Music Production For Songwriters: Ableton Live 11 For Beginners | Eve Horne | Skillshare

Music Production For Songwriters: Ableton Live 11 For Beginners

Eve Horne, Singer | Songwriter | Producer

Music Production For Songwriters: Ableton Live 11 For Beginners

Eve Horne, Singer | Songwriter | Producer

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10 Lessons (1h 41m)
    • 1. Introduction

      2:21
    • 2. Your Class Project

      1:39
    • 3. Creating & Saving A Live Set

      11:25
    • 4. Interface Overview

      10:48
    • 5. Session View

      14:19
    • 6. Arrange View

      15:12
    • 7. Creating Chords Using MIDI

      16:40
    • 8. Record & Edit Audio

      15:30
    • 9. Song Arrangement

      8:01
    • 10. Conclusion

      4:48
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About This Class

If you are a Songwriter, an Artist, a musician, a beginner producer, or an overall lover of music and want to put the control in your own hands to get started learning how to produce your own music, but have absolutely no idea how to start or what tools/equipment you need? 

Then this class is for you! 

In this class you’ll learn: 

  • How to Navigate the Ableton DAW  
  • 3 Different Methods to Create Chords Using MIDI
  • How to Record and Edit Audio 
  • The difference between Dynamic and Condenser mics
  • Plug-ins and Effects
  • How to Arrange a Song and Use Markers
  • Important Workflow Techniques 

This class will be showing you the unique perspective of the basics of production from the perspective of someone who writes by ear.

It will touch on the super basic, high-level fundamentals for how to come up with your chords WITHOUT having to know how to play an instrument.  

Eve Horne is an Award-Winning Creative Mentor and Advisor. She has over 20 years of experience in the Music Industry as a singer, songwriter and producer and is the founder of PeakMusicUK and the UNHEARD Campaign which demands equality for women in the Music Industry.

In this class, Eve will be giving you an introduction to Ableton Live 11.  She will be touching on the super basic, high-level fundamentals for how to come up with your chords WITHOUT having to know how to play an instrument.  This class will be showing you the unique perspective of the basics of production from the perspective of someone who writes by ear.

You'll learn tips and tricks to get you started and to practice good production habits from the beginning of your journey to save you time and frustration.

Whether you’re a singer, songwriter or an artist who would like to learn the tools and language of production themselves, a producer at the beginning of your production journey or even if you are a practiced producer who would like to learn a new DAW, you’ll find these simple and effective lessons easy to understand and apply to your own tracks!

SUPPORT MY CAMPAIGN (BUY A T-SHIRT): https://www.instagram.com/weare_theunheard/

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CHECK OUT WHAT I'M UP TO HERE: https://www.instagram.com/peakmusicuk/

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VISIT MY WEBSITE: https://www.peakmusic.uk

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Meet Your Teacher

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Eve Horne

Singer | Songwriter | Producer

Teacher


I am a Singer Songwriter, Producer, Founder of PeakMusicUK and Co-Founder of [email protected] & The Magpie - a production agency. My journey started at the Brit School. I then signed to Polydor, then EMI and toured internationally.  I later a qualified as a Sound Engineer.

 I am currently a Mum to my 2 year old daughter, a Native Instruments Certified Specialist and an Engineer/Producer at Fitzrovia Post.

 I am passionate about promoting women in music and have recently launched a campaign called  "Stories Of The Unheard" to promote equality for women in the Music Industry.

