Mini-Course: Introduction to Japanese Grammar | Courtney R | Skillshare

Mini-Course: Introduction to Japanese Grammar

Courtney R, Japanese Sensei

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6 Lessons (15m)
    • 1. Introduction

      0:56
    • 2. Lesson 1

      5:02
    • 3. Lesson 2

      2:24
    • 4. Lesson 3

      1:57
    • 5. Lesson 4

      1:48
    • 6. Review

      2:52
17 students are watching this class

About This Class

This mini-course is a quick, casual introduction to basic Japanese grammar. In each lesson, I teach a different grammar point and use examples to explain their use. This course is best for absolute beginners, but anyone can watch and share their feedback under the community tab. Stay tuned for more fun content like this~ Thank you for watching!

Oh, disclaimer, you will need to be able to read Hiragana and Katakana to get the most out of my lessons. My Introduction to Japanese 1 & 2 courses are a great way to learn how to study the kana characters.

Transcripts

1. Introduction: don't know me as on with us. You are called the need any hunger kill. She so step introduction to Japanese grammar, GeneCo's Yoko Saw and this many course I will teach you the very basics of Japanese grammar in order to effectively communicate in a link in any language. It is important that you know how to arrange words and grammatical particles in a way that makes sense. Japanese in particular can be tricky for native English speakers to grasp, because the sentence order is practically in reverse. By the end of this course, hopefully you'll see sentences and Japanese, and it won't look like a bunch of words or characters just running into each other. And if you have any questions, just click on the community tab and reach out to me. I would love to help you, and on that note, I look forward to seeing you in Lesson one. My son. There 2. Lesson 1: Hello and welcome to Lesson one. In this lesson, we will be discussing the order of a basic sentence in Japanese in English. The structure order of a basic sentence includes a subject, a verb and an object. This can be referred to as SV form the example we have here He which is the subject, studies the biology, the object in Japanese. The last you are actually switched around so it would be subject object verb. This could be referred to as S O B form The example we have here. If you rearrange the English, one becomes he subject biology, object studies verb. So the thing that's being modified is always going to come before the verb and the subject . Samos English will always come first. Another example would be cat drinks water in Japanese. It would be cat water drinks. Let's try some more examples. Number one. I ate a sandwich. Number two. We love swimming number three dogs Peanut butter. So I want you to have a good look at these. Give it some thought and because the video here, when we come back or I'm sorry, when you a NPAs the video, you will be able to see the answers and I'll be discussing how we got them. Go ahead and pause the video now. So if we rearrange our original example sentences into Japanese sentence order for number one, we have I the subject. A sandwich, the object eight which would be the first number two, on the other hand, would be tricky, right, because swimming is a ver. However, it's not the action being done in this sentence in this sentence. What is being done is loving something. Therefore, swimming is actually the object we swimming love. Now, if we said something like we swam in a pool, then swam would be at the end. Number three dogs. Peanut butter dogs are the subject Peanut butter. The object here is another example that you might find a bit tricky. He is happy. How would we arrange this symptoms? Because they're really kind of isn't a verb here. The answer would look like this happy. So, um, we'll talk about this in the next lesson. But in Japanese, they're kind of isn't really a way to translate is so it would really just be he happy, which obviously that sounds crazy in English. Maybe if you say he's happy. Um, but, um, yeah, that's actually the way that it would be a range. So you would say the word for he and you would say the word for happy there wouldn't be a word for is so that's all for this first lesson. And just keep in mind that when you're communicating in Japanese, you will arrange words in this order. So that means if you're trying to translate something or you're trying to come up with sentences on your own, you want to keep in mind that this is the order that you would put the words in Japanese into. So I'm not saying in English. But when you're riding in Japanese, this is the way you will order your words. If you have any questions, make sure to click on that community top and ask it that way. Um, you may not be the only person with that same question, and so more than one person might be able to see your question in your answer. Also, feel free to go to pair parent dreams dot com. Download that work. She If you haven't already as well as check it out, check out other content, and if you would like to reach out to me directly, you can find me at Pair pair of Dreams blawg at gmail dot com. So that's it for this lesson, and I will see you in the next one, my son there. 