Mobile Photography - Take professional photos with your phone | Simone Ferretti | Skillshare

Mobile Photography - Take professional photos with your phone

Simone Ferretti, Professional Photo/Videographer

Mobile Photography - Take professional photos with your phone

Simone Ferretti, Professional Photo/Videographer

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13 Lessons (1h 22m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Apps You Should Use

    • 3. Useful Gear

    • 4. Composition Rules

    • 5. Lighting

    • 6. Depth Of The Image

    • 7. Mistakes You Should Avoid

    • 8. Editing - part 1 - Composition

    • 9. Editing - part 2 - Colors

    • 10. Editing - part 3 - Details

    • 11. Post Production Magic - Snapseed

    • 12. Post Production Magic: Lens Distortions

    • 13. Extra Tips and Tricks and Outro

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About This Class

Your smartphone is much more capable than you probably think. In these 13 lessons I teach everything you need to know, from A to Z, to make the most out of it. 

Whether you want to become a professional photographer, you just want to improve your skills or take photos for your business, you don't need expensive gear at all. Your smartphone is already something that can be used to take incredible photos. However, in order to unleash its potential, you need to put into practice these settings/techniques/rules/tips and tricks.

In the first part I'll show which apps and gear you should use. In the second part you'll learn how to shoot properly and in the last part, how to edit and finish you final image. 

These are the 13 Lessons:

1. Introduction

2. Which apps do you need

3. Which extra gear do you need 

4. Composition rules

5. Lighting

6. Depth of the image

7. Mistakes you should avoid

8. Editing – part 1 – Composition

9. Editing – part 2 – Colors

10. Editing – part 3 – Effects

11. Post production magic: Snapseed

12. Post production magic: Lens Distortions

13. Bonus Lesson


If you have any question regarding the course topics feel free to reach out here or on my social media.

Also, I’d love to hear your feedback so feel free to leave a review.

Meet Your Teacher

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Simone Ferretti

Professional Photo/Videographer


Hi, my name is Simone. Born and raised in a small village in the north of Italy I have an IT diploma and a few sport certifications. 

My passion for creating content started since I was very young. In 2017, I moved to Hong Kong on my own and there is where I realised my dream: open my own creative agency.

After many small shootings I was able to dramatically increase the quality of content and land projects with worldwide famous brands (video showreel here).

During 2020, after accomplishing a Guinness World Record, I focused on my social media accounts and, in a single year, I doubled my instagram followers and grew my TikTok from 0 to 500k followers.

