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Natural English Conversations

Cloud English, Innovative English Courses

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11 Lessons (1h)
    • 1. Course Introduction

    • 2. Before You Get Started

    • 3. How to Replace 'Very' and 'Really'

    • 4. 'What' and 'How' Questions

    • 5. How to Agree and Disagree

    • 6. Starting a Conversation

    • 7. Asking People to Wait

    • 8. Asking for Help

    • 9. Continuing the Conversation

    • 10. Using and Avoiding Filler Words

    • 11. Course Conclusion

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About This Class

Are you afraid to have English conversations because you're worried about looking stupid?

Don't worry. I'm here to help!

In this course, I'll guide you through the most important things you need to know if you want to have great English conversations. Of course, this includes many native English words and phrases, but we'll focus mostly on real-life examples. Each lesson includes dialogues between me and other characters

'Why are dialogues so important?'

Because, if you don't learn things in real conversations, you aren't really learning!

As you go through the course, you can take screenshots of the things you're learning, which can help you when you're reviewing later. Also, if you make your own dialogues to practice, I'd love to see them. Are you ready to take your English conversation skills to the next level?

Let's begin!


1. Course Introduction: Hi there. My name is Luke, and welcome to this conversational English course. I'm very excited to share this course with you, and I really hope it helps you improve your English conversation skills. In fact, I'm sure it will. I'm sure you will learn Ah, lot in this course, like how to start an English conversation with a stranger and how to keep it going. You'll also learn how to avoid some things that might make a conversation uncomfortable, like using the wrong filler words or using very and really too much. This is not going to be a very serious course. It's going to be fun with lots of characters, characters and conversations, riel conversations so that you can actually use what you learn in your daily life in your own English conversations. Here's a quick preview. - Looks pretty fun, right? So sign up for the course and remember, if you ever need any help or you don't understand something as you go through the course, I will be there to answer your questions. By the way, you can also go to my profile to see all of my other really useful courses. I have a lot. Well, I hope to see you in the course 2. Before You Get Started: Well, I'm glad you decided to join the course. Welcome. We're going to have lots of fun and learn a lot before we begin. I just want to say a few things about the course. The tips and phrases we learned in each lesson will pop up all around me. I suggest taking screenshots that you can save review later and share with your friends. It's a really good way to practice and remember what you're learning throughout the course . Taking notes is also a great idea. So get a pencil and a notebook ready or whatever you use to take notes. Also, each lesson has small dialogues. Conversations. You can practice writing your own dialogues. It's a great way to use what you're learning, and it also makes it easier to remember new things. If you do make examples, share them with me as you're going through the course. I love to hear how you feel about it. I love to hear from you, so make sure to leave a review and some comments. Also, remember, if you want to practice mawr skills, you can check out all my other courses. I have full courses on things like idioms business, English pronunciation and lots more. Okay, well, I hope you're ready. I hope you have fun. And most importantly, I hope you learn a lot. See you in the first lesson. 3. How to Replace 'Very' and 'Really': In this first lesson, we're going to talk about words we can use instead of very and really, because if we only use these two people may think we don't know better words to use. So let's get started. Very is such an easy word really is easy to and they're useful. Very smelly, really excited. Very interesting. Really funny. Useful. But you shouldn't use them too much. If you say very and really too much, you won't sound natural. So if you want to sound like a more natural English speaker, if you want to sound like a native English speaker, you need to use more interesting adjectives instead of Onley using very and really that's it. Use more interesting adjectives. Let's look at an example of using very and really too much, and then we'll talk about some words that we can use to replace them some more interesting adjectives. And then we'll do the same example again with the more interesting adjectives for who? I got a very good job after college, and I was really happy with it for the first year or so, unfortunately on very unsatisfied with it now. In fact, I've been very unhappy recently because anyway, the main reason is my boss. He's really strict and sometimes