Microsoft Powerpoint: Creating Memorable and Engaging Slides | Rohin Sharma | Skillshare

Microsoft Powerpoint: Creating Memorable and Engaging Slides

Rohin Sharma

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19 Lessons (1h 21m)
    • 1. COURSE INTRO Copy

      2:04
    • 2. LESSON #1 INTRO TO COURSE

      2:17
    • 3. LESSON 2 FINAL

      1:50
    • 4. LESSON 3 WHO SHOULD NOT TAKE THIS COURSE

      2:21
    • 5. LESSON 4 WHO SHOULD TAKE THIS COURSE

      2:44
    • 6. LESSON 5 OVERALL THOUGHTS

      4:46
    • 7. LESSON 6 WHAT RIGHT LOOKS LIKE

      6:47
    • 8. LESSON 7 SIN 1 TOO MANY WORDS

      5:44
    • 9. LESSON 8 SIN 2 COMPLICATED GRAPHICS

      5:20
    • 10. LESSON 9 SIN 3 NO BOTTOM LINE

      5:31
    • 11. LESSON 10 SIN 4 Complicated Graphics

      5:02
    • 12. LESSON 11 SIN 5 FONT

      3:47
    • 13. LESSON 12 SIN 6 COLOR

      6:17
    • 14. LESSON 13 SIN 7 CONTRAST

      8:52
    • 15. LESSON 14 Bonus 1

      5:04
    • 16. LESSON 15 BONUS 2

      6:54
    • 17. LESSON 16 COURSE WRAP UP

      2:31
    • 18. SKILLSHARE PROJECT 1

      0:40
    • 19. SKILLSHARE PROJECT 2

      2:43

About This Class

Design and produce effective slides that are memorable to your audience. Make your presentations stand out in front of clients, customers, and executive

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Course is meant for experienced professionals, who want to take their presentations to the next level. Knowledge of Microsoft PowerPoint and basic presentation skills are required. This is NOT an introduction to PowerPoint, nor is it a basic presentation skills course

