Make Your Online ESL Classes Very Engaging and Fun (Part 1) | Roland Adriano | Skillshare

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Make Your Online ESL Classes Very Engaging and Fun (Part 1)

teacher avatar Roland Adriano, Storyteller, photographer and daydreamer

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

10 Lessons (41m)
    • 1. Make Your Student Speak Up Intro

    • 2. Part 1 Goals

    • 3. Part 1 Why Watch

    • 4. Part 1 As Online Teachers

    • 5. Part 1 Online Teaching Features

    • 6. Part 1 Overview of PPP

    • 7. Part 1 Sample Online Class Structure

    • 8. Part 1 Online Teaching Roadblocks and Whiteboard Solutions

    • 9. Part 1 Whiteboard and Class Wrap Up Session

    • 10. Part 1 Key Take aways and Final Words

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About This Class

Online ESL teaching to Chinese students (in China and elsewhere) has become a trend. It can be fun at the beginning, but after going through some really challenging online classes such as students not participating or students not speaking up, online ESL classes can be really dragging... or even less promising. 

However, when we come up with ideas that will make students speak up, our online classes can be really fun and even exciting. Besides, our goal is to help the students improve their English communication skills.


In this 3-part video course, I'm going to share my experience and techniques I use to make my online students speak up and get to understand better their learning needs.

The three-part video course will help you with the following:


Part 1 - Overview of an Engaging and Fun Online ESL Class

What you’ll learn:

  • How can we define an engaging and fun online ESL class
  • What makes an online ESL class engaging and fun
  • Why do we have to make it engaging and fun (pedagogical approach)
  • How we can make it fun and engaging
  • Overview of PPP (Presentation-Practice-Production)
  • Online teaching roadblocks and whiteboard solutions
  • Sample online class structure

Part 2 - Giving Effective Roleplaying and Discussion Activity (Separate course)

What you’ll learn:

  • What makes our Chinese ESL learners not speak
  • Common mistakes Chinese students make when speaking in English
  • 6 suggested online speaking activities
  • Giving instructions for roleplaying activity with demo
  • Giving instruction for conducting a discussion activity with demo

Part 3 - Giving student presentation in an online ESL class (Separate course)

  • Why give student presentation
  • Getting started with giving student presentation
  • What we (online ESL teachers) can do during and after the student presents
  • Student presentation guideline with demo

Hopefully, once you’ve gone through these courses you can:

  • Come up with better ideas and approaches on how to make your online ESL classes fun and exciting
  • Deliver a great learning experience
  • Better come up with ways on how to provide an English speaking environment or opportunities for your ESL learners
  • Even learn how to design and plan your online ESL classes

Enjoy the video and thank you so much for joining me here!

Credits: (BG music)

Also, big big thanks to my Chinese friend, Shiloh for helping me with the demo classes