3. Lesson 2: hello and welcome to lessen, too. In this lesson, we are going to be talking about something called this. So what exactly is this? As you progress through your Japanese studies, you'll find that there's no real way to translate the A and is etcetera. In fact, you'll soon be wondering where the subjects of sentences have gone in general. However, at the end of many basic sentences, you can expect to see this. It goes at the end of a statement. And if a question is being asked, there will be this cup. There aren't really any literal translations, but most grammar books will translate this as the the A is our etcetera of a statement. This marks the end of the symptoms. While this cop marks the end of a question statement. Think of them as verbal periods or question marks. The negative version of this would be John night. This John night. This It kind of means it isn't so. For example, I'm easy. This it is water. I'm easy. This car is it water? Mr. John, I this it isn't water. So notice the placement of this this cop and John I This they always go at the end of sentences, So that's it for this lesson. If you have any questions, please make sure you click on that community type and ask it where everyone can see. That way. If anyone else has the same question, they'll find their answer there. Feel free to share any extra tips as well. You can also go to pair a pair of dreams dot com. Check out my work seats there, especially the one that goes along with this course if you haven't already downloaded it. And of course, if you need to reach out to me directly, you can also find me at pair Pair Dreams block at gmail dot com. Just feel free to send me an email, so on that note, I will see you in the next one my Sunday. 4. Lesson 3: hello and welcome to lessen three. So in this lesson, we are going to talk about singular and plural form in Japanese. So let's start by translating this sentence into Japanese. The cats like water, they're two cats and we're gonna assume they like water. Nicola Miscikowski this now lunch. Translate this sentence into Japanese. The cat one cat singular likes water. Nikola Gruevski This Do you see something strange here? Yeah, in Japanese, The indication of more than one subject or object must be assumed by context, for example, counters. But basically what I'm trying to say here is there is no singular or plural form in Japanese to say cat in Japanese is nickel to say cats and Japanese is also nickel. If I wanted to be specific that I was talking about three cats, I might see meets a nickel. So if you have any questions, feel free to click on that community type. Type it in that way. If anyone has a similar question, they can just see their answer there. Also check out pair parent dreams dot com for any additional content, especially the worksheet that goes with this course. Lost my words there and then, of course, if you want to reach out to me directly, e mail me a pair pair dreams blawg at gmail dot com And on that note, I will see in the next one my money. 5. Lesson 4: hello and welcome to lessen four. In this lesson, we'll be talking about a gout. I can't even talk. We will be talking about the vanishing subject. So I very briefly mentioned this in lesson to when I was saying that, um, pretty soon, even the subject will vanish. So this is one thing that people who learn Japanese, they tend to get a little bit caught up in this. So what if I told you that Miscikowski, this is another way to say that hats like water? Well, when communicating in Japanese, mentioning the subject again and again has the same impression as speaking in third person in English, typically in Japanese. The subject is only going to be mentioned once. Then it may be mentioned here and there, just in case the person being spoken to might have lost track. So if you asked me Neco Uh, Nozomi Bogusky this what kind of drinks do cats like, I might say, I'm easy to ask you this If you have any questions, of course, click on that community tab. Um, also, as I always say, go to pare pare dreams dot com to see what kind of content I'm putting out especially the worksheet that goes along with this, of course. And last but not least, if you want to reach out to me directly and you don't want to put your question in the community tab, you can always email me at pair Pair of Dreams blogged at gmail dot com. So that is it for this lesson, Um, and I'll see you in the next one. 6. Review: all right, so we've made it to the end, and it's time for a little bit of review. So in this course in this mini course, I should say we've learned how to arrange the parts of a basic Japanese sentence. This this car and John I. This what they are, how they're used, where they go, singular employer form in Japanese, which there is no floor reform or technically singular. And we talked about the vanishing subject. So make sure to complete the work sheet and check the key, which is posted on my website Pair pair dreams block dot com for more worksheets, one on one tutoring and YouTube videos and all the other amazing content that I intend to be putting out. Just keep up with me at pair pair dreams dot com and also have an INSTAGRAM account at Pair Bear Pera Pera dreams talking too fast. Also, if you have any questions, it doesn't matter which lesson you have a question on. Go ahead and go to that community to have an ask it, but you can always feel free to email me as well. Pare Pare Dreams blawg at gmail dot com. So for the worksheet at the bottom of it. There are some questions, some sentences for you to try to rearrange. So I would love for you to try and rearrange it. Actually, um, I'm filming this before I've actually made the key, so I may actually not make a key and posted on the website. I might make a key and posted in the community tab, so just be on the lookout for that. I'm the at the time that I'm making this. I haven't made it yet, so I'm not sure, But that is going to be all for this mini course. Make sure that if you're interested in future lessons with me to reach out or if you're just interested in my courses, my upcoming courses, the ones they already have here own skill share, it is so worth it to get that membership. That's actually pretty cheap to say. You'll have access to Japanese courses amongst other courses on this website. And if you use my affiliate link, you can actually sign up for skill share and get two months completely free. So, um, definitely consider it again. I love to hear feedback, so definitely reach out to me follow me across all social media. I forgot to mention that I also have Facebook. And so now I feel like I'm rambling. So I'm gonna go ahead and go. And as always, Musa home Tony Gombak.