Moving to Ireland (Jobs, Insurance, Tax, Visas + Culture) | One Minute English | Skillshare

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Moving to Ireland (Jobs, Insurance, Tax, Visas + Culture)

teacher avatar One Minute English, English teacher

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

18 Lessons (1h 38m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Insurance

    • 3. Banks

    • 4. PPS Number

    • 5. Tax

    • 6. Acommodation

    • 7. Jobs

    • 8. Cost of Living

    • 9. Food and Drink

    • 10. Culture

    • 11. Languages

    • 12. Tourism

    • 13. History

    • 14. Geography

    • 15. Education

    • 16. Politics

    • 17. Learn English in Ireland

    • 18. Visas

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About This Class

This course is to help people move to Ireland. Moving to Ireland can be a challenge so I have separated the information into 2 parts: Practical information and Cultural. 

Practical lessons

  • Visas/Immigration
  • Insurance
  • Banks
  • PPS Number
  • Tax
  • Accommodation
  • Jobs
  • Cost of living

Cultural Lessons

  • Food and Drink
  • Culture
  • Languages
  • Tourism
  • History
  • Geography
  • Education
  • Learn English in Ireland
  • Politics

I hope this course will help you to learn more about Irish culture but it should give you most of the information you need before you make the move.


Meet Your Teacher

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One Minute English

English teacher


Hello, I'm Conor. I am a professional English teacher. I teach English online and I have been teaching for 10 years. I want to help students to study courses on skillshare as I love sharing how to communicate in English better!! Check out my facebook page One Minute English!

