Manual Photography Basics | Tay Wilkins | Skillshare

Manual Photography Basics

Tay Wilkins

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6 Lessons (10m)
    • 1. Introduction

      0:36
    • 2. Course Overview

      1:13
    • 3. Understanding ISO

      1:57
    • 4. Understanding Aperture

      3:09
    • 5. Understanding Shutter & Shutter-Speed

      2:24
    • 6. Conclusion

      0:41

About This Class

The focus of this course is to talk about 3 major elements of photography. These 3 elements are 

ISO, aperture, and shutter speed. This very basic and very easy to consume information aimed at people who are coming from either smartphones or simple point and shoot who to take photography more seriously.  

Transcripts

1. Introduction: Hi. My name is, say, and I want to personally thank you for checking out today's course. Now, before we begin, I would like to ask you for personal favor at the end of this course. If you like this course of finding useful, please hit the like button or shared with your friends and family. And if you didn't like the course, please let me know what I could do to make the learning spirits much better for you. Or if you felt like I missed something, leave a comment below and let me know what I miss. Okay, guys, that's it for me. For now. If you having a role yet, please hit them. Roll link. And I see you in the next video. 2. Course Overview: in this course, I want to talk about the three primary elements when it comes to photography that you need to know and understand. These three elements are so aperture and shutter speed. Most modern cameras have automatic settings that make the adjustments for you, which is fine if you are just looking to take pictures casually. But if you really want to step up your photography and take some amazing pictures than it is best to understand what the's core elements are and how they work so that you can take your photography to the next level. So what do you need for this course? Are you need is a camera with manual settings. It can be a DSLR a point and shoot or even a smartphone. This is a very basic course, explaining isil, aperture and shutter speed that is hopefully easy to digest and give you a decent understanding of how these three things work together to create your pictures. The first section of this video is all about so so if you're ready, grab whatever camera you have, put it in manual and I see you in the next video 3. Understanding ISO: Okay, so the first thing we're going to cover his eyes. So the eso is a setting on your camera that determines how sensitive your camera sensor is too light. Different cameras have different eyes, so settings ranging anywhere from 100 isil, which is usually the base all the way up to 2400 or higher. Basically, when you raise the eyes so you were doubling the brightness of the current ISO settings, it's best to try to adjust lighting through the use of your aperture or shutter speed settings first before messing with the eyes. So as you increase the eyes so too bright in the image, the quality of the image would be great at the base or at the lowest. Associating is when your picture will be at its highest quality. And using higher ISO settings will produce what is called noise. This noise comes in the form of graininess or color blotches, a general rules to follow when dealing with I S O saying. Is this on a nice day or in brightly lit areas? Keep the eso at its lowest setting between 102 100 on days where there is an overcast or you are in a moderately let area. Try to keep your eyes so settings between 408 100 and finally, in low light and nighttime situations, adjust your eyes so settings from 800 to whatever the max eyes always for your camera. Again, this is just a general rule. Your experience may vary depending on the type of camera and the type of Linda's. You have so to give you a better understanding of how I eso works, here's a picture that I taken of the Philadelphia Art Museum and night time just so you can see how bad the picture degrees. So this should give you a decent idea of how the I s o affects your image quality. Okay, so that's it for this section of the video. In the next section, we're going to be covering the aperture and how the aperture settings affect your images. 4. Understanding Aperture: So what is the aperture? The aperture is an opening within the lens that allows light to travel through it. Larger apertures allow larger amounts of light to pass through. Meanwhile, smaller apertures only allow small amounts of lights of pass through. Dealing with aperture settings can be quite confusing at first. At first glance, you would think seeing larger numbers would me setting a larger aperture. But it's actually quite the opposite. Let's say your camera has an aperture range of F 1.42 F 33 when your aperture set to F 1.4 . This indicates that your lens is completely open and that you are letting in the most amount of light, leaving you with nice, bright pictures. At F 33 the lens is almost completely closed, with the hole in the lens being closer to the size of a pencil point at F 33 you're letting in the least amount of light in the end Result is that you're left with darker looking pictures. In this example. Here, you can see that the image is taking a different aperture, starting from the largest aperture to the smallest eh picture, and you can see the difference in the brightness. The aperture also has another purpose in this purpose is to control the depth of field with larger apertures. You will be left with a thin or shallow depth of field, meaning that when you take a picture, anything in the foreground will be sharp and in focus, while things in the background begin to blur and become out of focus. This is good when you have something in the picture that you want people to put their focus on like a portrait shot. Now, if you're going for something like a landscape or cityscape shot, it would be better to go with a smaller aperture as you will get a deeper depth of field, meaning, the whole image will be clear and sharp from front to back, with nothing being out of focus. In this example, I took a picture of my body, and on the left side I used a larger aperture. As you can see with him being in the foreground, he isn't focused. Meanwhile, the trees in the back are blurred out and out of focus. Now, on the right side, I used a much smaller aperture and as you can see with this image, both him and the trees in the background are both and focus between adjusting the aperture , the eso in the shutter speeds. It could be a bit overwhelming for new photographers. Luckily, most camera manufacturers have added priority settings that make it a little bit easier to handle the camera. In case of aperture settings, you will see an A or an a V symbol, signifying that you were an aperture priority mode. What this means is that your shutter speed will be automatically adjusted based on the aperture that your choose, which basically means that that's one less thing You have to adjust when prepping for shot , and that about covers it for the aperture. In the next section, we're gonna be covering what the shutter is and how the shutter speeds affect your images. 5. Understanding Shutter & Shutter-Speed: So in this section of the course, we're going to be covering what a shutter is and how shutter speeds affect your pictures, beginning with the shutter, the shutter is a mechanism that stops light from hitting the camera sensor. When you use the shutter button, the shutter opens and allows the camera to collect light. Once the camera sensor is done collecting light, the shutter immediately closes. The amount of time the camera sensor is allowed to take in light is dictated by the shutter speed settings. Depending on the camera you have, your center speeds can range from a speedy 1 32,000 of a second to a much longer exposure time of 30 seconds. Generally, when you take pictures of slow or still moving objects, you can stay within the ranges between 1 1/100 of a second 21 2nd and do fairly well without having to worry about camera chic or motion blur. If you are looking to take those fast moving still motion shots, then you will have to crank up to faster shutter speeds. A good starting point will be 1 1/1000 of a second, and if it's not quite right, you can adjust accordingly. Your shutters be settings can have a huge impact on how bright or how Dr Pictures turnout. With a faster shutter speed, you won't notice your pictures appear darker. While pictures using slower shutter speeds will appear brighter in low light or nighttime situations. You will probably want to use a slower shutter speed to allow the camera center to take in more light when using slower shutter speeds. More often than not, you will have to stabilize the camera by either putting it down on a flat surface or by using a tripod. Moving the camera under these circumstances can often lead to a messy looking picture. Aside from low light situations, the slower shutter speed can be used to create some pretty cool effects with your pictures . One of my favorite effects is light painting. The most common use of this is at night time. While using a slower shutter speed on moving cars, I usually set my shutter speed to a 12th exposure. When I do this, as you can see in this image, this is exactly what I did, and you can see that I got a nice looking picture, and that about covers it for shutter speed. 6. Conclusion: and that concludes this course. Hopefully, you found this course useful. If he did find a useful please leave positive feedback and share with your friends if you didn't let us know what we can do better. Thank you for taking the time to watch this course and have a good one.