Meet Your Teacher

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Roland Adriano

Storyteller, photographer and daydreamer


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1. Make Your Student Speak Up Intro : Hello fellow educators. It's me again, row are Roland and students call me row. And I'm back to share some of my tips on how we can make our online classes very engaging, or how we can make our students speak up. This video course is actually divided into three parts. And the reason why I divided it into three separate parts is simply because I like you to freely access the veto that you want to focus more on. However, I suggest that you begin with the first Bard. Since I will talk about the overview on how we can make our online classes very font and very engaging. The RDD2, it's all up to you. So I hope that you enjoy these courses, the speed of courses, and also I hope that you get to learn more and get more ideas on how you can make your own like ESL classes, very enriching, very fun, and very engaging for our, or for your learners. Thank you so much for being here. 2. Part 1 Goals: Teaching a fun and engaging class or English class online can be really challenging, especially if you are having students who are not really co-operative. Let's say one to one class or a one on one class. You have a student who is so hesitant to speak up, or when you ask him or her questions, he just he or she just gives you a one-word reply. So you're probably wondering how I can make this as students because, why is this not talking to me? So we're going to look into and how we can make them talk to you. And also from me, from my experience, I've seen a lot of students who are not really, really participative. And honestly speaking, it has always been a struggle for me as an English teacher here. And I'm sharing my experience on how I dealt with these kind of students. And this is the reason why I came up with this video course so that I can share my experience, my tips, something makes on how you can make your class. How you can turn your class into something very fun and very exciting. What are we going to learn here first, we're going to learn and how we can make full use of the only platform to teach English. Now, I'm not saying that this is not useful for those who are just teaching offline. There are several activities that I will introduce here. And these activities are something that you can also use when you teach offline, is just a matter of changing the method. But then again, the focus here is about teaching English online. Second, we're going to look into how we can make our only class is very engaging and effective. We're going to see some activities. I'm going to share some of the activities that I have given to my students. And we're also going to learn how to deal with challenging PowerPoint slide lessons. Simply because I teach online and I use PowerPoint to teach the students. And sometimes I feel like this PowerPoint slide is too difficult or challenging vertices in it or it's too confusing the way it was laid out. So it's totally confusing. Or any teacher, so we're going to find ways on how to deal with that. And we're also going to look into how we can prepare an online lesson. 3. Part 1 Why Watch: So now you're wondering, are you still going to proceed? Are you or are you going to move on and look for other courses as well? Hang on 1 second. So I'm going to ask you, why are you going to pick this video? Of course, well, let me tell you the answer is first. If you're an online teacher and not just all my teacher, even on offline feature. So whatever kind of feature you are, as long as you're teaching English as a second or foreign language, particularly the Chinese students. But then again, not just for China's students but for any students. But I'm just telling you that this is from my experience teaching English and Chinese this in and I'd like you to bear that in mind because if you teach English to Japanese is students are Korean students, There's going to be a totally different story. There's a lot of cultural differences. Learning behavior, or learning or teaching approach that you have to do when you're teaching different groups of students. But here, I'm taking it from my experience teaching English to China's is do that. So this is for you, if you're one of those. Also, if you want to know and understand how to make full use of the online tools or platform right now I'm using Zoom. But in China, a lot of companies are using their own a website or I would call it their virtual classroom or VC. And this BC has a lot of functions and tools that teachers use domain the class very engaging and very interactive. We're going to look into those. And of course, we're going to find out how to make our online classes and engaging and effective. And this is something that I am offering to you, my dear fellow teachers. There's the reasons why are these are the reasons why you are going to join me as we go through the entire video course. So these are the things that we are going to have in this first part of the video course. And I hope that you are going to be sitting right there taking notes because it's going to be a lot of things that you can actually take away as you proceed or as you go on with your journey as an online teacher or some online ESL teacher, teaching students. 4. Part 1 As Online Teachers: So who are we as teachers? As teachers, we have broadened horizon. It's very important that we can touch on several aspects of life. Well, it doesn't have to be very D, but at least we have something to share to the students so that it can also help them expand their vocabulary and of course, their knowledge. And I believe that is going to be very, very important for us to think out of the box because we have to think of several activities to come up with in order to make the student practice in a very effective way. And finally, being creative and resourceful. We as teachers have to think of several ways. Like what I said earlier, we have to think out of the box. We have the thing of several activities. Along with that, we have to come up with different approaches. Sometimes it's through then get bored very quickly that we have to switch. And we need to come up with a different style if we feel that the class was becoming very monotonous. So I believe that these are the qualities that we should have as all my features. And I believe that there's a lot more. But I'm just showing this is very important ones at the moment. 