Montessori´s Practical Life Exercises made easy | Karin Gnaore | Skillshare

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Montessori´s Practical Life Exercises made easy

teacher avatar Karin Gnaore, Happy to teach you !

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

34 Lessons (4h 20m)
    • 1. What to expect from this module

    • 2. Module Introduction

    • 3. Putting on Rings

    • 4. Sweeping on a tray and on the floor

    • 5. Pouring purple sand, the easiest and first pouring exercise

    • 6. N: Practical Life Exercises different spooning exercises

    • 7. N: Different Sieving Exercises

    • 8. Using Tweezers; didactic sequence from practical life to sensorial,

    • 9. N: Nuts and Bolts

    • 10. Cracking Nuts

    • 11. Explanation why working with a screwdriver

    • 12. Screwdriver for screwing in screws

    • 13. Using a Wrench

    • 14. Using a Sixwrench

    • 15. Lacing Shoes

    • 16. Weaving paper, practical life exercise and beautiful craft

    • 17. Weaving

    • 18. Braiding Ribbons

    • 19. Winding Ribbons, wool,etc

    • 20. How to make a knitting jenny

    • 21. Sewing on buttons

    • 22. Cutting Paper

    • 23. Locking Patlocks ontu a wooden Ring

    • 24. Grating Soap

    • 25. Using Mortar and Pestle

    • 26. Grinding with a Coffee mill

    • 27. Cleaning a mirror

    • 28. Nailing Nails into different Materials

    • 29. Nailing nails on a tray

    • 30. Sewing for Beginners without a Needle

    • 31. Rolling and matching socks

    • 32. Buttoning Exercises

    • 33. Rolling Napkins

    • 34. Setting a Table

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About This Class

In this class you will get to know a lot of new practical life exercises, which are  training the perserverence,patience, fine motor skills, senses and much more. Doing these exercises will perfectly prepare the children for crafts, handwriting and many skills more.

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Karin Gnaore

Happy to teach you !