Being a Swimming instructor, Personal traine... See full profile

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1. Introduction: Hi guys. Thank you very much for joining me in my courses. My name is Simona, I'm Italian and I am 24. I now live in London, but I lived three years in Hong Kong and the rest of my life in Italy, my credit journey started when I was about 13, where I've put together some pictures and put a music in the background for the 40th birthday of my dad was something extremely simple but extremely emotional as well. After that, I create and use and photos just for fun. But then in 2017, I decided to open my own credit agency where I was making videos for several clients. This course I'm going to teach you everything you need to know to take great pictures with your smartphone only, whether it's Android or iOS, all the apps that we're going to use, they're gonna be for both systems. One of the reasons why you should follow this course, because I'm going to teach you everything I know from these years of experience, I made a lot of mistakes. So many, you have no idea. You will learn how to avoid all the most common mistakes that beginners and intermediate Do. I love doing what I do and I love to transfer all the passion that I have. I would like to create a community where everyone is helping each other. And also because I learned everything online through YouTube or online courses. And this is why I wouldn't give back to you everything I know. I received messages literally every day where people tell me that they want to become professional photographer, but they came for similar reasons. I believe in dreams and this is why I think these courses can really help you to achieve those dreams. And the first part will have a look at which apps do we need to install the other phone and also which gear do you need to take these pictures? Then we'll have a look at composition. Let fact of the image, for example, how to create layers in a picture or another example, how to find different perspectives. And then we'll go through all the biggest mistakes that I've made. And then you should avoid, especially at the beginning. And then in the end, I'll show you how to edit a picture, both color composition, everything you need to know, make sure to stick around until the end of the course because the last video will be a bonus tip for everyone. Okay, see you in the first lesson. 2. Apps You Should Use: Hi guys. In this lesson, I want to show you all the ads that you need to install in your phone in order to take these great pictures. As I mentioned earlier, there is no problem in Android and iPhone. Let me firstly say, I'm not earning money by suggesting you these apps. So this is all because I really think that these apps are the best player in the market and I use them all the time. All of these apps are free and available in both systems for a premium features, but I never used it. You just need the basic ones. No problem if you don't want to download these apps, but you prefer to use the camera if your phone is not a problem, although there will be many differences. One thing that you need to do these to activate the Great. He will find any, any comment or settings, doesn't matter the smartphone that you have, let me show you how to do in the iPhone right now to activate declare it in your phone, you just need to go in settings and then search for camera. And then crate. It will be very similar in any Android as well. Just to make it clear that grid are these lines that you see the device basically in nine different parts. The camera, the most important and that you need this library mobile, it's like a bible, full photographer, absolutely a must. The key point of this app is that allows you to shoot in gain g. What does that mean? Dng is different from JPG and both are formed of a picture. But DMT is a much bigger file. It can reach up to 20-25, even 30 megabytes, while JPEG is very small at 2345 megabytes. This means that inside the JPEG, there is much less information than the DNG files. Therefore, when we are going to add in the picture, we're going to have more information inside it file. Let me give you this example. When we added a JPEG files, we have colors that go from one to ten, and we can choose only the integer number for a simple 12345. When we're going to add it a.dmg file, we will be able to go, for example, 1.2 or 1.3 or 5.4. So what we're going to have much more information, much more variety of colors that we can choose when we edited the colors reduced look much better. So do it. So how do you set this DNG extension inside that? Let me show you right now. Okay, the first app that we're going to see, Lightroom. As I mentioned, room allows you to shoot directly from the app itself. And to select the DNG, we need to go here on top click and then select DNG. From one side you have JPEG, and then from the other side, the DNG, select DNG. Another amazing feature that Lightroom has or the profiles. These are presets so basically or set of colors and settings that you can apply to your image in a therapeutic way. Just read one tap into the app so I can show you better. Light room allows you to shoot not only in auto mode, but also in professional. Face permits to control the shutter speed, ISO, the focus, and much more. However, GIS user automatic is really, really good insight Lightroom. And of course, it allows you to put a timer on to set a different ratio. If you don't have it already, activate the grid. Even insight Lightroom is this button right here. Whenever you are going to shoot a picture with the camera and satellite room, you will have all these picture inside the app itself. You won't find it in the normal camera rolled that you have in your phone. But there will be hole here. After you shoot a picture. You have all these menus on the bottom where you can choose a lot of different features. Some of them will be blocked if you have the basic version, but many will be available. The different menus allows you to modify the light right here, the colors and even each single one. Defects like tech circularity, DAs big netting, details, optic geometry. But don't worry, we'll see all of them later on in the course. In the top left corner, you see all the information that you use to shoot the picture. One of the thing that I wanted to show you right now, all the profiles right here. These are preset, real team Presets. Light Room that allows you to modify directly just with one tab the image. Many of them are really, really good. After you finish to add a picture, you just need to go into Share button. And here you can click Export As and choose the settings that you want to export it. For example, if you want to have the image quality 8000% bays on how big you want the image or the file type. If you want a JPEG tiff DNG, if you finished to edit your picture, you don't need to really touch anymore. I suggest you're exporting JPEG, so the file is a little bit smaller. However, if you need to add it more, I suggest to use tiff DNG. These are bigger file that allows you to modify even more if you need, after you clicked export, as you just need to go and export to camera off to export the image in your normal camera off of your phone. Or you can even share to somebody else, or share to email or opening ADA apps from here directly. The next ad that you may download is napsin snaps. It has many, many functions and features inside. The one that I liked the most is called healing. This allows you to remove people or objects or any kind of mistake that I've been teaching a very quick way. Let me show you right now what I mean. Inside snaps ID, which is made by Google, you have the chance to open any pictures that you have. Or even Should we the camera or we are going to use snaps induced to open a picture that we have already in our device. For example, let us take this picture. I use napsin all the time to remove people from an image that I don't want. We're going tos and then healing. Once we are here, we can zoom inside the picture and we see that the brush becomes smaller. We just need to drag our finger on the top of the people and automatically will be removed. This is really, really a powerful tool. Let's do another one here. And then he's gone. Let's do these group of people here. Drag your finger on top. The spread brush will appear, remove it in just the clay. This is inside the app. You can find many auto tools that we'll see later on in the course. The last app is called lens distortion of LD. This allows you to create some great effect for post-production. For example, adding a son or sun rays or an rain or clouds and many more. Let me show inside the app. The last app is called LD lens distortion, which is this one right here. This one allows you to take any picture that you have from your camera, roll and amp 5x on top different layers. What we can do is apply a son for exemple because it's coming from this side. I'm going to apply this son on the right side. A little bit smaller, Exactly right here. And then it can apply even another layer. Click on the new layer. And then we find, for example, soft light, which are sunlight. Then we place the Sun gray where the sun is. And we can do something like this and then we can modify just a softness they'd direction, okay, the direction might be here, this length, shorter, longer, or the treshold where we increase the number of sun rays. And then when we're done, we can export it directly in our camera old, the free app doesn't allow you to exporting a 100% if you want to share it on Instagram and you don't have to print it in a bigger size, is more than enough, even 85%, which the free apps allows you to do. As I mentioned, all these apps offer really a lot of features inside these or just in general ones. But later on in the course, I will show you exactly with examples how to apply this court effects in pictures. I'm really concert. There are a lot of apps out there and you may have found some better ones. However, I think extremely important. And they contain everything you need to create great pictures. We don't go into crazy and finding too many apps. Okay, I went you for the next lesson, Ciao. 3. Useful Gear: Now I want to show you what gear do you need in addition to your phone in order to take great pictures? A. First of all, let me say this. You don't need anything. All you need is just your phone, especially when you're shooting landscape. However, when you're shooting inside, you can buy additional prompts to make it more interesting. The first accessor, the Alpha by, is a ring-like, is extremely useful when you're shooting inside because it creates a beautiful light exactly as the one that you see on my face right now. Usually USB powered, you can attach a power brick or even to your computer as I'm doing right now. For example, when you turn it on, it has different lights, either yellow, white, or even in the middle. And this is a phone holder. So what do you do usually is you attach your phone right here. And then on a tripod and venue talk to your phone, you take video would have you want. Probably my favorite accessory of all of them is this one. Because the gorilla pot, this is basically a