Music Theory 8 : Minor Scales | Ilse Lozoya | Skillshare
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4 Lessons (16m)
    • 1. Introduction

      1:03
    • 2. Natural Minor Scale

      5:50
    • 3. Harmonic Minor Scale

      4:32
    • 4. Melodic Minor Scale

      4:50

About This Class

In this class you are going to learn what the minor scales are, How are they constructed? How many types exist? through very easy to follow explanations you will improve your music theory. This class is the number 8 in the Music Theory Series, the 3 main topics in this class are:

- Natural Minor Scale

- Harmonic Minor Scale

- Melodic Minor Scale

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: Hi. Welcome to this class. This glass is a number eight on the music theory, Siri's and this class is dedicated to learn what a minor scale ISS maybe do at this point, are familiar with scales. Maybe. Do you know how to construct a major scale? But do you know that there tree types off minor scales and it's very important to know the tree of them, how they are constructive and which is the region off the minor scale? Join this class. We're going to analyze how to construct each one. The structure on. We're going to see some example. So you can really understand this and stuff struggling with this area injured music theory knowledge. My name is feel Selous. Oye, I'm going to be your teacher. And I'm very happy to share with you all this information. Sure about the music language which in this case, are the minor scales. Welcome to this class 2. Natural Minor Scale: Hello. Now, this is the first lesson off the minor scales place we're going to analyze. What is the minor scale? What? We need to understand that a minor scale is a scale that it's related to the major scale. So if at this point you are not really familiar off what a major scale ISS, I highly recommend you to go over to the other classes off the music theory. Serious word you can learn. What a major scale iss well, have this set. Ah, we have to understand that a minor scale has a structure. This extra structure is related to the major scale. So I'm going to explain this to you better. So here is the C major scale. Well, the minor skill is a scale that it's originated in one off the greats off the major scale. And actually, it is the sixth grave that is going to give us the note where the minor scale is originated . So the C major in the C major scale, the C note is going to be the first Great. So if I go, I'm fine. And look for the sixth grade. This is the sixth great. So the sixth grade ISS the a note. So I'm going to do what? I'm going to do it. So I'm going to right a scale going from the a note to the X next a note, but really ah, following the structure off the major scale, I want to give you this example. So hit it is the a minor scale. As you can see, there are no accident. Als Why? Because the c major scale doesn't have any accidental. Actually, if you see the casing the church, it has no flats for Sharps. So when we construct this minor scale, we have to really attached to the G to the major scale, which this minor scale is related. So that's why a minor doesn't have any musical accidental. So a minor scale is the relative the the minor relative from C Major, We're going to, as you can see, here are the notes. So a minor scale ABC, the e f g A. And actually this is the natural minor scale because it has no older accidental, only the accidental that appear right in the kissing nature from the major scale. Okay, so here is the structure from A to B. We have one step and we have all this extraction that it's a greedy A to understand this. But if you just follow the the kiss signature off the major scale, you will have no problem. You will not have any problems. Okay? Right now I have the G major scale right here. So I'm going to find the minor relative. What? I'm going to do it. So I'm going to look for the sexed. Great. So g is the first Great. So the sixth grade on this scale is going to be e so the minor relative, it's going to be e minor. So here I have I wrote the e minor scale using the same kiss signature that its major relative has. So that's why I have the f sharp right at the key signature. As you can see, here are all the major scales on their relatives, their minor relatives. But we really must pay attention. As you can see from C major, the relative minor. It's a minor from JI major minor, but we really need to pay attention. For example, right here at a major. What happens is that the sixth grade off a major. It's f sharp minor. Why? Because if you take a look off the kiss signature off a major, you will find that the sixth grade is f sharp, not natural Left on Lee F. Sharp. So it's really important to understand this and know the kissing mature. So you we can't really have Ah, I understand. Which is the minor scale with actresses. So this are the Meijer major scales at their relatives and you can see here, for example, if I see that B flat major, its sixth grade is going to be D minor, for example, right here and D flat major scale. Well, the sixth grade is going to be B flat, minor off court. This is a matter off practice, but I really recommend you to try to do this by yourself, and then you can then compare your results with this chart. But what you can really need to understand, it's that your minor Still, it's originated in the sixth grade off the major