Marveled By Mexico, Travel Tribe Culture Series | Kelsey Betzelberger | Skillshare

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Marveled By Mexico, Travel Tribe Culture Series

teacher avatar Kelsey Betzelberger, Opera singer / Teacher / Traveler

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

14 Lessons (34m)
    • 1. Marveled By Mexico

    • 2. Mexico Introduction

    • 3. Fun Facts Mexico

    • 4. History

    • 5. Mexico Geography And The Yucatan Peninsula

    • 6. Mexico City

    • 7. Mexican Food & Celebrations

    • 8. Axolotl

    • 9. Chichen Itza Introduction

    • 10. History of Chichen Itza

    • 11. El Castillo & Key Locations of Chichen Itza

    • 12. Chichen Itza Travel Tribe Conclusion

    • 13. Travel Tips Mexico

    • 14. Mexico Conclusion

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About This Class

Welcome to Travel Tribe's Marveled By Mexico course!

In this dynamic, fast-paced course, we will explore the history, language, food, culture, traditions, celebrations, geography, animals and famous sites of Mexico. The course then dives into the construction, history and fun facts about one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World, Chichen Itza.

Students explore local traditions and fun facts that shape this country into the exciting and dynamic place that it is today. Students discover the major cities, learn how to fit in like a local, and check out what to explore in each region (Mexico City, The Yucatan Peninsula), and how to make the most of Mexico if you're only in town for a few days.

Whether you are planning for a post-Covid vacation, wanting a virtual adventure, or planning your next long-term-digital-nomad destination, this course is for you!

Some of the fun-fact topics we will explore:

  • When did people first arrive in Mexico?

  • What is the dominant religion of Mexico?

  • What were the first societies to emerge within the country?

  • How did the Spanish influence Mexico, and why did so many people die after they arrived?

  • Why is Mexico City sinking?

  • What is an axolotl? Why is it so closely studied by scientists?

  • What is Maguey and why is it such a major export?

  • Why and how is Day of the Dead celebrated?

About The Author

My name is Kelsey Betzelberger, and I have been teaching for over 10 years. I was trained as an opera singer at Northwestern University in Chicago, and visited 45 countries around the world while performing at opera houses in Italy, Germany, England, Argentina, France, Croatia and the Netherlands. I also teach German, French, and music, and I have lived in seven different countries with my husband and our three well-traveled, geriatric cats.

