Manga Techniques #1: How to use Screen Tone | Yazuki Wolf | Skillshare

Manga Techniques #1: How to use Screen Tone

Yazuki Wolf

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7 Lessons (27m)
    • 1. Introduction to ScreenTone

      3:59
    • 2. Cutout and Apply

      3:16
    • 3. Trimming your Tone

      3:26
    • 4. Binding to Paper

      1:03
    • 5. Scratch Technique

      3:21
    • 6. More Scratch Techniques

      5:52
    • 7. Gradient Background Final Review

      6:29

About This Class

Manga published in Japan doesn't use any gray shades. Instead, they use Screen Tone to create the illusion of gray.
In this class I'll go over the basics of using screen tone to help get your manga page up to that next level.

Although I stress professional standards in this lesson, it is open for all skill levels. 

Transcripts

1. Introduction to ScreenTone: So is everyone. Know what screen tone is Scream tone is this. We're It's a clear sheet that you purchase, and it's clear with black was just with only black thoughts. Usually, usually it starts, but there could be other things as well. I believe I've mentioned it before, but you're not allowed to color things gray in manga, at least not when you're not for something that you're going to be bringing Teoh magazine in Japan, the only the only print black and white. So the way that you get gray is you take why the screen tones, which just has tons of little black dots which are which are put so close to each other. That gives you the optical illusion of being gray or different shades of gray. And and so far so like four exempt. So C B as you kind of way of purchasing you kind of Look here it has, um, like it says 50 l 10%. I'm not completely, I forgot. I can't forgot exactly what all this meant, but you could kind of look at the numbers here, and it will tell you like how close together the dots are or how far apart they are just sort of way that I used to I find like, Oh, I really like the consistency of this particular screen. Tony gives me the kind of shade that I like, So I would always make sure to buy the wide 10 53. And then I think that I think would have, like a lighter one, like like the CB 3 10 For more information on that, I I suppose you could. You could probably look online pregnant maximums website or something. I'm sure we'll have more information, but I don't know too much of that. Just so you know, there is these different great IG. A tions of how how far the dots are separated from each other are healthy, They are t give different tones, and then you have other kind of like more no noisier house green tones like this one. I'm not sure how well this shows up on the camera, but this is not as so. The last wish will use a very it's very what's the word? All the dots are very specifically placed, so it has a very so it gives it that very much gray effect to it while this one the dots are more sporadically placed and they don't always dogs. They had, like, a little squiggly lines and things. So this gives you like a noisy effect. So you guys like a different texture to it. And so you you go to this place, go the shop and you buy as much as you think you might use. There's also Mawr, like specific things like this is, ah, radiation. So these are small radiations that you might use backgrounds just kind of given effective, like some kind of like shading in the background. Then you have, like, larger deviations. So this I've already used most of this up, but you could kind of see, hear how it has this radiation going from here to here, where it it fades away to nothing. So it's like you can use these as well. Just get kind of radiations. Um, another thing you could do the radiation yourself, and I might go into that later where you can cut away at a regular tone to make your own radiations, and that may be useful to have, but you can also, just by the great radiations outright, like this. If you go, the story may also see were like You have, like, complete backgrounds that are basically made of tones. I kind of don't recommend those. I had a friend who was in school. He used that a couple times and he actually end up turning off of it because it was this too stark of a difference between, like, his his drawing than having this almost like photo realistic background. It was like it just looked look kind of weird. So I don't know if I would just recommend those with my honestly know that they do have ALS available as well. I Usually when I went to the store, I would just get a couple different shades. A couple different, a couple different like matte shades of kind, like a really dark gray and like a mid grey and like a light rain. Like I showed you earlier, you find the lighter 2. Cutout and Apply: getting to the thick of things. So you see, here he has his clothes is one is one color. And then for his, for the shading in hiss in his face and for the shading in the metals. I used the lighter, lighter tone. And, um, this whole background is empty. So really probably should have put Mawr tone into the