weird and obscure. Why would you want a tornado? Why would you want a wind turbine or a UFO even? Well, that's just, you know, you'd have to watch my piano streams to realize why these silly things appear. So there we go. There's a wind turbine that can just sit there and be a wind turbine. And it just sits there and lives. And I think it's quite effective how these things just appear on the stream and they're so easy to do because you just need a transparent video and away you go. One other thing we can do, I'm just going to clear these out by removing Yes. And I'll do the next one by just pressing the backspace key and backspace key. The reason I'm doing this is because if we look down in the bottom corner, the CPU percentage, because I'm recording the screen as well by another method, then my computer is working a little bit odd. Again, depending on your computer process, you can process all. You can deal with more things at once. Mostly it's when you show things because then it's having to actually do the rendering. Okay, so that's a video and an image. We can also have some slightly more involved videos. So we can look online, for example, this great YouTube channel called no copyright motion graphics, where there's just hundreds and hundreds and hundreds of just backgrounds like great spinning. Most of them don't have any titles on or anything. And they all, pretty much all of them loop really nicely. So when you get to the end of the video, you just need to start and it's seamless and the absolutely brilliant, they really, really, really good. So these ones are all copyright-free. There are also other YouTube channels and other video sources where sometimes you have to just provide information on where you got the video. You have to show a link to where they came from originally. Do be very careful and make sure that you don't stream somebody else's content essentially. Or record for your, for, for use for commercial purposes, something that isn't, isn't your own. There are all sorts of websites and various tools that you can download YouTube videos. Again, make sure that they are copyright-free before you do so. But once you've got them, then, for example, if I go to my downloads folder here and I bring it over from here, then I have a video which is confetti. If I look at that, you probably had that. That's got some children's voices going yay with the confetti behind it. So I would like to use that in OVS. So I simply just go to here and I go media source, pick it up like a video. So let's call it confetti. Pick it up from the video data from the file. They're not gonna loop it. Click OK. And there we have it. There's the confetti. I'm going to right-click transform and fit screen. Like that. It's gone again because it's not loop to something to press the button, press the button again. And there is to make things easier while I fiddle with it, I'm just gonna put the loop bomb. And so now it will keep looping while I fiddled with it. You can see the sound from those children is very, very loud. So we're going to bring that right down because it just wants to be an effect somewhere underneath my voice while I'm talking. And lastly, what we're gonna do is I'm going to add a filter because it's a source like any other. So I'm going to add a filter, and I'm going to add the same chroma key filter that we added to the face cam. And it'll get rid of the green. Again. You can, if you're really pedantic about it, we can be really careful and try and trim off any little green bits we can see. But to be honest, the default works really nicely, especially for a lot of these free videos, because the current Mickey color they've chosen is exactly where I wanted to be. So there we go. That's going forever. Now if I go back here, turn the loop off, click OK. It will happen once. And once it's happened, it'll disappear. And again, if I wanted to see that again, I'd have to press the button and press the button again. So that's great. These are the things that you can do. So quite quickly. They're just videos or images. But you can do some great things with them. Just to make them, just to add all sorts of fun things to you, your stream or your recording. And they're so simple to do. Just go, do have a go and see what you can do. Yep, marvelous. Okay, let's have a look at something else in the next lesson. 8. Audio: Hello again. This is just a short video on the audio mixer. Just because there's a little tweak or two in there that can make your life a little bit easier. So as you can see, all I've done here is that same scene that within, mainly using up until now, but I've added a couple of extra audio sources in. So this is the H5 that I zoom audio recorder. This the internal Micah, the laptop I'm using, and this is the other CAM microphone. So that's the microphone that's attached to this camera that's just sitting over here. I can stick my hand and it's just over there with the purple horse. So essentially I've just chosen to get three different microphones just to see what's going on. And you can see that as I talk. So my sound, the sound of my voice reaches these microphones ever-so-slightly different times and the refresh rate changes ever so slightly. So the first thing we're gonna do is I'm gonna keep talking and say all sorts of things. And while I say all sorts of things, I'm just going to line them up. So they're roughly the same. So you choose one source that you think is your best source. In this case, let's say the H5, or I should say that these levels are too low. Really. The internal Mike, the laptop usually records at a reasonable level so that if I talk like this, it's up into the yellows. And we want it to be around here really. But I don't want to adjust the level of the H5 at the moment, so I'm just going to line them all up so they're all recording roughly the same thing. Usually as well. You wouldn't have different audio sources recording your voice. You'd have one for your voice and then one for something else. And setting up an audio environment is a, is a, is fun in itself. I would recommend for most streaming you have one nice microphone that you use. And then you stick to that and