I also have a YouTube channel to provide fun, easy to follow walkthroughs on production hardware and software. I will be releasing my next single in... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: If you've been wondering how to get into music production, but you have no idea of where to start, then this is the class for you. Hello my beautiful creatives. My name is Eve Horne, I'm a singer, songwriter and producer, I'm also founder of PeakMusicUK. I've been in the industry now for over 20 years, I've taught internationally and collaborated with huge artists, songwriters, and producers. I'm also a mommy to my two-year-old daughter, Nova. Mommy, the [inaudible]. I'm super passionate about some being able to communicate their vision for their art to a producer, I provide production workshops for songwriters to bridge that gap. I've put the power and the tools back into songwriter's hands so they don't have to rely on producers and continually get frustrated and spend money. In this class, I will give you exactly what you need to get your ideas from your head into a demo. You'll be learning the language that producers use as well so that when it comes to moving your summer long if you don't want to finish it yourself, you'll be able to communicate confidently as an artist what you want to achieve with your song and understand the process that the producer will use. I will be giving you an introduction to the Ableton DAW, Session and Arrange View, the transport section, how to save a template, saving your live set, the difference between midi and audio, how to create chords, recording audio. I'll give you a quick overview of plug-ins and effects, and finally we'll be looking at some arrangement. I'm super excited about you being able to learn these production skills yourself and being able to amplify your production knowledge and your confidence. I look forward to seeing you in the course orientation where I'll be giving you some key concepts and I'll be demonstrating the tools of your future as a songwriter or producer. You've had the same style. 2. Your Class Project: Hello, and welcome to your class orientation. Here, I'll be breaking down exactly what I want from you for your class project. I would like you to complete a 2.5 minute song using a minimum of four of the following things: drums, bass, piano, synth, guitar, strings, or vocals. I chose this project, because I feel it's so important that creatives can learn and feel confident in broadening their tool pool and expanding their craft. As we go on this journey together, I'll be guiding you through every step of the process. I'll be creating bite-size lessons making it easy for you to understand and learn how to create each of these musical elements, so you can then practice them and upload your progress to the class community. To take part in this class, you will need a computer, Ableton, a mini keyboard, headphones or speakers, or your computer keyboard. In order to make this class work for you, make sure you read the project description. Take your time and focus on one piece of information at a time. Complete the tasks I give you throughout the lessons, don't be too hard on yourself and make sure you contact me, if you need absolutely anything. No question is a stupid question. I can't wait for you guys to dive in. Make sure you download the resources I provided to help you along the way and I will see you in Lesson 1, creating and saving a live set. 3. Creating & Saving A Live Set: Hello, and welcome to Lesson 1, Creating and Saving a Live Set. In this lesson, I'll be showing you how to create a live set, preferences, how to create a template, your musical typing keyboard, and how to save your live set. As soon as you open Ableton you see this screen here. This is Ableton's default screen. If you would like to first create a new live set, you would come up here to File, click on "File", and down to New Live Set, or Command N. Once you have a new live set, you will then click on "Save Live Set", and you get this box that comes up. I'm just going to save this as Untitled.. There we go. Then we press "Save." You'll see up here, it'll rename your set as Untitled., or wherever you choose to name it. If, for instance, you do something in your set, and you want to keep the one you've got, but just try something else out, and make sure that you don't write over the other one, you can save as. You go back up here to Save Live Set As, and that will bring up the box again, and as you can see it's Untitled., and I will save this Untitled... If I come up here and go to Save Live Set As, again, you should see, yeah, we have Untitled.. Well, already it's got three dots because it's.als. Now there's one with two dots, one with three dots. If you want to open a live set that you've worked on before, that's not in the recent list, you click on here, and that will bring you straight to your Ableton folder with all of your sessions in. First of all, we're going to start off with preferences. If we go up here where it says Live, and then go down to Preferences, we can see that the preferences box pops up. The first thing on the little menu here is, the look and feel. You can change the language, you can change the different types of behavior, so if you wanted to scroll when it's playing. here we have track and click colors. You can actually assign different colors to tracks and clips. You can see if I click on this little arrow here, all the different colors that you have. Down the bottom here you can customize the look your door. We can choose from light, mid light, which is the default, mid dark, which is my one, dark, or live 9, old school. I'm going to go back. Next on the drop-down is audio preferences, and this is where you would change your inputs and your output devices. If you're using an audio interface, if you stream over Zoom, you would want to change your devices when it comes to inputs and outputs, and this is where you would do it. As you can see here from the drop-down, I've got a choice of pro-tools built in microphone or Zoom. Then you click on the one you want and allow, and then it will change the name of the input and output. Next we have the sample rate, and this defaults to four, four,100. Then you have your SR and pitch conversions at high-quality. I would generally leave all of this stuff as is. Underneath that you have your latency. Your buffer size is normally set to 512 samples, which is standard. This is where you would change your sample rate, if you're experiencing any latency. At the bottom here, this is just your test tone and your CPU usage simulator. Just things to be aware of if you should ever need them. Underneath that we have link tempo MIDI. This is where you would set up your link devices. Where it says show link toggle, you see at the top left corner, the word link disappears and comes back depending on whether I press "Show" or "Hide." Then you have your start, stop sync, on or off. Next we have the tempo follower. Again, if I press "Show" or "Hide," you see the word follow appear and disappear in the top-left corner. Underneath we have our input channels 1 and 2. Then we have our MIDI section. Here you can see my controller that I'm using, my MIDI controller is my complete control keyboard, and you have your inputs and outputs for that. You can see here in this list, you can also add more controllers. Here you have your MIDI ports, which shows my complete control S49 coming in. Let's go to file folder. This is where you'll save your sets, IT'S where your library will be, and everything like that. If you ever want to change the destination away or sets live, this is where you would do it. Underneath here is max application. That's to do with Max for Live. Then you have a decoding cache. Underneath that we have our library. Here you can say if you weren't able to collect files upon export, always is ticked as default. Show downloaded packs. Yes, we want that. Then your content location. This is where your library is going to be for your packs, and your user library. If I click on "Browse," you can see it opens my library in music, and then there you can see your Ableton folder. Next we have plugins. This is where your plugins are. If there's a point where you can't see plugins, you would come here to preferences and re-scan your plugins. You see if I click here, "Browse," it brings me to my plugin folder. Under that it has the plugin windows, and that is, if you want multiple windows open at once, if you want them to auto hide and auto open. Next we have record, warp, and launch. The top section here is all about how Ableton records in. You've got two different file types here, AIFF and WAV. [inaudible] counting prior to recording. I want a bar. We change that to a bar there. Arm and solo, click "Update," record session automation in arm tracks, and stop playback with record. That's all very basic stuff, that I would leave as is. You can always come back and change after you get more familiar with it. Underneath you have warps and fades, which I won't go into, because you're at the beginning of your journey and you don't need to be confused with things like warping. Under that we have launch, which again, I would just leave as default. Tap tempo, make sure that's on, and draw mode with pitch lock, you can choose on or off. Lastly, we have licenses and maintenance. Anything to do with your Ableton Live 11 license, you would come here. Any authorizations that you need to do, you can come to preferences, to licenses and maintenance and authorize any licenses here. You can set your updates to always, never, or ask me, and then you can also choose whether or not you want to send Ableton, your usage data. That's preferences. Let's do a quick recap. Now we're going to go into saving a template. First of all, I'm going to create a few more tracks. Then we're going to name them. To do that, we right-click at the top and select "Rename," or you press "Command R," or "Control R," if you're on a PC. Don't forget to get used to these hotkeys. They're really going to be helping when it comes to your workflow. I'm going to call that one keys. Let's rename this one. Right-click "Rename," and the drums. We call this one vocal lead, lead up, course lead, mid light lead. Then we're going to go over here to the return section, and add in an extra track there as well. Same thing here, we right-click on the name of the track and insert return track. You can see now we have a new return track. I'm going to come over here, grab an effect. I'm just going to put a channel EQ on it. Now you can see that it's renamed the return track with the channel EQ that I just put in. Next we're going to go up here to File, and down to Save Live Set As template. You can see now it's gone to our user library, and under the template folder, we have an untitled ALS. Then we just named that, Eve Skillshare Template. You can see when I click on the little arrow, that it has all of the tracks, that we have named in that template. The other great thing