very rude. Also, the job itself is really, really boring. I like tackling very hard problems, but at this job, I don't get to My work is really predictable. When I come home, I'm always very tired. My job is really bad and I used really in very too many times. All right, well, thank you for that pig person. Um So how can we replace? Very and really with other words. Well, why don't we go through them? What? By what? Okay, first. Very good. We could say awesome. Awesome. Awesome. What about really happy? We could say Thrilled. I'm thrilled. Really unsatisfied. Really unsatisfied. We could say disappointed, disappointed, very unhappy, Very unhappy. I'm very unhappy. We could say depressed. Depressed? How about really strict? Really strict? We could say demanding. Very rude, very rude. Could be abusive. Abusive, really boring. Maybe we could say tedious, tedious, really boring, Very hard problems. We could just say challenges Now that won a challenge is a noun, but we could say it is challenging as well. Really predictable. We could say monotonous, monotonous, that one means really predictable. Very tired, Exhausted. I'm exhausted. I'm so exhausted. Really bad. We could say bearable. You could say awful terrible or unbearable. Or you could say it sucks. Okay, so let's go back to pig Person. And this time, big person is going to use the more interesting words that we have come up with to replace . Very and really? Let's see what pig person has to say now. Pig percent pickers. Hey, big person. Ah, big person. Where are you, big person? Come here. Okay. And back. Hello. So here goes. I got an awesome job after college and I was thrilled with it for the first year or so. Unfortunately, I'm disappointed with it now. In fact, I've been depressed recently because of my job. The main reason is my boss He is demanding and sometimes abusive. Abusive is what I said. Sorry, my boys. Also the job itself is tedious. I like tackling challenging problems, but at this job, I don't I don't get to. My work is monotonous. When I come home, I'm exhausted. My job, he's unbearable. It's sex. Thanks, big person. That was great. Fantastic! Amazing. Get out of here. All right, guys. Well, I hope you learned a lot. Remember? You don't have to always replace very and really. But sometimes it's good to use more interesting adjectives, all right? 4. 'What' and 'How' Questions: in the last lesson. We talked about ways we can replace, very and really, in this lesson, we'll learn about the most common questions we can use to greet someone in English. We'll learn how to use what's up and how's it going and other common questions with what and how. So let's begin way. What are the common things, native English speakers say when they greet each other? Hi. Hello. Hey there. Morning, Evening. Good afternoon. Notice That's a little bit more formal. Good to see you. Greetings. That one. Not so common. Okay, so those air pretty common. But what about the questions that native English speakers use when they greet each other? So to friends might say something like hey or hi and then ask a simple question. Usually with what? Or how. Here are the most common questions. What's up? What's going on? What's happening? What have you been up to? How are you? How are you doing our things? How's it going? How have things been? How have you been recently? Great. So you've probably heard most of these questions, but how can we answer them? And what should we say after we answer them? so that the conversation can continue. Well, that's what this lesson is really about. I'd like you to notice before we talk about answers that really we only have two questions . Here we have what questions and how questions and the what questions are pretty much the same question way that we answer. Those questions can be pretty much the same. Not exactly slightly different, but pretty much. And it's the same for how questions. It's pretty much the same question, different forms. The answers can be pretty much the same. What questions are about activity there about things that you're doing or you were doing before or you have been doing recently. So you can't answer what questions with good or fine. No, you cannot. You can't. Hey, what are you doing? Okay, way Can't be friends anymore. Instead, talk about what you are doing or what you have been doing, and you can answer nothing or not much to all of these. What questions? All of them. What do you doing? Nothing. What's going on? Not much. What have you been doing? You can answer nothing or not much to all of them, or say what you're doing pretty easy and don't say good. All right, So let's do some examples of what questions. And I'm going to ask my animal friends to help me with these examples. Are you ready? Morning, guys. Hello. Nobody has more animal friends. Tell me I got the most drinking is a friend. Hey, Leo. What's up? Nothing much. How about you? Same here. Horns. What's going on? I'm just at home watching a movie. You? Same old, same old rainbow. What are you up to? Actually, I'm in the meeting now. Can we talk later? Oh, yeah, sure. Hey, Harry, what's