Let's Describe | "The Ride" | Themed English | Able Lingo | Skillshare

Let's Describe | "The Ride" | Themed English

Able Lingo, ASL & English Classes

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6 Lessons (1h 5m)
    • 1. Introduction

      3:10
    • 2. Lesson Information

      1:09
    • 3. The Summary

      1:45
    • 4. The Setting

      20:44
    • 5. The Action

      20:19
    • 6. The Story

      18:16

About This Class

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In this English lesson, we use an interesting picture to:

  • Summarize what we see
  • Describe in detail the Setting (Time & Place)
  • Describe in detail the Action (People & Activities)
  • Describe in detail the Story (What's really happening in the picture)

Throughout the lesson we:

  • Explore vocabulary and phrases using a dictionary and image search
  • Practice pronunciation of all the descriptions

This class will:

  • Improve your ability to summarize and describe people and situations in English
  • Improve your pronunciation of essential English vocabulary and phrases
  • Improve your confidence and English fluency

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This class was taught LIVE to students from around the world. Throughout the lesson, I respond to their comments and questions. Enjoy!

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: In this picture, we see a man riding a powerful Harley Davidson motorcycle. He's wearing a helmet, a leather jacket, blue jeans and boots. So let's do some pronunciation. Repeat after me. I will pause. So you have time to speak. Here we go. In this picture, we see. All right. So fairly could be like somewhat right. It's not like maybe it's super club. Maybe it's not super cloudy, but it's somewhat cloudy. You the way. Let's put it into the dictionary and make sure we understand the word fairly. All right, here we go. All right. So one meaning is with justice. That's not quite what we're looking for. It's almost completely covered in graffiti. So the images and the drawings on the wall are Graffiti is very colorful and sometimes is very artistic, Right? And specifically, let's put in gang graffiti. All right, So, uh, so the guy is wearing a helmet. All right. It's not a partial helmet. It's called a full face helmet and idea behind a full face helmet is that if you crash your chin and your whole face will be protected, Right, full face. Helmet. All right. Okay. Um, and here this is a full face helmet. His feet are firmly planted, firmly planted on the foot. Rest to first. Let's see, what are the foot rest? Put rests. Are the parts down here the parts that stick out from the motorcycle and you can, you know, put your feet on top, take a look. What are foot rests, right? It's just a part right here where you put your foot on top. So likely result means it's probable that it would happen in grave injury in serious injury , right, because he's probably going pretty fast. And if he flies off the motorcycle, you know his head might be protected with a nice hard helmet, but his body is going to be banging around and get cut up and probably have some problems. Grave injury. All right, moving forward. Ha! It's time for the story. The why what's happening in this picture? And what is the purpose? Here we go. Steve came to the prison this morning because his wife is being released today. Okay, pronunciation. Repeat after me. The man on the motorcycle is names, so his wife was sentenced to five years sentenced means the judge said, you're going to jail for five years. So Steve's wife, she was in charge of a motorcycle game 2. Lesson Information: Hello and welcome to this English lesson. My name is Michael. From Able Lingo, the theme today is transportation. Hence the guy on the motorcycle. The title for this lesson is the ride. We're going to divide this lesson into four parts. Burst will do the summary where we give you a short description of the picture. Then we're going to go into detail. The second part will be the setting where we talk about the time and place of this picture . The third part will be the action where we talk about the people, the motion, things that are happening in this picture. Then the last part will be the story. The why behind this picture. Where is he going? Why's he doing it? Okay, as we're going, we're going as we do the lesson, we'll do a lot of pronunciation and we're going to explore vocabulary. And we're going to use Google Image search as we need to and a dictionary to make sure that we understand what we're seeing. Okay? And what we're talking about. All right, so let's do it. Let's get started 3. The Summary: Let's start with this summary. Okay, here we go. In this picture, we see a man riding a powerful Harley Davidson motorcycle. He's wearing a helmet, a leather jacket, blue jeans and boots is riding quickly. Passed a prison wall with a barbed wire fence on top. The wall is covered in gang graffiti. Okay, so this is a short summary of the picture. We're not talking about a lot of detail. Just a small amount of in for of information. So we have a good idea what's happening. Okay, so let's do some pronunciation. Repeat after me. I will pause. So you have time to speak. Here we go. In this picture, we see a man riding a powerful Harley Davidson motorcycle is wearing a helmet, a leather jacket, blue jeans and boots is riding quickly. Passed a prison wall with the barbed wire fence on top. The wall is covered in gang graffiti. Okay, so there is some nice vocabulary in here that I would like to talk about. We're going, but we're going to wait just a moment until we get into more detail. 