tripod that you can put anywhere and you can move the legs, rotate him so you can put in, correct. She can putting the handrails, you can put in anywhere listening wherever you want, you can put this. So this is called Joby and he's probably the top one for smartphone biography. And he's really amazing because the quality is great, but the price is really reasonable or sample, you can put the tripod like this. And then here you can move and you place the phone right here. You can push it horizontal or vertical. You want. He's perfect for debugging. When noun like this, I can just go around and film some cool stuff. Not only about this brand is really, really cool because it's modular and you can attach to extra arms, or you can do is to extra arms. You can attach a microphone, for example, the wave will still form Joby, amazing quality, extremely portable. You can amount it and then you place it here. Maybe if you want to keep your phone on landscape mode or depending how you want to make the video, you can keep it like this so you have the microphone, right? Their phone and kinda touch it easy. And already we can attach even one extra arm on the other side. And the thing that I love is the small light steel by Joby. He's amazing, extremely bright. You can charge it very fast. There you go. And then you can increase or decrease the intensity of the light. And I love it. So there you go. It's called Biemer. And you can attach it. And as you can see, he's really, really amazing. Watch. So, so, so good for blogging. You can just take this and I can make holder you don't want it high-quality and great life or everything that you need. Really one more thing that you can use the tribe and we do remote. These tripod comes with remote as well with the phone holder that you can move it around. And many function and you can even increase the length. You can literally put it as a tripod like this, very long. And then you touch the phone right here. And he's preferred for like taking videos for tech talk or Franny behind the scene that you on. Of course, you can put it, you can place it vertical as you want and has amazing assembly will get attach the two arms on the side even in this one and instead like this. So what do you have to do is you just need to press record and don't care about anything else is sound is going to be a good elastic and it's gonna be look good. That's it. Such an amazing tools, right? You can also use it as a selfie stick. So it goes very long. And then, so like this, one more object that I really, really like is called the lens pol is basically a lens that allows you to take pictures and a very creative way, let's say and weed your phone. You take pictures like this. I want to show you some example. What it does is basically reflecting the picture upside down. So you can create very cool effects. You don't need this and is very heavy. So if you need to walk for a long period of time, or if you need to travel and you can leave your luggage and a hotel, this is pretty heavy. These are some example of images that I showed with the Lesbos. The last accessor that I want to show you. It's useful when you're taking pictures inside especially. And these are simply fairy likes is exactly the ones that you see right here. Or even, right? They're usually you just need to put some batteries inside and you can bring these literally anywhere. Very light, very useful, and allows you to create even depth of the image. But we will have a look at base later on in the course. All these accessors that I show you, absolutely optional, but it makes a little more interesting the picture. Okay, this is all for now. Thank you for listening, and I'll see you in the next video. We're gonna talk about composition, Ciao. 4. Composition Rules: Hi guys. Today we talk about composition. The first rule that we need to follow when we take a picture, he's the rule of third. You may have heard this before, but what does that mean? V, Remember the great than we activated together before? This great divides the image in third, both vertically and horizontally. In harder words, you will have nine different boxes. But what are these lines for? When we have several subjects or even one subjects, we need to aim to put this subject either in one vertical line on, in one of the intersections of the grid would do this. Instead of putting this subject in dissenter to drew a bread or composition of the picture. Even if I put this subject in the center, I can use the rule of third in the background. For example, if I'm shooting a picture at the beach, what I can do is to put a third of sky, a third of C, and a third of sang. But let me show you some examples so you can understand better these concept. In the first example I want to show you this was period bridge in Venice. The subject is placed on the top horizontal line of the credit. As you can see in the second example, My friend is placed on there, right vertical line is exactly the same even for horizontal pictures. In this case, millennia is placed on the left line, all along the left line and is watching underwrite. Even in this picture, when I'm walking in Piazza Duomo and Milan, I'm placed on the left line all along. Not only that, if we have a look at the crit mortar, unless 1 third is the pavement, 1 third is the Duomo, and 1 third is this guy. This is why it's called the rule of third. If you have a look, a suntan bronchial church in Milan is the same exactly thing. Is 1 third of the Pokemon, 1 third of the church, and 1 third of the thought course, Cai. Okay, let's have a look now as these last example, this is exactly a perfect composition. As I mentioned before, you can divide three different elements of the image in thirds. On the top. In the first third there is this guy and some clouds and make it even more interesting into second, third being the center of the image. There is a c, and then in the last third, there is a grass of the path. Plus there is the bird, despite is not in the crossing lines, is exactly on the right line, so it makes it good anyway. One more photo. And this one I'm placed in the intersection in the bottom left of the grid, as you can see. And it looks great decomposition, not only that, also the horizon in this picture is placed on the top line of the grape. In addition, the other subject of the picture, which is the dark double, the Little Rock with the hole is placed on the right line. And this is why it makes a great composition. Ok, now we talk about leading lines. Is it Technique used to make more interested in the composition and to draw the attention of the viewer towards a subject that we want. We are using natural, artificial lines like buildings, throats, rail lands, handrails, everything that has a line. To draw the attention to the subject. For example, let's have a look at some pictures. In this first, we see that the subject is clearly son poll, that I used their buildings on the right and on the left and also the ground and little line that you see on dissenter to draw their attention directly to the sample Cathedral in London. Next example, I'm in LA handle market, still in London. If you see all the market in all the lines are pointing towards me. Despite these in the background, your eyes goes directly towards the bottom center of the picture. And once again, you can notice then I'm placed in the center of the bottom line of the grid. The last thing I want to talk about and composition is lit room or leads pace, depends on how you want to call it. It. Is it taking Nick that leaves space in front or in the direction of the subject, whether it's moving or stationary. For example, if a car is moving this way in the image, I'm going to leave space in front of the car, not in the back. Okay, but let's have a look at some examples. Again, this picture in Kenya is walking towards the left of the picture. And as you can see, I left space in the left of the picture. Let me tell you also that Elana is place on the vertical line of the grid and he's walking towards the opposite side. Let's have a look again at this picture. I'm walking toward the right part of the picture. And again, I left space on that side because I'm walking towards it. Now let's have a look at this stationary example. I'm not doing any action. I'm not moving, I'm not walking. There's not a car. However, I'm face towards the left of the picture. As you can see, I'm placed on the right vertical line and I'm watching the left part of the picture, which is the peak of that mountain that you see right there. Also, you should notice the horizon of this picture is exactly on the top horizontal line of the image. Okay, so these are the three main rules that we need to try to follow when we take pictures of width our phone. Just to recap, one is the rule of third, tried to place the horizon either in the top horizontal alive, or in the bottom, not placing in the middle. Or when you have a subject on here, have two subjects tried to place in the intersection or along one of the two vertical lines. The second one, he's leading lines, tried to find natural elements such as railways, handrail, mode, whatever you want that draw the attention of the viewer towards this subject. You want lead room or lead space. When I'm walking towards that direction, leave space in the image in that direction. If you're shooting a car, if you're shooting someone moving, leave space towards the direction. If you have a stationary subject that is facing towards the directions, place these subjects on a corner, one of the two intersection and leave space on the direction of you. Later on in this course, I will show you some of the common mistakes that beginners too. And they you should avoid even about composition and everything else that we're gonna talk about later. Thank you very much for listening, and I'll see you in the next one. 5. Lighting: Hi guys, welcome back. Today I wanna talk about lightning. Lightning is a key element for photography. Sometimes he's really difficult, even for professional photographer to control the light. But today, I want to try to explain briefly how to control the lightening in your phone. If you shoot on external, outside is really key to show during sunset or blue, how're by blew our, I mean, the very early morning when the sun hasn't reason yet. Why do we do this? We're doing this because at midday or to pin, the sun is very harsh. It's very high. Therefore, our eyebrows will make a shot on our eyes, which are always the subject of the image. When should a good person? On the other hand, when we shooting terminal in a protected environment, we can control the light in a easier way. Usually, if you don't have professional life, you have to use a window. This is the best way to take great pictures, both for personal, for product. When you are inside, the best way, if you don't have professional lightning is to use a window. But when you use a window, make sure that the Sun is not hitting directly your subjects that you shooting unless you want to create a particular effect. So basically what I mean by that, then when the sun is hitting your house inside a window, tried to not place the subject directly towards the sun, staying the shadow inside the