Music Theory & Chord Progression For Beginners - The ULTIMATE Guide | Joseph Khoury | Skillshare

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Music Theory & Chord Progression For Beginners - The ULTIMATE Guide

teacher avatar Joseph Khoury, Pianist

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

17 Lessons (1h 9m)
    • 1. Intro

      2:22
    • 2. Reading notes

      4:30
    • 3. Locating notes on the keyboard

      4:11
    • 4. Octaves

      2:29
    • 5. Sharps and flats

      2:45
    • 6. Whole and half step

      4:16
    • 7. Secret formula and major key signature

      5:31
    • 8. Minor and key signature

      4:15
    • 9. Spacing

      5:12
    • 10. Scale degree

      1:30
    • 11. Building chords

      7:29
    • 12. Inversions

      2:54
    • 13. Starting chord progression

      5:23
    • 14. Chord progression level 2

      4:17
    • 15. Everything about Rhythms

      7:00
    • 16. What is time signature

      4:13
    • 17. Thanks

      0:18
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About This Class

WHAT THE COURSE WILL INCLUDE

1. Reading notes

In this part, we will learn everything you need to know about notes for music theory. We will go through the very basic steps of reading notes on the staff, and locating them on the piano keyboard. We will start from zero and go all the way up to mastering notes. It's a very fun way, and you will learn it within minutes. And will get perfect while you're progressing through the course.

2. Spacing

Learn what are the black keys, and the strange notations like # . . . ♭ . . . ♮ . . . ?And how to use them for chord progression.

By steps and annotations, I mean everything between the white basic 7 notes A,B,C,D,E,F,G. The goal of this part is to prepare you for the last phase of playing chords. And it's important because it lets you understand everything behind the notes, and how black keys works. We will simultaneously see the notes on the piano keyboard, and on the staff, so you have nothing left behind. We will learn what are steps, and what is the music annotations that you will need the most.

3. Major and Minor

We will go through everything related to Major & minor scales and the theory behind them. Why is this major? What can I create out of this?

I will direct you how to recognize minor and Major patterns through a secret formula that you can use it along the way. After learning how to differentiate between the two, you will grasp all the scales without exception that exist in music. With a technique I will share it with you, you will have a deeper insight into how music is created based on sad or happy emotions. At that point, we will know through something that is called "key signature." This is how scales are written on the staff, so musicians can play it.

4. Intervals

At this place, the student will acquire what are the various types of intervals, from unimportant ones to big ones. He will also learn how to combine two types of intervals to make something that helps us build chords later on in this course, and will go through Major and minor types on an interval. Then we will learn something called scale degrees, and it's to identify the base not of the chords, which helps the student create his own chord progression.

5. Chord progressions

What differs good music from brilliant one, is the chords used in. We will help the student establishing a strong base of chords, by recognizing what is the theory behind it, and how to build it on different scales. Then, we will move on to build a progression of chords, by using the degree technique, and to make it easy on the student, we used some similar songs that could support the student create his own chord progression. Ultimately, we will wrap things up by introducing something called "inversions", and by inversions I mean changing the way chords are built, to make them sound better.

6. Rhythms

What's better than perfecting our knowledge by learning Rhythms, and how to differ between the various annotations and understand the theory behind the length of the note. We will go through everything you need to know to master the basics of music theory, and make yourself ready for playing any instrument or producing any type of music. This is key for understanding music theory.

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Joseph Khoury

Pianist

Teacher

I like teaching. But it's so hard when you're limited to one to one private lessons. This is where creating engaging classes comes in the way. Structuring the class for me, is based on the trial and error from previous teaching experiences I had. This has led me to share my knowledge on a big scale using online classes.

Aside from music, I have many talents that I am excited to share, since I am mostly inspired by creative fields (coding, improvising, designing, etc... ). I learned music for years in formal schools, along the way with teaching students that are now happy to learn playing by ear (not only reading old pieces of Mozart and Beethoven). So you're asking: Why Am I doing all of this?

