Music Theory 5: Seventh Chords | Ilse Lozoya | Skillshare

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

5 Lessons (19m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Major Seventh Chord

    • 3. Dominant Seventh Chord

    • 4. Minor Seventh Chord

    • 5. Half Diminished Chord

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About This Class

This class is the number 5 in the Music Theory Series and is dedicated to seventh chords. Learning these kind of chords is necessary to improve your music harmony knowledge and your playing.

Playing seventh chords will bring to your interpretation a more complete sound, and your playing will have more posibilities.

In this class you will learn the structure of 4 seventh chords:

- Major seventh chord

- Dominant seventh chord

- Minor seventh chord

- Half diminished chord (minor seventh flat five)

 Learn these chords and improve your music theory and your playing.


Meet Your Teacher

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Ilse Lozoya

Music teacher and Online Educator



Hello Skillshare community!!

My name is Ilse Lozoya I am a pianist and educator, I love to teach online because I can share about music, piano, and education with student around the globe and I think this a wonderful thing in our days.

 My Skillshare classes are dedicated to music students, if you are a beginner or a advanced student I am pretty sure that you will find a class that can help you in your music journey, you will find classes basically about piano, music theory, ear training and education.





Here are the links to my classes:


        Piano Technique 101 #1   - The 7 Min Routine - See full profile

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1. Introduction: Hi. Welcome to this class. This is the number five class in the music theory. Siri's My name is Neil Selous. Area I m. Decision. A pianist and I havent teaching piano on music theory for the last 15 years. And I'm very excited to share with you this class, because in this class, you're going to learn how to guns truck this seventh courts, Actually, this court I love them because do you really can improve your performance when you learn how to play them? And you really know how to construct them from any note. Asa Ruth. So join this class. You're going to learn how to construct. You're going to learn the structure of each each of this court, and you're going to improve your play. Welcome. 2. Major Seventh Chord: Let's learn the 1st 7th court in this class. We're just going to be the mail. Your seventh course. Well, what is the seventh corps we have learned by now? What a triumph ISS three notes played at the same time and separated by 1/3 in terrible off 30. So what happens if I ride the C note? Then I want to build a try it. So from C, I go to the E. This is the third and then I asked G, which is the fifth. So I have C e N g, and I'm going to have another note right here, which is going to be the seven if our account from C to B I have 1/7. This is a terrible that it's generated from the root off the court in this case, the C note and reaching the being note. This is the seventh, so this generates a structure. We have learned by now that it's really important to understand the structure off each court, so we can't really know what we're playing and how we can build the same court from another notes. So we have the rude right here than one and 3rd 135 and one tree five and seven. If we analyze the intervals, you're going to see that we need to have this A structure. Actually, this note this court right here is the major seventh course. If we analyze the distances between each note where we have that we need 1st 2 steps because actually, the major seventh court it is a major court which has bean as is the seven. The seventh has bean Abbott right here. Actually, the major seven is on Lee Longhouse. Step from the octave right here. So what I need to have is from the root to third too. True steps then prone. The third to the fifth. I need one step and 1/2 on them from G to be, I need two steps. This is a structure off the major seventh chord. How it sounds. Well, I want to play this. This is the route this earth, The 5th 10 This is a seven. At the same time. This is exactly how the major seventh court sounds. It has kind off a Jasim was actually many. Many jazz songs have at least seventh courts, so it is important to know, I'll learn how to play this course depending on which instrument you're playing. But it's really important to understand the theory behind this kind of courts. Well, what about? So we have to learn the structure. This is what we have to really memorize. And what about going? And how do we write this court's what? What? We're going to write this if you are. I'm trying to learn a song or do download any lyrics with the court's not the return notes on the staff. You're going to see that the courts are indicated like this. You can have the sea, which indicates the route of the court. May your seventh, which is the structure that we just learned. But other way that you can find this court is with a small triangle. You're right, the roots of the court and a small triangle. It means that is a major seventh court. It doesn't matter. Maybe you can find in any book, or somebody can tell you that something is better. Many people think that writing like this, the C major made your seventh all this letters. It's wetter, better. It's the best way to write this. But The reality is that you can really find this is more Strike Triangle, indicating that its major seventh court and it doesn't matter that maybe some books tells you that it's better the other way. Actually, there are many southwards musical somewheres where you can really use this triangle. So it was there is because it's very common and you need to understand what it means if you find this small triangle close to any court, so jag inches any anyway, overwrite this. But this is this is the way that you can find the indication in any song how they returned . Well, this is the way they are written. You need to find the major court and then to ask the seventh on the major seventh. It's really holy house. Step from the octave. So what? I really recommend it to you when I'm really recommended. You Actually, this is in the class Project owned this section that you try to do this by yourself. Go on, write down all the major court chan, try to find the seventh you made your seven so and after Dad, you can check this with this chart so you can really make sure that you understanding how it's constructed and do it by yourself, not only because I am writing you this. Go on, analyze the distances and write the major seventh court and have fun playing in this because this is a very beautiful and Jassy I will say peaceful. But that's not kind of subjective. It for me. I really, really love to play this kind off court, the major seventh course. 