Mastering Farsi (Dari): From Alphabet to Daily Conversation | Ali Qasimi | Skillshare

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Mastering Farsi (Dari): From Alphabet to Daily Conversation

teacher avatar Ali Qasimi

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

53 Lessons (3h 24m)
    • 1. Welcome & About Me

      0:50
    • 2. Course & Farsi Language Overview

      1:21
    • 3. Quick Introduction to Farsi Alphabet

      2:12
    • 4. Alaef (ا)

      1:59
    • 5. Wow (و)

      1:50
    • 6. Yô (ی)

      3:31
    • 7. Bae, Pae, Tae, Sae (ب، پ، ت، ث)

      4:18
    • 8. Practice - Bae, Pae, Tae, Sae

      3:00
    • 9. Jim, Chae, Hae, Khae (ج، چ، ح، خ)

      4:49
    • 10. Practice - Jim, Chae, Hae, Khae

      2:53
    • 11. Dôl, Zôl, Rae, Zae, Zhae (د، ذ، ر، ز، ژ)

      6:03
    • 12. Practice - Dôl, Zôl, Rae, Zae, Zhae

      3:05
    • 13. Seen, Sheen, Sôd, Zôd (س، ش، ص، ض)

      5:12
    • 14. Practice - Seen, Sheen, Sôd, Zôd

      2:30
    • 15. Tōi, Zōi, Ayn, Ghayn (ط، ظ، ع، غ)

      6:55
    • 16. Practice - Tōi, Zōi, Ayn, Ghayn

      3:00
    • 17. Fae, Qôf, Kôf, Gôv (ف، ق، ک، گ)

      5:58
    • 18. Practice - Fae, Qôf, Kôf, Gôv

      2:50
    • 19. Lôm, Meme, Noon (ل، م، ن)

      3:32
    • 20. Practice - Lôm, Meme, Noon

      2:20
    • 21. Hae-Gaerdak (ه)

      3:07
    • 22. Practice - Hae-Gaerdak

      1:00
    • 23. Alphabet Recap

      1:39
    • 24. Part 2 Overview

      1:22
    • 25. Short Vowels

      2:32
    • 26. Practice - Short Vowels

      0:55
    • 27. Greetings - Salôm!

      3:40
    • 28. Practice - Greetings - Salôm!

      1:15
    • 29. Pronouns & Introducing Yourself

      5:19
    • 30. Practice - Pronouns & Introducing Yourself

      2:25
    • 31. Family Members & Introducing Family

      5:54
    • 32. Practice - Family Members & Introducing Family

      2:13
    • 33. The 5 W's and Asking Questions

      5:23
    • 34. Practice - The 5 W's and Asking Questions

      2:24
    • 35. Seasons & Talking about Weather

      4:35
    • 36. Practice - Seasons & Talking about Weather

      3:04
    • 37. Prepositions & Asking for Direction

      5:04
    • 38. Practice - Prepositions & Asking for Direction

      3:48
    • 39. Numbers & Shopping

      6:39
    • 40. Practice - Numbers & Shopping

      4:20
    • 41. Weekdays & Talking About the Time

      6:24
    • 42. Practice - Weekdays & Talking About the Time

      4:46
    • 43. Colours & Likes/Dislikes

      6:22
    • 44. Practice - Colours & Likes/Dislikes

      3:40
    • 45. Food Names & Requesting/Offering

      8:43
    • 46. Practice - Food Names & Requesting/Offering

      3:06
    • 47. Body Parts & Seeing Doctor

      7:46
    • 48. Practice - Body Parts & Seeing Doctor

      4:28
    • 49. Future Tense & Talking about Tomorrow

      7:54
    • 50. Practice - Future Tense & Talking about Tomorrow

      3:06
    • 51. Past Tense & Talking about Yesterday

      8:01
    • 52. Practice - Past Tense & Talking about Yesterday

      3:28
    • 53. Supplementary Material & Wrap up

      1:36
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About This Class

In this course you will begin learning Farsi (Dari) from the absolute basics; the alphabets. The first part of the course will help you master pronouncing each letter and be able to write it in all its forms. The second part will allow you to build your vocabulary, learn how to form phrases and understand some grammatical concepts.

From start to end, each lesson comes with a video based pronunciation and reading practice, as well as a writing practice.

What you’ll learn

  • Comprehensive set of lectures on the Farsi alphabet, with how to pronounce and write each letter
  • A HUGE AMOUNT of Farsi words and conversational phrases: Greetings, introducing yourself, foods, shopping, getting directions, seeing doctor, weekdays and more!
  • Pronunciation & reading exercise for every lesson
  • Writing exercise for every lesson
  • Explanation of grammar and forming sentences
  • Supplementary material to keep your journey going!

Course Requirements:

  • There are no previous knowledge of Farsi required as we will be starting from scratch and moving on to more advanced content in the same course. All you need really is a passion for learning a new language!

Who this course is for:

  • Whether you would like to learn a new language or reconnect with your mother tongue from the basics, this course will be the right place to start from.

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Ali Qasimi

Teacher

I am a network engineer by profession, and on the side, I have an interest in education. I have been working as an instructor for primary and high school students, both voluntarily and as a side hustle. I am a trilingual in English, Farsi (Dari) and Korean. When I'm not working, I might be busy with one of: calligraphy, film or music.