try and isolate any other sounds you want. Quite often, the sounds you're trying to mix in here is other audio, like the system audio or gaming. Or if you're going to bring in a video and you want to play the video to your viewers, then you'll adjust the volume of that as we've done with the traffic videos before. So that's fine. The important thing is that you can't hear anything. Because all by default, any source that comes into OBS doesn't have monitoring on. There is a small point here. Actually, if I just click over here, I always have these vertically because it's like mixers, which I'm used to. If I right-click the audio mixer, you can get rid of vertical layout and you get a horizontal layout. Some people prefer the horizontal layout. Personally, I right-click and do vertical layouts and then go up and down. Just if you don't like having the audio mixer here and you like have neodymium makes a doctor down here? It might be the horizontal layout works better for you. I'd say makes no difference to abs. It doesn't care. We're going to do is we're gonna click any one of these coax here with a left-click. And I'm gonna go to advanced audio properties. Not properties, but advanced audio properties. And that's going to bring up this screen. Now this screen shows the same thing that we've got here. And you can change the volume as you've done before with the sliders. But you can do it in a more specific way down here. You can say that the source should be Mano, not stereo. Sometimes that's useful if you've got a source where for whatever reason, it only comes, it's a stereo source, but it only comes in on one channel, your left channel or your right channel. But you actually want to broadcast that died in the middle. So then you'll just select Mano. You can then balance some of your sources as well. But the important thing here is the audio monitoring, which instead of this, I'm not gonna select any of these because we'll get some weird feedback from the microphone. But you can choose to monitor only. Or monitor off is how it's set by default, which just goes out to your view at you don't hear it. Monitor only means that only you will hear it, but your listener will not. So that can be quite useful when you're trying to sort of listen for queues or keeping to a backing track or something else like that. But you don't want your listeners to hear it. And then monitor and output is both ways. So you'll hear it as well as your listener or your viewer will here as well. So by default, for example, your own microphone will go out. That way. However, if you've got headphones on and you want to hear yourself, you might want to choose to have your microphone to monitor and output. However you might want to, just getting into the realms of where the audio interface that you're using might be a bit of a problem. The reason I say it could be a bit of a problem is because there's a thing called latency, which is, I speak and whatever recording device I'm using will receive that. But then it has to process that and take a bit of time to actually get that information, that digital information into the computer, through the computer and then at the other side. So if you're monitoring inside OBS, there's always going to be a little bit of a delay between when you say something, when, by the time the information then gets through the computer and comes back again, it doesn't always matter to your viewers so much if you're trying to monitor yourself. But the time it's been for IBS, it might be too late and it will always be a bit off putting because yes or echoing, although has a terrible effect. So one of the ways around that is to use an audio interface that will allow for low latency monitoring. I, what I'm streaming, I'm using a focus right? Scholar. And the headphones socket in that allows me to monitor it before it even leaves the interface and then goes into IBS so I can have my headphones on. And if I need to listen to myself and I'm in time with myself because there's very, very little latency. However, the reason we're in this screen is for the sink offset. Now what happens is when you're broadcasting is that audio generally, even though it's got latency, it will still run faster than video processing. So if you just leave things how they are, quite often, the sound will reach your viewer before the video will always be the same distance apart, but it will always read to the video first. Reach your listener first. So for example, going back to the piano again, when I'm playing the piano, what happens is if I don't do anything, then as I play the piano, people will hear the sound before my fingers press the keys. Because if, especially on a fast passage. So in order to get round that why I need to do is hold the sound up a little bit before it gets released into the world. And so then in sync with the video, and that's what the sink offset is. So for example, if I were on my stream, then this would be set to 80 milliseconds for all my audio. Because that's the round trip that it takes the video. That's how long it takes the video to be processed and then sent out to the stream, gesturing with my hands. But you can't see sent out to the stream before how far behind the audio the video is. So if I set this, then the minute that I do that, what OBS does is it resets this stream of audio and hold onto it for 80 milliseconds before sending it down the stream. And then your viewer will get the audio and this video at what they are perceived to be the same time. It's a bit complicated, but the easiest way to demonstrate it for yourself is to set up, set OBS up for recording, which we'll talk about in a moment. And clap your hands. Nice and lively, like this. On stream on the recording. Then view it back and see whether the clap sound happens before you see the hands crap together. And if it does, then you need to add some numbers in here. Gradually increased the sink offset so that when you try again, the sound gets closer and closer and closer to the hand being cut. If you're using video editing software, it's nice and easy to do because what you can do is you can look at the timeline and you can see where the hands