Montessori Sensitive Periods & Practical Life | Karin Gnaore | Skillshare

Montessori Sensitive Periods & Practical Life

Karin Gnaore, Happy to teach you !

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48 Lessons (4h 10m) View My Notes
    • 1. Introduction to Montessori Course Module 2

      1:49
    • 2. Sensitive Periods overview

      4:52
    • 3. 0-6 Years Infancy, An Overview

      9:25
    • 4. 0-6 Years: Refinement of the Senses

      7:46
    • 5. 0-6 Years: The Sensitive Period for Language

      7:50
    • 6. Z 0 6 sensitive period of movement

      6:14
    • 7. 0 - 6 Years: The Sensitive Period Courtesy Manners

      2:27
    • 8. 0 - 6 Years: Sensitive Period for Order

      3:43
    • 9. 0 - 6 Years: The Sensitive Period for Numbers

      2:49
    • 10. 6-12 Years: Childhood

      2:27
    • 11. 12- 18 Years: Adolesence

      7:39
    • 12. 18 - 24 Years: Maturity

      5:17
    • 13. Introduction ÜDPL What is it

      14:40
    • 14. Practical Life Exercises What are those

      2:18
    • 15. The Montessori Learning Categories

      12:30
    • 16. Instruction for the Preparation of Pouring Exercises

      12:49
    • 17. Pouring Pink Sand, a very easy pouring exercise

      3:48
    • 18. Pouring pink water into three glasses

      1:26
    • 19. Sieving Exercises Instruction ÜDPL

      12:28
    • 20. Sieving blue buttons

      2:07
    • 21. SIEVING PINK BELLS AND SILVER SAND

      0:38
    • 22. Sieving with water, Instruction

      3:09
    • 23. Funneling Exercises Instruction

      10:56
    • 24. Funneling Sand

      3:14
    • 25. Funneling Red Water

      0:46
    • 26. Spooning Exercises Instruction ÜDPL

      9:39
    • 27. MME Spooning Coffee Beans

      1:37
    • 28. MME Spooning Eggs out of the Water

      1:29
    • 29. Exercises with Tongs and Tweezers ÜDPL

      5:08
    • 30. MM ÜDPL Spooning with Tea Tongs

      5:04
    • 31. Tweezers Beads Bottle ÜDPL

      1:59
    • 32. MM transferring eggs easy with hand hard with tongs (1)

      0:46
    • 33. Spooning with Tea Tongs

      5:04
    • 34. Teatongs and brown beans 3

      0:53
    • 35. Sorting Ribbons with tweezers

      2:08
    • 36. MM ÜDPL Spooning with Tea Tongs

      0:53
    • 37. Tweezers Beads Bottle ÜDPL

      1:59
    • 38. Whisking Exercise Instruction ÜDPL

      7:51
    • 39. Whisking Exercise

      1:16
    • 40. Dressing Frames Introduction

      12:04
    • 41. Velcro Fasteners Dressing Frame

      6:41
    • 42. Hook and Eyes Dressing Frame

      1:49
    • 43. Closing your backback Dressing Frame

      2:14
    • 44. Dressing Frame for Lacing

      3:30
    • 45. Try everything out first!

      7:33
    • 46. Another Type of Dressing Frame

      2:08
    • 47. Clasp Boards

      12:11
    • 48. Push-in-Tin & Rollers

      13:12

About This Class

In this class we ae going to dig deep into the sensitive periods of child development. 

In part 2 we will get to know a large number of practical life exercises and why those are important. 