house, inside the room that you are. Ok first, let me tell you what He's a highlight and was it his shadow? When we have an image, all the light part are highlights and all of the dark or shadows, the wanting between our cold midterms. When we shoot a picture, especially when we are inside or outside, it could happen that we have a very dark psi in a very bright side. This happens, for example, where we are inside a dark room and we were trying to shoot outside where it's very bright. In this case, it is very difficult to capture both shadows and highlights, especially using our phone, which has a small sensor. The difference is that a camera has a bigger sensor and allow us to capture most shadows and more highlights, a better dynamic range. Our goal when we take a picture with our phone is to try to capture as many highlights and has many shadows as possible. Sometimes if the image is too dark, the shadows will be completely black. So we're going to lose details. On the other hand, if the image is too bright, we're going to burn the highlights. So we're going to lose all the details in the highlights. Our phones allow to control the light in several different ways. One way is to use the app Lightroom that we talked before in the promote and control Monalisa light. This is the most difficult way. Let me show you the easy way which is using their normal camera or even Lightroom. We just need to tap on certain parts of the image to control automatically daylight when we open our camera app or even that room. This allows you to top in the place that we want, whether is in the shadows or whether it's in the highlights to adjust automatically the exposure. Usually every smartphone inset on automatically. That means that the software will adjust itself the exposure. However, when he's like this, shadows are too dark. We can tap on the shadows and the image will bring up all the shadows. If we want to tap into highlights, this will darken old the image when we're like this, but we want to control it by hand. You can tap on his part and then darken the image, dragging down your finger or lightening up, drugging up your finger. However, even if you are in this position, when you're going to move your phone, it will adjust automatically so it won't remember it settings that you put. However, if you keep pressing on 1, the iPhone will automatically blocked defocus and the lightning that you choose. Again, if you want to track it down to darkened image or drug it up to lightening up. We'd hold these settings. So even if you move, it won't adjust automatically. You will always keep the one that you put. This image is a bit difficult and this is why this area is very dark and this area is very bright. So because the sensor of the iPhone is very small comparing to a camera, it won't capture both highlights and shadows. As I mentioned before, when we should relax through mobile Indian GIF file, we have more data inside the picture. And in this case, easier to bring up the shout as if they are too dark or bring down the highlights if there are two bright. When we shoot, we did normal camera of the smartphone. It is very difficult to bring down the highlights you to break up the shelves because there is less information. Therefore, when he's burned or when do you or to darkness chateaus is just lost detail lost. On the other hand, with Lyra, with editing, we can adjust a little bit, but he's always better to shoot the best we can on the first head. Okay, guys, thank you very much for listening. I'll wait for you. And the next one, when we are going to talk about depth of the image, Ciao. 6. Depth Of The Image: Today we'll talk about that of the image and how to create it. Usually when you walk outside, you have different layer, even if you don't notice, for example, there is a person in the foreground of building and then a bus Very, very far and a picture. He's very difficult because it's a 2D the image. So we don't have to bet that there are some techniques on how we can recreate the step through the focus of the image and the aperture of the phone, we can blurry either the foreground or the background when we place an object very, very close to the phone, and we have our focus to tobacco grown. This object in the foreground, we, we blurry, or on the other hand, we can put the focus on the object that we have into foreground and blurry the background. Let me show you some examples. As you can see in this photo, Flourens, we have different elements in different layers. In the foreground. You see, for example, in the top right corner that beliefs are blurry because they are very close to the phone. Then you see old the audit cleanse, and then there's the C, The Cathedral, and the very background, there are some mountains. This is what I mean by different layers. In these photos, Vandy says, well, you see that the two columns are divided on the left and birth because they're very close to the phone. While this was peri, bridge into kind of a dissenter is unfocused. And these great depth into image, as I mentioned, a second option that we have is two blurry the background and keep in focus the foreground, for example. And this image, we have these little trees, they are in focus and the background is completely blurry. This is why the planets were very close to my phone and the dragon was very far. Therefore, I just kept the focus there and blurrier than backgrounds. How do I do this? That's a real question, right? So what I need to do when I'm on camera is to very, very simply tap on the object that you want on focus for simple right now if I put the finger right here on my phone, if I want my finger on focus, I just need to tap on my finger. If I want the background on focus, I just need to tap on the bridegroom and then the phone automatically with blurry, the one that you don't want. Even in these other example, as you can see, I had the folk was very close to the brush, so my phone was very close to brushes and getting the Bergeron was simply bird. Another option that I love to use to create our lights. For example, I can put a light very close to the camera or even further away than the subject. In this case, for example, in this image, you see this lamp right here, that he's blurred because he's further away from me. That creates depth. Let me show you some more examples. In this image, the subject is in focus, but in Tibet, grin as you can see, there are some Christmas lights right there. There's just nothing fulcrums, you don't notice them, but they create that in the image. They create different layers. As I mentioned before, in this example, I use a lens as a subject and then a small candor one or two meters away to create depth into image. As you can see, my subset is unfocused while the live behind is blurred. Another option is to use the slides very, very close to the camera in the foreground, blurry and that having your focus on the subject a little bit further away. For example, in this picture, I use some Christmas lights in the very foreground. Blurry. So you can't really see much about the lights. But then create depth because the subject is in the background and focus. It always good if you can create depth or ready in Kamer. However, when we're going to have a look at less distortion, One of the app that I told you before, I will show you how to add layers on top of your image in an artificial way in post-production so we can create even more depth. But for now, that's all. Thank you very much for listening, and I'll see you in the next one. 7. Mistakes You Should Avoid: Hi guys, welcome back. Now I want to show you all the biggest mistake that you should avoid as a beginner. And all of these past lectures we have seen composition lightening where to put the subjects harpsichord that. But sometimes he's really difficult even for intermediate O professional to create that image to peripheral one. Okay, let's start with composition Evers. And these first picture, which looks cool, there is one big mistake. I'm facing towards the right of the image. However, the spaces on the left doesn't make any sense. It doesn't look good. I'm not our mistake in this picture is that I'm not exactly in the intersection of derived and end the bottom line. To correct this image would have been better. If I was thinking along the right vertical line, I would have had to face the other side or have space on the right side of the image in the second picture still eludes. Good call, it looks good. The sad news prey. However, I'm too far right? I'm still the subject of the picture. They spied. I wanted to show the background as well, but I should have stayed on the right line of the grid, as we mentioned earlier. Let's have a look at this picture. The sunset looks great, or there is a huge mistake. First of all, nothing is unfocused, everything is blurry. So what's the point to post the photo that is completely bury? The horizon is not horizontal. Such a huge error. And so many times I see this on photos posted, even on Instagram or wherever. I mean, he's finally through, not a professional. But it's pretty easy to put the horizon Jewish trait, right? And it doesn't take much time. Ok, let's have a look at these next exemple. If you're no focus and you don't know about this, you might think, OK, this looks good. There is a good competition. This guide colors. Okay? However, let me tell you that the horizon, he's in dissenter, what did we say earlier? These better if they are Ising, he's onto first-line or the second line of the grid. Okay, let me try to crop this image so you can understand the difference better. And this way we're going to have 1 third of this guy and 2 third of the month S and the snow. So as you can see on the left, is that before and on the right is after, looks much better, right? These net exemple, everything looks pretty good. The subject, he's not really on the intersection. However, what is the biggest mistake here that highlights our bird? The image is too bright where the rocks are. In this case, we would have had to adjust it when we're shooting the picture because now it's too late. We lost the detail of the rock in the center of the image. And therefore, even in post-production will be basically impossible to bring back all the details. If we have had a camera, maybe you could adjust a bit base highlights, but here we can do anything. You just burn. You can't use this picture. Even here when we have a look in this picture, the composition lives gray. There is the subject, which is this donor. On the lower level, there is a hand, there is a tree which is noting focus. There is the London Eye and the back. However, this guy, he's bird, even here we're too high lead exposure, we should have shot with the lower exposure or greenback to highlighting post-production. They're not burn too much. Okay, let's have a look at another example. This picture looks quite good. He's not bad. The competition could have been okay. However, is too dark. We adjusted the exposure on this guy so this guy is not burn. However, the shadows are too dark. We don't have any details completely pitch black. And these a problem he's not okay. In these cases I mentioned to you before is very difficult without a