5. Part 1 Online Teaching Features: Okay, Now we're back and we're going to look into some very important online teaching features. So what are these features? These are features that will make your online class effective, engaging and of course, fun. First, there is chunking and scaffolding. And I believe that you are totally familiar with this. But for me it's just all about introducing the knowledge in digestible bits. And then this is what we have them practice so that they will know how to use it and where do you use it and when to use it. And as they get familiar with the usage, that very tiny little bit of knowledge that we introduced. Then we add one more until it becomes more challenging. I guess you have heard of this learning input theory by Stephen Krashen. And this is where I got this idea of chunking and scaffolding. Another feature is passed based, you know, in an online class for 25 to 30 minutes or even 15 minutes because that is usually the duration of the only classes here in China. The class as it goes about for 25 to 30 minutes or I can be as long as 15 minutes. Just keep in mind, it could be a really boring, or it could be really short, depending on how you pace your lesson. But the most important is you need to provide some task-based activities. And this task based activities simulate the real life situation where they can actually use English. Just keep in mind, students may be, I would say, particularly the Chinese students, they might be so good at written English or exams or academics. But the problem here is when they start talking, what shows in the paper does not reflect on how they speak. And that is simply because they lacked the English speaking environment. And we, as online teachers, were actually facilitating and providing them that environment they need. So we have to give them some task-based activities. And in terms of fast-paced activities, obviously, we have to think creatively. We have to be resourceful. We have to think of ways on how we can make this student used the language in a realistic situation online? Well, it could have been easier if it's offline, you can just go and talk to him or her face to face. Thank him. Thank him, or take her out. And then show the world and then have the students talk about it. But for online, we have very limited environment here. So it goes down to how creative and how resourceful you are. It's a matter of thinking out of the box. Lastly, assessment, evaluation. This is for any kind of teaching online offline. Evaluation is very, very important because we actually give the students suggestions for improvement. And we also, we also give them the idea that this is something that they should be using and we explained to them why this is very useful. Along with that, we also remind the students what they have done well, it will boost their confidence. So these are the four, For me personally, very important online teaching features is folding, task-based activities, being creative and being resourceful, and finally, giving evaluation or assessment. Keep this in mind because we're going to apply these principles as we go through the next series or the next slides. 6. Part 1 Overview of PPP: Okay, Now we're going to have an overview of the PPP or why they call it as pre-prep Pro. Or most people would know it as Presentation, Practice, production. And we're going to look what each part means to us as online teachers and how we can use BPP to make our classes very effective or online classes very effective. Firstly, the presentation part is where we identify the learning goals or objectives. It's very important that we have a core lesson to introduce to the students. And we also need to determine some useful phrases or expressions that they can actually study, learn, practice, and produce later on. And as we have the term me that useful phrases then we start introducing them. So you notice that most of the key phrases are introduced at the beginning so that the students will have an idea what they're going to use and how they going to use it. Because if you're going to start with the activity without introducing this key phrases, it will be very, very difficult. Is do this, especially to China's students. They will feel anxious speaking up because they don't know what to say. So if at least we provide them the word bank, they would just have to pick the words and then they will start using it. For the practice part. Remember earlier, we have already introduced the vocabulary words. Now what we're gonna do next is we're going to have them practice it. And this is where we have them practice the grammar and the language form or the skills, even the scale. So for example, in a conversation skills there is what we call it asked turn-taking, or even listening skills, right? So we have them practice these in the practice part. And then there's also a comprehension check. So let's say you introduced the lesson about past tense. We gave them a story that is written in past tense. Then you can ask some questions. For example, what did this person do before? Where was she? When did she go? So all this things will go to the student's mind and then he or she will start recalling what the student has read or what he or she has read. And then giving, and then the student will start giving you the answers. And that is where the comprehension check comes in. And this is actually the part. You check whether the student understands the language being introduced. If not, then you have to guide the student to understand it. Then in the practice bar, we can do some gap-filling. Now here comes the activity part, right? The class is becoming a little bit exciting because we're doing some activities here like gap-filling, matching type or question and answer. Just like what we did earlier in the comprehension check. It's like, okay, complete the sentence. Sometimes the instructions are written there. Sometimes you just have to come up with their own independence. But the important thing here is in the practice part, we get to drill them so that they will remember the knowledge and then they can practice it. And then here comes role-playing. It's, I would say it's more of like a guided role-playing where the student actually sees the script. Or they're like a script here, but there's some blanks, which is for gap-filling. And then the student just needs to fill in the gap and then say it out. So that is more of like a guided role-playing versus a free role-playing, I would say like, you will just come up with an instruction saying, okay, imagine we are in this place and you see me coming in, what will you say? And this is where this to