Transcripts

1. COURSE INTRO Copy: welcome to my course, the art of the Power Point Slide. I've been working on Power Point for 20 years and the government in the military and private sector, and I know what makes a good presentation. More importantly, I know what makes a bad presentation. 90% of presentations that are put together do not achieve their intended effect. Now, this is a major problem for business and industry. But it could be an advantage to you if you're in the 10% the 10% that actually Kenbrell, Fewell and present. Well, you were already a leg up on your competition and your fellow colleagues at work, and this course will help you be in that 10%. What we're gonna do here is start out with what makes a slide a good slide, what makes it slide? A bad slide. And we'll talk about some of my thoughts that I've had over the years on what I've seen, that done good and what's been done poorly. Well, then go into the nitty gritty of sly production. What makes good slides and we'll talk about font design, color contrast, bottom lines, all the things that people either do well or most likely they screw up. That really, really impacts their presentation skills. Well, then wrap it up with some tips on how to brief and what to do the week before the day of if you're giving a big presentation. So this course is for anyone that uses power point on a regular basis to brief executives or at conferences. It is not an introduction of Power point. It is not an introduction of presentation skills. It is someone that's already experienced with briefing and presenting and want to take their presentations to the next level. So I invite you to join me, and hopefully we can make your presentation skills that much better. 2. LESSON #1 INTRO TO COURSE: So what this course teaches are the tricks of the trade again to get your slides memorable by either your client, your boss, students of yours and others that you are presenting to. As I've said, about 90% of presentations are poorly designed, poorly structured and have very, very inadequate slides on. They don't get remembered, and I think everyone here has been in presentations like that. I want to make sure that your slides get remembered. Eso the bulk of this course is the first is PowerPoint slide design in psychology. This is the tricks of the trade that will make your slides memorable. The color schemes, the font usage, how you present the information with the body language and the bottom lines. You need to get your point across, and that's the bulk of this course. Secondly, I give an example of what right looks like, and I think a lot of presentation a lot, of course, that there tell you what wrong is and what's wrong with your slides. I have an example of what's wrong and explain what's right or how to make it right. And I think this example is very indicative of what we see throughout ve throughout many presentations. And I think that in of itself, just seeing that example what wrong isn't how to make right, uh will improve your presentations in your briefings fivefold. And then finally, the big part of this course of the seven deadly sins of power 70.7 mistakes that I think 90% of people make. Ah, when they're giving briefings on, I'm gonna explain what the mistake is. Give examples of the mistake and then explain how to correct them, which again, is an important part to make your presentations that much better. So I look forward to seeing you in the course. And if there's any questions, feel free to email me via the NME uh, presentation. 3. LESSON 2 FINAL: so I think you should get a little bit of who I am before we go through the rest of this course. So a little background on me. I am a about 20 years of experience. I was a graduate of Johns Hopkins University and Georgetown of a masters from Georgetown University. I've worked as a military officer with experience in Iraq and Afghanistan. I've worked in the private sector. I've worked in the government in the public sector as well, and I've seen PowerPoint presentations given on myriad subjects, merely level with multiple abilities. Eso I've seen a lot that I think I could bring to the table, so I've seen a lot of very good presentations. More importantly, I've seen a lot of bad presentations. I've seen presentations that were out of rote memory or I should say, just routine, particularly when you're overseas in the military. Uh, that didn't have a lot of thought that didn't try an impression audience. I've seen things where it's gone in the ear of one and out the year of the same person you're trying to brief I've seen. On the other hand, I've seen some great presentations. I've seen senior generals and executive stand up after hearing 15 briefs and say, This is the one. This is the one that's the most important one. And I could tell you the one that usually stands out is the one that follows these principles that the slides go along with what you're trying to say and build a a cogent, coherent message. So that's where I'm coming from. And I think lessons I I bring in definitely can apply to whether again, military, academic, uh, government or, more importantly, the private sector. 4. LESSON 3 WHO SHOULD NOT TAKE THIS COURSE: So before I go into who should take this course I want to cover who should not take this course first. This course is not an introduction to Power Point. It will not cover the button ology, slide ology, transitions, animations, bullet points and all the things that you need to know how to create a power point slide. There are plenty, of course, is out there that can cover the intro introduction of Power point space. This is not one of them. So if you have no experience with power point, please do not take this course. So that's that's the first important thing. Second, this presentation. Or this, of course, is not meant for power point for parties and fun events. Um, if you're doing ah, your brother's bachelor party or your daughter's birthday party or something like that, there's a little tricks taking used for power point that make it fun that make it. Yeah, pretty cool looking and make some of the pictures look cool. And there's things you use a flash and animation. This is not a course that teaches that, uh, this is Mawr force people who are briefing executives, students who are people of executives were briefing students. If you're breaching clients, your client or in a business setting will not want to see the cool animations and all the whiz bang pictures that you can bring in ah into your presentation. There is a little bit more seriousness to this. So if you're looking for power Point, how to make something for your sister's wedding, please go to another course. And then finally, this is not an introduction to presentation skills. Um, I already expect you to know a little bit about how to present toe an audience. In fact, this course is geared for people who have presented or present on a regular basis. If you need advice like know your audience before you present them, this course is too advanced for you again. There's other basic presentation skills out there that I think you would benefit from. This course is not one of them. 5. LESSON 4 WHO SHOULD TAKE THIS COURSE: So who should take this course first? Anyone that's briefing, Ah, senior leader or executive. As I've mentioned earlier, your boss or senior executive in your company sees a dozen or so briefs a week, at least sometimes they taking the information. Other times, the briefing is too short or too complicated for them to understand. So with the techniques that I'll teach here, your boss will understand your bottom line and understand your key points. Eso, he or she. I can remember what you said in their next meeting or their meeting afterward or a month from now. And as I said earlier, that's how you get ahead. You, Ah, if your boss can remember what you're saying over your co workers or other people in your company, so that's the first person you should take the course. The second is anyone that's briefing a mass audience and specifically this deals of people go into conferences. I think everyone here has had the experience where they've gone to a conference and the presenter just drones on and pretends his or her information is the most important. And they present the information and very complex, complicated way with slides that don't animate what they're trying a. The message that they're trying to convey these techniques will help you avoid. It is this is especially true for anyone presenting toe a mass audience. Eso again. If you're in that situation, please listen the rest of the course intently next, teachers in college professors as PowerPoint is crept into the classroom as other courses have gone online, the techniques you will see here will be very helpful to so too, if your briefing or you're a teacher, instructor or a college professor and again, as more courses go to this talking head with power point online as you you see here, uh, they will be much mawr emphasis in making cogent, coherent power point slides. And then finally, venture capitalists and I should also say nonprofits along with them. I just like when you brief your Bosch venture capitalists is going to see 12 13 even several dozen briefs every week, often times he slides air poorly made and that the slides do not, uh, accentuate with the messages that you're trying to say with the slides with techniques I will teach. This problem will be alleviated 6. LESSON 5 OVERALL THOUGHTS: So I want to start off with some overall thoughts on why I think presentations go bad and what problems people use with power point first, just kind of an observation power point should be sticky. When you're putting together your presentation or putting together briefing, you want to make sure that it sticks with your audience and this might sound obvious. But again, 80% of briefings do not stick