Manual Mode: The basics to a great photo | Erika Marbry | Skillshare

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Manual Mode: The basics to a great photo

teacher avatar Erika Marbry, Phototaker of lovely families ✨

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

9 Lessons (21m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. You have the control

    • 3. The exposure triangle

    • 4. Aperture

    • 5. Shutterspeed

    • 6. ISO

    • 7. Cool tips

    • 8. Composition

    • 9. Your photography journey

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About This Class

Have you always seeing beautiful pictures & wonder where to start? 

Together we will learn why manual mode is the first step to achieve a great photo, and how much freedom it gives you at the moment of creating. We will also learn how to function the basics of manual mode: aperture, shutter speed & ISO. All you need for this class is a desire to learn about photography and a camera with manual mode. 

After taking this class you will be able to achieve a correctly expose picture, and you will be equipped to discover the style you want to achieve through your photography.  

Meet Your Teacher

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Erika Marbry

Phototaker of lovely families ✨


peruvian based out of Louisiana?storyteller?believer?communicator

being a phototaker of families for 5 years, has taught me so much about photography and challenges in life. i hope i can share through skillshare, the things i have learned to provide support and encouragement to other entrepreneurs.

follow me on Instagram


and two personal projects hashtags:

? #littlepeoplebigcasas

? #twofriendsattached

See full profile

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1. Introduction: Hi. My name is Erica. I'm about a taker of lovely family. Welcome to discuss. Together, we're gonna learn how to shoot in my loathe basic settings and to achieve that great photos that you've been wanting to do. There's no reason to fear my new in this class. You will learn how it gives us the freedom to create a number of things that you want and not how the camera that takes you through other Moz throughout the things at the end of this kind of people will be able to achieve a great photo with great than me. And you will be fully equipped in order to start your recover journey and discover your city and cost. 2. You have the control: to begin this class. I want you guys to understand how important it is to let go toe automatic settings because it doesn't give you the freedom. And it doesn't allow you to create that. The doctor who you're looking for, Chief. Yes, I can understand the baby at the beginning. You're trying to one how to compose a photo and maybe automatic moan will help you to focus on composing a picture. And I'm having to focus about the technique park. But to be honest, we really need to be exercise into my arm muscle. Exercising this muscle will give us so much freedom. Should any money unload. It's like telling the camera. Listen, I'm gonna choose the amount of light that I want. I'm gonna choose the death feel that I want, and I'm gonna choose everything else that I need in order to achieve the picture that I want and not necessarily what the camera dictates. But what I want you guys to understand if it shouldn't Mantell keeps you with the opportunity to make choices. It's all about choices. I challenge you at the end of this class to take two photos have to say subject one on automatic setting and the other one in manual, and you'll see the difference of the freedom that you achieved with. 3. The exposure triangle: Whenever I first started shooting, it was really hard for me to grabs. How to make the camera work. Some people are more gifted in that barred and there are more tiki and their Inter interested in all that aspect. But for me was super hard. So I'm going to try to explain it in a really more in the more practical and easier white so that it will help you on your journey of So how we capture with that camera. So here we have our camera and here we have our lands. Basically, what happens is that the lenses what it's gonna allow us to see and define what we want to see. And the camera itself is gonna be there recorder of everything that we see. But indeed, But what happens if the camera is not under the right conditions of flight? Then basically, you want capture enough detail. This is when we have to talk about the triangle exposure, which is the optimal combination off aperture, shutter speed and isis, in order to provide your camera with enough light to capture what your lenses. So what happens if you allow less light and you're supposed then you're giving your camera less information and less detail, and it will turn out in a picture that is too dark. This is what we call an under exposed picture. The opposite happens if he allowed too much light. You won't be able to give your care, MMA enough information about. Ditto because it is too bright. This is what we call an over exposed picture. And this will be a correctly exposed picture. A little hacking money off the doctor feet is the light meter. If you look settle the little hole in your camera or also called a viewfinder, then you're gonna be