Music Theory 11: Basic chord progressions | Ilse Lozoya | Skillshare

Music Theory 11: Basic chord progressions

Ilse Lozoya, Music teacher and Online Educator

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6 Lessons (25m)
    • 1. Introduction

      1:08
    • 2. Chord Progression

      3:21
    • 3. Tonal Functions

      4:27
    • 4. I IV V I Progression

      6:30
    • 5. I VI II V I Progression

      5:22
    • 6. Exercise

      4:26

About This Class

This class is the number 11 in the Music theory series and is dedicated to learn what a chord progression is and which are the two basic progressions in music. If you want to go deeper into music theory understanding chords and how this is related to your playing, this course is for you. Even that taking the previous classes is recommended, if you are familiar with chords and scales, specifically major scales,

you would not find this class difficult.

This class is divided in lectures which explain:

- What is a chord progression?

- Tonal functions.

- Understanding the I IV V I chord progression.

- Understanding the I VI II V I chord progression.

- Exercises using chords with the seventh.

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: Hi. What? Come to this class? This last is a number 11 in the music theory, Siri's and this last going to around what is a corporation? Maybe you have heard about this important term in music, but you are not sure what it is. Well, you're going to learn what? All right. That main tunnel functions in the major scale. You're going to learn how to find two basic corporations. The one for 51 can. The 16251 from any major is scale. We're going to analyze how to get this course tree nuts, courts or using Seventh. Well, join this class. My name is Elsa Lasagna. I'm going to be your teacher. Your instructor in this last, I'm very happy to share with you. This all this information and very important to learn how to construct corporations. And that is going to help you really improve your plate. Welcome 2. Chord Progression: let's begin this class understanding what is a chord progression. What you need to know is that a corporation, basically, is the sequence a sequence off course based on any of skill. So there are corporations that belong to the major scale, or we can use the minor scales. This sequence is based on the greats off the scale that we are using. Let's say this example that's begin with a major scale. Actually, we're going to analyze in this class first all the corporations off the major scales, while two basic corporations on Lee from the major scale this is the C major scale. Each note off the scale is a great So we understand that C is the first grade D, the second rate e the third great. And we can continue through that too old a scale. If we harmonize the scale, we're going to find that the first great is going to be a major corn. So we're going to have C major from the second grade. We're going to have the minor. This is a great E minor. Fourth grade. If major fifth grade G major, a minor, is the second the sixth grade seventh grade be diminished. And then we have the next see again. Well, if I choose the sequence, a sequence of courts based on the greats of the scale can choose. For example, the sea Uh, the one, far four and five. Great. I'm fifth grade, and this is going to be that is going to be a sequence. So what you need to know first, that a corporation is a sequence would you need to understand I learnt the notes off the scale that you are using. The best idea is to memorize off the scales. If you are not at that point, you can use a chart. Actually, you can down No, the chart with the skills from the additional resources off from this class, and you need to memorize and learn the type of court according to the great. Off the scale us, I said, for example, First Grave is going to be a major scale and knowing that knowing the structures off the courts, that is really going to help you to get all the corporations in the very easily way in a very easy way. So this is what you need to know about the corporations in the next the next lecture, we're going to analyze some important things about tunnel functions 3. Tonal Functions: let's analyze a very important term that it's going to be really useful, especially in the future, because we're going to start going deeper in the music theory and understanding harmony. Well, what is tunnel function? Maybe you have heard of this may be due. Haven't. But let me tell you something. This is the major skip and each note off the major scale has a function. We can see that the first grade in this case, the C note is I will say the legs, the center. It is a center off the scale, of course, and you can see that each grave has a special function and this is the name off each function, depending on the grade that we're talking about. So the first gray is the tonic. Second rate, super tonic media and sub dominant, dominant self millions on the leading tone. No, let me tell you when we're talking about. For example, the first grade you can say that is the tonic. And this is the tonal center. This is the center off the scale. And I can say that this is like a gravitational center. This is the gravitational center. Doesn't reality. If you go and find the courts off your favorite song. You'll see that you begin and finish at If it isn't. See major, we're going to finish and began with the Sea Court. Why? Because this is the tunnel center. This is the gravitational center. This is the O Region. And so it's very important. It is very common Teoh affair like, Well, we're playing like this, but we need to go back to the tonic. What is that? Well, if you are playing the song, if you're composing, add Ian, do you go back to the first grade, which is the tonic? And before