with with their intended audience, and the way you should look at it is as a marketing tool when you're watching the commercial. And I would say for Cheerios they'll put in a jingle or a cute kid in there so that you remember that advertisement. So the next day or week from week from there, when you go to the grocery store, um, you remember the cute kid or the cute jingle and will make you think of Cheerios when you're going down than breakfast cereal aisle. Your slides should have the same type of focus when you're when you're putting together your presentation, you want your slides to be sticky. You want your boss to Teoh, see your slides and then use the information you presented to him in his big meeting that he might have one day, five days, two weeks down the line. So if you approach it from that angle, when you before even starting presentation, you will be much more effective. And you'll be again surprised at how many people do not think of power point in this type of of domain. So it's the first thing problem that we usually have is that we want a limit, our slides. And how many times have you been in presentations where the boss says, Okay, give me a briefing or presentation no more than five slides. It's good that we want to limit our time. But if when you want a limit slides, that's a problem, because everyone tends to just cram everything in and the slides get too busy and too to over overstocked, and that takes away from your presentation. My recommendation is your when your boss says, Give it to me only five slides. Well, he or she really means is give it to me in five minutes or 10 minutes. Eso that you don't over burden them with time, and that's fine. It's better to have a 10 slide presentation that you can just cycle through a little bit quicker in a five slide presentation were you're stuck on each live for five minutes. You have too much information per slide. So that's a problem that we we suffer, I've observed in my years in the public and private sector. Next, we use the same slides for the briefing as a read ahead. If you get advanced in the public or private sector, your boss, you know, if you have a key meeting on Wednesday, he or she may want your slides on Monday, and what you should be doing is you should be making 22 presentations, one for the read ahead that has a lot of text, A lot of words that really, really goes down into finite detail. This is what your boss should read ahead. However, when you're actually presenting, your slides should have almost no text. You have a lot of pictures, a lot of illustrations on, not the wordy, standalone read ahead slides that you you present before your main event. That's a key mistake. People make again the same briefing a za read ahead and again. I know it's a little bit more work, but you should have two sets of slides. And then finally, we like to show our work. Ah, we think that causer slides have a lot of whiz bang graphics and animations and look like they're They're very busy in. When I was in the Army, we call them Power Point Rangers, just cause we think we have all those illustrations. We think we're being intelligent. Wrong answer. The mark of an intellect is not t make very, ah, detailed slides. The mark of an intellect is if you could take complex, detailed information and distill it down to the lowest level. So ah, mass audience can understand that that's the key for your presentations. 7. LESSON 6 WHAT RIGHT LOOKS LIKE: I want to start off with what right looks like and I want to use an example that's relevant to, uh, us in, uh, in this course orca captivity or killer whale captivity. Aziz, those of you have been to Seaworld. No. See rolls keeps Thies killer whales and large tanks throughout the country. And many scientists, veterinarians pita. I think that this is, ah, barbaric practice that has a cruel effect on on these killer whales. And in 2014 a documentary called Blackfish came out which described the effects of captivity on these on these mammals. And I bring up this documentary cause it accomplished what scientists and veterinarians and other experts have been trying to say. But this documentary accomplished that in a visual format and cause of it. Seaworld's stock price has gone now 50%. Attendance is down 30%. Corporate profits are down 20%. All because of this property is visual medium. That that explained this this practice in ways that scientists and veterinarians could not , and the reason I want to bring this up because let's pretend that you work at a nonprofit or you work for in these organizations and you're told. Hey, let's put together a sly for me on Seaworld practices. And why? Why? This practise is barbaric and most of you would probably put together slide that looks somewhat like this again, heading with a bunch of bullets and maybe a cool little picture there that that that goes into detail. And this is the worst way to present information. And just to give you the highlights, you know, the first bullets talking about life expectancy. It's It's 66% that of in captivity, 66% that in the wild zero humans killed in the wild three have been killed. Three humans have been killed in captivity on only 1% of killer whales Have dorsal fin collapse. And I'll show you a picture that in a second while 90. While all males and in captivity have that dorsal fin collapse, an infant mortality is 50% that of whales and for whales in captivity. So the bottom line again work in captivity. Ease of barbaric practice that should not be continued in to fix the well being of the whales in Seaworld parks. Pretty straightforward, and that's what most people would do. 90% of people would do. If you're told, Hey, put together one slide or ah, couple of bullet points that describes the negative effects of killer whale captivity. This is again the worst way to present information. First numbers never used percentages. They're just too confusing, and they don't give much detail as you want the best way to do it. Instead of saying, you know 66% or 50% of high delighted, they're just say, use the flat numbers, uh, one into when you hear a dentist rear commercial you don't hear, you tend to hear not 50% of dentists or 75% of dentists recommend this toothbrush you hair three and four dentists are eight and 10. Dentist recommended flat numbers will always give you MAWR power to your argument. In addition, the bottom line it's not highlighted. There, it's, it's you know, if it's buried in the slide, difficult to read and someone might not even their hurried might not get that key take away from this life. In addition, there are other issues. Small font font is far too small. Even if you're presenting on a large screen this fall, it's not gonna be read, and there's no point in presenting it or even putting words on here if they're not gonna get red. And then finally, and I think this is the most important. It's too wordy to any words. Too many full sentences to money, just bullet points and headings, which you want to avoid. So that's the problem with this. With this slide, this is how you would make it better. So instead of saying 66% of whales are killed in or have ah, life expectancy, you would use this chart and in 17 66% used the flat numbers and you use a picture to really, really define your point. So again, 35 years is a life expectancy in captivity, 50 years in the wild and using instead of a complicated graph or chart. Ah, picture that speaks 1000 words with a bar graph with numbers that a fifth grader can understand. So next chart again, we're talking about that dorsal fin collapsed I talked about They're 99% of normal dorsal fins. All male captivity is have dorsal fin collapse in the wild. Um, here again, instead of saying 50% of infant mortality. Just use flat numbers. One in two orcas will die in infancy. And using in a motive picture that underlines your point that that baby killer whale, uh, in captivity or being birth in captivity knowing that one into will die in infancy again. Separate slide, Separate picture. Very, very. A motive picture that your audience is going to take a take away from. And then finally again, uh, the number of humans killed in captivity. Three humans and 12 have been injured in the wild zero incidents against humans. And again, you're using here pictures to underline your point. You're using contrast, which is important to using a left to right contrast with one side saying three killed with the picture and the other side saying euro killed with a more satisfying picture. And again, the contrast between the two will make this slide stick out near to your audience. So I guarantee you again. I doubt many people were killer whale experts coming into this course. But I guarantee you you will remember these this information the state statistics far beyond this course because of the way this information is presented 8. LESSON 7 SIN 1 TOO MANY WORDS: So Sin one is too many words, and this is a common, I would say, the most common issue that people face when doing power point. They put as many words as possible on the slide, thinking that I need to convey all this information. So let me put it all up there. So the audience has got wrong way toe to to think about your presentation and wrong way to think about how you should brief toe an audience. Too many words on a slide is going to take away from their ability toe comprehend and your ability to have a good rhythm in your talk. So again, use words and bullets sparingly. And if you're gonna use bullets, ask yourself, How can I do this without bullets and and and words Ask yourself that question. And oftentimes, yes, you have to use bullets. You have to use words just like I'm using one right here. But try and avoid them and again, illustrations and pictures will will be a much better ah, presentation mode. And as I said, it will not stick with your audience, overwhelming them with