happening? The wife had another kid this morning. Wow. Congratulations. How many's that? 17 Actually, I'm not too sure. Fox, what have you been up to? Me? Is this Nothing? Nothing. Doesn't sound like nothing. So that's not so bad. That's not so hard. Now, what about questions with how? How questions. How do we answer these? Well, for these questions, we can use words like Great. Fine. So So not bad. Okay. Could be better. Perfect. Fantastic. Marvellous, wonderful. Terrible. We can say things like this, but usually usually the grammar of the answer matches the grammar of the question. So remember that old friends? Example Time. Leo. How are you? Me? I'm good. You? I'm great. Thanks. Corns. How's it going? It's going pretty well. I guess I am a bit stressed this week. Maybe it's time for a vacation. You deserve it, Rainbow. How are things with you? Oh, well, for me, things that better than ever. I really can't complain. Honestly, Thank you for asking, though. How about you? Things were peachy with me. Thanks, Harry. How have things been? To be honest, things haven't been so good these days. Sorry to hear that. A fox. How have you been recently? Oh, I've been fantastic. Fantastic yourself. I've been better. Well, there we are. Those are the easiest and most common ways to answer the most common greeting questions. It's actually pretty simple. Next time you greet an English speaking friend, you can try one of thes out. Let me know if you have any questions and I will see you in the next lesson. 5. How to Agree and Disagree: last time we talked about how to greet people with what and how questions. In this lesson, we're going to learn how to agree and disagree with someone very important. If we don't know how to do that politely and clearly, we may confuse or even hurt the person were talking with. So let's get started in any conversation. You need to. I agree and disagree. But if you only know how to say yes, I agree. No, I disagree. You might make people think you're just a Yes. No robot like Robo the Robot, Right? Robo Greetings. And that right? I am Robo that robot. Let's try this. Let's do it. You ready, Robo? You ready? All right, here we go. I really like superhero movies there. Awesome. I agree. By the way, who Who is your favorite superhero? I have a guess. I've got a guess, but I really want to know. My favorite movie is Iron Man. Ah, yeah, right. That that makes sense because yeah, because he looks like a robot. So you would You would like him, I guess. I think I think the first Iron Man movie is the best one. I agree to be honest. I didn't really like the 2nd 1 though. I disagree. You know what, though? I I think I think the Hulk would beat Iron Man in a fight. No, I do. I disagree. Really? Maybe. But one thing is definitely true. Iron Man is much stronger than Captain America. I agree. Do you think that you use agree and disagree too much? Yes, I know. I disagree. OK, so now let's talk about some different ways that we can. I agree and disagree. That won't make you sound like Robo the robot. All right, thanks. Thanks a lot. Robot. Robot broke. Robo the robot. You can You can go. I thank you. I agree. Okay, So let's talk about some simple ways to agree, and then we'll see how well they actually work. 1st 1 so true. So true. So true. Yeah, for sure for sure. I would say so. I would say so. I guess you have a point. I guess you have a point. You could be right about that. You could be right about that. I was just about to say that I was just about to say that I feel the same way. I feel the same way. I agree. 100%. I agree. 100%. Absolutely. Absolutely. Or totally. Totally, Totally. No doubt. No doubt. Or maybe no doubt about it. No doubt about it. All are good ways to agree. They're not all exactly the same. Some arm or certain. Some are more confident and some are kind of agreements. Not so strong. Now what about some phrases to disagree? Let's go through some of those I don't see eye to eye with you on this one. I don't see eye to eye with you on this one. It not necessarily. Not necessarily. I'm afraid I have to disagree. I'm afraid I have to disagree. That couldn't be farther from the truth. That couldn't be farther from the truth. No, You've got it all wrong. No, you've got it all wrong. That's not quite right. That's not quite right. Are you kidding me? Are you kidding me? Don't be so sure. Don't be so sure. I don't think so. I don't think so. I like this one. I beg to differ. I beg to differ If you say that you started very smart. Let me put on glasses. I beg to defer. I beg to differ, sir. Back? What? No. What? No. So let me ask the same questions. I asked robo the robot to my good friends. Blue person. Hey, blue person who always agrees. And old red Dave, who always disagrees. Hey, Dave High. All right, let's see what happens. I really like superhero movies. They are awesome. Oh, absolutely. Are you kidding me? No, really, Really. I think the first Iron Man movie is the best Marvel movie. Yeah, no doubt. That couldn't be farther from the truth. I don't really like the second Iron Man movie, though. I