of crap together. And then look for the peak of the wave form, which will happen beforehand, and then measure the distance between the two. It sounds very complicated. To be honest. The easiest way to do it within OBS itself, set itself recording, record, do a recording of you clapping your hands a couple of times. Then do stop the recording. Started recording again with a different single offset. Keep doing that with say like nothing, 20406080, and then see which one looks better to you, which one you enjoy depending on your hardware and how smooth your machine is. You might find that you don't need hardly any offset at all. But generally, most people need a little bit of something just to make it line up. Yep. So that's the audio advanced audio properties. Again, in order to get here, we just click on the little cog, go to advanced audio properties and then you can play with this simplest that excellent. In the next video, we will deal with actually streaming and recording the bit we've been working towards. 9. Streaming and Recording: Okay, so this is the video we have been working towards, which is the actual streaming and recording video. I've just changed to this scene just because one of our neighborhood, Shetland Ponies has decided to have a little sleep next to the fence in the chucking rain. So the cameras are very good, but it's a typical Orkney Day at the moment with them. Obviously, a little bit of rain that they're not enjoying anyway, we didn't come here to talk about Shetland Ponies. What we'd like to do is some streaming. So first of all, we're going to need to do some look at some settings to see what we'd like to do for streaming. So let's go to settings. And we want to go through a few more of the boxes. In this set of screens. General, we can leave alone stream. I will come back to in a moment. But what, we will just work our way down the things that really matter. So output is where we can do a little bit of fiddling. The first thing we need to care about is I tend to leave this on simple. There isn't advanced mode where you can do all sorts of other things. But certainly as far as this course is concerned, and certainly as far as the streaming I've done up to this point, I would recommend that this is as far as you need to go. So the most important number that we're going to look at is this video bit rate. Now, this is generally in the thousands. And quite simply, the bigger the number, the better. So if I can get this up to 567 thousand or something like that, then I'm going to be streaming super high-quality. Just imagine it as the bigger the number, the larger the pipe of water that you can square it up to the internet if you like. However, this is the number that OBS will attempt to push data up, up your Internet connection. Now, depending on where you are in the world, you may laugh at this 3 thousand, or you may go, oh my goodness, I could dream of free thousand. A very, very, very simple thing to do is to use something like speedtest.net to see what your upload speed is. So the downstream where you don't know it and watch video will always be a much larger number. But you, what you wanna do is have a look at your upload speed, which generally will be something like, for example, here in Orkney, I have a download speed of 24 meg, 25 Meg, and an upload speed of about five. Now again, I am sure I can hear people laughing as they listen to that because they've got ridiculous upload and download speeds. It really does depend on where you are in the world. But if I take the upload number, which mine says about five, then normally you want to take about two thirds of that. So instead of five, think 3.53. And then you add the thousand to that because the upload numbers normally in megabits rather than kilobits. So ultimately, if I, if I just highlight this number at the start, that's the number that should be about two thirds of your upload speed. You download speed will not, is not as nothing to do with it really. Because what we want to do is push data up. I also highly recommend that you don't use anything else going upstream on your network while you're trying to stream as well. So if you look carefully at the videos that you've looked at previously, you will have noticed that my Dropbox icon is now paused. That's because Dropbox likes to keep things in sync and constantly a little check up and down. So it uses a little tiny bit of the upstream for itself. And we want all the upstream available for us for streaming. Now this number, we can use a little bit of degree poker e to test it. And we'll come to that in a moment. But I have settled on 3 thousand for me. And the video quality appears to be fine. It's still HD. At the other end. I will say that my piano streaming is a relatively static frame, so I don't move around too much. My hands don't really occupy a huge amount of the frame. So actually, the information being sent up doesn't move around a lot. If your camera moves a lot. So the frame changes all the time. So all the pixels in the frame are changing, then that makes a big difference because OBS And they streaming at the streaming software or the streaming encoder. What it will do is if I look at this image now and let me just close this for a second. If I just go to here, this image here, the only thing that's moving is really until I move my hand, the only thing that's moving was my lips. The rest of this image all over here, he's completely static. So one thing that OBS And the encoder does is look at that between frame to frame and go, well, all these pixels didn't change. So therefore, we don't need to send that information. All we'll do is we'll just say, Don't worry about updating that. Just update this bit where that bit changed. And that's how we can send an HD picture that 30 frames or 60 frames over many frames per second you want try and send up. At the same time. However, if I were to take the actual camera and move the camera like this. So I'm moving. Yeah. And my whole body is moving. The background isn't because it's set there. But if I go to the outside gamma and move the outside camera like this, then the outside cameras, all the pixels on the screen