going deeper in this, the Let's talk about the dominant There is a special relation between the first and the fifth grade. We can say that it's really it's unnecessary relation in harmony in music. If I play the C major scale, I'm going to play the C major court. Now I'm going to play the G major court. In this case, this is the dominant on that. I'm going back to the C major. So most of the time when you go to the dominant, you go back to the time. So listen, this is very common at the end. Too many songs to have this combination. Of course I'm going to play the sea redshirt and the G major. And again, the seeming on. There is a sensation that it's finishing, that this parish ins are finishing their concluding well because it goes back to the tonic , which is the gravitational center off or scale. And if we're playing something that it's in C major, well, it's going to be this a special relation between the G major court and the C major. Well, we're going to analyze more of this in the future and the next video we're going to learn about some important corporations. What do you need to know? Well, I really do need to learn this. So take your time and learn which are the tunnel functions, because you're going to need to understand all the terms. And, of course, you can have the chat available for you. But it's a good idea if you memorize this 4. I IV V I Progression: Let's learn the first progression. The first corporation off this class. Well, this is a very common and you have heard this thousands of times. Especially when do you listen to popular music? It is very, very common. This corporation 1451 we learned that a corporation is a sequence based on the grades off the scale. In this case, we're going to learn we're going to use the number 14 and five this Arctic grates that are going to be part off or corporation. If we're talking about C major while it's going to be C major, F major and G major. First we identify the notes and then we think about the courts. This is the C major scale. If I play this fort great, which is the sequence, I'm going to play them in the same order. But I'm going to finish at the great number one. Why? That's what? That's because this is the has to be with the tunnel functions we need to finish as the tonic. So we're beginning with the first grade, which is a tonic off the scale. It's like the gravitational center, and we're going to finish the corporation with that, The same court. So I'm going to play this C Major Major G. Major, I want to finish with the C Major one more time, okay? And this is very, very common. If I want to play this one more time a little bit faster. So you can maybe identify this in a very easier way. Maybe you have heard this before. So this is how all the corporations are written. But it's very, very common not to use all the time to write all the note we can use. Maybe on Lee the letters or degrades indicating the courts and ah the great off the off the scale. So I have this image so you can see how it looks written. But in the future, we're going to be referring Onley by the name off the court. What is this? Well, is the same progression, but I'm using inversions instead off playing in the original position. I'm going to play this. For example, in the second measure, I have the F major court. So this are all the notes from the F major corporate. I'm playing this in a different order in a different position, but If I am playing all the notes off the F major court, this is F major. It doesn't matter if I play them in a different order. So I'm going to play this as it's written. Please listen to this. I played twice each court. I want to play this one more time twice each Corp one last time. This is he 145 and one corporation. This is very important. Now let's take the example from the A major. First we need to I know the scale. The So this is a chart that, by the way, you can download this and find the greats. So I have. This is a one for and fifth grade and this are the notes and we were talking about the court. Well, it is the same a major, the major and e major. So I'm going to play this. Look how it sounds on this is a major corporation. 1451 Let's take another example. Let's see another example B flat major. First I find the greats in the scale, which is B flat, e flat. And if and we're talking about courts, well, this R B flat major e flat major. And if major being the f major, the dominant in this scale. So then I go back to the first grade, which is B flat major. And this are the courts. Well, what you need to know? Do you need to memorize to be able to memorize the scales? If you're a practicing egg musical instrument, I will encourage you to go on and practice all the major scales that is really going to help you in a technical Wait. So But if you haven't learned that or maybe you're just basically going on the theory that music theory not playing and everything well, this Ah, do you really need to know this To have a chart to go on, check your financed or memories the scales and you need to learn the courts off each scale . This is really going to help you to find in a very faster way, which are the court, than courts that are part of this corporation. 