You can find lots of English guides on my Website


See full profile

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1. Introduction: Hello everyone and welcome to the course. This course is for anybody that wants to move to Ireland. I tried to bring all the information that you need when you want to move to Ireland together in this course. So it starts off with more practical things like visas and insurance and banks and this type of thing. And then the course moves on to more cultural things like Irish music and Irish film, and Irish history and Irish geography and education in Ireland. Okay, so I hope you can find lots of things that will help you when you are moving to Ireland in this course. Let's start now. 2. Insurance: Okay, so now let's look at insurance in Ireland. Many visas require health insurance for your entire stay in Ireland. So like in the other video, we talked about the Working Holiday visa stamp for tours, visas, you need insurance to go with all of these visas. So if you're an EU citizen, you can get your being health insurance card. This is a little blue card that protects you in case of emergency. So you need to check a visa, see exactly what type insurance you need. So different health insurance companies, Layla, healthcare, VHA health care, low health, HSS, Health Plan, and Irish life health. So you need to check all of their different policies, which one is best for you? So at the doctor and you need to, when you're visiting the doctor, you often need to pay 50 to 60 Euro, Okay? Gps in Ireland, we call doctors, GP, general practitioners. They often have their own little office. It can even be at the side of the house or something like that. It's not often in a hospital, like in other countries. Usually if you have any proudly need to go there first, right? And then they can refer you to the specialist. If you have a problem with your eye or something, you go to the GP first sometimes and then they refer you to the eye specialist. Okay. It's quite expensive for 60 year or every time you want to go to the doctor. I find it quite expensive to. So the next thing to talk about is the medical card. The card you get if you earn under a certain amount of money. So I'm not sure the exact figures, but you can check that out if you're entitled to it. It's free for over seventies and under six to visit the doctor. And the governments are trying every year to bring the kids age up. So hopefully in a few years it'll be under eights and under tens and have free visits to the doctor. Travel insurance. Okay. I recommend safety wing is $39 per month and you can buy it from wherever, whichever country you are in at the mountains, you can get it. And the only thing I think you can't stay in your home country for more than 30 days in the year. But of course this won't be and I won't affect you. This would be good if you plan on travelling a lot while in Ireland, okay, you want to travel to different countries and visit different countries. Car insurance, if you have a car, car insurance is obligatory, right? The part that's obligatory is third party insurance. That means that if you crash into somebody that you have insurance to pay for their car. And the other insurance that is possible is fully comprehensive insurance. That means the covers, they're the person you crashed into and your own car. Okay. 3. Banks: Okay, so let's talk about opening a bank account in Ireland. So opening a bank account should be one of the first things that you do when you arrive in Ireland. It can take a little bit of time, ok, so, you know, you wanted to get your banking setup so that you can get your job and all of that organized and get paid on time, right? And so most jobs paid directly into your cancels that good ideas. So you can receive your payments as soon as possible. Okay, so you want to do this and straight away, especially after you get your apartment or place to live. Okay. What do you need to set up a bank account. You need identification, passport, driver's license, or something like that, and proof of address. So this is the idea, right? You want to get on the accommodation straightaway and then setup. You're an appointment with the bank manager so that you can set up your bank account. So which bank do you want to go with? Well, these are the traditional big banks in Ireland. There are four big banks in Ireland. Bank of Ireland is the one that I use. And of course it has online banking as well. All of these have online banking. So no need to go into the branch to do many things that you need to do. And there are charges for contact plus payments and no Google App pay, Apple Pay, sorry, and 20 year yearly maintenance fee. And the next biggest bank, well, these two are the two biggest probably in Ireland, Allied Irish Bank, we call it AIB. Okay? There are no fees when you have a balance of above €2500, okay? They have Google and Apple Pay as well. And, and next one is Ulster buying €48 yearly fee and no day-to-day fees, no charges when you use your bank accounts. Okay. So in our length, when you have, for example, the Bank of Ireland card and do you want to use a AIB ATM? That's no problem. You don't get charged for that. But you do get charged for the tap. And with Bank of Ireland, it's not a lot of money both adds up. And the next one was permanent TSB, 48-year-old, year-over-year d phi. So their options and in my experience making online transactions with these banks can be difficult, okay? They often want some sort of a verified by visa or something else that always kind of complicates things. I live in different countries often and it's quite difficult sometimes to use my bank. And for this reason I recommend revolute. It's one of these new fintech companies and for making payments. So you can use this very easily and they don't charge you much. And to use it as a very nice app. And you can see everything going in and going out very modern. And, and then if you wanted to transfer money from your home country to your Irish camps, then I recommend transfer wise is a used this recently and saved me a lot of money. I think there's another one called currency fair. And it basically kind of goes from, let's say, your home account. And then it goes through transfer wise is really easy to use. And then you got charged maybe €1 or something like that to send all the money to your Irish account, which is much less than if you just go directly. 4. PPS Number: Okay, so now we'll talk about PPS numbers. So a PPS number is your personal public services number? It's a unique number. Okay. It's seven numbers followed by a letter to. This is a very important cards that you need for many things in Ireland, including public health services and coding, medical card, housing grants, all social welfare services, and tax issues, okay, so this is something you need to provide when you are working legally in Ireland, Okay, so before you apply, you need to prove your identity, okay. You need to say why you want the PPS card. And you also need to provide sort, sort of bill, utility bill or anything that shows your address. Okay, for EU citizens. And you need to show your current passport or your national identity card. And if you're non-EU, you also need to provide your passport, okay, this is a very important card for Ireland. And if you're applying to work on in Ireland, you need to attend a face-to-face interview. You can book online the appointment, but you need to do the interview in person. So first of all, you need to make an appointment. You need to get all your documents together and you should attend your PPS collection point at your nearest allocation center. So if you just Google that you can find, they have one in the city center and some more in the outskirts of Dublin and around the country. 5. Tax: Okay, so now let's look at the tax system in Ireland. There is a progressive tax system in Ireland, which means the more you earn, the more you pay. So there are three different taxes for employees in Ireland. There is PAYG, which is pay as you earn, ok, this is kind of the, the biggest tax. This is the one that everybody needs to pay. And the next tax is P RSI, pain-related social insurance. Okay. This one covers you if you lose your job or something like that. And the last one is USC universal social charge. Ok, this one was introduced recently. So PAYG is the main tax in Ireland. You pay 20% up to €35,000.40% of everything above that level. Psi is 4% or lower in most cases, and it also depends on the job you do. So if you have a job like a nurse or a teacher or something like that. With governments, maybe you pay less PR, sorry. And USC is usually between 2% 8 of your income. Again, this is a progressive tax. So the more you earn, the more USC you need to pay. All these calculations are done for you and you can do this and much more at revenue dot iii, Okay, So I also encourage you the year after you finish and you're working in Ireland, check on revenue, di eat sea. Maybe you are entitled to a tax back. Maybe you pay too much tax and you will get a full refund. 6. Acommodation: Okay, so now let's talk about where you can live in Ireland and accommodation. So let's think about the questions. Where, where would you like to live? So you need to find a place near your job. It's always a good idea, right? So you don't need to travel too much. Do you want to live in the city center or a little bit at side? Do you want to share an apartment or share a room? Accommodation is expensive in places like Dublin, so maybe that's something that you need to consider. And is there public transport around? Okay. You don't want to be stuck in some place and there's no way to get to work or get to the c center, tans center or something like that. And here are some recommended areas. And Dublin, there's wrath minds and ran a lot on the south side, and there's lots of shops and it's not too far from the city center in nearly walk there and the north side, all these places. You can walk ourselves to the city center if you like walking. And Smithfield is a great area and lots of cinemas and pubs and things to do. And there was Stoney batter, great up-and-coming neighborhood drum, contrary to, is a very good place to live. So as you may have heard, there is a housing crisis in Dublin and around the country in big cities. The reason is there's just not enough houses in turbulent for all of the people. So there's high, high rents in Dublin. The prices are going up and up and up every year. I think this is a similar situation in many popular cities around the world like San Francisco and London, and Paris as well. And so in Ireland, you don't see very many very tall buildings. That's kind of a problem nowadays. And because we don't have enough places for people to live, the governments are trying to do things about this, but it's not really doing anything. There's still not going to, not going to be a problem that's going to be solved soon. And it's just going to keep keep go out, going up. So yeah, probably some of the reason is just because of the popularity of Ireland's right. It's a country that's doing very well. And people are coming to the country. And the tech companies are all based in Dublin, Core and other cities to Google and Facebook and all these people, they, they need, you know, houses in place