4. The Setting: All right, so the next section is this setting. So we're gonna talk about the time, the location, the place of this picture. Okay, so here we go. In this picture, it's daytime. It's a fairly cloudy day, so it's difficult to know exactly what time it is. However, because it's bright outside, the time could be somewhere between mid morning and mid afternoon. It's clear and dry weather. Okay, so this is a little bit of detail about the setting. Before we talk about vocabulary, let's do some pronunciation. Repeat after me in this picture. It's daytime. It's a fairly cloudy day, so it's difficult to know exactly what time it is. However, because it's bright outside, the time could be somewhere between mid morning and mid afternoon. It's clear and dry weather. Okay, so, uh oh, this is just a little bit. Information will go into more about the setting in a moment, but first, let's take a look at a few words, right? It's a fairly cloudy day, all right. So fairly could be like somewhat right. It's not like maybe it's super Club. Maybe it's not super cloudy, but it's somewhat cloudy. You the way. Let's put it into the dictionary and make sure we understand the word fairly. All right, here we go. All right. So one meaning is with justice. That's not quite what we're looking for to quite a highly high degree. Uh huh. So when we say it's fairly cloudy, it's somewhat cloudy. Or, you know, there are a lot of clouds in the sky. Might not be completely covered, but to a high degree or high amount, there are a lot of clouds. Okay, so some synonyms reasonably passably tolerably. Yeah. Okay. So fairly here to, ah, high degree. And we're talking about the amount of clouds in the sky. Okay, so it's somewhat cloudy or there are a lot of clouds in the sky, so it's difficult to know what time it is, but is bright. So we could say the time is probably between mid morning and mid afternoon. So what does that mean? Mid morning and mid afternoon. If we gave it actual numbers, I would say between 10 30 maybe like 2 30 maybe between 10:30 a.m. And 2:30 p.m. Right. Okay. So that would be mid morning to mid afternoon, right? Let's continue Mawr with this setting location is outside on a paved road near a sidewalk in the background, we can see Ah, high wall. This wall is almost completely covered in graffiti. It's possible that gangs painted this graffiti to establish their territory or to send a message. Okay, that's a more information. Before we dio vocabulary, let's do some pronunciation. Repeat after me. The location is outside on a paved road near a sidewalk. Yeah, in the background, we can see Ah, high wall. This wall is almost completely covered in graffiti. It's possible that gangs painted this graffiti to establish their territory or to send a message. Okay, so that was pronunciation. Now let's talk about some vocabulary. Okay, so the location of this picture, the place, the setting, the environment, it's on a paved road and a paved road means that it's not dirt, right? Let's take a look at that image to make sure we know what a paved road is. Hated Road means it has a surface, and it's probably like asphalt or pavement or tar or different materials that they used to make roads. Some places they'll use cement, right? Maybe they even use bricks, so it just depends on the location. But this is a paved road. All right, so let's go back. It's nearest sidewalk over here. If you look at the arrow over here, we have the sidewalk right all along there. But the arrow back. All right, so in the background we see Ah, high Wall. Who this high wall looks interesting, very artistic. It's almost completely covered in graffiti, so the images and the drawings on the wall are graffiti. The first let's look at the definition of the word graffiti, and then we'll take a look at some pictures. So let's find it here. All right, let's go to the meaning of graffiti, Right? Here we go. It's writing or drawings scribbled, scratched or sprayed illicitly E listen illicitly on a wall or other surface in a public place. Okay, so it's drawing and putting stuff up on the wall, maybe painting illicitly so it's against the law. Let's quick look up. What does illicitly mean? All right, in a way that is contrary to or forbidden by law, rules or custom. All right, so the city doesn't want you to put graffiti on the walls and all these places because it makes it look kind of junky, right and run down. Sometimes cities I have seen, they will have places specifically made for graffiti, but usually it's not something that cities want. So let's put in graffiti. It is very colorful and sometimes is very artistic, right, And specifically, let's put in gang graffiti. All right, so our gang graffiti Ah, lot of crazy stuff that they might be trying to send a message or in the description we said establish their territory. Which means there might be more than one gang that they share are there next to each other in an area, and they want to keep the other gang out, Uh, O s graffiti. And just to make sure we know what we're talking about with gangs, gangs are people that ah, you know, they get together and they don't always do the greatest of things. They break the law, and they're all like toughened drugs and money and all that stuff. So, uh, it's common to say gang graffiti, But there's also graffiti that is actually quite quite beautiful, writes artistic, and this is probably the biggest illegal graffiti. But it's graffiti right. It's spraying or painting on the wall. And if it's graffiti that is like for a gang, then it makes the neighborhood much more low quality. People don't want to live in an area where there a lot of gangs around. Okay, so let's go back. Right. Okay. So it's possible that gangs painted this graffiti to establish, to create, to show, to maintain their territory or to send a message, Right? Maybe they're sending a message to the other gang said, Hey, this is our territory. Stay out or we're gonna have a problem. Something like that. All right, so let's move forward in the setting. Here we go. On top of the wall, there is barbed wire. This makes the wall higher and more difficult to climb. At the very top of the wire section of the wall, there are V shaped barbed wire, arms thes deter and prevent people from climbing the wall and attempting to get to the other side. Okay, Before we do vocabulary, it's time for pronunciation. Repeat after me. On top of the wall, there is barbed wire. This makes the wall higher and more difficult to climb at the very