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1. What to expect from this module: Hello, everyone. In this model, we are going to focus on practical life skills, but in a different way than what with it. In the first modern, we will teach our kids how to use these real life tools. Very parking skills for Argus and all Boys. We wanted our kids to use needle and threat. We will use our kids to use scissors off any time and branches. We will work with different types of war and different colors, and we will use a lot of beautiful ribbons. So I hope that you're interested. But you're really working with kids and you're planning to introduce new activities for them in the next school year. Activities which will train the fine motor skills, their sense off touch on that. You plan to introduce a lot of activities with which bring a lot of joy to your Children. So stay tuned. We will have a lot of different exercises for you and all Pure Monta. Sorry, 2. Module Introduction : Well, this is the second module that I am a publishing here on skates. Share were we deal with practical life exercise. There are numerous uncountable practical life exercises on the ones that you will see in this module are different from the ones you've seen in the first month. In this model, we will be more with tools and skills which are needed toe work to do practical work, working skills like using a needle using a kook, using a screwdriver, using a wrench using a hammer and many more things. We will do it. We will deal with crafts like we wait. We we knit things screwing and so on. No, um, I want to highlight one thing again. That's we first have to teach the Children how to use the tools and how to do, um, place one by one. What do I mean by that? In the regular school system are in regular education. Most of the time, we want the Children to do something. And as they do that same, we are expecting that they will, at the same time learn how to use the tools and how to do different things at once. This doesn't work very well. The earlier we start toe allow the Children to develop their skills, especially the fine motor skills. And developing fine motor skills goes along with a development off the census. Because you touch something, you feel something. Some things are quite hard to do. Um, they should use that force. They should be careful, but it's important to start really early. Not if we isolate the difficulty. That means we teach about one thing at a time. They can learn those skills much, much earlier in life, and those skills become part off themselves. Um, they were many, many, many, many different things, only one thing at a time. And when they grow up, they're ready to do the real work, the ray chop because their hands do those things automatically. What we do when we, uh, do this type of exercises with kids. Now the first thing we're doing, the Children feel and know and a experiment that we trusts them because we are giving them riel things, riel tools, so the Children feel that we trust them on. This is why it's important to give them real things, but we're not making real things we are preparing the skills letter. We can do the real things, but we start with one step at a time before we do the real things. We don't teach them what the skills while they already do the real thing. That doesn't work. And it doesn't work for most kids these as well. Managers are afraid off crafts because I haven't learned to use to do the skills. They haven't developed the fine motor skills yet, but they're expected to do the crafts. So this is a really, really, really secret you go. What's that? Why step at the time and give them time? But you start as early as you can as early as to get the kids as early as you have the opportunity to As early as you know that it's good. What if you find out that the Children you are responsible off half difficult deduce certain signs? For example, you have boys in your class room. Let's say you are teaching in school and you're supposed to teach some hand right and you find out the way they hold their pensees and their pens and is not the right way, and the handwriting is so actually stop forcing them to do what they can do. You can use most of exercises in this modern. Let them use screwdrivers, wrenches let them use needles and hooks. Let him practice knitting and screwing. Let them practice cutting and the handwriting will come almost automatic. That's a big, big secret. You develop the skill before you can expect using the skill for other things. That's one thing, data one. If you happen to work with especially education, you feel working in the Senate environment. All of those exercises at just great to practice with. With Children you're teaching. Now you have to know the kids you're working with. If your Children have a big trouble with the final two skills, just used bigger, bigger things. Bigger hooks, um, bigger nails, bigger screws and so on. So it becomes easier because it is not so fine. If you use six wrench, use a big one, which they can really feel when they hold it. So these exercises a perfect for very small Children. Start doing it with them as soon as they're three. You start doing that while you have them in school, you find out they have trouble, Meaning they're six and the boss Just give them these exercises. They will have fun because you take away the pressure from them and the trader skills until they're ready on the work. Come out with perfect results. And if you work in the Senate environment, Children of any age use all of those exercises all the time, one exercise at a time, and you might want to adapt the size off the tools you are using, that's all. But other than that, you can use all of those exercises for a Senate environment to, and your Children will enjoy it and they will develop their skills, and eventually they will be able to do everything. Other Children also do, so just do it. 3. Putting on Rings: But the reins on toilet paper, notes on toilet paper, Kitchen wrote, stand. What you see here in this picture, it's better see you have a white tray and the wooden stand for a kitchen napkin role. You give it to the chart like this. Unfortunately, this picture shows the color of the train and different way. You have the rings on the tray and you have the stand. And now the child needs to put the rains. Understand. When you prepare this activity for children, what they need to watch out is that you put enough rings to completely fill the stand to the upper part so that not one more or two mornings could fit on really, it should be filled up. That's how many rings you need to prepare. Now you might wonder, what are those rings? Where do I get them? That would then napkin stand. You can buy them low cost and the Dollar Store. So don't worry, even if you don't have a dollar store, it's just that we showed to you aboard and a stand. That's actually medical. A rod. And you might need us cruder odd intranet stand, easy to make, low cost made. But what are those brains? These particular ones that were used for this activity. They are from their swimming noodles. They turn those learned on swimming nodes which are being sold especially IN. And they come in many colors, yellow, red, green, different colors. You buy one. They are very low, low-cost. You cut them off into those rings using a knife. Easy to do, very fast to prepare. If you don't find those, maybe it's winter or the swimming noodles in your area. Don't come with holes in the middle, maybe they are full. Then you go to the hardware store and the hardware store has isolation for pipes. What the pipes and other types of pipes need to be isolated against the cold and the effects of when they're in the soil or in the walls. So that being isolated with this type of fall meeting and isolation for pipes are being sold in long pieces. Just by one piece. You don't need a lot for that stand by one, carried off into rings and you're ready to go. Make sure measure out how many you need. If this isolation camps in unattractive colors like Gray, the ones I've seen are gray, not very attractive for kids. You use a pink tray. You might want to paint that stand in whatever white, yellow, red. Third, talk wise, any attractive colors, and then you have the grey rings on shiny yellow or shiny pink tray, or shiny pink or yellow or whatever color you have chosen to paint it. And at the end, it's attractive, ready-to-use. It's low-cost, very fast prepared. And the children have fun with this particular exercise where they need from, as you can see in this photo, they will need that to hands to put the rings on. If ever you happen to work in special needs education facility. That's great TV for special needs children. It's a great activity for children who have perception disorders of perception. Issues. Working with the two hands to put on the rings will help them to focus and will also helped them to work, learned to work with the two hands at an, as it's a really easy exercise, they will not feel that they are really learning something when they use their two hands together at will also help them to acquire the ability to concentrate in general. So it's a great activity which you want to prepare for your children. 4. Sweeping on a tray and on the floor: This video's exercise is sweeping. Now, before we start a few words, you are giving the children as sweeping exercise. This is a practical life exercise. And you should see it like as if the kilowatt playing with a doll or if they were playing with constructing blocks. They are playing to develop their skills. And later in life, they will use those skill, those skills for whatever activities they need them for. Let's go back to those and terminal play with dolls. They practice life skills which they made lengthened need in order to take care of children. Nobody would have the idea to ask a two year old or a three year old who is playing with dolls to leave the Dawes and actually take care of a baby or a child. Because we know very well that a two year old, three year old, ever, a four-year-old cannot bear the responsibility for taking care of a baby. I chopped the same with building blocks. Any child with playing with building blocks. We don't ask the child to leave his building blocks and actually help us build a house. What they are really practicing when they do the building blocks, they are preparing their life skills to be able to build houses or do repairs on a house, or draw plans for a house. Analyze other games, regular games which turned into a plane. We don't have the idea to tell the children dropped again. Stop playing and do it in real life. Do it responsibly, do it in a way you supposed to do it. Very often. When I teach practical life skills that aren't expectations of my students. Basic, we have canting exercise. So instead of preparing an exercise on a tray and thinking over what can I do? I can live on the shelf or the children who take up anytime the child ones, let me turn up the job to be responsible and helped me in the kitchen. And the child cannot help you in the kitchen because the child hasn't learned to cut. If it's a cutting exercise, which he needs before, he will help you in the kitchen, before you will be able to cut and focus on the whole process of different things. Cutting is once more part of kitchen work, cooking and doing those things for cooking purposes. So one, isolated difficulty needs to be taught, needs to be practice, needs to be trained. And we should really be aware of don't stop the children's activities. Don't stop the children's games. Don't stop the children's self-chosen activities and misuse them. That is, abused them for our own purposes. We want the children to acquire life skills which they can later use in service. And if they know how to do things, they will use exactly those things for service. That's what we grown up people do. Me as a grownup person, I don't propose help for somebody or for an occasion where I know I don't have the skills or I'm not very sure if I have the skills, I am ready to help. In any case, if I know very well that I have the skills or that I might be able to handle that situation where help is needed. And I help based on my skills and at doing voluntarily. And they do it joyfully Because I know I can do it. And wouldn't propose what I'm not sure that I could handy. But this is exactly what we very often ask our lead to whens to do. We don't give them the time and opportunity to acquire skills, but we want them to use the skills they have not acquired in order to serve. This does not work. If you think of the parable of the talents in the Bible, those servants were asked to use talents they had in their hand and no talents they didn't have. If you think of Moses who was timid and shy to go to ask Pharaoh, God asking what do you have in your hand? And Moses was asked, was asked to use what he had and not what He didn't have. And this principle is a core principle of Montessori. Education. Allowed a children give them that time, the opportunity, all the opportunities, as many opportunities as possible to acquire skills. And after that, they will use those skills ready for home tours. Responsibilities in the household and the family are responsible in his own home, in his own life, but not before. So don't you ever ask a child to help you sweeping If you haven't taught that Charles weeping. And if that child has not had time to practice sweeping, isolated difficulty, don't ask a chart to help you cutting vegetables in the kitchen. If the child has not had the opportunity to cut, vegetal was in the kitchen. I remember one of my children saw me making new this week. A machine where you turn the handle. And you was very small by then and he enjoyed it. I hear asked me to let him do it and it was doing it and enjoyed it so much. So finding out that was the activity he was open to, I basically made included though everyday large quantities to allow him to turn and turned and turned and noodle machine and make the noodles. I was responsible for the dough, was responsible for drying all those Nautilus tons of them. But he was just turning acquiring that skill of turning a machine, in this case a noodle machine. It couldn't have a focus on making noodles because he was just acquiring the skill of turning that handle evenly. He later learn to put the dough in and allowed a notice to come out, but not the full process. And not as a responsibility. He was too small for that. And his concentration skills had not developed for ADAP. Concentration and organization skills which are needed to take a real tours in the home. So with all those things being said, I want to introduce you to the sweeping activity. You can prepare it on a tray. I will show you that first. Or you can prepare it in the room. Depending on your children are your choice on which type of Broom you want to teach them, you will see it. So this is a sweeping activity on trade. What we need is a tray. On the tray we mark an area. We have a container with things which need to be sweet. We have a small and tiny broom and a brush. And those need to be at to fit on that tray that we have chosen to use. Make sure you match the sizes very well. And it must be the child must be able to manipulate that. The broom and the yeah, the small prune the brush actually and the shovel on this on this tray. So what the child does is the child takes the container from that tray that is being offered on the train, takes a container from the tray, pours out the material which is, and you can use different methods of material, not necessarily paper slips. You could use a lot of beautiful materials. Sudden flag, census, snowflakes, of course. Shiny, hard, shiny stars, beautiful materials. The more they are beautiful and not dirty, the more effective the exercise. So the chat pours out the material to be swept away. And then the next thing, and this is You should teach that to the kid. The chart is using the broom to be that way. The child is using the broom to brush or sweep the material into the marked area. For this type of shovel. Rectangular or square space is best. If you do it on the floor, you might want to have maybe around space. But since the shadows are generally straight, this is why rectangles and squares at actually the very best. So that now all the materials are in that rectangular space. And from there the child is sweeping them into the shovel, puts them back into the container, comes back until all the material is been shoveled in. This container is full, nothing is anymore on the tray. Now, what you need to be aware of, the quantity of things to be shuffled or sweet must not be too much so that they can still be really brushed nicely into that marked area. Don't make it too much, rather little, then match is much better. And then make sure you choose beautiful things. So the child really see it as attractive. Activity should be appealing, the color should be beautiful. This one has chosen a beautiful green and then blue tests for her own choice. But you might want to choose pink, yellow, shiny and beautiful, shiny, beautiful materials and employee strike out whether those materials allowed to be shoveled, using the brush to be shoveled onto the shovel, to be brushed onto the shovel ready. So try it out because some matures, they are really stubborn, not easy to put them on the shovel, and those are not fit for this activity, so please try that. Now the variation which you want to use is I'm marking as square or rectangle on the floor in the room. In this case, you do not have a tray. Rather you make an area on the floor. You key at child size broom somewhere in the room to give them what? A shovel? It might be this type of shovel or it might be this type of shovel. Now how the details you need to come up with is depending on the size of your children. The children need a container. In this case, it's a small packet. Somewhere in the room. Were there is material inside which children can pour onto the floor. So the children, for this activity, you need to be strong that children, we pour material from that container onto the floor, then use them child's eyes broom to sweep them into the area, and then use the shovel too. Put the things they have, sweep into that area, back into the container. Now, why do you work on a tray? Are under four things in the container that the size of the container must be in such a way chosen. That's the broom. The shovel can pour those things back into the container. So if you have a very narrow bucket and a shovel, it might be hard to pour. One thing we are seeing here, pouring exercises Met masts be mastered by the key before you introduce these exercises. So you firstly pouring exercises. Before you do such sweeping exercise because pouring is included. Then the principle for get it ready for my friends. Always remove dirt, everything. Neat. Control with your eyes. If there is something left over. These principles must be internalized before you can give this activity. Because if the children are not trained to really be neat and careful, they will pour out the material, even sweep them under shovel, put back everything. But there might be some leftover materials. And then you always need to work behind the child or tell the child you've made a mistake, which is not the sentence that we use anyways, but you always need to be behind the children's much easier. You follow the didactic principals. Everything must be mastered before you give this suited children. Now, many people when sweeping the floor and they like to use this type of sets. Why? Because they come, those are made actually for us, old people. So we don't need to bend all the time when pressuring away. What do you have? Sweep swept, brushing it onto the shovel. We don't need to bend. That's for us elderly. But actually those brooms come in a child size. So it's very tempting to give the children this type of Broom and this type of shovel. They come in, they set their low cost and that chart sized. Try it out. If this is really what the child can hand, easily managed really might find it hard to have the long broomstick and use this one to pressure things onto the shovel. It might be better. You provide a set of cleaning materials, are in a corner of the room. Maybe hang them neatly on a hook or two rooks. When a child has a broom, which is just a broom, and the child will focus on just sweeping. In this case, all the leaves. Onto the square before he would take the legend shadow and the little broom to shovel the material on which here is something else it's decorating, send unto the shovel and pour it back into the right container. This is much easier for children to handle. Then this, this might work or it might not work, but in any case, it might make life for children harder. Just for your Honestly, I loved those things because they're so fast if you have a little dirt somewhere. But I prefer a small ones, I feel that I'm much neater using the small one. So having the big broom and small shadow and smoke boom. And I think for most children, it's also like this. What you can see here, these are nuggets, if you can see it, they are glass, tiny, tiny glass nuggets. Control of error the child might always use. To get to the last piece which has not been shuffled onto. Here we have leaves, but those are these artificial leaves. They're not release that efficiently. X, which you combine the dollar store. And it mimics a real activity which you all do outside. And our garden path is, and our terrorists is too sweeping away the leaves in odd term. So dice, this might be a perfect autumn activity if you like to prepare it that way. This are actually tiny pieces of paper. And the paper is possible, perfectly possible and if they have been crumpled, so it's easier to sweep them on. But I prefer more beautiful materials, materials to be sweep, swept away which are attract, more attractive. And this is why all this activity using the corrective San, I don't like it. It resembles dirt to munch its testy. And it invites this order and and cleanliness and I wouldn't prepare something like that myself. But the gravestones, tiny, tiny bells, those are wonderful. Don't be tempted to use beads because the beads were just roll out of the room. And the child might not be able to control where those things are going and to collect all of them may be under furniture is too hard. So with having said all of that, let's get started after sweeping activities for our kids so they are ready to help us sometime in the future. 