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Transcripts

1. Welcome & About Me: Hello and welcome to Farsi For Beginners. Thank you for enrolling into my course and I hope you have fun lending this course as much as I did putting it together a bit about myself. My name is Allie, and I'm a native, foresee that a speaker. In my spare time, I have been working as a tutor for primary and high school students for a number of years, both voluntarily and as a side hustle. I have an interest in languages and I am a trilingual in English for C and Korea. In this course, we will be practicing newly learned concepts with these two amazing characters, five odd n analogous. So you will hear me mentioning their name a lot. 2. Course & Farsi Language Overview: Let me provide a quick overview of the Farsi language and what we will cover in this course. For C is the official language of honest Stalin, Iran and Tajikistan. And an age of these countries, their variations are called Betty, Persian and Pajek respectively. So it is estimated to be spoken by over 110 million people across the world. For C is written right to left. And its alphabet as well as some vocabulary is similar to Arabic. However, its grammar is similar to the Indo-European languages. This course is broken down into two parts. Part one will cover everything you need to know about the alphabet, from pronouncing them to writing them. In part two, we will begin to learn how to speak, read, and write new words and sentences, covering a variety of different contexts, helping you understand day-to-day Farsi very well. There will be reading, pronounciation and writing exercises for each lesson. Alright, let's get started. 3. Quick Introduction to Farsi Alphabet: In this part of the course, we will dive into the Farsi alphabet. There are 32 letters in Farsi. In fact, 28 of them are the same as Arabic, and four of them are unique to Farsi. There are no lowercase or uppercase forums for each letter, but some of them do come into shapes. We can call them full shape and joined shape. For these kind of letters, you will see them in one shape or another depending on their location. In a wired. As a general rule of thumb, you would use them in full shape at the end of a word and enjoins shape anywhere else at the start or somewhere in the middle. We will cover this in detail in the upcoming videos. Here are all the 32 letters at a glance all in their full shape. You may have noticed that I have separated different groups in boxes. This is to show you that the letters in the same box actually look quite similar. In fact, some of them are only different by the number of dots that they have. By the end of part one of this course, you will master each and every one of these lattice. Here is another fun fact. I have put together some of these letters in four different boxes here. Well, guess what? The letters located in the same box are actually pronounced the same in Farsi. Yep, that's right. So although in Arabic they have slight differences. But in Farsi, they sound exactly the same. You'll notice this when we start lending those letters in the upcoming videos, three of the Farsi alphabet or voles, and we will lend them first. Dan, we will tackle each consonance afterwards. And your knowledge of the voles will help you understand the consonants match better. Okay, let's start with the first bubble. Also, the first letter of the alphabet, LF. 4. Alaef (ا): The first letter, and we will learn a is riding a leaf is as simple as a straight line. If it is written in full shape all the time. I left pronounciation is quite versatile. When located at the start of a particular word. It generally sounds like a bowl. A o. If you add a little wave above the line, and we can call it a left without hat. The hat helps them. They sound like all one in the middle or DnaA forward. It sounds like all without needing a hat. Now, let's practice. I left with fire hotter markets. They will wait for you to pronounce the letter. Then they will repeat it afterwards. Oh. 5. Wow (و): In this video, you will be amazed because the next module we are going to learn is literally they called Wow. Well shape looks very similar to a comma, except the top bit Mx, a small circle before curving down. Wow is written in forced all the time. Just like LF. Wow also sounds different depending on its position in a word. At the start of her work. While usually sounds like the English letter w. Like winter weather. Or it can sound like like blue tissue. Statute. One in the middle of a word. It sounds like w as well. If located at the end of it always sounds like, ooh, that's it. Let's practice. Wow. I guess I will wait for you to pronounce the letter. Then they will repaint afterwards. W 6. Yô (ی): The third and last of all of the alphabet is yo. Yo. Your shape is quite a pace of odd. You would begin from the top right corner and start curving down. Before you reach the middle way, you switched directions and start cutting it to the right. Then you would switch direction again, and this time going and logic curve downward and then finish while pointing upwards. When located at the end of a word. Yah, always sounds like ee, like in Building, winning. Sitting. For the case of heel, it does come in poor shape and a much simpler joint shape. When the word starts with the o, It sounds like ee as usual. But when in the middle, it can also sound like a liking. Bedroom, bread, elephant. Remembering our general rule of thumb, we use the full shape at the end of a word and join shape anywhere else. So ya is written in full shape at the end of a word. While at the start or the middle of a word. It is written as a much simpler curve, starting it while pointing down and then finishing flat. Mainly are the letters of the alphabet will be written similarly in short for, for future reference. Let's call this shape a tooth. Into future videos, this name will make perfect sense. And it's joins shape. Yaws, tooth has two dots below it. Now, what if we combine yell, but the first letter we lent, and if I know that y'all always sounds like ee and LF in the middle or the end sounds like o. So the result will sound like Yo. Yo. Then, what if we combine a leaf with the hat? And the letter? I left with a hat sounds like o. So this becomes i. As you can see, y'all is used in full shape at the end of forward. Okay, let's practice the letter ya'll with foothold in that guess. 7. Bae, Pae, Tae, Sae (ب، پ، ت، ث): Now that we go through the vowels, I promise you, we will be able to easily cruise through the rest of the alphabet. The four letters we're going to learn today closely resemble a smiley face. Let's begin with B. B. If you're a millennial, there's no way you could forget what this letter is called. Bay, along with the rest of this minor letters come in for shape and the tooth looking joined trap. Bay sounds just like the English letter B, and it has a dot under the smile. Using our rule of thumb, Bay is written in full shape at the end of a word. The joint shape is a tooth with adult below it. Okay. What if we combine bay with a leaf? Then we get bop. Bop. If we combine with since he always sounds like ee, this will sound like. Lastly, combining bay with, well, we know that wow always sounds like puh at the end of a word. So this becomes three smiling letters work very much the same way. Let's look at this one has three dots underneath it. In the shape of a triangle. It sounds like the English letter P. Similar to Bay. In its joint, j is a tooth with three dots underneath it. Pay with a left becomes pay me, they'll becomes P. Pay with well becomes. The third smiling letter is this one has no dots below. Instead it has two dots above it. It sounds like the English letter T. And it's joined form is a truth with two dots on top. Here we have t. Two. Final smiling letter is say. Say. Say has three dots above it in shape of a triangle. Say it sounds like the English letter S. The joint form as a tooth with three dots. Okay, let's practice the smiling that is hot and nuggets. 