Transcripts

1. Introduction to Montessori Course Module 2: what can expect from this new course market. I will teach you about the learning categories about which my remedy authorities crime. You will learn to understand what is practical lives and Soria language, mathematics in cosmic and why they come in the order they come. This has to do with the development off the Children. So in this course, Montillet will also get to know more about the child development. You will get to know the sensitive periods and when they were happening, we will especially focus on the age 0 to 6 because most that off the development of Children is happening in this period. But you will also get to learn how you can help Children in this period to acquire language to acquire motor skills, and you will learn about human tendencies and human tendencies. Are the instincts things we do by ourselves automatically, or things we want to do if we have the opportunity to and understanding the human tendencies will help you to use them for the education of Children, because when you know what Children would naturally want to do, you can use it to develop your methods, how to reach out to the kids how to reach the senses and the interest with whatever they need to learn whatever is in the curriculum. If you if you use those natural instincts, it will help you in your educational work with kids. So is the agent. I hope you enjoy this course Mercury. 2. Sensitive Periods overview : sensitive periods. This is something which is very well known these days, but still, with the time Merima to sorry nobody knew about it. She basically discovered it through observation. What are sensitive periods? We call it there often, Witness of opportunity. It means the windows open the wind of the mind or the body is open. Acquire a certain competence, skill, our knowledge and, uh, from birth to this, people go through sensitive periods for learning certain things. But the sensitive periods during childhood childhood are more prominent because Children are born without any competences, any knowledge and skills. So they sensitive periods during early childhood are very important in order to help Children to become independent, independent human beings. Um, there are individual sensitive periods for learning certain things, like a language or and incompetence or any knowledge went through life circumstances. A person is very open for learning something, and we call it a sensitive period. And we advise people to observe this sensitive periods because within this sensitive periods, it's so easy to learn after the wind was being closed. As we say, it's very heart to learn the same thing, so it should be always observed during the development off a human being from birth. There are sensitive periods would have age ranges. So we know today and what age Children are ready to learn what? But we don't know the exact date. So we know between such and such age, a child has to learn a certain competence. And after that it's very hard for the chancellor. Some things cannot be learned or acquired again if the period is over, and we know this period is a range of age, but it's not a precise one. This means even though when it comes to young Children and the general device development in the general acquisition of skills, we cannot be 100% sure if a certain child has this period now or a little bit later. But we have a range, so knowing the range will have to observe, is the child ready? And then, um, give opportunity for learning. Give opportunity for acquisition of skills and this has a lot to do also, with them preparing the government. If we know the periods, the sensitive periods of the Children, we know which possibilities which materials which opportunities to prepare for the Children or young people, so they have the chance to acquire certain skills. Um, I want to give a movement as an example, knowing that the child is in a sensitive period for movement, we have to provide as many opportunities as possible so that the child couldn't move and exercise the body and, um, practice different kinds of movements and exercise. So the skill, the competence, can be a quiet effectively and really well, oh, knowing a child is in a sensitive period for acquiring social skills, I have to provide opportunities for social interactions. I have to provide opportunities for the child to function in a group so that these skills can be a quiet if the child or me. As an educator, I missed this opportunity. It cannot be done again. Some things can be learned later, but at a much higher price of my child costs on with much, much, much more effort and some things. We wonder why certain things are so hard for Children to learn. It is just because the opportunity has been missed. So let's not do that. Let's observe the kids and let's get to know the sensitive periods of the Children so that we won't miss it for the Children we care about 3. 0-6 Years Infancy, An Overview: the period from zero 26 years is crucial. Children develop their movement, language and their sense off boredom. This is superior that, um, has week that the Children of very often have weak health because their muses the mystery, developing so any dreams and count up, they might apparently make them sick. They're not. Very often they are. They can be really six. Sometimes the immune system a campus. The germs reacts, Let's say, in a high fever that is experienced by many parents and then the This dream is being one victory over, and this is making immune system better. So they're often 7 to 6 with weak house because the immune system is still not well developed. Sciutto six years The Children are becoming biological e and physically independent. That is true movement because it can move around in an independent way that is through everyday life skills because they can eat and drink on their own, go to the toilet on their own and fall asleep on their own. All of this is physical and biological independence, um, bay. Very often they explored in government and through that they shape their personalities. They were important by exploring the government explored environment through the senses. On that is all their senses. If it's the sense of patch, the sense of movement, many, many, many other senses like smell, audible sense, pais and the Richard environment of the child, the more they are learning. So I am in order to use this period, the sensitive period from 0 to 6. Very well. Give the Children the opportunity to feel toe patch to move so all the senses will be stimulated and they can really learn to through all of the senses. Giving one example. Walking barefoot during this age is very important. Feeling things on their skin, different things on their skin is very important. What it's stroking an animal. Oh, what it's playing in the mud are playing and try sand. All of this is very, very important that Children in this age range off 0 to 6 years are shaping the personality , even though we say it's the period off physical and biological independence, because they're learning with the absorbent mind through by and everything they are feeling seeing, hearing, tasting, smelling emotional things, they feel, um, this makes up the personality for later INLA in life. These is the important, similar two or three they cannot remember. This is the so called unconscious absorbent mind are learning through the unconscious, observant mind because it's not being remembered. And we can observe that, like prove it and through the Children who have been adopt that or general up in experiencing war. Um, well, what we see is that the Children who are being adopted, they might remember later in life, not remember. There might be ableto easily learn a language without ever having accounted the language according to our knowledge. But it might be that this language is connected to the mother tongue that they have been hearing I maybe even reacting to or maybe even they started to speak this language when they were below three years old. So let's say you're adopting a child from a background, where to speak a tone language. Let's say, a West African child, which is growing up with a tone language, and then the child is maybe 25 years all the months to learn meandering, which is always a tone language. The child know the grown A person might find it so easy and might wonder why am I finding it very easily? Aarhus. My periods of finding it impossible. It's because growing up with a tone language, the child has been made able to lessen two tones. What we are not able to because we didn't grow up with their own languages. You are Julian off being experiencing war. They might have experienced drama and being afraid of certain situations or sounds, and nobody what might know why they're afraid of that. But it's connected to what they experience when they were really young. Um, these things are so strong, these influences are so strong, the graft and they come up when when those people are really old. What they have learned. A quiet learned unconsciously wonder what smoke comes out when they're really old. It could be about 80. So the rial personality is being shaped by these early early experiences, whether they are being remembered or they're not being remembered on when you won the wise a certain person. In a certain way, it's because a person experienced things at the very early age that shake their personality . When the Children are a buff three years old, they might remember the older he gets the more they remember, so a person might remember more when they're five years old, then they remember when they just written 1/2. But basically we remember from age three. This is why it's called conscious absorbent mind. Also, in this age starting and three others Children are able toe ask questions to question what's happening? Why why is it so? Why are you angry? Why is such and such a person and friendly? And they're asking questions. But still, even though they ask questions, it's not like they're questioning, um, whatever encounter whatever to see shaped the personality for ever on who should bear it in mind, even though they're able to ask questions, even though we explain things to them. Still, whatever encounter shapes the personality, they okay physical and biological independence, but not yet mental independence. They are totally dependent on there. So come stances. Also, remember language Children are not learning language. There's no language acquisition in school. It's called, you know, learned the analyze language, a language already speak, and schoolchildren using language to learn other things, a language to already speak. So, um, expecting the school to teach language is also a very wrong expectation to summarise in a minute. Sarah toe six years The A sensitive periods for language, for movement and for order are being found. In this period, 0 to 3 Children learn unconsciously but forever for 3 to 6. To Miller and consciously, generally under six years of age, 0 to 6 years of age, house could be quite weak because immune system is developing and Children are attaining physical and biological independence would just make a think. Because of six. Your child should be able to do everything by himself and shouldn't need anybody for anything, which is everyday life things. So a six year old charge wouldn't be dressed up or fed a six year old child to basically be able to make his own food. Um, and we should see to it that the child is really ready when he or she is six years old. 4. 0-6 Years: Refinement of the Senses: me the census, them period for refining the census, uh, is hot. He's from birth to five years of age. Children are born with their census functioning. There is a lot of research on that that even in the womb, the senses already developed that is here in gym and can hear, for example, their mother's voice. But even the father's voice, um, they can smell already in the womb. So the senses off the train of a beer when they're bored. But the Children must refine the senses, and they start to do that from birth to five years of age. Um, refining the census is very, very important if we don't give the Children the chance to do that, Whatever they have not refined in their senses sense Auriol way will not be refined for the rest of their lives. Um, senses. That is the smell pace hearing wait and also the patch. So all of that, that's very serious, because if we're giving toe the child under the food that the child wants to eat, the child has no chance to refine his sense off taste. If we're training the child to smell herbs, different others, the child will grow up with very limited ability to smell the same four sounds. The louder the environment off the child, the less the child will be able to distinguish sounds but also completely quiet. Poor environment is not helpful. I'm sensor integration therapy is doing is focusing on movement and on the refinement off the senses. Because this is so crucial for the brain development off the Children perception perception is the information that is being received through the senses which are working, must be processed in the brain and the now, if the child is growing up in a rich environment that's normally happening by itself. But if we deprive the child off a sensory stimulation, it will not happen. And we will create a child with a perception, um, appeared perception and therefore also in peered. Brain developments of refinement off the census is very, very crucial. We should really provide a lot off their friends. Stimuli, eyes, um, not overstimulated, but stimulated. Now there are some things we have to bear in mind from 1 to 3 years. The Children are sensitive for small objects. Um, why is that so? That is helping the child to develop concentration and focus. So in this age span, they love to focus and small deep tits. If we provide the Children with learning materials on TV development of mysterious that have a lot of details, the Children were focused on those details instead of focusing on the material. Um, so you want the Children to count, provide thoughts and not flowers, because the child will focus on the flower instead on the counting. Also, when there is this order, this will make the Children to lose focus and the level of concentration will go down very often. I'm being asked how to help Children to focus, have order and the child can focus easy. But as this sensitive period is from, I want to three years old. If the peace sensitive purge is over, it's very hard to go back to it. So we are very, very responsible. What is happening this age is fun. Then we have the period for exploration and for classifications, and this is happening from 2.5 to 6 years old, sensitive period for exploration and classifications. Those are two entirely different things. Exploration of chart has toe have the chance to be on his own and explore his environment. And these this white have prepared environment where the child can take out, put back in and be safe move. Be active two things on his own without having the feeling off being supervised. This is crucial for the development off the senses and, of course, a kitchen. A regular kitchen is not a prepared environment for small child. This is why in the kitchen there must be rules. You can't touch this because they are dangerous objects. And also we don't want our things to be broken into this destroyed. So we have to watch toe. Where can we have this safe environment for a kid where he can explore by himself not every place the church would be allowed to explore. We have rules, so we have to have also a safe environment. The other one is also classifications who would provide materials where the Children can classified. It is sort according toa kindness soared according toa size or so Yeah, sort according to size, sorted according to color sort according toa texture and so on and so forth. Children who are not sorting mites develop um, this kind clear or it might not. Sorting my best line fortune already having genetic discuss clear. So this classifications is very, very important, and it's also part off refining the senses. So when you have this sensitive period for Senso rial development or refining off the senses, provide the Children with rich experiences for all their senses, allowed him to explore the environment provided with a rich environment. I do not forget about touching, smelling and taste providing with an environment work, it can explore on themselves and be safe. 5. 0-6 Years: The Sensitive Period for Language: language development, the sensitive period for language acquisition force between 0 to 6 years of age, when the child is six, language acquisition is being completed. We can learn new languages. That is, for our languages are second languages at any age it. In fact, it has been found over the person. The easier foreign languages have been learned because there is more, um, experience with language. But First language acquisition is Sarah to six. After that, six years of urged the language acquisition is being completely completed. That includes dramatic colic, grammatical structures, and that includes vocabulary. No new vocabulary can be a quiet off course, but the poorer the vocabulary that has been acquired before the age of six. The poor other vocabulary stay until the the end of life, and the harder it is to learn new vocabulary. Why is that so? Every word of a new work, every vocabulary and it's a place in the brain that's a drawer or a place where it needs to sit off 15. And if there was a little capital era limited vocabulary, it's so hard to find a space for new words because there were no thoughts and the urinal connections were a good fit in. Okay. Children are not speaking until their one year old no child is speaking until your one year old. In spite of that, the gin already learned the grammatical structures, the into nations and the pronunciation of the languages they learn. They learned that means their first language, first language or first languages before that's old one. We use the word mother tongue. This is not a political correct word anymore to use first language, because most Children in this world have more than one first language because bilingual or Multilingual Children I buy fired a majority in our world today, Multilingual Children are rare, and they are a minority. Now. Don't be afraid. If a child is growing up with multiple languages because it will make the chunk more intelligent, it means high I Q. Don't create artificial, bilingual or Multilingual Children. Thus, this will in peer the language development. So Multilingual Children. A bilingual chill must be natural, Multilingual Children because, let's say, and family, who is speaking Mandarin Chinese as the first language because Mommy and Daddy are Chinese , are Chinese. Speaking on the charge is growing up in Let's say the United Kingdom. The jump will have in this as a language off the environment. But Chinese, as a language in the families of the child, is growing up with two languages, and it comes naturally. Or let's say Mama is from Hungary and Daddy is from the Czech Republic. The child will grow up with Hungarian and Czech as his 1st 1st language is bilingual. Chip child now, depending word. A child grows up, 1/3 language might come in, and that's natural multilingualism. Don't try talking mystery a kid. If you're not then English speaker, don't try to make your child artificially bilingual. It will impair the language development. Why? Because the chance takes the pronunciation, the vocabulary and the grammar. He or she is learning from birth as the right and the correct one and thes grammar grammatical structures. And these vocabulary cannot be corrected anymore. So if the job grows up with the wrong grammar in any language, given this wrong, grammar was the wrong grammar. Until the child dies because it has become, it has been made the first language of the child. Okay, um, language acquisition first happens verbally. So Orel language the child here is the language understands the lamb, which this is what comes first. Understanding why? Because transition, correct pronunciation and articulation is not yet possible because the organs are not get ready. So understanding comes before pronunciation. It's always bear in mind. Your child understands much more than he's able to say. Don't anticipate everything the chant wants to say. Give him a chance to talk, have communication with the kit. Then, after understanding comes speaking on after speaking, comes read, inked. I'm writing within this sensitive period off language acquisition, First language acquisition force the sensitive period for reading and writing. Now writing skills largely depend on the fine motor skills of the Children. I'm braiding skills, crime. Naturally, this is why you see Children saying, Oh, there is Mondo Nides. Please buy me a burger and you never thought the child that this is the sign for McDonald's peace is why there are a lot of kids. When you're four years old, they're able to read, and they're really reading because it's intuitive. It's been learned through intuition observation, and here comes another important fact reads to your Children on the daily basis. This will make the language acquisition much, much faster Children whose language opposition is slower. Most of the time, I thought that the parents are mixing languages. That's one reason the child is confused. Doesn't know them. Which languages? Which language? If the parents are mixing languages or young parents, most you the most common one is screen time. That's Elektronik Media Computer Television. Handy's No by phones when Children allowed mobile phones. Television is the trump. Their language acquisition is always bean slow down. Always so. Screens electronic media. I'm not for small Children. Um, poor vocabulary. Baby language goes off course. Slow down the language development. That's also very important. So take care off. Proper communication. Proper vocabulary, proper language because the sensitive period for language is 0 to 6 years old. 6. Z 0 6 sensitive period of movement: the sensitive period for movement. As you have mentioned before, the sensitive period off movement is from birth toe five years, five or six years old, actually six years. But most of it happens from birth to four years, So we'll have an overall range of the sensitive period for movement from 0 to 6, with most of the development happening from birth to four