camera and just tweet a phone. When we shoot from a room inside where it's very dark and there is another side which is very bright, is difficult because the phone doesn't have a very wide range. So either you burn the highlights or either you lose details in the shadows and not at really, really big mistake that I see. He's way too many people inside a photo or way too many subjects, way too much going on in a picture. Just tried to keep it simple. Let's have a look at this picture. Right now you see myself smiling there on a picture to cope position could be ok, there is kind of 1 third of this guy. There is the buildings, the church, the people, the grass, the shadow there of something probably is a building. I don't know what it is. They just told much way, way, way too much. When I have a look at this picture, I don't know where to look. There are people there is neither was the church or the buildings. Just too much. Keep It Simple. Maybe wait five minutes that these guys are gone or maybe tried to get only the church instead of the building as well. Tried to go away from the shadow. Just too much. Keep It Simple. Okay, this next one, we are talking about leading lines. As we notice, there are lot of things going on and it could be fine if there was a subject. But in this photo there is not a subject. All the lines, there are lot of lines in your eyes is lost. You don't know where to look at which one is the such inhibits the lab maybe or the people maybe is the top floor may be or the sharps downstairs, there's just too much everything is pointing towards a point where there is nothing. So this is a wrong use of leading lines. I showed this picture with just a mistake. I just won't use it is really fine to make mistake. You just need to recognize them and try to avoid it next time when you shoot. During the shooting is totally normal to make mistakes. You just seen post-production or you won't use certain kind of picture that you notice they have mistakes. Okay, let's have a look at this picture. I really liked. This picture is taken from the bottom so as different perspective. And there is a taxi, there are a lot of reflection around their callers are good. I really edited these picture, but there is something that bring distraction inside a picture, which is probably the testing that you see on the left. How about we cut based taxing? We just keep the one in the center so we try to eliminate all the distraction that you've seen the picture and just keep this subject. You should consider that every image that you shoot, every picture should have a meaning. So try to think when you shoot, what does that mean? What does communicate to meet these picture? Do you wanna say something when a picture doesn't have emotion? Does it have a subject? Try to ask yourself these questions when the last big, big, big mistake that beginners do is to add too much the pictures. You're going to be very careful when you edit the pictures because it really makes or breaks the picture itself. There are few elements, they are very dangerous when editing. I'm going to show you later on the course right after how to edit colors, details, exposure, everything into following lessons. There are four elements very dangerous. They you need to avoid to push too much further on texter. Magnetic polarity and the haze, very dangerous. Don't push them too much. Keep it very simple. For example, this picture looks, looks very good. Buddies edit way, way, way, way, way too much. Instead. What about this? Much less edited looking great, good composition gets subject. Nice depth of image. There you go. Alright, guys, these are the biggest mistake that beginners do. I hope you learned something today? I hope you would try to avoid these. Tried to think, I know there are lot of element thing to think about, but sometimes tried to watch bank does video maybe or keep it note and tried to avoid all of this. And then you're going to be shooting great photos. I'm sure about this Ciao. 8. Editing - part 1 - Composition: Hi guys. First of all, thank you very much. If you reach this point, we are now entering into the last part of the course. Probably my favorite. We're going to talk about editing. Editing is a very, very complicated and wide area. I could literally talk for hours and hours. However, there are some elements and I want to teach you to make sure that your pictures will look good. Remember to should the pictures we did DNG foreman, we Lightroom Mobile did built-in camera at not the camera that you have in your phone, but open room on the bottom right corner and there is the camera aimed site lie room should with it and send the PNG file. If you don't remember how to do it, go back into lecture number two and you'll find it entertaining. He is absolutely key and it can make or break your picture where the editing we can turn a very oddly composition very into something acceptable, something more interesting. But on the other hand, we can make a beautiful picture console so bad. But don't worry, I'm going to teach you everything you need to know. Ok. It happens very often. It, when you're taking a picture, you don't have everything perfect. The composition is not perfect. Details are not perfect. However, what you can do is trim the picture. So the first thing to do after you've shot the pictures to adjust the composition. And dukkha, in other words, just trim your photo as they into it. Okay, once we have shut the picture, first thing that we need to do is to adjust the composition. So we go into menu with the help of the grit. We tried to just following the rules that we set earlier. For example, here we have the subject that is in the intersection of the two lines, and we have the horizon on the top line. These is good and ready. In this menu, you can also choose which format you want, which is the thing that you need to understand at the beginning if you want to use it for Instagram and the vertical versions, for example, five, ratio seven. Or if you want a story, he's 9160, if you want us carries one by one, and here it will adjust based on what you choosing. Okay, let's leave it at the moment. So I'm gonna just add a little bit. Okay, I'm perfectly on that line and they're rising is OK, this is good. Here. We can also train them in case they're horizon was notched trait are ready. We can adjust it and rotating right or left. Make sure to avoid these bad mistake. Ok. You go here in this menu, you can also rotate left or right, depending what do you want to do with the foot on how you shut it. Here? You can also flip it horizontal and vertical. Once you're done with a trim that crop and rotation, you just click OK. And then we're going to next one. Very important delight. You go into light menu. And then the first thing that you need to do is to resist exposure. So be careful when you do this. Tried to not burn the highlights, but showed the shadows as well. You need to find the right balance, okay, this is okay for me. And then we go in contrast, be very Caufield even when you're using the conscious, tried to stay between 20 and minus 20. Don't go too much with the contrast and no go-to less, of course. Okay, I'm gonna put now around 1210. Then we need to adjust the highlights in case when you adjusted the exposure to Highlights where Bern, you can try to bring them down here a little bit or a lot, depending how you want to picture and how you shutter. In this case, I'm going to bring them down. And then we the shadows, we go a little bit higher. So we're showing more details. This is maximum, but maybe we show a little bit less to create more contrast. And then we have the whites or the black. These are a little bit, it has the highlights and the shadow at the half, some differences. These case we want to bring down the whites or uses the effect that he does. Okay, so play a little bit with those as well. And we're going to bring them down a bit. And then up or down even to blacks. In this case, when you're bringing up the blacks, you add details under shadows and the blacks doesn't become black anymore, but will be a big gray. After you've chosen the former, caught the picture and adjusted the lighting, we are ready to go and tweak the colors. But this will be the new video. Thank you very much for watching. I'll see you in the next one. Ciao. 9. Editing - part 2 - Colors: Hi guys. In this video, we're going to talk about colors. Still part of the editing, still very white area. Some people study and do only colors. That means that it is very wide, is very complicated. And there are a lot of combination of colors that can be nice together. Let me give you this example right now. As you can see this composition, you see a tilde right there in orange, right there. Till an orange. They stayed together very nicely. So this picture looks pretty good and can be one of the thousands of combination of colors that we can choose for our pictures. The first thing that we need to do when we are editing the colors of a picture is to adjust the white balance, or some other people call the warmth. What does that mean? Basically, whenever you're looking at a picture, we need to figure it out which one is there bright white. What I mean by that is that the white in a picture can be a little bit too blue or little bit too yellow. This is why professional photographers use these cardboards. What they do is before taking pictures the adjust the white balance with the white cardboard based on this subject in the promote in light room, you can adjust the white balance or you can keep and likely, don't worry, keep the automatic. It's pretty good in Lightroom. The best practice is to adjust the white balance directly when shooting. But if you don't do that, we can adjust it also in post-production, in editing inside that room, let me show you how to do it. For just a white balance, we need to go into color menu and then drag on the right to temperature to make the warm feeling like the summer Bible. Or to the left where if you want to have a more winter effect though, or night defects as you want to call it. Then we need to adjust also the tint, make it more green or more magenta. It's totally up to you as you liked the picture. Then we have the vibrance and saturation. The difference between the two is that the saturation effects the whole image, the whole colors more and less. While the vibrance affects only the colors, they are more present in the picture. So when I drag it down, for example, now here there is a lot of green, yellow is gonna go down while the gray in my hood is not really affected much. And also the color of mice cane is not really effective because you're not really present in that picture. While if I drag it up, then you see that these colors, they go up a lot. One more option that we have to add just a temperature, these two top on these dropper on the right side of the screen. And then we need to move the circle and the pointer to the why of the image and this image, it doesn't really work because we don't have a pure white. We have just my hood. These caret is not really a white. So we don't use the dropper these time, but we just drag it out to my query where we want it. I like a little bit warm for this picture. So