Masterclass: Ultimate Field Guide to Wildlife Photography | Sudhir Shivaram | Skillshare

Masterclass: Ultimate Field Guide to Wildlife Photography

Sudhir Shivaram, Wildlife Photographer,Photography Mentor

Masterclass: Ultimate Field Guide to Wildlife Photography

Sudhir Shivaram, Wildlife Photographer,Photography Mentor

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89 Lessons (6h 41m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Equipment

    • 3. Best Locations in India to Shoot

    • 4. Sudhir's Favourite Destinations

    • 5. The Safari / Game Drive

    • 6. Introduction to Subject Knowledge

    • 7. Subject Knowledge – Tigers

    • 8. Subject Knowledge – Leopards

    • 9. Subject Knowledge – Elephants

    • 10. Subject Knowledge – Wild Dogs

    • 11. Subject Knowledge – Sloth Bears

    • 12. Subject Knowledge – Other Animals

    • 13. Planning Your Shot

    • 14. Previsualize – Tigers Crossing

    • 15. Action Photography-Spotted Deers

    • 16. Clicking Macaque+Rim Light Effect

    • 17. Spotted Deer Behaviour

    • 18. Previsualize-Tigers in the Grassland

    • 19. Previsualize - Monkeys' Behaviour

    • 20. Lion in Rain - Capture its Behaviour

    • 21. Leopard Behaviour

    • 22. Signature Shots in the Wildlife

    • 23. Concept of Story-telling Images

    • 24. Shooting from the Safari Vehicle

    • 25. Using a Tripod in a Vehicle

    • 26. Handheld Shooting Technique

    • 27. Handheld Shooting from a Vehicle

    • 28. Support Long Tele lens in a Vehicle

    • 29. Long Tele lens - Workarounds

    • 30. Using a Clamp in a Vehicle

    • 31. Beanbag and a Panning Pod

    • 32. Carrying the equipment in the field

    • 33. Aperture Priority, Lowest f Number

    • 34. Shutter Priority

    • 35. When to Use Shutter Priority

    • 36. Best Shutter Speed

    • 37. All about Manual Exposure

    • 38. When to use which Shooting Mode

    • 39. Theory of Reciprocity

    • 40. Understanding Camera Metering

    • 41. Types of Metering Modes Available

    • 42. When to Use which Metering Mode

    • 43. Challenges of Spot Metering

    • 44. Focusing Modes to be Used

    • 45. Auto Focusing Points in Canon

    • 46. Focusing Points in Nikon

    • 47. AF Distance Switch on the Lens

    • 48. Shooting in Auto ISO

    • 49. Best out of an Entry-level Camera

    • 50. Tigers Fighting -What Went Wrong?

    • 51. Click Tigers Climbing a Tree

    • 52. Jumping Blackbucks - Settings

    • 53. High-key and Low-key Images

    • 54. Compose Extreme Close-up Subjects

    • 55. Getting to the Eye Level

    • 56. Eye Contact and Head Turn

    • 57. When to Zoom In/Out

    • 58. Bad Compositions

    • 59. The Art of B&W Photography

    • 60. The Concept of Rim Lighting

    • 61. Making Creative Images - 1

    • 62. Making Creative Images - 2

    • 63. Subject Placement

    • 64. Distractions in your Composition

    • 65. Shooting around Water Bodies

    • 66. Shooting Angle while on Foot

    • 67. Head Turn and Eye Contact

    • 68. Using AF Points

    • 69. Playing with Light

    • 70. Equipment Care

    • 71. Your Health During Safaris

    • 72. The Story of Tiger and Gaur

    • 73. Photographing Wild Dogs

    • 74. Photographing Five Pythons - 1

    • 75. Photographing Five Pythons - 2

    • 76. Using Correct White Balance

    • 77. Pre-visualising and Animal Behaviour

    • 78. Behaviour and planning your shot

    • 79. Close-up vs Habitat Shots

    • 80. Correct Shooting Angle

    • 81. Understanding Light

    • 82. Post Processing for Wildlife Images

    • 83. Filtering and deleting bad images

    • 84. Right Application to Process RAW files

    • 85. Complete Workflow

    • 86. Shadow and Highlights

    • 87. High Key and Low Key Images

    • 88. Ethics of Wildlife Photography

    • 89. Conclusion and Way Forward

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About This Class

The most comprehensive online photography course on wildlife photography. This is the only course you need to complete, to learn in-depth all facets of wildlife photography. Whether you are a novice or a seasoned photographer with or without experience in wildlife photography, you will still find this course extremely valuable.

In this masterclass, Sudhir has striven to cover every tiny detail pertaining to this genre of photography.

Introduction: Introduces the topic and gives an ultimate field guide for wildlife photography.

Equipment: Discusses the ideal equipment for wildlife photography.

Destination: Multiple videos highlighting some of the best wildlife destinations in India and the opportunities present there to sight and shoot wildlife.

Subject knowledge: Sudhir places a lot of importance on subject knowledge in photography, more so wildlife photography. He has covered this subject in great detail and has talked about understanding animal behaviour and how to make use of this knowledge to get superlative shots. He emphasizes the importance of subject knowledge in pre-visualization.

Previsualization: Explains this important concept in wildlife photography. The point is explained with the help of numerous real-life examples.

Challenges while shooting: Sudhir has dedicated several videos to illustrate the various challenges one may encounter while shooting during a safari and the ways in which to overcome these challenges. He also talks about the numerous accessories that help during safaris, some techniques and workarounds for shooting with long tele lens and many other tips and tricks to make the most of your safari experience.

Specific subject action: A whole set of videos where Sudhir has picked specific actions by the subjects and explained how to capture those flawlessly. In parallel, these videos also deal with core technical aspects including exposure triangle parameters, metering, exposure compensation, auto focussing modes, auto focussing points in different cameras and so on.

Composition: Composition can make or break an image. This course teaches you all you need to know about how to compose your shot by applying the rule of thirds.

Post-Processing: This course then covers the topics of post-processing which is an integral part of digital photography and takes you through the various steps he follows to get back that life in the images.

Others: Apart from the core aspects of photography, Sudhir has covered numerous other topics including the ethical aspects of wildlife photography; equipment care and safety and healthcare during safaris; post-processing and more.

Finally, there are a few chapters that are dedicated to real-life examples from the field.

In a nutshell, this class helps you cover all the technical details to learn to be able to click on the field. You should sign up for it whether you are an aspiring wildlife photographer or, for that matter, even a fairly seasoned one, for there is so much to learn here for everyone!

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Sudhir Shivaram

Wildlife Photographer,Photography Mentor


Hi, I am Sudhir Shivaram, a renowned wildlife photographer and photography mentor from India.

I have figured in the Asian Photography Magazine's Top Ten Most Influential People in photography industry in India for five consecutive years since 2015. At the 2018 awards, I was awarded the top honour as India's 'First' Most Influential from among a chosen group that comprised top officials of global multinationals.

At 2013’s worldwide editorial awards held at the National Geographic Society in Washington D.C., National Geographic Traveller India’s September 2013 cover featuring my image won the National Geographic Yellow Border Award for the best cover across 14 language editions of the magazine worldwide.