The answer is obvious: Every time I work hard on something, it's hard to see the... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Intro: One of the greatest challenges when it comes to music theory is making the subject farm enough to learn how to learn from a simple load to an interval, scale, to a whole chord progression. All of that with 0 knowledge. Why waste your time watching for hours and hours core progression, music theory and reading notes while you can find it all together into this course, I'll teach you in a very fun, interactive way using theory and core progression. At the same time, hey, my name is Joseph, and after six years of learning music theory is the National Conservatory, followed by two years of masters and core progression of harmony. I taught hundreds of students and help them through their way to learn music theory and core progression, I was able to highlight the most common mistake that they made. And today I'm here to share it with you so you don't fall for it. This is where the strategy comes in. We'll start by reading notes, locating them on the keyboard, then move on into spacing. This will lead us to a secret formula which has Australia the 19th minor and major scales. Then I'll teach you how to build chords and make your own core progression with little to no effort. Finally, I will introduce you to rhythms and time signature to learn. Active way. And you don't have to put a huge amount of effort. I'll show you how to read notes, analyze it, build courts, and even make your own core progression. This will not only offers you have tons of value of strategy, but you will learn in a very fun interactive way. All lectures have a special designed to help to relax and concentrate. You will never feel bored or overwhelmed. What's special in this course is that you will learn music theory and chord progression in the same time after 250 hours of painting this course, you will not find what you find in other courses. Join me and our hands get through every single step. Thanks for watching and hopefully see you on the other side. In this module. 2. Reading notes: Hello and welcome to our first video. Quick disclaimer, if you know how to read notes, please do skip this video because it's not for you. And if you're struggling a bit with writing notes, just stick to us till the end of the video, you'll be able to have a special technique on how to read notes easily without even thinking about it. So without further ado, let's get into the video. Now you know that we have seven nodes, a, B, C, D, E, F, G. Now we will start with memorizing the easiest one on the staff. We have the note E. This is the NOT you have to memorize that it's on this position and this is the note G. So we have E and G. Just let me tell you, please don't memorize that. E is on the first line and G is on the second line. Just memorize the style of E. This is a style of E and this is the site of G. Now between EGL, that's discover what's between E and G, a, B, C, D, E, f, There's f between energy and this is the note F. Now if you're wondering how, if you take a look, this is E and this is G, then this is the note F between E and G. Now so far, remember ours, E and G, and between them the note F. Now I've introduced you to the face method. F, a, C, four notes, one word. And if you want to think about one emoji also, we have, this is the note F in the first line between the first two lines, I mean, and then a C in. Now whenever you want to memorize it, you can memorize that, okay, C is the third letter of the word face, F, a, C it, and this is the letter C. Now let's make a quick example of this. I give you this note, maybe this, you can look that, okay, Right, This is the first note, F, Okay? And then comes the node a. And if I give you this note, F, a, there is between this C, Okay, this is a C. Then there is a note in. Now, let's finish all of the nodes. We're still left with this note C. And that's the second singular. I will tell you more about this in the next video. Then this node, if you count the alphabet a, B, C, D, we have C, Then comes the, in the second place. Now what we learn so far as the Note II than G, because it's on the first and the second line. And I told you that don't memorize it first second line, just try to memorize the picture of this. Then the phase F, a, C, E, this is for notes, then another C and then comes d, Okay, so at C and D, Now this is C. This is also C here. What's the difference between them? The difference between them as an octave that we will see later on in this video. Okay, and now I would like to make a quick exercise. Let's take the note G where it's placed. Okay, it's placed on the second line and it's like this. Now if I give you the notes on the first line, it is the note E. Now if I give you the note on the, on the first n line between the two lines. It is an F. Now I feel I give you this note. It's the first, second, third gap. So we use the phase method F, a, C. Just keep that in mind. When we have lines, we use G and T. When we have between the lines we use the face method F, a, C, E. Now another example, this note is in the second gap of lines F a because of the phase f a, so it's the node a. Now also an example. This note, it's under the first line. So let's denote D because C and D. Now, if you also want to know how to locate notes on the piano, make sure you continue with us in the next video and see you later. Bye-bye. 3. Locating notes on the keyboard: We already learn how to locate notes on the staff. We have the first-line, second-line, the first gap between lines. Now we will learn how to locate it on that panel. Now if you take a look, we have this note scene that we always referred to it. So musicians always use this note. We have seven nodes, a, B, C, D, E, F, G about we always use the Node C, so it's a, B, C. Now, how do we locate the node? See, if you try to see we have two black is black is black history bucket to three to three to three. We have this pattern all over the piano. And if you take a look, Those are the true black is at the bottom left of those tube-like is as the Nazi. So anytime you find two black is maybe here, for example, this is a tube-like is as the last of those tube-like is the note C. So we have seen, we have C because they assume like is we have another C Also. We have another C. We have many cities all over the piano. Now what's the difference between those sealed, you will discover also later on in this course because it's called octave, the distance between them. Now as we learn how to locate this, I know C, we have to learn how to look at it then o t. Now C is on the left of that tube that kills and E and on the right of those two black is now let me make you a quick guess. Why this is not seen. It's only because it's on the right of the 30 dike is we only want the ear that is on the right of that tube like EA. So it's C, C, C because it's on the left and e, e, e because it's under right. Now. Note D. D