5. Pouring purple sand, the easiest and first pouring exercise: I want to use this video as a reminder for you for the practical life area. This is the easiest pouring exercise you poor dry stuff. In this case it is. Send purple sent from one container into another container on the two containers are equal and I want toe. Use this to highlight some characteristics which you should not forget when you prepare pouring exercises. Number one. Fill the containers you want to use for pouring, but don't fill them to the bring but fill them well. If you don't use enough material, the Children get the feeling that you are greedy. You don't trust them. You don't want them to enjoy. You don't want them toe. Have something. So fill the containers knots to the brim, but feel them as much as you can, which will not handicapped Children in their pouring activity. Then the tray always have has to fit. The exercise in Shea sighs color at material in this case, Trance Pierre and containers were chosen. Those are perfect for the very first pouring exercises because the Children can control the pouring activity very well. If the containers are transparent and purple sent now, this is a perfect match with a black trey. Nobody black. It's not the first choice color, because you want bright and beautiful colors for our Children to to enjoy the work. But in this case, it's a perfect match because if ever the child poured the purple sand on the black trade that Children could easily see what I poured something. Let me clear. Leader were just a control off error for the pouring exercise, so I would want that you really parities in mind. This is, as I mentioned, a reminder what you can also see for the very easy exercise. The child is holding one container with one hand pouring with the other one with his hand, so you should also make sure that the sizes off the containers match the size off the Children. This very easy pouring exercises should be started as early as you have the opportunity to do so, So if you're a mom and you have your Children at home, you might want to start them happen. Start doing pouring exercises when there, too, so they gain confidence they can trust and to gain the rear skills on with practicing, they will be able to do all those things much earlier than at the Children, but with more security, and they will really do it very well. So you concert is early as to if you have, the Children may be at home or if you're teaching very young Children, which is also possible. And make sure don't teach the Children like I'm teaching you to pour sand because I wanted to pour your own water. No, this is a fun exercise. It's real actress thing. You come beautiful son, listen to the sound of the same. And this is also something you should always consider when you prepare practical life exercises, how it looks and how it sounds and how it feels are crucial characteristics off every exercise, which you might want to prepare for your Children. So be reminded and prepare perfectly beautiful fitting harmonious exercises which look great, feel great, and they can be heard in a great way 6. N: Practical Life Exercises different spooning exercises: In the first part of this video, you will see exercises using these four different spoons. Using a spoon makes the exercise challenging in a different way every time. Concerning the fine motor skills and the rhetorics which are being needed in order to spoon. In this first exercise, we have a pink plastic tray to ceramic bowls and an ice cream scooper. The colors are contrasting. That means each thing which is needed for the exercise has a different color and the color and the same 1111 color. What the child is doing. The child can see easily because the green stones becoming more and more in the right class, ball, RC and easy. So the increasing quantity of stones in the right-hand ball when they are being scooped is seen and perceived by the child. Scooping stones is easy and hard at the same time, the Stones kind of stick to each other because they have a rough surface. This is why they will not fall down from the spoon as easy as other materials, wood. On the other hand, the child needs some strength in order to put the spoon inside the stones, whether it's an ice cream scoop or a tablespoon, the child needs more strength. What makes the exercise interesting is also the sound of the tiny store stones in the bowl. And the more stones are in the bowl, the sound changes. So no stones at all. Pouring stones into our scooping stones into an empty bowl makes a different sound than scooping stones into a bowl which has already stones. The sound is changing all the time. Using a tablespoon is more challenging than using an ice cream scooper because of the thinner handle, that child can't hold it as well. The child cannot also manipulate it as easily as the ice cream scooper. But the tables to spawn also has an advantage. As the spoon itself is thinner. It's easier for spooning. The Chinese ceramic spoons. Cooper is like a combination of the two. This ceramic spoon can hold our stones at the same time. They almost do not fall out because the spoon is so deep, the handless short, which makes it easy for handling for children who are just beginning to learn how to scoop. But To take out the stones until the last stone is quite challenging. The ball needs to be banned. And the child needs to exercise these extra strategy in order to fully empty the both from which he is hoping you can see here the child is bending the bowl. And you need to try out before you present an exercise to kids, whether even up to the last stone, the spoon that you have chosen, allows the child to empty the bot by just scooping with ADD. Yet a strategy like pouring out the rest. Spawning exercise must be finished by spooning and not pouring or using a finger or anything like that. This is possible as you can see with this spoon, we have tried it out and this is why represented this exercise left him left the ball a little bit is also allowed. Whenever you show the exercise to the kitchen, him that he's allowed to pick up the ball holds the bowl. The exercise is finished. When it's back to the original position. Now we have changed the material, but only the material for spooning the trace the same. The balls are the same. The ice cream scooper is the same. You can tear it in the video because we have not required with a sound. But I assure you the sound of the coffee beans filing and to the bow is very attractive. It's like teaching already music to kids as you teach them practical life exercises. The coffee beans have an very attractive, intensive smell. Many children enjoy the smell of coffee beans, even though we don't give them coffee to drink. And children who might have any as autism spectrum disorder, they will a more even feel the appeal of the smell. Smelling something intensive and makes them to concentrate more easily. This might be true for other children too. As you can see. Also for the coffee beans with the ice cream scooper, the bot needs to be banned. In order to complete the exercise. The children's spooned from the left hand bow to the right-hand bow. So in the direction of writing. And when they have filled the right tend bow. They spoon back into the left-hand both. So in the end, the exercise looks like in the beginning, and oil is being completed through spooning. You see here again the tablespoon being used. And each one of these is a different exercise. So using the green stones with any of the four spoons presented makes it a different exercise. We advised to start with the easiest exercise in the first week and then leaving the tray to be the same, just changed the spoon or change the material which is being spawned. The children will recognize the exercise, and therefore they don't need separate presentations each time it changed exercise a level. Changing the exercise by changing the spoons. The material to be spawned, keeps the same activity and pressing for the children, but at the same time trains them to feelings light, the Francis in requirements and different materials, different sounds, the amount of strengths they need in order to complete an exercise. Having a great variety of exercises and changing them constantly is one main requirement for a successful Montessori education. So ice-cream scooper is being used here. Again. Tablespoon is being used here. And as you have seen, the Chinese spoon, this is the control of arrow. And being one coffee bean has fallen to the side. It is being picked up with the fingers and the pincer grasp and put back into the bow. This time we have changed the tray. And only the tray collects the same type of trade totally would just change the color. And you can see that the exercise looks totally different evidence, same exercise. A bean fell by the side of the bowl. But the child can see it as it's at the back of the bow. So we should train the children to look exactly if there is something fallen down. This exercise is totally different. We have two small cups and a coffee spoon, which is quite small as you know. But it's the earliest spawn that works with this exercise as the cap or yeah, as the cap is quite narrowed down and we need needed a spoon, which allows the tide to spoon those plastic lentils until the last one into the cup. On the other side. The colors of the tray and the cups are not that contrasting. It's possible, but this is not ideal. A better choice would be to paint this wooden tray in a color like blue, where the pink lentil can be seen easily. This would make this exercise of a more ideal. Again, the plastic lentils make a nice noise in the ceramic caps. The children have the feeling that they are given real things because those are real cups. It's a real coffee spoon. And this makes them to enjoy it because children like to play with real things rather than playing with toys. The chart has seen that there is a plastic lentil fallen and tries to pick it up using the pen set grasp. Control of error should be always exercise and retrain shown from the beginning to control their own work while they are working. Instead of waiting to be controlled. Nobody likes to be controlled, but rather to have control. So have fun with any of those exercises and many more. 7. N: Different Sieving Exercises: A lot of different ceasing exercises and how to prepare them. What you can see in this video is that you need three bowls, one CIF, and the tray for each c thing exercise. We've been using orange sand for C thing. And what is so important that you try out whether the sand goes through the CIF so that nothing remains in the seeth, nothing off the sand remains in the CIF. Sometimes, if the sand is a little rough, you might solve the problem by seeping through this band and what remains in the CIF. After seizing the sense thoroughly, you throw that part away or you don't use it or use it for other purposes. If the sand is fine and just goes through the CIF at once. The exercise is also not interesting for the children. So you need to really try out the quality of the sand. Besides the corrective sand, you might want to use birds sand or regular send or salt. Those are good alternatives. Make sure the colors are always matching and contrasting. And this case we have white balls, ceramic bowls, and orange sand, which makes a good contrast. For the first exercise. We used to seep out marbles. This seems very easy. And children might be tempted to take out the marbles with their hands. But as we mix the marbles underneath the sand, they still need to see them. The marbles can be seen well on the light green tray and in the bowl, as well as in the orange sand mixture. Any other material might be fined like stones, beans, bells, or other things. After the child completed seeping out and separating sand from the marbles into the two bowls. The child needs to bring the exercise. That is pouring the marbles back into the original bowl and pouring the sand back into the original pole. Bo, if there is sand on the tray, the child needs to clean the tray before putting it back. This is how the exercise might look like after the child has poured the marbles and the sand back into the original pole and puts the whole exercise onto the shelf. Here. Glittery hearts have been used. Mixed with the same arm stand, the same SIF, the same ceramic bowls. Only this time, the literary heights. This exercise is very hard compared to seeping out marbles. As the sand tends to stick between the heart shapes. This might require the child to see if the heart through several times, to shake for a long time before pouring the sieved out hearts into the bowl for the sieved out materials. You will see it in a minute. If there is still sand on the hearts that child needs to continue to shake. In this picture, you see there is no more sense to the chart. Might pour their hearts out. Here you have the clean sand and clean heart. The sand is being poor, is being going through the sea. And the heart of being poured into their own bow. Let see the control of error. There's still sand on the hearts. So the chart needs to receive those hearts before they're totally clean in their own bowl. This requires quite a lot of patients from the part of the children. And you can see there are a lot of heart. So it really takes time and patience to totally clean the hearts from the sand by shaking the CIF continually. Generally, all children love, see thing exercises. Make sure you choose the bow. Watch the children's CIF into big enough so that the sand may stay in the ball into which it is being sieved and not be poured and shaken to the left and right of that bowl. So try it out first. Seeping exercises are one of those exercise is that you have to try out very well at least 12 or three times before you offer them to the children so that you can see and make sure the children are able to perform this exercise in a perfect way, like in this case, clean hearts are the result and not Hearts mixed up. Again, there are the clean hearts in one bow, damping poured back into the original. And now the sand is being poured onto those hearts. And the children might turn it around a little bit with a finger to make the hearts a little bit more visible. And well. Now the exercise is almost ready for their friends. There's a little bit of sand which needs to be cleaned out of the bowls. And the next child might want to take the exercise from the shelf. Make it a less than of responsibility for the children's friends and neighbors and the group to clean up every exercise and to make it perfect again before putting it back to the tray. Many other things could be used to seep out of this. Orange sand. White beans, Green beans. Chick peas, might be good choices. But you may also remain the same thing to be sieved out and change the color of the sand. If you use salt for thing, which in fact works very, very well, make sure that your bowls are neither transparent nor white so that the children can see the salt. They are seeping very well. Here. You searched out who has not taken the patients to seep out. Every sand remaining stand from the heart. So this is the control of Eran or one of the controls of error for this exercise. There is still, as you can see, if you look closely, there's those sand mixed with the hearts. So if you happen to work with that child, just tell him, you see if the heart again so the todd might change the position of the empty tuple and the heart pole. Bow and see if those hearts out again until there is no more sand in between. This is a hard exercise also, because the orange and pink are quite similar colors. So it's not so easy to see whether the exercise has been well done. Another choice may be stones, in this case the Redstone, mixed with orange sand. This makes a nice color combination. The pictures don't show the contrast so well. It's rather combination of colors of the same color family, but due to the shape and different color DE can be seen very well to. This exercise is much easier than the heart's exercise. That sticks to the stones, a Ledi bit, but not as much as do those glittery fine hearts. So after the marble exercise. That would be the next one in the detecting sequence. The Stones make an interesting sound when being poured into the bowl. The marbles are, make a very loud noise. The Stones noise is not as loud as a marvelous noise, but interesting and remarkable. And the sound of the exercises, of the different exercises of the different materials is an important point of interest, which helps the children to focus on the exercise they are performing. You might also want to seek out shells. But shells are hard, much harder because the sand might stay in the curved part of the shells. But you might also want to look for stones together with the children. You might want to pay them and use them for an exercise. Here is another choice. This is a very good choice in color because the dark brown coffee beans can be seen very well in the sand. But there is no way that the child can separate coffee beans and sand by using just the pincer grasp and their fingers. They need to be sieved out. It's easy and hard at the same time, the light weight of the coffee beans and the heavy weight of the sand makes them to separate very fast and very easily. But a coffee beans have a small trace in the middle, which makes it necessary to shake and shake until the beans are really cleaned from all the salt that might be hidden in that middle trace of the coffee beans. Pay attention to the beautiful colour combination of light green, dark brown, and orange. Concerning colors, this is the best choice of the exercises you have seen. Although the marble exercise is easier than the coffee bean exercise, children who love beautiful smell or intensive smell might especially enjoy this exercise. It is always good to consider which centers that being attracted by a certain exercise. Don't forget to also include smell. Hear a coffee bean has fallen to the side and it can be easily picked up by using the pincer grasp and put back in place. Were as there might, little brush might be needed in order to brush the tray. If sand has fallen to the side, as you can see in the present photo, the child may choose to repeat the exercise over and over again as often as he or she likes to. Its only when that child wants to put the tray back and you have to make sure that shot considers through rule and cleans the tray as well as the bowls. Here you can see again very well Y3 bowls are absolutely needed. Sometimes the bow were the seed out material is being put into maybe smaller. The mixing bowl might also be smaller, but the bow into which the sand or sold is being sieved needs to be big enough. So when you use the Friend sizes of bowls, this might be the biggest of the three bolts. Don't use plastic bowls. Use real material. Plastic is harder to handle as it is, E, as it easily tumbles. It's not standing firm. Plastic is also giving the impression of sheep and low value. So make sure you use ceramic, glass, or maybe metal bowls. Sometimes wooden bowls may also be a good choice depending on the material that you are using for your c thing. Exercise. Of course, baskets are not a choice for seeping. Exercises. Must have to Time. Square balls would 8. Using Tweezers; didactic sequence from practical life to sensorial, : easy practical life. Or is it since sorry in this question, some things not so easy to answer for all my students all over the world. This is why I want to give an explanation as a reminder for you to easily distinguish what is practical life and what is since Arial. And I want you to also have some more ideas on which exercises you might want to prepare for the Children to just have fun and train your skills without even noticing. So we have the first exercise, which I have prepared for you. This is a tweezers exercise. I have, um, like green. Pray if ever any off the pumpkins falls on the tray, which would be an error, it can be easily seen. Picked up with a hand and put Iran the container. Or on this plate for template. Um, I need a container in the beginning. All the pumpkins, all of them, are rights. The same red are in the container. I'm hobby. Um, pleasers. Those freezers are from the dollar store. We have a teddy here in Austria. You can buy a set of five different types of tweezers for one year, and it's one of those I've been using. They're quite big. That quite handy, easy to use and what the child is doing. Using the tweezers, picking the pompons one by one and putting them in tow. The holes on these play well, I found this interesting, played with a lot of holes on one of the flea markets and are always visit flea markets to visit to find this type of interesting materials to use for my month. Sorry. Exercises. I really liked it. I couldn't keep it there. If you don't upset, don't such a plate. I have no idea what to buy. Maybe it's from, um maybe a bakery are making sweets. I don't know from where it is, but you might want to use, uh, sweet containers off switch sweets, make them hard and make them more beautiful and use them for the pump. It's This is a practical life exercise because the Children are learning to use tweezers. So the learning goal, the tired dedication go for the kids is learn how toe manipulate tweezers and transfer pumpkins from a glass onto a tray and placed and exactly in the holes where they should be practical life because we're learning to use this to This is a great exercise for the Children toe practice there. A pincer grasp. What? The tweezers. I make sure if you prepared tweezers on a trade, the Children have to use the tweezers. That's the rule. They can't use their fingers. If the trees is are there, they have to use the tweezers. You might choose not to have a tweezers. Maybe because you have in very small Children and then the tweezers they might not be able to manipulate. And yet so you prepare the same exercise, don't have the tweezers, just the less and the pump walls and the plague. And then they will do the same exercise with their hands. In this case, the tweezers are not there. If the tweezers are there, they have to use them. That's the rule. And we should teach our Children to abide by the roots. We always We always want to meet their needs. We want to meet their sensitive periods. But we have rules, and the rules must be respected. So this one is a practical life exercise. I will show you. This looks exactly like the previous excesses. Little get turned it. It's always left to right on the photos for me. Talk to show. But if you look at this and you look this this is the same trade, the same plague, the same class and the same Pierre off tweezers. What's the difference? This is a sensory Alexe er size event, so I just changed what needs to be transferred from the glass onto the plate. This is essence or exercise, because the Children have toe sort colors and the sorting colors. And as you can see em having 1234 shades off pink. There is purple, so the one family, two shades of green. So they have really to look very tightly because they're sorting colors worth the tweezers . This is a sensory exercise again, Um, you might what? Choose not to get the Children tweezers in these guys. They can use their hands, but if pleases are on the trade, they have to use the tweezers. By the way, this exercise is easier with tweezers and with the fingers, because the buttons are so small and that a hint. This is a really hard exercise because the buttons are so many and it takes a very, very long time to sort them into those holes. And this really requires a lot off patients. And then don't forget you can pour them back. You have to put them back using the tweezers into them less. And this takes the same amount of time or almost the same amount of time. So this exercise really trains the patients. But also the vision distinction off palace and the focus are not the usage off tweezers. Using the trees is with buttons is also quite hard. So that's challenging exercise, teaching the Children to use tools, but from the censorious area. Because we are sorting colors now, I said, even though it's exactly the same materials used with like with this as basic much is like in this exercise, this is really hard. Now I want to show you what can you do? Um, he's yet in this harder than this. It would look like this. This it's a different pipe off tweezer. Can you say that easier toe manipulate The samples can be easily grasped with this type off tweezers. I have only three containers. I have mixed shades off peak, but, uh, you concede in the container in the glasses. It's not so easy to see. Um, they are really different. Shades were very dark pink, very light being almost white and paint, and that I'm having three containers. This is a plastic tray. This container is a china where container, porcelain and these are, unfortunately plastic. I couldn't find fitting ones from glass, which would be standing in a permanent way. So I found a way around because I don't like to use plastic. This plastic is not stable on a train. So what I used is I used double sided sell it eight to stick the three containers onto the trade to make them stable there. And so I I just went around my own rule toe only using China where and glass Better to use class or make your own container. But this is like a way around. They are glued onto the train with double sided Celtics, so that's also a possibility. Now, if you want to detect IQ sequence, we have one practical life. Tweet, trance, very. With tweezers, we have to censor area transferring with tweezers, spot sorting colors on. We have member three sorting colors with tweezers, but many colors many items. So when did ethics sequence can go from practical life to sensory away or from or over any other categories mixing the categories within the D tactic sequence? That's possible, and that's