to live. So the government really focused on jobs, jobs, jobs, but they never really thought about the next part. Where are these people going to live? Ok, so and also Airbnb. And there are a lot of tourists that come to W2. So all of these reasons and caused a big problem about finding accommodation for people to live in Dublin. So buying a house in Ireland. So this is kind of a complicated process as it is most places. There's kind of an auction styles. So the owner of the house gonna set surprise and says, okay, I'll sell the house for 500 thousand, let's say. And you can go in and you can make a bid on the house rice. And they can accept that or they just wait a bit longer. Maybe somebody else gives a higher beta, higher bid. So they're obviously going to accept the highest bid that they can. And also take into consideration that there can be three to 9% extra costs associated with buying a house. These could be taxes and costs for auctioneer's and things like that. And there is no restrictions for foreigners, so you can buy a house if you want. So there's no problem with that. And you see this with a lot of investment and investment firms are buying property in Ireland. He did as a good investment and you needed 10% deposit. But it can also take between 612 months, actually get the keys of house and move in. It's a bit longer than other countries, I think, to get moved into your house. So make sure you are ready to start the process as early as you can and know that it's going to take time. So I had to find accommodation. Here are some websites. Daft dot I0 is the one that I use to get accommodation is probably the most famous one in Ireland. There's also a rental property data. Maybe more to buy has where you can also rent places. They're also networking like with jobs and, you know, you can find a Facebook group for things like this. The idea of flatmate Doeblin is one such group. So when you organize and to see an apartment in Dublin or anywhere else, you need to go and look at the apartments located CP like it. And nowadays economics often be lots of people also looking at the apartment. So there's kind of a bit of an anxious feeling in the air. Everybody wants to try and get that apartment as fast as possible. Just try to remain calm is not going to help you to make your decision. So you can give the deposit then as soon as you get there, if you really like the place, it's a seller's market, right? So that means that the landlord, he can find a 100 people to, to rent his place. And because of the lack of supply and things to have ready, the landlords, they wanted to see things like pay slips and bank statements, copy of passports, and references or other places that you've lived. So have all ready before you go to the viewing you don't want. And then to say, well, can you show me these things and you don't have it ready? Okay. Be prepared. Is it's it's not like a nice thing that you have to do, right? And not a relaxed environment often, but it's not as bad as people say. I'm getting the pions just might take a couple of weeks and you get there, you have it, it's done. Okay. 7. Jobs: So let's talk about finding a job in Ireland. Here are four ways to find a job in Ireland. Networking, okay. It's not what you know, it's who you know, okay. Definitely helps in Ireland, if you know, people always helps. The internet, of course, is a great resource. If you handed CVs to different people and recruitment agencies can also help. Let's have a look in more detail. So networking, first thing you should do is probably find somebody from your country, okay, Often people from your country, they might have been in Ireland for some time already. They understand a little bit more how it works. And I know so many people get jobs through their friends, through recommendations or something like that. So if you can find somebody in your area that you want to work with, and you know, that's a really good start. Because then they can say, oh yeah, we're looking for this person in software engineering and our company. So if you give me your CV, I can give it to my boss and there you go. So meet-ups in your area as a great way to do it. Like if you're interested in Java programming, go to a meet opened Dublin. Java programming has something like that. Even if it's just a hobby, something like running or anything, sports, do something like get out and meet people because that will definitely improve your chances of getting a job. And websites. Okay, so let's look at the internet side of things. It is actually a little bit more difficult rice, you need to write a cover letter and you need to prepare your CV or that. Here are the top ten website for getting a job in Ireland. So indeed dot I0 is the number one jobs that IE is very popular as well, or lots of jobs on their published every day. And all these other ones fostered ID is more of the government. Fiber is more for freelancers, public jobs. Obviously the government recruit is with an agency and CPL is also kind of like a recruitment agency that usually hires people for companies like Hewlett Packard and this type of job. So handed CVs is another way to get a job, right? You literally walk around the streets and you go into every bar and every cafe. This is a good strategy for those types of jobs. And maybe not so good for other types of jobs. But if you wanted to kind of more informal job, this is a good strategy. Go in, ask for the manager. Okay, don't just give your CV and say nothing because it'll just go in a pile with many other CVs. So try to talk to the manager and just try to get the person to remember it, show that you're serious about getting this job Ireland and is at full employment now 5% on employment rights. So there should be plenty of jobs for you at the moment. But of course that can change when the economy goes up and down. So recruitment agency, and this is a great way to get a job, takes a lot of patients and interviews and things like that. And my experience is only good if you have experience in this row because the recruitment agency, they look for certain keywords. So again, if you're a software engineer, then you need to put all the keywords in your CV, gave it to them. They have something that goes through your CV and chose JavaScript. We need somebody with JavaScript experience so you can't really get a job that you're not very qualified for already. Okay, so LinkedIn is another way that you can get a job. I tried to send as many e-mails as possible and just make sure you have a good LinkedIn profile. Often people get contacted, especially in the IT area, but you probably know that already because you have lots of offers. Cv tips for Ireland's. Okay. It's a little bit different to American CV's, which are called resumes. And so in Ireland, we don't usually have a photo. Don't put a photo on your CV. The CVs are two to three pages long. Ok. It depends on the job. If you are going for more formal job, then yeah, you want it to be longer. And like I said, with all those keywords that you need to put in, right? And so that passes their checks that you can get an interview. The cover letter is very important to pay. So this is your chance. I know it's hard book is your chance to personalize and do your research about what the person is looking for you want to show, OK, I have all these qualities, right? And that the person is looking for and focus on them and what they need. 8. Cost of Living: Okay, so let's talk a little bit about the cost of living in Ireland. So Island is an expensive country to live in, but like many countries, it depends on where you live, okay, so, you know, we're in Europe here. And most countries in Europe are kind of expensive, especially in Western Europe to live in an island is now different. In the city centre of Dublin, prices are comparable to London or Paris. And, but if you live in the countryside than it is considerably cheaper. Okay, so yeah, this is the same everywhere, right? And the City Center is where people want to live in the cities, and it's more expensive. You can expect that everywhere. So rent is your biggest expense, especially in Ireland. You need to think about that first. So think about how much is it going to cost if you choose to live in Dublin. And an average apartment in a one bedroom apartment in the city center will cost you around €1700 per month, okay, so you need to think about what type of salary you're going to get if you want to have a one bedroom apartment in the city center. And when I was living in Dublin and it was last year, €1400. So yeah. And this was for a very small apartments, so 1700 seems like a good average and price of rent. Dublin have a look at the other price is there. It doesn't really go down a lot outside of the center, right? 1400. And then yeah, if you want to or three bedrooms. The problem is in Arlen, there are not a lot of apartments, ok, so you find a lot of houses, especially in the suburbs, but not a lot of departments, so need more apartments. In Ireland, here's prices for go away. So it's considerably cheaper. Yeah, 1€1000 m is, you know, a little bit less, right? And 780 or outside of dissenter, much better, right? And here's the prices for cork. Okay? And the average salary in Ireland is about €2500 per month. So it's quite high, right? And if you get a tech job or a job in pharmaceuticals, you'll earn a lot more than this course. So yeah, that depends on your salary and Hamlet you spend. So, you know, it's a good idea when you arrived to add, and I know it's like a new plays and you wanted to enjoy everything. But I tried to keep an eye on how much you're spending, right. And other costs. And lunch meal with a drink in a restaurant and could be between 7€13, right? If you want to get a sandwich in the shop, and maybe that would be a bit cheaper. Four or €5 maybe. But this is what it costs. And it's quite expensive. Everyday, kinda goes up from there. You could easily pay 20 or oh, yes, so dinner for two would be between 40€60. My experiences is really if you want, why a bottle of wine is at least 20 years, maybe 20-25 euro. So you can have the dinner for two people for 40 years. But if you want wind, then it's probably 60. Easily. Coffee is around three-year-old. Can be more expensive. Three hundred fifty, three seventy-five I've seen Bear is five-year-old. Again, if you want a nice craft beer, it's about six or €7 or in Temple Bar, it's around six or €7. And be careful and Temple Bar, the prices actually go up. So you know, you can buy your first beer for maybe six hero. And then the next beer is 650, and then next beer is seven-year-old. They they go up every hour or so. Yeah. Like you need to be careful of prices and tempo bar at checkout my recommendations of places to go and to stay away from that. Phone credits, usually around €20 per month. Genes, €70. Internet, around 40 to €50 per month. Gym membership, 400 you can find cheaper than that. And they have really good deals and gym membership, 20-30, arrow cinema would be about a €10. You could easily pay 1012€15 though for good cinema ticket, doctor's visit visits. Yet we'll be around 60 years. That will be the standards was taken in Dublin, is three-year-old as pretty much wherever you wanted to go and costs about €3.1 liter of gas, 144. Cleaner costs around €15 per