Meet Your Teacher

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Kelsey Betzelberger

Opera singer / Teacher / Traveler


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1. Marveled By Mexico: Welcome to this travel Type History and Culture course, marveled by Mexico. The Travel Tribe culture series, where we will explore Mexico City, Day of the Dead, Chichen Itza and more. I'm Kelsey bottle burger than I've traveled to 45 country as well, singing opera all around the world. In this dynamic, fast-paced course, we will explore the history, culture, food traditions, animals and weirdest and most intriguing things of this spectacular country. Make sure to reference your Travel Tribe culture series travel planner to help you organize your thoughts and the coloring pages for your enjoyment. Discover all this and more in this Travel Tribe History and Culture course. Make sure to bring your travel journal as the saying goes. Traveling makes you speechless and then makes you a storyteller. What we're going to use, I'll place viral way. We're going to have fun, dance and play, or getting on a plane, maybe eating food. Or let's see France, Let's see Spain, Let's see it. Let's see Greece, Morocco, let's say come up be, let's see China, Let's see Russia traveled, trip, let's go. Let's see France, Let's see Spain, Let's see it. Let's see Greece, Colombia. Yeah, let's see, Let's see Russia. Let's go. Let's get started. 2. Mexico Introduction: Officially the United Mexican States. Mexico is a country in the southern part of North America, home to the world's largest Somali. Mexico is known for its mouth watering food culture and it's a little lively festivals. Your travel the world worksheet is available for your reference at all times during the course. A blank sheet is also provided for optional self-study. The Travel Tribe travel planner is used throughout the course as a way to note the food, clothing, major cities and their attractions, and fun facts or pro tips that should be kept in mind when exploring. There are also some coloring pages provided for your enjoyment. Let's get started. 3. Fun Facts Mexico: Mexico is the combination of a rich Native American heritage, 300 years of Spanish rule, and a shared border with the prominent and wealthy United States. Mexicans have a diverse ancestry, which includes spanish, African, indigenous, and German. Around 53 percent of Mexicans they'll identify as Mestizo or mixed race. Mexico is famous for Mayan temples, send out days or sinkholes, mouth-watering food, mariachi bands, and beach destinations like him can. The currency is the Mexican Peso, and they drive on the lit side of the road. Mexican constitution guarantees separation of church and state. However, more than 80 percent of the population is at least sort of affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church. Throughout its history, Mexico has been home to many talented artists. The Maya and other indigenous groups created impressive murals, detailed sculptures, and beautiful jewelry. Modern artists include great painters, photographers, sculptors, muralists. Street art has become a national hit nearly overnight to, due to the influx of tourists looking to decorate their social media accounts, providing an insight to the current affairs and the history behind how Mexico came to be this dynamic country than it is today. 4. History: The Olmec people were Mexico's first civilization emerging around 1200 BCE. They were later followed by the Maya, the toll tech, and the Aztec peoples. When the Europeans arrived in the early 15 hundreds, the land of Mexico was thought to have been inhabited by migrants from Asia, by crossing a former land bridge in the Bering Strait and heading through the Americas, perhaps more than even 10 thousand years ago. A spectacular Maya Ruins in the Yucatan Peninsula, mainly Chichen Itza, show the widespread urbanization dating back at least 2000 years. And by the early 16th century, most people lived in Northern and Central Mexico, ruled by the Aztec Empire. The Aztecs ruled from 13, 45 to 1521. And they are remembered for their elaborate religious lifestyle, complex social organization, elegant literature, and amazing sculptures. The way marriages were arranged was when a man and his cloak to the corner of a woman's blouse, and then she became his wife and could not marry anyone else. The indigenous civilizations of Mexico were thought to have most likely been more medically advanced than their Spanish conquerors. However, the Aztec people were not protected from foreign illnesses and they got sick easily from the diseases that the Spanish brought with them, mainly small box. The Spanish ruled Mexico until 1821 after the Mexican War of Independence. Mexican Independence Day is September 16. And this important holiday is filled with national pride, colorful parades, mariachi bands, and food, food and more good smelling food. 5. Mexico Geography And The Yucatan Peninsula: Mexico is located in one of the Earth-Sun most lively tectonic areas. It is a part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, a region that encircles the land surrounding the Pacific Ocean, known for its frequent seismic activity and active volcanoes. According to the National Center for disease prevention, there are 48 active volcanoes in Mexico right now. An active volcano is a volcano that has erupted in the last 10 thousand years and still has the potential to develop eruptive activity today. While the second largest volcano, poker table, located in Morelos, Puebla, has had more than 15 major eruptions since the Spanish arrived in 1519. The last serious volcanic disaster in Mexico took place in 1982 in Chiapas. After the volcano erupted and killed at least 2000 people in nine different towns and villages. She chosen was previously inactive for 550 years. Mexico is also home to the world's highest volcano, going skull bad day, which is located just 15 minutes away from Puebla. The official national language of Mexico. And the language taught in schools is Spanish, which is spoken by the vast majority of the Mexican population. However, there are more than 50 indigenous languages spoken by more than a 100 thousand people in Mexico, mainly Mayan in the Yucatan Peninsula. The Yucatan Peninsula that separates the Gulf of Mexico from the Caribbean Sea, was a center of the ancient Maya civilization. The region still has a large Maya indigenous population and is known for spectacular, spectacularly old archaeological sites, such as Chichen Itza. Mayan speakers make up the majority of the population, and the Yucatan is rural areas. The Yucatan is known for its sparkling tropical rain forests and jungles, and being the home of the ancient Maya people. 