8. Practice - Bae, Pae, Tae, Sae: Yes. Okay. Let me take let me know. Yeah. Really. 9. Jim, Chae, Hae, Khae (ج، چ، ح، خ) : Do you have a friend called Jim? Because the next letter we're going to learn is named Jim. You right? Jim, starting with the wavy line on top and then make a circular curve with a dot inside it. Jim, along with the other three letters in this video are only different by the number and location of their dots. The gym looking letters also come in full shape and a joint check. As you might have guessed. Jim is just like the English letter J. As a joint shape, you will write it without the curve, but keep the dot underneath it. Joining jim With You get job. Job. Joining jim with your, you get g. G. And joining jim with wow, you get the next letter. Jim's cousin is check. Che. Che has three dots in the shape of a triangle. This letter is very much like the sound that the English letters CH make. The ch sound like Champion, chat, Chai, and its joined form. You write it without the curve but keep the three dots below it. In a leaf, gives you chop. Chop. Che, ci, ci, che and wow, gives you true. To. The third Jimmy letter is, hey, hey, the much neater looking hey, comes with no dots. And hair sounds exactly like the English letter H. In its joint form, you write it just like Jim. But without any dots. Here we have hub. The fourth and final letter of this video is called. Unlike the other three, k has a dot above it. Rather than inside the curve. You will pronounce hay with the help of your throat, like n, you write its joint shape similar to Jim, j n, Hey, here we have pop. Let's practice Jim. N. With n, I guess. 10. Practice - Jim, Chae, Hae, Khae: James, it helps me to perform and gt and make them whole. Okay. 11. Dôl, Zôl, Rae, Zae, Zhae (د، ذ، ر، ز، ژ): In this video, we will learn five letters that look very similar and only come in a full shape. In fact, I like to call them the five boomerang letters, because they have a close resemblance to a boomerang. Let's start with Doug. Doug. As you can see, Dawn looks similar to a boomerang with sharp corners. So whenever you try to remember how don't looks like. Think about a boomerang. Sounds like the English letter D. And it's written the same way all the time. Now, if we put together dawn with the first letter of the alphabet. We know that sounds like all at the end of four. So this becomes Similarly. When you put it together with you all, we get d. D. And together with while again, do. The next boomerang looking letter is unlike Don, comes with a dot above. It. Sounds like the English letters C. Putting Zhan together with LF. Zone. Sounds like z. Z enzyme with wow is red like Zues. Zues. The third letter of this video is, along with the next two letters. Also look similar to a Bowman I, except it has a smoother curve. Unlike enzymes that have the sharp corners. Sounds almost like the English letter r. X sub u would vibrate your tongue when using it. Like here we have, here we have three. And here we have the force boomerang letter is z. Z. Just like Zhan Zai also has a dot above it. By the way, do you remember the start of the course? I had mentioned that a few of the Farsi letters actually sound exactly the same. Well, zi and zj are two of those letters. They both sound like the English letter Z. With a leaf sounds just like zone where the length zone, zone. Similarly, this one is z. Z. And this one sounds like Zues. Zues. The final letter of this video is j. J. J has a similar boomerang shape as array n, z. And it comes with three dots in shape of a triangle is pronounced with the sound. Putting j with a layer of cricket. All right, let's practice these five letters with firewood and not against. 12. Practice - Dôl, Zôl, Rae, Zae, Zhae: It's done. It's a shame. Let's see. So It's true. 13. Seen, Sheen, Sôd, Zôd (س، ش، ص، ض): Have you seen this video before? Because the first letter we will learn is seen seen. The tooth concept that we were introduced to P4 is going to be very handy in its full shape. Scene is made up of two small teeth followed by one longitude. Seeing along with the rest of the letters in this video, calming a full shape as well as the joint Shrek. Our rule of thumb also comes handy here. Full shape at the end of forward and join shape and URLs. Seen just like say, which we learned before, is pronounced like the English letter S. In its joined shape, you would write seeing with the two small teeth, and then you would have a third small tooth joining with the letter that comes after it has an example here we have seen joined with a leaf and you've got the third small tooth joining. And if this sounds like Salk saw scene with your will give us C. C. And seeing with well becomes Su. Su seems neighbor is shame. Shame. Shame comes with the exact same shape except becomes with three dots above it. And shape of a triangle. Xin has the same sound as when the English letters S and H are put together. Like ship, shine, ship it. And it's joined shape the large tooth into a small tooth. And you still have the three dots above Shane. Putting it together with Olive and we get sharp, sharp, shape, shape. And shu. Shu. The third letter of this video is sought. Swot. Swot also ends with a large tooth. However, it doesn't start with the two small teeth. Instead, it has the shape that looks like a leaf from a daisy flower. In fact, salt also goes into the group of letters that sound the same. It has the S sound, just like say and seeing. And its joints shape, you write it and what the daisy leaf in a small tooth that joins with the letter after it. For example, here we have sought with lif giving us SOP sum. Here we have c, c and here we have soup. So the final letter of this video is Zadok. Zadok. Zadok looks exactly the same as with addition of a dot above. It also goes into the group of letters that sound the same. It has the same sound as the English letter z, just like the other two letters we had learned before. And z. Z is written in the same manner as salt. And it's joins shape. This is tsar, Tsar x0, x0, x2, x2. Okay? Now let's practice saying Shayne salt insult with far more than that. 14. Practice - Seen, Sheen, Sôd, Zôd : Okay, so let's see. So let's see. So in effect. 