hour. Shoes are 90 or so. It is possible to live cheaply in Dublin if you share a room or house. If you buy our clothes and pennies, right? This is really cheap. Am shop, close shop that you can get all the essentials for cold weather, hot weather or whatever. Well, probably won't be a lot of hot weather boots and everything you need from there you can spend, you know, 50 year old get loads of clothes. And if you buy your food and Aldi and little, okay, these are the German supermarkets. You can get a big bike, food for €50. Well, a couple of bags of food for a 50-year Oh, no problem. So living cheaply and Dublin will cost you around 800 euro permanent. Ok, that's if you're sharing here apartments, okay. Imagine now will be 5-6 100 Joe, and then €200 to live on food. And that'll be arranger costs, okay. 9. Food and Drink: So let's talk about food and drink in Ireland. Let's start with food. Okay, so Ireland's is not really famous for food around the world, but we do have some excellent products and meat and dairy in particular. Excellent quiet quality and Irish bought or sold all around the world. So for me, the Irish milk and the Irish border or delicious and also the meats EPO can be expensive. Fish for some reason is not that popular. And there are certain types of fish that are popular, like, especially seafoods, kinda like scallops and these type of thing delicacies are, are quite popular. But I'm Irish people don't eat a lot of fish, which is strange because we are an island nation. And but that is increasing every year now. And, and nowadays you can find excellent restaurants all around the country and also cuisine from other countries. And like Chinese and Indian food in most towns and cities. And in Dublin and cork, you can find everything. Food from Brazil, from Africa, from Ethiopia, from Romania, from Korea, everything in these big cities. Okay. So let's look at some Irish dishes. I, one of the most famous is the irish stew. And we often need this. I'm kinda cold days because to keep us warm. And it's a mix of usually beef or lamb with carrots, onions, potatoes, and gravy. Gravy is like the sauce. A cook from the animal fats. If you're not familiar with that, there's a picture over there you can see it's very delicious on a cold day. And next thing is the Irish breakfast. Okay, let's look at the picture here. So the sausages and at the bottom there, bacon, eggs, tomato, Black and White putting you can see in the top corner there and a potato bread, not in this picture, and t and tau. So it's quite a big breakfast, right? We don't need this every day. Usually at the weekend as kind of a brunch type of meal. And yes, so it's very delicious to and something that's famous is called bucks D. And this is a potato pancake that is made in the west of Ireland and more popular in places like leach from and for mine and this type of area. And yeah, potatoes are the most common food and we use them in many, many different ways. If you go to an Irish bar or restaurant, you'll find potatoes in lots of different side dishes like garlic potatoes and wedges, fried potatoes, chips, everything really made it potatoes. So let's look at a drink now. So islands is much more famous for a drink and alcohol. And it's true that many people, like drinking beer and wine is also very popular nowadays, as well as the traditional whiskey. And Jane is also very popular like it is across the world. And a little known fact is that Irish people drink the second-most t In The World. Coffee is also very popular. So you know, you think of Britain maybe and T, but Ireland. Actually we drink probably more tea than they do in Great Britain. So there's something interesting for you to know. And let's talk about beer first. So Guinness is the most famous and popular. B are in Ireland. Every bar you go into will serve Guinness. And most people in the bar has, will be drinking it. It's creamy drink that is very suspicious and could be found in every Irish pub. Okay, so, yeah, you just need to be kind of careful highlighted, only drink Guinness really in Ireland. Because I think it's better quality in England to its quite good. And, but sometimes when you go further away from Ireland's not quite as good as not that creamy, delicious taste. And that you find in Ireland. The reason for this is kind of the Guinness needs to be fresh, right? And go pouring through the taps all the time. And that really only happens in Ireland's where everybody's drinking Guinness. But now you can also get small craft beers. And there's loads of different barriers being produced by people in Ireland, like in many countries. And you can also find appears like Heineken and Budweiser. If they are the drinks that you like. And we'll talk a little bit about whiskey. Whiskey, and people say it comes from either Ireland or Scotland. And, but it comes from the Gaelic word at the Irish word ish gaba. So you can hear that whish, whish. Ishikawa means the water of life. So yeah, I won't points, you know, it's very common that somebody would just offer you a glass of whisky when him and they enter your home. But now it's kind of not really like a cup of tea would be more, more suitable in that situation. And whiskey is still produced an exported around the world. So T, as lines on bys t are the most popular. And drinks in Ireland and I urge people drink a lot of tea, okay, we just drink it all the time because it's usually cold and it just heats the OPA little bits. And it's very common for friends and family to drink tea together with biscuits or something like that. And we have, we usually put black tea, like you can see in the picture. And we pour a little bit of milk into the tea. And yeah, we gather around and talk for hours or something. You know, that that type of tea is quite an drink that brings people together. And of course, there's Irish coffee. I think Irish coffee was invented in Shannon Airport. And we need to check that puts, and basically it's a drink of whisky, coffee, and fresh cream. So yeah, it's not really something trig everyday. I don't drink this every day. Maybe it's ten, maybe crazy. But we drink this around Christmas or some other celebration. But yet again, very nice and as a kind of a treat. So I'd like to give you some recommendations of places that I recommend in Dublin. The street in the picture here is actually a very good place to go out. And in this book, this dikes head. And the Dame Tavern is there as well. And lots of little popes Dan this lane, it's called Dame lane. But let's look at some other places that you can go in Dublin. I recommend only in Dublin because I'm from Dublin and I know dublin the best. And so some Pope's, the palace bar is in Temple Bar as more of a traditional buyer. And not like some of the other buyers in Temple Bar, they kind of pretend to be traditional. And they are good if you, if you wanted to see kind of live music or something on a Monday, they always live music. So if, if you don't want to just sit by yourself, maybe as some of these other buyers might be quiet on a Monday or Tuesday, then you can always go to template buyer. There will always be people there. There's always a party there, so and then there's the Dame tavern. I usually go down and Sundays from it at 07:00 PM as a group of people that's saying, and it's great, crack. And polygons is more of the old traditional Pope. And everybody in here will be drinking Guinness probably. And there's no music and no sports. So you kinda have two types of pubs in Ireland, the sports Pope. And it shows all the football. And then kinda this old man pub we call them, where you can just chat with their friends, meet people after work. And then there's also this pope, the cobblestone and Popes that have live music. So this was great for me. I live music, it's in Smithfield. And debits also great for live music. And, you know, this is kind of a good mix of all of the, all of the different pubs writes quite lively and, but still has a kind of a traditional elements two, and let's have traditional music. And then this one is new pipers corner. And it's my favorite things. Really nice craft beer and yes, right, all traditional music. So it's a nice mix. The two things. So let's look at some restaurants and I mostly vegetarian, but so let's have a look here. There's the kimchi hop house. This is a mix between Korean food and Irish pub. So you've got the best of both worlds. Cornucopia is great vegetarian foods. Eat falafel. Falafel. And brotherhood has lots of nice and Middle Eastern food. It's actually kind of difficult to find Irish, like, you know, go find an Irish steel or something like that. You need to go to the kind of more tourist and places like Temple buyer, but you can find that nice Irish do in temple buyer too. So and if you wanted to try irish food, then go for that. And Cafes, meet me in the morning is a very great place. Ends bakery, lots of them all around the city. The phone Billy, Ok. Meet me in the morning and the family, they're great for things like brunch and good coffee and tea it three AFP, also great coffee. So coffee is really had a revolution in Ireland or last 1020 years. So these places have really good coffee, if that's what you're into. Supermarkets in Ireland, okay, Aldi and little are kind of the two at cheaper ones. And that's a great value. And then probably it's Tesco and Don's am are also good value supervisor is a little bit more expensive. But do you have superior products sometimes? And but that's not to say that things in an Aldi and it'll into scar or bad, you got some great stuff in there as well. Just DO have probably more branded stuff and supervisory or if you want something that's a little bit special, like let's say or some something from far away then maybe supervised it would be your best and option. So Delhi's in Ireland and I've OCHA, RNNs, bar and central brines. So a Delhi basically, you don't see this in many different countries. Maybe in New York you find something like this. But basically you can go and you can get on a roll with anything you want in the role. And this is something that Irish people do a lot, especially for lunchtime. So I do recommend you try. All of these places is very reasonable, very cheap. And there's a picture of one there. So you can get, you know, you just order. The guy will say like wire brown bread and then you choose your topic, your things that you put inside. So yes, it's like so boy, basically. 