is in-between C and E. So we have, if you count the alphabet a, B, C, D, E. So we have d between C and E, and D is exactly between c and d. We have d here and D here. D here. How I was able to locate it, just look at it, see in between them the sea between them the, now that we memorize the note C, D, We can easily look at all of the other notes. So we have F that is on the left of the three are black kids. So we have seen on the last of the two black is e on the right of the tube-like is now it's the turn of f on the left of a frail black is, and this is f, that comes G. Okay, so F, G directly after F, There's no gene. Now as I note a, if you already know how to play the note F and G, you can easily locate the node a that is right after G. So we have f, g, and we repeat the alphabet a, B, C D E F G a B, C D E F G, H. I repeat all over again. Now this is a and then comes BY how to locate these. It's, well, it's before the C, so we have C here because it's on the left or the true black is c Cc on the left of the tube like this. And we have that be before the C, a, B, C, D before this is, and now that's really hard to locate all of the notes. I'll make you a quick example to make sure that you understood everything. Claiming the anode that is on the right of the two black is is the note E. And now that knows that that is on the left of that tube-like ears. F is the note C. Now the note that is in between them, it is the note D. Then just before the note, see if the node B and the note after F, a, B, C, D, E, F, G, it is the note G. Now that was it for this video. And if you want to continue to learn to really start music theory, even though we already sorted and we learn something called octaves, I will explain octaves more in details in the next video and stick to it saying discourse tense you in the next video, Bye-bye. 4. Octaves: Octaves. What is octaves? Remember this rule, I told you in the previous videos that C and C, and between them there's an octaves. Well, welcome to our first lecture and the music theory that you previous videos, our teaching you how to read notes on the staff and how to locate them on the piano and older to understand more music theory, our first lesson in music see is the octaves. What's octave is seen? This is also c. But what's the difference between them? There is an octaves and difference between them. This is the first year and at the same C, but at a higher pitch. What's the pitch? Well, if I sing this and getting up and pitch, I'm getting a higher pitch. But here, see, it is a node and another node. It's the same note, but at a higher pitch. And that difference and pitches, It's eighth notes. Let's come together. 12345678. It's eight notes and eighth notes equals an octave. So let's take another example. The note F. I already told you that the note F is on the left of the three black keys, F and F. The difference between f and f is and not. Another example, the note E, E is on the right of that to black is this is the tube like is, and this is the note E. E and E. Those two notes have literally the same position, but at a higher pitch. And the last example, the node a, then not a is located here after tube-like years and before that, and before this black key, a and a. Now those two are the same notes, but at a higher pitch. Now let's see this on music score. If you try to see we have the note C, and also we have the North Sea. Those two Cs are an octave, so it's C, C, D, and D, E and E. And we also have f and f, g and g. You can take a screenshot and counted on your own. And if you count it, you will have an octave. And that says for this lecture, see you in the next video. Bye-bye. 5. Sharps and flats: Okay guys, so in the past video, we learned what is octaves and it was the distance between two similar nodes. Now we are going to learn what is sharp and flat. Now a great example, sharp is one. We have a note, for example g, and we go up a little bit and flat as when we have the same note and we go down a little bit, we learn that we have seven notes, C, D, E, F, G, a, B, and C attribute itself. Now we learned in the previous videos, thus we are only playing the piano in between the white keys. So we are using the white kids is a whole time while learning music theory. But now we will get more in-depth into this music theory and learn the difference between white and black is now we learned in the previous videos that the woman between white keys is a normal note, for example, c, d, e, f, g. But now we will get more in depth into this music year. For example, if I have an OTG than RGB because it's after F, okay, we have denoted G. I want to go a little bit higher in pitch from the energy I play, G-sharp. So it's G-sharp. We shifted a little bit on the right. Now I want to play G flat. This is G and I play G flat. Another example, I have D because this is C, this is e between them. Those I know D, I have the, if I want to go a little bit ons are right or a little bit up because we're going this way. And piano, keyboard, I want to go D sharp. I played D and sharp, and I play D and flat. Let's see this on MuseScore. I have Gene. I want to go a little bit higher in pitch and set of G, G sharp and G sharp and a symbol of sharp as like a hashtag on Instagram, can't say G sharp. And you can also play G flat and you go a little bit lower. So this is the NOT Jia that I'm selecting currently. And blue, I can't play G flat, for example, G, G flat, I go a little bit lower. And the symbol of flat is like a small b on the left of this note. Let's take another example. D, I want to go a little bit higher, D sharp, and I want to go a little bit lower, and that's a D flat. But who said that each harp and F are the same or B-sharp and see other same. Well, see you in the next video. Bye-bye. 6. Whole and half step: We already learned in the previous videos that we have seven nodes, a, B, C, D, E, F, G. Then we went more and that's into that piano keys. And we learned the difference between white and black kids. So we discovered that in-between those a, B, C, D, E, F, G, there's sharps and flats. And those sharps and flats are essential to understand what's end of this lecture. What is a half and a whole step? A half step is the smallest movement possible end between that piano keys. For example, if I give you the note G, What is the smallest movement possible from G? I can go up and I can't go down. I will give both examples. What is the smallest movement possible? G, G sharp. Can I make a smallest movement? No, or I can make G and G flat. This is the smallest movement possible, and that is a half-step. Let's have another example. What is the smallest moving possible from a, a sharp or a flat? Okay, so that is a half-step. And now what is a whole step? Now? Obviously a whole set is double the half-step. So we want to have subs equal one whole set. For example, the distance between white keys is always a whole set. Let's take an example and demonstrate that I told you that