years old. What does it mean? Don't put your kids in tow. Kreme's as much as possible. Try to avoid it as my just possible. Children can walk a distance, which is in cop Kilometers as far as their age in years, which means a four year old child can walk for kilometers. That's a long one, so they don't need primes. We put the Children in strollers because we are in a hurry and we don't want them. We don't want to wait for them. We put Children into strollers because we want to go out when the Children need to sleep, to rest or to play, so we bind them. But this is depriving them off the opportunity to develop their movement from business. Children need toe, have the possibility to move to move their hands and arms and links toe crawl around. Even when they're not get ableto walk, they need to be ableto crawl around as much as possible to hold to maybe chairs or something toe to draw themselves up. They need to have things which they are allowed to touch. So the practice that fine motor skills, the development of the movement is from the cross motor skills toe the fine motor skills. So mostly wenshan of problem with the Final Two schools. It is because the cross motor skills are not being well developed. The movement off the cross motor skills that is. Jumping, walking, crawling, climbing, um, running, whatever. Everything this cross motor skills needs, Toby given chance, and only when that is given chance. Final. The skills can develop, and the solution for training final order skills is to giving more chance to cross motor skills. So go out. Give your Children space in the living room to crawl, allow around toe applying, give you chins chance Toby outside to play toe climb to be wild with all their bodies allowed him everyone different movements and emission movements through hiding, crawling through something and and others Children are concentrating very much goes on small objects, and they want to use the pincer grasp. Take small object and this is how they start to develop the fine we'll just kills. There have been to do that when they crawl over the carpet and might try toe, take parts of the carpet, maybe. Or maybe this find small things which have fun them. Give them big chance movement, whether it's cross or fine. Motor skills are being developed through repetition off purposeful activity. So a natural are learning to run their running up and down and up and down, up and down, up and down. That is repetition off activity, and they have to do it. Otherwise, they don't acquire that skill. When they learned to jump. They are jumping, jumping, champion, jumping, jumping, and they're often in locations where we don't find it. Very fitting. Gave it them places where they can jump where they can climb where they can do whatever they're doing, so they don't do it in places where they shouldn't do it. But Jack being jumping, jumping, jumping as repetition off purposeful activity for them toe acquire that skill. Let when they're developing the final discuss. The need also repetition off activity. That means doing it over and over and over again. And this is one reason for the practical life of exercises, because the Children are giving the chance to repeat fine motor movements many, many times as many times as the one to, UM, we have also a motive brain in our brain. Children need to acquire all those movements before the able to learn whatever you want them to learn. So sitting down for kids is not a good idea because it will appear the brain development, which we later b the reason for learning difficulties. So the move development of movement must take place, and you have to give opportunity to do that again. It does not mean allowing them to jump on the bed in the bedroom doesn't mean, um, allowing them to climb on the kitchen furniture. It is the responsibility of the adult to provide an environment where we can allow the kids to move around and the kids be safe and the furniture be saved, and the behavior must be proper 7. 0 - 6 Years: The Sensitive Period Courtesy Manners: so the sensitive period for man irks and courtesy. It's very easy to explain that Children absorb the manor's occurred to see the behavior off the parents and caretakers from Beth and as soon as they're able to move on the room independently and as soon as they start to speak a little bit, you couldn't start teaching manners on a purpose full way for some gentle nets from two years old, 2.5. But late this three years old, we should start toe, teach manners and using the lessons off grace and courtesy. So it's a general rule. Bear in mind shouldn't absorb the behavior off the caretakers and their learning, manners and courtesy through the role model off the caretakers. Most of the time, that's appearance from generally speaking 2.5 years old. We have to give them a chance to learn manners behaviour courtesy on. We have to teach them in a purposeful, purposeful way. When we have six year old Children, they should be able you'll practice all good behavior. All manner which are normally being used in the culture of the Children are growing up very important. How to talkto grown up people. For them, you have a six year old child. The charge should know to say Mrs So and so, please, whatever the correct way Children should not be taught simply fight manners because they will not be able. It will not be easy for them after the sensitive period, for manners and courtesies, over, to learn to speak in a respectful way with all the people or with people who deserve respect. So we have to burn it in mind that I have to learn that avenue early age. 8. 0 - 6 Years: Sensitive Period for Order: the sensitive period for order. This might come as a shock to many a few, because the sensitive period for order is from around 18 months to 2.5 years somewhere in between. And the tantrums of the so called terrible twos very often are but a sign off the order off the child being disturbed. What don't mean by that soon drunk are very, very sensible for order in time sequins, um, outside environment, everything that could be time structure, sequence of going toe bed sequence of doing things, not only order, work that's which thing belong. And the Children are so sensitive from that period, and they might have tantrums, terrible tantrums when something is happening in a different way. And the many, many parents these days don't have timeto always respect the sequence in which something needs to be done, according to the child. Of course, they disrupt the sequence that disrupt the time they disrupt the way of doing things, and the Children who are not yet able toe express themselves very well. And very clearly we're not get really conscious because of conscious Ness starts when there three years, they just have a tantrum because they're being disturbed in the sense of order. So cherry run when they're small until their three years of age. We should bear in mind the country, except that a change is changes of place, changes of time, changes of sequence. So you want them to learn something, keeping this thing. I want them to do something. Keep it always in the same order. And it is a very basic need for Children off that age toe always respect the rules. If it changed the rules, if it changed the sequence, if it changed the time. The child is being totally confused and it makes it hard for the child toe. Ever learn to adjust toe any rules, Those things concerned? Family habits like eating times off, eating times off, going toe bed the way how to go to bed routine Those Children love repetition and routine. If routine is being interrupted, their sense off order is being dissed. Irked this order in the environment When the child are that small, this is what will also disturbed, are there mm orga to be a quiet so the Children can have a very hard and acquire order When there is this order when they are really small, so we have to bear in mind mostly 18 months to two years old. But as Children are not developing all the same, let's remember, 18 months to 2.5 years. That is the sensitive period for Children to acquire work. 9. 0 - 6 Years: The Sensitive Period for Numbers: And this might also come as a surprise for infancy as 0 to 6 years old within this period also force a sensitive period for numbers. But the sensitive period for numbers is quite at the end. Off this period, it is from around four years, 5.5 years, so we call those Children generally were called in pre scores. A younger Children were counting 12345678 At 200. They are saying words, they enjoying words because numbers are also words and Children who are counting at the very early edge. Very farty and join the words 1234 Fight Those are words to, but really quantity counting calculation starts from around 4.5 years. But at this period, we are very comfortable to start with our kids about quantity understanding. 123 How much is that? Um, simple calculations and go with them as far as they can go. It doesn't make sense to start it earlier. Let's say two years old, a three years old, it doesn't make sense because that's not the sensitive period. It would just be a burden on them. But observe when they're ready for that, provide materials that have numbers and quantity and watch their interest. Make sure about every eight about the same age. Children are in the same sensitive period, so every child will be interested in numbers once the child is between four to maximum six years of age. So that is before the chance is going to school. And if we miss this period, we're missing out a lot of opportunity to prepare Children for mathematics. And when they started too late and the sensitive period is over, it will be so very, very hard for them. We don't prepare our Children Blair often for mathematics in kindergarten and preschool page, and that's why it is so hard for them when they're in school. So parents and teachers that care for Children before they're going to school have a big responsibility there because this can affect us. The success off school until a very old eight 10. 6-12 Years: Childhood : we're coming now to the second period, which is called childhood. That is, from 6 6.5 to 12 years of age. And this is the period where the mind is open for intellectual scientific knowledge. The Children are developing had their reasoning mind, and they want to want us to help them think during infancy, they say, Help me to do it myself to do it myself. But you're in childhood. They're asking, Help me to think so we have to see to it. The Children in this period are able and allowed to gain as much knowledge as possible. So in this period the mind is open for history's farm biology for everything, which is scientific knowledge and everything that will help the growing reasoning minds from 6 to 12 years thesis a period off uniformed growth. The Children are growing the but is a growing. But there are not so many psychological changes and those or not a lot of changes in there body systems. So they have experience strong health. Yes, they're not falling sick easily. They're growing in size, but nothing special happening. So this is a period of stability which can be really used to help the Children learn as much as possible. We call this period not only child, but we also call. It's the reasoning mind. We're often we have the wrong idea that it's going through puberty that they are able to understand. No science. Science is easy. Doesn't demand obstructs thinking a lot. So we should teach our Children much, much more during these early years off child hooked. Remember that? I don't think that you're making them a burden on their minds. This is what the ones from you now teach them to think. 11. 12- 18 Years: Adolesence: from 6 to 12. The Children should get their mental independence independence sinking. But doing 12 to 18 which is the age of dollars sense they should gain a social responsibility and social independence. Um, it is a well known fact. The Children during puberty try to be more and more independent from their parents, and this is natural, and that's good. We should help the Children. To that end, they also want to be economically independent. Many Children. I want to give up school in orderto start working because I want to have their own money. I personally don't think it's a good idea. But what I think is a very good idea that Children should be given the opportunity. Toby can't to start to become economically independent, so having the chance to do some extra jobs in orderto earned it on money as soon as they are able to do that, Would disco beat something like helping in the house helping other people in the household not in their own? Because they should have responsibility, um, and doing other things for people for which they could being paid when they are allowed to . The could also start to do little little jobs at while they are still pursuing education but generally genuine in his age group, they want toe become economically independent, and that's their natural development. So it's good to help them that because when they're not becoming economically independent, it's hard for them to become economical, independent later in life. This is why we see some people always coming back to the payments to ask for money, even though they're ready 30 past 30 years and older during this period. They are also asking a lot of questions about society because Social responsibility ghost with asking questions about society so the Children are actually, we should say the youth, um, are very sensitive in this period to helping at becoming useful. Members of society generally in this age group are interested in climate change and how to prevent it. They're interested in this armament and peace negotiations. They're interested in of poverty and how to avoid it prevented or remove it. They're interested to be active with orphanages or homes for aged. So as an educator and this teachers we should see to the Children 12 to 18 years old have the chance to be active in society. Four other people. This is very, very important. They want Toby helped to sink and to become independent, take up responsibility was I have to see to it didn't have the chance toe earn money and learn to d with the money the at this age of puberty 12 to 18 years old Marie Metis Ari called it a tall a sense, which is a was a common word which we know is also a pure where many off the years are experiencing week house. Why? Because I was so many change taking place in their bodies and they're often is not being considered enough that even though the growth body growth might not be so enormous anymore , the bodies are starting to change because from being Children the bodies are developing in tow adult bodies where they could have Children or make Children. And this is an enormous change. Hormones start to be active for the girls. Uh, breast start to grow. Hips start to be more roundish. Um, here starts to grow in places. Worked Hat. There has been no here before and the Children have toe de with all these physical changes in the bodies some Children also. Also, a lot of users experience weaker house in this period of time. Dealing also with adminstration monthly pleading is not easy for many girls, especially those who have experiencing a pain. Uh, what is also hard for the kids that there mind changes completely this period 12 to 18 years old, how the brain works and the sinking ability changes. And Tiley really rail really upset thinking in the real sense sense off the world is developing in this age range, and all their thinking is upside down. Now, when we consider that the horn month started are influencing the mood and the humors, and also on how they feel. Maybe if he tired or and they don't they are not motivated at all, sometimes at the same time. Also, they're thinking process is all upside down because it's developing and when also they have toe deal with looking the friend feeling the friend, Uh, maybe clothes don't fit them anymore. Pain coming on things going on in the bodies, which they cannot deal with right from the beginning. This is too much at the time, and this is why sometimes young people in this age range are behaving in a very strange way you want three isn't with them. I have the feeling they are not reasonable at all. And, yes, they are not because all these ongoing changes are influencing them. Their reasoning. And they're thinking. But still, this is the period which is so crucial for them to develop social responsibility and to deal with helping people and become a useful member of society. So don't be frightened by this period. Um, be a safe haven for the kids. Make sure they know that you are there for them. You're always ready to receive them. Uh, don't judge them, don't have a lot of expectations, just be there. But they provide opportunities for them to prove they can to prove they can sink to prove that they're intelligent, to prove that their ideas can work out on were important that they can make changes in life . 12. 18 - 24 Years: Maturity: The last eight range, which Maria Montessori describes is the age range from 18 to 24 years of age. And she called it the uh age for the period off maturity. Basically basically, what is happening? That the personality, the thinking, that independence, the social policies are being elaborated more and this is important that because they the use, the young adults are transitioning toe full moral and spiritually independence and why this is so interesting Because of many countries say that from 18 years old, a person is fully responsible for their deeds were, as let's say, 14 to 18. They are not fully responsive because the juvenile there's juvenile courts, special cords for young people. But with 18 we say they are able to judge their own deeds. They want to know, how can I help you? They want Toby useful members of society. They want to accomplish something in their life, and they should have by now are developed safe realization and self knowledge. They should know. What can I do? Who am I? What can what are my talons? And they should work on doing something with their lives. That is 18 to 24 but it must not be completed by 18. Must not be complete dividing. They are in this period to really starting from 18 to 25 again. Um, because of this self knowledge, self realization, we call this also specialist mind have a specialist. My dinner. What iss my knowledge. What is my competence? And they make their plans and they make their what they're doing based on understanding what their specialist about in this period Oh, it is. Major physical changes have been taking place. And again, health is very strong and they have learned to tackle with their physical development, so their their health is now they're strong. And the question is, how can I help you? So what you see from the Children needing us to help them from 18 to 24 the growing beings we ask others, how can I have you? And when you have this, uh, in mind, we will be able to really guide our Children in this process. Bear in mind what is happening in which sensitive period and try, Don't try toe. Ask Children to do something in a certain period when they are not ready for it because they're not yet ready or its already past Always Burdett in mind letter in life changes, certain changes can be made, but those would be conscious changes changes. That means a grown up person consciously decides I grew up like this. But I wanted in a different way, and they will make this change is consciously this takes a lot of effort and a lot of time . Um, not everything can be changed to become automate automatic. So happy it's personal trades things like this, uh, people might be able to change it, but it will not be automatic. This they have to keep on reminding themselves off doing certain things in a surgeon way. Take up new habits. You thinking patterns, new emotion, patterns, pigs, a lot of effort hand. We continue being influenced by what happened in our life when in our earliest, So also, that should be taken in consideration. Always. Um, we don't have toe underestimate the world power. But you also have to burn in mind that it's our responsibility to help the Children on the right path in the right way and not say when they are old. They will decide for it. No, it's so hard to decide for something you didn't grow up with. And, um Mrs Why? As teachers, we should assume our responsibilities and really face them as serious and as paramount they are for the future lives off our cates. 