Music Theory 4: Chords | Ilse Lozoya | Skillshare

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
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Lessons in This Class

6 Lessons (25m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Triad

    • 3. Major Chord

    • 4. Minor Chord

    • 5. Augmented Chord

    • 6. Diminished Chord

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About This Class

This class is the number 4 in the Music Theory Series. Learning chords is necessary to understand harmony. In this class you will understand the structure of 4 of the basic chords:

- Major

- Minor

- Diminished

- Augmented

You will learn how this chords must be written and the difference between them. Join this class and understand harmony better.


Meet Your Teacher

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Ilse Lozoya

Music teacher and Online Educator



Hello Skillshare community!!

My name is Ilse Lozoya I am a pianist and educator, I love to teach online because I can share about music, piano, and education with student around the globe and I think this a wonderful thing in our days.

 My Skillshare classes are dedicated to music students, if you are a beginner or a advanced student I am pretty sure that you will find a class that can help you in your music journey, you will find classes basically about piano, music theory, ear training and education.





Here are the links to my classes:


        Piano Technique 101 #1   - The 7 Min Routine - See full profile

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1. Introduction: Hi. Welcome to this glass. This is a number four in the music theory. Serious? My name is in Selous. Oye, I'm very happy to be your instructor in this class. This is about understanding the basics and the music language. If you are not that familiar with notes and intervals and all that basic terminology, A really recommend you to go to the previous classes or you can't go in a gradually way understanding older music terminology. What we're going to learn in this class, I'm going to explain to you what is it? Try it. And we are going to know for different types, Of course. In this case, major, minor, augmented and diminished courts. I'm going to explain to you the structure and how to build this court's basing any note even from C C sharp. If you're a flat B flat or any note So welcome to this class. If you have any question, please post your question and we're very happy to help you in your musical journey. Thank you, El Welcome 2. Triad: try it in this lesson, you're going to learn and allies What a tryout. ISS triumph is a basic concept. If you want to understand courts, you really know to understand what a try it is and understand which try it belongs to which note to understand this try It is basically tree notes played at the same time. And this is the basic notes off any court off any tree notes court. This is the triumph and the try it. We can find this by UNT terrible of third from the root. Let me explain this to you. Here is the stuff and here are all the notes going from sea to the next. See, What I'm going to do is I'm going to choose C note and this is going to be the root off or try it I'm going to find the next note beginning from see the next counting from C I have to found the third. The third is going to be the e note. I have to find this. I'm going to find the e note. This is the third and the next note off. The triumph is going to be so. I have c e n g. As the triumph off the C note, we must be able to recognize and know the name off the notes off. Older try. It's so the C triumph, ISS, C, E and G. You can see you can use the piano keyboard to understand this. C e and G. This are the notes. Insert the keys that belong to the seed. Try it. So next step Mr Find the try. It's off all the notes. If I choose the D note as the root of the triumph, which notes are going to be part off this? Try it. A recommendation is that stopped the video and go and try to find a try. It's by yourself. After that, you can continue this video because I'm going to tell you which are the try. It's off all this notes in the next image, so take your time. You can play pause now if you want and try to find all this riots by yourself. Now let's see. Which are the triads? Yes, you can see right here the Sea Triumph's base by it's formed by C E N g the D. Try a D and front a the e try of e g and B DF. Try a f a N C. The G Triumph G The Andy D A. Triumph a CMP on the B triumph Be deep. And if this are the basic notes that any dream holds court must have. So it is really important to understand and memorise this before starting to learn all the different kind of courts that exist. So take your time, analyze this, and I'm going to explain you what a major court is in the next lesson. 3. Major Chord: major corn. Well, there are different types of courts Have the 1st 1 that we're going to learn is the major court major court. What you need to know is the triumph because this is a tree notes court and we really know really need to know the Try it off each note. So this note is going to be the root on. We're going to define what a major court ISS major court is defined by the structure and by the in terrible's that are part off. This the structure. Let's see if which is the C note asked the root off or court. We're going to see that C e N g is the Try it. This three notes are part off the Try it so the try it off C is C, E and G. Now there is in a structure here from C to E. There are some inter barrels that we need to know from sea to eat. I I was found. I will see that I have two steps from she tree. There are two steps from e chuchi. I have one step and 1/2. So this is really important because this is going to give you type the type of court. So basically each type of court has its own, a structure defined by the in terribles. From the route to the third note in this case, eat. Do you need to have two steps from the E note to the G note? Do you need to have one step and 1/2? What I want you