a half-step is the smallest most possible. Now, I want two of those smallest movement possible. For example, G. G sharp is half-step, and then a, it is one to two half-steps, make one whole step. Now if you want the definitions of those two, to memorize it in a faster way. If you want the definition of a half-step, it is the movement from white to black is. So if you want to try on any key on the piano keyboard, Let's take a random example. I'll play a random key without even looking. This is the note. This is a note did, I guess? Okay, this is an Odeon. If I wanted to do a half-step, just make it a white key and a blackish G, D-flat, or D, D sharp. Now I want to make a whole step. If you want to have a definition holds step is the distance between two white keys. But there's some exceptions to this. For example, D and E. This is a normal host step. Now if I want to have E and F, that's a whole step. No, Why? Because from E to F is the smallest movement possible. And we learned that the smallest movement possible is a half-step. So from E to F is a half step. And we have also another example between B and C, between BSE, there's not any movement possible. So it's counted that it has because it's the smallest movement possible. In general, a half-step, is it transition or a movement from a wife key to a black or black you to a white key and a whole set as a transition from Y to Y keys, it is the same, but there's some exceptions that we already showed you. I have an example right here. If you have the two nodes, E and F, What is the distance between E and F hole? Or has said, I'll let you guess and 3 to one. And yes, it is a half-step. Why? Because the smallest movement possible from E is F. We can even go further. Now, I will give you another example, a new guess in three seconds, I have the node B and node C. What is the distance between b and c? A hole or a half steps, and you'll guess in 321 and it's a half step. Because if you see on that piano keyboard, be the smallest moment possible from B as the note C. And by the way, there's a secret formula for every scale I will teach you in the next video and you'll discover what is a scale. Stick with. See you later. Bye-bye. 7. Secret formula and major key signature: What is this secret formula that I'll teach you about? Welcome to the scale world. What is scale? Scale is a combination of whole and half step. Every node has two scales, a minor one and a major one. For example, the node, see the note C has a major scale and has a minor scale. What is the difference between major and minor? In this video, we will learn about the major scale and how to learn the major scale. We learn it through the secret formula and its whole, whole half, whole, whole, whole half. Well, let me explain why I say C major, it means outsourced from C. And I will scale up to the other C from the other side, the difference between two similar sees is inactive. So you will solve by playing a major chord by plane. Whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half. From C to D. There is a whole step. Then from D to E, There's also a whole step. Then half, whole, whole half. Then we want to do three whole steps. Whole, whole, whole half step, half. So let me give you another example that G major scale, we'll start by g and scale up to the other gene up an octave. G. Whole, whole half, whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half. While play this note, because from here to here, I wanted a whole step. So it's half-step from here to here, and then another half step from here to here. So it's half-step. Have said this is a whole step. So it's whole, whole half. Whole, whole, whole half. Okay, So in the G major scale, we have something special, the F sharp, and this is where the key signatures comes in. If you have F sharp, we will put F sharp on the key signature. Let me give you another example that D major scale. We want whole, whole half. And then the hall from here to here, and from here to here is another half. So if and then, and if you can't see, we also apply the formula. Whole, whole half, whole, whole, whole, half. And what's special is that D major scale is that we have the F sharp and also the C Sharp. We have two sharps in here to special loads, and this is where we put it in the key signature. So in G-Major scale, we put F sharp in the key signature, and in D-major scale with that F-sharp and C-sharp and the key signature, to completely master key signature, I have a final example for you and is the hardest one between major scales, and it's B major. We saw by a plane B. And we go all the way up to the other B. And the difference between them is an octave between b and b. So we want to apply the formula, whole, whole half, whole, whole, whole half that we should memorize. And it's the secret formula. So we start from B. We want two whole steps. Because from here to here you have from here to here another half. So it's and now another whole step. And now half step. Three whole steps. Half-step. So it's, if you did not understand it, just make sure you arrive this formula right in front of you and try to play the B major scale in front of you. All you have to do is play a whole step, whole step, half step, whole, whole, whole, half y. B major scale is the hardest one between major scales. Well, because it has too many special loads, we have this sharp, this sharp, this sharp, sharp, sharp. We have five special notes and all of those files, special notes, or you can call it black key is we put it on the key signature. So on the key signature we have C, D, E, F, G, a sharp. Okay, so that's it for the major scales as the key signature for major scales. And hopefully see you in a nice video where I'll be going to talk about minor scales. Buh-bye. 8. Minor and key signature: Minor scales. Let's talk a little bit about that. What is minor? Minor? Major is happy, happy, sad, sad, happy. And minor scale is the relative scale of the major scale. What is relative? Meaning? Relatives mean it's friends with a major scale needs a friend and which friend it is. It is the minor scale. And also the minor scale needs a friend and its relative scale, that is major scale. So major is a relative of minor and minor as the relative of measure, if I need to find out which is the key signature of the minor scale, I need to find out what is the key signature of its relative scale, and it's the major scale. Let's do this on the piano. I want you to see what is the key signature of E minor. E minor, I have to find the relative scale. And how do we find that a relative scale? We go up 1.5 steps. I already told you how to manage half and whole-steps. I go up 1.57. Let's count it together. 