about this is, if you right-click, you can see here, I can favor it. You can see we've got a little red dot next to it now. Let me go up here to Favorites, and there we have it. There is our Skillshare template. This is a great way to quickly access things you want a favorite, whether it's sounds, specific clips, that kick drum that you love, favorite it and it will be up there under collections in your favorites. Now we're going to go into a musical typing keyboard. This is a brilliant function if you find that you forgotten your keyboard, or your keyboard broke, or you don't have one. If I tap the letter M on my keyboard, it will enable or disable the MIDI keyboard function. Straight away, I can start using the letters on the keyboard, to play my instruments. If I want to go up or down an octave, I use the letters X and Z. Z brings it down, and X brings it up an octave. Lastly, if you want to change the velocity of any MIDI notes, you can do this by tapping the letters C or V. C will decrease the velocity of the note, and V will increase the velocity of the note. The great thing about this keyboard as well, is if you tap on each individual letter, it will play like a one-shop. If you drag your fingers across the letters, it actually bends the note. It's a great tool to have if you're out and about, and you've just got your laptop, and you have some song ideas, melody ideas, and you just want to get them down, and you don't have all your equipment with you, you can actually just type on your MIDI keyboard function. It's a brilliant tool to use on the fly. It's great for your workflow to save each song you made in its own folder, within the Ableton folder. Try to focus only on what you've learned in this lesson, so you don't get too overwhelmed. Remember, you can always use the musical typing function, if you don't have a MIDI keyboard. Before moving into the next lesson, practice creating a live set, naming it and saving it, familiarize yourself with preferences, create a template, name it, and save it, and start using the musical typing function/computer MIDI keyboard. I look forward to seeing you in Lesson 2, where I'll be giving you an overview of the interface. 4. Interface Overview: Hello, and welcome to lesson 2: interface overview. In this lesson, I'll be introducing you only to the parts of Ableton that you'll need to get started immediately. We will be covering transport area, sends and returns, and what those buttons are down the side. I'll also show you the session view, the arrange view, and all the little bits in between. Well, this is the image that you see as soon as you open up Ableton Live 11, and this screen is called the session view. First of all, we're going to start along the top here, which is called the transport section. So we're going to go from the left to the right. We're going to cover tracks, we're going to be covering the browser section here on the left, and we're going to be covering this section here at the bottom, which is where you drag and drop your instruments or samples. Let's start with this button right here that says link. The link button allows you to connect external devices to your door. When the link button's turned on, the door will sync to an external device, and when the link button is turned off, the door will stop syncing to any external device and it will no longer be showing. Next we have tap. This allows you to tap in your tempo. The metronome and any warped clips that you might have will all sink to that new tempo. When I tap the tempo, you can see the numbers right next to it changing in value. Next there, you have these two boxes with vertical lines in. These are called phase nudge down and phase nudge up, and what these do is temporarily increase or decrease the tempo of a song that can sink to an external source. Next to that you have your time signature, and this is basically the time signature that you want your song to be in. At the moment, it's in 4/4, which is the most common one, and that can be changed by dragging up and down here. If I put my cursor on it and drag up and down, the numbers will change, relation to if I'll go up or down. Next to that, we've got our metronome. If I click the arrow next to it, I can choose the type of count in that I want, if I don't want a count in, if I want it to be 1, 2 or 4 bars. The sound of the metronome that I want it to make, classic, click or wood. The rhythm that I want it to have. Once again, you can set it to a bar, eights, triplets, 16ths, whatever you want. Right next to that we have our quantize menu. This is the global quantization and you can set that to whatever you want. One bar, 2, 4, 8. Let's come across to this middle section here. This first button is the follow button. So when that's activated, it allows the cursor to follow the song as it's playing so it's visible to you at all times. The next section is our arrangement position, and this basically tells us where we are in our arrangement at what time. But that is done in bars, beats and sixteenths. These buttons here are pretty obvious. You have your play button, your stop button, and your record button. Next to that we have this little plus button. This is called a MIDI arrangement overdub. Next to that we have our automation arm. This allows us to draw an automation once that's enabled. Then we have a little arrow facing to the left, and this is to re-enable automation. Next to that we have something called MIDI capture. So say, for instance, you're playing something or you're just messing about with ideas, and you didn't press record. The great thing about that is once you press it, it will capture the last bit of MIDI that you played, which is genius. Next to that we have another record button, and this is a session record button. If you have clips that are already playing on arm tracks, this allows you to toggle between playback and overdub recording. Next here we have what looks like another arrangement position. It's actually a punch and loop point. Next to that we have a punch and switch. This allows you to prevent any recording of the arrangement prior to that point. This here is your loop button or loop switch, and over here is the exact same as these buttons here, but doing the opposite. These are punch in and these are punch out. Last section about transport is this section here. You have a little pencil tool here, and this activates the draw mode. If you're using MIDI, it's good for drawing in MIDI notes, and if you're using it for audio, it's used for drawing in automation. Next to that we have this little piano keyboard. Once again, that can be activated and deactivated. This is your computer's MIDI keyboard, and you can activate this if you don't have an external MIDI keyboard. So you can use your keyboard keys to play your music. Next here you can see the word key. This is a key map mode switch. Next to that we have the word MIDI. If you click on that, it goes purple. This is called MIDI map mode. Once this is enabled, it will allow you to map anything in purple here that's highlighted to an external MIDI controller. Next to that you have your CPU usage, which is always good to just keep an eye on if you have a lot going on in your session. This little button here is a MIDI indicator, and it will flush when Ableton Live 11 has a MIDI track that is sending information. This column here on the right is absolutely brilliant, it's full of amazing resources for you to learn more about Ableton Live 11. Also, if you go to their website, ableton.com and you go to the help section, you'll find loads more suggested articles and resources to help you learn loads more about Ableton Live 11. I'm going to close that now. I'm going to quickly show you these two little icons here, which is actually the Ableton logo. You've got the vertical lines and the horizontal lines. Now we're going to go down the side here to these little buttons, at the bottom right-hand side of the interface. I remember when I first opened Ableton, I was like, "What are those buttons? Why are there random buttons down the side?" First of all, here we have a little IO. So that show ins and outs. That basically shows or hides your ins and out section. These two buttons here, S and R, [inaudible] they're you sends and returns. If I deactivate sends, you see that they disappear. If I do the same with returns, you see that the reverb and delay tracks next to the master disappear and come back. The little m down here, I thought was obviously mute, it hides your mixer. Underneath that we have the letter D, this is to show or hide your delay. Here is X. Now the X is your crossfader. You can see at the bottom of every track, the letters A and B come up. Then on the master, you have a little triangle with a line on top of it. That's essentially our crossfader, and A and B are our left and rights. Next, we're going to come to these little, very discreet arrows in circles, and you can see there's one pretty much in each corner. What these do is they show and hide things. This one here will show and hide the browser. This one here shows and hides the detail view. The great thing about this one here in the corner, is this is your Info view. Info view is fantastic if you're new to Ableton, or if you're coming over from a different door because it helps you navigate through the interface. Wherever I place my mouse, you'll see in the Info view it will change depending on what my mouse is hovering over, and that is really good to remember what each section is for, and I highly recommend referring to that constantly. This little button here is your groove pool, and that activates or deactivates your groove pool. Next to that we have a little headphone icon, and that will allow you to preview any sounds that you look for in the browser section. Let's do a quick recap. Next we are going to move onto our tracks. You can see as soon as you open Ableton Live 11, you have too many tracks and two audio tracks that are set up by default. Underneath the names of each track, you can see these little squares, and these squares are to stop or to start your clips. This section here allows you to create a new track by dragging and dropping either a piece of audio or MIDI effects or instruments. For instance, if I just go over here and click on "Collision", drag and drop it and see it's created a new track, and the name collision is at the top. So it automatically names your new track for you. We're going to delete that now. Over here we have our master track, and as we said earlier, our returns tracks. Here you can see we have little triangles and the numbers 1-8, and what this allows us to do is to play scenes. If I click on the mixer track 1, 2, 3, you can see it's highlighting all the way across horizontally, all across the MIDI and audio tracks, and what that does is it plays all of them at the same time. This little section down here on the master track, this is your back to arrangement button. This button lights up to tell you that something is different in this view than in arrangement view. The next one, next to that, this little gray one here, this allows you to follow actions globally. Rather than track by track, you can press that and it will do every track. This button here is exactly like the stop button on the individual tracks, and this allows you to stop everything playing in Ableton at once. Remember that the tempo is the speed at which your song will playback. So if you want a fast song, the BPM, beats per minute, will need to be higher. If you want a slow song, which is a downtempo song, the BPM will need to be lower. I would like you to familiarize yourself with the layout of Ableton. Start dragging into MIDI, onto the tracks, start dragging in some audio, drag them across to make a new track. Or you can go up to the create section and create a new track from there. Finally, make sure you practice using the Info view. Once you've done that, I'd like you to take a little video of yourself practicing and then upload it to the class community so I can have a look and give you some feedback. Once again, please try to only focus on what I have taught you in this lesson so that you don't get too overwhelmed. I look forward to seeing you in Lesson 3, where I'll be showing you the session view in more details. 