perfectly fine. Um, that categories are there to help us understand the learning gold here. It's the sortie sorting colors, sorting colors. So since Aryan seeing the different shades off the colors, and here it's using the prisoners doing the access. That's why it's practical life. So I hope these was making some things clear for you. And I hope you have fun preparing this type of exercises and many, many more. Make sure they look attractive. Make sure they look beautiful, make sure they're shiny, and the Children enjoy doing them, no matter diet. 9. N: Nuts and Bolts : Nuts and bolts. You have the screw, not's these rings. And you have the boats or screws as you like to name them. And this is the easiest exercise and one of the fastest to prepare and the ones where you can't do anything run. All you need is a train. Make it colorful, make it shiny, make it beautiful. Two containers in this case they are to ceramic Bose, which has the advantage that when the Latin nets are being dropped into the bowl, they made a beautiful noise. But you might as well one to use baskets. They awesome, look beautiful for this exercise. Maybe they're ceramic. I like it better because it makes the net symbols to be seen more easily and more clearly as the ceramic is so smooth and shiny. Well. The first exercise would be to have just that one tray, two balls, and next N1 bolts and the other and the children have to fit the boat to the nets, fits them, screw them on until they have all peers. For the first exercise, all the boats and all the screws are equal so they don't have to find the fitting partners, they don't have to. This would be number two from the detecting sequence. As you can see that different sizes of screws and therefore different sizes of screw bolts. And the children have to match the sizes before they're able to screw them on. So from the didactic sequence, this is number two. Of course, you could have a lot of variations of this work, like increasing the number of screws or using very small ones or very big ones. It's good if you have variations because variations will attract a greater variety of children, you just offer one thing that might not appeal to all the kids who might not want to touch it. So you would want to offer more choices. And after the children master disc, which is teaching them this movement, this time going one side, descent, going the other side, working with two hands. And this movement of the wrist, very important for using many different types of tools, doing many different activities. Well, after they know this, you can offer would, in this case, for this very material, that scrolls are in the world, but the nets have to be screwed on. That's one possibility how you might want to offer it or you might offer a wood that has holes. And the children have to push this cool, this cruise through. And screw nets must be fitted at different sizes of the bolts. That's another possibility of how you might want to offer these. In any case, you can easily make materials like this by yourself and you can get shorted. Children will love it because you give them real things to do and not toys. Front-heavy tactic sequence. This would be the hardest for this activity. As you can see, there's just one standing board, but a screw driver of range actually a wrenches needed in order to undo the boats, remove the bolts from this cruise. Different ranges for different sizes of bolt. Using a tool is always harder than making something with one's hand. So screwing on the screw nuts or arrange and removing them with the range is higher dot. And therefore this is the last from the detective series sequence. In any case, you could offer more screws on one material to increase the fan. The children will love that. I can issue your ADH children left screws, even my students left screws. They're shiny, their salivary, they are beautiful and offer a variation of it. And this again shows that important principle from Montessori education. You want N1 to children to do carpenters work at home. Before they have learned all of these basic steps which lead them towards being able to do the carpenters work. So don't expect from your children, rather, teach and educate them towards a goal. 10. Cracking Nuts: Uc F net credit curve. This is a fun activity, a useful activity, a wonderful activity. And if there is a help lessen their rest practical life there. And lots of lessons for the children to learn. Well. The activity I'm going to present to you is a practical life activity belongs to the practical life area, and there are different ways presented. Let's talk about that first. So this is just one way. Oops, left or right. Now, it's upside down. Taking the picture symptoms, it's upside down, but just, just imagine, left are the nuts. All of these are walnuts. That's the Nutcracker. And there are two containers and we need to containers. One container for the shows for the broken shells and one container for the nuts. Now, this Nutcracker is really special because there is no way or almost no way for the children to hurt themselves. It's a really safe Nutcracker. I'll show it to you again. And it's fun to use because the children have to, can you see that? They have to screw in order to crack the nets? That's one way of presenting it that a walnuts, you could use any other type of nuts. But please try the type of Nazi want to give to the kids. Please try it out first. Whether a child of the age and size and strength of the children you have in your you want them to do if they can really crack those nets? In my experience, all months are wonderful, but for children, almost impossible to crack. Hazelnuts. Sometimes work, sometimes don't. This is why walnut are always, nets are always the first choice because they are the easiest nut to crack. But as I mentioned, any other type of nets could be used. Again on a tray left to right. I'm confused with their photos and videos. Remember, left to right. So the nets are on the left side. And then the containers were done. Nets. And the shelves where you put in is on the right side. Now, this Nutcracker is really a special Nutcracker for kids because it's very safe. But it takes quite some patients to use it for cracking. Let me show you at the varieties. That's a regular nutcracker. To boldest. That's a regular Nutcracker. Most of you might know or even have it in your kitchen. It's practical for real. And kitchen work. Because all sizes of nuts, meaning also at the same time, all types of nets can be cracked with this type of nutcracker. As if you have small walnuts or peak walnuts, doesn't matter. They are hazelnut or almost you can use this Nutcracker for all of them. Children could squeezing their fingers here if they're not careful. But what I'm thinking is things can always happen whether we yeah, you can't prevent everything. And if you don't teach kids how to use things where they could eventually hurt themselves. Children won't learn anything, but you should just know which type of children that aged children you're giving this instruments do. Normally. It's not really dangerous. So normally it should be saved safe. There is this very, also very common Nutcracker. I believe many of you have this. And your kitchens also practical because many different types of nets and size of nets can be cracked with this. That's the one I would not advise so much to give to the kids because this one I have already seen grown-up people hurting themselves with the, with this type of Nutcracker. And it's not so easy to keep the balance of the nut. You need to. It's a little bit tricky to use. And people may hurt themselves, children may hurt themselves. That's not my first choice. If you think your children can handle it and teach it well to them. Why not told enough to use the tools that we're using? Because that's what they need for life. Here, again, the same type of nutcracker that you saw in the beginning and exercise. Let's attack that was on the exercise and that's another type. It will see that picture I've taken is really big because those children's hands holding. And here you can see how safe it is. The chart puts the net in and then screw with this wouldn't screw, screw and the nut breaks. Then the child has to screw up back again, take the shells out, and take the net out. Well, here's the thing. This is very safe, wonderful for small children and wonderful if we don't meet next merely to be cramped, because it takes a long. And this process is really taking a long time. If you're working with small children like in a kinda garden. This might be a wonderful exercise because at the same time they're practicing screwing. Which is really an important skill. If you work with all the children, they will most probably not have the patience to do that. So you might end up using a Nutcracker like this or any other type of nutcracker which you like to use. In any case, that's a very useful exercise, especially if you use the nets later, are eating together with the kids. But danger of course of this exercise is that children with crack and eat and crack and eat. So if you are very strict about not eating between meals and not eating the Montessori exercises. You cannot do this exercise because many children will try to match that they have cracked right away. And to make it a rule you can't eat is to, uh, to strict, to severe really for kids, I wouldn't enforce it. But if you are not so strict with eating between meals and you want them to learn, that's a fun exercise and who gets made. And one or two nets at a kids might not taste. That's also possible for sure. But dealing with those things some part and now here is the same as the children learn how to crack nuts and they find pleasure in it. They find it enjoyable. They're likely to do that later in life. Later. You might tell them about the health benefits of nuts, but not eating next, kilograms and kilograms of nuts, Only a few pieces. Explain it to them. You see how hard it is to crack those nets. This is bigger because God wanted us to be protected from eating too many of them. Although the agreement, but too many are not good anymore. So you can use this as a lesson. Then also, dealing in every day life with healthy foods makes the children to get used to healthy foods and to find it normal to have those around them. Then also going through the process of getting those foods ready for eating helps the children to get used to prepare things for eating from fresh and natural and not from can't pack. And this is so important for their later life, for the health, their later life. So I'm really strong advising you to introduce such activities in your classroom in order for the children to get used to those things without you telling me you have to eat healthy foods because that's not working. Here. It's a game, it's a fun game, it's a relaxing game. And you don't need to tell them they learned through absorbing. When they're absorbing mind, there is no need to tell them. And what we don't tell them is what will stay. Actions speak louder than words. And that's valid also for cracking naps. 11. Explanation why working with a screwdriver: I've prepared three exercises. What you're teaching the Children to use a specific tools tools, which they might know from the parents. They might also not know them, depending on the environment and how the Children grow up. It is very important to teach the Children the correct usage off tools. Um, and as you can see, the difference between the different screws. If I remove the tools way have every time we have a board with four screws. And if you want to prepare such exercises for your Children, feel free to, um, to begin with. Don't mix the types and decisive off the screws. You can choose any type of screw, which might be US group in with any type off screwdriver or wrench. If you think that your Children need ah lot off exercise for this type off word, you might want to preserve to prepare different boards with different sizes off six French different packs of screwdrivers with different shapes of screwdrivers, different sizes of screws and as an ending exercise like the hardest exercise, you might want to prepare a board that has different types of screws in which can be losing and brought back in with different sizes off the same tool for a different screw. Privatise different sizes of six wrench or different sizes off wrenches. Um, so they need to find the exact right size off rich six rents wrench or screwdriver toe position back each and every scruple to make Texas as harder. You might also want to pre Pierre Morse more than four screws you might want toe. Have five or six or seven screws that there is no new law that it should before. It's four for beginners, but it could be up to 10. If you think that your Children have the perseverance to screw and screw and screw back tens groups, I'm thinking five or six might be a fine number to do. To begin with. It's always good if you haven't exercise where Children can just use their hands for screwing. That might be very good as a beginning exercise, but they'll leave it there. The Children should learn to use different types off tools with their hands in the correct way, and to understand the different sizes and dislike the friends is in how these tools need to be handled and the another hint. I want to give. It is really important to have this different types because every time the movement is slightly different. If I want to show this to you, I'm using this like this. You can see. Okay, let me change the physician. Okay? I'm using this like this. This is my movement. My hand is coming from up him. That's a different type of movement. Then what's the range were I'm by the side. My hand Now it's not up. It is in one line, almost one line with screw and I'm pushing it gratis tightening. And it's also part in fortune to get to know that one side is tightening up ones that is losing their will. Do it wrong many times and to see I'm going toe here going back up. So this is a totally different type of movement. No, I'm not doing excesses and just show you how different is the challenge for the hand. As I mentioned, my hon has done different types of work for many, many decades. But the Children's hands have never has never done any of those. Now this one, I'm using it like this. Now, off course, you need to be aware of the fact that you hand is so much bigger and so much stronger than the Children's hand. But I'm challenging you. Try out the best way to use each of those you might want to us. Somebody who is a specialist like a carpenter or plumber. And then you really tell the Children this is this is the one. You go as far as you can. Uh, this is even going around. Wow, the run might not work. Always. If this is not well in, it's inside. I'm not. And they might find struggle with it. They might do this. And as this board can be held in their hands, they might go like this and succeed like this, and they should be allowed to do it because it would not be larger to give them aboard, which they can hold and then tell them you can't hold it. You have to keep it there. If you want them to practice more. I don't want them toe, um, hold the boards in their hands to think I can already use my hand. Yeah, but I can start in it. Well, I need to come back. Use my tool to really make it very tight. What? So what I was saying is, if you want the Children to practice using different types of tools screwing in and out different screws, but you don't want them toe hold the boards in their hand. You might want to prepare aboard on the wall, which is fixed where they can screw in and screw out. You can screw that board to the wall and provide a space here with a different screwdriver , drivers and branches where they can take the right one and practice taking this cruise in and out. And to have that as a fixed part of your classroom and then the practice something you something much harder. They can't hold it there. Have to struggle with the position off the board on the wall, and that is just fine. After they mastered these type off exercises, they should go toe next steps, so I'm challenging you. Get your would ready. Get your tools ready and let the Children were. Give them really tool store. One last thing I want to mention please do not give dirty or drools toe. The Children are tools which looked worn out or screws which are, um, not clean if they're dirty, If they look so used, give them shiny, beautiful things to work with. And there will be so happy to learn to use these things. And this is training, ah, lot off abilities and skills, which they will need to use for a lot of different types of work later in their life. 12. Screwdriver for screwing in screws: we have here. Uh, Phillips screwdriver. You see the shape like a cross on top. We have four screws in a wooden board and a place work to put the screws. This is another off the merry four possibilities to create practical life exercises for Children, which really leads them to learn what they need for daily life. And one of the very important skills is to use tools, any type off tools that they my encounter in life. And if they know how to use the tools, they will be able to learn many more things. Now, this exercise very easy. How does it work? Used a screwdriver and and screw. The first screw here is the whole Put the screw in the container, of course. Here the tray and the material is one you could also organize, um, aboard what's Justice Cruz and the holes and puts the screwdriver on the tray and provide a small container for this cruise, for this is just in one piece and it's perfect like this. I'm also happy with my hand. The last one was not well in. My friend didn't provided well for me. Didn't put paid well for me But it's out now. The exercises done but to in order to get it ready for my friend, I have to screw the schools in again. Well, I didn't place it well and you see, even I've been screwing a lot off cruise in my leg. That wasn't so easy, but the 1st 1 is in that it was the 2nd 1 Oh, that works well, 3rd 1 And you see, that's just a regular work which, um, maybe the Children have seen with the fraud us or they haven't seen it with the fathers in any place. It's really important that the kids will learn how to use certain tools. And this is just one way. As I said, easy also to prepare by yourself. Just prepare aboard. It's Cruz. This is with a Phillips screwdriver and let the Children practice and have fun 13. Using a Wrench: here we have another practical life exercising exercise, teaching Children to use tools. In this case, we have a ranch that is a wrench on. We have some screws, and we have to use the wrench to get the screws out. So let's see our that's making it stronger. Let me try to get them out. And just pretending to be a child here, using my two hands on my fingers are working easier. You're not teaching the kid well, the child might want to use her hands. This side works, and that actually is how to use it. And it's important for this exercise. It will be well screwed in, because when it's already very loose, it's easier to use the fingers to get them out, which is fine, anyway. And show it to you again. It's only one way where it works, and now it's already a little bit out, and I'm using my fingers to get them really out. This is in and this is out and Sturm the wrench. I find it not so easy to use. Maybe I should have done this more when I was a kid, but I got all the four screws out using the wrench as an ed. Now let me put them back in again. This is something that you can easily prepare. Oh, they are going in without using, too. That's not sec it because the holes are prepared. Well, that that's because those screws quite big. So all this cruiser in it looks as if it was ready for my friend. But I would tell the kids to really screw them very firmly so that they will be obliged to use the wrench because the holes and the tools allow me to use my hand. I just explained to them that could be the wheel of a car. So I need to screw them in very firmly what I can get them in with my finger on. That works in reality really well. But when I wanted to be firm, I need this tool. Now. It's really ready. What upsets like this for my friends again. And it's now the child wants to use the fingers to get it out. It doesn't work, so the wrench is needed, but all means that's making it stronger. Children need to try it out, and this is losing it, and you feel that you're losing it, losing it. And as I said, this is, uh and exercise, which is very easy to prepare. And now off course. It's so logic. Use your finger to put it out the 2nd 1 So what you have seen to lose and those that this type of screws the range must be needed so they must be screwed in firmly but and get them out. Any, um, crafts person, any handyman would use the fingers, but it's the auto mechanic much faster with them hand. But to make them firmly and put him firmly in a screwdriver is it's not a school driver. It's a range. He's. I really need it now already. I can use my hand, and if ever you happen to show it to the kid, tell them you can use your fingers as soon as you can, because look at my fingers thesis, really. Trading the fine motor skills very well on, then can not paying attention. It will not be in very well, so I'm using my fine motor skills. This is also training it's in, but it's not firmly in, so make it strong and this is how you teach it to make it strong. Put it in Enstrom and it should be and the 2nd 1 So don't, um, whenever you happen to teach you tradition. Don't allow something like this. They should really put it in tightly, so the French is needed to get it out. Yes, that's it, of course. I'm using my fingers again. Cut quite ended up. So it Whatever it's I'm needing, God brings to put it an auto mechanic that something Auto mechanics much dio when the change on tires. But many other things are also fix with such tool. Sometimes furniture uses this type of tools, so carpenters might be also using it. They're often clambers, used this type of tools and make it the duties. It's OK, that's really and then basis, how to position. And now it's ready for my friends again. This is teaching the Children how to use a French 14. Using a Sixwrench: he will have a very important practical life exercise. It is for everybody who loves to buy their furniture. At Kia, we have a six rich. This tool is called a six wrench, and we have the screws, which we need to get out and back in again. Be encouraged to just repair aboard with the holes. You drill the holes fitted for this type of screws, and you might want to have a small tray with the container for the screws and why you can place this, uh, six wrench again. These are really screws Rial would really would and a really six wrench. And it's really important not to provide toy things because of Children. Want to use what they see their parents using. They want to use riel things. Which day I know that they every. So we have these six wrench here. If I turn it like this, it becomes very firm for 12 losing it. It's the other way around, and like with the range, we need to really putting the screws tightly. Otherwise this exercise doesn't make sense or the tool might not be needed. Old strong. You okay, but possible that get the screws out, and I can use my fingers as soon as it's possible. That's okay, but to prepare it, make sure there's crews are tightly inside. That six wrench must be used now. This wasn't well in. Have you seen? It's then. If you think that your Children like this very much, you might want to put a five or six or 10 screws, and if you think they enjoy it, well, have they ate? Let's put him back in. I'm using my fingers at first, but that's not ready. That's not well screwed in. So let me use the tool. And we want to teach our Children to use proper tools to use them in the right way and to teach them what the tool. They can really do it much better than with their hand. Because with a hand, I can put the screw in a prepared hole. I can also fix it, but it will not be tight enough to hold furniture together, for example. So, really, whenever you show such an exercise, you bring in, you exercise into the classroom, explained to