1.5, so it's 1.5 sets and the relative key to E minor is G-Major. Now we have to find out that key signature of G-Major that we already did in the previous video. And if you need to make sure you understand it, you can't go back to the previous video. Now, this G major and the key signature of G major is F sharp. We found out that the key signature of G major is F sharp. It is the same for the minor scale. So the E minor scale of G-Major, it has the same key signature and it's F sharp. This is how we found the key signature of the minor scale. So to play a minor scale, you need first thing first to transform it into a major scale or find the relative key. It is the same. So what is the relative key of E minor? It's G-Major. And after doing this, you need to find the key signature of the major scale. What is the key signature of G major? It is F sharp. We found out two steps. Now we have the final set and it's finding the leading tone. What is leading tone? Leading tone is a tone that leads us to another term. For example, if I make you hear this note, you directly can tell that the next note is this. So that is the same and a minor scale. If I play this note, you can directly tell that the next note is. Now to find the leading tone n, this E minor scale. Once we do E minor, we jump an octave from E minor that we already learned how to jump an octave. This is an octet from E minor. The same note, but at a higher pitch. Remember? And after jumping an octave, we go back only half a step that we also learned previously in the video. So it's then octave and go back. Have we have this strange note that it's called leading tone. We have two strange things. And this scale, the F sharp, because it's the key signature of the major scale and the leading tone that is D sharp. Now if I play the E minor scale, it's easy as an X. So in general, to find a minor scale, we first scene first, find the major scale, then finally the key signature of that major scale. Then find the leading tone, and that's it for this video. See you in the next one. Bye bye. 9. Spacing : Intervals, That's talk a bit about it. What is intervals? If I have me and an object right here, I want to see the distance between this object. We see it by meters or kilometers. And in music, we see that this sense between two notes, as we call it an interval. We have many types of intervals. We have second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, known as the octave. We already learned what is the octaves, and it's a type of interval. For example, if I have two similar nodes like C, C, the distance between C and C is eight notes, and let's count it together. 12345678. So it is the distance between them. It's called an octave or eighth, eighth note. Now we have much smaller octaves as the second or third that we will be studying in details much further later on in this course. But I'll give you some examples of second. This is a second. I want a third untaken, see as a referral note, C is a third. For example, C, F is a fourth. C, G is a fifth. Let's see right here. I have C, D as a second. I have C, E, third, I have something much harder. See a, if you count it, C, D, E, F, G, a, it's a stick. Now, this is much harder. Also. See B, C, D, E, F, G, a, B, it's seventh. And as you know, this is an octave, this one right here as an octave. Now that we learned what is an interval, I'll let you know much more details about the third interval. We have two types of thirds. We have the third major and the third minor. What's the difference between them? Well, from its name, you can tell that the major one is a happy one. And the minor one is a sad one. You can tell the difference between them, okay? From what is made the third major, the happy one. The major one is made from two whole steps that we already learned in the previous videos. Two whole steps. For example, I want to solve from F or from G. Let's start from F. From F, I want to go up two whole steps. This is the third major. Another example, I want to go up from e, two steps. You can't count it to make sure that it's true. Whole step, third minor, third minor as the sad one, and it spans from 1.5 step. For example, I want to start from C, C, I count 1.57. This is one step and this is half a step. If I want to make it a major one, I have to add half a step to become too. You see the difference now that we know how to make thirds major and minor, I want to tell you more about fifth. Well, there's one type of faith that we will learn today in this basic course. And as the perfect fifth. The perfect fifth is made of two-thirds. It doesn't matter what type of thirds, but it should be the opposite. For example, I want to make a perfect fifth from the note C and the note G. To make this perfect fifth, I have to put together two type of thirds. For example, 1, third major, third minor, left, put it together. Third major, C, e, two whole steps. Now third minor, 1.5 step. And this is how we make a perfect fifth. You see? Now I want to make a perfect fifth out of third minor, then third major at ten work. 1.5 step. Third minor to whole-steps. Third major together. Perfect fifth. There's a lot of other intervals, but they are much harder and are not essential to music Here we will learn it, of course later and the advanced version of this course. But for this video is enough and see you in the next one. Bye bye. 10. Scale degree: I introduce you to scale degrees. What our scale degrees? Every scale as composed from seven notes. C major scale, C, D, E, F, G, a, B. And each of those nodes are named and scale degree. For example, if I give you the first note of the scale c, c has the scale degree of one, and rename that one and Roman numerals. Every scale degree is then enrol numerals. For example, if I have the note G, G is a fifth degree of the scale. It is the fifth degree, and it's named and Roman numerals and five, our example. The note D. D is the second note of the scale and instead, and a roman numeral two. So if I want to tell you, give me the fifth of the scale, G major, you can just count from G-Major. We start from G. G, I want the fifth degree. So there's an interval of a fifth between G and this note, we count to five and we find the fifth degree G, a, B, C, D. The fifth degree, I want to find the third degree, G, a, B. And the same example as for all scales. 