5. Session View : Hello and welcome to lesson 3, the Session View. In this lesson, I'll be guiding you through the different elements of the Session View. I'll be showing you what the area is for and the tools that you need to start getting creative and help your workflow. I'll also be showing you how it can relate to songwriting. Remember that Session View is where you're going to be starting your track, it's the perfect sketchpad for you to start throwing in clips of Audio MIDI and then playing them back simultaneously. First we're going to start off with categories in your browser section. This is where you're going to find all of your sounds, your samples, your effects, your media effects, your audio effects, your plugins. This is where they're all going to live. Very quickly, we'll go through sounds, first we have ambient and involving, then we have bass, brass, effects, guitar and plucked. Underneath sounds, we have drums. I'm going to get a drum kit, drag onto this space here to create a drum track, and then I can use my MIDI keyboard to play each element of that drum kit. The fantastic bit about this is if there is an element in that drum kit that I don't want to use, I can then press the amazing hot swap. The hot swap key or button allows you to instantly change out an instrument. If I press the hot swap button, you can see it goes orange and then straight away to my browser, it goes into hot swap mode, and it gives me all of the kicks in my library. The same goes for snares, whatever you're looking for no matter what, if you press your hot swap button or hot swap key, it will take you straight to the browser, which is a brilliant tool for workflow. Just literally drag it down or double-click and it instantly swaps it out for a different kick. Brilliant. Next, we're going to go down to instruments. You've got sims, drum sims, pianos, all things in the instrument section. I'm going to go down and grab simpler, and simpler is one of acquaintance amazing stock samplers that we are going to be doing more with a little bit later on. I'm going to drag it over onto this track and look for a sample to go into the sampler. I'm going to go up and type in vocal, then we have audio effects which is your delays, EQ, filters modulators, pitch modulation, reverbs, stuff like that. Then add an effect, you can see straight away has added a beautiful delay to that vocal and then we can add more on if we want. Amazing. Underneath that we have media effects, then we have Max for Live, which is very advanced in is if you would like to make your own instrument. So yeah, when you get good, you can start making your own instruments brilliant. Plugins, this is where you find all your VST plugins, so any third party plugins that you have, they will live here. I can add a third party plugin to the vocal as well, and once again, it really changes the shape and the way that you see this vocal from its original form. Brilliant. Next we have clips, samples, grooves, and templates. This is where your default templates that come with Ableton Live 11 live. Now let's go to places and this is where all of your stuff lives. Here you can see I've got free packs available, I haven't downloaded them yet, your user library and you have a folder for each. Your current project that you're working on at the moment will have all the information in that folder. Then any other folders that you might have, so say for instance, you've got a sample pack that you want to bring into Ableton, you literally go down to add folder just at the bottom here, and then bring in your folder and it will live right here in places. Now we're going to go a bit deeper into simpler, which is able to live a level of music stock sampler. Let's get started. We're going to go straight to our browser, down to instruments and drag in simpler. Now we're going to go and find a sample to put in simpler. I'm going to type in vocals up here at the top. I want to grab the first one, and drag that down into simpler. Because now our vocals in here, we can start chopping up. Brilliant. First of all, we come over to this little section here, and so we can slice the sample. If we want to slice it into multiple parts, we can go over here to slice by and then choose transient, beat, region or manual. What that does then is it cuts up our sample into sections and allows us to play each section of that sample separately. You can also manually move each section to adapt the sample as you wish, and then you can use the buttons down the bottom to even further manipulate the sound. I'm going to transpose it, and this gives us a beautiful sound and baseline almost. I'm going to record that in and straight away we've got a melody from a vocal sample that sounds nothing like this. Now I'm going to go and drag another simpler in and going to go and get another sample. I'm going to get a vocal sample again. Going to drag that breath in, record that. Already, we can see how we can use one or two samples to start creating a melody. Fantastic if you don't know how to play any instruments. Just to recap, if you need to search for anything in the browser section, you can click in the search bar or use the hotkey command f and search for anything. If I type kick, it brings up all of the kicks within my library and the same with snares. Also remember if you want to drag or drop any instruments in, you can go to your instrument section, grab an instrument, and drag it down to the bottom or drag it onto a track and the same with any effects. In order to create a live set, you go up to where it says Live, File, New Live Set or Command N. To open an existing live set is Command 0 and to save and save as is Command S and Shift Command S. If you pop over to the Edit tab, it will give you a drop-down menu to be able to undo or redo or copy and paste. You can see all of the hotkeys or shortcuts here. Remember, I will be providing a list of shortcuts in the resources. To create a new audio MIDI track, you go to the Create tab and down to Insert Audio Track or Insert MIDI Track. Hotkeys are Command T and Shift Command T. I'm going to press Command T and create some audio tracks and then Shift Command T and create some MIDI tracks. Next along we have View. This allows you to view anything within the screen that you're on. Options, allows you to edit things and bring up your computer MIDI keyboard and the hotkey for that is M. Lastly we have the Help function. If you type anything in here, it will guide you to where you need to go, in these drop-down menus. Let's start a truck. What I'm going to do is go down to clips and just start finding some sounds and dragging them in to start building a track. I like this one. Let's drag that in. You can see it's come down at the bottom here, so I'm just going to drag that up to the top. Now I'm going to look to some drums. This is a great thing. You can audition drums straight from the browser, while you've got something already playing. Let's grab that key. Now I can use my MIDI keyboard to stop playing the sounds on that key. I like that. Let's put that in. The great thing about this is when you press "Play", it will wait until it comes back to the first beat of the bar and then it will start playing. I like that little hi-hat sound. Tamber [inaudible] tambourine reverse tambourine is it? I don't know but like it. I'm going to click in the area below and now we are going to draw in our MIDI. Press "Play" up on the clip, so that we can see where we can play some MIDI. It moves up. Nice. Perfect. I'm just going to add another clip into the slot here. Here we're going to put a closed hi-hat in. Now these are all from the same drum kit. We are just going to draw those in as well. Yes. Nice. Cool. We got a nice hi-hat. Now when I play the next slot, that's all you're going to hear. Then we got a watery sound. Now in order for us to hear these simultaneously, I'm just going to press the Alt button and copy the whole track. Then I can delete what I don't want. Delete that top one and then move the next one up, so now we can hear them together. Then I'm going to do the same again. Delete that top one and move the third one up. Now we've got everything playing at once. Let's look for kick. I'm going to drag that in. Love that clap. We're going to draw that in now. You can see I only recorded two bars. Quantize up. Again, I'm going to duplicate that track. Hold the Alt button, click and drag across. Now I'm going to add a kick. Put that in. Latency. I will quantize that now. Quantize, duplicate and then I'm going to just drag that to there. Nice. Now I want to add another key. I'm going to record the same kicking on a different pattern. This one is offbeat, so I will go on and fix that. Let's go and fix that first one that somehow recorded wrong. Put that in the right place. There we go. Beginnings of a track. That's the beginnings of our track. You can see how easy it was. Literally two different drum kits and it's a great place for a track. Now you guys have to get on with your tracks. Before you start your tracks, I'd like you to practice, to familiarizing yourself with the browser, dragging in some clips, instruments, sounds and drums, add some audio effects or MIDI effects. Practice dragging in simpler and a sample and cutting out and creating a melody. I'd also like you to practice hot swapping. Practice playing about with Simpler's parameters. I'd like you to practice using the hotkeys to create MIDI tracks, audio tracks, and return tracks. Draw in some MIDI and use quantize function by selecting all and right-clicking on the part. Lastly, go back over everything we've covered so far. Once you've done that, I would like you to take a little video of yourself practicing. Then upload it to the class communities so I can