who have just changed. So therefore, it has to send all the pixels up. So then when we're looking at this number here, the number here, we've got this much space to change to send that data up. So sometimes you may find that if you do a big camera movement, then the screen may become a little bit more blocky. That's just because you are restricted by this number. So something to bear in mind when you're streaming is to try and keep as static as possible. So you're not updating all the pixels all the time. Obviously depends on what you're streaming. If you're streaming from live action sports, then there's not a lot you can do about it. But ultimately, the bigger the number, the better. Depending on the streaming service you are using. So for example, Facebook Live tends to have a maximum of 4 thousand, certainly for personal accounts. I think YouTube and twitch have bigger numbers because they are certainly twitch will expect or can have anything up to, I think 1012 thousand or might might be missed, misrepresenting it. But they can have big numbers. But it doesn't matter if your internet connection doesn't have the capability to stream that speed. Because if you have a bigger number, as we'll see in a moment, if you try and if I set this to 10 thousand and leave it at 10 thousand and think, oh well my Internet will, my internet can cope with, say 3.5 thousand. Then it will. It'll be fine. Well, it won't because OBS is still trying to force 10 thousand down the same pipe. What happens is you lose frames and it gets confused and bits of information get lost along the way. Whereas if you say no, no, I've got a pipe this 3 thousand wide, please only send 3 thousand things. Then OBS will compress everything at this end and send a nice even signal down the line. So it will become more obvious. When we do a little demonstration in a moment, the encoder on this particular laptop, I've only got software. If you can find a way to find a hardware encoder, then great pic, whichever is best. And again, experimentation is the best idea, but really just leaving them on the defaults as good audio bit, right? It works in exactly the same way. The bigger the number, the better. But in my experience and bear in mind the IM music streamer. So I stream live piano music, So I care. Anything above a 160, really, really. You can't tell the difference, not for live streaming. Then we come to recording. I recording is much simpler because it doesn't leave your computer. So all you need to do is give it somewhere to record and then decide on how much a decent quality you want for your recordings. So I have it set on this indistinguishable quality, but large files eyes, and I don't do the tremendously large files eyes. I've seen no real difference in quality between two. Again, your mileage may vary. I save two dot MOV because I do a little work on a Mac and MOV likes max, like MOV. But you can record in any of these formats. There is a warning down here about mp4 and mov. If your computer should hang half or crash whilst year recording to this format, then you do lose the whole video. That's just a risk I take. If if my computer hangs or IBS crashes while recording, then I've lost the stream anyway. And so that's the, that's, there's the rub. Again, software and hardware, you may find that you have a hardware option depending on the graphics card you are using. If you have a hardware option, I highly recommend using the hardware option. So let's have a look. I'll just scrolled accidentally on that. Let's have a look at this video bit rate number and how it is affected. In something like facebook live. So what I've done is I have set up my Facebook account, be ready for to receive a stream for Facebook Live. It's beyond the scope of this course as to setting up. They send too much. So you have, I'm going to just demonstrate using Facebook Live, mainly because it's got a lovely preview mode. So you can see what's going on without having to actually go live, which I believe you go as soon as you stop streaming ya'll live. Youtube, I think has the similar thing to Facebook, but it's been a while since I've streamed on YouTube. So we're going to use this because it's ever so nice. Now what we need to do is find a way to link my Facebook account to my OBS because I need to send my stream of video and audio data somewhere. And this process is the same for whoever you use. You need a server which is essentially the company than the occasion of a physical piece of hardware somewhere where on the internet where you can send your stream. And then you need a unique set of letters, numbers, and symbols that is unique across the whole planet so that that server knows who you are. So on Facebook, there's a server URL here, which is what we'll need for the Facebook link to get to the server. And then there's a stream key down here which you'll find will be completely blocked out. But you'll have to trust me that there's a set of letters and numbers down here. The reason I'm not showing that is because that's my unique stream key. So it's just a big load of letters and numbers and then there's a copy of it and then you can use. So let's pop back to OBS. So where we had the output, we've also got a stream option. And now the nice thing about OBS is that it has the servers already built in for the default places that you can see here. However, there are other streaming services available. For example, if you want to stream on Facebook, YouTube, Twitch, all at the same time, there is a website, for example, called caste or, which you then stream to caster. And then caster will stream to Facebook, YouTube, and Twitch all at the same time, which means you only need to send one stream down your internet connection. And then that will be split three ways or copy three ways there end. Otherwise, if you wanted to stream on Facebook and YouTube at the same time, you would have to create two streams from BS, have two copies of very BS running, which is quite system intensive, as well as then sharing this connection speed between your two streams. So if you want to stream to multiple platforms, someone like service, like cost or ideal. So we pick our