Let’s Play With Flowers: Illustration, Composition & Color Practice in Adobe Illustrator | Di Ujdi | Skillshare

Let’s Play With Flowers: Illustration, Composition & Color Practice in Adobe Illustrator

Di Ujdi, Illustrator & Art Explorer

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7 Lessons (1h 6m)
    • 1. Hey There

      1:26
    • 2. Project

      1:11
    • 3. Sketching Ideas

      9:42
    • 4. Composition

      6:38
    • 5. Digital Drawing

      27:38
    • 6. Colors & Details

      18:36
    • 7. Thank You

      1:12

About This Class

Throughout this class I want to move you a bit, take you on a creative adventure where we’ll explore how to illustrate bold and funky flower forms, how to compose an engaging composition and play with colors while making a unique art print.

I’ll share with you my thought process and workflow while creating a new art print for my current collection.  And in that way, we can practice all these skills together.

Takeaway skills:

  • Ideas for playing with shapes & forms while sketching
  • Making a composition for your art print
  • Adobe Illustrator drawing basics: geometric shapes, pen tool, shape builder tool, clipping mask & custom actions
  • Finding the right color combination: using a color guide in Adobe Illustrator

This class is for all levels, but it’s beginner-friendly at the same time. So if you’re a beginner with a good basic knowledge of Adobe Illustrator, you will be able to easily follow along.

By the end of this class, you’ll have a unique and bold art print that you can proudly hang on your wall, give it as a present to your family and friends or maybe sell it in your shop.

So, let's get started!