15. Tōi, Zōi, Ayn, Ghayn (ط، ظ، ع، غ): Another video and other four letters. Let's first look at toy. Toy. You can think of toy as a daisy leaf coupled together with an elif looking like. Toy, shares the same sound as thick, which we had learned before. They're both pronounced like the English letter T. In its joints shape, you would extend toy with a flat line that will join the next letter in the word. For example, here we have toy joining LF. This sounds like top. Top. Joining toy with Your gives us t. T. And joining toy with wow gives to. The next letter is Zoe. Zoe. As you can see, zoe is written in very much the same as toy, with the addition of a dot right above the daisy. They've also goes into the collection of letters that sound like the English letter Z. So in total, four of the Farsi letters sound like Z, which are Zhan, x0, x1, and x2. And its joined shape, you would write in a similar manner as toys. In a live is read as tsar. Tsar. Here we have z, z, and this is x2. X2. The third letter of this video is I. I. I'm starting from the top and making a small circular curve, followed by large curve below it comes in a joint shape as well. And like I live IN, also sounds different depending on where it's located in our I actually spent a lot of time thinking about how to explain the pronounciation of i in the best possible way. So here's me giving it a crack. When located at the end of a word. You can practically consider AI as being silent. On the other hand, at the start of award IN can sound like a 00. By the way. Joint shape. You would write ions small curve and then have a flat line joining with the next letter. There's a special case when i is placed before one of the three follows. In this case, it can be considered silent. So if you have a live yo or wow off the iron, then doesn't contribute any sound or word. Lastly, while used in the middle of a word, I'm can either be silent or sound like. So. With the letters like, I live in AI, that can be pronounced one way or another in the same place. It really depends on the word that if it is a part of. In the next section of this course, when we start building our Farsi vocabulary, we will go through this in more detail. So in a nutshell, the sounds that I can make R a, o, or it's simply silent. Okay, let's put ion together with Aleph. Since I1 is before a vowel here, then ten is silent. So this literally sounds like similarly putting together with your silent because of your. So this sounds like E. E. Lastly, putting together with the third row. The fourth and final letter of this video is lines cousin hind. Hind. Hind is written exactly the same as I am with the addition of a dot above it. The good news about that is that it always sounds the same. With the help of your throat. You pronounce it like Okay. Okay. In its joint shape, time is written the same way as ion and you keep the dot above it. Putting it together with LF, we get behind Wakefield gives. And this is, oh, let's practice toy. 16. Practice - Tōi, Zōi, Ayn, Ghayn: So, so see two. 17. Fae, Qôf, Kôf, Gôv (ف، ق، ک، گ): We are very close to the finish line with the Farsi alphabet. After this video, there's only four more letters to cover. And then we'll jump onto the even more fun parts of this course. The first out of the four letters in this video is fig. Fig. Fei, looks almost like the smiley letters that we had learned, like big. Except you start writing phi with a small circle on the right, followed by the smiley shape. Fei comes with a single dot above the circle. As you might have guessed, Fe is pronounced just like the English letter F. Fe, along with the rest of the letters in this video, coming to join shape as well. When joining another letter, you only write fe with the circle and a dot. And then you'd have a flat line joining the letter after it. As an example, joining FEI with olive, you would get fog. Joining fame with Yogi in caves. The second letter is off. Off. Off also starts with a small circle. And then you draw a much rounder looking curve. Off comes with two dots above the circle. Coffee is one of the letters that are pronounced using your throat like k and the line of sounds almost like k. However, you would produce the sound from your throat like kay? K in its joined shape is pretty much a FEI, with two dots joining him off with a leaf, we get caught. Caught. This is T. And this is the third letter of this video, is cough. Cough. Typically you start writing cough from this corner, going down and making the smiley looking curve. And then you come back to the top and write the diagonal line meeting at the corner. The line that goes down from the corner doesn't actually have to be diagonal. In fact, the handwritten cough has this line going down vertically. It is only in the typed forum on the computer screens that the font shows it as diagonal. Coffee is pronounced exactly like the English letter K. In its joined form. You're right, cough without the ending smiley show. For example, here we have cough joining Olive. This sounds like cop, cop, cop with the key. Key. And this is cool. The fourth and final letter of this video is gov. Gov. As you can see, golf is written just like cough, with the addition of a second diagonal line above the first one. The handwritten form of gov also has a vertical line going down from the corner. And the second diagonal line on top can also be drawn shorter than the first one. Gov sounds like the English letter g, like in Godden. Guitar. If the joint form of golf is written in the same manner as cough. Joining golf with elif gives go and go. And this one is, alright. Let's practice Fe, Paul, cough, gov wave thought in that guess. 18. Practice - Fae, Qôf, Kôf, Gôv: Often this is golf. So he takes place. Okay. So please. 19. Lôm, Meme, Noon (ل، م، ن): The three letters we're going to learn in this video are very simple. Let's start with love. Lung. You can visualize long, kind of like a fishing hook. Easy to remember. Long sounds just like the English letter L. Long, along with the rest of the letters in this video come into full shape and a joint shape as well. You write lumps joined shape without the curvy part at the end. When we join along with the left, there is a special case in the way that they are joined. The left is just written Next alone like this, without smoothly joining, like the way it does with the other letters. And I left sounds like lot. Luck. As you can see here. Join smoothly together. And it sounds like, by the way, do you like looking at names on the internet? Because the next letter is actually called, means. You start writing by drawing a small circle, followed by a straight line going down. Mean is pronounced like the English letter M. In its joint shape. You write only when its circle and then a flat line joining the letter afterwards. Joining me, him with LF, we get mod model. I mean, with your Gives me me. And this is the final letter of this video, is knowing. Knowing is basically one large tooth, but a dot above it. Sounds just like the English letter n. And its joined tribe. No is basically a single small to joining with the next letter. For example, noon with LF, we get not knowing with your name. And this one is no. No. Okay. Let's practice long names and known width forgotten their guess. 20. Practice - Lôm, Meme, Noon: Great. Now. No. Okay. 21. Hae-Gaerdak (ه): We have made it to the final letter, to the last but not least, this is a good Kodak. Hey, get back the name of this letter. Who literally means round? Hey, this is because the letter looks almost like a round circle. A Hagar. That sounds the same way as the letter K, which we have learned before. They both sound like the English letter H is visually special because it has a unique shape when it's written by itself. At the start of a word, in the middle of four. And at the end of our unwritten by itself, induce a round looking shape with a sharp corner at the top. While at the end of a word. You can start by making a small curve upwards and then draw a circular shape in front of it. When written at the beginning of a word. You can start off by drawing an oval looking shape. Draw a line that splits the opal enough and then joins with the letter that comes after. Lastly, when written in the middle of a word, you can start off by making a small curve downwards. And then draw a line slightly upwards, make a circle. And then pointed to the left to join with the next letter. So you go down, up, circle, left. Okay. Let's put together Hagar deck with a left. This sounds like, ha, ha, good luck with your caves. And lastly, this one is cool. Now let's practice Hagar that go with for odd in that I guess. 