background is very kind of white and sparse, but I think I was going from kind of like a sheet report, like a black and white type of feel for this Mongol. So I wasn't too concerned with that. But what we're gonna do now is we're gonna go back and see if there's anything that we kind of add to this to kind of give it that, um, to kind of show you how to add tone to two among up. So let's see here. I don't think I missed the cover too much right now. I think I would take to a too big of a project to kind of make that work out. So for now, let's go the first page you see here that we have a nice little background here, which I was kind of working out having big, better duties to kind of just give a cop strong contrast between the the darks and lights. So I wasn't so like I said, wasn't trying to get too much of the mid tones. I was going for a very black and white strong blacks and strong white type of field. But, um, yeah, there are some things that are a little sparse like this, this character here, like, uh, he you can see like it always clothing, as is just white and his face is whites like I have. It looks like he's, uh, you say, like a ghost or something, and that's probably not the effect we're looking for. So let's see if we can add a tone to one of his life. His clothing elements See here. I think we'll go for the lighter tone. I don't think I want to make it too dark for him, but let's say we want to give some uh, made. His vest is a different color. There's enough texture of this, I thought. Let's make the outside of his best different shade. So what you do is you take your tone that you bought. It's your place it over him and just try to come out of area that will cover the whole space that you want to fill. So I won't feel this whole space. So I'm going to see if maybe, yeah, I think I should be able to use this. I tried. I tried to reuse as many parts is as possible because tone can be a little expensive if you buy a lot. So here we go. I'm gonna take this part out. Every yeah, harassment with that on top of him covering up the whole area that we want to have that color, that shade. I guess it's tone because I should say, for missing little bottom. It's gonna fix that. You you're like, get this lineup right. Here we go. That should do it right Every day. There you go. Okay, of course you have not done yet. So you just make sure that you kind of place it down lightly. Don't press too hard and all the next step is to cut away the parts that you didn't want 3. Trimming your Tone: So you see, if I could put this Let's get over here never going here and you're gonna take There's nothing really special about this. I mean, some people that use, like, really you buy maybe by, like, really specific Exacto knives. And you know, if if you want, I think it could be a good investment. Like I said, I didn't use tone that often. So for me, just like ah, 100 yen or $1 Exactly. Life from the store was more than you could get actual, like artistic ones where you have, like, the thing that you screw on on top and like the one specific which called Razor Blade and things like there's a lot of different, like, better quality things you can use. But for me, I never really found that I needed much more than this. So there is just a simple go The dollar store, 100 shop Get that. So go here. And we're just gonna cut out the parts that we don't want so around here and the key is moving, you don't push down so hard that you're gonna cut paper, obviously just could put just enough so you could feel the the, um the plastic, the film of the screen tone cutting. But you don't cut much deeper than that. And the key sec here, however, are making a turn. Um, it's easier is to have trying to move your hand around to just move the paper and keep your hands still. And then you could cut across there and go, Vic this way. Go back down this way. And you could see how obviously how moving paper around. And not so much the not so much my hand. I'm gonna go around the belt part of it, too. I might decide to cut that out later, but versus to see how it would look if we have the belt different shade as well. - They're probably better tools. You can use a supposed to you poking it with your exacto knife. You could get, like, a specific, like little, um, plastic piece, actually. Get second, take a break and see if it actually might find some If I have any of those places pieces. But, uh, I never really used it because I just, you know, it goes back to my kind of, like, half has your philosophy where if I could do it with one tool, I'm just going to with one tool. I don't like having tons of things to worry about. And so this is a pretty, um, pretty useless. But if it wasn't more sizable piece, I was usually just stick it back on here so that I could use it at a different part of the of the manga. And it's just going to stick it here and maybe you'll find something accused for this took . I have save save money by reusing parts for as opposed to. 4. Binding to Paper: okay, I was gonna try to show you