top of the wire section of the wall. There are V shaped barbed wire arms. The's deter and prevent people from climbing the wall and attempting to get to the other side. All right, so let's talk about some vocabulary shell way. So we have the wall and the wall has two sections. The bottom part which could be made of cement, maybe mixed in with stone, I don't know, but on top we have this wire section. It's a little bit blurry, but I think we can see it. And on top of the wire sank section, we have these V shaped pieces and they're called V shaped barbed wire arms. All right, so let's just make sure. Let's take a look at one and make sure it's clear. What we're talking about is take a look at the picture. Actually, just a second. Here we go. Okay. V safe. Barbed wire. Arms. All right. So this is the part on top of the fence that is in the shape of a V right? And it allows barbed wire to extend over on both sides. Right? And we should probably make sure we know what barbed wire is. Right? Let's take a look. Barbed wire. Er All right, so this is barbed wire and along the sections is fairly smooth here. But then it gets sharp, like here. And each one of these things is called a barb, and it's meant to hook clothing. You know, poke, you cut you and make it very uncomfortable to climb over this fence. So this is these air barbs in the barbed wire fence, right? Okay. And when we were talking about the V shaped barbed wire arms, they put barbed wire through these insects or these kind of holes here where they can connect the barbed wire and yeah, it keeps people out. Sometimes they only have it on one side, but this this'll example they have to. So it's like a V. Or I guess you could say, like, a why to right? So let's go back. OK, But the very tops off the wire section when we talk about the wires section we're talking about, not the cement or the rock section or the concrete section titled The Wire, Part on Top. And these deter and prevent what do these words mean? First I took up deter. We can kind of guess since it's a wall that we don't want people to be coming in. Right. So let's take a look. Look up. Deter Right. Deter means to discourage someone from doing something right by instilling doubt or fear of the consequences. All right, so if you look at this wall, let's go take a look at it. If you see the barbs, the barbed wire and you know what barbed wire her is. You know that is going to be a headache. To climb or try to climb over this wall, you're gonna get scratched. Your clothes, they're gonna get dirty and maybe messed up or ripped and all that stuff. So if you see it, you might be deterred. You might be turned deterred from climbing over. You see it and it's like huh? It makes you think. Is it worth it? Is it worth the consequences of getting cut up and maybe stuck? Let's hear the pronunciation deter one more time. Deter. Beat her. Right. Okay, So did it deters to discourage synonyms? Prevent? Ah, that's the other word. We're gonna be looking up. Prevent. Stop! Put a stop to avert nip in the bud. Fend off turn aside. All right, since we're here, let's look at prevent. Let's hear the pronunciation prevent more time. Prevent Prevent. Okay, keep something from happening or arising. So determined. Prevented. Quite similar, Right? When I think of Deter, I think of something kind of visual that makes you think and you're like, huh? I don't know if I want to do that, and prevent is quite similar as well, because you look at something like but at the same time, the barbwire serves a function of preventing and deterring, but also physically showing people that if you climb the wall, it's gonna be a headache, and you're gonna probably get hurt and did it on have problems. Okay, so these determined prevent people from climbing the wall and attempting to get to the other side and attempting just means to try right, trying to get to the other side. Maybe they want to go whatever's on the other side, they have to climb over the wall. They see the barbed wire on top in the like. Maybe it's not worth it. OK, a little bit more on the setting. Here we go. It's possible that this wall is part of a prison, a military compound or a government facility. Regardless of the location, it is obvious that this place is well protected and has strictly controlled access. All right, Okay, so let's do a pronunciation Repeat after me. It's possible that this wall is part of a prison. Ah, military compound or a government facility. Regardless of the location, it is obvious that this place is well protected and has strictly controlled access. Okay, so let's talk about some vocabulary. Okay? So first it's possible. So maybe, you know, maybe this wall belongs to a prison. All right, let's just take a look at what a prison looks like. There are different ones and, you know, all around the world. Let's just take a look here and in prison is where people go when they've done something bad or they broke the law, and it's usually something very serious. Ah, prison is long term in a jail is short term. All right. Okay. Short term. Usually under a year for jail and over a year for prison. Okay, so this is a prison. This would be inside a prison. Let's do prison aerial view. Aerial view means from the bird's eye view right from up above. Okay, so if we take a look at this prison, there is a wall or two walls all the way around to keep people out, but mainly to keep people in. Right. Okay, so let's go back to our picture. All right? So it could be a prison, a military compound. All right, let's take a look. What shows up when we put in military compound, right? All right. So military compound is just going to be, you know, government when they do stuff with the army or military Marines or whatever. Something to do with war, right? So that's like a military compound with all their military gear and equipment and where the troops can sleep and stuff like that. So that is a military compound, right? And what else do we have? Ah, government facility, right. Government facility would just be like a government building the government