skin 3. Harmonic Minor Scale: Now let's analyze the second type off minor scale, which is a harmonic scale. What is the harm in extent? Winning to understand first, that there are treat types off minor scale. The 1st 1 is the one that we analyze in the previous lecture, which is natural, minor scale. So the natural minor scale scale really goes exactly with the same notes that its relative major relative has So the same kids signature. Now there is the harmonic minor scale on the melodic minor skill we're going to analyze. What is a harmonic minor scales which what I'm going to do is here is the natural minor scale that I'm going to play this and you're going to listen to this. Maybe you have heard this before. I want to play this one more time. What happens is that I'm going to use the same scale. But the attention I'm going to find the seventh grave in this case is the G note. And what I going to do is that I'm going to raise one semi tone or house step. So the G note instead, off playing natural G, I'm going to play G sharp. How is this going to sound when I'm going to play now. The a minor. The harmonic may a minor. Oh, so I was You can see the something interesting right here. Is that from F to E g sharp, you have one step, and I have So this gifts, the characteristic sound off this scale, I'm going to play this one more time. And, uh oh, and this is the harmonic minor scale. Now I want to write here as you can and writing Justin. Name off the notes. This is a natural minor scale. Then when I write the harmonic minor scale, I'm just going to raise the seventh. Great. So it's going to be g sharp, and this is the harmonic minor scale. Now I'm going to give you another example following the e minor scale, as you can see, the e minor. It's a relative from the G major skills. So that's why I have if sharp at the king's signature, What I'm going to do is I'm going to find the seventh great and this case, the denote, and I'm going to race 17 tone Morehouse tape and it's going to be D sharp. And this is the Yeah, he harmonic minor scale. As you can see, I as it the sharp to the seventh. Great. So this is how it's going to be the natural minor scale E f sharp G A B c. The eat on the harmonic minor scale this E f sharp, G, ABC, the sharp. And Okay, So what you're really must know is that in this scale, juke find a natural minor scale And you at Gerace House, Step the seventh. Great. And that's a harmonic minor Scales on is very used. It is very common, especially in any piece. It's very coming to use this a scale. In the next video, we're going to analyze the other the other scale, which is a melodic minor scale. 4. Melodic Minor Scale: Now let's analyze the next type off minor scale. We are going to analyze what ISS a melodic minor skill. We at this point have analyze what is a natural minor scale, and the harmonic might not skill. Well, I have the right here. I just plays e natural system Natural eight scale, a minor scale. Now I have here the harmonica scale. As we learn we are going to raise the seventh grade if we're going to raise house Stone House steps or a semi tone. What I'm going to do this, that I'm going to asked to the sixth grave. We're going to Rice race one semi tone or half step to the sixth grade as well as against you right here. So not only the sixth grade, but the seventh grade is going to be raced. So the A. Millar the CA minor scale is going to be. It's going to have. This is going to have this notes so the natural minor scale is going to be a B, C D E f G, a harmonics, minor scale ABC, the E F G sharp and a Andi melodic minor skill. It's going to be a B c The he f sharp g sharp on a I going to play all the street notes so you can really follow how the sound off each scale iss So I'm going to play the natural minor scale Now we're going to play the harmonic minor scale 00 And now the new scale. The melodic minor scale I'm going to play one last time D melodic minor scale. Oh, oh, Um, Now let's see another example. This is the e minor scale, the natural e minor scale. So I'm respecting and I really attaching to the kiss signature off the major relative in this case is G major, So he needs to have f sharp. So I'm and what I want to do it that I'm going to right here. The harmonica scale which has the sharp and I'm going to find the sixth grade as well. And I'm going to raise one semi tone or house stick so it's going to have it's going to have e f sharp g A B but C sharp and the sharp. So the natural minor scale is going to be e f sharp g a b c d e. Then the harmonic minor scale is going to be e f sharp, g a B c these sharp and eat on the melodic a minor scale. It's going to be eat f sharp, G A, B c sharp the shark. And he that's really important to know this because if you are playing any song that it's and not in a minor scale do need, you're going to need to play one off this scales. And most of the cases you're going to need to play all of them because sometimes all the the composition can be changing from one scale, too the other. So I really recommend you to go over this and you can try to find all this minor skills by yourself. And you can share your findings with us. You can cost any question that. Do you have any question? Please let me know. How can I help you to understand this better? So thank you. Thank you. And I hope that this has been clear. And if you have any questions, please let me know. Thank you.