I have been associated... See full profile

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1. Introduction: Welcome to this course on a Beginner's Guide to Wildlife Photography. If you're a beginner, you want to get into a wildlife photography, then you're at the right place. Now, as a part of this particular course will be talking about various aspects off wildlife photography for a beginner or even a little advanced user on how toe get into this and take it forward will be starting with different kind of equipment. What camera? What lends to buy for wildlife photography? What off this? Which equipment makes sense? Then, if you want to get started, obviously allowed to start visiting various national Park centuries, so we'll talk about that. How do we explore? Find out both from a budget point off you and from a subject point off you. Which of the well known parks where you can get started, how to go about looking the PSA parties. Then the game drivers comes into picture different options off safari boat, safari, safari by walk or even the regular safari in the Gypsies will talk about attack. Then comes the next aspect, which is subject knowledge, so subject knowledge is everything in photography, so we'll go deeper into understanding about the various subjects, the behavior last bits, the natural history. And once we studied that, using that knowledge, how do we get in the concept off? Pretty visualize in your images individualizing based on the subject knowledge, predicting what may happen and using that to convey a story. The story telling images What we call after that with this whole concept will move into what we call a signature shots. Every particular park has something called us a signature shot. Really get a species with the bag drop off well known location in the park. That's a signature shot. How do we look on that? You look at that. Then as you go forward, we look at the various shooting techniques, So if you're to shoot from a gypsy if you're carrying multiple equipment, so how do you manage it within the gypsy so those things will see under the shooting concepts. Then comes the court ethnical concert, the technical aspects of photography again with the camera, the various set up. What kind of exposure? What is a bunch of product, which one to be used by eso, the whole combination, all the court technical aspects of photography. We will get into that. Once you understand the technical aspects, next comes a very important part, which is composition. So we look at composing the image with whatever equipment you have. So how do you compose it? Horizontal, vertical background. So all those important aspects related to composition we'll go through that Mex comes carrying the equipment in your vehicle. What can off care. You have to take weight with respect to dust. Then care for yourself itself wearing a mask any off those. So how does that happen? That will go to that. Now, once you have this image is good images. All these things you go through next comes post processing. So how do you copy this images into the system, then completely finishing the post processing off your images from your camera to the laptop. How do you process? How did the finishing touch with the impact? What you want? These things will go through it. Finally, we'll talk about the ethical aspects off while a photography very you draw the line when it comes to while a photography. What toe? Take care off the subjects than even the safety off yourself. Safety of the subject. Keeping the distance. So all this things, we look at it. Finally, once you go through this intercourse, what next? Now how do you take my photograph T while a photography forward? So that is something which will discuss. So if you see, this is a complete course, the Beginner's Guide for Wildlife Photography. And I'm sure this is something which is going to help you become a better violet photograph for so let's get started. 2. Equipment: equipment for wildlife photography. The basic question. Which is the best camera? Or which is the best lens for wildlife photography? If I had to give you a straightforward answer, the one what they can afford is the best camera or the best lands. That said, you can also use whatever camera lens you already have now. What really matters is your skills and not this equipment. That said, Let's look at like what kind of equipment is actually suitable for wildlife photography? I mean, like a house of already off camera and lens is out here. Let's consider each one and see, like, What is it that we have to look for when more the purchased a camera or lens? Let's start with the camera. Let's look at what kind of features we would like to have any comes to camera. I mean, like, how started photographing? I have been doing photograph e even from an entry level canon 1200 b or, for that matter, the Nikon 3500 on the Nikon 3300 and eight getting really beautiful images. So let's look at the various camera features, which is basically suitable when it comes to wildlife photography. The 1st 1 whether you want to go with a full frame camera or with the crop since the camera . So obviously both have their own advantageous and disadvantageous. So the full frame camera off ust like you get extremely better image quality. So the sensor says, if you consider the sensor is quite large, so obviously better image resolution contrast colors clarity. That said, the crop sensor has its own at one stage of getting you that extra reach for your way like photography, because sometimes you may not be able to afford the big alliances now, so deciding between the crop sensor and the full frame is the first perimeter we have to choose. Next comes the very important, with the use of performance off your camera. Now generally in wildlife photography, you have action either early in the morning or late in the evening. Now that Australia I also performance plays a major role for wildlife photography, so do on land review and check the use of performance of the camera because that is again a deciding factor as to which camera you have to sell it. Next comes the auto, focusing one of the important aspects because wildlife photography getting those walls, imagers, everything balls don't how fast your camera is capable. Toe achieved. Auto focus now Which in Britain Auto Focus If we see that again multiple para meters to consider what kind of auto focusing points this year camera have. How many auto focusing points this year? Camera support. So through the viewfinder, when you see like, what is the coverage off the auto focusing points. So currently, if you take you in the mirror less cameras, which is basically capturing the market. So certain minerals cameras How auto focusing point. So the interview finder, like 1995% off coverage the House, whereas some of the existing DSL last, you have just a small factor off focusing points. So the number off focusing points the coverage off the focusing points area. This matter in deciding what kind of camera you want to purchase. That said, the auto focus speed off. The camera is dependent on what kind of auto focusing sensors are associated with the auto focusing points. So you have the cross tape, the non cross type deal, cross step or two focusing points, so you need to do your homework steady about okay, Water, The different kind of auto focusing sensors which the particular camera supports. So all this, our court technical aspects when it comes to understanding about your equipment. So once you do this basic homework, next comes basically the birth straight again. For white left action photography, the number of frames per second is again a very important perimeter in deciding what kind of camera you want to purchase so higher the bus straight, the better. So even if you consider the top of the line cameras currently at this point of time, if you consider the one the X mark to obviously that shoots at 14 frames per second and then the middle locked off from senator if you enable it, it's just 16 frames a second, then similar on the concert as well. And then you have the Sunni in nine, just coming to the market, which can shoot a 20 frames per second. So to capture the action burst straight Number of Prince was second place, a major role. So you have to summarize as to when you're trying to choose a camera. So obviously full frame was this crop factor. I also performance the auto focusing auto focus in speed or two focusing points or two focusing viewfinder coverage. I also performance. I think we did mention that apart from the burst straight Okay, so if you see these other different factors, you have to consider when you're trying to buy a camera. So the budget also is a major deciding factor when it comes to processing the right camera . Okay, so don't worry too much about Canon or Nikon and Sony. Don't worry too much about that. Invest in a good lens will come for the next. So based on these factors, what have explained good shoes and a robot? What camera body would like to go for? So I said, like right from the mid range, which is the 1200 deep, or the inter level of the mid range, the 70 mark who comes into picture. It is a semi pro body off the Etienne Cannell off, for that matter, the 60 Mark two or the Fighting Monthly Friday mark for the one day X Marco. If you see the category goes up like this So similarly, one of the Nikon said, for why life at this point of time. The the 500 is a fantastic body, which is a large area off coverage, off focusing points, so that is the first deciding factor. Next comes work leads to purchase. Now, As I keep saying, Invest eight people sent off your budget on the lens and 20% on the camera bodies. Okay, so lens. If you see again, that is the major deciding factor. Because lens is what basically, finally gives you that quality walk images. Let's look at the different options for a beginner, if you ask me. As I said, if it's extremely tight on your budget, this is the best option. The inter level 1200 years, the 1300 d same thing on the Nikon safe and then the 55 to 50 lens. So anyone with this entry level combination have been able to shoot some awesome images. So not only me, even people who come in my photo tools in my workshops with the entry level body, they have captured some absolutely creative mind blowing images, so the photography skills is what really matters. That said, let's look at the next range of plants. So 55 to 50 is a lens. I would recommend for a beginner if you're to get started with the next one. Obviously, if you consider weed the canon or Nikon, the 840,400 corner is a good one or even once before that. If you ask me one of the most one off the must have lenses. For while a photography is the 7200 especially for the kind of habitat shorts, what he can get. And since it's a 2.8 lens, which had come in low light, auto focusing performances absolutely brilliant. So the 7200 is one of the option. Then comes the 104 100 are the 8400 on the Nikon site, then from a budget west again Nikon if you want to consider than the 205 100. So this is an absolutely brilliant lens when it comes to while a photograph of the 205 100 Nikon end up. In fact, at this point of time, the 205 100 combined with the Nikon D 500 is a killer combination for Nikon uses. He went from the common point off you. You have the 104 100 or, for that matter, the third party lines. If you want to consider the time around or the Sigma 1 56 100 is an absolutely brilliant choice. Pure value for money. I mean, like, imagine getting a 600 millimeter range for us less. That's in the range of 70,000 won. Like enough. Okay, so these are the inter level mid range options below the one, like you're not have the court. Next comes based on your budget. The biggest I mean, like wildlife photography. If you're serious about it getting into seriously, then obviously these are the lenses to go for. So this is the 402.8 lens. Then I use the 800 millimeters by 8000.6 lands in the in between ones. The 500 millimeter in the 600 millimeter. If you see based on the budget, you have these different options Now, when it comes to image making itself, if you consider the combination that really want to go for a prevalence or go for a zoom lens, so obviously with the room lands, you have a lot of flexibility for composing. Whereas the fixed focal length your fixed so that you zoom in or zoom out are based on the situation. You just have to shoot with what framing composition you get. OK, so each of this Lance's you get a different kind of combination off competitions what you can make. So I say, Keep saying there is no one single equipment or one single combination perfect for while a photography, Sonia. But choose the kind of Flynn's to the kind of camera what you want, what you can afford rather and go with that. Because at the end of the day, competition skills is what really matters. Now that we're talking about the tambor body, the camera lens, the next very important aspect is the accessories for your wildlife photography. Now the various accessories, which I use for my while a photo proficiency. It's right from the planning board, which I use on the beanbag, basically for the kind of flexibility I get to move it around in the gypsy, then depending on the gypsy, and if it able to remove the center seat I go with, basically report itself. So obviously the flexibility is very good. And then the other exercise, which they used to supplant the man through the clamp I use combined with the bald head so that again you have a lot of flexibility. And apart from that, the Mona part is something which you can consider if there are multiple people sitting in the gypsies. So if you see the camera, the lens accessories for wildlife, there is no limit to what it can buy what you can purchase. So it all boils. Don't do what you can afford. So I say Keep saying the best camera. The best lens is the one what you can afford. So use this knowledge. Do your homework and see what camera lens you want to purchase or use, for that matter. Good luck with that. 3. Best Locations in India to Shoot : we went through water, the kind of equipment suitable for wildlife photography. Now that they'll identified and then decided what kind of equipment you want to use for wildlife photography, Let's look at the next step. Now. How do we start? I didn't defend what parks to visit. Obviously, for your wildlife photography, you like to start with getting various national parks, sanctuaries, reserves all the various books available. Now, how do we get started with that? So as a first step, what I would recommend is do a search. So over the Internet, A lot of data. Now, if you look at this particular link on Wikipedia, so this gives you a list of various national parks off India. Now, once you I didn't defend all the various national parks up in there. You look at the list. The next thing you have to do is identify a park which is close to your destination. Now I understand that when you get started with wildlife photography or even for that matter, with the equipment travel, other things which are involved as a part of my life photography. It is indeed a very expensive hobby, so let's try to evaluate both the budget options and then, yes, where do you have to spend money to get your photographs Now, even the budget option if I talk about to get started with that identified those National Park centuries where safari options are available. So once identified, the destination so suffering options, which means tourism is a lot in those national parks or centuries. Now, once you find out, do your homeworks a lot of these things required to spend some amount of time on the Internet searching around contacting your friends, establishing contacts, finding all the information Now, next option. You identify a particular park, find out what kind of accommodations are available around those parks, so villain parks have results than even now. High end resorts medium budget results, but yet accommodations, hotels lot off this various facilities will be available. Now that is something you can look at now. Are there certain destinations where you don't have any off piece, but then the Forest Department has forest rest. House is then doorman trees, so other kind of options are available for you to stay identified that make a note off it. Then comes the other part, the suffering options in the cost. So find out what kind of safari is available in that. What kind of vehicles are available? Are the Gypsies available? Or is it like Cantor's, which are available? So you need to do a little bit off homework on identifying the transport option for your safari? And, of course, the associated cost with that. Next comes understanding what the park timings are. Many off this national parks. How times based on the season. So in some most winters or even monsoon, you need to find out whether the park is closed. Whether the park it's opens, very option is available. Do this one work. Many make a note off this. Now The next important aspect is getting the safari plummets. So many off this box, you have to book the safari Valiant at once 1 20 days in advance. Team had to book the safari permits. Find out about that. So once you identify what park you want to visit, what National park century, What visit? So make a note off it about the safari timings. How to get the safari promise. There may be multiple option oneness. You go online book your own safari permit are. The other option is a combination that result very identify to go and stay sometimes like those resources to help you with getting the safari permits. So that is something you can look at. So once identified, the park timings the safari for Miss all these things. The other thing is the species related to the particular park. Now there are two ways to do it. One is like you identify what Parkwood National Park century you want to visit and what kind of species are found over there. So you go there to try to shoot. Whatever's pieces should get in the park. Now. The other option is find out what kind of species, what subject you want to shoot. And then there are certain parks destinations where to get them at ease. You get more opportunities to shoot them, so that way you go to that destination toe, find the species so part based species pay. So these are the two different kind of safari options available to get started with your wildlife photography. Another very important thing is once you go to a particular park, do not get this hearted that you did not find much species. You don't find much animals. In fact, like I took 10 years to see and photograph my first wild tiger. So that's the kind of patients we need to have to get into a wildlife photography. So once you do all this various exercises you can identify very want to go. How you want to get started with your, well, a photographic. Next, let's look at some of the popular destinations within India with respect to wear working of species. You can get what our question is you can get and those parks, which I very frequently visit. Let's look at that next. 4. Sudhir's Favourite Destinations: Now let's look at some off the most frequently with parks by me and also the various destinations working a species. You get there well, for your way life photographic. Let's start with Phantom born in Pakistan. So that's the place which have very frequently with it, because the species found there right from the tie goes to the lepers. Sported there. Somebody here, Neil guy and then barking deer. A lot of the species. They're very cooperative, and it'll give you time for your photography. So that's a destination, which I would prefer for getting started with. Next comes the other one, which a very frequently with it, which is bundled a tiger reserve in central India. Madam British again, a beautiful park with different kind of habitat. Both straps, bamboo shoots, even you have salt trees over there, so beautiful habitat. So that's another place which I would highly recommend. After that comes one of my most favorite destinations in India, which is can attack a result with the kind of grass meadows what you get over there, any species you get in the meadows, you can make some absolutely beautiful amazing images, so that's a destination which I would highly prefer over a lot of other places in India. Next, the other favorite destination off mine, which is Corbett. So the cover terrorism in Turkey. And if you see us again, wide range or species right from the elephants in the Tigers number all the common species you confined. You get them there and the car, but it's more well known for the kind of bag drop the lines, keep what they get. So that's another place which you can explore. And the next one, which is one of my other favorite parks, is Kaziranga World Heritage Site and obviously famous for the Indian one horned rhinos. Apart from that, you again get all the common species, including the swamp deer over there, the water of a fellow and some off