these could be okay. And then I want to increase a little bit the vibrance, and this is it. Okay, let's have a look at these other example. First thing first, we need to crop the image. Tried to have a nice composition. Yeah, this one looks fine. I'm ready. And then what we need to do is we go into menu, adjust exposure, maybe decrease the highlights and the shadows a bit. And then we go and colors. What we do first, as we said, we adjust the white balance so we need to figure it out which one is the right widened Sita image and adjust as we like it. So for example, if you go into winter side, here's what a winter, but I like a little bit of warm filling because there was a lot of sun that day. And then we need to adjust the tent and the vibrance. These paintings are very fine. I'm not going to touch anything here. We're going to vibrance, increase a tiny bit. The vibrance, after we have adjusted the settings, it's time to dig into the real colors. Let me show that possibilities that you have insight library. Okay, now we go into real color tweaking. We need to toughen mix. And then here we have the HSL where basically we can control the hue, saturation and luminous of every color that we have an image. For example, these mountains are green and yellow. Let's go into yellow. In Dr. Who, towards the oranges. As you can see, all the yellows becomes orange. Any free died the yellows towards the cream, all the CRE. And the same time we can use this such ratios student desaturated yellows or saturate them. And then the last one is luminance, is also referred to the yellows. So if we drag it down, all the yellows will become darker. If you drag it up, all the yellows will become brighter. And these case for this picture, I want to drive the yellow's a little bit towards the orange. They saturate them and lightening up little bit. Let's go for a sample in details. We can dry it down or drug it up and it's going to effect a little bit these part of the image. Not too much though. Let's take the orange as well. We can drag it down and we are going to affect this part of the image or drag it up to change the colors. They saturate them and climb maybe illuminance. Okay, there you go. We can also look at the reds. Usually what I do, I just taught all the colors and see what he modifies. For example, these part also affects the sky just a tiny bit. One more option that we have, these two top on the center here. Tap on the color that we want and drag it to change the colors or the WHO. And also we can go in saturation down here and illuminance doing the same thing. For example, if we want to remove the saturation from this part, we go in saturation down here, click and then drag it down if you want to remove or drug it up. If you want to increase the saturation of the yellows. And as you can see in this part, is selected the color they use selective. So you can check, for example, we go here and the mountain and we can drag it down to decrease the luminous because we have selected it or increase it. And then we go in saturation and we can top decrease or increase. Okay, let's go back to the HSL. Let's modify again as we want. It may be just like this. Looks fine. Okay. There you go. Let's have a look at another picture and not an exemple. And then let's change the colors. First thing first I wanted to touch the blues because I like this guy to be a bit more teal. So we go and drag on the left and then we dragged down to saturation and illuminance as well, just a tiny bit. And then we go into oranges that the lower part of the image, and maybe we modify it towards the orange. Yes. Then they saturate a bit and then maybe increase the luminance or decrease depending on how you liked the picture. And this is already pretty good. Would the colors, this is before and after, before and after. I'm happy with this. Ok, let's have a look at the sunset picture, which is a bit different than from others. For the light, we need to increase the exposure a little bit. Careful to decrease the highlight. So the way this guy will be burned, as we said already, maybe increase the shadows of it. And then we're going callers. Just the temperature that we want to more winter or more summer vibes. Let's keep it winter these time. And then we need to modify the tint. And because he's a sunset, maybe we dragged it tends towards them magenta. Yeah, like this alike. And then the vibrance incurs it a little bit, and the saturation as well, just a tiny bit. Then we're going mix and we try different colors. Let's go for example, in these purples ones and see what is the effect. For example, here we literally have a lot of option depending on how we'd like the sunset. This is a bit unrealistic, but if we go into right, okay, this looks great, right? And then we can increase the saturation and increase also the illuminance or the crazy, not too much because we're going to lose details if you decrease too much, like here in the center of the image. So let's leave it normal. Let's have a look at the other colors as well and see what they do. This is literally what happens during the normal process. You just try, try, try and try and arrow, and then you find the right composition that you like and you're going to stick with it. This looks pretty good already, so I'm fine. As you heard, the word preset, what is appraiser? A precinct is a set of settings that you choose directly from another picture, from a different creator or that you've saved by yourself. E applying directly to an image. However, they don't work for every picture. Different condition, different sang, different learning doesn't allow to apply a preset for all the pictures that you have. There are some general preset that can make little tweaks on an image and can be using different situation in Lightroom, there are already some profiles that are amazing and they're free. However, if you want to modify your pictures more, you may consider to buy external ones. Okay, talking about preset and the profiles that Lightroom offers. Here's what we tried to do. We have this image, it looks pretty good. We just need to crop it. Okay, maybe we do like this. So the subject is in the bottom and then the village is on the, on the top line of the grid. We're good. So we click OK and then we just go to the profiles and we can play with all the preset that Lightroom offers. And I really like the modern number eight. So let's go with this and are very, the image looks so professional. They only think that we need to do after applying to profile is to play with the light. In this case, we just need to increase a little bit the exposure. And this is the result before, after. It looks amazing, right? And he took me probably five or six seconds to make it, as you've seen, modifying the colors means trial and error. Sometimes you just need to try to mold and drag and see what's the effect. And then you'll find the right combination afterwards. One thing that I do very often is that when I shoot pictures in the same location, when the same angles, when they're saying lights, I just need to modify one picture and then copy and paste a settings when slight adjustments. If there is a day that is cloudy, even though the Latin might change a little bit, the colors will most likely remain the same throughout a day or throw a few hours. So just money if I went it sure. Copy and paste. So for example, you're gonna take 15 minutes to modify one single picture. If you have 20, you just need to copy and paste and it's going to take five minutes maximum two copy and pasting all the others, 20 in general, keep in mind that finding the right colors is very difficult. Takes a lot of practical and a lot of time. I know that he's not easy, but just keep doing it. Keep doing Kim doing. Just tried to train your eyes to see which colors look better together. And maybe do some reaches on lights which are the best, which are like the teal and orange, or which are the combination that work. Okay guys, this is all for now about the colors. Thank you very much for watching you for the next lesson where we're going to talk about details and we're going to finish the pictures that we started. Thank you. Ciao. 10. Editing - part 3 - Details: Hi guys. Today we're gonna talk about details inside that room. As we're gonna see, there are two different menus, effects, and details. We need to be very careful with these settings because they can break to picture some photographers they even say to never use clarity and texture, but honestly, I really like it. So let me show you how to do it in a proper manner using the photos that we edited before. So to add a defect and the details inside lab room, there are two menus, exactly nice effects and details. Let's have a look at the effects first, we have different sliders. Either texture clarity behaves big netting, and then the following ones will be activated after you decrease or increase the dignity like this. And that's will be activated. Ok, texture. As I mentioned already at the beginning, one of the biggest mistake that beginners do is to increase the texture and increase the character. These picture looks awful, right? So these are the before and after. Be very careful with this. Just increase may be a little bit sometimes and declarative both texture and clarity increase them a little bit. However, if you want to affect more like dreamy effect, you can decrease the clarity. So you have this kind of blurry but not blurry. So in this case it doesn't really match. So let's increase the clarity. And then the, they haz works very well when you have some cloudy pictures. So when you have some foggy images, you can increase a little bit to have more details. In this case, we don't really need it. So let's leave it as 0. Ivig netting sometimes is very helpful, but if used too much, it can become really heavy. So what we do here, we decrease the Wagnerian because in this picture will look good and decrease also the midpoint, which means the center of the feather, the victory. We just decrease the Vigna adding a little bit and the midpoint as well. So this is designating effect when we increase the feather, you want see anymore, it kind of blends set within the picture, okay, that it uses almost done. We just need to go in detail. We have different option, but we're going to use just the sharpening. What does that mean is very simple. It makes the image a little bit more sharpen. But be careful because if you increase too much, it will bring up the rumor, which is basically the noise that you see in the picture. You see. So we're gonna increase just a bit the sharpening and thus is the final result. Before and after. Let's have a look at another picture. So we're going that facts menu, we can increase the texture. That clarity may be a little bit. Be careful, as I mentioned before, you don't need to go too crazy with the clarity and even we detect sure don't go too crazy. Keep it simple, keep it low. And then you can decrease. Maybe they're big netting. Okay, make point as well. Also the feather, maybe if you decrease the feather, you will want to see the big netting as a circle. If you increase the fetter, you'll see less the difference between the magnetic and the center. So