6. Mexico City: Mexico City, the country is dynamic. High altitude. Capital is the political, economic, social, educational, and industrial center of Mexico. Mexico City is densely populated and America's oldest city, as it was founded in 1325, making it nearly 700 years old. Mexico City is the second most populated city in Latin America, and around seventh in the world. With more than 21.4 million people. It comes high on the list after cities like Tokyo, Delhi, Shanghai, Beijing, Mumbai, and Sao Paolo. Mexico City sits at approximately 7200 feet above sea level, about 2000 feet higher than Denver. The capital had an estimated population of around 350 thousand by the early 15 hundreds, which made its population comparable to European cities like Paris or Venice. It was also speculated that Mexico City was a five times the size of London during the reign of Henry the eighth. Mexico City is also an average of 12, 15 inches, or 2.5 to 40 centimeters per year to the precise. This is due to the fact that the city was built on top of the famous floating city of the Aztecs. Because of the alarming rate of extraction of water from the cities aquifers due to the increasing human population and consumption. The Mexico City metro, or subway system, is the second largest transit system in America and the ninth busiest in the world, only topped by the New York City subway. The Mexico City metro has 12 lines, a 195 stations, covers overall 140 miles and is used by 5.5 million people every day. There are also women only cars for safely. Mexico City is known for its deathblow ME, or an Aztec temple from the 13th century. The Baroque annotate the val metropolitan or they may go of the Spanish conquistadors. And the Palacios nasa, which holds historic murals by Diego Rivera. All of these are situated by the Plaza de la constitution, the massive main square in Mexico City. Picture ask locations are the Boesky, the chat pulled effect. The biggest city park in all of America, twice the size of Central Park in New York City. Then there is the Castillo de jumbled up bag, built in 1788. The only royal castle in all of the Americas, which now serves as the Mexican National Museum of History. 7. Mexican Food & Celebrations: Mexico is known for its delicious food culture, like tacos tortillas will read those. These are common Mexican foods drool worthy and craved by people around the globe. But for the vast majority of Mexicans, cuisine varies greatly by region. Corn, beans and squash are the presumed trio of staples. Rice. Another crucial ingredient is also widely consumed, usually served with beads. Mexicans also tend to make liberal use of avocados, hence, the grand popularity of guacamole. Other popular local ingredients are chili peppers, tomatoes, papayas, potatoes, lentils, contains many salt and hot peppers or hot sauce, or common condiments. And corn tortillas are often served with main dishes. Maggie, also known as gaba, is planted in many parts of Central Mexico, originally used in making bouquet and inexpensive alcoholic beverage. The plant has become highly lucrative due to increasing a Gabe's sales around the world. I actually just had some this morning. To Kayla, Mexico's national record is also derived from a god, a plants, including at least 51 percent from Bloomberg. The drink gets its name from the town of Tequila, which is the center of its production. Day of the Dead. Also known as All Saints Day, is celebrated on November 1st. During the day of the dead. People celebrate and honor their deceased loved ones and try to normalize and make peace with the idea of death. Treating it familiarly without fear and dread, led by the goddess, make takeout, see what'll known as The Lady of the dead. The celebration can last an entire month, and it is full of food, partying, and parades. In rural areas, families decorate grave sites with candles, flowers, usually marigolds, and food in an attempt to persuade their loved ones to come back for a family reunion. In the cities, people drink, eat, and party on the street. Somewhat wear wooden skull masks known as color casts. Many families build altars in their home with photos, candles, flowers, and food. Breads, candies, and toys are made into shapes that symbolize death, such as skulls and skeletons. 8. Axolotl: The axle lot, all the axle model is that tiny, endangered aquatic creature, and it is 100% Mexican. It can only be found in Lake Zoe she miracle. This fascinating critter is known worldwide for its weird looks and interesting colors of gold, white, dark gray, blue, ish, or clear, which is also the pink. Some might describe as their blood is clearly visible to the human eye through their clear skin, making them look pink in color. The axon model has an impressive ability to re-grow lost limbs. They do this so successfully that scientists have now incorporated acts a little limb growth patterns into regeneration studies for people who have lost their own lives. In fact, models are probably one of the most scientifically studied salamanders in the world, even more than this one. Named for an Aztec god. The ACS model is critically endangered. According to legend, this water monster was a God who disguised himself as a salamander to avoid sacrifice. The axle model is known as the Mexican walking fish due to its close relation to the salamander. However, the axle model is not actually efficient, all but an amphibian that just chooses to stay underwater. 9. Chichen Itza Introduction: The exceptional ruins of Chichen Itza are evidence of a magnificent ancient city, once the center of the Maya empire and Central America. Located in the Yucatan state of Mexico. Chichen Itza is a town, not just the name of one building, but the main pyramid is L Castiel. And usually the spotlight attraction for visitors. This large Mayan city, famous for a grand pyramid temple built by the Maya civilization, was developed between the sixth and 14th centuries. And 1988, Chichen Itza was deemed a unesco World Heritage site. 10. History of Chichen Itza: The Maya people had been living on the Yucatan Peninsula since around 1500 BCE. Chichen Itza was a center of pilgrimage for the ancient Maya for over 100 years due to its easy access to water. And the 10th century, the city was innervated by foreigners, probably Maya speakers from the toll Tech of central Mexico. Around the year 987. The ruler of the toll people arrived. His name was cuckoo. And the name of the Mesoamerican feathered serpent deity. With his Maya allies, he made teach a needs of the most powerful