information overwhelming them with words will not stick with your audience. And I guarantee you that 90% of people aren't reading power point slides, at least the ones that are being projected up in a briefing. So again they will not stick with your audience. Always have graphics and illustrations to company your bullets again. This will reinforce the message with who? With whomever you're trying to trying to say. Um, if you do have bullets just like you see here, they should be no more than one line. If you get more than one line, you get more than some more than two or three sub bullets. Something will not stick with your audience. They point get leave plenty of white space just like you see here. The mind will resist reading or comprehension things that are crammed together. If you leave plenty of white space, it gives the mental process enoughto get information toe to be held within your audience. And finally, an a big no, no. Never put a complete paragraph on the slide, and and that happens a lot. So you got in the next Lied on. This is this is the No, no, Here. Uh, it's something that I see way too often and should never be implemented. Uh, your audience will not know whether they should read the slide. Listen to what you're trying to say. Do both and it will definitely take away from the comprehension. Worst thing you can do is a briefer is take yourself out of the equation. I just say, Okay, here's a slide start reading that will make your your credibility go down That will make your briefing style be negatively impacted. So again, this is a big no no in power point presentations, something that happens more often. But that is Ah, still something that's a bad take away is this And I guarantee you again, if you've been in presentations, you seeing a slide like this headings and subheadings, uh, with a lot of information on this life, not this is actually good information, but it's a lot of a lot of info that's unnecessary, or at least will take away from the presenter. And what I have here are again. I come from a national security background. So you have three types of terrorist organization. You have the the monolithic, the regional and the independent lone wolf and each one you have information underneath that is pertained to that. What, what is a monolithic organization? What are there? What are the capabilities? What is a regional organization, where their capabilities and one is an independent organization and what are their capabilities? And, ah, tactics and motivations And you could see here. But it's very hard to brief this slide to an audience to make this slide better. You can do something like this, which again is a lot more appealing. Uses the picture effect to bring out your message. Uses very simple bullets, the highlight key points and you could see it here again. Monolithic types of of monolithic terrorist organization and their characteristics, then regional terrorist organizations and Lone Wolf. I like this tactic a lot better when explaining information much more than the previous bullet, some bullets and bullet bullets, some bullets and bullet. And again, this this shows this will stick with your audience primarily because of the picture and primarily because of the simplicity in the message that that you that you will come across and again this is reinforces what I brought up in the what right looks like example with the killer whale captivity. Uh, you're going instead of a bullet, bullets, some bullets, a bullet. You're using a picture with very limited bullets to explain each point. And that is a much, much better way to present. And again, you could see the contrast here in this slide. And I would just conclude by asking the question, which would you rather see? Would you rather see the, uh, heavy bulleted presentation is in the left or the picture that illustrates what you're trying to say on on the right? 9. LESSON 8 SIN 2 COMPLICATED GRAPHICS: so Sin number two is over is complicated. Graphics over complicated graphics is a better way of saying it. In Power Point, you're giving a presentation. You have 15 seconds to get your point across. After that, your audience, you will lose your audience, and the worst thing you can do is over. Complicate your graphs and and make them less simple. Simplicity is your friend when doing slides, So tendency is to put too many objects on slides, and I'll show an example of it in a minute. But that is the tendency for most people. And then this results again from a desire to limit our slides. As I said in the 1st 1 of the first lectures, you you, you trained to time not to number of slide. So if your boss says, give it to me in 10 minutes, do your presentation in 10 minutes. But it's okay to instead of doing two minutes a slide three minutes of slide T shorten that interval. So again, a desire to limit slides leads toe over complications trained to time, not Teoh slide number, and what we also try and do is we try and show our work and I think this becomes a problem because sometimes we think if we put simple slides or things that don't have a good message or don't have a lot of words, we look like we're lazy and we want to use one ashore work because you want to show off her power point skills. We want to show much research and energy and information we put together, and that's a good thing. But when again, you giving your your slides in your presentation, the slide is not where you show your work. So when you give a quick overview that ah was used in Afghanistan and this is obviously a very complicated chart to give you some back story. This was used in Afghanistan by U. S. Forces in about 2010 timeframe, and it was designed to show the complexities of working in Afghanistan. And the back story is that General McChrystal, who was at the time that the Combined Forces Command leader in Afghanistan, said, If we if we understood this chart, we would understand the war, and I think that gives you the message that this this chart is far too complicated. Also, just from a presentation perspective. If you show this at the beginning of your brief, you've lost your audience. Eyes will glaze over and for the rest of the information you're trying to present will not get through. So for this slide again, the people giving this presentation had a good point. They wanted to show was that Afghanistan was complicated, that there is a complex into relationship between the government, military and insurgents and drug trafficking that made the coalition job very hard and that that's the point they're trying to get across. Um, so it wasn't a bad idea, but again, the way they presented it really turned off their audience what they're also trying to show . And if you see the next build here is that Afghanistan is far more are its farm or off a problem than the insurgency, that in certain she's only a small part of the problem. And that's typical counterinsurgency doctrine. For those of you might have been in the government or the military that the enemy is just only one part of the problem. That the enemy derives from governance and drug trafficking and what the civilians think, Um, and that's what they're trying to get across. So again, good idea and concept horrible. Putting it together in a power point. Instead of doing something like that, they would have benefited from doing a presentation like this on This is a much better way to present the information than you saw in the previous slide. First used a lot of white space, which is your friend When you're doing slides in Power Point is to not complicate the graphic. Have a lot of white space or background space, so you don't overwhelm your audience. That's the first improvement. Second thing is that uses color schemes, and we'll talk about that more in a second. But it uses color schemes. T convey a better point again in red hot colors, red and pink or your bad things. So insurgents, enemy narcotics, blue and brown or you're more colder colors. And those were to depict friendly forces so again that the use of colors here adds to the slide. And then finally, there's a bottom line, and we talk about bottom lines in a second. But a bottom line bumper sticker take away that was lacking in the other slide and this again would be a much better way to convey the information than what you saw previously. And then when you put them side to side again, you could see the saw the comparison and I would ask the question, I would conclude this section asked, which would you rather see? Would you rather see the complicated chart that you see on the left or the more cleaner, uh, slide that you see on the right? 