22. Practice - Hae-Gaerdak: But but, but, but, but, but, but, but, but, but, but but but, but, but but but but but, but but the hooks attached to them. But but, but, but but but but, but but. 23. Alphabet Recap: Well done. Now you can know all the Farsi alphabets. How about we run a quick recap and take a look at all the 32 alphabets at once. Let's name them one by one in the right order. Elif. Pay. Pay. Pay. Say Jim. Hey, hey, hey z, j, sin, shame. Zone of cough. And gov. Mean. Wow. And that's it. We can now start building our Farsi vocabulary. Learn how to speak and read daily conversational Farsi phrases. 24. Part 2 Overview: Welcome to the two off far safer begin is so far we have covered the ends and outs of the alphabet. In the next half of this course, we will build our vocabulary and Brahma that way can use in many daily situations. These include gradings, pronouns and introducing yourself. Introducing family members, asking questions using the five W's. Talking about the weather, prepositions and asking, are we giving directions, numbers and shopping, dates, and talking about the time, colors, and talking about your likes or dislikes, food names and requesting or offering phrases, body parts and saying that delta. Future tense and talking about your plans. Pos tens and talking about yesterday. At the end of this course will also be providing you with useful supplementary materials while learning more about study. Without further ado. Let's get started. 25. Short Vowels: In addition to the three levels we learned that are part of the alphabet, there is also the concept of short vowels in Farsi. They are a 00. These three short vowels are supplementary symbols labeled above or below the alphabet. Their main purpose is to express ex-ante in Farsi, and they are actually not used in equity a text. I will use the short vowels when introducing a new word or phrase so we can understand how to pronounce it. And then I will let you practice pronouncing those words without needing the short vowels. Just like the way that they would appear in everyday text. In this course, I will use them to express the steady accent. The first short vowel is a small slanted line placed above a letter. The second short vowel, a, is a slanted line placed below a letter. And the third short bubble, oh, it's a tiny Wow, place above a letter. For instance, here we have an if, but the short vowels from top to bottom de sound like a. Oh. Those are in fact, the three of the sounds that ELF can make, which we had learned before. Likewise for Bay, they sound like ba, ba, bo. Likewise, foot gene. The shorter vowels helped him sound like John. Jay. Joel. Okay, that's it for the short vowels. Now let's practice it with some mole that is. 27. Greetings - Salôm!: Let's learn our first and most common word, Salaam law. As you can see, there's a short vowel above the same To make it sound like SAP. And then we have LAM, elif and main, sounding like law. So we have Salaam. Farsi comes in two main forms, formal and informal. You would say formal Farsi used in news, books, speeches, and other formal texts. The informal forum is commonly used in daily conversations, songs, films, et cetera. In this course, we will be focusing on the informal Farsi to learn the daily conversations. In the informal form, when you're referred to a second person, you can form your phrases to be casual with friends and peers, or polite with someone older or more senior than you. Casual, you would use the verbs in a singular form. On the other hand, for polite phrases, you would use the verbs in a plural form, which are also used when referring to more than one person. For example, here we have chateaux, has the chateaux trustee. It means how are you? Chateaus, meaning how? Husky, meaning Ru. This is the casual form of the phrase. In the polite form, it would be chateaux has thin. Chateaux has thin. So here we have a noon added at the end. Usually when using the verbs in plural or polite form, you add a noon at the end. This one is who has stopped? I stole. It means I'm good. You can also then say code. It means thanks. Let's also learn two molars that will be very useful. But it means yes. No. It means no. Very similar to English. Okay, now let's practice the grading phrases together with our hot and analogous. 28. Practice - Greetings - Salôm!: So this is similar to assist locals. Index. O. Remember, this is perfect. 29. Pronouns & Introducing Yourself: Let's learn some pronouns. It means it means you are in a casual for Sh'ma. Sh'ma. It means in a plural for polite form. It's used to refer to a third person, and it's a gender-neutral pronoun. Ma. Ma. It means we or our. On. It means day. The word name in Farsi is very similar to English. This is not omega. It means my name. As you can see, we have a short vowel after nom, associated with. Usually when we have a word ending with a. It works like the English term of, for example, name of me, or more simply, my name. Usually we can combine the two words together more shortly and say num in. Similarly, this is t2. T2. It means name of you or your name. As a shortcut, we can just say, nom it. Nominate. This is ooh. Ooh. It means his or her name. As a short form. We can say this is on ha ha. It means their name are the short form. We can say normally Sean. Sean. And finally, this is not me. Ma, ma. It means our name. This one doesn't have a short form. Okay, here's our first phrase for this video. Nominate, chased, nominate, chased. It means, what's your name? Chased means what a is. We shall cover words like what, when, where, why, and in more detail in a future video. Lastly, this phrase is Allie S. No-name ID as it means, my name is Allie. Asked means is. It's usually use at the end of a sentence. Allright. That's all about the pronouns. Let's practice them with facade and that I guess. 30. Practice - Pronouns & Introducing Yourself: Okay. Yeah. It normally. 31. Family Members & Introducing Family: In this video, we'll learn what to call our family members in Farsi. Battle. As you guessed, it means brother. It means system model. This is also very similar to English. It means mother. This means father. This means girl or boy, or sun. This means spouse. Okay, now, let's combine two words together. Battle at that a man. Battle that a man. As we had learned this in the previous lesson, the short vowel a makes an association between borrowed in mind. So it kind of translates to brother of me or simply my brother. And we had also learned the short form of possessive pronouns. In this case, it becomes that all data in battle, that aim. This is LA, had a, had a two. And it means your system. As a shortcut, you can just say, well, had it. Had it. Next up, we have but J. But J. It means my son. For words that end with I get a DAG. You would add an elif in addition to the mean when you want to use the possessive pronoun in a shorter form. So in this case it becomes but champ. But in the slang that he phrases. This term is also used in a super short form. It's simply called by chain. By chain. Keep in mind that the super short form isn't formally used in the written language. It's only used in the colloquial language. Similarly, your son can be translated into J. But J as a short form, you can say by chat, chat, or in a super short form, you can simply say. But now, with the words that we have learned, let's learn a few phrases. Nominee, cheese, chiefs. What's your father's name? Maddox. My father's name is cheese. Cheese. What's your daughter's name? Sadat S. Nominee. Sought all. My daughter's name is subtle. Okay, that's it. Now, let's practice introducing your family wave phylogenetic guess. 