give you some feedback. I look forward to seeing you in Lesson 4, where we'll be going over the arrangement area. See you then. 6. Arrange View: Welcome to Lesson 4, the arrangement view. The arrangement view is the horizontal part of the door where we can start taking our ideas from session view, bringing them into rain view, and arranging them into a track. First of all, I'm going to show you three different methods of how you can get your clips from session view to arrange view so your project can start sounding like a finished piece with a beginning, middle, and an end. The first method we're going to explore is using our Tab key on our computer keyboard. That's a shortcut for switching between session view and arrange view. As you can see here, if I press Tab, it quickly switches between the two views. If we click and hold one of our clips here and press the Tab key that will allow us to go into arrange view and then we can drop it into place. Simple. We can do this with either individual clips or we can do it with a selection of clips. Let's delete that now. Go back. To do multiple clips, we click on the clips that we want while holding down the Shift key and then press the Tab key, which will bring us into arrange view, and then we can drag our clips into place. Amazing. You can see now that all of our clips are in place in arrange view. If you find that you've brought them in and some of the clips are shorter than others, you can literally press your best friend Cmd D. Well, that's your second best friend because Cmd S is your first best friend, save. Cmd D is duplicate, and you can very easy and quickly copy all of your clips so that everything is the same length. You can see here this one's a bit longer. It only recorded half. I can drag that in and then Cmd D, duplicate that three more times. There we go. That's Method 1. Method 2 is recording your clips into the arrangement view from the session view. This method is great because from the same lot of ideas here, you can get different types of tracks completely just by changing your intros and your verse patterns, and so on and so forth. We're going to hold down Shift and click the "Record" button, and Live will wait for you to trigger your first clip before it starts recording. We're going to hit "Record" and then start paying. Lovely. There it is in arrange view all laid out nicely. What happened is when you're triggering stuff, sometimes you forget to trigger it at the right time or whatever. No worries if that's the case because it's non-destructive. You can always come into arrange view and adapt some little bits here and there. For example, my kick drum up here is little bit shorter, so I'm going to delete that and copy over the second one and tidy that up. Then here, I might not want my hi-hats in, so I can click on the section, split the file by right clicking and going down to "Split" or pressing the hotkeys Cmd E. Then, I can delete that. Also, I'm going to put little drop here in the arp so we get more impact in the chorus and just cut this so that it's the same. This is where the middle eight will go, and I plan to add different instruments in here. I'm just leaving the percussion going, and then maybe a little bit back in. Here, I just want to drag that out a little bit more because it doesn't come in early enough. Same with this kick here and same with the arp. Let's start them all at the same time. Then I'm just going to tidy up the end here. Drag that out. Cut that little sound off. Actually, let's drag the arp out and bring that back. Lovely. There's our basic arrangement. You can also bring clips from arrange view back into session view as well. You can do it the other way around. Method 3. Method 3 is another way of creating arrangement, but this time in session view. If you're actually prefer in staying in session view, you can still create an arrangement without having to bring it into the arrangement view. What I'm going to do here is just move this out of the way so I've got an eight-bar loop with nothing in it. To do that, I'm going to select this four-bar loop here and then go up to "Edit," "Paste Time," which is Shift Cmd V or Shift Ctrl V, and that's going to paste in another four bars. Just delete that. Now I've got eight bars we have nothing in, and we can get going. If I play my arp and my tambouriney thingamajig and say I like that for the intro, I'm going to go up here, "Create," "Capture and Insert Scene." There you go. It's created a brand new scene with just those two. We can do that for everything, so let's go. Just get that arp on its on. You can move these about as you want. Now I'm going to bring in the watery noise and play those three together, and then Shift Command I to enter a scene. Now I'm going to bring in the hi-hats, Shift Command I. Lovely. I'm going to move this audio, click all the way. Now, I'm just going do some percussion without the op, and then obviously we have our top line which is everything. So this is how it sounds. Remember to play a scene, you have to press "Play" from the master channel. If you want to stop everything at once, you press "Stop" also on the master channel. That's how free methods of getting clips from session view to arrange view or creating an arrangement in session view. Now, I'm going to delete the eight bars of silence by going up to Edit again and cutting time or Shift Command X, and that brings our track to bar one bit one. Lovely. So if you want to insert extra tracks into arrange view, it's the same as in session view. You go up to Create, and Insert MIDI Track or Insert Audio Track, which is Command T or Shift Command T. Here we go. Then if I go over to session view, you can see them all here and then I can delete them from session view, and they would delete from arrange view too. Also in arrange view, your returns trucks and your master track are down here at the bottom and you can expand them or collapse them again by dragging up your cursor or pressing the little arrow in the circle on each track which collapses it again. These are your ins and outs. Again, if you don't want to see the mixer, you can press the little n button down here and that hides the mixer or your ins and outs, inputs and outputs. Your return tracks and this is your delays if you don't want to see that. Up here again is the original way to switch between the two views, which is the Ableton logo. This here is your automation and add automation to any track. You can literally click anywhere on it and it will create these little red dots and then you would move them as you wish. You can see here that I'm affecting the panning at the moment. If I click on this little triangle, I can change that to volume, cross fading, reverb delays. If I click on volume, now I can do the same for that fade in or fade out. You can see these little red dots to the left of the words. That's showing you that there is automation happening on that track. If I delete that now, you see the little red dots will disappear. Up here is our pencil tool, and that allows you to also write automation when you're in arrange view. Here we go. Then if I want to delete that, I can just undo it and it gets rid of the automation. Lovely. Down here these are our track activators. If you don't want to hear a track, you can turn it off, and if you do want to hear a track, you make sure that it's on. Make sure that the truck is activated for you to be able to hear what is playing on that track. For example, if I turn these off, you can only hear what is activated. Then if I solo track, that overrides anything else and you only hear the solo track. You can see I've reactivated all the tracks, but I can still only hear the soloed one. If I click on solo, we can hear all of our tracks again. The other great thing is once you've got your clips and you've started arranging your song, you can change the tempo, which you can do in session view as well. But I like to do it in here so I can actually just see it in a different view. If I put some on loop, I can just tap the tempo or move my cursor and it's very sensitive, so sensitive. That sounds insane. Let's play it back to 90. Also in this view, this is where I like to stop playing with stuff. Once you've got a basic arrangement, you can start adding fillers, you can start changing the sounds effects because you can actually see the timeline of the song. This is where I like to start really adding to the song once the initial idea is there. Here we can start filtering the op, messing about with it. Insane. Then when you're happy with your track, you can export it. We do that by going up to File, Export Audio/Video or Shift Command O, and it brings up this little box here. I want to normalize it upon export sample where I'm going to keep it at 44.1, but you can change that to 48 or higher. Here it's got the file type that you want to export in and the bit depth. Also, if you want an MP3, make sure this button is on, and then we click "Export", that brings us to a folder. I'm going to create a Bounce folder within my Ableton folder and press "Save", and we have our audio exporting. Lovely. Here we go. Once that's done, I'm going to go up here to my Ableton folder, find the Bounce. There we go. We have an MP3 and a wav because we take the MP3 box so we make sure we get an MP3 version and then ASD file. These are Ableton files. Let's play the track. Let's move it on a bit. There we go. We've exported our track. Before moving on to the next lesson, I would like you to use the TAB key to switch between views and dropping clips. Record your clips into arrange view from session view. Create scenes and record them into arrange view and practice using your hotkeys. When you're done, I would like you to take the screen class of you transferring your clips from session view to arrange view and upload them to the class community. I look forward to seeing you in lesson 5, where we will be creating cords using [inaudible]. 