10. Culture: Okay, so let's look at a little bit about Irish culture. Okay, we'll start with literature. And there are four Nobel Prize winners for literature from Ireland. There's WB Yeats, Bernard Shaw, Samuel Beckett, and Seamus Heaney. Okay, So these are great writers and in their time, and most of them have passed away by now. And, and of course, the most famous one is the person on the left here is James Joyce. So James Joyce, many different novels. The most famous one is Ulysses, which and kinda describes his somebody's journey around Doeblin in one day and his very long and difficult book. And which kind of changed literature forever really because it kind of, it showed as someone's life and it kind of stream of consciousness way. So it's a good way to see Doeblin in a different way. And there's also great modern writers too. So have a look at some of these rages if you want to read a little bit about islands and from Irish writers and modern writers. If you don't like older literature, then you can have a look at some of these. Not all of their books are bad, Harland. So I'll music Irish. Ireland has a great culture of traditional music. So, and ballads and reals and jigs. So ballads are kinda slow songs and that you find in many different kind of traditional music like in England and the United States as well. Kind of slow songs that are more focused on the voice, right? People singing rails and jigs then our Irish and music where it's kind of a faster rhythm, probably are familiar with some of them. Some of the most famous and irish artists are the Dubliners, right? They sing more ballots. They sing all the famous songs. And the other really amazing, so definitely check them out. Some amazing singers and Luke Kelly and Ronnie Drew and had people who played the music as well. And, and some other bands are planks D, and they have a real Irish sand as well. Planet. And yet they have kind of this mystical Irish sand. And then I just put this other group here, Alton. So you get a feel for this. Rails and Jake's, this fast style music. That's great rights as some instruments. And we have the boron, right, which is this drone at the back right of the photo there. And it's kind of held in one hand and then you have a little stick that you hit. And the kind of front part which makes percussive noise. And we also have, you can see the accordion, the violin or fiddle as it's called, banjo or mandolin and tin whistle, and which is very common in Irish music. We also have a lot of popular music artists, as you probably know. U2, horse lips at the Corps, the popes. The popes kind of took Irish music and gave it a kind of a punk element, which then spend another type of music that's kind of influenced all of these other bands from America and Australia. But for me the pugs are the best. And a rock group fronted by field in it. And Irish movies, okay? And there are lots, there are different types of Irish music movies and a lot about history. So Micah columns tells the story of Michael Collins was the leader of the, one of the leaders of the Easter Rising. And black 47 as a new R1. And up at the woman and the wind that shakes the barley. And other movie at bats and the Irish independence and struggle. A lot, a lot of movies that are about that topic and which is interesting topics to talk about. And then there's some newer movies like comedy. And these are mainly written by the same guy. His name is Martin Mike Dona in Bruges, the guide intermission. He's a he's a, he usually writes for the theater, but he also writes for a movies. And Soviet he's, he's a very successful screenwriter to, and here's some drama and the commitments. And it's kind of a musical. Not really a musical, but it has its about music. And my left foot in the name of the Father and into the West. So you get a little bit more of a feeling of Irish life. And if you watch these famous movies in Ireland, and now we'll talk a little bit about dense. So Irish dancing is like many folk dances around Europe, and probably a little bit different, but you can see the costumes here are quite interesting and usually only worn by the women, these colourful costumes and they wear their hair like that. And it's usually to the reals and Jake's that we saw are here in the music and has action happened. And we have this thing called a callee Kaylee is basically where people come together and they dance Irish music. It's not so common anymore unfortunately, but maybe some Irish cultural events will have a callee. And of course, river dance brought this traditional dance to the world. And Michael Flatley, Lord of the Dance ride to add. They won the Eurovision song contest in the early nineties and yeah, took all over the world and this show and is still going today so you can still buy tickets to the show. And when it comes to development. And the last thing we'll talk about is Irish sport. So we actually have our own sports in Ireland, which is kind of unique. I think the first one here is Gaelic football. You can see a picture here. So for me it's quite normal football. Soccer. But you can use your hands. So, you know, kinda the skills needed are little bit different. You need to be more physical and strong. And it's also quite more exciting. And this score's going fast. And soccer, for me is a bit boring because, you know, it takes alone to score a goal. And whereas this board is faster and faster again, is a sport called hurling. This is like hockey except in the air. So you kind of have a stick and that little ball similar to a tennis ball, it's called a slipper. And yeah, it's even faster. So I think you know, Harry Potter, this sport, quidditch, as kind of influenced by hurling. It's really fast boards and you should definitely check it out. And we have this amazing Stadium in Dublin called croak Park. And they show all the games there are, they have all the games, they're all the Gaelic football and hurling games. So usually it's kind of in the summer. They also play in the winter, but yeah, it's much better to go in the summer. So June, July, August, datetime, datetime a year is the best to go. Watch games. Rugby and soccer are also very popular sports in Ireland. And the Irish rote routine does quite well, is one of the best teams in the world. And the soccer team, not-so-good bots and they're not the worst either. But I ever soccer has a quite a big following too. 11. Languages: Ireland has two official languages in the country. We have English, which is spoken by the vast majority of people. And we also have irish, okay, you can call it Gaelic, Irish, Gail. And most Irish people call it Irish language, but many people from abroad call it Gaelic. Irish is taught in public schools, okay, everybody has to learn it. It's obligatory, but that does not mean that many people speak the language very well. Some people do. There are some native speakers. Here are some facts about the Irish language. And probably now there's only about 20 thousand native speakers of Irish. It's getting less and less and you find them all on the west coast of Ireland. English in Ireland, so English is the most common language that you hear on the streets of Ireland's. So it uses certain Gaelic features in pronunciation, syntax, and vocabulary. So an example of this would be, did you see the game on TV last night? I did. So you see they repeat the auxiliary. Okay. It's just a leftover from and the Irish language. Also, you noticed that Irish people are not very good at pronouncing the T stage sand. So the number three, for example, is often pronounced tray. So. And there are just some things about the history of violent because Irish, the Irish language, was spoken language a hundred and fifty, two hundred years ago, and we changed to English. Okay, so now we'll talk about the pronunciation in Ireland. It's quite different to the UK and the United States. There are lots of different accents around islands in the North, in the south and the west, and in the East and in Dublin there are two accidents to different axes. In my opinion, there are probably three accidents. And, but there is the kind of inner city Dublin accent, which kinda slender vowel sounds as I earlier. You don't do something like that. And then the other accents, which sometimes we call it d for, like American influence accent. Not gonna do an impersonation out that. There's also differences with the oars and, and the th sound is quite difficult. So let's look at the example here. Trade people came to dinner. Not three people came to dinner. Okay. If you're if you're not from Ireland, maybe you get a bit confused or something like that if English is not your first language. So let's look at some accents here. So there are 32 counties in Ireland, and each one has a different accent. You can tell by listening to people from this person hired from court. Okay, I know that by by the way, he's talking. Okay. And so many local dialects, they, they stay like this because people really didn't travel a lot and there wasn't transport available to them. So people kinda lived in enclosed communities. In Ireland. So here are the different accents. And at the bottom we have a soap regional Irish accent. So is that possible that we have one accents that, you know, is a general acts and like you have in many other countries. I don't really think so. I can always tell where somebody is from by their accent. And in Ireland, although many people say about me, they can't tell him it my accent. Maybe because I lived in different countries for many, many years. And I don't have a strong accents like other people. So let's look at some slang. First word here is one of the most important words I'd say it's crack. A crack generally means fallen. Okay. Oh, we had great crack last night. Okay. We had great fun last night, but it also other things like you can ask, How are you and you say, oh, what's the crack? All right, somebody says this to use, very likely in Ireland is one of the most common things we say in our islands. What's the crack? Then? That kind of gives you the chance to tell about anything you want, right? You talk about your life. Not that much. If you don't feel like talking or job blah, blah, blah. Okay. Some more words here that are not found in other countries. And Egypt. And that just means a stupid person. Or GV shite. Kind of stupid barriers and who thinks that grades. And the next one is a kipp. So is like terrible place, you know, very messy and dirty and run down. And the next word is deadly. Especially in Dublin, people say something is deadly, something's really good. Yeah, I don't know where we got that from. Boats, Yeah. It's very common that people say that's deadly Sound. So this is also found in the UK, I think, especially in Liverpool. Sounds means a good person. So the way you uses I sound, Yeah, he's he's a good guy. He sand. Grand, very important 12 in Ireland, when somebody asks you, How are you say I'm Grant? It means I'm fine. I'm okay. Irish B without really get excited and say, ha ha, we're in great spirits or something is kind of just level. I'm Grant. I'm okay. Golf we use for house. So are you going around at Tom's GF tomorrow or something like that? Give out. The Americans would say to tell off as when you're angry at somebody. My mom gave it to me for stating it too late last night. And the next one is your man or your one. This kind of means when there is somebody you don't know their name and use your mountain over there or if you forgot his name or something like that. So your man for the male and one for female. So what's your mine over there do okay. You don't know the person's name? So you say something like that. 12. Tourism: Okay, so now let's look at tourism in Ireland, some of the top destinations, okay, Ireland is a very small country, but there are lots and lots of things to do in the country. We have a similar culture across the country, but there are many different things you can do. And so these are the top destinations, places to visit in Ireland. At the first one is Doeblin, okay, is the capital city. So, you know, it's the first stop that many people make and it's a vibrant city. A lot of things going on, lots