city in the Yucatan Peninsula. At its peak, this bustling city would have been home to around 35 thousand people. The innovators were responsible for the construction of such major buildings, such as El Castillo or the castle. A pyramid that rises above the main plaza. This step pyramids, temples and arcades of Chichen Itza, or sacred to the Maya at a sophisticated urban center of their empire. From year 7521200. Around the year 1450, the last great Maya capital of Maya been dissolved. When the Spanish arrived shortly thereafter, the Maya were living in many small towns. But documents show that major cities like Chichen Itza were already abandoned by this time. Teacher needs to remain sacred to the Maya, even though the buildings were overgrown with jungle and slowly decaying. Archaeological projects began in 1920. Close to the modern city of Mary, that there are two main send out days or sinkholes on the site which helps to give it its name. She, or mouth. And chin or wells. Pizza comes from the name of the Maya tribe that settled there. Ks and sink holes in limestone formations known as senate. This are found throughout this area of Mexico. Send out those provided water for this religious, military, political, and commercial center. They were considered a sacred part of the Maya civilization and a major attraction for surrounding communities. 11. El Castillo & Key Locations of Chichen Itza: El Castillo is the center of Chichen Itza. And it was built over a pre-existing temple between the years of eight hundred and nine hundred. So there's a tuple underneath it. A temple step pyramid dedicated to the feathered serpent God cuckoo. And because steel is 79 feet or 24 meters tall and has nine platforms and four sides. Each side has a 91 stairs facing a cardinal directions, north, south, east, and west. These, as well as the top step, combined for a total of 365 steps. The number of days in one year. A carving of a serpent at the top of the pyramid is symbolic of one of the major deities of an ancient Mesoamerican pantheon. Maya would often build newer, bigger temple pyramids on top of older ones. So there's actually a temple inside El Castillo. And a red Jaguar thrown started with Jade was found buried underneath both pyramids. As of 2006, visitors are no longer allowed to climb in or on the structures. Although header know if I would want to anyway, they look a little rickety. Other buildings and important sites of Chichen Itza include the house of the dark writing, the red house, the church, the nunnery, and the observatory called the snail. The skull platform was a carving to represent the typical type of wooden rack documented in several Mesoamerican civilizations, which was used for the public display of humans skulls, typically those of war captives or sacrificial victims. The Cult of the central day was a legendary tradition and teacher needs are as a sacrifice to the rain god chalk. Human victims were thrown into the city's major Sonata with gold and Jade ornament thrown in after them. The American who bought the entire site in 1904, Edward Herbert Thompson, discovered skeletons and sacrificial objects in the bottom of the sonata, which confirmed that grew some legend. 12. Chichen Itza Travel Tribe Conclusion: Although no longer a city, the ancient ruins of Chichen Itza attract visitors from around the world to see El Castillo, the popular pyramid, and the many sonatas or sinkholes that drew the Maya people to this location thousands of years ago. Would use swim in these ancient sent out this. What are your thoughts on building a pyramid on top of an existing pyramid? What do you think the significance was of the serpent found in many locations throughout Chichen Itza. Free to take notes and jot down your thoughts in your travel journal. 13. Travel Tips Mexico: Here are some of my top tips when traveling in Mexico. Don't get stressed out because of safety concerns. Mexico has a bad rap from drug cartel violence to missing women on the train. Not to say these things don't exist. But mostly in places the tourists just aren't in a rush to see. Let's be clear though, traveling in most of Mexico is very safe. Remember, roughly 40 million people visit Mexico every year, and violence against tourists is rare. The main crime travelers may encounter is petty theft or pickpocketing. So be aware of your belongings at all times, especially in crowded places. And as usual, make sure to check your government websites. Border crossing. You'll get a slip of paper when you enter Mexico, don't lose it. Most visitors will fill out a little section at the end of the Immigration Forum. It is actually for when you are leaving the country after your trip, the immigration officer will tear it off and stick it in your passport for use at the end of your trip. Without this slip, you may have to pay a fine. Pay in pesos, not US dollars or your home currency. In some places in Mexico, it is sometimes possible to pay in US dollars. However, you'll get a much better exchange rate when pay in pesos. Also, when you get to Mexico, skip the exchange bureaus and take money out of an ATM. Avoid the tap water. It's generally a good idea to avoid tap water in Mexico, which also includes ice cubes in drinks and juice, and also brushing your teeth or opening your mouth in the shower. Bathrooms. When you see an M on the bathroom door that stands for Mohists or women. You're also likely to find a basket next to the toilet, which means that the location is not connected to the public sewage. So don't flush your toilet paper. As with all travel, make sure to learn a few key phrases. Speak slowly when using your native language. Smile and have fun. 14. Mexico Conclusion: Marked by massive pyramids, glorious speeches, and mouth-watering cuisine. Mexico is a country rich with history, lively festivals, and a lot of guacamole. Feel free to write in your travel journal your favorite thing about Mexican culture, what your favorite Mexican food is. Now that you have filled out your travel planner, free to share with the class. You're welcome to also post your coloring pages. Thank you for traveling with the travel triad for future research. Some of my favorite travel books are a year in Provence by Peter male under the Tuscan Sun by Francis maze, wild by cheryl strayed, CouchSurfing in Iran by Stephen North and the cat who went to Paris by Peter gathers. For future traveling adventure is search. Traveled drive in the search bar. The next course in your travel journey is the history and culture of France and an exploration of Germany a day. And I look forward to seeing you at your next Travel Tribe adventure.