like a plastic pallet knife. It's that, um that people often used to kind of push it down, but it just to finalize that pushed down onto the paper. But it looks like I no longer have the one that they gave me, because I guess it before I found that if I could live without something, I generally just didn't use it. So So you if you want to go, if you go to the store and ask them, I'm sure you could find it's sort of like palette, lifelike plastic thing that you kind of push across toe, push it down. But I always found that it was it was pretty easy just to kind of put a piece of paper over it and then just can't push down. You can even have rubbed with this or something. And that usually did the trick for me to kind of just get it pasted on there. So now that shouldn't come off anywhere 5. Scratch Technique: All right, so that's the basics. We got him in there, and I was, as you could see, the know how, actually don't know how you can see, but some of our tone went onto these little, like, brings that air in his and his belt, so you could go in afterwards, and you could you could scratch those out. Um, there's maybe a little tough to describe. I think pride go into more later. But just for now. So you can see, um, you take the, uh, the side of your of your of your razor blade and just scrape across the tone and you could actually, uh, get rid of the dots. Basically, you're basically shaving them off. This allows you kind of like erase areas that you don't want. And everything you do is you could do it for, like, for highlighting, Um, like, let's say I want to have like, ah, highlight his belt. Maybe the top purpose built. I want to have, like, highlighted white. So you go across here, shave into that kind of like, oh, white line there, and this is actually how you do a lot of different effects with tone. Um which I may I think I'm actually kind Cut this off to different make that a different video. But just so you know what's coming up, Stuff like this, You know these clouds. This isn't This is you can actually buy tone that actually already has a child on it. But this is not that this was basic tone, just like what we put there. And then you take the you take your razor cutter and you just kind of shave into it like a final place for good. Maybe over here, you go on here and cut away, and I'll do it separately on that. I think that's a kind of video of itself. How do these these type of tones? Total effects. But see, here we could You also cut into it here and making radiation where you have cross hatching on a screen tone and you're doing it with a razor blade cutting into it. So you're the opposite of is to have making dark marks. You're making light. You're making light marks by cutting away the darkness. Basically, here you have this kind of like, um, appreciating here. This is the same thing where this kind of Cross has down here and then cross. That's back the other way. I don't know how well you can see this, but every do some kind scratching into it, Rio. 6. More Scratch Techniques: Let's go ahead and take a look in here and see what else we can do. So he added his his, uh, tone. I think we probably want you definitely want to add. It here is well, and they don't Here. You could see it. We have this kind of spark white background. So you know what we're gonna do? The last thing I showed you with a great vacation. We're gonna do that. Now, we're gonna do that with this background here. So let's see what tone will be good for this We could use There's a little too dark for this scene. I think I feel like the kind grittiness of this might be kind of good, but I'm going to stick with the I'm gonna stick at the same time we used up here. Just put it for the background here. All right, So go ahead, and we're gonna make a radiation for his background there. But first was a couple points about, um, shaving these that I want to go over you with and so you can see it on the camera. May use this darker shade here, so just could take a little bit of this off and we're gonna put it over here on this paper here. I see Critz. No, this is me showing you what you need to avoid, since if you zoom in a little bit on this, okay? So not sure how visible is gonna be. Yeah. You see that? Red, I think. OK, so if you look very closely the lines kind of and the dots line up, um, and sort of straight angles. And so this is, um when you when you purchase it, when you purchase your screen, your screen tone, all the dots will be kind of lined up directly. Horizontal, directly vertical and horizontal, vertical and vertical end on also diagonally. So what that means that translates to me is that when you are cutting into the dots, you want to avoid these angles. You don't want to cut directly, vertically, directly horizontally or in a direct 45 degree angle. You want to actually cut into the so basically what that means when you do a stroke cutting into the into the tone kind of this waste find coming into here's fine kind. Here's into any of these pies inside of here. All that area is fine, but