location or something like that. And regardless of the location. So despite what the details are about the location, uh, so it's not really important that we know exactly what's going on inside. We can just see. It's obvious that this place is well protected right. They put a lot of time, energy and resource is into building this huge wall and has strictly controlled access. Let's take a look at the words strictly. What does the word strictly mean? All right, let's go to the dictionary and we'll put in strictly. All right. Okay, let's hear the pronunciation strictly. Strictly one more time. Strictly, Strictly. Okay, Here we go in a way that involves rigid enforcement or that demands obedience. So you could say Apparent is strict, maybe, or a boss is strict. They don't with no exceptions, completely, absolutely. All right, He's been brought up strictly. His parents were very strict. They had lots of rules and they didn't let him do anything else. And he had to stay home and come home by, like 7 30 PM, even though he was 21 years old. Something like that. All right, rigid just means like strong, unbending, not very stubborn, unwilling to change rigid enforcement. All right, so it's strictly let's go back. Where are we strictly controlled access? All right, I think we can probably get a nice visual on what is controlled access. Let's take a look for a picture controlled access. What does it mean? All right. So you probably need maybe a key code, or there are guards or, uh, someone blocking the area. Right. Let's see. Controlled access will say with security guards and we'll see what happens. All right, So this is ah, at the airport when you go into ah, government building sometimes or ah, high security building. They have controlled access, right? They have the metal detectors. They have the scanners. They have the security guards who are very willing to take you away. If you're doing something that is against the rules, I guess, all right. Could be video cameras. But controlled access means controlling that the entrances and exits to a certain location . All right, so let's go back. All right. All right. So we talked about the setting, which is the time and the place. Right. So let's talk about more about the guy on the motorcycle. Here we go. 5. The Action: Let's talk about the action. In the picture, we can see a man riding a powerful Harley Davidson motorcycle. The man is wearing a black full face helmet with a black leather jacket. He's also wearing blue jeans and black leather boots. Okay, pronunciation. Repeat after me. In the picture, we can see a man riding a powerful Harley Davidson motorcycle. The man is wearing a black full face helmet with a black leather jacket. He's also wearing blue jeans and black leather boots. Okay, all right, so let's talk about some of the vocabulary. Powerful just means a lot of strength, right? This motorcycle probably has a big engine. Very powerful. Alright. Harley Davidson, I think, is famous around the world. Let's take some, take a look at some pictures and we can make sure we understand what is a Harley Davidson motorcycle? All right, First, maybe we'll look at the logo. But most people have seen the Harley Davidson logo, right? So it's very American, very famous, very successful company. All right, so let's take a look. Harley Davidson motorcycle. They have a lot of different kinds, I would say. Most of them, especially the hard quality ones with a lot of power and a lot of features. They're very expensive, but they have a very, very good reputation of being high quality. And people love them. And we have clubs in the hip motorcycle gangs, but yes, Harley Davidsons are very, very popular. Okay. All right. So we can see the Harley Davidson local right here on the gas tank. This part of the motorcycle is the gas tank. That kind of round thing on top is the cap, which you can unscrew and then put the gas in. Okay, so we have the logo on the side. It's not very bright, but it's still there. And you could see what kind of motorcycle it is. All right, let me point to it so we could make sure we see it. Logo is right there at the tip of the arrow on the gas tank. All right. Okay. So the guy is wearing a helmet, all right? It's not a partial helmet. It's called a full face helmet and idea behind a full face helmet is that if you crash your chin and your whole face will be protected, right, full face. Helmet. All right. Okay. Um And here this is a full face helmet that even will protect your chin. They have another thing called a things a 3/4 helmet. And I remember right, This one does not protect your chin. So your ears, your head and, like, your forehead stuff away that protected. But if you suddenly land on the ground like this, your chin is going to be wiped off. This is a 3/4 helmet. Um, then let's see. They have different ones. Motorcycle helmet. All right, so this is the full face. 3/4 and I don't remember exactly this one. This one just kind of rides on top of your head and guessing offers some protection. But when I drove a motorcycle back in the state, I only used a full a full face helmet, especially cause I was driving on the freeway just very fast. And cars or sometimes crazy. And they don't always see motorcycles, and they drive around you and you have to adjust and get out of the way. And, uh okay, so this is a full face helmet. All right. Uh, it will point at it. The full face helmet is right there. Okay. Even has the visor. The part that comes down is called the Visor. The I S O. R. And we'll just quick. But that in was, say, motorcycle, helmet visor. All right, so this part right here, the glass part or hard plastic is ah, visor. It's a part that comes down and protects your eyes in your face from rocks. Bugs. Uh, you know, if you're an accident, something flying towards you, protect your face in your eyes. Okay, Let's move the arrow back. All right? He has a black leather jacket. All right, We can see that right there. He's wearing blue jeans. Yes, he is in black leather boots kind of dark, but we can make out that he has black leather boots