them. This is like tightening up furniture screen furniture together. You really need to talk to make it type. You place the tools you place the screw. Sorry. With your fingers, it looks OK, but you need you need the tool. And this is really interesting because as this is a hexagon shape, it can't be in any position. Now it's tight enough. And the last one let me use my fingers to screw it in. And this is really a very good exercise for the fine motor skills off a child. And this is well done. Now, now it's ready for my friends. If the child likes, he could lose under screws again. Put them back in as many times as the chart likes and enjoys. But if the child is happy with having it, then once, um, he or she might put it back to the shelf again. If the child is doing it many tires. Please don't stop them for us, this is something with this. Movements are movements. We have been done doing many, many times. For the Children. This is something entirely new, something their hands need just to on let them do it as often as they like. 15. Lacing Shoes : What's this? Another practical life exercise? This is already, um, one of the very advanced one, but still one of the Verne part and one's lacing your shoes. When I was a young mother, all our kids were shoes with shoe laces. It's not at The mothers would look at us as very bad, negligent mothers because all issues would shoe lows. Laces were being regarded as good choose healthy enough for the feet of the kids. So our kids needed to learn how to laced their shoes quite early. Um, these days, this is being neglected, and we need a lot of exercises to teach this difficult skill to the kids in this exercise. Um, you see, it's a board, a wooden board, um, with holes in it as shoe has been drawn on it. So it looks already like a shoot and a really shoe lace, of course, a sick one so the Children can easily handle. Now, this is really one step further from the dressing frames, which you got to know in another module my charter. But the good thing. It's easy to prepare for you. Um, most of my students who are working in the pre school environments have prepared these most of the time. What they do they use good, quite bored, caddied out whether standard knife punch, the holes and painted to make it firm and strong. Um, you might want to cut it out from wood. I think What is beautiful? Um, to draw the shoe in this case because it's an advanced exercise makes sense. It could be a shoe much simpler than this one. Okay, so what to do with it? I'm having the shoot on them having the shoe lace. And now the job really needs toe. Put the shoe lace in and do the ribbon, so it's a combined exercise. This is why it's really an advanced one, but still fully monty stories. So this is maybe the child lost. The shoelace came out, so he need to put it back in. OK, that's the easiest version that I know off. Put it in, put it out and then this one put it in, put it out, and now it's ready to be laced. I know there are a lot off a different verses, which have been used rhymes to teach Children. I like to just let them focus on what they're doing. So you cross it, go through, go around it, Goethe it and it's ready to go. That's it. Very easy. But not for a small child. I will show it to you again. Let the child focus on your movements, not on your words. If he use Ryen rhymes, they will focus on the words I want to take this out. And again, I'm using the easiest version. How to put it dearly, not any because this one that we often see in shoe shops let me just show it to you for an illustration. For Children, that's not really logic, and they will not find it is to do that. Even though people think it's so beautiful. Most Children will find it very complicated, and then you see what's happening. That's not the version we want to teach the kids. What we want to do is make it easy and make it work. Don't make a compromise in making the Children toe master perfectly like you want them to measure it out, taught and it should be even see should be even. Okay, Now it's even and straight. I'll take anyone. Don't tear it again or it will not be even. I bring it across over. I bring it in, I push it through. Don't Territo march and then I cross at the back and bring it out again. Very good. I'm taking the other one. I pack it in, carried out, cross over and you see, not really looks like a shooter. It's ready to be closed for me before running or going out. So you cross it a key in and do like this as if you want to make. I'm not. Now, if you can, you continue it strongly if you like. No need to if you don't like, but you can. Okay, make us. I'm told. Go around. Now you see, you can comment, but you comment what you do. You don't comment randomly, which what a rhyme would be. So you go around the slate and you push it through and make another sling with your son. And now it's ready to use. That's it. So teaching a child to put in the shoe lace and to his ship and delays the shoot. Thank you for watching 16. Weaving paper, practical life exercise and beautiful craft: we were paper. This is a very low cost exercise. Uh, it's you easy. You can prepare it very easily, and the Children will love it because they get great results from this weaving paper belongs to the practical life area. Because of training, practical life skills, we'll be 500 skills on and the Arria skills with which the Children are learning so they belong to the practical life area. Now, how to prepare this? As you can see on this page a picture you need simple paper. If it's a little bit stronger as a little bit harder than 80 grams, if that is very good, if you can have paper with them, 100 Grand's A 120 grams or even 160 grams, especially for them rectangle. Where we weave into that will be much better, much more efficient and much easier to manipulate for the Children. Also, the stripes would you have to cut please stay off from hard of paper. That makes it much easier for the Children if you use one. If you use 80 gram colored paper that makes it hard afforded Children, so you want to prepare this exercise all you need is colored paper and sisters. Um, you can see it here. This paper. Um no castings have been made. Not until the X. There is some space here. There's some space here. We used a ruler to draw where we want to cut. In this case, I have folded the paper in the middle and just cut with the scissors. But you might also want to new use a knife and then you can use the ruler and cut it along the night in access. What you do, you prepare the rectangle. Oh worthy Children we've and to and you prepare the strikes. That's a little bit off work, but it's really worth it. This will keep Children busy for quite some time. What is really important? Use contrasting colors in this case, abused yellow and blue. You see one sample here, which is light yellow and green. I'm having another sample here which is very light blue and dark blue. Off course. Those are shades of blue, but contrasting and easy to see. And here you can see how I've made this. I have folded the paper and then cut the stripes. Thes cuttings are made with Caesar's. Okay, so the Children, we'll get it on a tray. So you need a tray for this? What? You have to paper or paid. First, you might prepare Martin one on one tray and the strikes. No, if you are cutting very fine stripes like in this sample, that makes it harder. Because fine stripes take much more patients toe finish the success off. What the Children are doing takes much longer to be visible and feel a ball. If you use, why strikes wider strikes like in this, Just like in this example. You see, a few stripes are needed on the A four is already completed. So this one would be a much easier version then. This what? And this would be a medium version. So you have the easiest because the stripes are so why you have medium version. They are much narrow, finer, and those are the finest. So that would be the hardest version. So you re Pierre a tray which has many men stripes. Would you have appeared and f You have a larger group and several Children would want to do this exercise one after the other. You might want to play several prepared cheats on the tray and, of course, a lot of those stripes. Now the Children might take the tray and start working on it. And, of course, those stripes need to be longer. Then these piper. Otherwise the Children are not ableto manipulate it well. If the child is tired off working, the child might push. This neatly says, Well, I'm finished for the moment. It's 1/2 finished product and put it back to the shelf if you use it during free work. If your Children are older, you might want to tell them. If you take this out, you finish one that is for school Children. Um, thank you prepared us for school Children. They should know I should finish one before I put it back. And in this case, several papers are really needed. What you just do starting from it's so easy to see from him. You start from one end down, up, down, up, down, up and you always have to lift those up with your hand. You concede also very well here. How it is be woven off course in the beginning. And this is why for very small Children, that's really not the exercise they should do, depending on their fine motor skills and on whether they are girls a voice. Depending, uh, girls most of the time developed fine motor skills faster, maybe from four for boys, maybe from five. They can start doing this and we'll be up and down, up and down, out until they are finished when the product is finished. I don't have a picture of this, but let's say it's finished and it looks like this. Now Option number one you view you use, um, glue to PLO the ants to the paper so they can't be called out are pushed out and believe it like that. Do you use it like the carpet? If you want to leave it like that and make it permanent, use laminating for a three because that's a four paper and laminate with those ends. But that's not so easy. It's possible, and some Children like those ends, but it's really not so easy. Toe monopoly. My advice. Let the Children include those ends. Let him let him blue those ends, uh, cuts them and then lemonade with regular a four laminating foil, and then you can use it as when he sets the table to make the table look nice to mark the place for each time on the table. You might want to have this as a class project so each child will do their own PayPal set were they will set the table where it puts their cops and glasses or whatever to make the table look nice. And you might maybe do several of those, like having them the colors according to the season. So you might want tohave, um, light yellow and life green. In springtime, you might want to have a dyke green and start and read in, um, Christmas time. You can vary the colors so you get a full set for each child in your class, and they can use this during mealtimes. Tow sets the place where they are eating the A meals, but you could also prepare them as gifts which the Children carry home. So the Children are waving those at any time of the year, laminate them, and then they may take them homos gift for the parents, siblings, aunts, grandmas and so on. That's also a possibility. So if they do it any time of the year the contest. Surprise the parents with a neat gift. Maybe Children will be encourage of. The parents are using those. The Children might be encouraged to make more so that after some time that the mother has four or five for the whole family. T is on the breakfast table or dinner table, so or you make it a class project and you use it for some charity events. Let's say you prepare for a home for the aged and one toe each elderly person to use during meal time, so make it a charity project or make it a class project. You say Okay, we're going to get one toe each parent or all families in our class are going to get a set with as many as are in the family and then, depending on how many Children the family has, or if grandmas or grandpas living with them, the Children need to make more or less. If you plan something like this, make sure you start early. An accident. Children not tired to work towards a tar get that's for school Children, not for youngsters. In this case, that would be a school project yeses to look towards future and to plan towards future and to work towards future towards an end. That's really a little bit taxing. Too much sexy. I wouldn't advise it in every case. Visit, evicted, whether you make it media or very easy, and the Children work on it in a very neat way or in the more disorganized way. This is a beautiful, fun project for your practical life area. 17. Weaving : When I want to show you how you can make a very easy, easy to use weaving loom. Sorry. Very easy, very low cost. And because the method is so easy, so simple and so cheap, you could even make one weaving loom per child, so each child can do their own activity. Really easy, very fast. Address. Third, take one, A4, paper. Use cardboard, don't use papery papers to see. Maybe 160 gram would be just fine, laminated easy use, stronger nominating foil like 125 micron, that would make it better. And then you can't event cuttings into both sides of the A4 paper. So you can see, please make sure you measure it out. Those should be really even you might want to decide on one centimeter or 1.5 centimeters. If the stripes are too narrow, it's very hard for children to Vive. They meet a wider space. Looms all the lumps you see in the next pictures. We did 1.5 centimeters because we want it to be to be fit for kinda gardening. And 1.5 centimeters, just really fine. You cut on both ends that down ads that you see here. And then the append, it has not been cut yet. This needs to be cut. And this is going, this is being cut. So both sides you cut. The next step is use sin rule and do like this. You wrap it around and you tear a legit bit. Because you want space. You see those threats. We use regular rule remnants, leftovers from regular wall. And we want the cardboard eliminated carpet to bend. So it will be it will be bend. And then underneath the threat, there is space for the hands to work. And because that space, the way we did it is quite big. That makes it very easy for the children to weave. In this picture. You see the way we did it. Can you see, oops. Up and down, up and down. As if we were weaving with DOS, cut the cut. Stripes. Don't wrap it around because if you wrap it around, you can't get this shape of a loom. So up-down, up-down. Always use, since threat for preparing the moon. Use should be the one to prepare the noon for the kids. And the kids would be the one to we've now the smaller kits, the big card should be the use for weaving because they will get fast. Results. Very nice. Is it if you use ribbons for weaving like this and this little carpet when it came off, really looked gorgeous. But this one is very hard to handle because the setting ribbons, they are, they're not stay in place. They are white. You get a result very fast, but they are not easy to handle. So my advice US SEC rule. And then what you see here is the needle that we're using. It's not really a needle. We also cuts this shape from a cardboard, laminated it, and cut a threat like the eye of a whole like the eye of a needle. And this is where the wall is getting through and the child can use this. It's almost like a ruler to go up and down and up and down, up and down and with his carpet. You can see how this works better here. You can go up, down, up, down and okay, basis the teacher trying trying it out, she's going up, down, up, down before tearing the wall. And this is the method that I would prefer ugly teach to the kids. Go up, down, up, down, up, down. Would this prepared me needle, which is not a needle by the laminated cardboard and weave and T, the carpet is done. Again for all the children, you might want to use ribbon. And at this ribbon should also give you an idea. You could use all types of recycling materials for weaving. You could cut up plastic bags, use those for vv, cut them into stripes. You could have old rats left of a fabric, which you could cut into stripes and use them for weaving. You could use natural materials like grass and straw for weaving. Now it really depends on your learning goal. If your goal is mainly to teach the children be leaving. Those weaving looms should be in the classroom and the children can take it up so they don't have to finish at once. That's really important for kids. They don't have to finish at once, that's important. But if you want to make more as an artwork, you could use all different types of materials which you can think of. As I mentioned, straw ribbons. You can cut stripes from plastic, from paper bags, from any type of material and weave those and make like an art project from it. That is your choice. But the basic weaving for learning how to weave as a practical life exercise in the classroom. My advise US again, contrasting colors. In our case, the loom is yellow. The needless blue. Threat that we have been using to prepare is also this one is like black. That's not know, it's blue, it's dark blue. Is dark blue. The needle is shiny blue. Can you see it? And the wall that we're using is red. So those contrasting colors are really important. Ones. The carpet is all finished. Just take it off. It can't be you can't get loose, nothing can happen. You can test, take it off and use it like this. Or you could put it on a frame or into a frame as you like. But if you just take it out, take it of the loom, it works, it will not dissolve itself. So have fun with weaving. That's an important activity. The challenge should know how fabric is being produced. And even until today, all fabric we are wearing, which is woven, It's being produced like this, of course, not by hand, but the children do that. Later. They will understand how big an effort it is to make a piece of fabric which will be sewn into trousers or skirts or blouses, and they will treasure it much more. So there is a value lesson also in doing these old techniques, teaching these old techniques, there was evolving carpets. If ever they happened to buy those, maybe they will want to negotiate the price. Understanding how much work is behind the carpet, help them to treasure more and respect more also those people who are doing that for us. Which is really an important lesson. We're living in a time where things must be always cheap, things must be always fast, MSB always available, and we don't teach respect for things. We are living in a time and age where we tried to consume as much as possible. And those historic techniques which are actually still violent because the basic principle hasn't changed. Really need to be taught kids to understand how things well, where things come from in order to treasure them more. So I think and believe very much that teaching the children to V, to weave and let, letting them with is really important for the character development and for the development of their values in life, for the goals in life and their attitudes. So don't be afraid, don't think it's old-fashioned. It's really fun. And you can have beautiful artworks from this practical life exercise. 18. Braiding Ribbons: So this is another practical life exercise easy to make by yourself. What do you need? You need some cardboard that's just a for cardboard. Laminate the cardboard as you see from the shiny shiny. We have used it with shiny laminating fall to make it look very attractive for Children with autism, made sure to use very attractive and bright colors for the whole exercise. You don't need a trade for this because it's all fixed together. So what you need is a four cardboard laminated, and then you punch holes in the upper end and push three different colors off ribbons through the three holes that you are pushing. Can you see the holes? A punching? Sorry you punch three holes and three different colors are be lets through those holes like the threat goes through a needle. You fix the Rebus Eddie backside off this cardboard laminated cardboard. Make sure it's really fix you glue in what we have done. In this case, we have colluded with liquid glue. Then we have placed some strong sello tape, our need to make it really permanent, and then we have laminated a strip off them. Same play, same yellow paper laminated it and included all, too, the glute on with sello tape fixed ribbons to make sure they're really permanent. But in this case, it looks need from the back and and from the front that you have three rebels in three colors looking out. Unfortunately, here it's a little bit clearer about because of the light. You can see the different colors so well. It's very important. It must be different colors. Otherwise, braiding is too hard for Children. Well, um, we have white. We have parked pink, pink, and this is a very light pick, but you might want to use blue, yellow and red. You might want to use dark blue, light blue and red. You can choose any contrasting colors. This is a silky river you can see from the size of its a little bit. Why, either river. And, uh, the ribbon you use should be wide enough to make braiding easy. That this advantage off the silky ribbon is when you really tear what you're braiding, it becomes really small and sin. So this is really hard exercise. Ever know the ribbons have different colors, even though they are wide enough because when you tear it together, it becomes so narrow and so fine. That's a hard one. You can see when they are still use how big this is on. Some Children might do it like this, but when they do it properly, it looks like this. So the Saiki ribbons make it harder if you want to introduce this earlier, or if your Children are not so very well killed. Use felt ribbons, ribbons, which are from made from felt. You might also crush it, ribbons yourself. Then they are much thinker, and the mortar Children can feel the easier it becomes to braid. So felt ribbons are very good. They also hold to each other. While this one is the self is so a smooth it's not easy to manipulate but them for bigger Children. That's very perfect. And this was perfectly made up, purposely made for all the Children toe still encouraging to practice Brady because braiding is a great exercise that prepares Children for writing for hand writing because braiding is like handwriting. Yeah, so this is an important exercise if you want the Children to develop handwriting skills. Braiding is like a must exercise, but it doesn't belong to the language area Blaster. Practical life areas. Still, um, it's a fun exercise again. This should be done by preschooler, starting with the five years and up practical life skill which prepares also for weaving, handwriting and many other activities. You could have to braiding exercises in your class from one easier. One would felt, um, felt ribbons and one with silky ribbons and different colors. So all the Children are attracted because this exercise is a really, really important one. As imagine, starting with preschools. Um, five years and above, I wouldn't do it below unless you have a child who is really, really skilled in this case, you might do it, introduced it earlier. If you are teaching primary school kids, that's a great exercises exercise for them to train the concentration, their organization skills to know up and down, left and right, the position off things in the environment, and also for training their hands for handwriting and for many practical life skills, which they will want to learn letter. So have fun with this great exercise from a practical life area 19. Winding Ribbons, wool,etc: Wrapping or winding. This is Hyde would look like when their children have done it. Let me show to you. That's a train. You have a quite thick rope that's like a beginner straight from left to right. I don't know from which side you look at it. In any case, should be left to right from the side of that kid. So to me it looks wrong now. Because to me it's right, left. So for you should be like this. You have that rope. And this one is quite long. It's a sick ones so it doesn't easily get tangled. You have something to wind on. You have something to wind on. And the children have to take the rope and rapid all around the