service, we pick the server. If I wanted to be customer about it, I can click Custom and then I could put the server, I could copy the server specifically here. I can copy that entry. Put that into that box and then I can copy the stream key, which I'll need to do in any case and paste into this box. Again, I'm not going to show you it because it's my persistent Stream Key. And so I don't want you to suddenly start screaming, Oh my Facebook Live. On that subject. I've used a persistent stream k, So it's the same key for every time I go live, so I don't have to change that setting anymore. You can uncheck this box and generate a new key for every single stream, and then it'll be unique every time. But that does mean that you then need to go here and paste it in every single time. So once I've got this set up and it's running, then if I go and I've got my output set to this, then previously we've set up the video so that we can say what we're going to stream in. So we're going to, our Canvas is this size and we're going to stream this size. And likewise audio. I did previously say that should be set to 44, but really these days, it should be set to 48. It doesn't make a great deal of difference. Some people were completely argue with me there and then you get all sorts of weird audio issues and various different things. Certainly as far as beginning streaming, I don't think it really matters that much. I am sure I will get argued with at some point. But the video will matter for Facebook. So I'm gonna change this output Scaled resolution to 720 P, because that's the maximum I can stream to Facebook Live. You'll see that in a moment when I do the demonstration. So we've got everything's good to go. We're going to output 3 thousand. We've got a video of 720. We've set our stream up to Facebook Live Stream Key copied. I'll click OK. And I will click the start screening button. When I click the start screaming button down in the bottom right-hand corner, new little set of things comes up. It says that we've got streamed life eight seconds and we've got, we're currently streaming out at 3 thousand ish. It'll fluctuate up and down. Obs tries to stream out a little bit faster if it can, but it will constantly maintain the sort of the average of 3 thousand. So now my machine is working a little bit harder because I'm recording as well. So now we go over to Facebook. And if I look in the bottom right-hand corner, I can see that there's a little preview pane of what's actually being streamed. I do use that is quite useful, but oh, I tend to do is go to stream health on Facebook Live. And this is a great way to test your stream. So here you can see the maximum resolution I'm allowed to stream in a seven to ATP, and it's received the resolution of 72 ATP. I'm only allowed to stream for eight hours, which should be fine for this video because I'm not actually going to click this GO live button because I don't need all my friends on Facebook to see me recording this video. But these stream Metrics page is brilliant for testing your stream. What we're looking at here is your video bit rate, which again is that 3 thousand. There's the 3 thousand. Again, you just chop the three zeros off and the frame rate and the audio bit rate. What I want to see is a dead even nice flat line. That's what I wanted to see. In both these lines, this line is very important, but this line is super important. This is where you're seeing choppy video at the other end. So what I'm gonna do is I'm going to demonstrate what happens when you tried to put too much down. So I'm gonna stop streaming. Streaming has ended. And if I go back to here, you'll know Facebook will now say, oh no, there's nothing. I can't see anything. And eventually this graph will drop down to nothing. And I've lost my Go Live button because it hasn't got a video to streamer. There we go. So what we're gonna do is gonna go back to OBS, click settings, go to output. And I'm gonna change this to, let's say, 4 thousand. So I'm going to be optimistic and think that the wind is behind me. And think that my connection is good enough to stream at 4 thousand. So now I'm gonna go start screaming again. Look at the bottom here is now streaming at 4 thousand. Yeah, that looks good. Looks fine. We'll go here and we'll have a look at this. And we'll see what happens from oh, we're just going to have to wait while it settles. Knowing my luck, it'll be absolutely fine. There's time. I know from experience that every 28 frames, not 30 frames now got higher bit rate. So it's going well. We've got a little bit of a spike there. It dropped momentarily there. Down to 21 frames and no 28 frames again. And the bit rates a little bit more flip. It's all fluctuates and we've got a little bit of a jump here. Then it is coming in and out. Now, you might think, well that's all right. 23 frames is OK. It's not too bad. But actually, if you see a blip in this graph is much worse for your viewer because they are seeing dropped frames and it might hang from it and come back and hang Roman, come back. And it's actually what you want is the smoothest graph, you can find, the largest number you can stream. Yeah, so it's not a case of sending a big number, like setting it to 6 thousand or something like that or 10 thousand in my case. And then just accepting that you'll lose some along the way. It's not the way, that's not the way the stream is built up. That means that OBS will be sending too much information for the your internet connection to handle. And then by the time it ends up getting to the final destination, it'll always be choppy. Yeah. So this is not what we want to see. Yes, we've got a momentary 32 frames, but we've got some dropping in and out. So my experience, my internet connection has taught me I get a nice smooth stream at 3 thousand. And the only way I've discovered that is by doing this a lot. So I stopped dreaming. Go to facebook live and see what the graph looks like after running for, you know, 20-30 seconds. If it looks like this lovely smooth line, then I've got enough internet capacity to stream that bit rate. I can then try adding 500 to the number and then try again and run it for 