on. And leather gear is considered very good for motorcycle riding because leathers made from the skin of animals like a cow write and it's tough. And if it goes across the road, you slide because you got in an accident, then it doesn't rip as easy, right? If you just wear a T shirt, even jeans aren't really that good. They're good. Better than nothing better than short. But they rip very easily all right. So leather is actually quite good and will protect your body more. All right, so let's move forward. Here we go. More about the action. What's happening in the picture? The motorcycle is black and silver, with a single headlight and dual exhaust. The size of the motorcycle in comparison to the man leads us to believe that this motorcycle is very powerful. It has a very large engine and can go very fast. Okay, pronunciation. Repeat after me. The motorcycle is black and silver with a single headlight and dual exhaust. The size of the motorcycle in comparison to the man leads us to believe that this motorcycle is very powerful. It has a very large engine and can go very fast. Okay, let's talk about some of the vocabulary we have. So first we're talking about the color. It's like a chrome black. I guess we call it, and some of the metal is still silver. So it's kind of a black and silver theme going on and has a single headlight. All right, you could say headlight or you could say headlamp, but this is what we're talking about right there. So that is the headlamp right. So the light so you can see at night, right, or you turn it on During the day my motorcycle had its headlight turned on all the time. And it's actually good because even during the day, it's easier for people to see you if you have your light down. Even during the day, we have the orange turn signals, Right? We have one on this side of one on that side To show which direction you want to turn in. Those were the front turn signals back here we have the rear turn signals. So whoever's coming behind you see, you know which way you want to turn and then they see the and dual exhaust. All right, so dual means to write more than one. And the exhaust pipes are right here. We have 11 on top of the second on the bottom. So dual exhaust just means the engine is probably more powerful, right? So it whoever built the engine wants make it really powerful. And the added dual exhaust too make the engine. You know, Flo nice and well and I'm not a mechanic, but dual exas means more power. Okay? And this engine is probably really large. Large, maybe 2500 maybe 3000 cc. I'm not sure my motorcycle was about 650 cc. I'm here in Indonesia now on the motorcycles air, common like 125 below to 200 cc's, so they're not very powerful, but they, you know they do. It's necessary. But Harley Davidsons? They're known for being very powerful. Motorcycles, right? Big engines, big engines. Okay, so when we talk about the size of the motorcycle in comparison to the man, so in comparison means we have two things right and we are comparing them. We're putting them side beside and say, Okay, how is this size? How do they compare to each other? What does this one look like? What does this look like? What is different? What's the same? And when we look at the size of this motorcycle, it's a big motorcycle. And this guy sitting on top of the motorcycle, he looks like a decent size, but the motorcycles even bigger. So to have a motorcycle of this size, you need a very powerful engine. All right, let's quick take a look. We'll see people riding a motorcycle and we can look at the compare the size of the motorcycle with the size of the Barney riding a motorcycle. Let's see. Okay, so let's see. Thes. They're pretty big, powerful ones that the Yeah, this one has dual exhaust here. Like this motorcycle. It's not a huge motorcycle, and it's a lady, so she was probably not huge already. But when we compare the size of the motorcycle to the size of her body, it's not like her body seems small and actually seems good size for this motorcycle. However, before, uh, in our picture, let's see, we confined. Well, maybe put riding a small motorcycle. Uh, well is a tiny motorcycle, But, uh, you know, this guy is so big. So this motorcycle is not going to be as powerful, but the one that we have in the picture, the motorcycles big and the guys you know, a good size, too. But the motorcycle see, seems much bigger than he is. So I would say it leads us to believe it makes us believe or gives us good evidence to believe that this motorcycle is very powerful, right? Has a large engine. It can go very fast. All right, here we go. Moving forward, The man is sitting erect with one hand on each handlebar. His feet are firmly planted on the foot rest. He's looking straight forward, even though he's wearing a helmet and protective clothing. An accident at this speed would likely result in grave injury. All right, let's do pronunciation. Then we'll get into the vocabulary. Repeat after me. The man is sitting erect with one hand on each handlebar. His feet are firmly planted on the foot rest. He is looking straight forward, even though he's wearing a helmet and protective clothing. An accident at this speed would likely result in grave injury. Okay, so we didn't pronunciation. Now let's talk about some off the, uh, vocabulary. First the man is sitting erect, and when he's sitting erect, we can look at his back. He's sitting straight up, right. He's not slouching. Slouching is like bending over a little bit, not sitting straight up. But if someone is sitting erect, their sitting straight up, their spine is straight, all right. And has he has one hand on each handlebar? Right? So the handlebar is the part that goes all the way across I guess we could probably just say on each handle because there's just one handlebar that goes across to Maybe we'll change that to, uh, with one hand on each handle of could see one hand on each handle of the handlebar. Okay. All right. So let's move this back. His feet are firmly planted firmly planted on the foot. Rest to first. Let's see, what are the foot rest? Foot