of things to see. And so, yeah, first stop for most tourists. Temple Bar is a very touristic place with an kinda like sample Irish pubs, Irish pubs or famous across the world. And this is a good place to start. Okay, there are also museums, parks and castles, and popes. Okay, I can give you some of them in my recommendations list that you can find with this course. So here we go. Here is the HAPE any bridge in Dublin, okay, this is a little bit of what it looks like on a nice, sunny day. You can walk around here with many other tourists and locals. Okay, so now we can look at Galway. This picture is the cliffs of Mao her, and which is a little bit outside of Galway, but a, Galway is a great city as well. It's small and very lively. Irish people love to go to Galway to, and lots of foreign people too. So it's a great mix of Good Night Live, nice food and a nice sites to see as well as along the coast, west coast of Ireland. So there's also horse racing in July and an arts festival to and there's many different festivals and the music is great and go away too. And I'm rushing. Dove is a place is about find live music. And the popes. There's a street as small streets that goes down the middle of Galloway called Shop Street. And many, many probes. There were lots of people enjoying themselves. And my favorite bar is called the crane bar. It's a little bit and a little bit outside of this area, but it's as well, well recommended as great Guinness and great music. Next up we have Kerry, and this is on the south west coast of Ireland. And so you have really beautiful landscapes, ok? And that you just can't find anywhere else. Irony is a small town that looks very beautiful and a good place to start your journey. And there's the ring of carry and is kind of a drive that you can drive around and takes a long time because of the coastline. And then there's dingo, which is another small town with a nice popes and good food and everything else you would expect. And there's a dolphin, they're called phony the dolphin. And this dolphin has been there since I was a child. So I don't know if it's been over 20 or 30 years and it's kind of a local legends, Dan entangle and cellular lots of rural villages. And you can just stop off and have a cup of tea or a cup of coffee and a sandwich or something like that to break up your, your drive. So renting a car here is really a great, great thing to do. And so there's also the Irish language all along the west coast of Ireland. People speak and some people speak the Irish language, but you'll be fine with English, no problem. And there's just spectacular views, okay? And so many spectacular views in Cary. Okay, there's also the Game of Thrones tour. And I think this is a picture of totally more forest. And there's winter fell and the castle award to the RNAi islands and door in so many different parts of the Game of Thrones sets were filmed in Northern Ireland. And there are many tours now that can show you around the best places. Okay, here's a picture of Ireland. And so one very popular touristic thing to do and that is called the wild Atlantic way. So it's quite a long trip if you see from the very north melon head, the top, and all the way down to the set sail. And it will take it allowing time to drive or cycle. A lot of people cycle. And this roots. So 2500 kilometers of beauty, right? And the trip goes all along the west coast. So this is probably one of the most beautiful parts of Ireland along the west coast, like all of these places carry in the South. Then you've got player is this next part here, Galway, here, at Mayo here that this can't be here. Said lots of beautiful things here, slideshow here, and Tony GL. Okay, so there's just so many things to see and there. So you can go hiking, swimming, lots of people go swimming. I know it's cold, but lots of people do it, especially in summer. There are cliffs, right? And so the famous ones are the cliffs of malware. But there are also this leave leak lifts up here, which I think are the highest cliffs in Ireland actually, but the most famous are the cliffs of Mao her. And there's lots of beautiful beaches. And it's not famous for beaches, but you would be surprised. There's a lot of coast here, so you can find lots of beautiful beaches. It's not like you sit out in the sun, but you can go for walks and enjoy and lots of festivals, especially in summer and with music and incredible views. Okay, and don't forget the popes. They're always lots of nice pubs you can enjoy yourself there. Ireland is also a great place to play, gulf, Okay, we have lots of links courses. Links Course Is just means it's near the sea. So as you can see here, there's just beautiful courses and. And yet even Donald Trump bought one. So lowest coast of Ireland, Donald Trump has a golf course there. And there are lots of golf courses if that's something you're interested in. And hotels, this is the Adair manner in limerick and, and yeah, it won the best hotel in the world in 2018. So there are quite a number of these beautiful hotels are in Ireland. And if you are on a budget, then you can check it. Many hostels and things as well. So here are some websites that you can use, or you can book an Airbnb. And we also have lots of B and B's as well. So this is kind of a bed and breakfast that you can just stay the night and you get an Irish practice usually in the morning. And it's a lot cheaper than a hotel. And you know, sometimes you meet the local people as well. And a lot of them nowadays are also on Airbnb. is great to find B and B's to nowadays. Okay. Or you can stay in a hostel. Hostile is an Irish website where you can book a hostile ok, if you wanted to travel around. And you can find train networks that connect the major cities, OK, wn, cork, Belfast, Galway, limerick, and oligo. And there's also Bose's. Okay, so this is a picture of Dublin boss and, but there's also a company called boasts. Erin announced the National both service that travels all around the country. And so if you're in Dublin, then it's good idea to buy a leap card because I had this will save your money. The, the ticket is cheaper when you buy a leap, leap card. And also, because there's quite a bit of hassle when you want to go to the boths and you want to pay. And imagine you have like five-year-old note or something like that. And they don't accept notes sometimes and they don't give you change, which is even bigger problems. So you can imagine you arrive in the country and you take it €50 and you can't use the Boston. So, and yeah, it's a good idea to buy leap card in any, combine this in any news agent. Okay, at the airport. And US agents, just like a small shop that sells like newspapers and that type of thing. I found credit and everything else like that. Okay. If you want to rent a car, that's a great idea. And because yeah, like Ireland is a small country, but and there's a lot of things to do, right? It's not like a big country like Australia where there's a big empty space in the middle, everything and are everywhere in Ireland there are towns and things to do. So it's a great idea to rent a car. As we can pre-book here, some, some tips here. Pre-book your car to save money. And my new car is cheaper. Automatic cars are not common in Ireland and like in the US. So yeah, if you don't know how to drive a manual gear stick, then you might find it more difficult because and automatic cars are just not very common. You need to be over 21 years old to rent a car in Ireland. 13. History: Okay, so now let's talk a little bit about the history of Ireland. So in 8 thousand BC, the first people arrived in Ireland, UK, Ireland was this small islands that was covered and forests. And when the first people arrived, and of course we came and we cut them all then. Yes. So that's what it looked like when the first people arrived. And back in this time, it probably was very cold, is today still. And, and then in 1200 BC, the Celts arrived and the Irish language evolved. Okay, so the Celts were kind of a European group that came from Germany and France. And some people even say they came from the north of Spain. And they came up to Ireland and kind of separated a little bit, and the languages then evolved. There are four Celtic languages. Irish, Have we talked about before? Scott scale like these two are quite similar. And then there's Welsh in from Wales and Bhutan in the north west of France. And those two wells and Britain are kind of similar to, okay. And then in 387 AD, St. Patrick arrives in Ireland. Okay, so St. Patrick is obviously the patron saint of Ireland. He came from Wales. Okay. He was captured and taken to Ireland. And he was a shepherd in West of Ireland looking after. He was basically kind of a slave, but he brought Christianity to Ireland before St. Patrick, there was a kind of pagan religions and kind of the defining all around the world really, okay, they kinda worshiped the sun and this type of thing. So when sympatric came, there are many myths about him chasing the snake's head of Ireland and things like that. But really what he's famous for is bringing Christianity to Ireland. Okay, in 795 AD then the Vikings arrived. Okay, so, yeah, you've heard of the Vikings, right? They came from Sweden and the north, northern countries up there. So they came and asked and some of them settled, right? The idea was to plunder and take everything. But some of the Vikings, they settled and they founded the city of Dublin around 1000 AD. And you can see the walls. You can still see the Viking walls in Dublin today. And then in 1169 AD, the Normans arrive, okay, they came from northern France. So these people came and they kind of mixed in with the Irish people as well. So you still see people with Norman names today. Usually it has the prefix of fits. So there's often a lot of people with Fitzgerald, Fitzpatrick, okay, you can see this name like Fits Patrick. This kind of mix between the Normans and the Irish that were there already. In the 16 hundreds then there was the Ulster plantation, okay? So at this point, you know, around 1200 AD, Ireland was under the control of the British Empire, right? But the British Empire were having a lot of problems with the Irish people because they were rebelling and they weren't happy about this. So they had this idea to put lots of British people in the country. So they did this all around the country, but especially in Ulster, in the north part of Ireland. That is the reason that a, you have many people that even still today they associate being British. Okay, there's also Oliver Cromwell, okay? And the next event is the Great Famine, in my opinion, one of the most important parts of Irish history. So, and basically the Irish really depended on the potato because people thought it was a good idea to just keep planting more and more potatoes because it was very good for your health and very substantial meal that you can get from potatoes. But there was a problem or was a disease in the potatoes called a potato blight. And all the potatoes were bass so they couldn't eat them. So in this case, lots of Irish people went starving. They were very hungry. And 1 million people emigrated to England, or it's a us on these kind of big ships. And that took people away and 1 million people died. So it's actually quite interesting