able to find online. That looks just like this. The purpose is to hit number zero. You may ask, How do we get there? Well, basically, switch in the settings of the triangle of exposure in order to have a correctly supposed picture. But honestly, I would recommend using this justice a reference because sometimes the camera will tell you that it is correctly exposed. But maybe for your style of photography is too dark or maybe a stoop, right? So it really depends on your on the decision. Do you want to make so just remember that the camera is a tool and it doesn't determine what you are seeing necessarily. So just made the choices based on what you're looking to achieve, not only understood the basics to a correctly exposed picture, let's dive deeper into each one of the settings of the triangle of experts. 4. Aperture: Ah, Bircher has to be the most confusing of all the settings in photography. So I'm gonna make an effort to explain all of, you know, very practical, because for me, it was so hard to understand the correlation. So let's help. This helps. If we compare the lens and store eyes, it will be so much easier to understand upper our camera lenses have inside a set of blades , just like in this photo. They work together to control the amount of light that were provided to the camera. It would close the blades very close to each other. It will be just like squinting. So we're allow, unless a month of life. This is what we call a smaller aperture, but a large number which means less light. The opposite happens when the blades open all the way up, allowing more light. It will be just like having our eyes wide open, able to see everything. This is where we go in large a Bircher, which means a small number. UNEP stuff 2.8, which will result in more like here are all the values of the aperture going from the smaller one, which means more light to the bigger value, which means less like now I challenge you to find the upper tree in your camp. It will probably be in one of the parts were used girl in your camera. But I encourage you to look it up in your manual because every model of the camera is different once you have found the approach in your camera should three pictures of the same subject one was a virtue of two point A, the 2nd 1 within a merger of eight and the 3rd 1 within a Bircher of 60. Don't worry if your picture does not look directly expose because we're only switching around one of the values of the triangle of exposure. This is only to help you understand how the amount of light changes whenever you change the up urge. 5. Shutterspeed: He's a doctor, he speak takes a very important part. When we talk about shatter Spain, we could probably related to blinking. Depending on how long it takes you to blink, you will allow in a certain amount of life. If you blink too fast, you're not giving the camera enough time to receive light. You re building slow. Then the camera will have more time to receive flight. If we compared to blinking if the camera were to blink too fast, then you're not giving them enough time to receive life is that if the camera bling slow, then the camera will have more time to receive light. So if you have ah, high shutter speed, that's a 200. You're shooting in a fast speed and allowing less light into the camera. If you shoot in a lower shutter speed, let's say 30. Then you're shooting in a slow speed and allowing more like so here we have a fuss, shutter speed picture and a slow shutter speed picture. How does the shutters bead work together with the aperture? Photography is all about my sharing light and understanding the light of the situation. You're in the aperture and the shutter speed have to compensate each other. First, you need to find a word to modify the shutter speed, usually in a desirable camera. It would probably be in the opposite scroll of the camp, but I recommend you to find it in your manuals so that you can know where to find it in the model of the camera that you have. So here we have an example of how they compensate each other. I'm in this living room, and there's really not enough natural light for my picture. So I choose to shoot in an aperture of 2.8, said I I cannot a big amount of light into my camp. But since I'm already allowing a big amount of light into my camera, I don't need to allow even more light into the camera. We need to compensate with a fast shutter speed. Let's say 200. I chose his number because I need to have a bounce. I don't want my picture to be overexposed, so if I would put a slow speed, then it would probably be to break, so the picture will probably look something like this. An aperture of 2.8, and a speed of the hunt to make more sense leads to this challenge. Take a picture of the place where you're at right now and ask yourself, Do I need the care meant to capture more light or less like If you have to capture more light because it's a darker room, then you probably need to have a bigger purchase so that you will allow a big amount of light into your cuma. And since you're already doing that, you need to compensate with a fast shutter speed. If you're in a brighter space, then you need to have a small aperture because you need that much amount of light into the camera, so you will need a slow shutter, Speed