11. Building chords: Of course, the most important part and all music theory and we're going to learn a track now, I read it so long to arrive this lesson, welcome to this video where we are going to learn how to play court. What is called chord is made from also two-thirds. By this time we play it all together. I told you in the previous video that fifth is made from two thirds. Third major, third minor. It doesn't matter, but we play only to note as a fifth. We play the first note and the fifth note now encodes replay all the third, for example, C major chord. To play it, I have to play two-thirds. The first third. The second third. This is a C major chord. How to play other course, I have two techniques. You can choose whatever technique you want. The first technique and the easiest one is played skip, place, skip. To make a court I can't play the first note. C. Skip the second node, D, play the third, E, Then skip that fourth note and play that fifths. So I played skipped plate, skipped plate, skip the second technique and the harder one as an advanced technique that you can use it because you already learned how to play the third and the fifth. Every code is made from two thirds and a C major chord is made from a third major, then a third minor, for example, C major. This is a third major. Why? Because it has two whole steps, C, D, and D. This is the third major interval. Now the third minor interval. This is the chord of C major. I'll give you another example. Major, F major is managed from third major. Remember Major than minor, every major chord. So now to see the major one, F major, third major, third minor. It's easy, isn't it? What happens if we flipped it up? If we play a third minor? Third major, well, it becomes a minor chord. In SAT score, for example, C minor chord, I play the third minor than a third major. Third minor because 1.5 steps. And then third major because two steps. An example, I've minor chord. Remember major chord, we play first third major and second third minor minor called replay first, the third minor, then the third major, for example, F minor chord. Now I want a third minor because it is 1.5 step. Then a third major, because it's two steps. This is a minor chord. Let's see how it's made right here. We have the first chord of C major scale. And is C E, G, if you can see on that piano, C, E gene. Okay, Now the second chord, D, F, a. And if you can't see from here to here, is a third minor chord starts with a third minor than directly. It is a minor chord as a course or a third major. Then directly it is a major chord. Now another example, F major chord, y, F major chord, because it starts with a third major, try to see F, G, a, F, G, a two whole steps. How it's related to degrees that we learned in the previous videos. If you know, we have seven notes on the scale, a, B, C, D, E, F, G. But on C major scale, we have C, D, E, F, G, a, and B. Now the same as four chords. We have seven types of courts, the first-degree court and name and Roman numerals. And it's C, E, G, the second degree, the third degree, the fourth. And if you can't see the same as four cores, we have seven degree calls on a scale. The first chord, the first degree of C Major, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh. And the octaves or the first one or whatever you wanna call it. We feed it if you can see repeated. Now if I want you to play the fourth degree cord of the scale of G major, what do you play? One, we find that G-Major. Two, we find the fourth degree. Three, we find that cord out of the fourth degree. Let's make it fourth degree. We make that cored out of the fourth degree. We make here a major chord. Major chord is made from third major first and then third minor. Let's make it. C is a third major chord, then as a minor here. This is how we make a major chord from a scale. I want to tell you one more thing about degrees. Sometimes we write it as a capital letter. Sometimes we write it as a lowercase. When we do that, we do that when it's a major or minor. For example, the first chord here is a C major chord. In C major scale. What's the difference between cold and scale? Scale is the progression of seven piano keys, a, b, c, d, e, f, g. And CT is a combination of two thirds, either minor major or major-minor. It depends what we want. Here. We have the first score, the major chord, C major chord. And the second one is a minor chord. Why? Because it starts with a third minor, the FSA third minor, so it's a minor chord and rewrote it and lowercase letters because it's a minor one. And the third degree is the same. We wrote third-degree and lowercase I's because it's a minor chord, but the fourth, fifth degree are major chords. This is why we wrote it and capital letter. You're one step far from playing chord progressions. You have to learn and versions. Then you can start playing it. And once you start playing it, you'd be master every basics and music theory and master of chord progression. See you in the next video. Bye-bye. 12. Inversions: Inversions. The last video before we start learning core progression, what is aversions? It's a very easy topic. Let me explain to you. And a C major chord, we have the note C, E, G. We have three nodes, C, E, G. And in order to play the same chord, but inverted, we play the same note but in different position. For example, the C major chord, C, E, G. Let me play the first inversion of CEG. We move this c and replace it tried here. Instead of placing it here, we just move it right here. It becomes E, G, C. This is the first inversion. What we did is removed the initial node or the root node or the bass note. And replace that after those nodes, the track here and becomes E, G, C. Now we will play the second inversion and we do the same. We place this bass note, the E because it's on the left and replace it here. We move it from here to here. It becomes like this. Now this is what we call inversion. If you want to see it or not, Let's do it. We have this scored, as you can see, C, E, G, that root position, the initial position, no inversions applied. Now the first inversion, we start modifying and set of putting the c Note right here. You see that C naught, we delete it from here and we put it up there. If you see the node, this is the node, and as you can see on the piano here is the note C, E, G. When we did the first inversion, we played E, G, C, and the second inversion, we also flip that up. We removed the ear from here to here, and we put G, C, E. This is all what's enforcement about. I'll give you one quick example also to make sure you fully understand that I have this chord, E, G, B. This is the initial position, no inversions applied. I want to invert it. And first inversion, I removed the e from here. Place it thrive there, here. I'll place it here and you see what it becomes. It becomes G, B, E. Now the second inversion, we also remove the left node and its genome, and we place it right here, and it becomes like this, B, E, G. They are similar and sound but in different position. Now you're ready to switch to chord progression. Thank you for watching this video and sick you are still the end of the course. See you in the core progressions. Bye-bye. 13. Starting chord progression: Course progression, the one we've been waiting for for so long. I'll tell you what is progression? Progression is a sequence of many SF. Here. Core progression is a sequence of chords. Now let me tell you something. If you can't memorize for numbers one for 56, you can make most of chord progression, for example, that song, you are the reason This song is made from four chords. Those four cores are the first degree, six degree, fourth degree, and fifth degree. And order. So to play this song, I had to memorize that. I have to play four cores, 16, 45. It is from those scores that I told you to memorize, one for 56, but we switched it up. Now to play this