13. Introduction ÜDPL What is it: in this video. I want to clarify what are practical life exercises when I am sweeping my living room cooking family lunch are washing my clothes that I need tomorrow. Those are not practical life exercises. This is my regular work. Why is that so? Because I'm washing my clothes so there will be clean. I'm sweeping my floor because I wanted to be clean and I'm cooking lunch because we're all hungry. Also, I've been these things many, many times. I don't need to practice them anymore. I have mastered, um, a long time ago, so those are not. Those are not exercises. And I'm not doing those things in order to practice them or to acquire new skills. Now you might say, What about new recipes? What about the new style of washing clothes? Even then, it's not a practical life exercises because exercise, because I'm not trying out a new recipe in order to acquire a new school on practicing a new recipe, because I know I can anticipate. I'm doing that with obstruction. When I'm trying out a new recipe reading the recipe, I understand how it will work because I've cooked and back so much I can anticipate heart will work out and all the steps, the active, all the doing, the fight of those girls that I need for it. The observation skills that I need for it. Half a quiet a long time ago. Justin details because it's a new recipe. So I'm not acquiring years skills through that a McRae acquiring a new recipe. So my daily housework is not practical life, and this is maybe the most important understanding a one to give to you don't think critical eyes? No. Well, let me let my Children do all the cleaning and all the washing and then have enough practical life exercises for acquiring all the skills. That's not it from a practical really life. I will give you an example that happened to May, um, I had a small boy in a matter sorry play group and we had a mill hand mill. Will you turn in, turn inter and you grind. And then that play group we were grinding coffee. Uh, that ladyboy had some deficit and iwas very keen on the smell of the coffee because I left it exercise. But also turning is a very mountainous activity and he loved it. That is a practical life exercise. He was grinding coffee, but he wasn't drinking coffee. We were not cooking coffee for him. Um, he did it because he enjoyed to smell. He enjoyed the activity of grinding. And through this activity, my antonius activity, which he did for a long time, sometimes one hour at the time, as in one go, he was acquiring still a skills which he could not acquire otherwise. For this little boy, this especially helped him to make up for his deficit. That means toe cover up toe catch up where the skills he should have had at his age. And he really did who really did, um I want to give So he stated. And at home, I don't think that his mother had coffee grind their way to grind the coffee by hand. I don't think so. So it was not something he did to an end with a purpose. He did it because were naturally inclined to do things which help us, especially small Children and natural inclined to do things, to look for activities that will help them in their personal situation with catching up with what they need to catch up with are to acquire what they need to enquire. So it comes naturally so that a practical life exercise is toe acquire skills, not to reach a goal. The goal is, is practicing the skills? Um, when you allow, let's say true, run to be in the kitchen with you and then say you're baking a cake and maybe allow the child to porta Flower into the bulls and you are manipulating the blender. Mix it up. Actually, that's not a practical life exercise, because a child is doing a few things he can do already. But you don't allow the child to do what he cannot do. Otherwise, the cake will not succeed because your goal as a mother or teacher is to bake a cake successfully, which the family will enjoy to eat. Your goal is not for the child to practice. I will bring another example, um, one of my Children when it was very, very young, really young. He found a brush and they started to clean. No, actually, they didn't find up. Gave it to him. I don't know. It's long time. It's long time. Um, there was a spot on the floor in my kitchen under our dining table, and I gave him a fresh and told him You clean that spot. It was an old apartment, and that little little boy started to brush the spot on the fewer, and he brushed and brushed and brushed, using the brush to wrap the floor for 2.5 hours. I was amazed. I was scared. That would be a hole in my floor on. I won't say hi to the neighbor living under me. We were living in the first floor then, as I was really scared, that would be greeting the neighbor who is living under me because it was brushing the same spot for 2.5 hours. That is 210 minutes. I saw Wow, that's great! 2.5 hours. That boy who cannot sit still who has to move all the time is quiet. I can finally do something. What I whatever I need to do in the house, in the home, for the family, for the cooking, whatever I need to do. So I thought, What a great idea. Next time I gave him the same brush again. I showed him the same spot on the floor and told him to brush. Is that OK? Mommy started brush and after two minutes he was that at that. Do you think this time the floor was cleaner than the other time? No, it waas And the first time was his first time to use a brush and to scrap a floor. And he did it so long because his body needed so long to store in all the information from the nerves from the Sinuses, from the Muslims from the joints, how the scrappy works, the feeling off the brush, the feeling off the wood off the brush, all the movements, the body violence that he needed by brushing back and forth and brushing around all this information needed to be stored needed to be worked are needed to be saved in the brain. The second time, that information had been stored already. So there was nothing interesting anymore. He knew it. His brand new hip ah, sign ups is had been built up, so he didn't need that activity anymore. Um, and this is what practical life exercises are all about. Children lure skills. They need to learn my little boy today is a grown up man. Whenever he needs to claim something, he can do it. What? It's a window, a mirror of floor. Whatever is he can clean it because he has learned it. The difference between then and now is today. He can do complex combination off things. When cleaning up. He can take up soap, water, sponge. He's organizing himself. She knows what to clean. He would never clean izing. That doesn't need cleaning because it's a grown up person and it's not for him. Toe acquire skills. It's for him to have a clean and government, and that's the difference. We have also a very important knowledge for you. Information. Children below three. Our washing only clean things. Children after three are washing dirty things. That means before Children are three. They acquired a school, and because they're sensitive, period of order is so strong they cannot handle dirt. And this order. This is why you give them something dirty to wash. They have getting confused, but after they have acquired this skill, they need in order to purposefully wash something or do something, they can do it. Also, the sensitive period of order is more or less over, so they're not getting so confused by dirty things. That's one thing. Something else about the practical life skills we are practicing activities, motor activities, the train. Certain Sinuses are a certain movement into bottles about three ASM control off movement. When you want to train your Children toe toe, be responsible for the environment. That's something else that's responsibility and much more part off cosmic education and social education than of practical life. Um, in the practical eyes area Children Koya skills that they can use later in life. Toe purposefully do something now off course for this general introduction. It all depends on the age off the Children and their developmental stage. When you have a 15 year old who wants to learn carpentry and he wants to learn how to make a world group that's still practical life, he is interested to know how to make a wardrobe. He doesn't have the skills of using, um, all the tools that he needs to do to use. He doesn't have the skills and the knowledge about the wood all this new for him. That's practical life activities because it's interested to learn that skill and, of course, the 15 year old ones. A result he wants to see the world rope being assembled and being used. You can use it and to look beautiful. And two year old, a three year old that has no importance to two year old and a three year old want to do what enjoyed to do. And when they don't enjoy to do it anymore, they don't continue. Whereas a 15 year old might continue even if he's not enjoying it anymore. He is feeling tired. He was so continue because he wants to reach the goal. So how practical and exercises are working and how they are being built opposed changes with life. So this is a also a growing area. Generally, always say, we have to start teaching Children practical life exercises because only through those practical life exercises, the Children can be ready to do what they need to do in life. No much mark only one. They have the practical life skills they have, that they have the conditions, the prerequisites to learn what they need to learn about the since Orel area language area , mathematics area and cosmic area. So in the practical life area cross and fine motor skills, Behavior patterns, Rules order how working works are being a quiet and trained, and those rules those behavior patterns. Those skills are being used to learn about mathematics but language but history about geography and everything else. 14. Practical Life Exercises What are those: what are practical life exercises and what they aren't? We're having a running joke in my classes that I'm teaching as almost out of my students are women. They're very few men who take those classes. They are and they are wonderful. And I love them by their very few. But most of my students are women. So when the meeting, when they made each other and one day as what have you done the weekend, the running gag is to say, practical life exercises. Why? Because what are women and mothers doing on the weekend? Uh, washing I m ing folding, cleaning, uh, putting things in order. Thank creating. And so on days are not practical life exercises. This is practical life. We women, we grown up people. We do those things because we have to do them, But we're not practicing them any work more. We don't do practical life things because we're learning new skills. We're doing them because they're part of life. So, uh, to be very correct in the sense of Merima to Sorry. What we're doing is we do we work because we need to work even if we enjoy it. But we're not practicing toe work. That's very clear. Um, even if I'm learning a new recipe, me as a grown, a person who has been cooking for many decades, that's not the practical life exercises. As I'm just trying out a new recipe, I know how to cook. I know how to need. I know how to turn. I know how to cut. I don't need to practice those skills. Practical, like life exercises, means the Children who don't know the skills, who don't notice caps of the steps. They have not acquired the skills they are learning the skills, and what is very important for learning is that they will not be connected, the really doing things. 15. The Montessori Learning Categories : So I want to now start telling you about the different areas off the practical life area. The first area it are the so called preliminary exercises. Preliminary exercises means what the child needs to learn before is ableto work in a Montessori environment. It's preparatory exercises. Um, we have to start with those exercises with every child that newly comes to a class that newly comes. The group evident the child is older because only of the child knows those basic rules and behavioral patterns. He couldn't work in any area bead, mathematics or cosmic or any area. If the child doesn't master the rules, the behavior patterns and the skills needed for that, there is no way the child could work in a monster a classroom, even in any Montessori oriented classroom. Those preliminary exercises are about how toe work in the classroom that includes walking around, she run who are working. That means walking around carpets on the floor, where Children are working on carpets on the floor, walking around stay boss, at which Children are working. Uh, it includes rolling and unrolling a matter. So taking a mat hearing yet? Oh, I'm making it too complicated ready. So the 1st 1 you want to teach your Children is take the mat out off the stand or wherever it's been kept, carry it around the room and put it back in the stand. The next one would be to roll it toe, unroll it and to roll it again. So the Children must be safe, sufficient and self able to take out mats, roll on, roll them to roll them and to put them back so they're able to work on the floor because it shouldn't work on the beer floor. Then, as in the practical life here, we have a lot of exercises on trays. The Children have to be able to take out trays from the shelf and to put the trace back to take out any activities, anything's from a tray from a shelf and put it back. The next one is that they should be able to carry things around the room because one made Montessori rule, as we have learned, is that the child can decide what to work with. The activity has he has chosen. So you practice carrying a three without something first after with something on, then you could have something, maybe a bowl of water, something that could spill. So the Children are learning to be confident about caring things, caring things carefully note spelling, not letting them full. From my observation. These activities are more important in the year 2020 then the have being in the year 1980 or 1990 because more and more Children are not being, um, allowed to carry things, because parents are becoming more and more afraid that a general would drop something so general occurring on the plastic things, they're not caring anything's. A lot of Children are not allowed to work even four year and five year olds in a still brought being brought to kindergarten with strollers or even with car so they don't have a chance to work. How would they walk and carry? So I'm having the feeling these days. This exercises are getting a greater and greater importance. So carry a train carrying object, carry a tray with something on, then also very important. Carrie and Sharp object taking out the book from the shelf, putting a book back. We have books, of course, in a classroom that's their important how to turn the pages of a book that's also something a lot of Children don't know. And as this is something I've been observing in the many, many years I've been around, that there are families were training their Children to, uh, deal with books carefully and Children who have not learned it at home. They're not learning it, even when they are old, like 50 years old. Staying. You taught them how carefully they don't know what you're talking about. So that's also very important. How to turn the pages of the book, how to deal with the book. Then we have a lot of exercises that are about movement. We have mentioned them earlier lessons. We want to train the movement off the Children. So we have the walking on the line exercises, those group exercises or those air done as group exercises. Most of the time, you could do them in a one by one setting. That's okay. That's possible. Of course you can do it in the home to our with all of the class of the kindergarten. How it works. I will tell you in detail. Okay, What else? We have Silence Cape. That's important part of practical life, too. Keep silence. Holds Ireland's respect. Silence! React to silence about the silence game. For me. Some of those are still part of the preliminary exercises, although the walking on the line activities such a fun thing, which can be done through combined with different saying so it it will again and again be interesting for the Children. Okay, so we have preliminary exercises and movement, then the next one. That must be at the very beginning of beginning off a school year off a Montessori classroom of starting a new class or having a new group afternoon. And those are the lessons of grace and courtesy. Lessons of Grace and Curtis is about behavior, good manners and how we talk to each other. Please, whenever you have a new child in your classroom, whenever you have a new child in your group, whenever you're starting a New year, either advised, those exercises are starting from the beginning, you cannot expect a child to say good morning when you haven't thought the child was a good morning. You cannot expect the child's to say thank you, even even if if you haven't trained the child to say thank you so that's very, very crucial. We will go into that in detail, grace and courtesy. Don't wait with us. If they are, Let's say a class starts in September. You start right in September and do it on a daily basis later every second day after maybe once a week until you're very shorted. All the Children have mastered it. Don't wait for intrinsic movement. For that to start, you started. Let's say you do it with the kids. You introduce it, you practice it. Don't wait for them to wanting to do it. They don't know it, so why would they want it? It's social learning. Social learning normally comes later, but if you wait until later, they have already acquired wrong behavior. Patterns will start really okay. That may have brink exercises about here for the own person. No general IQ in the gardens have Children who can address up themselves. And now, when the want to go out, they want the Children to learn to dress about himself. That's impossible because the Children are wanting to go out at that moment in time, they don't have time concentration to focus on dressing up. Mothers want the Children to wash their hands when they come from the toilet. But at that moment of time, Children are focusing on wanting to go back to play or wanting to meet the friends or whatever. But this is not the time they focus on something else. So teaching them to wash their hands when it's time to wash their hands is a very wrong idea. So care for own person is a lot of exercises. Were the Children practice at a time when they don't need it to do it? We have in this Aaron dressing frames, we have cream. We have soap will have the possibility to do practice washing our hands. We have a corn for their here. We have here clips. There's a lot of exercises Children can do, and you present those exercises on trays so they become toys. And the Children practice when they don't need this skill by when it's time to use the skill, they have acquired it, and there's no stress. Another type of exercises are care for the environment. Careful and government is like dusting and table sweeping a floor, arranging flowers, watering the flowers and so on. Maybe cleaning a window again. If you tell the Children, let's clean the windows and they haven't learned it. They will either spend hours and hours wiping the same place because they, their hand and the brains enjoying them to do the activity partner would be tired because if they're not in the sensitive here for that and they haven't learned it before, it's a very hard, a hard heart, heart heart activity for them. So we have a possibility. The Montasser classroom that the Children will wash a table that's the table sweet the floor when there is no dirt and no need for its the practices. Yeah, gains. There's no stress because it's again. They acquired a school. When there is a need, they know what to do and how to do exactly. And then we have a new area which is full off trays, entrees. We can present a lot off exercises that our parts off really life we can have pouring exercises, entrees. We can have sporting exercises in real life. We poor things all the time, and we spun things all the time. Only we don't think about it because we have acquired the school the child hasn't acquired the skull. This is why he needs toe practice it. We cannot bolts. We can have safety pins. We can have suing. Well, Ewing netting The Children are not yet really making something. In the beginning, they are learning to do the activity. If later they want to do something and the one toe continue further. That's okay. And it's things practical life in that area. We as a swing netting, will have washing. We have also catting and pasting exercises because those cutting and pasting exercises are very important. We want the Children to be able to do craft if they haven't learned to cut. Haven't learned to paste. How will they do crafts so else I need to practice that beforehand. 16. Instruction for the Preparation of Pouring Exercises: all to enjoy pouring. But we parents are afraid if the poor, because the much spill and especially if they want to pour something which has a value nutritional value, for example were very careful because we don't want the juice or the soya milk over temperate is Toby spill because it's food and it's not time to play. Pouring is one of the very, very important exercises for Children to do. It is still not really the fingers that are so much active, but it's them. You see. It's this part of the hand that is more active, so boring. It's one of the first exercises that you can start with. Don't start with just one at a time, but I want to introduce you this pouring because that's wonderful. If you concerned with pouring. If you've observed Children in the past tap and yet they have led, says I'm. A few cups colored comes in the bus stop. They're sitting in a fast up and they laugh toe poor water if they have the chance to play . Any weather is water. Let's say at the ocean at the Peak Beach you can observe Children who just enjoy pouring what and watching how in the water pours. That's interesting because of the movement is turning movement. And it's interesting because of the sound of the water and the changing weight. If I'm having a full glass, the more I pour out the lesser weight I have in my hand. That's also very interesting. Now we don't have a beach at home. We don't have a beach in the classroom. What can we do? E don't want toe Children to spill. So what is the solution? We organize pouring exercises on trays. We're gonna is pouring exercises on trays. And that means when something is being spilled, its on the train, not everywhere. Number two Those have rules like all the practical life exercises have rules. You do it on the try, and when you finish it, it has to look like in the beginning. Now the ones we have isolation of difficulty. So we teach the only one step at a time, and you will in a minute understand how ah complicating or how easy pouring exercises can be. So that eases pouring Exercise is pouring, uh, from dry material from one picture into another generally pouring dry steps substances is much easier than pouring liquids, which dry substance is a good for pouring. The one is something which is like sands that could be sent, or salt said, or soap are very good for pouring. It flows out very smoothly, just like what I would, uh, and it's not jumping away as beings would. Very good is also rice here. I prefer, um, white rice, and I like to diet with food color so it becomes more beautiful and more interesting. It's still edibles of the Children, put it in Amazon, prime its food color, and it looks so attractive and white rice being diet really so beautiful, so dry substances to start with are always better. So every practical life exercises with dry substance is easier. Then with liquids, every exercise I'm going to describe to you. You can do it with either dry. I would liquid now, for the liquid. Water is transparent, so it's hard for the Children to focus on water because if they can see through it, that means they cannot see it very well. That's the stage when they enjoy it was exercises, So what you do is use food color to dye the water. If you use ink, as some of my students have, that's one disadvantage with think. If the water died with ink, stays there for a while. The empties appears and the world that becomes transparent again. But when it's tied with food color, it stays colored all the time. Of course, if you have the feeling it's not clean anymore, you