10. LESSON 9 SIN 3 NO BOTTOM LINE: So Sin number three is no bottom line, all slides. Every slide you brief should have a key take way if it doesn't have a take away than it probably shouldn't be in your briefing to begin with. This is the bottom line key information that you want your audience or your boss here sheet you to take away from your brief. It should be emphasized in some form, and I'll show a technique here, but it shouldn't be just buried in the slide. It should be emphasized so that it's clear Teoh, even the the least part of your audience. And oftentimes, as they said earlier, we bury it in the slide. It is not obvious to someone who's reading the slide or if they're slides of stand alone product. Another show an example here that we're not having a bottom line had a pretty catastrophic effect. Um, and those of you might remember the Columbia disaster February 1st, 2000 and three, if you don't remember, this was exactly the space shuttle program, and what happened was a piece of the fuel tank struck the actual shuttle itself when the space shuttle was going into orbit are going we're leaving the earth. Um and this caused damage to the heat shield of the actual space shuttle, which, when the spatial tried to re enter, caused the spatial Teoh to burn up on reentry, killing everybody on board. It was actually a ah, pretty big tragedy. Now, what this has to do with Power point is that this tragedy I'm not gonna say, could have been avoided. But information was not presented in a way that could have avoided this tragedy. And what I mean by that is they they when this happened, when the space shuttle went into space, that had the videotape and they did their analysis, as NASA engineers and scientists always do. And they saw that this piece of spray on foam had hit the space shuttle eso they were well aware of it actually knew this could happen. It was a contingency they planned for, and the one of the NASA chiefs went to the engineers and said, Okay, is this a problem? Is this going to impact flight operations? And the engineers produced a slide like this and this is a slide that's again full of data full of information and is not very appealing to you if you're trying to do a trying to trying to get to the bottom line quickly. The problem with this slide is that the hot the bottom line was highlighted was was highlighted. Four or five bullets, five bullets indented on the bottom line is here. You could see it presented bottom line. The flight conditions were for X outside the test parameter. So again, as I said earlier, NASA had tested for this parameter. But they only tested for three cubic inches of foam. I have a three cubic inch piece, fell off and hit the heat shield. That's what they're test parameter had. What actually happened was 1920 cubic inches. Ah, a huge, huge difference. And that's again highlighted there. And I put the highlight there. Ah, but it's buried so far deep in the slide that any any of the mission managers or any of the senior NASA folks would not understand. Um, and again that you could even see the tone of the slide. What they're trying to say doesn't really reinforce that bottom line point. So this is again a bottom line that wasn't brought up and that was buried in the slide. If you're gonna do the slide over again, this would be a much better way. Teoh displays information instead of again bearing the slide with a lot of text, you could see the text to slightly reduced. You could see that the key points are emphasized in some way. They're highlighted or underlined, Um, and even a non scientists or non engineer can can understand what's going on. So this light is much better. In addition, you can see, and this is a technique I use. The bottom line is highlighted. The bottom line is highlighted in a color that's going to stand out with numbers that would alarm even a non professional scientists or non professional engineer. And then there's two pictures there that will make this slide a little bit more aesthetic than than what you traditionally would see. So again, this would. This would highlight the fact that again what was tested or what actually happened was 600 times worse than was actually tested. Now, again, I don't know if this could have prevented the tragedy or remediation could have could have occurred, but this obviously would have communicated the issues a lot more clearly than what you saw previously. And then here, you see again slide by slide comparison. Ah, and I would ask which would stand out to you more then which slide would stand out War? 11. LESSON 10 SIN 4 Complicated Graphics: so ought to send for complicated or unnecessary graphs. We've all been in meetings where we've seen charts and bar charts or line charts that are obviously put a lot of effort to put in. But the audience doesn't get what the presenter is trying to say. Ah, we see them fancy lines, fancy revenue for its France, the quarterly reports. But it's still a little bit confusing. And again, besides the confusion besides the high quantitative data, there's also a okay, what is this guy trying to say? What's the bottom line he's trying to get to? And that is what the problem is. And I will argue that 80% of the time when you see those charts receive those graphics, they don't need to be there. It's really don't need to be presented to a mass audience. They could be put in a read ahead or in a separate packet that you hand in. But when you display the A chart or an Excel chart or a PowerPoint chart with lots of like a bar charter graft heart, most of your audience will not understand what's going on. Um, so again, when you put it together, ask yourself, these two questions one. Do we need a graph? Do we really need a graph? And I argue that 80% of the time you don't need a graph, you don't need a chart. And then the second question is, What am I trying to highlight? What is the bottom line? What am I trying to say? What's the key? Take away F before you put pen to paper or put a chart on the slide. Ask yourself these two questions before you start anything and you'll find out again. You probably don't need to do a complicated, graphic next point. Cup Complexity does not equal being intelligent. If you are producing this and you're putting a lot of fancy number work into your graphic, you probably feel like here you have some level of ownership. It's almost like one of your Children, your Children. However, your audience does not have that vested interest in your numbers and your data. Eso again. The complexity of the graph does not make you sound intelligent to an audience. And finally, as I've said repeatedly, always have a bottom line. What are you trying to say? So this discharge here is something put together by the New American Foundation and is talking about poverty and the ability to get move to higher income level when you're born into poverty. Now the theory in the United States, particularly, is that you can pull yourself from your bootstraps. You can start from the bottom and move your way to the top, and this chart tries to show the opposite that if you are born at the bottom, you're likely to stay at the bottom and you could see it on the graphic. Here again, these bar charts the bar chart all the way on the left is the bottom quintile, the bottom 20% of people. And it tells you during their lifetimes the bottom 20% your 41% remain in the bottom 20% 25% will go the next 20% 17% will go to the next level, and only 8% will go to the highest rung. And then you could see it. And then, if you go the chart on the right or that bar on the right, 41% of people who were born well he will always stay wealthy and again, this is a lot to do with poverty factors, and people at the bottom don't have access to the same networks and education that someone at the top will. And if someone is at the top there, born at the top, they could be lazy, their whole lives, and they're still remain in the higher income level. That's what this chart is trying to say, and it took me a minute or two to explain it. And I bet you half the people who are listening to still don't understand what I'm trying to say with this chart again, this is a three dimensional, very complicated chart that even if you're a poverty expert, will take a while to to discern. So if I was putting this together instead of putting together something so complicated or displaying something is complicated, I would use this. I would use this just bottom line percentage, and it's 41% of Children born into poverty remain in poverty for their entire lives. That's the message that you're trying to convey with that with that previous graphic. But this one again, simple language, simple numbers within a motive picture that I think captures what it means to be born into poverty. And that's a school lunch picture there. That, uh, is something that is a key. Take away. So again, this is what you want to show that would would respond an audience would respond to, not the previous chart that is, uh, complex, to say the least. 12. LESSON 11 SIN 5 FONT: so deadly. Sin number five font and font is one of those things that if it's done well, nobody notices. But if it's done poorly, everyone will notice and could really take away from your your presentation. And what I find is that there are three main issues with font when it comes to Power point presentations. The first and most common is that it's too small and we'll talk about this in detail. But if it's too small, you have to ask the question. Is the information so important that I need to cram everything onto a slide on? That's where usually the problem comes on is that it's It's too small because we're trying to put everything onto 11 Briefing. The second is unprofessional type, and we'll talk about what's professional, what's nonprofessional in a minute and finally is poor color. And this is something that, uh, we'll talk about in that in the next election. We're talking about color schemes, but color there certain colors that you should use with certain backgrounds and fought that make your presentation either or more animated or will detract from your presentation. Uh, so this is a slide or let me ask the question. What can your audience see? And I'll go ahead and build this up and I'll show you what is above the red line is probably not appropriate for an audience. And what boulders below is what I like to use. 32 is almost the minimum with 36 is the heading. Um, and I bring this up, I tend to skew larger because you don't know what scream you're gonna use. Yeah, sometimes, you know, sometimes you know what conferences. But oftentimes you don't know you handing your presentation to someone that gets uploaded and you don't know the type. Fall under the presentation style is gonna be in a smaller room, a large room projector or ah, plasma screen. So I'll always always, uh, pivot to the larger fought. And again, my minimum is usually 32 for for writing 36 for heading and anything smaller than that would be. And again, you can get away with 24 26 point. However, um, only if you really know the conference of the auditorium that you will be briefing at. If you don't