7. Creating Chords Using MIDI: Hello and welcome to Lesson 5, creating chords using midi. In this lesson, I'll be showing you how to create a new midi clip in a midi track in Session view or Arrangement view for chord progression. I'll be introducing you to three Ableton Live 11 midi effects that are brilliant for creating chords. I'll be showing you how to monitor your midi, change the velocity and the length, and how to record it in. The first thing we're going to do is open our browser, come down to Midi Effects, and then we're going to choose "Chord". From there we can drag directly onto the midi track or we can drag it down into this section at the bottom here. Once we have our midi effect in place, we can come up here to the pencil tool and draw in a midi note. Now we have a single midi note. The reason why you can't hear it yet is because we don't have an instrument that can be triggered by the midi information that we've just written in. I'm going to go up here to Instruments, type in grand piano, and I just drag that down here. Now we have our midi effect and then after that we have our instrument. Now we can hear our midi being played. To start making chords, all we need to do is start changing some parameters on the chord plugin. To do that, we can just move these sliders where it says shift one to six. The first one if we move it up to three semitones, the second one to seven semitones, and the third one to 10. You see it will say plus 3, plus 7, plus 10, that's because we're moving it up 3, 7, and 10 semitones. If we moved it down it would be a minus. Straight away we have a chord, amazing. Literally as simple as that. The next thing we're going to do is get the scale plugin, which is also in Midi Effects. We're going to drop that before the instrument as well. To make sure that your chord is in the key that you want once you add scale, you can change it by moving the button here where it says base. Now we've made our chord, we can start editing our midi notes. I'll just draw a couple in here and leave them about. Then we can start playing with the sound of the notes as well. I can change the attack here on the piano plugin just so it's not so aggressive. Already, that gives it a much nicer feel. Then I can add some more chords to my piano by changing the rest of the shift buttons on the chord plugin. For instance, if I can make a lower chord, not that noise, that's a bit out of key, but we find that you can hear it, nice. Then if I change shift 5, bear with me. As I said, I don't play any instruments and this is perfect for someone like me because I can hear when something sounds right, which is all you need, and then you can use scale to double-check. This is from one single midi note. Let's just put them back to zero. You can either drag them background or press the little triangles at the top. If you click those, they automatically go back to the original default position. That's our first midi effect, amazing. Now we're going to add some velocity to it. This basically is a way of taking midi and making it sound more human. The way we can do that is on the chord plugin, underneath the little dials, there's numbers and if I change them, it will change the velocity of each individual note of the chord. It's another way of just really adapting the sound to the way you want to. You also have the velocity effect plugin. Let's drag that on. This is brilliant because it comes with a loaded presets as well, which makes everything so much easier. Again, make sure that you drop the effect plugin before the instrument. The velocity plugin has this amazing little knob and this basically randomizes the velocity within the chord. It's a great way of adding dynamics to whatever you're playing. You can play with the drivers. Well, that will just give it more presence. This is what it sounds like if I turn the chord plugin off, we just go back to our single note. Let's drag in some of those presets I just spoke about. Already we can hear the difference and how it's randomizing the velocity. You can feel the rhythm. That is literally totally random. Amazing. We've basically made a chord from a single note, and made sure it was in key, and then been able to add some velocity and randomize it to make sure it sounds a lot more human. The other way we can do that is to record it in. We can record in our chords as midi and then edit the midi itself. In order to record our midi in, we will need to create a midi track, and hopefully by now, you should know how to do that. Then we come down here to the Midi From section and we change this to where it says Grand Piano. It would need to be changed to whatever instrument you want to come into this midi track. Then we change our monitor from auto to in. That means that we will be able to hear the midi coming through the input channel so that it can be recorded. Once we've done that, we need to make sure our track is armed or record ready as some people might know it, and then we're ready to go. We go up here, we press "Record", and you can see our input coming into a midi channel as it's recording in. If we switch to Arrange view, we can see our original track with the grand piano on it, our software instrument, and then the new midi track we created and recorded into and it split up the chords there exactly the way it's played. We can see the chords laid out on the piano roll. What that means now is we can go into those pieces of midi and actually change each individual note. You can see here if I select all, which is Command or Control A, I can then pick up all of the bits of midi and move them to where I want. I can lengthen them all or shorten them. I can actually click on each individual part and edit them as I wish. You can see that all of the midi parts are exactly in time. Let's delete those and then I will show you how we can give them a bit more of a human feel. We're going to do our Command or Control D, our second best friend, and duplicate our midi information and then just drag it in place. It's not exactly on. Then I'm going to duplicate that again and do the same again and again. Now we've got our midi the way we want it. We can change the tempo. If I just go here here, and I can drag down or up. Let's just take that down to 10. Really Barbie box in. But, this is how I envisage, soften my head. You get the idea. Again, once we've got a melody that we're happy with, we can go back into the plug-in and start messing about with the pre-sets again and continue structuring our sound.[MUSIC] The next thing we're going to do is create chords ourselves by drawing in MIDI, and then we can save it as a template or whatever, so you can actually have these chords to hands. When it comes to workflow and things like that it's fantastic. It's definitely worth taking the time to create these chords now, which can be used in anything. Once you've got them, you can start practicing them. Again, we're going to create some MIDI tracks here, and then we're going to insert a MIDI clip. There's two ways to do that. We can either go up here to create and down to insert empty MIDI clip, or we can use the hotkeys shift command M or shift control M on a PC. You can see when I go up here to create that the command is grayed out. That is because we haven't selected the area that we want to create the MIDI clip in. You need to make sure that you select an area for the command to be available. You see here, I'll click on that highlights and then we see now it's available. We can create a MIDI clip. Let's draw some stuff in here, C3, A3, G3, cool. We have a chord, let's hear that.[MUSIC] I'm just going to go in and show you how we can change that chord easily. There we go. That has gone from C to D. [MUSIC] Then I'll quickly show you how we can start naming and saving each chord so then we can start using those once we've made them. Let's take this D chord here that I'll just create it and go up here and we're going to name our chord first. Right-click and press "Rename" or "Command R," D major, then we're going to copy that and we're going to either press "Command D" duplicate or "Alt" and drag it. Now we're going to move the MIDI notes in the copied version to where we want the next chord to be. I'm going to do the original C that I had before I moved it to D.[MUSIC] Then we go up here, we rename, the C major, and then we do the same again, copy that, change the MIDI notes inside, [MUSIC] rename and then we keep going. You can do the same for minor.[MUSIC] Let's go to minor again, right-click "Rename," and we copy that and do the same again for D, E, and F. Now we have four major, and four minor chords. Have a listen.[MUSIC] Now it doesn't sound right, but you get the idea. Then you can start making a melody. I'm just going to drag these above, let's have a listen to that.[MUSIC] It's pretty much when I'm on. Over day you can hear that as inspiration for track. Let's try and make the sound a bit better. I'm going to go up here and go to our audio effects, Can AQ, strike in AQ, site the top handout. Then another fantastic tip to create a baseline is you can duplicate the quotes you've played. Drag that down to the MIDI trap below, select all of the MIDI clips you put together, and then you want to delete all of the notes except the low ones. Then you want to move those down an octave. Then you go-to instrument and find a bass sound. Let's have a listen. [MUSIC] How simple is that. We've got chords and we've got a base from one note, genius. [MUSIC] Some crappy things. Let's look for cate. That will do, drag that in. Then we just place that. Once you've got your chords and I guess your basic B, you can drag in some more plug-ins. You can drag on the arpeggiator, which is so much fun. It's got amazing presets as well, brilliant pay super bouncy chords. [MUSIC] We drag another preset in. Classic up and down. Nice. [inaudible] Wow. [inaudible] lovely. Bring the template down. Again different song spot. Bring it down 10 BPM. The other great thing is you can change the right and then you can change the style of the arpeggiator as well. Hours of fun seriously. There is all of your ways to create chords using MIDI and then make them feel human. To add an arpeggiator, you can change the instrument from a grand piano if you want. You use those tools, you can change all the instruments. Instead of a grand piano, I could have used the guitar. I could have used absolutely anything to create those chords. Remember, is one bit of MIDI information, One note, and then you use the chord plugin to create that chord. Whatever the instrument is, the possibilities are endless. You can just keep changing the sound as long as you add in the instrument after the effect, you'll get your chord, enjoy. Before moving on to the next lesson, I would like you to practice draw in MIDI notes and creating chords. It's also a lot of fun to play with the length of the notes in your chord. This will give you completely different fields to your song. I'd like you to really take the time to understand the three MIDI effects that I've shown you today. Because by understanding what each node does and what the values do, will really speed up your workflow as you grow in your production knowledge. For a more natural-sounding chord progression, you can change the velocity or volume of each note that the chord plugin produces by just adjusting the numbers under each node. Remember you need to arm your truck in order to make your record ready. Also remember that these MIDI effects are perfect inspiration for some ideas. Before moving onto the next lesson, I would like you to take a video of yourself practicing your chord progressions with the MIDI effects and upload it to the class community. I look forward to seeing you in the next lesson, where I'll be showing you how to record and edit video.