Transcripts

1. Hey There: Hey you, and welcome. I'm Nina, even though everyone knows me as Diujdi. I'm an artist, illustrator, and pattern designer. Throughout this class, I want to move you a bit and take you on a creative adventure where we'll explore how to illustrate bold and funky flower forms, how to compose in engaging composition, and play with colors while making a unique art print. I'll share with you my thought process and workflow while making the new art print for my current collection, and in that way, we'll be able to practice all these skills together. On one hand, you'll see, and we'll talk about ideas, sketching, and composition construction, and on the other hand, I will show you how to use some of the most important tools in Adobe Illustrator, like for example, a pen tool, geometric shapes, and many others, to be able to bring your sketch to life. Finally, I will take you through my own method of picking colors in Adobe Illustrator and creating color palettes. This class is for all levels, but it's also beginner-friendly. If you have a very good basic knowledge of Adobe Illustrator, you will be able to easily follow along. By the end of this class, you will have your own unique art print that you can proudly hang on your wall, give it as a present to your friends or family, or maybe sell it in your shop. Let's get started. 2. Project: [MUSIC] For this project, you'll be illustrating an art print that is going to stand out on your wall. Our main motive will be flowers and greenery. But if you want to illustrate some other motive that you prefer, just go for it. To complete this project, all you need is a paper and pen and Adobe Illustrator. In the project and resources section of this class, you will find the link to the Pinterest inspiration board that I've made. There you can see how other artists play with shapes, and forms, and also composition. One trick so you don't accidentally start copying their work, is to just look at all these possibilities to get a more broad idea, and then just turn it off and not look at it while creating your own. Another useful thing that you will find in projects and resources is a downloadable PDF file that includes three different art print compositions that can help you start constructing your artwork. When you're ready, just click on your project to add what you've created. Share your progress phrases, your thoughts, and your final artwork. I always love seeing what you've made, and this is a great opportunity for all of us to encourage each other and connect through art. Let's grab a piece of paper and start sketching. 3. Sketching Ideas: Now you might be wondering why on earth am I showing you these joins that my kid has made? Well, first of all, kids drawings, in my opinion, are the most amazing works of art and from time to time, it's very helpful to remind ourselves of our childhood and how we felt while making these very honest drawings. There were no rules, no boundaries and most importantly, no expectations and sometimes as grown-ups, we put so much pressure to create something and that is what stops us from even creating. So for this illustration practice, I want you to forget about everything and simply enjoy the process and play with your illustrations. My first step now is to start sketching different flowers and greenery and see how I can change their form. So let me just move this. Let's make the most simple flower ever. This is basically how everybody draws a flower or how we do the flowers while we're on the phone with somebody and this is fine, this is very cute. But my idea here is to think how I can change this. I'm going to ask myself, how can I exaggerate some parts? So I'm going to look at this as a gathering of geometric shapes. What can I exaggerate, what can I simplify, and also what can I keep somewhere in the middle? For example, I can make the center of this flower to be much bigger, and then I can make the petals a bit smaller. I can twist them a bit so they look more geometric and also different from each other. For example, we will usually make one very tiny stem, but I can also play with that and make it much wider and much thicker. For example, I can also play with the leaves by making maybe one smaller geometric leaf and then I can exaggerate and make a bigger one. Also, for example, if I want to completely simplify things, I can make a flower to be circle, but the thing is that, if I have just this circle, then for the viewer, it would mean nothing because nothing indicates that this is a flower. I can make it to be a flower by adding petals or I can add some more very simple geometric forms like some leaves and this is going to support what I want to show. These are all the sketches and they look very ugly, but the thing is, at this point, not to refine everything, but to see how shapes can work together and get more ideas on what you want to create. For example, we want to simplify. We can maybe make a shape of a flower that is more loose and then we can add these little things are, I think they're called stamens in English, but I'm not completely sure, and this could be a great way to define, for example, the point of view. If we want to make another point of view to disassemble flowery, we can just again change the shape. We will add these stamps to be in the upper part. Basically, this will indicate that there is some object, some battle here, but we are just simply not going to draw it, because the viewer will notice that because of the way that we position these stamens, I think. For example, let's make a Toolip. How I would make a Toolip, this one is the most simple one. You can start from this geometric shape and then I can maybe add this part. This is very, very simple. Also, I can make stem bigger and maybe make a leaf again to be something more geometrical, and also we can add more decoration, but the key now is to find how the forms can work together. Also, maybe this is too obvious flower. We can also make this flower to look completely different by doing this, and then maybe we can twist the stem a bit. Again, we moved from this to this. Let's maybe try to incorporate this leaves for this type of flower. If I want to put it in some boundary and to play with that, I can maybe make this way, and this one can maybe go like this. Also, when it comes to leaves, maybe leaves can be not what they look like, but maybe a leaf can be a half circle, for example, or maybe if we're drawing a greenery, it doesn't have to be the way it looks. It can again, start from a geometric shape, and then this endpoints could look like they're just cut out. For example, if I'm working in one color, I'm just going to sometimes try to keep this negative space here because if this is the same colors as this one, when it overlap, it's not going to look good. It's a good way to create some separation by leaving the negative space. Also with these completely simple flowers, if you want to overlap them, you can may be overlapped them like this. Again, you have the negative space and you can keep them in the same color. So it really depends on the way you want to work with and what you want to achieve. Also the leaves that do not need to have this, so this is very usual thing that you would see on a leaf, maybe leaf can have a decoration, for example, like this. My goal here is going to be two continuous sketching until I have at least six or seven different sketches that I like and that I think are going to look good together. So let's continue. 