you want to avoid the red area, so cutting in these angles will create art effects of because you're cutting. All actually along the way that the dots are are are lined up and so create artifacts where it doesn't look quite as clean as it would if you avoid those. So, Joe, when you're making these patterns you don't want, you don't want to cut straight 45 degree angles. You want to cut in between. So really, in between these reds, you felt like in these lines, and it's not sure how well it's sticking up on camera once again. But you may be able tell it, these lines are a lot, um, smoother and, uh, cleaner than the these direct lines. So that's just, uh, your general advice when you're making when you're making these kind of patterns. Another thing I want to bring up is that you don't just have to use a razor blade. And another thing that is used especially for like clouds, effects and things to some extent, is your ink stand Sandra Racer. So there's, I think, showed this before to be able to erase some smudge marks with your ink. It's also very useful for for, um, erasing the dots from your tone. So let's see if we could kind of make some marks here, see how? OK, it kind of cuts into it, Uh, Sands into that use that to make You could have a matter how you could use that to make some some sort of effect. I'm just kind of wing it right now. Just kind of show you what you can do is not actually trying to make anything right now, but I'm sure you can imagine how that could turn into a cloud. Um, you know, it's very simply just get your kind of, like, misty, cloud like effects with with the sand eraser than you go in afterwards. And you, um, final you, you know, finalize right work. But you, uh, can kind of make those a specific details to get the outline of clouds here. Clouds. So, yes, we can see the idea what time it meant there, but that was my thea scrap piece that we're gonna throw that out right now. Getting back to the real thing 7. Gradient Background Final Review: so once again, we're going to cut out the area that we want. Thank you. Say, from this side. Actually, there are inimical maybe halfway down. So I'm not gonna make the whole square without halfway down cut up here. And I think, take this side on the bottom Said I have room to work with. All right, now we're going to make a radiation, so it's not enough where? Five degree angle, but a little bit more than a little bit outside of 45 drinkable. We're just going to make some cuts along here. I'm actually gonna cut into it, so I'm gonna turn upside down. And actually, it's made collection of it smoother if we get a new blade first. So let's go for that. Be careful when you replace these that you don't breaking into your eye or anything. If this were a long while, all right. So now we got a new fresh laid. So should cut right into like butter. Let's give a shot. I think everyone can be out there away. How do you like doing this? This is a Booker School. But boundaries, I'm sticking with the same direction for right now. making three different layers to like a very soft layer that goes way, way up to here and then, like, kind medium there that went to about right here. Then I have, like, a more, um strong, strongly scrape scratch layer this right at the edge and hope that the agile via will turn into white Right now, we're gonna go the other the other direction. That's why I use this year to have a little extra room this upstart, can't you say? Uh, this this up here is still still tone. So that gives me this kind of like, entry point, right and duty to do the Teoh, do the scratching, keep going to say, visitor, that's what you call in Japanese. Better work for the scratching in English and the reason why I'm I haven't cut the guy all in the middle yet because I'm scared. If I if I have cut him out, it would be well, I'm cutting away. I might like, break off parts of the tone or lifted up or something, so it just makes it a little easier to do the cutting first. So I think that you have to kind of careful not to put too much pressure on the areas that you want cut off later. Because if you if you put a lot of pressure down those areas, you might get stuck to the stuck to the, um, paper, which would result urine coming off. But those those things can't learn as you as you as you do it more often. You can get a hang, get a feel for how the different elements interact with each other. You can develop your own way of working. Hello. It seems that seems to be okay. I don't know. I feel like the end is a little too too scratchy the upper part, something it won't get Maybe like another layer down going maybe more of this direction, probably more or less, does it. So you see how it kind of goes from this shading down to a white air of white area here and now the next part is to cut out the parts we don't want. So let's do that. - Yes . So that's the basics of using tone. Next week, we will try to go into how to do cloud effects or some other different tone usage is so that's all for this week till next time you're screwed