centerpiece for wrapping until it looks like this. Not have done it and they're finished it. There left to do is rapid again and gets the tray ready for their friends. That's important in activity. Those of you who are older, they might remember when demands and it pull lovers and socks which had gotten too small. And you are helping to wind the wall until Mom could use the wool again to do something new with it. But today, still we need to wrap and wind, whether it's bands, ribbons for gifts, different things set the practical life activity that is training this, working in a concentrated way like this. And we want the children to train their upside down, left and right, front and back. Knowing where they end their hands and their body is in space all around. And this is what is being taught through this activity. There are other ways which you could prepare it. And I'm having some pictures what my students did. This student decided that child has two. We'll get a wrapped on ribbon and has to transfer the threat are the ribbon to this one. Child would take the end of the ribbon on this spool and rapid onto this spool. So that's harder than what I've shown to you. More complicated, more complex. So that's another way of presenting this exercise in a more complicated way and a more complex way. Then this student decided that she wanted that children to wrap the woul from how we normally present Wu onto this pool. But then from the spool it needs to go back onto this. So this exercise is quite hard and quite demanding because to hold this tiny piece of wool and start rolling gait and wrapping it in, winding it until the exercises again, ready for the Friends with an empty sp2 and full a ball is quite demanding, quite complex for the kids. But of course, you should challenge your children. Appreciate very well at which state your keeps our and prepare the right exercise for them. This is an important one. 20. How to make a knitting jenny : Cut a pay per row into the length you want it to be for your netting journey. If that paper roll is not firm enough, use wood glue to paint it out before proceeding with the next steps. If it's strong enough and firm enough, you can skip this step. The next step is to use double-sided seller tech just put shorter pieces around the roll, in this case a toilet paper roll. This will help you to possession the needles and to really make sure they are spaced in equal spaces and they are of equal length. For a narrow road like this, foil role would just used four of the pin, which was just perfect and helps the children to see their result very fast. Compared the height. And then next, use transparent seller type to now hold them in their position. For the toilet paper roll, you can use many more pins, but the result is seen after a much longer time of netting. Here with proceeded to making it look appealing, to making it look attractive, and to giving it a nice touch. All the row, that is all the netting Jenny is being covered up. What powered tape? That power tapes holds the pins permanently in their position. It makes it look attractive. So we also cover it under down and we don't want the cardboard to be seen anymore. Make sure you stretch it out. There are no wrinkles. In this case. We needed to do more layers before it really looked appealing, attractive, and neat. Fit doesn't look neat, that children will not be motivated to use it. So really take your time to make it, take your time to prepare it. And that will be your guarantee that the children will be using it, will be using it in a respectful way. And we'll have fun with the netting activity, which you will teach them. In the next step, I will show you how to prepare and how to teach using the netting. Jenny, in the next video. In the meantime, have fun preparing it. 21. Sewing on buttons: Sewing on a button. This is an activity which you can prepare for children starting 4.5 years. That's the earliest. Cut a piece of jute, find a very big button which has just two hosts, a plastic needle and a big threat for children who have advanced fine motor skills and organizations close, you can prepare the activity like this. A button which is smaller and has four hosts that's advanced. Don't start with this, but for bigger children, this is a very rewarding activity. As in all practical life activities, let the children start from left to right. And that children should also put the thread into the needle. This is why the need should have a big I and the threat should be quite big. Needle and thread having contrasting colors. That's really important and that makes it easy to start with usual that children how to start and how to do the activity. Do it very slowly and try not to hide what you're doing, what your fingers so that children can see what they have to do. On this photo, you see how good it is to have contrasting colors. The thread comes out of 1000 and the blue needle goes in the other side of the hole. We cut stripes of the fabric, wouldn't give the journalist square fabric because they're working on the front and back side of the Arabic as the Sioux on the buttons. If the button can be used and from the fabric without destroying the fabric, that children should be taught to lose in the baton and make the tray ready for the friends again. But if the fabric does not allow it, like this type of Jude does not allow it. The other type of Geodata had allows it. The children could keep it on in this in this way. I need more buttons and more pieces of fabric so that children can take so and take it out and keep it. And if the 12, so two or three, they can still do that because the repetition of activity makes a children a master. Different colors can be provided. As I mentioned, if it's possible, Teach them to lose so that the tray will be ready for the friends again. But if this destroys the activity, don't. That cross stitch patterns would for house give the children early one, button two, so on to start with one, you have this type of button. Even if the buttons are really big. This is a challenging activity. Be aware of that. And that's really for all the children. That atactic sequence would be selling on just one button, sowing into buttons, and then three buttons before. So when unbuttoned with four hose, makes sure don't give challenging activities to children when they are not ready. Here you can see how beautiful it looks and how the contrasting colors of threat, needle fabric and baton at Trey are so important for the children to be able to focus on the activity and to understand, feel, and see what they're doing. That's red we're using, using is actually cotton. It's a type of rule but woven or span very tightly. So it's B, it's very easy to put it into the needle and the children can really hold it and feel it very well as the duty activity. So make sure you prepare beauty for one. 22. Cutting Paper: Cutting paper. Well, I have to introduce this activity a little bit. Kinda gardens moms and children Sabbath School in Sunday School in wherever children are, even at primary school. In primary school, we want children to do crafts. You want them to be able to cut straight. We want them to be able to cut shapes. We are expecting that they're able to clue or paste, but we never taught them bells, things. Maria Montessori set, that's a no-go. There is something called isolation of difficulty. Isolation of difficulty means you teach the child, or even a grownup person, only one thing at a time. You want the child to learn how to handle scissors. Teach them just how to handle scissors. You want the children to learn how to carry scissors. Teach them just to carry scissors. If you are in the Montessori environment, that's what you would do. You would start by teaching the child how to carry scissors with the sharp end down and the plastic end up, the hand up. And that would be the first activity, how to carry assessor in a correct way. The second, you would teach a child, after mastering that, you would teach a child how to handle essays are again, using the hat a hand. The child will hold the sharp end of the season and handed her with that handle, the plastic handle, and then receive it back. Whether handed handing over us is a correctly is another exercise which will be taught or must be taught separately. If we're not teaching those, we cannot expect that the children know them. Next, we want the children to be able to cut. Now, patting is so challenging again and again and again. In my classes, I am experiencing people ground up women and men. But as MTG, more women than men, price, how many women in this world are not able to cut in a straight line, whatever the cut out looks not neat. That's because they didn't learn it. We cannot expect from kids what we didn't teach them. So we want to teach them to cut. Now you've cut once. That's much easier in cutting several cuts and making it straight, that's totally heart. So the first exercise for cutting that we even prepare for our children is just like this. Have a tray. Prepare papers stripes on vector_a, scissors. And then there is no, there are no trace traits, nothing, there's no lines on the stripes. So the children can just cut up the stripes. Anyhow, they lend C-A-T. C-a-t. C-a-t. C-a-t. C-a-t. C-a-t. C-a-t. Now, what is missing on this tray is a container while the children have to keep the PCs, which they have pet, the cat off, pieces need to be kept somewhere. So on this tray up container for DOS or missing big secret, those containers, our empty them from time to time as I also need to replace those stripes. And those, those p's, PSPs, which are cutting in all the cutting exercise I'm going to show you and keeping them and using them for AP, pasting exercise. So I don't need to cut pieces of paper. Now many of you will tell me I learned to cut from newspaper. Well, let's okay. If you let an, a really poor country where you cannot afford paper. But if you want to work in a real Montessori environment, please afford paper, plain paper, and then make sure this is why I've chosen this picture even though the container is messy and please don't bring such as into the environment. One container n0 is needed on this tray. And you should be here. For the cutoff pieces. You have a white tray and shiny yellow or orange paper and glue scissors. The trace white, but the other things have color, so they can be easily seen by the child and the child can easily focused when the pieces of paper that child is cutting off, our trade, because of trade is where the child is working. The child sees them easy and can put them into the container where they belong after the cutoff. So that's a beginning exercise. Then next step. And here you see it correctly. There is a container to be like this for me. But any fluke? Yeah. Photos are always upside down. Make sure you went from left to right. So this is, this should be on the left side. That's the next one in the middle, and that's on the right side where the way the chart looks at it. So that's the next step. Here. You have the scissors. They are safe scissors for kids. And you have lines on those stripes. It doesn't show very well on the picture, but there are several stripes on that tray. And the child will cut exactly along those lines. Again, small pieces of paper will be net result and they need to be put into this container, which I will empty from time to time and keep the stripes, the pieces rather, for my pasting exercise. Of course, those stripes need to be prepared by me. And I'll tell you one secret what I'm doing. That's not the best picture, but in any case, I use a, really a ruler and a pencil and felt pen to draw them once, not on colored paper. I don't do that. I draw those lines on white paper once for each type of trade, R1 to prepare better for the kids. I do one A4 paper and then I copy it. So I need to draw the lines only once because cutting up the stripes is already enough word. So I'm drawing them early ones and then I have them. I just provide for the kids. Now, what does it mean to work step-by-step? This would be the next step. The lines are again, we work left to right aluminum or to hold it. Because it's a picture. And you have the container for the cat up stripes, you have the lines. This has more lines. This is why it is harder than the other one we have seen. Which has lesser lines. Still. Cutting up those lines takes only one movement and therefore is easy. After your children are able to cut those straight lines. The next thing you will want to provide is bent lines to one side and to the other side. The next one would be zig zag, zig SEC, which children are cutting. And you see, that's the movement that they will be making. And that's we want them, we want them to be able to move their hands very well. That's one of the learning goals with this exercise. Very important. And the next one, you want them to cut our way. And their movement will be like this. Of course I'm exaggerating. And all of those are needed to. Please provide one tray after the other, one tray after the other. A child can do only what he learned to do. So if you are not teaching the kids to cut, how will they be able to cut? And now you have a much, much harder exercise. This is a spiral, but it's a rectangular spiral. So still the chiller cut in straight, but they have to follow the lines straight. And that's already quite hard, but very rewarding. Yeah, we have a plate here. A plate because the spiral is the Jordan Hall in one end, it will really look like a spiral, just a rectangular one. If they're able to do that, they have gone very far and you should be proud of them and happy for their development. And in my didactic sequence, which I've provided for you, that's the hardest one. Cutting round, again a spiral. This is why I have again, the plate cutting round is the hardest. So in my detecting sequence from what I've shown, you did the hardest. And this would be for spirals if you provide new should provide many sites rectangular pieces. And as I told you, I draw them just once, cut them into pieces and photocopy again and again and again. So I don't need to draw it all the time. But your children will love cutting. All the children will have cutting. If you allow them to cut by themselves and you don't give them extra challenges with doing crafts where they have to pay attention to so many different processes and steps and tools and challenges. Just one, they will enjoy it after the master will. We give them another one? And like this, you allow them to develop very well. When, by one. By the way, whatever got into beginning, a child who cannot cut, cannot draw. A child who cannot cut, cannot write. If the chat cannot cut a straight line like this, chad cannot draw a straight line like this lagging. I if the child cannot cut around line like this, the child cannot draw around land. If you cannot cut around like you can't draw around line. Which means at the same time with all those exercises, you are helping the children to develop really good graph bricks, which are needed for writing and for drawing it, for cursive writing and for print. And that's what you want our kids to be well-prepared and to find easy what they need to learn. 23. Locking Patlocks ontu a wooden Ring: An interesting locking activity. These type of law. 24. Grating Soap: So today we're going to practice grating. All we need is a greater any type of greater and a piece of regular soap. And in case you didn't know. So can be great Tet with any type of greater verifying liquidus, one or more rough. And depending on the shape of greater you have, you get bigger or smaller pieces of soap. Now I'm having one example here. You have this rectangle, rectangle shape greatest. They are very practical for gratings soap because the children can hold them, press them down and great, onto a plate or into a bowl. Makes sure the bow is big enough to allow the greater to stand in flat and the children and grating the soap. Now you might think that's a hallways of soap, but there are two things to it. Number one, soap is not food, so we can use it for all types of activities. And we don't want to waste food. You might have thought, well, I could Great cheese, but number one, to keep cheese on the shelf. It's not hygienic atop salmonella and all types of things. And then it's like playing with food. And at the same time, if you happen to have a child which loves cheese, that child would start eating the cheese. Instead of focusing on the grating, we want children to focus on the great thing is, is while we're using soap, that great itself, the small, small pieces should be kept in a smaller bowl, which must be provided on the tray. And then let, those could be used to make soap in different shaped BY shapes. Sorry, as many soaps that has nice others because you can melt grated soap. So the children will let her understand it. It makes a purpose. When you prepare that tray for them. Make sure you tell them that all the grape itself must be neatly kept. Make sure you keep them in tight containers and the children will know you're keeping it, you're not throwing it away. And then later when you make soap with them, maybe as a gift for Mother's Day, they will understand why they were great thing. So basically, here is another picture to show you how to prepare it. You have the bow, you have a transparent tray and this guy, in this one, you have around greater. And as you can see, the round greater makes such a round hole in the soap. That's interesting. If another child starts by this correlate, all the soap will be used up. And the soap which has been created is being kept in the bow. In this case, as the soap is almost ready bit sticky, you might want to keep it inside, but much better is if you, if you don't have the tray like this, but you have a separate container, the great itself. And they maybe have a brush whether children can clean the ball out and keep the graded soap in one part. So great himself is one great activity. For the practical life area. Of course, what they are learning from it. They will be able to great carrots and all types of root vegetables. They will be able to great bread as well to be used as breadcrumbs for cooking. By the way, if you wanted to have the children great bread, dried roles or longer pieces of bread like baguette is good for the children for grading because they can hold it well. But again, the danger for children to eat up, to be tempted to eat dinner. And then the focus is away from the activity. I think So it's just a perfect sync to be granted. None food and therefore very safe. So have fun with this activity. 25. Using Mortar and Pestle: This exercise is great, great fun using a more term. In Europe, not so many people are still using more tests as their daily tools in our kitchen. But as in other parts of the world, more tests are still in use on a daily basis, especially for grinding spices. Bead mortars are being used. According to my knowledge, mainly in Africa to, to do whatever we are doing with different types of blenders and needing machines. They are big wooden mark tests which have been used to prepare food. Now using a mark that is a fun exercise for kids. And you can see here an interesting and well-prepared tray for a mortar and pestle to exercise. You have spices as ceramic Marta and a container into which thinks that being the grinded spice being put after they are being grinded PIDA Marta, you grind something in a mock them and you have a small brush in order to clean the Martin. Now, let me show you how this tray looks like. You have left to right. The spice which needs to be ground, the martyr and the PESTEL, and an empty container into which the ground spice or grains will be put. You need a brush to clean off the mortar very well. Now, you might want to provide a glass container with a nib for the spice of grain which you want to be ground. Because then you can provide a larger and bigger quantity. But this container needs to be white so that from the mortar, it can be poured into that container. If you have a container with a lid, that's also OK. When preparing this prey. The students wanted to be beautiful and harmonious. The focus is on the gray. And because the grain is black, she decided to have the tray also in white. So when something falls, control of error, it can be easily seen. Different, different spices which are grain, can be used very well for grinding. If you search the internet, very often you will find grinding activities or more activities using egg shells. The egg shells they break very easily. They make an interesting noise. And they can let there be a day, can later be used as fertilizer for plants. That makes this grinding. Eggshells with a mortar. Very int, and very interesting activity. My students in China also do this activity because there they eat a lot of egg and keep the actions for that and discouraging it. In Austria, actions are forbidden to be used in kinda gardens for sure, cause I'm not sure, but for kindergartens I'm 100% sure. Due to the danger of salmonella, actions can't be used for any activities in any kinda garden in Austria needs due to their hygienic and because there's a real danger of the salmonella bacteria to spread through this activity. You might not want the provided, provided either in school or in kindergarten. But there are lots of spices which are grains which can be used for this activity. Rose Mary, for example. Coming. Just think about spices, you know, and then you know, which one you want, you might want to use. And the net internet of authors in activities using a martyr with a banana. I don't like that one too. Because you destroy the banana. The banana will get brown easily and very fast. And that means you use food and you throw away food. You didn't show respect for the food. So I don't think this is a good idea. Were as you use fresh herbs, freshly harvested Herb screen ones, they could be grinded. That's possible. Make sure you provide a container which has a lid. Then you can use those for cooking. And you don't throw them away. Whenever you throw away food, that's a no go. Don't use any of those. You have different types of grain here you have a Wu De more. This is only part of the train out to be like this. Now, laughter, I get pictures always turned everything in the wrong side. You have different types of grain, also spices. You have a wooden mortar and ground spices. On the other side of the motor, there is a container for those spices. Now, if you use a ceramic Marta, the noise make clean. And it's louder. If you use a wooden one, it makes pay. And it's softer. You might want to choose depending on the character of your children. I had children who could not have supported this. Because remember, the journal will be doing it in the classroom while other children and maybe reading or doing math. Whereas the word N1, the pen, is softer and easier to bear. In any case, this is a rewarding activity. My first choice is to use spices, which you can use afterwards in the kitchen. Cook something together. What the children from the spices damp ground. And then it's rewarding any perfectly makes sense. One grain I like very much for this activity is sesame seed. Sesame seed is quite soft. It becomes a little bit oily when you grind it, it's like mashed. But as this contains a lot and assume you might want to use it for baking bread and provide more calcium for a healthy bone development of your children. And you could use that also as a lesson tending. Let's crank the sesame seed because we use them and get enough calcium for having healthy teeth and healthy bands. So provide a martyr, provide more activities. But thinking of a very well, which things you want the children to grind. 