[MUSIC] 8. Record & Edit Audio: Hello and welcome to lesson 6, recording and editing audio. In this lesson, I'll be showing you how to record audio in Ableton Live 11. We'll be covering audio interface, mic connection, the differences between a dynamic and a condenser mic, and input levels.Here Here have a focus right, scarlet 212. Its a great audio interface for the price and it's all you need. You have your two mic inputs with their adjustable inputs. Here you got your line and mic in, switch is here. Here you have your 48-volt button, which is also called phantom power. You will need your phantom power when you're using a condenser mic, which we'll get back to in a while. Down here you've got your direct monitor. This is your main monitor knob here and then just under here we have a headphone in and our headphone monitor. On the back here we've got our USB power, so that goes straight into your computer and here we have our line outs, which are left and right speakers. We have our inputs on the front and our headphone monitoring and then on the back, we have the power source and our left and right speakers. When you have a microphone, you have a lead which is called an XLR cable and they have male and female connections. You also have quarter-inch jack, so with a microphone you can either connect via your XLR cable or you might have an XLR to jack input, in which case a jack will go in this centerpiece here, as well. If you have an XLR to jack then the jack can go in there and if it's XLR to XLR then you would just simply put your XLR in and turn up your input. Then you would monitor your input when you start recording. Here we can see my microphone and this is something called an isobar. Inside this, we have our microphone. Also, you can see here, it's like a pop shield and that comes with it. Now, this is a condenser mic. Earlier, if you remember me saying about the 48 V button on our audio interface, you will need that button turned on when you're using a condenser mic. The reason for this is because condenser mics contain a diaphragm, which is a thin piece of metal and that lies behind another bit of metal called a backplate. Phantom power needs to be applied to these pieces of metal that create a static charge and then when a sound wave or someone sings into it or noise is picked up from the microphone that makes the diaphragm move back and forward and that generates a voltage that then can be read as an audio signal. Basically, what phantom power does is it sends a direct current down the microphone to activate the electronic circuitry. That's like in a nutshell. When we're recording a vocal, we have to make sure that our input level is correct. The reason being is if it's too high then your vocal is going to clip and once the recording is clicked or distorted, that recording can't be used because it will have digital clipping in it. You can't get rid of that. It's very important when you're recording to remember that the human voice or an instrument isn't exactly the same all the time. We have to constantly adjust the input level or you can get a general input level that is good overall. You might just need to adjust it slightly throughout the session. As we touched on earlier, dynamic mics are the mics that don't need phantom power. The most famous dynamic mics you can get are Shure SM58 and SM57. They are both directional mics and they have a cardioid pick-up pattern. What that means is that the pickup pattern picks up the sound directly in front of it and reduces or minimizes any background noise. When it comes to condenser microphones, this is literally down to taste. It depends on the sound of it, the warmth, the pickup pattern, everything. Check your resources. I'll make sure I drop in there a list of some mics that are very good quality but at an affordable price. That's the difference between microphones. You have a condenser and you have a dynamic. A dynamic mic does not need phantom power. They're rugged, they're strong. Whereas a condenser mic does need phantom power. It's got much more fragile bits inside but they're beautiful mics, as well for picking up vocal recordings in the studio. Now, I'm going to demonstrate how to record a vocal in thus so that you can see how to record, how the audio goes through the microphone. We check our levels. We get an input into Ableton Live 11 and then we can start laying that out, editing it, and adding slides. I'm just going to record a little bit vocals from one of my recent releases. We record ready, press record. Now, I'm not actually going in time with the metronome, so I'm just going to sing for the purposes of me showing you how to record into Ableton Live 11. Tell me your secrets. Where do you keep them? Do you hide them so low? Make sure they can even get close because as when you leave them, take me to the place, take me to the place. Let them all escape because you can fall apart with me. Let's press, "Stop." I'm going to press my tab key. Remember those up have audio. Now, the level one that looks quite low. I hope it's actually not too bad. What I'm going to show you now, is I'm going to sing a bit the same thing but I'm going to turn my input level up. I'm turning up the volume of the amount of input that's coming in if that makes sense. We've got our track on, I press, "Record," turn the info up. Tell me your secrets. Where do you keep them? Do you hide them so low? Make sure they can even get close because that's when you leave them take me to that place, take me to the place and let them all escape because you can fall apart with me. Doggy. Yeah boy. We press "Stop" or "Spacebar" and tab and there we go. You can see because I turned the input volume up, this waveform is much bigger than this waveform. There we go. Don't worry, I'm screen casting this as well so you'll see it up close and personal. So you can see it's huge. Input level is huge. That's what I mean. You can see here at the very top, it's flat and that means it's distorted, it is peaked. That's going to be no use to anybody. It's really important that we keep an eye on our input levels when we are recording in. All right, so that's recording into Ableton Live 11. We've spoken about our inputs, we've done my connection, different types of mics, how to record audio in. Then now I'm going to show you how we can cut it up and edit it. [MUSIC] We have our audio in and you can see the three different waveforms here. This is the first one that we recorded in, the really low input, which is absolutely fine. Everything is picked up. Then we turn the input up a bit more, which is a much better input level. Then up here, we have our final bit of audio that we recorded in, and this is what you don't want. This is way too hot. It's too loud. There's no room at the top here at all. You can see that the waveform is flat, that is digital distortion, and we do not want anything like that because there's nothing that we can do now to go in and change that distortion. When recording, make sure your input levels are pretty much around here. The second one that we recorded in. In order to zoom in and out, now we've got our audio. We use the plus and minus keys on our keyboard. You can see here I'm zooming in. If you want to start editing your audio now, don't forget, I did not do this to a click or anything because that wasn't the point. If I was already recording to an existing track, I would have sung to the tempo of the track up here. The moment is at 120 to make sure that my vocal was in time with the existing track that would have been on here. That's very important to remember. For double-click on my piece of audio, you can see this is a massive minus that's just too big. Let's go down to this one here. You can see really nice waveform there. You can see all the different inflections of the vocal where I got louder, where I went a bit softer. If we want to take a piece of this audio out here or just listen to it. We can hover over it with our mouse, can go through the vocal, and find the part that I want. Then when I get there, this section down here allows me to zoom in even more. I can drag down here this little white box to zoom all the way into this piece of audio here. Then again, I can see where I want to play it from. If I want to split this section here, I place my cursor exactly where I want to start editing, select the part that I want, then I click "Command" and "E", and that's separated it so I can delete it, I can add it onto a new track. I can duplicate that now "Command" and "D" or we press and hold the "Alt button", pick it up and drag it in place. Now you can see I've got three bits of the same audio. I can go even deeper into that, so I can pick it up here at the corner and I can just take that bit. Then [inaudible] on that three times actually, let me bring it in so it's bang on, come on day, there we go. If you ever want to do any form of vocal edits where there's like a repetition or you just want to pay with some vocals, get them in sound like their sample that's what you do. Go even quicker. If I want to cut the front of again. [MUSIC] I'm literally just playing. I haven't even planned this at all. I'm just cutting anything up that we can hear. Already I can hear a little pattern. Now, as we know, I can go and grab an effect up here in audio effects and I can put some reverb on that. Let's get a whole reverb. Anyone would do, let's chuck that on. Let's listen to it now. Now, if I change the dry wet down here, so this is basically the amount of reverb that's affecting it, which means all of the reverbs affecting it, so if I bring it back, what that would do is bring some of the original signal into it. It's not so dramatic. [MUSIC] Let's see what else we have here. Brilliant. Let's add some chorus, ensemble feedback. Nice. If you have any third party plugin as well don't forget you can drag those on. Here let me just delete this. I'll keep the reverb on. But we can add the capitator. Brilliant let's drag that one and you can tap the tempo. You can change the mix. One of my favorites is MicroShift. Let me take this off. I just love it for vocals because I've got quite a husky voice. I really like dabbing my vocal, which means recording on top-of-my own vocal. With MicroShift, it pretty much does that for you and just adds a really nice glue to vocals I think. Let's say lead vocal clarity. [MUSIC] There you go. I could sit here and play all day. If you have any questions, don't hesitate to contact me in the class community. Remember, it's important to adjust gain on your audio interface to avoid clipping or distortion. A great tip is to stand a fist's length away from the microphone. Another great tip if you don't have a pop shield, you can easily make one with a wire coat hanger and a pair of tights. Before moving onto the next lesson, I would like you to practice recording different types of audio. It's absolutely fine, if you don't play any instruments, you can just talk into the mic or get some friends to talking to the mic or pickup, some household objects and you can tap, bang or shake them. That's really good to practice to see how the mic pics up different types of audio and also the shape of the waveform it creates. This will also be really good time to practice changing your input level on your audio interface. Because when you choose a different object, the waveform changes, the frequency changes so the mic will pick up in different ways. It's important to make sure that you constantly check your input monitoring level and adjusted accordingly. Finally, take a photo of the different wave-forms that you've recorded and upload it to the class community. Make sure you name what each waveform is. I look forward to seeing you in the next lesson, where we will be covering some arrangements. 