said. I will compensate your small aperture, and they will prevent your picture of being too dark. I challenge you to put this into practice. It will help Anderson how these two setting to work together so that we can move on into the next. I'm going to leave you this cheat sheet right here. You composite and you can look at the volleys, said I. You can think through what kind of picture you wanted to 6. ISO: the final part of our exposure triangle. It's gold, s O. I mean, I so gold is is so hard because in Spanish is eso and English is so, so forget the isis function is basically to compensate the ambient light. Yes, just like that, Just like the two other settings. The I so acts is the light regulator especially, and the situations were worthy and be in line. It's not very good. So if we are in a very dark room Ah, hi Isa of 800 will compensate the low Ambien like. And if we're outdoors around noon, there's already a lot of Indian light. So we really need to compensate that high ambient light and leave the I so at 100 so that we will not over exposed picture. How does the isil work together with a shutter speed and the effort? The way I look at it is basically that the I so is base that we used to work, and then the shutter speed and the approach er are tools that we're going to use to build on that base. So, for example, let's say we're in a really bright location. There's a lot of sun, so I probably said on my eyes, So, like at 100. But then within dislocation, I would probably gonna look for some shade from some spots where I can get a little more balanced light, and I probably will need to compensate that with either a perch er or the shutter speed. Maybe you will ask, Where do I change my ice up in ideas? Aerial camera. It will most likely be in one of the buttons right next to the screen. But once again, I recommend you to look into your manual because every camera mode model is different. The main more sense. Let's do this challenge Nothing you have explore how the aperture and the shutter speed work together. It's time to add the isis. Let's do the same exercise and take a picture just at the place where you work and ask yourself, Do I need to? Companies say the ambient light. Then you will said your eyes. So according to your answer, if the answer is yes, then you need to put a high number no more than 1000. If the answer is now, then you need to keep your eyes so between 102 100. The second question you need to ask yourself, It's within the frame that you want to capture. Do I need a great amount of light? The answer did. This will help you set up your approach. Er and your shutter speed in the way that we learn in left. Do this a couple of times to get used to searching all three settings before taking a picture. And here's another cheat sheet just breast boss, and you will. We have all the values of a Bircher of the Speed and the Isis. Just remember that are perched goes for more light to less life. The speed goes from more light and slow, too fast and less like. And, I said, goes from high and being like to low Indian like 7. Cool tips: now remember, we're covering all the bases that you can know how to shoot in manual mode. There is so much more that we could say about photography, but this is the first stuff for you to get started. Now I will chair a few tips about each setting. Our cultivate number one. It's a perch, er and left the field. Whenever we're thinking about setting up our future, we need to think what kind of have to feel. We wanted her picture. So let's say you want the background of your image in the whole detail. This means you will need a small aperture, probably enough stop of 11 16 22. And if you want the backroom blurry, then you want a shallow depth of field, which means a bigger aperture. Let's say 2.845 point six. It all depends on the conditions applied that you are in our cultivo. Number two is about shutter speed, and focal in the human polls can be super tricky. You can think that you can have a hand held camera and not shake too much, but in all honesty, it can always happen. I consider myself to have a really good bolts and to have a lot of precision with my hands . And I still have sometimes where pictures got blurry. So I recommended lowest shutter speed that you use has to be the same as your focal. Focal length is basically how much your camera sees and that is determined by the lens if you have So, for example, if I have a 50 millimeter lens than the lowest shutter, speed should be 50 to have a crisp picture, which means to have a really focused picture, you need to always have speak, because if not, it will come up alert. Our cook tip number three is about the I. So I so is always related to the grain in the pictures, I said can be very helpful, but it effects on the way your picture looks. This could be good or bad. It'll depend some the stolid You want 1/2? It'll depend. So the final product did you want tohave? Grain can be noticeable in the darker bards of pictures, but this only happens if you're I so is super high, like 800 or 1000 or over 1000 and all depends on they can really do have also. But if you want a cleaner look, you always have to try to keep the ice it to the lowest number you can. So let's do another challenge. Just a style of a picture