32. Practice - Family Members & Introducing Family: Yes. Abetted chaste. Chase them. 33. The 5 W's and Asking Questions: In this video, we will learn the five W's that can be used to ask different types of questions. This is cheap. Cheap. It means what? If you want to say what is in it? It will be. As a short form, you can simply say cheese. Cheese. Next up we have chat. Chat all. It means y, k. K. It means if you want to say who is, then it's K0_S. And as a short form, you can simply say cased. Case. The fourth W word A's K. K. It means when. The only difference between k and k is the short vowel. The final W word is POJO. It means where. If you wanted to say Where is, then it will be L, S, S. Or you can simply say Qajars. Coal jobs. In addition to the five W words. Let's also learn a hate word. This is Cheetos, chateaux. It means how? Now, with these interrogative words, let's learn a few phrases. Jitter has the chateaux. This is a phrase that we had learned in the gradings lesson. It means, how are you in cheese? Cheese in means this. Chased means what is this? This is a special case for when the word starts with a left followed by 3R and then more letters afterwards. In this case, I live with the give the ee sound. Wu Qi's keys. It means Who is he or she? Chateaux improves. Chateaux improves. In rows means today. Shadow embryos means why today. Cutoffs. Code just Hana means house, means your house. Han add code just means where's your house? As we had discussed in the previous lesson, there's an elif used after the Hager DAC for the possessive pronoun. And if you want to use it's super short form. You can say Hornet Cajal's instead of Holland at CU jobs. Armada S has r k armada. As all means food. Armada means ready. And as o k armada S means when is the food ready? Now that we know how to ask questions, let's practice them with 500 Americans. 34. Practice - The 5 W's and Asking Questions: It's good. Good job. But just because okay. 35. Seasons & Talking about Weather: Let's learn some words about the whether it means whether of the DOP. It means son. If you want to say sunny, it will be of B. Of B. But on boron, it means terrain. If you want to say rainy, then it will be Bodoni bought or knee. But, but it means snow. If you wanna say snowy, then it will be biography. It means warm. Sad. Sad. It means cold. Stone. Stone. It means sum. Mr. Stone. It means winter. Alright. Now let's use these words. When we talk about the weather. Have all of the VS, how all of the B, it's a sunny weather. How lot of BS? M rows, how all of BS? It's a sunny weather today. Have all bought on ES dough. How long fought on yes. It's a rainy weather. Tomorrow. Means tomorrow. How all dough, how all bad? It's a snowy weather tomorrow. How long GAD or mass? How all GAD mass? It's a warm weather. Data. Tall. The stone. How all GAD amass data based on how low GAD amassed? The weather is warm in summer. Dash means in Ms. Stone, how sad? That is. M is done. How all sad guys? The weather is cold in winter. Now that we know how to talk about the weather, let's practice it with phylogenetic. Is. 36. Practice - Seasons & Talking about Weather: Ok. Yeah. Hello. Hello. Hello. Hello. 37. Prepositions & Asking for Direction: In this video, we're going to learn about prepositions. In jump. This means here. Remember that a leaf with the o give the e sound here. On job. On job. It means bear. As big as the. This means near or close. This means under. This means up. This means above or on top of push. Push. This means behind. Pay shadowy. Pay shadowy and this means in frontal. Let's also learn a few words we'll use in today's phrases. Cutoff. Cutoff. This means book. Okay, doll Paulina. Kit all Paulina. We know that cut-off means book, and remember that Holland means house. So Kitau Paulina translates into book house or library. Maze. Maze. This means table. Now, let's learn how to ask and gave directions. Github, Cajal's kit all cutoffs. Whereas the book kettle in jobs cutoff in just the book is here. Kit off on Jaws. Oh, on jobs. The book is there. Cuddled means as Kitab maize as the book is on the table. Kitab maize as GitHub, maize as the book is above the table. Paulina kudos, Paulina coal jobs. Where's the library? Kitau Paulina.NET SDK. Github, Paulina and SDK ask. The library is near my house. Kit all Paulina push the Kitab Honda push the hostname. The library is behind my house. Kitau, Paulina pay Shuvuuia, haunt us. Kit off Hall. Anna pea shooter via the library, is in front of my house. Now that we know how to ask and gave directions, that's practice it with fun ordinariness. 38. Practice - Prepositions & Asking for Direction: In John speak. Okay. Just just see you then. Just fashion. Okay. 39. Numbers & Shopping: By the end of this video, you'll be able to say most of the numbers from one to 100 in Farsi. Before we get started, there are two fun facts I would like you to know. The numerals used in Farsi or the same as Arabic. And contrary to the way that the text is written, the numbers in Farsi are written from left to right. Okay. Let's master the Farsi numbers. One is yak, yak. It's written like an LED. 23 is safe. Safe is five, is it looks like an inverted, heart-shaped. Six is shush. Shush. Seven is eight, is hush. Hush. You might've noticed that hash is written like an upside down 9.5 A's. No, no. Ten is 0 in Farsi is simply a dot. Now let's jump by tens. 20, this beast is C. C 40 is shared. Chair, 50 is Panza. Panza. 60 is shuts. Shes ceremony is half. Half is Hash.new. Hash.new. 90 is now what? Now what? And 100 is PSAT SAT. If we combine multiple non-zero numbers, it works very simple. Remember that 20 is beast. So 21 is bestow. Yak, yak. 22 is be still, do. These still do. 23 is bestow, say, still safe. 24 is Jihad. And so on. By the way, the wow in the middle means, and so for instance, bestow yak basically translates into 11. Let's also learn some terms used when shopping. Channel. It means how much, how much is this? Gets $5. Hashed. Hashed. It's $8. Us. It's $10. Bees. Honey. Bees have Hao Ni as its 1e, Afghanis. Horny, as horny as it's 50, of Ghana's C10, F10, as horny as it's 39, Afghanis. Cello. Cello as it's 42, Afghanis. Connie. Connie. It's 100 Afghanis. Okay. Now that we've mastered the numbers, let's practice them with far more than navigates. 40. Practice - Numbers & Shopping: Yeah. She laughed. Let's see. The hashtag. Co hashed. 