chord progression, it's enough to just memorize those scores, 1, 6, 4, 5. If you can analyze it, you can already play this song. Now to see right here, I have the first chord and it's the first degree. Why? Because at C major scale and see major kills our first note is C. This is the chord of C. And now the second chord is the sixth degree. Why let's come together. The first note is C, and the sixth degree is 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. It's a. And in this case, this is the court of a minor. It is the same right here. And also we have the fourth degree, the fourth degree as the note F, The Court of f, y. Let us count it together. C, D, E, F, four as I chord of F major and fifth degree. And the last chord, chord, G major, 12345. Now if we put it together, 1645. Now let's see it right here. 1, 6, a, C, E, and a fourth degree, and the fifth degree. And we return back to the basic core. I have a small tip for you and set of planes like this. You can simply go back and codes, for example, first chord. The second chord, its six-degree the same as the one right here. You see it. Then? The same as the one right here. And then this. And it's five, it's the same. Just remember that the sixth degree court in this case is a minor one. If you want to see the six-degree cord, this or the same, this as minor because it starts with a third minor. Okay, now, other examples of popular songs with core progressions. That song perfect for us here. If you see we play the same chord progression. C-major, first-degree, a minor sixth degree, F major force degree, G-Major, fifth degree. And I have also a song, F major, C major, G major. If you can see I'm playing the same chord, but different progression, for example. And the first one, I played, one, degree one, then then degree four, then degree 5. Now I'm playing decreases. Then degree four, then degree one, Then degree five. So I'm still playing around with one for 56 with the four degrees, but at a different sequence. And if you do want to see it on staff, I can show you. Here we have the first chord and then the fixed scored, the degree six, and then the fourth chord and the fifth chord. And now in the second song that I played while showed you the fixed chord at the beginning, then the fourth chord, then the first chord, then the fifth chord. 14. Chord progression level 2: In this video, I'll teach you how to play those four chords that I told you to memorize plus the inversions to make your course perfect, stick around. We will start with the first chord, C major, then with the second chord, a minor. Now, instead of doing this, playing the F major, normally, we will try the inversion. The inversion is set of plane this, we play this. So instead of playing F, a C, I play, I remove the F and theta right here, so it becomes a C, F. So in general, what it becomes is this. Then this, and then I just move my finger up. And I also do it with that G chord. You see, instead of playing this, I played this. So what's the difference? The difference is that I did an inversion. Now what it becomes N total and becomes like this. Now as you want to see it on the stuff I wrote from you, the difference between the normal chords and chord inverted here and the first line, I played all the cores and a normal position. If you can see this is the chord C major, then a minor, if you can see it here, and then F major, and then G major. And I tell you that every time, and those four cores, 14, 56, when you see the six-degree, you always play it minor. All the others are major. Now let's get back to the second line here. I'm telling you that this is the normal position. And this is also the normal position. But here, instead of playing it like this, instead of playing good F, a, C, I'm playing it. A, C, F, You see the difference? It is the first inversion. And also here, instead of playing it like this, G, B, D, I'm playing Get be the G, and it's the first inversion. What we learn from this video that I have those four chords and I can play around with any chords I want. I can make 14651564. I don't know. You can do whatever you want as long as it sounds good. This is number one and number two, always the sixth degree as minor, C major scale. So every time you play a chord progression as the C major scale, you can play the six-degree minor. But let me tell you something, as long as you think of chords as kale numbers, for example, 1, 6, 4, 5. You can play it on whatever scale you want. For example, let's try to play this time on the G major scale. I want to play the chord progression 16, 4, 5. That works on any scale, 1645. Let's play it. The first degree is that, gee, I can't go back now that six-degree is the E or the same here. It is the same Zan, the first degree is that C. Fifth degree. You can't play on any scale you want as long as you play this chord progression, 1, 6, 4, 5, or any chord progression that you want, but included those number that says for this video, hope you like it and make sure you understand every single point in this video. And once you've mastered, you are able to play an E chord progression on any scale. Just remember those four chords, 1456. And if you want, you can change any scale, a, B, C, D, whatever you want and play those core progression. See you next video. Bye bye. 15. Everything about Rhythms: What is rhythms to play music, you have to play notes and each node has a certain duration, and this duration is called a rhythm. For example, we have G, should know what is the burden of g. We have to see how many beats as the duration of gene. For example, g, G, 1234123 for each EEG counts four beats. So the duration of G is four bits. What is B? It's, it's like a snap one. B2, B3, B4, B1, B2, B3 with four bits. And those bits can be all four bits or 32 bits. We can have 1, 2, 3, 1, 2 3, or 1, 2, 3 4, 1, 2, 3 4. And why those myths repeat itself because there's something called measures. What is measured as what you see right here is when four beats repeat itself, and it's represented by a bar, a vertical bar, as you see right here, 12341234. And this 1, 2, 3, 4, repeat and repeat itself. And this is what's called measure. Measure equal, how many beats? There's talking rhythms. There's many types of problems, and those rhythms are represented and notes. We have the whole note. What is whole note? Whole note is a note that represents four bits. For example, this is a whole note, a node that takes all of them ever returned, put two whole notes into one measure. And if I want to seeing it, I can see it like this. See for snaps four bits and this note, as without anything, it's just a small circle. Now, what is a half-note? A half-note have the value of the whole node and its two bits, because the whole not, it's for the half note at two bits and represents the half note by adding something called a bar to the whole note found to seeing it C, C. So two beats per note is the half note. And if you want, you know, about the quarter note, It's