can just change it. Food color is very, very cheap, Um, and this is why If you have to change us, there's no problem. Okay, so the easiest pouring exercises pouring from one picture into the other. Why pictures? Because they have like a nose, and then it's easy to pour out without spilling it by the sides. But pictures still have white openings, so it's easy toe poor in one picture to another. Don't use received kins, which are too big because the Children's hands who I think after in two years old, three years old, they're really small. So don't use big thanks you small things. So, for example, that was what I like to use is pits pictures of jacks which are being used to serve milk that's the coffee table, or to serve wine because they are maybe only 2020 50 milliliters. Um, we could also poor from one jack into two. Smaller, one bigger one into two smaller ones. We could pour into three smaller ones or for smaller ones. You must always potential when you prepare it can in the big one pour into the smaller ones and can the smaller ones poor back. You also have to pay attention that the content off the big one must be completely empty. Emptied, one being poured into the smaller ones. So, for example, you have four small cups or glasses and you want something from a picture being poured into the four small glasses. Measure out how much Ken a content can. Small glasses hole. And from that content, this is what must be in the picture. Because at the end, the picture the original one must be completely empty. No. Where do I let Children pour in? I let them pour in a glass. All ceramic material pictures, uh, camps, glasses. They should be made from glass from ceramic, something breakable. Something real and something that I might be using in my own kitchen. I love to use Turkish tea glasses. Number one, They are small enough, and even four could be on the tray, and it wouldn't be too heavy and too big for small Children. Number two. They look they have a beautiful shape because it looked like two lips. But the upper part, which is like a ways, makes it easy for the Children toe poor something out. But also it's big enough for something to get it. And because of that shape to live like shape, it's easy for the Children toe hold on. They can hold it easily without dropping it. Then also regular cups. Um, max can be used here. Please pay attention night at a training order. Magno that not the cup nor the future, nor the jack. Whatever you use shouldn't have a design design means it has an education goal. If there is no depression, go with the desired baby. You say it's beautiful. No education goal. It's not there. Everything must have a purpose. Something it doesn't have a purpose is not there. Why do I say that? Because if you let the Children poor, let's say colored water from one picture into four small glasses. I could draw lines and mark up to which level I want the Children toe part of water in. That's a very advanced pouring exercise. They have to concentrate, and there must be a line which I have bean drawing. And this is a design that has a purpose. But if there are lines and flowers and honeybees and bumblebees would out any education gold, the general will focus and concentrate on those bubble bees and lady birds on the glasses and on the monks, and they will not be able to concentrate much on the water or sand or sold, which is being poured very often. When teachers prepare pouring exercises, the one the wider Children are not interested in. It's because there are designs on which are destruct destructing. If the Children cannot focused, that whole exercise is useless. Another reason is the exercise doesn't look beautiful enough in the trust. If enough for the child to want toe handle it. That's a one major reason why Jim, I'm not interested in exercises. We prepare. Okay, so we have mentioned pouring from one into the other from one into two others from one into three others from one into four others we have mentioned pouring from one into 12345 others , but marking the line the level and where did shouldn't have to pour again. One of mark the levels after the Children have poured into each cup up to the level where I want them to pour the original container with That's a Mac or a pigeon must be empty. This is the control of error than they have done this correctly. But pouring could be much, much more complicated to because finally is also pouring and see. Think is also pouring, so funneling and saving our advanced pouring exercises to. But I will deal with them in a separate video just for you to to understand. Um so marking lines, equal levels, marking lines, different levels is possible when the Children must the pouring dry substances then and don't live in. I let them poor died water and the diet What that can be really fun for. Children toe work with because all Children love to play with water and we want them to enjoy it, and we want them to focus on it, and we want them toe master it So pouring water is also very important. Don't say we have poured rice. Why we should deport what after the rice water must be there. Otherwise, the Children will not be able to, uh, apply Thea pouring skills in the everyday life, like pouring water or tea for him to drink, and the goal of all the pouring exercises that Children will be able to use those skills in the everyday life. As I said, pouring, whatever needs to report when it comes to food are to cooking. That's the goal, but that's the end gold. 17. Pouring Pink Sand, a very easy pouring exercise: pouring pink sand, a very easy, practical life exercise one small, one bigger jack on a tray. The child picks up the jack on the left side, which is full. Always start on the left hand side for all exercises because this is the direction into which we are reading and right think the child is pouring the sand into the bigger jet. This is easier because the bigger Jack has a wider opening in this, um, pretend child. The child is using the left hand for the left job, the right 10 for the right jock. It's OK if it's a small child, either. The child is not yet decided whether he's left or right handed, or the child just decided to work with both hands. That's always okay. Left all right hand. There is no difference off both hands now. The small jackets empty on the Big Jack is not even half full for a small child. This is a very interesting thing, so the small child will wonder why the other Jack is not filled. Now the child is using his right time. So do the exercise back pouring exercise you pour from left to right and from rights to let child is pouring back. Now, to pour into the smaller picture is harder because the opening is also smaller, but the child is trying on Pours it all in. It seems that he's Oh, it's ready. But there is some off the pinks and on the trade. Now. This is really important if the sand or the other material you're pouring is a pink. Don't choose a pink trey, because if a sand falls, the child cannot see pink sand on a pink trey. Very well, but pink Send on a Torquay. Stray can see in very well and very easily, so the child puts the two pictures to decide on uses. The hand and the tray toe. Bring the sand back into the picture for this purpose is using the bigger Jack because of the wider opening. Do it very carefully until really all the sand is, um, away from the trade. The remaining sand has the report from the bigger threat as Jack into the smaller Jack, so all the sand is now in the smaller jack. The bigger check is empty, and it looks exactly like in the beginning, the child might decide to start all over again. Child might want to repeat it many, many times, or the child might decide to immediately bring the three back to the shelf. Anyone is fine. 18. Pouring pink water into three glasses: 19. Sieving Exercises Instruction ÜDPL: another practical life exercise, which is like a favorite to kids, is safe. Ing Scything is so exciting for kids. This is why you see them safe thing, even if nobody explained it to them. And uh, yeah, when I was a kid and when what My kids were kids. When, What, Children, Every set off toys for playing in the sandbox K with a sihf, those seats fitted on the small buckets that came without sets and to really love to see the stones out of the sand. And it was exciting for me and surprising at the same time, because when I was a child where we used to play with San the worst owns in the sand, really? And so it was interesting to see, because stones always were left in the seats and the fine sand ended up in the bucket. When my Children were Children, sandboxes in parks and playgrounds in the cities, they didn't have stones anymore, so they were saving and saving. But all went into the packet. That's not interesting. So what? I want you to prepare and to do with your kids? Prepare for scything exercise and trays, which Children can do indoors easily without making a miss. What you need is something that goes through the sihf now seeds. When you buy them from the store, you can never know what goes through them and what doesn't go through the So what as a started doing over the years, and I still keep doing that. Whenever I see cheap seeds, I buy them big One small one medium sized ones I buy deceives whenever they come. Low price. Um, because it's only at home when I tried amount that I find out which ones are fitted for sief ing for my saving exercises. So by the cheapest possible seeds from the cheapest possible stores, then you need something that goes through the sea. And that's not so easy to find, because if you have, if you're safe is to fine, nothing goes through. This is why, when you look at my saving exercises, most of them have more bigger seats because the small ones like that, the ones we called T seats. They are so fine that nothing can go through so little bit bigger ones. Most of the time things go through more easily, but tried out with the seats you find in the stores, which are close to him. So something to go through here. Many seeds Salt cannot go through. Some sees. Salt can go through. Flour goes through all the thieves. I know a lot of students who thought, Oh, well, that's a good idea. Flour goes through and I can do something of flowers and stones, whatever. Flour and shells. No, please. Even though flour goes through, don't use flour because flower leaves a lot off test, and it's not number one, not healthy if the Children will breathe in a lot of us all the time. And secondly, it leaves a lot of mess in the end of the day. So flour is not good for saving. Look for sin, which can go through your safe. But don't you send, which leaves also a lot off best or dirt in the sea are in the bull because what you want when the child pours the bowl, what the mixture through received the bulls to be clean. If you're said, the sandy of chosen is too fine and leaves us there, it will look messy, and it will not be to the satisfaction of the kid. And if there is no satisfaction, the exercise has no purpose or the purpose hasn't worked out. So please make sure that you use sand, which can be clear, which cleans itself when it's being poured into the safe. Um, you can use the sand which is being sold for animals, especially birds that works fine. Most of the times the send thesis sen is made from shells. Seashells is quite fine. There might be little little stones inside. That doesn't matter. Just seek them out if you find out the sand close to receive, but some is left in the same. So see if the sand that you want to use out and use what goes through and you know when you throw it away, and then you need something to hide in the sand. Now what do you want? The Children to seek out should be so small that they can't possibly pick it out with their fingers. If you're if what you want them to see if our is too big and they can take it out with the fingers, they wouldn't see fit and sitting doesn't make sense because me to our seats. If I could take it out with my fingers, so make sure those are tiny, tiny, tiny objects, which they can pick up with their fingers, and there's no sound on that thing. What we have found that works perfectly well and wonderfully well are tiny, tiny shells would you could buy at very low cost, and we mix them in the sand, and we hide most of them in dissent because those shows are too small. You can pick them up with the fingers because then we'll always stay there, stay inside. But if they're being shaken in the sea, perfectly clean shells can be poured into another container, but also works Very fine. Are beans all types of beans, not big ones. You smaller ones, like small white beans. Any color, which is contrasting what you're send again, it sought, goes through your cell. You can use soap. You're perfectly safe. Soul is always good, don't you? Sugar? Um, buttons also work very well. So Billy's batons and tiny bells they work very fine know what they do is. But the bigger things we talked to remain in the seat into the bowl boiled sand or salt on top, makes it a little bit. So that's the bigger things are mixed up with the With the scent, you might tied them completely. So nothing is being seen. Or you might want one or two peek out from the sand a little bit. That depends now on the curiosity off your Children and yeah, if there really, uh, still in their human tendency off exploration, normally Children will see a thief will want to see if and then we Wow, there's something in it. Um, some things which might seem abuse for scything from san. I'm not good for this exercise. Like if he use sim on, just say, oh, seashells a perfect they might order might not if they are too big so they can pick with the fingers. They're not good, because the Children don't need to use the seats. But if they're like snails, if their sea snails, sand will always stay in the holes. And the bill was a lot of mess, so don't use it, even though it seems obvious. Okay, so you have a mixture off the scent or soap and something tiny enough, uh, that it needs to receive big enough that it stays in the sea. Mix into the mixture. Now you need a second bowl. The second bowl must be so big enough that the seeds can sit on it and deceive can be shaken it or a bath it not high above, but almost above it. So the second a bowl must be quite bit. Don't be tempted to use plastic. Please use a glass or three nowhere, which says, Stay in a stable way. Metal might be okay, but that ceramic or glass is always better because it's really have. It's really beautiful, and it's really, really I have to present it in the way that the seats is on. Ah, the big bowl. The sihf is on the big bowl, and the Children were poured a sand through a receipt. The sand will go through our Some of it will go through depending on your C that you don't need to shake the sea. And now whatever you put in, that sand stays in the sea. Now, if you have in that space on your trade, you might want to have a small bowl. Was the Children and put in what they have sift out just for the enjoyment But as the second bull needs to be really big and your Children are really small when the duties exercise that's for small Children do you might not want to use such a big Three in this case, the sand is in the big bowl. The show's or buttons are in the safe. That's quite OK. And they enjoy that. What they have seen out in the sihf and the sand in the bull. Perfectly OK, And, uh, when there then would it? They can put what that seek out into the first ball again, poor descent into the first bowl and mix with the finger. Now here's something else. You need to take care off the sick. The first bull must be wide enough so the Children can pour the scent from the Big Bull, where the sun has been sief in into that bowl. If the 1st 1 is too small and they can pour without spilling, that's your control of era, their teachers, their onions. You need to change double. They must be fitting so they can pour from the small ball into the big one and from the big one into the small. On both ways, must be working, but that's about all you can prepared to three off for saving exercises for a classroom. I can guarantee you your Children will love those exercises much more even than regular pouring. 20. Sieving blue buttons: Teoh Love seeping I. You should prepare this exercise for dinner. The buttons in the sun not to peek out are if only all set up looks like with ceramic ball was Pinkston and many blue buttons hidden inside slow glass container, which will hold the blue buttons later. A big boat and you poor descend through this scene from the ball into the seat and as a batons become visible because the sand goes through into the button container. This is how the exercise, the it's then the sand, have been separated from about this, any buttons or send that filled to the side again in their own container. And on the Dustin's, our only covers exercise is ready for your friends again. 21. SIEVING PINK BELLS AND SILVER SAND: - Yeah . 22. Sieving with water, Instruction: scything with water. Can you use water for seating to sure you can, and it's even easier than preparing scything exercises with sand. What you need to consider is the following. The Children should not be ableto pick what they want. You want them to see if out with their hand out of the water and then you already so you can use even smaller. And Neera never containers for doing a seating exercise with water, and you could ever use different types off containers and giving an example. Uh, you could mix whatever tiny beads, for example, in tow, um, and narrow next container with water. If the content is long too long for the Children toe, get in with their fingers and gets the beads out. Those could be shy. Any beautiful beads, then you're perfect to go Now. You need another container that can hold you receive as they don't need to shake because they're saving with water. It could be a cup among a glass Were a small TC perfectly fits on. The Children can take the first container pore through that see, and the air. It's completely empty, and the beads we remain in the seats and the water will go into the glass. No, the general would pour the water back into the first container and pieces where you need to pay attention. While preparing this exercise. This container must allow you to part about the back into the first container without spilling any of the water. And then the Children would pour them. Whatever you put in, I'm always imagining a shiny beads from the sief into the first container. And the this container must be also the neck must be wide enough so that they can Portis the beads from that see back into the container. There it's perfect. But if you pay attention to those criterias there, you can also do see fing water exercises. You're welcome. I'm looking forward to seeing your saving water exercises. 23. Funneling Exercises Instruction : funneling exercises you have seen for some funding exercises in the videos or you will see them. What is important to consider if you want to prepare a funnelling exercise for your kids first of all, finally is quite complicated because it needs the two butters off flasks from which to what you have to fund it. You need the funding to be put on top off those two flasks. I know about this on its which means this is quite complicated because you have three things which you need toe poor, then also the quality off the funnel or what you want to funnel, Um, and the size off the things. It is very partner. If you want to prepare a funnelling exercise that you would choose small, short, but lis or vases, this should be transparent as much as possible so the child can do. You can see what is happening. You have to try out if the thing you want to funnel really goes through the funnel because when you want to use a small bucket or a small bays off last for funneling, you need a small funding. But ah, lot of materials will not pass through a small funnel. This is why, in the exercises that you can see online, I have always used fine sand or what to rice doesn't work most of the time because it would require a wider neck off a funnel, which at the same time would require a wider neck off. But, ah, what a bigger bottle because the finalists bigger and if the neck off the finalists to be. It doesn't make sense to finally, because if the child can possibly poor, poor from one ways wanted into the other without using a final than this is not the funneling exercise. So preparing those exercises, you have to consider a lot of things. Try out a lot of things before you may present them to the kids. So rule number one choose Lo flasks our buckets. So when the final is on top off the flash, it's not too high compared to the size of the child. Number two. The fund has to fit perfectly on both bottles or basis, So put it in, and it has to stay there perfectly. Number three at the contests off what needs to be silent beats, and the water has to fit into the second containers. Or if my two buttons or bases are not equal, the 2nd 1 might be half filled. That's possible. That's allowed if everything is emptied into. But it's not allowed that the first funding the first container buttle off last. Would it be too big? And what is inside doesn't fit into the second container. So you have to try that up that also try out if what you want to funnel will go through the funnel smoothly without problems. Because if it gets back and maybe you need to have some extra effort related to let it pass through, then it's not a finally exercise not fit for kids. It's discouraging for the kids. Don't offer them that. And then half the train not too big, not too small. So everything you need for family must fit on the tray. Stay on the train but should not be a lot of extra space. An extra room on the trade as the bodies are a little bit higher. You might also want to use a train, which has a higher frame around, which makes it easier for the Children toe. Carry it if it is possible for you because you're chefs are fitting for that. You may want to puts the funnel on the bottle on the right hand side, which is empty, so you have the full, but it filled with water or sand on the left side. On the right side, you have the empty bottle with the funnel on top. Sometimes this would not fit into a shelf, then puts the funnel down. But if it fits into the shelf, and if Children can easily carry the tray in spite of that high a bottle and final on top, if that is possible, you have to try it out with your material. This is why I can't give you rule, then