feel the same way. I beg to differ. You know what, though? I think the Hulk could beat Iron Man in a fight. You could be right about that. I'm afraid I have to disagree, But one thing is definitely true. Iron Man is much stronger than Captain America. Yeah, I was just about to say that. Don't be so sure. Well, now you know some more ways to agree and disagree with people when you're having a conversation. Thanks to my friends, Lou person and old Red Dave. Thanks, guys. And I guess I guess thanks to robo with robot, I guess, I guess. Thanks a lot. Robot. The robot. See you guys in the next one. 6. Starting a Conversation: in the last lesson. We talked about agreeing and disagreeing in this lesson. We're going to focus on how to actually start. Ah, conversation. Naturally. Don't forget. You can take Screenshots as you go to study later. And don't forget to share them with your friends if you think they might like them. Okay, let's get started for some people, for many people, it can be difficult to start a conversation, especially if it's someone you just met can be uncomfortable. So first, let's go over some tips for getting to know new people. And then we'll learn some common questions to get a conversation started. So here are the tips Number one. Find things in common with the people around you. Things you share. Start with simple questions or comments. Watch body language, watch body language. Be genuinely interested in what people are saying. Make eye contact when you're talking with someone, you need to be creepy, but make eye contact sometimes. Be confident. Be confident. No reason to be shy and use context. Use your situation to come up with the questions were the comments that you're going to use in the conversation. Okay, so we need to use natural questions that allow us to show another person were interested in starting a conversation, and for this reason it's probably not. Not a good idea to start with Hello, my name is Luke. We actually don't usually start that way. Instead, use questions and comments based on the situation you're in based on the context. For example, if you're at a conference, ask something about that. Like which speaker are you looking forward to seeing, or which company are you here with? Two good questions. If you're at a party, use something you have in common with someone else at the party. You could say, How do you know Michael? Maybe Michael's the host. We both know Michael, if you're in a class, make a comment about something that's going on. This course looks like it's going to be a lot harder than I expected. For maybe a question. What made you decide to pick up this class? It can be a little risky to make a comment without asking a question. If the other person gives a one word answer, yeah, and then looks away. It can be awkward, but then maybe that tells us the other person isn't interested in a conversation, which is okay. Body language can also give us a clue, so make sure you pay attention to that as well. So let's practice this. Let's say, for example, I just moved to a new city and I want to make some new friends. So I go to a website to find local events, local events in this city. And you can do this too. And I find one called Game night. Game night. Wow. Sounds fun. So cool. Sounds like a great way to make some new friends. So I signed up for the event. It's at a coffee shop. And on that day at that time I show up, I arrive. When I get there, the coffee shop, I find a group of, let's say, five people. Okay? Sitting at a table. All of them are strangers to me. Some of them know each other. Maybe, and some don't. Okay, I'll confirm I'm at the right place first and then sit down. Hi. Are you guys all here for the game? Night meet up group. Is this the right place? Yep. We're about to get started. What? Didn't you order coffee and have a seat. OK, great. Okay. Pause here. I could introduce myself, but it would be very simple if I did, I would just say my name. Hello. I'm Luke. Nice to meet all of you, but I'm not going to do that here. After I get my coffee, I sit down in an empty seat and ask a question to the person beside me. Is it your first time here to know I've been coming here for about six months? This group is great. Glad to have you. Thanks. I wish I'd found it sooner. It's such a cool idea. So what game are we starting with? We're starting with a game called Munchkin. It's really fun. Have you played it before? Never. Could you? Could you explain the rules? Of course. Notice We use the situation, The context to start the conversation. We don't need to introduce ourselves. The focus is on comments and questions, not random ones. Based on what we're doing based on what's going on, it keeps the conversation going later on. As we're playing the game, I might ask a question to get to know the people near me. So what do you do? Ah, actually, I'm a college student. I study graphic design, so that's pretty fun. How about you? Cool? Actually, I'm an English teacher. I make courses and videos for English learners. Oh, that's so cool. Thanks. So, what will you do with your design