that Ireland is one of the only countries in Europe where the population has never recovered since this, before this time, maybe 1830 or something, the population was about 8 million. So even today in a fast-growing country, there are only 5 million people in Ireland. The next event was the Easter Rising. So there are many, many rebellions in Ireland over this period of time, rebelling against the English control. But this one, it was kind of a turning point. So there weren't that many people in this rebellion, but the part that happened was the English reaction. So they shot all of these people and executed them in jail. And just after this event, so what the plan was to have an uprising against the English government and during Eastern in 1916. And, you know, they, they had no chance of winning the power of the English army or there was no chance of, of, of winning, of setting Ireland free. But they did it anyway. And eventually Irish people that kinda came together and thought that while these people really care about Ireland and really want to be free from England, and then their lead some more trouble. More problems. And Irish independence was granted in 1921. So at this point there was the War of Independence and other war against. Against the English occupation of Ireland. So this was kind of a lot of war period after World War II as well. So Irish people kinda thought this was a good time to fight against the English army because they are, soldiers were depleted after World War one. So there was this going on and of course, the iron, both sides kind of we're very much struggling. And they signed this agreement to separate the north and the south. Of course. So Meyers people didn't agree with this and other people that this was a good first step. So they had kind of Civil War after that. So the contrary, more and more after that. Really the, this, they just have independence kinda came slowly. It wasn't really like one day that there's an independent country. And even until 1947 then was kind of, they took out this part of the, the, the closet. Irish politicians had to say, oh, we swear to the queen. That was only taken out in 1947. They didn't have to do that anymore. So it wasn't really like 11 day that. So that's the reason we don't really have an independence day in our lens, but people celebrates. The Easter Rising is kind of the start of independence in 19 seventies was the troubles in Northern Ireland. So this kind of started in 1969 and with added, there was lots of marches, peaceful marches and against the government in Northern Ireland and the British government. Because there was quite difficult for Catholic and people to get jobs. And it was kind of an unfair society. So people were protesting against this. And then eventually this led to different organizations like the IRA. On the Catholic Republican irish side, they all kind of came together. And then the Protestant and head British sides. So there are kind of two sides. And still today, people still feel the separation of these two sides. They had their own organizations as well. So they are kind of fighting against each other. In the 19 eighties then and in Ireland was kind of a period of slow economic growth. And immigration are in, and has a long history of immigration. That's why you find Irish people all around the world. The 990s then was kind of the start of a big growth spurt in the economy in art and the country started to change, started to become more liberal. And the Catholic Church had less control over the country. To thousands was a continuation of the Celtic Tiger. And economic crash instead isn't an aids. Okay, so of course, every country really had a problem in 20082009, but ireland suffered a lot. And remember, there's a small open economy. And with that, there's a lot of money coming in and money going out. And, and for that reason, Arlen kinda does very well in good times and does very badly in the bad times. So that's what happened in 2009. We got ourselves in trouble. And arlen today is a modern, liberal, inclusive country with a focus on jobs and investment from overseas. Okay, so this has worked for us in the past. This investment, especially from the United States with all their multinational companies that have helped to grow Ireland into a modern economy. And this is kind of still the focus of the Irish government to create jobs. 14. Geography: Okay, so now let's look at the geography of Ireland. Okay, here is a beautiful picture of Ireland. And Ireland is a country that is known as the camera aisle. And you can quickly see why it gets that name. It's a very green place, usually because it's raining a lot. Now it's not raining and that, but it rains quite often and even just a little bit at day everyday. So it keeps the grass very green and makes it look very beautiful. Okay, so the stereotype idea of Ireland is the rolling green, his, Okay, we don't have very big high mountains and are not too many fires in the natural landscape. They have o being cut down mostly. And, but you can find some nice beautiful fires and rivers, et cetera. There are also many beautiful beaches and it'll ports like this one here. Cliffs and small items. I encourage you to explore the small islands. And many people are not living on them anymore, but you can still find m, certain small islands usually off the west coast of Ireland. So there are four provinces in Ireland and Ulster, contact, monster and Lenstra. Okay, so if you look at the map here, I'll stir in the north, connects in the West, lens stir in the east, and Munster in the south. Okay, by far the most people live in Leinster, mainly due to the size of Dublin and the surrounding candies. So there are 32 counties. You can see in the map here. So it's a little bit confusing. There are 32 candies in the whole island, right? But six of the candies are in Northern Ireland. So when this comes to sport and things like that, it can be a bit confusing like in rugby. And the whole country plays together and golf. Same. And, but in sports like football, there are two football teams. One team for just the six counties and one team and for the rest. Ok, so you can have a look at the different counties. And let's look at the beaches in Ireland. So this is a picture of downing speech and done ego, inch beach and dingo. And this is a beach near Dublin. And some of the beaches near Doeblin that stony or not really suitable for hot day. And but this one is called brightest Bay. It's a little bit to the south near expert. So you can go and enjoy if it's a sunny day. Okay. Here is a, an area of Ireland called the Berne. Okay. We have limestone caves and cliffs leftover from the ice age. So lots of caves and things to explore in this area. The giant's causeway is very famous, okay, so it's neatly packed basalt columns formed 6 million years ago. It's very, in the very north of Ireland and the Northern coasts on the entrant coast. And kinda Myra. So this is a region of Ireland with a wild beauty. Okay, so if you think a beds, things that are beautiful and you know, sometimes you think of a tropical place, islands is not like that of course. As so we have a different type of beauty. And as you can see kind of in the background of this picture, this type of M, cliffs and things like that and lakes. And this hobby is in consumer. 15. Education: Okay, so let's look at education in Ireland if you're interested in studying in Ireland. So a third level education is usually separated into universities. Pay the foremost famous universities in Ireland at Trinity College, University College Dublin, which is the biggest one. Dublin City University on the north side. And National University of Ireland's. Okay, we also have the institutes of technology. They kinda focus more on IT, of course, and other topics like that. We have private colleges and National College of Ireland, the WTO business school, and Griffith College, which has different colleges on, in different cities. And so how much does it cost to go to university in Ireland? Well, it depends. It's a lot cheaper if you are from the EU. And so fees are usually double for people from outside the EU. So if that's something you need to think about it. But so the undergraduate degree is really supposed to be free for Irish citizens and people from Europe. You do have to pay a charge of €3 thousand per year though that covers things like printing and materials and things like that. So my opinions not really free, but yeah, it's quite cheap compared to other countries. So except for if you're not from the EU and you need to pay between ten thousand and fifty thousand per year. Okay? Maybe for, if you're not from the EU, then maybe it's a bad idea to look at Dublin business school or something like that because, you know, might not be so expensive to coat. For a master's is really the same for everyone. The price can be between ten thousand and thirty five thousand euro per year. And there is also the springboard program. So this is to help people who are unemployed. So if you're unemployed for a certain amount of time, actually, no. I think it's changed now. I think it's OK. You don't have to be certain amount of time. But you can apply to get like a free course. And you know, there are many good courses that you could do. Fintech or like, you know, really anything to do with technology. They really want to help you to get back into the workforce if you're unemployed, OK. But of course he must be resident in the country at this point. So if you're moving to Ireland with kids and just some things to know. So the Catholic Church has a history of providing the education for children in Ireland. So at the current moment, are still like 90% of the schools are owned by the Catholic Church. But that is changing. I wouldn't expect there to be a big problem. If you're not a Catholic, that's not a problem. It's not really like that. You see the priest and all of that hymn, the schools anymore. It really does role in like it's just a public school, but they often have names, religious names, the schools and you know, some religious activity like the Communion and confirmation. These are things that happen. And most Irish people, and it was still get involved in. Now they also don't have schools called educate together and they're becoming more popular. There's also the Gayle school, where Irish is the language of the school and all classes are taught in Irish. That's something that you're interested in. One important thing is to apply early. Like in many countries, the schools that you want to, I want to go to our popular, so you need to apply as early as you can to try to reserve a space for your child. 