4. Composition : Here are all the sketches I made. I also made some of them off camera, and now I have a better idea of what I want to work with. I really like these two flowers and I want to add them to be my main flowers on the art prints. I also drew a bit more of them and I just checked what else can I do with them and how they all look together. I really like them and I think they could be the stars of the show for the art print. Also, I want to use more simple objects like this one or this simple flower and I also like the idea of this leaf that is decorated with these doodle lines. I think these kind of objects are just going to be my support objects, and maybe I can also include this flower because it's more simple and it can also go with these two. Now, that we have that ready, let's talk about composition and also how we can put everything together. There are a lot of rules of composition that you can read about, but the best way to learn and improve your art composition is to observe. For example, if you want to be a good writer, you get the best knowledge if you read a lot of good books and the same goes for visual art. The more great artwork you observe, the better your own artwork will become. Go ahead and take a look at the art of some of your favorite modern artists, or maybe some best artists in history and just focus on the way they deal with composition. For my style of work, I find lot of inspiration in the art of the French artist Henri Matisse, during his cut out phase or Spanish Catalan artists, Joan Miro, in his compositions and many others. Just as we did with our sketches, we are going to do with the composition. We are simply going to play with the elements that we have without having a final picture in mind. For me and my silo work, composition is mostly playing with shapes, sizes, negative spaces and also color. I want to figure out how everything can work together in a balance, but still I want to find a way to make it more unexpected, if that makes sense. At this point, I usually make some more broad decisions regarding composition. For example, I don't want to work with one element for my art print. I want to use, as I said, at least six or seven sketches that I made, and I want to create some collage, that is good together. If I'm not sure how to start sometimes, I basically map out my paper by making a composition made out of rectangles so I can have a base that I can later change. For this class, I also made for you three different compositions. You can download them from the class resources. They basically look like a game of Tetris, which is very interesting. You can choose one of them, and I think I will go with this one. These two are very simple, and this one could be a bit more complicated, but it really depends. You can start by drawing your elements here, or you can make one of these by yourself. Of course, if this is something that is not working for you, you can just start as you like. I'm going to start drawing on this paper, but the thing is, I'm not really going to constrain myself with these rectangles. I could draw over them, I can overlap things, so you should consider this more as a guideline for positioning things. I am also not going to worry about the final thing because sometimes in a sketch you cannot really see how it's going to look, but later when you start working in Adobe Illustrator, when you create all these shapes digitally, and most importantly, when you add color, you'll probably see that some things are maybe working together and some are not. Let's start making our composition. 5. Digital Drawing: All right. I finished the art prints sketch, and we are in Adobe Illustrator. Now, I already opened the artboard, and to do that just go to, "File, new." Select, "Print," to see all the already available print sizes. I chose the A4 document for my print, and in the advanced options, you will see that a color mode is already set to be CMYK and the resolution is 300. That is exactly what we need if we're planning to print this artwork later. I also added the image of my finished sketch. I previously scanned it, but you can also photograph it with your mobile phone. Because the resolution of this image is something you shouldn't worry about, since we're simply going to use it as our guide. Also, you can see on my final sketch that I didn't strain myself with the rectangles that I've made for composition, they were super helpful as a guide for me to see, basically, this white space differently and to have a better idea how to start, and how to place my objects, but as I was drawing, I didn't follow them completely. Now, before we start making our sketch come to life, I want to quickly take you through the basics of the tools that we'll be using. You probably already used some of these tools. This is going to be a very quick recap. I want to show you a few tricks that I use, and that can help you improve your skills when it comes to these tools. Let's start with the geometric shapes and we can find them in the toolbar menu right here. Let's select the rectangle tool and see how we can change it. If we make a rectangle and then press "V" on the keyboard to access the selection tool and click in the middle, you can see that all these circles are appearing on each side, and if we drag one, it will drag all of them. We can basically, create a circle around the corners of this object. Another thing that we can do is maybe just select one of them and if we click on it, you will see it becomes blue. When you drag it, it will go round one corner and you can create a different object. For example, if I'm making a tulip, I would make an object like this, press V, click on the center, and then press the one side, hold shift, and press