when we go in detail, we can increase a little bit the Sharpening, not too much. And this is the final result before, after. And I'm pretty happy with this. Ok, let's have a look at the sunset that we already modified before. We increase the texture a little bit, increase the clarity as well, and maybe decrease the big netting. By decreasing designating, we're going to have more focused on the center of the image and decreasing the focus of our eyes, of the external parts. Even the midpoint. In this case, because the big netting makes a bit darker the image, we can go back into light and increase a tiny bit the exposure. Okay, I think this is enough for the effects. We're going details and increase the sharpening a little bit. Okay, this is the before and after for this picture. Looks pretty good, isn't it? Okay, guys, and this is how you finish the pictures we'd effects and details for this lesson is all. Thank you very much for watching and I'll see you in the next one where we're going to talk about two apps, snaps it and less distortion that I love to use for post-production. Thank you very much, Ciao. 11. Post Production Magic - Snapseed: And this video, we're going to have a deeper look and snaps it, which is a Google app, and it's free both for Android and iOS. I'm going to show you all the main features that I use pretty often I would say sometimes happen that I should pictures we don't my camera. I added men that we Photoshopped desktop. But then I like to import these photos in my phone and then add some details which staff seed or lens distortion. Let's dig into that. Okay, so after we opened snaps it, you can choose the picture that you want from your device, or either you shoot a picture right there. Okay, For example, let's have a look at this picture. Here we have the possibility to open the Tools menu where you can find all these information, all these different features that's not seen authors. The first one he's tune image, where allows you to modify all the basic settings of the image. Brightness conscious saturation, ambitious Highlights, Shadows and warmth basically are very similar to what we've seen with Lightroom. So I'm not going to go through days. I already edited this picture. The next menu that I want to show you is details. I really like the structure of snaps it. So usually I like to around plus ten or 15 depending on the image. One effect that you can do with the structure is to remove it all to create these dreamy effect picture. It depends on how you want it. I like to have some structure in it. Now, I want to show you two of my favorite menus, selective and brush. In the selective menu that I use very, very often allows you to click on a part of the image and select by zooming in with two fingers, pinching in and painting out a bigger or smaller parts of the image based on color and luminance. What does that mean? Basically now that I clicked here on this guy is going to select all the parts of the image. They're very similar with luminous and colors. And then once I'm here and I selected with the red dot right there, all the red part is selected. I can drag it up or down to increase brightness, contrast saturation or structure. For example, let's go in brightness. And then I drag my finger on the right slide on the right to increase the brightness. And then you can see in the circle is green because I'm increasing the brightness if I slide on the left, is going to become red. So I'm decreasing the brightness on the selected area. Okay, let's see 0. Now, what I can do is to click on the plus button on the bottom to add another selective filter. For example, right now let's go on the green part on the grass. Here. I can pinch in or pinch out to select more or less area. As you can see, selecting only the greens and not the beach, not the yellows. Alright? So any of here, and even here I can do it exactly the same thing. I can increase the brightness, decreases the brightness, or even decrease a saturation or increase desaturation is totally up to you if you want to select some parts and modifying only a little part of the images. Next menu that I want to show you, his brush. This is a bit complicated. Let me try to be as clear as possible. We have different brushes. Each brush has a different function. When are we going temperature, for example, as we've seen before, we can change to warm as yellow or too cold tones as a blue. How much we're changing depending on the number that we have down here. For example, we have plus ten, so it's going to change a lot. If we can go class five, we can go class five or even decrease the temperature. That means going to the cold tones. For example, let's select minus ten temperature. And then I can zoom in or zoom out to have a bigger or smaller brush. Ok, so let's zoom in to have a smaller brush. And let's paint on these frock to make it more blue to whoever. Cold tome. Okay, I just need to drag your finger like this and color the image that you're modifying with these settings that you just put. And the same time you can do the exactly same thing with the outer brushes. For example, if you wanted to exposure, if you want to increase the exposure of the bottom of the picture, you can put, for example, exposure 1.00 and maybe zoom in a little bit and then increase the exposure of this part of the image. Of course, now it doesn't make any sense because I already edited his patron is already perfect, doesn't eat anything else. But if we want, for example, to dark and only a little part of the image with the brush, we can go in exposure. Go in minus, for example, minus 0.3. We zoom in on the left part of the image where all these people that either want to see and then we just paint on top of it. And this is the before and after of this part. As you can see, I darken a little bit with the brush. That part of the image that I didn't want to be too bright at the same time, you can do the exact same thing we saturation. If you want to remove some such ratio from a single part of the image, you can go, for example, minus 0.5 and then remove the saturation from this part of the sea. And China want to be too blue, I just want to be more white dot color. And this is the difference that you see from blue. Look at these part of the sea, from blue to gray to white, weed out colors. Let's have a look now. And the healing menu, which I showed you before already a little bit. The many that I show you before ISS healing, as I mentioned before, you just need to zoom in. If you want to make them brush smaller and that drag your finger on top of the people that you want to remove. Maybe twice to remove everything that you don't want. Ways people could be pimples, could be imperfection of the photo. Snaps. He's pretty good, but sometimes you need to do it more than once. For example, here these people are gone. Yeah, there you go. And this is the effect. And you can keep going, keep going away. We older people with patient and then, and then you can create the perfect picture and you can use the exact technique for, for example, for moving pimples from the skin. Like look at this picture. I didn't just re snaps it. And here is before and after springy Asia. Another effect that you can use is big net is exactly same as lighten as we've seen before. You go to Tools and then VGG net, you drag to the left if you want a black dogmatic or if you drag to the right, if you wanna white with netting. And then we have the export menu that allows you to either save their original photo with the changes that you made. So you won't have the original photo, you just have the one way the adjustments or either you save a copy. So you can have both the original and the modified one. Save a copy. And he's going to apply all the effects that you apply. And this is the last thing that I want to show you is dabbled exposure. It is pretty difficult to understand high works and to put into practice. And I just want to give you some examples of what you can do with this. Let's start with this picture. One day double exposure does, is that you can put a picture on top of another picture, reducing the opacity. Therefore, you're going to see both of them. Let me show you. So we start with this one and then we go to Tools and double exposure. Here we add a new picture. We choose the picture that we want, for example, this one. And then it's going to add on top with a lower opacity than normal. So you see both picture. For example, right now I'm just gonna zoom that top image. Okay? And this looks pretty good. What I'm gonna do is you can change the opacity of the picture on top. So you're going to see more or less of the picture on the bottom. Let's leave it like this for example. This one looks pretty good of what I can do is I go in crop, select the format that I want, 7.5 rotating Vertica, which is the Instagram format. And then click OK. And this is the final picture. Before and after. It's pretty cool, right? We export it and we've done. Okay, let me show another example. Let's start from this picture, which is a silhouette of myself that I did during sunset. We go and then we play double exposure. And then for example, let's add the sunset that we edited before. Yeah, there's you go. Looks pretty good. Isn't it? Export, save a copy, and there you go. Okay, these, these all four snaps it. Thank you very much for watching and I'll see you in the next lesson where we're going to talk about less distortion and amazing gap for post-production Ciao. 12. Post Production Magic: Lens Distortions: Hi guys. In this video we're going to have a deeper look on lens distortion, one of the three app that I told you at the beginning. This is a free app that allows you to add different layers on top of the image that you've shot or vary. For example, if you want to add a reflection on the lengths, or maybe you want to add some sun or since sunrise or fog, or rain or clouds. This app is really and useful to artificial effects on top of what is your regional picture, okay, now I want to show you few example on how to add a son and sunrise in a proper manner. Let's have a look at it. Okay, this is the app lens distortion. When we opened, we need to choose a picture we want to add. Let's pick this one. I'm going to show you how I headed. The colors in the composition is a ready-made. I'm just going to show you that with less distortion, you can add a lot of layers on top of the picture. Many of them you have to pay to have them. And you ever ready enough in the free version to have fun with your pictures? For example, right now, in this one, we notice that there is the sun that is coming this way, although you don't see it, we can add a fake sun to emphasize the lightning coming from that side. For example, right now I'm choosing this sun for they sink on the right side. And this is already looking pretty nice, right? Much better than before. But if you want to do even more, we can add another layer. And then for example, going soft light and then top the first one, which are sun rays, drive the sun rays where the sun ACE and diminish zooming in the circle. So becomes a smaller positioning the right side. And then you tap on to soft like right here to access all the settings for the