26. Grinding with a Coffee mill: Grinding using a coffee mill is an old-fashioned coffee. Maybe. I bought it on a flea market. It's hard to use it when you hold it in the air. Movement is very important for children to develop their brain and their synapses. You put grain here. It's made for coffee. Actually, you put the grain in here, turn it round. And then once you have ground, what? You will find it here in this drawer. So that's really interesting for children. They put it in here, may be using a funnel. I don't know. Take out the drawer, I should put it down and then it's a little bit strong. And then from here, what they have ground, ground into a container. I have been using coffee Mills to grind coffee because it's very low cost. If you buy a big batch of coffee beans, cheap coffee beans. And the children love the other of the coffee. I have been doing this with children with autism spectrum disorder. They're very sensitive to smell to order. And that gives that helps them to focus on what they are doing. So it was purposeful, does something which has a sweet and, and a very intensive other. Adult children with sensory integration disorder will also profit from this activity very much. But it's not just coffee that you can grind. You might want to let the children grind wheat. And that makes it very interesting. And you are going with this practical life activity into the direction of cosmic education. Because if you use wheat kernels and grind them, which is possible, you will get some type of rough for a flower. And if a lot of children are grinding and provide the container, you might want to bake bread from the grains which they have ground. So that's going into cosmic education, where as this is a practical life activity, one that most children enjoy. Because these days they are not getting to see this type of coffee meals anymore. Well, but there are other types of coffee mills like this one. It's transparent. So you put the grain, can you see my hand? You put the grain in here. It says coffee. If you want to breath a grind wheat, wash this off. You put the grain here and you see this continuous, quite big. So you can put a lot inside and the children will see it fall down that drawer. And this is nice because this rock can be taken out and you pour What you have ground into the container to keep it. I this type, even though the old-fashion one is just reminding me of my young years. But this one is for children because they don't have those memories. That if you can get one of these. Perfect, I could turn it like this. And you can see that is to say, well, if you find that in the sleep market, get it. If you are able to find one like this, make sure you get it. That's the greatest for kids. The most interesting for keeps, they learn the most when you use something like this. But that's not the only kind of meal that you can use. This is a pepper mill. You might want to take this off or painted. You see this is Jude. It says pepper. You might want to paint this in an attractive color like red. And it will look so interesting, but this peppermint is great weight. Let me hold it properly. You grind like this. And you see, that's how you grind. What you do is this is the opening. You put the grains in here. You close it and you start turning, and then it comes out here. So why this type of meal for an exercise for kids? It should be on a container and then they will do this. And they can put it into a bowl and grind like this, and it will automatically neatly fall in. Now, this is a paper mill, but you don't need to use pepper. To grind pepper grains. You can use coming. You can use many different types of grains. With that dry spices which come in grains. Use healthy ones and the children will enjoy even tried garlic would work out. Try out which Grains work best and use ones. Use those ones which you will want to use for cooking with the kids or for kids. But I like this because it really looks like some old-fashioned machine. And that makes it so interesting because this is so different. This movement makes a nice sound. The sound is a point of interest. And this movement is different from this movement. So if you have happened to find both, get both and grind different types of grain. Now if you put if you want to prepare at tray for your kids, it might look like this. That's also an interesting Mill. Left to right. You have a container with grains which need to be ground. This container has a lead, so the grains don't lose their order. A spoon to take the grains into this. And from here to here. You might also go without a spoon. For example, if you wanted to, to pour from the container into the coffee mill and it works, then leave out the spoon and the container for what they have ground. That is how a tray might possibly work. And on this photo you see a meal number four. So any type of meal you are able to get, use it and prepare most attractive, interesting trace if possible, with a nice either. In any case with an interesting sound, makes sure that the container with the grains is always fold so that children can keep on grinding and grinding. According to my experience, children love grinding and they go and grinding for along time. 27. Cleaning a mirror: Cleaning a mirror. That's a rewarding mantissa exercise. And of course, the learning goal is for kids to learn how to clean a mirror perfectly. But actually when they're able to clean a small mirror on a tray like this one, they will be able to clean windows later. So that's the first step to teaching them to clean windows and how to prepare it. You need a tray, left to right. You have a mirror on the tray as big as the, as the trait and hold. So it's really interesting to do if the mirror is too small, it's not interesting. Then you'll have a cloth which is perfectly fit for cleaning a mirror in a way that it will really look neat and clean and the way you would want to use it and cleaning substance, um, um, make sure what you give to the children to use for cleaning shouldn't have a chemical. Others, which might irritate the nose or the lungs. Make sure you use detergents which are not harmful for health. That was a big issue for me in China because it detergents daddy are really poisonous and the other is so strong, almost impossible. Do use for myself. The other cells are not good and attractive. So something like this can't be given to kids. Make sure you use something the other is not very strong and it's not that irritating to the nose and it's not harmful. Your tray could also look like this. What you have here is the button with the detergent is much smaller, which is actually teaching to the kids, use less of it because in any case, for cleaning a mirror, which is more like that, you don't need a lot of detergent. And you have the fluff, the cleaning cloth in a seperate container that makes it more organized, neater. And the lesson of the small cleaning detergent bottle, use less of those. That's a big lesson. Works perfectly like this. What is not good here? The cleaning cloth is read, the tray is read. The chart should see because you have a transparent a container also. So the Keeney plots should be yellow or light green to be contrast into the tray. That's not something to use, but I liked the small button because there is a good, good and important lesson that you might want to use a different method for cleaning the window. That's perfectly fine. Cleaning the mirror, of course, that's perfectly fine. Use whatever method you are able to teach the kids provide on one tray and will help them to learn how to perfectly clean. In this case mirrors. And then later, the same method Morris is a method will apply to the windows. What I like in this exercise is that the mirror is really big. The rectangular shape makes it much easier to clean it. Those nearest, very often you combine them at very low prices in dollar stores. And they are using a different method where the child has to wipe more perfectly. Okay. Make sure whatever spine sheets and fabric you provide for the kid kids works and allows them to perfectly clean it. I liked this exercise screening and mirror because it can be easily put on a tray easily and at low cost to prepare. And it's fun. We're entertaining. Beecham helped me 60m. We are providing them with the skills to clean it. So run to ask children help me clean. When they happened, learned what to do and how to do. Here on these trays. They learn from isolated difficulty just to clean a mirror perfectly. Again, this is for small children. So they clean. What is clean gift makes a mirror dirty. Let them clean the clean mirror and it should be more shiny afterwards, if that is possible. A smart, really clean, clean things. They hex to clean dirty things. So be aware of that. But they acquire skills when they are really young. And then they can apply the skills when they are much older. Much other slippery scores. State pre-school is still not in school. They can already applied the skills they have learned here. So don't think that the challenge should learn to help you. Think that it's your responsibility to help the children quiet a skills which are needed. Cleaning if they don't, helping you with cleaning or any other activity in the household, will be at task far too big for them. Provide them with the skills, allow them to develop those skills, and it will be easy for them to help you, and that's your goal. It should be easy. And then they will do it because they will see that they can, they really can and they will enjoy it because they have been practicing it before. So if you want that your children will be helping you in the household that's now your own. You first call must be prepare fan activities, practical life activities which teach them to clean, not would teach them the skills they need, which they later need to apply when they're really clean. If you are a teacher in a classroom, that's not your household. But still, you are responsible for helping the children to acquire the skills needed for everyday life. And they will apply it most probably not in your classroom, but back home or lengthen that daily life when they are ground up. But if you're a teacher, responsibilities teaching. And teaching is number one, helping change request kills and not to ask them to examine them when children are actually key. And it's like an exam if they have acquired the skills, if they have learned it. And that's hard if they haven't. So give them the time to acquire the skills, to practice the skills until they are easy. And then they will enjoy helping and doing those things. 28. Nailing Nails into different Materials: Nailing. Today, we are going to prepare some interesting exercise for the kids that is putting nails in using a hammer. Now why I took these nails? Of course, everybody knows how nails look like these irregular days which we are using at home. When you prepare an activity, make sure you consider the age, the maturity, the responsibility of the kids, and choose your nails wisely. These nails, the head, if you can see, is quite small, so it's hard to get it. When you use the hammer, Jeremiah, hammered by the left or right side. They are not very dangerous as you can see, I'm pushing into my finger, nothing is happening. So they're not really dangerous. But you might want to appreciate and get nails with bigger heads. They're easier to hammer. Nails which I used for roofing. They have bigger heads. You might want to choose those easier for a keeps. The length was appreciated. Just make sure you find a nails which are fit for your children. Number two, the hammer. Many hammers are far too heavy and too long for the children. So you have to look for a hammer which has a short-term handler. And the head of the hammer is not that heavy. Generally hammers are heavy because when the hammer is heavy and the handle is long, the one hammering in the nail doesn't need a lot of strength to hammer in iron nails into wood. In our case, we're dealing with small children, small in size, small in strength, smock enhance, short arms. So Joseph hammer, which has a really small and therefore lightweight head and a shorter hand. If you cannot find a hammer with a shorter handy by the wind, would a small head use a saw and cut the handle? Smoother knit what sandpaper, and you are ready to go. Nearly in. Here on this picture you see one tray for hammering in. You see a lot of nails are in a small bow. You see the hammer. It's not the most beautiful one, but the bad. It has advantages, had the right way then and write everything. And then you see foam would black dots. Now this is Styrofoam, isolation Styrofoam. So not the Steinem, the styrofoam, which combos easy. It's a stronger one which is used for isolating houses outside against the cold. And small dots, black dots have been made on the phone. And now that's a hard activity. And children have to nail the nails into where does black dots are. So the children have to position the name precisely on the black dots and hammered him in. This is a stronger firms, so it can be done several times with the same phone because it's even though it's as strong phone, it still foam and not wood. Which means that you don't need a lot of strength when they don't need so much strength. They are not in danger of hurting themselves, but nevertheless, they have the feeling we are doing what mommy and daddy are doing at work or at home. That's giving them a lot of encouragement. Encouragement. The sequence, this activity, whether dots is already a second one, the first activity should be no dots. So the children just focus on hammering in. I'm having something which doesn't have dots, but nevertheless it's challenging and interesting. Can you see you have bigger nails, fingernails, therefore less dangerous? And then this is the type of ring which could be normally used form. It's a making decoration for Christmas or Easter, a declaration to hammer out the door. It's against tie reforms, foam stronger won. The net's are being positioned in the middle of the ring. So it also looks neat. You can put it on a round trade, but make sure that hammer fits on and on this one that children can hammer wherever they like. Because there are no dots. Now having a rectangular shape for with no dots would be the easiest exercise. This one is not so easy because it's more narrow the ring, if you can see this is a child's hand, is a little bit narrows that, it makes it a little bit harder. So a rectangular form, like in this picture with no dots would be number one. And then you might have number to this type of activity. And number three in the didactic sequence, this type of activity. Well, when the children know how to use the hammer, what do be careful about when using nails? Then the next activity should be wood soft. Wood like for wood soft would note that nails which are not too dangerous and let the children hammer the nails into would. In this case, they should keep their piece of wood and you replaced the wood and the nails as needed. I have seen activities were that you left to pull the nails outward a separate instrument. Of course, it makes it more challenging. But some I'm feeling the challenge should feel them. And the happiness and contentment of having puts the nails in into the wood. Let them keep their piece of wood. For wood pieces. You can get them free of charge from your hybrids hardware store. So it's so such a low cost activity tests give them the joy and pleasure. The last exercise in this detective series would be drawing a shape. Underwood like could, you could draw a line with dots and the children have to hammer in a line of nails, which would be a straight line. You could make it a circle or heart-shaped anyone you like. Just make sure you have the shape drawn out and the points where the nails should go. That would be the hardest activity formation to focus on finishing that design that you have drawn Underwood. So you see using those cheap nails, locus activity, everybody has them. Hammers. It's great fun activity that children will enjoy it and it will teach them. It will make them stronger in their hands. It will help them to focus. And they will enjoy doing something real, like real work. So don't fail to prepare this exercise for your kids. 29. Nailing nails on a tray: Nailing. Nailing is something children enjoy because they, that gives them the feeling that they're doing something real. That they are strong, that they're doing something special, that they are ready be. And especially for the boys doing what that it does. Doing a man thing is very important for our self-consciousness of the boys. Um, well, that doesn't mean gills to the NEH. From my experience, I can tell you I would teach a girl or the crafts heavy staff. As I teach it to the boys, don't impose but teach it to them just to help them to be independent. Because it's not a good thing that a girl will depend on a man for strong stuff. Because it's not a good foundation for partnership. And that also part of consciousness of the girl. If she can do by herself, that will help her a lot in life. Don't train girls to be helpless. That's not a good thing, not a good site. Okay? What we want to do, we want our children to learn to nail. Now, this is an exercise they can start quite early, as you can see from this picture. You have trey, you have nails. Those nails cannot hurt a chart and you have a plastic camera. As a child is hammering those nails into the Styrofoam lock, no harm can happen. What? So ever so any at any age of small children can do this exercise for second exercise and there should be taken out after the exercise. So the tray is again ready for the friends practical life exercise, hammering in nails. This is how another tray might look like. I liked this one because the colors are so beautiful. And the beauty of the colors mix the thing attractive and when it's attractive that children will want to work with it. And what you can see here very well, I wouldn't hammer was chosen. So again, there is no danger for the key. If you use styrofoam, you don't need an ion Hammer if you don't want to use one. Here is another example of a styrofoam black. What? A wooden ham. And you can see that is actually a wooden hammer for, for a kitchen. But in this exercise you got a new meanings. So feel free to use whatever hammer is beautiful and easy to handle for the kids you have. But you can see very well nafta hammer, everything is on a tray, a basket with nails and desirable from block. And the children can nail in wherever they like to nail. And you see the nails because it's styrofoam. The hammer doesn't need to be very heavy. Ok. We have a Haida exercise here. This one, you have the iron hammer, but you have dots. Can you see the black dots? And now the children have to put the nails exactly on the dots and hammer in the nails where the dots are. This is of course, from the detected sequence Haida. And also for this exercise is exercise take the nails out again and make the tray ready for your friends. Those who want to practice spelling, they have this temptation that the children have to take home everything. If your children are going to kindergarten off to school and a daily basis and whatever they do, they need to take home. Your parents need to buy palaces in order to store all those things. It's just really, it's not advisable. And if you're parents of Martin one kid, it becomes totally impossible. Rather take pictures without the children noticing and put them into the portfolio. That's a match, nice remembrance, and share those with the parents. They will be happy to stored in those photos on their phones. Here, we have a very attractive variation. This is a ring as is used for crafts, like for making rings at Easter, time of Christmas, time, for door decorations, or for holding Kansas. And what I like about it, the nails are in the middle and the ring is Styrofoam ring. So all around the nails can be placed. Just a neat variation. The hammer that you give to the children. There are really small hammers which are lightweight and they can be handled by children. They're low-cost bitumen, any hardware store close to you and give them to the kids. If you feel the hand was still to learn, take a saw and cut the handle. But generally, if you buy a hammer that has a small island head, the handle will not be too long too. So those are very safe and very good for the children to use. The wooden one is for really smaller and less skilled children. Because this thing where they hammer it in is larger, is wider and that makes it easier here as it because the surface is bigger. That is why that hammer was chosen to give success to children who are not yet that's killed. Also for this wouldn't have my shown to you. The surface that is being used to hammer in is bigger than four small iron hammers thesis wide. This wooden Hamill was chosen for this exercise. The plastic camera to the surface is a little bit big. That's why those were. Chosen. Well, I've shown you the rain, I really like it. It makes it so attractive. But if I was the one to design, my tray would have a nice, attractive calorie like pink or red was probably I would choose red for this type of ring. Well, and in the detecting sequence, hammering, nailing, nailing generally when they award so that children at the end of the didactic sequence, they should end up getting a piece of wood with real nails, a real iron Hammer, and to hammer in the nails into the wood. In this case. It will most of the time be too hard to take them out. On this tray. A hammer that allows the nails to be taken out has been provided. I am not sure whether that's really the most advisable. For the wood. I would suggest let the children hammer and replace the nails and the wood. So this is the one that the children would be taking home if they'd like to do so. The otherwise they should take the nails out, put them back and get the thing ready for their friends. From the didactic sequence. This and this are equally easy. You have a big styrofoam block, a basket with nails, and a wooden hammer. I would say this is the easiest because the hammer is the largest and the block is bigger. This would be next in a didactic sequence because the rain is more narrow than the blocks have been. And the shape is also little bit unusual and the child still should be nailing on that styrofoam ring and not by the site. Next would be the S1 because the chart needs to hit the nail exactly into that, into where the black dots have been drawn. This is why this exercise is much, much harder than all the others. But nailing nails into wood is the hardest because wood is hard and little bit stubborn. Children patients and need to pay attention. This is y, this is the hardest from the detecting sequence of nailing. Nailing, nailing daily. Such exercises for children, you will see how much boys and girls will enjoy this exercise. Provide plenty of nails, provide two or three different traits with different levels of skills required. And make sure the hammers and nails all are safe and don't hurt that children's fingers. That styrofoam that you use, you don't want to use styrofoam, which is the regular one which decomposes easily, use a more stronger wind and more Firm one like the ones that are being used to build houses. Those are perfect. You can cut them with a knife into nice blacks and then use them for your everyday life exercises. So nailing really is a wonderful exercise your children will enjoy. Many of my students asked me about cork because in toy stores they sell core rc nailing games. I don't think quirk is such a good idea because quite basically decomposes easily if your nails are a little bit sicker. So if you do a correct naming exercise, you nails should be really, really small, they should be really small. And then they are more dangerous. And they are harder to heap. So if you want to provide nearly uncork, use very thin pointed nails and give it to all the children because those small names and finance, they're much harder to use. So give it to all the children. In any case, nailing is a wonderful exercise and you will see how much you children enjoy it. If your children don't get tools, real tools into their hands, they face a big loss because the overcoming starting to touch real tools when they later in life will be much, much harder. So if early life they get the chance to work with real tools, they will find it very easy later in life. And let me just tell you if they're able to if they find it normal to touch tools, to do things on their own later in life, their life will be so much easier. Giving them real hammers with iron heads is actually the best, boosts their self-confidence and you really trust them. And when you trust them, they feel that they can do it. So trust your children and provide them with nailing exercises. 