the destinations on the glass. Plans for to get in the back, Drop the elephant grass again. You get beautiful images out there, so that isn't a some again very nice park to visit. Next comes if he moved us out. India, another favorite destination off mine, especially, and it comes to the accessibility for me personally. It is company end up, of course, companies will run for the leopards on the tree again, a favorite image of my nature making company, along with tigers and elephants, especially in Somers. Hundreds off elevate elephants congregate near the cabinet backwaters. So Cabinet, which is located in the inaugural A tiger reserve, so practice another destination that you can explore. Next comes in Maharashtra. Taraba Tiger result well known for the tigers again, a lot of other common species. So if you see a lot of these destinations, even though their mega centric this are excellent places or person it for you to explore your while a photography. Then if you move to a different kind of species for the black books and even milk I the kind of high. But that villa there is another favorite destination off my especially the kind of habitat with the grasslands is beautiful. In fact, wherever that is also known for the place for the Raptors roosting so especially the Harriers. So it it has a record, a world record. The maximum number off Hadiya's roosting at one single point off place. So it has a new entrant, the Guinness Book of World Records, so well over that is the other destination you can explore now we move further into good drop. So you have the little runoff, much greater enough cash for the wild as the world a static as again, a beautiful destination to explore now as a beginner in photography. If you want to learn act, he's on foot, explore the park on foot and still do a lot of wildlife photography. My other favorite destination is poor, So Bharatpur again. Birth for National Park in Afghanistan is a place which you should explore toe. Get into wildlife photography in general, and apart from that, you have a lot of other destinations for the in good again in Gujarat. If you move, you have given national park, especially for the static lands. So in India, that's the only place where to find the sharp declines. That's a place you should explore. So this way, if you see like, there are a lot off national parks, tiger reserves, sanctuaries available, especially in India, where you can get started with your wildlife photography. So go ahead, explore this various destinations and decide I really want to go next 5. The Safari / Game Drive: let us now look at the different kind of options available for your Why left Safari generally like if you see I'm in the gypsy, so the different options, what we have are going in the gypsy for your safari. Then we have large vehicles in certain part off the country and even abroad. And then we have can't us a huge buses, which go into the forest, scaring a lot of people. Then boat safaris a lot off places where you do the safaris beside the water bodies, rivers. So you have the board safaris and against certain reserves. Walking safari is allowed so it can carry out equipment by foot. You can shoot and also certain parts. You have the cycle safaris, radio alot, toe going. The cycle vehicles are not allowed. So these are the different kind off safari options, which are available for year where the photography. Now let's look at the timings now, as a part of your way left photography, you need to do a little bit off your homework. So find out which parks centuries reserves in the country or the location really go. How, what kind of safari options and the next important thing is to understand about the safari timings. So depending on the season but in somewhere winters for any off the season, the safari timings will change winters. The suffering timings unless and in so much the duration is very long. So you need to find out in each of the park water the safari timings and then plan your safaris visits all those things accordingly. Now, once you finish with the safari timings, then comes to safari permits. Now, this is very important. Well, we're all in a lot of folks. The safari permits, so you will have blank and get us a fire departments at least 1 20 days in and once so there are certain blocks where it is just 60 days. So you have to again find out which kind of national parks results. How? What kind of safari permits? What is the duration in advance? Your to get this thing's booked now for your safari permits. There are multiple ways you can get it Booked oneness. You can visit the tourism website where you can go online, enter your details and book Your own safaris are in most cases, like I get my safari bookings done through the results were estate. So they do this evening for me at phenomenal cost. Once we understand about the kind of safari options available, understanding about the advance permits and then the safari timings. Now let's look at the different safari options itself available when it comes to the timings. Generally, in a lot of parts the regular tourism timing, which is morning am till 9 30 10 11 A lot of this box have tourism like the safari in the morning, and then we have the repeat washing off it in the afternoon again from afternoon, three o'clock to six or 6 37 depending on some more winter, this variations will be dead. So there's the regular safari, what we call now the other option, especially, which is very good for us. Why left photographers are the free less of parties and 1/2 days safaris on superiors in the regular safaris when you take the permits so you get a zone allocated. So if I have to talk about Bondo, go take yourself So you have the three means owns the Dallas Zone, the Magdy Zone and the kettle is on. Apart from the before zones. Now, in the online safari permits, you can book which particular zone you need. And in the morning evening safari. Whatever the zone is allocated, you just have to stick to that. But in case off half day or the fullness of Faris so there is no zone option, so you can go into any zone you want. So you enter in one particular zone, and then you go into any zone what you want, so that is a fantastic option. And then the other very important thing is in full day safaris. You get toe enter 15 to 20 minutes earlier than the regular safari vehicles, and you get toe exit 15 minutes or 20 minutes later than all the safari vehicle exists in the evening. Now here, the major advantages based on animal movement, you're vehicle. We were the first to get to the scene, and they get that 15 minutes window and then while I photograph it is 15 minutes is like one full year. I mean, it's a lot off time for you. Okay, so this is with freely. Sephardi comes into picture and then once the regular safari vehicles the morning so far I believe from that till the afternoon so that enter gap, you have for yourself so you can position your vehicle. You can steady the animal behavior, so there's a lot to learn outside of just well, a photography. So this is the freely safari, and in certain places they offered 1/2 day safari a sweat. So in case off half day safari, very similar to full day except by afternoon known, you have to exit the park. So this is a different options available now. Comforted the regular safaris. The full day safaris are obviously very expensive, so it's basically trying to balance between the cost. Then the kindof flexibility want to get with respect to this for less of Paris. So understand about the difference of Bari options available a different kind of vehicles walking safari, both safari any off those things, and accordingly, you need to plan your safaris for year. Well, photography 6. Introduction to Subject Knowledge: beautiful Bagram and carbonates birds calling All right, so one of the important aspect when it comes to become the better, while the photograph is to understand, with the natural history behavioral aspect off your subjects. Now, with this yourself experience, I have around it what they call us. The full important loss of photography, the 1st 1 being subject blondish or the natural construed the 2nd 1 being understanding the core fundamental concepts of photography. Olivetti's camera settings White Balance, Your Exposure Panel para Mitos Metering focusing composition All this with this fundamental concepts of photography, then, but a lot is a Mr Analytical equipment shooting technique and family. The foot hilarious post processing. So if you look at all this four plus subject, knowledge is the key to becoming a better photographer or, for that matter, really fantastic images. Now what exactly is behavioral aspect? Off subject behavior knowledge? What we call I have here. If you see in the backdrop so it's looking isolated in a tiger country, then we start hearing alarm calls. You know that was the spirit of moment jumble. One of the things when it comes to any of these predators is that active one letting me. This is subject knowledge on that thing. The subject on is something which I spent in the field. What a beard. Gordon with binoculars. Keep watching them to. Sometimes they just keep on the camera, everything down. And just keep looking at your animals. Looking at this subject, how the machine. Now, if you have to start doing back, then work, understand what we call us, The circle of fear. Every mammal bird especially, have what we call us the circle of fear. This means if this is your subject, there is our subject. The Sarah knew the animal will panic at the rendering of attack Audited gin dismissed. So be it. So back is what you call it the circle of few better ways to approach this one smelling pick your 10 approaches subject so approaches slowly. If it becomes a lot, stop and then I will continues. It's natural to have been continued to approach. This is one way. But our Davis you step foot at the same place and with a similar pursuit. The animal is basically working fortune small, the most super fuel Bill Burkett and look it approach you. So this is a break physical off year. And once the animal becomes confident that, yes, this person is off no harm, he will not cast me income any of those things. Then it was company. It's natural behavior, and that is where we can start making some really amusing images. Now this knowledge is the key to making really good images. Now let us look at some of the examples about understand different animals, different subjects and terrible behavior. Last books to see how we can make really good images. So let's look, listen of this examples. 7. Subject Knowledge – Tigers: now let us look at some of the examples from Comes through real aspect. Let's have been subject tigers. So we are in their work. And princess, let's talk about Angus. You know our territorial, especially when will focus, especially when it comes to milk Vegas, their territorial gentleman sort off around 25 30 script kilometers. When we enter, anybody know which does It belongs now, one of the best when it comes to understanding the desert last bets the concept of backing the tiger. So certain places certain parts with the song is really soft. The safari tracts of resolved. That is where we can track the tiger using pug marks. So once you're in for a particular area, entered the park for your safari, we can practice taken with the pug marks and based on your experience based on the belle of the Dates experience, you can find a puffer fish, the front Marcus in the morning. What? It's a few minutes before a few hours before it was the flu. This evening. This is something that you can easily find not now about, Vanessa said IHS, like every time, has his own territory. So once is your bag marking can't predict a stroke. This is a milk marque or a female magma. If it's a 1,000,000 the tiger of that you can comfortable in this direction. Now I've been thinking strictly practical the mark that one thing is always use the same. But so if you just a different point is the point, Jenny, that was with the same part. So if it's bring if it takes a life and you know at what point is going to come out now, this is the experience of the drivers, and the guards comes into picture. So wherever they go in off the national parks, I always had the best reverend guy who have this kind of knowledge. So this is the other part when it comes to tiger tracking. Now, if you find a take, that is a terrible just sitting there for very long term for the sleepy, we can start projecting its behavior so generally what happens before the table gets up and starts walking. If you're certain indications. So this is something you're noticing a lot off tools. If ever there sleeping for a long time, you go out with a lot of patients that were in the building. So before it actually becomes active, stops in certain sense. Like if you start running over and they start yawning when it's a little bit difficult, get up. But let's not get up. But, like, it'll wake up and start making this morning. So Broussard indications that the private at some point you go, no, get up and start walking. So yawning is one of the things, and if it wants once with Mr Shot, don't really got into it. You on things under 23 times. So this is again and their behavior that aspect when it comes to travel. It was just 1/4 from sleep. Now the other part was predicting with special for this looting at a particular place they got once he gets up, but that is going to move in, that direction is going to move in the other direction so that tension can come into picture. And then you can flesh your vehicle switch that whenever it works, the head are not any off this competition complete plan, and we can pick. So this is a book that would be your last bit of the tiger Now, especially when better cups with Vegas. And if the cops are alone, they're not at to recall. So I don't think that's understandable. Tiger Tiger Cups, especially if mothers with cubs were going to be extremely active, beautiful run around, very mysterious the U. S. If the mother is not dead that the paper cups we just loop there will not be active will just eels around. So those situations, if you find out that the mother is also good along with the perhaps, we can expect some actions. So this knowledge of it is important for us action photographs, especially when they're in cups and tiger cups. Sometimes when the flu with water bodies, everyone say their kids. So one thing we notice one thing I have noticed. There's the tangles in the floor for more than a couple grand challenge into the plane, the police. So we're seeing this in a lot of us. The fighters were small cups with mother being around when they start jumping around, running around the drug with actual climate will jump on top of each other that extremely colorful. So those things which you have to basically credit, know about the behavioral aspects that at that part? The Tigris Generally, you know, the big lesson aspect of Baghdad. Is that really only morning? And you knew this when they're very active. So that was basically surgical. Do it up. But this U s entered in a lot of free Lucifer. This way from even appear were inside the park, blocking the Tigers. The Tigers No one would have seen. It's like, especially when they have a lot of the safari vehicles that told it just loses the real aspect. Subject knowledge. Your call. And it's very moving in time for the president is to move around. You can agree This is a tiger somewhere. Very glug and spot ideological coming over there. Multiple calls. Okay, so that was looking through that active in the morning late in the evening, which is true. But then the other aspect of the tiger is generally once that springs and can get school. Morning. 9 30 10 o'clock. Water the vehicles moves out camping. Asylum calls. Okay, let's finish this. Okay, So the progress, like once the supportive very loose. What this calls every day from vendors in the front. This is fantastic. So once the little used that it's with the Tigers at most after the morning safari times that they got most. So let's continue this the Tiger concept, but they don't want to shoot. 8. Subject Knowledge – Leopards: So let's continue with the other behavioral aspect off the animals. So obviously we got excited about the whole tiger alarm calls all those things, and that was fantastic. And that is what happens when you're out in the wild. You can never expect, or you cannot predict what may happen, what you will get. But after some extent, once you understand this, various animals behavioral aspect, you should be able to plan your shots next. One toe the leopard. Let's understand about what leopards did behavioral aspects so that this knowledge will help you become a better photographer. Plan your shorts accordingly. Now, when it comes to leopards, it a lot off parks. Leopards are territorial, similar to the Tigers. But the problem is it's difficult to track the lepers like the tigers. With respect to the pug marks we have to go. So the pattern is not fixed like the tigers. Very knowledge, Okay, probably the biggest. I want to take this part, but the leopards you can't credit because the lepers to go around everywhere. No, in any off the forest. The leopards are afraid off the tiger, then even other predators like the wild ox. If it exists in the park, and that is where the lepers majority of the time there are increased, like on the trees, and they prefer not to keep walking on the ground a lot. Now that is one of the things we're doing. Safari. You have to keep an eye open on the tree on the ground so you'll have toe give wearing that Now. The other thing, when it comes to love poses like if they have killed and they're on a tree, so they will stay there for a long time. So then you can plan your shots. They're like the cooperative subjects. They not remember any where, of course, if little bit disturbed, sometimes what happens? They get down from the tree again. Get back after a little bit off time. Now the other thing, both with respiratory leopards and tigers. It's like in the forest, like in many of the forest. There are certain leopards tangles, which are very bold. Now when you say the bold, that means like they're not afraid of the vehicles. So generally what happens? You're the safari track, so this leopards tigers. They don't like to walk inside the forests. The reason being is deplore their very soft and don't want in time is therefore that is really prefer to work on the soft soil, the much track off the safari tracks and that is really can actually track them with respect to the bookmarks. Now these bulls, tigers, Aleppo's they work had gone. So once you identify. So this is where again the subject knowledge comes about this species in a particular park . So which kind of tiger slippers in that territory are basically more bored and they will walk down. So once you understand that and, you know, find the leopard is were crossed the road and make amount of the road you need to give the gap so that wants to start walking under. Lord, you can get those head shots. So these kind of be here last bits off the tiger Leapers will help you get better imagers 9. Subject Knowledge – Elephants: now the next animal effort to look at other elephants. The gentle James elephants. Unlike the leopards or tigers, they don't run that. We're looking at the vehicles. It listen most of the cases, so they're cooperative subjects, so you can plan your shorts. According it not other aspects. When it comes to elephants, especially if the cops are around is you can expect that they make charge of the vehicle, so keep the distance. Plan your short composure shorts accordingly. Expecting the devil in charge Now, generally, it's the arts with the charge and not the mother. So that is something which here to watch for not other thing. One of the fantastic things with elephants is they have this dust butts so toe make sure, like the small insects on the skin to get rid of them. So elephants and really what they do they have this month butts much bots than even dust. But the help so different kind of. But to cover themselves with the site. So that is something that you can expect, and if they do it once guaranteed that they're going to repeat it. In most of the occasions they do it. 34 times so you can plan your shorts accordingly. Not other behavioral aspect when multiple elephants the meat say there are two hurts coming from the front. And this one is going from here when the meat they communicate with each other with Texans . So what they do is like the lift the trunk, they go close to each other. So these are all those movements which you should be aware off and issued. Plan your shorts accordingly. Now, when it comes to overall elephants in the water. Now this is where a defense loud, plain water. So those are the shorts, Veriato. Wait. So if you see a difference approaching what our bodies, any off those weight around plan your shots because once they get into water, they start ruling around. Then how