the other one, and you can see them both selected. Now without holding shift, I will just drag them up. Now I have an object that I can start working with if I wanted to for example, create a tulip. The same options are for the rounded rectangle, rounded rectangles comes with rounded edges. Now we can see what to do with the Ellipse tool. As you know, if you start making any of these shapes without holding shift, you will have a different height and width proportions. If we hold shift, we can make a perfect circle, and here, of course, we cannot make round corners, but we can create a pie. This might be something helpful for people who are making visual statistical data. But it can also be a good start if you want to create something differently from this object. Let me show you what you can do with the polygon. Let's select it, you can see that I'm now making it, but I'm still pressing, so I do not lose it. I can just go with my arrows up or down, and that will show how many sides this polygon will have. I can change that while I'm still holding the shape. Also, if we click in the center you will see that one circle appears, which means that we can round all the corners at once, but we cannot choose to round just one of them. Let's make a star, the same thing that we did with the polygon while holding it. We can do with a star, you can see how many points this star has, but I can go with my arrow down and make it to be less. For example, if I go totally down to just three corners, I will create a triangle. This is a great option for starting some of your objects. Also, another trick when it comes to star, is that if you hold out, you will basically change the inside radius of the star. You can do the same thing by just selecting the object and simply clicking here, and it will give you the option to add a specific dimensions for the radius 1 and radius 2 which is inside radius and the points you want your star to have. These are all the basics of the geometric objects that you can use. Now let's see how we can use a pen tool. Also, the pen tool is here in the toolbar menu, all you can simply press, "P" on your keyboard and you will select it. As you know, we just press and we put anchor points and we can simply connect them to create another object. We can simply connect it and do nothing else if we want to have sharp corners of our object. But if we want to make round corners, let's make one anchor point and then another one, and while pressing it, we will hold it, and you can see these handles are appearing. Then we can see how we want to make our line in which direction or how much it should be curved, a great trick here is, if you want to make this to be straight, you can just hold shift, and it will basically lock your handles. If you move them, it will move them into 45 degrees. Let's make one rounded. As you can see here, while I'm making the object, next line is basically continuing in the same direction as my handle. It will become like this, but if I want to change the direction to be something else, all I need to do is press, "alt, click on the anchor point." Now I can start somewhere else. Again, let's press, "Alt." This is how you can change the direction of your line and turn your anchor point into a corner. Let me show you another thing which is very useful is let's just copy this by pressing, "Alt." If you want to change, for example, a point here, you can go and select a direct selection tool. You can just press "A" on your keyboard or you can find it here in the toolbar menu. If you press here on this anchor point, you will see that, the one handle is appearing, which we can change. We can just use the direct selection tool to change also the way that the line is going. You can just simply change the anchor, so you can move it in the way you want. But if you, for example, want to make this part round, you will not be able to do that with direct selection tool. You need to go here, and select, "Anchor point tool." With the anchor point tool, we can click on the anchor, and we can completely change it. These are the basics of these two tools. Another useful thing I want to show you is for example, when I'm drawing, I might start with a geometric shape, and then I would use a pen tool on it. This is just a simple trick which annoyed me for a very long time, and it's very simple. Let's make a shape. For example, let's grab a pen tool. For example, I want to make with a pen tool, another object, but I want to start from the same anchor point. If my object is selected, you will see that when I click with the pen tool on the anchor point, it will delete it. One very simple trick, is that if you want to draw on top of the object that you've made with a pen tool. You just need to press "V" and deselect it, and then press the pen tool, and you can simply start drawing as you like, and nothing will change. Now that we know all the basics, we're ready to start constructing the art print. Also let's pretend I didn't write shapers instead of shapes. Let's move to our main artboard. First of all, I will create a frame for my print. I'm doing this because I find this wide frame to make my Art prints look so much better when I framed them and it makes everything breathe better. It also gives more focused to the Art work. It's just a simple visual trick that I like to use. Let's lock this sketch and I will add another layer and I can just also make this invisible. Let's start by making a rectangle in the same size of this art board. This is an A4 printing paper and it will be 21 centimeter by 29.7. Let's add some color and I will also align it vertically and horizontally. All the windows that you can see that I have opened in Adobe Illustrator, you can as well opened by going to window and then opening any window that you need. Also when you're aligning, makes sure that the aligned tool art board is selected. I want my frame to be exactly as this rectangle, but of course smaller. If I start scaling it by simply holding shift to scale it proportionally and holding out to drag it from the center. You will see that it's not going to be proportional. The top and the bottom are going to be bigger than left and right side and I want everything to be proportional. The best way to do this is to make an offset path. Just go to object, path, offset path. My frames for art prints are usually 1.5 centimeters. Have that set here and also it's minus because I want to make an offset path that goes inside. You can see here when I click "Preview" and I will just click "Okay" and I will have another rectangle that it's made. Let's just put it in similar other color. Also