30 seconds and see what happens. My maximum that I can generally get smooth connection for is I can go up to 3.5 thousand by, I don't want to worry about it. And what I've discovered is the video quality is good enough at 3 thousand. It looks fine. I have no complaints from our viewers. And everything's nice and smooth and I don't have to worry about it. So this Facebook Live, if you've got a Facebook account, I highly recommend you use this. Even if you're not going to stream on Facebook. It's a fantastic way to test your stream and test your internet connection and see how stable your internet connection is. So it's brilliant. So if you've done all your work, I'm going to stop this dream. That if you've done all your work, then your stream is ready to go. Because now, as soon as you click live on Facebook or your streaming, you can then swap steams and this is what your viewer will see. Yeah. Or in the case of recording, this is what you're recording will record. There is a slight tweak that you can do in OBS, which is called Studio mode. If I click studio mode, then I get two screens. And this is the right-hand one. The program is what your viewer is currently seeing. But now if I change seems yeah, only the left changes. But the right is still, this is what my viewer is still seeing. This is what I'm going to show them in a moment. And I can go to the Screenshare and then I can go OK, transition yet. And now this is what your viewer is seen and this is what we're preparing. Yeah, and then I can go OK, transition back. So if you've only got two seams, this is actually quite a good way to transition between the two. I can also do a transition like this. If I so desire. If you want to do this or fader transition. But bear in mind this, what you're seeing here, What's being broadcast, what you seeing here is what you are preparing to broadcast. So actually, if you've discovered something wrong with the scene, you can flip back to face gamma and then go over here outside camera. And then what I can do is I can go and add an image to this. And I can, let's just call the image for now. I'll add an image, which is the viewfinder. Again. I click OK, I click Okay, that's great. I'll lock that. That's good. All of this I've done without affecting what I'm broadcasting. So this is what I'm broadcasting. Obviously I'm talking so you people can see that. And then I can go, okay, and then here is the result. This is what I've done and now this is what they're saying. Yeah. So you can do this backwards and forwards. This does require that you have a more easy access to OBS while he was dreaming. So that you can press the buttons and do the studio mode or while you're doing it. Personally. I, again, I've mentioned before I use El Gato stream deck to press some buttons. So I'm not actually on top of my streaming machine. While I'm doing it, my streaming machine is out of reach. So I'd have to stretch forward to actually make the changes. So I prepare my stream so that I can just switch between the streams as when I need to. But that's studio mode is available. One last thing which I find very useful is there are two options there, stop screaming and start recording. And in the past, I have start streaming. But I actually want a local recording of sort of high-quality video, because by the time it's been sent to the stream, then the final result on Facebook, for example, is what your viewers saw at the 3 thousand bit rate it was sent. However, if i can record at the same time, then the quality of the video I'm recording is straight to disk, so it'll be as good quality as OBS can make it. So you have to click to buttons. But there is a lovely little setting which is automatically record when streaming. Now, if I click OK, if I click the start speeding button, it starts recording at exactly the same time. And you automatically get a video then stored on your hard drive. When I click stop streaming, it stops recording as well. So you have a local copy of that video that you've stream automatically. Again, slight increase in resources. But I find the benefit of having the local file is so much better. So that's how you actually do the streaming. There is a panel if I go to View and stats there which appeared on the screen, then there is a little panel here, which you can dock you can dock into your panel. I don't tend to use it all the time because the information over a brief version of this information is in the status bar at the bottom. But this tells you everything that's occurring within OVS. So if I change, seems to this same, then you can see that the rendering time for this frame, each frame has gone up, which means it takes more time. And you can see that CPU usage, but important things here are frames missed due to rendering lag, which is your computers. You're asking your computer to do too much. So it's lost a frame here. But then the other ones are dropped. Frames from Sandy service start streaming again. Bringing up this again. So now this is streaming. And this will give you an idea of the frames that it's dropped when it tried to send them up your Internet connection. So if we do then I'll set my number to 4 thousand again. We did the little demonstration we did before. You would have seen that this has gone rate because it lost about 20% of the frames. The I've been trying to send. We can demonstrate that by not less demonstrate that. Yes, go settings, go output will change this to go to 5 thousand because that will really reveal it. And click Start Streaming. So now it's trying to do 5 thousand and it come yet. And it's because it's trying to do 5 thousand hits really struggling. And we're dropping 30% of the frames that we're trying to send to Facebook are getting dropped because they're just too big. The bit rate can't cope and see how the bit rate is oscillating backwards and forwards. Because it tried to send too much, realized it couldn't, and then it's had to bring it back again. So the statistics window is good for local testing as well. I tend to find that the, just looking at the graphs on Facebook. Just as good as seeing the screen anyway. But it's useful screen to have and it gives you a nice quick local view of how hot OBS is working, how hard your internet connection is working, and whether everything is fine. Most of this is shown in the bottom here TO doc dropped frames as here. So you can see a lot of it. Really, this lovely little green box is ideal. If you don't have a green box, then something's wrong and you either pushing it too hard or something's happened to your Internet connection the same time. Someone tried to upload something at the same time. So that's all the bells and whistles for OBS, for actually streaming and recording. At this point, we're all fruit. But we've just got a few little topics just to cover before we finish the course. 