16. Politics: Okay, so now we'll talk a little bit about politics in Ireland. The Irish political system is Democratic Republic, okay, there is an election and four, you need to elect your local councillor, and those people elect a leader for the country. So the head of the state is The President. We also have presidential elections every seven years. But, and that figure is only really a figurehead. It's not very important role. The main role is by the T shock. And it's pronounced t shock. The shock, something like that. It's an Irish word for prime minister. Okay, so he is the head of government. He or she is the head of government. So let's talk about political parties are Island has a lot of political parties. And really you can set up a political party quite easily. But the main two parties for the history of the state are Fiona fall and Feeney Gail. Okay. So they have a long history and especially for in a file and been in government for the maturity of the history of Ireland. So the three dominant parties in 20-20 shin feign and they are an Irish republicanism party and a left wing party. They want social housing and things like this, but they also approve of a united Ireland. So one of our main goals is to unify the North and the South so that the island is one country. Another priority is phi1 of fall. Okay, there in the center, there quite a populous party and they have a long history of government in Ireland. Now the previous government was led by fin again, okay, they're kind of center, center, right? Okay, so now the electoral system in Ireland, Ireland uses a P or S TV. It's difficult where to refinance. And it's a proportional representation by single transferable vote. Okay? As so, it sounds like a complicated system, but it's actually not really. When you go to vote in Ireland, you name. And I like John. John is number one, Peter, number two, assignment number three. Okay, so it's just kind of in order of your preference. The president of Ireland is more of a figureheads, right? And that really means that they just represent our Ireland abroad. They don't have a lot of power. Okay. He or she lives in Orissa nuke thereon in Phoenix Park in Dublin. Okay. It's kind of a bit like the role of the Queen of England or something don't really do a lot, but they represent the country. So let's move on to security in Ireland. The police force in Ireland is called the Garden Xia co-owner. Most people we call them the guards. The guards are coming or something like that. Called the guards. Okay. It's basically called the police, but everybody in our understands the word police as well, of course. But we often use the guards. Ireland is a safe modern country and we have a low homicide rates. And there are some gangland killings in Dublin. And but seems to have come down a little bit. Now they're kind of two drug families. So just be careful where you walk around Dublin, it's it is a safe country, but always be careful. 17. Learn English in Ireland: Okay, so why study English in Ireland? And there are many benefits in studying in Ireland. So let's have a look. It's cheaper than studying in other countries like England. London is a very expensive city to visit and to live in. And so that's a good reason to learn English in Ireland. And you can make friends, okay, it's a great way to start in a new country is to take some sort of English course or any course really. Because when you move to a new country, it's quite difficult to make friends. Sometimes you need to go out and meet as many people as you can. You can work in Ireland if you're over 18, okay, so many visas allow you to work and support yourself. And you can use the language 24-7, okay, you can go out, go to supermarket, meet new people. Everything is in English, ok, and you can experience living in a vibrant and friendly country. Irish people are very friendly and they can be a bit shy sometimes, but if you meet them in the right environment and a very friendly, and of course, there are a lot of people from different countries living in Ireland now. So you can meet people from all over the world. Okay, so let's look at the type of English courses available. Ok, you have language schools and they are over the summer or all your rand depends on your visa as well. But you can book yeah, of course, for one week or up to six months or even longer if that's what you need. Okay. And you can renew your visa as well. That means that you can stay longer in Ireland if that's what you want. Okay, how much do language schools cost? And each m school charges a different rate, of course. So you just have to choose and good school first. There are, like with anything, they're cheaper skills and some of them are not as good. And I think a kind of a mid-range school is a good idea as some of the very expensive ones are excellent as well, of course. And, but also you have to pay for an health insurance if you're coming from outside of the EU, usually you have to pay for health insurance and sometimes you also have to pay for a book or something like that as well. So check and do your research before you and before you come and try to add up all your costs, okay. Oh, language skills and Doeblin, you learn alpha1 English screw ISI English language skill. That's the one I used to work in and I was a teacher there. It's a very good school. And these are all skills that I recommend Atlas language school ever sees are very good at English skills. Okay? And there are lots of them. English, our all around the city tried to find one that's close to you. And so you don't have to travel too much or close to your job. So there's cork English Academy and with lots of them in all around the country where a limerick all the way. And they go, oh yeah, have a look at the other schools around Ireland. And there are, like I said, from cheap to very expensive. And just do your research. 18. Visas: Okay, now let's look at visas and immigration. Okay, So there are many different types of visas that you can get for Ireland, or short-term visas and long-term visas. Long-term visas are the dtype and it's far more than 90 days. Okay, let's look at the different long-term visas. Short-term visa could be just a tourist visa, okay. Many countries have a deal with Ireland that you can stay for up to 90 days. But let's look at the long-term Visa's 1 v is it could be a study visa. Join a family member visa. Okay. That means that you are already in the country and you want a family member to join you. There's employment visa and are working how they visa. So let's look at these in detail now. Okay, study visa. So you can apply for a study visa if you're planning to come to Ireland to undertake a course of study for more than three months. Okay. So usually this is in a university or an IT or something like that. Okay. And so you can apply for this visa up to three months before your travel, your date of travel. Okay. And you must apply online for the visa. Okay. So how long will it take? So it depends on the country that you come from. And so I would try to apply as early as possible, you know, because and it's better to get everything organized and what you can expect a decision within eight weeks, okay? If you want to submit a document that is not in English or Irish, it must be accompanied by a full translation, okay, So you need to get it translated before you send it to add the Irish government. So what you need is the date of the translation, confirmation from the translator that it is an accurate translation of the original document. They might do this for you. Okay. And the translators full name and signature. And the translators contact details. Okay. So you need to do this. Probably is best to do in your home country before you do. Okay, and if you are using an agency or if you're doing this by yourself, have a look at this guide and here on this website, dot IE. Okay. If you're looking for an employment visa, if you am I looking for a job in Ireland? And there is something called a critical skills visa as well. If you have tech skills or something like that. And and the Irish government are looking for you that will definitely help you to get a job. And so you can apply for employment visa after you have employed, obtained your employment permit from the Department of jobs and enterprise, an innovation. Okay. So you can apply for this three months before your date. And you must apply online. Okay? So and yeah, basically use linkedin and things like that to try to and find a job in Ireland first. And then once you have contexts with Ireland, then you can start the process. Okay? So how long will it take? It takes the same m n to time writes As you can expect a decision within eight weeks. Okay? Something important here. You are not permitted to take up any form of employment other than for which you have already been approved. Okay. So you have to stay with the job and that you are working for a certain amount of time. And then after that time because they basically sponsor you. Okay. And then so you have to stay with them for a certain amount of time. And then after when you can apply for other things like citizenship, then you can change jobs. Okay. Again, check this website. So how much do the visas cost and the fees for steady employment visas are a 60 year-old for single entry. Okay, So if you just go into the country once a 100 Euro, If you want to go and travel around and then come back and transit 25-year-old. Some applicants are exempt from the requirement to pay that fee. Okay. You can look into that and that guide. And and you may be required to pay additional charges. And you may be able to pay the fee in your local currency. Okay, so the working holiday visa, this is for people from certain countries and that you can come and study and work and just travel on work in Ireland for up to one year. Usually it's an agreement that the Irish government makes with other countries that Irish people can also go to those countries and work there for a year. So Australia and a lot of Irish people go to Australia and I did that before. So, and places are limited and you can apply and you cannot apply if you're already in Ireland. So you need to do this in your home country, okay? And you have to apply to the Irish embassy of your country, okay? So you have to probably in your capital city, and sometimes they have consulates as well in smaller cities. Okay? And these are the countries now. And that you can, from these countries, you can apply for this. Argentina, Australia, Canada, Chile, Hong Kong, Japan, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, and the United States of America. Ok, again. And if you want to know more about this, you can check out this website, www dot DFA, dot IE. And there will be limited number of applications for different countries. Okay? So I am, I think some countries like the United States of America don't have as many and positions available to do this working holiday visa. So you need to know and the days where they released these visas and apply as soon as possible. So join a family member if you wish to come to Ireland to reside for longer than three months with a family member who is an Irish citizen or is lovely residents violent, and you can apply for a long stay to join them. Okay. So before you apply for a long stay, please read the policy document carefully to find out if you are eligible who is eligible to be a sponsor. Okay. So if you are looking for someone and help you to sponsor, you, make sure that they can have the citizenship or what they need. And if they are eligible to do this, okay. You need to also check if the sponsor needs minimum level of earnings. Okay. So this is to make sure that they can look after you. When a person who is granted to join family user may do so if you can work or if your family can work and had a dependency is measured. Okay. So you can check at all of this at this website here, www.dot_gov dot org slash visas.