to do is to go over all the triads and analyze the distances analysed in Terrible's and see if you have the structure that I just explained to you. Do you need to have? Remember, you really need to have two steps from the route to the third and from the third to the fifth note, you need one step and 1/2. So go and find all the major courts. If there is no the correct in terrible do you need to add them? Musical accident off. Let's say this example. I have right here the D try it. It's formed by the F A. A. I need to have two steps from the Detroit If well, if you take, you can go to the piano key. Very of you need that to understand the distances, but from D two f. We have a situation because we don't have two steps and we need to have from D two F two steps. Otherwise it's not going to be a major court. What we're going to do, I need to have from the true if I have one step and 1/2 and I need to what I need to do, it's to add one. Have stick. So I just added a sharp If I asked this sharp to the F note. Now the distances between the notes are going to be the necessary distances to have a major court from D to F sharp. I have two steps. I'm from F Sharp to eight. I have one step and 1/2. So this is the major. Go and find all the major courts basis on the notes that I that I wrote all the from seat to the next see, go on, find all the major courts after have done that. Let's take a look of how they must be. This is very important from C. The C major court's going to B, C, E and G, the major court, the F sharp and they The e major court is going to be e g sharp and be F Mayor F A A and C G major G B and E A major A c sharp N e and B major, B D sharp and F sharp. You can take a moment and check if this is correct. Don't trust me. Well, trust me, but take your time to be really? You have to realize this by yourself. If we want to find all the major courts. Here are the major courts, even beginning from the Black Keys. So from seat, we go to the flat. The D flat court is right here. You can do the same to your time count. And really make sure that you have understood the distances between you have checked older the census necessary for this major court, a structure 4. Minor Chord: minor core. We just learn what made your court ISS. Now let's learn another type off court that is called minor. As the major court in this type of court, we need to try it. And this minor court has a structure defined by its intervals. We learn that the major court has from sea to eat. In this case, the C major from C to E Juni two steps on from E to G. To me you need one step and 1/2. But when we're talking about minor court, the structure changes. So from C to E, we need to have one step and 1/2 and then from each energy we need two steps. So actually, it's a positive. The structure changes instead of having 1st 2 steps and then one step and 1/2 we have the apostle. But now we have a problem because from sea to sea there are no one step and 1/2. There is no one step in half. There are two steps, so we need to do something. And maybe you have guessed by this moment do you need and actually didn't tell. What we want to do is you're going to ask a flat to the e note. If we have e flat them from C to B flat, we are going to have wanna step and 1/2 from e flat to G. You have two steps. So we need to know this A structure Actually, you need to memorize the structure of the major court and from on the structure of the minor court, this is C minor. What about the while we're going to do is we're going to take to try it and then we're going to analyze the structure on compared this structure to the structure that we need to have if we want this court to be minor. But there is something from Detroit. If we actually have one step and 1/2 I'm from F to A. We have two steps, so there is no need to add any accidental If you remember the Major Hasan A f sharp, we need to add a sharp if we want this court to be major. But in the minor court, we don't need to ask anything. So this is the minor court. What about the rest off the notes, Something a sport that is to go and find all the liner courts beginning from each note off the scale bus route. Even do that by yourself. You can play, pause and try to find the minor courts by yourself. We're going to I'm going to tell you which are the name, which are the minor courts. So we have C minor C minor needs e flat. When we go to D minor, We don't need any accidental the f a a and that's okay. A minor as well. We have e g m b. No accident. If minor, we need to ask a flat to the third. So we have f a flat and see as the notes off F minor Jima minor. We need to add in a flat G B flat and e a minor. No accidental A C and e de miner. We need be the and F sharp. We always need to respect the Tryon notes. So we cannot use, For example, if we have C minor, we're not going to write. See the Sharp and G we cannot use and harmonics. Maybe you can think. Is that okay? I'm using on our Monica and the result the sound is going to be the same. But we're not talking about the sound You're wanted about the theory cow explanation, and we need to respect to try it. So what about the rest of the notes? Well, you can find before that you can find that there are different ways off writing down When a court is minor, you can simply have a I m not a capital one. Just little m c m. You can write see men off minor or you can have this minor symbol right here see on the line. And that's going to be a minor chord. It doesn't matter which one is better even if you are looking and, ah, book that it's not in English. You can find em. I end. That's mine. The rest off the notes. Well, you can see right here in this chart how the other minor courts are return must be written C sharp minor e flood minor If you're minor g sharp, minor, B flat, minor. So this is going to help you to understand what minor court iss So you have to memorize at this moment we have first memory to try. It's then memorize the structure off the meter courts and the minor colt 5. Augmented Chord: in