30. Sewing for Beginners without a Needle: Without a needed, I have prepared a lot of pictures for you to show you this fun activity. But maybe I first show you how you make this. You cut out any shape you like from a cardboard laminate. The shape carried out again like this one. It's actually the cover of something of a plastic container. After eliminating it, you use a pencil to patch the holes evenly all around your shape, your cardboard laminated cardboard shape. The pizza makes holes which are big enough to push different types of rope through without using a needed. So our activity is sewing without a need. Here you have a picture that shows you how many different shapes you might want to make. You have round, all VO, rectangular, triangular. You have hexagon penta been octagon, those have been inspired. And you have a kite shape, you have tropism. Those are shapes inspired from the geometric cabinet. And they can be used for sewing without a needed Square, Circle. Different, different shapes. What you can also see on this picture, of course, that's not how you prepared for the kids. That just a collection of one of one class of my students made. I'm not, I want you to see is always use rho, which is sick and nav to be seen on whatever shape you have chosen to make. Even if it's a small one. Like this one here. Make sure the rope is big enough to show. The second one I want you to, to remark is that rope you use should always have a contrasting color compared to the cardboard that you have been using. So if we have light blue cardboard, dark red is good choice. With dark blue, red is a good choice, and so on. What you can see here, there's red unread. That's not a good choice because it's hard for the kids to see. In any case what we want. We want the kids to get used to sewing and have fun with it. Now, what is possible? I want to show you more in detail. You have rectangular say along or stripe. You have one piece of row on the tray. This is how the children will find the tray on the shelf. This is what it looks like when a child has done it. Now of course, a child has to undo the sewing and get it ready for his friends. And it will look like this. Again. To show you the same whether round shape. This is how the child will find the tray on the shelf. Of course, it should be left to right. That's for your your site expert, my sign. So even if you chose upside down as a ROM site in the camera, always left to right. So this is what the child will find on the shelf. This is when the child has finished the activity. This is how it looks when the child has finished it. Now the child has to undo it. Again. It will look like this. And now it's ready for his friends. The same tray, everything the same. I've just changed the rope for this tray. And although the colors perfectly fine, you can see that the friends, the red rope is thicker. The chalk can handle it more easily. It looks much better than this one, even though the choice of color is a k. So be very particular. You might make the activity more interesting by changing the rope from time to time. But always use a perfect type of rope, even if it means choosing a thicker one. If the Chavan mass that is activity very well, you could provide something like this. Children. These are several shapes taken from that geometric cabinet. Those other shapes from the geometric cabinet. This is why they are yellow. The principle is the same just there seven shapes. And the children when US threat or row in order to so all around all of those shapes from the geometric cabinet, of course, they're not all the shapes from the geometric cabinet because those would be 35. And these are only a few. But that's like an ad. Some activity using particular shapes, geometric shapes for the kids. Still, even though it's leading towards the two metric cabinet, which is a sensory exercise. This is still from the practical life area. As the sun pardon, for children to train their practical life skills, to prepare them ready for life, make sure you prepare those activities for your children. 31. Rolling and matching socks: Rolling Sachs. Most of us don't like to wash sucks because the socks get mixed up with her socks and then you need to match them and you need to find them. And what? Why we don't like it? Because we're not used to doing it. It is not something that comes easy, it's not something that comes naturally. We feel it takes a lot of time and it takes a lot of ANG, well. But some others have discovered that their children, young children lack the match socks. So to put this acts into separate basket and found that children like to match sucks. And that's a real Montessori exercise. What you need is to make it monthly, sorry, what you need to provide it in your classroom. Choose as many pairs of socks as you see fit. Make sure those beautiful, washed, of course, attractive and they shouldn't be too big. The maximum size that you should use is the size that the child would where himself. Otherwise, by small children socks, that would be much, much better. Smallest socks are easier to roll, easier to fold, easier to handy. Make sure they are beautiful. In the case of socks, they might have a design because you want the children to match them. Now, if you really go according to detect today didactic sequence, your first exercise would be matching socks. All you need is a trait. All you need is a tray and vector_a you put, yeah, there are ways, two ways to do it. That's actually way number one, you have a tray, you have six different socks, and you have a basket. What does six partners? And the child needs to match the socks to their partners. That's matching socks and net wide to prepare this is to have one basket with mixed up pairs of socks, one basket with pecks. And then the children take the socks out, match them by peers, and put them together with pegs. After they have found all the pairs, they removed the pecks again and put it back in order for their friends. That's matching socks. Then next step would be rolling or folding socks. And that depends on how you do it when you are trying to find the best method, how to fold our role your socks. Find the method that looks neat test, and this is the method you teach to your children. If you have a tray matching socks, you might want to have you might want to have a second tray with folding socks were in the first go. You have equal pairs of socks, all red, all the same size, all the same style. And the children can focus just on how to roll them. That's actually the method I like to use myself. And that's a method I like to teach. Roll it. And then folded over and you have a very neat package of a sock and the children and place those packages by, by, by the side. And if you have ten pairs of socks, that's 20 subsets a watt. So five peers would be perfect and you have a ten socks, five pairs. They practice how to roll and fold. In the next step from the didactic sequence, you would combine that to that children would be matching and then rolling and folding before taking them out, mixing them up again. So the last step of the didactic sequence, that children have mixed shape and mix the colors or designs of socks. And they could be really having a design because practically that's what SOX very often do. The job you have to first met, met, and when they have matched their role so that the last part in a deductive sequence of the sock exercise is two steps, matching and folding. But to get them there, they are first, only matching and only rolling before the two steps can be combined. And those two combined steps, that's what we do in real life most of the time. Make sure I don't make a compromise. Teach them the real thing. And you will see your children will just enjoy matching socks and drawling sucks will be a pleasure for them. 32. Buttoning Exercises: Buttoning. Well, you know already the dressing frames and there are at least two addressing frames, will have a fattening exercise on. One dressing frame has big buttons. Bedouin has small buttons, as in real life, our clothes have big and small buttons. And of course the big buttons with because are much easier to do than the small buttons were the small holes. I'm, buttoning is very important. If we do not teach it to kids, they might never be able to easily button or unbutton shirts and other things. They will do it. It will develop occasionally. But they might often tear off a baton because they are not able to baton with care. They might find it. They will always find it hard to, children who have not been carefully taught. Buttoning will prefer poor averse to cry deacons where they have to button, they would prefer, and zippered jackets to jackets which have buttons or codes which have buttons. When children are being taught how to battle, they will find it easier in life. All their lives haven't grown up. And they will easily, as they can choose clothes with have, which have buttons, big ones and small ones. And they will not ever feel that they are doing something hard when the button their shirts and other things. I am personally as a no, a lot of people, I meet a lot of people. And seeing those differences with grown up people that there are some who of course they can baton their shirt correctly. But they prefer to put on the T-shirt because buttoning, closing all that is just too hard for them. They know it, but they do it only if it's really a requirement and then they don't do it voluntarily. And here is a difference when it teach the kids that were always find it easy and this will make their lives easy. But on the other hand, buttoning is such good, fine motor training for their fingers which are needed for writing. Not only for writing, holding a pencil and writing are holding a brush and painting, but also for using many other types of tools like screwdrivers, wrenches, and many other tools. So buttoning is a basic exercise which needs time and different varieties and detecting sequence with different steps from easy to hard so that children will find it perfectly normal, perfectly easy to baton, and to use their fine motor skills whenever they're needed for any other exercise. And this is why today, I want to show it to you to buttoning exercises, which you can easily make by yourself, easily prepare by yourself in order to have your children practice buttoning. So let's go. The first exercise you have seen in the first picture, what it needs is a ribbon. And so. One baton onto the end and onto one end of the ribbon. Okay. One baton onto the end of the ribbon. And you have a ribbon. And that ribbon could be quite why. That makes the exercise more interesting and also easier. Then you'll have felt squares and just use felt cuts them. No need for sorting the edges and the margins. Use felt caddied into squares and cut straight lines and the middle, which are just long enough and big enough to allow to chat, to batten the Patton in. So basically yeah. And you provide pile of those quips. Can you see there's a pile of those squares? What I don't like in these white basket is that they are changing the colors. They have red and purple in the make a design that's not the best way. I would for a beginner's exercise. Use just one color so the child is not distracted. But well, that's the way it was prepared. And so what the child has the child has left to right the ribbon. What's the baton sewn to the end? And a pile of felt squares. And now the child will go basically beat those squares onto the ribbon as this is felt, it's not falling from the ribbon. If you use a felt ribbon, those squares will hold onto the ribbon even better. And the baton needs to go to through one felt square at a time. And in that way that Todd is basically buttoning on all those squares. You can provide ten or 15 or 20 squares if you like. The important practice, the ribbon must be long enough to hold all those squares. And the more squares you provide that longer the ribbon needs to be. Basically, as I mentioned, this is like a beading exercise. All children left beating. This is why it's attractive for the kids. Use attractive colors, so it will be more attractive. It's not seen very well. This is a white tray with a white basket. And just the ribbon where the b with a baton and squares have different colors. Now, that's a buttoning exercise that is like Heidi. But still, how will have the effect that you want? The one is more work for you to prepare. You have felt shapes, one and has a button. The other end has slipped. And you have on your, on your tray a pile of those pieces with one side, a button, the other side as slip. Again here, I'm seeing the mistake that the buttons have different different colors. Okay. The felt pieces are all the same color. That's OK. But I would prefer all the buttons to be the same color. So like yellow buttons and green felt would be a perfect match for me. Another child have, has two buttons, those pieces together. So again, like a snake will come out. One baton through the slit of the other side, one, but then through the slit of the other side and a long piece of felt like I felt snake will be the outcome. This is a fun exercise because it's becoming very long depending on how many pieces you will give them. And I believe the person who designed this one with different colors of Button wanted you to be more interesting. That was her idea when she did it like that. But it's really interesting because it's becoming along saying, if you want, you could also design it like the red rod or like the number rods, red, blue, red, blue. That would remind the child and may be motivated to count. But that's really not the issue that it should be like this because that's practical life, the other one, mathematics. So that's a fun exercise because it becomes long. Well, after it has become lung, the child has to unbutton again, pow the pieces of felt onto the tray again. And in that way it gets the saying, the tray ready for his friends. The same. With this exercise. After all the squares are on the ribbon, the child has to unbutton them again and make it ready for his friends. So that again, the ribbon with the button orb in one side, on the left side and the parallel of felt with slits and non-medical in there. Little tiny basket is on the other side. So have fun with buttoning exercises and believe me, those are really important to give to your children. 33. Rolling Napkins: Rolling napkins. That's a fun exercise and exercise where the children get the opportunity to really learn to beautifully designed their own environment. Before they really do it, they need to deal with a quality materials and they train their fine motor skills and concentration. What do you need this? You need napkin rings. Whatever material your napkin rings are, make sure all the napkins are the same. And all the rings are the same. Whatever the material they are made from the rings. If most of the time wooden rings are being used, those are low cost. You can test by six or ten wooden rings. Makes sure the napkins are from fabric, but they should be real napkins, not pretend napkins. Then the napkin rings. If you don't have them. You could make them buy yourself easily by cutting paper rolls, toilet paper, or paper napkin rows. You keep them, you cut them evenly and you beautifully colored them. And put Anwar niche so they look like real napkin rains. Make sure they are beautiful. You could use a letter to design them. If you don't have napkin rings. Otherwise you just buying napkin rings or you use the ones you have. Again. Are the napkin rings must be equal and other napkins mass be equal and the napkins must be from fabric. You wouldn't use mix-up napkins, napkin type sizes or materials, and mixed up napkin rolls on one table. So this is not what it will give you a chart. Now, what the child hat has on the tray is a basket. And this basket are empty napkin rings at the beginning of the exercise. Then napkins are unfolded and flat on the tray. Childcare is the tray to the table and starts to roll the nap kits, pushes the road napkin through the napkin ring and puts it on the tray to decide until all the napkins have been neatly rolled, pushed to reenacting rings. The napkin rains are on, other napkins are done. Now, the child takes out one napkin ring after the other and rose the napkin neatly makes them all flat again. He makes them all flat again. And then when the napkin rings are back in the basket, other napkins, A-flat child brings a tray back to the shelf, ready for his friend. And like all at a Montessori exercises, the child might choose to repeat the activity from beginning to end, 234510 times if he likes, if he doesn't like to repeat, but just as it ones that also perfect. Now, again, the child needs to learn to roll the napkins and push them through the rings before he can be asked to help with doing that at a real table, in a real setting, a table situation. So please, if you want to children to learn everyday life skills which are really needed and necessary for life. Makes sure you isolate the difficulty and test teach one thing at a time. And never ever, ever expect a child to do what he or she hasn't learned to do. 34. Setting a Table : Setting a table, it's something very easy. Children can start to help at home. In real life to helping the parents to set the table. Most children have a hard time to differentiate left and right. And when setting a table, this is extremely setting a table in real life, this is extremely hard because the seats in front have a different left and right. Because that's for me, left. You might see it as right. And for children, that's just too hard. So to letting children do at a table from the beginning might rather discourage them from doing. Because if you expect visitors, for example, and you expect the table to be set in a perfect way with the napkin knife does the spot with everything the way it should be. You might you might correct what the children have them and let children see it. And then you think, oh, Mom is not satisfied with water then so are rather leave it. And this is happening very often and this is what is discouraging the children from helping their parents. Monte, sorry, I understood it. And she invented exercises which are gains on trays, which children could do unless nobody interfering. The control of error is a non-material. Okay. So one other word, I wanted to give us an introduction. How you set your table might depend on which type of foods you serve, which country you are living in. What is the culture of setting a table in your place? I did this activity with my students are in China and of course there was no cattle every bear aware. Only chopsticks though as no cutlery because energy using capillary. But there is a tiny piece, some wooden piece, sometimes ceramic, which is holding the chopsticks. So when you put them down, they are not undertake board to make it more like Jenny. And so and so, so they said, we want to teach our children element is R. It can kinda garden. How to perfect is that a table? So that tiny piece, what you even see rarely in a restaurant. But they wanted to be there because they said, we want children to learn the real thing. So depending on your culture, where you are living, then also what you're serving. What is you order a foods and the way you serve the foods. And all these might change from country to country, from culture to culture, even from family to family. What I want to tell you, that country or the region in which you live in form yourself. What is the real way? The professional way of setting a table and try to teach the children that. Um, it might be much simpler in families where maybe you serve everything in the same place. You start with this, with the silage, let's say you start with a salad and then when the solid has been eaten, the main dishes coming out into the same plate. That's a very family way that some of the cultural way. And if you have children who learn like that at home, you'll tell the children, were teaching you the professional way. Mommy is doing the whole style, but you are learning the professional way and this way, you are building them up. You're teaching them something professional, Something which is harder than what they do at home, that will easily do the one at home. Yeah. But do the culturally relevant and correct way. And the pictures that I've prepared, the deaf front, all of them are different because they are from, from different people, from different areas. Only actors and just with cutlery and plates, not the Chinese one, because those are just in China. Most probably may be in Vietnam, I don't know. But those people have you hear my video, you do what is appropriate in your area. So how to make it for the children? What do you need is, please you prepare trey a big tray. And the tray you have a table map, something like this, something like this, something like this. Okay? You have a table math and a table. Maybe I'll just use this because it's the clearest and the table met, you draw what the children need to put where if something is on top of something else and described Joe's is picture because he had a napkin is on top of the plate. If something is on top of something, then just show it the way it is, make it a real life picture. But throught just them. Our margins. Okay. You prepare this as a table mat in real size. Let me name. It might be colorful. Like this one. Is colorful. Might be Calico, could be yellow, could be any color. And on the tray you provide not only the table map, but you can see here everything which is needed. You have the table map, it's here. The plate has been added already. The capillary, the napkin, and cap. Unlike tray, you have done the table map which shows the order how the things have to be prepared. You have the things which are needed, plates, cutlery, caps, glasses, whatever you want to use and use. And unlike children with sake, the table Matt and sets the table and the table met. After they succeeded, they would put the table met and the things back on that tray, bring the trade back to the shelf and it's ready for their friends at the one to do it 23 times. They might just referring exercises and sniffing exercises. They can have as many repetitions as they like. And do it. Start asking them to help you set the table before they have had some time practicing with their exercises. Because they will find it easy. Only then they will find it relevant only then they will be ready to do it because they are prepared to do it. So let always practiced their exercises first before you include them in the real work. Unless they see you setting the table and they ask you cannot help you. Now, if you are working in a kindergarten or maybe at home and the children, they're just involved in everything. You might want to provide table mats for each person who is eating at a table. Temperaments like what I've shown you. And then the children will set the table, Matt, and place the cutlery and plates and everything right in order. After they've started practicing under R. That will be perfectly ok. The because they will do like a game on the table and the real table. And that will work very well. That's generally my encouragement. If you are in an environment, whether it's a kindergarten as COO or a home, where children up in involved and there is eating together. That children should be helping to set the table, to clean the tables, to remove the dishes. They should participate in that. But provide helps to allow him to the perfectly with you interfering in their work. If it means having a table might what the right order of things being drawn onto for each person who is eating there, let's say to school and they are 30 children eating, then have 30 table nights like that. And the children can arrange tables in a neat, orderly and correct manner. It's test the way we teach the children that decides how the children learn and how ready they are to do what we want them to do.