bout against now? The other thing with elephants is like their ice. It is quite poor, but they have a very strong sense of smell. So when vehicle approach any off those, you will notice that the trunk it goes up. So that is where the start smelling. So that's the other thing which you can plan in your shots. So these other different things the behavioral aspects, your understand about your animals 10. Subject Knowledge – Wild Dogs: now that we're seeing tigers, leopards, elephants, Let's want to the other predator in the park, which is the wild dog? No, whale dogs generally are in the back. So certain times like leopards and tigers, the solitary were asked like wild dogs, the generally are in the back and sometimes depending on break away from the group. They are solitary as well, not one of the main behavioral aspect when it comes to where adults when the hunt. So the hunting pack and what they do is they just keep running behind the subjects. So the make very tired. So they're excellent learners. So just keep running, chasing the animal. And once they get tired, then the attack that this one day and the other ways they just surround their subjects like spotted deer, somebody else and even some maybe even go for tigers, leopards, small ones. So, in fact, tigers and leopards are quite afraid off, back off the docks. So that is how they do. They plan their execution, this around the subject and the hunt and bring it down. Now the other aspect, when it comes to well, dogs hunting is on. Let the leopard and tigers who go for the throat in case of wild dogs. They start eating the animal when it's a light, so they bring them down. So the bleed them that basically so there's not eating from the back to the back side of the animal is really soft. Tissues are and start eating the animal while it is left in the back. So once the hunt happens, so this knowledge will help you plan your shots because you will get amazing shots off the hunt, bringing them down, and also wants to start eating even if your vehicle, depending on the distance, they're not gonna be. Of course, you need toe, maintain the distance and then plan your shots. Not once they finished the hunt are in case if they're finished, the hunt have had this tummy full, and then you again come across a pack of wild dogs here, guaranteed oneness there just lazing around. But then, when they're not in the hunt more, they start playing. So this is the other thing can expect with Wild ox opens the playing around the jump on each other. They come greet each other a lot off those nice behavioral aspects you can plan and shoot when it comes to well, docks 11. Subject Knowledge – Sloth Bears: Now let's look at the next animals, which is the slot a slot bay. Ah, similar to the title, oppose their nocturnal. But unlike again the tigers, leopards very can generally see them even in the daytime. So seeing a slot during the daytime is quite tough. Now again, like the elephants, the eyesight and the vision off the slot best are very poor. So sometimes they tend to come very close to a vehicle without them being aware that you're around as long as you don't make any noise, now wants the completed close. And if this sense, of course their sense of smell is very strong. So once they can smell your the consensus that something is around, chances are they will stand on the two legs. Now, this is something with sure to be ready for, so get your settings, Everything right? So when they come close, they stand on two legs. So that is one kind of composition you can try. The other kind of photographs you can plan with the slug based are during the breeding seasons. Now, what this lot based does is the carried A in once on the back what we call us piggybacking and once I mean they're very small. Two months, three months. That is when the candidate. So I need to plan your shorts for the duration Onda slot based finding them in daytime stuff because again, unlike the leopards, tigers which may stay around, sleep under a tree in the shade. Unlike them, the slot basically just head back to their case, so he will not find them at a little point in the 12. Subject Knowledge – Other Animals: moving on the other remaining mammals in the park. The common ones like the spotted deer, somebody here longer or any other species. If you see they're actually very interesting to shoot, it's a lot of times what we do. While a photo emphasis. We always keep running behind the cats. Our doing that spend time with your subject, especially the common ones like the sport ideas. Somebody here and you can get some amazing images, especially like in the behavioral aspect. If you see if the somebody here are the SLA spotted here is approaching any three plants which have leaves coming up. So generally they go after fresh lease. So one behavior, what you can expect when they get closer. Toe this trees is they tend to stand on two legs to feed on them, and if they do it once, chances are they won't be back. So that's the other planning what he can do now. Other be here'll aspect, especially when there are birds around common. My nurse jungle minus any off these birds around. They tend to feel on in six on this common species from somebody s port ideas. All this. So did you could actually make some amazing images off the behavioral aspect and the interaction between the birds and the spot India's so they tend to come sit on the head on the antlers on the head and the feet near the eye on the head. So those close up shots is something again you can plan no moving on. Arguing with Lung goes so well respected, lighting the back lighting. So Longo's are fantastic subjects. So if you come across Longo's and even sported deals with antlers, which are velvets, what we call the back letting will be fantastic. So spend time with these common subjects, and I'm sure you're going to get some amazing images. The other thing, when it comes to sported years, somebody else alum calls. So be here RL aspect when you're trying to find leopards or tigers. So this knowledge again goes hand in hand so generally sported dears, even if they get a little alarmed. Then you start getting the lump calls, so alarm calls off the sported years 100% we cannot trust unless you hear them continuous. So, for example, if a predator is on the move, chances are you'll hear a sported here. Call it one place followed by another. Call it a little for the place. Are my people sported? Here's the start calling. Then it can be a little bit guaranteed that yes, there is a predator over there. But then coming to the somebody years or even for that matter, Longo's so dig you. The alarm calls only on direct sight. So now if I could name the species sambar deer lingers barking deer Neil guy a lot off these mammals only on direct set off a predator the given a lump all. So if you hear alarm calls off the species guaranteed there is a predator and you may want to wait at those places. One of the other aspects, when it comes to the behavior off these animals, sported there somebody else during the alarm. Call our when they're alert. Is the Eerste actually Corp the years to go off, The tail goes up and then you can see their foot like they stand the foot like that, take the foot up, and then this tamping down. So these are indications. Sometimes they would not give the call. But these are also indications that there may be a predator and we could plan your shorts accordingly. The sported years during certain seasons. What they do is actually they decorate themselves with the beads and small plants. Some of them they put on their antlers. They recorded themselves to attract the females. So many off this there somebody dear sported dear Onda in a place like can attack reserved , embarrassing us. They look absolutely fantastic when they decorate this and in the early morning light the globe. So these are things were taken plan. So this is how the subject knowledge will behavior Last bit off various pieces, Of course we went through tigers, leopards, lot best defense, some of this common species. But what you need to do is like once you're open the freed, take your time to understand steady. These animals understand they'll be here last. Make a note in your mind so that next time when you come across this species, I'm pretty sure this subject knowledge is going to help you make better remainders and help you become a better photographer. 13. Planning Your Shot: now that we're seeing the various behavioral aspect off the animals. Now let's look at holy. We used that knowledge into pre visualizing your images to get really good images. Now, if you look at the habitat behind me now, we're in the Tiger country and here one of the things what I can expect it stood for the tiger to walk across the grassland. Now, obviously, if you look at the height of the grass and the tiger walking, chances are you will not be able to see the complete tiger now in the Tiger box across. It's just the head, which is risible, so you need to pre visualize. Look at the bag drop. Look at the overall habitat competition. It also depends on what kind of Flint's you're using. So if you're using a wide angle lens, you shoot with the habitat. If you're shooting with a long tail violence, then you just go very close up and just head short dusting. She can get so that is the whole concept off pre visualization, where you have to bring in the combination off your subject behavior, the natural history, all those things into pre visualizing your images now, as they keep saying the whole concept off pre visualizing shooting to get really good images is to shoot, not what is happening now. So your image is not what is happening now, but what may happen after a few seconds off for a few minutes. So it's completely the whole concept off predicting what may happen now if there to give you a simple example off Tiger. Now we know when you're trying to drive. If this is safari track and you hear the alarm, call the tiger walking in. So that is when you need to stop pre visualized and predict where the tiger may walk where it can cross the road and then take your equipment so sometimes, like you go with multiple equipment, have an 800 millimeter 720,402 8000.8. Also the very entry level 55 to 50. Now, when you're having multiple off this lenses, you need to pre visualize. Your vision has to be like if I look at this habitat with an 800 millimeter, what I'm going to get so that way you need to plan your shot could. This is the concept of pre visualization. Now let's look at some of these examples. So here in this particular photograph, if you see off the tigers fighting now, this is when these two tigers was just sitting over there relaxing the siblings. But they're getting to the adulthood now. When this happens, this start fighting or the territory. So this is more off a play fight. So here the two tigers, they're just sitting with each other. And after some time there was a little bit off aggression. And then, as you can see, this suddenly started to fight. It was a play fight. So in this example, if you see, I used a combination off different kind of shutter speed all those composition to get the kind off image, what a wantedto get. 14. Previsualize – Tigers Crossing: now, one of the other famous images off Vegas is obviously the tigers crossing the route. Now, in most data safaris, what happens is like their jeeps on a the side. So one of the things is depending on your position with the vehicle. This part, when the tiger crosses the road, you may get vehicles in the bag drop as a part of your composition. When you pre visualize you look at the scene, find if there Taylor crosses here and the jeeps are at the back. Is it possible to award the vehicle depending on what kind of equipment you're using to shoot off course? If you're using a lens like the 402 point it, you can get a tight closer and you can try toe award the vehicles in the backdrop. But if you're using a wider perspective, 7200 or even much waiter, then it's difficult to award the vehicles in the bag. Drop that time even before the tiger starts working pre visualized. Get your composition so that it is okay to include the vehicles because that is part of the habitat. So don't a word things in those situations we cannot award the background. You cannot award things, make use off it and make it part off your competition. So in this image, if you see that data crossing the road, the vehicles in the backdrop or in the other image the tiger coming had gone with the vehicles in the backdrop so composed in such a way to include those elements and make it part off your framing. So this is have you need to pre visualize plan and eggs Goodyear shots. 15. Action Photography-Spotted Deers : next, let's consider in the kind of example for pre visualizing. When there are a herd of sported here on one side of the road and they want to cross and go to the other side of the road, there are chances if they're a little alert. If they're a little scared, then chances are they run and across the door. Now when they're running one things. What you can expect is they want to make a good high jump award just running on the road. So for that against three visualize, we do expect them to jump. Get your camera settings right, because if they want to jump, you want to cast them in action when they're up in there, so you need to plan to have a high shutter speed. So going toe your camera settings, I use a combination. Make sure look at the scene. Take a few sample shots. All these things here to do it much in and 10 to 3 seconds is very hard to get your settings right to go ahead and execute. So at the time they will make the jump. You're ready with your competition. You need to get your shot 16. Clicking Macaque+Rim Light Effect: Here's another classic example off a pre visually shot. This is what we call as the relating effect. So in this case, this was photographed at Bharatpur, where us on the track. And I saw this racist make cox coming from behind me and has seen dispatch off late. And I knew that if they were cross that patch of flight, then I got my composition, my execution, that image what I'd pre visualized. I'm going to get that. So what I did is like I looked at the place where their sport late, the late coming from behind. Actually, the back lighting is what we use for this stimulating effect. I got my exposure triangle parameters, right. Metering, exposure, compensation. All this I gotta track. And I waited for the moment for the seriousness Macaca, rhesus maycock to come into the patch. As soon as it came in, I got my shot. But then the bonus was the small baby again coming into the frame. So this completed my image. So this is how you need to pre visualize, predict what may happen. So as it said, your image is not what is happening now, but what may happen after three seconds after three minutes, even after three us. So this is have you pre visualize and execute your images? 17. Spotted Deer Behaviour: pre visualized images in case off monsoon time. Now what happens is like if it has rained and the animals are wet One of the things what you can expect from a behavioral aspect and again pretty visualizing pre composing your inmates. It's once the rain stops and then this animals when they become active, once they get up, the first thing they're going to do is they're gonna shake their body. So they're gonna shake their body. The water Sprinkles like the water coming over the body. Hi. Should the speed freezed action that is a shot, which should be really good to see. So depending on what equipment you're using, you can do a close composition or even show with the habitat off the animal shaking the water off the body. I should have speed freeze it Backlighting is something we should really make it even more amazing. This is another kind of short. You can plan execute once you understand about, be here unless backed off the animals. All right, so let's look at this other scenario about in wildlife photography. How important is it? So basically, pre visualize and compose your shot. So here we see the spotted deer with its for moving. Now it's completely wrecked there, in the water there, walking to us The Bund. Now here is where the fund is now they get up, the bun there will shake backlit while they're completely. But look at this. They're going to shake on top. There you go. Come on, Shake. Yes, You see that? So those are the shots you really need to wait for And look at this once more. Yes, And then the interaction comes into picture. So why left water? Refugees all about understanding your subjects, pre visualizing and then executing the shots. Now, of course, a lot of other para meters comes into picture. I mean, I saw the scene happening and immediately started recording for the video for the video tutorial. Now, obviously, like if you go a few steps back the moment you saw that there in the water, they won't go. They're going to go on top off the burned over there, and then they're going to shake its board, their body toe Sprinkle off the water from the body. So you need to pre visualized this descent. The competition most important arrival all the various camera settings right from what kind of white balance you want to shoot. So currently it's late in the evening, the sun going down sunsetting Nice golden light we have Obviously I want to increase my white balance to get the nice golden colors. So white violence is the first parameter You need to work on the second exposure triangle para meters. Now it's going to Sprinkle off the water from its body. So you need to have high shutter speed to freeze that whole action, The water coming out of the body. So that is an awesome shot. What you want to aim for? So obviously you need to have high should the speed for that. So that's the next one. So in the exposure triangle parameters, so you need to have high shutter speed. So I revert the perimeters to get the highest rate of speed off course based on what kind of meeting you use, what kind off framing you're trying to compose, what exposure compensation you're trying to do So all these aspects you need to work on, and then a rave at the correct settings get the provincial a start, and since they were actually continuously moving in the water you're focusing obviously has to be air several. Our auto focus continues composition, misplacement of the subject. More to the left, you're And of course, these are the very basic camera settings you need to arrive back and then composition placement as to say You need to decide now This is how the overall behavioral aspect off your subject and then the concept off that associated with pre visualization with the camera settings. If you see all these various things, they come together. And that is when you get those 12 images. So if you want to be a better photographer, you need to get all these things together and then execute as per the plan, Good luck. 18. Previsualize-Tigers in the Grassland: No, Here is the situation. There are a couple off beggars sitting in the class land over here. So if you've been reading year for quite some time, this is the concept Off pre visualization comes into picture. If you see this open area just behind me and then the class. So we expect the Pagels getting from the grass and then walk towards us. No, If you stated relating, I'm safely light is coming from behind. So the latest coming from behind me and then so it is more or less stable it now the option . So this is here. This is really you need to bring visualize and decide worked in equipment or other What lens? What focal Inti want toe shoes? I have the very basic kittens 55 to 50 on the 1240 and have the 7200 Lynes 7200 F 2.8, linds of the 400. Mm. If two point it, Linds, Anyone? I'm the commitment. No. If you look at what the radius options were tohave, this is what I need to dissect. Okay. What is the competition I need now? If the tiger comes out with the eight minimum negative, very close up shot. And if you see to say Lady Backdrop, is the class a close up shot off that will inoculate Good, not a great image. So the 18 11 is ruled out? No, then comes to 402.8 400 point. It would be a good choice if the tiger walks in the open a little bit. Nice clothes Update shot. It's an okie kind of his shot because again, God with side waiting, it's a taken image with no background. It's just as you can see, it's just a flag by growing just the class. For me. That's not my shot. So given this particular situation that lends what I'm going to use this the 7200 obviously it is the 55 200. Say any off. This, too will work. So in this what happens? You have the flexibility. So since it is a zoom lense 70 and then you can shoot a little wider perspective. So if you see the hype attack, there is grass. It is grassland and then a little bit off the greenery trees over there and beyond. That is just a sky blue sky, so the shot composition. What I would probably make is if the tiger comes out, keep the tiger to the lower