10. Plugins and Elgato Stream Deck: Okay, so welcome to the final video in this course. The last video we actually got streaming and recording. So that was the purpose of this course, which was to get you from nothing to installing OBS, to creating some scenes and to actually get streaming or recording. This is kind of an extra video, just to say thank you for getting this far. But I just want them cover a couple of little points. One was that there are many, many plug-ins available for OBS, which the installation of which I'm not including as part of this course because it does vary between whether it's a Mac or Windows and actually the information you have, each of the plugins is actually quite useful and you can follow the steps for when you download the plugins. So if we go to the OBS Project.com, go to forum. And then down here, if I just scroll down slightly, there's plugins. And if I click the plugins, then you can say OBS Studio plugins. And then off you go. There's a whole set of them. And there's a vast number and there's some that are beyond this website as well. If you just search for OBS Studio plug-ins, you'll find a huge selection of things to do. There's also scripts as well, where you can connect all sorts of things together. There are many, many YouTube videos available for people's favorite plug-ins and what they do and how they do it. And I highly recommend you haven't looked at those. And there's some fantastic ones. All sorts of things do all sorts of effects and all sorts of useful things inside OBS. So go for that and you'll find that you can extend OBS for free to do all sorts of amazing things is just, is just incredible. I haven't experienced several of them, but I wanted to keep this, of course, nice and crisp and clear on just basic vanilla OBS. However, saying that there is a useful piece of equipment which is an El Gato stream deck, and it comes in various different flavors. This is my live stream deck, which I've got here. Here's my live fingers pointing to that stream deck. And essentially is just a bunch of buttons that you can press. And they do different things. It can be used outside of OBS. It can be used for all sorts of different things. And up here in the corner and the status bar of my MacBook is the configure stream deck. But I will say you do have to pay for it. It's a it's a piece of hardware that you pay in it painful once and plug it in. And then you can do all sorts of marvelous thing for this here, as you can see, is a representation of that that you can see from my live camera. And you can see as it will welcome button in the middle. And once you've got your stream deck, you just literally plug it in, download the software, and away you go. And it comes with built in features from OBS Studio and they're improving it all the time. You can get this size one, there's a bigger one, there's a smaller one. There's one for the, an app for a mobile device. But essentially you end up with a bunch of buttons that you can do different things with. You're not limited to this number of buttons because you can add a folder. And then from there, if I just go the stream deck, whereas folded on currency folder, consi folder, create Volvo for create folder and then double-click that. Then I now have a whole other set of buttons. If I add another folder for that, I can go one more deep. And I can keep coming up. And you can just keep adding folders and do whatever you like. Really, this isn't an in-depth stream deck tutorial, but I wanted to just show how I use it and how I find it very useful. So there's a welcome button here, and I can just literally drag this welcome button wherever I like. For now. I'm just going to delete it because it doesn't really have any use for me. The first and simplest thing that we can use, the stream four is for scenes. So I'm going to add a scene here. Just on the right hand side. You can see straight away it's come up with the scene. And it says scene collection. So that's my first collection room. If I go back into OBS, that's this scene collection here that we talked about. So this is the complete set of scenes kinda your folder for all things seem unrelated. And I can say, okay, first collection and the scene I'm going to have is just face cam. Okay, that's great. Then I'm going to add another scene. And I'm going to have first collection and this is going to be Screenshare. And then I'm gonna have another scene. This is going to be streamed deck. And you'll notice that that one is now slightly glowing. It's not so obvious, but it's more obvious actually on this page here. Um, and if I reach with my finger and I press this one, then as I've pressed that one, I've now moved. This is good here. I've now moved to Screenshare. If I think about the screen deck, yeah, you'll see that once. If I then press this button, as I press that it goes to face cam because that is the face cam button I've selected up. And if I press bomb on here, it takes me back to Screenshare. Yeah, that's great, and that's fantastic. You could also make it slightly more obvious. I can go here and I can call this face cam. And there's all sorts of ways to realign the titles and change the fonts. And then this one I can call screen, and this one I can call stream deck. So you get a little bit of text that you can have. You can't see as well. If I put my finger in the way you like my IoT, focus the camera slightly better. Face games, green-screen deck, and you just get a little bit of text as on there. In