41. Weekdays & Talking About the Time: Now that we know the numbers in Farsi, it's quite easy to learn the weekdays. This is tion, sion bake. It means Saturday. This is reaction. They shun big. It means sunday. Remember that IAC means one. Do Shambaugh, do champagne. This means Monday. Remember that means to say the same. It means Tuesday. You might now see the pattern. Say a's, three. Shangdi, champagne. This means Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday. Let's also learn some words that will help us to talk about the time. Saw at Saw at. This means clock or our soap. Soap. This means morning. Shopped. This means night filming. This means noon page as silver. Page as silver. This means before noon page as means before. Bad as silver. But as this means afternoon, bad as means after. Okay, now we're ready to talk about the time in rows. Chan Sheng, BS. In rows. This means what day of the week is it? Remember that Chand means how much or how many? In response you can say in rows, do champagne in rows. Du Shang De Today is Monday. Chan Sheng De Shan Bei asked, what day of the week is it tomorrow? Father Joe Joe Ma asked, tomorrow is Friday. So at chance. Saw at what time is it, as you can see, can be used here as well. In response, you can say, so at that site that it's ten o'clock, dow C S. C S. It's 1030. You can mention the hour and the minute by using the wow, the middle soap. Soap. It's ten in the morning. So at a shop as it's ten at night, die. As I saw that day. Ph as it's ten before noon. Saw at say bad as.'s. So I'll add say bad as. Lastly, this means it's three in the afternoon. Now let's practice talking about the week days and the time with our hot in that it is. 42. Practice - Weekdays & Talking About the Time: Yeah. So chaps. Oh. But as soon as the term that's it. So as soon as you add, he said bad. 43. Colours & Likes/Dislikes: In this video, we'll learn the names of some colors and talking about our likes and dislikes. This means, this means green. So this means bread. This means yellow. B. B. This means, this means black. This means white. Now let's learn the first version of this course. Cosh, dash tan. Tan. It means to like. The foresee verbs fall into a few main categories. Falls into the family of words that end with a known. Or. If you want to say I like, then it becomes push. Push. So you replace shin with Ray, mean as the suffix. If you wanna say you like in a casual form, it becomes push. Push. So you would use Ray has the suffix. If you wanna say you like in a polite or plural form, then it becomes push, darwin. Darwin. So you use lay, your noone has the suffix yawn and say we like, then it becomes push. Push. So you use your name as the suffix. Lastly, if you want to say daylight, then it becomes push n. Push. Here we have noon as the suffix. I want to say, I don't like, then you can simply add a new as a prefix, two dot on, so it becomes push. Push. Similarly, when referring to a second person in a casual form, you can say push, push. Now let's put our knowledge of the colors and verbs into phrases. Push, push, Dari. What color do you like? The word preroll is a post position used to associate a noun with the verbs. In this case, we are associating color with liking. Push, push. I like the green color. As you can see, we use PR are here as well. Bush. Bush. I like the yellow color. Ci run, sh, sh. What color? Don't you like? Triangles or not auto triangles or not? I don't like the red color. Draw another triangle, CFE draw push nadar on. I don't like the white color. Ranking. Adobe push, Garden of Eden. Do you like the blue color? Rank. Rank to you like the black color? Now, let's practice the colors and talking about our likes and dislikes with borrowed N markets. 44. Practice - Colours & Likes/Dislikes: So B, daddy? Yes. It's not. 45. Food Names & Requesting/Offering: In this video, we will learn some basic food names and offering are requesting phrases. This means water. This means bread. May left. This means fruit. Okay, let's learn a few verbs. Color than, than. Than is in the family of verbs that end with known. If you'd like to say, I ate, it becomes ME home. May hold all. Danone is replaced by mean as a suffix. And it has a mean as a prefix. For this family of verbs, the prefix MIMO is very common, and the suffixes work the exact same way as the previous curve. We left push dot-dot-dot. If you'd like to say curating, it becomes may hold me, hold vary widely. In spoken Duddy, you can typically use same form in both present tense. You eat as well as present continuous tense. You are aiding. Similarly, you are eating in a polite plural form becomes may hold in. May hold in. We are eating, becomes may hold aim. May hold aim. Day are getting becomes ME. May hold on. On the other hand, when you offer someone to eight, you can say. So you use Bay as a prefix and there is no suffix, involve. Likewise as a polite form you can say, well hold in Buddhahood in living on. The next verb is all at all at a time. This is in the same family as. Dan, ending with dollar known. So you can probably already figured out how to use it in different forums. May all Ledi may, all at, in May, all that in May, I'll add in May that aim. And lastly, may owe me to ask someone to bring something. You can say b, o, p o. When the verb starts with a leaf, with a hat, instead of using B as the prefix, Do you use b? So it becomes Biola. Next up we have no, she doesn't know she then it means to drink. No, she done is in the family of verbs that end with the all knowing. And the way it works is very similar to Dan and all louder than if you'd like to say, I am drinking, it becomes main or shown me. No, shown. So the mean replace the yaw as the suffix. Cruising through the rest of it. We have Meno, she may know mushy meno Shane. Meno Shane mean or Xin main OHIM, Meno, Meno Shen. And lastly, Bono's sh. Sh. The final word of this video is not fun. Fun. It means please. There's a special diachronic used here that is derived from Arabic. It is the two slanted lines above a leaf. It helps allay sound like and, and so the word becomes fan. Okay, now let's put these new words into use in some new phrases. Man, known may, plan, non, may hold on. I am eating bread. To non. Non. You're eating bread. You can say the same phrase and a questioning town as well. To non may hurry to non. Are you eating bread? Load fund has all foothold. Load fund has all plays a food. Note Fan. Fan may please be Fruit. Loop fund may be all that in. Load fund. May be Whetten. Please. Green fruit. Main Hall of Shame. Shame. We are drinking water. Male wedding, ma, mail wedding. Note, fan up, panache. Bono's. Please drink water. Cool. Now that we know how to offer or ask for food, let's practice then with firewood and nervous. 46. Practice - Food Names & Requesting/Offering: But but, but, but, but but your shade down. But, but, but, but, but, but, but, but but but we already know the main notion of meogda. But when I'm shopping. 47. Body Parts & Seeing Doctor: In this video, we will learn some body parts and some useful phrases when we say the doctor. Thus. Thus, this means hand. This means foot, sash, sash. This means this means neck. And gosh. This means finger. And gosh they, pi and pi. This translates to foot, finger or toe. Push, pushed. This means back. Goes Sh. Sh. This means here. Gosh, gosh, how? This means ears. The term Hall is used when you have multiple quantities of things. If you want to say my ears, and it becomes, gosh, how, how the possessive pronouns are added at the end as usual. In this case though, since we have the word ending with LF, instead of adding a single mean at the end, we would be adding your mean. This applies to all words that end with a life. Moving on. We have Dan Don, then none. This means tubes. The plural is Dan Don. How, how, and my taste becomes then how game than how I am. Lastly, we have chatroom. It means I. Let's also learn a new verb that Dan. Dan. It means to hurt that Katahdin is from the family of verbs that end with cat, Dan. With these kinds of verbs, the first term is in fact a noun. And adding cat add-on turns it into a verb. So in our case, that is a noun, that means pain. And then that cat then turns it into a verb, which is to hurt. In the phrase, if you wanna say something hertz, then it becomes that may come to that. So Dan is replaced with me. If you want to say it doesn't hurt, then it becomes dad. Dad. Now. So we add a new as a prefix. Now let's learn some useful phrases when seeing the doctor. That may, that may come. Where does it hurt? Remember that means where and uses the possessive pronoun to associate the question to your body in response. So you can say, does that make winner? Thus them that make my hand hurts. Polynom that make on a dad, make on my foot parts. Saddam, dad, setting that makes my head hurts. Gad that may canal that make my neck hurts. And how that may come and go. That make my fingers hurt. And the guard dat, dat. This means my toe doesn't hurt anymore. In this phrase means anymore. Similarly, you can say, push them. Push them. My bag doesn't hurt anymore. Go shim that my ear doesn't hurt anymore, that that mitosis doesn't hurt anymore. And lastly, began that now that my eyes don't hurt anymore. Now that we know how to name our body parts when seeing the doctor, let's practice them with Farhad And I guess. 