rests. Are the parts down here? The parts that stick out from the motorcycle and you can, you know, put your feet on top, take a look. What are foot rests? Motorcycle foot rest, right. Sometimes they're called foot pegs or foot rests, Right? It was just a part right here where you put your foot on top when they're disassembled, they look something like this, right? And over here, you know, we have the break right here. Looks like this on the right side. And, uh, yeah, so just you put your foot there so your foot doesn't slide off onto the ground. But that is the the foot rest. Okay. Firmly planted. All right. So firmly. Firmly means strong. With good amount of energy planted means touching so his feet are firmly touching. The foot rest right and planted means he's probably putting some weight down on his foot to have good balance so he can lean and he could maneuver and direct the motorcycle where he wants it to go right. And if there's a bump or something, he can put his feet, you know, push even harder on the foot rest to give him more balance and control, Right? He's looking straight forward, so if we look at his body, but first it's erect, which means it's straight up is a straight back, but his face is looking straight forward, right? So he's probably looking down the road trying to see, you know, is there any animal a cat that's going to jump out? Are there any people? Are there any cars because he's probably going very fast. The background is a blur, so he's going pretty fast down this road, and he wants to stay in control and not have an accident. So he's looking around, all right. So even though he's wearing a helmet, we talked about the helmet and protective clothing. In this case, protective clothing would be the leather jacket. The and the boots and long pants, right? It would be even better if they're leather pants. But jeans air better, much, much better than shorts. Right? So an accident at this speed would likely result in grave injury. So here grave is describing what kind of injury injuries when you get hurt, right, If you have an accident, your bloody you're bleeding, you break a bone. So ah, grave injury. What does grave mean? Remember, we're looking for an adjective. We're going to describe what kind of injury. Let's go to the dictionary and let's put in grave, right. It's going to give us a noun, and it will also give us an adjective. We're gonna look for the adjective. Let's hear the pronunciation. Grays, grays, grave. OK, so the known is a place of burial, but we're not looking for unknown. That's a thing we're looking for, uh, the second if definition adjective giving cause for alarm or serious. All right, so if we're talking about a grave injury, it's a very serious injury. Important, profound, significant, right? Ah, lots of synonyms for grave. A grave injury or a grave problem or a grave conflict is very serious. All right. So let's take a look. Here we are at this speed would likely result in grave injury. So likely result means it's probable that it would happen in grave injury in serious injury , right, because he's probably going pretty fast and if he flies off the motorcycle, you know his head might be protected with a nice hard helmet, but his body is going to be banging around and get cut up and probably have some problems. Grave injury all right, moving forward in the picture. The motorcycle and the man are clear and in focus. However, the background and everything around the man are blurred and out of focus. This helps to illustrate the rapid movement of the motorcycle. All right, pronunciation. Repeat after me in the picture. The motorcycle and the man are clear and in focus. However, the background and everything around the man are blurred and out of focus. This'll helps to illustrate the rapid movement of the motorcycle. All right, so let's talk about some vocabulary. So here we go in the picture of the motorcycle and the man. So here we are. The motorcycle in the man is very clear, clear and in focus. So when we look at it, we don't have to squint or go. What I can't really see what it is is very clear. It's obvious. It's easy to see, however, the background. So whatever is behind the manned in the back in the back part of the picture, blurred and out of focus, so blurred out of focus mean pretty much the same thing. All right, so if we went to picture and we put in, uh, let's see, maybe blurred image. Okay, so it's blurry. What? I can't see what's going on. I see. Well put out of focus image. Same thing. What against he was going on is blurred. It's blurry. It's out of focus. It's not easy to see what's happening, right? Okay, so Rio blurred out of focus. So around the man is blurred out of focus. Even the road is kind of fuzzy, right? We can't quite see the details or the lines in the road. So this helps to illustrate, to show, to give us ah visual image off the rapid movement of the motorcycle. So because it's blurry in the background, our eyes tell our brain that this guy must be driving at a pretty good speed, right? Plus, he's not standing. He's not balancing on the ground or have a speed on the ground to hold up the motorcycle. He has his feet up, and he's moving along very quickly. Right, So All right, that is the action. All right. In this picture, that was action man on the motorcycle cruising down the road. 6. The Story: Ha! It's time for the story, the why what's happening in this picture and what is the purpose? Here we go. The man on the motorcycle is named Steve. Steve came to the prison this morning because his wife is being released today. His wife was sentenced to five years in prison for running a motorcycle gang, which was heavily involved in extortion and landscaping. Okay, pronunciation. Repeat after me. The man on the motorcycle is named Steve. Steve came to the prison this morning because his wife is being released today. His wife was sentenced to five years in prison for running a motorcycle gang, which was heavily involved in extortion and landscaping. Okay, so let's take a look at some of this vocabulary. Quickly take a