5. I VI II V I Progression: Let's learn what I will say is the second most popular corporation in music. This is the 16 to 5 work. Remember that any corporation, it's a sequence. So it's a sequence off courts based off on certain grades off the scale. In this case, we're going to learn this sequence very, very popular and based on the major scale is going to be first major, the sixth Miner Court second minor chord 15 court and again the first. Great. So this is a major scale. Any time that do. Somebody suggested you too play any corporation, just need to know the greats. And this is a type of course, off course, depending on which grade we're talking about. And in this case, we have the 16 the second and the fifth because we are on the C major scale. So this corporation is going to be C major a minor D minor, G major and see Major, I am going to play this this order so you can maybe you recognize this because, as I said, this is very, very popular. I'm going to play tries each quarter. I'm going to play this one more time. There are really thousands off songs that use this combination off courts. So aside, um, says this is how they much looks off the notes. I played what you heard. It was not exactly this because I used inversions. But if I played this, I'm going to play. How is written when to play twice each quarter. You can listen to each court better. You're going to play this and this is the core progression. But I played usin inversions, So let's practice. So let's practice and lands use be major. We want to find this corporation from the beat major scale while we need to know first this the scale. So here to scale, we find the great. Then we think about the type of court depending on which great we need. So this is it. The B major A corporation is going to be be major G sharp minor C sharp, minor F sharp, minor, MB major. That's why it's very, very important to learn all the scales. Said you can be very accurate when you talk about G sharp minor, for example, Be careful because if I say OK, it's be major D sharp minor c minor. Instead off C sharp minor. I am changing the court. This is another court. So we need to be very specific and learn to express in order to be to develop accuracy. Were we talking about, um, courts? And it can be a little bit confusion. I understand that. But you just need to practice and go step by step learning the scales and the grades and the types, of course, depending on the great. So this is very important. Now let's practice one more. This is the flat major. And first we need to go to the scale and find the great this hour, the notes off the scale and we talk about quartz. This is going to be when we order this and the sequence off the progression. We have D flat, major B flat, minor, E flat minor, a flat major and the flat major. And this is the operation. So what? We need to know to really need to memorize the scales at the courts off each one. I know that I have said that before, but take your time and go on practice this many, many times before going to maybe learning something more complicated because if you don't have memorized as you're going to have many problems and understanding all their terms well , in the next lecture, we're going to practice more about what we just learned in this lectures. 6. Exercise: Let's practice this to corporations that we just learned first. What we need to remember a corporation is a sequence based on the greats off the scale that were using. We are working with the major scale right now, So we're going to practice the corporation 1451 and we're going to begin with the Jeep Flat Major, you can use the chart that appear in the previous lectures and you can download this so as an additional resource that's going that is really going to help you. So the G flat major, what we need to new no is just first the notes that are part of the G flat major scale and appear that appear right in this Great. So we have These are the name off the notes. And something interesting is that when we talk about the courts, well, we're going to go a little bit further. We practiced use in three notes courts in the previous lectures, but right now we're going to practice with seventh courts. This is something that we learn in the previous chapters off this music theory. Serious. So in previous classes we learn why, when we harmonize the major scale with four notes courts that we are going to find that we're going to have that the first grade is first major seven second minor seven. Third miner said you have any doubt that you can go back to that section which we analyzed this well, so we have this. And would you really need to know? So you can understand why the corporation, when we use seventh, we're going to have this. The first is going to be major seven. The fourth major, 7/5 is going to be dominant seven. And again we go back to the first major seven, which is a tonic. Well, we use courts. This is the result G flat major seventh, see flat, major seventh the flat, seventh or dominant seventh and G flat Major seven again. So this is the answer. You can't go in practice this First, you can find the course that three notes courts and danger can practice finding the seventh court. Now we're going to practice the 16 2nd 50 Dongguan. This is what I just said. Remember, this is the type of courts that appears when we use seventh courts. Let's make this example with D Major. I have right here the quality, the type of courts that appear image great. And first I find I need to find the notes on Lee. So the B c sharp a ending. Now, when I construct the courts, I will find that I have the major seven, b minor, seventh C, sharp man, minor 7th 1/7 and D majors, nor a dominant seven. It is the same. So this is the results off this progression. Why do you need to know? Memorize the scales. And of course, you took practice this as many times such unnecessary down. Now the additional resources and practice. If you have any question in adult, please let me know. How can I help you and I'll be very happy to help you. Sometimes the students ask me how they can improve practicing something specific Also, you can royally asked anything That's OK and I will I will be very happy to help. So thank you. I hope that you have understood and practice this too important Corporations this basic off many, many tunes. So I really recommend you to practice this Well, I'll see you in the next class