I want to make a little outline inside so that all the objects that I'm placing are not touching these boundaries, but have a little space in between the end of the background. I'm going to just do that again by making an offset path. This time I can maybe put 0.5. yes, this will be fine, so let's click "Okay. " I'm going to select them all and just create a black outline and I will delete the fill. I can group it and now I have the guide for my art print. Now I'm going to bring back our sketch, go to layers and just click it to be visible and also I will put it on top. The way I'm going to work is I'm going to select this image, go to transparency window and lower the opacity of my sketch so it can be maybe 42 or maybe a bit up. I want to see it and I will lock it and then you can see that also the layer that is at the bottom is visible. I can create everything in the layer that is at the bottom and I can have this image as my guide on top. First of all, let's unlock it again because I need to resize it and to put it on my guides that I've meet, I'm doing this job by holding "Shift" and "Alt" and that's it. Now we can lock it. We can now start constructing my smart guides are already on, which is super helpful for these projects. To open them, just go to View and then select Smart Guides. They will help you position and draw everything precisely. Also, as you can see in my swatches, I just have my custom palette of various colors that I currently like and I will just use it as my working palette. We'll talk about the color and creating color palettes and make final choices in the next video. All right. Let's start working on this flower so let's select the layer that we're working on and let's start constructing it. I will grab a rectangle from toolbar menus so I can make a hut of the flower. Let's press "V" to the center and let's select these two corners by holding Shift to select another one and then without holding Shifts, we will just drag them. We'll now just press "V" so I deselect this object, as I said before, if I want to make something with the pen tool. I need to have it deselected before I start. Again. As you can see, I need a different corner here, so I will just press "Alt" click on the anchor point and continue. I will do the same thing here. You can see that the smart guides are basically really helpful at this point because I can very much draw this precisely. Let's press "V" to select it and let's change the color. For the stem I will also use a rectangle and basic randomly choosing colors right now I'm not thinking about it. Let's make these little things that I always forget the name. I will make them with pen tool. If you want to make a line with a pen tool can just press "V" to deselect it and just change it to have an outline. Now will hold out to copy this one and then I will rotate it a bit. Let's put them to be a bit bigger, maybe five. This looks good. Also, if you want to change the ending of the line that you've made. I do not want to, because I like this and it fits really nicely in my style of drawing. But if you want it to be rounded, you can just go to stroke and then simply click the rounded cap and you will get all the corners to be round. For these little things, I will use the Ellipse tool. Let's make it into fill. Now let's move on to making the leaves. I will make them with the pen tool and if I want this line to be straight, I can just simply hold "Shift" and it will make a straight line as you can see. For example, you can see it that I have a little mistake here. I can change it by simply clicking "A", pressing the anchor point and maybe the trick is to move this anchor point a bit and then play with the handles. Let's put it to back "Shift+Command+Left bracket" Also, you can see that I'm not following precisely my sketch. Instead I'm gradually changing it and refining and also getting new ideas of what it could look like. This sketch is basically my starting point, but not my final product. Now, I need to make another leaf that is very similar to this one and what I can do is simply use this one and copy it and reflect it. In order to do that, I would need to do the "Right-click", go to "Transform", select "Reflect", and then select "Vertical" and click "Copy" But to save myself some time, I have a custom action that has the same thing in just one click, let me show you. Because I used this very often, this is something super helpful and I want to show you very quickly how you can also create a custom action like this one. Here on the right side you can see that I have my action window opened and also you can see some of the actions that I've made and the first two are for the "Reflect Vertical" and "Copy", and "Reflect Horizontal" and "Copy". Let's just go to this little menu and deactivate "Button Mode". This is how everything looks and at the bottom, I can forward to "Create New Action. " Let's just click on it. Let's name is Share Tests, and here we need to select the "Function key". I think my first three are already taken so we can go with the "F4". You can start with the "F1" if you do not have any custom actions and we can make it in yellow color. All we need to do basically is to record it. Let's click "Record" and let's repeat what we already did. Select your object, "Right-click", "Transform", "Reflect", reflect "Vertical", and then click "Copy" because you want another object and you don't want to reflect the one that you already have. We recorded all these clicks that we need to do and we have saved it as a custom action. Now all we need to do is go again to the Action window and "Stop Recording", and that's it. Very easy. Now let's go in this Menu and select "Button Mode", and you can see that we have a new action with the button "F4". Let's test it out. I'm using a MacBook so I need to press "Function" key and then press "F4", and it works perfectly. Let's grab this one and just change it a bit. You can also create another action, same one as this one, but only for horizontal reflect. The process is exactly the same. Let's continue. This flower is now finished. Let's move to the next flower because I want to show you a very useful tool that I often use in Adobe Illustrator and it's called a "Shade Builder" tool. Let's start, first of all, making our objects. The object that I'm starting with, I've made it in the same way as I did with the previous one, and now for this one I'm going to create an object with the pen tool. Instead of going down and finishing it, I will just go up and finish it, but it really doesn't matter how the upper part looks. Let's add it in some other color, you can see what I'm doing. We have these two objects, and basically we need to select them both by holding "Shift" and we need to delete this part of our objects so we get the finished flower, and the way I'm doing this is by pressing "Shift+M" to access the "Shape Builder" tool, and you can see that now it has a little "+" and it sees all of these parts as different objects. We can make a click to add one. It would add an object here, another one which we do not need. Instead, we're just going to press "Alt" and gets this "-" so we can basically delete all these little objects that we don't need. Let's press "V" and deselect it, and basically that's it. Now, I will continue making all of these objects and will speed up the process. In the next video, we will talk about color and also start adding our details. 