drink. Eso Steve is on his way to the prison. He's came to the prison. He's coming to the prison because his wife is being released today. So if someone is being released from prison, that means they have finished their time there, Right? So if the court said or the law says you have to go to jail for prison for 10 years, and suddenly the 10 years Eyre finished well you're going to be released. It means let go, right so you don't have to stay in there anymore. So his wife is being released today, so his wife was sentenced to five years sentenced. Means the judge said, Room, you're going to jail for five years. So that was the court's decision. Sentenced. It's the punishment. Sentenced to five years in prison for running for controlling for, uh, manipulating for being in charge of a motorcycle gang. Let's take a look. You've got to be plenty of in images for motorcycle gang. We go. Water cycle gang, huh? Okay, So, uh, sell more like a club where they just kind of get together, Maybe have fun and talk about motorcycles. However, other motorcycle gangs are criminal elements of society. They do have bad things and they steal and rob and kill and murder and violent crime and stuff like that. Right? Okay, so this would be a motorcycle gang and what they might look like. Let's go back. So Steve's wife, she was in charge of a motorcycle game. This motorcycle gang wasn't interested in playing baseball or football or video games. They were heavily involved, which means really involved with a lot of intensity involved in extortion and landscaping. Now this is an interesting mix. First, let's see what is landscaping, and we'll take a look at a new image. Landscaping is taking care of gardens and lawns and making them look beautiful. Eso we could say maybe like a landscaping company. All right, so they come and you pay them maybe a monthly fear per time fee, I don't know. And they make your yard look beautiful. All right, So this motorcycle gang that Steve's wife ran was involved in landscaping. However, there's this nice word here called extortion. All right, so let's take a look at extortion. Must be illegal if she ended up in jail. So let's take a look dictionary who wait first. We'll see if we could find a images extortion that would help extortion. Uh huh. This picture shows it up right here. Really nice. Uh, don't tell anyone, but give me the money. All right, let's see. Let's get a nice, uh, dictionary, meaning for extortion, and we'll hear the pronunciation to okay. Extortion, extortion, extortion, extortion, extortion. That's right. We go the practice of obtaining of getting something especially money through force or threats used bribery and extortion to build himself a huge art stuck mansion. All right, so his mansion has a lot of expensive paintings and stuff. So extortion is when the mob let's find a picture of the mob. Okay. All right. The mob, they come to your store and they say, Hey, you need a little security in the store owners like, uh, no, I think we're fine. We don't have any problems. And the mobs like, No, you need some security or the motorcycle gang says you need security. And then the store owners like, No, no, really, It we're good, We're good. And the moms like, Okay, we'll see. And later they have someone from the mob come and attack the storm. Maybe they throw something to break a window or they steal or something. Then the mob comes back like we noticed something happened. You need security. And then the store owner starts to realize that the person who wrecked his store broke into the store is actually a person from the mob, and the mob just wants him to pay them money. So you will pay us money for protection, which is actually protection from the mob. So you pay us, and then we won't hurt you. So there's the force, right? In the meaning. Uh, the practice of obtaining something, especially money through force or threats. So the mob or the motorcycle gangs they threatened to hurt you. Break down your store, burn your store if you don't pay them money. I'm not so good. The government doesn't really like that. Uh, because it deals in messes with free enterprise and good business, right? All right. And eventually was possible. The business owner might go out of business because he's losing his profits and his ability to pay for running his business. Pain is employees and stuff like that. Okay, so let's take a look. So the gang, which wasn't heavily involved in extortion and landscaping, what an interesting mix. All right, so Steve is coming to pick up his wife because she just got out of prison. She's released today, has continue. Steve was a high ranking member of the motorcycle gang. However, because he provided important testimony against his wife. He was granted immunity. Steve made a deal with the government and didn't have to go to prison. Wonderful. pronunciation. Repeat after me. Steve was a high ranking member of the motorcycle gang. That would be his wife's motorcycle gang. Look sorry. Repeat after me. Steve was a high ranking member of the motorcycle gang. However, because he provided important testimony against his wife. He was granted immunity. Steve made a deal with the government and didn't have to go to prison. Okay, let's talk about the vocabulary is getting juicy. So we find out that Steve was actually part of his wife's motorcycle gang. He was high ranking. Do you remember the idiom from able lingo? Idioms? Ebeling on instagram High up, High up is similar to high ranking. Maybe you're the president or the vice president or the CEO. You have a lot of control in the company or, in this case, the gang. So Steve was a high ranking member of the motorcycle gang. I'm so his wife was the boss and he was. He had some position which was powerful and high up in the organization. However, because Steve provided because he gave important testimony against his wife, he was granted immunity. So first, let's take a look at testimony. What is testimony? All right, Here we go. This first will take a look. Well, maybe we'll look fine. Image first. See if you can make the