9. Song Arrangement: Hello, and welcome to Lesson 7: Song Arrangement. In this lesson, I'll be showing you how to start arranging your song from the intro to outro, and how to use markers for a basic arrangement. Here we are in arrange view, and this is the template that we made earlier in the class. What I'm going to do is show you how to add markers so that when you do come to making your arrangement, you can easily see where each section of your song is. First of all, you need to take the loop bar at the top here and drag that to your desired length. I'm going to do it to four bars, then what we need to do is add a marker in. To do that, we come over here to this area here where it says Set. Click the "On" and you can see straight away, you have the Number 1 that has been inserted just under the loop bar in your selection. I'm going to shorten that to two bars, and then right-click, and press "Rename". Then I'm going to type Intro, pick up our loop bar and drag it, and then lengthen that to eight bars again. Now we're going to go for a verse doing exactly the same. Go to Set, Rename, and I'm going to type Verse 1, so now, we have our intro and we have our verse 1. Again, grab the loop bar at the top, and now, I'm going to put in a pre. Again, over to Set, Rename, pre-chorus, exactly the same again. We're going to add in a chorus, so I'm going to drag my loop bar and bring that out to eight bars again, over to Set and Rename chorus. There we go. Another way that you can name your markers is to right-click and Add Locator. I'm just going to type in Verse 2 here, or another great way to do it is to place the cursor where you would like the next market to go. Again, right-click and add locator, so that's Pre 2, and I'll just demonstrate that again. Put the marker in place, right-click, and rename. Now, I'm going to drag the loop bar over because my chorus is eight bars, so I'm going to place the cursor where my marker will g, Set, again, right-click so there's our middle 8. We need another chorus here, put that in, and then another chorus, always a double chorus to end and then an outro. We put one more in, just to say end. Then we can select the whole song arrangement and we can see, we've got an intro, verse 1, pre chorus, verse 2, pre 2, chorus 2, middle 8, chorus 3, chorus 4 and outro. If there's anytime you want to change the arrangement, you can simply just move each marker manually and change the length of each section. Once you're happy with your arrangement, you can go up to File, Save, Live Set As A Template, and there we go. Everything is in place. Again, if you want to save your set, you would go up to File, Save, Live Set, rename it, and then press "Save". If you want to Save As, you would go at Save, Live Set As. I'm just going to say one, and there we go. We have Skillshare Session View and Skillshare Session View 1. That's our Save and our Save As. Brilliant. I'm going to show you how the markers will look with the MIDI that we created in Lesson 5, and I'll show you how I'm going to place those markers relating to what we created in that session. First of all, again, we're going to place our locator, right-click, and add locator. I'm going to name that intro. What I want to do is I want to cut this and add a little bit this into the intro, so Command A. I'm just going to move that there so listen. That's our intro. For the verse, start this out. That's the end of our verse here, eight bars. Place Locate, right-click "Rename", verse 1, and this will be our chorus 1, just moves that in place. I'm going to put a little break there. Drag that in, dragging the hi-hats, and then we go for those two. Again, right-click "Add Locator", rename verse 2, and then we're going to go for chorus again. Chorus 2, move those in place, just drag that there, so We've got another break before the chorus. Then we're going to do middle 8 breakdown. I remember, we just had some percussion there. That's eight bars. Drag all this in, and this will be our chorus to end, chorus 3, 4, and then we're going to put an outro. Drag that back in at the bottom. I'm just going to do a little break in the hi-hats coming back into the end chorus. Now we sort out our outro, put that in. That track is not being used, so I'm just going to drag that down the bottom. Then I'm just going to fold that track or collapse it. You can fold all of your tracks by pressing the "All Option" button on your keyboard, and then coming up here to this little circle with the triangle inside and pressing that and you can see all of your tracks are folded or collapse, whatever way you want to say. Back to our arrangement, we've got all our markers in place. Again, if we want to expose it, we select our entire arrangement. We come up to File, Export Audio/Video or Shift Command R. Again, it brings up this little box, make sure the MP3 is on, so we can have a different version. If you want, Export, and then we name our track, and then we export it. That will be in our folder, Here we are, and then we play it, and that's our track. That is how you do a basic arrangement in Ableton Live 11. If your project contains a lot of tracks and there's loads of different colors, it can get quite confusing. A great tip is to insert or create a blank track in-between different groups. You might have your drums and then vocals. You can create blank tracks in between them to act as a visual separator. Another great tip for housekeeping is the Alt option function. If you press and hold "Alt" option, go to the track's Fold button, and press that. It will fold all of the tracks at once and it will make everything all be nice and neat. Before moving on to the next lesson, I would like you to practice creating, naming, and using markers in your arrangement, saving your arrangement as a template, practicing using your hotkeys from the resource I give you, and lastly, I would like you to practice exporting your track. I look forward to seeing you for the conclusion where we will be recapping everything we have covered in this class. 10. Conclusion: Hello and welcome to our final video. You've done it. Congratulations and well done. Well done for taking this class. You've taken the first step in your production journey, whether you're a singer, a songwriter, a beginner, a producer who's already been producing for a while but is new to Ableton. You've done it. Make sure you give yourself a huge pat on the back for taking the first step in your production journey. Let's cover all of the things that you've learned in this class. In Lesson 1, I gave you an introduction to Ableton Live 11 and the first things that you need to know. You learned how to save your live set, how to navigate preferences, how to create and save a template, and you also learned about your musical typing function in case you don't have a MIDI keyboard. In Lesson 2, I gave you an overview of the interface. We covered the transport section, the importance of info view, how to show and hide your browser, your clip view selector, and your device view selector. I introduced you to the Groove Pool. Also, we found where our sends and returns are and how to show and hide them. We touched on the difference between session and arrange view, the role of the master channel when playing clips, and how to show and hide your mixer. In Lesson 3, we dove deeper into session view and we navigated our browser section going through collections, categories, and places. We also spoke about the tools that you could use to help you with your songwriting. We learned about MIDI effects like Simpler and how you can use Simpler to chop up a vocal sample. You learned about the amazing hotspot function and the functions of the master channel. In Lesson 4, you learned about the arrange view. I gave you three different methods of how to get your clips from session view into arrange view. We used the tab key we recorded our MIDI or our clips into arrange view and we used scenes. We also touched on automation and I showed you how to export your live set. In Lesson 5, you learned how to create chords. We used the MIDI effects, chord, scale and velocity to create chords without knowing how to play an instrument. I also showed you how changing the length of the MIDI notes can help change the feel of the song and really help with inspiration. We learned how to create a MIDI clip, how to configure our audio from an ARM track so that we could record our MIDI into arrange view. I also showed you a great tip to help with your workflow and create a baseline of the existing MIDI melody. In Lesson 6, I showed you how to record and edit audio. I gave you an introduction to the Scarlet 2i2 audio interface, how to connect to a mic, importance of adjusting the input gain to avoid clipping, we covered the difference between a dynamic and the condenser mic and adjusting your input levels during recording. In Lesson 7, we covered arrangement. I showed you how to create and name your markers, and then save them as a template. We then learned how to start editing your arrangement and more tips on helping you with your workflow by being able to fold, minimize, or collapse your tracks. I also gave you a great tip to use a blank track as a visual separator when your session gets too busy. We then retouched on saving your live set and exporting it. I want you to practice the steps I've given you in this class. It's so important to make sure that you keep practicing what I've taught you until it becomes second nature. The reason being it's so easy to get caught up in new little things and get excited by shiny bits and bobs and then before you know it, you're going to get lost again. Please stick to what I've shown you until it becomes second nature, until you don't even have to think about it. Because down the line it's really going to help you with your workflow. Then you can start practicing with new plug-ins and different parts of Ableton. Remember as well to upload your finished projects to the class community so I can give you some feedback. I absolutely can't wait to hear what you guys produce. I have faith in every single one of you. It's been absolutely brilliant guiding you through this process and I really hope that you all continue on your production journey. Remember as well, this is just the beginning so try not to be too hard on yourself. Also remember to focus on having fun and not that number 1. Please contact me if you need any help or support and also follow me on socials so you can become part of my world and see what I'm up to regularly. I will see you in a class very soon.