3. Dominant Seventh Chord: the next quarter we are going to learn is the dominant seventh court and it's very popular in any genera and it's very common in the blues. If you have blues it, you will need to play actually dominant seventh courts. Well, let's analyze the structure, which is why I differentiate differentiate each court from on the other. So we need to find first of triumph and actually the region off this court is a major course. Would you go on, play the mayor court and then we are going to find the seventh. Remember that for this you need to go from the route to the seventh in the terrible off seventh in this case from see you will have the B notice is going to be the seven. But there is something different we learn in the major seventh court, we didn't have the C major seven chord didn't have any accidental, but we need something different. So we have this the triumph and then we had the seventh. But the attention right here from the fifth to the seventh, we need to have one step and 1/2. That is what is different in this court and That's the difference between the dominant seven on the major seven court because in the dominant seventh, the seventh is right, one step from the octave, and in the major seven there is only have stepped from the seven to the octave. So that's basically the difference, as you can see, because I need to have one step and 1/2 from the fifth to the severance. That's why I as it a flat. So in death case, I could have one step in half, Actually, how it sounds. This is it. See, e g on the B flat. So at the same time, this is actually, that's how it sounds. Dominant. Seven c e g b flat. It's very common. Maybe if you play, it's any instrument, even in the basic courts do. This is one off the first course, as you need to learn. How do we found this? You can find this core written in this way, then the letter, which is root of the court in this case C. The C notes on on Lee. If I only add the number seven, it means that it's a dominant seventh. Other way is to write the see the D o M off from dominant. And the number seven on this is also see dominant seventh. So it is important to understand that it doesn't matter in which way do you like to write this and you can find a book and read a book. A music fury broke and you may be the book is going to recommend you away off writing this . But you really need to understand how is written in any kind off music shade. You can find this, and you just need to learn this. Well, how do we right all the dominant seventh chords? Well, his here they are, all the courts and a social. I recommend you to go and try to find this by yourself. You can take a look of this, of course, but try to write all the course by yourself and then compare your results with what is written right here in order to understand and make sure that you are understanding the distances and how the intervals need to be in order to have a dominant seventh course 4. Minor Seventh Chord: the next court that we are going to learn in this class is the minor seventh corps. And if you analyze the name you will find it is a minor court which has a seven and actually the minor seventh is one step from the art. A So what? We need to know it's written first we need to try up. Then we need to have it in a minor. Wait. If this is a minor court right here the C minor court on, then we're going to ask the seventh right here. I added a flat because I need to have one step from the B flat to the sea. No to the octave. So as you can see this hour, the distances between each notes and this is what we need to memorize. We would need to learn so we can construct the courts from any note as the route we can have C sharp minor seven or G sharp minor. Seventh, any quarter we need. But we need to know the A structure. How does these this court sound? Well, I'm going to play this where you have to see right here, then the e flat G and beef. Let's so at the same time, it's going to be like this. It's a really nice way to play in, Ah, more complete way. Any minor court, if you ask the seven this is going to bring your playing is going to get Ah, you're your plane is going to be really more complete. So it's a really very good idea to learn this court. So you can actually, if you have you are playing any song I need has a minor court. You can try plane this with the seven. How it's house and probably is going to sounds great. So I really recommend you to go on and try this in your east permit. Well, as you can see, So this is what you need to learn. Watches, really Highlighters and Jell O. And how do we find this in any song? Well, you can find this and tree ways basically the sea, which indicates the roots of the court. Then I m I n, which is mine from minor C minor. Seven. When the seven that number seven indicates the seventh note so you can find like this only the well I am here and the seven number. And you can write this with this like miners symbol. So see, miners three are correct and you can find all of them in any song that you learn. So how do we ride this? And how do we construct the minor seven court beginning taking any note as a route. So try to do this by yourself, and then you can check your results with this charge. Go first, right. A minor court. And then ask the seven considering that the seventh needs to be one step from the doctor so you can add Ah, have any accident that it's needed in order to have the required A structure. So take your time practices several times on. Did you understand all the structures that we are learning in this class? 5. Half Diminished Chord: the new core w going to learn is the house diminished Court. Sounds like we're court with a kind of complicated name, but it is not at all. So what do you need to know is that this is a diminished court A diminished court needs to have from the root to this earth one step in half and then another one step and 1/2 from the E flat to the G flat. So when you have the diminish court, then you need to add the seventh and the seven must be right. One step from the architect. This is very important. After that, you can see right here the structure that it's generated when we have this intervals. So we need one step and 1/2 1 step and 1/2 on, then two steps from the fifth to the seventh Court. Well, this court actually can be written in several ways. You guess named this court as have diminished. But you can say minor. Seventh flat five. Why is this because of you? Construct a minor seventh court. Then do take the 50 note and you know the note how step you have this minor seventh chords flat fight. So minor. Seventh flat five is the same as health diminished. And you can have this return like this. Like men off minor M seven B, flat B, flat five or just a small trickle. Would this line crossing it more like this with this, The minor symbol right here. So any way is correct and just memorizes in case that you find it, you can, of course, right. Small circle and a line, because it's really shorter and easier to write. And especially, I used to say house the minutes. But it's okay to name this in both waste and how this courts are written. If we begin from any note as a route, Well, here they are, so remember, a quick way to find this right. The diminished court, then the seven is need to be needs to be one step from the arc type. So try to do this by yourself and then compare your results with this chart. Try several times until June, get better, and then actually you can combine with other courts not only have diminished start doing this writing many from the same Ruth, you can ride the seven court, the major seven court and well, this court So we have known in this class is