degree once you graduate? Um, I may do freelance work for a while just to get some Or experience ought to know. We'll see. Nice. Oh, by the way, my name is Luke. Oh, yeah. Nice to meet you on Sam. Now, every situation will be different, but the's conversation basics should help. You remember questions like What do you do? Are a great way to break the ice to break the ice, because then you can ask follow up questions and using questions and comments related to the situation you're in can help get the conversation going pretty easily. Good luck with your English conversations and I will see you in the next one 7. Asking People to Wait: last time we talked about starting conversations. It's a really important skill toe learn in this one will go over ways to ask people to wait in English. There are actually many phrases we can use to do this, both formally and informally, casually ready. Let's begin when you need to ask someone to wait. You should almost never actually say wait by itself. That's kind of funny, right? It's not common to say wait by itself, saying Wait like that feels harsh, like a military command. Or maybe there's an emergency. Wait, wait. Those situations are rare. Still, we need to do this. We need to ask people to wait in daily conversations all the time. But how can we say weight without saying Just wait. I feel like I feel like I'm saying that word a lot in this lesson, maybe too much, maybe. Are there both formal and informal ways to say it? Of course there are. Let's start with informal or casual ways to ask someone to wait. Hang on a second or hang on a sec, hold on a minute or hold on a second or hold on a sec, wait a second or wait a sec. Give me a minute or give me a second. Or can you guess? Can you guess? Give me a sec. Of course. Just a sec. Or just a 2nd 1 second or one second. Now, these next two are a little bit different. A bit different. Hold your horses. Yes. Horses, horses. Hold your horses and not so fast. Not so fast. Hold your horses is used when someone is really eager to do something like a bunch of horses ready to run and we want them to pause or we don't want them to go so fast. Not so fast can be used when someone is doing something or saying something faster than what we're comfortable with. And we want to let them know all the others I mentioned are usually used to ask someone to wait while we do something. Just a sec. I need to tie my shoes. Let's bring in my good friend koala koala And to practice these. Are you ready to go? We're supposed to be at the restaurant at six. I don't want to be late. Hold your horses. We've got time. I'm just trying to find my key. Oh, okay. found it. Let's go. Great. Wait a sec. I forgot to turn off the lights. Okay, now I'm ready. Find Let's go. Yeah, let's go. Oh, sorry. One sec. I just have to put my shoes on. Okay, Now are you ready? Uh, hold on. Let me think. Yes. No, just a second. Did I turn the stove off? Let's go. Yeah, yes, yes, I did. Okay, lets go. I hope you noticed how we can use most of these in pretty much the same way. But how about more formal situations when we need to ask people to wait? Pay attention to the way we more often use moment instead of second and minute and notice the use of please. Just a moment. Please. Please Wait a moment. Please bear with me. This should just take a moment. I'll be right with you. This one is just for the phone. Would you mind if I put you on hold? Could you give me a moment? Just one second or just one second, please, For this one? Let's imagine I'm calling Ah hotel because I need to cancel a room that I booked for next month. I'm calling to cancel Thank you for calling the Kazoo Hotel. My name is Grace. How may I help you? Hi. Yes, I booked a room for the 23rd of next month, and I'd like to cancel it. The last name is pretty Okay? Sure. Could you please give me the confirmation number? Yeah. Uh, could you give me a moment? I need to look in my email. Of course. Take your time. Okay, I found it. It's 2982334 Thank you. There with me, please. Well, I look up your booking. Okay. You want Teoh? Cancel it or reschedule. I'd like to cancel. Okay. No problem. This should just take a moment. Okay? It's been cancelled. OK, great. Thank you. You're welcome. Have a nice day. But okay. So as you can see, there are many different ways we can ask people to wait. And there are many variations we can make for these, but the differences between formal and casual should be pretty clear. Don't forget to practice what you've learned. You can make your own examples, and next time you need to ask someone to wait. Be sure to use one of the phrases we learned in this lesson. If you have any questions, just let me know and I will see you in the next lesson. 