presented like this, because then you don't need to present the material to the child because it's self explanatory. And it's always You should always prefer self explanatory exercises, toe exercises, which you need to show, and then something more. You need to, uh, provide something for an Arab controls. If water it's built, that's easy. Provide a small sponge. What I do. I'm cutting a Regulus bunch in tow, a size and shape, which fits the particular exercise on the most choosing a color that fits on the trade that fits with the exercise that can be seen very well. If it is sand, try out. How is it easily and possibly possible if Sanders being spilled to put the scent again through a funnel into the but so that the tray will stay empty when the child puts it back into the shelf? Make sure you provide something for it. There are several possibilities for error control When you do finally would sound, you could provide a brush on a tiny shovel or school to shovel the way. These would be perfect. Sometimes it's hard to find fitting shovels or fitting brushes. Brushes is easy because what I do most of the time, I'm using brushes for painting those ones you buy in the hardware store. I use those for, um, um, the shovel. Work to shovel it on. It's a little bit harder to find fitting ones. Um, if you have one form from a play in the sense toys, they sometimes have come with travels, which have quite good, and they're small enough to fit on trays that might make up a good set. The sets for cleaning up for sweeping for kids most of the time are, too. Why too big and too rough to shovel sand in and then toe poured a cent from the shovel into the funnel. So most of them for this type of exercises they're not fitted. But if you make sure for all of those all of those precautions, if you try out the exercise and it's working, find presented all Children enjoy and left funnelling and one last word. Most of the time you can't know it beforehand, but some decorated stand is very fine and has a lot of dust. Do not use that for anyone to serve exercise, because it will always leave the funnel, the bottle or any other container you're using. Dirty on. It doesn't look, need and therefore disturbs. The Children were a developing a sense of order. Rather used a rough one. What works most of the time is salt, so it's the pursuit is the perfect sand. Assault works very well. It's clean, it's hygienic. The only limitation for for using sold is it's also very low cost. The only limitation for using regular salt is you have to choose contrasting colors So if you have transparent bottles perfect. If you have a red follow, I don't know why I'm always finding red funnels or blue funnels. The set. The salt works perfect with those because it's a contrast ing but fitting color. Then just use tray where it will look good on unique color tray on this salt makes it easy . It goes through most of the funnels easily. It's a wonderful material. Also foresee things all sold is perfect. The other type off sand, which most of the term works perfectly, is the sin, which is being sold for animals like birds, the sand for birds to put in the cage. Uh, you buy them. Why you buy supplies for pets. If you have a pet stores, you can buy there. If you have drugstores where you buy it, you could buy their wherever you buy it. Pet supplies. The scent for birds works also very well. If you want to use colored Seuin just strike out. I'm having a lot of colors from the corrective son, which were perfectly and I just found there are some brands who sent doesn't work, so I'm not using that for the kids and of asking yours or not to do that. So I'm looking forward to see your perfect, beautiful, interesting and exciting funneling exercises. 24. Funneling Sand: funneling Sam a fun exercise on the train I love to use funnels in these cases will have a red follow and two small vases one ways. Hold silver, send the child, starts from the left side and goes to the right side. The train must be Jos and not too big. The master contrast. The saver sand can be well seen under green background if ever something fell on it, as on the on the threat, it is quite demanding, toe poor. That way that weighs into the fundo because the ways has to be really turned upside down. In order to allow all the sands to go out, you can see as that's them in the one raises. Filling up getaways is getting more and more empty. But as those vases are not really very transparent, the child has watched tightly in order to see that poor exactly into the Phantom. It's not so easy, and you see it's almost upset down or actually completely upside down. And now that all the land is in the one side, the funnel has to go back to the other vase to do the exercise back. The child is changing the position off the funding. Oh, something fell on the tray. So the train must be clean through the final two. Until now, all the crumbs are in the front and now it's again ready. What is important? The stand is in the left. They for this exercise we chose to put so that the child from the position knows already. What's to do. That is Ah, the material itself is teaching the child what to do. That means a teacher is not as important as the material for this one exercise. The Children will have fun with it, believe me. 25. Funneling Red Water: 26. Spooning Exercises Instruction ÜDPL: Yeah, Spooning exercises. Sporting exercises are very, very important for Children because they trained the fine motor skills in a very special way in a way. Re piers, then for using a variety off pools later, but especially the graph from rhetorics, the skills that they need to be able to draw to rights toe hold the pencil. They're being trained by doing spooning exercises. If Chairman take the spooning exercise out of the trade without you showing them, it's perfectly okay. Just let them try it out. If the whole the spoon in an odd way like this, it's also okay. Just let him do it because they're interested to do it. Don't disturb the concentration. Don't disturb the exploration. Don't disturb their experiments. But if you have a chance to shoot them, just show them the right way to holder spoon and let them tried out several times before you let them sport so tolerance and patience pay attention to the details. Now, when you prepare a sporting exercise, there are some bacteria that should be always fulfilled. Number one. What do you want the Children to spoon should big to small toe pick with fingers. Um, that means beans, lentils, rice are all perfect for spooning number two. What the Children have to spoon must have a contrasting color to the bowl. So if your ball you're using for spooning is white, don't fill it with white beans. Because if opinion is remaining in the ball because it didn't finish the exercise, the Children wouldn't seem easily. And the control of error is being disturbed. Also, the concentration is being disturbed because it's not appealing to see white beans in a white bowl. But if you have a black bull, a red goal, uh, white beans look gorgeous. If I have a choice, I'll choose the Red Bowl contrasting colors. Then the spoon Sporting exercises are so important for kids, but at the same time also challenging, so provide them with spoons they can easily grasp. In the beginning, explains that half sicker handles, or maybe handles with certain shapes are much easier to use than supposes have Finn and fine handles. So sometimes it might be advi advisable to use plastic spoons. Ice scoopers, a perfect for learning to spoon. They can hold a lot of material so the Children are encouraged to do because they see what they're doing easily, and I scoopers always have think handles todo wonderful regular spoons is like an advanced excesses. Let regular tablespoons or teaspoons, like advanced exercise. Don't use disposable spoons. They're lightweight, no value, and it doesn't. They're not appealing for change, so they're not giving the impression. Wow, what a cool exercise. When doing our prepares morning exercises, you can be inventive with the materials the Children can spoon. Pay attention to maybe create interesting sounds with the spooning exercises you're repairing my best and favorites pulling exercises sporting piney shells. Those make an interesting sound. When does the scooper? The spoon is being put into the shells, and when the shells of being poured into their emptied into the empty bowl, they also make a beautiful sound. This is what using ceramic bowls our glass bowls is always important because those make a beautiful sound. Even regular bills being entered into any ceramic or glass will make a beautiful sound, so the sound that the exercise makes should be also appealing to the kids. So the exercise went on. The train must be appealing to the eye and the sound it's making while doing must be appealing to the ear, and the material that Children are using must be appealing to the hand. So the tray, the balls, what they need to pick up if it falls by the side and the spoon, all should be appealing toe Whatever sense is being used to perceive a control of error for a teacher who is preparing this exercise for his students is whether the bull can be emptied with a spoon. So before giving an exercise to your kids, you have to make sure that this exercise can be made by using the spoon only off course. The bull can be put into the hands, are taken into the hand or lifted up, but it must be able. The child must be able toe empty the bowl onto the last scoop until the last grain with using only the spoon that you have provided on. Why I'm saying this because I've seen a lot of exercises which look beautiful on the tray, which look appealing. But the material waas in such a way that the spoon didn't fit to the bull or to the material which needed to be schooled so that the Children would be tempted to use their hand for the last great and then a thing I want to tell you. Feel the fill up the bowl from which Children ass pony, but they'll fill it to the print because of the Children. Dicks deep into the beans or rice or whatever. Yes, pony if it spills when digging tape than it has been put too much. But don't have it like half empty. Make it as full as possible so you can spoon in the regular. Normally way being a child without spilling and anything that's really, really important and not a one don't use to let in material and don't use too little balls . Dessert bulls are perfect bulls or rice balls, like from the China restaurant those size of rice balls. They're also perfect. Don't use very big bulls because they don't fit on a tray and they can be carried. It should be able to carry. And one more last thing. Don't give the Children a choice of spoons. In one exercise, you can prepare several spooning exercises with different materials like white beans. A zookeeper means mongo beans, the color bryce with different schools, different bulls different. Um, trays at the same time. That's possible, but do not off several spoons for one exercise what you made it. If more than one spoon is perfect for the exercise of prepared, let them use West one for a week, and after a week he just changed the spoon and leave the exercise the same and just watch and wait. If they will discover the difference on if it will be newly interesting for them, you could know. So leave the spooning exercise to say that means the trade, the balls and the sport that just changed the material like it could change the color of the rice or the color of debates, and it will make a new and newly exciting exercise. Remember, repetition makes perfect, but it shouldn't be done. Repetition. Children need change as much as we adults need change 27. MME Spooning Coffee Beans: today I want to introduce you with interesting practical life exercise this morning profit be You need those ceramic bowls. The left one is filled. What property? What makes this exercise so interesting for kids is the beautiful set up and you have healing smell Child takes the school into one other hand. He decides to and he scores the beans from the left into the right hole. The ice cream scooper can be held easily and it has a special feel because of its shape or the shape of baton. This helps the child in his sensory integration. When the empty the child will spoon the beans that into the left bulls. Now child spills the beans from the right full back into the left whole until the tray looks just us in the beginning. Now this exercise is ready for my friend. I put it back. Love the show 28. MME Spooning Eggs out of the Water: today I have a really fun exercise from the practical life. Every four years, it's morning egg out of the water. There are plastic eggs floating on water in a big boat on the left side, hat off the trade, but getting scooper and a small glass bowl on the train to the Charles. Oops, the eggs out of the water into the smaller last boat. The water need to drift off the eggs a little bit. Four. Putting the eggs into the small bowl on the right hand side. On the train. Child repeats this activity. The all A are in the smalls food as the exercises scooping off off the water chop just forced the eggs carefully back. No water in the big boat. It is ready for your friends. She is. 29. Exercises with Tongs and Tweezers ÜDPL: exercises with puns and tweezers. Pass and tweezers are really exciting for Children to use. Just pay attention that the tweezers are not to point it too small or hard to hard to use are the tons too big. Otherwise, pangs and tweeze is, uh, just perfect for exercises on trace. They prepare the Children for using really life tools like tons for working or scissors for cutting. Make sure that tweezers the tongues fit with what you want the Children to transfer if you do. Sorting with tweezers, which is exciting and really interesting exercise. It's actually already a sensory exercise because it shouldn't have toe sort and compere match equal with equal and see the differences. So if you want them toe, sort and use tweezers for that, it's on a tray. It looks like a practical life exercise, but it's already as insanity exercise. If they just have to transfer things from one container into the other, using the tongues or the tweezers, then it's a practical life exercise. Uh, ASM tweezers and small tons allowed to run the work precisely toe pick off, saying to pick up things one by one. Most of the times those exercises I used for sorting, sorting ribbons, sorting pompons, different things when this sort it's again, since all right exercise. So if you want them to just learn how to use the tweezer, transfer things from one continent to the other. That's a practical life exercises. But it's rarely done because it's not so interesting. Tweezers fit more with sorting, then with transferring, that's a difference with tons. Four times. Please pay attention. It's not so easy to find things which really good for Children's hands. It's the sugar. Tons and T tens really work very well. What the sugar time. Sugar times are tiny tons. We'll find me like this, which I usedto peak sugar cubes and put them in tow. Dior Coffee. Those are sugar pans. Um, they can pick one cube of sugar at the same time. They could pick one, whatever small thing. And they worked really fine for Children's hands. Tee times are those times where you could put T leads in lose T, or take it from from the container, where having a store that those tea leaves and put them Barrick into the cup there was exciting to use. They have some things around like sihf round like seeds. Or they have this the ship off a spoon. Those are also very good. Please also try them out before you give them in for the achievement, because some of the tee times are really hard to squeeze, and Children might not be able to squeeze them using one hand. But if you find those which are hard but not too hard for Children, you can let them use it at T tongues. You might even want to use them for Children, spooning something out off water so you could have something in water like sea shells or as a tiny sea shells you might have beats. You might have anything that you can put in water Marbles work very well put. Put him in what the colored marbles and the Children used the tee times toe, pick them out, trick them off and puts their spooned out. Sing into a different container. That's an exciting exercise. Make sure you provide a sponge on the trade so the Children can wipe if ever distilled water. So have fun and give exercises with tweezers and with tons to the keys 30. MM ÜDPL Spooning with Tea Tongs: spooning with T tongues, strengthening the hand. We need to balls one set off T tens, which function like regular things, or scissors and beans as you can see the beans on brown and the bull is brown. This is not ideal, but as the tray is, white beans, which fall on the tray, can be seen easily. The child takes the tongues and squeezes them together. This takes quite a Neff IRT. This is why one of them learning goals is that the muzzles off the finger and hand will be strengthened by pressing the handle off the tee tanks together, the mouth off the Tetons opens. That's quite a complicated thing for little Children. The open T tongues have Toby put in tow the beans and as many beings as can enter or as can be transferred with the tea, things can be taken. The child needs to let go off the beans when the Tetons are above the second bowl. For a small child, thes exercise, which seems to be so easy for us, is a quiet, complicated, ah sequence of steps which must be followed. You can see the control of era works perfect with this tray. Brown beans on a white tray can be easily detected. The child may continue the and these special spooning exercise. At the end, he or she might look for fallen beings. You see, quite some of you have fallen because if the tea things are too full, the beans fall down. The hand will be used to pick up the beings and put them into the bowl. And here, the child. What? The pretend child wasn't patient enough and started to pick up the beans before the exercises finished. This is very much okay to and on Ah, until all the beings are in the other bowl, Then the exercise has to be done the other way around until again. The ball on the left side is full on the ball on the right side is empty when and only then it is ready for the friends Now almost done. The tongues have to be arranged in. The balls have to be arranged properly. Now it is ready for the next one who wants to use it 31. Tweezers Beads Bottle ÜDPL: I want to show you one off my favorite exercises, using tweezers. To put beads into a bottle, you need a small tray, a small glass bottle, a small glass with shiny, beautiful beads and tweezers. The child has the book the beats one by one, into the bottle, using the tweezers. As you can see, these tweezers are not sharp or pointed, so they don't bear any danger in them for the child. When the bottle is full, that is when all the beads have been transferred from the glass into the bottle, they can be put back into the glass by pouring. This makes a beautiful sound and is enjoyable to listen to. If a beat or several beats fall on the tray, they can be picked up with the fingers and put into the class where they belong. Afterwards, the Atlantic last will be arranged, like in the beginning to get the exercise ready for the next one 32. MM transferring eggs easy with hand hard with tongs (1): - Yeah . 33. Spooning with Tea Tongs: spooning with T tongues, strengthening the hand. We need to balls one set off T tens, which function like regular things, or scissors and beans as you can see the beans on brown and the bull is brown. This is not ideal, but as the tray is, white beans, which fall on the tray, can be seen easily. The child takes the tongues and squeezes them together. This takes quite a Neff IRT. This is why one of them learning goals is that the muzzles off the finger and hand will be strengthened by pressing the handle off the tee tanks together, the mouth off the Tetons opens. That's quite a complicated thing for little Children. The open T tongues have Toby put in tow the beans and as many beings as can enter or as can be transferred with the tea, things can be taken. The child needs to let go off the beans when the Tetons are above the second bowl. For a small child, thes exercise, which seems to be so easy for us, is a quiet, complicated, ah sequence of steps which must be followed. You can see the control of era works perfect with this tray. Brown beans on a white tray can be easily detected. The child may continue the and these special spooning exercise. At the end, he or she might look for fallen beings. You see, quite some of you have fallen because if the tea things are too full, the beans fall down. The hand will be used to pick up the beings and put them into the bowl. And here, the child. What? The pretend child wasn't patient enough and started to pick up the beans before the exercises finished. This is very much okay to and on Ah, until all the beings are in the other bowl, Then the exercise has to be done the other way around until again. The ball on the left side is full on the ball on the right side is empty when and only then it is ready for the friends Now almost done. The tongues have to be arranged in. The balls have to be arranged properly. Now it is ready for the next one who wants to use it 34. Teatongs and brown beans 3: - Mm . 35. Sorting Ribbons with tweezers: 36. MM ÜDPL Spooning with Tea Tongs: - Mm . 