also have the value of the half note. The half-note has two beats and a quarter note has one beat. So if we want to seeing it, we can say C, C, C, C, one bit, one bit one between B. And we represented by also coloring inside this note. So the whole note has nothing. The half-note has a beam, and the quarter note has a colored and black. We fill in that blank in black. Let's play again, fill in their basket. And this game, I'll give you in baskets. And this basket can support a maximum of two notes, just your notes. You can add any notes. Which note can you put in it? I'll give you one to three seconds and yes, you can put only to have notes. It's easy. Okay. Let's play one more game from this. I'll give you a basket. And in this basket, you can only put one note, one unique note, and this basket contains only four beats. You can put maximum four bits. Which note you put? Yes, it's tried to put the whole note. The last time, I'll give you a basket. And in this basket you have to put four nodes. You have to put four nodes. It's mandatory which node we put yeah, exactly. You put that quarter notes. Subdivisions. What are subdivisions? Well, they are smaller than the quarter note. They are an eighth notes, or 16th note. They are smaller units than the quarter notes. Each time we get below the quarter note, we call it subdivisions. For example, I have four nodes and this is the f naught from the face method, if you remember. And I want now to play eighth note and this measure instead of four nodes, I want to play eight note. What I do is play F, F, F, F repeated f, f, f, f, y eight F, because it is the half of those nodes. I was able to put four quarter notes and the force and the first measure, I'm now able to put 8 eighth note and this measure, and I'm able to also LH entrepot sixteenths, sixteenths, nose and this measure, and it's proportional and dividing and dividing by 2 more and more. Now the addition of notes. Imagine with me, if I have two quarter notes to quarter notes equal 1.5 note. If I have 2.5 notes, it also equal into a whole note. If I have 2 eighth notes, those eighth notes are equal to a quarter note, the eighth note, when we see it, we don't try that like this. We don't try to eighth note like this, or for eighth note like this. Whereas it like this, we always do it all together. And to understand it more, I want to see this with you. This is a whole note. It takes four bits, c, e, four bits. Now, the next one, it's a half note by note, D, D, D. If you see I'm making my movement with my hand. 1, 2, 3, 4, or 1, 2, 3, 4. However you want, you can make it 123401, clue for whatever you want. It's all fine to understand more. I want to do this exercise with you. The first measure, It's the note C, and it's a whole notes, so four bits, 1234. The next measure is 2.5 notes, so two times two beats. And the node D, E, D. The next measure is the node E. Node E, and three quarter notes, so it's e, e, e, e, four bits. The next measure is 1.5 note and two quarter notes. So it's E, then E, then X1 is AF after 2.5 note. And the next one is a G, it's a whole note, GE. Now the next one is four. A is four quarter notes, a, a, a, a, then x one, b, b, b, b, then I swan as C, C, C, The final one is C. So now we learned all the basics things about the rhythm and assigns to introduce you to time signature. And the next video, See you at the next one. Bye bye. 16. What is time signature: Welcome to the last part of music t and its time signature. I've been waiting long for this moment. I give you all the informations and it's time to finish the course with a very important part and it's time signature. What is time signature? It tells us what are we doing in their measures, when things are playing, when the nodes are playing music as divided into bars and measures, we counted 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4. And that key signature tells us if we count 1, 2, 3, 4, or 1, 2, 3, or 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. There's a lot of time signatures. Most time signature are made from four by four. The upper number means the number of beats. It means if we count to three, or 24, or six, or 212, it depends. And the bottom four means that we have four quarter notes. So the bottom ones means that we have quarter notes and the upper ones means that you have four of those quarter notes. For example, in this measure, we have four quarter notes. Bottom four means that we have quarter notes and the upper four means that we have four of this quarter notes. I'll give you an example of the four by 43 by four. Let us see here. Here we have the four by four examples that are already gave you previously, but I'm going to give you to make a comparison. We have four quarter notes and then we have 2.5 notes and how we have one quarter notes and they are equivalent. Now I give you this example of three if you see three by four. Now for the basic music theory, we always have for the bottom. But here we have, if you see 1.5, note that it's equal to two beats and one-quarter know that it's equal to 1 beats 2 plus 1 equals 3. So it's the upper number, three and another one. We have three quarter notes. Each quarter note equals one beat, so three by one, it's equal three bits. Thank you guys for watching this video. This one's that time signature. But wait, I told you that this is the last one and I want to tell you a little information that we have something called dressed to master all of the basics of music here. Rest, we will learn it right now and it's easy and quick. Let me tell you something. One whole note equal one whole rest. 1.5 note equal a half rest, quarter, quarter, eighth is, it is the same. Let me show you how a whole rest seems like. This is a whole rest. Now, a half rest. I have for us, we put it down. This is a half rest. Now a quarter rests. A quarter us is like this, a little bit like this. Now if you want to do an eighth rests, we do it like this as you see in front of you on the screen. Let us do a small exercise. I have this measure right here, and it's a whole note. So d e, then this stress is quarter note, quarter note, half note because it is on this side, 1212, in silence, we count in our heart and silence. Then half note, D, then 3 eighth note, and 1 eighth silence. So it's d, d, d, d silence. So when we see a silence, just saying, I want to show you another example. And three for three means we have three bits and four means we have quarter notes. So we have three quarter notes here. We have 1, 2, and then silence. So it's d, d, d, d, silence, and then a half silence because it's from this side. B. So it's silence, silence. Be, then a half-note, be undecided. 17. Thanks: Okay guys, so this is everything you need to know about time signature, key, signature, rhythms, note everything. Hope you like this course, and stay tuned for the advanced music theater that I will be uploading later on. Thank you so much for watching and see you on the next one. Bye bye.