portion off the frame. So when it comes to competition, don't keep it in the center. Lower portion of the sea. Lower portion off the frame tiger to related if it is walking from right to left, give the table to the right, said floor composition should across land the trees and in the blue sky. So with the resemblance, 7200 lands are the 50 feet off of Dylan's. What I would do is get a habitat short. Now. This is where we need to continuously work. You take a habitat shorter 70 millimeter showing the date of the background, and in this it's okay. 200 millimeters. Zoom in the little and get your shot. So this is how liquid you're waiting for your subject. The pre mutualization. You have to think all this aspects and then, obviously the camera sitting. No, if you look at the video camera setting, I would go with this. It's the flat late. It's around. It's only 10 15 now. So flat late. I'll keep a white violence in the range of fighters in 400 Kelvin or fighters and 800 Kelvin so that he gave me a little bit off natural colors. What out exposure? Compensation. I'll go with evaluated metering. And overall, if you see the tonality, it's flat. It's not a brighter tonality, its not in dark tonality. So I'll keep the explosion, composition and zero. And the focusing points, if you see, says the tiger will be moving. So I want to keep my focus on the Tigers and select just probably the cluster of the group focusing. And then here's servo or autofocus continuous. So this is how you need toe aerial at the latest camera sitting, what equipment you want to choose. So all this radios, things comes into picture, and then we wait for the subject to come out. So we are running out of time. You probably have another five minutes. We will play our look and see if the data comes out. Of course, I need to commit my body to shoot a country just with the nets. So let me just read here and hope we get the Tigers 19. Previsualize - Monkeys' Behaviour: understanding the animal behavioral aspect combined with the concept off pre visualization combined with the technical aspect off auto focusing, these things can come together to get you some awesome action images. Now, if you understand the first part, which is the behavioral aspect, look at this particular image, where the bombing, because is jumping in the air. Beautiful background, freezing the action. I've been able to capture it. But then how did they captured this image? Because sometimes what happens like when the monkeys are jumping from one point to the other point that time. If you try toe auto focus on your subject, chances sound like the focusing, maybe slow. The focusing may trail, and the action is already happened. Now this is where the concept, this history, the pre visualization, with the subject knowledge and in the focusing aspect, understanding that comes into picture. Of course, let's take once one point at a time order focusing. So we know like depending on how fast your camera is, how fast your lenses, what kind of a poacher you have, what kind of relating you have you in the situation? Chances are when the jump happens, you may not be able to achieve the auto focus. So how do you get good focusing in these situations were here. You notice the monkey is jumping from one rock to the other rock now similar things if you take a pre visualized a lot of times like Longo's and even bombing because the jump from one tree to the other three. Now, when it comes to the animal behavior aspect, if there are my people of this monkeys together and if the 1st 1 walks comes and then jumped from one point to the point of From one block to the other Rock and continues very high probability, all the other monkeys in the group over there they are going to take the same part, and that is what happened in this case. So how did they achieve proper or two focusing the composition? Everything in this if you notice there's a rock on the left side, and then this a rock on the right side. So the monkeys came from the left set. It jumped to the right set. In fact, even before I started shooting this monkeys. So there were a few schools which actually took the same path jump from one block to the other rock, and then the monkey started coming. So in the macro few seconds when they looked at it, I knew that this is the part of the monkeys are going to take toe jump from left from left side to the right side. So since, like I know it's difficult at you auto focusing while it is jumping in my case what it is very simple. I pre focused at the rock on the left and in the right. If you look at the plane off auto focusing, its almost parallel my focusing plane. So if you have focusing from the front, it its battle to the focusing frame. So when the monkey jumps from one point to the other point on the Rock and they re focused on the left truck or on the right rock, the depth of field you have and you're going to get proper sharp focus. So what I did in this case, a free focus on the rock turn the camera into manual focusing or, for that matter, turn the lens into manual. Focusing now is the focusing is achieved. All have to do is get my composition, right? So I composed it in such a way that both the rocks are shown so that, like, you know, a sense off proportion direction that the monkeys jumping from point A to point B In this case, I composed it kept everything ready. And all I have to do now is wait for the monkey to come and jump. And I knew, like when they look back there, at least like 10 to 15 off this monkeys. So even if you miss a couple of shots, I'm pretty sure that I will get the shot. What I have planned for so I had to do is wait. Once they started coming like a composed, sometimes like zoom in, zoom out. And that's the advantage of a zoom lens. Very can Campos. And they said What kindof like Orel Habitat or close a portrait world and in fact, how my people of this images were some of them. I zoomed out, and some of them I zoomed in. But if you see all the three different aspects off, I love photography subject behavioral aspect, pre visualization as to what will happen, crediting what will happen understanding about auto focusing and understanding about. If something is feeling, what is the work around? So in this case, it was manual focusing. Refocus on the rock and you have your focusing sharp, sharp Patricia getting get this kind of combinations. And this is where I keep telling people photographers that getting the subject knowledge, the four important pillar support or refute what I keep reemphasizing is important to make better images in my left photography. 20. Lion in Rain - Capture its Behaviour: the next one again. The concept off. Pretty visualization animal behavioral aspect. I mean, like, if you want to be a better while a photograph for this combination is extremely important where you know the animal behavioral aspect. You can predict what is going to happen next and be prepared for that. As I keep saying, your shot is not what is happening now. But what is gonna happen after five seconds, 55 minutes or even, for that matter if I us now here. If you see, we were in the Masai Mara and it started raining heavily and we came to know that there is a lion somewhere close by. We went over there heavy, heavy downpour off frame and the lion was totally live. It absolutely no movement. It was just leaping lazing around. But we knew at one point off time, once the rain reduces or the rain stops, and then if the land has to be active, the most important thing, it is going to get rid of the water on the body. So it is going to shake its head guaranteed. So majority of the animals mammals, like we have seen it in the past spotted deer going in the water. It comes out, it shakes his body to get rid of the water. So even lying, for that matter, Tiger, for the kind of district it is gonna shake and get it of the water guaranteed the same thing. We knew about it, we expected. What is what happened? Three. Visualize. And now this is where you have to decide what kind of shutters pretty want to use. Whether you want to be creative uses slow shutter speed for the whole shake motion. Blood which is happening are used a high shutter speed to freeze the action. So in this case, we decided to freeze the action. And then we waited for the lake moment. And as you can see, like step by step, we knew it was gonna happen. And as expected, the lane shook. It said, And this was a pre visualized image, an image that she wanted to shoot for a long time, especially if a lion with the huge main and then shaking it said the water spraying around . This was a pre vigil estimation. I have waited for a very long time to get something like this and I was quite happy with the combination of all these things coming together. I got the image what I wanted. 21. Leopard Behaviour: in this video. Let us understand the importance off the local knowledge which is your driver and guide Knowledge. Subject knowledge. Then how do we use this knowledge to predict what may happen? And how do you plan your shot now? We came to know that in this area the leopard had medical off a spotted deer. So we came all the way here and aspirin. Initial information from the guide and the driver. The leopard had made it killed and the kill was on the left side of us. So if you look at the habitat behind me here, it's dry, very dry. And this a water body on the side. So generally from animal behavior point off you understanding about these suspects generally Lake of the Tiger or the leopard? It's the making kill near what a body. Simple reason being after the consuming, that eating a lot of futures directly in the body and there to cool down. And they keep going to the water body to drink water. Now, when we arrived here, what has happened is like from one side of the road, the leopard has taken the kill and it's moving to the other state so on to the right off me we see the kill lying over there. If you look at the kill, obviously the leopard has completely eaten the killed. So it has completely eaten the kill. Now what do we do in this situation? Now let's study what is happening over here. One, The Phillies over. It's a huge male sported yet which means obviously the leopard is full. It's stomach is full. It is not going to go in search of a hunt again for sometime. Very high probability. The leopard is definitely sleeping somewhere in this vicinity. Now the way we had to predict the vivia Wait, So I mean obviously why left? Photography is all about prediction, pretty visualizing and you need a lot of patients now. What I feel is the leopard is somewhere in this vicinity. And if you look at the weather is a little cloudy. So this is speak somewhere in the month off me. It's little cloudy and harvested. The leopard in the Swiss city is going to get to the water body at some point of time. So once the sun goes up, chances are the movement will start and we see, like there are supported years around. So if there is any movement of the leopard, did you start hearing the alarm calls? And that is where you need to wait to get your shot. So generally, what happens in wildlife photography when the safari So people come have a look at it. Okay? The sported here kill this year, they look around, okay? There's nothing that's more chances are they just move away from here. But to get that one shot, it's all about waiting. So what we're going to do now is we know the leopard is in the vicinity. We have to wait. Probably like even we wait for the sun to come up and then we plan our shots. Then when it comes to the actual composition, pre visualizing. So I'm having an 800 millimeter lens. I have a 72 100 lens and also I'm carrying a phone minimum of 2.8 lens. Now, among all these three radio equipment, if you see the very high probability is the 7200 lens will work very well. I mean, if you look at the habitat, if you try to take a close up off the leopard with a lot off grade habitat died branches. You may not be able to make a good wolf image, but for me personally habitat shot. So even though it's a lot of dry in between, if you see we still have a lot of greenery around here, drink patches off leaves. You still have it. So my preferred choice off lens in this kind of a situation, if the leopard comes back or walks towards the water body, or if you see again behind us if it walks. So for treaty pretty visualize the composition at the back. The leper crossing the road here with the tall trees, the 7200 millimeters F U C with the habitat keeping the leopard at the lower portion showing the road, the tall trees, the forest that is my previous list sort. So in my life, this is how you use the local knowledge. Understand the animal behavioral aspect, Then predict what may happen and then three. Visual is your shots. All these things come together for that one single wall shot. So I'm going to continue waiting here, hoping the leopard comes and engaging. Fight if, in case if it comes back on, gonna show the shot. So that's right for now, 22. Signature Shots in the Wildlife: meanwhile, appears something called as the signature shots. What is the signature shot personally for me with the taco, which should make the shots, it should convey a particular location. So even we thought, trying to find out where that location is by looking at the place, you should be able to tell where this has been photographed, of course, taking into a contact to have visited those places. And then it easily shows that the image shouts and say, This has been shot at this location. Practice what we call us, the signature shot. Now let's look at some of the examples, which are personally photographed and well known destinations in India. Way we capture some of these so called signature shots. Let's start with one of my favorite destinations, which is bundled with terrorism. Now, in bond overtaking itself, you have the Rajveer a damn. So here, one of the famous images, the signature shot. What recall is the tiger walking on this raspberry jam? People, we wait for that to get that kind off a particular shot. So that is a signature shot off this particular destination. Let's look at the next one. We just rent. Um Ortega deserve so in the end number takers. So you have this Raj Public and Avellan photograph off this place. A signature shot is the tiger crossing the Raj public. So there's an A land and it's a small strip off stones and other things were that take of walks across. So this is a alone a photograph. Pay the tiger if just cross that in Catholic, get onto the other side. It generally uses that particular part that the whole habitat showing the tiger crossing the public That is a signature short from that particular location. Next, if you mourn on the readiness location just cannot take the result. So cannot take result have the balancing us which is endemic to that particular location. So early morning, Mr the Morning light. Sometimes the bottle singles they decorate themselves and then in the mist with the grassland That is a signature shot off Khanna So anyway left for talking a free show This image if he looks at that here she looks at that they'll be ableto Conway that yes, this is from Khanna. So these are the signatures shorts which you had to come off it. Let's move on to the other place, which is carbon paganism in Corbett again, the famous images, the violent images are the elephants in the color grasslands. So with that and then that I'm gonna river in the bag drop that is a beautiful one for each of them, if you see are more off habitat shots rather than the close up. Another personal favorite image of mine from Corba tag reserve is the tiger crossing the Ram Lunga River. So the blue waters off ramp Hungary were then the White stones on the banks. Now that is the signature shot off Corbett a gazelle. If you move again towards some, we have Kaziranga So cause rancour well known for the Indian one horned rhino. So there with the elephant grasslands in the backdrop and then the long crease, the long flower increase. If you see that against a very nice signature short, limited, available only in Khazanah terrorism. And then you go down south in a car, not a cop. There you have the leopard sleeping on the tree, LePore sitting on the tree. I mean, this is again a signature shot off cabinet inaugurated. A good is up and again you move further towards Gujarat. You have the little runoff catch and the greater and of course, we're again of alone. Famous images from those places are basically the setting sun against the wild, a static us. Now each of these images, if you see, are what we call a signature shots. But you can easily look at the emergency. This has been photographed at this particular location. So you come up with your own list of signatures, shot off a particular park sanctuary and see how we can go there with the habitat captured the short and convey the more the essence off the place using this concept off signature shots. Good luck. 23. Concept of Story-telling Images: the storytelling image. What is it? Let me give you a very small example. Considers Have displayed around 100 photographs in the room A little. Enter the room and you go around the room for, say, 10 minutes. Look at all this 100 images. You come out and after 10 minutes. If I ask you what are the images you remember from the truth? It's like a memory test. You're going to remember and convert those images which created an impact on your mind. Those images we should remember which conveyed a kind of story to you where you were able to connect with that image. These are what we call as storytelling in majors. So a storytelling images one which has a lot of elements and generally they're not portrait . So they show the habitat. Were there different elements which comes together and convince slowly parakeets so it can miss a story in the teammates. The one single image with talks a lot practice what we call us a storytelling image. Let's look at some of these images now. If you look at this first image off mine so this if you see here, so we have the guard looking and staring at the Tigers. Or look at the other way to do Tiger siblings looking and stating at the garden. Now this conveys a lot off story. Obviously they, of course, the other very important thing is this is the first image off a tiger in the world, which which have shot after waiting for more than 10 years. So this is a very classic signature image off my now if you study this image, there are multiple things which countries obviously, if you look at the guard, it's just standing over there. It's not afraid off these two tigers, even though the goal is the foot off the tiger, it is just standing over there, not afraid off it, because the goddess confident that it's too big for this to sibling taters to take down. If you look at it from the Tigris Point off you, the tiger is just waiting over there. It doesn't know what to do. The Tigers are not attacking the guard because they're still to young to attack the guard, and it knows if they attacked the guard, they will be taken down. So if you look at the habitat, the bag drop everything. So the elements various elements to fall into place. This is what we call us, the storytelling image. Now, if you look at the second image another award winning image off mine off the leopard, sleeping on the tree now I composed it in a vertical way to get more depth in the image. So here, in the same is because of the composition you can see. The leopard is sleeping at a very high polished in the tree at the very height. Now, obviously, the lepers are afraid of the wild ox tigers of the predators and majority off the time you see them on the trees here. If you look at this particular image, you see it so will relax its sleeping so obviously like it probably had a very nice meal. And it knows, because off the height at which it is sleeping, it knows no other predator can get close to it. So it is relaxing. The more created in this image is that very can no. The leopard is least bothered with the outside world, even though the photograph first, a lot of us were there photographing it. It is just leaping, relaxing In fact, this particular image If you see the leopard was sleeping on the street for close to 12 us morning, right from six. Game till evening, six pm I mean, there were other Forest Department folks to stay there who are monitoring it. They even conveyed to us after the safari timing. It was still sleeping there. We went back in the afternoon safari. It was dead. We had to leave it and entered the park in the evening again. A classic image. If you look at this third image, you see this whole herd off spotted deer. Look at the years. Look at the years. Look at their force. It can miss a story. It tells that yes, this these sported years are alarmed. I didn't know that There's something out there and they post convinced the story. So this is how they are in the alert position. If there are predators around so it can miss a sense off story, it can, with a sense off