37. Tweezers Beads Bottle ÜDPL: I want to show you one off my favorite exercises, using tweezers. To put beads into a bottle, you need a small tray, a small glass bottle, a small glass with shiny, beautiful beads and tweezers. The child has the book the beats one by one, into the bottle, using the tweezers. As you can see, these tweezers are not sharp or pointed, so they don't bear any danger in them for the child. When the bottle is full, that is when all the beads have been transferred from the glass into the bottle, they can be put back into the glass by pouring. This makes a beautiful sound and is enjoyable to listen to. If a beat or several beats fall on the tray, they can be picked up with the fingers and put into the class where they belong. Afterwards, the Atlantic last will be arranged, like in the beginning to get the exercise ready for the next one 38. Whisking Exercise Instruction ÜDPL: whisking Whiskey is a fun exercise for tune, one of the most exercising, backed, exciting practical life exercises. And it's very easy to prepare. Most of you will have everything at home that you need to prepare it. So what we need is a small, really small picture. Oh, Jack. Like milk jugs in them. In the restaurants, you need a small jack and you feel it with regular dish washer soap. Then you need a bowl and a big jack that could be up to 2050 milliliters. Maximum trained milliliters job. Would you feel with water? And, uh, it's called whisking exercise. So what you want it is always and make sure that the whisk that you provide fits with the size off the bowl and the size off the Children like this whiskey is really big. And, uh, yeah, you have to try out if it will fit for Children. You provide exercise with, um as you, uh, as you know. Yeah, like this is smaller One. OK, but you can whisk not only with a whisk any of these pipes of whisk you can guzzle whisk using a, um, folk and fox really work very well for whisking. And actually, to tell you the truth, we found out that most of the time the folks work factored in the whisk. I wouldn't provide a fork. Instead, off whisk you could provide to whisking exercises, one with a fork and one with a whisk. Why, You see, the handle is different. This one is easy for a small child toe hold much easier than this one is harder to hold him . Um, So what you need is again at right a tiny picture for a dishwasher soap, a little bit bigger picture with water, a bowl and something toe whisk with, uh, everything is on a train. And then for the control of Aero, you need a small sponge. If ever water a soap has been spilt, chop wood should be ableto wipe the tray of whatever. God, what is being spooked? So what? The child is doing iss to pour the water and the soap any quantity the child chooses to into the boat, and it really works. If the chalice using little water much, so much so a match, a water little soap. It always works for water and soap into the bull, and then starts to whisk until little bubbles develop and the child should continue to whisk until all the ball is filled with foam. And this is really, really an exciting exercise. We have tried it with, um, died water. So we die. The water with food color. This doesn't work so well because it leaves a little bit of a mess and the phone is not colored like the water is being colored, so it doesn't work so well. In this case, Just stay with your soap. You can try, and it depends on the quality of the food color. But if not, stay with the regular dishwashers soap and just make sure the phone will always be white. Evan if your dishwasher so piss yellow, so make sure the colors off the ball, whatever you provide will be contrasting. And the worst of cases use a very colorful tray so the Children can see the contrast in white phone from them. Uh, colored train? No, that the challenging part of this exercise is after the child has finished doors. All the ball is full of phone. What to do with a phone and with the water. There's only one, uh, possibility because the child has to make the three ready for his friends again. I had a child has a possibility to pour the water into the sink. That is, if you have a sink where the Children are allowed to go on where the Children can reach. That is a think that his child science with child goes to the zinc, carrying the ball with us with the foam and pours the water there. If you don't have this possibility, then you provide a packet empty packet summer in the room, like on the way out. Just make sure this is a safe place for the bucket Togo, and you explain to the kids, if you have water that you need to pour, pour it into this a bucket and we will carry it out later. Make sure that shouldn't have away. We're day themselves can pour the whisked water foam and then clean up old exercise for themselves. I have seen colleagues who learned to sex us for me, and they provided Evan a picture with water and the picture with so were the Children could refill the two pictures on the trade before they put it back to the shelf. I think it's a This is a great idea. If you have this possibility, please use it. Um, one precaution where I am. Dishwashing soap is completely safe for Children. So I'm very confident, and I have no problem leaving dishwashers soap in within the reach of the Children, living it on the shelf for them. Even if a child would drink it, nothing would happen. There are countries in the world what dishwashers so might not be safe. Food safe. Uh, there might be chemicals in which a dangerous for kids please make sure dish wishes. So in the country where you are, it's safe for Children to use. If not, you might want to use a different type of soap. Or you might want this exercise to be just done when you are available for being for supervising in a special way. Then, of course, it's not as interesting for the kids, because free choice free activity, free exploration is always the most successful 39. Whisking Exercise: 40. Dressing Frames Introduction: So we are having here the famous month. Sorry dressing. Frayn's The friends I have here, the five frames I have here. They are bought from a really nice Montessori and material firm factory manufacturing, actually, and they are very high quality, and they meet almost all of the standards off Montessori material. The dressing frames are very much beloved by most of the Montessori teachers because they are a material and, unlike most of the add them a practical life. Exercises and materials. These comes ready made from the manufacturer. You order them online, you buy them in the store and they're ready to use. You don't need to put much thinking into it, and, um, just clean it often. And it's like any toy. No needs to think about it. No need to try anything out. And this is why people love them so much. Why I love them as a different reason. I love them because they take away the stress from the mother from the teachers. Teoh teach the Children to dress up themselves when they have, when it's time to go home, when it's time to dress up, when it's time to go out because when you have several Children, this can't be right up. Quite stressful as, um, several Children. You need to help each of them. And, um, maybe they all want to do it by themselves. But nobody can do it by themselves. So that's very stressful Again, this is the key to the Montessori practical life area. What is the material? What is not a material when the child dresses up by himself? Because he knows how to do it? That is not a practical life exercise, but a child was dealing with the dressing frames and learning how to open and close certain class. This is a practical life exercise, as you can see here. Those are, um, varieties off closing pieces off clothes. This is why it's called dressing frames. I'm I brought for you five examples, but there are many, many more, uh, dressing friends possible. Most of the time, you will find sets of 12 different dressing friends, but which dressing friends of relevant for your Children depends on which pieces of clothes , how they are being closed, which types of shoes, how they're being closed. Your Children are wearing just a hint. It's not a good idea to where sports shoes or shoes that have Vicryl faster nurse all the time because this will prevent the Children from learning how to tie there. Shoes. And that's not a good idea. Good. Let us go toe distressing friends. And what are their characteristics? They are made off. Would they are wooden frames. This is what you call dressing friends. As you can see, mine are really high quality, nicely polished. And why is it the frame? Because this is like a jacket would be, or a blouse would be there. Lou. They're loose. They're not on something. And this is what makes it hard toe opening close very often. If you're able to make your own frame and the right size, it's very easy to make those dressing friends by yourself. The next characteristic is you have two pieces of cloth off your class off fabric, nailed or screwed to the two sides off the, uh, square thes dressing. Friends all come in square shape, so mine are being screwed, which I like, because it makes it very stable and very solid. If, um, nails had been used if the Children tried too hard toe open or to close, the news might come out, and that's a potential danger. All of my dressing frames can completely open and close. So those two pieces and you will stay in the moment. He will have the best course fasteners like they come shoes. They can completely open up like a jacket or a blouse. Would fats for important They should come completely open, I told you. If they can open completely, the Children will learn toe, put them back together in a neat and nice way, and then try to adjust what needs to be adjusted. No, which dressing friends are relevant for your Children depends, as I said, on the type of clothes they're wearing. One very part in characteristic is that those dressing frames all come with uniformed colors. They are unique in unique colors. You don't have designs on when Children are so young that their learning and they find joy in learning how toe open and close and open and close those frames. That means they're so young that any design on the frames on the Clough material off the friends would prevent them from concentrating on where to push through. They wouldn't be able to see where to push through. It wouldn't be able to see where to stick on because their perception is not yet developed . It would be confusing. It would be distracting on. It would keep Children from concentrating on those dressing friends. When you go to Google and you Google dressing frames, you will see a lot of dressing friends with a lot of designs on the signs, as seen on clothes and shirts and jackets on those dressing friends, are not really a corresponding to the to the criteria for Montessori material, according film Maria Montessori. And as I said, they are not helping young Children. What age to use the dressing friends is another important question. No, the dressings friends are some are hard December easier. So if he had the Velcro fastener and this is seven hard one because you have to push through the hole, they are much easier. Then a safety pin. You have safety pin dressing friends here they are much harder to money Pillette, and there's also some danger involved. So definitely this is for all the Children. Then This one, uh, now you have a shoe lacing frayed. This is sure lacing on this is fortunate were able to tie a bow. Children need to be able to tie a bow before they can do this lacing frame. So this is a very hard won and the very advanced one. But as you see contrast in callous have been used to make it easier. So the age for which it is being fit very much depends on which dressing frame You would want to have a large variety of dressing friends for your Children so they can choose what they're able to do. And if they must, the one or two easy ones, they will be encouraged to go on a practice. If you introduce the dressing friends when your Children already frustrated, not being able to dress or undress by themselves. That's two leg because frustration is already there and it's not easy to tell them. Oh, you cannot dress you. You can close your jacket, but you will be able to do it with dressing front. They are already frustrated, so they will not be motivated for this, so it's good. Do introduce them as earliest possible, like from 2.5 years on, so the Children learn to monument manipulate those signs before they're being frustrated? No, As I said, some things are right, a really hard, and some are easier. That's not a problem then, because if they have a piece off address, which they kind of close or open by themselves, uh, there will be others. They're able to close and open by themselves so they will be able to handle that frustration because I know I can't do all the dressing friends, but I can do some. It's of course, like intuition. It's not, um, active thought, but if it's in the in them, they know I can do some. I can't do some, so it's OK, Um, and this, in this case, is we live and drive them to continue practicing with addressing friends. Now if you have Children, no, let me say even adults who are doing rehabilitation, Let's say after, um, having suffered from a stroke and after a stroke, were often people paralyzed there fluster fine motor skills. They have even lost all the motor skills because of being paralyzed and because of the brain, affecting their ability to move and do things. The's dressing friends are used for rehabilitation of grown up a patient after strokes. But even if you have a at the issues with your hands, maybe an operation or anything, the dressing friends will. What will be used in rehabilitation? So again we could say they don't have an age attack. Tow them. They don't have an age tack. It depends on what you need them for if you have. If you're working with Children, introduce them, starting 2.5 years and keep using them until they're able to all of the Children able to do all of them. But if ever there needed later in life, even after a broken finger or something toe get a flexible again, they might be useful for practice. So this eyes like general introduction to the dressing friends and in the next videos we will look at them and how to work with them when you work with your Children. 41. Velcro Fasteners Dressing Frame: This is the dressing frame with a vicryl faster nurse. Now, did you know that the name of these things which are found on all the sport shoes, thes days and over sneakers and most of digital issues were called Velcro fasteners? Now here is where language comes in. As soon as the child wants you to work with him on the dressing frames, you need to know the very correct name off the that's type off opening and closing system, which is called a class on. There are many, many, many names, many different names, and I found out that most of the time we're using names which are not the really correct ones. So this era we need to correct when you work with Children. These are very cruel fast earners as they are. Five. This dressing frame is a very important one in the year 2020 on, I believe, from maybe a few years back until the future, because this dressing frame imitates our resembles, as I mentioned most of the sport shoes and sneakers Children, where now, how to work with it? Um, the child needs toe open and take that thing out. Now the question is, can they opened all of them? As it would be logic. I'm just holding them in a way so that you can see what I'm doing for he again. The sound is interesting for the kid, and then they have to open it completely because this is what they would need to do. If they take the shoot out, they should open completely on when Children were shoes. They should also open them entirely to go in tow. The sugar Well, now it's open and it should be really opened. Ondas Children who are young, left toe open and close and open and feels Maria Montessori used this love for opening and closing in order to, um, let them work with those dressing friends. No, we have open it close. Even if the film enjoy doing that for a while, that's fine. But now is the time we have to arrange. It will again because this is not under it's on it, which makes this dressing frame not as easy as it looks at the beginning. This is not one of these is dressing friends. They're dressing springs. They just have a Velcro fastened to just open them. and then close it like this. But this particular dressing frame is not like that. You need time for to do it and you need attention to do it. And it's an advanced exercise already. So now it's in the right position and you start closing again. And that's your seat. Wants to come off a little. That's okay. I shouldn't should really do it very uniquely. No, you might have heard a scene. People say you have to use this finger to do that in this finger. To do that Merima to Sorry said something else. She said. Show it so exactly Until the job analyzed the movement, do it slowly. That means, in my case, out Use my left hand off in it, fold it, uh, touch this one and then tear them out. And then they it's down on the next one. Take it out. Stick it together. Um, we shouldn't give the child the chance toe imitate what we're doing because the size of my fingers is different from the size of the Children's fingers. Because I'm left talent and among working, which in her right handed they shouldn't emit Take me. They should understand how it works and what needs to be done so that there they can then do it in a natural way. And maybe they have need to struggle more to get it out, which is OK. Important, like with all the practical life exercise. If you're finished it, bring it back to the normal order. And when the child can entirely open this and close this, the child will be able to open includes all the shoes which I like this now concerning language you will teach the child. What's the name off this type of a closing sister? Um, you tell the child Look at me. You cut my fingers. What I'm doing You might even say you would take this on separate them. But the less land which you use is bacteria. This is why this is called a silent lesson or a wordless lesson. But still, the child will lower language when you speak less. The child will always remember the correct name for this system. Off opening, closing his porches 42. Hook and Eyes Dressing Frame: this dressing frame minus green. The colors have no importance. Would just use plain colors, beautiful playing colors. We need different colors, so each a way of opening and closing, even if there's a slight difference, should have their own color. So if you have big buttons, use a different color from if you have small buttons. This is an interesting way of closing. Something it's found, were often in blouses. It's the so called hook and I, and it's hidden under the cloth. You have the book. You need to take it out of the I the next hook. Take it out of the I the next, and you see opening is so easy next, but you have to turn a class a little bit, and we want to completely open it. This is a very soft fabric, which is good, because when this hooks and eyes have been used, its most of the time for blouses. Sometimes something like this is being used for Travis, a stupid than it's only one, So we want to close it again. The who can die close it again, necessary in the ear. It's not working. While well, that put it on the floor. It's become much easier on what you can see. It's very loose, but it's closed again. That is the hook and I. 43. Closing your backback Dressing Frame : These are snaps as you can find them and sometimes in shoes, more often in belts. But very often they come for school bags and PAC backs, and they are quite challenging to open. Make sure your dressing friends are always stored when they are closed. Charlie suppress, and Terry's out at the same time. And this one is fixed. Um, you press this out, so actually, my two fingers are pressing. Dance part out. Press it out, President. That was a little bit harder. And now we can open. And as these snaps are used, impact expert Often the fabric big ears is also more more stiff. One harder one. So again, I want to close it now there's no pressing. You could start from down or from up. But as most dressing firms, you need to start from down it. So yeah, but from up is very much a k two. Press it. Okay, you need to describe the press, it press took it. And now you see, the way I'm holding my hand is not natural because the child would be normally sitting by my side on I would just do it the way I would really do it. But when I'm doing it like this, my hand is not natural. So don't tell anybody. This is what courage just to do. You know, it's for a video set that I try to make visible what's happening just for us, it in exactly. And now it's again ready for my friends. 44. Dressing Frame for Lacing : so this is a very advanced dressing frame. I love it just because of the colors. It's really drawing my attention. And it's This is the one I want to overshare on and demonstrate first because of the beautiful color on. It's not by accident that this frame has such a beautiful color again, the fabric being used is a very stiff one and sick one, as this is what generally shoes would be like. It's if to lace your shoes so you open the boat and then you take lace up. And how you lace shoes might depend on your culture where you are. Make sure there are many ways to lace your shoes and shoe shops do it in a different way from what we do at her most of the time, I'm a mother of three boys. They were all small at the same time, so I was using a very simple method, less shoes because of one I needed. And I wanted to choose to be always looking nice and to be easily laced by my kids who are open it, and this could be even a boot or a sport. You are leather shoot now, how to do this. I was used the easy method I was being I was using for my boys as they were always wearing shoes, which needed to be blessed. So I will take the two and make them even. Can you say that, Huh? And now I take one. I get Go into this. I will jump one, but that's too complicated for child. Take the other way and I do this and you see the way I was showing you. This was how it was done from the store. My method is not. It's beautiful, but much easier, you see, and even this method. When you use any practice, it's so easy to toe. Tie your shoes because your chair and all comes together. But it's not easy because I always go from the down, which is a little bit of a complicated for kids. I'm almost then and you see that it looks different, but it's my way of doing it. Make sure what you prepare your dressing frame in your classroom, that you tied a shoelace the way you would teach child afterwards, because if I'm doing that, what I did for the for the sake of the video now, just to show you there are many different ways and they are all correct. The child will be confused. So in my classroom I would prepare it like this and then tied a bow, and now it's ready for usage. 