know the don't go below 32 That's my my general advice, and the second is fonts, ones on the front types. The ones on the left are the ones that you should use. In fact, I will say that the ones of the left are the only ones that look professional and that are easy on the eyes for fought. Do not stray from these four fonts is my recommendation. Unprofessional times New Roman That used to be a default flaunt in Power point for office 2007 beforehand so you wouldn't. Almost every presentation I saw wasn times the Roman. And again, it's good for Microsoft Word. But when you're projecting slides and people have to to see those that writing from a large distance times New Roman is not a good fought to use brush script is also not a great font . To use Effect is a terrible font, and in comic sans looks, kindy garnish. It looks like something that should not even something that's used in junior high school. So again, those four fonts or what you should be using, and I'll talk about more in detail about color schemes in the next brief 13. LESSON 12 SIN 6 COLOR: so sin number six poor color schemes. And again, this is something that if you do well, no one will notice. But if you do it poorly, everyone will notice. And there's a couple of things that are really important when thinking about color and how to use color. Uh, some mistakes people make. One cannot see the thought. This should be a gimme here that if you if you can't see the font or the foreign is on the back or using a poor color with fault with background, audiences won't see. It should be easy, but you would not believe how many times in professional briefs or in in high level briefs , this mistake is made. So again, that's the biggest one that I've seen say anything. His background colors do not match the layout, and we'll talk about in a second color choice and how to choose these these contracts and colors. But I'll show you an example where the color you can't see it can't see the background, and the way the slide colors were chosen, it actually irritates the eyes. Third, poor contrast in charts. Um, we've all been in briefings where we see charts line charts part charts and either use the same color. The colors are so close enough that you can't try and tell what the contrast ing underlying point. And then finally, we use the default that happens a lot of time to use the default colors and power point. We use the default colors that we get from our company. We use the default backgrounds that we get from our company. Ah, and those are very, very poor choices to use. So this chart shows Here is a chart that you can see. The color is all wrong on there before. First it's it's gonna When it comes out against you, it's gonna look horribly. It's gonna actually impact your eyes, constrain your eyes. When you have a mass audience, they're gonna have a hard time discerning it. But specifically, there's three things wrong with this chart. First, the color is obviously wrong. The color either the back, the background color and the color used in the charts are all poorly done. And then, secondly, is the three D chart. Ah, this is something that you never use in a presentation. This this really takes away from what you're trying to say, And it's actually difficult, Teoh, actually visualize. So make sure you never use a three D chart in any of your power point slides. But in order to make this better, this what you would do and you could see the white is always gonna be a pitter choice to use white on with black font 90% of the time. You can never go wrong with that. You could see the colors used in each quarter again. You're going from ah, cold color blue toe, a hot color to another cold color, and the eyes can can pick that up a lot, and we'll talk about cold and hot colors in a second. And then finally, you also see the background line grids there that again help illustrate the point and use the proper color that would make it stand out. So again, this is a big a big step in the right direction or big contrast and the change. So the side you saw before and again all we're doing is switching the color schemes and you could see that the positive results I have this slide again. This is perfect example. Off font on bad bad font on bad color never used the purple and black, and we'll talk about what are cold and contracts and closes second. But this is a perfect example. You might be able to see it looking on your screen as close as you are, but I guarantee you someone in the back of the audience or back of a board room isn't going to be able. Teoh. Understand what these are gonna be able to read this slide at all and is gonna probably be irritated that the slide was shown. So I want to use the color wheel to kind of go into detail on on what colors to you. So this is the color wheel here, and I think everyone here who's gone into Power Point it's familiar with their familiar has used it previously. But there is logic to this color wheel that I don't think many people are are aware of. So if you look at the color, if you look top to bottom, it's cold colors, hot colors. You're cold colors of your dark blues or blues and general hot colors or your red colors and get lighter in the spectrum. Uh, this is what you would use to a za point of contrast. So if you have that bar chart you show before and you want to highlight the fourth quarter , while you would use cold color for the first quarter cold color for a second car, second color cold color for the third quarter and then boom. Your fourth quarter is a hot color highlighted. If you're using fought and you want a highlight fought again. You'd use the cold color in your phone and then a hot color to highlight it. So that's how cold and hot is going to use them you saw in an earlier lecture. I used hot colors to talk about the Afghan insurgency and cold colors to talk about what friendly forces do, and that's a perfect example of how to use hot and cold colors as you go left or right. This is generally contrast ing colors on again. This goes fought on background or lettering on background colors, and it's not 100% use, but you could see again on the right side. You have the black on purple. You would never do that. You'd try and use black on white or purple and green and these air again colors that would be a lot more visually appealing. Ah, to your audience. So again, this is how colors can be used and misused in power point presentations. 14. LESSON 13 SIN 7 CONTRAST: So what I want to kind of start wrapping up this course is what I do for preparatory briefing, preparation, how I personally prepare for the conferences that I attend, the major briefings that I'm giving the senior executives and I want to break this up into two parts. The first part we'll talk about now is what I do the week before or 4 to 5 days before the briefing. And the second part I want to do are the dues and that what I do the day of the briefing and certain do's. And don't say that you should follow when briefing senior executives or at a large conference before I go into my prep, I want also just give you a little bit of a personal note. Here I suffer from a medical condition called facial hyperhidrosis on. This is something that's very, very embarrassing to me. On bottom line is I sweat. I sweat in nervous situations. The old saying is, never see you sweat while a lot of people have seen me sweat, Um, and it breaks out again during job interviews during meetings on dates with girls, and it's been something that's very embarrassing for me, for Ah, for quite some time, and what it's forced me to do is over. Prepare. I'll sweat now. I'll look kerfuffle old for lack of a better term When I'm under prepared, all sweat and sweating will cause me to be more nervous and ill sweats amore. And then a horrible cycle continues and you'll see some. My bosses have scenes. What just pour down in buckets? Eso. It's been quite embarrassing for me to suffer from that. And my anecdote is one preparation, lots and lots of preparation and rehearsal. This is something that I over prepare for. A second thing. That I do and if some of you might be have the same issue, is that I will take a pen or another object, and I will ham it into my thumb during my presentation. If you're you see me doing this and I'm having hand gestures and it doesn't look that non normal cause it would be a pan or laser pointer or something like that. But it's rammed into my thumb, which it might be a placebo effect, and I concur it might be, but I'm focusing on the pencil or pen. That's rammed into my thumb and not whatever is making me nervous. So it's one technique I used to stop sweating on again. About three or 4% of the population suffers from this, and occasionally you'll see ah politician suffer from it. You see Marco Rubio start sweating. I've seen him. A couple of the debates s so far. Richard Nixon had a sweating problem where he debated in 1960. So it's It's not an uncommon issue, but some people have been very public figures and have suffered from this. So what I do again t alleviate this as well as to prepare is I will start preparation four days out, Um, and four days out means slides complete, and a lot of you might be in companies or organizations where you have to hand in the slides four days in advance. So your boss has a read ahead or they need to add it to the the major packet. So four days out is generally when I have slides complete, and what I want to do during that is show them to a friend beforehand so he can. He or she can edit damn. See if there's any misspellings or any any other grammatical issues with the slides s. I'll show it to a friend on their now handing the slides and what I also do is Ah is yet just make sure the slides were handed in slides or complete. So if I'm briefing on Friday, Monday is when I slammed my hand in the slides. Three days out is when I do two things. I make