them doesn't have anything in hand to read. So for the practice part, we just do a guided role-playing. Makes sure that you provide the student script. Either it's a full script or there are gaps there. It doesn't really matter as long as the student has something to read. At least the student will be guided on how to use the language in a conversational situation. Then you can also do whiteboard and games during the practice part. Whiteboard and games, I will show you how to use or how I use white board in the next few slides. Now here comes the production part. In the production part, this is where we extend the knowledge of the student. So that's why I would call it extension activities. So where are these? This is where we have the students applied the learn language in real life or workplace situations. There's the fast-paced learning, problem-solving situations, discussion or even debate. If the student is kind of events, then you can have the student do a debate either with a fellow students or with you. And then there's also a presentation and Q&A. This is where the two then use the learn language by hand or by herself. And that is where the production part comes in when the student starts being more independent using the language, less guidance because the guidance, like more guidance part comes into practice part. And the less guidance part goes into the production. That is the older view of breed crop growth, presentation, practice, and reduction. Thank you. 7. Part 1 Sample Online Class Structure: Okay, right now you're looking at a sample lesson plan or a classic structure that I designed for an online English training institute, fear in Shanghai, China. Impact classes structure. Actually impact is the company. It's an online English training center. They focus on corporate training and I'm working with them part-time as their trainer or as their teacher trainer. And like what I said earlier, I proposed this design and we have been using it since then. Now, I'd like you to take a closer look at these lesson plan structure. And I'm gonna give you a challenge. Find out where Presentation, Practice and production. Fold. It. 8. Part 1 Online Teaching Roadblocks and Whiteboard Solutions: I hope that you guys are still right there. And this time we're going to look into the challenges that I personally encounter when teaching online. And I'm sharing this with all of you because I want you to know how you can deal with it. And I also going to share how I deal with these problems, with these challenges when I teach online. So first thing on my list, some PowerPoint lessons or text heavy, meaning to say, when you open a PowerPoint lesson, the slide there, you see the first line, or probably the second or third slide. It's just about a very lengthy paragraph. And you're wondering, oh, how can I make an activity out of this? You know, like, like what I said earlier, many companies, many training institutes here, online training institutes. They use PowerPoint lessons to teach their students. And some teachers are actually complaining that it's not teachable. And simply because it's Thanks, happy, or some other things as well. So again, we're going to find out how we can deal with these kind of problem later on. And our challenge is some contents may not be suitable for their students learning needs or expectation. Oh yeah, like I remember once I was teaching a kid and it happened that the content is about business, sorry, no business, but it's about social networking. It's always like figuring it out and how I can actually teach that lesson to a kid who doesn't have any experience about social networking. Eventually every alignment K, a kid actually goes out to play with other kids. And in Shanghai, that's where I teach and live. Shanghai in China, Shanghai is considered as an international city. So most kids here actually have an opportunity to meet other, or other kids from different countries. So how can they approach them? I just think a little bit of the lesson there to make it suitable. So that is for the second challenge. That the third one is some are too short or too long. Let's say you will encounter a PowerPoint lesson which has 30 or even 40 slides, but you are supposed to teach that for only 25 minutes. How can you deal with those kind of situations? And finally, some PowerPoint lessons can be boring or really challenging. Let's find out how we can face and deal and find a way to solve this kind of challenges. So now I'm going to share some demos slides and these are the slot. So now I'm going. These are slides taken from PowerPoint lessons that I have taught for an online teaching or online training institute. We're going to to analyze what kind of slide this is in, how we can find a way to make this slide. I would say very engaging and interactive for the student. First-line. Take a look. Remember I told you before that there are some slides which are very text-heavy, and obviously this is a text activity. You can see here. I would say a paragraph and take note there's even a captions. They're saying there's a next light coming in. So you can just imagine how you can teach that. So first, my suggestion here is what relevant or useful key phrases we can extract from this passage. If you're going to ask a student to read better, that you give them a very clear instruction on how they can read it. It's either dig in as Kim it or scan it. Better if you can prepare a few questions. You don't necessarily have to read the entire paragraph that prepared question. But like looking at the main idea, are looking at context here you already have a main idea. What the lesson is all about. So you just have to come up with questions and then have the student figure it out to answer those questions by looking into this paragraph. Another kind of lie that you, that you might encounter. And for me, I believe sometimes it gets really boring. Is this very typical matching type or fill in the blanks. And again, I'm showing you real slides, actual slides that I have used. And these are just some samples slides that I would like to share with you, my dear fellow teachers. You can see on the left the useful language here, instead of me asking them, Okay, match the phrases to the left or to the right or filling the blanks. What I would just do is I would just ask the student to use these language in a conversation. Or I will begin with asking them questions. Let's say in the new vocabulary review, you see here on the left are the key words and then you have to use those words or choose a word that will complete the sentence on