8. Asking for Help: in the last lesson, we learned many of the phrases we can use to ask someone to wait. This lesson is just as important. We're going to learn how to ask someone for help before we get started. I have a quick request. I really want to hear how you feel about the course so far. You can do that by leaving a review and a comment under your review. Okay, let's get started. Asking for things you need in English can be difficult, can be hard, but I am here to help. Does them helpful guy. So you called Mr Health. Before we talk about how to ask for things in English, I should mention that there are two categories. Two kinds of ways to ask for things in English. There's the casual way and the polite way. Casual and polite, casual, in polite. We usually speak a certain way. When we're with friends and family. We speak casually. Now that doesn't mean rudely. It just means that when we're with people were close to, we might be a little more relaxed, a little more direct. Then there are polite ways to ask for things, and usually we use polite expressions when we want to, uh, be polite. We usually speak more politely when we're talking with people. We don't know that well, but of course you can speak politely with friends and family to its OK, OK, so let's start with some ways to ask for things we need, including help politely. Excuse me, Would you mind giving me the time? Yeah, sure. It's 8 30 Thanks. Hi, there. Could I please have the salmon with a Caesar salad on the side? Of course. Anything else? That's all. Thanks. Would you please hand me that pen? Here you are. Thanks. Hi there. Do you think you could send me some more information about the free yoga classes on your website? No problem. Thank you. Excuse me. Could you tell me how to get to Broadway from here? Broadway is one street over that way. Great. Much Appreciate it. I'm wondering if you could give me a hand with this form. There are a few things I don't understand. Certainly. Would you mind turning the music down a little on on a video call? Yeah, all right. I really appreciate it. Hi. Could you possibly help me reschedule my flight to Berlin on the 23rd. Yeah, I should be able to help out with that. Great. So now we have some really useful ways to ask for things we need and ask for help. Politely notice that when we do that, we often use could and would very useful. Now let's learn how we can do this casually Notice that while we can be more direct when we speak casually, we can still use please and thank you. Hand me that pen, will you? Here. Thanks. What time is it? It's 8 30 OK, Can you tell me how to get to Broadway? Just walk one street over from Fifth Avenue. Great. Thanks. Can I have some tea? Okay. What kind of, uh, Earl Grey. Turn the music down a little, please. Yeah, I could do that. Thanks. Give me some more information about the free yoga classes. I'm thinking about going. They are every Wednesday at 7 30 Cool. Hey, will you give me a hand with this table? I need to move it over there. Yeah, sure. Can you help me re book my flight to Berlin, please? I should be able to help out with that it's really important to be able to notice the difference between these two ways of asking for help and asking people to do things so that you know which one to use and when to use it. Hopefully now it's more clear now that we've looked at some examples, I suggest you try making your own examples and maybe even write out a little dialogue like mine. This can help you really remember what you've learned. If you do make your own dialogues, I'd love to see them. So feel free to share them with me. Okay, I'll see you in the next lesson. 9. Continuing the Conversation: in the last lesson. We focused on asking for help, and hopefully you've been reviewing in this lesson we're going to be talking about how to keep a conversation going. This is different from the earlier lesson about starting conversations. This lesson focuses on simple comments and questions. You need to know if you want to have a natural conversation, So let's begin in an English conversation. When the other person is talking, we may want to show that we're listening without interrupting, or we may want to show that we're a little bored by the conversation or that were surprised or were really interested in what they are talking about. We can do all these things by using some simple and common words, phrases and questions. And that's what we're going to learn in this lesson. Are you ready? Are you ready? So let's start with words. We can say in a conversation when another person is talking the way we say each word is really important, we may say it more neutrally. That means kind of flat without much emotion. Maybe quickly when we want to show that we're listening and we just want the other person to keep talking or sometimes to show boredom. We can use mawr enthusiasm in our voice when we want to show that we're interested. Or maybe surprised. The point is we want to show our meaning with the way we say it. It's not about the word itself. For example, if we say wow, that might be really interested If we say wow, that means I'm listening. Keep going. And if I say wow, maybe I'm surprised? Sure. Sure. Uh huh. Well, huh? Right, Right. Oh! Oh, Thanks. Yikes. Uh huh. Mm hmm. Cool. Cool. Yeah. Yeah. Wow. Wow. Okay, okay. So hopefully you can hear the difference between those and noticed that my facial expression is changing to thes air. Not the Onley ways that we