my talking points. I write out my talking points. In fact, I will write, started start out by writing in full paragraphs, and I do this for two reasons. One in the notes pages. You want to write out completely your thoughts because if some reason you can't make the briefing your subordinate wherever and stick the rains could easily pick up the slides and go with that. So it's the first thing. Second thing writing is the best way Teoh make your points concise and more persuasive. If you have to be forced down and just sit down and actually write your thoughts down in complete sentences in paragraphs, your briefing will be that much more persuasive and that much easier. So I again if you have a time I highly highly recommend that you just as if you're writing a paper, you write it down. Your argument points, uh, with is much with concise writing but right amount in full sentences. And again, you'll never show that in your presentation. But your briefings talking points in your style will be that much better. What I'll also do three days out is I will do a videotape rehearsal, and sometimes you can do it. Sometimes you can't. I like to videotape myself, and I like to review three days out, So I know. Okay, what annoying things am I doing is what I'm saying lined up with the talking points or with the slide? Would I like to sit through my presentation? Those are the types of of details I'm looking for when I video tape it. And again, I strongly encourage you to videotape your presentations at least three days out. Two days out, I dedicate to rehearsals, and I will rehearse 456 times. I will rehearse with a friend. I'll rehearse with a colleague. All hurts with my wife. I'll rehearse with the staff secretary because I want to make sure that what I'm saying is understandable. Toe a vast audience. You can't just rehearse once to your friend who's going to tell you that you're doing great any way you want to diversify your audiences that you're going to rehearse to, cause that's probably going to be the people sitting in your audience and again, one person I understand completely what you're Xiang. Another person might not eso again Hurst in as much as possible. I'll also add that two days is, for most people, the best time to rehearse. Uh, because for those of you who don't know when you sleep and when you let some time go by, your ability to giant digest information becomes easier. You might in your rehearsals two days out be flooding your brief and not remembering you're remembering your talking points and talking very hesitantly guarantee you you go to sleep. And the next morning, or maybe the morning after, you might know that information flap while you're while the day before you struggled with it. So two days is the optimal time, and that's why they tell you never study for an exam the day before cause you're not gonna retain the information you need one or two nights asleep. So two days out is when I dedicate ah, rehearsals, review the tape and make sure that my my briefing is lined up one day out Equipment check. Ah, And again, this is vital that you do, uh, you sound checks and equipment checks for what you're presenting. And again, one you want to make sure the equipment is works, that the projectors and screens and the computers all work. That what the video that you might be playing on plays on the computers compatible with that, that the presentation screen makes your presentation look as if you wanted to say that it's readable by the audience that the back row of whoever your briefing to can read what you're saying, Um, and you'd want to do all those sound checks and you'd want to do rehearsal, if possible, right where you're going to give the briefing. You know, oftentimes it's not possible. But if you could do it, your last rehearsal should be, uh, as exactly where you're going to brief. So that's what you should kind of focus on on one day out, and then the next lecture, I'll talk about my routine for day of the briefing and certain Do's and do nots 15. LESSON 14 Bonus 1: Okay, so I want to go into, Ah, again, my briefing prep. This is port to what I do day of. And the first thing I should point out is that and I probably pointed us out earlier. Lecture. I come up with a three slide summary of my presentation No more than three slides, just in case there is a time issue or something that says, instead of just a brief for our only have 10 minutes to brief. So I put together three slides using my three best slides or I'll put together separately. And make sure I have those in my backup or ready to go in case there's an issue. Said something again. You should always do. If you're going to give a presentation, I should have mentioned I probably do that beforehand. But I'm ready the day off. Day of all test equipment. Always. Always do this, uh, test to make sure that your presentation goes on the right works on the computer that the projector works, that the microphone works, that there's no echoes in the hall that you're not aware of. So make sure you test the equipment always a day off, sometimes you could do it the day before, but if you're in a conference and they don't have the equipment set up day of his one, you should do it. An hour before I'm briefing deep breathing, I will go into a back room and I will breathe 10 to 15 times. Take deep breaths, close my eyes and just try and think of a different place. Um, you know, that's probably something that how you breather or how you meditate beforehand is up to you . But I highly recommend that you you do something like that before your brief again, Alone usually involves deep breathing. Uh, they feel your lungs, feel your your breath through your body so you get that as much oxygen your brain is possible. Rehearse, rehearse one time by yourself. Any changes that could be made or too late. Any criticisms that you can will go to your head? There is no need at this point to start briefing from someone and have them shoot your briefing apart. It's too late in that time to make any changes. So I always just briefed by myself. Um and that's also prevents leaked information. If I'm briefing at a conference competitors If I'm briefing Ah, even with some of your colleagues who might want to shut you down an ideal situation, it doesn't happen. But it does happen occasionally. Uh, I'll always brief by myself. I d seen your folks. Senior folks in the room. Ah, you always want to acknowledge who is the most senior executive. Uh, even if it a large conference, you want to make sure that you speak as much to them as possible. So at the very least, you could make ID eye contact with them. And finally, I use facial wipes again. I mentioned earlier. I have facial hydro, sis eso One of my routines is to use facial wipes. I only do it literally a minute before I brief because I don't want the facial wipes toe wear off. Second thing is, they sometimes could smell little bit. So if I'm, uh, putting on two hours beforehand, I meet somebody. Uh, I don't want to be off putting so facial wipes is something I do not necessary. Something that other people who really need to do. So some don't, uh, as I mentioned earlier, rehearsed the day of in front of somebody else. Uh, more times or not, you're going to get flustered on. They're gonna shoot down your confidence. That's something that I've learned again. Giving numerous presentations. Do not drink hot liquids. Uh, I stay away from coffee and tea and other things that are going to increase my heart rate or or or increase. Uh, because if I don't drink him regularly or increase my overall body temperature, I stay away. Large temperature changes is something I do not do. Um, if it's it's a 20 degrees outside and it's 70 dries inside. I will not go outside, because again, the large temperature change could affect my my temperature and my inner core temperature during my briefing. That's something that again I don't do. And finally, I don't exercise and I'll leave this up to each individual. But again, I don't exercise in the mornings. New YORK normally exercising the any evenings and the general rule is, if you don't exercise in the mornings, don't exercise first thing. Don't do it the day of your briefing because you think you're gonna get off negative energy . That's only going to create different rhythms in your body while you're briefing that's only gonna affect how you present. So again, this is my day of dues. Day of Don't, uh, for what I do at briefings. 