what is happening around there. Now this last image another favorite image off mine. This is the title. What I give India the country off God's tigers and plastic. I mean like this is a sorry image for me personally, you and this is the current state off A lot of for parks where we litter the park with plastic lot off other dirt inside the park. So we need to be more responsible towards our environment. And this is a very, very powerful image. So this photograph of the tiger eating this plastic the chips packet with the back drop off some of the stones basically the gods what we call. So this is from random. Ortega is up. So here it convinced the story about right from tourism perspective to the tigers were even humans and tigers. The co exist together, the temple in the backdrop. A lot of people go there within the temple to do their food job. Apart from that, the tiger in the small water pardon eating the plastic shows the sorry figure about current state off a face in the results in the big box, tourism is a big impact where we need to be more responsible towards it, where we don't have to litter. I mean, imagine what happens if the tiger eats this plastic cover. It's definitely not good. Very high chance intimidate. So this are what we call us. Storytelling images, those images which created impact and the one factor comfort off it. So go ahead, create your own stories from my left and see how you can convey that sense off story three of us. So if you look at all this various images, what we saw, especially in terms off competitions, the judges look for these kind of images. So it's not a close a portrait off a tiger or close supported off a leopard, which will be award for you, of course, the drama. The lighting matters a lot, but generally, like I have judged a lot off competitions and even for me personally, these kind of images, which can be a story, is what we look for US judges. So go ahead, create your own storytelling images and see how you can make a difference both from a conservation point off, you are creating the war factor for the viewers 24. Shooting from the Safari Vehicle: for the safari. The most important aspect. Your vehicle outside, off Karnataka, in India, rest of India, in different parks. You have the facility to take on inter gypsy for yourself. If you look at the way the Gypsies are in regular ways, you have the center seat here, so we have the seat here, here, So two plus 24 people will sit or three plus 36 people will sit now for serious photograph . It is important that you get the center seat removed. Of course, this is not permitted in all the parks, so you need to find out where these things are supported where it's permitted. Get this done now once I get the center seat removed. So here, as you can see, we put a bidding on the floor. So that act is you can sit. Not as off now. Yes, I'm wearing my shoes. But let me tell you, the best way to shoot in the gypsy like this in open is without the shoes barefoot, because you get a lot of flexibility to move around and then position yourself so that your very first in shooting with the shoes on, sometimes what happens your shoes gets stuck in between the equipment and other things. Now, if you have a closer look at the gypsy, know the way I lay out my whole equipment hold. I organized myself in the equipment. Let's have a look at that inside the gypsy. If you see the way I lay out my stuff, it's like once I started safari, whether it is early morning or late evening and afternoon, I decide whether Boots is Mikey equipment with just McKellen's If you see it, I'm carrying my 7200 lens at the 400 F 2.8 lens. Then now my 18 of them in here and been off course another body, second body. I always got another pro body, but currently I'm carrying the 1200 day with the 55 to 50 declines. So what I do is I laid out over here. It's when I'm probably alone. Or even if I was second person. The gypsy relay older equipment in such a way that we know what a weapon. Is that what part? Now the other accesses. What I'm carrying, if you see, is a planning part, so planning for extremely useful toe plan the shots, liquid flexibility and moving around. This is very useful. Then comes the clamp, the clamp with the fluid head. So this will get fixed at one particular place and it's the flexibility you will miss it. But stability, composition and then handling especially Big Lance's. This is absolutely fantastic. Mexicans, basically, once we lay out, as I was saying, once they get into the safari, whether early morning or late evening, what I do is I decide the main camera water help. So the main camera, the two pro board, is what I carry. I decide early morning what lands I should put on this obviously very early morning. The lightest less so in 18 11 will not be of doing its job because of the lower leg situation in that situation, what I do is the pro body one day X, or only expect which carry. I put that under 7200 lends 7200 404 100 lands. Reason being if you get any subject for the lower leg, this lenses are the ones which will get you the images. Okay, so this is the layout off the gypsy or up off course in the gypsy like we do carry water, sufficient water and even food any off those which is required for breakfast. So those things are again kept in the gypsy, currently for the shooter have removed. Now again, when it comes to shooting, One of the reasons why we get the center seat removed is for shooting flexibility at eye level. Anything we want to shoot me, go look and we shoot. And even if this had done so, if the tiger in the office walking from the back, then we keep it to the state and we start shooting, for example, If this is the one, let's a have I could keep it over here, if you see. Okay, so So if the favor is walking her down, I go like this. I feel so you have to go as low as possible when it comes to getting the high level shot or even below the island. So this is one of the techniques. So if you see here the lens scholar, it holds over here and we shoot it. So the shooting technique is something which share to evolve on the flight. Once this is done, If you look at the gypsy again. So the clamps, other accessories it good. Different parts with the beanbag. I keep it on top over here are at the back over here. Then I put the clamp on top of that so I used my enter gypsy from high twice a standing tall are going down Even if you see a carry me try putting the vehicle and they use it So under this secondly report for certainly waited all the longest jump around Do you think this that they could behind me? I don't know, but they didn't get a lot. So if you see I can't even a secondary to report for a smaller camera body so that when it comes to composition, these are important exodus. So that's pretty much about the gypsy. The vehicle, What, anyway even carry a secondary being back, which gives more as support to keep the equipment. So the camera lens the big lens affair to keep it I need a cushioning support for that Have this secondary being back. So these are the accessories what they keep within the gypsy here. Now let's look at how exactly? In an efficient way we use each off this Mossman accessories for your shoot. Let's look at that 25. Using a Tripod in a Vehicle: when it comes to shooting techniques, it's important that you get your shooting technique absolutely right. No people ask me, Hold way, get sharp images. Let me tell you one of the biggest misconception in photography is how you should. Speed will give you sharper images. That's totally wrong. So it's really the shooting technique which matters when it comes to getting sharp images. Now let me show you what I do, especially when I'm trying to shoot the report. Now the very first important thing with shooting in the gypsy like this, with the center seat removed, the school space is to make sure he should barefoot. So even though I wear my shoes and come for the safari, I remove my shoes. Keep it to the same simple reason being with all equipment, everything around. If you want to walk around, sit this way. You can just keep your foot, stand here and there, move around. So you have a lot of flexibility for this, whereas if you're wearing a shoot, your shoe may get stuck in between these caps so you don't have the flexibility, even if you certainly want to sit like this and shoot the barefoot. You can feel it. Actually, when you barefooted the flexes, its flexibility is there. The first thing is shooting with a tripod. My set up in walls carrying a good sort report heavy duty to report to give me all the stability. Then I use the Schadler FSB eight fluid head. So this is mainly for shooting radios, but I use it for my still, because of the stability, the flexibility which will be showing now here is the main equipment which is generally use . So I used this report set up especially for the long lens shooting technique. Now how the 800 millimeter lens mounted on the one d x and this is a clamp meant for the Sheckler fluid head. So I want so before it mounted. So what I do is I first pre visualized as to where my subject is gonna come over here or here. Which side now if you see the based off the gypsies over here, Okay, so this is the best of the gypsy. But this site So this gap, what we have this is not good. It still needs to go low. So if a tiger is walking, if it had done low level And what I do I is the clamps. So full it Take off these things. I love these things. Okay, So make sure all the links are fine. Okay, so there you go. No Flattened flat on the Lexx. This is weird. You don't make sure things can't discourse over there more This being back. Okay, take it out. So Okay, so this if you see here, has gone completely flat. Fair enough. I keep being better Support. What? This is good. Now this is very close. What I want to do So move it as close as possible towards the site. No, this is ready. So get millions. So these are all the clamps, the quick release camps Lamps Lock it. So there you go. So I'm ready for my shoot. So with this checked up with this set up so I should be able to move on water angle. I want to shoot. So place it in such a way. If the tigers coming over there, You know the barefoot really helps more on move the equipment. Always You have to keep moving around. Anything behind this This area you need to keep it free. So there you go. So this is the lens color. Losing it so that I can shoot were tickle. Also in this position. So will we. I was sitting. So once I have on the basic settings done so in the vehicle, so feel free. However, you want to look at this now, this is where the barefoot really helps. So look at the thing. Well, I level Okay, so this as you can see here, the gap is very less so. You need to get to eye level of the subject. Now again, if you're shooting here, certainly. Like fair enough. You're shooting here. Some action happens on that. Said you need to be really fast. Quick, lift this Things I don't I don't There you go. Okay, so this lends goes. That said, make space for yourself in the back. Cute. Longo's So this whole moving around, you have to be really fast. So once you do this within the gypsy Okay, So you're shooting at 11. All this now imagine a situation where dispense what you see. So somewhere behind said there are bushes and beyond that is just subject. So the tiger is there any mammal, for that matter. It's there. You need to get the height again with this long lens, right? Handled All those things are a little tough. So if you want to get good images, Then again, this whole try protector comes up. You need to be really fast. Watch. So take up. This goes here, then immediately. Get up. So, since you need to know, extend the lex. Okay, this locks in this do next goes down so all the three legs are known. Locked, immediately lifted. Okay, so So this things that you see, you had to be really, really fast. Okay, So place it still it's not enough. This one more section of leg that can go up again on this. Okay. So make sure everything is stable. There you go. Okay. So you need the heart. You have the height. Then you stand up and shoot off course. You need one more level of height. So one most section off the leg is still shot. I can extend it. Then what I do. There you go. So once I have this site, then you can stand on top over here to stand on the seat of the gypsy. Then with proper support, one more section comes up, you get the height. So if you see carrying the tripod So if you look at this world set up carrying the tripod in this kind of open gypsy for stability. So since this is a fluid head, since this is a fluent head, even any movement refer to shoot action. Look at this floor. So this is solid, very smooth flow. So that is where the fluid head comes into picture. So with the fluid head, any kind of action, whatever you want to shoot finding shots, this is quite easy. And also we do us if you want to shoot this ability for not broke quality videos, but yes, still very good. Excellent quality will use to shoot the set up is all you need. Let's look at the other technique off using the report in the gypsy. So again, unlock it, Losing Unlock it, keep it down. All this you got to be really fuss so short in this report section go One more section, okay. And then from the CMB released this locks and let it go completely flat. Okay, And then this I keep it here. So if from the gypsy if this is the position you need to shoot from the front. So if you look at this this you can do it with any trip or so you have excellent support over here. Keep it like this. Take their equipment. Losing this. Losing this state dating. Lock it. You're all set. So with this now, anything in this area you want to shoot banning any off those things, you're all set. So these are the different ways how you can make use off a tray for in the vehicle. So as you saw, go low here, flatten it. I literally can shoot you need the height. Extend all the tripod. Lex, even stand up on the back seat over here if required. Do it from the friend. If you want to shoot. This is the other technique. So a lot of the shooting techniques, if you see, is something which year to evolve while shooting the vehicle. And you need to really innovative Keep thinking, holder. Make use of the set up. The tripod is the most important aspect here when it comes to stability. Never compromise, Assistant, You need to be really fast. So now that we understand about how to shoot with the tripod, let's look at some of the other accessories. 26. Handheld Shooting Technique: now here's the technique to get shop images while your hand holding the lens. Now this is an 800 millimeters cannon lens mounted on the one day exported. So obviously these are heavy equipment. So doing handled, you need to get your technique absolutely right. So especially when I'm walking around, I keep the lens on the shoulder. I walk around like this and then if I don't handle photography, this is the technical use. Now, normally, what I do for 100 photography, I turned the land scholar. So the lens scholar, this not so I turn it. I take it up, so this is a good position for handle. But there is a particular situation where, how to shoot it with don't. So here, when I'm holding the lens like this in the hand, the thumb refuse E is free so that with the come being free, it issues for manual focusing. So if you want to do manual or auto focusing, not auto focusing. If you want to do manual focusing, then obviously this is the position. But in normal situations for 100 photography, this is the technique I use so again turn the knob losing it goes up. Lock it. Okay, so here, if you see, I cup my lens. So I used the hand like this. Hold it. So you need to make sure your center of gravity, you get it right. Hold it. So this is the first step. Now, the second step is just standing position. So if that is the angle you're going to shoot, Take one leg forward. So basically, like, free yourself, losing up at east. Okay, one look forward to get the stability. Now, once this is done, you see here the position. Okay, so hold the lens and then stuck your hand in. So if you have a closer look at this position here, the Hank tax in it, it's not free. So there is no gap over here, So take it into the time you're here. Hold it tight, OK? And then the right hand holding the camera, This should not be loose. This again. Rocketed. So if you see my position, Okay. So I'm trying to shoot their everything that didn't tight. And then I press myself against the you find her. So the i is into the viewfinder, I press against it. So my entire body is totally still. So look at this position. So one leg forward. So the hand in this position shooting So the entire body no acts as a support as a reporter for handling this. The very important technique in handle shooting. The final important technique is when you're shooting just at the time of shattered release . Hold your breath back is very important. OK, so if you see one side done once I'm done with this, I want to walk around. I just basically the shoulder like this and it's easier Walker. So the other thing is, keep shifting it So again, sometimes I walk holding it like this again. It comes back on the shoulder, so make sure like you don't strain just one part of the body. Keep shifting the weight. Well, you're walking around. So this is how I basically shoot, handled when I'm standing and shooting with long lens. So the same thing. So we thought any kind of accessory, a fair to handle photography from a gypsy. Let's see how to do that 27. Handheld Shooting from a Vehicle : Here's another technique when it comes to shooting from the vehicle. Obviously considering there isn't at the seat here and 1234 off you're sitting. So you're subject to the left side. So general way people shoot with long lenses. They try to hold the lens, the shoot like this very important. Whenever you're shooting with the long legs, always try to take some kind of his support. Now here. Given this scenario, if I have to show the different kind off support or the way the shooting technique works, the oneness. Look at this handle here, the side gypsy bar. So place your hand over here. Take it here. It's the same kind of handle shooting. What I explained instead of standing, it is sitting here, shoot like this. So you get good flexibility. You do this if you want to go a little. So obviously this site is against static. You can't go low, you can't shoot like this. So in that situation, if you want to go a little love, then you can keep the logo here. So keep the leg and then you can keep the lens on this so you can adjust the height like this. OK, and then go. Look. There you go. So this is one of this. The other technique with hands, obviously with the sidebar the angle districts. If you want to shoot in that angle again, the lead comes in. You want a little height? Same position. Okay, so here you see again, you're taking support for your hand, keeping it on the leg and then shooting like this. Okay, There you go. So this is so depending on just sitting in the vehicle, you don't have any other accessories handled. If you want to do always century, have a solid support for your long lens to make sure from a composition point off you. Image sharpness point off you. You give good stability for year. Let's so this is one of the technique which is very useful. 28. Support Long Tele lens in a Vehicle: Now comes the other challenge when you're doing handled photography, when there are four people sitting in the vehicle. So in a gypsy like I'm here my co passenger on the photo reference with me here and then two people. Now I explained about in case if you get the subject to the right set, then you keep the lens, you keep the leg appear and then you shoot like this. So you have the shooting technique. Are you move like this? Keep the leg shoot. So this is one position. If you're shooting on the right side. Now, what if the subject you're trying to shoot is on the left side? So here you can take much support. So one of the technique what have come up it is to take the support off your other photograph for his shoulder over here. Now, consider we have the subject on that set, and he's shooting over there. So once he shoots, he takes his normal position to shoot. So this is where the cooperation between the photograph first comes into picture. Okay, you shoot over there. So here what? I do so this hand. I take support off this and then placed my hand on his shoulder. Okay, there you go. And then I shoot. So here, even with the long lens hiss shooting is not compromised. He continues to shoot, but I take a support off him and a suit like this. Now one of the things again cooperation between the photograph forces. When you're shooting, you need to implement that. So he should not be terribly, because if he breathes heavily, my whole lens will go up and down. Or if even if he moves a little bit also my equipment shake. So this is where we work with each other and we should. The same thing applies to him. So if the subject comes on the right said a fair shooting with the long lens. When I'm shooting here, I bend on, give him a little bit of support. So the back What? Yes, that I use now the other thing. If ah go passenger, your friend is not a photograph for and he's just sitting here. There's another way to take support from me. So in this situation, what happens if you're to shoot on that set? So you tell him toe argue decay and put up, Bento J. Okay, so you ask him to go a little forward, so it's in their back, if you see here. There you go. So you get the stability issued like this. So if he is not photographing, if he is not a photograph for take help from your co passenger, keep your equipment on his back in this position, and we can shoot. So these are the different ways where you work with each other. Takes support on the shoulder on the back. And make sure to give proper stability to your long linds. 