6. Colors & Details: I worked on this for awhile and now I have the final draft of the art print. Before we move on to talking about colors and adding details, I just wanted to show you what changes I've made and explain some of my decisions. When I finished the first draft, I saved it so you could see the difference. Let me just bring it. I made this flower on the left to be a bit bigger. Because of that decision, I also made the one on the right a bit smaller so that they don't compete against each other. With the same logic, I made some changes on these elements, they are not so drastic, but I did change them a bit. Also, you could see in my speedup process that I aligned some objects with each other. Let me show you this. You can see that the end of this leaf, is aligned with the end of this flower, and the same goes, for example, for these three objects. Let me just quickly show you how you can do that very easily. Let's just move this one a bit. All you need to do is select all these objects and then click on the main one, for example, let's make this one the main one. Then in the align window, you have all these options for aligning your objects. For example, here I want to align them at the bottom, and I will just click here, and there you have it. I might still make a few more adjustments in the composition, but for now, I will leave it as it is. Now, let's talk about the colors. There are a few decisions that I've already made when it comes to this art print. Because this month, I started working on my art print collection called, "Impossible Garden by Night". As you can see here, all of them have a black background and also same colors. That's what I'm going to do in this art print as well, but I will show you exactly how I developed this color palette. For me, the decision for the color of the background is very important at this moment, and it's the first step that I would take because all the colors that I will be choosing later are going to look completely different on the black, for example, instead of a yellow background. Let's create a background by using the outliers that we've already made. Let me just find them. I think I have them locked, they're here. Let's just delete the inside outline that we do not need. Then from this outline, I will create a background by just switching the outline to be a fill. The next thing would be to decide on eight or nine colors that I will use on these objects to create a color balance. For example, if I use the same color for the stem of this flower, let's maybe grab some green. If I take the same one for this little grass in the upper-left corner. Again, if I repeat the color on these petals, you could see that I'm basically creating some visual triangle. By following this logic, I would still work with my working color palette, and I will make these decisions for the rest of my objects. This already looks a bit better, but it's not finished since all of these colors are not working well together. Now, the question is, how do you get to the final color palette? Because you can see now that, for example, these colors are very washed out and cold and my main goal is to work with bold colors like this purple, or blue, or this red, I really like them and I want to keep them. My little trick and the wonderful helper is this color guide here. It's because he knows all about color theory and by following color theory rules, he's making all the suggestions here in harmony rules. I'm not going to go into the whole subject of color theory and its principles, but if you want to learn about it, I found a very nice article that covers the basics of color theory and I will leave the link in the project description down below. It's a great resource if you want to understand better the rules of the color theory and also understand all the suggestions that a Color Guide in Illustrator is showing you. It's a bit hard to explain, but basically what I'd like to do, is to spend some time just going through all these colors and playing around to see what I like and what mood it brings and how well it looks together. That's why this method of finding colors is something that works perfectly for me. For example, I want to change this very washed out green that I used on these three objects. All I need to do is click on it and make sure here that my fill is activated. Then when I go to the color guide window you will see that this color is selected. You can just click on it and then I would open harmony rules and may be go to monochromatic colors because I want to find a different color of green. Here he will suggest different colors, which you can choose from. For example, this one seems a bit better and I can now put it to be the main one. Also here, you have an option to get more warm colors or cool colors, that are starting from your main color. Or you can maybe choose from tints and shades, and also you can choose more vivid or muted colors. For me, this is very helpful for finding a right color that I'm looking for. Another option to start changing this color is not to start from the same one, but for example, start from the one that you're keeping. For example, if I am keeping the blue one or the purple one, I can start building the green one from that one. Let's select the blue one, and let's click on it in the color guide. In the harmony rule, I might find some nice green one, for example, here in the pentagram or in the tetrad. For example, let's select this one and then add the color. For example, these two now, you can see that they look much better than the previous one. We can see what happens if I click on the purple one and what kind of green I can find. Let's click on a compound, and let's try it out. Maybe this one. That is the exact way in which I personally develop my color palettes. You can also change