can say these. There are lots of different ways to say a word to express your feelings, but hopefully now you have ah feeling for some of the differences to really get this, we need to see it in a conversation. We need to look at an example. So let's do that. But I need helper. I need to help her. Where is pig person? Hey, pig person. Hey, pig person, I'm here a long time no see. Pick person. What have you been up to? Ah, don't get me started. My sister lost her job. And so she's living with me now, and I've got to say it's not ideal, right? You would think she would help around the house and buy groceries now and then, but she never does. Um, at the end of my wits. Uh huh. And you won't believe what she did yesterday. She brought her boyfriend over and he slept on my cell phone. Wow. A total stranger. Yikes. That does not sound fund, big person. Good luck with that. Okay, now those words are great, but they can be kind of limiting in conversations. We need more. We sometimes need phrases to express things like surprise agreement, confusion, disbelief or interest. Common ones might include. No way. Oh, my God. I remember off course. That's so crazy. I didn't know that. That's great. That makes sense. Very interesting. I thought so. I had no idea. Yeah, right he have. Right? Right. So, really, these are little comments that we throw in throughout the conversation as we listen, and there are so many more. Just like with words we can change the intonation to show emotion. For example, no way might express disbelief, whereas no way might express excitement. Big person. I need you again. I tell me, Pig person, how waas your vacation last month It was very memorable. I have to say, As you know, I spend a week in Thailand. I remember Well, it was my first time traveling alone, so I was a bit nervous. Of course. Anyway, after I arrived, there were a few problems. For example, the taxi driver. I couldn't find my hotel. Oh, my God. Yeah, but the next day was so much fun. I went to the beach. What's great? Thailand has so many interesting islands and each one is unique. I didn't know that. Yes, but But I burn easily, so I didn't want to spend too much time in the sun. That makes sense to be clear. I'm not suggesting that you use one of these little phrases after everything. The other person says That would be weird. You have to really pay attention to when it seems natural. OK, so now let's look at some questions we can use in conversations we can say Oh yeah, really? She did. They are What? Why not? Are you kidding? We can use questions with. So to make sure we understand something. It's a great way to confirm what we think is true or to guess what the other person will say. Next. We can also use why and what questions To show that we're interested and get the other person to keep talking. So you decided not to go. Why did you do that? And then what happened? What did she say? Hey, pig person. Hi. I heard that you left your job. Are you still looking for a new one? Oh, well, it's a long story. Oh, yeah. I've been looking for a new job for a few months and I've had a few interviews, but But I haven't had any luck. Went up. It's hard to say. Maybe it's my skills. Maybe my experience. Or maybe maybe I'm just Are you kidding me? Maybe. Maybe I am exaggerating a little. Last week I had an interview with a computer company, and when I arrived, they asked me to, um, introduce myself. So I did. And then what happened? I was asked about my experience and but I don't know what happened. I got nervous ever going. I was gonna say what she told me after only five minutes. Thank you for coming in. We appreciate your time. Why did you say that? I've never been so embarrassed. So you don't think you'll hear back from them? No, I don't. The whole process has been very depressing. Okay, So you can see that questions can be a great way to push the conversation forward. And if you ask a lot of questions in a conversation, you're showing the other person that you're actually interested in them and people like that. Well, I hope you feel more confident about your ability to keep a conversation going. It's really not that difficult. Once you learn these words, phrases and questions and pick person thank you very much for helping out. I really appreciate it. You dio? Yes, I do. Are you kidding me? Okay, well, I'll see you in the next one 10. Using and Avoiding Filler Words: Well, hey, you made it to the last lesson. Great job. I hope you've enjoyed the journey so far. And I hope you've learned Ah, lot in this last lesson. We're going to talk about using filler words, things we say that don't have much meaning. We'll talk about ones that are okay to use as well as ones we should try to avoid using. Let's get started. Everybody who speaks a language uses fillers. Sometimes when we're thinking, we might say, um, you know, I mean that kind of thing. But the problem is they don't really have a meaning. So if we use them too much, then whatever we say might not sound very clear. So I'm going to teach you how to use them less. But because I know that nobody can stop