addition, you've got icons. So down the bottom here, I've got an icon. So if I then go to here, I've got icon for a face. I can drag that onto here. Any image will do actually, as long as it's an image file and it's roughly square, it makes it easier to see. I can then get rid of this text because that then doesn't look so since won't. But there's a little picture of a little picture of a man. I've lost my, lost my camera. There we go. It's come back. The iPhone connection gone from women. But there's a picture of the various games and it's much easier for me to see. There's a little picture of a man there. So if I see the little picture of the man, I can press the picture of the man and I'll get the man come back. So that's one use for the little pictures. The other thing I also have 0s. If I go to the configuration again, I like to have the recording. So if I go here it says record. I can drag the record option onto here. And this button is a multipurpose button. So if I press the button, you can see it. That color. If I press it, then it has a little recording things. So you can see that you're recording. If I press it again, you'll see it stops recording and it's just built into OBS. Again, I like to use so little pretty picture. So I've got a live record stop, which is the little green cassette. And then the other version of the button is log arrive record live. These little red cassette. So now if I press my at the moment is green because it's not recording. If I press the button, it will go red cassette to show that it's recording it for press a button, a button again, it will go back to a green cassette to say it's not recording. And you can do the same thing with streaming. You can have a live streaming button. So that do exactly the same thing you are streaming and not screaming and as you press it so the button changes. So you can do all sorts of different things on this. You can also apply the same thing to a source. So let's have a look at this stream deck. Let's add a new source. Let's add a media source and will have the chat. And what we'll have is we'll have a little chat version of my wife, Danielle. I'm done at the moment, I'll loop it. So here's the chat version of my wife. I'm just going to move this down here and make it quite small. So it's not in the way. There we go. And I'll lock that. So there we go. So that's my wife with her chat bot. If I go to the stream deck. And in here, I'll add a new source by dragging source in. And we'll go to the stream deck scene and then the chat there, simple as that. I've now got a new little clapper board. And if with my finger, I go to the board and I press it, it'll hide it and it's gone dark. If I press it again, it'll go highlighted, it'll come back. And that's great. And again, I can do the same thing that I did a moment ago. I can go to the icons that I've got and I got a little chat icon so I can drag that onto there. And then it looks like that. And it's much more obvious. That's the chat. They go. It's alive. It's not alive. It's alive. It's not alive. And that's okay. But we knew when we spoke about this before, this isn't really a loop. So what we want is we want it to appear. And then when it's finished, we want it to disappear. But remember how in order to make it disappear properly, to get it to come again, I've gotta press the button again. So once get rid of it and then wants to get it back in. Well, that's a bit irritating that the stream deck as something very nice. So I can go to here. I'm gonna delete this. And instead I'm going to replace it with a multiaction. Now within here, I can do all sorts of things. I'm going to put two sources in here. The first source is going to be the chat activate, and the second source is going to be the chat deactivate. So now I've got on-off, which will happen straight away. But under stream deck there's a delay. So I put a delay in here and I can have it for 10 thousand milliseconds, which is essentially ten seconds. And now, if I go back, add a little chat icon to it like we did before. Now, if I press this chart, you can see how this is disabled at the moment. If I press the chat, I'll press it. It'll have a little nearly completed tip box. The video will run and the chat box is counting to ten. When it gets to ten seconds, which would be any moment now, it'll go tick and other actions happened. So you can stack up all sorts of icons or actions that will happen one after the other with a delay in between. I also in a previous stream setup or used to have two microphones. So one for the piano or one for me talking. I've changed the whole way now, but so I had one button on the stream deck which switched between the two. So it turned one often turned one on again. And then when I press it again, it turned the other one on, antennae off again. You've got all sorts of options available for this stream deck. Again, there are hundreds and hundreds of videos available online on to how to use the stream deck. But it is for streaming. It isn't absolutely fantastic. Piece of kit is just brilliant. You can have all sorts of different profiles as well. So you can have one profile, I have one profile for teaching, I've got another profile for streaming. And it's just a marvelous piece of equipment or highly recommended. So that's that, that's the stream deck. Just a little bit of an overview. There are many, many videos available for training on the stream deck, but it really is plug-in bray, a plug-in. And away you go, you can't go wrong. So I hope this course has been useful. It should get you started with OBS, just dragging them, doing things in there. You can't really do anything wrong. Everything you do, you can take back again. So it's dead simple. Just go for it. Duplicate some scenes. If you've got a scene that you think is just about right, but you want to fiddle with it, then just duplicate it. Experiment with the next scene. And then if you don't like it, you can always get rid of one or the other. So I hope you found it useful. Enjoy using OBS is a fantastic piece of kit and it's all entirely free. So I look forward to seeing you in another course. Anyway, how fun go forth in stream? Well.