45. Try everything out first!: So what you can see here is the dressing frame with the safety pains. I'm having the feeling that these day safety pins are being used less and less. But still, they are one of the types off snaps or one of the types off class that China will encounter , even if not in the same in the shape of the safety pins on the had other hand, I consider safety pins to be a very practical to to if ever, on my way, something comes off, something gets lose, uh, especially them. The clothes which are being made in the factory, Something comes open. It's good to have a safety pin or two and fix it on. Uh, I will look fine, so I think they're still practical things, even dough. I'm having the feeling that people are using them less and less manic in the gardens, and even parents do not use them. Sometimes the people control the kindergartens to say these can be used because it's so dangerous. Parents are afraid the Children will hurt themselves, I personally believe yes, you wouldn't get this to a two year old, just like that lying around, and it's really the interest. But if you have a prepared environment, the Children don't access is at any time without being supervised by you. That's one, then two. I believe very much in rules. I don't have to learn how to use things, and this is not to be put into the mouth so you don't use it. One Children cannot control that yet. But as soon as they can control what they put in a mouth and what they don't put in our mouths, you can't possibly use it. No. So my my safety pin frame is quite interesting because there to pieces and these two pieces are for the sake off. Making this exercise easier because they're depends are not easy to use, some opening them, putting it to the side, and that's the only frame where you put something to decide. You could always change the size off your safety pins, but I think what is nice? These are quite big ones. You opened this part, and now you couldn't deal with those once. Now bread new fabric is always hard to use safety pins on, so if you have a brand new fabric, maybe even a thick one it's good toe, wash it two or three times. And then it's easier to use safety pins because when the Children have to struggle to push it through, this is a potential dangers. I've put all my safe depends to decide, and I'm opening this one now if I want to start from the top again now what you're seeing this has not been washed. I can't push it through. It's very hard. I've succeeded. This is what's happening. Something's when you safety pins and jackets. But for small Children, you know I'm a grown person. I'm struggling with this. This is too hard. So what I would need to do is to prepare this. And this is why I was not trying to trick. I was trying to do it. Thes came from the shop. I have not been you. I didn't use them. I have not used them before. I need to wash them with soap and then the 2nd 1 thing I need to do is, um I am will also make them softer and then try to safety being several times. Give it to a child like this. There is no way you can do that. There's no way you could do that. Yes, you've seen. I tried, even from down, which is even the wrong way to do. No, I can't. I cannot. I could try like this. No, it doesn't come and you see No, I have not. It's it's still it's too hard to heart. So this came from the store. I think that we should teach our Children to use safety pins in a safe way. Uh, we need to watch out her response of baradei when they're able to use. But this dressing friend like that, even though it came from the Montessori store on the love the store and they make it in a beautiful wooden frame, the way the combination off the fabric and the safety pins just doesn't work for the Children. I was asking myself How day did it, How did maybe when they sent it to me. I don't know the way this is. It's just not working. So if you want to use fornicated, seven is only one. It's still it's already hard. I will wash it out. Watch the fabric, um, with soap several times. Washington with hot water to make it soft to get this artificial things which are being used to make them a table shiny. Try try to take it out, and then I might be looking for different pins to be able to use this with kids. I didn't want to take this video out purposely because this showing us something this came from a store, a store I generally love, because the way they do their things is very beautiful. But it just doesn't work for kids, so it's not safe for them. And even if it waas safe, it will be so frustrating because it doesn't work the way to be working. So if it came from a store or it came from you wherever it came from, if you paid money for it, total your you got it for free than to ever use anything for Children, which is not helping them, which is frustrating them or which is making life hard for them. If things are too hard for the Children to do, don't give it to them. Rather throw it away or you as a teacher, you work on it so that Children can use it. Don't put burdens on your Children. That's what I wanted to tell you when using this frame. Tell you the truth, I've tried it before. I wasn't able to do it. And I set out. Just make a video on how something that looks so good on that. Actually, it's useful. Cannot be used on DWI Need Toby Frank on also admit things like this. 46. Another Type of Dressing Frame: This is another dressing frame from a different Montasser company. I thought I wanted to show you this other method to in case he wanted to make your own, which I believe is the best solution in order to make sure that your kids get the best possible materials. So what you can see is if looking from the back, this has, uh, two bars. But this part is like a stick like two rounds. Six. Can you say that now? The advantage of the sticks is I believe this can be fast and toe the bars toe the rods easier. And then what is also what I was like about it? Lift. This is a different type of opening and closing system. They can be open completely, and that makes it really nice. I actually I like this I bought. I bought those, um, second hand. And there is something which can, which must not be. It is interesting. My husband went there to buy it and he was shocked when he came. It isn't such a 30 apartment, and he was stinky, and you can see that, but he still biotic because I had sent him. So what you can see it's 30 they're dirty, they are visibly dirty. And this is something that might never that should never, never be so. If I want to use them, I need toe first, wash the wood, wash the fabric and then only should I use it. So always control if the materials are really, really clean. But I just wanted you to see this different method. And of course, those are the snaps which are in so many clothes off your Children. 47. Clasp Boards : I introduced you the dressing frames, which are meant toe teach turned to open and close their own clothes. But now we're having the class boards, which actually are material since I discovered it. I'm really in love with it because this is really, uh, taking the Children were They love to be letting them do what they left to do, but still not allowing them to put the house into this order and still teaching them that they can't use mummies and daddies things for playing, which is a very good thing to do. Because honestly, um, if I've put things in order in my home, I hate Ah! When my kids destroy this order, it makes me very nervous. It makes me unhappy. It makes me unruly. On this is not the why we should deal with our kids. So Marie Montu Sorry, I believe, Understood. Sisa current off moms and dads on the and she also believed in Orna and rules and indiscipline on This is why we have the class sports. Uh, if you love the work with wood, that material is for you. Do it on. Do more off it. I bought this set. I saw this set. I bought it many, many, many years ago. I fell in love with it. But since then, many of my students have made their own. And then, um, the class they're often there were silver, not gold in because they couldn't find the golden ones. The color is just make it as beautiful s possible. But if you can get golden, take the saver ones. That's not important. So how are date? Um, I first given explanation if you want to make them by yourself. So you have a board? No, you have a board. Uh, this is the ones I'm having. They are, um I think there are Beachwood because they're really they're really happy. This is not fly a plywood. This is Ph Would. But from for off would be tipped to do but heavier ones if there would be a little bit heavy. So you have one board on the other side. You have a second board, and the second pork is if you can look at the board. This is glued. So the 1st 1 it looks like it was only one. But you have Ah, hole. Eric Tangle a home which is a door, which has been song with a saw into the second board before fixing it. This is completely clue clued toe the 1st 1 But before doing that, the rectangular shape I hope you can see that will has been sown out. So this part is completely fixed for your finger. You need something to hear. Otherwise it's impossible. Toe Handle it. Now, After these two boards are fixed together, you need these pieces to be able to open and close. And then, for each off the boards choose a different clasps. You will find them in your hardware store and depending on the Hard West, order different sizes. The friend colors. You might even want to visit several hardware stores to find the different class. I really like them because I believe Children struggle with those opening and closing many times. So what do we have here? Let me show it to you one by one. Let me start with a one. I've shown you already this class. This is what we find there often in out store toilets but also in restaurants. Very name off. The restaurants have this type off a clasp on the doors inside for closing, so Children should really learn how to handle this. And then in basements, the doors are closed with such clasps, often so, how to deal with it. Let me just take you one by one so I will take the others away. Take that is the way, said that we're not being disturbed by by the other boards the child might take. Only one part of child might take all the parts out and okay, and it's a little bit hard, but it's very possible. I've done this many, many times over so many years in so many classes. Often it open the door. Close the door, close the class. It's ready for my friends again. And now remember what I told you concerning the dressing friends it off these, uh, clasp as their own name. So depending on the language you worked in, it's good to go to the website off a hardware store and finds the names of those plastic. This is a complicated one. And again show it precisely to your kid. You hold it here, you open this. Take it out. Take it to the other side. Open the door. Close the door folded over, folded over and tear it. And those sounds, the click sounds are important for the child to know. I've done it right, so the control of error is number one trying it. If it's really closed, it's hearing the click sound of the class, and it's seeing that it's really closed now. This is an interesting one. I've seen things like this in reality, but not exactly this one. But it's the real one. You turn it until it's on the other side. You owe pen the door, close the door again and he used this hand. Close it until you can't do it anymore. And now it's closed again. This is something so common that's like childhood memories. My mom has one of this at the door at our home, and, um, she taught us when we were alone at her. We can't open the door. So when somebody would knock or ring, it's the door we should open like this. So ask the person. What do you need say my mom is not a home. My dad is not a time. What can I tell them? Because I get in my childs of time lots of times people would come. But my mom was afraid somebody might come home. I do harm. So she didn't want us toe really open the door. But in Austria's very ample, like not open the door or in my childhood it was like this that we were taught that so this can open without you opening the cast. But if you really want to open a door completely, you need to open the class and you have seen I need to take it out toe be ableto really close it. So you push, push, push, Take it out Put it back. Open the door Now you can open completely close the door and then who is she back? And that's my childhood memory. My mom still has this chain at the door. This is another type we find very often in basements and in outdoor toilets. So what? We do it in this case we need toe push, pull, turn it and now we can open. It's completely close it again. We can't push like this, so we need to take this up. Push, put it down And now it's close and it's completely safe. Can't be open. And the last one in Austria, in many big houses in houses, this is the most common one for basements because at, um, I look can be put, tears of this can be also locked. This is also founder, often in out store toilets and then a stick would be pushed through this whole. So you open like this open that are close the door and close this. I love this mature, even though you can see it just took us 10 minutes with all the explanations, all the instruction with all the how to make it by yourself but their Children as they love to open and close doors and things they will love to use this material. They will have to deal with it for hours and hours and hours without. And so it's something very useful to make for your Children. This is trailing the fine motor skills, but of course, this is for a practical life. We don't want toe tell our job. Don't close the door of the toilet because you might lock yourself in. That's not something good to teach to kids. Much better teach them how to open and close all those different class, which they might encounter in life. So they will become really, really independent unless this is shiny and it has a nice texture and nice touch to feel they have the feeling that get something important. They have the feeling that doing something, really, they have the feeling they're doing something, um, expensive. And all of this will make them toe deal with the's class over and over again. And if you really analyze the movement, push. Bring it down, bring it up open. That's easy. This one is easy. Close it, bring it down. But this one. Take it up, pull it to the back. But now you open. That's a complicated one. So your Children will be busy with those opening, closing, opening and closing hours on end. And it's really valuable for life on. It should be really given to kids in order to train their fine motor skills very well 48. Push-in-Tin & Rollers: No, with exercise is again one that you have to make by yourself. And this is how you make it. You find a tin the's tens. Uh, commonly, I used for cocoa for coffee, for protein drinks for a diet, dieting drinks for different, um, food items. So you find one of those things you could ask your neighbors. You could ask your friends if they have. I have one student. When she started to Montessori training whatever she needed, something she was posting in her elevator in the how in the apartment building where she was living, I need this or depth. And the next morning she had one or two a three backs in front of her, um, door. So you need this tin. And then, as those things have the writing on whatever waas inside, what it was a brought in drink at a dieting and coffee or whatever it waas it's on. That would be disturbing. So what you do is you either painted. This one has been painted with acrylic paint. Very easy. You could paint it with varnish are with lacquer, or you could make your life very easy and very fast by one of the safe. A patient, uh, voice from the dollar store and stick it on and make it very beautiful. And it might even look like wood. If you use a wood color, just make sure you don't buy a design one, and then you have to cover and in the cover you cut, let across shape. Now, if it don't do anything to that cross shape, it will be a sharp on. The child might heart himself. So what did do is, uh, on heat. I was doing this on a candy as a bus candy carefully. I'll make it roundish, and you can see that it has been melted a little bit just on Put it on. The candy will be black and burned, but it's roundish. And now the Children cannot hurt themselves anymore. So you know when I have I love those rollers. My grandma used them when she was still alive, but they come in beautiful colors. They are very cheap in a dollar stores if you have one, and I think they're in every country in Australia called Teddy. But there are other ones and all the rollers that you can see there were just one euro. It's a very cheap. What is nice about those rollers? They are when you rob them to make a sound and then they have a nice and very interesting texture. So they are wonderful for sensory exercises. In this case, I'm using them for practical life exercise. But I know at the same time patching them will build the synapses in the brain off the kids . Now what I'm doing, I'm choosing one type off rollers. I'm not mixing them. Using one type of Wallace, put them into the tin can hear it makes a nice noise. I closed. And this is how a story that don't need a tray for that Rather one. The Children, I put it to the side. So just for for reminding you they were in one party came in one package, just paid one euro for all of them. Sorry that I'm not using it for by here. So cheap. So it's their talk. My take it from the shop Open up the box. And now it's important you see how important it is to have Iraq on which to work. I think all of them out close it again and now take the rollers and push them through. Listen to the sun and you see my fingers always going in because I want to push it in. But because it has been made soft with the fire, it's not harmful. It's not hurting and they don't want it. All of the Martine and thes rollers really need to be pushed because of the ref sides. I really need toe, push them heart. And every time that nice sound could even use it like a type of music. Can you hear that the plastic itself makes it different? Some, 01 more. For the sake of this video, I just have one treasure box like this. If you think this is too easy and exercise for kids, let me tell you the experience of one of my students. She saw this in class, and you thought this was so easy to prepare in his end, just for the sake of trying it out and just for the sake of trying whether it worked, really, she made it, brought it to Harkin, the garden class, and she had a lucky guy. We'll always come to Kim the garden 1st 1 in the morning. And actually that kid was often sad because he had to stay so long hours and converting. So when the next, when she had prepared this on that let a guy came to kindergarten. Onda looking around and no now office friends was here. It was all alone with the the teacher. She told him, Look, I've prepared something for you. You want to try it out And she showed him to see You can open it, open it. And now you couldn't pour all of those rollers out and departed out, not close there. Close it. He tried to close it to close it. She helped him a little bit for the first time, but those things close quite easily. And then she told him he took one push it in. At first it was a little bit of friend according to what you told us. And then he was able to do it that could love that exercise. So the next time and the next day came he went straight to the shelf where the teacher had told him he would always find this thin whenever he liked to play with it. So the next day he came in the morning and went straight to the shelf. What she had told him he would find is 10 and he started doing this and she said, Okay, I want to see How is that thing about the absorbent mind and all of that stuff? And she looked. She wrote down when he started and when he brought it back, that little guy played with only distant with only this type of rollers for 45 minutes in one go, a guy not up to three years old, and, uh, he made it a new habit. The day after that, he came to work in the garden again, Really? Early in the morning, he went to the shelf, took to get that 10 played with it for 45 minutes on the broad back on what was interesting . As you observed it. He played with only distant every morning, 45 minutes, exactly every day for two weeks. After two weeks, he was again looking around and she asked him, You want to play with a 10? And he said no. And she knew he had now absorb everything that tin hat for his own brain development for his own development off the hands, so he didn't need it anymore. And she knew now she needed to prepare something else. Another interesting aspect about what you told us, Waas, that this lady guy, uh, was playing with a tin all by himself for 45 minutes because after 45 minutes, the next kids or the next kid would come to kindergarten and he was feeling disturbed. And it's every day when the next kid arrived in the kindergarten after him that he put it back to the shelf. But as long as he was alone, he was playing with it. And as the parents have the working scandal and this is how they bring the Children to work in the garden, that was like this casual for playing with this material. Now the next step would be rollers, which are sicker. They have a bigger diameter. Let's pretend I've already poured him out. They make a different noise. It's a deeper sound. I need to push more. Stay works very well, but I need to push it in. Even the plastic makes a deeper some. The pushing makes a deeper sound, so this is threatening the I added the here. Of course, now it's ready for my friends. I might put it back to the show. What I want to do. If I've prepared 1 10 like this and find out that's the Children love to play with it. I would look for a 2nd 1 and use something else to be putting and half tins in various colors with various contents is so it remains interesting for them to open and discover and pour it out. I'm pushing back in. Um, besides, I love roadless best. This is why I brought the three colors of rollers for you to see, but it's working perfectly with paper on balls. It works perfectly with pompons. If you want to do it, would pump ones use big ones, not the tiny ones, so pay pong balls pompons. If your eggs like a plastic Easter eggs are not to back, it might work, too. Ping Pong balls make of quite different some, but now let's see the rollers. They are thick ones, you know. I'm trying to look for materials that will teach you about the sensory integration that will really help percent, so integration very well hope. Have you seen how hard I need to try and again, the sound is lower, but it works and it's ready for my friends. I might put it back to the shelf. So have fun inside collecting your teens. I've collected already a large number because I know I always need and for my classes.