16. LESSON 15 BONUS 2: so on to sin. Seven. Lack of contrast and contrast is something that makes your slides more memorable. In fact, I think it's the most important thing that makes your slides more memorable. If I were to just spout out information on the iPhone, six. Explain its battery life, and it's, uh, how much memory it has and how how much RAM it has and how fast it is that would probably be meaningless to most people. However, if I explained that information and contrast to that with its competition, let's say the Samsung Ah, Samsung phones and I said the iPhone is twice as fast as a Samsung phone, and it's battery life is three times longer. That information will stick with your audience. Those key points are what contract is, and again, that's what will make your slides in your presentation were memorable. Same thing if you were doing, let's say, updating your sales strategy for your company, you would probably explain the old strategy, use the new strategy, explain the new strategy and explain what the difference is that would would bake your your slides in your presentation a lot more memorable, as opposed to just spouting out you information on what your new cell strategy is going to be. So again, contrast is critical in your presentations. And as I said, it gives greater understanding to your audience. It gives it context that gives him, ah, place for the mind to start with when you're presenting information. It also allows your key points to jump out. And again if you want to talk about how the iPhone six the battery life is so much better than the than its competition, you would you draw the contrast again? You would say the iPhone has eight hours of battery life by the same song has four hours of battery life or whatever the numbers are. If those are your key points again, have contrast it with other data points. Now there's three ways that you can show contrast. You can change the font, and you've seen me in this presentation, or some of these lectures use different fall int or bold in the fallen or underlying the font T contracts that data with other data points. That's one way to go. You can highlight in the text box, and again you see me in previous lecture underlying bottom lines and other key information that would be contrast ing and would stand out. But I think the most important thing is that you can affect the organization of the slide that will. How you organize your slide will allow your allow the contrast to stand out and make it much, much more memorable. And I'm gonna use a quick case study here that I think is relevant. And it goes to the, uh oh motion Rikio 1995 sarin attack in Tokyo. And for those of you don't remember home. Shinrikyo, which was a religious cult in Japan, launched a ah sarin attack, which is a weapon of mass destruction against the Tokyo subway station and killed 15 people and wounded thousands of people as well. Up to the time that was the most devastating WMD attack by ah terrorist group or religious cult. In this case, and after 9 11 many analysts thought that it was only a matter of time that Al Qaeda, or now the Islamic state in Iraq and Syria would try and do the same thing, would launch a WMD attack in the subway station or somewhere else in a populated area in the United States and the as of 2015. That has not happened. And the question is, why? So why was OEM Shinrikyo successful while Al Qaeda or Isis or their Al Qaeda affiliates were not? And this is a perfect case study that allows you to use contrast. Unfortunately, most people it would present the information like this same old wordy, just bullet point information that will not stick with your audience and just to go over the highlights. Omission. Rikio had massive financial resource is Japanese police were very permissive and you can imagine the Japanese were much more permissive than against home Shinrikyo than the United States or a western country would be against Al Qaeda. OEMs Enrico's motivations were different. They had Mawr, pa. Apocalyptic end of the world motivations. While al Qaida had a little bit more of a concrete political goal, home Shinrikyo had access to massive technical experts which facilitated their weapons of mass destruction program, and then Al Qaeda targets were far from sanctuary. What I mean by that is home. Shinri Kyo developed their WMD in northern Japan and the only to go to our south in Tokyo to conduct their attack. Al Qaeda has to develop their WMD in Yemen, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and they have to go over the Atlantic to conduct their their attacks, which is a pretty big hinderance. So that's kind of the high points. Why most analysts think there was a WMD attack by Ocean Rico, not by Al Qaeda. Again, this is the worst way to present information. This would be a much better way to present information. You're using a picture which is going to stick with your audience much more than just words using the picture superior already effect using multiple colors again contrast and colors that will make the slide stand out and be a little bit more appealing to your audience. In of itself. You're using those key variables that I talked about your identifying them. You're highlighting them in text boxes and they stand out. And then finally, you're using simple, easy to understand language. Uh, simple bullet points. The slide does not explain what's going on. You will explain this, and this slide will complement what you're saying, while the previous slide is just information that's up there that no one's going to remember, and no one's going to read while this will be be more in tune with what you're trying to say and they'll stick with your audience. Ah, lot better. And then again, I you see the contrast here, Uh, you see the left ability bullet, wordy slide on the right. You see a lot more consitution and were careful. Uh, well, more clarity and a lot more colors and a lot more information that's visually appealing. So I would conclude this section, what with asking, What do you want to see? Which would you rather see in a presentation, the slide on the left or the slide on the right? 17. LESSON 16 COURSE WRAP UP: so welcome. This concludes the course. Welcome to the end of the course, and I hope you've definitely learned something from it. A za Always. If there's questions or issues, please interact with me. I am always available for questions. I want to make sure that this course not just become something that you you learn and forget, but that you continually that it continually evolves and you get something from it. So if you were, I want to take three things out of this course. These are. These are the three things simplicity, one. Simplicity. Simplicity is always better when doing power Point. Make it simple. Try make it simpler, and when you think you've made it simple enough, try and bring it down a notch as well. So simplicity is always going to be your benefit to pictures. Always beat words. As I said, if there's a lot of words on your PowerPoint slides, uh, try and turn them into pictures that will make your presentation that much better. And then number three be prepared for any circumstance we've talked about fought being bigger, so it will project on a larger screen you might not have intended. We've talked about reducing your slides so that you might only have ah, reducing the time. So you might have thought you an hour presentation. And now you have, ah, 10 minute presentation. Be prepared for those contingencies because they happen as you as you advance in your career. So I just want to conclude with a call to action. So when you go to your next meeting, your next briefing, your next conference, take these lessons and apply them to what you see. So if you see a lot of words on a slide, look at that and think to myself. Or think to yourself how I can improve how it could be me. That or how I could make this slide a lot more cogent, a lot more presentable. And look around. Look to your left looking right, looked your audience. If you see slides, have a lot of words and are violating these rules, you will tend to see your audience dozing off, checking their cellphones or otherwise not paying attention to the presenter. So that's your call of action is to take these lessons, take him to your next meeting, your next briefing, and use that to reinforce what you're trying to say. So again, I appreciate you turning into this course and again I look forward to seeing your comments and questions. 18. SKILLSHARE PROJECT 1: so for the project, I want you to take a look at this slide and tell me what is wrong with the slide and how it can be improved. So to give you background, the slide is about the Roth IRA, which is a type of retirement account in the United States, and I won't go into specifics what's wrong with it? But I could tell you that there is a lot wrong with it, and I would ask to see if you can pull the bottom line and create a slide or make this slide into a slide That's a lot more aesthetically pleasing, and I'll show you that in the next project. 19. SKILLSHARE PROJECT 2: So to give you an answer and hopeful, you tried to work on this problem before you went to the answer. But the answer is several fold First, the slide is the background is terrible. I know where they're trying to go with this. The nice, watery background to give a sense of calm. But as you can see, the font does not contrast very well with this. So the background is awful. Seconding is, as I mentioned in the class font font is far, far too small, and that's really going to take away from your presentation. If you're displaying this again in any any audience, they're not gonna be able to read the font. And there's too much of it. Ah, third thing is the bottom line is not piloted in any way. This is a you kind of see the numbers, but they're buried deeply in the in the slide, and that takes away from it. And finally, and most importantly, this slide lacks contrast. There are contracting points made, but the slide isn't designed to bring contrast within within the power point. So that's those air. What's wrong with this slide? This is a much better way to present the information and you could see the title is at the top. The title is a lot more, uh, better. A lot more specific than just Roth Ira. The pictures I used the picture superiority effect here, and the pictures really are explain a lot more to this than just the numbers you could see on the top picture is a bunch of college graduates that are happy, and the bottom is probably a college graduate. That looks a little frustrated. And the message that you're trying to say is that if you donate $416 a month over 40 years with a 10% return, you get 2.6 million. If you donate only $250 a month over the 40 years, you only have 1.6 million. So the bottom line is, and you could see it highlighted their $166 per month. We yield over a $1,000,000. So again, you using strong title good pictures contrast up and down contrast that really, really help your point out and using numbers that again a sixth grader can understand and you're highlighting the bottom line at the bottom part of the slide. So this is where you'd want to go. And I'll look at what you guys have done for your projects on See how close you can't you You came to this?