48. Practice - Body Parts & Seeing Doctor: Okay. Yeah. That dot that corner to corner. Then m dot that corner. That corner. Okay. 49. Future Tense & Talking about Tomorrow: In this video, we'll learn how to use future tense in our daily conversation. First, let's learn a few modal verbs. Ballsy cathode then. Ballsy cat at that. This is another word that falls into the family of verbs ending with Canada. Then ballsy means game or play. Ballsy cat and that means to play. I play becomes ballsy. May Kono, Palsy. May Kono. You play becomes ballsy. May Connie. Ballsy may Connie. We play becomes ballsy. May call name. Ballsy, may colon name. The next verb is put along the cache but then grab on cat at then this means to send, if you would like to say I sand, then it becomes rather than make OneNote, that long may call node. So it works the same way as the other verbs in this family. The third verb is Paul, cat. Cat at then. This means to sleep. Called cat at, then call it a cat at then. This means to work already done. At a then. This means to buy Hadi done is in the family of verbs that end with y'all known. So I buy becomes ME, huddle. May shadow. You, lie, becomes ME Hattie, Mae fatty. The next two verbs of this video do not really fall into a particular category of verbs. So they are kind of unique to themselves. And it f, then f then this means to go. If you would like to say, I go, then it becomes made alone. May ramble. So you pretty much just have to re, lift over from graph than if you would like to say you go, then it becomes made, we made we. And similarly, if you'd like to say we go, then it becomes made alway made lane. The final version of this video is all my then all my dad. It means to come. If you'd like to say I come, then it becomes may all. May all you, you only have the elif leftover. Similarly, if you would like to say you come, then it becomes o e mail. And we come a's, may all Yay, may, all game, and so on. Now let's learn how to use the future tense in our phrases. In the informal spoken ready to future tense is used just like the present tense or the present continuous tense. For example, to say the phrase, What will you be doing tomorrow? You can say, oh, gee coach, make ONE fatter doll. She called me Cooney. As you can see, the phrase is pretty much like the present tense, except the word fat at all indicates that it is relating to future. In response to this phrase, you can say phi doe, foot bone, ballsy flat or though footballer, ballsy maker. No. I'll be playing football tomorrow. Football in 4C is also football. Fatter though TO Fadell now lawn making them fat or doh, doh federal loan make or No. I'll be sending the gift tomorrow till phi means gift. Fat or dollar shall make on them. $500 shop wall may connote, I'll be sleeping tomorrow night. Cause make on the call. May come up. I'll be working tomorrow. Fat a doll. Me law. May huddle. Fatter though. I'll be lying fruit tomorrow. Though. See Nemo made out of a bad though. See now lol, nato in. We will be going to the cinema tomorrow. Scene in my, in Farsi is also seen him. Lastly, seek Ni Mei, all you see P10 male, you I'll be coming to Sydney tomorrow. Okay, let's practice talking about the future wave flatter Holiday Inn, I guess. 50. Practice - Future Tense & Talking about Tomorrow: Ben, one cat, then Club cat, then Kashdan, trash can. Check on me. All right. Sydney. 51. Past Tense & Talking about Yesterday: Last time we covered the future tense. Now let's look at the past tense. Just like English. In Farsi, the burbs also come with a past tense form. For example, asked in past tense becomes boot. Boot, which means was. So if in present tense it is GAD amassed, impulse tens, it becomes Gadamer, boot. Boot, which means it was worn. As a general rule, the verbs that end with noon there past tense has the known removed. For instance, the verbs that end wave Canada than in past tense, they end with cat, cat. So dad may come in past tense, becomes that cat. That cat, it hurt. Similarly, ballsy may Canum turns into ballsy palsy. This means I played policy. May Connie becomes ballsy cavity policy. Kathy. And ballsy make the name becomes policy. Policy candidates. We play. And just like that, all I've done in past tense becomes lat. Lat is removed here as well. A lot of them don't. I brought lambda d. Glad. You brought and allowed him to deem. We brought harder than in past tense becomes. And the Raf than in past tense becomes rough. Draft. Draft, don't draft, don't drafty. Drafting. All my dan becomes all mad. Mad. Madam. Madam. Maddie. Maddie. Let's also learn one new verbs together with its past tense. G then G, then it means to where it's past tense becomes poor. Shi Shi Shi Dan falls into the family of verbs ending with your doll known. So may portion becomes paul she dome, and may pushy becomes o, xi d xi the. Now let's look at a few phrases. Heroes, how all zeros, how all total group? How was the weather yesterday? Notice that we are using food instead of ads. The heroes have all sat put. How all the weather was called yesterday. She called cavity. Cavity. What did you do yesterday? Ballsy capital T Rules, Football policy. I played football yesterday. The rows and the rows. Ali Ali brought through yesterday. Ddos, kabob, we ate kebabs yesterday. The rows, labels say digitals. Liberals say GAD, pushy, don't. Warm clothes. Yesterday. Seen ammo drafting. Ddos, seen drafting. We went to the cinema yesterday. Lastly, Sydney, the root's, Sydney, my name. We came to Sydney yesterday. And that concludes the 30th lesson of this course. Let's practice using past tense with cloud in that guess. 52. Practice - Past Tense & Talking about Yesterday: What's happened? So she didn't matter. Chicago put them and pushing them. Ahmad after me. 53. Supplementary Material & Wrap up: If you have reached this video, then I would like to congratulate you on completing this course. I hope you can now speak, read, and write Farsi better than you did before. If you are interested to continue your journey in learning this beautiful language, then I have some resources to share with you to improve your listening abilities of conversational daddy, I would like to recommend you to subscribe to the tallow TV YouTube channel. It is an active channel that posts videos of their shows. And it is a great way to learn about the African culture. For reading practice, there are a number of Farsi news web pages, including BBC Farsi and at latte rows. And lastly, for language translation, I recommend using google Translate as it is easily accessible across many different device types. I would like to warmly thank you for taking this course, and I hope you enjoyed learning in this course as much as I did putting it together. If you get a chance, please go ahead and leave a review of this course so I can receive feedback on where the course material was beneficial and where I can make more improvements on. I wish you all the best in this journey. Goodbye, Huldah Hafez.