using fillers completely, we're going to spend most of the lesson talking about which fillers you can use and which ones you should not use, because it's really impossible. Impossible for a person to never use fillers. Some are better than others. The problem for English learners is that maybe they only know one, maybe two filler words, And so when they speak and use that a lot. It can sound very repetitive. So if you're going to use fillers, you have to know a few that you can use in different ways so that when you speak, it's not too repetitive. It sounds natural, you know, I was trying to call for three hours and finally, you know, I got to talk to someone, but they told me, you know, that it was the wrong department. That was three Yunos. Were you counting that? That was three. That's too many. But let's go back before we get into these fillers and talk about them, or which we will do. Let's talk about how we can use them less. And I'm almost embarrassed to say how. Because it's so simple. It's stupid. Simple, but not easy. How can we reduce them? Huh? How can we say them less, huh? The answer is you ready? The answer is slow down and pause when you need to think That's it. Slow down. Pause when you need to think. What's the rush? Are your pants on fire now? Of course, it's easier said then done. But it's it's that simple. Now we can talk about the common filler words will talk about the ones that you probably shouldn't use and the ones that are okay to use the ones that will make you sound less smart. Or at least like you don't know what you want to say. And then then we'll talk about the better ones. The ones that are pretty common and used by most people. Like it's, like, way too hard to get into Harvard. Especially if you like. I don't have thank communication skills, but, like, I'm really good at talking. So, like, I'm definitely, um uh, you have Teoh apply for a visa three months before, So that did it before your flight. I guess I'm not meeting in the fluid for a movie tonight, I guess. How long? I guess we'll have to just go without you, friend. Look up, literally. If we don't find a parking spot soon, I'm literally going to lose my mind and looking for an hour. This is literally the most ridiculous thing that's ever happened. So those are than not so good ones. Those are the ones that will make you sound, um, like Ah, dummy. Now let's talk about the better ones. Remember, don't use these too much. So or Okay, so I use this one a lot, a lot. So there's only a few days left before party, and we still haven't made everyone's OK, so I can do it tomorrow if you want. Well, this one is used usually to think or pause. Well, I have to bring all these books home, and, well, I'm just not sure if I can carry you could always ship them there. I mean, three times already. And I mean pretty clear that I'm not going to buy. I think you're only saying that because you haven't really thought it over. I mean, if you really consider it, you might change your mind, you know? But it was closed when we got there. So, you know, they had to find another one you're buying. It wasn't, You know, I think the cake we bought actually made me sick. Now, now I think I used this one more than any of the other ones. Now you wanted by paying that individual guests in by one. Great. Now, I don't know about you, but I would rather get one really good gift than a bunch off cheap ones. there are lots of other fillers. But if you stick with these and stay away from these, he should be OK. But remember, you should try to use them as little as possible, although using several instead of just one is is better. All right, Don't forget to let me know if you have any questions and great job on finishing the last lesson. Really great job in the next video, I'll be sharing a few really important things to keep in mind as you continue your English learning journey, so I'll see you in the next one. 11. Course Conclusion: Hey, let me be the first to say Great job. You completed the course and you should be really proud of yourself. Give yourself. Ah, high five. I would if I could. Believe me. I just want to mention a few things before we really finish the course so that you can continue this great progress you've made and take your English skills to an even higher level. First practice and review. If you've been taking pictures screenshots throughout the course and notes, you can collect them together and review them once in a while. That will keep things fresh in your mind, which is really important. Also, if you haven't already looked at my other courses, you really should. I have lots of great courses on my profile to help you with things like pronunciation, thinking in English, professional English idioms and expressions and lots more. So go check those out. You won't regret it. I promise. Finally, if you haven't left a review on the course yet, please do I really want to hear from you. Don't forget to leave a comment under your review as well. Okay, Well, thank you so much for taking the course, and I really hope I really hope I can see you in the next one by