29. Long Tele lens - Workarounds: Here's another technique of using some accessories what you have for a person sitting in the gypsy or in a vehicle in the French seat. So here, if you see this limitation for moving around so obviously, like your other fellow photo deficit at the back of the gypsy, you're stuck here. But this is a good position because you're sitting with the driver. You can tell him the position. How toe position the vehicle for better angle now. So the way I privacy if I open the gypsy here. So the way I travel is the long lens goes work to collect this. So if you see, here it goes vertical both the lex on either side of the long list. So this is always sit. So here, Once they sit, let me just close the door now. So, Doctor, So I sit. So if I had to shoot no so I can easily drive around. I don't carry it on my lap or any off. Now I sit, I keep the lens down. If I see my subject, I immediately take it out like this and then I start shooting. Now, if you see here, this is not a great way to shoot a long lens. It is heavy. I can't take support. Of course, if you ever bean that you keep the being back here, you shoot. That is different. What if you don't have a being back? I'm a very simple and very fantastic solution for that. That you keep it back here. Don't. So here. This is very a handkerchief comes extremely and very simple. All you do is you see the bar. You see this bar here by a simple not Okay. So a simple lots of the length depends here. Your handkerchief is good enough, right? Make sure it is very stable. Their yard. So in your lens. If you see the lens scholar instead of the lens collar being down losing it, keep it up. Lift it. Just let it look at this. Okay, so this way, if you see my whole shooting position Now, there you go. Anything on the shoot? Super. So the kind of flexibility you have. So you And if you want a plan, anything moving slowly, you can plan along with it. So if you see, even if I leave the whole set up, okay? Of course. little bit supporting. It stays. So this is quite strong. It can support your 800 millimeters with the one DX body. So this is one of the techniques which really works where you don't have a Tripodi confused . That report here are being where you don't have handled the contra do, but you need the stability you don't want to lift and basically take the weight on yourself . This is very simple. In fact, in vehicles like the Cantors, other places where the country's anything and there are bars running on top off you. So in those situations, in some of the workshops up what I have done this I've used handkerchief or even belt so you can take your belt, put the bait around those bars or the rods running across your vehicle, put it and then use it. Okay, so this is quite stable. Another technique which I have come up with to give you good stability for your of image making. 30. Using a Clamp in a Vehicle: Now, let's look at the second accessory. So this was the Sheckler FSB eight fluid head, which are used on top of the type are now depending on the flexibility I carried this clamps. So there are situations. Say, if there are more people in the vehicle, you have this other seat also here, and it is not possible to carry the report in those situations. This clamp is extremely helpful. So this is the man for the clamp. Just search for man for the clamp, and you should be able to get it is around 4000. I in are in the range off, like 70 80 years dollars, that's all. It's not expensive, but extremely helpful. Now, the way I used this clamp. So here. I mean, the kind of things were to carry on the supported right. So if I just come to these things over here, so tees off this accessories extremely important. Especially the ₹1 coin. If their toe tighten the screws off the plate. I need it. Okay, So now I carry my span restaurant, so let me just take this out. This make sure don't leave. Lose this most most stuff. So put this back and this goes back into the back. So then here what I do. So I had the clamps, or this clamp already has the set. So when you order this clamp, you need to make sure you need to order this cut as well. So you've pressed this, You released it. So if you look at this stud, okay, it has two different kinds off mounting points. So the small one and a large one. So you're prepper and up your, uh the clamp, the clamp for this one. If you see, it's the larger head. So it goes back in. Press this cool right on this. Okay. And here, if you see this grossing over here now. Okay, so this practice signal. So this will accessory is now ready. Now, this is really in your vehicle, gypsy, Or depending on what vehicle you're trying to shoot, you need to figure out where this can go. So here, if you see this bar off the gypsy, this is one place this handle off the gypsies, the other place. And he went this bar, this body, you see, there are multiple off this locations within the Gypsy American place this. Let's have a look at how I use it. So So I just put it off here. So I need to get the angle right daily. Go. OK, so this is done. So of course, if you see the angle is little kilted that this Fine. So sometimes you get a long stretch, you can put it there to keep it straight. So this losing sup So I don't need this week. And then I think my long links now and the same vessels, it's locked. Okay, so these two knobs are losing, and then my let's call a novice losing so dairy go. OK, so of course you need to get this center of gravity, right? So losing it, open it. Okay, lock it again. Okay. Very good strands. So if you look at this again when it comes to eye level shooting this so this other situations where you don't have the flexibility to carry a type are in this situation. This clamp, it's over here losing this different controls for the fluid head. There you go. Okay. You can comfortable later. Completely. Sit at ease. Shoot. Of course, with the long land shooting technique, one of the important things as you always need to hold your left hand over here and then shoot so that any vibration you can reduce it. There's a standard long lens shooting technique, so there you go. So this is one day what he can shoot now the same way. If you're sitting in the vehicle, let's let's look at hope to make use of this clam to shoot if you're sitting in the vehicle . So let's have a look at that. Continuing on the various shooting techniques we saw with the lamp put onto the bar at the State of the Gypsy. How you can get to a level now. That scenario works very well in this situation, where have removed the single seat of the gypsy. Now, in the standard situation where there are full photograph person, both the Gypsy seats are there. So 1234 So four off you're sitting now In this situation, you're using the long list and long length stability, sharpness of the image, composition, all the aspects. If you want to get it, really right, then the other technique for shooting is using the same clamp, so in sort of the bar over there. What I do is I put the clamp to the side handle over here, so if you're sitting on the left side, you can use the left. Sadie, feel sitting on the right, said that one. But for me, since I'm more off a personal shoots from the left side because the left hand edge of the stability. So I'm more comfortable shooting for the left set and not on the right side. So when that I'm in the gypsy with multiple people, I tend to choose the left position now coming back to the long lensed ethnic. So I had the same plan, everything. And at the Sackler fluid headier on the man through the clamp. So this let's lock it in. So the way I used this is put it on the clamp. No, I locked it. So if you see here, this is the position off course. You should not travel with this kind of set up this. You put it on the clamp once the vehicle is totally stationary. So in this situation, if you see, I can easily, like position myself not disturbing other person. This gap is still there for the other person to sit and he does his shooting Now here in this set up so I can get beautiful shots. So there you go. Now, if you see a complete stability, it's an 800 millimeter lens on the one day X body and again any of the planning affair to do It's very easy. But here, of course, with the backseat one of the limitation this it stops you. So anything coming at the back, you can't that this really have to be really fast. So if you feel OK, the subject it's moving. It is going to go to us. The back. You want to shoot on the back, then you need to be fast enough. No lock. This was set up losing this. Take this out on other way to travel this. It should always go vertical like this. So if you see, this is how it travel in the gypsy with the long let's so even with four seats, everybody open the vehicle. I used to being back down there. It goes like this. This is the best way to travel, So keep it here immediately. Losing this ticket out so subject is going to move at the back. So let's with the clamp over here now. So this is another excessively which comes with the clamp. Were any of the flat surface you have? You need this accessory so that it fits over there now, since it's it is a round bar, I take this out. Of course. Be careful of these accessories. Now, I put the clamp over here, so of course, if you put it at this place, your legs doesn't go here. So you need to be calculated about those things. There you go. So you put this sick. I'm gonna go up, look sick. Position yourself. There you go. So you need to adjust your height so that you were at eye level of the viewfinder. So doesn't it? There you go. Very stable. He won Always make sure everything is statement. Okay, You can easily leave it. It's really stable off course when the vehicle is not pulling very important. Now losing the main two knobs in the fluid dead. Now, here again, if you see if your subject is said the back, you're the flexibility. So 52 Okay. There you go. Ready to shoot rock n roll so anything on the anything on top of the tree And if you look at the positioning So this clamp this set up even if multiple vehicle in the multiple people in the vehicle this set up works very well. So this is how you can make use off the clamp and also you need not have a fluid head. So on top what you see here, This could be any ball It, for that matter, it could be a member. Lee head also. So if you look at the clamp, it can take any kind of ball had been Burnley head for the support. So this is how you make use off this accessories. And the shooting technique, as I said, is very important when it comes to getting good shop images with good composition. Good luck. 31. Beanbag and a Panning Pod: the next access city when it comes to getting your shooting technique right to get crisp shop images with good composition is being back. Now. Obviously, my order of preference for shooting is toe Have ah report if not a report among the part, then the lamp, What they used the other time. After all these things again for more easy flexibility, the being that comes into picture. So let me show you generally have the beanbag issues. So one of the common ways in the gypsy when you're sitting is you take the being back. You keep it on top of the platform Here, keep the lens. So you have the long lens. There you go. So you keep the long glands. You should like this. Of course, you have the other seat here you'll be sitting like this in the gypsy will be shooting. I love. So this is one of the ways you shoot with the being back. Now, let's look at the other vessel used to being back and disadvantages off it again. The beanbag it goes over here. Okay, then the long lens. So if you see I live it, it stays. It's stable now. even when I'm shooting from the boat. This is the technical use now. But what happens here is subject is totally still stationary. You're shooting. This is good. This endless good. It still gives you the stability. But the problem is like if the subject is moving and you start moving your lands along with the subject, notice what happens generally in the long lens. This is your focusing, Glick, and you're planning with the subject. You move the lens. Look at this. The focusing ring is rotating. Now, when you ban your lands, the focusing ring rotates. Not good. Your subject will go out of focus the worker. And for this is obviously you rotate your lens. Scholar, Rotate the rim, scholar. Keep it on the bean back. But if you see here sorry, You don't get the flexibility. So you don't get the stability to shoot. Not good. Now this is where for this work around. The finding part comes into picture. So this is an extremely useful, important accessory. Be careful. So this is an important accessory when it comes to I left photography. This is very simple. So this is a universal clamp. What happened so the universal Lance plate. This goes well. And then if you look at the way this is designed, it'll just laid into it. So there's extremely light. There you go. It's late into it. A locket. So here, if you see No, this is Look, this conduct eight. Okay, So here, with this kind of hits set up, this whole thing locked. Okay, so I have the lens. I rotate this clamp up, the bad the same vis Place it on the beach. You see you. This is done. And now look at the flexibility. The ease off use with the plate. The planning plate, the planning port on the being back there's Gap. Absolutely no issues. So still subject. You shoot it. And if the subject is moving, you just move. You can plan it. Look at the gap over here. So even with this set up, if the subject is behind the bushes and auto focus is not working look at the east. You conduct manual focus, look through the viewfinder, do the manual focus and you're ready to shoot. So this is how useful death overall, the planning police now the other way used the pining ports I'm using, like this. Same sitting in the vehicle. Okay, so this lens again goes off, makes base. Sit Here. You have the being back. You have the being back here again. Very good. See the east? A few. So the flexibility off moving is there when it comes to the planning. Frank planning part. So again, you move it. I can lose in the horizontal. The lens scholar. I can lose in it and then work. Tickle. Horizontal is really can shoot. Now. The other thing is fine. I need a little height. I want to do handling. So just for a few seconds, I need to stand up and shoot. No problem. Give the beanbag low. Okay, So another shooting technique with the lens up, the bad it comes over here, used to support you. Shoot. So as you can see, even with respect to the leg, this kind of support is very important. As much as possible. Almost straight to take support for the long lens and a while shooting. Just handling this. So if you take photo handle like this, these are very heavily in says there's going to be shake you loose the image quality How dare you go? So this is the planning part. Extremely useful is it to get, and you can move it around along with the being back all year to do is keep the being back first, wherever positioning. Whatever angle you want to shoot, keep it. Keep the planning part on this and short. So even if you see for carrying around, also, it's easy, so even handle. If you and I just carried like this with the planning particle carried, So that's the accessory I would highly recommend along with some of the other accessories. What we have doctor about, that's when the fighting part. 32. Carrying the equipment in the field: Hi. I'm currently here at the No Taleb in Gujarat. In the little run and in two decision. I'm going to teach you the very basics. The important aspect off. How do we carry around such heavy equipment in the field? Threw out. If you look at the habitat behind me Fantastic water body with a lot off bird activity. So I spend at least three hours, four hours, five hours walking around our meeting at one place. So how do we set this up? So that with ease, we thought much strain we carry on this equipment. No, What I have here is basically a lens plate especially made for the fluid headwater have. So let's mount this. And how do we carry around? Let's check it out. Now, unlike the regular Wimberly head or any other kind of bullet, what I have here is basically a fluid head. This is mainly used for movie making, but this is very flexible and fantastically and comes to still photograph. Yes, Well, now what I want to do is like I'm going to mount this. So this lens plate is specifically for this particular fluid head. So I used the Schadler FSB eight fluid head. So I snap it in, and then from a center of gravity, I move it around, Lock it and I have two knobs over here, one for planning and one for the building. I losing both off them. And if you see it has fantastic flexibility with respect, it doesn't fall. Nothing happens. So what I'm going to do here is now once how this whole thing set up, I won't unlock this now, this whole thing is absolutely stable. Now the very important aspect on how we carry this around in the field. If you look here, I have a bad over here, Since I want to put it on the shoulder, keep walking around everywhere. This bad gives the support and is quite good. Now, the way I carried around this, like this whole set up, comes on my shoulder. So I go down and then just lifted. So as you can see this rest here on this whole set up, you have to balance it on your shoulder. So docked, like with just one hand, we can hold this. The other hand will be free. And if you see at the back here this hand also gives support to the back legs. So this gives support here, and I basically hold it. So I push it around like this site, push it rather and then with this set up, I can keep walking around throat the field. No, I send when Then keep walking. I see something. All I do is like I just go down like this. Place it down. Very important aspect. Especially from the back for your back. Don't ever bend like the central to lift it. The important thing is always go up and down like this. Go down. Don't put your shoulder in lifted. Walk around. Okay. And again, Go down. Put it down. So this technique has worked for me in all these years with very list train very less straight on the shoulder and on the back. Okay, So this is how you carry around the creeper. And, of course, some off your borders. The kind of trip or what you use may have a center column. If you have a center column, little bit will have to push it around. The column go. So are the very important thing. If you're in the bird photography try to avoid tripe or which has a center column. So with this kind of technique, you can carry on the report and worker on the field the entire day with very illustrate good luck. 33. Aperture Priority, Lowest f Number: a poacher priority. What does it do now? We have the exposure triangle parameters. A poacher. I s O and shutter speed. Now, in case off a poacher priority the baby more or the same old. What happens is you set a particular aperture and forgiven I s O the camera gives you a shutter speed. Now, when it comes to my left photography Obviously shutter speed is something which we had to keep a note on all the time because take you on to freeze the subject or you want to basically get a motion. But any off those things works in case off shutter. But then what I do is I use a poacher priority. And generally I keep the A poacher to the lowest F number. Now, this is an important trick with your to remember for wildlife photography. What happens in case of while a photograph? Generally the subjects are a little far. Of course, there are situations. When the subject comes very close, I will talk about it separately. But in most of the scenarios, the subject are quite far. So obviously the main thing Richard to keep in mind is the depth of field as well, apart from the shutter speed. So what I do lowest f number keep. And then the depth awful is taken care by the other perimeter, which is camera to subject distance, of course, the focal and also is another perimeter. Which efforts now? Since the subject distance is a little far, Morse off the cases in wildlife. You