connection so you can understand what is testimony and its testimony in court. All right, It could be in court. And so it's, you know, telling the judge and telling the jury what happened, what you witnessed. Let's take a look. Here we go. Testimony. All right. Nice pronunciation testimony, testimony, testimony, a formal written or spoken statement so it could be written on a piece of paper or a formal document or its spoken especially one given in court. All right, and testimony, testimony, testimony is a kind of evidence and evidence is what the government needs to be able to prove or show that someone broke the law. So, Steve, uh, maybe the government caught Steve and they're like, Ah, you know, we noticed you have a landscaping company, but you're also forcing the local business owners to pay you for protection. And if they don't pay you, you beat them up. You destroy their stores, so that is illegal. You can't force people to pay you money, and, you know, saying that you'll hurt them if they don't pay you. So maybe the government said Hey, Steve, we hear you're not the boss in this motorcycle gang. But if you tell us about the boss, then we won't put you in jail. We won't put you in prison. We will grant you immunity. Immunity means that you won't get in trouble, huh? And ex teams, they're they're doing a trade. You give us the evidence about your wife who's the top dog in this organization, and we will give you immunity. So let's take a look at immunity. Right. Here we are. Immunity, pronunciation, immunity, Immunity. That's right. Okay, here we go. And it could be like medical. That's not what we're going for. We're going for here. We go. Protection or exemption from something. It means an exemption Means you don't. You don't get your kind of special. The other thing, most of it would the bad things might happen to some people. But you made a deal. So the bad things won't happen to you. You get protection from it, especially an obligation or penalty. So because Steve was part of the motorcycle gang and he did some bad stuff all by itself, He would probably have to go to prison for a long time, however, because he agreed to talk with the government and give them evidence they decided to give him immunity, which is basically a get out of jail free card, means that you're not going to go to prison, but you know, someone else will. And in this case, Steve's wife had to go to prison. So Steve made a deal to get immunity. Steve made a deal with the government and didn't have to go to prison. Aren't we wondering what the wife thinks? All right, let's move forward. Steve still loves his wife and is hoping that she will forgive him for betraying her. Despite receiving daily letters stating that she plans to kill him immediately. Steve believes they can patch up their relationship in about 15 minutes, we'll find out how Steve's Day will go. MM pronunciation repeat after me. Steve still loves his wife and is hoping that she will forgive him for betraying her. Despite receiving daily letters stating that she plans to kill him immediately, Steve believes they can patch up their relationship in about 15 minutes, we'll find out how Steve's Day will go. Okay. Let's talk about some vocabulary and phrases here. All right? So Steve is coming to the prison to pick up his wife because he still loves her, even though he's one of the main reasons that she's in prison, right? Crazy, though He's hoping that she will forgive him, that she will say off. Don't worry, baby. No, you had to do it. I still love you. Or betraying her. Mom wouldn't be train. And, uh, in there is the verb betray. Let's take a look. What does be training? Um, let's find the dictionary. You betray someone? Oh, no. Okay. Okay. So exposed one's country. A group or a person to danger by treacherously even in an evil way. Giving information to an enemy so exposed means to open, allow access. All right, so it's allowing access to danger. So he's putting his wife in danger because he gave information to the enemy. It was the government, right? He gave testimony and they give gave him immunity, though someone had to go to prison. And it was the wife. So betray means that you break someone's trust in you, right? You tell someone trust you, they believe that you that you will support them and you will never hurt them. And they can trust you. But if you betray someone, you break that trust. Okay? All right. So, despite even though he gets daily letters every day Ah, stating or saying that she plans to kill him immediately. So every day, Steve, Steve gets a letter from his wife from prison saying I will kill you. Ah, Steve still thinks that they can patch up the relationship. Patch up means to fix, to make it all better. We can fix our relationship. Baby. I know we had a difficult time, but we can patch it up. We can fix it. All right? So patch up is an, ah useful idiom. It can be for fixing something, fixing a car, fixing a tire. You patch up the tire, but it can also be for a relationship. Mm. So in about 15 minutes, we'll find out how Steve's day will go. We say 15 minutes because he probably has to go through security. Has toe, has to park his motorcycle at the prison parking lot, go through security and go inside and meet up with his wife. I imagine if she's a little bit smart. She might be all. I'm so happy to see you, but when they're out, there's no other prison officials or police around. Steve probably doesn't want to go to sleep at night. Okay. All right. So today we did the English lesson, idled of ride. The theme was transportation. And we had this guy in the motorcycles Steve on his way to visit his wife in prison. All right, so we talked about the setting, the background, the time, the place, the location. And we also talked about the action, Which are the people, the movements, what's happening in this picture. And we talked about the story. The reason why is this picture taking place What is going to happen and stuff like that? Okay, so let me give you our motto here. A table lingo improve your English become more valuable. All right,