sun rays. And for example, we topped direction and then we can move the sun rays where we want, for example, right now, I want it to go very close to me. For example, like here, I really like this picture alone, so we could export to it already. Just to show you, you can literally modify the sun rays as much as you want if you want to made them more bright. If you want to change the color, for example, temperature and you can make them more yellow or you can make them more blue. Of course, this is not real. You need to try to simulate the real conditions. Otherwise, no one will believe of this picture. So for example, if you're going to threshold, you can increase the number of lights that is coming out from the Sun, or even diminish. If you want to shorten their race, then you go in length and you decrease. The length of the race. Increase if you want, there are literally a lot of options. Let's have a look at another picture. I showed this in the Jurassic Coast in UK. Would my phone was pretty nice. It was a golden hour. These why the picture looks are ready so good. Well, we need to do here is very simple because the sun is coming from this way. We are going to add a little sun coming their way, just to fake it. There you go. I'm already done. This is edited here. Before and after is pretty damn good, right? Ok, let's have a look at the third example. This is the glasgow cathedral. I was insight and the idea that I got is to add a soft light coming from this window, like the sun is hitting from here. Let's see if it works. Ok, there you go. You just need to put the circle right there and maybe a bit smaller. And then you go and control maybe they direction. Let's go and illuminate the subject that is here in the center of the picture. And we can change direction, see where he goes. These app detects automatically the highlights in the picture and creates the sun rays coming out from these highlights. These already good enough, right? Know already son in sun grace, but you can also adds no frames and clouds. Let's have a look at this picture. Here. In this picture I wasn't the adverse doing goes No, this is another little picture. I just edited the colors a little bit, but I want to show you that if I want to emphasize the store, I can even add some snow. For example, let's get these arrows. No, here on top is already looking pretty good and they did nothing. But let's add another layer just for fun. We take this one for example, and we can increase the dimension. And if you want, you can also edit different settings, as we saw before. For example, the softness, if we want to make it less knitted, less sharpen. And this is like the effect as the snow was very close to the camera. But he's added in post is not real. And this is the before and after is looking pretty good, right? As you can see that a lot of options and you can put together in these example now, I will show you a different combination of different elements that can look in the picture. Ok, for example, in this picture, we have many, many options of combination of sun, sun rays for affection that we cannot. Let's have a look at a few examples. Here. Let's add, for example, the Sun on the side of the window. No one can really tell that this is a fixed sun unless you know for real, right? But eventually we can modify the colors, the capacity, the brightness that contrast a softness, everything we want to make it as real as possible. In this case, for example, these two yellow. So let's make it a little bit more white, or let's diminish the brightness. Okay, this looks pretty good. Let's add another layer. We're going luminary. We take anything that he's here and then we put it on the site. Looks pretty good. Are ready. We can increase the blurring, testy, the brightness, the opacity, everything that we want. Even here we need to change a little bit the temperature because the sun is a little bit more yellow than their reflections. So let's increase the warmth of these legacy. Okay, this looks pretty good, right? Let's make it again. We cancel these two layers and we make it a new one. This time we're going to add only some soft light. The sun rays, okay, it's less praised the sun rays here on the left part of the image. Hey, like this is fine. And then we're going direction and we modify. The direction, may be a little bit more on the left. Okay. That looks pretty good. Like the sun is entering on this site, illuminated myself. Even here. If we want to make it less long, we can decrease the length or even increase the length bays on how we like it. In this case, we can put another legacy, for example, on the left side to simulate an object at easing the foreground, we can increase the blur if needed, or change the color. And even this one looks pretty good right? Before enough, let's have a look at the third and last example from this picture. Let's add this soft light, the sun rays on the right side of the picture. These time, we decrease this circle to make it less impactful on the picture. They site. And then we modify the direction, for example, going to the left. And it looks pretty good. And then we make another layer and we are, an eclipse is like we simulate a reflection on the lens, for example here. Yeah. And it looks pretty good. Okay, this is fine. Then we click, if we want to modify the colors, the brightness, the opacity, I'm going to bring down the brightness a little bit and then even deal pasty a little bit down. And then maybe the saturation down so we make it more gray. And these more than enough before and after, right? Okay. After we've finished with the editing of the pictures, we can export to the basic version of nine. Distortion allows only 80% of quality, which is still enough for Instagram or for social media. If you want to print these photo, maybe you should buy premium version or you should add into picture on the desktop version. Once again, remember that the best practice is to add all the elements that you want when you're shooting directly without having to add to post-production. However, these hubs are really useful if we wanted to make an image more interesting. I'll see you in the next video. Ciao. 13. Extra Tips and Tricks and Outro: Hi guys, welcome to the last end bonus video for this course. First of all, if you've reached this point, it means you're really committed to increase your photography's kills. Thank you very much for watching. I'm really, really proud of you. I want to tell you a few tips and tricks that I use every time to increase my productivity when shooting photos. How do we shoot real photos? How do we should Photo? They're no different from amateur. One of the biggest difference is finding different angles. What does that mean? Many people went issued, they just take out your phone and they shoot pictures right from here without moving, without stepping, maybe forward, backward, left. Just take pictures like this at an AIS perspective. And yourself, you should try to band down, tried to take pitches from below, very close to the ground, or maybe tried to shoot pictures from the top like this. So try different angles, try different perspective. Don't shoot only one picture, but should multiples one. So in the same spot, if you find a building that is interesting, there's a card using trusting, There is a landscape that is interesting. Tried different angles. Maybe put an object in the foreground, or maybe stay very close to the ground. Maybe take one or the top take many. After on the editing site, you're going to choose which one works the best for your external fee, for your Facebook or just which one you like the best thing. For examples here you, um, photos where I start very close to the ground. Actually, if you have a look in my instrument fee, I would say 90% of the photo that you see there are shot very close to the ground. One of the reasons why they do it is because first of all, you have a different perspective. The second level is easy to find. Leading lines, railways, Hendra, fences, rail, buildings, roads, street, anything can be good for picture. Anything if used properly, can be interesting. In a picture. However, you need to be curved because you have to try to eliminate all these elements that create distraction in a picture. If there is a person extra tried to eliminate every object that he's not purposely in that picture. I've also tried to give a meaning to ever picture that you shoot, tried to capture emotion. Try to describe the picture when you're take. Don't just go and just pum, pum, pum, pum, taken many tried to think about this. Another tip that I can give you when shooting with your phone is tried to shoot through things. For example, if you find a fence, tried to shoot through that whole tried to shoot through that fence. Because defence and the object in the foreground blurry while the background will be unfocused. So you're going to create that in the image as we talked before. Another exemple that you can try is to take flowers like anything or any other object and put it very close to the camera like this. So in this case, the same time, this object will be blurry, but the bridegroom will be unfocused and you're going to create photo. There will be much more interesting tribe. Okay? One thing extremely imparts on which shooting with your phone. You need to clean your camera every single time that you're shooting. Very timing gets dirty. When you put it in your pocket. When you're using wind, the hands, maybe you touching, you don't see it cleaned at Kmart every time when a t-shirt with a piece of cotton, we would literally anything that you have in you find in your pocket. Alright guys, thank you very much for watching. I know that throughout these videos, I've given you a lot of information. Feel free to watch back all the videos that you want. Dharma members something. Feel free to go back. Feel free to message me on Instagram and tried to respond to everyone. And one more thing when you're asking me a question, tried to be as specific as possible is not because I'm a bad person, but if everyone would ask me, can you teach me photography is way too difficult. We wouldn't require me too much time. So please, if you have any question from feature-rich child, but be as specific as possible. Show me one of the picture that you've shot and asked me something specific for assemble. How about the composition? How about if I do this? How about if I loop-based? Tried to take your time, ask me the question because if you've read me hi and then I need to reply back hi. And then you've read me the questions. You need to go back. He's going to take too much time and won't be possible. And he's not respect to from other people that are waiting in response from me. Once again, that will be really appreciate if you could share any picture on your story and your learning anything. If you are taking picture using these tapes, feel free to tag me both in your post and in your stories or even a TED Talk wherever you want. Feel free to tell about these courts to your friends. Thank you so much again, guys, I'm so excited to share with you all everything I'm planning. So stay tuned on my profile. Thank you so much again. I'll see you in the next one. Ciao.