have pretty good depth coffee in respect you off what Lindsay use. So I generally shoot with the 7200 lens 104 100 lens. The formula left 2.8 lens. The 600 afford lands and then even the 800 millimeters f 5.6. Let's in all this various range off lens is what a photograph. I always 99% of the time always keep the lowest F number supported by the lens. And then I play with the air. So to get a particular shutter speed. Obviously, all this scenarios work very well. When help one single subject. So lowest f number. Keep a particular I s o check. Watch the SPDR getting that should do for you. That's the magic sitting what I always recommend now the other corner case, the other scenario is if there are multiple subjects now, if there are multiple subjects, that is when the depth of field will come into picture and then you'll have to start playing a pressure. So from the lowest F number, you start incriminating the aperture and then calculate what kind of depth off will you get for that kind off a poacher? So this violence ng act you will have to do when you're shooting in aperture priority mode , so justified to summarize the overall sitting what I do and F lowest F number, and then play with the years. So to get a particular shutter speed, the setting will work majority of the times. Now let's have a look at some of the images, and what kind of settings have put for this image is now in all this radius analysis. If you see right from what I was shot from a 72 100 lens for the 104 100 lens, or even a foreign millimeter F 2.8 lens or even the 805.6 lengths. So all this radius images, if you see the lowest F number, has worked very well Now let's look at this other scenarios where there are multiple subjects in the free and you end up increasing the F number to get a good depth of field. So that would the subjects I did some focus So as you saw these examples. So this is how, in a poacher priority you've worked with the perimeters main thing to keep in mind, Doctor Field and, of course, shutter speed. So once you understood the theory of reciprocity which has already been explained, used that concept to play with the air, so to get a particular shutter speed. So this combination in a poacher priority is something which I use a majority of the time and has helped me a lot. 34. Shutter Priority: the next one is shutter priority. Now what happens in Ceta priority, which is the TV more in Canon, the yes Morning Nikon and similar in Sony and other cameras. Now, in case of shutter priority, What happens is you set a particular shutter speed for the given us, so the camera will give you a corresponding a poacher. So obviously, when it comes to my left photography shutter speed on the most important criterias for perimeters to use. So your thought process Whenever you're seeing anything, that talk process always has to be watched a two speed I have to use. Now this depends on multiple parameters to arrive at what kind of shutter speed you want to use now in this case, So any scenario you take if this movement happening in your scene, then you have to think about your speed high shutter speed to freeze the action or low shutter speed to capture emotionally. So whereas if the subject is totally static, so in case of product photography, what we do so if the subject is totally static. So in that case, what we have to do is to ensure that any set of speed will work, but a shooting technique comes into picture. A select what kind of shooting technique you're using. Host table your whole set up a soap, as you can see. Always make sure I keep my camera on a well mounted like groups. Terry, go. Yeah. So multiple controls. So if you see, I always showed it on a stable try part. So obviously, if something is totally still, I don't care what kind of set a speed I'm trying to use. So this is how the shutter speed comes into picture. 35. When to Use Shutter Priority: in my life. One of the reasons why I personally don't use shutter priority is there is a small issue, but set a priority now. As I said, in case off my life, it is always the shutter speed. We have to keep thinking in our mind now, given the scenario where the light is very low. So currently I met I also 200. So sometimes this is where as big nurse like we tend to miss some of these combinations. So I'm currently it. I also 200. I'm inside a priority more considered. There's some action happening in front off me, and I need a shutter speed of seven by 3200 to freeze that. End that action now, since I'm in short a priority more, That camera allows meat to put the shelter as one by 3200. So currently I'm at one day 3200 off a second. Now I use is 200. So sometimes we don't look at Dia. So So when we're in a hurry, we tend to put a particular shutter speed and then start shooting. Now I met I also three tell I make sure to speed one. About 3200 say there's some action happening in front of me. I go ahead, look at it and they start shooting the action. No. If a playback they made and see, of course, in the playback in did you not see the action happening? So if you play back the emergency or other When he heard the camera alone Me to shoot because I put one by 3200 Click, click, Click the camera. I lost me to shoot. But here, if you see the images, don't vote, Doc. That is because through the viewfinder and I'm seeing the aperture is blinking. So a poacher blinking means that the amount of flight here is not enough. The aperture of two point It is not enough to give you a proper exposure. So in a while, when this action is something we missed to see this point. So that is one of the reasons I don't tend to shoot in set a priority more. I used the theory of reciprocity shooting a poacher priority and then basically get the shutter speed. What I want now all said and done, really used sort of priority now, obviously in case of planning or if there to keep it in a simple way if you need to shoot at the particular shooters were constantly through it that this when I moved to set a priority. So if I'm doing some kind of a panning shot and if I need a constant shutter speed off, say 1 25th of a second or on the 30th of a second, then in that scenario, I moved to set a priority. Keep it at that and a steady the lighting condition. Check what I assume I'm I'm able to use on what I also will give me what are but accommodation. So these para meters check beforehand. And then I started the shoot. Now, obviously in sports photography, action photography, any off this locations or if you're trying to do a zoom bust, So even in my life, we can do zoom burst to get very nice effect off static animals. So in these scenarios, I use a constant shutter speed. So they're a guard. Put that value and shoot it. So in this situation, I used short a priority more interesting, all the other scenarios I tend to use the poacher product more now that said yes. Even in such a priority, more you have an option where you put it in auto, your so and then still get a particular shutter speed what they want but playing with diet . So now that is a little hard one sitting and that I'm going to cover it in a separate chapter in the same where life photography tutorial. So that's about TV more or the team or our sorry in Nick on it is called the S Born, so it's always confusing. The various terminology is what we use. So that's how we basically make use off the shutter priority mode to get what kind of image we want. 36. Best Shutter Speed: what is the best set of speed to use for while a photography? Now this is one question which hunts a lot of photographers because there is nothing called us. The plate should to speed. Now what happens is obviously we know shutter speed is the duration of time. They started this open, so short respite either freezes the whole action. Or, in case like you want to have a panning effect or a blur effect than a slow shutter speed does the job for you. Now with this background, how did we arrive at what is the best or what is the rate shutter speed for you? Well, a photographic Now to a river. This answer. There are multiple scenarios, multiple para meters. We are considered now two main things. One issue need to find out if there is any kind of movement happening in the subject or any kind of movement happening in the scene are if things are totally static now, when it comes to nature photography landscape, so there's not much happening in landscape, especially if there is no movement. So for those still images, so any kind of shutter speed will work, so it's more of the depth off really hard to keep in mind. Similar thing. Oppressed your wildlife photography. Now, if you consider this particular scenario where the tiger is just looking at you, it's not running. It's not moving a lot. It is still so in this situation, a very high shutter speed does not make much sense. So especially in why I left you get your subjects during very low light conditions. So you need to play with your S O this issue it you need to evaluate as to what I know shutter speed you need tohave. So if the subject is totally still static, don't worry too much about what shutter speed here, using the very important factor over there is you need to help the solid, stable platform for your equipment. So make sure like your aural equipment is on a paper or a bean bag, which is solid so that even that's low shutter speed. There is not much shake liquidating this, so that is one part off your camera setting. No, the other part with shutter speed is too slow Shutter speed via slow shutter speed for different kind off effects panning effect, or to show emotion blur or even, for that matter, zoom bust were doing so. Any kind of creativity want to put in. So in those situations we use slow shutter speed. Now, given this scenarios off, decision making off slow shutter speed and fast rate of speed When when it comes to the order, creativity. So go ahead and again use a stable platform for that. Let's move on to another example, especially in lower leg situation. One of the common mistakes which a lot of photographers they do. It's just because the light goes down automatically, they try to increase the I s so obviously like with the increase in Esso, your image quality made IP especially like midrange entry level cameras which are not high performing with respect to the I S O. You need to be careful now look at this particular scenario. So we found this leper very, very late evening in Masai Mara. So here the leopard was set just sitting on the bun and giving us the post. Now, this is where your subject behavior knowledge comes in when it comes to combining the shutter speed on the subject knowledge. Now, in this scenario, if you see the leopard is just sitting, looking at us on the overall set up my 800 millimeter or I think I use the 400 millimeter for this. So whatever leads the talents I used, I make sure they keep it on the proper stable report. Of course, there's no trifled over there. So I mounted this whole set up onto the bar off the vehicle and then a shorted. Make sure there is absolutely no movement in the vehicle now. This image, if you see when it comes to the behavioral aspect, as I mentioned, so at some point of time, any off the cats, so be it. The leper for the cheetah or the Tiger Lion any off this cast when they're just relaxing, sitting, not doing any serious activity in those situations. What they do is like they may keep looking here and there, but that shot duration off time like at some point, they just stayed at a particular place. It could be looking at the camera on a vacant away from the camera, so keep looking through the viewfinder, so you need to keep focused. So the way I did a show you so It's just staying focused on the leopard and I could see it moving, so it used to just keep moving. It said I was waiting, waiting, and at that one point off time, it just stared at me in the camera. So we were staring at me in the camera. I was like, looking at it. Click. Okay, just one click now the other mistake people do, especially with respect to slow shooters. But in fact, this shutter speed, if I remember, was very low, probably in the range off one by 25th of a second or something. Of course, the correction to speed is displayed on the image watcher, desperate I use. So if you look at the shutter speed, extremely slow shutter speed. But if you look at the image pretty shop, that is because the common mistake, what people do and keep looking at it, it is still this is the kind of mistake they knew where the spray and the three saying like , If I short 10 15 20 images, at least one image will come shop. That's a lot wrong perspective. Shoot one. So keep looking at it. Emitted. It is looking at you everything comes to a standstill for that one second, then you hold your breath. Take it easy. One shot. That's all it takes. So when it comes to slow shutter speed animal behavior, the last word comes in. And if it is still not doing much, even slow shutter speed on this kind of her stable set up makes sense. So as a photographer, take a call. Look at the behavioral aspect, far short of speed. Associated speed, you can decide. So I said there is no right answer and that really important point here to remember. If there is absolutely no movement in the subject, there is no need toe increase. Di Esso. Keep the eso at a low level. Go ahead and shoot. Here is another example when it comes to shutter speed or deciding as toe watch at a speed you need to use. So one of the common mistakes against people do a lot of bigness is the feel that if you have a high shutter speed of fashion, the speed you will get crisp, sharp image, your image sharpness will improve. That is totally incorrect. That is wrong, So image sharpness is dependent on a lot of other factors, including the quality of the lens, the camera you're using if you're using any kind of filters, which is a big no, as for me than the camera to subject distance also comes into picture keeping this paramedics in mind If you look at this particular image of the street Lincoln Frog meth. So this was photographed on a 500 millimeter with a 1.4 converter and then the oral subject was quite close. This was the minimum focusing distance. So here, if you see all the 33 Lincoln Frog mouth the family so they were actually on, they were not the all three off them. We're not sitting parallel to the frame, but it was a little tilted. Now, at minimum focusing distance with the 1.4 converter. The depth off feel I was getting is very shallow. So the right said word in the left side bird, if you see they were little getting blurred off the left, one was little getting blurred out, depending on where I focused. Now this is where I wanted to increase the depth off. So when they increased the depth of field, so obviously the shutter speed dropped. So I didn't want to increase their. So because given the scenario way of the street Lincoln Frog, most of the state, the lighting is obviously very low. Of course, this is a process d made with proper exposure, color, correction, everything. So it looks nice. But in reality, where they were sitting, it was quite dark. It wasn't shared. 80 up. Now, with the increase in f number, I shorted out on F 11 or probably F 16 again, the right perimeter is displayed on the image. So with this shutter speed, our sorry with this a poacher, and then I s so off. I think I also fifties what I shot to our noise with the combination off these two in the blue light. The shutter speed I got was 2.5 seconds. Yes, 2.5 seconds Is the shutter speed What I got for this particular image? But if you look at the image, it is crisp shop. You can actually count every individual here on the street. Lengthen frogman. Now how did they shoot? The shooting technique comes into picture, obviously a solid tripod. And then they used Gimble head of Wimberley Gimble head. Then on top of that, what I did is I used the middle Lakoff insanity. So middle lock up, especially if you're shooting a T shirt. Dispute off lower than, say, 1/10 of a 2nd 1/15 office again. It is important you enable the middle lockup. So the middle Lakoff us enabled. On top of that, I used a cable, at least because I didn't want toe Press, Distrito release button and proceeding that will introduce shaking the image at such low shutter speed. 2.5 seconds. So that is where I used a cable release. So with the cable, I looked through the viewfinder. Everything is finally in fact, I waited for three us because I wanted to make sure the ice are open off all three off time . And when it comes to the ethical practices, make sure do not disturb the bird. To get the shot literally. I waited for a full three are or three us to make sure all the three eyes are open at some point of time. I was looking through the viewfinder all the time, relieving the shutter release button with the cable waiting and the movement Open click Got the shot. What I want. So if you see even the 2.5 seconds, it is pretty crisp and shop. Now here's another classic example off using high shutter speed. So in this scenario, again, the subject. Behavioral knowledge. Beautiful. I mean, like you're in nature. You get all kind off alarm call. So certainly some kind of a sound and you get distracted to see what is happening. Okay, coming back to this image. So this is basically a black book jumping now, this was photographed again using a very high shutter speed because I wanted to freeze the whole action. Now shooting this image also took a lot off time when it comes to understanding the behavioral aspects. Now shooting this running it's not so easy where you need to understand what the behavioral aspect were descending at what point of time it is going to jump working to focusing points . So a lot of those technical aspects comes in. But freezing action like this request, I should have speed now the other kind of image here again if you see a different having ah , dust. But again, you want a freeze the action. You need to have a high shutter speed. So as a photograph for you, decide when you want to freeze the action to show it. And when you want to blur the overall effect using slow shutter speed, you do it. So if you look at these images, the panning shots, so any off this planning shots off the subject, running is obviously at a slow shutter speed and also this other one off the spotted deer running and running across the road here. Photographic bharatpur. I wanted to show a sense of movement, so I did an intentional blur off it, running using the slow shutter speed. And I didn't move that camera along with the subject. I just came at the road, so while it is running a slow shutter speed, it is blurred out. So that was an intentional blood. I did so. As you can see, you can get really creative about shutter speed. Slow shutter speed has a spoon and one day, just fun. Effect impact. It conveys a story, a sense of motion in the image. On the other side, high shutter speed freezes the action so pretty crisp shop no shake or any off those things comes into picture distraction. So any of those things, though, that is very used high shutter speed. So go ahead to be vigil Estuary majors looking at what is happening and then decide whether and when you want to associate the speed and when you want to use high set the speed. So this is so you need the work calculate array at what is the best or what is the rate shutter speed for you to use given the scenario based on the subject knowledge also so good luck with that. 37. All about Manual Exposure : we have seen how a put a priority works hosted a priority works. Now let us see the situation about how to use manual exposure now, when it comes to the whole concept off manual exposure. So this is very a total understanding about meeting also comes into picture. So we have seen the three different kind off meeting, which is the spot metering evaluating or the matrix metering and then simply waited hours metering. And, of course, the partial metric. Not the three, the four different kind off meeting. Now what happens is when you're in manual more so you will have to decide which me drink. You want to use a row at the exposure triangle perimeters in the manual mode. Now let us take spot metering. So in case of sport metering, the camera takes the reading from a particular spot. The way I use the manual exposure is to look at the scene, try to understand the tonality and then a radioactive manual exposure. Let's look at the very scenario. So here we have the spotted deer, a couple off them, sitting here with some painted stork in the foreground. So a world, if you see the tonality here it is not very bright. It is not very dark. So here, if we have a rabbit, the exposure triangle parameters, let's take one step at a time. Now, currently a Mac on a poacher off F 2.8. So let me go into the every mart. So let's see how to arrive in this or other in the manual mode itself. So I am in the manual mode now, so manual more. If I look at the scene, the kind of a poacher, what I w