this last zone. We're going to know you're in another court de Algimantas court. What do we need to know by this point, I'm pretty sure that you know the answer. First we need to try it on. Then we need to know the structure of this court based on its intervals. Well, I'm like to use the same examples. The sea. Try it. So you can't really compare the results between major minor diminished on a bender in this case, you we want to this court to be off man death. We need to know the structure. So from the route to the third, in this case from C to E, we need to have two steps from E two G. We need another two steps, but right here we have a problem. From sea to eight. We do have to step so we don't need to add any musical accidental. But from E two G, we only have wants death and have so we need to increase the distances between both notes. Only one cop stick. What are we going to do? We're going to ask a sharp. So see E on G sharp. This is seat tremendous from e two g sharp. There are two steps. What about D First? If I want to find be amended first I write the triumph. Then I checked the distances from the two F. I have to I need to have two steps, but I have only one step and 1/2. So I need to increase the distance. One house step. Why are we going to do well? I'm going to add a sharp. But if I have a sharp at the f note then from F sharp to a I won't have two steps. So I need to have two sharps de f sharp on a sharp. In this way, I'm going to have two steps from the to F sharp. I'm too from f sharp to a sharp, another two steps And this is the out meant Of course, you can find the way that the element of core is written in this tree. Waste the 1st 1 to see behind it because off the world in English, of course, the 2nd 1 is off in Spanish. But you need to know this. Maybe you can think that you won't find this, but if you want to know the course off any song and you go on the Internet, maybe you can find this, So we must ah, measure that we know this. That's a point maybe you prefer. Or maybe you can read a book of music theory book and they can tell you that the correct way is, for example, the last way that it's like this symbol you can say, Well, this is the correct one. But anyway, you can find in any of this three forms So we're reading you too. Know how the amended court is written? What about the rest off the notes? Well, here is a chart with all the old mental courts. So I really recommend you as always, to go on, try to find all the armament of courts by yourself on, then come to this chart and check everything so you can really make sure that your understanding everything and not on Lee, because here they are. Do you just assume that it's OK? So you can easily go and check even what is written to make sure that you understand and that this is well written. So this is the last off the fourth chords that we learn in this class next year to understand each off this structures and you can do many exercises by yourself and then check what with information that I just have just given to you. 6. Diminished Chord: and this lesson, we're going to learn another court, the diminished court as we know each court. What we need to know is that we need to try it on. Then we need to know this structure that is defined by all the intervals that are part off that court. I have the sea. Try it right here. I need to know the structure. In this case, the Dominion score needs those a structure from the root to the third. I need one a step and 1/2 from the third to the fifth. I need another step and 1/2. But there's a problem here. If we count from C T. There are two steps and I need Onley one step and 1/2. So what I need to do is to the managed dissent. Terrible. So the E instead of having two steps, I need one house. That list we're not going to do so. I'm going to ask if let's if I asked a flat at the E note on another right in the G note. In this way, I'm going to have from the route to the 3rd 1 a step and 1/2 now from the E flat to the G flat on dollar step and 1/2. In this way, I have that diminish court with the correct structure. What I recommend to you on when to recommend you is to go on. Try right older try it's and you need to have this structure. So hat and try to find all the diminished chords by yourself. You can play pause at this video and try to do it by yourself. If you just want to check this first and then try to do it by yourself, that's OK, too. So here are on the try. It's what do we need to know? We need to make sure that we have one step and 1/2 from the route to the third and then from the third to the fifth. Another step and 1/2. Here they are. If I am playing see diminished, I'm going to have see you flat and G flat. The diminished the F on a flat ive diminished E g and B flat. If diminished. F a flat and see flat G diminished G B flat and E flat, a diminished A C and E flat being diminished. B D and F. This is what we need to learn. But what about the other notes? What about C Sharp, for example? Well, here's the chart. We'd the rest off the diminished courts. Don't forget that we're using Enter Monix so C sharp diminished. It is the same then D flat diminished. Try to do this by yourself. You can go to write down all the diminished court, Tried to find them by yourself that you can compare your findings with this chart. I really recommend you to do that and do as well with the rest off the courts that we are learning in this class. Another way off, right? This you can find the sea and the dame that is the attribution Off diminished and that's that's a way that the Benesch Corp is written another way is this and this is in Spanish. But remember that we can find in. He doesn't matter. If you have this in any sheet music, you must know that this is a diminished court. On the last one is a small circle right here close to the letter. You have the sea on the small circle and this is C diminish as well. So you must learn this even kind in case I do find this in any sheet music. Well, this is what to diminish. Court looks like.