the color by double-clicking the color fill. But I personally never do that because, I get a bit lost when looking at this and I'm not sure what I'm searching or what I want to find. Another thing that you can do, when you find a color that you want to work with but you're not completely satisfied with it, you can go to color here in the color window, and you will see this CMYK scale. For example, if I wanted to add a bit more a yellow to this green, I can just do that by changing the percentage. This one looks very nice, so I can also try it here. Just press "I" on your keyboard to pick the color, and let's do the same thing for this flower. For me, this already looks a lot better. As you can see, I'm using the color guide as the starting point. Basically, when I open this harmony rule, for me, that is like window shopping. It gives me more ideas and combinations that I can visually find interesting and I can always find color combinations that I never thought about before. Later in the CMYK, I can refine these colors until I find what I'm looking for. This is something that I can't finish in five minutes, it needs time and testing. If you're a beginner or you're not sure of your color choices or even color preferences, it might take a bit more time for you. My advice is to just play around and as I said in the first video when we started sketching, just feel free to experiment and play with colors as if you were a kid. If you're not sure, if you like the color combination that you've made, don't delete it. Just make a duplicate of your artwork and make a few versions because in each one, you will later find something good. Also, if you find some very nice colors that look great together, I encourage you to always save them so you can reuse them on your other projects. The best way to do that, is to simply select all your objects like this or select the ones that you want to use, and then here in the swatches, you have this little icon for making a new color group. Let's name this one skillshare test, and just click, "OK". You will see that it now appears here in your swatches. But if you want to use it in other art boards, you also need to go to this little library icon and click, "Save Swatches". Because when you do that, you will have all your swatches here in the user-defined. I will now bring my main color palette to replace these working colors, and I will speed up the process. I changed the colors and I also had to make a few final changes on these objects regarding the compositions. The only thing left to do now is to add the details and I will create them with the pen tool and this line segment tool. Let's bring the sketch, so we can use it as a reference. I will just basically move it here and I will also bring to transparency and I want to hide the background so I can see what I'm doing. I will show you one example, so you can see what I will do on the rest of these objects. So here we have these lines and I can make also these lines, so let's do that. Basically, I use a line segment tool if I'm making just straight lines. I will group that and now let's make this one with the pen tool. It will start from this angle point and until the other so I can make the same curve as I have it and maybe I can just continue this line like this. I really like this final part of adding the tails because it completely changes how everything looks. For example, if this is my final choice, problem I have here is that this line, even though it's exactly on the angle point of the object, this line is just sticking out on each side and I want it to be in the boundary of this object. The way I do that is by using a clipping mask. Now, you can see I have a little problem here in the layers because I was drawing these on the layer one and I didn't even notice that it was selected, so I will just drag them to layer two without any problem. Let's drag this one and let's lock the layer one because that's just for our sketch. Let's talk about the clipping mask. I have this line that I want to put in the clipping mask of this object and all I need to do is to select the main object of my flower and do Command C, Command F to base it in place and while it's still selected, I will just hit Shift Command right brackets, so I bring it to front. You can see here in the layer window, I have this in front and let's now deselect it and for example, you can just click here in your layer window, select the object that is on top with this line that you made, that it is on the bottom, just hold shift and select them both. Now, do the double-click on the object and just click on make clipping mask and that's it. If you want to, you can also group both of these objects right now, or you can do it later when you have the final flower. I will basically use the same thing as I showed you here. I will make my lines with line tool or the current ones with the pen tool and if I have something that is going out of my object, I'll use a clipping mask to keep it in the boundaries of my object. This is how the final art print looks like in the speedup video, you could see my work process and there might be a few things that I will change later when I look at it with a fresh pair of eyes. But for now, I'm very happy about it and I will definitely add it to my impossible garden by night collection and what makes me even more happy is that I was able to share this process with you. My next step would be to save this as a PDF file and take it to my favorite print shop and hopefully in the next video, you will see how it looks in the real world. 7. Thank You: Thank you for spending time with me and watching this class. I really hope you enjoyed and learned new skills while following my process of creating an art print from start to finish. I did go to print shop to be able to show you the final result, and here is the grand reveal. I did make some changes and continued working on it as I always do, until I was completely satisfied with the overall look. This one is printed on a 240gsm recycled paper. It took me some time and testing until I found this one that works perfectly for me and my style of work. What are you creating? I'm super excited to see your projects filled with thoughts, progress, and of course, your final artwork. As always, if you have any questions or something that I was showing was unclear, feel free to ask anything in the community section. If you want to get notified about my next classes, you can follow me here on Skillshare, and if you want to keep in touch, you can find me on Instagram at DIUJDI. I'm sending you lots of love, good vibes, and I'll see you in the next one.