Mastering Photography: The Basics | Sophia Carey | Skillshare

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Mastering Photography: The Basics

teacher avatar Sophia Carey, Photographer & Designer

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

5 Lessons (13m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Class Project

    • 3. Exposure Triangle

    • 4. Colour Theory

    • 5. Composition Tips

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About This Class

Hi, my name is Sophia and I’m a freelance photographer specialising in fashion, portraiture and events. I’ve been working in photography for a number of years and in the last twelve months have taken to teaching about photography across the web too!

This course is aimed at beginner photographers who are looking to develop their skills and we’re going to start with the very basics of creating a “good photograph”. I’ll give you an overview of what I consider to be the essentials to photography and you will work on creating a set of photographs that reflect these key disciplines.

In this class you’ll learn:

  • How to utilise the “exposure triangle” and what aperture, shutter speed and ISO are all about
  • What colour theory is and how to use it to improve your photography
  • How to use an awareness of composition within photography
  • A couple of tips on bettering your photography

You’ll find these simple to understand techniques effective in improving your photography and I can’t wait to see what you create throughout the class! Make sure to browse other students creations too and leave your feedback as it’s always nice to learn from each other.

You can get in touch with me via my website, Instagram or Twitter and I’d be happy to provide any feedback you might require!

Meet Your Teacher

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Sophia Carey

Photographer & Designer


Hi guys, I'm Sophia! I'm a photographer, videographer and graphic designer, specialising mostly in fashion and event photography, and I'm taking to Skillshare to share what I've learned throughout my freelance career so far, including tips on photography, design and creative business skills.



I've been working as a photographer for the past six years, working with clients across fashion, music and lifestyle! I work with both film and digital photography and have been honoured to work with some amazing faces, teams and clients, from global companies such as Vodafone and Panasonic to amazing individuals and musicians, such as Flowdan and Jaz Karis.

You can find me most of the time over on Instagram and YouTube, so fee... See full profile