the right. So instead of me asking them to do that, I would just say, Okay. What do you think of some eye catching commercials or what they think up sexy commercials. Are they eye-catching? So, so they would think, okay, what is eye-catching? What is commercials? Then? Once I have already explained, then I will just have the students do a comprehension check by having them answered that new vocabulary review or filling the blank. The same thing that I would do for the useful language on the left. I would have them do a role-play. I mean, we will just do a role-playing, okay, like let's say imagine this, okay? I am going to deliver a, a bad use. Okay? And then I'd like you to pick the right expression that you can see on the responding column. So notice that I'm still using that slide. I'm not skipping it, I'm still using it, but I'm doing a totally different activity. And that is desk because I want to add a little bit of twist to the lesson. Another text heavy slide. Again going back, what is the main idea? What useful phrases we can get here that the student can actually use. Don't just stick to what is written there. Like what I said earlier, one of our features as online feature is we have to think out of the box. We have to be creative. And this is an example of a whiteboard activity that I did. I guess it's really messy. But I just want to make the student described the difference between mass media and social media by using the whiteboard function. Another, I would say, a much more organized whiteboard activity. And this is when I introduced the useful phrases or key phrases. And this is from my online features, those who I actually drain. So notice that they actually write down the questions there. They write down the instructions so that the student can actually read it. And then they will have also some idea on how to answer this question by looking at the key words presented by the feature. Another question brought up by my online teacher. And notice that she highlighted the word relaxation because probably this is something that a student was not familiar with. And again, it allows a student to fully understand the whole question. I would say it allows us to have to understand the word, then you weren't at how it is used in a sentence. Again, another whiteboard activity that involves discussion. The topic is about parenting. And then there's a question rhythm in there. What did you learn from your parents about parenting? Introducing key ideas. You know, sometimes I tell my feature the messier to better, but I don't know if you will agree on this. But again, my purpose of having them use the whiteboard is simply because I want them to stay away from reading the PowerPoint slides. And then number two, I wanted to add more excitement, more fun to their online classes by making the students interact with the teacher. So I have already shown you some of the, I would say, screenshots of my of our whiteboard classes. I hope that you've got a clear picture of how to use whiteboard in your early classes, in how to make your class more fun and more engaging. 9. Part 1 Whiteboard and Class Wrap Up Session: Again, I hope that you can still spend having my face summer in the top right corner of the screen. I know it's a little bit awkward, but I just want to do is screen-sharing here. And again, I'm using Zoom, I'm using the share function of Zoom. And this slide that you see here is actually a part of the PowerPoint presentation which I created before this video course. And going back to our topic earlier, I mentioned about using the whiteboard and I will share you my experience on how I use the whiteboard. But before that, let me just tell you why I use the whiteboard. So first I use whitebark to write problem-solving scenarios. I guess it's much clearer for the student to see, especially the student is standing on a mobile phone or a mobile device. It will be clearer for them to see what the problem is. And if there are other extra information that you want to add, it, it's going to be easier for you and for the student to understand each other. So I use the whiteboard to write down the questions or a problem that the student is going to solve in the class. Also, the wide varies is very useful when you are introducing additional useful phrases or ideas. You know, like students usually study using mobile devices, like tablets or mobile phones or smart phones. And it's going to be very small for them to see what you're writing. So using the whiteboard actually magnifies the whole question or the whole sentence for them. And you know, some virtual classrooms, they have a chat box function where you can actually key into words or send messages to the students. But you have to remind them, Hey, I just sent you a message. But I feel like sometimes they might ignore that or they might not notice it because of the very small layout. So it's better that you use whiteboard if you want to deduce useful phrases. It's going to be convenient for the students because all they have to do, if you want to remember it, they could take a screenshot of it and they can review it. Also if you want to show some diagrams or tables and one the student to talk about it or describe it. Definitely the whiteboard function is your best friend. And again, these are some techniques that you can actually use to make the students speak up and, and have them engaged does actually use the whiteboard. They will be curious what is might eat. You're going to write, what is my teacher go into show? And then as you're great thing, diagrams are writing something. Students are anticipating every single thing that you're going to include into white board. You've got them hooked already. Or you can write down Possible works in areas. If you aren't thinking off either doing a role-play or you want them to discuss things. So this is, for me, I believe the usefulness of the white board. It is not just about writing down the things that they have to learn. It's also a tool for me to create another activity, engaging, a fun speaking activity. And of course, you know, as a teacher trainer, I observe many classes. I've served my features. I watched their classes online. And I noticed that many of my teachers actually just read the PowerPoint slides. They just go verbatim. They will just read the questions and then ask does to the students. And students are complaining about it. Saying that feel like the feature is just reading to meet every single word written on the slide. So I told them you might want to come up with something different at some twists. But you