that you want to achieve. Maybe you want a shallow depth of field, a crisp and clean picture. Well, maybe you one great depth of field, crisp and grainy and all depends on what you want. And this will just help you practice and discover what kind of style do you want to achieve . And this is one manual. Photography is so amazing and exciting because this is the moment where you can make the choice. What kind of style of photography you want to shoot. This is something you could not achieve with an automatic setting, so have fun. 8. Composition: before we end this glass, it is important to talk a little bit about composition. There's so much that could be said about how to compose the picture. But what really matters? Did you choose this style that you want to achieve? That's really the basics for So here are a few tips you have to look at every angle. Make sure that you have looked at your subject from every angle from every perspective. Just look, look, look, look, look, I cannot stress this enough because you may be missing a very interesting picks. Lines lines have the power to lead. You can use the lines that you see an architecture that you can see in nature, and it will lead you to the studio. The main subject of your picture on Lee should on landscape or vertical. Please do not make any weird angles with your camera because the beauty of photography is making a picture simple. But that says a lot. If you're distracted the picture with the way you're moving the angle of your camera, then people are totally gonna lose what you're trying to communicate, get close. I know it's gonna intimidating, and maybe the beginning, it will be a little awkward, but the closer you get, the more interesting your picture will be. But it gives you more intimacy between your camera and this subject. The you're taking pictures off. Check your background always, because sometimes they're movie some elements that are distracting from your main subject. Contrast makes magic for real. See, we have a really, really bright collar contrasting with a very dark color than your subject is gonna pop in that picture. And it's gonna be a beautiful composition Tried issued off center to follow the rule of thirds. There is his rule that talks about the grid that you see in your camera at the moment where you're shooting. And if you place your subject in one of the intersection points of that grit, which means off center, you can make a very interesting picture. This air. Basically my tips for a composition. It all depends on what you wanted. Here are some examples. Speaking of contrast and color and getting close to your subject here, speaking about lines and how they lead you to a subject, this is this isn't relation to getting close to a subject. I remember taking this photo. This is of my husband whenever we were still engaged and, um he the bart that day and he was feeling really sad because we were going to be away from each other again for over six months. So yeah, you can this a picture of you Don't get too close. This is in relation. To check the back room, make sure that you're not having anything destructing from From make sure you're not having anything destructive from your main sub. Also, this doesn't mean that your Bagram has to be completely clean. It also the pencil would you want to achieve? Make sure your overture is big so you can have a shallow depth of field and you can focus more on your main subject. Here you can see color how the blue of the ocean and the sky makes my main subject pop. Yours is speaking about off center. This will be a completely different picture. If I would have taken if I would have put this up right in the middle 9. Your photography journey: this is it, guys, if you can control aperture shutter speed and I So then you're on your way to control the line that goes into your camera and to learn how to communicate with in the beginning. It won't be so much about composition because you need to learn how to move all of this sentence fussed enough in order to not make a good photograph. It can be frustrating at first, but just like any other thing, any other learning experience, it just requires practice. All right, here we go. Let's suck of all the class project. I encourage you to take a correctly exposed picture. First, choose your subject and then ask yourself right where you want to place your subject. Do you need to compensate? Light said I will help you set up the isis. Then what kind of light do you want to achieve what kind of picture they want to chip. And this will help you set up the aperture and shutter speed. Then think about the angle where you want to shoot your picture from. Think about. How do you want to compose this father? And it will help you create a very interesting image and not just any picture should the picture and share with us. I'm excited to see all of your pictures and cheery on your new journey in photography, and here's my last to cheat. If you have any further questions, you are welcome to follow me on Instagram to email me to ride on the discussion board. Whatever question do you have a more than happy to enter it And I hope we keep in touch, and I hope that I can see all of your pictures and all of your projects. That way we can just cheer each other on.