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1. Introduction: Hi, guys. Welcome to you, Master Photography Basics. This is a quick introduction. My name speak Harry and I am a photographer based in the UK I mostly specialized in fashion , photography, portraiture and events. Although you will find me dabbling in music, on landscapes on anything else I can kind of get my hands on. So in this class, I'm basically gonna be talking you through. Well, I think the fundamentals, the basics, the essentials off photography are You don't need to know anything about photography. We're gonna be starting right in the basics. Talking about the three things I think are most important and they are mustering the experience Triangle cover theory on composition theory. The tips that we will be going through will be applicable to any type photography, whether it be street or music or portraiture or landscapes or whatever is you're trying. Do we want to have a group project which I will be introducing in the next lesson. The course is designed so that you can watch it all in one go if you want, or you can do over a series of a few days. It's up to you. Just sit back in jury on If you have any questions, my contact details are in. Put a description. So that's this started 2. Class Project: Okay, So before we get started with the actual teaching off this module, I just want to set guys. A task on this task is gonna run throughout class, and you can upload your progress and get me back on. Give me back throughout the class. So your assignment is to take four photographs cells through four photographs, one that demonstrates the use of shutter speed, one that demonstrates thes off color theory, one that demonstrates she's a composition theory. On one, using manual word was an experienced triangle to set your exposure. If you need help throughout the module, please do you upload your photos weaken? Give him a feedback. That's why it's cheerful. We're here to learn on Teoh. Share our knowledge when Europe merger. Bozo's please also add a description as to which off the four photos this one is and how you achieve your desired fat. So what materials do you need? Whilst a day is a lot that allows you to use a manual setting is ideal. I know that no, everyone might have access to a day. It's a lot, which is why I'm saying Just use whatever camera you have handy, even some phones allow you Teoh she in my new and set your eyes. So shut speed and actor on Ive also linked a couple of APS that you might be interested in that helped me do that. If you're not sure, your phone house that capability and you can check those out in the project description. A top tip for this brief is shoot in rule so your camera will have a setting. What should do that allows you to shoot in J pegs or raw? If you should enroll, you will be able to have more control of your image when post processing. And if you're not sure if you have the capabilities or the equipment to process war imagery , there should always be an option on your camera to sheet both and Jay Pek Andi in row. So with that said, Let's get going in. Let's start with the first us in, which would be the expression triangle 3. Exposure Triangle: So what is the explosion triangle? The explosion triangle refers to three variables that determine the exposure victor birth after shutter speed. And I say, in order to be able to see in mannitol and have full control of your images, you want to learn how to balance these three elements of the triangle. So how did the three elements affect exposure after first the size of the lenses? It essentially controls the amount of light that set into the lens. So the larger the opening, the more light that comes into the lens Hitcher sensor and brands up the image. The shutter speed refers to how long will trust it is open for whereby. How much light comes in and hits the sensor. So if you're shot, it is open for a longer time, and you have a slow shutter speed. Then more light is gonna come into the camera. Hit the sensor on Brian every image. I also reversed the actual sensitivity off your camera sensor, so the higher the air, so them or said Stephen centuries on the lower The lesson stuff is, let's quickly go into a little bit more detail about what each three of them mean because they don't just affect your exposure. Apertura also affections at the field, so depth of field basically refers to you what's in focus and the image that you have small depth of field. Let's talk F sash 1.8. Then maybe what's in your foreground will be in focus. But what's in your background won't be. For example, therefore, if you have a deep depths of filled on a smaller aperture, then more if the image will be in focus. So this is good for landscapes, for example, whereas this morning at the field is great for poor traits where you want the background so it will be in focus. The numbers to get a bit confusing when we're talking about capture, the larger the aperture, the small of the number. So, like 1.8 and therefore the small of the aperture, the larger the number like FCS Trinity, so shot to speed also affects motion and the way the camera captures that motion. For example, if the shutter is open for longer to let more light in its also captured more movement, this greats emotion blah and could be really good for making imagenes we have, like trails and stuff like that open example hit if you want to, you freeze movement however your best using a faster shutter speed. So that shot it goes quicker on you. Get that freeze frame ever of a second in the example carding on screen, I asked my subject to just stay really still while the carousel behind him was rotating on moving about and then set him on the type owed a slow speed. Andi. Then in the in the final images, you can see my subject is in focus on the background behind him. It has emotion, birth, and trust me, it is measured in fractions. For example, 1 5/100 of a second when you have a really slow shutter speed, it has these little a posture trees on that basically represents a second. So you're, I say, also affection, noise or your grain of your image. Us. I also increases the presence of digital noise increases as well. So if you want a clear image with no noise your best using a lover, I also I'm also gonna add a cici into the portrait description so that you guys can see this save itself into phones. Everyone. Do you print help? It will just to help you get used to what these three corn is it trying rule about using what you've learned in this lesson? You should be able to complete two of your images, the 1st 1 using shutter speeds. So whether that's a lie troll image, capturing motion blur or capturing action in a free spring kind of scenario. And the 2nd 1 is sheeting afraid of in Manu with full control of the ISO shutter speed and aperture. In our next lesson, we're going to be talking about color theory. 4. Colour Theory: right. Where do we start with color theory. It is arguably my favorite theory in photography. I love paying a lot of colors and seeing the fact that they have on my face graphs, I can have a massive effect of photographs and the emotion that your photographs convey. Not only that, but you can use colors to you. Make your images more eye catching or more cohesive, Easier on the eye. It's something that I find essential to be. I'm going to go through my three most use color pairings with my favor the first and maybe the most effective use of color theory within photography. I will leave that teach side that is using complementary colors. Complementary colors refer to you colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel. As per the name. These Collins just complement each other and just generally look good. And the contrast the strong contrast between them often met your images, part, which is really good for catch people's eyes. You should have seen some examples up on the screen off how I have personally east complementary colors throughout my work, so in one of our own colors are the next colors that I want to talk about. People often think of. Monochrome is black and white when actually monochrome translates to one color. Using a monochromatic color scheme, which basically refers to just using one dominant color, is a great way to keep the first cohesive assumption in these examples on screen. Unf finally, analogue It's that is very difficult to say challenge you to say that 10 times analogous colors are basically colors that next each other on the color wheel. So, for example, you might have a yellow green a yellow, and then it yellow urine. Using these three colors together is a great way to create a cohesiveness and a harmony within your image. So after this lesson, you should now move equips to do one more of your face graphs. So whether or not you want to implement complementary colors, analogous colors or harmonious colors have a go. Let's see what you do in Andi. I'm trying mouth in the next video, we're going to talk about final concept. We have to complete your four images and that its composition 5. Composition Tips: Okay, let's talk about composition. There are a lot of different composition of tips that you can explore. I think you could ask any photographer and they would all have a different view on what makes a perfect composition. So I'm not gonna torture about how to make a perfect composition. I want to talk to you about some of the tips that I like to size within my own work. The, I think are effective competition tips. The first it that I'd like to about is using leading lines. So leading lines essentially refer to putting your subject somewhere in the image, then using the lines there in the image to direct the viewer's eye to your subject. So, for example, you have a subject stood here. Here's your subject on this meander of a river comes down here and leads to your subject. Your viewers eyes, they're gonna follow the me under stretch your subject. Oh, for example, you could have the lines of the cop Hot reef. Imagine you're like leopard carport roof in the lions. Go like this on your subjects in the middle. These lions are gonna lead to your subject. I make your viewers eyes through into the subject. You can also use lines in an environment in key Asian. Move wherever your subject it, for example, in these two engines that I'm gonna be showing you what you think. My subjects people in the first image, we've got a picture off the lovely holly she is did by the staircase. And as you can see, her arms, her limbs are following the line of stairs. So what this does is it just creates a certain type of cohesion within the image. You don't have overlapping lines you don't have, like a chaotic kind of composition on. This is gonna settle review and make it easy to adjust. You can also see in the second image off me and the mean how they are facing that sleep off the banister. And let's create a similar effect. An example of how an image might look chaotic with the use of blind. It is, for example, if you took a photo of me, sat like this on there was a offense behind May, and if the fence line went through my head, this line will be distracting. It would be chaotic. No, it would interrupt the image on the way to view it is digesting that image, and that's not something you want to move. Okay, let's. What about framing? There are so many ways to frame a subject you could frame them within a window that was behind them all. You could frame through a gap in a fence. You can get really creative reframing how you frame your subject in this image, to the side with what the model low bay on he is stood lower down the meal, IM said. High up on some stairs on the actress stairs are framing labour in this position. What this says, Is it just crazy? Another dimension. It makes the image a little bit more interesting. Another composition with it is to use symmetry within your work. So Wes Anderson famously does this. I can show some ways, understand pictures up here if you're not familiar with his work was, I assume, within its films, and his artwork famously uses symmetry to create interesting composition. Another tip. When using symmetry, it's the centre who have your subject is, or whatever subject is whether it's a person or trade within the center of your symmetrical environment. This is similar to using leading lines and draws. Your viewers aren't into the middle of the subject, so they are arguably my favorite tips. What comes to composition Marshall Homes? You could be really effective and useful within your imagery. It's definitely not something that you want to take lightly or neglect. Now it's working right. Comes in June, have ago, using one of these tips with in your photo or off on Let's have a look at what you've been creating should have now create all four off your images on we can get to you. Give a feedback, giving advice on if needs be. He can try and keep him practice in and keeping exploring these different aspects off the tour.