have to make it sure that whatever you're gonna do, whatever activity you're going to do, you will keep the essence. You can use the whiteboard. You can write down the main ideas there, have this didn't talk about it. Or you can create some scenarios you can draw, you can make a chart and make the student talk. That is about the whiteboard function. And before we move on to the next part, I just like to add one more thing to the pre prom Pro, and that is wrapping up your classes. When you wrap up your classes, make sure that you provide at least three major corrections and explain it. Don't just say, okay, I think I made a mistake on this particular sentence. It should be in past tense. But you have to explain it should be in classes because you're talking about something that happened to. They said go. So remember too, they said Go is passed and you use go. What is the passive go? Now I like it to say this. Do they say go? I. So that is how I give correction. I just don't give the correction, but I also explain an even check whether they understand the correction or not. And just like what I said, had the students practice the corrections after you give the corrections, then they'll just come to think that, okay. This didn't understand it. Make them practice it just like what I did earlier. I demonstrated it. When I said something like, okay, this is go and you said two days ago. Alright, so what is the passive go? All right, so I would like it to say this. Do they said go i. So that is already practicing the correction. And then before you finally click the End button of your BC or your virtual classroom, please have the student do and reflect in summary, allocate a certain period of time or you can have the students do a reflection summary. This is a good way for them to understand what you have taught internally. And also, it will give them an idea how they can apply this language to learn language in their real life situation. Just a short of two or three minutes should be fine. And at least over yet, give simple but very helpful homework tasks. Don't give them a very difficult, challenging homework that don't give them a long list of things to do as their homework. In my experience, you know, Chinese students here, like those who are learning English. I have students who are adults and students, students like those who are actually going to school. For adults, they're very busy with their business trips or business meetings are a lot of things, family as well. For the kids, for the students. They're so busy with their school homework task. I don't want to give them too much burden by giving them another very challenging homework tests, I could come up with something very easy, very simple, but effective, such as, okay, I'd like you to go through this three sentences that you learned earlier. I'd like you to practice this. And then next week, I'd like you to do a very short presentation using his sentences for a simple S, having them do a very quick online reading, summarize it and then present it in the next class. I guess for me that is effective already. My goal here is to just have them retain the knowledge that they learned so that they will not forget it. And they were still have an opportunity to practice it, even just for a very, very short period of time. But giving them difficult homework will make them feel demotivated. It will add stress to their learning journey. So I don't do that. What do you think fellow teachers? 10. Part 1 Key Take aways and Final Words: Now we're about to end is first part of this video course. And before we come to an end, let me just share you my key takeaways first. Powerpoint slides are on-screen lessons or materials are just meant for reference. You don't have to read it verbatim. Remember this matching type activity and this fill in the blanks. Remember how I actually created a different kind of activity without losing the essence. So that is what I was telling before about thinking out of the box. So we have to be very creative and we don't have to stick to what is being shown or what is written on the PowerPoint slides. Second, we have to provide more online practice, more online speaking practice it that they can learn more about the target skills or language. Because probably, probably the online class is the only opportunity, the only chance for them to speak English. It could be their only English-speaking environment. So let's have them make full use of it. Let's help them maximize it by giving them more opportunities to practice what they're learning from us, the jurors. And of course, please don't forget to give evaluation or feedback based on the target skill or language usage. You might be giving some evaluation or corrections, but it's totally irrelevant to the lesson. I know it's okay, but sometimes we also have to pay attention to what should be evaluated. And of course suggest areas for improvement. We can tell something like Next time, you could do better by doing this or that. Or we can even suggest on how they can improve their study habits specially for busy people. Just like what I told you before, many Chinese is do thence here are very busy. For adults. They are busy with, with their work, with their business, business trips, families, and so on. For kids, they have so many things to do at school that they don't even have time to do homework or even study extra curricular classes. So we can probably give them an idea or some suggestions on how they can efficiently learn things from us. And of course, giving them not so difficult, very easy but very helpful homework task. Sorry, it comes my final words before I say goodbye to you guys. And before we move on to the next video course, the term Min, and stick to the language or target language skills. Consult with your supervisor just in case you want to modify PowerPoint slide lessons. And please give more opportunities for students to speak. Keep in mind the SDT and TGT should be 70, 30. Design a good lesson that only for the class but also for the precession and posession activities. And finally, provide up-to-date or reliable model sentences, paragraphs or essay so that they can learn the usage of the language. This all about it for our video course. Stay tuned because there's going to be the second part of this series and that is going to be about some activities are regularly how to give an effective role-playing and discussion activities in an online class. So thank you so much once again for being with me throughout this video course. I hope that you'll join me next time and in my future classes.